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  • 201.
    Fornstedt, Helena
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sköld, David
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Stealth Innovation Diffusion: Strategies of hiding the ‘new’ to facilitate innovation diffusion2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 202.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Intrinsic Sustainable Development: Epistemes, Science, Business and Sustainability, F. Birkin, T. Polesie. World Scientific Publishing Ltd., Singapore (2012), 368 pp2014Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 146-147Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 203.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Problematizing Sustainable ICT2019Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How should we understand the relationship between information and communication technology (ICT) and sustainability? Generally, it is assumed that while ICT products contribute to many environmental and social problems as they are produced and disposed of, the potential of using ICT to achieve a more sustainable society is immense. However, despite the fact that such a discourse is favored not only in the industrial but also in the political and academic spheres, we have yet to see this presumed sustainability-related potential of ICT fully exploited.

    This thesis argues that conventional assumptions and understandings related to three abstractions in sustainable ICT research and practice – namely the technological, the social, and the sustainable – contribute to an overly optimistic discourse of sustainable ICT, which favors certain research approaches and practical applications. Adhering to such a discourse risks reinforcing, rather than breaking loose from, an unsustainable status quo. Through problematization, this thesis aims to unveil and challenge such underlying assumptions and understandings, based on insights from the social sciences and philosophy. New assumptions and understandings of sustainable ICT research and practice are suggested, and contribute with a perspective that among other things emphasize the ontological inseparability of the technological and the social, implying an anti-essentialist position embracing the value-ladenness and value and meaning mediatory aspects of such phenomena. The normative contributions include theoretical and methodological approaches to sustainable ICT design and sustainable ICT entrepreneurship – identified as two central practices for sustainable ICT to promote sustainability – that aim to mobilize politically charged discourses of our being together with each other, technologies and nature in order to facilitate collaborative action towards sustainable futures. This thesis should be seen as a critical contribution to fields interested in sustainable ICT, such as ICT for Sustainability (ICT4S) and Sustainable Human-Computer Interaction (SHCI).

    Delarbeid
    1. ICT and environmental sustainability in a changing society: The view of ecological World Systems Theory
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>ICT and environmental sustainability in a changing society: The view of ecological World Systems Theory
    2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Information Technology and People, ISSN 0959-3845, E-ISSN 1758-5813, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 758-774Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of information and communication technology (ICT) for promoting environmental sustainability in a changing society. Isolated studies exist, but few take a holistic view. Derived from a Marxian tradition, the authors propose Ecological World Systems Theory (WST) as a holistic framework to assess the environmental impact of ICT. The theory is adapted responding to theoretical critiques of absence of change, namely state-centrism and structuralism.Design/methodology/approach– Theoretical study. Empirical examples derived from already published literature.Findings– Ecological WST focuses on the unequal distribution of environmental degradation, sees technological development as a zero-sum game rather than cornucopia and holds that technology is often seen as a fetish in today ' s society. The findings are that popular discourses on ICT and sustainability are since the 1990s becoming increasingly cornucopian, while conditions in the ICT value chain are less cornucopian.Research limitations/implications– Theoretical contributions to Marxian critiques of ICT, with more environmental focus than earlier Marxian critiques, for example Fuchs’ work. Develop a theoretical framework for ICT and sustainability which could be compared with works of e.g. Hilty, Patrignani and Whitehouse. The work is mostly based on existing empirical studies, which is a limitation.Practical implications– This theoretical framework implies that unequal environmental degradation in different parts of the world should be taken into account when assessing environmental impact, for example by means of LCA.Social implications– The framework brings together questions of environmental effects of ICT and global justice.Originality/value– The authors apply a rarely discussed theoretical framework to ICT and environmental sustainability. By doing this the authors suggest how the discourses and the value chain of ICT is intrinsically tied to the world system.

    Emneord
    Green computing/Green IT, Socio-technical theory, Literature review, Power, Critical theory, Theory building
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot industriell teknik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-267400 (URN)10.1108/ITP-09-2014-0219 (DOI)000370546200003 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-22 Laget: 2015-11-22 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-27bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Gamification for Sustainability: Beyond the Ludo-Aesthetical Approach
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Gamification for Sustainability: Beyond the Ludo-Aesthetical Approach
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Business of Gamification: A Critical Analysis / [ed] Dymek, M. & Zackariasson, P., Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 1, s. 163-181Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, using elements from game design in nongaming contexts, gamification, has become a major trend within the industry (Deterding et al. 2011). If we put our trust in Jane McGonigal, consultant and author of the book Reality is Broken: Why Games Make Us Better and How They Can Change the World (2011), gamification has the power to save the world due to its potential to promote desirable behaviors. Al Gore, former vice president of the U.S. and environmentalist, argues that gamification can be effective not least within the area of environmental sustainability, where saving the world is the ultimate goal. By gamifying ordinary life practices, such as recycling, energy saving and sustainable consumption, games could be “the new normal” (Gore 2011). Although gamified solutions have not been developed to a great extent within the area of sustainability yet, appli- cations that promotes energy-efficient behavior, make recycling fun and help us travel more eco-friendly do exist on the market today.

    In this chapter, we aim to describe gamification for sustainability and its challenges for developers and researchers. Furthermore, we will situate it in relation to other ways of promoting sustainable consumption, such as through raising awareness and visualization. In contrast to these two meth- ods, we argue that the main difference is that within gamification, positive, enjoyable and fun affects are mobilized in order to promote the desirable behavior. Although we tie in to the idea of using affects for the promotion of sustainable behavior, we believe that only focusing on positive affects may not be the right way for sustainable gamification. By turning to theories of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), we are able to introduce new ways of conceptualizing affects in the gamification discourse. We argue that in addition to fun and enjoyment, negative or neutral affects such as anxiety could prove productive for gamification for sustainability. As games could be seen as an extension of traditional media such as books or movies (Murray 1995), we further suggest that most gamified applications fail to include important aspects that could prove useful for provoking these productive affects. By drawing on narratological game theory and combining these ideas of games with our philosophical backdrop, we develop a model for conceptualizing approaches to gamification for sustainability. We pro- pose that developers and businesses should seek alternative vistas among a plethora of opportunities presented in this chapter, rather than the most prevalent approach at present (which we call the ludo-aesthetical approach) when developing gamified applications for sustainability. 

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Abingdon: Routledge, 2016 Opplag: 1
    Serie
    Routledge Advances in Management and Business Studies
    Emneord
    Gamification, Spelifikation, Sustainability, ICT4S, ICT and Sustainability
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310698 (URN)113882416X (ISBN)978-1138824164 (ISBN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-19 Laget: 2016-12-19 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-27
    3. “We Started Building Green IT Back in the 1970s”: Making Sense of Sustainable ICT through Organizational History
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>“We Started Building Green IT Back in the 1970s”: Making Sense of Sustainable ICT through Organizational History
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 8, artikkel-id 2668Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, research related to Sustainable Information and Communication Technology (Sustainable ICT) has focused on the technological aspects, but there is an emerging stream of research, which looks at Sustainable ICT from the viewpoint of the social sciences. In this paper, we build on and contribute to this research by emphasizing the role of history in the shaping of Sustainable ICT. Rather than seeing the importance of history as pure technological determinism or path dependency, we draw on the historical turn in organizational studies to highlight the idea that history is malleable. This implies that organizational actors can reshape their past from the present, thus creating new conditions for the future. To highlight the importance of this theoretical conceptualization of history, we present a case study of the Nordic ICT company Tieto, where the heat recovery system of the Älvsjö data center (finished in 1978) was reconceptualized as “green” following the Green Information Technology (Green IT) trend in 2007. This way of theorizing organizational history could be used more widely within research into Sustainable ICT in order to understand why Sustainable ICT has become what it is, which also implies that we can re-interpret this history to shape the future of Sustainable ICT.

