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  • 201.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Foreigner and Local: Identities and Cultural Expression among the Urban People of Birka2016Ingår i: Shetland and the Viking World: Papers from the Proceedings of the Seventeenth Viking Congress, Lerwick / [ed] Val E. Turner, Olwyn A. Owen, Doreen J. Waugh, Lerwick: Shetland Heritage Publications, Shetland Amenity Trust , 2016, s. 189-195Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When Birka was established it was without precedent in the Eastern Viking World. The first generation of inhabitants left their traditional rural lifestyle and formed a new way of life. The following generations became the first truly urban people forming new identities and creating new social practices and cultural expressions. This paper will focus on the identities of the people who inhabited this emerging urban community.

  • 202.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Hjalmar Stolpe (1841-1905)2020Ingår i: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2020, s. 47-53Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 203.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Holger Arbman (1904-1968)2020Ingår i: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademien för svensk folkkultur , 2020, s. 301-308Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 204.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Interactions and infrastructure: On the driving forces and organisation behind the Viking Age networks of trade in the Baltic and beyond2020Ingår i: Iron and the Transformation of Society: Reflexion of Viking Age Metallurgy / [ed] Catarina Karlsson & Gert Magnusson, Stockholm: Jernkontoret , 2020, s. 187-222Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Trade with exotic commodities along far-reaching networks is generally seen as one of the characteristics of the Viking Age. While luxury goods from various parts of the world reached Scandinavia, there was also an extensive export of materials and products, not least from the so-called outland regions of Scandinavia. Iron in different forms constituted an important part of this exchange. But trade operating over extensive geographical areas and routes linking the outlands with the established transport routes required infrastructure and organisation. Different types of sites emerged that all, in their own way, contributed to the interactions between people and areas along the trade route. This paper aims to identify examples of such sites, contextualise some of the traded commodities and discuss the possible driving forces and push factors that lay behind the Viking Age trade networks in the Baltic and beyond.

  • 205.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Internationell handel, tidiga städer och nätverksriken2022Ingår i: Situne Dei, ISSN 1653-8498, s. 74-76Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 206.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Med utgångspunkt från människorna: Sociala roller och samhälleliga funktioner i Birka med utblick mot Gamla Uppsala2016Ingår i: Socioekonomisk mångfald. Ritualer och urbanitet: Rapport från projektseminarium för Ostkustbanan (OKB) genom Gamla Uppsala / [ed] Kerstin Cassel, Stockholm, Uppsala: Statens Historiska Museer, Arkeologerna , 2016, s. 27-38Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan vi som arkeologer få insyn i och förståelse för historiskt symboliska platser som Birka och Gamla Uppsala? Platsernas monumentalitet och rika forskningshistoria riskerar att påverkar de hypoteser och tolkningar vi lyfter fram och färga våra frågeställningar. Man utgår vanligen från de stora perspektiven och placerar sedan in människorna i de ramar man har skapat när man har definierat platsen. Men arkeologin är inte alltid så enkel att tolka ur det perspektivet.

    Vad händer om man istället vänder på resonemanget och ser platsen genom de människor som en gång levt där? Individerna, grupperna och folket är de som skapat platsen och genom sina handlingar fyllt den med funktion och mening. Människor är synliga i och kan förstås genom det samhälle som de har skapat. I det här fallet är det samhället Birka. För att kunna bilda sig en uppfattning om folket i Birka måste man börja med deras vardag och världsbild, så som den förmedlas genom det arkeologiska materialet. Jag kommer i det följande att presentera två män, en kvinna och en flicka som alla levt och verkat i Birka under olika perioder av platsens existens. Genom att utgå ifrån dessa enskilda individer och deras respektive kontexter söker jag ökad förståelse för och nyansera bilden av den monumentala platsen Birka.

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  • 207.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. The Swedish History Museum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Not a camp but a garrison: Martial life 'at home'2023Ingår i: Viking Camps: Case Studies and Comparisons / [ed] Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson;Irene García Losquiño, London: Routledge, 2023, s. 274-293Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    While knowledge of Viking Age military structures such as ditches, camps, and enclosures outside of Scandinavia is growing, possible counterparts in the Scandinavian regions are generally less known. But despite the lack of trenches, camps, and enclosures, other traces of army life and organisation are preserved. In this chapter, it is suggested that the so-called garrison in the Viking-era city of Birka, Sweden, constitutes an interesting counterpart to the camps. Despite the differences between them, not least in terms of temporality and relation to the surrounding region, a more detailed comparison of the archaeological source material also shows important similarities. The structural and material remains of the garrison are here put into context and questions are raised concerning differences in opportunities and needs for a martial organisation operating at home compared to the challenges facing an army acting away from home.

