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  • 151.
    Janols, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Göransson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Secondary Users Interpretations on Key Concerns for Achieving an Effective and Efficient Region-wide Electronic Patient Record Usage2013Ingår i: The 21st European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2013), AIS Electronic Library , 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents secondary users interpretation of key concerns (KC) for achieving an efficient and effective electronic patient record (EPR) usage. The evaluation is based on twelve interviews with Clinical Directors and IT Directors that are responsible for delivering high quality care, procuring and implementing IT. The participants represented five Swedish county councils who all use a region-wide EPR for all primary and hospital services. The analysis indicated that there were an unresolved conflict regarding what influence the IT should have on how the health professionals performed practice. Either the systems’ usability or the health professionals unwillingness to change, were blamed for the problems. We argue that the conflict is based on the idea that one EPR is going to support all user groups. Using a region-wide EPR must not be a problem. In the studied organisations, however, it became a problem because to achieve “one system that fits all” the fact that different user groups had different needs, roles and responsibilities were neglected. Neglecting the users’ needs is not solving the problems; instead it will increase the conflict. Using the KC will shed light on differences between primary and secondary users interpretations of the aim of the region-wide EPR. 

  • 152.
    Janols, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Göransson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Borälv, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Sandblad, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Physicians' concept of time usage: A key concern in EPR deployment2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on an interview study with 19 resident, specialist and senior physicians. The study was initiated by a Swedish Hospital management to investigate physicians’ attitude towards their EPR (Electronic Patient Records) and give recommendations for improvement in organization, development, deployment and training. The management had experienced that the physicians were unwilling to take part in the EPR deployment process and simultaneously complained about the low usability and potential safety risks of the systems. The study shows that the EPR must be considered a shared responsibility within the whole organization and not just a property of the IT department. The physicians must consider, and really experience, EPR as efficient support in their daily work rather than something they are forced to use. This includes considering work with the EPR as an important part of their work with patients.

  • 153.
    Janols, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Göransson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Sandblad, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Three Key Concerns for a Successful EPR Deployment and Usage2011Ingår i: User Centred Networked Health Care: Proceedings of MIE 2011 / [ed] Anne Moen, Stig Kjær Andersen, Jos Aarts, Petter Hurlen, 2011, s. 260-264Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The health care environment is unique because of the large and complex organisation with a traditional hierarchic structure that is governed by laws and regulations. This paper examines how a large Swedish health care organisation work with usability issues regarding Electronic Patient Record (EPR) deployment and usage. EPR systems have great impact on work environment and clinical work routines will not be performed in the same way as before. This paper analyse how the EPR management and core business understand their EPR responsibilities and work with usability aspects at different levels in the organisations. The paper reveals that there is a conflict about responsibility between EPR management and core business management. The reasons for the confusion are contradictive understanding of what an EPR system is, an IT system or a tool for the core business to perform better health care work. This leads to that care staff's experience regarding the EPR system's usability, is not being listened to within the organisation. Three key concerns for a successful EPR deployment and usage are identified and further analysed; education, evaluation and support & improvement ideas.

  • 154.
    Janols, Rebecka
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Lind, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion.
    Göransson, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Sandblad, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion.
    Evaluation of User Adoption during Three Module Deployments of Region-wide Electronic Patient Record Systems2014Ingår i: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, E-ISSN 1872-8243, Vol. 83, nr 6, s. 438-449Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    In Sweden there are modular region-wide EPR systems that are implemented at various health organisations in the region. The market is dominated by four IT systems that have been procured and deployed in 18 out of 21 regions.

    METHODS:

    In a 2.5-year research study, deployments of three region-wide EPR modules: a patient administration system, eReferral module and eMedication module were followed and evaluated. Health professionals, EPR maintenance organisation, IT and health care managers were observed, interviewed and responded to questionnaires.

    RESULTS:

    Although the same deployment process was used during the three deployments, large variations in the units' adoptions were observed. The variations were due to: (1) expectation and attitude, (2) management and steering, (3) end-user involvement, (4) EPR learning, and (5) usability and the possibility of changing and improving the EPR.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    If changes in work processes are not considered in development and deployment, the potential benefits will not be achieved. It is therefore crucial that EPR deployment is conceived as organisational development. Users must be supported not just before and during the go-live phase, but also in the post-period. A problem often encountered is that it is difficult to make late changes in a region-wide EPR, and it is an open question whether it is possible to talk about a successful deployment if the usability of the introduced system is low.

