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  • 201.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att välja rätt1995In: Tiden, no 2Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 202.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Den teoretiska rättvisan - Teoretisk elegans och empirisk relevans1990In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 93, no 1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 203.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fyra länkar till frågan om EU:s legitimitet1999In: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 102, no 3Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 204.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lycka - pillret och maskinen1996In: Filosofisk tidskrift, no 3Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 205.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Läkaretik och sjukvårdsansvar1992In: Tiden, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 206.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nozicks avfall1993In: Tiden, no 3Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 207.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rättvisa och demokrati: Om prioriteringar i sjukvården : [rationing health care resources]1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation focuses on the growing problem of allocating scarce health care resources inmodem societies. There are several factors which have contributed to the aggravation of thisproblem. The most important is the success. of medical science and technology combined withthe increased longevity of the population, Two issues are raised by these concomitant developments: How should scarce health care resources be allocated? Who should have the authority to do so? These question arc analysed in terms of the core philosophical concepts of justice and democracy.

    Should we be held responsible for our life styles, and is age a justifiable criterion in theselective allocation of health care? These are seen as the two most important aspects when theissue of justice is addressed, particularly in view of the fact that the official Swedish standpoint is that these are not legitimate criteria in this context, whereas both ordinary citizens,politicians and health care personnel on the whole tend to think that they are. At the same time age and personal responsibility are two of the most problematic issues within the current politico-philosophical debate on justice.

    Three fundamental theories of justice are discussed: utilitarianism, Rawlsian rights theories and perfectionism (the latter also including communitarianism). It is shown in the study that the criteria of both age and of personal responsibility can be justified `irrespective of the theory chosen. What are the consequences of this?

    Even though there is no indisputable answer to the question of justice, the possibility ofreasoned argumentation remains. What is needed within this context are institutions supporting the intersubjectivity of both medical and normative discourses of knowledge. Finally, it isargued that only medical doctors can decide on the allocation of scarce health care resources.This responsibility cannot be evaded by introducing randomness to the decision-making process or otherwise rejecting the possibility of reasoned argumentation.

  • 208.
    Axberg, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tur - Om slump vid prioriteringar i sjukvården1993In: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, no 4Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 209.
    Axenborg, Ellen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gendered Comments on Social Media: A Study of the Instagram profiles of Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 210. Back, Hanna
    et al.
    Meier, Henk Erik
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fischer, Joern
    European Integration and Prime Ministerial Power: A Differential Impact on Cabinet Reshuffles in Germany and Sweden2012In: German Politics, ISSN 0964-4008, E-ISSN 1743-8993, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 184-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly assumed that European integration empowers prime ministers at the expense of cabinet ministers and parliamentary actors. This article follows the suggestion that an increase in cabinet reshuffles indicates power shifts in favour of the PM, and studies reshuffles in two countries that have been involved very differently in the process of European integration, Germany and Sweden. It hypothesises that if European integration empowers the PM, the PM will employ cabinet reshuffles more often. By implication, as integration increases, (1) ministerial reshuffles should become more frequent, and (2) political insiders and ministers holding important portfolios should be more likely to be dismissed. The results found in an event history analysis show that EU integration leads to an increase of turnover when looking at Swedish post-war cabinets, whereas no such effect is found for German cabinets. These results are in line with the idea that a differential impact of Europe on intra-executive relations should be expected.

  • 211.
    Badie, Bertrand
    et al.
    Sciences Po, Paris.
    Berg-Schlosser, DirkPhilipps-Universität Marburg.Morlino, LeonardoLUISS Guido Carli.Beck, NathanielNew York University.Carlsnaes, WalterUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Inoguchi, TakashiUniversity of Niigata Prefecture.Peters, B. GuyUniversity of Pittsburgh.
    International Encyclopedia of Political Science2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With entries from leading international scholars from around the world, the International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides a definitive, comprehensive picture of all aspects of political life, recognizing its theoretical foundations and including empirical findings from across the globe. The eight volumes examine all the main subdisciplines of political science and include coverage of comparative politics, epistemology, political economy, political sociology, and international relations. Entries are arranged in alphabetical order, and a list of entries by subject area appears in the front of each volume for ease of use. The Encyclopedia contains a detailed index as well as extensive bibliographical references. Approximately 80 entries on the use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods in political science are provided. The process of democratization will remain a vital topic during the 21st century, and the encyclopedia contains extensive coverage of the evolution of democracy as well as other political systems. Readers will find theoretical and empirical background on other important issues such as global security, the relationship between religion and the state, and political issues related to gender and race/ethnicity. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides an essential, authoritative guide to the state of political science at the start of the 21st century and for decades to come, making it an invaluable resource for a global readership, including researchers, students, citizens, and policy makers.