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  • 208.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Review - A Viking Century. Chernihiv area from 900 to 1000 AD2024Ingår i: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 209.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    [Review of:] Viking: Ran, ild og sværd2020Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 140, nr 3, s. 552-554Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 210.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Spaces and Places of the Urban Settlement of Birka2016Ingår i: New aspects on Viking-age urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the the international symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013 / [ed] Lena Holmquist; Sven Kalmring; Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson, Stockholm: Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University , 2016, s. 23-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 211.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sveer i østerled: Fund fra vikingebyen Birka2022Ingår i: Rus: Vikinger i øst / [ed] Pauline Asingh; Kristian Jensen, Højbjerg: Moesgaard Museum , 2022, s. 131-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 212.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Warriors Wearing Silk2023Ingår i: Vikings in the Mediterranean: Proceedings of an International Conference Co-organized by the Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish Institutes at Athens, Athens, 27-30 November 2019 / [ed] Neil Price; Marianne Hem Eriksen; Carsten Jahnke, Athens: Norwegian Institute at Athens , 2023, s. 223-240Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Silk in Viking Age burials has captured the interest of archaeologists and textile researchers since the first fragments were identified during the late 19th century. The delicate and exotic fabric connected Scandinavia to long-distance trade routes and provided a fundamentally different addition and unexpected golden lining to the cloth culture that was dominated by wool and linen fabrics. The archaeological material is highly fragmentary with few preserved larger pieces, and is dominated by fabric cut into long strips with little consideration for the pattern. At times, this has led to a simplified view in which the silk has been reduced to being purely ornamental and an expression of high social standing, wealth, and long-distance trade connections. The study is a reflection on the intangible values that surrounded silk in the silk-producing regions and the extent to which these ideas accompanied the fabric into Scandinavian society. Using the two sites of Birka and Valsgärde as a starting point, I examine the Scandinavian context of silks, their possible origin, and the trade routes of silk to Scandinavia. Although silk is present in various contexts, my focus is on the martial sphere of society, in which the need to express affiliation, status, and rank was fundamental, and clothing offered an opportunity to do so. Subsequently, I discuss some of the martial connotations of silk in its regions of origin and explore how these ideas may have been materialised in the silk itself. By exploring the biographies of the silk, and the ideas, cultures, and people that shaped them on their path to the north, I argue that part of the silk material in Viking-Age Scandinavia represents an intellectual import of the Byzantine, and Arabic, practice of warriors wearing silk.

  • 213.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    García Losquiño, Irene
    Viking Camps: Case Studies and Comparisons2023Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is the coming together of several disciplines under the thematic umbrella of Viking Camps and provides the very latest research presented by the leading researchers in the field, making it the most comprehensive compilation of the phenomenon of Viking camps to date.

    Compiling the current state of research on encampments across the Viking world and their impact on their surroundings, this volume provides an all-encompassing analysis of their characteristics—functions, form, inner workings, and interaction with the landscape and the local population. It initiates a wider discussion on the features and functions that define them, making it possible to identify and understand new sites, also broadening the geographical scope. Sites in Ireland, England, Sweden, Frankia, and Iberia are presented and explored, allowing the reader to understand the camp phenomenon from a comparative, more inclusive perspective. The combination of geographically bound case-studies and in-depth analyses of specific themes, such as economy and religion, bring together an abundance of methodologies and approaches. The volume introduces new interdisciplinary approaches to define and identify Viking encampment sites, combining archaeology, historical documents, metal detecting, landscape analysis, and toponymic research. It builds the methodological foundations for future research on Viking camps, the armies inhabiting them, and their interaction with the surrounding world.

    Viking Camps contributes to a better understanding of the functioning of Viking expeditionary groups, both on campaign and during the early stages of settlement, and will be of use to researchers in Viking archaeology, history, and Viking Studies.

  • 214.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Zachrisson, Torun
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Krzewińska, Maja
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sobrado, Veronica
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Günther, Torsten
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Evolution och utvecklingsbiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Evolution och utvecklingsbiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Götherström, Anders
    Archaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Storå, Jan
    Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A female Viking warrior confirmed by genomics2017Ingår i: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 164, nr 4, s. 853-860Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to confirm the sex and the affinity of an individual buried in a well-furnished warrior grave (Bj 581) in the Viking Age town of Birka, Sweden. Previously, based on the material and historical records, the male sex has been associated with the gender of the warrior and such was the case with Bj 581. An earlier osteological classification of the individual as female was considered controversial in a historical and archaeological context. A genomic confirmation of the biological sex of the individual was considered necessary to solve the issue.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genome-wide sequence data was generated in order to confirm the biological sex, to support skeletal integrity, and to investigate the genetic relationship of the individual to ancient individuals as well as modern-day groups. Additionally, a strontium isotope analysis was conducted to highlight the mobility of the individual.

    RESULTS: The genomic results revealed the lack of a Y-chromosome and thus a female biological sex, and the mtDNA analyses support a single-individual origin of sampled elements. The genetic affinity is close to present-day North Europeans, and within Sweden to the southern and south-central region. Nevertheless, the Sr values are not conclusive as to whether she was of local or nonlocal origin.

