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  • 151.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    More Theory for Mortuary Research of the Viking World2016Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 519-531Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This themed journal issue provides many examples of ways forward in the study of death and memory in the Viking world. While all contributions demonstrate that there are exciting new ways to study remains from funerary contexts that focus on different forms of citation involving material culture and monuments, this article will very briefly discuss dimensions that have not been addressed here. Specifically, it showcases how the mortuary citations approach can also use post-humanist theory for further development and exploration of mortuary practices in the Viking world. Although short, this article discusses rune stones, particularly rune stones with kuml inscriptions, which I have examined elsewhere.

    The term kuml appears on contemporary rune stones; it refers to different material entities such as rune stones, mounds/cairns, and other standing stones. The being and becoming of kuml is briefly discussed through the concepts of intra-action and agential cuts championed by Karen Barad.

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  • 152.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Review of Ruth M. Van Dyke, ed. Practicing Materiality, Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 2015.2017Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 168-171Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 153.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The Social Qualia of Kuml: An Exploration of the Iconicity of Rune-stones with Kuml Inscriptions from the Scandinavian Late Viking Age2016Ingår i: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 23, s. 157-178Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses qualitative experiences (qualia) of Scandinavian Late Viking Age runestones from a semiotically theorized perspective. Rune-stones with kuml inscriptions receive particular attention. Despite the fact that kuml referred to different material entities, such as rune-stone, other standing stones, and/or grave, it is suggested that they resembled one another on iconic grounds. The quality associated with the multiple qualia was a sensation of safety that resulted in shared experiences that had positive social values. The article demonstrates that the semiotics of Peirce can be of great value to archaeologists who want to delve deeper into the social analysis of things.

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  • 154.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Walking Down Memory Lane: Rune-Stones as Mnemonic Agents in the Landscapes of Late Viking-Age Scandinavia2015Ingår i: Early Medieval Stone Monuments: Materiality, Biography, Landscape / [ed] Howard Williams, Joanne Kirton and Meggen Gondek, Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2015, s. 62-86Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The archaeological approach adopted in this contribution wishes to explore the mnemonic agency of the rune-stones through highlighting some of the myriad rhizomatic relations that were generated through the embodied processes of making, staging and encountering rune-stones. It equally emphasises that memory work is practical, performative and therefore necessarily embodied in its constitution.

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  • 155.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Women achievements in archaeology in Sweden: A feminist perspective2021Ingår i: Women Achievements in Archaeology around the World / [ed] Sandra L. Lopez Varela, Springer , 2021Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology, as a multidisciplinary discipline that sheds light on humans’ changing relations over time to material culture, land- and seascapes, age, animals, death and burial, etc., has the potential to contribute significantly to a variety of discussions current in society. They include discussions on climate change, human-animal relations, responses to death, catastrophes, politics of identity, artworks, etc., to mention but a few topics. This chapter provides a brief introduction to Swedish archaeology, from its inception in the 19th century and onwards, with a particular focus on women achievements. While recognising that such an account never can be complete, the current work combines its synopses of significant and pivotal contributions with a necessary acknowledgement of the influential and changing circumstances these esteemed archaeologists worked under. For instance, women were allowed entry to universities only in the beginning of the 20th century. Major methodological and theoretical advancements that have driven the discipline forward in several respects are accounted for. Equally, the fruitful expansion of research topics within archaeology, innovated and propelled by women archaeologists, are considered. Their insistence on inclusionary practices, not only in research contexts but also during field excavations in Sweden and abroad, as well as in educational circumstances, are also addressed. A broadening of topics within archaeology, as well as inclusionary practices, offer not only a richer and more nuanced understanding of the past, but are also important for societies that want to advocate and embrace multi-vocality. 

  • 156.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jones, Andrew MeirionSouthampton University, United Kingdom.
    Images in the Making: Art, Process, Archaeology2020Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book presents a study of material images and asks how an appreciation of the making and unfolding of images and art alters archaeological accounts of prehistoric and historic societies. With contributions focusing on case studies ranging from prehistoric Britain, Scandinavia, Iberia, the Americas, and Dynastic Egypt, and including contemporary reflections on material images, it makes a novel contribution to ongoing debates relating to archaeological art and images. The book offers a new materialist analysis of archaeological imagery, with an emphasis on considering the material character of images and their making and unfolding. The book reassesses the predominantly representational paradigm of archaeological image analysis and argues for the importance of considering the ontology of images. It considers images as processes or events and introduces the verb ‘imaging’ to underline the point that images are conditions of possibility that draw together differing aspects of the world. The book is divided into three sections ‘Emergent Images’ which focuses on practices of making; ‘Images as Process’ which examines the making and role of images in prehistoric societies; and, ‘Unfolding Images’ which focuses on how images change as they are made and circulated. The book features contributions from archaeologists, Egyptologists, anthropologists and artists. The contributors to the book highlight the multiple role of images in prehistoric and historic societies, demonstrating that archaeologists need to recognize the dynamic and changeable character of images.

  • 157.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jones, Andrew Meirion
    Southampton University.
    Introduction2020Ingår i: Images in the making: Art, process, archaeology / [ed] Ing-Marie Back Danielsson & Andrew Meirion Jones, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction addresses and challenges long held assumptions concerning archaeological art and images, and offers new ways to approach and understand them. It is less concerned with the thorny question of defining art, and instead primarily focus on images. We develop approaches that enable us to follow images in their making, their unfolding, their transformation, their multiplicity. We also discuss how images can be understood, given that they appear to be in constant motion.

