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  • 1951.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift1995Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1952.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1953.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift1999Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1954.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift1998Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1955.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift nr 1 1984- nr 29 19992001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 1956.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Några anteckningar och krumelurer2001In: bookBook (Other scientific)
  • 1957.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Representations of Planning2003In: Journal of Nordregio, Vol. 3, no 2Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 1958.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Rytm och biografi2006In: Rumlig praksis, Roskilde Universitetsforlag , 2006, p. 316-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1959.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Städerna och det hierarkiska ortssystemet1995In: Samhällets geografi, Uppsala: Nordisk samhällsgeografisk tidskrift , 1995, p. 29-44Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1960.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    The Swedish city system: spaces of competition 1800 - 20052010In: Placing human geography : Sweden through time and space / [ed] Brita Hermelin & Ulf Jansson, Stockholm: Svenska sällskapet för antropologi och geografi , 2010, p. 163-184Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1961.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Towards a Digital (Societal) Infrastructure?2010In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 183-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In what ways might informational techniques and information technology alter the infrastructure of society? The approach employed in this paper involves a number of fundamental, almost historically determined, conditions for the emergence of an increasingly societal infrastructure. This discussion is then related to analyses of the significance of information and communication technologies (ICT) in terms of ubiquities, agglomerations and clusters. Are there grounds for assuming that these trends are having an impact on the systems of towns and cities of differing sizes and at varying distances? In conclusion, the discussion turns to the issue of whether developments in informational techniques over the past 20 years are leading towards what has been referred to as a digital division of labour and, by extension, also towards a ‘digital (societal) infrastructure’.

  • 1962.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Towards a digital transformation of cities?2010In: 2010 International Forum of Metropolitan Regions Development: Post-Expo 2010 and Regional Economic Integration of the Yangtze River Delta / [ed] Jiang Luquan, Li Bo, Zhang Can, Wang Tao & Gai Ani, Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University , 2010, p. 5-23Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 1963.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Tradition and quality in the North2010In: Public Service review : European union, ISSN 1472-3395, no 20, p. 506-507Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 1964.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Urbanisering, staden och konkurrensen2000In: Det nya samhällets geografi, Uppsala, Uppsala Publishing House , 2000Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1965.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Utbildningsdepartementets föråldrade världsbild kommer att prägla eleverna i den nya grundskolan2010In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 156-157Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 1966.
    Öhman, Jan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Vetenskapliga tidskrifter på Internet - möjligheter och problem1997Other (Other scientific)
  • 1967.
    Öhman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Christoferson, Inger
    Kommunal planering under 1990-talet - en studie av Sveriges kommuner1998Book (Other scientific)
  • 1968.
    Öhman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Christoferson, Inger
    Planering under 1990-talet - en renässans för det lokala1998In: PLAN, ISSN 0032-0560, no 6, p. 261-266Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 1969.
    Öhman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Hogdal, Jon
    Samhällsgeografiska studier i Halmstad1995Report (Other academic)
  • 1970.
    Öhman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Simonsen, Kirsten
    Is there a "Nordic" human geography?2003In: Voices from the North: New Trends in Nordic Human Geography, Ashgate, London , 2003, p. 314-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 1971.
    Öhman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Simonsen, Kirsten
    Voices from the North: New Trends in Nordic Human Geography2003Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 1972.
    Ölfvingsson, Manne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Varför spårväg i Uppsala?: En kvalitativ studie av spårvägsprojektet i Uppsala2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka spårvägsprojektet i Uppsala. Studien ska identifiera de huvudsakliga faktorerna som har varit avgörande för valet av spårväg. Det studeras även hur projektets beslutsfattare resonerar kring en spårväg utifrån de tre hållbarhetsaspekterna och hur privatbilismen förväntas påverkas. Genom intervjuer med tjänstemän och politiker ska studiens frågeställningar besvaras. Intervjusvaren kompletteras med tidigare forskning inom ämnesområdet och styrdokument från Uppsala kommun. Resultatet visar att kapaciteten är en av de viktigaste faktorerna bakom valet av spårväg. I takt med den befolkningsökning som förväntas i Uppsala behöver staden en kapacitetsstark kollektivtrafik som klarar av att hantera dessa nya stora flöden. En annan viktig faktor bakom valet av spårväg är de miljömässiga fördelarna, till exempel som att spårvägen ska drivas på förnyelsebar el. Minskad privatbilism är inget uttalat mål med spårvägen, men biltrafiken förväntas ändå minska som en följd av att en spårväg anses vara attraktiv och får en hög medelhastighet i samband med den höga prioritering som spårvägen ska erhålla. Finansieringen anses vara en av de största utmaningar med att få spårvägen realiserad.

