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  • 201.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Frölund, Per
    Upplandsmuseet, Drottninggatan 7, SE-75310 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Jahrehorn, Max
    Oxider AB, Box 980, SE-39129 Kalmar, Sweden..
    A Vendel Period gold and garnet pendant from Gamla Uppsala2017In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 112, no 3, p. 183-185Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Hulth, Helena
    Ultuna by: I händelsernas centrum2011Report (Other academic)
  • 203.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Medeltidens landskapsförändringar2018In: Framtidens naturvärden i kulturmiljöer -: fallstudie Gamla Uppsala / [ed] John Ljungkvist; Anneli Ekblom, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala Universitet , 2018, p. 115-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 204.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Lindkvist, Ann
    Kartering med metalldetektor och bebyggelsestudie i norra Gamla Uppsala: fastighet 21:76, 77:19 (RAÄ 240, 284, 285), Uppsala socken, Uppland2009Report (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Lindkvist, Ann
    Ytkartering av fynd i Gamla Uppsalas åkermark: rapport och metodutvärdering2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning hade flera syften. För det första var det ett försök att finna distinkta spår av boplatser i Gamla Uppsala utan utgrävning, metalldetektorkartering eller geofysiska metoder. För det andra avsågs det att ge studenter möjlighet att jobba med arkeologiskt inventeringsarbete och terrängkännedom. Den sista och viktigaste ambitionen var utveckla förståelsen av det förhistoriska och medeltida Gamla Uppsala. Undersökningen visade att metoden fungerade mycket väl och att den är värd att använda igen och gärna då i större skala. Nya områden med fornlämningar av skilda karaktärer kunde konstateras och bilden av hela fornlämningskomplexet kompletterades. Viktigt var även upptäckten av att anläggningar och kulturlager skadas vid plöjning i området öster om banvallen.

  • 206.
    Ljungkvist, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Sundkvist, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Billing, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Egyptology.
    Engsheden, Åke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Egyptology.
    Svensk arkeologi i Egypten: Kom-el-Khawaled - en stad från romersk tid i Nildeltat2007In: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X , no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract
  • 207. Ljunkvist, John
    et al.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Rodéhn, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Karin, Hallgren
    Introduktion2018In: Framtidens naturvärden i kulturmiljöer: fallstudie Gamla Uppsala, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet , 2018, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 208.
    Lundkvist Fridh, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Legitimising and Delegitimising the Monetary System: Competing Portrayals of Fractional Reserve Banking in Knowledge Discourse2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how knowledge producing actors, like professors of economics, ecological economics and investigators at public institutions, portray the monetary system in general and fractional reserve banking specifically. The methodology of Political Discourse Analysis, with focus on argumentation and legitimisation, is used to identify and compare how different actors portray the monetary system. The outcome shows that there exist competing knowledge discourses that are diametrically different in how they define keywords and describe the relation between the monetary system, societal power relations and environmental impact. Some important concepts under academic debate include the origin of money, which actor (the state or commercial banks) controls the money supply and seigniorage (money issuer’s revenue), if private banks really are intermediaries and multiply central bank money, and if interest-bearing money is a cause of socioecological unsustainability. By critically analysing the moral norms within knowledge discourses that otherwise might be naturalised as portraying ‘facts’ or ‘truth’, this thesis helps identify needs for further research – especially regarding how the financial system can be better adapted for socioecological sustainability.      

  • 209.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Archaeological 3D GIS in Practice: Mapping Sitescapes with UAS and Photogrammetry2018In: The Resilience of Heritage: Cultivating a Future of the Past.: Essays in Honour of Professor Paul Sinclair / [ed] Anneli Ekblom, Christian Isendahl, Karl-Johan Lindholm, Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2018, p. 411-426Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 210.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Att uppleva Gamla Uppsala på ett nytt sätt2018In: Framtidens naturvärden: i kulturmiljöer: fallstudie Gamla Uppsala / [ed] Ljungkvist, John; Ekblom, Anneli, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala Universitet , 2018, p. 203-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Digital Perceptions of the Landscape: A GIS based analysis of the location of burial grounds in Västmanland, Sweden2010In: Acta Archaeologica, ISSN 0065-101X, E-ISSN 1600-0390, Vol. 81, no 1, p. 124-137Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 212.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Dynamiska kartor för landskapsforskning i informationsåldern: En GIS-baserad studie av Västmanlands järnålder2008In: Kartan i forskningens tjänst: Symposieföredrag utgivna av Lars-Erik Edlund, Anne-Sofie Gräslund & Birgitta Svensson / [ed] Lars-Erik Edlund, Anne-Sofie Gräslund & Birgitta Svensson, Uppsala: Textgruppen i Uppsala AB , 2008, p. 145-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    With the presence of GIS technology today, there are increased opportunities for landscape research by combining different datasets in an analysis. Archaeology as a discipline has always depended upon the ability to handle spatial relationships, and thus has great use for GIS. In Sweden there is much data available in digital format, which makes it possible to do research on large amounts of material without the time consuming process of first digitising everything that needs to be included in the study. The potential of this line of investigation is demonstrated through an example of how GIS has been used to calculate watersheds in the district of Västmanland and comparing these to the medieval administrative unit, the hundare. This study suggests that the hundare might have developed from natural regions formed around watersheds, since water had a uniting function that tied territories together through a communication network. The same relationships between regions and watersheds can be seen throughout the world.

  • 213.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Excavating the Digital Landscape: Appendices2010Other (Other academic)
  • 214.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Excavating the Digital Landscape: GIS analyses of social relations in central Sweden in the 1st millennium AD2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a number of GIS based landscape analyses that together aim to explore aspects of the social development in Iron Age Västmanland, central Sweden. From a perspective where nature and culture are seen as integrated in the landscape, differences in the relations to the physical landscape are interpreted as reflecting social organisation. Thus, hydrological modelling of watersheds is used for understanding the development of territories and regions that are recognisable in the outlay of the medieval hundare districts. Statistical modelling of burial grounds together with variables describing their situation in the landscape is used to calculate an estimated chronology for sites that have not yet been excavated. This information is used to analyse differences in how the setting in the landscape can tell of different trends in claims to land and property rights. An extensive renegotiation of property rights is suggested to have taken place after climatic catastrophe in AD 536 and the years after. This is interpreted as having caused a substantial population decline in parts of Scandinavia. The social development after this includes an increasingly stratified social hierarchy in the Late Iron Age, which is reflected in the construction of grave monuments. New GIS methods for analysing how to interpret the perception of different locations of the landscape, in terms of local topography and soil are discussed in relation to this.

     

    How to make the best use of large datasets of archaeological information in combination with other sources of geographical information is a central theme. Geographically Weighted Regression is used to predicting the representativity of the registry of graves for the whole landscape. It is suggested that the increasing availability of archaeological information in digital format, together with new analytical techniques has the potential to introduce fruitful new research perspectives. This will make it increasingly rewarding to work with the large amount of data produced from rescue archaeology, and it is important that this information is managed in a structured manner.

