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  • 249751.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Palo, Mirja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Public participation, Human Security and Public Safety around Dams in Sweden: A case study of the regulated Ume and Lule Rivers2016In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 19, no 2, article id 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an empirical study of the current situation with geographical focus on two rivers in the north of Sweden, encompassing parts of the indigenous territory Sápmi. The major focus in Sweden with regards to “dam safety” is on the prevention of dam failure, and emergency preparedness. The issue of “public safety around dams” is left aside to the detriment of “human security”. While a major dam failure may cause the death of hundreds up to thousands of people, the current rate of human deaths caused by dam failure in the last 40 years is one person. The number of fatalities that may be referred to as having been caused by a lack of “public safety around dams” on the Lule River only amounts to 1-2 individuals per year. The risks and dangers involved also cause stress, anxiety, and difficulties on an everyday basis for residents along the regulated rivers and water courses. From a study of literature, available statistics, interviews and newspaper reports we discuss the accidents and incidents over the last decade (2002-12), how these may be defined as “public safety around dams”, the void of work to prevent such accidents and how the surrounding societal contexts play in, such as the lack of availability to fast and efficient emergency rescue services to be able to save lives in the event of a major disaster.

    Finally, we discuss the current void of public participation and make recommendations to enhance public participation and thereby possibilities to an enhanced public safety around dams in Sweden.

  • 249752. Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Sapmi’s vita kol: en exposé över tillämpbara perspektiv på kraft, konflikt och kulturella kuriositeter längs Norrlands älvar2004In: Kvinnoforskningsnytt, ISSN 1401-5390, no 2, p. 14-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 249753.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå University, Dept of Political Science.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Designing dam safeties: perspectives on large scale dams within the intra-actions of technology, nature and human decision making2013In: International Commission of Large Dams, ICOLD, Seattle, 2013: International Symposium, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analyzing the intra-actions between the actors involved, this paper presents results from interviews and participatory observations with local authorities, local inhabitants, power companies representatives as well as dam operators. We argue that the Swedish model for dam safety currently is suffering from a major deficiency as the expertise and understanding of the technical constructions remain among the dam owners and that the societal authority in charge of supervising the dam owners work have no capability of achieving the same level of understanding and thus to take informed and relevant decisions. Furthermore we argue that the lack of technical understanding of dams and hydropower outside of the dam sector has become a huge threat to dam safety as state representatives and political decision makers currently allow and even encourage mining exploitation both next to high risk classified hydropower dams and even within existing hydropower reservoirs.

    We argue that the actual challenge to safeguard an increased dam safety is by bridging the gap between the multitude of different actors– engineers/operators, users, political decision makers -   in order to generate new understandings and new methodologies to deal with risk, safety and security. It is necessary to bridge the gaps between the sectors and actors involved, and that this should be done through investment in close collaboration between the dam sector and engineering research on the one hand and social sciences and humanities on the other – to ensure understandings of political decision making as well as of technical artifacts and water flows.

    The geographical focus is on two rivers – the Ume River and the Lule River in the north of Sweden. Both rivers are of major importance for national production of electricity, and the rivers are water suppliers for a large amount of inhabitants.

     

  • 249754.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen..
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm.
    Designing Dam Safeties: Perspectives on Large Scale Dams within the Intra-actions of Technology, Nature and Human Decision-Making2016In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, ISSN 2212-4209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analyzing the intra-actions between the actors involved, this paper presents results from interviews and participatory observations with local authorities, local inhabitants, power companies representatives as well as dam operators. We argue that the Swedish model for dam safety currently is suffering from a major deficiency as the expertise and understanding of the technical constructions remain among the dam owners and that the societal authority in charge of supervising the dam owners work have no capability of achieving the same level of understanding and thus to take informed and relevant decisions. Furthermore we argue that the lack of technical understanding of dams and hydropower outside of the dam sector has become a huge threat to dam safety as state representatives and political decision makers currently allow and even encourage mining exploitation both next to high risk classified hydropower dams and even within existing hydropower reservoirs.

    We argue that the actual challenge to safeguard an increased dam safety is by bridging the gap between the multitude of different actors– engineers/operators, users, political decision makers -   in order to generate new understandings and new methodologies to deal with risk, safety and security. It is necessary to bridge the gaps between the sectors and actors involved, and that this should be done through investment in close collaboration between the dam sector and engineering research on the one hand and social sciences and humanities on the other – to ensure understandings of political decision making as well as of technical artifacts and water flows.

