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  • 251.
    Grech-Madin, Charlotte
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. International Centre for Water Cooperation, UNESCO Category II Centre.
    Döring, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kim, Kyungmee
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Negotiating Water across Levels: A Peace and Conflict “Toolbox” for Water Diplomacy2018In: Journal of Hydrology, ISSN 0022-1694, E-ISSN 1879-2707, Vol. 559, p. 100-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a key policy tool, water diplomacy offers greater political engagement in the cooperative management of shared water. A range of initiatives has been dedicated to this end, almost invariably oriented around the interactions of nation states. Crucially, however, practitioners of water diplomacy also need to address water governance at sub-state levels. As a political, multi-level, and normative field, peace and conflict research offers a pluralism of approaches designed to bring actors together at all levels. Drawing upon this research, this paper offers new focal points for water diplomacy that can enhance its policy effectiveness and enrich its underlying academic current. More specifically, it presents three hitherto undervalued tools for water diplomacy: at the interstate level, to uncover the rich body of political norms that bind states to shared understandings of acceptable practice around water. At the intrastate level, to incorporate ethnography of water users and civil society groups’ responses to state-led waterworks projects, and at the communal level to employ disaggregated georeferenced data on water resources in conflict-prone areas. Taken together, these analytical tools provide a multi-faceted political gauge of the dynamics of water diplomacy, and add vital impetus to develop water diplomacy across multiple levels of policy engagement.

  • 252.
    Gullberg, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    De osynliga minoriteterna: En studie om minoritetsrättigheter i svensk politik mellan år 1970 och 20102014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the historical development of group rights for cultural minorities in Sweden between the years 1970 and 2010. The purpose of the study is to analyze the development of political measures taken at government level for different minority groups, foremost explaining the division that have arisen between measures aimed at the five national minorities, the Sámi, the Swedish Finns, the Roma, the Jews and the Tornedalians, and measures directed at other ethnic groups.

    My conclusions are that the division in Swedish public policy between one the one hand national minorities, and on the other hand immigrant groups, is in no way self-evident. The division has arisen from an international standard on how democratic states, such as Sweden, should treat their cultural minorities. Further, this division has had an immense impact in shaping public policy as well as determining the type of group rights introduced for minority groups in Sweden.

    A difference has also been found in how the minorities are perceived by state actors. Immigrant groups are currently perceived as less entitled to group rights due to their short presence in Sweden, whereas national minorities are seen as more entitled to group rights due to their long historic presence in the country. However, as this essay shows, this view has not always been the prevailing view in Swedish politics in the 1970s and the 1980s, a time when national minorities had little or no say in matters concerning minority rights.

  • 253.
    Gustafsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomy and Space Physics.
    Sanctions against scientists threaten progress2009In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 461, no 7265, p. 723-723Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    International political sociology, or: the social ontology and power politics of process2016Other (Other academic)
  • 255.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    International political sociology, or: the social ontology and power politics of process2017In: Routledge Handbook of International Political Sociology / [ed] Guillaume, Xavier & Bilgin, Pinar, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 366-375Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Methods and Philosophy of Science: Psychology, Historical Science and Inefficient Causation2017In: Richard Ned Lebow: A Pioneer in International Relations Theory, History, Political Philosophy and Psychology / [ed] Lebow, Richard Ned, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2017, p. 35-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Guzzini, Stefano
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jung, Dietrich
    Contemporary Security Studies and Copenhagen Peace Research2004Book (Refereed)
  • 258. Gärdebo, Johan
    et al.
    Öhman, May-BrittUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.Maruyama, HiroshiUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    Re: Mindings: Co-Constituting Indigenous, Academic, Artistic Knowledges2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    RE: Mindings brings together indigenous scholars, artists and activists, and indigenous allies to speak of whose positions, contexts and experiences it is that inform the construction of knowledges, histories and sciences. In short, whose experience counts? The purpose of RE:Mindings is to encourage its authors and readers to investigate what it means to resist exploitation of humans, non-humans and nature within the frames of modern nation states. Examples are provided from communities within or across the borders of existing nation states: Sámi and Saepmie/Sábme/Sápmi in Fenno-Scandinavia; Aboriginal-Martu in Australia; Ainu people in Japan, Dakota-Native Americans in USA and Mapuche in Chile. This publication originates from the supradisciplinary symposium RE: Mindings; Co-Constituting Indigenous/Academic/Artistic Knowledges and Understandings of Land-, Water-, Body-, and Lab-scapes, held at Uppsala University, 10-12 October 2012.