    Emneord
    Sustainable ICT, Green IT, Organizational history, Sustainable Data Center
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot industriell teknik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-365902 (URN)10.3390/su10082668 (DOI)000446767700084 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-15 Laget: 2018-11-15 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-27bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. An Intuition-Based Approach to Sustainable ICT: Insights from Eco-Ethica
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>An Intuition-Based Approach to Sustainable ICT: Insights from Eco-Ethica
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Tetsugaku Companion to Japanese Ethics and Technology / [ed] Thomas Taro Lennerfors, Kiyoshi Murata, Springer, 2019, s. 181-200Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we draw on the Japanese philosopher Tomonobu Imamichi in order to further develop our understanding of the relationship between Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and ecological sustainability. Our main contribution is an intuition-based approach to design for sustainability, which, for instance, means to design ICT products in a way that invokes feelings of wastefulness or misuse if used in an unsustainable manner. In contrast to persuasive approaches – which have mainly focused on raising awareness, nudging decisions, or stimulating positive behavior through gamification – we rely on the human tendency to unconsciously and effortlessly formulate mental heuristics or intuitions, when exposed to consistent feedback. The claim is that people can learn to associate perceptual cues with environmental impact, and by that will be empowered to make more sustainable choices. Based on the implications of Imamichi’s Eco-ethica, we suggest that this approach can be more fruitful for encouraging sustainable choices than both awareness raising and behavior manipulation.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Springer, 2019
    Serie
    Tetsugaku Companions to Japanese Philosophy, ISSN 2662-2181, E-ISSN 2662-219X ; 1
    Emneord
    ICT, Sustainability, Intuition-based, design, HCI, Imamichi, Eco-ethica
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Etik; Filosofi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372894 (URN)978-3-319-59025-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-59027-1 (ISBN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-09 Laget: 2019-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. The Individual-Care Nexus: A Theory of Entrepreneurial Care for Sustainable Entrepreneurship
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Individual-Care Nexus: A Theory of Entrepreneurial Care for Sustainable Entrepreneurship
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 18, artikkel-id 4904Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable entrepreneurship has recently been identified as a promising force to push a sustainable business paradigm shift. A key challenge for researchers and practitioners is thus to understand and promote such practices. However, critics have argued that sustainable entrepreneurship research is heavily reductionist, in the sense that it assumes an independent and rational entrepreneur, with an exclusive focus on entrepreneurial individuals and opportunities. In this paper, we problematize these assumptions and offer an alternative theory of sustainable entrepreneurship based on ethics of care. We introduce the individual-care nexus, where individuals are assumed to be dependent, emotional, and relationally connected. This theoretical development leads to new ways to more accurately grasp the nature of motivations, emotions, traits, and practices in sustainable entrepreneurship. We illustrate our theory with an empirical case of a sustainable entrepreneur within the Green IT movement in Sweden between 2012 and 2017. We argue that our theoretical take on entrepreneurship can both advance research in sustainable entrepreneurship and provide sustainable entrepreneurs with a better understanding of their practices and a new vocabulary.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    MDPI, 2019
    Emneord
    Sustainable Entrepreneurship, Ethics of Care, Mothering, Green IT, Emotions, Motivations, Traits, Care practices
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372918 (URN)10.3390/su11184904 (DOI)000489104700090 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-09 Laget: 2019-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-28bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 204.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Skeppet Vasas kemi: Ett halvt sekel av naturvetenskaplig forskning2015Inngår i: Forum Navale, ISSN 0280–6215, Vol. 71, s. 46-83Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Regalskeppet Vasa, som förliste under sin jungfrufärd år 1628, är idag ett av Sveriges viktigaste och mest intressanta museiföremål. Vasa bärgades år 1961 och ansågs fullt konserverad år 1990, då hon flyttats in i det nuvarande museet. Efter den omåttligt regniga sommaren år 2000 började gulvita fällningar att synas på skeppets skrov och på flera av de tillhörande träföremålen. Oron över skeppets skick startade ett massivt medialt pådrag. Detta skulle bli starten för tre mycket omfattande naturvetenskapliga projekt som har bidragit med nya insikter inom kemi, mekanik och mikrobiologi. Forskningsresultaten från dessa projekt skulle visa sig vara relevanta inte bara för Vasa, utan för många andra vrak som Mary Rose i Portsmouth, England och Batavia i Freemantle, Australien. Vasamuseet var det första maritima museet i världen att initiera ett naturvetenskapligt forskningsprojekt av den här magnituden och en stor del av det arbete som bedrivits inom ramen för projekten har varit världsledande. Denna artikel redogör för den naturvetenskapliga forskning som har bedrivits kring Vasa sedan hon togs upp och försöker beskriva de problem forskarna och konservatorerna stått inför genom åren. Artikelns huvudsakliga fokus ligger på den intensifiering av forskningen som skedde efter den blöta sommaren år 2000.

    Trots fjorton år av intensiva studier av skeppets kemi är forskarna ännu inte överens om vilka processer som faktiskt låg till grund för utfällningarna och huruvida dessa processer är aktiva idag. Tidvis har projekten karaktäriserats av ett stort mått av ovisshet och motstridiga teorier, och detta i betydligt större utsträckning än andra konventionella kemi- och mekanik- projekt. Anledningarna till denna ovisshet beror dels på att vattendränkt ekträ är ett mycket heterogent och komplext material, dels på att forskarna inte har kunnat ta tillräckligt många prover ur skeppet för att bevisa sina teorier. Förutom dessa rent metodologiska problem har projektens mycket prestigefulla natur ibland bidragit till viss oenighet mellan de forskarlag som varit delaktiga, vilket ytterligare försvårat processen. Studien har genomförts genom intervjuer med majoriteten av de forskare som varit aktiva inom området de senaste femton åren, samt genom artikel-, arkiv- och protokollstudier.

  • 205.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The practice of implementing sustainable ICT practices: The case of the Green IT Audit2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 23rd NORDIC ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT conference, Copenhagen, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For several decades, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been used by individuals and within organizations in order to increase efficiency. Traditionally, the increased efficiency enabled by ICTs has primarily affected factors such as profitability and time. In recent years, however, ICT has been promoted as an important tool for increasing ecological efficiency, i.e. for sustainability. Although there are several environmental implications related to the ICT sector to take into account, such as the production of electronic waste (e-waste), the extraction of rare earth elements (REEs) and the hazardous production of ICT equipment, the discourse has increasingly shifted towards discussing the positive sides of ICT for sustainability (Author et al., 2014). According to recent reports, the potential of using ICT in order to increase the ecological sustainability of our society is huge. According to GeSI, the Global e-Sustainability Initiative, we will be able to decrease the annual GHG emissions by 9,1 GtCO2e worldwide, as well as creating 29,5 million jobs by using smart solutions enabled by ICT (GeSI, 2008). Some examples of these solutions are digitalization and dematerialization, system integration and process optimization (ibid.) However, as the full potential of smart ICT solutions hinges on that it is implemented and used correctly, we have yet to see the benefits of ICT for ecological sustainability surpass its negative effects (Rattle, 2010).

