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  • 151.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Death matters and the matters of death are initially, and to a large extent, the decaying flesh of the corpse. Cremation as a ritual practice is the fastest and most optimal way of dissolving the corpse’s flesh, either by annihilation or purification, or a combination. Still, cremation was not the final rite, and the archaeological record testifies that the dead represented a means to other ends – the flesh, and not the least the bones – have been incorporated in a wide range of other ritual contexts. While human sacrifices and cannibalism as ritual phenomena are much discussed in anthropology, archaeology has an advantage, since the actual bone material leaves traces of ritual practices that are unseen and unheard of in the contemporary world. As such, this book fleshes out a broader and more coherent understanding of prehistoric religions and funeral practices in Scandinavia by focusing on cremation, corpses and cannibalism.

  • 152.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Østigård, Terje
    Kremation och kosmologi: en komparativ arkeologisk introduktion2013Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Cremation and Cosmology – A Comparative Archaeological Introduction aims to synthesise in an easily accessible style the current state of cremation research and some of the recent interpretations providing new understandings of the past. Since cremation is a highly complicated technological and cosmological process and ritual, part 1 emphasises what has shaped and restricted most of the Western perceptions of cremation. The Christian hell and its torturing fires, Hindu cremations along holy rivers in Nepal and India, and the ancient Vedic traditions have all to various degrees constructed images of what a cremation is, including our understanding of cremation in the past. This comparative part is stressed not only because it is important knowledge in itself, but also because it is a good point of departure for approaching the past and exploring new interpretations of funerals in general and cremations in particular, which have no ethnographic parallels. With mainly examples from Scandinavian Bronze- and Iron Age, in part 2 a wide range of cremation contexts are analysed from different perspectives highlighting new approaches to the materiality of death. A central theme throughout the book is that cremation is not one, but many funeral practices. By stressing this unique character of cremation compared to other burial practices, cremation as a ritual opens up a wide range of opportunities within the sphere of death, which can be studied archaeologically. As such, this book is intended to be an introductory and coarse book for archaeological students studying death and cremation, but hopefully it may also have interest and relevance beyond the archaeological circles.

  • 153.
    Karlsson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Privat och kollektivt: Lås- och nyckelanvändning under sen järnålder i Mälardalen2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to give a broader and more nuanced picture of the use of locks and keys during the Iron Age, in particular the late Iron Age, in the Lake Mälaren region. This has been done by comparing two buildings: the hall on Helgö and the living quarters in the garrison on Birka. Here we can see two very different areas where locks and keys were important parts of the daily life. The study also includes a typology of padlocks based on the findings from the same places as the building study and their surroundings.

  • 154.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    An Archaeogenetic Study of Five Ancient Siberian Individuals: Revisiting of the culture-chronology of Sakha Republic with results of mitochondrial genetic data and new radiocarbon dates.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is dedicated to an archaeogenetic study of five prehistoric individuals. The sample material comes from central Yakutia, also called Sakha Republic, in the north-eastern part of Russia. The main focus of this study has been the analysis of five mitochondrial genomes, retrieved from osteological material (human bones and teeth), having an estimated age of 6845 BP to 2490 BP. The dates fall within Neolithic, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. A brief presentation for each individual’s archaeological profile and interpretation of the burial will be provided. While a series of interpretive tests with the mitochondrial DNA material were performed and the results are presented. The neolitization of the north-eastern Eurasia will also be discussed. The correlation between the Neolithic Age, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age populations will be proposed, as well as their connections to modern populations.

  • 155.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Kirdok, Emrah
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Damlien, Hege
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Manninen, Mikael A.
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Nordqvist, Bengt
    Fdn War Booty Site Finnestorp, Klarinettvagen 75, SE-43475 Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Persson, Per
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Gotherstrom, Anders
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ancient DNA from mastics solidifies connection between material culture and genetics of mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Scandinavia2019Ingår i: COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY, ISSN 2399-3642, Vol. 2, artikel-id 185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human demography research in grounded on the information derived from ancient DNA and archaeology. For example, the study on the early postglacial dual-route colonisation of the Scandinavian Peninsula is largely based on associating genomic data with the early dispersal of lithic technology from the East European Plain. However, a clear connection between material culture and genetics has been lacking. Here, we demonstrate that direct connection by analysing human DNA from chewed birch bark pitch mastics. These samples were discovered at Huseby Klev in western Sweden, a Mesolithic site with eastern lithic technology. We generated genome-wide data for three individuals, and show their affinity to the Scandinavian hunter-gatherers. Our samples date to 9880-9540 calBP, expanding the temporal range and distribution of the early Scandinavian genetic group. We propose that DNA from ancient mastics can be used to study environment and ecology of prehistoric populations.

