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  • 201.
    Herres, Örjan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Projekt Kulturarw3 ur ett open source perspektiv2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 202.
    Herrgård, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Skolbibliotekets roll i skolan: en undersökning av skolbiblioteksverksamheten vid två skolor i Gävle1999Student thesis
  • 203.
    Hillström, Elias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Den internetpublicerade skönlitteraturens förutsättningar och dess plats på folkbiblioteken. En teoretisk diskussion med kompletterande empiriska studier2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 204.
    Hirschfeldt, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Frivilliga insatser på bibliotek - en kvalitativ undersökning2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 205.
    Hirvonen, Maaret
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Fjärrlån Analys av den förda debatten under 1990-talet med en fördjupning på Stockholms lånecentral2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 206.
    Hjelm, Nike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Att möta världen på biblioteket? En diskursanalys av Mångkulturåret2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 207.
    Hjerpe, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Högskolebiblioteket och distanslärandet. En kvalitativ fallstudie av en distansutbildningsverksamhet vid Södertörns högskola2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 208.
    Hjortsäter, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    WWW och informationsåtervinning: en uppsats om hur elektroniska dokument görs sökbara på webben med hjälp av metadata och indexering2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 209. Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Hellqvist, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Nordic Landscape of LIS Research: A New Approach for Co-Word Analysis of Research in Three Nordic Countries2009In: PROCEEDINGS OF ISSI 2009: 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR SCIENTOMETRICS AND INFORMETRICS / [ed] B. Larsen & J. Leta, 2009, p. 942-943Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 210. Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Learning together apart: Distance education in a virtual world2008In: First Monday, ISSN 1396-0466, E-ISSN 1396-0466, Vol. 13, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A course in information studies was partly held in the virtual world of Second Life. Second Life was used as a platform to deliver lectures and as a place for organizing group assignments and having discussions. Students’ opinions about Second Life were studied and compared to their opinions about more traditional methods in education. The results show a lower threshold for participation in lectures. According to the students, Second Life should not replace face–to–face education, but it could serve as an excellent addition to other more traditional methods and platforms used in education. The students also considered that lectures held in Second Life were much more “fun” than those using other methods. This particular aspect, and its effect on learning outcomes, requires further research. This research demonstrates that Second Life has potential as a learning environment in distance education.

  • 211.
    Holmberg, Kim
    et al.
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Kronqvist-Berg, Maria
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Information Studies, Åbo Akademi University.
    What is Library 2.0?2009In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 65, no 4, p. 668-681Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to define both theoretically and empirically the concept of Library 2.0. Design/methodology/approach – Written answers to the question “What is Library 2.0?” given by practitioners and researchers (n=29) interested in Library 2.0 issues were analyzed by using co-word analysis to map the underlying elements of the concept. Findings – The study resulted in a model of Library 2.0, containing seven building-blocks of the phenomenon: interactivity, users, participation, libraries and library services, web and web 2.0, social aspects, and technology and tools. Research limitations/implications – The model provides a basis for framing Library 2.0 as a research object and to map central themes of future research. Practical implications – A comprehensive model enables both researchers and practitioners to frame the phenomenon more clearly, evaluate existing and planned services and their proximity to what is Library 2.0. Originality/value – Unlike earlier proposals for a definition of the notion Library 2.0, the present study presents an empirical and consensual crowd-sourcing approach of defining the concept Library 2.0 and provides basis for discussing the future evolution of the notion and its implications for library and information science research and library practices.