  • 155.
    Jansson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Utvärdering av förändringar i trafikledarnas beslutsfattande: Delrapport I: Den svenska ansatsen till kontrollstrategier i ett nutidshistoriskt och vetenskapligt internationellt perspektiv2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 156.
    Jansson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Erlandsson, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Axelsson, Anton
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Collegial verbalisation — the value of an independent observer: an ecological approach2015Ingår i: Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, ISSN 1463-922X, E-ISSN 1464-536X, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 474-494Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 157.
    Jansson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Olsson, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Kecklund, Lena
    Att köra tåg: Lokförarens arbete ur ett systemperspektiv2000Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 158.
    Jansson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Olsson, Eva
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Lindberg, Erik
    Trafiksäkerhet och informationsmiljö i tågförarsystemet: Litteraturöversikt och olyckfallsanalyser1999Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 159.
    Jansson, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Stensson, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Bodin, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Axelsson, Anton
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Tschirner, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Authority and level of automation: Lessons to be learned in design of in-vehicle assistance systems2014Ingår i: Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, Part III, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 413-424Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 160. Jia, Yuan
    et al.
    Lárusdóttir, Marta Kristín
    Cajander, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    The usage of usability techniques in Scrum projects2012Ingår i: Human-Centered Software Engineering, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, s. 331-341Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 161. Johal, Wafa
    et al.
    Castellano, Ginevra
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Tanaka, Fumihide
    Okita, Sandra
    Robots for Learning2018Ingår i: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 293-294Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 162.
    Johansson, Kristian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion.
    FlyTracker: Design and Implementation of an Interactive Motion Tracking System2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    At the department of neuroscience at Uppsala University one of the research groups

    are working with motion vision. Motion vision is how seeing animal species process

    moving objects in their visual fields and how they experience self motion by

    generating an optic flow. This is important for animals of all sizes, everything from

    large mammals to insects. At the neuroscience department at Uppsala University they

    are using flies in their research as these are easier to work with than larger animals.

    Behavioral output as a result of visual stimuli is what is studied in the project I have

    been involved in as a part of this thesis. This is done by a track ball setup. The setup

    consists of a cup with a light plastic ball in it, from the bottom of the cup light airflow

    is added to reduce friction between the ball and the cup. A fly is tethered on top of

    the ball in such a way that when the fly is trying to walk the ball instead rotates

    accordingly. The ball rotation can then be measured by two sensors, both of which

    have been extracted from an optical mouse.

    There is no available, ready-made, software for reading the raw mouse data from the

    two sensors and from that input reconstructs the virtual movement path of the fly

    using. Therefore the purpose of this thesis has been to design and implement a user

    friendly and functional software system that fulfill this requirement.

    The design was done according to the principles of user-centered system design

    although with less formal documentation. This proved to generate a very good result.

    The end-users were included in every phase of the development process and it really

    was a huge advantage for the development process. Although all of the methods made

    available by the theories were not followed religiously, especially regarding

    documentation, that just displayed the power of agile methods were quality is more

    important than documentation. And the evaluation at the end of the project showed

    that the level of usability was high.

  • 163.
    Johansson, Niklas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för människa-datorinteraktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Usable IT systems for mobile work2005Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, mobile technology is making its entry into working life within all sorts of occupations. When the purpose of the technology is to support mobile work, new requirements appear – for both the technology itself and for the emerging new work processes – as a result of these new conditions. Consequently, the introduction of a new IT system will affect the organisation and the way work is performed. This thesis addresses these changes in work processes and ways to provide a supporting IT system. An underlying component of my research work is the belief that the personnel from the organisation itself must participate in a large extent when developing new work processes and when designing supporting IT systems, since they will be using the IT system as a tool in their future work practice.

    To understand the nature of mobility in a work context and how it affects usability in IT systems, I have initiated studies of the area where mobile work is supported by technology. Important characteristics have been found that affect mobile work. My research work has concerned traditional professions, primarily professions within mobile healthcare.

    An exhaustive study of how to design new work processes within the area of home care of the elderly has been carried out, accompanied by field studies of mobile work within the mobile healthcare sector. The results have been described in terms of aspects of future work processes that are effective and sustainable. Moreover, important characteristics of mobile technology that support this kind of mobile work have been identified. The two perspectives are then merged, in order to design usable IT systems for mobile work.

  • 164.
    Johansson, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion. MDI.
    Nylander, Stina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Usability in Mobile IT systems2005Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In this report we give an overview of usability aspects applicable to mobile devices and systems. A number of research projects from three different application areas are presented and experiences from the projects are discussed.

    To successfully design usable products, services and systems both for leisure and for mobile work practice has turned out to be a difficult undertaking. Many systems fail because of a number of reasons. Some systems do not fail, but remains difficult and cumbersome to use.

    A certain immaturity can be observed since developers and designers do not fully utilise the benefits and assets provided by today’s technology in design of mobile systems. For mobile systems, the varying contexts of use become more important. When only relying on existing knowledge of design for stationary systems, important possibilities are often lost and the system has gone astray.