    By following one initiative for implementing smart ICT solutions in organizations in Sweden, namely the Green IT Audit, we have investigated how the implementation of these sustainable ICT practices takes place in practice (Author, 2013). The Green IT Audit is a consultancy model, developed by TCO Development, which is used to improve the usage of and implement sustainable ICT solutions in organizations. By drawing on practice theory (Schatzki, 1996), this paper explores new ways of explaining how the implementation of sustainable ICT practices could occur. A practice is described by Reckwitz as a “routinised type of behaviour which consists of several elements, interconnected to one another: ... bodily activities, ... mental activities, ‘things’ and their use, a background knowledge in the form of understanding, know-how, states of emotion and motivational knowledge” (2002; p. 249). The routinized way of performing a Green IT Audit in organizations is also constituted by these elements and can thus be declared a practice. Ijab & Molla (2011) suggests that a practice approach provides a “useful lens to garner deeper and holistic understanding of the information systems that organisations develop, deploy, use and integrate for eco-sustainability” (p. 2). What the consultant do and his or her understanding of sustainable ICT will thus affect the way Green IT is explained to the client. In turn, the understanding of the client and their material infrastructure will also affect how the model is implemented in the organization. 

  • 206.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Översättandet av grön IT: Fallet GITaudit2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årtiondenas intensiva teknikutveckling har på många sätt inneburit att tillvaron

    förenklats för en stor del av västvärldens befolkning. Informationstekniken har effektiviserat

    industrin och gjort den till en mer dräglig arbetsplats för de som arbetar där. Den har även gjort vår

    vardag både enklare och roligare i och med smartphones, bärbara datorer och mp3-spelare. Något

    man tidigare inte reflekterar nog över är hur denna explosionsartade teknikutveckling och

    teknikkonsumtion påverkar vårt klimat och närmiljö. 2007 släppte Gartner Institutes en rapport som

    visade att IT står för nästan 2 % av världens totala koldioxidutsläpp (Mingay 2007). Flygindustrin

    som länge blivit kritiserad ur miljösynpunkt står för ungefär lika mycket. Detta tillsammans med att

    många företag framförallt i tjänstesektorn insett att drift av IT och annan teknisk utrustning kan

    kosta enorma summor pengar i elförbrukning har bidragit till att många har börjat att systematiskt

    arbeta med att minska dessa kostnader och samtidigt minska energiförbrukningen (Murugesan

    2008). I och med detta har många insett att IT inte bara är en miljöbov utan även kan användas till

    att minska elförbrukningen i andra delar av till exempel en organisation. Styrning av belysning och

    ventilation är två exempel på detta. Utifrån detta har begreppet grön IT uppkommit. De två

    huvudaspekterna är kort beskrivna innan och brukar benämnas som greening of IT och greening by

    IT. Det finns egentligen inga vedertagna översättningar av dessa begrepp, men jag har valt att kalla

    dem miljöförbättring av IT respektive miljöförbättring med IT på grund av att detta är de begrepp

    som just nu används inom arbetsgruppen för SIS TK 550. Den förstnämnda avser framförallt

    tillverkning och disponering av IT-utrustning samt energieffektivisering av själva produkten medan

    den andra främst syftar till att ta upp möjligheterna med att använda IT som hjälpmedel när övriga

    delar av en organisation energieffektiviseras. De flesta anser att den senare har större potential i

    miljösynpunkt trots att detta är omtvistat, till exempel av Håkan Nordin. Håkan Nordin är en av de

    som var med och grundade Greenpeace Sverige och har även varit med och tagit fram de viktiga

    energi- och strålningscertifieringarna för bildskärmar åt TCO 1992 och nu senast 2003. Han har

    även givit ut boken “GREEN IT – From problem to possibility” och ger snart ut sin andra bok som

    kommer att fokusera på grön IT ur ett organisatoriskt och ekonomiskt perspektiv. Den första boken

    fokuserar mer kring problematiken kring begreppet ur en privatpersons perspektiv. Håkan Nordin

    har bland andra varit en stor inspirationskälla när jag själv undersökt problematiken kring grön IT.

    Med det sagt har jag ingen personlig åsikt var krutet först och främst bör läggas, utan jag är

    intresserad av både miljöförbättring med och av IT. Förespråkarna av miljöförbättring med IT anser

    att miljöeffektivisering av IT endast kan bidra med en minskning av de 2 % av världens totala

    koldioxidutsläpp medan miljöeffektivisering med IT kan bidra med att minska resterande 98 %.

    Problemet som skeptikerna, däribland Håkan Nordin, ofta tar upp är att energieffektiviseringen som

    man tjänar in på att använda IT som miljöteknik bidrar till att utsläppen från IT-sektorn ökar i och

    med det ökande behovet av IT i denna process. Oavsett vilken sida i den debatten man står på finns

    ett samförstånd i att miljöarbetet inom IT- och tjänstesektorn måste fortsätta och bli mer

    systematiskt än det är nu.

  • 207.
    Fors, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion.
    An Intuition-Based Approach to Sustainable ICT: Insights from Eco-Ethica2019Inngår i: Tetsugaku Companion to Japanese Ethics and Technology / [ed] Thomas Taro Lennerfors, Kiyoshi Murata, Springer, 2019, s. 181-200Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we draw on the Japanese philosopher Tomonobu Imamichi in order to further develop our understanding of the relationship between Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and ecological sustainability. Our main contribution is an intuition-based approach to design for sustainability, which, for instance, means to design ICT products in a way that invokes feelings of wastefulness or misuse if used in an unsustainable manner. In contrast to persuasive approaches – which have mainly focused on raising awareness, nudging decisions, or stimulating positive behavior through gamification – we rely on the human tendency to unconsciously and effortlessly formulate mental heuristics or intuitions, when exposed to consistent feedback. The claim is that people can learn to associate perceptual cues with environmental impact, and by that will be empowered to make more sustainable choices. Based on the implications of Imamichi’s Eco-ethica, we suggest that this approach can be more fruitful for encouraging sustainable choices than both awareness raising and behavior manipulation.

  • 208.
    Fors, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Gamification for Sustainability: Beyond the Ludo-Aesthetical Approach2016Inngår i: The Business of Gamification: A Critical Analysis / [ed] Dymek, M. & Zackariasson, P., Abingdon: Routledge, 2016, 1, s. 163-181Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, using elements from game design in nongaming contexts, gamification, has become a major trend within the industry (Deterding et al. 2011). If we put our trust in Jane McGonigal, consultant and author of the book Reality is Broken: Why Games Make Us Better and How They Can Change the World (2011), gamification has the power to save the world due to its potential to promote desirable behaviors. Al Gore, former vice president of the U.S. and environmentalist, argues that gamification can be effective not least within the area of environmental sustainability, where saving the world is the ultimate goal. By gamifying ordinary life practices, such as recycling, energy saving and sustainable consumption, games could be “the new normal” (Gore 2011). Although gamified solutions have not been developed to a great extent within the area of sustainability yet, appli- cations that promotes energy-efficient behavior, make recycling fun and help us travel more eco-friendly do exist on the market today.