  • 212.
    Holmberg, Yommine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Delvis, jobbet pågår" En undersökning om tillgänglighetsanpassningen av universitets- och högskolebibliotekens webbaserade sökkataloger2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 213.
    Hornegård, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Den bildade arbetaren: En studie av den svenska arbetarrörelsens bildningsföreställningar och bildningsideal under perioden 1905-19362008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 214.
    Huber, Maria (Maia)
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hjälp eller självhjälp? En kvalitativ studie av fem studenters tankar kring Stockholms universitetsbibliotek2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 215.
    Hurtig, Lena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "De som plockar fram böcker men inte vet vad som står i dem". En attitydundersökning bland forskare om bibliotekarieyrkets professionella status2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 216.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Aesthetic judgments in folksonomies as a criteria for organising knowledge2010In: Paradigms and conceptual systems in knowledge organization.: Proceedings of the 11th International ISKO Conference 23-26 February, Rome, Italy / [ed] Claudio Gnoli & Fulvio Mazzocchi, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag , 2010, Vol. 12, p. 308-315Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most central challenges of knowledge organisation research and practice is the question of organising principles. Bliss proposed a consensus of experts as a criteria for knowledge organisation. Thereafter the complexity and ambiguity of criteria has become a subject of discussion, especially influenced by relativist philosophical theories. Hulme introduced already in 1911-1912 the notion of (literary) warrant to denote the (literary) criteria of organising knowledge. Hjørland has written about the limits of consensus and proposed (together with Albrechtsen) domain analysis as an approach for reaching pragmatic criteria. Even though the problems have been acknowledged, in practice, the veritable criteria are articulated only seldom. Feinberg [4] calls for a more explicit argumentation of criteria from the part of the designers of knowledge organisation systems, a view with which Hjørland concurs. The significance of the challenge is underlined by Gnoli who lists the problems related to ’viewpoint warrant’ (viewpoint as a criteria for organising knowledge) as a central challenge of future knowledge organisation research.The present study refers to aesthetics as exemplary of the problems related to viewpoints and knowledge organisation. Aesthetic judgments are essentially cultural and subjective, but same time people tend to expect others to concur with their own judgments [12]. In order to improve the explicity of the warranting factors (as [4] suggests) of aesthetic organisation of knowledge, the present study explores the possibilities to ground organisatory criteria on an empirical investigation of explicit aesthetic judgments of a group of people. This study discusses folksonomies as a source of aesthetic judgments and those judgments as a warrant for controlled organisation of knowledge. The question is whether folksonomies can be used as a source for aesthetic statements which can be used to warrant organisation of knowledge. Photosharing service Flickr is used as an example.

     

  • 217.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Analytical information horizon maps2009In: Library and information Science Research, ISSN 0740-8188, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 18-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sonnenwald, D.H. (1999) introduced information horizons as a theoretical framework for information behavior. Later, she and her colleagues developed a data-gathering method based on information horizons theory and user-drawn information horizon maps. The method provides a good basis for in-depth discussions and complements interviewing as a way to gather data. Based on interview records of Finnish and Swedish archaeology professionals, researchers drew diagrams called analytical information horizon maps with the purpose of structuring, describing and analyzing typical information behaviors related to the work roles of the interviewed individuals. The findings indicate that the analytical information horizon maps provide a practicable and qualitatively valid means to visualize, communicate, and structure individual and shared patterns of use of the information resources and the organization of information activity.

  • 218.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Another Wood Between the Worlds?: Regimes of Worth and the Making of Meanings in the Work of Archivists2015In: The Information Society, ISSN 0197-2243, E-ISSN 1087-6537, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 121-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through interviews of Nordic archives professionals, this article explicates the transformation and complexities of the worth and meaning of archival records and archival work. The analysis shows how the worth and meaning of archival records and the work of archivists are constituted in a complex interplay of quasi-institutionalized orders of archival work, their associated but often conflicting regimes of worth and information, and changing local intermediary practices. Through interviews of Nordic archives professionals, this article explicates the transformation and complexities of the worth and meaning of archival records and archival work. The analysis shows how the worth and meaning of archival records and the work of archivists are constituted in a complex interplay of quasi-institutionalized orders of archival work, their associated but often conflicting regimes of worth and information, and changing local intermediary practices.

  • 219.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    ASIS&T European Workshop 2013: Proceedings of the Second Association for Information Science and Technology ASIS&T European Workshop 2013 June 5-6, Åbo/Turku, Finland2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 220.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Authorship and Documentary Boundary Objects2012In: 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS), 2012, p. 1636-1645Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research on documentary boundary objects has underlined the contextual nature of the process of their emergence. The aim of this paper is to discuss how the process of making and the attribution or non-attribution of authorship affects documentary boundary objects. A better understanding of the making of boundary objects is helpful in understanding why and how particular boundary objects work, and what are their implications. The article proposes an analytic model of four modes of authorship of documentary boundary objects (1. solitary, and 2. emergent authorship, 3. light-weight, and 4. heavy-weight peer-production) based on a review and synthesis of the spectrum of solitary and collaborative practices of creating documentary boundary objects discussed in the literature.