  • 156.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Medieval urbanization. Essays 1972-20152018Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, nr 2, s. 111-113Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 157.
    Kjällquist, Mathilda
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Natl Hist Museums, Arkeologerna, Odlarev 5, S-22660 Lund, Sweden.
    Price, T. Douglas
    Univ Wisconsin, Lab Archaeol Chem, 1180 Observ Dr, Madison, WI 53706 USA.
    Mesolithic mobility and social contact networks in south Scandinavia around 7000 BCE: Lithic raw materials and isotopic proveniencing of human remains from Norje Sunnansund, Sweden2019Ingår i: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, ISSN 0278-4165, E-ISSN 1090-2686, Vol. 53, s. 186-201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research provides new perspectives on large-scale Early Holocene human interaction within Eurasia, based on ancient DNA or lithic technology. But the extent of regional human mobility is not well known. In this study, we combined two different approaches to investigate regional mobility and social networks in southern Scandinavia. We analyzed strontium isotopes in human teeth and regional lithic raw material use and technology from a Mesolithic site, Norje Sunnansund in southern Sweden (7000 BCE). The lithic raw material composition at the site, and previous archaeological studies, indicated that the inhabitants mainly had utilized an area stretching 30 km southward. The isotopic analysis indicated that at least half of the analyzed individuals had a non-local origin, based on the local isotope signature, but that possibly only a few individuals originated outside the area defined by lithic acquisition. Those few isotopic values and the presence of lithic material as non-local flint and East Swedish microblade-cores in quartz, suggested that people also traveled far, but probably more sporadically. The combined analyzes revealed the complexity of late Boreal hunter-gatherers in South Scandinavia - although some groups appear to have had a limited geographical mobility, contact networks seem to have stretched over long distances.

  • 158.
    Knutsson, Helena
    et al.
    Stoneslab.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Molin, Fredrik
    Statens historiska museum.
    Zetterlund, Peter
    Statens historiska museum.
    From flint to quartz: Organization of lithic technology in relation to raw material availability during the pioneer process of Scandinavia2016Ingår i: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 424, s. 32-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responces to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. In this paper we discuss an alternative explanation to this hypothesis using the change in tool raw material experienced by flint using pioneers as they had to go from a formal blade technology to a simple flake technology as they settled in Scandinavia. The region is dominated by quartz and we used use-wear data as a means to evaluate the role of this type of raw material compared to the use profile of flint assemblages in the home territories of the pioneers. Although the technology changed through simplification and loss of formal production rules due to the low workability of quartz, we conclude that changes in the foraging range into areas of bad quality tool raw materials, does not need formalization of the technology. The quartz in our sample was used for a wide variety of activities in every aspect comparable to the range of uses identified in the contemporaneous blade assemblages based on flint. Instead of formalization of the lithic technology to cope with bad quality raw materials, it was diversified and simplified but without interfering with the organisational dimensions and design criteria of the bone technology.

     

  • 159.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Analysé tracéoligique des outillages de quartz: les enseigments du site néolithique moyen-tardif de Bjursaelet, Suéde sptentrionale.1989Ingår i: L'anthropologie, ISSN 0003-5521, Vol. 93, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 160.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bridging the abyss of time: Material culture, cultural reproduction and the sacred time of origin2005Ingår i: Poineer settlements and colonization processes in the Barents region / [ed] Helena Knutsson, Vuollerim: Vuollerim 6000 år , 2005, s. 181-219Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this contribution to the workshop proceedings it is proposed that the cultural change in the Scandinavian north in the Early Holocene, may be understood as a crisis resulting in an activated relationship to the past. The remains of settlements from the pioneering period around 9000 cal BC found scattered in the barren hills of northern coastal Norway, may in my opinion thus in the early Stone Age have been seen as the sacred times of origins. The argument relates to how culture, reproduced through socialization mainly as embodied habits, in times of dissonance between the lived experience of day-to-day action and its cultural “structure”, surface and thus is made discursive. Relics from the period of “sacred origins” are reused to formulate a new culture bearing narrative. In the argument the profession of archaeology is used as a metaphor for this view of an objectified past. The paper thus is a commentary on the concept of Modernity, here comprehended not only as a unique, recent event in Western Europe but as in as cycles of societal crises resulting in stronger emphasis on “historical reflexion” and objectification.

  • 161.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Funktionsanalys av flintspån från stridsyxegravar i Vikletice i,Tjeckiska republiken.1995Ingår i: Slutvandrat?: aspekter på övergången från rörlig till bofast tillvaro, Uppsala: Societas archaeologica Upsaliensis , 1995, s. 221-225Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 162.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Introduction.: Flint alternatives session.2008Ingår i: Mesolithic Horizons: Proceedings of the 7th international conference on The Mesolithic in Europe. (MESO 2005) in Belfast 28/8-2/9 2005. / [ed] Woodman Peter, Oxford: Oxbow books , 2008, s. 811-813Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A short presentation and comment on a series of paper presented at the session Flint Alternatives at the MESO 2005 Conference in Belfast. It is concluded that we should now move away from the idea of separate flint alternatives, and start thinking of this topic in terms of raw material alternatives, of which flint just one.

  • 163.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jordbrukets framväxt2014Ingår i: En samtidig världshistoria / [ed] Sjöberg, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1:1, s. 90-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Övergången från insamling och jakt till en omfatande kontroll av jordens växter och djur utgjorde ett avgörande steg i människans ekonomiska och sociala villkor. Domesticerade växter och djur och de jordbruksekonomier som därmed byggdes upp medförde radikala förändringar av mänskliga samhällen. 

    Domestieringen av växter och djur (neolitiseringen) tog sin början nära nog samtidigt på så skilda håll i världen som Levanten, det vill säga nuvarande Palestina, Syrien, Libanon, Jordanien och sydöstra delarna av Turkiet, för närmare 12000  år sedan, i Kina för mer än 1 000 år sedan och i Sydamerika för 9000 år sedan  och spreds sedan från dessa pmråden övervhela jorden. 