  • 1973.
    Österberg, Jaqueline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Beredskap för naturolyckor: En planeringsinriktad studie på Uppsala kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur Uppsala kommuns beredskap är uppbyggd, vilka strategier som finns, med särskilt fokus på kraftigt snöfall. Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ dokumentanalys samt en kvalitativ semistrukturerad intervju med en säkerhetshandläggare på Uppsala kommun. Uppsatsen ämnar besvara följande frågeställningar, vilka strategier har Uppsala kommun för mycket kraftigt snöfall och hur är den beredskapen uppbyggd?; Förekommer det några problem med Uppsala kommuns beredskapsstrategier för kraftigt snöfall?; Vilka aktörer är inblandade i beredskapsplaneringen på Uppsala kommun och hur samverkar dessa med varandra? Resultatet av denna studie visar att det på Uppsala kommun inte finns någon specifik beredskapsstrategi angående naturolyckor av typen snöfall, dock används tre principer när det gäller beredskap för naturolyckor generellt, dessa är ansvarsprincipen, likhetsprincipen och närhetsprincipen. Flera aktörer, bland annat Länsstyrelsen, arbetar tillsammans med Uppsala kommun gällande den här typen av beredskap. Dock finns det vissa problem beträffande den här typen av beredskap.

  • 1974.
    Österlund, Dennis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Miljöproblematisk representation: En analys av geografiska läromedel2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna analys ämnade att undersöka hur ämnesstoff gällande miljöproblem i geografiska läromedel representeras. Representationen grundades på teorier om selektiva traditioner, utbildningsfilosofier och didaktiska typologier. Analysen har också undersökt hur detta innehåll har förändrats över tid i de utvalda läromedlen.

          De utvalda läromedlen publicerades 1982, 1996 och 2013 och analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ textanalys. Baserat på tidigare forskning och teori kan denna undersökning konstatera att innehållsstoffet i geografiböcker som rör miljöproblem representeras ur olika perspektiv. Det analyserade stoffet har representerats ur ett naturvetenskapligt perspektiv, ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv eller ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv. Detta beroende på hur författaren eller författarna vill förmedla fakta och kunskap till eleverna. Vad som påverkar det perspektiv som texten skrivs ur kan vara medvetet eller omedvetet baserat på den rådande samhällsdebatten, moraliska och politiska frågor, den aktuella pedagogiska synen och utbildningstraditioner. Analysen har även kunnat konstatera att ämnesstoffet gällande miljöproblem har ändrats över tid. Teman som till exempel olja och fossila bränslen har representerats på olika sätt, tagit olika stor plats i läromedlen samt behandlats ur olika perspektiv med olika utgångspunkter.

  • 1975.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Featured graphic. Superlocal spatial variations in fertility2015In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 1019-1022Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 1976.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Home, Job and Space: Mapping and Modeling the Labor Market2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How does space affect individuals’ outcome on the labor market? And how do we measure it? Beyond the notion of the labor market as a system of supply and demand, lays a society of individuals and workplaces, whose relationships are undeniably complex. This thesis aims to shed some new light on how to investigate and analyze the complex labor market relationships from a spatial perspective.