  • 221.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Be informed of your information2014In: Current Swedish Archaeology, Vol. 22, p. 48-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 222.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Being Formal and Flexible: Semantic Wiki as an Archaeological e-Science Infrastructure2012In: Revive the Past: Proceeding of the 39th Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Beijing, 12-16 April 2011, Amsterdam, 2012, p. 186-197Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multiple challenges of representing archaeological information both using relational databases and semantic web technologies have been acknowledged in the literature. The present paper discusses findings and observations from an action research study on developing an integrated semantic digital data archive and collaboration platform for archaeological and archaeology related research using a semantic wiki based approach. The observations and findings from the project demonstrate that the discussed approach provides means to address some of the problems related to pre-coordinated formal representation of archaeological knowledge. At the same, the study stresses the importance of a full understanding of the implications of the both old and new systems of knowledge representation. Otherwise the new systems may introduce implicit infrastructural bias comparable to the ones addressed by the novel approach.

  • 223.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ecological Framework of Information Interactions and Information Infrastructures2009In: Journal of information science, ISSN 0165-5515, E-ISSN 1741-6485, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 695-708Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been notably little convergence between information organisation and information use studies. A framework for explicating the contextual interplay of information interactions and infrastructures of information, and more specifically the interface of information work and knowledge organisation systems is proposed. The theoretical foundations of the framework are based on systems theory and ecological approach. It is suggested that the interplay of information use and information infrastructures may be conceptualised as a systemic interaction, which is driven by the simultaneous influence of human activity related warrants and infrastructural affordances and constraints. The model provides an instrument that explicates the interplay of human information use and information infrastructures.

  • 224.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Entä informaatiokirjoitustaito?2008In: Reader- and User-Oriented Communication: National Conference of Communication Studies 2007 / [ed] Heli Katajamäki, Merja Koskela & Suvi Isohella, Vaasa: University of Vaasa , 2008, p. 22-27Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though information literacy implicitly comprises an idea of a complete participation in an information community, the typical definitions of infor- mation literacy have tended to underline seeking, searching, locating, re- ceiving and evaluation instead of information creation. Wilder (2005) has criticised the concept information literacy for emphasising the problems of searching instead of finding relevant information. The problematising of in- formation seeking places emphasis on the difficulty of searching and the complexity of required skills. A more sensible approach would be to facili- tate information use rather than to teach searching using complicated tools. All information sought by human-beings is mostly produced by their fellow humans. Therefore an approach to decrease complexity of information searching could to be to educate people to create more searchable and us- able information. This article discusses information creation as a part of the concept information literacy. Besides technical problems, information crea- tion education is inevitably faced by the complexities of social and cultural dimensions of information and information production.

     

  • 225.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    How a Museum Knows?: Structures, Work Roles, and Infrastructures of Information Work2013In: Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology, Vol. 64, no 7, p. 1375-1387Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if knowledge is a commodity that a museum offers as Hooper-Greenhill () has argued, the mechanisms of how a museum comes to know what it mediates are not well understood. Using a case study approach, the aim of this study is to investigate what types of sources and channels, with a special emphasis on social processes and structures of information, support collaborative information work, and the emergence of knowledge in a museum environment. The empirical study was conducted using a combination of ethnographic observation of and interviews with staff members at a medium-sized museum in a Nordic country. The study shows that much of the daily information work is routinized and infrastructuralized in social information exchange and reproduction of documented information and museum collections.

  • 226.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    In Web search we trust?: Articulation of the cognitive authorities of Web searching2013In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 567-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. People search for information on different search engines billions of times day all over the developed world. Not all Web resources are, however, equally authoritative and not all searches return equally authoritative results. Earlier studies have demonstrated the complexity of credibility assessments, but also simultaneously the existence of strong tendencies to uncritically accept the credibility of the information retrieved by a search engine. The success of a search is related, but not the same notion as the authority of the results. The aim of this paper is to analyse the articulated role of 'searching' as a possible source of cognitive authority in Web searching. <p>Method. A qualitative exploratory study based on the analysis of 805 search-related utterances harvested from the Web using Webometric Analyst. <p>Analysis. The data was analysed using constant comparative method.<p>Results. Three types of cognitive authorities were identified: 1) people, 2) search (as an approach), and 3) search as an activity.<p>Conclusions. The findings indicate that searching incorporates cognitive authorities that are abstract, exercised and situational rather than static and nameable.