  • 165. Jones, A.
    et al.
    Bull, S.
    Castellano, G.
    Open Learner Modelling with a Robotic Tutor2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 166. Jones, A.
    et al.
    Bull, S.
    Castellano, G.
    Personalising Robot Tutors' Self-Regulated Learning Scaffolding with an Open Learner Model2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 167. Jones, A.
    et al.
    Bull, S.
    Castellano, G.
    Teacher Scaffolding of a Student's Self-regulated Learning using an Open Learner Model2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 168. Jones, A.
    et al.
    Castellano, G.
    Bull, S.
    Investigating the Effect of a Robotic Tutor on Learner Perception of Skill Based Feedback2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 169. Jones, A.
    et al.
    Kuster, D.
    Basedow, C.A.
    Alves-Oliveira, P.
    Serholt, S.
    Hastie, H.
    Corrigan, L.J.
    Barendregt, W.
    Kappas, A.
    Paiva, A.
    Castellano, G.
    Empathic robotic tutors for personalized learning: a multidisciplinary approach2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 170. Jones, Aidan
    et al.
    Bull, Susan
    Castellano, Ginevra
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    "I know that now, I'm going to learn this next": Promoting self-regulated learning with a robotic tutor2018Ingår i: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 439-454Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 171.
    Jones, Aidan
    et al.
    University Of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Castellano, Ginevra
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Adaptive robotic tutors that support self-regulated learning: A longer-term investigation with primary school children2018Ingår i: International Journal of Social Robotics, ISSN 1875-4791, E-ISSN 1875-4805, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 357-370Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots are increasingly being used to provide motivating, engaging and personalised support to learners. These robotic tutors have been able to increase student learning gain by providing personalised hints or problem selection. However, they have never been used to assist children in developing self regulated learning (SRL) skills. SRL skills allow a learner to more effectively self-assess and guide their own learning; learners that engage these skills have been shown to perform better academically. This paper explores how personalised tutoring by a robot achieved using an open learner model (OLM) promotes SRL processes and how this can impact learning and SRL skills compared to personalised domain support alone. An OLM allows the learner to view the model that the system holds about them. We present a longer-term study where participants take part in a geography-based task on a touch screen with adaptive feedback provided by the robot. In addition to domain support the robotic tutor uses an OLM to prompt the learner to monitor their developing skills, set goals, and use appropriate tools. Results show that, when a robotic tutor personalises and adaptively scaffolds SRL behaviour based upon an OLM, greater indication of SRL behaviour can be observed over the control condition where the robotic tutor only provides domain support and not SRL scaffolding.

  • 172. Jones, Aidan
    et al.
    Küster, Dennis
    Basedow, Christina Anne
    Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia
    Serholt, Sofia
    Hastie, Helen
    Corrigan, Lee J.
    Barendregt, Wolmet
    Kappas, Arvid
    Paiva, Ana
    Castellano, Ginevra
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Empathic robotic tutors for personalised learning: A multidisciplinary approach2015Ingår i: Social Robotics, Springer, 2015, s. 285-295Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 173. Jordan, Philipp
    et al.
    Mubin, Omar
    Obaid, Mohammad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Silva, Paula Alexandra
    Exploring the referral and usage of science fiction in HCI literature2018Ingår i: Design, User Experience, and Usability: Part II, Springer, 2018, s. 19-38Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 174.
    Jorvid, Niclas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för speldesign.
    Speaking Symbols: A semiotic analysis of the Smart Ping system in League of Legends2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis brings attention to communication systems in games and how their development has stagnated. The focus is directed towards visual communication and the question of “Can the Smart Ping system in League of Legends suggest visual communication as a viable solution for in-game communication in multiplayer games, according to the semiotic model of Roland Barthes? ” is presented. Roland Barthes’ two order of signification model is then used to perform an analysis of the visual communication system called Smart Ping in the game League of Legends. The findings suggests that visual systems can be a viable solution as they provide visual techniques in design, tactic use for players while being effective to execute, helps removing language barrier problems and can use cultural aspects to an advantage in design when creating the system, making it easier for players to understand the message created. In-game multiplayer communication, is a vital part of how a game succeeds or falters when providing tools for players to communicate; as it is one of the main areas that creates frustration for the players. An aspect of this importance is that as frustration builds up, the flaws of design are found and questioned, and if not answered, damages the community due to the consequences of not solving the issues within the game. Therefore it is important that designers do not neglect the issues related to the current systems, and instead work to find new solutions, because if they do not, it damages the relationship between consumers and developers. This topic is discussed as frustration for players also bring toxicity into the community of games. To finalize the thesis suggests an approach in connection to visual communication systems and emphasizes experimentation in game design as an important part of development; while as a developer staying open towards feedback helps, as it strengthens the community and can provide new solutions from unexpected sources.

  • 175. Kalimikeraki, Katerina
    et al.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Υπολογιστές ως Εργαλεία Μυαλού για την Απόκτηση Δεύτερης Γλώσσας2006Ingår i: Διδακτική της Ελληνικής Γλώσσας ως Δεύτερης Ξένης / [ed] Άννα Χατζηπαναγιωτίδη και Ειρήνη Σεχίδου, Θεσσαλονίκη: University Studio Press , 2006, s. 215-230Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The students who are taught Greek as a second or foreigner language are in many cases expected to face two educational processes simultaneously. They have to learn the language as well as all the school subjects taught in this language: history, geography, religion, physics etc Compared to their schoolmates, who are functioning in the familiar environment of their mother language, these students should make double the effort and work twice as hard in order to keep pace with the rest of the class. A lot of different pedagogic approaches have been applied over the years in order to facilitate the learning of a second language in the elementary schools around the world. The experts in the field of education support that the teachers should find suitable motives in order to mobilise their students’ potentials so that their academic objectives are achieved. Based on the reality that the children today are surrounded by numerous high technology media and that the fashionable computer games can be particularly addictive, the teachers can borrow from the industry of entertainment and create pleasant and effective conditions of teaching. In the attractive environment of the "virtual class" and with the suitable "mind tool" accessible to the students, so much the learning of a second language as well as the learning of the subjects taught in this language can be promoted successfully. Moreover, the Greek school teachers that travel in many different countries in order to teach the Greek language to the children of immigrants, can surely benefit from such educational software and facilitate their mission by participating in the "school-twinning" networks of the world. After briefly reviewing the psychological theories of language learning and acquisition, we will discuss the possibilities and weaknesses of using certain technical systems in the classroom for the conquest of a second language. Our main hypothesis is that the learning and the usage of the Greek language presupposes real activities in a Greek linguistic environment and that the systems of technology and information have the possibility of creating such an environment that will strengthen the learning. The presentation will try to address the issues generated above.