    In this chapter, we aim to describe gamification for sustainability and its challenges for developers and researchers. Furthermore, we will situate it in relation to other ways of promoting sustainable consumption, such as through raising awareness and visualization. In contrast to these two meth- ods, we argue that the main difference is that within gamification, positive, enjoyable and fun affects are mobilized in order to promote the desirable behavior. Although we tie in to the idea of using affects for the promotion of sustainable behavior, we believe that only focusing on positive affects may not be the right way for sustainable gamification. By turning to theories of the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813–1855), we are able to introduce new ways of conceptualizing affects in the gamification discourse. We argue that in addition to fun and enjoyment, negative or neutral affects such as anxiety could prove productive for gamification for sustainability. As games could be seen as an extension of traditional media such as books or movies (Murray 1995), we further suggest that most gamified applications fail to include important aspects that could prove useful for provoking these productive affects. By drawing on narratological game theory and combining these ideas of games with our philosophical backdrop, we develop a model for conceptualizing approaches to gamification for sustainability. We pro- pose that developers and businesses should seek alternative vistas among a plethora of opportunities presented in this chapter, rather than the most prevalent approach at present (which we call the ludo-aesthetical approach) when developing gamified applications for sustainability. 

  • 209.
    Fors, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Individual-Care Nexus: A Theory of Entrepreneurial Care for Sustainable Entrepreneurship2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 18, artikkel-id 4904Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable entrepreneurship has recently been identified as a promising force to push a sustainable business paradigm shift. A key challenge for researchers and practitioners is thus to understand and promote such practices. However, critics have argued that sustainable entrepreneurship research is heavily reductionist, in the sense that it assumes an independent and rational entrepreneur, with an exclusive focus on entrepreneurial individuals and opportunities. In this paper, we problematize these assumptions and offer an alternative theory of sustainable entrepreneurship based on ethics of care. We introduce the individual-care nexus, where individuals are assumed to be dependent, emotional, and relationally connected. This theoretical development leads to new ways to more accurately grasp the nature of motivations, emotions, traits, and practices in sustainable entrepreneurship. We illustrate our theory with an empirical case of a sustainable entrepreneur within the Green IT movement in Sweden between 2012 and 2017. We argue that our theoretical take on entrepreneurship can both advance research in sustainable entrepreneurship and provide sustainable entrepreneurs with a better understanding of their practices and a new vocabulary.

  • 210.
    Fors, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Translating Green IT: The case of the Swedish Green IT Audit2013Inngår i: ICT4S 2013: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainability, ETH Zurich, February 14-16, 2013 / [ed] Hilty, Lorenz M., Aebischer, Bernard, Andersson, Göran and Lohmann, Wolfgang, 2013, s. 208-216Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use translation theory from organization studies [1] to discuss the Green IT Audit, which is a consultancy model developed in Sweden, following the recent industry shock-wave of Green IT [2]. Translation theory is based on social constructionism [3], which inter alia posits that concepts, such as Green IT, do not have intrinsic meanings, but that meaning is created in social interaction. The theory is therefore part of an interpretive turn in organization studies, where effort is dedicated not to increasing the efficiency or effectiveness of organizations (the main concern of more functionalist studies), but to see how people that constitute them, make sense and interpret their work.

  • 211.
    Fors, Per
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lennerfors, Thomas Taro
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    “We Started Building Green IT Back in the 1970s”: Making Sense of Sustainable ICT through Organizational History2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 8, artikkel-id 2668Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, research related to Sustainable Information and Communication Technology (Sustainable ICT) has focused on the technological aspects, but there is an emerging stream of research, which looks at Sustainable ICT from the viewpoint of the social sciences. In this paper, we build on and contribute to this research by emphasizing the role of history in the shaping of Sustainable ICT. Rather than seeing the importance of history as pure technological determinism or path dependency, we draw on the historical turn in organizational studies to highlight the idea that history is malleable. This implies that organizational actors can reshape their past from the present, thus creating new conditions for the future. To highlight the importance of this theoretical conceptualization of history, we present a case study of the Nordic ICT company Tieto, where the heat recovery system of the Älvsjö data center (finished in 1978) was reconceptualized as “green” following the Green Information Technology (Green IT) trend in 2007. This way of theorizing organizational history could be used more widely within research into Sustainable ICT in order to understand why Sustainable ICT has become what it is, which also implies that we can re-interpret this history to shape the future of Sustainable ICT.

  • 212.
    Forsberg, Petter B.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Utvärdering av effekterna från UU Innovations förstudiemedel2019Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 213.
    Forsberg, Petter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Severinsson, Kristofer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Corruption-Virus: Intertwining theories2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 214.
    Fowler, Nina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Project as strategy for the valley of death2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of surviving the “Valley of Death” faced by emerging innovations have routinely focused on financial resources, examining the funding gap between basic research and sustained income (Auerswald and Branscomb, 2003). The interest in government support, universities’ technology transfer offices and investors has provided a range of descriptions of the supporting actors in the environment around academic spin-outs (see for example Grimaldi 2011, King and Levine, 1993, Leydesdorff and Etzkowitz, 1995). However, exploration of the various strategies employed by spin-out founders in their innovation journey have been largely limited to descriptions of intellectual property sharing through mechanisms such as technology licensing, collaborations, etc. (see Rothaermel et al. 2007 for an overview). Such descriptions overwhelmingly focus on the mechanism by which financial resources are directed towards the innovation and the inventors are inevitably forced to surrender a large portion of their ownership rights.

     

    This paper instead offers a description of the strategic use of projects to negotiate the innovation journey into and through externally funded pilots. Further, it identifies the key forces relating to state and project partner actors that enable the strategy. The empirical setting for this analysis is the case of a spin-out based on research taking place at Uppsala University. In 2009 the spin-out, without a steady turnover, and a utility company jointly applied for state funding of a pilot project, the largest of its kind to date. The spin-out would execute the construction and the utility would operate the pilot. However, the project was severely delayed and the utility stepped in to control the design and manufacturing, sending a representative every week to the spin-out facility.

     

    The paper seeks to explore how the project thus acted as a space in which the spin-out and the utility were working together, an opening that would not have been possible had the utility been a customer. Missed deadlines could have resulted in a breach of contract, the utility could have pulled out and the spin-out, with equipment and material investment debts and with no other customers lined up, could have collapsed. Instead, by structuring the activity as a project the utility was enrolled in working towards the conclusion, and invested further through the insertion of a project manager into the spin-out. In this case it could be suggested that the forces usually at play in a purchase agreement are changed by the activity taking on the form of a project, forcing the two actors into collaborative action towards their common goal.

  • 215.
    Fowler, Nina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Investigation Toolbox : Hybridity2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The organisational structure of an academic department and its spin-off is examined through the theoretical lens of hybridity. Observed phenomena include the dissemination of intellectual property, the sharing of researchers and other resources, and the cross-boundary nature of the work undertaken. Different aspects of the observed case reveal a variety of types of hybrid activities and characteristics, and raise questions for further research. 