    In this thesis, five self-contained articles describe the spatial relationship between individuals and workplaces. In the first article, the official delineation of local labor market areas is tested against the delineation of labor markets for different subgroups. Differences in the regionalization are discussed from the subgroups’ and municipals’ perspective.

    In the second article, two sources of bias in the computation of local labor market areas, and suggestions how to reduce them, are presented.

    In the third article the spatial mismatch hypothesis is tested and confirmed on a refugee population in Sweden.

    In articles four and five, a new model for the estimation of job accessibility is introduced and evaluated. The model, ELMO, is created to answer to the need for a new accessibility measure to be used in spatial mismatch related research. The usability of the model is validated through empirical tests, were the ELMO-model excels in comparison to the accessibility models it is tested against.

    List of papers
    1. Homogeneous Regions and Heterogeneous Populations: Creating and Analyzing Labor Market Regions for Subgroups in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Homogeneous Regions and Heterogeneous Populations: Creating and Analyzing Labor Market Regions for Subgroups in Sweden
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95391 (URN)
    Available from: 2007-01-26 Created: 2007-01-26 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
    2. Rethinking the Computation of Labor Market Regions: Consequences of Population Selection Bias and Suggested Solutions
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rethinking the Computation of Labor Market Regions: Consequences of Population Selection Bias and Suggested Solutions
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95392 (URN)
    Available from: 2007-01-26 Created: 2007-01-26 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
    3. How important is access to jobs?: Old question—improved answer
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>How important is access to jobs?: Old question—improved answer
    2010 (English)In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 389-422Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to obtain exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–1991 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–1991 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. Considering that the 1999 employment rate was 43% among the refugees, this is a considerable effect. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

    Keywords
    Job access, endogenous location, natural experiment, spatial mismatch
    National Category
    Human Geography Economics
    Research subject
    Social and Economic Geography; Economics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126422 (URN)10.1093/jeg/lbp040 (DOI)000276745000003 ()
    Available from: 2010-06-14 Created: 2010-06-14 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
    4. Modeling Job Accessibility: Introducing a new model of potential job accessibility
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modeling Job Accessibility: Introducing a new model of potential job accessibility
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95394 (URN)
    Available from: 2007-01-26 Created: 2007-01-26 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
    5. Job Accessibility and Space: Examining the functionality of job access models used in mismatch related hypotheses
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job Accessibility and Space: Examining the functionality of job access models used in mismatch related hypotheses
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95395 (URN)
    Available from: 2007-01-26 Created: 2007-01-26 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved
  • 1977.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Homogeneous Regions and Heterogeneous Populations: Creating and Analyzing Labor Market Regions for Subgroups in SwedenManuscript (Other academic)
  • 1978.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Introducing a Method for the Computation of Doubly Constrained Accessibility Models in Larger Datasets2011In: Networks and Spatial Economics, ISSN 1566-113X, E-ISSN 1572-9427, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 581-620Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For four decades, the spatial mismatch hypothesis has been used as a scientific framework for the understanding of spatially related mismatch issues on the labor market. Over time, the mismatch studies have encompassed a wider array of hypotheses including issues of gender and class. However, the validity of the hypotheses is sometimes contested, and almost always is the validity of the hypotheses questioned regarding the models of accessibility used to depict the labor market situation. In this article, ELMO, a new method for the computation of doubly constrained accessibility, is introduced and tested against other commonly used models of accessibility. Using a unique dataset containing coordinates and additional employment related data on all inhabitants and all jobs in a Swedish local labor market, the new method accomplishes to retain the doubly constrained nature even though over 20,000 jobs are included and over 24,000 employable individuals are included. The detailed nature of the model proves to be beneficiary to other models of accessibility, especially for use in mismatch related hypotheses.