    List of papers
    1. Watersheds as a Method for Reconstructing Regions and Territories in GIS
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Watersheds as a Method for Reconstructing Regions and Territories in GIS
    2007 (English)In: Digital Discovery. Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage: CAA 2006 Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Proceedings of the 34th Conference, Fargo, United States, April 2006. / [ed] Jeffrey T. Clark & Emily M. Hagemeister, Budapest: Archaeolingua , 2007, p. 143-149Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a method for reconstructing territories through the calculation of watersheds from the topography is put forward. Watershed could, in some cases, work as a natural uniting factor for a region, e.g., connecting a region through a system of rivers used for communications,as a unit for land management, or as an otherwise uniting element. This method provides an opportunity to analyze territories and regions that, although often difficult to distinguish in the archaeological material, are crucially important for the understanding of past societies. This article illustrates the use of watershed analyses in relation to territorial units through examples from the province of Västmanland in central Sweden, and Hawaii, but the method could be applied to any geographical area.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Budapest: Archaeolingua, 2007
    National Category
    Archaeology
    Research subject
    Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110993 (URN)978-963-8046-90-1 (ISBN)
    Conference
    Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology
    Available from: 2009-12-01 Created: 2009-12-01 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
    2. Landscapes of death: GIS modelling of a dated sequence of prehistoric cemeteries in Västmanland, Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Landscapes of death: GIS modelling of a dated sequence of prehistoric cemeteries in Västmanland, Sweden
    2009 (English)In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 83, no 322, p. 1134-1143Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We will never be able to excavate everything – nor should we – but it would be good to know howto make the best use of what is visible in the landscape to write social prehistories. In this projectthe author creates a set of parameters for the 1000 mound-cemeteries seen north of Lake M¨alarenand clusters them by period, using 51 examples that have been excavated and dated. The resultis that 1000 cemeteries can now be allocated to period, with that special kind of confidence inwhich statisticians rejoice.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    York: Antiquity Publications, 2009
    Keywords
    Sweden, Västmanland, Bronze Age, Iron Age, cemeteries, monuments, GIS, discriminant analysis, SPSS
    National Category
    Archaeology
    Research subject
    Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111003 (URN)000273237100019 ()
    Available from: 2009-12-01 Created: 2009-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
    3. Using Geographically Weighted Regression to Predict Site Representativity
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using Geographically Weighted Regression to Predict Site Representativity
    2010 (English)In: Making History Interactive: Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) Proceedings of the 37th International Conference, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States of America, March 22-26, 2009. / [ed] Frischer, Bernard, Webb Crawford, Jane and Koller, David., Oxford: Archaeopress , 2010, p. 203-215Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an attempt to use GWR in the ArcGIS environment to explore representativity of sites (burial grounds) in the Mälardalen area in central Sweden. This area has a large number of burial grounds that survive in the landscape and form the base for a settlement analysis of the Iron Age landscape. Large-scale rescue excavations from the 1980s onwards have shown that although there are a large number of sites that are visible in the landscape, there are also a significant number that for different reasons have not been recorded. These could either be sites that have been damaged by later agricultural activities, or that simply have been missed in the surveys. Building on the results of some of the major archaeological projects recently initiated as part of infrastructure developments in the region, the representativity of the known archaeological record is examined. This information is crucial for the further analysis of the region using the archaeological record of surveyed sites. The results of this analysis are presented in the paper, along with a discussion on the benefits of the GWR technique for raster-based landscape analysis in archaeology.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010
    Series
    BAR International Series ; 2079
    Keywords
    GIS, GWR, Statistical Modeling, Landscape Archaeology
    National Category
    Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111297 (URN)978-1-905739-32-5 (ISBN)
    Conference
    Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology 2009
    Available from: 2009-12-11 Created: 2009-12-09 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
    4. Digital Perceptions of the Landscape: A GIS based analysis of the location of burial grounds in Västmanland, Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital Perceptions of the Landscape: A GIS based analysis of the location of burial grounds in Västmanland, Sweden
    2010 (English)In: Acta Archaeologica, ISSN 0065-101X, E-ISSN 1600-0390, Vol. 81, no 1, p. 124-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2010
    National Category
    Archaeology
    Research subject
    Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111305 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0390.2010.00320.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2009-12-09 Created: 2009-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
    5. The Iron Age Shock Doctrine: What were the mechanisms behind the social changes in Scandinavia at the middle of the first millennium AD?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Iron Age Shock Doctrine: What were the mechanisms behind the social changes in Scandinavia at the middle of the first millennium AD?
    (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
    National Category
    Archaeology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111306 (URN)
    Available from: 2009-12-09 Created: 2009-12-09 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
  • 215.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Knowledge production with data from archaeological excavations2018In: Archaeology and Archaeological Information in the Digital Society / [ed] Huvila, Isto, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 37-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology and Archaeological Information in the Digital Society shows how the digitization of archaeological information, tools and workflows, and their interplay with both old and new non-digital practices throughout the archaeological information process, affect the outcomes of archaeological work, and in the end, our general understanding of the human past.

    Whereas most of the literature related to archaeological information work has been based on practical and theoretical considerations within specific areas of archaeology, this innovative volume combines and integrates intra- and extra-disciplinary perspectives to archaeological work, looking at archaeology from both the inside and outside.

    With fields studies from museums and society, and pioneering new academic research, Archaeology and Archaeological Information in the Digital Society will interest archaeologists across the board.

  • 216.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Landscapes of death: GIS modelling of a dated sequence of prehistoric cemeteries in Västmanland, Sweden2009In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 83, no 322, p. 1134-1143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We will never be able to excavate everything – nor should we – but it would be good to know howto make the best use of what is visible in the landscape to write social prehistories. In this projectthe author creates a set of parameters for the 1000 mound-cemeteries seen north of Lake M¨alarenand clusters them by period, using 51 examples that have been excavated and dated. The resultis that 1000 cemeteries can now be allocated to period, with that special kind of confidence inwhich statisticians rejoice.

  • 217.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    The Iron Age Shock Doctrine: What were the mechanisms behind the social changes in Scandinavia at the middle of the first millennium AD?Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 218.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Using Geographically Weighted Regression to Predict Site Representativity2010In: Making History Interactive: Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA) Proceedings of the 37th International Conference, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States of America, March 22-26, 2009. / [ed] Frischer, Bernard, Webb Crawford, Jane and Koller, David., Oxford: Archaeopress , 2010, p. 203-215Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an attempt to use GWR in the ArcGIS environment to explore representativity of sites (burial grounds) in the Mälardalen area in central Sweden. This area has a large number of burial grounds that survive in the landscape and form the base for a settlement analysis of the Iron Age landscape. Large-scale rescue excavations from the 1980s onwards have shown that although there are a large number of sites that are visible in the landscape, there are also a significant number that for different reasons have not been recorded. These could either be sites that have been damaged by later agricultural activities, or that simply have been missed in the surveys. Building on the results of some of the major archaeological projects recently initiated as part of infrastructure developments in the region, the representativity of the known archaeological record is examined. This information is crucial for the further analysis of the region using the archaeological record of surveyed sites. The results of this analysis are presented in the paper, along with a discussion on the benefits of the GWR technique for raster-based landscape analysis in archaeology.