  • 212. Baeck, Hanna
    et al.
    Dumont, Patrick
    Meier, Henk Erik
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vernby, Kåre
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does European Integration Lead to a 'Presidentialization' of Executive Politics?: Ministerial Selection in Swedish Postwar Cabinets2009In: European Union Politics, ISSN 1465-1165, E-ISSN 1741-2757, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 226-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we address recent claims that executive legislative relations in parliamentary democracies are undergoing important changes owing to either a 'presidentialization' or a 'Europeanization' of domestic political systems. Therefore, we test empirically whether parliamentary democracies are indeed experiencing changes in executive-legislative relations and whether these developments can, in part, be explained by an increase in European integration. Using data on ministerial selection in Swedish cabinets during the years 1952-2006, we find that there appears to be a slight tendency towards 'presidentialization', which is indicated by a decrease in ministers with a parliamentary background being appointed, and that there exists some support for the notion that Sweden's political and economic integration into the European Union is part of the explanation for this change.

  • 213.
    Baekkeskov, Erik
    et al.
    Melbourne University, Australia.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Freezing deliberation through public expert advice2017In: Journal of European Public Policy, ISSN 1350-1763, E-ISSN 1466-4429, Vol. 24, no 7, p. 1006-1026Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When important public issues are debated, many options for government action should be subjected to serious reflection. Constrained discussions over policy options may hamper democratic legitimacy and accountability, and produce decisions that ignore relevant reasons and facts. Hence, constrained deliberation has important consequences for knowledge construction and utilization. We advance theory on ‘epistemic policy learning’ by showing mechanisms that promote expert consensus in external arenas, and that these can hamper deliberation on public policy. Government-appointed experts, in combination with mass media, can ‘freeze’ deliberation by presenting one unified front. Comparison of national print media coverage in Sweden and Denmark during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic offers support. The similar polities enacted different policies: Sweden sought to vaccinate its full population while neighbouring Denmark targeted small groups. Yet experts dominated both public discourses and echoed each other’s support of national policy. In turn, public policy debates were scant in both contexts.

  • 214.
    Bagok, Mihvan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Språk och lärande: En studie om andraspråkselevers inlärning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att belysa hur elever med utländsk bakgrund upplever sina kunskaper inom det svenska språket och i så fall på vilket sätt de anser att dessa kunskaper påverkar deras möjligheter till inlärning. För att uppfylla syftet med undersökningen har jag valt att utgå från följande frågeställning:

     

    • Upplever elever med utländsk bakgrund att deras kunskaper i svenska språket påverkar deras möjligheter till inlärning? På vilket sätt i så fall?

    För att uppfylla uppsatsens syfte och söka svar på frågeställningen har studien utgått ifrån kvalitativa intervjuer med 10 elever på en gymnasieskola i Uppsala. Intervjuerna fokuserar således på elevernas egna upplevelser av sina kunskaper i svenska språket och sin förmåga till inlärning. Utifrån dessa elevers utsagor bygger jag min studie om deras kunskaper i svenska språket och inlärning. Intervjuerna är grunden för denna uppsats, men jag behandlar även tidigare forskning och teorier. Forskningen rör svenska som andraspråk, teorier om förstaspråk- och andraspråksinlärning, socio-kulturella teorier samt teorier om lärande m.m.

    Resultatet av intervjuerna i kombination med tidigare forskning och teorier tyder på att även om flerspråkighet i sig inte innebär ett hinder för lärande och utveckling möter den som kommer till ett nytt land stora språkliga utmaningar, inte minst inom skolan. Förmågan att lära sig ett nytt språk är ofta god hos barn som kommer till ett nytt land i 9-10 årsåldern, men denna kunskap blir ofta ytlig särskilt om barnen bor i ett mångkulturellt område. Empirin visar att elevers kunskaper i svenska språket påverkar deras utveckling och lärande på ett negativ sätt. Detta sker framförallt för att elever med utländsk bakgrund har svårt att förstå teoretiska begrepp. Något annat som påvisats utifrån undersökningen är att eleverna också uppfattar textskrivande och läsförståelse som svårt. Utöver detta resulterande empirin i att många av eleverna kände sig också övergivna av sina lärare och menade att de inte fick den hjälp och det stöd de behövde. Som hinder för lärande och utveckling tog eleverna också upp bristande motivation och koncentrationsförmåga.