    The geographical focus is on two rivers – the Ume River and the Lule River in the north of Sweden. Both rivers are of major importance for national production of electricity, and the rivers are water suppliers for a large amount of inhabitants.

  • 249755.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Silversparf, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Re-voicing Sámi resistance against hydropower exploitation in early 20th century:: Erik Olofsson Rim2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Erik Abraham Olofsson Rim, 1844-1920, was a Sámi, commonly remembered for allegedly having sold his land and water rights to the State Power Company, Vattenfall, for the first large scale hydropower plant, Porjus – on the Lule River in Sapmi, Sweden. When Erik is mentioned in historical books and PR-brochures about Porjus, his Sámi name “Rim” has most of the time been taken away, as well as his Sámi identity. He is instead referred to as the “old man” of Porjus.

    At the time when the Vattenfall started showing interest for Porjus, Erik lived with his family off self-subsistence agriculture and from guiding tourists in the area. Erik disapproved of the selling, and claimed he had been deceived by Vattenfall.

    When the Porjus power station was inaugurated on February 8th, 1915, Erik was invited to the inauguration lunch along with several prominent guests. However, Erik opted to not attend, and to move from Porjus on this very day. In the contemporary media, referred to as the King of Porjus, he was accused of being greedy, doing this silent protest just to get more money out of the deal.

    So far very little work in regard to Sámi resistance against hydropower exploitations in the early 20th century has been made. It has proved difficult to find examples. The intention of this paper is to revoice Erik’s story, as part of revoicing Sámi resistance against the hydropower exploitations in Sapmi.

    The study is based on archival documents, contemporary newspaper articles and earlier literature.

  • 249756.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    KTH, Centrum för hälsa och byggande, CHB.
    Challenging Genocide: Decolonizing Methods against Aggressive Swedish State Colonization of Sàmi Lands and Waters2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 249757.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Human Bodies and the Forces of Nature: Regulated Rivers, Safety and Embodied Knowledge2012In: International Commission of Large Dams, Kyoto, 2012: International Symposium / [ed] ICOLD, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses human bodies in relation to regulated rivers, via the technology of design and operation of remote control and surveillance systems, in terms of safety and risks. The paper draws on case studies of hydropower in Sweden, both historical and current events, from studies made within the ongoing research project DAMMED: Security, risk and resilience around the dams of Sub Arctica (Swedish Research Council, 2010-2012)

    The point of departure is that within current civil engineering education, training as well as within societal and company level decision making on large scale technical systems, the human body, with its knowledges, emotions and affections, as well as its vulnerabilities are to a large extent disregarded.  The actual body of the engineer or the operator, for instance the body located in control rooms, is at the same time considered both uninteresting and replaceable, at the same time as it is viewed as a machine, as being part of the machinery and as such, an ever well functioning and never failing machine.

    An important feature of the Swedish hydropower dams in this sense is that they are to a major extent remote controlled, with the operators located many kilometers away from the actual dams of which they are in charge. New technologies for camera surveillance and monitoring have provided opportunities to assemble data on a dam and the water flowing through it.  This can be linked to the current idea of regulated rivers as controllable, manageable through the correct, the best, technology designed and used.

    Accordingly, the engineer – within this paradigm - may perceive him/herself as in control of the river and water flows. However, at the same time, an apparent paradox appears. Within the dam industry sector, it is widely known that on a global level 1-2 large dams break, or fail, each year, and the concept “dam safety” is used to describe a huge amount work and money which is spent to avoid that such events occur. These failures depends both on the human – machine interactions, mistakes made in the daily dam operations, as well as factors depending on materials breaking down, or excessive unpredicted water flows.

    Another issue at stake is the continuous regulation of a regulated river, which directly affects the people living around the dams and waterways. Unannounced water releases, may cause fatal risks for people and their domestic animals.

  • 249758.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Human Bodies and the Forces of Nature: Technoscience Perspectives on Hydropower Dams, Safety, Human Security, Emotions and Embodied Knowledges2016In: International Journal of Technoscience and Development, ISSN 2001-2837, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydropower has commonly been promoted as an environmentally friendly and renewable energy resource. Despite this, the major negative social and ecological impacts on the environment and its local inhabitants have been well established for a long time, as well as the high risks for large-scale disasters caused by hydropower dam failures. Drawing on a qualitative study that focuses on the Lule River in Sweden, this article analyses the cultural politics of emotions with regard to dams, reservoirs, safety and human security.