  • 227.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Information Services and Digital Literacy: In search of the boundaries of knowing2012Book (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Information Sources and Perceived Success in Corporate Finance2010In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 2219-2229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work of corporate finance professionals is information-intensive, despite the fact that the practices and motivations of their information preferences have been researched very little. The present study investigates perceived success and how it is related to corporate finance professionals' information source use behavior based on a Web survey of 92 Finnish corporate finance professionals. The principal finding of the statistical analysis of the data is that perceptions of work success and specific types of information sources contributing to the success are related. The correlations are complex, and very different types of information sources contribute to individual types of success, and vice versa. The findings indicate that information sources function as measures of success and serve an instrumental purpose. Besides functional relations, the correlation of the variables suggests more comprehensive success and information source use related dependencies and preferences. The findings imply that by studying existing perceptions of success, it is possible to make inferences about preferred information sources. The study also suggests that both personal and organizational perceptions of success should be taken into account when planning information services and information literacy education for corporate finance professionals to increase their effectiveness and relevance for the professionals.

  • 229.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Library users come to a library to find books": The structuration of the library as a soft information system2013In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 69, no 5, p. 715-735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Considering the perceived significance of librarians and information experts as professional information seekers and information seeking educators and of the institutional setting of information work, very little is known about the information practices of librarians and information professionals, their contexts and implications for libraries and their users. The aim of this study is to explore the information interactions of library professionals within and in relation to the context of the setting of the library.Design/methodology/approach - The analysis is based on a qualitative case study of a large North European city library. Material was collected using information seeking diaries, interviews and ethnographic observation in the library space. Findings - The information practices of librarians are contextual to the setting of the library within which the meeting of the assumptions of library users of the use of that particular system play a significant role. The systemic interplay of librarians, library users and other parts of the system constrains the breadth of the available information at libraries, but at the same time, keeping to a particular set of shared norms and practices of library use also facilitates the use of the system.Research limitations/implications - The generalisability of the findings is limited by the fact that they are based on an individual case study.Practical implications - The systemic nature of library and its reproduction in a process of structuration underlines the need to develop information services in libraries from a holistic perspective that takes into account the practical implications of the shared norms and assumptions of how a library should work.Originality/value - There is little earlier research on the information practices of library and information professionals, particularly with specific reference to its implications for libraries and their users.

  • 230.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Länkad data på fältet: från fältdokumentation och rapportering till dokumentationskontinuum2012In: Proceedings of the CAA-SE conference 2011, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 231.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Meta-games in information work2013In: Information Research, Vol. 18, no 3, p. paperC01-paperC01Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Meta-games and meta-gaming refer to various second-order conceptions of games and gaming. The present article discusses the applicability of the notions of meta-game and meta-gaming in understanding the patterns of how people use, misuse, work and work-around information and information infrastructures. <p>Method. Twenty-two qualitative interviews of archives, library and museum professionals conducted in two Nordic countries in 2009-2011. The interviews were semi-structured and based on the thematic interview approach of Hirsjärvi and Hurme as a part of a larger study of the information work of such professionals.<p>Analysis. An exploratory qualitative analysis based on constant comparative method was carried out on the interview data.<p>Results. The analysis shows that the information work of the interviewed professionals contained a large number of examples of different types of meta-gaming.<p>Conclusions. The analysis suggests that the notions of meta-games and meta-gaming can be used to explain peripheral and second-order information activities and to analyse the aspects of work that relate to gameplay and playfulness.

  • 232.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Mining qualitative data on human information behaviour from the Web2011In: Information und Wissen: global, sozial und frei?: Proceedings des 12. Internationalen Symposiums für Informationswissenschaft (ISI 2011) Hildesheim, 9. bis 11. März 2011. / [ed] Joachim Griesbaum and Thomas Mandl and Christa Womser-Hacker, Boizenburg: Verlag Werner Hülsbusch , 2011, p. 322-326Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses an approach of collecting qualitative data on human information behaviour that is based on mining web data using search engines. The approach is technically the same that has been used for some time in webometric research to make statistical inferences on web data, but the present paper shows how the same tools and data collecting methods can be used to gather data for qualitative data analysis on human information behaviour.