     

     

  • 215. Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    EU kan fastna i negativ spiral2012In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 216.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Lunds universitet.
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The EU and Global Imbalances2015In: The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances / [ed] Bakrdjieva Engelbrekt, A., Mårtensson, M., Oxelheim, L. och Persson, T., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 1-15Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 217. Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Mårtensson, MoaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Oxelheim, LarsPersson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The EU's Role in Fighting Global Imbalances2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances looks at the role of the European Union in addressing some of the greatest challenges of our time: poverty, protectionism, climate change, and human trafficking. Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors. Based on a broad and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of global imbalances, this book argues that these challenges follow from pervasive global imbalances, which at root are economic, political, and legal in character.

    Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors.

    This policy-oriented, interdisciplinary volume offers real insight into the European Union and its role in global affairs and will appeal to academics and policy-makers alike.

  • 218. Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Mårtensson, MoaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Oxelheim, LarsPersson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The EU's Role in Fighting Global Imbalances2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances looks at the role of the European Union in addressing some of the greatest challenges of our time: poverty, protectionism, climate change, and human trafficking. Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors. Based on a broad and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of global imbalances, this book argues that these challenges follow from pervasive global imbalances, which at root are economic, political, and legal in character.

  • 219.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Oxelheim, LarsLunds universitet.Persson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Arbetslöshet, migrationspolitik och nationalism: Hot mot EU:s sammanhållning?2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Årsboken 2012 behandlar dynamiken mellan arbetslöshet, migrationspolitik och nationalism som en avgörande framtidsfråga för EU.EU:s sammanhållning är satt på sitt hittills svåraste prov. I den ekonomiska krisens spår ser vissa medlemsländer arbetslösheten stiga dramatiskt och tvingas till kraftiga neddragningar i välfärden. I andra medlemsländer går krisen relativt obemärkt förbi. Otryggheten och skillnaderna på Europas arbetsmarknad utgör grogrund för nationalism och främlingsfientlighet. Krav hörs på en mer restriktiv migrationspolitik. Samtidigt står Europa, med sin åldrande befolkning, inför en allvarlig demografisk och välfärdspolitisk utmaning. Många hävdar därför att EU:s konkurrenskraft och tillväxt på sikt måste bygga på en kraftigt ökad arbetskraftsinvandring.Denna bok behandlar dynamiken mellan arbetslöshet, migrationspolitik och nationalism som en avgörande framtidsfråga för EU. Vilka konsekvenser har den stigande arbetslösheten och de växande nationalistiska strömningarna för ­migrationspolitiken i Europa? Klarar EU de motsättningar som följer när vissa medlemsländer trappar upp argumentationen för nationella särlösningar? Kommer den fria rörligheten och EU:s gemensamma arbetsmarknad att kunna upprätthållas? Räcker tilliten mellan EU-länderna för att enas om ett gemensamt regelverk kring arbetskraftsinvandringen, som på en gång tillvaratar migran­ternas rättigheter och löser unionens långsiktiga demografiska problem?

  • 220.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Oxelheim, LarsLunds universitet.Persson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ett konkurrenskraftigt EU till rätt pris2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett led i att uppnå en uthållig lösning på den ekonomiska krisen står nu EU inför utmaningen att stärka sin konkurrenskraft på den globala arenan. Samtidigt har medlemsländerna ambitionen att bygga ut EU-samarbetets sociala dimension och förbättra den sociala och politiska sammanhållningen. I denna bok diskuterar tretton ­ledande svenska forskare inom ekonomi, juridik och statsvetenskap den balansakt som dessa två samtidiga mål kan innebära och utvärderar alternativa vägar framåt.

    Hur kan EU öka sin konkurrenskraft och ­­samtidigt minska de sociala klyftor och svårlösta politiska motsättningar som krisen har genererat? Tål EU-samarbetet att medlemsländerna konkurrerar med varandra istället för att stå samlade på den globala arenan? Och hur påverkas EU:s konkurrenskraft av den alltmer flexibla form som den europeiska integrationen tagit under eurokrisen, där flera medlemsstater står utanför centrala samarbetsområden, inklusive europakten?