    Annually between one and two major dam failures occur around the world, with major consequences for human and non-human lives, the environment and the economy, and the issue has been addressed in policy making and within the work of power companies since the 1970’s. However, more people die due to accidents on dams and reservoirs than due to dam failures. In Sweden, the number of hydropower regulation related deaths within the demographically small municipality of Jokkmokk, where a major part of Sweden’s hydropower is being produced, is on average 0,02 per cent per year, or 1-2 persons, which would correspond to 180-360 deaths in the Swedish capital Stockholm. Yet, there are no calls for inquiries, investigations and measurements to ensure public safety around dams in Sweden. Linking these two aspects on hydropower dams and safety through the concept of human security we identify a void of understanding and valuing the importance of humans’ – operators - lived experiences and invested emotions in the work to avoid dam failures, accidents on the reservoirs and loss of lives. We address the fact that the operators live and are related to the inhabitants of the regulated Lule River and what role this may play in enhanced human security.

              We argue that technical reports and studies on dam safety are written in a way that invokes false emotions of control, safety and security for inhabitants as well as political decision makers. New technologies for camera surveillance and monitoring provide opportunities to assemble data on a dam and the water flowing through it (seepage), with the purpose to enhance safety. However, we suggest that these systems actually may produce false emotions of safety and security, reinforcing a paradigm of perceived control of nature’s forces and thereby may contribute to decreased safety and human security.

  • 249759.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Parki och Randi och gruvor i vattenkraftreglerad älv:: Inspektion, observation, analys av och med dammsäkerhetsexpertis2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Lule älv är ett av Sveriges mest reglerade vattendrag med ett flertal större dammar, klassade inom högsta konsekvenskategorin som producerar uppemot en femtedel av all el inom Sverige. Lule älv är dessutom färdväg, fiskevatten och dricksvatten för invånarna längs älven. Dessutom är Lule älvområdet där den största ansamlingen av renar  finns och därmed renskötsel sker.

    I dagsläget finns ett flertal undersökningsstillstånd och även ett provbrytningstillstånd invid Lule älv, och invid vattenkraftdammarna (Seitevare och Parki – båda högsta högsta konsekvensklass vid dammbrott). Sommaren 2013 sker provbrytningen vid Kallak – Parki, under ledning av JIMAB, Jokkmokk Iron AB.

    Samtidigt, trots alla de risker som detta innebär så finns en stark önskan från flera i lokalbefolkningen för att få ett uppsving till Jokkmokks Kommun, där en gruva framhålls som lösningen på arbetslösheten och utflyttningen.

    Nationellt, regionalt och lokalt finns även politiskt stöd för gruvprojekten, där stora satsningar görs eller planeras för infrastruktur – vägar, järnvägar, bostäder etc – finansierade med skattemedel. Parallellt finns farhågor om miljöförstörelse, tvångsförflyttningar och kraftig negativ påverkan på lokala existerande näringar och kultur; rennäring, fiske, turism, nationalparker och naturreservat.

    Ytterligare en aspekt i sammanhanget är att de flesta undersökningstillstånd och planerade gruvprojekt är ledda av utländska företag, något som skiljer sig från tidigare erfarenheter i Sverige. Mineralavgiften ligger idag på 2 promille av övervinsten/år, vilket medför att en väldigt liten del av vinsten från mineralutvinningen idag kan återföras till skattebetalarna eller markägarna. Till detta kommer att nuvarande miljölagstiftning (sedan 1999) bygger på sk. egenkontroll – där allt ansvar lämnas till verksamhetsutövare.  Tillsynsmyndigheternas uppgift är framförallt att ta del av de rapporter som sänds in av verksamhetsutövare – något som framhålls av forskare ha lett till att kontrollen av miljöfarliga utsläpp minskat avsevärt.

     

    Syftet med denna workshop som organiseras av Teknovetenskap/Centrum för Genusvetenskap, Uppsala Universitet i samverkan med Centrum för Hälsa och Byggande, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Urbergsgruppen Jokkmokk, och Nätverket Inga Gruvor i Jokkmokk är att på plats inventera och analysera provborrningar och provbrytning utifrån frågor om dammsäkerhet, vattensäkerhet, trygghet, hållbar utveckling, drömmar om arbetstillfällen och sysselsättning samt reaktioner mot olika sorters exploatering, kulturarv – fornlämningar, historia -nutid - framtid likväl som hur vi ska finna ett sätt att kommunicera dessa aspekter utifrån olika perspektiv. Detta görs genom att på plats observera och i samverkan med berörda utifrån en supradisciplinär ansats. Denna ansats innebär att varje deltagares olika kunskaper och kompetenser på olika områden kommer till användning för observation, diskussion och analys.