    DISCUSSION: The identification of a female Viking warrior provides a unique insight into the Viking society, social constructions, and exceptions to the norm in the Viking time-period. The results call for caution against generalizations regarding social orders in past societies.

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  • 215.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Elite Burials with Bohemian Garnets in Vendel Period Sweden2023Ingår i: Royal Insignia of Late Antiquity from Mšec and Řevničov: Magnificent Finds from the Migration Period from Central Bohemia / [ed] Jaroslav Jiřík; Kateřina Blažková; Jana Bezáková; Barry Ager et al., Rakovník: Museum in Rakovník , 2023, s. 194-199Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a short note on two elite burilas from present day Sweden. Dated to the Vendel period, i.e. the equivalent of the Merovingian period in Swedish historical writing, these two burials contain the only known examples of Bohemian garnets in the Swedish archaeological material. In the text, the two burials will be presented and the garnets contexualised and discussed.

  • 216.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Horses and Burials in Late Iron-Age Central Sweden: The Examples of Valsgärde and Birka2021Ingår i: Horse and Rider in the late Viking Age: Equestrian burial in perspective / [ed] Anne Pedersen & Merethe Schifter Bagge, Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2021, s. 223-243Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of horses in burials is a well-known aspect of Scandinavian funerary prac­tices. Among so-called warrior burials of the late Scandinavian Iron Age in central Sweden, i.e. the Vendel and Viking periods (c. AD 556/70–1100), horses and horse equipment constitute some of the most prominent objects in the graves. In com­bination with full weapon sets, horse equipment is a key indicator of high-status warriors, and has been found buried in boats, chambers and various kinds of cremation burials (Pedersen 2014; Sun­dkvist 2001). In some regions, horse burials are mainly an elite phenomenon, while in others they occur more frequently. There are also differences in how they are furnished. Riding equipment can be relatively common, while buried horses them­selves are few (Pedersen 2014, 176–222). In the Lake Mälaren Region of central Swe­den, horses in burials are not unusual, and the practice can be identified in most burial grounds, particularly those dated to the Vendel Period (AD 560/70–750/800) (Petré 1984; 1999; 2000; 2011; Seiler 2001; Magnell et al. 2017, fig. 90). In rich graves from the Viking Age, such as the cham­ber burials from Birka and the boat graves from Vendel and Valsgärde, horses appear to have been a necessary component of the funerary assem­blage. While Vendel and Valsgärde could be seen as particular expressions of a regional society and rooted in tradition, Birka represents a new form of social structure and setting, i.e. an urban milieu on a small island in Lake Mälaren (Fig. 1). This contribution is a product of the Swedish Research Council-funded ‘Viking Phenomenon’ project, part of which is a detailed study of all boat burials from the Valsgärde cemetery. This has presented us with an opportunity to identify larger patterns in the deposition of horses and/ or horse equipment in Valsgärde and other rural sites north of Lake Mälaren (Valsgärde, Vendel, Tuna in Alsike and Gamla Uppsala). These graves represent places that have unique characteristics, but also have enough in common to be considered a group of elite rural burials that can be compared with those from Birka – particularly the chamber graves. Though well-known and often referred to, the horses and horse equipment in the elaborate burials in Birka have not yet been examined in depth. In fact, a comprehensive study of horses in all of Birka’s contexts has yet to be made. The Valsgärde and Vendel horse equipment has been partially discussed in several cases (see for exam­ple Arwidssson 1942; 1954; 1977; Sundkvist 2001), but we still lack comprehensive studies of horse equipment, particularly with regards to how dif­ferent kinds of equipment are related to individ­ual horses. A study that combines genetic and osteological analyses with careful examination of the equipment could reveal more about the prac­tical and funerary role of a horse, and also create biographies of individual horses. The aim of this chapter is twofold. First, we will present and compare depositional patterns of horse-related equipment from the Valsgärde and Vendel boat graves. We will then discuss these in comparison to the use of horses and horse equip­ment in burials at Birka, and in doing so pose a number of questions for future consideration concerning the way in which horse-related items reflect the roles played by horses in funerary set­tings. It is necessary to state at the outset that we will focus primarily on the evidence from various forms of inhumation burials. Although cremation was the predominate burial rite in Scandinavia for much of the late Iron Age, the inevitable destruc­tion of burial goods during the cremation process itself prevents us from exploring this material within the context of this initial study.

  • 217.
    Hedström, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Dödens makt: En komparativ studie av spår av synkretism i gravhögar i Mälardalsområdet2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate syncretism in burial mounds that were active burial places during the Iron Age and the change of religion from pre-christianity to christianity in Mälardalen. The study consists of a comparative analysis of two burial mounds that was recycled and has two different burials pracites on its primary and secondary graves. The essay is a literature study and based on fieldwork reports from excavations of the two burial mounds and the burial fields Spånga RAÄ 193 and Valsta RAÄ 59. Tombs can have been a visible power symbol in the landscape during the Iron Age. A physical link between the dead and the living, between people and the ownership of the earth and the odal concept. The grave ship during the Iron Age had a great variety. Concepts like syncretism can be difficult interpreted because it was used as a concept in religious history from the beginning. It deals with the process of diffrents religions meet and the consequences of that meeting.