  • 216.
    Fowler, Nina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Transforming Knowledge Into Usefulness2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 217.
    Fowler, Nina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Walking the Plank of the Entrepreneurial University: The little spin-out that could?2017Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating spinout companies (USOs) from university research is one focus of innovation policy. The phenomenon features in two main fields of enquiry: academic entrepreneurship studies, and literature on academic capitalism and the entrepreneurial university. Studies have explored the academic entrepreneur, the development stages of these nascent ventures, and the tools universities can provide to encourage and assist in the spinout process. This literature is however limited in that it is overwhelmingly concerned with resources, and little is known about how the USO relates to the parent research institution over time.

    The purpose of this study is therefore to explore social forces in research linked to a USO, and the main research question is: how can a social lens help us to understand some of the forces at play in research commercialisation, specifically through the early development of a USO from a parent research organisation?

    The case study is based on interviews and observations of university researchers, USO actors, and representatives from state agencies and a multinational corporation involved in a technology demonstration project. The sociologist Robert Park’s concepts of social groups, the individual within the collective, and social forces are used to explore the experiences of actors involved in academic research and industrial development throughout the changing relationship of a research group and USO.

    Five social forces were identified around the border between academia and industry, based on some of the concepts that seem to inform the actors’ understandings of the case at hand.

    An exploration of these forces helps to develop an understanding of how actors experience and negotiate various forces, and positions the results of the study in relation to the dominant models in academic entrepreneurship and academic life. Park’s concepts of specialised roles moves the discussion forward by considering how social forces might be handled within research and research commercialisation, and how such forces might in turn motivate the movement of individuals within and out of a particular social group. This discussion leads into the metaphor of the theatre, connected to project management literature, and research commercialisation as a performance by actors to safeguard the collective’s interests. 

  • 218.
    Fowler, Nina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sköld, David
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Resistance and Accommodation of Project Management: A tale from the Ivory Tower of Academia2012Inngår i: 6th Making Projects Critical workshop, Manchester Business School on April 16th-17th 2012, Manchester, UK, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper, drawing on an empirical study of academic researchers pursuing collective research projects in engineering-, natural- and medical sciences, address the dynamics of accommodation and resistance of project management technology such as tools, techniques and taxonomy. We ground our analysis of accommodation and resistance on three interconnected empirical questions. First, we want to question the means to manage, critically dissecting what skills and methods are in use for running complex research projects within university settings. Secondly, we want to question the authority or legitimacy to manage in the sense if, how and in what way project managers/coordinators have or may appropriate necessary legitimacy for applying such obtrusive management techniques such as project management prescribes. Third, we want to question the identity work (of the self and of the collective) of how potentially to mitigate ideas of freedom and independence with efficient coordination through project management.

  • 219.
    Fowler, Nina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sköld, David
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Projectification of University Research: A study of resistance and accommodation of projectmanagement tools & techniques2015Inngår i: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 9-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to discuss and critically examine how formal project management (PM) tools and techniques affect the organization of university research.

    Design/methodology/approach - The paper is empirically grounded and explores how university researchers respond to an increasing emphasis on formalized PM methods to manage research work conducted within the university. The empirical material consists of 20 interviews with research staff working with engineering, natural and medical sciences at Uppsala University, Sweden. Describing how PM techniques are increasingly imposed upon the researchers, the paper analyses different modes of relating to the formalized toolsets, and discusses their accommodation and resistance within academia.

    Findings - One key finding is how the PM formalization is resisted by partial accommodation and containment. This can be described in terms of an enactment of a front-and a backstage of the research organization. At the front-stage, formal PM technology and terminology is used by specially appointed research managers as means of presenting to funding agencies and other external parties. At the backstage, researchers carry out work in more traditional forms.

    Practical implications - The findings indicate a challenge for research to comply with increased PM formalization and secure on-going open-ended research. Second, the paper points toward a risk of young researchers being nudged out into "front-stage" administration with little chance of returning to "backstage" research.

    Originality/value - This paper builds upon a growing area of the critical analysis of PM practice, offering insights into the tension between the values and norms of university research and an on-going formalization of PM in some organizational contexts.

  • 220.
    Fransson, Christine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Adersteg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Matematiska institutionen.
    Wester, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper.
    Att skapa stabila intäktströmmar från mobilhälsolösningar: En studie av möjligheterna för ett oetablerat företag på den svenska hälso- och sjukvårdsmarknaden att för mobilhälsolösningar skapa hållbara affärsmodeller2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims to investigate the possibilities for an unestablished company within the Swedish healthcare industry to generate a reliable revenue stream from mobile health solutions. The theoretical bases for part 1 are value theory and business model theory. The empirical material were collected through interviews with representatives from health technology companies and stakeholders within the Swedish healthcare system. The study shows that the Swedish healthcare system does not encourage the use of mobile health solutions. The main problem for commercialization of mobile health solutions is the fact that the reimbursement models used by the county councils are not suitable for mobile health solutions. The reimbursement models are however likely to change within the near future and the actors prepared and wellpositioned for the change have an increased possibility to succeed. A general description of Health Impact Bonds, a new innovative reimbursement model, is given in part 2. A potential approach for pricing Health Impact Bonds is then described and evaluated in detail. 

  • 221. Fraticelli, Fabio
    et al.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Gregori, Gian Luca
    Shifting CRM system from a tailored to a standard solution:organizational implications and effects2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 222.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    An Interdisciplinary Stakeholder Model for Managing Sustainability - : Is it a Paradigm shift in Quality Management?2018Inngår i: the 21st QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS, Cardiff, Wales, UK, 22 – 24 August, 2018. The paper was published in the conference proceedings., 2018, s. 344-352Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background - Cruise tourism and hospitality industry in the service sector is strongly growing and destinations have during the last decade had a manifold increase in tourists that go ashore. Investments in development of quays are done in several destinations and ports of call. To some destination visitor industry is a large part of their livelihood, as at the same time WCED (1987) stated that sustainable development includes economic growth but with protection of the quality of the environment.

     

    This paper is a piece of a larger multidisciplinary research programme, about how to investigate, contribute and create conditions for economic growth but with protection of delicate environment in order to balance different dynamics and spheres of interest, i.e., conduct a development that is sustainable. In these surroundings issues that emerge may need solutions with new thinking. In Sustainable Development and Quality Management stakeholder is an important concept. There are several different descriptions and interpretations of the concept see for instance Friedman & Miles (2002) and Phillips et al., (2003).

     

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to theoretically study the concept of stakeholder mainly from the aspects of Quality Management and Sustainable Development. How can the tentative stakeholder model be described in Quality-driven sustainability? Is it an interdisciplinary model or is there a paradigm shift in Quality Management?

     

    Methodology - This conceptual paper is more discursive in approach and based on a literature study which departs from Quality Management (QM) and Sustainable Management (SD). The paper contains some philosophical discussion and comparative studies of others’ work and thinking.

     

    Findings – The field of Quality Management has changed and literature shows that the meaning of stakeholder is influenced from the field of Sustainable Development. One conclusion in this paper is that there is a new paradigm of Quality Management.

     

    Originality/Value of paper – The paper highlights the importance of interdisciplinary solutions when approaching societal issues and that can generate anomalies and new paradigms.