  • 164.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Pressure and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010. / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of previously only preliminary discussed blade assemblages from Central Sweden is presented. The material derive mainly from a collection of stray finds in Dalecarlia and Hä'rjedalen, Central Sweden and consists of blade cores, blades and debitage in local raw materials such as tuff, metamorphous tuff, jasper, quartzite and porphyry. Three, possibly four different core treatment practices are defined and preliminary comparative analysis shows that the material has strong resemblances to Middle mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway, western Sweden and with Preboreal finds from northern Finland. It is hypothesised that a major part of the blade assemblage resepresents adaption to local raw materials as the first flint using pioneers settled this area as the Weichselian ice retreated during the Preboreal and early Boreal 

  • 165.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutssson, Helena
    Guinard, Michel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Holmgren, Lars
    Klamke, Detlef
    Proffs och amatörer i Torsåker2010Ingår i: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 28, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln presenteras pågående grävningar på mellan- och senmesolitiska fyndlokaler i Torsåker i Gästrikland. Här tas även upp det inter nordiska vetenskapliga nätverk Nordic BladeTechnology Network till vilket forskarguppen är ansluten.

  • 166.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Linde, Christer
    Post-depositional alterations of wear marks on quartz tools: Preliminary observations on an experiment with aeolian abrasion1990Ingår i: Les silex de sa genése à ´outil: Actes du V Colloque international sur Silex, 1990, s. 607-618Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 167.
    Knutsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Pressured and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden2012Ingår i: Proceedings from the 8th Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 12-14 september 2011 / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander: Oxbow books , 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper present a chaine operatoire analysis of a non-flint bladecore and blade assemblage from Central Sweden. It is concluded that both pressure blades and punched blades have been produced and that the asemblage most probably represent the pioneer settlement during the Middle Mesolithic in the area. 

  • 168.
    Knutsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    The postglacial colonization of humans, fauna and plants in northern Sweden2012Ingår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 13, s. 004618 461003-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a re-evaluation of the pioneer settlement of Scandinavia following the melting of the Weichselian ice sheet during the late Glacial/Preboreal. The preliminary results of the swedish part of an inter-Nordic research project are presented focussiong on analyses of previously only preliminary discussed assemblages from central Sweden. A preliminary comparative analysis showws that the material has resemblances to Middle Mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway and western Sweden and thus represents the first pioneers settling this area during the Preboreal and early Boreal.  

  • 169. Kolen, Jan
    et al.
    Crumley, Carole
    Burgers, Gert Jan
    von Hackwitz, Kim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Howard, Peter
    Karro, Krista
    de Kleijn, Maurice
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    van Manen, Niels
    Palang, Hannes
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Printsmann, Anu
    Renes, Hans
    Scholten, Henk
    Sinclair, Paul
    Veldi, Martti
    Verhagen, Philip
    HERCULES: Studying long-term changes in Europe’s landscapes2015Ingår i: Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, ISSN 0169-7447, s. 209-220Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the outlines of a new EU-fundedresearch program for the long-term history, present-daymanagement and further development of the Europeanlandscapes, including their natural and cultural heritage:HERCULES. One of the subprojects of this program(Work Package 2) links archaeological, historical andhistorical ecological data to the analysis of geo-informationin order to develop models of long-term landscape changein three carefully chosen study regions in the Netherlands,Sweden and Estonia. This is framed theoretically byintegrating insights from landscape biography, historicalecology and complex systems theory. The linking andanalysis of data will be done using a Spatial DataInfrastructure and by means of dynamic modelling.

  • 170.
    Kusserow, Max
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mer än bara mynt: En nätverksanalys av bysantinska silvermynt från 900- och 1000-tal2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-10th century there was an increase of Byzantine coins to the Baltic area alongside the shift from the eastern Islamic dirhems to a western focus on German coins. This thesis sets out to study networks around the Baltic area from a perspective of Byzantine miliaresion minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II, John I Tzimisces and Basil II. The material consists of coin finds in foremostly hoards but also some grave finds from Gotland, mainland Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Belarus, Estonia and Finland. This essay will combine the use of two different methods, first a network analysis in Pajek and then a spatial analysis in GIS. With these two methods I want to investigate what the Byzantine coins can tell us about the transition period between the import of Islamic coins and German coins. Together with the Byzantine coins I will use other materials from Gotland such as shorttwig and longbranch runes, a type of metal vessel found in graves and a type of clay vessel with a special mark on the bottom. They will highlight different aspects of the Viking age networks, with a focus on Gotland.

    The result showes that the import of Byzantine silver coins into the Baltic in the 10th century consists of two phases. The first phase consists of miliaresia minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II and John I Tzimisces which were probably imported through Poland. On their way through Poland they mixed with early southern German coins from Bayern and Schwaben on their way to Denmark and Gotland. With the second phase the eastern coin import temporarily gets an upswing. The coins minted by Basil II are more commonly found on Gotland and in Estonia which lead me to conclude that these could have been imported by Gotlandic individuals on their travels east.