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  • 218.
    Hegardt, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Sodertorn Univ, Sch Culture & Educ Philosophy, Huddinge, Sweden.
    History between Red Brackets: The Cold War in History Museums around the Baltic Sea2019Ingår i: Museum Worlds: Advances in Research, ISSN 2049-6729, E-ISSN 2049-6737, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 165-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article derives from the research project entitled "Art, Culture and Conflict: Transformations of Museums and Memory Culture around the Baltic Sea after 1989;" which was financed by the Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, Sodertorn University. It discusses how history museums in Finland, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have reacted to the fall of the Iron Curtain and the conclusion of the Soviet occupation of the three Baltic states. It argues that the Cold War is understood by the museums as a special historical epoch not comparable to any other historical period in these six countries. It concludes that to be able to deal with this particular point in history we either need to metaphorically put the Cold War in between red brackets, as it were, which makes it possible to address the Cold War when needed, or to place it outside the historical narrative of the modern rise of the five discussed nation-states.

  • 219.
    Hejdström, Eric
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vikingatida svärd på Gotland: Ett metallurgiskt perspektiv2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about viking age swords is nothing new but for a long time the main focus have been different aspects of typologies which have evolved since early 20th century. During the last 30 years the still growing communities of Viking reenactment have shed new light upon the fighting skills of pre Christian Nordic societies. With developing knowledge of ancient metallurgy and understanding of swordsmithing we might have new ways to interpret the swords found originating in the 8th to 11th centuries. In this paper the author will be making an attempt to assess and analyze swords on Gotland to uncover whether they were made as practical fighting weapons or merely symbols of social status and power, or both.The main source of information regarding the swords found on Gotland comes from the extensive catalogues Die Wikingerzeit Gotlands I-II by Lena Thunmark-Nylén 1996, 1998 and Viking Swords by Fedir Androshchuk 2014. For a deeper understanding of the materials used in sword- and weaponsmithing, information from metalurgically examined specimens presented by Lena Thålin Bergman will be used as cross reference.

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    Vikingatida svärd på Gotland: Ett metallurgiskt perspektiv
  • 220.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Arkeologiska lämningar i skogsmark: Arkeologisk forskningsundersökning Dannemora 102:1, Österlövsta 970 & 974 Dannemora och Österlövsta Socknar Tierps Kommun Uppsala Län Uppland2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 221. Hennius, Andreas
    Ottar från Hålogaland – en val- och valrossjägare från vikingatiden2022Ingår i: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 117, nr 1, s. 13-15Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 222.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Outland exploitation and the emergence of seasonal settlements2020Ingår i: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, nr 79, s. 8-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 223.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Outlanders?: Resource colonisation, raw material exploitation and networks in Middle Iron Age Sweden2021Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Middle Iron Age, around 300–650 CE, was characterised by extensive transformations across many aspects of society in the area of present-day Sweden. Within the central agricultural regions of the southern parts of the country, these changes are evident in a re-organisation of the settlements, renewed burial practices, the building of large-scale monuments, as well as increased militarisation, social stratification and an increase in imported objects. 

    This thesis addresses an additional aspect of Middle Iron Age societal change, namely an increase in the utilisation of raw materials and resources from forested and coastal landscapes situated beyond the settled farm. These non-agrarian landscapes are commonly referred to as the outlands. In previous research, the increased utilisation of the outlands has in general been understood as part of a Viking Age expansion.

    The case studies of the thesis suggest that the outlands saw an intensified resource colonisation already during the Middle Iron Age, and that a similar explanatory model can be used to accommodate the parallel developments that appear in the agrarian landscapes as well as the in the outlands. The resource colonisation contributed to a surplus production that seems to have exceeded the needs of ordinary households, along with serially produced items, distributed along far-reaching trade networks in exchange of exotic commodities. The thesis argues that these networks should be interpreted as part of systems connecting distant regions, ranging from the Far East to Arctic Scandinavia. The discussions of the cases studies illustrate interplay between different groups of people – producers and consumers, hunters and farmers – in different parts of the landscape, and how they generated complex, social and economic relations and interdependencies. This in turn resulted in specific cultural patterns in the border area between the boreal forest in the north and the agrarian region in the south. 

    The main contribution of the study is that it highlights how the main elements of outland exploitation, such as mass production and trade in valuable non-agrarian resources, can be dated earlier than has been previously thought. Moreover, the thesis argues that outland resource colonisation was an important driving force for the societal developments that took place during the Middle Iron Age, and is crucial for our understanding of later time periods.