  • 219.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Watersheds as a Method for Reconstructing Regions and Territories in GIS2007In: Digital Discovery. Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage: CAA 2006 Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Proceedings of the 34th Conference, Fargo, United States, April 2006. / [ed] Jeffrey T. Clark & Emily M. Hagemeister, Budapest: Archaeolingua , 2007, p. 143-149Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a method for reconstructing territories through the calculation of watersheds from the topography is put forward. Watershed could, in some cases, work as a natural uniting factor for a region, e.g., connecting a region through a system of rivers used for communications,as a unit for land management, or as an otherwise uniting element. This method provides an opportunity to analyze territories and regions that, although often difficult to distinguish in the archaeological material, are crucially important for the understanding of past societies. This article illustrates the use of watershed analyses in relation to territorial units through examples from the province of Västmanland in central Sweden, and Hawaii, but the method could be applied to any geographical area.

  • 220.
    Malmström, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Benen från Signallottan: En animalosteologisk analys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Animal bones found on archaeological sites can be connected to the economic structures of the society and what activities the humans performed. During the Merovingian Period and the Viking Age on the island of Gotland there are several sites that have been difficult to interpret. One of these sites is Signallottan which has several finds that are connected to iron working but also a lot of cremated animal bones. The proposed study investigates how the animal bones are connected to the site and what purpose they had. The study also compares the site to other archaeological sites to see how they differ. This will be achieved by analyzing the animal remains found at the site. The material consists of roughly 56 kilograms of bones that were excavated during 2018 and is currently stored in the osteological laboratory in Visby, Sweden. This study leaves some questions open but most likely Signallottan has only had one main purpose. What this purpose is, is still unknown and needs further research.

  • 221.
    Manyanga, Munyaradze
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Resilient Landscapes: socio-environmental dynamics in the Shashi-Limpopo Basin, southern Zimbabwe c. AD 800 to the present2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general perception today is that the Shashi-Limpopo Basin in southern Africa is hot and dry and not conducive to human habitation. Today there is no doubt that the Shashi-Limpopo Basin has been home to many communities throughout the pre-historical period. A study of the changing ecological conditions in the Mateke Hills and the Shashi-Limpopo Valley as well as historical and present day land-usage offers an alternative explanation of how prehistoric communities could have interacted with this changing landscape. The archaeological record, historical sources and recent land-use patterns show that settlement location has always been orientated towards the rivers and circumscribed environments. The mosaic of floodplains, wetlands, drylands and circumscribed zones provided the ideal ecological setting for the development of socio-political complexity in southern Africa. The resilience of these semi arid savanna regions together with human innovation and local knowledge ensured that societies continued to derive subsistence even in the face of seasonal variability in rainfall and even climate change.

  • 222.
    Marchant, Rob
    et al.
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Richer, Suzi
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England;Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    Boles, Oliver
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Capitani, Claudia
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Studies, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Prendergast, Mary E.
    St Louis Univ, Dept Anthropol, Ave Valle 34, Madrid 28003, Spain.
    Stump, Daryl.
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    De Cort, Gijs
    Royal Museum Cent Africa, Dept Earth Sci, Leuvensesteenweg 13, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium;Univ Ghent, Dept Biol, Limnol Unit, KL Ledeganckstr 35, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Kaplan, Jed O.
    ARVE Res SARL, Pully, Switzerland;Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Dept Archaeol, Kahlaische Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany.
    Phelps, Leanne
    Univ Lausanne, Inst Earth Surface Dynam, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Kay, Andrea
    Univ Lausanne, Inst Earth Surface Dynam, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Olago, Dan
    Univ Nairobi, Inst Climate Change & Adaptat, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Petek, Nik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology.
    Platts, Philip J.
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England;Univ York, Dept Biol, York Y010 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.
    Punwong, Paramita
    Mahidol Univ, Fac Environm & Resource Studies, Salaya 73170, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wynne-Jones, Stephanie
    Univ South Africa, Dept Anthropol & Archaeol, UNISA, POB 392, Pretoria, South Africa.
    Ferro-Vazquez, Cruz
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    Benard, Jacquiline
    Kenya Wildlife Serv, Shimba Hills, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Boivin, Nicole
    Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Dept Archaeol, Kahlaische Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany.
    Crowther, Alison
    Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Dept Archaeol, Kahlaische Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany;Univ Queensland, Sch Social Sci, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.
    Cuni-Sanchez, Aida
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Deere, Nicolas J.
    Univ Kent, Sch Anthropol & Conservat, DICE, Marlowe Bldg, Canterbury CT2 7NR, Kent, England.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Farmer, Jennifer
    Univ Aberdeen, Sch Biol Sci, Aberdeen AB24 3FX, Scotland;Carbon Fdn East Africa, POB 70480 Lubowa Estate, Kampala, Uganda.
    Finch, Jemma
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Sch Agr Earth & Environm Sci, Discipline Geog, Private Bag X01, ZA-3201 Scottsville, South Africa.
    Fuller, Dorian
    UCL, Inst Archaeol, 31-34 Gordon Sq, London WC1H OPY, England.
    Gaillard-Lemdahl, Marie-Jose
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, S-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Gillson, Lindsey
    Univ Cape Town, Plant Conservat Unit, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Cape Town, South Africa;Univ Cape Town, Bot Dept, Private Bag X3, ZA-7701 Cape Town, South Africa.
    Githumbi, Esther
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Kabora, Tabitha
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    Kariuki, Rebecca
    Univ York, Environm Dept, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England.
    Kinyanjui, Rahab
    Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Kyazike, Elizabeth
    Lang, Carol
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    Lejju, Julius
    Mbarara Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Biol, POB 1410, Mbarara, Uganda.
    Morrison, Kathleen D.
    Univ Penn, Dept Anthropol, 3260 South St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.
    Muiruri, Veronica
    Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Mumbi, Cassian
    Tanzania Wildlife Res Inst TAWIRI, Arusha, Tanzania.
    Muthoni, Rebecca
    Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Muzuka, Alfred
    Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Water Resources & Environm Sci & Engn, Arusha, Tanzania.
    Ndiema, Emmanuel
    Natl Museums Kenya, Archaeol Sect, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Nzabandora, Chantal Kabonyi
    Univ Officielle Bukavu, Bukavu, DEM REP CONGO.
    Onjala, Isaya
    Kyambogo Univ, Dept Hist & Archaeol, Kampala, Uganda.
    Schrijver, Annemiek Pas
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rucina, Stephen
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England;Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, POB 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Thornton-Barnett, Senna
    Univ York, Dept Archaeol, Kings Manor, York YO1 7EP, N Yorkshire, England.
    van der Plas, Geert
    Univ Ghent, Dept Biol, Limnol Unit, KL Ledeganckstr 35, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Watson, Elizabeth E.
    Kyambogo Univ, Dept Hist & Archaeol, Kampala, Uganda;Univ Cambridge, Dept Geog, Downing Pl, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England.
    Williamson, David
    IRD, United Nations Ave,POB 30677, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
    Wright, David
    Seoul Natl Univ, Dept Archaeol & Art Hist, 1 Gwanak Ro, Seoul 08826, South Korea.
    Drivers and trajectories of land cover change in East Africa: Human and environmental interactions from 6000 years ago to present2018In: Earth-Science Reviews, ISSN 0012-8252, E-ISSN 1872-6828, Vol. 178, p. 322-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    East African landscapes today are the result of the cumulative effects of climate and land-use change over millennial timescales. In this review, we compile archaeological and palaeoenvironmental data from East Africa to document land-cover change, and environmental, subsistence and land-use transitions, over the past 6000 years. Throughout East Africa there have been a series of relatively rapid and high-magnitude environmental shifts characterised by changing hydrological budgets during the mid- to late Holocene. For example, pronounced environmental shifts that manifested as a marked change in the rainfall amount or seasonality and subsequent hydrological budget throughout East Africa occurred around 4000, 800 and 300 radiocarbon years before present (yr BP). The past 6000 years have also seen numerous shifts in human interactions with East African ecologies. From the mid-Holocene, land use has both diversified and increased exponentially, this has been associated with the arrival of new subsistence systems, crops, migrants and technologies, all giving rise to a sequence of significant phases of land-cover change. The first large-scale human influences began to occur around 4000 yr BP, associated with the introduction of domesticated livestock and the expansion of pastoral communities. The first widespread and intensive forest clearances were associated with the arrival of iron-using early farming communities around 2500 yr BP, particularly in productive and easily-cleared mid-altitudinal areas. Extensive and pervasive land-cover change has been associated with population growth, immigration and movement of people. The expansion of trading routes between the interior and the coast, starting around 1300 years ago and intensifying in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries CE, was one such process. These caravan routes possibly acted as conduits for spreading New World crops such as maize (Zea mays), tobacco (Nicotiana spp.) and tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), although the processes and timings of their introductions remains poorly documented. The introduction of southeast Asian domesticates, especially banana (Musa spp.), rice (Oryza spp.), taro (Colocasia esculenta), and chicken (Gallus gallus), via transoceanic biological transfers around and across the Indian Ocean, from at least around 1300 yr BP, and potentially significantly earlier, also had profound social and ecological consequences across parts of the region. Through an interdisciplinary synthesis of information and metadatasets, we explore the different drivers and directions of changes in land-cover, and the associated environmental histories and interactions with various cultures, technologies, and subsistence strategies through time and across space in East Africa. This review suggests topics for targeted future research that focus on areas and/or time periods where our understanding of the interactions between people, the environment and land-cover change are most contentious and/or poorly resolved. The review also offers a perspective on how knowledge of regional land-use change can be used to inform and provide perspectives on contemporary issues such as climate and ecosystem change models, conservation strategies, and the achievement of nature-based solutions for development purposes.