  • 171.
    Landström, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Med Uppsala I centrum: Uppsalaområdet under bronsålder och äldre järnålder in i vendeltid. En arkeologisk förhistoria baserad på områdets miljöförutsättningar och en GIS-utvecklad kartvärld med Mälardalen, Östersjöbäckenet och Europa som bakgrund2012Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The study describes and explains the geographical, economic and power political development in the Uppsalaarea in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age into the Vendel Period. The Uppsalaarea is defined as a rectangular area of 2500 km2 stretching from Vendel in the north to Skokloster in the south, with its central point 10 km north of Uppsala Cathedral.

    The flat terrain in a landscape risen from the sea over the past 6000 years means that the shore displacement and the subsequent landscape development have been important for migration, subsistence, settlement and population development. In the 1990s, 14C datings were used more consistently. This made it possible to clarify the sea levels in the area during the Bronze and Iron Ages. The great differences between north and south and some differences between east and west gradually changed the interactions in the landscape. Based on the reported lowest levels for different parts of theUppsala area, detailed maps were created using GIS technology for 1800, 1400, 1000 and 600 BC, for AD 0 and AD 600. In some analyses, these have been overlaid with layers from the digital soil map or with a rectified soil survey map.

    The area contains tens of thousands of known constructions from the Bronze and Iron Ages catalogued in the Ancient Remains register of the National Heritage Board. Divided into types and sometimes dated, they provide a picture of the area use in different time periods when digitally plotted in their geographical time sequences. The finds of theMälardalenValleyare quite well catalogued and available concerning gold, bronze and weapons and to a certain extent ceramics. Together with increased knowledge of the prehistorical climate, pollen analyses and the external economic and political development, a set of conditions was discerned for theUppsalaarea.

    The key to the area’s development was its strategic position at the edge of the expanding mainland north ofLakeMälaren. The vicinity to earlier cultures, the River Dalälven andÅlandIslandtogether with the possibility of contacts with southern cultures through e.g. the Norrköping area were significant. It was also important that theBaltic Searegion’s population density was highest at the lower deltas of the German/Polish rivers. For thousands of years, that region functioned as a central link towards the Continent and its cultures.

    The development of the boat in the centuries around AD 0 expanded the contacts, mainly through recurrent long-distance travel for catching herring or seal. This is supported by place names and finds with origin from the Mälardalen Valey along the Swedish Baltic Sea coast. However, as indicated by denarii, solidi and other forms of gold, the organized trade and the elite trade were limited. Although agriculture provided a basis for subsistence and cultivation markedly increased during the period under study, agriculture had no dominant position in the area. In spite of what is often stated, fishing, hunting and gathering together played an equal role.

    In theUppsalaarea, the ties to the European “bronze machine” had a serious impact on the area’s involvement in the south-Scandinavian Bronze Age culture, although ties to epineolithic cultures also existed. While the Bronze Age cultures collapsed around the Mediterranean, the northern parts of theMälardalenValleyfelt uneasy. In Periods III-IV this led to collaboration and the markings of territories. Cairns, hill forts and large stone settings as well as the great cult house in Håga were constructed. Nevertheless tensions remained. The Håga mound was probably constructed in an attempt to retain the old order, but towards the end of the Bronze Age, the collaboration withered and there were indications of border zones to power political structures. These disappear during the severe climatological periods in the Pre-Roman Iron Age, when the societal systems deteriorated. They are again visible around AD 0, in the areas between the medieval folk lands, although somewhat more to the north-east regarding Fjädrundaland/Tiundaland.

    The limited resources in theMälardalenValleycaused Helgö to develop into a collaborative project, or at least a protected isle for specialized handicraft and trade for luxury goods. This was theMälardalenValley’s chance to tie in to the international trading networks in the Baltic, which most likely had been directed from Himlingøje and subsequently from the Norwegian Vestlandet.

    Helgö’s decline coincided with the domination of power in the MälardalenValleyby Tiundaland’s predecessor c. AD 600. Reasons for this domination are unknown. The MälardalenValleywas germanized.  After the Roman Period, Fjäd-rundaland’s predecessor/ Västmanland  was no longer an autonomous power. In connection with the climate crisis of the 6th century that lasted through the century, extensive fighting occurred between the precursors to Attundaland and Tiundaland. The fighting ceased around 600 AD, and it seems likely that a federation was formed. Gamla Uppsala became the ideological cement and the royal election site at Mora on the border between Tiundaland and Attundaland became – perhaps together with the three royal mounds – the formal insignia for the federation. The federation formed a power political impasse which, together with the economic situation may be the cause of the slow changes that can be seen in theMälardalenValley in the Vendel Period. The unification of the Valley probably took place in the late Vendel Period/Viking Age. Regardless of this development, Gamla Uppsala became a mythological triumph with reverberations into our time.    

  • 172.
    Landström, Lars E.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    DÄRFÖR UPPSALA: Utdrag, iakttagelser och resultat från studien MED UPPSALA I CENTRUM.Uppsalaområdet under bronsålder och äldre järnålder in i vendeltid. En arkeologisk förhistoria baserad på områdets miljöförutsättningar och en GIS-utvecklad kartvärld med Mälardalen, Östersjöbäckenet och Europa som bakgrund.2012Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    The study describes and explains the geographical, economic and political development in theUppsalaarea from the Bronze age to the Vendel Period.