  • 1979.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Job Accessibility and Space: Examining the functionality of job access models used in mismatch related hypothesesManuscript (Other academic)
  • 1980.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Modeling Job Accessibility: Introducing a new model of potential job accessibilityManuscript (Other academic)
  • 1981.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Rethinking the Computation of Labor Market Regions: Consequences of Population Selection Bias and Suggested SolutionsManuscript (Other academic)
  • 1982.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Utbildningsvägen - vart leder den?: Om ungdomar, yrkesutbildning och försörjning2007In: Utbildningsvägen - vart leder den?: Om ungdomar, yrkesutbildning och försörjning, SNS-förlag, Stockholm , 2007Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 1983.
    Östh, John
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Variation in mortality among migrants from Islamic countries: Do religious holidays and socio-economic situation affect mortality rates?2018In: Population, Space and Place, ISSN 1544-8444, E-ISSN 1544-8452, Vol. 24, no 2, article id e2092Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of migrants to Sweden from the Middle East and the Horn of Africa has increased strongly over the last decades. Many of these migrants come as refugees from regions of conflict, with limited social and financial resources, and many of the migrants face discrimination on labour market. Most newly arrived migrants find their homes in poor suburbs in the outskirts of the metropolitan regions in Sweden. In this paper, the mortality rates for all immigrants from predominately Islamic countries that officially resided in Sweden at any time between 1991 and 2010 are analysed using Cox proportional hazard regressions. The research questions in this paper focus on finding the associations between mortality rate and socio-economic situations as well as the relationship between seasonal variations in religious activity and mortality. This large-scale longitudinal study reveals that for men, especially men between 16 and 55years of age, mortality rates are significantly lowered during Ramadan. Other factors affecting mortality rates include being a recent immigrant, civil, employment, and educational status as well as residing in immigrant dense areas.

  • 1984.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Andersson, Eva
    Malmberg, Bo
    School Choice and Increasing Performance Difference: A Counterfactual Approach2013In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 407-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, structural changes to the school system, including the introduction of independent schools, have increased school choice alternatives in Sweden. Consequently, a large share of today's students attend a school other than the one closest to home. Since the compulsory school system is designed to be free of charge and to offer the same standard of education everywhere, increasing school choice- hypothetically-should not increase the between-school variation in grades. In reality, however, between-school variation in grades has increased in recent years. The aim of this paper is to test whether increasing between-school variance can be explained by changes in residential patterns, or if it must be attributed to structural change. Using a counterfactual approach, the students' variations in grades are compared between observed schools of graduation and hypothetical schools of graduation. The multilevel results indicate that school choice seems to increase between-school variation of grades.

  • 1985.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Andersson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    School Choice and Increasing Performance Differnce: A Counterfactual Approach2010Report (Other academic)
  • 1986.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Dolciotti, Martina
    Reggiani, Aura
    Univ Bologna, Dept Econ, Bologna, Italy.
    Nijkamp, Peter
    Tinbergen Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Poznan, Poland.
    Social Capital, Resilience and Accessibility in Urban Systems: A Study on Sweden2018In: Networks and Spatial Economics, ISSN 1566-113X, E-ISSN 1572-9427, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 313-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Spatial systems appear to exhibit often a complex pattern of socio-economic development, in terms of (un)employment, income, mobility, ethnic composition, and urbanisation rates. Their evolution is co-determined by such factors as: market proximity, labour and housing market developments, public amenities, use of and access to transport systems, socio-economic composition of the population, etc. In addition, a sine qua non for sustaining urban economic growth is the local or regional presence of individual and collective cognitive assets that favour knowledge acquisition and transfer, education, innovation, and creativity. In this context, social capital and spatial accessibility are critical factors. The present paper aims to provide an operational framework for mapping out and understanding the mechanisms which drive spatial systems from the perspective of the resilience of urban areas, in the light of their social capital in combination with accessibility. Particular attention is therefore given to the essential role of social capital and transport accessibility in shaping both the economic development of cities and the spatial pattern in the evolution of cities, in terms of, inter alia, education, age, ethnic composition, (un)employment, and socio-economic poverty. For our quantitative analysis of the Swedish urban system, a quantile regression model is introduced and applied in order to study which urban-economic factors in Sweden determine the different levels of social capital, which are seen here as the fundamental component of the resilience capacity of urban areas.