    The RE:Mindings publication has been funded through research projects financed by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) and Formas - the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning.

  • 259.
    Hall, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Diasporas and Civil War2015In: War: An Introduction to Theories and Research on Collective Violence. 2nd Edition. / [ed] Tor G. Jakobsen, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015, 2nd, p. 217-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Hall, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    The Transnational Dimensions of Societal Reconciliation2010Report (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Hall, Jonathan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, The Hugo Valentin Centre.
    War Trauma and Intergroup TrustManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Hall, Jonathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kostic, Roland
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Integration for peace: integration and reconciliation among diasporas2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many scholars argue that hostland social integration will encourage moderate political attitudes among diasporas. On the other hand, structural integration is thought to affect the opportunity structure of diasporas, but not their political attitudes. In this paper we offer an alternative explanation for the relationship between integration and diaspora attitudes. Our argument, based on findings in social psychology and social work, is that structural integration empowers diasporas to process and contextualize war-related experiences and make sense of daily life, and through the mechanism of a higher sense of coherence, enables them to envision a common future with other groups both in the host and homeland. We find support for our claims in a unique set of survey data collected amoung four diaspora populations in Sweden: structural integration encourages reconciliatory attitudes among diasporas, while social integration does not. Through their transnational engagement, structural integration of diasporas has the potential to encourage lasting peace in their homelands.

  • 263.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Democracy and Early Accommodation in Interstate Ethnic Conflict1997In: Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Toronto, 1997Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 264.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Democratic Peace and National Identity in Eastern Europe: Early Accommodation of Interstate Ethnic Conflict1999In: XII Nordic Political Science Congress, Uppsala, 1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 265.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Diffusion Effects of Military Conflict in African Regions 1945-1992: A Preliminary Assessment of Network Approaches1995In: Second Pan-European Conference in Internatinal Relations, Paris, 1995Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 266.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ethnic Disputes Between Democratizing States: Restraint and Reciprocity in Eastern Europe1998In: Third Pan-European International Relations Conference, Vienna, 1998Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 267.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Military Conflict and Mineral Supplies: Results Relevant to Wider Resource Issues1997In: Nils Petter Gleditsch et al. (eds.) Conflict and the Environment, Kluwer , 1997, p. 127-136Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 268.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Profitable Coercion: Back on the Agenda?1996In: Mershon International Studies Review, Vol. 40, p. 301-303Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 269.
    Hammarström, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Theory-building in the Study of Crises: Review Essay1995In: Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 233-238Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 270.
    Hammarström, Mats
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Heldt, Birger
    The Spread of Military Intervention to Neighboring States: Testing a Structural Equivalence Approach to Diffusion2000In: European Consortium of Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions of Workshops 2000, April 14-19 2000, Copenhagen Denmark., 2000Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 271. Hansen, Lene
    et al.
    Olsson, Louise
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Guest Editor's Introduction2004In: Security Dialogue, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 405-410Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 272. Hansen, Lene
    et al.
    Olsson, LouiseUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Security Dialogue's Special Issue on Gender and Security2004Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 273.
    Hansson, Ann-Sophie
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Socialmedicin and Center for Environmental Illness and Stress Disorders, CEOS, Uppsala Academic Hospital.
    Church Conflicts - The Psychosocial Work Environment of the Parishes.2000In: American Conference of Sociology and Religion, Washington DC, 2000, 2000Conference paper (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The Church of Sweden faces major changes in the years to come. It will be disestablished January 1, 2000. There are many signs of the Church being one of the worst employers when you consider the psychosocial work environment. There are numerous conflicts in the parishes and the reasons suggested are also numerous: poor leadership; theological disputes; the expectations of a good working life in a Christian setting and a denial of problems; The Christian belief itself.

    Diocesan officers, and officers of the Swedish labor inspectorate have been interviewed on their experiences on church conflicts, the causes, patterns and possible ways of resolving them. Approx. 200 Inspection Documents from the Swedish labor inspectorate have been explored. The results suggest that there be no one single explanation to the situation. Several factors, present at the same time, form the reasons for the situation; The leadership, the distribution of responsibilities in the parish, the lack objectives for the Parish, the expectations for a problem free working life. These and other factors vary in correlation.