  • 249760.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Public participation, Human Security and Public Safety around Dams in Sweden: a case study of the regulated Ume and Lule Rivers2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an empirical study of the current situation in regard to Public Safety around dams in Sweden. The geographical focus is on the Ume and Lule Rivers.

    Currently the focus within “dam safety” is on the prevention of dam failure, and to a certain extent also on emergency preparedness in case of dam failure. Although this is an important work, we argue that the issue of “public safety around dams” is left outside of the dam safety work to the detriment of “human security” (UNDP, 1994). While a major dam failure may cause the death of hundreds up to thousands of people, the current rate of human deaths caused by dam failure the last 40 years is one person, while the number of fatalities that may be referred to as “public safety around dams” on the Lule River only amounts to 1-2 persons per year.

    From a study of literature, available statistics as well as lack of statistics, interviews and newspaper reports, the paper analyses the number of fatal accidents over the last decade (2003-13), how these accidents may be defined as “public safety around dams” related, what the work to prevent such accidents looks like and how the surrounding societal contexts plays in, such as communication systems and the availability to fast and efficient emergency rescue services to save lives when accidents occur.

    Finally we discuss the lack of public participation in current dam safety practices and make recommendations to enhance public participation and thereby possibilities to an enhanced public safety around dams as dam safety work.

    The research was funded by the research projects DAMMED: Security, Risk and Resilience around the Dams in Sub Arctica (Swedish Research Council, 2010-12) and Rivers, resistance, resilience: sustainable futures in Sápmi and other indigenous peoples’ territories (FORMAS, 2013-16)

     

    Keywords: Dam Safety, Public participation, Public Safety around Dams, Human Security

  • 249761.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Lindberg, Johanna
    Tuorda, Tor L.
    Gállok:: Om gruvan kommer. En fråga om framtiden i Lule älvdal2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 249762.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    Royal Institute of Technology.
    Tuorda, Tor L.
    Lindberg, Johanna
    Persson, Marie
    Om gruvan kommer:: Rönnbäck – Gállok – Ojnare2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 249763.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Thunqvist, Eva-Lotta
    KTH, Centrum för hälsa och byggande, CHB.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Udén, M
    Luleå Tekniska universitet.
    Supradisciplinary conversations on Security, Risk and Resilience around Dams in Sub Arctica2010In: International Commission for Large Dams International Symposium, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydropower is often promoted as an environmentally friendly and renewable energy resource. Yet, it is since long established that this energy source indeed has numerous negative environmental impacts, and the negative social impacts have been established by researchers in several cases. At the same time it is an ageing technology, within which aging dams are confronting climate change with the result that it is a carrier of number of threats against both human security and sustainable development.

    The paper forms the basis for a recently launched research project involving four scientific disciplines - history of science and technology; political science; gender, technology and organization and land and water resource management.  In the paper, the possibilities for a supradisciplinary approach to analyze the sociotechnical aspects of security, safety and risk in regard to large dams within Sub Arctica are discussed. Supradisciplinarity refers in this case to the involvement of both social and natural/technical sciences as well as the involvement of practitioners/constructors/dam owners etc and local inhabitants around the dams.

    In focus is the question on how the current narrow and technically oriented dam safety concept could or maybe should be broadened to include differing attitudes and values, from different perspectives depending on gender, ethnicity and situated knowledge.

    Empirical examples are drawn from on an ongoing study of the Lule River, the most hydroexploited river in Sweden, located within the Swedish part of Sapmi, within which local reindeer herders are being interviewed along with interviews with actors within the Swedish setting of dam safety. Departing from these empirical examples, attempts to identify the current understandings of the socio-technical constructions of dams, scientific perceptions of water flows and a changing climate within the framing of dam safety and discuss how can these understandings could be influenced by supradisciplinary conversations and exchange.

  • 249764.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Tuorda, Tor L.
    Silversparf, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Pirak Sikku, Katarina
    Persson, Marie
    Decolonizing Sápmi – supradisciplinarily2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This panel brings scholars, artists and activists from Sápmi – collaborating supradisciplinarily.  With a geographical focus on the Swedish part of Sápmi, the common theme methodologies and strategies for decolonization, such as making Sámi agency and activism visible as well as memory work and visions of decolonized futures.