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  • 158.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    An Etruscan public building with multiple functions at the bridge on the northern side of Fosso del Pietrisco at San Giovenale in southern Etruria, 625-500 B.C. A functional analysis of the architectural remains and the artifacts1997Ingår i: Proceedings of the symposium 'From huts to houses. Transformations of ancient societies' in Rome 22-24 September 1997Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 159.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Asinesamlingen i Uppsala görs tillgänglig för forskningen. Gamla fynd ger ny kunskap1985Ingår i: Hellenika, Vol. 32, s. 4-10Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 160.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Crossing the Bridge: An Interpretation of the Archaeological Remains in the Etruscan Bridge Complex at San Giovenale, Etruria2005Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis discusses the archaeological remains in the Etruscan bridge complex, found during the excavations at San Giovenale in 1959–1963, and 1999. The aim has been to reach a holistic perspective of the bridge complex with the bridge seen as a link between topography, economy, social relationships, politics, symbols and ritual, reflecting its importance for the whole community at San Giovenale and its surroundings. Situated at the border between the two largest city-states Tarquinia and Caere, the site seems to have been an important middle range transit town for foreign ideas, goods and people.

    The character of the remains and the various levels of contextual analyses made it possible to distinguish five distinctive functions for the structures at the bridge over the Pietrisco. From a more generalised point of view these suggested that specialized functions may be divided into practical, social and symbolic functions and these aspects have been of help in identifying an object or a structure. Besides practical functions of everyday use, economic and strategic functions have also been considered.

    These functions were more or less in use contemporaneously, at least during several hundred years, from about the middle of the 6th down to the first century B.C. Pottery and small finds show that some activity has taken place at the site from the 9th century. Features of continuity, such as in the choice of crossing, the direction of the bridge construction after its destruction, the architectural ground-plans, the use of basins and a well, pottery fabrics of local and Greek imports and shapes, as well as changes in ground-plans, slight changes in the environment due to water erosion, earth-quakes and slides, have been observed. The physical as well as the liminal boundary between land and water as well as between man and spirits was accentuated by the tufa building, the water installations, and the road at the northern abutment. The thesis raises the hypothesis that the Etruscans believed that a crossing of a river via a bridge could violate the spirits of nature on land and in the water and therefore special rites were needed to restore the balance between nature and man before entering the bridge in order to reach safely at the other side of the ravine. The bridge itself can be seen as sacred, a liminal area where time and space do not exist and a place where it is easy to gain contact with the supernatural world.

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  • 161.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Finds from the Middle Helladic Period1978Ingår i: Excavations in the Barbouna area at Asine, Fasc. 2, Finds from the Levendis sector, 1970, Vol. Boreas 4, nr Fasc. 2, s. 53-63Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 162.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Tiles from graves B5 and B81978Ingår i: Excavations in the Barbouna area at Asine, Fasc. 2, Finds from theLevendis sector, 190-1972, Vol. Boreas 4, nr Fasc. 2, s. 121-127Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 163.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Risberg, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Archaeometallurgical methods applied to remains of iron production from the Geometric Period at Asine, pp. 85-942002Ingår i: NEW RESEARCH ON OLD MATERIAL FROM ASINE AND BERBATI: in celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Swedish Institute at Athens, Paul Åströms förlag, William Gibsons väg 11, SE-433 76 Jonsered, Sweden , 2002, s. 155-Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 164.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Risberg, Christina
    Metal working at Asine. 'New finds' from the 1926 season.1986Ingår i: OpAth, Vol. 15, s. 123-125Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 165.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Risberg, Christina
    Metallhantering i Asine: gamla fynd ger ny kunskap1992Ingår i: Hellenika, Vol. 60, s. 28-29Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 166.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Risberg, Christina
    På jakt efter järn. Geologiska resor i Arkadien och Argolis2000Ingår i: Hellenika, Vol. 93, s. 6-9Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 167.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Risberg, Christina
    Two late Geometric skyphoi from the Collection of Classical Antiquities in Uppsala.1993Ingår i: From the Gustavianum Collections in Uppsala (Boreas. Uppsala studies in Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern civilisations, Vol. 22, s. 31-38Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 168.
    Backe-Forsberg, Yvonne
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Risberg, Christina
    Bassiakos, Yannis
    Metal-working at Asine. Report on the remains of iron-production from the Barbouna area and the area E of the Acropolis2001Ingår i: OpAth, Vol. 25-26, s. 25-34Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 169.
    Backman Jääskeläinen, Julius
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    De dog i Grekland: Skandinaviska runstenar och grekiska färder2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Scandinavia has a rich history of the raising of runestones, monuments in stone of varying sizes for honoring the fallen. Among these there exist a group of runestones that mention a land far away from the cold winds of the north, the land of the Byzantine Empire, stretching from the Balkans to the edge of Anatolia with Greece at its center. Scandinavia and the former Byzantine empire has a long history between them where many made their way down the eastern rivers of the Rus to finally reach the city of Constantinople or ‘Miklagard’ as the Scandinavians called it, the great city. Here in the vast empire of the Greeks many Scandinavians saw an opportunity for wealth and fortune. Many of these however did not return home, they died in Greece and for some of them a runestone was raised in their memory. These would form the so-called Greece runestones, a collection of 27 runestones which will be explored in this thesis. The travelers to Greece also left behind their own writings at places like the Hagia Sophia and the Piraeus Lion. Where with their own words they tell of their journey to this distant land, which will also be covered along with the Greece runestones. The aim of this thesis is to explore these writings to hopefully give a greater insight to the early medieval Scandinavian society and what would motivate so many to travel all the way to Greece. This together with an analysis of the import of byzantine coins to the baltic area will hopefully provide us with a better understanding of these motives and at what period these travels primarily took place.