  • 274.
    Hansson, Ann-Sophie
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. Socialmedicin and Center for Environmental Illness and Stress Disorders, CEOS, Uppsala Academic Hospital.
    Psychosocial Work Environment in the Church of Sweden. An Explorative Study2007In: European Congress of Work and Organizational Psychology: Sustainable Work: Promoting Human and Organizational Vitality, 2007, p. 1172-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research about work environment aspects of the Church has either focused on leadership or on the character of conflicts in the organization. This study is focused on the psychosocial environment factors in the Church. Data include both documents from the Swedish Labor Inspection and interviews with representatives from different churches. Data was compared with regard to factors assumed to be relevant for the psychosocial work environment in the organization. The result indicated unsatisfactory work conditions such as unclear management, attitudes too focused on “taking care of people,” employees with their own goals, great expectations (external, from the society and internal, from the Church itself) on good work conditions. Another result was stressful work conditions caused by, i.e., the employees’ difficulties to draw a line between their work and private lives. It was also evident that it was more common in the Church of Sweden not to handle the problems.

  • 275.
    Hansson, Petra
    Uppsala University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Curriculum Studies.
    Förortens färger -: natur och kultur i Johannes Anyurus Det är bara gudarna som är nya2007In: Ekokritik: naturen i litteraturen: en antologi , Uppsala: Cemus , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Högbladh, Stina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Armed Conflict and Peace Agreements2006In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 617-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2005, there were 31 ongoing conflicts, down by 1 from 2004. Notable for 2005 as well as for the previous year is that, while there were no major fluctuations in the number of conflicts, there were numerous changes when it comes to the conflicts listed. While ten of the conflicts recorded for 2004 were no longer active in 2005, nine conflicts restarted, four with action taken by new rebel groups and five by previously recorded actors. A total of 231 armed conflicts have been recorded since the end of World War II and 121 after the end of the Cold War. In one-third of the conflicts recorded after the Cold War, the conflicting parties have concluded peace agreements, solving, regulating, or deciding the incompatibility. Of the 144 accords, 70% were signed in conflicts over government; many of them were part of a peace process containing more than one agreement. In conflicts over government, the most common provision for resolving the incompatibility was the holding of elections. In conflicts over territory, the agreements often established local governance over the disputed territory.

  • 277.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 20072008Book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sundberg, RalphUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 20082009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen et al., Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Patterns of Major Armed Conflict, 1990-20052006In: SIPRI Yearbook 2006. Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, Francis & Taylor , 2006, p. 15-Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Armed Conflict, 1989–20062007In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 623-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2006, 32 armed conflicts were active, a figure that has remained constant for three years. The decline in armed conflict observed through most of the post-Cold War period has ceased, at least temporarily. Many of the conflicts active in 2006 have a long history which may have made them more entrenched and thus more difficult to solve. In fact, in contrast to the situation in the early 1990s, no new conflicts have erupted in the last two years. No interstate conflicts were active in 2006, but five of the intrastate conflicts were internationalized. While four of the conflicts recorded for 2005 were no longer active in 2006, four conflicts restarted, two with actions taken by new rebel groups and two by previously recorded actors.

  • 281.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Armed Conflicts, 1946-20082009In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 46, no 4, p. 577-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2008, the number of active armed conflicts was 36, up by one from 2007. Over the past few years, the number of active conflicts has not seen any drastic changes from one year to the next. However, the number of armed conflicts has increased by nearly one-quarter since 2003, which was the year with the lowest number of active armed conflicts since the 1970s. While the number of conflicts continued to increase, the number of wars (i.e. conflicts with over 1,000 battle-related deaths) remained at a very low level, with only five recorded for 2008. Four conflicts listed in 2007 were no longer active in 2008, but during the year, two conflicts were restarted by previously recorded actors (in Burundi and in Georgia). Furthermore, three new conflicts erupted, one of which was fought between states (Djibouti-Eritrea). Thus, the record-long four-year interlude 2004-07 with no interstate conflict was broken.