  • 249765.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Wyld, Frances
    University of Adelaide.
    Lands of Fire and Ice: From Hi-Story to History in the Lands of Fire and Ice—Our Stories and Embodiment as Indigenous in a Colonised Hemisphere2014In: Ngapartji Ngapartji / In turn, in turn: Ego-histoire, Europe and Indigenous Australia / [ed] Vanessa Castejon, Anna Cole, Oliver Haag and Karen Hughes, Canberra, Australia: ANU Press , 2014, p. 241-257Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article brings together two Indigenous scholars who have come to better know their Indigenous history as they story it alongside their work as historians and academics. We find that the historical landscape changes when family history is better understood: time and space become embodied, history becomes personal. Sámi scholar May-Britt Öhman speaks of singing to the hillside in a ‘Sound of Music’ style, and then feeling forced to break out of song and into yoik.1 Similarly, Aboriginal Australian scholar Frances Wyld writes about her connection to land and family history, including a visit to desert Australia where she no longer saw a world of silos, but of solace. Through embodiment comes a new identity, shared and understood. As scholars understanding the power-laden binaries of colonised and coloniser, writing at the intersection of personal and public using ego-histoires, we find shared methodologies to tell stories of the self inhabiting lands of fire and ice. Applying ego-histoire, we argue for a new version of history as academic discipline: a discipline which includes the Indigenous peoples’ embodied vision and experiences; a history discipline which challenges the coloniser’s current Hi-Story, within which Indigenous peoples are made the other, the exotic, primitive and invisible ‘vanishing race’; a history which empowers and strengthens ourselves as scholars and at the same time provides our students (Indigenous as well as non-Indigenous) with a history which takes into account Indigenous peoples visions, experiences and stories.

  • 249766.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Wyld, Frances
    Wirltu Yarlu Aboriginal Education, University of Adelaide..
    Speaking Together from the Lands of Fire and the Lands of Ice: Sharing Experiences from Australian Aboriginal and Swedish Sámi Scholarly Collaborations2014In: RE: Mindings:: co-constituting indigenous / academic / artistic knowledges, Uppsala: The Hugo Valentin Centre , 2014, p. 229-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 249767.
    Öhman Mägi, Caroline
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Holub, Ondrej
    School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK.
    Hall, Richard M.
    School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK.
    Persson, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    A review of the relationships between density and mechanical properties of vertebral trabecular bone2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 249768.
    Öhman Mägi, Caroline
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Holub, Ondrej
    School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK.
    Hall, Richard M
    School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, UK.
    Persson, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Predicting the mechanical properties of vertebral trabecular bone - a review2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 249769.
    Öhman, Mårten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Musicology.
    En studie av punkens uppsving i England under mitten av 70-talet2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Mårten Öhman: En studie av punkens uppsving i England under mitten av 70-talet. – Uppsala: Musikvetenskap 2002. 60 p.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka och beskriva punkrockens framväxt i England vid mitten av 1970-talet samt vilka värderingar och idéer kom till uttryck genom denna. Utifrån ett musikaliskt perspektiv såväl som ett mer renodlat samhällsperspektiv ramar uppsatsen in de centrala elementen i denna musik- och livsstil. Vidare sätts punkrocken i relation till andra ungdomskulturer och liknande företeelser för att visa på liknande drag och skillnader.

    Studien visar hur punkrocken vid denna tid tog inspiration från tidigare etablerade musikstilar såsom 50- och 60-talsrock men också glamrocken. Från det mer samhälls- och idéhistoriska perspektivet behandlar uppsatsen hur punkens idéer om samhällsomvandling kan ha inhämtats bland annat från Situationisternas filosofi. Genom att sätta musik- och livsstilen i sin tid och på sin plats pekar uppsatsen ut en rad faktorer som bidragit till formandet av punkrocken. Den komparativa studie som sedan följer med andra ungdomskulturer och liknande företeelser har sin plats då den bidrar till att öka förståelsen för den typ av ungdomsrörelse punkvågen innefattade.