    Delarbeten
    1. Towards a Refined Chronology of Prehistoric Pitfall Hunting in Sweden
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards a Refined Chronology of Prehistoric Pitfall Hunting in Sweden
    2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 530-546Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Among the most prominent prehistoric features in the boreal forests of northern Sweden are trapping pits or pitfalls used for hunting elk and/or reindeer. Even if often ascribed to the Viking Age and its trade in furs and other animal products, the chronology of these features has long been a matter of debate. In this article, a database of 370 dated radiocarbon samples from excavated pitfalls has been compiled and analysed using Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) modelling to create the most elaborate chronology of Swedish trapping pit systems so far. The analysis shows that the most intensive period of construction of trapping pits was in the centuries before the Viking period. This challenges previous interpretations of Viking Age resource exploitation but is in line with several other recently published studies concerned with resource exploitation, non-agrarian production, and trade connecting northern Scandinavia with inter-regional trade networks.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2020
    Nyckelord
    Vendel/Viking period, northern Scandinavia, trapping pit system, Kernel Density Estimation (KDE), outland resource exploitation, trade networks
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-428304 (URN)10.1017/eaa.2020.8 (DOI)000592184800003 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-00466
    Tillgänglig från: 2020-12-15 Skapad: 2020-12-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-05-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Whalebone Gaming Pieces: Aspects of Marine Mammal Exploitation in Vendeland Viking Age Scandinavia
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Whalebone Gaming Pieces: Aspects of Marine Mammal Exploitation in Vendeland Viking Age Scandinavia
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 612-631Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Discussions of pre-Viking trade and production have for many decades focused on products made of precious metals, glass and, to some degree, iron. This is hardly surprising considering the difficulties in finding and provenancing products made of organic matter. In this article we examine gaming pieces made from bone and antler, which are not unusual in Scandinavian burials in the Vendel and Vikingperiod (c. AD 550–1050). A special emphasis is placed on whalebone pieces that appear to dominate after around AD 550, signalling a large-scale production and exploitation of North Atlantic whale products.In combination with other goods such as bear furs, birds of prey, and an increased iron and tar production, whalebone products are part of an intensified large-scale outland exploitation and indicate strong, pre-urban trading routes across Scandinavia and Europe some 200 years before the Viking period and well before the age of the emporia.

    Nyckelord
    whaling, pre-Viking trade, outland exploitation, gaming pieces, Eubalaena glacialis, ZooMS
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Forskningsämne
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352847 (URN)10.1017/eaa.2018.15 (DOI)000450114400007 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenbergs Stiftelse, BWS 2014.0117Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-00466
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-08 Skapad: 2018-06-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-06Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Viking Age tar production and outland exploitation
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Viking Age tar production and outland exploitation
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, nr 365, s. 1349-1361Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The use of tar and resinous substances dates back far into Scandinavian prehistory. How it was produced, however, was unknown until recent excavations in eastern Sweden revealed funnel-shaped features—now identified as structures for producing tar. A new way of organising tar production appeared in the eighth century AD, leading to large-scale manufacture within outland forests. Intensified Viking Age maritime activities probably increased the demand for tar, which also became an important trade commodity. The transition to intensive tar manufacturing implies new ways of organising production, labour, forest management and transportation, which influenced the structure of Scandinavian society and connected forested outlands with the world economy.

    Nyckelord
    Scandinavia, Sweden, Viking Age, trade networks, sails, shipping, non-agrarian production, tar, shielings
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-367333 (URN)10.15184/aqy.2018.22 (DOI)000448528600024 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenbergs Stiftelse, BWS2014.0117Vetenskapsrådet, 2015-00466
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-30 Skapad: 2018-11-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-06Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Outland exploitation and the emergence of seasonal settlements
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Outland exploitation and the emergence of seasonal settlements
    2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, nr 79, s. 8-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Nyckelord
    Middle Iron Age, Landscape Regulations, Resource Exploitation, Outland Landscapes, Seasonality
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Historia och arkeologi
    Forskningsämne
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-431995 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenbergs Stiftelse, WS2014.0117
    Tillgänglig från: 2021-01-15 Skapad: 2021-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-06Bibliografiskt granskad
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    UUThesis-A_Hennius_2021
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    presentationsbild
  • 224.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sammanställning av 14C-daterade fångstgropar 20202020Dataset
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    Fångstropar i norra Sverige (pdf)
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    Fångstgropar i Norge (pdf)
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    Fångstgropar i norra Sverige och Norge (xlsx)
  • 225.
    Hennius, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Viking Age tar production and outland exploitation2018Ingår i: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, nr 365, s. 1349-1361Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of tar and resinous substances dates back far into Scandinavian prehistory. How it was produced, however, was unknown until recent excavations in eastern Sweden revealed funnel-shaped features—now identified as structures for producing tar. A new way of organising tar production appeared in the eighth century AD, leading to large-scale manufacture within outland forests. Intensified Viking Age maritime activities probably increased the demand for tar, which also became an important trade commodity. The transition to intensive tar manufacturing implies new ways of organising production, labour, forest management and transportation, which influenced the structure of Scandinavian society and connected forested outlands with the world economy.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 226.
    Hennius, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ashby, Steven
    Christensen, Tom
    Presslee, Samantha
    Peets, Jyri
    Maldre, Liina
    Gustavsson, Rudolf
    Hagan, Richard
    Late Iron Age Whaling in Scandinavia2023Ingår i: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of marine mammal bone as a raw material in the manufacturing of gaming pieces in the Scandinavian late Iron Age has been observed and discussed in recent years. New empirical studies have created a chronology as well as a typology showing how the design of the gaming pieces is tightly connected to different choices of raw material; from antler in the Roman and Migration periods, to whale bone in the sixth century, and walrus in the tenth century. Macroscopic examination can, however, rarely go beyond determining that the material is ‘cetacean bone’. The following article presents the taxonomic identifications of 68 samples of whale bone gaming pieces, determined using Zooarchaeology by mass spectrometry analysis. The results demonstrate the consistent use of bones from Balaenidae sp. most probably the North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis). This paper presents strong evidence for active, large-scale hunting of whales in Scandinavia, starting in the sixth century. The manufacture of gaming pieces was probably not the driver for the hunt, but merely a by-product that has survived in the archaeological record. Of greater importance were probably baleen, meat, and blubber that could be rendered into oil. This oil might have been an additional trading product in the far-reaching trade networks that were developing during the period. This study supports previous studies suggesting that Iron Age and medieval trade and resource exploitation had a much more severe influence on ecosystems than previously expected. It adds additional insights into anthropogenic impact on mammal populations in prehistory.