  • 221.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Oxelheim, LarsLund University.Persson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    EU och de globala obalanserna2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Krisåren har urholkat Europeiska unionens politiska och ekonomiska resurser. Samtidigt står Europa inför avgörande utmaningar på den världspolitiska arenan, där nya regionala maktcentra är på väg att etablera sig. Klimathot, fattigdom och människohandel är några av de problem som vittnar om allvarliga globala obalanser. I Europaperspektiv 2014 diskuterar tio ledande forskare inom ekonomi, juridik och statsvetenskap vår tids viktigaste globala frågor och EU-samarbetets betydelse för att driva dem framåt. Klarar EU att upprätthålla sin ambitionsnivå i arbetet med klimatåtgärder, frihandel, bistånd och mänskliga rättigheter? Hur utvecklas EU:s strategiskt viktiga relationer till Afrika, Kina och Ryssland? Har Cathrine Ashton och EU:s nya utrikestjänst lyckats ge unionen en starkare röst i världspolitiken, trots de allt djupare politiska skiljelinjer som krisen skapat mellan medlemsländerna?

  • 222. Balzacq, Thierry
    et al.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Williams, Michael
    Wæver, Ole
    Patomäki, Heikki
    What kind of theory – if any – is securitization?2015In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 96-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the great appeals of securitization theory, and a major reason for its success, has been itsusefulness as a tool for empirical research: an analytic framework capable of practical application.However, the development of securitization has raised several criticisms, the most important ofwhich concern the nature of securitization theory. In fact, the appropriate methods, the researchpuzzles and type of evidence accepted all derive to a great extent from the kind of theory scholarsbequeath their faith to. This Forum addresses the following questions: What type of theory (ifany) is securitization? How many kinds of theories of securitization do we have? How can thedifferences between theories of securitization be drawn? What is the status of exceptionalismwithin securitization theories, and what difference does it make to their understandings of therelationship between security and politics? Finally, if securitization commands that leaders act nowbefore it is too late, what status has temporality therein? Is temporality enabling securitization toabsorb risk analysis or does it expose its inherent theoretical limits?

  • 223.
    Barrling Hermansson, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Exploring the Inner Life of the Party: A Framework for Analyzing Elite Party Culture2013In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 177-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a framework for analysing party-organisational culture, with a special focus on the elite level. The framework is based on an interpretation of Mary Douglas’ Grid/Group model, and is empirically supported by an extensive study of the seven party groups in the Swedish parliament. The model identifies two fundamental cultural dimensions: the level of submission by individual group members to the group as a collectivity; and the principle that dictates the distribution of status and prestige within the party (a distribution here correlating with views on knowledge). The study shows that the parties distribute themselves on the cultural map in ways that do not coincide in any straightforward way with other well-known variables of party politics, such as ideology, origin or size. The methodological innovations presented in this article pave the way for a new framework for analysing party politics in which hitherto neglected aspects of party organisation are highlighted.

  • 224.
    Barrling Hermansson, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Partikulturer: Kollektiva självbilder och normer i Sveriges riksdag2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation addresses party-culture in political parties represented in the Swedish parliament. Party-culture is investigated by studying collective self-images and norms in Swedish parliamentary party-groups (PPG). The aim of this investigation is to contribute to understanding of the conditions under which parliamentary work is carried out. In order to expand our understanding of these conditions this dissertation looks beyond the formal processes by which party-groups deliver their political message and make decisions, and instead highlights the cultural aspects of these party organizations in the parliament.

    The method of analysis is qualitative and the material for the study consists of 53 interviews with members of parliament from all represented parties. The parties studied are thus the Social Democratic, Moderate, Liberal, Christian Democrats, Left, Centre, and Green. In addition, some participant observation for the 1998-2002 mandate period in used.

    The empirical investigation shows that party-culture is revealed via four basic themes: political ability, feelings of political responsibility, the importance social fellowship, and the party’s strength in relation to individual party members.

    The party’s culture based on the four themes noted above provides a theoretical structure for interpretation that combines an Aristotelian idea about basic knowledge types, sophia and phronesis, with cultural theorists Mary Douglas’ grid-group-analysis. Based on this interpretation method it is shown that party-cultures distinguish themselves from each other in a way that diverges from the left-right spectrum that dominates Swedish politics. At the same time as the parties demonstrate differences in party-culture, there are also some similarities between the parties, and these similarities suggest that the parties have adjusted themselves to a more general culture within the parliament, most visibly the focus on factual knowledge and a certain requirement for modesty from party members.