  • 282.
    Harbom, Lotta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Patterns of major armed conflicts, 1999-20082009In: SIPRI Yearbook 2009 / [ed] SIPRI, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Armed Conflicts over Government and Territory 1989-911993In: States in Armed Conflict 1990-91, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University: Uppsala , 1993Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 284.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Domestic Politics, Absolute Deprivation, and the Use of Armed Force inInterstate Territorial Disputes, 1950-19901999In: Journal of Conflict ResolutionArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 285.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International Relations Research and the State of Nature1999In: 1999 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Atlanta Hilton and Towers and Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta USA, September 2-5, 1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 286.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    International Relations Research and the State of Nature1999In: Annual Meeting of the Nordic Political Science Association, Uppsala, Sweden, August 19-21, 1999, 1999Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 287.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Patterns of Armed Conflict 1989-19911993In: States in Armed Conflict, 1990-91, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University: Uppsala , 1993Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 288.
    Heldt, Birger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Dependent Variable of the Domestic-External Conflict Relationship: Anecdotes, Theories and Systematic Evidenc1997In: Journal of Peace ResearchArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 289.
    Heldt, Birger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Melander, Erik.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Major Armed Conflicts, 19921993In: SIPRI Yearbook 1993: World Armaments and Disarmament, Oxford University Press: Oxford , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Heldt, Birger
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Nordquist, Kjell-Åke.
    Major Armed Conflicts in 19911993In: SIPRI Yearbook 1992: World Armaments and Disarmaments, Oxford University Press: Oxford , 1993Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 291.
    Hellquist, Alexander
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development.
    Westin, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development.
    På väg mot bättre dialog i samråden på Gotland: Rapport från ett samarbete mellan Länsstyrelsen i Gotlands län och Swedesd, Uppsala universitet2017Report (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Hellström Muhli, Ulla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Biståndsmötet kärnan i omsorgsarbetet2002In: Äldre i Centrum, tidskrift för aktuell forskning, ISSN 1401-5110, no 3, p. 36-37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 293. Herath, Dhammika
    et al.
    Höglund, KristineUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.Schultz, MichaelSilva, Kalinga Tudor
    Post-War Reconstruction in Sri Lanka: Prospects and Challenges2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Hertting, Nils
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vedung, Evert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Purposes and criteria in network governance evaluation: How far does standard evaluation vocabulary takes us?2012In: Evaluation, ISSN 1356-3890, E-ISSN 1461-7153, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluation and network governance are both among the top-10 trendy concepts in public policy. But how are they related? In the present article, we ask how public sector interventions guided by a network governance doctrine are to be evaluated. If evaluation means systematic judgment of organization, content, administration, outputs and effects in public policy, then evaluators need concepts and analytical tools to assess these features and communicate their analyses. In the literature, interest in network modes of governance often goes together with a call for a renewed vocabulary for evaluation and policy analysis. In the article, we do not take this to be a fact. Instead we turn it into a question: How relevant and productive are established concepts and tools of evaluation theory for evaluating network governance? More specifically, we address the issues of purposes and merit criteria in evaluation of interventions fashioned according to the network governance doctrine. Though it takes some elaboration, our overall conclusion is that at least some standard evaluation concepts and approaches are still productive in delineating, analysing and prescribing how network governance can be evaluated. There are crucial accountability issues to raise, the goal-achievement criterion is not irrelevant and the meaning of stakeholder evaluation is elucidated when confronted with the ideas of the network governance doctrine.

  • 295.
    Holmberg, Björn
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Passing the open windows: A quantitative and qualitative approach to immediate military balance and escalation of protracted conflicts1998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation has a dual point of departure: first, the widely known concept of window of opportunity and its application in the study of international relations (IR) and, second, the notion among modern classical realists that states maximize their power and, hence, that windows of opportunity should increase the probability of escalation to war or escalation of a war.

    The focus is primarily on the effects of rapid power shifts in dyads of non-great powers experiencing protracted conflict. The questions asked are, Do military opportunities cause escalation of protracted conflicts, and if so, under what circumstances?

    Military opportunity is derived from window of opportunity and is argued to be a more precise and analytically useful concept. It is integrated into a theoretical model that specifies possible conditions for escalation and which distance the model from the simple realist approach. These conditions are deduced from the unitary rational actor approach and from organization theory.

    In a large-N application of the model, covering the period from 1945 to 1986, there is, as expected, little support for military opportunity as an explanatory variable for escalation. The findings are contrary to the expectations of political realism. The learning propositions also receive no support. Negative and positive learning do not decrease or increase the likelihood of escalation; however, there is support for the proposition that the degree of militarization prior to the military opportunity has a positive effect on the likelihood of a new escalation. Under these conditions, as many as one out of every three dyads experiences escalation.

    In the qualitative phase, India-Pakistan (1970-1971) and Iran-Iraq (1979-1988), two important cases supporting the large-N findings, are analyzed. The deductive chain of the rational unitary actor approach seems to have more to tell than organization theory does. Furthermore, the analysis strengthens the conclusions from the large-N study.