    The landscape development was central. In the 1990s 14C datings made it possibly to create maps of this using GIS. The area contains forty thousand known constructions. When plotted they provide a picture of the area use. Together with information regarding the climate, pollen analyses and the external economic and political development, conditions was discerned.

    The key to the development was the position at the edge of the expanding mainland. The vicinity to earlier cultures, the River Dalälven and Åland together with possible contacts with southern cultures were significant.  In Periods III-IV led unrest to collaboration and the markings of territories. Cairns, hill forts, large stone settings and the great cult house in Håga were constructed. The Håga mound was probably an attempt to retain the old order. Towards the end of the Bronze Age, the collaboration withered and there are indications of border zones.   The boat-development around AD 0 expanded the contacts, mainly through long-distance travel for catching herring or seal. Although agriculture provided a basis for subsistence in the area and increased, it was not dominating. Fishing, hunting and gathering together played an equal role. The organized long-distance trade was limited. Helgö was a collaborative project to tie into international trading networks.

    After the Roman Period, Fjädrundaland’s predecessor was no longer an autonomous power. In the 6th century fighting occurred between the precursors to Attundaland and Tiundaland/Fjädrundaland. It ceased AD 600, and it seems likely that a federation was formed. Gamla Uppsala and the royal election site at Mora became the insignia. The federation formed a political impasse which with the economic situation may be the cause of the slow changes during the Vendel Period. 

  • 173.
    Lane, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Precolonial Sub-Saharan African Farming and Herding Communities2017Ingår i: Oxford Encyclopedia of African HistoryArtikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Agricultural practices on the African continent are exceptionally diverse and have deep histories spanning at least eight millennia. Over time, farmers and herders have independently domesticated different food crops and a more limited range of animals, and have effectively modified numerous ecological niches to better suit their needs. They have also adopted “exotic” species from other parts of the globe, nurturing these to produce new cross-breeds and varieties better adapted to African conditions. Evidence for the origins of these different approaches to food production and their subsequent entanglement is attested by diverse sources. These include archaeological remains, bio- and geo-archaeological signatures, genetic data, historical linguistics, and processes of landscape domestication.

  • 174.
    Larsson, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Klädd Krigare: Skifte i skandinaviskt dräktskick kring år 1000.2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using textiles as clues, it is shown that, like in the rest of Scandinavia, there is a legible societal shift in favour of a new Christian organization as early as around year 1000 even in the central parts of what is now Sweden, including the, according to Adam of Bremen, “pagan” Mälar valley. During a period of at least a hundred and fifty years, the Mälar valley with Birka in the centre had enjoyed eastern trade, which is reflected in the rich finds of oriental textile fragments in the Birka graves. From archaeological material, images, texts, coins and runic inscriptions it is possible to assess the importance of codes expressed in the dress. Interpretations of the original Rigsthula texts suggest that it belong in an early Christian context, and is reflecting dress practices found in, among other sources, the Bayeux tapestery and early Scandinavian coins. The textiles from Birka differ markedly from the textiles from Sigtuna, this since they are traces from two completely different societies. Birka textiles show contacts with a steppe nomadic culture, while the Sigtuna textiles and runic inscriptions are witnesses of contacts with advanced Christian workshop cultures like Byzantium.

  • 175.
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ship and Society: Maritime Ideology in Late Iron Age Sweden2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the relation between ship and society against a background of ideological and technological changes in Late Iron Age Sweden. It discusses the factors behind the development of ‘a maritime society’, why ships and seafaring came to play an important role that was also reflected in the use of the ship as a symbol and a metaphor in a military context, as well as in religion, administration, jurisdiction and social life. The author argues that this society is disappearing when it is first encountered in the Early Middle Ages, because of a fundamental ideological change.

    There is a myth about the appearance of the ‘Viking ship’ and the Iron Age seafarer. The ships are supposed to be big and wide. An analysis of the archaeological material presented here shows that this picture is not correct. Instead the ships of the Svear were quite small and built in a way that made them very light. This was a result of shipbuilding methods introduced in the Late Iron Age, and it had consequences for the trade communication network as well as for naval operations. Because of the light ships, it was possible to land on any shallow shore and navigate the shallow rivers in the East.

    The ship became a key symbol used by the authorities to structure the society for administrative and military purposes, using a terminology based on the Late Iron Age warship.

    In the Middle Ages, ideology, shipbuilding and seafaring changed. New key symbols were introduced, and they were used by an increasing royal power to consolidate what would become a united Sweden, inspired by feudal Europe.