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  • 170.
    Badani Zuleta, Paola
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    That which was before of time: Night, Evening and Everynight-life in Ancient Egypt2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den följande studien tar sig an den fornegyptiska uppfattningen gällande natt och mörker. Dessa utgör ramverken inom vilken en beskrivning av nattliga aktivititer och vanor sätts i kontext. En fenomenologisk analys användes i undersökningen av fornegyptiska textuella källor, vilka innehöll orden "natt", "kväll" samt "mörker". Ibland brukades fler än ett ord i beskrivandet av ett och samma fenomen, vilket kan sägas peka på en bredare kontextuell förståelse gentemot natten och dess atrribuerade element. Ibland är dessa uppfattningar synliga i det skriftliga, i hieroglyferna, genom att ett tecken visandes ett liggande mumie i ordet för att " tillbringa natten" kom att utesluta mumien när ordet användes för att referera till en sömnlös natt. Det är också synligt i hur himlavalvet avbildades som vilandes på en pelare, vilken visas bruten itu på grund av himlavalvets vikt som den får uthärda när natten bokstavligen faller. 

    Trots att natten sågs som en av dagens farligaste och mest riskfyllda tider på dygnet, till stor del attribuerat till det sammanhängande mörkret, de analyserade texterna beskriver en nattlig vardag som står sig i kontrast gentemot denna negativa uppfattning. En vardag utspelad i aktiva nätter, vilka innefattade nattliga promenader, folkfyllda stadsgator, jakt i månsken, sömnlösa, oroliga nätter, samt lugnare aktiviteter såsom läsning och flörtande. 

    Det är på detta vis som bilden av aktiva fornegyptiska nätter målas upp, där egyptierna levde och upplevde nattens alla tolv timmar till fullo, älskandes, jobbandes, drömmandes och samverkandes. Således, nätterna i det forntida Egypten var högst livliga företeelser.

  • 171.
    Badenhorst, Shaw
    et al.
    Ditsong National Museum of Natural History (formerly Transvaal Museum.
    Sinclair, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Faunal remains from Chibuene, an Iron Age coastal trading station in central Mozambique2011Ingår i: Southern African Humanities, ISSN 1681-5564, Vol. 23, s. 1-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We report on the small faunal assemblage from the Iron Age coastal trading station of Chibuene, situated on the coastal littoral of central Mozambique. The faunal assemblage was excavated in 1995 and contains bones from a variety of animals, including livestock, chickens, wild game animals, as well as aquatic species such as turtles and fish. Fish, turtle and shark remains dominate the assemblage. The fauna from the first and second millennium AD occupations share similarities with other contemporaneous sites to the north on the East African coast, rather than with sites located in South Africa.

  • 172.
    Barregren, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Spjutets plats i kultur och tro: En undersökning av dekorerade spjut i Birkas kammargravar2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Viking Age town Birka has since long been a central part of archaeological studies and excavations in Sweden. It has brought much light and information about the people living there from the late 8th century to the late 10th century. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the decorated spears found in a selected number of Birka's chamber graves to see if any visual traces of religious expressions are present. The spears and their context will then be put into contrast with the clear patterns of the worship of Odin in Birka's Garrison area and religious studies from pre-Christian Scandinavia. This is done in the hopes of shedding some light on the spear’s relevance in the Viking Age's culture and religious contexts.

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  • 173. Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Crumley, Carole L.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Svedin, Uno
    Biocultural Refugia: Combating the Erosion of Diversity in Landscapes of Food Production2013Ingår i: Ecology & Society, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 18, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is urgent need to both reduce the rate of biodiversity loss caused by industrialized agriculture and feed more people. The aim of this paper is to highlight the role of places that harbor traditional ecological knowledge, artifacts, and methods when preserving biodiversity and ecosystem services in landscapes of food production. We use three examples in Europe of biocultural refugia, defined as the physical places that not only shelter farm biodiversity, but also carry knowledge and experiences about practical management of how to produce food while stewarding biodiversity and ecosystem services. Memory carriers include genotypes, landscape features, oral, and artistic traditions and self-organized systems of rules, and as such reflect a diverse portfolio of practices on how to deal with unpredictable change. We find that the rich biodiversity of many regionally distinct cultural landscapes has been maintained through different smallholder practices developed in relation to local environmental fluctuations and carried within biocultural refugia for as long as millennia. Places that transmit traditional ecological knowledge and practices hold important lessons for policy makers since they may provide genetic and cultural reservoirs - refugia - for the wide array of species that have co-evolved with humans in Europe for more than 6000 thousand yrs. Biodiversity restoration projects in domesticated landscapes can employ the biophysical elements and cultural practices embedded in biocultural refugia to create locally adapted small-scale mosaics of habitats that allow species to flourish and adapt to change. We conclude that such insights must be included in discussions of land-sparing vs. land-sharing when producing more food while combating loss of biodiversity. We found the latter strategy rational in domesticated landscapes with a long history of agriculture.