  • 249770.
    Öhman, Nathalie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Hur kan barns behov av internationellt skydd tillgodoses på ett bättre sätt?: - Problem och lösningar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249771.
    Öhman Persson, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Human-Computer Interaction.
    The Obvious & The Essential: Interpreting Software Development & Organizational Change2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Examining how our basic values affect development processes is the overall theme of this thesis. In practice, the question is investigated in relation to software development and organizational change and in research, in relation to science and its relationship to common sense, specifically within the area of Human Computer Interaction. The thesis discusses how it might be possible to discover what is essential for development processes and why the essential may be interpreted as something other than the simply obvious. This thesis examines ways of studying and understanding our social environment and development processes, particularly those concerning people, organizations and software. The empirical examples deal with a software development project and a project that scrutinized the strategy for a governmental authority’s business and information technology. Attitudes are discussed in terms of how they view the user, the customer, the software developers, the software, organizational and implementation processes, organizational management, aesthetic values, functionality and use, research, methods, paradigmatic approaches, ethical issues, psychological reactions, sociological prerequisites, categorizations of people and stress-related health consequences. One particular prerequisite for developing superior computer-supported office work has repeatedly presented itself: an open, questioning attitude towards the software development process, towards organizational change and towards the people working in the organizations. A similar attitude towards research and its design can be crucial to the development of new knowledge. This circumstance can be interpreted as an indication of how important it is that we be aware of and question our preconceived notions, in order to develop an autonomous behavior where we take responsibility for our actions. By doing so, we can avoid misinterpretations and not get trapped into making categorizations that are simply obvious. This is essential and must be emphasized in our search for the path to »healthy work«.

  • 249772.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Institutionen för Samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Träffsäkerheten i fastighetsvärderares bedömningar2012Report (Other academic)
  • 249773.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Centre for Research on Economic Relations, Department of Social Sciences, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Uhlin, Ola
    Mid Sweden University, Centre for Research on Economic Relations, Department of Social Sciences, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Accuracy of Swedish property appraisers' forecasts of net operating income2012In: Journal of Property Research, ISSN 0959-9916, E-ISSN 1466-4453, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 103-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses how property appraisers forecast one important component of the commercial property valuation model: net operating income. We compare appraisers’ ex ante forecasts with corresponding ex post figures from company financial reports. The data are from the Swedish Property Index, 1998–2005, and comprise over 7000 observations. The findings indicate that the appraisers’ forecasts are somewhat forward looking and almost as accurate as those obtained using mechanical autoregressive models. However, the forecasts are biased, as appraisers systematically overestimate future net operating income. There was also evidence of decreasing accuracy over the study period.

  • 249774.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö högskola.
    Property investor behaviour: Qualitative analysis of a very large transaction2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 249775.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Söderberg, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Westerdahl, Stig
    Malmö University.
    Property investor behaviour: Qualitative analysis of a very large transaction2013In: Journal of Property Investment & Finance, ISSN 1463-578X, E-ISSN 1470-2002, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 522-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This explorative case study focuses on property investment decision making from a behavioural perspective at the very microlevel. The study contributes to an understanding of how property investors manage the decision-making process, including organizational aspects, property valuation, and financial management.

    Design/methodology/approach – Applying a qualitative approach, the authors analyse a very large transaction that occurred in the Swedish property market in 2008. In an open bid transaction, properties of Vasakronan Corporation were sold for SEK41.1 billion (€4.3 billion). Managers in both the purchasing company and the consortium making the second highest bid were interviewed. The authors were encouraged to speak freely, but also used an interview guide with a number of themes as well as specific questions.

    Findings – The findings reveal the characteristics of two types of property investment decision-making behaviour with respect to how actors organizePractical implications – Creditors, analysts, and appraisers may benefit from the insight that property investment decision makers can use different approaches in determining their final bids.

    Originality/value – The authors use a qualitative empirical approach in analysing an extraordinarily large property transaction from a buyer's point of view and presents detailed information about this transaction as well as general insights into actual behaviour rarely examined in the property investment literature.

  • 249776. Öhman, S
    et al.
    Foucard, T
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Urtikaria. In: Allergi och astma hos barn1998Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 249777.
    Öhman, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Hemsjukvårdscentralens arkiv: Ett ordnings- och förteckningsarbete2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hemsjukvårdscentralen began its work from Tunåsens Hospital in Uppsala in 1962, with the purpose to give conomic support to people who nursed their chronic sick relatives in home. Hemsjukvårdscentralen ended its work in 1987, and delivered its archive to the County council of Uppsala in 1988. About half of the archive consisted of medical records of the patients who had received economical support, and many of the archival records was considered as ”work papers”, non-archival records that could be discarded. Two obvious problems emerge from the organizing of the records. The first problem was the difficulty to keep the principle of provenance while making a access point to the archive, especially when it's common in Sweden to use the double principle of provenance: a fusion between the respect des fonds, the external order, and the strukturprinzip, the internal order. The second problem was to compile a complete history of the Hemsjukvårdscentralen's activities during its active years, and therefor decide which records to save and which records to discard – and which records who had a value for the future. This analysis therefore focus on the series F1 (the medical records) and F6 (the ”work papers”). This is a one year master's thesis in archival science.