  • 176.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Saddle querns and Gendered Dynamics of the Early Neolithic in Mid Central Sweden2004Ingår i: Coast to coast - arrival: results and reflections : proceedings of the final Coast to Coast Conference, 1-5 October 2002 in Falköping, Sweden, Uppsala: Coast to Coast Project, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History , 2004, s. 199-231Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 177.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gatti, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gender and Archaeology in Sweden: Paper presented at the AGE working party session ‘Gender and Archaeology in Europe’, 15th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists. 15-20 September 2009, Riva del Garda/Trento, Italy2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 178.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Graefe, Jan
    University of Munster, Germany.
    Hamon, Caroline
    ArscAn Protohistoire Europénne, Paris, France.
    Tsoraki, Cristina
    University of Sheffield, England.
    Watts, Susan
    University of Exeter, England.
    Dietary Practices and the Symbolism of a Tool: Quern Deposits in the Neolithic Societies of Europe2009Ingår i: Du matériel au spirituel : Réalités archéologiques et historiques des « dépôts » de la Préhistoire à nos jours. From material to spiritual: archaeological, historical and ethnographic realities of 'hoards' from prehistory to the present.: Proceedings of the XXIX Rencontres Internationales d’Archéologie et d’Histoire, Antibes-Juan-les-Pins, 16-18 october 2008. ADPCA, Valbonne. / [ed] S. Bonnardin, C. Hamon, M. Lauwers & B. Quilliec, Valbonne, 2009, s. 87-96Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 179.
    Lindberg, Adrian
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skeppsformade Gravar: En religiös symbolik eller endast monument?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor essay is to study the relation between stone ship settings in Sweden and the symbols occurring on rock carvings, picture stones and metalworks. Are the stone ship settings meant to make the final journey for the dead over to the other side? And serve as a link between our world and the land of the dead? By comparing the theories and interpretations of different scientists and archaeologists I will analyze the different findings and forms of the stone ship settings. The mythology tells tales of the importance of the ship, that it drags the sun from left to right during the day and during the night it goes down under water at the horizon, usually accompanied by animals like horses, fish and snakes. This could be why the direction of the stone ship settings are generally southwest towards northeast, because the sun seems to be at its highest point towards south. A general discussion will be performed during this essay, and to view other archaeologist’s interpretations and research to find answers to what stone-ship settings stands for. 

  • 180.
    Lindblad, Tova
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fogdarpsfyndet: En landskapsanalys av ett depåfynd från den yngre bronsåldern2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Fogdarp hoard from Scania in Sweden is an unusual deposit from the Late Bronze Age. Unlike similar hoards this was not found in a wetland, but was buried in the ground with a rock placed on top of it. Deposits in dry land have sometimes been considered to be a hiding place for a smith’s metalwork. But since the Fogdarp hoard contains ritual bronze objects, it has been called a ritual deposit. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Fogdarp hoard by using a landscape analysis. By doing so the study will contribute to the understanding of the hoards context, and why this hoard was buried and not deposited in a wetland. The landscape analysis shows that the hoard is buried closed to the water and in a ritual landscape on the edge of a valley.

    The discussion will also analyze the objects in this particular hoard: their symbolic value will be elaborated in the analysis. As a comparison, this paper includes other deposits from the Late Bronze Age. My interpretation of the objects in the Fogdarp hoard is that they are a part of the sun cult of the Nordic Bronze Age, where sun-goddess and the divine twins play an important role.

  • 181.
    Lindbom, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vapnen i wreccornas tid, 150-500 e.Kr.: om de romerska auxiliarpilspetsarna och den västliga traditionens framväxt2006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Lindbom, Peter. 2006. Weapons in the time of the Wreccas, 150-500 AD., Roman auxiliary arrow points and the development of the Western tradition, AUN 36, Uppsala, 290 pp., 70 figs., 19 maps, 37 tables. ISSN 0285-1347, ISBN 91-506-1869-5

    Archaeologists agree that the different Germanic peoples were influenced by the Roman Empire and its well organised and effective army. A common assumption is that the German Barbarians were inferior and merely copied the superior Roman customs and material culture. In this thesis I argue that the Germanic peoples created a hybrid culture, where specific Roman concepts and innovations were borrowed and manipulated in order to fit into the context, of a new Germanic Warrior Society which gradually developed during the first half millennium AD.

    Using Post Colonial theory I show that these socio-cultural developments took an ambivalent form and were often manifested in sudden changes in material culture and as grave goods deposited according to local customs. Power struggles between old and new elite groups often resulted in armed conflict, with an opposition between the superior or dominant colonials and the subaltern indigenous peoples, a relation that is similar to imperialistic dominance by a colonial power elite.

  • 182.
    Lindgren, Sakarias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Glimmande artefakter och vendeltida social struktur: En studie av järnålderslandskapet i Vallstena socken på östra Gotland2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The exclusive bronze and gold objects found in the Iron Age ship and rider burials of Vendel, Valsgärde and Sutton Hoo are well known. Less known, however, is the grave field of Vallstenarum on Gotland, where some similar finds have been made. Vallstenarum is located in a highly interesting landscape with former bays and lagoons, Bronze Age monuments, hill forts and a long continuity of human activity. While many of the impressive Bronze Age graves and monuments are widely visible in the landscape, Iron Age burials are more descrete. Therefore, this paper aims to shed light on the people in the Iron Age Vallstena community, their social organisation and their communication with the rest of the world. This will be achieved by analysing grave objects in relation to status and hierarchy, but also in relation to the surrounding landscape and in chronology with nearby archaeological sites. By comparing where similar finds have been made, the paper also discusses the location of Vendel Period central areas and Iron Age trade and communication. The results show a highly symbolic landscape, where the domestic area was separated from the grave fields. The find material also implies that the Vallstena area was involved in a vast communication network during the Vendel Period and possibly functioned as a trade hub through its strategic location next to the Gothem river. The grave activity in the central area of the parish seems to peak during the Vendel period, and the peripheral areas of the parish starts to get more intensively populated in the Viking Age.