  • 174.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Isendahl, Christian
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Urban gardens, agriculture, and water management: Sources of resilience forlong-term food security in cities2013Ingår i: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 86, s. 224-234Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Food security has always been a key resilience facet for people living in cities. This paper discusses lessons for food security fromhistoric and prehistoric cities. The Chicago school of urban sociology established amodernist understanding of urbanism as an essentialist reality separate from its larger life-support system. However, different urban histories have given rise to a remarkable spatial diversity and temporal variation viewed at the global and long-term scales that are often overlooked in urban scholarship.Drawing on two case studies fromwidely different historical and cultural contexts – the Classic Maya civilization of the late first millennium AD and Byzantine Constantinople – this paper demonstrates urban farming as a pertinent feature of urban support systems over the long-term and global scales. We show how urban gardens, agriculture, and water management as well as the linked social–ecological memories of how to uphold such practices over time have contributed to long-term food security during eras of energy scarcity. We exemplify with the function of such local blue–green infrastructures during chocks to urban supply lines. We conclude that agricultural production is not “the antithesis of the city," but often an integrated urban activity that contribute to the resilience of cities.

  • 175.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Innovative Memory and Resilient Cities: Echoes from Ancient Constantinople2010Ingår i: The Urban Mind: Cultural and Environmental Dynamics / [ed] Paul J.J. Sinclair, Gullög Nordquist, Frands Herschend and Christian Isendahl, Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University , 2010, s. 391-405Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter uses insights from resilience thinking in analysing a two-thousand-year period of ancient and modern Constantinople, addressing one of the great challenges of the Urban Anthropocene: how to nurture an ecologically sound urbanisation. One of the lessons is that Constantinople maintained a diversity of insurance strategies to a greater degree than  many historical and contemporary urban centres. It invested heavily not only in military infrastructure but also in systems for supplying, storing, and producing food and water. From major granaries and at least four harbours the citizens could receive seaborne goods, but during sieges the trade networks broke down. At those times, when supplies ran dry, there were possibilities to cultivate food within the defensive walls and to catch fish in the Golden Horn. Repeated sieges, which occurred on average every fifty years, generated a diversity of social-ecological memories – the means by which the knowledge, experience, and practice of how to manage a local ecosystem were stored and transmitted in a community. These memories existed in multiple groups of society, partly as a response to the collapse of long-distance, seaborne, grain transports from Egypt. Food production and transports were decentralized into a plethora of smaller subsistence communities (oikoi), which also sold the surplus to the markets of the city. In this way Constantinople became more self-reliant on regional ecosystems. An additional result was that the defensive walls were moved, not in order to construct more buildings but to increase the proportion of gardens and agricultural land. In a comparison with Cairo, it can be seen that these innovations related to enhanced self-reliance in food production made it possible for Constantinople to bounce back from extreme hardships, such as extended sieges, without collapsing into chaos or moral decay. Transformed urban morphology of the city would simply remind residents, through the visual presence of a living garden culture, of the importance of the latter for food security. Without the gardens the long intervals between sieges would probably have been enough to dissolve living memoryHence, the urban  resilience of Constantinople was enhanced, promoting well-established old regimes and traditions of importance for producing ecosystem services to society while at the same time testing and refining new and successful regimes, or in other words through the interplay of memory and innovation. Currently, and even more so in decades to come, the mindsets of urban people hold power in a global arena. Questions related to how the loss of green space in metropolitan landscapes will affect worldviews are worrisome since it is the desires and demands of urban people that will affect future decisions and essentially determine the fate of the planet. People throughout the world, and not least in Western societies, need to be constantly reminded of our dependence on a living planet and stay motivated to support it. Social-ecological memories related to local food production have to be nurtured in urban landscapes as well, and an urban morphology is needed that strengthens ecological awareness across urban populations rather than the opposite.

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  • 176.
    Bartholdson, Olivia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Hälsan i hällkistan: En osteologisk analys av hällkistematerialet från Sundre, Gotland2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en empirisk studie av mänskligt skelettmaterial från en hällkistegravplats från Sundre, Gotland. Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera materialet för att diskutera hälsan hos individerna. Analysen genomförs på det osteologiska materialet för att fastställa eventuella patologier och andra förändringar på skelettet. En diskussion om individernas hälsa framförs efter resultat från analyserna av de mänskliga kvarlevorna för att överlägga huruvida det är möjligt att avgöra hälsa genom enbart osteologiska material. Bronsålder är den huvudsakliga tidsperioden som diskuteras, men med 14C dateringar som gjorts på ett antal benfragment kan man se en kontinuerlig återanvändning av gravplatsen från senneolitikum till vikingatid. I materialet observeras både barn och vuxna i olika åldrar som diskuteras tillsammans med skeletala förändringar i form av aktivitet och sjukdom. Den huvudsakliga diskussionen om hälsa framförs baserat på detta och har resulterat i en slutsats om att hälsan var förhållandevis god under bronsåldern.