  • 1987.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Amcoff, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Ander, Love
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Hedberg, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Arbetsmarknad i förändring: en analys av regionala branschförändringaröver tid och dess betydelse för framtidaarbetsmiljöarbete2011Report (Other academic)
  • 1988.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    Department of Economic History.
    Yrkesutbildning och socialpolitik2005In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 311-327Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 1989.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Olofsson, Jonas
    Department of Economic History. Department of Economic History.
    Stanfors, Maria
    Department of Economic History.
    20-24-åringars etableringsproblem på 1990-talöets arbetsmarknad. En översikt om inaktivitet och låga inkomster2003Report (Other scientific)
  • 1990.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Reggiani, Aura
    University of Bologna, Iatly.
    Galiazzo, Giacomo
    University of Bologna, Italy.
    Novel methods for the estimation of cost–distance decay in potential accessibility models2014In: Accessibility and spatial interaction / [ed] Ana Condeço-Melhorado, Aura Reggiani and Javier Gutiérrez, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 15-37Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In much accessibility research, arbitrary estimates of the distance sensitivity parameters have been used to represent the distance decay parameters in potential accessibility models. These estimates might be considered arbitrary since the choice of value and the choice of the distance decay function is often motivated by statistical indicators of the goodness of fit on spatial flows, given the fact that measures of ‘real’ accessibilities are missing. Starting from these considerations, in this chapter we introduce a new approach, the half-life model originating from the natural sciences, to estimate distance decay parameters. This method is compared with two conventional approaches originating from spatial economic science for the computation of distance decay parameters: the unconstrained and the doubly constrained spatial interaction models. The emerging distance decay parameters will be then considered in the construction of accessibility indicators based on the potential accessibility introduced by Hansen in 1959. In this context, both the mean and the median distance will be taken into account in order to identify MAUP-related issues. The exploration of these three approaches focuses on empirical analyses of accessibility in Sweden at the municipal level for 1993 and 2008. All the emerging accessibility indicators are compared in order to analyse similarities and differences in the hierarchical accessibility levels of the Swedish municipalities. The chapter concludes with some methodological and empirical remarks on the adoption of these three approaches, in the light of possible forecasts and related policy analyses.

  • 1991.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Reggiani, Aura
    University of Bologna,Bologna, Italy.
    Peter, Nijkamp
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland; Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam,The Netherlands.
    Resilience and accessibility of Swedish and Dutch municipalities2018In: Transportation, ISSN 0049-4488, E-ISSN 1572-9435, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 1051-1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have shown a rising popularity of the concept of resilience—both theoretically and empirically—in complex systems analysis. There is also a rising literature on resilience in the transport and spatial-economic field. The pluriform interpretation of resilience (e.g., engineering vs. ecological resilience) is related to methodological differences (e.g., stability in dynamics vs. evolutionary adaptivity). But in all cases the fundamental question is whether a complex system that is subjected to an external shock is able to recover, and if so, to which extent. The present paper [Based on presentation from cluster 6 (Accessibility) of the Nectar 2015 conference in Ann Arbour, USA.] aims to add a new dimension to resilience analysis in spatial systems, by addressing in particular the relationship between spatial accessibility at a municipality level and the resilience outcomes of the spatial system concerned. It does so by investigating to which extent accessibility of Swedish and Dutch municipalities has mitigated the local shock absorption from the recent economic recession. In our study the shock absorption capacity of municipal accessibility is estimated by analysing the relevant resilience indicators for the period concerned. In this context, conventional resilience indicators based on either multivariate complex data (in particular, the Foster Resilience Capacity Index) or employment data (in particular, the Martin Resilience-Employment Index) are confronted with spatial connectivity data based on local accessibility measures, so that geographical mobility may be regarded as one of the shock-mitigating factors. The empirical analysis is carried out for two countries which have both proven to be rather shock-resistant during the recent economic crisis, viz. Sweden and The Netherlands. Clearly, the geographical structure of these countries forms a sharp mutual contrast, viz. a spatially dispersed economy with a few distinct urban concentrations versus a spatially dense economy with one major metropolitan centre (the Randstad), respectively. Our experiments are carried out for the 290 municipalities in Sweden and 40 COROPs in The Netherlands. Our research findings show relevant and new insights into differences in the local recovery potential in Sweden and The Netherlands.