  • 183.
    Lindström, Tobias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    "Forntidens vildar": Perspektiv på relationen mellan djur och människor i grottan Stora Förvar2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The cave Stora Förvar, excavated in the end of the 19th century, yielded a vast archaeological assemblage, providing great insight into the stone-age occupation of Stora Karlsö, an island a few kilometers off the west coast of Gotland. The bones of around ten humans dating to the Mesolithic have previously been identified among the four tons of faunal remains recovered from the cave. The human bone material featured cut-marks and split tubular bones. This, along with the apparent mixing of human- and animal bones in the cave, was interpreted as signs of anthropophagy. Later researchers have tentatively proposed that the individuals represented in the bone material might have been shamans, deviants, human sacrifices or low-status individuals. In the author’s opinion, this assertion is based on the dichotomies nature/culture and profane/sacred which produce a separation between the human bones and the animal bones. It is shown that defleshing and disarticulation were widespread practices during the Mesolithic, which could explain the marks found on the bones from Stora Förvar. Similarly, the mixing of human- and animal remains is a common feature of many Mesolithic sites across Europe. Employing a theoretical framework inspired by posthumanism and the ‘ontological turn’, the author argues that the assemblage should be understood through an alternative ontological premise where human and animal, hunter and prey, were not regarded as fundamentally different. 

  • 184.
    Lithman, Amanda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Folkvandringstiden-en orolig tid: Debatten om kristiden2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The migration period was played out during 400-550 AD. This period has also been called the Norths golden era. This is because of the substantial number of gold and jewellery finds from this period. Archaeologists has since the 1930s been debating if the migration period was a time of crisis. This is because of all the discoveries that has been made and interpret as a crisis in Europe. Both the abandonment of the stone settlements and the ring-forts in Öland and Gotland has been used as evidence of a catastrophic crisis.

    The purpose of this essay is to present the most debated interpretations of the migration period. The questions for this essay is: How does the debate look like from it´s beginning to our present day? Has the debate had any changes? Could the archaeologists have been influenced by their own society?

    The essay is based on literature studies and presents the different scientists thoughts in the debate. Both the ring-fort and the abandonment of the settlements have had a significant role in the debate and therefore will be presented in this essay.

    This essay shows that the debate has taken a lot of changes through the years. The conclusion is that archaeologists have been influenced by both their present times and the existing archaeological theory.

     

    Keywords: Migration period, iron age, debate, crisis, climate change, stone-house settlements, ring-fort.

     

     

     

     

  • 185.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Continental imports to Scandinavia: Patterns and changes between 400-800 AD2008Ingår i: Thirteen International Studies on Early Medieval Mobility, Mainz: RGZM , 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract
  • 186.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Arkeologi.
    Continental imports to Scandinavia: Patterns and changes between 400-800 AD2009Ingår i: Foreigners in Early Medieval Europe / [ed] Dieter Quast, Mainz: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums , 2009, s. 27-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 187.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Dating two royal mounds of Old Uppsala: evaluating the elite of the 6th-7th century in Middle Sweden2008Ingår i: Archaeologisches Korrespondenzblatt, ISSN 0342-734X, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 263-282Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The perhaps most famous excavated iron age graves in Sweden are the East- and West Mounds of Old Uppsala (Gamla Uppsala) in Uppland, Middle Sweden. After a debate which lasted from the 1920s to the late 1940s it was widely accepted that these mounds belonged to the Migration period. According to the regular Swedish chronology this means a date before the middle of the 6th century. I believe that this view is wrong and that it has not seriously been challenged since 1948. To date the mounds to the late 6th and even the early 7th century has a serious effect upon how elite, society and international relations should be interpreted.

  • 188.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En hiar atti rikR: Om elit, struktur och ekonomi kring Uppsala och Mälaren under yngre järnålder2006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Late Iron Age, the Mälaren region contained a clearly stratified society and many sites in the landscape indicate the presence of an upper stratum, an elite. This concept – elite – may perhaps be seen as problematic, but in this case it is decidedly more neutral, and considerably less limiting and excluding than many other concepts.

    The elite was a group that we know possessed larger farm buildings, more monumental and richly equipped graves as well as control over a large part of the specialised handicraft. The people in this elite group of society clearly advertised that they belonged to a special social unit. There are indications that these people had clear similarities with the nobility of the Middle Ages, but they were active in a society without any towns, Christianity or church administration. This dissertation discusses a number of issues concerning the elite of the Late Iron Age. Two studies are central. The first concerns six sites in the Mälaren region: Old Uppsala, Helgö, Vendel, Valsgärde, Husby in Glanshammar parish, and Ancient Sigtuna. The sites are compared to study the similarities and differences of elite settings. I investigate the evidence of different sources for the presence of great landownership, and of their importance for the rulers compared to other resources such as plunder, trade and taxation. The results indicate that the sites had many structural and economic similarities. At the same time, the resource use varied, and each site had its own unique character. The study is concluded with a discussion on the economic structure of the sites.