  • 249778.
    Öhman, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Materials Sciences.
    Wear on Alumina Coated Tools and the Influence of Inclusions when Turning Low-Alloy Steels: Master Thesis - Chemical Engineering2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this master thesis, performed at Sandvik Coromant Västberga (Stockholm), a comprehensive study has been made to investigate the wear on textured alumina (Inveio™) coated cutting tools when turning low-alloy steels. Specifically, wear studies have been made on tools’ rake faces when turning two separate batches of SS2541, after an initial turning time of 4 min. A particular focus has been given to elucidate what particular role the inclusions might have for the wear of the alumina coating onthe tools. Evaluation of tool wear has been made by employing several different analytical techniques, such as LOM, SEM, Wyko, Auger-spectrometry (AES), EPMA and XRD.

    The results shows that the arisen wear marks on both tested tool types may be divided into three separate and highly distinguishable wear zones, denoted here in thiswork as “wear bands”. Largest amount of wear tended to occur initially at the topmost part of the 3rd wear band. This was true for both tested tool types. This area demonstrated a characteristic 'lamellar' wear pattern, composed of narrow andstructured ridges.

    All the tools tested demonstrated the adhesion of workpiece materials of various composition that formed into smeared layers in these formed ridges. Depth-profiling Auger-spectrometry revealed that a significant amount of calcium was present in the machined alumina coating layers. This suggests that a reaction between the calcium-containing inclusions found in the steel and the aluminacoating layer had occurred during the performed turning tests.These results arecontradictory to the general belief that alumina is chemical inert during machiningand has previously, to the authors knowledge, not yet been published.

    Based on the results from this thesis and from a literature review concerning thebehavior of α-alumina during deformation, a new theoretical wear model has been developed. In this model, it is emphasised that the sliding of hard inclusions from the steel may activate pyramidal slip systems in the textured alumina coating. This causes a nano-crystallisation and/or amorphisation in the topmost part of the coating, which facilitates the further wear of these coated tools.

  • 249779.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    9 x Öhman : selected papers1997Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 249780.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Akademisk allmänbildning och populärvetenskap.(General Education in Academia and Popular Science)1996In: I: Europa, mångfald och sammanhang., Uppsala Universitet , 1996Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 249781.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Are There Natural Laws of Language1995In: Culture and Value. Philosophy and Cultural Sciences. Papers of the 18th International Wittgenstein Symposium, The Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society,Kirchberg am Wechsel , 1995Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 249782.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Det abnormt naturliga.(Abnormal Naturalness)1996In: Kulturtidskriften Barbar, Vol. 5Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249783.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Djupdykningar i Fransk-svenskt Lexikon. Recension av Natur och Kulturs nyskrivna fransk-svenska lexikon.(Review of French-Swedish dictonary)1996In: Understreckare i Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other scientific)
  • 249784.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Fonetik och uttal.(Phonetics and Pronunciation)1996In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249785.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Gasparov's New Book "Language and Memory"1997In: DialogerArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249786.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    I väntan på språkvetenskapens Einstein.(Waiting for the Einstein of Linguistics)1996In: Det evigt mänskliga. Humanism inför 2000-talet, Humanistiska förbundets årsbok, Ordfront, Stockholm , 1996Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 249787.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Language and Cultural Identity. Bidrag till symposium i Madrid med temat 'Language and National Identity".1998In: Humanistdagarna 98, Uppsala University , 1998Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 249788.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Phonetics vs. Phonology in the Linguistic Study of Pronunciation.1998In: Fonetik 98, Stockholms universitet , 1998Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 249789.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Recension av Hoffmeyers "Betydelsens naturhistoria".(Review of Hoffmeyer's book "Natural History of Meaning")1997In: Understreckare i Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other scientific)
  • 249790.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Recension av Horgans "The End of Science".(Review of Horgan's book "The End of Science")1997In: Understreckare i Svenska DagbladetArticle, book review (Other scientific)
  • 249791.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Recension av Tor Nörretranders 'Världen växer'.(Review of Tor Norretrander's book "The World Grows")1995In: Understreckare i Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249792.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Slappt uttal.("Sloppy Pronunciation")1998Book (Other scientific)
  • 249793.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Snabbkurs i slappt uttal, tolv artiklar.(A Quick Course in Sloppy Pronunciation, twelve newspaper columns)1997In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249794.
    Öhman, Sven
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics.
    Svar på debattinlägg med anledning av recensionen av Nörretranders 'Världen växer'.(Answer in a debate concerning Tor Norretrander's book "The World Grows")1995In: Moderna TiderArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 249795. Öhman, Tiina
    et al.
    Söderholm, Sandra
    Paidikondala, Maruthibabu
    Lietzén, Niina
    Matikainen, Sampsa
    Nyman, Tuula A
    Phosphoproteome characterization reveals that Sendai virus infection activates mTOR signaling in human epithelial cells.2015In: Proteomics, ISSN 1615-9853, E-ISSN 1615-9861, Vol. 15, no 12, p. 2087-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sendai virus (SeV) is a common respiratory pathogen in mice, rats, and hamsters. Host cell recognition of SeV is mediated by pathogen recognition receptors, which recognize viral components and induce intracellular signal transduction pathways that activate the antiviral innate immune response. Viruses use host proteins to control the activities of signaling proteins and their downstream targets, and one of the most important host protein modifications regulated by viral infection is phosphorylation. In this study, we used phosphoproteomics combined with bioinformatics to get a global view of the signaling pathways activated during SeV infection in human lung epithelial cells. We identified altogether 1347 phosphoproteins, and our data shows that SeV infection induces major changes in protein phosphorylation affecting the phosphorylation of almost one thousand host proteins. Bioinformatics analysis showed that SeV infection activates known pathways including MAPK signaling, as well as signaling pathways previously not linked to SeV infection including Rho family of GTPases, HIPPO signaling, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-signaling pathway. Further, we performed functional studies with mTOR inhibitors and siRNA approach, which revealed that mTOR signaling is needed for both the host IFN response as well as viral protein synthesis in SeV-infected human lung epithelial cells.