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  • 177.
    Bates, Rupert
    et al.
    Univ Durham, Dept Geog, Durham, England..
    Erlendsson, Egill
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-102 Reykjvik, Iceland..
    Dögg Eddudottir, Sigrun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-102 Reykjvik, Iceland. .
    Mockel, Susanne Claudia
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-102 Reykjvik, Iceland..
    Tinganelli, Leone
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-102 Reykjvik, Iceland.;Landgraeoslan, Hella, Iceland..
    Gisladottir, Guorun
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-102 Reykjvik, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Landnam, Land Use and Landscape Change at Kagaoarholl in Northwest Iceland2022Ingår i: Environmental Archaeology, ISSN 1461-4103, E-ISSN 1749-6314, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 211-227Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Palaeoecological studies from across Iceland, in tandem with historical and archaeological examinations, have helped improve our understanding of patterns and processes involved in the initial settlement of Iceland. Here, we present a new high resolution reconstruction of vegetation and landscape dynamics for the farm Kagaoarholl, a lowland site in Austur-HunavatnssATIN SMALL LETTER Y WITH ACUTEsla, Northwest Iceland, a region with a notable scarcity of known archaeological sites. Through palynology and the analysis of lithological proxies, the study locates and examines human influence at the study site and evaluates the mechanisms of environmental change. Prior to settlement, following long-term vegetation regression, Betula woodland interspersed with sedge bog was prevalent at Kagaoarholl. Woodland clearance and grazing was initiated no later than AD 900, illustrating the arrival of humans. Over the following centuries, the record shows continued grazing, increased soil erosion and a transition into heathland and shrubland indicative of anthropogenic environmental degradation. Woodland conservation and management practices are also inferred. The study is important in extending knowledge of Icelandic environmental change and anthropogenic activity where archaeological research is scant and in bringing together regional patterns of settlement in order to understand wider settlement processes.

  • 178.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Univ Basel, Ctr African Studies, Basel, Switzerland; Univ West Bohemia, Plzen, Czech Republic.
    Pillar Tombs and the City: Creating a Sense of Shared Identity in Swahili Urban Space2018Ingår i: Archaeologies, ISSN 1555-8622, E-ISSN 1935-3987, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 377-411Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews published research on Swahili pillar tombs, as a specific type of tombs built of stone, by summarising records on almost fifty sites on the east coast of Africa. Dated to the 13th–16th centuries AD, the pillar tombs represented a core component of Swahili urban space. By considering their spatial setting, characteristics and comparative case studies from Africa and the Indian Ocean world, the paper reconsiders how pillar tombs might have functioned as a type of material infrastructure for creating social ties and notions of shared identity in a society that has never formally united.

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  • 179.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Univ West Bohemia Pilsen, Ctr African Studies, Dept Middle Eastern Studies, Sedlackova 15, Plzen 30100, Czech Republic..
    Sensory Synaesthesia: Combined Analyses Based on Space Syntax in African Urban Contexts2020Ingår i: African Archaeological Review, ISSN 0263-0338, E-ISSN 1572-9842, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 125-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The organization of past urban space continues to be an important focus of archaeological research in sub-Saharan Africa where the methods of space syntax now offer new interpretations of the built environment. Traditionally, space syntax uses access analysis graphs for buildings and axial maps for towns to represent and analyze the configuration of space as a network. Using perspectives from neuroscience and the social sciences, this paper presents several case studies to illustrate how space syntax can be adapted to provide a multisensory "synaesthetic" perspective on African urban environments while also addressing their cultural contexts. These case studies, which focus on historic towns from East and West Africa, incorporate analyses of visibility and movement as tactile perception to examine house layout, street networks, and the socio-spatial role of urban quarters. This demonstrates how the graphic representation of space syntax analyses can help us better understand spatial partitioning and material dimensions of urban space as cultural heritage that affects sensory perceptions such as vision and kinaesthetics.

  • 180.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Space Matters: A Reflection on Archaeological Theory and Method for Interpreting the Materiality of Space2016Ingår i: Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica, ISSN 1804-848X, E-ISSN 2336-1220, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 209-216Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Every paradigm in the history of archaeological theory has in some way dealt with space in interpreting the archaeological record; either bringing it into the spotlight or using it to assist description of other observed phenomena. This has resulted in a varied range of approaches to space, but also brought with it inherent problems. Paradigms once regarded as incompatible are now reconciled in mutual coexistence, but maintain little dialogue. Certain methods of spatial analyses have begun to be used as theory-neutral, and space often remains implicitly studied using methods as a set of tools, without exploration of adequate theory.

    The goal of this paper is to present a perspective on how archaeologists may proceed in order to apply both analytical methods to seek patterns in the past and interpret past constructed space. Although space is an intangible entity, it is argued it may be seen as a human-made material culture that plays an active role in social processes. As a case study, I contrast the advantages and shortcomings of several archaeological studies concerned with the spatial structure of the Swahili house. It is argued that we need to actively engage approaches that reveal quantifiable patterns in the built environment, as well as consult more relativistic issues of perception, sensory experience, and social production and consumption of space.

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  • 181.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    TEMPEA final report2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 182.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    TEMPEA technical report2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 183.
    Baumanova, Monika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Tisíciletá MĚSTA na afrických BŘEZÍCH2018Ingår i: Koktejl, ISSN 1210-4353Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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  • 184.
    Baumanova, Monika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Smejda, Ladislav
    Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Space as material culture: Residential stone buildings on the precolonial Swahili coast in a comparative perspective2018Ingår i: South African Archaeological Bulletin, ISSN 0038-1969, E-ISSN 2224-4654, Vol. 73, nr 208, s. 82-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops the notion that the structure of residential spaces has long been in a dialogue with social environments. It elaborates theoretical and methodological streams in the social sciences that focus on the interplay between society and the built environment. Space, rather than the built environment that articulates its structure, is subjected to analyses and conceptual interpretations relevant to the understanding of past constructed worlds. Although intangible and abstract, it is argued that space represents a type of material culture that could be studied through the use of the theory of affordances. We compare the layout of selected stone residences of various sizes that have been recorded in precolonial Swahili settlements at Gede, Kenya, and the Kilwa archipelago, Tanzania. To this end, we apply several methods of spatial analysis to reveal patterning in possible movements of people, and both physical and sensory access in buildings. The main goal of the paper is to derive an understanding of how these buildings helped to shape social values, and how they played a role in negotiation of multiple social interests, power, and trade relations among members of an urban society. The results highlight how material constructions like houses may channel social actions by reflecting contemporary social conventions. The argument also shows in what ways the unique nature of African urban heritage may be viewed, so that it could lend itself to cross-regional comparisons. The observations presented contribute to a broader discussion on the importance of interdisciplinary enquiry into the long history of African indigenous architecture.