    In sum, military opportunity is not generally associated with escalation. Only when the conflicts are militarized and, consequently, when the level of threat towards the state is high, may military opportunity lead to escalation.

  • 296.
    Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Ideland, Malin
    Natur, miljö och samhälle, Malmö högskola.
    Dilemman med transgena djur: forskningspraktik och etik2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har vi i Sverige sett en minskning av djurförsök. Denna trend gäller dock inte transgena djur, det vill säga djur som på olika sätt förändrats i arvsmassan, något som tvärtom ökar. verksamheten skapar en rad frågeställningar. Det handlar om moraliska och andra dilemman som är en del av all djurförsökshantering. Vi människor tar oss trots allt rätten att använda andra djur för att förbättra oss själva. Men verksamheten skapar också vissa specifika och ibland svårhanterliga frågeställningar som hänger ihop med att djuren är genmodifierade, som oförutsägbara eller för djuret svåra konsekvenser av modifieringen. Transgens djur - framför allt är det möss som används - utmanar också en rad etablerade kulturella gränser; mellan olika arter, mellan vetenskap och teknologi samt mellan organism och uppfinning. I denna publikation, ett resultat från projektet Dilemman med transgena djur, undersöks hur forskare, djurförsökstekniker och ledamöter i djurförsöksetiska nämnder, hanterar dessa dilemman.

  • 297.
    Holmberg, Tora
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Schwennesen, Nete
    Webster, Andrew
    Bio-objects and the bio-objectification process2011In: Croatian Medical Journal, ISSN 0353-9504, E-ISSN 1332-8166, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 740-742Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of bio-object stresses the point that boundaries around “the living” are not stable and that there is what we may call a potential openness in processes of bio-objectification and bio-identification through which such boundaries are drawn. In other words, it is not given what will count as categories of life, such as human or animal, viable life or non viable life, biological or social. Where the boundaries get drawn and what meaning categories get assigned to, are crucial in terms of knowledge production, bio-political interventions and regulations, and everyday lives in a more-than-human world. When, where, how, and with what results such boundaries are made and negotiated, are interesting and politically charged questions to ask.

  • 298.
    Holmén, Janne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    A small separate fatherland of our own: regional history writing and regional identity on islands in the Baltic Sea2014In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 135-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gotland, Aland, Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Bornholm are five islands in the Baltic Sea which constitute, or have until recently constituted, provinces or counties. Combining perspectives from the fields of island studies and history, this article investigates how regional history writing has contributed to the formation of regional identity on each island since the year 1800. The special geographic situation of the islands somewhat secluded from the mainland but also connected to important waterways has provided their inhabitants with shared historical experiences. Due to varying geographic and historical circumstances, the relationship between regional and national identity is however different on each island. While regional history writing has often aimed at integrating the island into the nation state, it has on Aland in the 20th century been used to portray its inhabitants as a separate nation.

  • 299.
    Hultman, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Civilians as Military Targets: Violent Bargaining Strategies by Governments and Rebels2006In: Presented at the Annual ISA Convention, San Diego, 22-25 March 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In many intrastate armed conflicts civilians are the direct targets of violence by both governments and rebel groups; nonetheless, no quantitative study has ever examined and compared the determinants for government and rebel violence. I explain government and rebel attacks on civilians as violent bargaining strategies aimed at improving the bargaining position, and these strategies are dependent on the intensity level of the conflict. I propose that when fighting is low governments try to avoid killing civilians unless the threat is large enough, and rebels kill civilians to signal resolve in order to gain concessions. However, as the intensity level increases control becomes more important, so both parties target civilians to establish territorial control and undermine the support of the opponent. Using new data on killings of civilians I examine all conflict actors in an internal armed conflict, 1992 to 2004. The findings suggest that rebels use violence for communicative purposes in less intense conflicts, characterized e.g. by more violence when rebels are relatively strong and early in the conflict. In more intense conflicts, on the other hand, violence is used to secure control and compensate for lack in military capacity – then the weaker groups kill more civilians, and they are likely to kill more civilians the longer the conflict. Governments kill more civilians when the rebel opposition is strong; surprisingly they kill fewer civilians the longer the conflict, and democracy is not found to have any effect on government behavior.

  • 300.
    Hultman, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Civilians as Pawns in the Game of Civil War?2004Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
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