  • 233.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Navigators, Debaters or Information Architects?: How Library, Museum and Archive Professionals Perceive their Role in the Future Society2012In: Information in e-Motion: Proceedings of the BOBCATSSS 2012 20th International Conference on Information Science Amsterdam, 23-25 January 2012, Bad Honnef, 2012, p. 190-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The past two decades have witnessed an increasing political interest in archives, librar- ies and museums (ALM) as memory institutions, their role as shapers of the future society and providers of access to public information. At the same time, the some of the proponents of digital information technologies have heralded the Internet age as their end. Even if it might be too early to doom ALMs altogether, even many professionals have acknowledged a need to change the traditional work at the institutions. In spite of the scale of the debate, the general understanding of that what is happening seems to be rather fragmented. The aim of this study is to map the future role of librarians, museum and archive professionals as it is conceptualised by the professionals themselves. The analysis is based on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the results of a web survey of Nordic librarians and information professionals conducted in February-March 2011. The analysis of the results shows that the views of the professionals epitomise three widely di- verging and contradictory ideas of the future of their professional roles, described in this article as navigators, debaters and information architects.

  • 234.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Preferences for formal and informal sources in corporate finance2013In: Libraries, Black Metal and Corporate Finance: Current Research in Nordic Library and Information Science / [ed] Anders Frenander and Skans Kersti Nilsson, Borås: Högskolan i Borås , 2013, p. 153-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the work of corporate finance professionals is information intensive, their practices and choice of information sources have been very little researched. The aim of the present study is to examine the patterns of information source preferences of corporate finance professionals with a special focus on the respective roles of formal and informal sources of information and the implications of source preferences for the information work of professionals. The study is based on a web survey of 92 Finnish professionals working with corporate finance related duties in their organisations. The findings of the study reveal that corporate finance professionals use a wide array of information sources and have a strong preference for less formal and social sources of information even if they are not necessarily consulted on a daily basis. Major financial information and news providers are significant sources of primary data, but the success of corporate finance specialists lies more on their ability to combine formal information with informal cues and earlier experiences than on possessing or lacking a relevant piece of information.

  • 235.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Semantiska wiki som digitala arkivsystem: samlingar, ärendehantering och deltagande2009In: Informaatiotutkimus, ISSN 0024-2519, Vol. 28, no 3/4, p. 66-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archives and records management presents a series of requirements to information systems that distinguishes them from content and document management systems. In spite of the often fundamental differences, some of the approaches and functions implemented in the content and document management systems could be useful in archival and records management contexts. This article discusses the usability of semantic wikis in the management of archival information. The discussion is based on a series of development projects conducted in Finland. It appears that a semantic wiki has potential especially in the management and use of digital surrogates. There are some technical and especially major theoretical issues related to the use of semantic wikis in records management. It is concluded, however, that the principles of wiki approach could serve as a useful reference in discussions related to usability, access and rights and practices of participation in the context of archives and records management.

  • 236.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Sorting the metaverse out and how metaverse is sorting us out2013In: The Immersive Internet: Reflections on the Entangling of the Virtual with Society, Politics and the Economy / [ed] Robin Teigland and Dominic Power, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p. 192-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Steps towards a participatory digital library and data archive for archaeological information2009In: Proceedings of the 10th Libraries in the Digital Age (LIDA) 2009 Conference. Dubrovnik and Zadar, Croatia, Zadar: University of Zadar , 2009, p. 149-159Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The e-Science related literature sees digital libraries, digital archives and databanks as central collaborative infrastructures for scientific and scholarly research. The present paper discusses preliminary findings and observations from an action research study on a participatory digital library and data archive for archaeological and archaeology related data. The project aims to develop a combined digital repository and collaboratory for archaeological research with a special emphasis on participation and semantically rich relations between individual digital artifacts. The discussed digital library is based on semantic wiki technology and developed together with archaeologists from a small Nordic archaeology consultancy. The findings of the study indicate that the principal challenges associated with the life- cycle approach relate to the paradox of formality and informality of documentation and to the implications the system has on the customary procedures of archaeological information work.

  • 238.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Complete Information Literacy?: Unforgetting Creation and Organisation of Information2011In: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, ISSN 0961-0006, E-ISSN 1741-6477, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 237-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the concept of information literacy typically embraces an idea of a complete participation in an information community, its definitions have tended to underline the phases of seeking, searching and evaluation instead of creating information. Shortcomings of information creation can, however, explain many of the difficulties of finding information. This article develops the notion of information literacy with a specific focus on integrating creation and organization of information as central aspects of being information literate and discusses the implications of developing information creation processes from the point of view of information professionals and users. Finally, suggestions are made for how information creation might be improved in practice.