  • 249796. Öhman, Tiina
    et al.
    Söderholm, Sandra
    Paidikondala, Maruthibabu
    Lietzén, Niina
    Matikainen, Sampsa
    Nyman, Tuula A
    Phosphoproteome characterization reveals that Sendai virus infection activates mTOR signaling in human epithelial cells2015In: ProteomicsArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sendai virus (SeV) is a common respiratory pathogen in mice, rats, and hamsters. Host cell recognition of SeV is mediated by pathogen recognition receptors, which recognize viral components and induce intracellular signal transduction pathways that activate the antiviral innate immune response. Viruses use host proteins to control the activities of signaling proteins and their downstream targets, and one of the most important host protein modifications regulated by viral infection is phosphorylation. In this study, we used phosphoproteomics combined with bioinformatics to get a global view of the signaling pathways activated during SeV infection in human lung epithelial cells. We identified altogether 1347 phosphoproteins, and our data shows that SeV infection induces major changes in protein phosphorylation affecting the phosphorylation of almost one thousand host proteins. Bioinformatics analysis showed that SeV infection activates known pathways including MAPK signaling, as well as signaling pathways previously not linked to SeV infection including Rho family of GTPases, HIPPO signaling, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-signaling pathway. Further, we performed functional studies with mTOR inhibitors and siRNA approach, which revealed that mTOR signaling is needed for both the host IFN response as well as viral protein synthesis in SeV-infected human lung epithelial cells.

  • 249797.
    Öhman, Torun
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Varnelid, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Belöningssystem i Kina: Hur kinesiska belöningssystem är utformade samt analys av deras utforming2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249798.
    Öhnedal, Linda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Olaga integritetsintrång - En utvärdering av det straffrättsliga skyddet vid spridning av integritetskänsliga bilder och uppgifter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249799.
    Öhnfeldt, Cecilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    "Biblioteket är ingen gratisbokhandel!". Hur folkbiblioteken har köpt in skönlitteratur från 1980-talet till idag2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 249800.
    Öhnfeldt, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Ordinary and Extraordinary: Heritage plants and their farmers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how Swedish farmers, who have chosen to farm with heritage plant varieties, motivate their choices and how they as a result of their choices view themselves as farmers. This is investigated against present and future challenges regarding food security and the loss of agricultural biodiversity and biocultural heritage, which, in order to be faced, will require a wider range of plants in cultivation. To find out why farmers make certain choices is vital if we are to make necessary structural changes within the agricultural sector. The farmers’ motives are broad and they are, based on the concept of hybridity, presented and analysed through the categories memory, identity and reciprocity. These motives are also closely linked to how they view themselves as farmers. The findings are further interpreted through the concept of biocultural refugia, which is a means of studying how certain places can harbour different species while simultaneously being an area for sustainable food production. In this thesis biocultural refugia represents how the respondents are part of creating and maintaining diversity within plant cultivation and its surrounding practices. This diversity will be required in order for agriculture to handle current challenges in a sustainable way.

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