  • 185.
    Baumanova, Monika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Univ Basel, Ctr African Studies, Rheinsprung 21, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland..
    Smejda, Ladislav
    Czech Univ Life Sci, Dept Ecol, Kamycka 129, Prague 16521, Czech Republic.;Univ West Bohemia, Dept Archaeol, Plzen 30614, Czech Republic..
    Structural dynamics of spatial complexity at the 'Palace of Gede', Kenya2017Ingår i: Azania, ISSN 0067-270X, E-ISSN 1945-5534, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 71-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a set of structural and network analysis approaches, this paper focuses on the monumental structure known as 'the Palace' at the Swahili stone town site of Gede, located near the Kenya coast. Gede is one of many stone towns that flourished on the East African littoral from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries AD. The 'Palace complex' is the largest building on site and developed in at least three stages within the last 100-150 years of the site's occupation. Its palatial function has so far been considered mainly in light of its monumentality and relative size, hence on the basis of its formal properties. This article utilises approaches that examine the spatial structure of the complex, offering an analysis of its spatial organisation by studying its inherent potential in terms of movement and visibility. The interpretation of the social logic of its development presented here is based on access and visibility analyses and on network analysis and thus connects methodologies developed in the 1980s with those that have started to be more widely discussed only within the last decade. The results reveal how the configuration and use of rooms, their place in the communication network within the building and their social potential changed through time.

  • 186.
    Baumanova, Monika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.; University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic..
    Smejda, Ladislav
    University of West Bohemia, Pilsen, Czech Republic.; Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Ruther, Heinz
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Pre-Colonial Origins of Urban Spaces in the West African Sahel: Street Networks, Trade, and Spatial Plurality2019Ingår i: Journal of urban history, ISSN 0096-1442, E-ISSN 1552-6771, Vol. 45, nr 3, s. 500-516Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Present-day West African towns allow us to study how urban space developed in this region. The urban street networks and layout of residential quarters to some extent preserve the possible movement patterns of pre-colonial urbanites. Long-distance trade, in what is ultimately a liminal and transitory locale, linked the urban nodes on the “coast” of the Sahara. This article takes a closer look on the distribution of streets and quarters as a unique kind of material heritage, as well as major trade routes, which linked into the towns. Analyses of the historic towns of Timbuktu and Djenne in Mali are used to demonstrate how the relationships between trade and urban residents were enacted in space. The structuring of the two towns put them in context with the tradition of dual settlements in West Africa, also finding parallels with the role of urban quarters in merchant towns of the East African coast.

  • 187.
    Baumanova, Monika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Zahorik, Jan
    University of West Bohemia, Czech Republic.
    Report: Africa Days 2015 – 2nd Ethio-Czech Conference on Africa (Pilsen, 15.-16.10.2015)2016Ingår i: Newsletter of the Swiss Society for African StudiesArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 188.
    Bazire Leidersdorff-Menzel, Clovis
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Brunnen på bosättningen: Ett funktionellt ting eller ett ekonomiskt och socialt ting2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss and clarify the interpretative potential of wells in order to understand the relationships between different features on the settlement. The empirical data used for this thesis have been confined to two different settlements locations in Uppland in Sweden, where a total of eight well’s structures have been analysed in relation to nearby archaeological and ecological features. This was made possible by analysing how the arrangements of wells were related to nearby places and archaeological remains and by using GIS (Geographic information system). The material is analysed using the theoretical approach of “entanglement”. Entanglement is a concept that can be used to facilitate the understanding of how many and how different cohesive relationships between material and humans and vice versa are interconnected. During the work with the thesis, the spatial relations of wells to and between other things have been clarified. The environment around the wells locations presents interesting contexts between archaeological remains and the locations. Ancient people used places and things in the natural setting in order to organize their social life. The well as a functional thing and as a special place should be understood in relation to the human's way of action, that is, there is a coherent relationship between the two that together affect both the human world and the wells.

  • 189.
    Bei, Georgia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Being a royal or a noble at death: Funerary expressions of social status in Macedonia2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats diskuterar uttryck av social status i Makedonska begravningar under 300-talet f.v.t. Uppsatsen syftar specifikt till att undersöka kungafamiljens och elitens status och hur detta uttrycks i döden, genom att göra en uppdelning mellan kunglig och elit. De viktigaste frågorna i denna studie rör deras skillnader och likheter, liksom potentiella indikatorer för vardera grupp. Materialet som har studerats är fyra gravar som kommer från tre separata begravningsområden. De två första gravarna undersöks som kungliga gravar och ligger i det antika området Aegae, beläget nära det moderna området Vergina, medan de övriga två gravarna som undersöks som elitgravar ligger i det moderna områdena Hagios Athanasios och Derveni. Genom att fokusera på begravningsområdenas kontext, de enskilda gravarnas arkitektur, deras utsmyckning, gravgåvor och de mänskliga kvarlevorna, behandlar uppsatsen den arkeologiska samlingen som en holistisk återspegling av den avlidnes sociala status, med antagandet att rika gravar bör reflektera den avlidnes sociala status. Men den här avhandlingen tar också hänsyn till andra faktorer som kan påverka begravningssammansättningen, såsom den avlidnes eller familjens personliga val. De begravda kunde ha planerat begravningens utformning, uppsatsen utgår ifrån att en rik grav och begravning betyder att personen hade tillräckliga resurser för begravningen men man behöver se på hela begravningskontexten för att undersöka den begravdas sociala status. Uppsatsen drar slutsatsen att tolkningen av vad som kan vara kungliga och elitgravar är komplicerad och faktorer som att den som hade råd kunde få en påkostad begravning suddar ut gränsen mellan kungliga och elit vid döden.