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    fulltext
  • 227.
    Hennius, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Rudolf, Gustavsson
    Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis .
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Spindler, Luke
    University of York.
    Whalebone Gaming Pieces: Aspects of Marine Mammal Exploitation in Vendeland Viking Age Scandinavia2018Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 612-631Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Discussions of pre-Viking trade and production have for many decades focused on products made of precious metals, glass and, to some degree, iron. This is hardly surprising considering the difficulties in finding and provenancing products made of organic matter. In this article we examine gaming pieces made from bone and antler, which are not unusual in Scandinavian burials in the Vendel and Vikingperiod (c. AD 550–1050). A special emphasis is placed on whalebone pieces that appear to dominate after around AD 550, signalling a large-scale production and exploitation of North Atlantic whale products.In combination with other goods such as bear furs, birds of prey, and an increased iron and tar production, whalebone products are part of an intensified large-scale outland exploitation and indicate strong, pre-urban trading routes across Scandinavia and Europe some 200 years before the Viking period and well before the age of the emporia.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 228.
    Hennius, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wehlin, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Arkeologiska undersökningar vid Hellby 2016–2019: Seminariegrävningar på Hellby bytomt/gårdstomt, Vaksala 383/L1940:55502020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Rapport fulltext
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    Bilaga 1-3
  • 229.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A Note on Late Iron Age Kingship Mythology1996Ingår i: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, s. 283-304Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    fulltext
  • 230.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ackulturation och kulturkonflikt: fyra essäer om järnåldersmentalitet2005Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study consists of four chapters. The first is a source critical analysis of the fragmented poem Rigsþula arguing that the poem, as we know it today, is an excerpt meant to support the editor behind the manuscript Codex Wormianus in his work listing words for male and female peasants that could be used as poetic metaphors in the 14th century on Iceland. The second study seek to demonstrated the parallels between on the one hand the Rigsþula fragment and the poem Fór Skínis and on the other the first four songs of the Hêliand poem, i.e. Song II-V. These essays therefore deal with the upper classes and the way they adjusted to Christianity and Paganism. The two last essays deal with nonsensical runes. The first centres on a group of Viking Age syllabic texts from Uppland. It is argued that they served as a form of galdr or rigmarole. The second deals with the early Iron-Age runes on weapons. They are considered to relate to what Taci-tus termed Barditus, the singing used by the Germans to judge the outcome of a battle. The Viking Age texts are considered to belong to a subculture, and against the background of the older texts they are seen as an example of a lower strata in society trying (in vain) to accommodate both old-fashioned invocations and modern, i.e. strophe-like compositions.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 231.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Askim-tunets kronologi: En tillämpad bayesiansk analys2017Ingår i: Viking, ISSN 0332-608X, Vol. 80, s. 25-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to show its potential, this article introduces a non-intuitive chronological Bayesian analysis of the pre Roman Iron Age settlement site at Askim Church in Østfold, Norway. The archaeological background is provided by an article by Grethe Bjørkan Bukkemoen (2015). The calibration program used to perform the Bayesian analyses is BCal (Buck m.fl. 1999). The analysis suggests that the settlement commences in the early part of the 3rd c. BCE and comes to an end in the early part of the 1st BCE. Presently, its continuation during the Roman Iron Age is unknown. The main part of the analysis concerns the dating of the houses 1:1 and 1:2 which overlap each other – House 1:1 being the older of the two. The time gap between the two buildings seems too large to be filled by the adjacent House 2, which is younger than House 1:1 and older than House 1:2. In the discussion the chronological analysis is used to corroborate and develop Bukkemoen’s discussion on the pre Roman Iron Age farm house as a social agent. It is suggested that the pre Roman Iron Age house, which initially is determined by the subsistence landscape, is replaced by the late pre Roman Iron Age house, which in its turn defines the subsistence landscape.