  • 239.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Cool and Belkin Faceted Classification of Information Interactions Revisited2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 4, p. colis724-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The complexity of human information activity is a challenge for both practice and research in information sciences and information management. Literature presents a wealth of approaches to analytically structure and make sense of human information activity including a faceted classification model of information interactions published by Cool and Belkin in 2002, which is discussed in this paper. Method. The Cool and Belkin classification scheme and the version adopted by Huvila in 2006 for a study of archaeologists are compared and new qualitative empirical interview material is analysed by using the latter version of the scheme. Analysis. Literature studies and qualitative analysis of interview material was carried out. Results. The discussed revisions proposed in the present study and earlier by Huvila broaden the scope of the classification system from information seeking to the broad scope of information activity and from description of interaction instances to their contexts. Conclusions. It is important to consider the consequences of classifying information interactions, to balance between complexity and simplicity and to consider when it is significant to strive for complexity of classifications and when a generic level of description is enough.

  • 240.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The Unbearable Complexity of Documenting Intellectual Processes: Paradata and Virtual Cultural Heritage Visualisation2012In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 97-110Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 241.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    The unbearable lightness of participating?: Revisiting the discourses of ´participation´ in archival literature2015In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, no 2, p. 358-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how archivists, records managers and scholarly literature in the field(s) analyse how participation&nbsp;is discussed in the context of archives and records management, and to explore practical and theoretical implications of the disclosed discursive practices.

    Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based on a discourse analysis of a body of archival literature and a sample of posts collected from the archival and records management blogosphere.

    Findings: The analysis shows that instead of discussing one notion of participation, the archival science literature is referring to nine different and partly conflicting types of participation from three broad perspectives: management, empowerment and technology. The discourses have also conflicting ideas of the role of engagement and enthusiasm, and of that what do the different stakeholder communities see as real options. 

    Research limitations/implications: The analysed material consists of a limited sample of mainly English language texts that may not capture all the nuances of how participation is discussed in the archival literature.

    Practical implications: A better understanding of how different claims of the benefits and threats endorsing participation in archives helps to develop effective and less contradictory forms of collaboration between different stakeholders.

    Originality/value: In spite of the popularity of the notion of participation, there little, especially critical, research on how participation is conceptualised by archives professionals and researchers.

  • 242.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    To whom it may concern?: The users and uses of digital archaeological information2008In: The Layers of Perception: CAA 2007. Computer Applications and Quantitative methods in Archaeology / [ed] Posluschny, A., Lambers, K., Herzog, I., Bonn: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut / Dr. Rudolph Habelt Gmbh , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to ensure the functional, not only physical sustainability of the earlier and current archaeological information resources, a special emphasis is needed on the functional aspects of preserva- tion. This paper reports on a study, which has explored the interface between the human patterns of infor- mation use and the methods of structuring and organizing archaeological information and knowledge. The empirical case study was based on a series of thematic interviews with archaeology professionals from the Nordic countries. The study informs future development of information systems and information services for archaeology and cultural heritage professionals. The results of the analysis shows that there are two critical success factors. Several recommendations are proposed on how to improve archaeological informa- tion work and its outcomes.

     

  • 243.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    What about creating and organizing?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 244.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Where does the information come from?: Information source use patterns in Wikipedia2010In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 433-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Little is known about Wikipedia contributors information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards. Method. This article reports the results of a Web survey of information source use patterns, answered by 108 Wikipedia contributors in spring 2008. Analysis. The qualitative questions were analysed using a close reading and grounded theory approach. The multiple-choice questions were analysed using descriptive statistics and bi-variate correlation analysis. Results. The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour. Conclusions. Understanding the information source use of contributors helps us to understand how new Wikipedia articles emerge, how edits are motivated, where the information actually comes from and more generally, what kind of information may be expected to be found in Wikipedia.

  • 245.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Where is the library, or is it an archive?: Assessing the impact and implications of archaeological information collections2014In: Libraries in the Digital Age (LIDA) Proceedings, Zadar: University of Zadar , 2014, p. 1-2Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Preliminary observations made during the analysis of an interview study of Swedish professionals working with the management of archaeological information are discussed. The paper proposes that three perspectives called library, archive and museum characterise the articulations of informants on what archaeological information is, what is its relevance and impact and how it should be managed and made accessible.