     

    Keywords - Quality Management, Sustainable Management, Stakeholder, Anomaly, Paradigm

     Article classification - Conceptual paper

  • 223.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Henningsson, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Flipped Classroom med gamification som stöd för studentaktiverande undervisningsform2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 224.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Making sense of quality philosophies2018Inngår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 29, nr 11-12, s. 1452-1465Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to improve sense-making of different quality philosophies using a quality system model. We have chosen Total Quality Management, Six Sigma, Lean Management and ISO 9000 as typical quality philosophies. The chosen model is based on describing a system as consisting of purpose, principles, methodologies and tools. This model is extended to include a roll-out process and a management process for each philosophy. The main results indicate that the proposed model presents a way of describing, comparing and interpreting quality philosophies. The major implication of the study is that it provides a way to describe and define quality philosophies. The study makes a contribution to Quality Management in proposing a model for describing a quality philosophy.

  • 225.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Oxenswärdh, Anette
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Learning Sustainability in Organizational Context.2016Inngår i: the 19th International QMOD Conference for Quality and Service Sciences, Rome, Italy, 21 – 23 September, 2016. The paper was published in the conference proceedings, pp. ISBN 978-91-7623-086-2., 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to, the background of the structural changes and the increasing need for active work with sustainability including understanding; discuss collective learning as a tool for deeper understanding of sustainability as a concept. The discussion includes how collective learning can be incorporated in organizational context.

     

    Methodology

    A literature review has been carried out in order to discuss how sustainability through collective learning can be incorporated in organizational context.

     

    Main results

    The new kind of thinking, as requested in this paper, can be generated through powerful learning processes in organizational context, which lead to individual and organizational transformation. We suggest how sustainability can be incorporated in organizational context through processes of Collective Learning.

     

    Practical implications

    This paper gives an example of how powerful learning processes in organizations can be used in order to transform an organization.

     

    Originality/value

    The study makes a contribution to the discussion about learning in organisations.

  • 226.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Oxenswärdh, Anette
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Organizational change as a student project2016Inngår i: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, ISSN ISSN 1756-669X, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 428-437Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This research project aims to study how some organizations choose to prioritize certain changes when offered assistance by students who are studying quality technology.

    Design/methodology/approach

    A literature study is pursued. In this project, textual analysis of student works, such as reports, project diaries and subtasks, is used as an empirical source.

    Findings

    Organizations seem to already have identified areas for changes, but they neither have the methods and proper tools nor the know-how of implementing the changes. The results show that organizations take their opportunity to learn different tools in quality technology pointed out and used by students. There seems to be a huge need of knowledge about different tools and help with implementation of organizational changes.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study is limited to a case study containing students’ project on a Swedish island.

    Practical implications

    The major implication of the study is that managers in organizations are positive in using university students in organizational change. Also, the students fill the gap for needs of knowledge about implementation. However, it is the managers together with the students who suggest change project and the students continue to perform the change.

    Originality/value

    The study makes a contribution to the knowledge of change management in exploring how educational course can bridge the gap between theoretical and practical aspects of organizational change by creating collaborative learning

  • 227.
    From, Richard
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Körplaner hos Solna Pressgjuteri: En undersökning av bristerna i användandet av ERP-systemet2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates lacks in today’s use of the ERP-system Mapaz Affärssystem inthe production planning at Solna Pressgjuteri, and possible improvements. Today thedates calculated by the program to plan the orders are inaccurate and the ordersequence is not optimal, and therefore continuous manual corrections are needed.The approach was to study the program Mapaz to understand how it works, andidentify available parameters for input and output in the different tools offered in theprogram. By studying old lists of planned orders and relevant parameters in Mapaz forindividual orders, production groups, products and operations, the connectionbetween input and output parameters could be understood.Participating in planning meetings and discussions with the company behind theERP-system identified the current usage, desideratum and possibilities with theavailable tools. These were then matched to describe the reasons to the insufficientplanning and form possible actions for improvement.The work has showed poor understanding for the ERP-system and its functions, assome tools intended to assist the planning were not used, and some even usedincorrectly. Proposed improvement actions based on the available functions in MapazAffärssystem, such as correction of the reported production times, have beenprioritized in a list based on benefits versus the time required for the implementation.

  • 228.
    Gabrils, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Increasing the utilization of research in product and business development: Key factors for transferring applied research within a high technical organization2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The study aims to complement the knowledge management literature within research-based knowledge on how product developing organization can utilize the research results in product development.

    Main research question

    What are the main enablers for research-based knowledge to transfer in order to be adopted in a product developing organization?

    Sub research question

    What are the indicators for measuring the utilization of research results? What patterns for generation and spreading of knowledge increases utilization of research results? What factors in a research project are barriers for research to be adopted in product development? How do organizational structures impact the transfer of knowledge from research departments to business units?

    Methodology

    This master thesis is based on a case study at a global firm within automation, robotics and electrification. Data was collected by interviews within product development departments and industrial research department. The findings are supported by established theory in knowledge management, organizational learning and innovation management.

    Findings

    The study presents several project conditions that facilitates knowledge transfer in terms of communication, presentation, language, timing and engagement. Organizational structures that enables utilization of researchbased knowledge have clear organizational responsibilities, integration of technological strategy in projects and channel for multidisciplinary interactions. In order to determine the success of research projects results the receiving part’s absorptive capacity and ability to gain new knowledge have to me measured.

  • 229.
    Gabrils, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Hjälm Wallborg, Filip
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förbättring av kundnöjdhet efterkvalitetsbrister: Skapandet av ett nytt reklamationssystem2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis has been conducted at Atlas Copco Industrial Techniques AB inStockholm. Atlas Copco AB is a corporate group with businesses and customers inover 180 countries. Within the business area industrial technique an extensiveimplementation of a new system for customer complaints and requests will belaunched in 2018. The goal with the new system is to bring the company closer to thecustomers and handle their issues in a better way to improve customer satisfaction.Currently there are no standardized processes within the customer contact area,which has caused the companies to handle complaints in different ways. This thesisreports the identified problems with the handling of complaints and requests.Problems such as lack of information regarding cases to handle them effectively,unclear responsibilities in the process and difficulties to escalate a case within the organisation.

    The project resulted in six critical success factors which are recommended to be usedas a base to generate key performance indicators. Furthermore a close cooperationwith the software developers was performed in order to make the system adaptedfor the customer centers. Six product characteristics and a standardized workflowhave been generated to make the complaint management more effective. It has beeninvestigated what customer satisfaction is from a quality management point of viewand how key performance indicators can help improving complaint management.Finally the thesis shows that through clear processes one can ensure customersatisfaction. The thesis states several recommendations to Atlas Copco forimplementation of the new system.

  • 230.
    García-Terán, Jessica
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    A Processual Approach for the Quadruple Helix Model: the Case of a Regional Project in Uppsala2019Inngår i: Journal of the Knowledge Economy, ISSN 1868-7865, E-ISSN 1868-7873, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 1272-1296Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how the quadruple helix (QH) innovation model functions in a regional renewable energy initiative in Uppsala, Sweden. The focus is on the collaboration between regional office representatives, researchers, consultants and civil society, and their involvement in the attempt to implement and commercialize an innovation within renewable energy for the renovation of an old bridge. The empirical material gathered for this study was based on interviews, conversations, and participant observation during workshops and meetings with different stakeholders. By applying a processual approach, this article illustrates how the QH configuration (university-industry-government and civil society) emerges and evolves, unfortunately into a failed collaboration and thus a closing down of a commercialization attempt. By analyzing interactions and events of the process, we discuss the coordination problems between the actors to better understand how the dynamics affect local governments’ attempts to spur a more innovative climate in the region. In our conclusion, we discuss how the processual approach, when applied, can offer a better understanding of the uncertain development of QH projects in knowledge-based societies and economies.