  • 225.
    Barrling, Katarina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Romantiskt bildningsideal eller krasst nyttotänkande - svenska studenters syn på den högre utbildningen2005In: Akademisk frihet i praktiken: En rapport om tillståndet i den högre utbildningen, Stockholm: Högskoleverket , 2005, p. 77-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 226.
    Baudou, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Internationell jordbrukspolitik på svensk mark: en idéanalys av debatten om CAP 2014-2020 i riksdagen och EU-nämnden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 227.
    Baysal, Rezan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    En kvalitativ textanalys av Obama-administrationens politik i Syrienkonflikten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 228.
    Beckman, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Impact of Ethnic Homogeneity on Voter Turnout in Sri Lanka: A study of voter turnout at district level2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Lipset and Rokkan argued along with their Social Cleavage Model in the 1960’s that ethnicity impacts voter turnout in ethnically divided societies. Lipset and Rokkan had found in their research that voter turnout is affected by a number of aspects such as ethnicity, religion, language, region etc. This has been further explored in later studies by such researchers as B. Geys and K. Hill, who each claim that different ethnic groups participate to different extent in elections. Geys have explicitly suggested that social cohesion increases group solidarity and “social pressure” and that communities with a high degree of socio-economic, racial or ethnic homogeneity will also have a higher political participation. Hill, on the other hand, has in his research found a negative correlative relationship between the concentration of an ethnic minority in an area or district and the voter turnout figures for the same area.

    This paper sets out to test whether Geys’ and Hill’s two theories can be said to hold true for the Sri Lankan context too; if the ethnic composition in a district might explain the highly varying voter turnout rates for the different districts in Sri Lanka. The way to try and prove or disapprove Geys’ and Hill’s theories is therefore to look at the ethnic composition of the districts in Sri Lanka and compare this with the voter turnout rates in a set of three distinguished periods in Sri Lankan history, in order to see whether there is any correlation and if there is any difference over time. The hypothesis assumed is therefore twofold: in ethnically homogeneous districts the voter turnout rate will be higher, while districts with a higher concentration of minority population will have depressed voter turnout figures.

    In my study I have found that there is a strong correlation between ethnic homogeneity of a district and the voter turnout figures for the same district. However, it is noteworthy that this holds true for districts mainly inhabited by the majority population in Sri Lanka, the Sinhalese, while the districts mainly inhabited by ethnic minorities, specifically the Tamils, have significantly low voter turnout figures. This indicates that the Sinhalese population tends to be more inclined to go to the polls on election day. However, the supposition that a higher concentration of an ethnic minority in a district will equivilate low turnout figures was not possible to establish due to variations in results for the years that I studied. In order to establish any such correlative relationship a larger study would need to be carried out.

    The results of this study would be of interest to scholars and practitioners alike and other parties interested in understanding voter mobilization in Sri Lanka.

     

     

     

     

     

  • 229.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Barnkonventionen och den svenska grundlagen2001In: Mänskliga rättigheter - aktuella forskningsfrågor (Sia Åkermark och Göran Gunner red.)Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 230.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Charles Taylor och den sociala tesen. Är kommunitarismen förenlig med liberalismen?1997In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, Vol. 100, no 2, p. 177-197Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 231.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Demokrati och kompetenskrav. Barn, ungdomar och rätten till politiskt inflytande2003In: Demokrati och lärande, B Jonsson & K Roth (red.), Studenelitteratur:Lund , 2003Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 232.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Dygder som drivkraft och föredöme (med Emil Uddhammar, Michelle Micheletti m.fl.)2001Book (Other scientific)
  • 233.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Föräldrars dygder och barns rätigheter1998In: Framtidens dydger. Om etik i prakitken, Stockholm: City University Press , 1998, p. 324-351Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 234.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Going native or being a coloniser? Liberalism and the possibility of cultural criticism1997In: The Interpretation of Culture and the Culture of Interpretation, Uppsala: Avdelningen för Litteratursociologi , 1997, p. 115-132Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 235.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Human dignity and reproductive cloning: is the principle too vague?2003In: Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics, Vol. 9Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 236.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Om tvivel dogmer och den neutrala staten2001In: Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, Vol. 2000-3-1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 237.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Personal independence and social justice2002In: Virtues of independence and dependence on virtues, Transaction Publishers, New Jersey , 2002, p. 63-80Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 238.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Review of Just institutions matter1998In: Tidskrift för Politisk Filosofi, no 3, p. 52-62Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 239.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Review of Kant and Modern Political Philosophy2002In: TheoriaArticle, book review (Other scientific)
  • 240.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rights, rights-talk and children2001In: Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. vol. 35 (4)Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 241.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Saving virtue from liberal neutrality2002In: The review of politics, p. 527-529Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 242.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Staten måste agera på etikens slagfält2002In: Från stoicism till konsumkapitalism, Bonnier Fakta, Stockholm , 2002, Vol. 4, p. 159-171Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 243.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Liberal State and the Politics of Virtue2001Book (Other scientific)
  • 244.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The liberal state and the politics of virtue2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A common belief, shared by liberals and anti-liberals alike, is that the liberalstate should not teach the citizen how to live. Similarly, it is frequently arguedthat liberal theory does not encompass a vision of the virtuous life. In otherwords, liberals and the liberal state are indifferent to the choices that thecitizen makes as long as he or she does no harm. In this work the basis of this belief is challenged.