  • 246.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Work and work roles: a context of tasks2008In: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 64, no 6, p. 797-815Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Both task-based and work oriented research approaches have proved their value in information science research. A task is a workable analytical unit of human activity, which brings the level of explication close enough to cater for individual actions and their consequences. Similarly, work and work roles have been effective concepts at explicating the broad patterns of professional information activity. Major issues of the existing approaches are the difficulty of conceptualising the contexts of tasks and the relatively high level of abstraction of a work level scrutiny. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how the concepts of ‘work’, ‘work role’ and ‘task’ might be integrated into a common research agenda. We suggest that the explication of work and work roles might serve in providing additional understanding on the formation of the purposes, meanings and values, which guide the shaping of the activities conceptualised as tasks.

    Methodology/Approach: The issue is discussed in general with a reference to an empirical study of information work of archaeology professionals informed by the notion of work role.

    Findings: It is suggested that the broader notions of work and work roles are useful concepts for explicating the context of more specific tasks.

    Research limitations/implications: The suggested approach brings together task and work – work role-based research and provides a basis for exploring human information activity from a broader perspective than before and thus improving the general understanding of why and how information is used as it is used.

    Practical implications: The study provides an approach to conceptualise the ways how people work with information and lays the ground for improving information management and organisation practices.

    Originality: There has been little prior discussion about integrating the task and work-based approaches. We suggest that the explication of work and work roles might serve in providing additional understanding on the formation of the purposes, meanings and values, which guide the shaping of the activities conceptualised as tasks.

     

  • 247.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Ek, Stefan
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén, Gunilla
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Information sharing and the dimensions of social capital in Second Life2014In: Journal of information science, ISSN 0165-5515, E-ISSN 1741-6485, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 237-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research has shown that the virtual world of Second Life is an environment that fosters the emergence of social capital. The central finding of this study is the pertinence of emotional communication and information sharing in the emergence of social capital in Second Life, and consequently, the significance of emotional intelligence as a basis for successful social and informational exchange. The emergence of social capital in Second Life is deeply affected by the dialectic of the conflicting expectations and experiences of the environment. The emergence of social capital in Second Life may be described as a process of accumulation of emotional intelligence that forms a basis for the exploitation of available structural and relational affordances of social and information exchange. The study is based on qualitative analysis of open-ended data collected using a web survey of Second Life users.

  • 248.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Kirjastot virtuaalimaailmassa2008In: Mahdollisuuksien ikkunoita: Turun ammattikorkeakoulun kirjasto- ja tietopalvelun koulutusohjelma 10 vuotta, Turku: Turun ammattikorkeakoulu , 2008, p. 236-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Social Capital in Second Life2008In: Proceedings of the Internet Research 9.0, Copenhagen: AoIR Digital Library, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Holmberg, Kim
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Ek, Stefan
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Widén-Wulff, Gunilla
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Social Capital in Second Life2010In: Online information review (Print), ISSN 1468-4527, E-ISSN 1468-4535, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 295-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Second Life is a user-created online virtual world, which is a place where people with shared interests can meet and be together and share information. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Second Life communities foster and nurture social capital, whether social capital within Second Life is related to social capital outside the virtual world, whether some characteristics affect the likelihood of users having social capital, and whether some existing measure of social capital can be modified and used to study social capital in Second Life. Design/methodology/approach: Study is based on a statistical analysis of data gathered in a web survey of a convenience sample (N=67) of Second Life residents. The social capital measure used was based on Bullen and Onyx, 1998. Findings: Second Life is an environment that fosters the emergence of social capital. Residents, who consider themselves as producers, have higher levels of social capital than those, who consider themselves as non-producers. Having social capital within Second Life is unrelated to having social capital outside the virtual world. Consistency of the instrument proved to be excellent for measuring social capital within Second Life and good outside the virtual world. Research limitations/implications: Small sample size and the composition of the research population limit the possibilities to generalise the findings. Practical implications: Second Life is a potent environment for community building and collective action. Communities and collective action within Second Life cannot be based, however, on the social activity outside the virtual world. Originality/value: The present study is the first systematic investigation of social capital in Second Life.

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