    The second study deals with the elite in the vicinity of Uppsala, an area that mainly through Old Uppsala and the presence of boat graves are usually connected with ancient rulers. The investigation is mainly based on a number of excavated as well as non-excavated graves, some of which have never been published. In addition, a number of placenames and three unique ritual deposits are discussed. The study indicates that the people usually included in the concept of elite were quite common. This provides a new perspective for our view of two long renowned sites: Old Uppsala and Valsgärde.

  • 189.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Influences from the Empire: Byzantine-related objects in Sweden and Scandinavia - 560/570-750/800 AD2010Ingår i: Byzanz – das Römerreich im Mittelalter: Teil 3: Peripherie und Nachbarschaft / [ed] F. Daim / J. Drauschke, Mainz: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums , 2010, 1, s. 419-441Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Compared with the amount of attention paid to materials from the Roman and Viking periods, little research has been carried out into Byzantine imports to Scandinavia in the period 560/570-750/800 AD. To a large extent, this can be explained by the spectacular inflow of materials from these periods in the form of coins, Roman bronze vessels, glass, etc. This article can be considered as part of an attempt to overlap the above-mentioned older and younger periods with regard to the import from Byzantium and its sphere of interest, including the Red Sea, Africa and perhaps some bordering regions in the Mediterranean, depending on how closely a type of object can be related to a specific region. The study is mainly based upon small finds in the shape of amethyst beads, ivory rings, cowrie shells, evidence of silk and other both exclusive and today quite anonymous objects. The study reveals that the regular import of objects from the eastern Mediterranean and beyond existed before the massive inflow of goods during the Viking period (beginning in 750/800 AD). The results also reinforce the concept that the female Scandinavian elite had an ambition to show a connection between themselves and their western European counterparts in particular, not by wearing similar metal jewellery, but via other objects in their dress. In this case, objects with a Byzantine origin played a prominent role. J. L.

  • 190.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mistresses of the cult.: Female cult leaders in Late Iron Age Scandinavia2012Ingår i: Weibliche Eliten in der Frühgeschichte: Archäologische und historische Beiträge zum ersten Jahrtausend in Nord- Mittel- und Südosteuropa / [ed] Dieter Quast, Mainz: Schnell und Steiner , 2012Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Monumentaliseringen av Gamla Uppsala2013Ingår i: Gamla Uppsala i ny belysning / [ed] Olof Sundqvist, Per Vikstrand, John Ljungkvist, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2013, s. 33-68Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 192.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Norrsunda och Åshusby-gravfältet2013Ingår i: Stockholms läns museum seminariepublikation / [ed] Peter Bratt, Stockholm: Stockholms läns museum , 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 193.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Post-romersk globalisering: Spåren av Bysans i Sverige 560–800 e.Kr2013Ingår i: Hyllningsbok, titel hemlig, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 194.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skelettgravar i tiden: från sen romersk järnålder till tidig vendeltid2011Ingår i: Runnhusa: bosättningen på berget med de många husen / [ed] Michael Olausson, Stockholm: Archaeologica , 2011, s. 128-160Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 195.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The development and chronology of the Valsgärde cemetery2008Ingår i: Valsgärde studies: the Place and its People, Past and Present: , Uppsala, 2008, s. 13-55Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the 62 cremation burials at Valsgärde, hitherto never discussed as a contextual whole. A chronology over the entire cemetery is constructed, on the basis of which it is possible to map activities on the site and to investigate the structural development of the cemetery in a long-time perspective. The earliest burials date to the Pre-Roman Iron Age; then, after a lacuna of maybe 400 years, there is a more or less unbroken chain of burials from the Late Roman Iron Age until the earliest, Scandinavian Middle Ages. Variations in burial customs suggest that at times, the cemetery was used for occasional, exclusive burials, whilst at other times it appears to have been used by a community of people of varying status.

  • 196.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Valsgärde2008Ingår i: Reallexion der Germanischen Altertumskunde. Extraband, 2008, s. 375-379Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract
  • 197.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Billing, Nils
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Nilhamn, Bonnie
    Sundkvist, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Swedish Mission to Kom el Khawaled, First field report 20082008Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract
  • 198.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ekblom, AnneliUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Framtidens naturvärden i kulturmiljöer: fallstudie Gamla Uppsala2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll

    1. Introduktion - Anneli Ekblom, John Ljungkvist, Cecilia Rodéhn, Karin Hallgren

    2. Biologiska värden - Karin Hallgren

    3. Landskapsbruk och museipedagogik - Cecilia Rodéhn

    4. En annorlunda visning - Emil Niklasson, Cecilia Rodéhn, Kristina Persson

    5. Skapandet av en plats - John Ljungkvist, Anneli Ekblom

    6. Medeltidens landskapsförändringar - John Ljungkvist, Joakim Kjellberg

    7. Ett hävdat landskap - Karin Hallgren

    8. Utfärder till Gamla Uppsala - Cecilia Rodéhn

    9. Att uppleva Gamla Uppsala på ett nytt sätt - Daniel Löwenborg

     

     

  • 199.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Frölund, Per
    Göthberg, Hans
    Gamla Uppsala – framväxten av ett                       mytiskt centrum. Rapport 4. Fältarbete 20102013Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 200.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Frölund, Per
    Göthberg, Hans
    Gamla Uppsala – framväxten av ett mytiskt centrum. Rapport 3: Fältarbete 20092010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
1234567 151 - 200 av 427
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