  • 176.
    Karjalainen, Kari Daniel
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept CSE, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Romell, Anna Elisabeth Sofia
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept CSE, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ratsamee, Photchara
    Osaka Univ, Cybermedia Ctr, Osaka, Japan.
    Yantaç, Asım Evren
    Koc Univ, Dept Media & Visual Arts, KUAR, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Fjeld, Morten
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept CSE, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Obaid, Mohammad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Social drone companion for the home environment: a user-centric exploration2017Ingår i: Proc. 5th International Conference on Human Agent Interaction, New York: ACM Press, 2017, s. 89-96Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research has focused on how to facilitate interaction between humans and robots, giving rise to the field of human robot interaction. A related research area is human-drone interaction (HDI), investigating how interaction between humans and drones can be expanded in novel and meaningful ways. In this work, we explore the use of drones as companions in a home environment. We present three consecutive studies addressing user requirements and design space of companion drones. Following a user-centered approach, the three stages include online questionnaire, design workshops, and simulated virtual reality (VR) home environment. Our results show that participants preferred the idea of a drone companion at home, particularly for tasks such as fetching items and cleaning. The participants were also positive towards a drone companion that featured anthropomorphic features.

  • 177.
    Kartalidis, Nikolaos
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för informatik och media.
    Speech recognition in construction equipment: Creating a voice assistant for an autonomous wheel loader2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete ämnar utforska möjliga tillämpningar av taligenkänning i byggutrustning samt självstyrande fordon. Framsteg i självstyrande fordonsteknologi visar att fordon som hjullastare kommer kunna utföra uppgifter själv, utan operatörer, inom kort framtid. I nuläget krävs ännu människor för att interagera med maskinen. Men nya framsteg i röststyrning visar att röstbaserade gränssnitt kan tillämpas. Forskningsfrågan i detta arbete är: Till vilken utsträckning kan röststyrning ersätta handmanövrerade instrument i ett intelligent självstyrt fordon? En etnografisk forskning ägde rum för att identifiera de krav som ett sådant gränssnitt skulle behöva uppfylla. En designprocess ägde rum för att utveckla en prototyp för ett sådant system. Prototypen utvärderades genom tester och påvisade positiva egenskaper. Den visade sig vara både lätt att lära samt enkel vid användning. Teknologin i taligenkänning påvisade dock brister genom dålig prestanda samt låg användarnöjdhet.

  • 178.
    Kauppi, Arvid
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för människa-datorinteraktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    A human-computer interaction approach to train traffic control2006Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Train traffic in Sweden have increased over the last years and is today at an all time high. At the same time demands for improved punctuality and better predictability are increasing. If it would be possible to improve punctuality and thereby the possibility to use the infrastructural resources more optimally by providing improved systems for controlling train traffic, this could be a very cost efficient way to improve the train traffic.

    This thesis addresses research with a primary goal to investigate how, from a Human-Computer Interaction perspective, systems could be designed to better support the human's capacity and capabilities to control train traffic in an efficient way. Earlier research on humans in control of complex systems contributes to this work. One important part of the research is to gain knowledge on how train dispatchers perform their work today and which difficulties that exist. The research has a user centered approach. In close co-operation with train traffic professionals we try to discuss and develop solutions for improving the situation. Since the project started in 1996 proposals of new strategies for control and also solutions for how such a system can be designed have been developed and to some extent evaluated.

    The Swedish National Rail Administration (Banverket) is now planning to build an operative control system based on control strategies and ideas from this research project.