  • 231.
    Garlapati, Shailesh
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sewoyo, Vinana
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Improving Antibiotic Availability by Restructuring the Supply Chain: A Case Study Within Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Rising Antimicrobial Resistance is a threat faced all over the world. Bacterial infections that were treatable with antibiotics only a few years ago can now lead to life-threatening conditions. This thesis is part of the work of a large platform, PLATINEA, trying to reduce the rate of new resistances occurring in Sweden by preventing non optimal treatment. Due to shortages of the right antibiotics, suboptimal antibiotics are prescribed, which has shown to be accelerating the resistances among the bacterial populations. This study proposes an information exchange database and a central storage model for critical antibiotics to circumvent stock outs and inconveniences resulting from shortages of medically valuable antibiotics.

    Through interviewing prominent actors in the Swedish pharmaceutical supply chain an inside into the procurement of antibiotic in Sweden and what concerns are faced by the organs involved was created. Literature studies on occurred shortages of antibiotics in Sweden and the world were examined and possible reasons for these were identified. Examination of governmental efforts and assignments created the context in which gaps were identified that this thesis work could fill. A focus on Benzylpenicillin and Rifampicin were kept throughout the study.

    The collected data led to the implementation recommendation of two models by this study. An information platform suggested to allow better, faster and more accurate information exchange between all involved actors of the supply chain as well as a centralized storage model for the storage of antibiotics with medically high value in Sweden. 

    Through the implementation of the model systems shortages of critical antibiotics can be circumvented and better availability of information leads to quicker reactions ability to stock outs of other antibiotics.

  • 232.
    Gerdin, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Rifve, Rebecca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förstudie till taktad produktverifikation: Möjligheterna till ett jämnare produktionsflöde2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis has been performed at Atlas Copco’s assembly department in Tierp, during a period of ten weeks. Lean production is an important part of their daily operation. Several other big Lean projects have been completed, where among other things, takt time has been introduced at several of the assembly lines. The Tensor-testing area is the part of the factory where all Tensor-tools will be tested. The Tensor-testing area was excluded from the Lean projects, as big improvements were in motion parallel with the projects.

    The aim with the bachelor thesis was to do a feasibility study with the following problem definition: Can the Tensor-testing area be included in the takt time of the assembly lines? If yes, how could it look like? If no, which changes can be implemented to make it possible?

    To answer the problem definition, different activities have been made. A two daylong practice has been completed. A time study was made and the collected data, in combination with available test data from Atlas Copco’s database, was compiled into bar graphs. Normal distribution diagrams were created to simplify discovery of possible deviations. Simulations have been completed based on orders and delimitations. Suggestions for improvement were made, which were related to where you could see a lack of capacity. New simulations were performed based on these. From the conclusion, the Tensor-testing cannot be takted with the conditions that were; further work is necessary. The work is more a general study and not a detailed one. The reason was because of delimitations that have been necessary due to lack of time. The simulations which have been done, has created a model for further work. As there are many different types of products, other types of production sequences could be of interest, and be tested by using this model. Recommendations for further work have been made in the form of suggestions for improvements. The suggestions have theoretical support, which show that there is potential to include the testing in the takted assembly lines takt time.

  • 233.
    Gerdin, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Rifve, Rebecca
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Manufacturing System Improvement with Discrete Event Simulation: A case study with simulation applied to a manual manufacturing system2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Due to a global increase in competitiveness in manufacturing,companies strive to increase the effectiveness of their manufacturing systems. The new industrial revolution, Industry 4.0, is a consequence inmotion to aid in creating improved manufacturing systems. A common tool within Industry 4.0 is simulation, where one could simulate changes in a virtual representation of a real world system. Discrete Event Simulation (DES) is a tool that has been widely adopted within industries to test manufacturing system changes virtually before implementing them physically. However, there is a need to discover the advantages, disadvantages and barriers to the application of simulation modeling in industry, as well as how to show the value with using the technique.

    A case study at the global manufacturing company Atlas Copco's plant In Tierp, Sweden has been undertaken with the purpose of using DES to aid a manufacturing plant in improving a manual manufacturing system, and how this could develop the current approach to a more long-term and sustainable one. Process mapping have been used to facilitate better understanding of the system prior to simulation modeling, as a manual system proved to be difficult to map otherwise. The results of this study points to that simulation can provide advantages of that decisions regarding implementation of system improvements could have better basis for being taken, simulation can be used to test system changes virtually to prevent eventual implementation problems, and simulation can be used as a tool to generate long-term solutions. However, disadvantages and barriers were identified as resistance from management in difficulties to convince the value of using simulation, extensive modeling competency required, and lack of the right prerequisites makes simulation modeling implementation more difficult. Further research should focus on uncovering the difficulties and barriers to the implementation of simulation modeling in industry, as this was not widely discussed in existing literature.

  • 234.
    Gomes, Rafael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Osman, Sema Seyfi
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Managing Organizational Adoption of IoT: Revisiting Rogers' Diffusion of Innovation Theory2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As a disruptive innovation, IoT has been creating a high impact over organizations’ current strategies and business models. This continuous process of change will have an increasing influence on how organizations and industries as a whole conduct their businesses, and is set to have an active role towards the development of entirely new business models and markets. With the development of IoT technologies, and its predicted exponential spread across all sectors of society, one can conclude that the future holds many opportunities for organizations looking to explore new ways of capturing and creating value, but at the same time there are also plenty of challenges to be addressed. While the diffusion and adoption process of IoT has been an ongoing phenomenon over the past decade, there is still not much certitude as to how organizations ought to adjust in order to successfully integrate IoT technologies in their structure and operations. In parallel fashion, there have also been many difficulties in ensuring that different smart, connected devices and ecosystems are able to effectively communicate between each other, as achieving interoperability has become one of the major concerns associated with IoT. The main focus of this study is to analyze the process of how organizations are currently integrating IoT within their businesses, while also investigating causes that hinder interoperability, and evaluating the future potential deployment of the Open IoT ecosystems in companies. For our research we have followed a case-study approach where we conducted semi-structured interviews with managers and project leaders from two organizations conducting pilot studies on Green IoT and Open IoT, and where one has been adopting IoT technologies in its business. Theoretically, we draw on a framework by combining Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovations theory and Christensen’s theory of Disruptive Innovations in order to analyze the integration of IoT into businesses’ core structure. The research goes through a functional framework that outlines the process of IoT adoption while also presenting the present challenges that are faced by the actors in the industry and the key enablers for successful IoT integration.