  • 223.
    Marcus, Sjöman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Arkeologins visuella gestaltning i lokala dagstidningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology is a popular subject which the public has the opportunity to meet in a variety of contexts. In addition to television documentaries, non-fiction and popular science magazines, archaeology has even played a significant role in the fictional world. Apart from these sources, you can also find archaeology in news reports where the newspapers or the tv-stations acts like mediators of archaeological news based on the archaeological work that is currently ongoing in our present time. Since it is now a demand on Swedish contract archaeology to communicate it's results, the news media often gets to play the role as the link between the archaeologists and the public. This paper is based on an analyse of archaeological news presented in local newspapers. The aim of the study was to investigate the visual mediation of archaeology to the reader. The results showed that the visual mediation of archaeological news is not only based on the selection of photos or illustrations. According to this survey, visual mediation can also be constructed using particular words that either describe the factual characteristics or words that alludes to the fictional world. Archaeological news that are channeled through local newspapers tend to reflect a narrow view of the archaeological discipline. The reason for this can probably be seen as a consequence of the relationship between archaeology and the society. In order to broaden the currently prevailing image of the archaeological discipline, this paper arguments for a much closer and more deliberate collaboration between local news media and archaeologists.

  • 224.
    Markus, Felicia
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Living on Another Shore: Early Scandinavian Settlement on the North-Western Estonian Coast2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior to the Second World War, there was a Swedish-speaking population settled on the north-western Estonian coasts. The early history of this group is largely unknown. No colonisation is mentioned in the written sources. The earliest such sources that mention Swedes originate in the late thirteenth century. The organisation of land use patterns remains obscure until the sixteenth-seventeenth centuries.

    In early research, these Swedes were viewed as a remnant of an old Germanic indigenous population. In more modern research the colonisation is usually linked to the Danish-German conquest of Estonia in the thirteenth century. It has been suggested that Swedes arrived under the protection of the new Christian landlords, to settle in uninhabited coastal regions that were utilised only extensively.

    In this thesis, previous research relating to the early phase of Swedish settlement, based primarily on studies of the few preserved medieval written documents and on linguistic material, is critically reviewed, as is the existing source material.

    Field investigations using modern methodology have for the first time been conducted in order to introduce new material into the discussion. The results from the Nuckö peninsula and Enby village demonstrate a long period of settlement continuity. Settlement was initiated in the early Iron Age. In the late Viking Period and the early Middle Ages a period of expansion can be observed. Questions of ethnicity and continuity are explored, and it is suggested that the colonisation is best understood in the context of long-term contacts maintained across the Baltic Sea. The settlement is viewed as a spontaneous peasant colonisation. In the late Iron Age-early Middle Ages, there is probably a link to the settlement expansion observable in Scandinavia and in other parts of Europe. It is also quite conceivable that coastal populations from the western side of the Baltic Sea had utilised the special ecological niche associated with these coastal regions even earlier.

  • 225.
    Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Dalarnas museum.
    Stones in the South: Decoding Bronze Age Ritual Practices on Gotland2017In: Current Swedish Archaeology, ISSN 1102-7355, Vol. 25, p. 227-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we discuss the ritual practices and ritualization in the Bronze Age society on Gotland based on archaeological investigations of cairn milieus and stone ship contexts. We explore whether erected stones and demarcations on the south to south-west side of the Bronze Age cairns are the norm and whether this phenomenon occurred during the Bronze Age. We also discuss whether our archaeological research can support long-term use of cairn milieus for ritual purposes.