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    Being a royal or a noble at death: funerary expressions of social status in Macedonia
  • 190.
    Bendegard, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Kloster- och hospitalsmark på Gotlands landsbygd1995Ingår i: TOR, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 663-674Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Bendegard, Christina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Tingstäde – en vikingatida och medeltida centralplats på Gotland1993Ingår i: TOR, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 25, s. 299-316Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 192.
    Bengtsson, Emmelie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vad individerna viskar: Människorna från Broa gravfältet i Halla2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses and analyses the grave field from Broa in Halla, RAÄ 48:1 and SHM 11106 with objects in SHM 10796, dated to 800-900 a.d. The essay is done as part of examination in archaeology C with osteological orientation spring 2018 at Uppsala university, campus Gotland. Gustav Malmborg was supervisor for this essay. The objective of the essay is to give an osteological analysis since it hasn’t been done since the excavation 1899, but also to bring forth what information that can be pursued osteologically. This due to that grave A is the only one to be researched upon and not in full context, only partly focusing on the equestrian equipment, the amber lyre bridge and the sword. The questions of issue are; what can be told about the individuals from the grave field? Is there any grave that can be compared against grave A? What can be said about the contemporary society and the premises? Future research can use this essay as a stepping stone for other comparisons and use the osteological data to relate more information about lyre individuals.

     

    This quantitative essay presents the analysis each grave individually using morphological and metric methods, such as age, sex, paleopathological changes, MIND and estimated stature. After analysis is result presented as a table for easy overview (Table 1). Discussion and interpretation follows, one grave at a time over to the grave field and thereafter the premises. End discussion handles the questions of issue to summarize the discussion and interpretation. Conclusion summarizes the results from all of the above mentioned, such as one grave contains more than one individual which has been unknown before. Possible kinship is found in a grave and the possibility of the contemporary premises to be part of a larger house/farm.

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  • 193.
    Bengtsson, Fanny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Dräkt och identitet: En studie av tidigmedeltida dräktföremål från Västergarn2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Västergarn is a medieval settlement situated on the west coast of the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. It has for a long time been the focus of study for researchers due to its cultural heritage in regards of its church, rampart and archaeological remains of a settlement dating to the Early Middle Ages. The University of Uppsala conducted excavations at the site during 2005–2013 which have led to large amounts of archaeological material which enabled several theses being written about the place. This thesis aims to study metal dress accessories from Västergarn and the people behind these artifacts who lived there during the early medieval period. Gender identity, ethnicity and cultural belonging will be addressed. The main part of the thesis focuses on typology and chronology. This will be achieved by a morphological study of the material. In addition to this, an ArcGis study is conducted to study distribution patterns in the settlement. The conclusion is that dress accessories allow different conclusions on the population of Västergarn. In terms of gender, it is argued that both men and women were present, albeit artefacts of male gender dominate the assemblages. The majority of the material in terms of ethnicity and cultural identity can be attributed to a Gotlandic tradition, while some dress accessories seem to come from abroad, to the Slavonic areas and other regions in the Baltic Sea. Also, oriental influences can be seen, mainly in regard to the decorated belt mounts. in conclusion, the result of this thesis indicates that two separate groups, both Gotlanders and non-Gotlanders were active in Västergarn during the early Middle Ages which is visible in the two churches, the Baltic ware pottery and the form of dress accessories people wore at the time.

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    Fanny_Bengtsson_Masteruppsats
  • 194.
    Bengtsson, Fanny
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Låt graven berätta: En paleopatologisk- och rumslig analys av tre tidigmedeltida individer från S:t Hans i Visby2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie studeras tre tidigmedeltida gravlagda individer från S:t Hans kyrka i Visby. Syftet med uppsatsen är att belysa tidigmedeltida hälsa i Visby samt studera begravningspraktiker. För att uppnå detta har en osteologisk analys utförts på skeletten med syfte att undersöka individernas ålder, kön och kroppslängd samt identifiera eventuella patologier och skelettala förändringar. Resultaten sätts sedan i kontext till de övriga individerna från S:t Hans för att ge ett helhetsperspektiv. Utöver detta studeras den rumsliga spridningen av gravarna i ArcGIS för att undersöka ifall några mönster uppstår bland de gravlagda som kan avslöja hur de valt att gravlägga dem döda. Teorin är att använda den sociala indelningen på en medeltida kyrkogård för att försöka förstå de resultat vi ser gällande hälsa och begravningspraktiker. Resultatet visar att den vanligaste sjukdomsgruppen bland de gravlagda var degenerativa förändringar. Det var även vanligt med infektioner, näringsbristsjukdomar och karies. Gällande den rumsliga analysen kunde inga tydliga mönster urskiljas.