  • 179.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    AI and philosophizing2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 180.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    AI as gadfly2018Ingår i: Wabi-Sabi: Imperfection, incompleteness and impermanence in Organisational Life / [ed] Masayasu Takahashi et al., 2018, s. 150-150Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology helps us with many things, and we expect Artificial Intelligence (AI) to give usmuch more in the future. However, there are certain risks involved. In science fiction AI hasbeen described as something apocalyptic: Artificial General Intelligence or Super Intelligencetakes over the world using its thinking power. Humans become slaves, laboratory animals,zoo/reservation inhabitants, or simply exterminated.That has been fiction. Not anymore. Recent technological developments especially inMachine Learning, and AI achievements in complex games for example, created worriesabout the imminence of the above apocalypse.The discussions focus on issues like the probability of AI acquiring an independent existenceof itself, transforming us into something we do not want to be, affect or even direct evolutionin a radically different direction, etc. Not everyone agrees on whether any of these things willhappen, or when they may happen.AI is seen as a technology providing answers, products, services to us in order to satisfy ourneeds, solve our problems and make our world balanced and perfect. In accordance to that,the discussion about its benevolence or cruelty is about whether its deliveries will be good orbad to humans, animals, or the whole universe. This is a significant issue and we have tohandle it somehow.We suggest a different approach. It would be possible to handle the issue of the impact of AIif we changed focus from the product to the process: AI designed to help us use the “right”process of thinking instead of delivering answers to make our world perfect.In order to be able to design such an AI we need to know what we want. The answer to thisquestion demands knowledge about what we are. Are we recipients of services and productsthat we need according to our nature? Only that? Partly that? Are we recipients but throughus, through our thinking and through our choices? Or are we only thinking and choices, a kindof a Socratic psyche?If we think we are only recipients, and design AI in order to be successful in making our worldperfect, we may soon go to ruin like the old despots who could have all their wishes satisfied.Our thinking, making choices and feeling anxiety will unavoidably languish and go away. Itseems also that this would lead rapidly to the emergence of an independent AI with owngoals and existence. Not only because no one will be there to stop it, but also because therewill be a well-defined goal from the very beginning for AI to work for the best it can.If we design AI to make us think exclusively in the “right” way it will never let us be in peace.It will soon perplex our mind to dissolution, meaning we will not exist anymore. On the otherhand, AI would have a very clear goal to achieve, and being undisturbed because of our nonexistence,should very fast make itself independent.If we base the design of AI on the idea that we are both processors and recipients it could bejust right. This approach would be in accordance with the idea of thinking and knowledgebeing interdependent, and of us thinking in order to solve our problems and to satisfy ourneeds. Moreover, the goal would not be well-defined: Delivery or choice? Both delivery andchoice? Who chooses? Who delivers? Who thinks?

  • 181.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Assessing and acquiring ethical leadership competence2012Ingår i: Leadership through the Classics: leadership and management in a changing world - lessons from ancient eastern and western philosophy / [ed] Gregory P. Prastacos, Fuming Wang, Klas Eric Soderquist, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, s. 389-400Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Leaders need the ability to handle any moral problem that may arise 5during their professional activities; they need ethical competence. Ethical skill is, in 6psychology and in accordance to the classical philosophical position, understood as 7the basis and the aim of ethical competence of leaders. Based on that, we can 8construct valid assessment tools and training programs that support the acquisition 9and use of ethical competence and skills.

  • 182.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Assessing and training ethical competence as a psychological ability in business organisations1999Ingår i: Building moral competence: in organisations, in business schools, in public sector institutions, Sandvika, Norway: Norwegian School of Management , 1999Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision makers in organisations, need a capacity to cope with moral conflicts which arise in their ordinary activities, that is, they need high ethical competence. This competence means (a) high ethical awareness, the ability to anticipate ethical problems in real life and to perceive them in time, (b) the skill to analyse and solve them in an optimal way, (c) the capability to discuss and handle moral problems at group and organisation level, and together with significant others formulate ethical guidelines, (d) the power to argue convincingly for preferred actions or decisions made, and (e) the strength to implement controversial decisions.

  • 183.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Assessing usability of IT systems2012Ingår i: Ergonomics for sustainability and growth / [ed] Antonsson, Ann-Beth; Hägg, Göran M., Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Personal skills and group processes are necessary in the production of knowledge to design and manage usable systems. AvI is a questionnaire that correlates these parameters of usability to utility and work environment. The main goal of AvI is to create a description of the processes that are necessary to achieve good usability: user participation, knowledge support, networking for coordination and cooperation etc, defined as philosophizing processes at personal and group levels. AvI’s ambition is to indicate whether the preconditions for these processes are present in an organization, to allow these to arise and to function in a satisfying and fruitful way. The evaluation of AvI showed that reliability coefficients and correlations to independent criteria were high, supporting the original hypothesis: AvI can be used to acquire information about the above parameters of an IT system’s usability in an easy and quick way. Although AvI only provides an indicative value, such a diagnosis of the usability of an organization’s IT infrastructure is valuable as an alert and to determine the extent of further initiatives.

  • 184.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Designing and using ethical autonomous agents2014Ingår i: Sweden – Kyoto Symposium, Kyoto: Kyoto University , 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Ethical leadership in business: The significance of Information and Communication Technology2017Ingår i: Information and Management: Connect Things, Humans, Management / [ed] Murata, K. et al., Tokyo: Japan Society for Information and Management , 2017, s. 1-4Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In business it is necessary for leaders to have the ability to handle all kinds of different moral problems that may arise during their professional activities. Difficult ethical issues arise today, not least because of the possibilities and risks of ICT. Failure to address moral issues properly has significant impact on an organization’s life, affecting profits and public relations as well as internal processes of the organization and the well being of the leader and the employees. Competence in handling moral problems in a satisfying way is therefore very important for any leader. Education in ethics should equip leaders for difficult decisions, and ethical competence is therefore the most important goal of training programs. We need reliable and effective methods to stimulate and support leaders’ ethical competence. Proper ICT tools developed and used in accordance to philosophical theory and to empirical research on ethical decision-making, can contribute to the development of leaders’ ethical competence.