  • 235.
    Grahn, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Utveckling och tillämpning av modeller förkvantifiering av de ekonomiska konsekvensernaav ökad förbrukningsflexibilitet inom eldistribution2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    One step towards a more sustainable energy system is to create a more flexible electrical grid, where increased demand response among electricity consumers can play an important role. A distribution grid owner can encourage their customers to use electricity more evenly distributed during the day by introducing different types of grid fees such as time-differentiated power tariffs. In this master thesis, the theoretical economic impact of a flattened load profile for a distribution grid owner is investigated. Different factors that impact the distribution grid owner’s economy are identified and two are chosen to be quantified; losses in the grid and the fee to the feeding grid. The possibility to save money by avoiding future investments is discussed but not quantified. Models are developed for modifying an existing load profile, calculating the losses associated with a certain grid and load profile, and calculating the value of a lowered subscribed power to the feeding grid. The models are applied on the distribution grid owner Sala-Heby Energi Elnät AB. The results show that with a load profile that is flattened out 100% every day, which is the theoretical best possible scenario, the losses can be reduced with 2.6% which corresponds to a value of 81 000 SEK. By lowering the subscribed power to the feeding grid as much as the highest peak of the year is reduced in the modified load curve, the cost to the feeding grid would be reduced 1.2 million SEK, or 10% of the fee to the feeding grid. In the 20% curve modification case, which would be more realistic to achieve in reality, the losses decreased by 0.9% which corresponds to a value of 29 000 SEK. Furthermore, the fee to feeding grid would be reduced with 0.34 million SEK which corresponds to 2.8% of the total fee. In summary, the theoretical economic saving potential is around 10 times higher for the fee to feeding grid than for grid losses.

  • 236.
    Grassman, Rickard
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Dissociative Economy: On the virtualization of knowledge work2014 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is a philosophical journey into what is here described as a dissociative economy, whereby the battle-lines between capital and labour, are currently being drawn in and through our very identities themselves. Whilst predominantly theoretical, and owing much to Critical theory and the teachings of Jacques Lacan, the book nevertheless grapples with three diverse empirical cases from our evermore prevailing and broadly defined knowledge economy. In these empirical glimpses the industries of investment banking, information technology and management consulting are duly represented through interviews derived from Lehman Brothers, Google and a multinational consulting firm. The empirical accounts are used to render visible the theoretical contributions to the fields of subjectivity, ideology, power, resistance and virtuality. By looking at a rather timely and specific range of work-life identities, yet at the same time elaborating these accounts in light of the fundamental question around identity itself, which has tickled the human intellect since time immemorial. My hope is to enter into a timeless dialogue and yet at the same time very much speak into our present.

  • 237.
    Grau, Andrea
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Wanner, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Managing supply chain sustainability risks of antibiotics: A case study within Sweden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been classified as one of the phenomena that belongs to the current top threats to human health. AMR is the process where bacteria become resistant to the antimicrobial drug and renders the antibiotic ineffective. This phenomenon is increasing exponentially due to misuse and overuse of antibiotics and is responsible for 700,000 annual deaths globally. If the contributing factors to AMR remain persistent, the estimated amount of annual deaths will increase to the exorbitant figure of 10 million by 2050. The inappropriate waste discharge from antibiotic manufacturing plants is the third major cause contributing to AMR. For this reason, environmental sustainability within the pharmaceutical industry is tightly linked to human health, and therefore, the importance of environmental risk management becomes crucial. Pharmaceutical supply chains are extremely complex, fragmented, and rigid due to the highly regulated environment and global distribution of the chains. Constant availability is sometimes compromised, and this leads to national shortages of antibiotics, which increase AMR. Therefore, supply chain sustainability risks (SCSRs) need to be thoroughly assessed and managed. The thesis aims to identify the sustainability risks that threaten the constant supply of antibiotics and further provide a comprehensive and sufficient framework on how to assess and manage SCSRs within the pharmaceutical industry. This research is based on the review of existing literature, followed by an empirical study that included a case study of two specific antibiotics relevant to the Swedish market. The analysis of publicly available databases, together with the qualitative interviews, revealed that the most susceptible node of the supply chain resides in the primary manufacturing stage. The most relevant SCSRs have been identified, and an adapted framework is suggested. The role of regulatory agencies has been demonstrated to be fundamental to achieve change concerning environmental progress. Further research needs to be implemented for the validation of the suggested framework within a practical context.

  • 238.
    Grönhaug, Gustav
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förbättring av tillverkningsprocessen för hydraulcylindrar hos Edvins Larssons Mekaniska AB: En automationsförstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a part of Automationsutmaningen which is a programsupported by Tillväxtverket, the program focus on helping small tomedium large manufacturing businesses in need of automatization andflexible solutions to their processing line. Via Robotdalen inVästerås a pilot study in robot automatization was conducted atEdvin Larssons Mekaniska AB (ELMAB), a manufacturer of hydrauliccylinders and industrial grapples. ELMAB want to reduce the manualhandling of materials and reduce their need for personnel, they alsowant to develop and meet future requirements. The purpose of this project is to find what process in the manufacturing chain that is most suitable to a solution in automatization and thereafter come up with suggestions and develop concepts that fulfill set requirements. The pilot study will act asbasis to an investment and show if a solution is profitable. Thepilot study focus on the manufacturing of hydraulic cylinders andthe processes lathe, grinding, washing and coating. The main parts of the report are status analysis and improvement suggestions. The status analysis was conducted through visits and thorough studies of the manufacturing process. Literature studies in production management and industrial robotics have been very important to increasing knowledge and understanding on what to look for in the status analysis and how to draw conclusions for theimprovement suggestions. The status analysis concluded that washing, coating and lathing all could use improvements but that only coating and lathing would benefit from a solution in automatization. Further analysisconcluded that lathing was most beneficial to a solution.Based on a requirements analysis, three concepts on robot cells weredeveloped. All concepts focused on keeping the robot cell flexible.The solution is focused on the difficulty on letting an operatorwork inside the robot cell at the same time as the robot handles adifferent lathe within the cell or if there is a another solutionthat solves the problem. The solution has to work within a safetyaspect. The solution is a portable robot with a built in safetysolution. The solution leads to saved personnel costs and increasesefficiency to the lathes within the cell. The investment has apayback time in less than three years.

  • 239. Guercini, Simone
    et al.
    Runfola, Andrea
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sustainability and Buyer-Supplier Relationships in Fashion Supply Chain: A Research Agenda2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 240. Guercini, Simone
    et al.
    Runfola, Andrea
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Centrum för teknik- och vetenskapstudier. Universita' Politecnica delle Marche.
    Milanesi, Matilde
    Editorial2018Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 12, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 241.
    Gunnarsson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Inferno Light: Den mekaniska konstruktionen runt ett larmsystem2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes how the development of a mechanical enclosure to an alarmsystem proceeded. The project was made on behalf of Inferno Light Indusec AB.The goal set to this housing would offer a home alarm in which Indusec’s uniquesound system would give the customer a new alternative on the market. They wantedto, among other things, create an aesthetically but at the same time affordable alarm.The aesthetic theme is something that is missing in today’s market. Anotherimportant aspect is that it will follow EN 50131-4, a standard for European alarmsystems.The project was built in different phases: planning, concept, design and results. Thesephases included brainstorming and Gallery method but also other important meanslike information from the Internet, books and existing solutions for alarm systemsalready present.In order to keep costs down an important starting point was to manufacture theproduct with the fewest number of parts and after treatments possible. The featuresthat were implemented in the product should also make it easier to install theproduct. The final concept resulted in two parts: a rear piece, and a fairing to beinjection molded in a type of plastic called polycarbonate “durable plastic”.The result was a CAD version of a complete casing that provides protection andshelter to the electronics needed. Calculations and derivations for what is requiredfor injection molding have been taken into account. The report also describes theproblems that could not be resolved at this time and what recommendations youshould follow.

  • 242.
    Gunnarsson, Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.