  • 1992.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Shuttleworth, Ian
    Queen’s University, Belfast, UK.
    Niedomysl, Niedomysl
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Spatial and temporal patterns of economic segregation in Sweden’s metropolitan areas:: a mobility approach2018In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 809-825Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The statistical resources at hand for segregation research are usually almost exclusively confined to annual or decennial records where the only available spatial information is the individual’s place of residence. This coarse temporal periodicity and spatial resolution provides a very limited account of people’s diurnal lives. Incorporating mobility and temporal dimensions in segregation analysis is advocated within a growing body of research but there has rarely been sufficient data to make this possible. In this paper, we employ a fine-grained mobile phone dataset outlining the daily mobility of a substantial sample of the residents in Sweden’s metropolitan areas. Combining spatial trajectory data with detailed socio-economic residential statistics, we are able to study how everyday spatial mobility in cities shapes the segregation experiences of people and changes the segregation levels of places. Results indicate that while mobility alleviates segregation for some individuals, the population of a large number of areas remain highly segregated even when daily mobility is taken into account. Individuals residing or spending time in central urban areas are more exposed to individuals from other areas because of daily moves to these central places. Daytime movement to central areas also reduces segregation significantly for people from places remote from city centres but with high average levels of mobility whilst daytime segregation levels remain close to their original night-time levels in low-mobility areas in the outskirts of the cities

  • 1993.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    van Ham, Maarten
    University of St: Andrews.
    Niedomysl, Thomas
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    The geographies of recruiting a partner from abroad: an exploration of Swedish data2010In: International Marriages in the Time of Globalization / [ed] Elli K. Heikkilä, Brenda S. A. Yeoh, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2010, p. 155-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1994.
    Öström, Elena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
    Betydelsen av odlingskunskaper för barn i urban miljö: Förhinder och eventuella lösningar för skolträdgårdsetablering i Uppsala kommun2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning har lyft fram etablering av skolodlingsprojekt  som en metod för att skapa en övergripande förståelse om hållbar utveckling. Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vilka faktorer som ligger bakom varför skolor i Uppsala kommun väljer (eller inte väljer) att upprätta skolodlingsprojekt. Den behandlar vidare varför det är viktigt att barn lär sig att odla och vilken roll skolan har att förse barn med odlingskunskaper. Uppsatsen undersöker slutligen vilka lösningar som är relevanta för att påbörja skolodlingsprojekt. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det i Uppsala kommun inte är vanligt att skolor upprättar skolodlingsprojekt. De bakomliggande faktorerna till detta är bland annat betydelsen av lärarnas och rektorernas odlingsintresse, tidsbrist, ekonomiska förutsättningar och praktiska förutsättningar -  som till exempel för små skolgårdar. Resultatet visar även att det finns ett ökande odlingsintresse bland skolor i Uppsala kommun. Det beror bland annat på att det finns verksamheter som arbetar med att påverka skolornas beslut för upprättande av skolodlingsprojekt. Avslutningsvis visar undersökningen att det finns vuxna, däribland föräldrar, som introducerar barnen till odling genom urbanodlingsföreningar, som till exempel Matparken.

37383940 1951 - 1994 of 1994
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