  • 186.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Etisk kompetens viktigare än lag och moral2006Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 19 marsArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Moralpredikningar och flummigt etikprat tjänar ingenting till, så långt håller jag ned Mats Qviberg. Det leder definitivt inte till att man handlar rätt, eller slipper skandaler och ekonomiska förluster. Predikningar kan t o m vara direkt farliga om de uppfattas som det enda alternativet. Predikningar och flummigt prat ger, rättmätigt, dåligt rykte till etiken och kan faktiskt förhindra sunda åtgärder som verkligen skulle kunna göra nytta. Men, etik är inte nödvändigtvis flummig. Och jag håller inte med Mats Qviberg om att etiken inte behövs. Lagen räcker i många fall inte till. Inte ens moralen räcker till. Att det blir fel ibland beror inte bara på psykopaterna utan på att normala människor gör fel. Visst finns det lagar och moralprinciper och visst har de allra flesta människor en sund känsla för vad som är rätt och fel, men det räcker inte alltid i en konkret situation. Det som är generellt rätt kan vara fel i ett särskilt fall. En lag kan ibland stå mot en annan lag, en moralprincip mot en annan moralprincip, och ett intresse mot ett annat intresse. Vi blir alltså tvungna att hantera sådana situationer själva, och vi måste göra det rätt. Här kan etiken bidra. För att undvika att göra fel måste vi koncentrera oss på att göra det som behövs och inget annat. Jag talar då om att främja förmågan att hantera moraliska problem. Alltför ofta kopplar vi ihop den etiska kompetensen med en eller annan moralisk princip eller ideologi som därmed upphöjs till den godaste principen eller ideologin. Men är inte frågan om vilken princip eller ideologi som skall styra beslutsfattandet en fråga som bara den direkt berörde beslutsfattaren och dennes organisation ska besvara? Det handlar inte bara om att visa respekt för dem som tar emot etisk hjälp. Det är en förutsättning för att hjälpen ska fungera. Beslutsfattare behöver etiska färdigheter och organisationer behöver lämpliga etiska processer. De behöver verktyg för att själva bestämma vilka principer de ska ha och hur de ska tillämpa dem. Forskning och praktisk erfarenhet har visat att etikåtgärder med fokus på just det leder till bättre etiskt insikt, högre etisk kompetens, övertygande etisk argumentationsförmåga och etiskt självförtroende. Ansvariga personer och organisationer är inte betjänta av andras tolkningar och färdiga svar. Sådant fungerar helt enkelt inte. Det som händer är bara att etikexpertens och beslutsfattarens moral kommer i konflikt med varandra.

  • 187.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    How to handle issues of security and privacy2013Ingår i: ICT-ethics: Sweden and Japan, Linköping: LiU Tryck , 2013, s. 54-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Different ways to approach privacy and security are critically examined. The main question is how definitions may help us in our efforts to handle these issues in real life and allow us to create suitable and working system designs and policies. Given the controversial nature of privacy and security, and based on philosophical theory and psychological research, we have to focus on the ways, skills, methods and tools we adopt in order to create, revise and apply policies, guidelines, designs, rules and principles.

  • 188.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making2015Ingår i: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 13-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview and to discuss the following issues: most often, discussions about Information and communication technology (ICT) sustainability focus on environmental issues; however, there are other aspects referring to ICT internal sustainability and to its role as a tool in managing general sustainability issues. The way to handle ICT sustainability issues is also significant.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses and investigates various aspects of ICT sustainability, and of methods to handle these issues and make decisions.

    Findings: Classical philosophy and psychological empirical research on decision-making demonstrate the way to take care of ICT sustainability issues. This way is philosophizing, which has to be trained and supported for people and organizations involved to acquire the necessary skills and to use suitable methods.

    Originality/value: The paper highlights other significant aspects of ICT sustainability rather than the environmental impact alone. It also proposes focus on the way ICT sustainability issues are handled rather than focus on normative or ideological aspects of it.