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    Bengtsson Fanny Låt graven berätta
  • 195.
    Bengtsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Epaminondas: Strateg och stadsgrundare2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an old saying, that after Epaminondas nothing was ever the same again. In this thesis I will focus on three questions: "Epaminondas the man." Who was he? "Epaminondas the general." How did he change the technique of warfare that made it possible to beat the Spartans? "Epaminondas, founder of cities and wall-builder." How did he build the walls around the cities he initiated, that made them resist enemy attacks for many years to come?

    While seeking the answers to yhese questions I will make a contextual analysis to get the historical background to all the phenomina involved.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 196.
    Berenguer, Paloma
    et al.
    Univ Acad Humanismo Cristiano, Escuela Antropol Geog & Hist, Fac Ciencias Sociales, Santiago, Chile..
    Clavero, Claudia
    Univ Metropolitana Ciencias Educ, Fac Ciencias Bas, Nunoa, Chile..
    Saldarriaga-Córdoba, Mónica
    Univ Bernardo OHiggins, Ctr Invest Recursos Nat & Sustentabil CYRENIS, Santiago, Chile..
    Rivera-Hutinel, Antonio
    Univ Metropolitana Ciencias Educ, Fac Ciencias Bas, Nunoa, Chile..
    Seelenfreund, Daniela
    Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Quim & Farmaceut, Santiago, Chile..
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Castañeda, Patricia
    Univ Metropolitana Ciencias Educ, Fac Ciencias Bas, Nunoa, Chile..
    Seelenfreund, Andrea
    Univ Acad Humanismo Cristiano, Escuela Antropol Geog & Hist, Fac Ciencias Sociales, Santiago, Chile..
    Identification of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) and South American crops introduced during early settlement of Rapa Nui (Easter Island), as revealed through starch analysis2024Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 19, nr 3, artikel-id e0298896Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Starch residue analysis was carried out on stone tools recovered from the bottom layer of the Anakena site on Rapa Nui (Easter Island). These deposits have been dated to AD 1000–1300 AD and so far, represent the earliest evidence of human settlement on this island. Twenty obsidian tools were analyzed. Analysis of 46 starch grains recovered from 20 obsidian tools from the earliest dated level of the Anakena site on Rapa Nui provides direct evidence for translocation of traditional crop plants at initial stages of the colonization of this island. The analysis of starch grains was based mainly on statistical methods for species identification but was complemented by visual inspection in some cases. Our results identify taxons previously unknown to have been cultivated on the island, such as breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), Zingiber officinale (ginger), and starch grains of the Spondias dulcis and Inocarpus fagifer tropical trees. Additionally, starch grains of Colocasia esculenta (taro) and Dioscorea sp. (yam), both common species in Pacific agriculture, were identified. Furthermore, the presence of four American taxa Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato), Canna sp. (achira), Manihot esculenta (manioc), and Xanthosoma sp., was detected. The occurrence of Canna sp., M. esculenta, and Xanthosoma sp. starch grains suggests the translocation of previously not described South American cultivars into the Pacific. The detection of I. batatas from this site in Rapa Nui constitutes the earliest record of this cultigen in the Pacific. Our study provides direct evidence for translocation of a set of traditional Polynesian and South American crop plants at the initial stages of colonization in Rapa Nui.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 197.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Constructing Athenian Masculinities: Masculinities in Theophrastus' Characters and Menander's Comedies2010Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of masculinities in Theophrastus’ Characters and Menander’s comedies. As these works were written in early Hellenistic Athens during a period of great political and social changes, there is reason to assume that also the construction of gender changed. The aim of the study is to identify the hegemonic masculinity in the literary sources and see how it and other masculinities were constructed. This is carried out with the help of contemporary critical theories on men and masculinities, especially R. W. Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity and perspectives of intersectionality. The study argues that the use of contemporary theories helps to broaden the understanding of gender in antiquity.

    With the use of Connell’s theory on hegemonic masculinity a complex picture of masculinities emerges that intersects several social constructions including age, financial and social belonging. The hegemonic masculinity that emerges is one of Athenian citizenship at the age of being a kyrios with an oikos that contained children. It is also a masculinity that is dependent on fulfilling or obtaining the three virtues of sophrosyne, autarkeia and philantropia. The hegemonic masculinity seems to be one of nostalgia, focusing on how the contemporaries of Theophrastus and Menander perceived the hegemonic masculinity of a past era when Athens was one of the great powers in the region without foreign domination and interference.

    The study shows that, as in Connell’s theory, the hegemonic masculinity was one that no single male could obtain or maintain for any longer period of time. It is also the case that all gender relates in one way or another to the hegemonic masculinity.

  • 198.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Forskningslogens publikationer2008Ingår i: C. F.Eckleff: tio år av forskning [redaktör: Gustaf Björk], Uppsala: Forskningslogen Carl Friedrich Eckleff , 2008, s. 67-72Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 199.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Jason från hjälte till mes: förändring av en litterär antik maskulinitet2008Ingår i: En ny sits - humaniora i förvandling: vänbok till Margaretha Fahlgren, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2008, s. 273-280Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 200.
    Berg, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Masculinity in Early Hellenistic Athens2011Ingår i: What is Masculinity?: Historical Dynamics from Antiquity to the Contemprorary World / [ed] John H. Arnold & Sean Brady, Palgrave Macmillan , 2011, s. 97-113Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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