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    fulltext
  • 232.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    First millennium architects, university scholars, contract archaeologists and heritage management2018Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, nr 1, s. 34-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims mainly to analyse the relationship between university scholars and heritage conservation by means of two examples: Iron Age house types, which is history, and the analysis of planned Iron Age architecture, which has not yet benefited sufficiently from contract archaeology. I recognise the duty of university scholars to develop research topics that may be useful to contract archaeology as well as to heritage conservation and university archaeology. As a topic of research, I suggest a cognitively based understanding of Iron Age house planning and construction. I suggest that an important understanding of cognitive history can be related to a shift in Iron Age building principles: in the Early Iron Age form follows function, but in the Late Iron Age construction principles give form.

  • 233.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    From IrilaR to Erl – identity and career 5th to 9thcentury CE2020Ingår i: Collegium Medievale, ISSN 0801-9282, E-ISSN 2387-6700, Vol. 33, s. 235-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 234.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Från ord till poetisk handling: Skandinavisk skrivkunnighet före 5362020 (uppl. 150)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok är en bakgrundsanalys av de runinskrifter som huvudsakligen skrevs innan klimatkrisen 536 - 550 efter vår tideräkning Det är inte lätt att sammanfatta den yngre järnåldern i Sydskandinavien. Av och till är det omöjligt om man inte först underbygger en del av den tidens kulturfenomen bättre än man kan i en sammanfattning. De äldsta nordiska runinskrifterna som social- och kulturhistoriska fenomen är ett sådant fält. Om texterna inte tolkas i termer av kulturgeografi, socialhistoria och litteratur, så platser de inte i en syntes av den yngre järnålderns sydskandinaviska samhälle. Samtidigt är det orimligt att man inte har en ungefärlig uppfattning om skrivkunnighetens plats i ett samhälle, om skrivkunnighet bevisligen finns.

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    presentationsbild
  • 235.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    How Norse is Skírnismál?: A comparative case study2018Ingår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Venantius Fortunatus was a Latin, Ravenna educated, semi-political rhetorical poet active in Merovingian Francia in the late 6th century. Arriving in Austrasia from the Alps in the spring of 566, he wrote three poems, not least an epithalamium publicly performed at the wedding of Sigibert and Brunhild. This literary genre, its structure and the three addressees of his poems can be seen as a surprisingly detailed template for the Norse poem Skírnismál. The value of Fortunatus’ poetry rests with his ability to amalgamate Germanic, Christian and Latin Roman culture in a period of transition from a pagan to a Christian society. Since these periods of transition are reoccurring, it is possible to see an education in the 10th–11th century as the background for the Norse Skírnismál author, who probably must have read Fortunatus in order to compose his Norse wedding entertainment. Skírnismál is thus neither a purely Norse nor a purely oral composition.

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    fulltext
  • 236.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Järnåldersarkitekter, universitetsforskare, uppdragsarkeologer och kulturmiljövården2018Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, nr 1, s. 34-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims mainly to analyse the relationship between university scholars and heritage conservation by means of two examples: Iron Age house types, which is history, and the analysis of planned Iron Age architecture, which has not yet benefited sufficiently from contract archaeology. I recognise the duty of university scholars to develop research topics that may be useful to contract archaeology aswell as to heritage conservation and university archaeology. As a topic of research, I suggest a cognitively based understanding of Iron Age house planning and construction. I suggest that an important understanding of cognitive history can be related to a shift in Iron Age building principles: in the Early Iron Age form follows function, but in the Late Iron Age construction principles give form.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 237.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mead-halls of the Eastern Geats. Elite settlement and Political Geography AD 375-1000 in Ostergotland, Sweden2012Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 107, nr 4, s. 300-302Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 238.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mellan tal och skrift: Essäer om runinskrifter2009Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book in Swedish was produced within the Swedish Research Council project Den yngre järnålderns mentalitetshistoria i Sydskandinavien – Late Iron Age South Scandinavia—a Historical Anthropology. It centres on a discussion of three runic inscriptions. The one on the slab from Eggja in Sogndal, Norway, the one on the oath ring from Forsa in Hälsingland and the one on the bridge stone from Eggeby in Uppland (Inscription U69 in Sveriges runinskrifter). The metrical qualities of these, primarily oral, expressions are a reoccurring aspect of the discussion.