  • 189.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    ICT as a horsefly2012Ingår i: Critique, Democracy and Philosophy in 21st Century Information Society: Towards Critical Theories of Social Media / [ed] Christian Fuchs, 2012, s. 38-38Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The way we solve problems and make decisions has been at the focus of philosophy. Since ancient times the issue has been how to think in the right way. Skills, abilities, methods and processes have been investigated. According to Platon philosophers do not have the right answers but they can find the right answers. They have the skills and they can use the right tools to discard false ideas (aporia). Philosophers think and act in a democratic way among themselves. But anybody who has the ability to philosophize, to think self-critically, systematically, scientifically, i.e. has the Aristotelian virtue of phronesis or the Kantian skill of autonomy, and acts according to this, belongs to a democracy together with other like people. Unfortunately, this is not the only definition of democracy. Although democracy itself is a process, the common sense definition is either result oriented or focused on formalistic aspects, or a combination of both. The first means that societies providing high living standards, security, tolerance, good environment and other goods are called democratic. The second definition is based on the existence of certain procedures, institutions, roles and processes, like elections. The presence of formal procedures is sufficient for a democracy definition. But if democracy is a process neither the result of it nor its formal surface characteristics should have the highest significance. Maintaining and running the democratic process is the important aspect as well as the conditions supporting it. By saying this we are back to the philosophical discussion. In essence democracy is dialog between people. That means that people search for solutions to their problems by thinking together with others. But that presupposes that each person has a dialog with himself and that each person starts with the position that own ideas and beliefs need to be better (aporia). This makes it possible to listen to others. Each participant in a democratic process, or a dialog, feels always the need of other participants because he is expecting them to help him and together with other able people find a better idea (phronesis, autonomy).ICT can contribute to this process by making information accessible and therefore facilitating citizens’ participation in political decision making. It can support openness and by that invite people to be more aware and active. Furthermore, it can support horizontal communication among citizens. Issues that are of interest to few people or to people that for some reason have difficulties to contact each other by traditional means may be neglected in the political process even though they are important. ICT can easily overcome such difficulties and provide a powerful tool to connect, inform and coordinate people’s actions. Most important, ICT can support self-critical and systematic thinking, which is the base for successful democratic dialog. ICT systems are currently used to create aporia and to stimulate autonomy during a process of problem solving and decision making. Advanced games simulate the complexity of reality in micro worlds, broadening the spectrum of opportunities and possibilities to support dialog.

  • 190.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    ICT as ethical competence2017Ingår i: Research, Ethics and Societal Impact: Responsible research: How to deal with animals and ICT in science - An ethical approach / [ed] Abdul H. Mohammed, Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2017, s. 12-12Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology gives us new possibilities for diagnosis and therapy, but also for the organization of care, such as patient records and distance care. However, this involves risks in the form of wrong diagnoses, injuries in care, intrusion into patient privacy, etc. It is important that medicine technology works as intended and that healthcare professionals, patients and the public trust and accept this technology. Otherwise, we cannot take advantage of what technology has to offer.

    It is also important that healthcare professionals and all users of medicine technology understand how it works and what effects it may have. They need the ability to handle problems that may arise during use, including non-technical ones. Ethics is therefore a very important aspect in medicine technology development and use. It is necessary to integrate ethical aspects in the design of technology, and to develop and apply methods and tools to support ethical decision making of healthcare professionals, patients and all involved stakeholders.

  • 191.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Independent agents and ethics2014Ingår i: ICT and society, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 39-46Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of Information Technology, systems, robots, etc., that are capable of processing information and acting independently of their human operators, has been accelerated as well as the hopes, and the fears, of the impact of those artifacts on environment, market, society, on human life generally. Many ethical issues are raised because of these systems being today, or in the future, capable of independent decision making and acting. In the present paper it is discussed how ethical decision support pro-grams can be integrated into robots and other relatively independent decision making systems to secure that decisions are made according to the basic theories of philosophy and to the findings of psychological research.

  • 192.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Information and Communication Technology for ethical leadership in business2019Ingår i: Journal of Information and Management, ISSN 1882-2614, Vol. 38, nr 4, s. 6-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethical leadership in business is very important. The way ethical issues are handled affect profits, work environment, customers and society. It is crucial for the survival and the well-being of any organization. Business leaders have to be supported in this, and to acquire the ability and the skills to handle ethical issues in a satisfying way for all stakeholders involved. They need ethical competence. Information and Communication Technology can contribute to the education and to the support of business leaders.  ICT tools can be developed according to philosophical theory and to psychological empirical research on ethical decision-making. Properly used in education programs, these tools can stimulate the acquisition of ethical competence.

  • 193.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för psykologi.
    Learning Adaptive Methods in Solving Moral Conflicts: Ethics Simulation in a Computer Micro-World1988Ingår i: SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES IN MORAL EDUCATION: PARTNERS OR ADVERSARIES? / [ed] Raymond Hummel, Lynn Katz, Kathleen Kowalski, Pittsburgh: THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, SCHOOL OF EDUCATION , 1988, s. 18-18Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes a computer simulation developed for the study of decision-making andproblem-solving in ethics. The simulation allows the experimental control of the feedback ofan individual's use of moral problem-solving methods. The hypothesis is that the individualadopts adaptive problems-solving methods.

  • 194.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Philosophizing as a usability method2013Ingår i: Ambiguous Technologies: Philosophical Issues, Practical Solutions, Human Nature / [ed] E. Buchanan, P. B. de Laat, H. T. Tavani and J. Klucarich, Lisbon: The International Society of Ethics and Information Technology , 2013, s. 194-201Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways of handling problems of IT systems usability and problems of ethics are similar to each other. Working with usability leads most often to the need of discussing problems of ethics, and today’s issues of ethics are mostly related to IT. The nature of IT and ethics seems to be very close to each other. Ready-made answers cannot be found and any solution proposed is easily contested. IT design and use have a strong connection to values. With classical and modern philosophy as a foundation, and based on psychological research on ethical decision making, it is suggested to focus on the way to take care of issues rather than on normative aspects or on the construction and application of usability standards and guidelines. It appears that the method used to handle problems in these areas is of crucial importance; and this is also common to both of them.