  • 226.
    Mattisson Olsson, Linda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Blekinges skogsbygd: järnålder till medeltid2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The woodlands in the north of Blekinge are traditionally seen as an zone without traces of prehistory. Literature discussing the pre-history and early medieval times in Blekinge usually describes the north of the county as a thick unfriendly and impenetrable forest. This is with certainty very easy to believe for someone walking in the thick spruce. Only, in the iron age the forests primarily consisted of beech. It could, naturally, still have been hard to penetrate but a forest consisting of deciduous, gives another basis. The woodlands contains a lot of remains from our history, as ruins from small cottages and cairns who was created during the time when even the woods where an agricultural place. Finds from the pre-history though, are scarce. Though there are some indications that a closer look could pay of.With the neighbouring county's as references there are some features worth checking up on. For one, the thousands of cairns residing in the woods, could, according to investigations performed in Småland, have been started as early as the stone age, though more often in the iron age or the medieval period. There are also interesting finds as "eldslagningsstenar", stones assumed to have been used to get a fire going. Some have been found in Blekinges woodland area and they could indicate that there were human presence during the iron age. To make conclusions in the matter of "were there people living in the northern regions of Blekinge during pre-history?" is not a simple task, but I think there is reasons to stay open minded and to take care to investigate even areas that have got no pre-historical remains previously recorded.

  • 227.
    Meijer, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Ostkustbanans konsekvenser: En makrofossilanalys i Gamla Uppsala2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gamla Uppsala is a spectacular area filled with archeological remains dating back to the Iron Age. There have been several excavations in the area, the biggest one carried out between 2012 and 2013 with the construction of a tunnel that is a part of the railroad Ostkustbanan.An important tool in understanding the Iron Age civilization in Gamla Uppsala is to know what houses were used for. This is where a method called macrofossil analysis can be used with great success. By analyzing earth samples from postholes, graves, wells and hearths macrofossils like seeds and slag can be found and used to interpret a house based on the material.This study is going to use samples that were not prioritized during the excavations for the analysis in order to answer what function these houses had.The macrofossil analysis conducted during this study showed a lot of fresh seeds but also charred material that consisted mostly of grain seeds. An interpretation of the houses using the material found within the earth samples was made and the postholes was likely dwelling houses.Hopefully this study can contribute to a further understanding of Gamla Uppsala during the Iron Ages.

  • 228.
    Menander, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Den goda döden: Arkeologiska studier av gravar och begravningspraxis i S:t Olof konventet i Skänninge2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ”The Good Death,” an archeological study of graves, burial rituals and practices at the Dominican convent St. Olof in Skänninge, is a dissertation arising out of the large grave materials from various archeological investigations of the convent. A total of six investigations have been made of the convent within the framework of the so called Skänninge Project (Skänningeprojektet). In a number of these excavations, graves from the burial ground of the Dominican convent have been more or less in focus. In total, 287 graves have been excavated, generally showing great homogeneity of interment practices. The majority of the graves lacks all kind of grave goods, and most of the deceased have been interred without a coffin.

    The overall focus has been on understanding the graves and the burial customs in a contemporaneous and situational context. The dissertation does not primarily focus on the Dominican order in itself, although it works as a major actor in the framework of the graves. For this purpose, a so-called archeothanatological method is used to analyze the burials. The intention is thus to clarify general features in the funeral tradition in the convent, and their possible connection to the role of the Dominicans as ritual specialists. In this context, the interior design of the Dominician church has also played a significant role, which is important for the choice of burial site as well as for the rituals performed for the deceased. Therefore, it is primarily a dissertation that deals with medieval burials and funeral rituals, but in a special context. The object has been to use the graves as an important archaeological source material, partially studied with new methods, to create new questions. These questions are discussed an analyzed in the light of other archaeological finds, as well as historical and other source materials.

  • 229.
    Menard, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Kvinnliga gravar under Vikingatid2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to examine female Viking burials during the Iron Age. Issues such as what is a grave and in what way gender studies have influenced Viking woman`s research are the focus issues in this study. How has the view of male and female in graves changed over time and how have the objects in these graves influenced the gender approach?  I will in this essay delineate myself to the Viking age during the 800-1050 AD. The geographical demarcation is Scandinavia and my intention is to focus on analyzing three excavated graves interpreted as female. In this way I will try to understand various researchers interpretation of gender. This study is a qualitative research overview through literature studies. 

    The result showed that the objects in the graves were previously interpreted as typically female or male, but that earlier view must now go through a paradigm shift. The archaeologist must now interpret the graves in a completely new way, where you can use genus archaeology along with other analyzes to broaden the previous approach, and not interpret the subjects as typically male and female according to old standards.

  • 230.
    Monié Nordin, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Metals of Metabolism: The Construction of Industrial Space and the Commodification of Early Modern Sápmi2015In: Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism / [ed] Mark P. Leone & Jocelyn Knauf., New York: Springer, 2015, p. 249-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1634, silver was found in inland Sápmi, on the present border between Norway and Sweden. The Swedish Crown had the ore extracted and a works for refining the silver was established in Silbojokk the following year. During the coming decades, two more works and many mines were opened in Sápmi. Sámi, Swedish and Dutch/German migrant workers were employed under restrictive conditions and in a harsh climate. A colonial discourse was developed, viewing Sápmi as the Americas of the Swedes and the Sámi as distinctly non-Swedish/non-European. Expectations of rapid economic and political gain created a metabolic relation to natural resources. The precious metals were exploited at whatever cost. This process caused a change in the perception of man, landscape and nature. Soon, the metal ores were exhausted and all the woods cut down. The three works studied here were all abandoned during the seventeenth century. The metabolic relation to the landscape and the process of commodifying nature prevailed and laid the foundation for later industrial expansion during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

  • 231.
    Monié Nordin, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Collecting Sápmi: Early modern collecting of Sámi material culture2015In: Nordisk Museologi, ISSN 1103-8152, Vol. 2, p. 114-122Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the research project Collecting Sápmi. Early modern globalization of Sámi material culture and Sámi cultural heritage today, financed by the Swedish Research Council 2014–18. The aim of the project is to examine early modern collecting of Sámi material culture and early descriptions of Sámi culture, primarily in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. We aim to study early modern networks of scholars and collectors interested in Sámi material culture, to investigate how and why the collecting was conducted, and to follow the movement of Sámi objects between collections and collectors around Europe. Furthermore, the project aims to discuss the importance of early modern collecting and the collected objects in today’s society. Here, critical issues are raised concerning colonial histories and relations in Sápmi, motivations and ideologies of collecting over time, as well as the