    It is observed, firstly, that the liberal theory is not simply one of rejecting or accepting the notion of virtue. A widely accepted view seems to be that there are many virtues that the citizen should accept for instrumentalreasons only. This is the view accepted by John Rawls. To counter thisposition, the work of Ronald Dworkin is used to exemplify a different view:that virtues are appreciated not merely as means but also as part of a liberalideal of the good life.

    Despite these differences both Rawls and Dworkin agree, secondly, that the liberal state should be neutral on questions of virtue and the good life. The claim is that the liberal state should be neutral both in what is done and what is said but that it cannot be neutral in terms of consequences. However, it is argued here that the ideal of the ethically neutral state is not fully justified. Hence, the conclusion of this dissertation is both that virtues does have a place in liberal political thought, and that liberal arguments in defence of the neutral state are less conclusive than is frequently assumed. Liberal values of equality, individual rights, publicity and scepticism do not provide strong objections to the idea of the state as the guardian of virtue. In order to maintain the belief in the neutral state the liberal will consequently have to resort to faith rather than to rational reasoning.

  • 245.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Virtue, sustainability and liberal values2001In: Sustaining liberal democracy, Palgrave , 2001Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 246.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Virtues of independence and dependence on virtues2002Book (Other scientific)
  • 247.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Olsson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wockelberg, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Demokratin och mordet på Anna Lind2003Report (Other academic)
  • 248. Beland, Daniel
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Goul Andersen, Jorgen
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Waddan, Alex
    The Universal Decline of Universality? Social Policy Change in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and the United Kingdom2014In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 48, no 7, p. 739-756Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate about the future of universal social programmes has been raging for years, both in social-democratic and in liberal welfare states. The objective of this article is to contribute to the literature on universality by analyzing the evolution of universal social programmes in two social-democratic and two liberal countries: Denmark, Sweden, Canada and the UK. This choice of countries provides the opportunity to investigate whether the principle and practice of universality has fared differently both within and between countries. The analysis focuses primarily on the national level while exploring three policy areas: pensions, healthcare and family policy, specifically child benefits and day care. The main conclusion of our comparative analysis is clear: among our two liberal and two social-democratic countries, the institutional strength of universality varies greatly from one policy area and one country to another. Considering this, there is no such a thing as a universal decline of universality.

  • 249.
    Bellgran, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Delningsekonomi ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv: Analys av hur de delningsekonomiska organisationerna Uber och Bilpoolarna uppfyller Elinor Ostroms principer för samarbete över allmänna resurser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines whether two sharing economy organisations, Uber and Bilpoolarna, can be characterized by Elinor Ostrom’s principles for cooperation of common goods or not. The idea for the research question came from the global difficulties with the decision-making regarding the climate issue and Elinor Ostroms studies about the possibility to create sustainable cooperations regarding the distribution of common goods. If cooperation is possible, we might be able to together develop the climate actions in the right direction and make sustainable distributions of resources we have despite missing actions on a global level. The current growth of the sharing economy could be a sign of that possibility.

    The final result is that the association Bilpoolarna fulfills all principles more or less while Uber fails to fulfill principle 3, 5 and 6, and only to a small extent fulfills the remaining principles. The result indicates that Ostrom’s principles of cooperation not only characterizes common, non-excludable goods such as water and land, but also can extend its principles to the distribution of modern resources, such as the cars of Bilpoolarna – as long as the cooperation is voluntary and on a local level.

  • 250.
    Belmhamdi, Dounya
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Betydelsen av den feministiska kvinnorörelsen: En studie av processen bakom reformerandet av Marockos familjelagstiftning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
2345678 201 - 250 of 2928
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