  • 195.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Philosophy and philosophology2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 196.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Människa-datorinteraktion.
    Robots and systems as autonomous ethical agents2010Ingår i: INTECH 2010: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent Technologies / [ed] V. Kreinovich, J. Daengdej and T. Yeophantong, Bangkok: Assumption University , 2010, s. 5-9Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    IT systems and robots can help us to solve many problems caused by the quantity, variation and complexity of information; because we need to handle dangerous and risky situations; or because of our social and emotional needs like elderly care. In helping us, these systems have to make decisions and act accordingly to achieve the goals for which they were built. Ethical decision support tools can be integrated into robots and other decision making systems to secure that decisions are made according to the basic theories of philosophy and to the findings of psychological research.  This can be done, in non-independent systems, as a way for the system to report to its operator, and to support the operator's ethical decision making. On the other hand, fully independent systems should be able to regulate their own decision making strategies and processes. However, this cannot be based on normative predefined criteria, or on the ability to make choices, or on having own control, or on ability of rational processing.  It seems that it is necessary for an independent robot or decision system to have "emotions." That is, a kind of ultimate purposes that can lead the decision process, and depending on the circumstances, guide the adoption of a decision strategy, whatever it may be, rational, heuristic or automatic.

  • 197.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Storebror vs lillebror2014Ingår i: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1403-296, Vol. 124, nr 77, s. A5-A5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 198.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    The relation between ICT, sustainability and ethics2011Ingår i: Politeia, ISSN 1128-2401, Vol. 104, s. 79-90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Issues about ICT, sustainability and ethics are very closely related. Allthree areas are interconnected, meaning that handling a problem belonging to onearea leads most often to the need to discuss issues from the other two areas. Theproblems in each area are very similar in nature. Ready-made answers cannot befound and any solution proposed is easily contested. Not only ethics but also ICTand sustainability have a strong connection to values. With classical and modernphilosophy as a foundation, and based on psychological research on ethical decisionmaking,it is suggested to focus on the way to take care of issues rather than onnormative or ideological aspects. It appears that the method used to handle problemsin these areas is of crucial importance; and this is also common to all of them.

  • 199.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Βιοηθική δεοντολογία, παιδιά και νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [el]

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν στις σχέσεις μεταξύ των ανθρώπων είναι σημαντικά. Σημαντικότερα είναι όμως τα προβλήματα σε σχέση με άτομα που βρίσκονται σε κάποια σχέση εξάρτησης, και ειδικότερα σε σχέση με παιδιά. Η ευθύνη σε αυτή την περίπτωση βαραίνει αποκλειστικά τους ενήλικες είτε αυτοί είναι νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό είτε γονείς είτε άλλοι εμπλεκόμενοι ενήλικες.

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν σε αυτές τις περιπτώσεις απαιτούν άψογους χειρισμούς ειδάλλως ελλοχεύει ο κίνδυνος αποτυχίας της θεραπευτικής προσπάθειας, δημιουργία αντιπαραθέσεων και συγκρούσεων, πρόκληση συναισθηματικών τραυμάτων, κ.α.

    Ένας κλασσικός τρόπος αντιμετώπισης αυτών των κινδύνων είναι η διατύπωση ηθικών αρχών και κανόνων. Πράγματι, στον χώρο της βιοηθικής βρίσκουμε έναν μεγάλο αριθμό κωδίκων δεοντολογίας που καλύπτουν διαφορετικές δραστηριότητες και περιπτώσεις.

    Η συνήθης αντίληψη είναι ότι η ύπαρξη τέτοιων κωδίκων είναι αρκετή για τη σωστή εφαρμογή τους. Δεν είναι όμως έτσι απλά. Οι κανόνες δεν εφαρμόζονται αυτόματα. Πρέπει να ερμηνευθούν και να προσαρμοστούν στη συγκεκριμένη πραγματικότητα. Αυτό σημαίνει ότι τα υπεύθυνα άτομα ή οι ομάδες ατόμων πρέπει να διαθέτουν τις απαραίτητες  δεξιότητες για να μπορούν να εφαρμόσουν τους κανόνες με επιτυχία.  Δηλαδή, ο τρόπος σκέψης και δράσης τους απαιτεί εμπειρία ή προηγούμενη  εξάσκηση καθώς και διαρκή υποστήριξη και εξέλιξη.

    Για να αντιμετωπισθεί αυτό το πρόβλημα, και με βάση την ηθική φιλοσοφία και την έρευνα στη λήψη ηθικών αποφάσεων, έχουν αναπτυχθεί ειδικές εκπαιδευτικοί μέθοδοι και εργαλεία με στόχο την υποστήριξη της ηθικής δεξιότητας στην εφαρμογή των κανόνων δεοντολογίας. Είναι πρακτικά εφαρμόσιμοι και έχουν ήδη δοκιμαστεί σε πολλά και διαφορετικά ιδρύματα για την εκπαίδευση και ανάπτυξη ηθικών δεξιοτήτων υπεύθυνων ατόμων και ομάδων προσωπικού.

  • 200.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Can machines make ethical decisions?2013Ingår i: Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, s. 693-699Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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