  • 232.
    Muehlemann, Barbara
    et al.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Ctr Pathogen Evolut, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, England.
    Margaryan, Ashot
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark;Natl Acad Sci, Inst Mol Biol, Yerevan 0014, Armenia.
    Damgaard, Peter de Barros
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Allentoft, Morten E.
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Vinner, Lasse
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Hansen, Anders J.
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Weber, Andrzej
    Univ Alberta, Dept Anthropol, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H4, Canada.
    Bazaliiskii, Vladimir I.
    Irkutsk State Univ, Dept Hist, Irkutsk 664003, Russia.
    Molak, Martyna
    Polish Acad Sci, Museum & Inst Zool, PL-00679 Warsaw, Poland.
    Arneborg, Jette
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch GeoSci, Edinburgh EH8 9XP, Midlothian, Scotland;Natl Museum Denmark, DK-1220 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Bogdanowicz, Wieslaw
    Polish Acad Sci, Museum & Inst Zool, PL-00679 Warsaw, Poland.
    Falys, Ceri
    TVAS, Reading RG1 5NR, Berks, England.
    Sablin, Mikhail
    Russian Acad Sci, Zool Inst, Lab Theriol, St Petersburg 199034, Russia.
    Smrcka, Vaclav
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Inst Hist Med & Foreign Languages, Prague 12108, Czech Republic.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Tashbaeva, Kadicha
    Natl Acad Sci, Inst Hist & Cultural Heritage, Bishkek 720001, Kyrgyzstan.
    Lynnerup, Niels
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Forens Med, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sikora, Martin
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Smith, Derek J.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Ctr Pathogen Evolut, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, England.
    Fouchier, Ron A. M.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Virosci, NL-3015 CN Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Drosten, Christian
    Charite Univ Med Berlin, Inst Virol, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.
    Sjogren, Karl-Goran
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Hist Studies, S-41261 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kristiansen, Kristian
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Hist Studies, S-41261 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Willerslev, Eske
    Univ Copenhagen, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, Ctr GeoGenet, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark;Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge GeoGenet Grp, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, England;Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Hinxton CB10 1SA, England.
    Jones, Terry C.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Ctr Pathogen Evolut, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, England;Charite Univ Med Berlin, Inst Virol, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.
    Ancient human parvovirus B19 in Eurasia reveals its long-term association with humans2018In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 115, no 29, p. 7557-7562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a ubiquitous human pathogen associated with a number of conditions, such as fifth disease in children and arthritis and arthralgias in adults. B19V is thought to evolve exceptionally rapidly among DNA viruses, with substitution rates previously estimated to be closer to those typical of RNA viruses. On the basis of genetic sequences up to similar to 70 years of age, the most recent common ancestor of all B19V has been dated to the early 1800s, and it has been suggested that genotype 1, the most common B19V genotype, only started circulating in the 1960s. Here we present 10 genomes (63.9-99.7% genome coverage) of B19V from dental and skeletal remains of individuals who lived in Eurasia and Greenland from similar to 0.5 to similar to 6.9 thousand years ago (kya). In a phylogenetic analysis, five of the ancient B19V sequences fall within or basal to the modern genotype 1, and five fall basal to genotype 2, showing a long-term association of B19V with humans. The most recent common ancestor of all B19V is placed similar to 12.6 kya, and we find a substitution rate that is an order of magnitude lower than inferred previously. Further, we are able to date the recombination event between genotypes 1 and 3 that formed genotype 2 to similar to 5.0-6.8 kya. This study emphasizes the importance of ancient viral sequences for our understanding of virus evolution and phylogenetics.

  • 233.
    Nathalie, Bärgman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Det är något med hästar..: En osteoarkeologisk studie av hästen som offer på Gotland, Stora Karlsö och Öland.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is something about horses. Something that through the ages has made people see these animals as something special, almost magical. The use, care and murder of these animals contain information of high value for archaeology. Information that can be hard to find in other materials.These animals and their final resting places bear traces of the emic values and inner worlds of the people that once put them there. People’s thoughts, values and traditions can be visualised from the bodies of the horses that once served them, at times gave their lives for them.The purpose of this essay is to study possible regional similarities and differences in the tradition relating to living and dead horses. This is done through osteological analysis of skeletal remains mainly of horse (Equus) and analysis of the archaeological contexts.The initial hypothesis was that the reason for a somewhat scarce representation of skeletal remains of horse in some places, perhaps relates to how the people in these places handled the bodies of the horses due to tradition and norms within their society.The study also sets out to examine what has made up the foundation for an interpretation of sacrifice and ritual, problematise the application of the concept of sacrifice as well as how archaeology as a research field has been affected and influenced by these notions.A delamination was made to Iron Age since the use of horses for man’s benefit and enjoyment was well established by that time. Geographically a delamination has been made to the islands of Gotland, Stora Karlsö and Öland with the intention of creating a distinct island perspective, where peculiar and unique traditions as well as more general similarities are allowed the same presuppositions. For this reason, three materials from the chosen geographical areas have been subject to osteological analysis; Stormyr in Bäl Parish on Gotland, Norderhamn in Eksta Parish on Stora Karlsö and a material from Löt Parish on Öland.The results show a general pattern in handling as well as in how both living and dead horses were perceived in the studied locations. However, it is also clear that regional differences occur in these areas.No osteological markers that can indicate any difference in type between the analysed horses have been found. There is however some trauma that indicates that some horses may have been used as workforce and means of transportation for example.The result also show that several factors in the represented cases could have affected the basis of estimation that led to a ritualistic interpretation, for example the frequency of finds, the extent of exploitation of an area, education, the development of methodology over time, etc.

  • 234.
    Navarro, Sigourney Nina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    The Crematorium of Hanga Hahave on Rapa Nui (Easter Island): What stories can the skeletal remains reveal. 2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses an osteological approach and applies the study of entanglement in an attempt to understand the crematoria on Rapa Nui (Easter Island), which represent a unique tradition within the ceremonial spheres of the Polynesian area. Skeletal remains from the crematorium of ahu Hanga Hahave, which consist of both cremated - and unburned remains, have been analysed to reveal the different practices that took part in the cremation process and to identify the individuals that were deposited in such structure. Ethnohistorical records were applied to interpret the osteological evidence and to discuss the circumstances surrounding the possible use of the crematorium, as either a site for sacrificial offerings or a site for burials.  This paper aims at creating an underlying basis for the study of crematoria on Rapa Nui and provides an overview of the processes central to the disposal of the dead and the usage and significance of this structure. The results of this study showed that the ancient Rapanui through the practice of cremation, followed an internalised structure within their society to complete each cultural act that constituted the crematorium, and these were divided in the construction of the crematorium, the making of fire, and the treatment of the dead. The complexity of each cultural act presents the possibility that an organised society, with at least one designated head, may have been in charge of the practice of cremation physically and spiritually. The skeletal remains could not be applied to determine whether the crematorium of Hanga Hahave was used for sacrificial offering or for burial since the analysed remains only represented one-fifth of the entire bone collection from the crematorium. However, the findings of this study have pointed towards a burial practice rather than a sacrificial one.