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  • 239.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Myntat och omyntat guld: två studier i öländska guldfynd1980Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innehåll: 1 : Det myntade guldet ; 2 : Det omyntade guldet

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  • 240.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Semiramis: An Early 11th c. Norman Text with Anglo-Danish Connotations Reviewed as a Dramatic Script2017Ingår i: Collegium Medievale, ISSN 0801-9282, E-ISSN 2387-6700, Vol. 30, s. 86-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses a text, a satire, in the manuscript Paris, Bibl. Nat. lat. 8121A. Conveniently this section of the codex is called Semiramis (see Dronke 1970). Based on Dronke’s (1970) and Gunnell’s (1995) research, the article looks further into Semiramis and discusses whether staging rather than reading it comes with a profit. While discussing this hypothesis four major reasons why Semiramis would benefit from being read as a dramatic script and staged can be singled out. Although the play is a distinctly Latin Semiramis shows affinities with the Anglo-Danish culture of it day and age as well as with Eddic plays, especially Skírnismál and Lokasenna (see Gunnell 1995).

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  • 241.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Socially significant Viking-Age housing2020Ingår i: Vikings Across Boundaries: Viking Age transformations vol. II / [ed] H. L. Aannestad, U. Pedersen, M. Moen, E. Naumann & H. Lund Berg, London & New York: Routledge, 2020, s. 212-235Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 242.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Stolpparet närmast gaveln i öländska järnåldershus1978Ingår i: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 18, s. 15-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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  • 243.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Frands Herschend.
    Symbel Beowulfe: An embedded play2024Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Probably quite late in the 7th century someone wrote down an Anglo-Saxon play about a feast. It was a historical play that seated its audience at a banquet that was held in the hall Heorot after Beowulf had vanquished Grendel: Symbel Beowulfe, A Feast for Beowulf. We can draw this conclusion because the poet who wrote the Beowulf epic annotated the play. He added verses between lines or in the middle of them. Had he wished to write a new epic he could have used the information in the play. Yet he insisted on quoting the original text except for one B verse—two perhaps offensive words. He embedded the original text as a source material and respected it as such. But he also took the liberty to misunderstand the play and inform his listeners of its dubious extravagance and character as well as its moral shortcomings and Judgement Day. The play is pagan; the poet Christian.

    If we scratch off his text, we read a completely coherent artistic work about a lavish and entertaining banquet with dumb show, dialogue and sure enough, a twist in the end.

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  • 244.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The pre-Carolingian Iron Age in South Scandinavia: Social Stratification and Narrative2022 (uppl. 150)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    fulltext
  • 245.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The pre-Carolingian Iron Agein South Scandinavia: Social Stratification and Narrative2022 (uppl. 150)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 246.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Två studier i öländska guldfynd. I. Det myntade guldet1978Ingår i: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 18, s. 33-194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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    fulltext
  • 247.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Två studier i öländska guldfynd. II. Det omyntade guldet1978Ingår i: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, Vol. 18, s. 195-294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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  • 248.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vad är det Háv hänger på i Hávamál?2021Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 281-295Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on an introductory account of the shortcomings of a purely archaeological endeavour to understand the cultural history of the 1(st) millennium ce, this case study begins with an interpretation of the Old Norse word meior. This is followed up by a short comparative analysis of the function of the oe words beam and rod in the Dream of the Rood. Thus, having been inspired by Old Norse and Old English texts, the next step is an analysis of two archaeological excavations in which several constructions seem to qualify as a meior in the everyday sense of the word. Essentially, the word means 'drying rack' and as a construction it consists of two vertical poles with crutches, which support a horizontal rod that joins them together. On this rod more or less anything may hang - even Hav during his rite of passage merging with Ooinn.

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  • 249.
    Herschend, Frands
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Verses for Lupus, Duke of Champagne. Four Poems by Venantius Fortunatus1996Ingår i: Tor: meddelanden från Uppsala universitets museum för nordiska fornsaker, ISSN 0495-8772, s. 209-2016Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 250. Herva, Vesa-Pekka
    et al.
    Nordin, Jonas M.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Unearthing Atlantis and performing the past: Ancient things, alternative histories and the present past in the Baroque world2015Ingår i: Journal of social archaeology, ISSN 1469-6053, E-ISSN 1741-2951, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 116-135Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses fabrications and alternative histories, and their relationship with antiquarian and early archaeological practice, in the Baroque world through the case of an alabaster urn reportedly found in the garden of a Swedish royal castle in 1685. The urn, decorated with a strange inscription, is used to address broader issues of how the past was conceived in the Baroque world, and how the relationship between the past and present was manipulated through antiquarian research. Certain characteristics of the urn and its cultural life have led modern scholarship to dismiss the artefact as unauthentic' and hence uninteresting, whereas this article seeks to reconsider the nature and meanings of fabricating the past in the 17th century. It will be argued that the past was not fixed in the Baroque world, but various material and magical practices enabled altering the past. It is against that background, and within the Baroque relational understanding of reality, that the 17th-century interest in and manipulations of the urn must be understood.

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