  • 235.
    Neiß (Neiss), Michael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Sholts, Sabrina Bannister
    Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C..
    Wärmländer, Sebastian
    Institutionen för biofysik och biokemi, Stockholms universitet.
    New applications of 3D modeling in artefact analysis: three case studies in Viking Age brooches2016In: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, ISSN 1866-9557, E-ISSN 1866-9565, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 651-662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three-dimensional (3D) laser scanning is a nondestructive and versatile technique that provides archaeologists with 3D models of archaeological and ethnographic objects. We have previously shown that 3D models facilitate shape analysis of archaeological bones and stone tools, due to the high measurement accuracy inherent in the latest generation of 3D laser scanners. Here, we explore the utility of 3D modeling as a tool for analyzing Viking Age metal artefacts with complex morphologies. Four highly ornate Viking Age brooches from Scandinavia and Russia were digitized with a portable laser scanner, and the resulting 3D models were used in three case studies of (a) artefact reconstruction, (b) tool mark analysis, and (c) motif documentation. The results revealed both strengths and limitations of the employed techniques. 3D modeling proved to be very well suited for artefact reconstruction and was helpful also in the stylistic and motif analysis. The tool mark analysis was only partially successful, due to the resolution limits of the laser scanner used. 3D-based motif analysis of a grandiose Scandinavian-style brooch from Yelets, Russia, identified an anthropomorphic figure with a bird-like body that previously has been overlooked. This figure may be a Rurikid coat of arms, possibly linking the object to a princely household and providing further evidence for a connection between Scandinavia and the Rurikids. As 3D technology keeps improving, we expect that additional applications for 3D modeling in archaeology will be developed, likely leading to many new findings when old objects are re-analyzed with modern techniques. However, our results indicate that 3D modeling cannot completely replace traditional artefact analysis—instead, we argue that the two approaches are best used in combination.

  • 236.
    Nike, Holtes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Vendeltida ryggknappspännen på Gotland: En studie av fyndkontexter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Vendel period, Early Medieval or Merovingian period as it’s called in the rest of Europe, is a time full of wonderful artefacts. Many are those that have heard of the fantastic boat-graves in Vendel and Valsgärde in Sweden and the very similar Sutton Hoo in Great Britain, but what about Gotland?

    Most of the papers discussing this period focus only on the area around lake Mälaren but I want to contribute by placing Gotland and its artefacts in the center.

    This paper will focus on disc-on-bow brooches, the special kind of gilded buckles, inlaid with garnets or niello, that are found mostly in women graves from the Vendel period on Gotland and how they can be dated from the differences in shape and the ornamentation.

    The aim of this text is to by analysing the grave finds in several women graves on Gotland get an idea about the woman who wore the brooch and her social status. The discussion has a gender theme and will discuss the sometimes flawed theory that graves that contain jewellery always belongs to women and graves with weapons always belongs to men. This study shows that the button-on-bow brooches does not indicate any clear differences between women with brooches and those who does not have them, but other artefacts in the graves might.

  • 237.
    Nilsson, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Gotlandic Villas: Implications of the distribution of high status finds in Gotlandic Iron Age houses known as “kämpgravar”2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to on one hand give a good overview of finds found in gotlandic stonefoundationhouses (kämpgravar) that were commonly built during the Iron Age and on the other hand investigate the possibility of separating some houses from others and trace social stratification and hierarchies based on the finds. The items of special interest for this goal were those that could be connected to wealth such as drinking objects, Roman objects and objects made of silver and gold. This investigation has shown that on Gotland it actually existed some, often enormous, houses that had a special tendency to hoard exotic valuables. The real standout houses on this subject are the one in Stavgard and the recently excavated building in Hellvi. A secondart goal was to investigate the possibility to date the buildings based on the finds, which was found to be very problematic. (Two years master’s thesis in Archaeology) 

  • 238.
    Nilsson-Björk, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Gribshunden, en studie av site formation process2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

      

    Today’s knowledge about late medieval ships is very poor, especially when it comes to caravel-built warships in northern Europe. In 1971 some sport divers found a wreck in the archipelago of Ronneby, that proved to be the Danish king Hans great ship Gribshunden, which sank in 1495. The wreck has been investigated in recent years by Kalmar läns museum and MARIS from Södertörn högskola. The research potential is from an archaeological perspective tremendous. The wreck is in very good condition compared to other finds around the world, it is unique. My intention with this thesis is to find out why the wreck hasn’t disintegrated and totally disappeared like most of contemporary wrecks. To understand the factors that are involved in the decomposition process, the wreck is analyzed with regard to Keith Muckelroy´s maritime version of “site formation process”, which presents a set of analytic tools to assess how different processes affect a wreck and its find place, both in the short and long terms. Hopefully, this thesis might be useful when it comes to find still undiscovered wrecks in similar environments.         

  • 239.
    Nordahl, Else
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Valsgärde 142018Book (Refereed)
    The full text will be freely available from 2019-12-31 12:00
  • 240.
    Nordin, Jonas M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Center of Diversity: Sami in Early Modern Stockholm in the Light of European Colonial Expansion. A Historical Archaeological Approach2018In: International Journal of Historical Archaeology, ISSN 1092-7697, E-ISSN 1573-7748, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 663-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the presence of Sami in central and southern Sweden in the seventeenth century. The Nordic countries have generally been believed to be ethnically homogeneous, with the** colonial subjects not being present in the center of these empires. If the multicultural aspects of early modern Nordic countries are at all discussed, Sami and other ethnic groups are understood as peoples living on the outskirts of the empires. This notion has cemented an idea that cities such as Copenhagen or Stockholm were inhabited solely by peoples from southern Scandinavia and the continent. Drawing on the experience of the role and presence of indigenous people from the Americas and the Arctic in cities such as London in the seventeenth century, this paper examines the multi-ethnic aspects of early modern Stockholm, capital of Sweden, as an imperial center.

  • 241.
    Nordin, Jonas M.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hunters in Transition: An Outline of Early Sami History2015In: Medieval Archaeology, ISSN 0076-6097, E-ISSN 1745-817X, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 398-399Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Nordin, Jonas M.
    et al.
    Historiska museet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Collecting, Connecting, Constructing: Early modern commodification and globalization of Sámi material culture2018In: Journal of material culture, ISSN 1359-1835, E-ISSN 1460-3586, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 58-82Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the role of material culture in the enforcing of a colonial order in early modern Sápmi (Land of the Sámi, the indigenous people in northern Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula in Russia). In addition, the article focuses on the unequal power relations created through the collecting and cultural appropriation of Sámi objects. The 17th century saw a rapid growth of interest in the Sámi and their material culture. Clothing, sledges, ceremonial drums and other objects were collected for royal and noble courts of Europe, as well as for scholars and other collectors. This Eurocentric process of constructing Sáminess was concurrent with colonial attitudes towards non-European peoples. Empirically, the article explores the collecting of Sámi objects, clothes and religious/sacred material culture such as ceremonial drums and sieidis, as well as models and mannequins, and their role in the colonial rule and imperial representations of Sápmi.

  • 243.
    Nordin, Jonas M.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Copper Worlds: A historical archaeology of Abraham and Jakob Momma-Reenstierna and their industrial enterprise in the Torne River Valley, c. 1650-16802017In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 103-133Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the industrial enterprise of the Dutch-born brothers Abraham and Jakob Momma-Reenstierna and their investments in Sápmi and the upper parts of the Torne River Valley, northern Sweden, during the second half of the seventeenth century. The aim is to explore the driving forces behind the industrial projects of the two brothers in a larger global and colonial context. With inspiration from recent critical studies on the simplifications, and Eurocentrism, in earlier understandings of the birth of modernity, we focus on the modernizing processes taking place in the upper part of the Torne River Valley as a meeting zone between local populations and landscapes and external capital. Metal extraction was booming in the seventeenth-century Sámi areas. Both the Danish-Norwegian and the Swedish Crowns invested heavily in the mining of silver, copper and iron. The scientific focus in archaeology and history has hitherto been very much on the state-governed projects, and limited interest has been directed towards the private enterprises. Moreover, there is also a need to study the roles of the local Finnish and Sámi populations, as well as the global connections, in these colonial industrial projects.

  • 244.
    Norström, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Noren, Gabriel
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Univ Cologne, Inst Geol & Mineral, D-50923 Cologne, Germany.
    Smittenberg, Rienk H.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Massuanganhe, Elidio A.
    Univ Eduardo Mondlane, Dept Geol, CP 257, Maputo, Mozambique.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Leaf wax delta D inferring variable medieval hydroclimate and early initiation of Little Ice Age (LIA) dryness in southern Mozambique2018In: Global and Planetary Change, ISSN 0921-8181, E-ISSN 1872-6364, Vol. 170, p. 221-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A sediment sequence from a coastal, hydrologically isolated lake in southern Mozambique was analysed for leaf wax delta D, n-alkane abundance (ACL) and bulk organic geochemistry (delta C-13, TOC, %N), providing a record of past rainfall variability and savanna dynamics over the last 1500 years. The delta D-wax a rainfall reconstruction reveals a stable hydroclimate between 500-700 CE, while ACL and delta C-13 together with previous pollen data suggest savanna vegetation was characterized by a relatively dense woody cover. Highly variable hydroclimate conditions are inferred by delta D-wax between 800-1350 CE, with repeated centennial scale intervals of extreme dry and wet conditions overlapping the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; 950-1250 CE). Savanna tree cover stayed relatively intact over this phase. After ca 1250 CE, a progressive change towards drier conditions was initiated, leading up to maximum aridity during the AD 1700s, a period associated with the Little Ice age (LIA; 1500-1850 CE). Tree cover was now replaced by a more grass-dominated savanna. The clear antiphase rainfall patterns between Nhaucati and equatorial East African proxy records gives support to the notion that Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) gradients act as modulator of southern African climate on a multi-decadal time scale, possibly forced by long-term El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) variability. We suggest that strong ENSO variability and greater occurrence of La Nina events triggered the generally wet and unstable MCA in southern Africa. From around 1250 CE, a shift towards a predominance of El Nino induced drier conditions in south-east Africa during the LIA. Our study of vegetation and hydroclimate proxies in parallel suggests that savanna tree and shrub cover was relatively resilient to the abrupt shifts in hydroclimate over the MCA, but more sensitive to the long-term progressive drying over the LIA.

  • 245.
    Norström, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Geol Sci, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Öberg, Helena
    Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sitoe, Sandra R.
    Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ Eduardo Mondlane, Dept Geol, Maputo, Mozambique..
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Westerberg, Lars-Ove
    Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Risberg, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Vegetation dynamics within the savanna biome in southern Mozambique during the late Holocene2018In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 277-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores temporal dynamics within grassland and Miombo woodland ecosystems in southern Mozambique and their potential coupling to hydro-climate change during the late-Holocene period. Palaeo-reconstructions are based on phytolith and diatom assemblages and mineral magnetic properties in fossil sediments from Lake Chilau, southern Mozambique. Phytolith interpretation was aided by previous ecological studies on modern plants and soils. The Lake Chilau record suggests high abundance of Panicoideae and other mesophytic grasses during the AD 1200s and 1300s, followed by an increase in Chloridoideae and grasses of more xerophytic affinity between ca. AD 1400 and 1550. This vegetation transition takes place during the early phase of the so-called Little Ice Age' (LIA), when regional palaeoclimate records report a shift from warmer and wetter towards drier and cooler conditions in southern Africa. Concurrent to these shifts within the grassland biome, the Chilau record reports an increase in phytoliths associated with arboreal vegetation (ca. AD 1400-1550), probably associated with the woody component of the Miombo savanna ecosystem. This supports previous studies hypothesizing that the forest component of the Miombo savanna was favoured by LIA dryness, although at Chilau, this expansion may have been amplified by a decline in fire disturbance. These tentative responses in the woody components of the savanna biome to shifts in moisture availability in the past have implications for future management and sustainability of the Miombo ecosystem in southern Mozambique under a changing climate.

  • 246.
    Nygren Wåhlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Vid gravfält och åkermark: En landskapsanalys av Upplands runstenar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Runestones are stones with rune carvings on them and were in Uppland mainly raised during the eleventh and early twelfth century. Much of the earlier research done on runestones has focused on their inscriptions and not as much on their placement in the landscape. The placement of runestones has of course also been studied, but not very thoroughly using modern methods, such as GIS. We know that runestones were in many cases multifunctional and could serve as grave stones, memorial monuments or boundary markers etc., and quite a few were raised by burial grounds, roads and other places where they would be seen by many. This essay aims to further explore the placement of runestones by doing a large-scale analysis of Uppland’s runestones’ relation to burial grounds, water and the adjacent lands growing conditions. The stones are in the study categorized after their ornamental style groups, which form a relative chronology, and those that have inscriptions mentioning bridges. The runestones are then compared to one another, based on the three variables earlier mentioned, to see if there are any patterns or differences between them.

  • 247.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Aktuella teoretiska diskussioner och nya perspektiv i nordisk arkeologi: XII Nordic TAG (Theoretical Archaeology Group) vid Uleåborgs universitet 25-28 april 20122012In: Muinaistutkija, ISSN 0781-6790, no 3, p. 43-48Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Anders Wepsäläinen, Stalotomterna - en kritisk granskning av forskningsläget rörande en omdiskuterad fornlämningstyp2012In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, Vol. 135, p. 156-159Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Arkeologisk etik och återförandefrågan - diskussioner i Sverige2010In: Muinaistutkija, ISSN 0781-6790, no 2, p. 37-50Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.
    Challenging archaeology? Some comments on the repatriation and reburial debates2011In: Archaeology of Indigenous Peoples in the North: proceedings from a workshop held in Vuollerim 6000 år : 3-4 december 2005 / [ed] Anders Olofsson, Umeå: Umeå University , 2011, p. 51-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
2345678 201 - 250 of 424
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