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  • 251.
    Axelsson, Margareta Westergren and Ylva Berglund
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    The Uppsala Student English Corpus (USE): A multi-faceted resource for research and course development2002In: Parallel corpora, parallel worlds. Selected papers from a symposium on parallel and comparable corpora at Uppsala University, Sweden, 22-23 April 1999, ISSN 90-420-1530-6, 79-90 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 252.
    Axnäs, Karl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Slavisch-baltisches in altnordischen Beinamen1937Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Klassisk arameisk grammatik (syriska)2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Aydin, Sami
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Sergius of Reshaina, Introduction to Aristotle and his Categories, Addressed to Philotheos: Syriac Text, with Introduction, Translation, and Commentary2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are two related texts extant in Syriac written by the physician and commentator Sergius of Reshaina (d. 536) about the philosophy of Aristotle. This book provides a critical edition and a facing English translation of the shorter of these texts. The edition is based on the single preserved manuscript of the text (Berlin, Petermann I 9). An introduction to Sergius’ life and works, and an analysis of the text in its intellectual context, is also provided. His writing is one of the earliest analyses on Aristotelian philosophy in the Syriac language and presents concepts that were taught at the Neoplatonist school of Ammonius Hermeiou (d. 517-526) in Alexandria.

    Sergius received his philosophical and medical education in Alexandria and was active in the city of Reshaina as one of the first translators of profane Greek material into Syriac. He translated chiefly medical works by Galen, especially those that were studied in the Alexandrian school, but also the theological corpus of Pseudo-Dionysius. Sergius composed some original works on Aristotle’s philosophy as well. Through his translation work and literary activity, he paved the way for the later engagement in medicine and Aristotelian philosophy among Syriac writers. His importance and influence is acknowledged by the historical testimonies to him, as well as by the numerous ways in which his works were read and used.

    The text of Sergius, edited here, treats themes that are primarily found in Aristotle’s Categories. After a preface, in which the author refutes potential criticism and justifies his writing, he begins his work with a traditional division of the philosophy into theory and practice with their respective subdivisions. He also presents the Platonist notion of universals, before introducing the ten categories of reality into which, according to him, Aristotle had arranged all existing things. However, Sergius discusses the categories of substance, quantity, quality, and relatives more extensively, since these four were considered to be the main categories. Many problems related to these categories are presented together with proposed solutions. Other topics described by Sergius are such as what is a distinctive property, the natural philosophers’ view of the four elements, the modes of opposition and its difference from contrariety, and the five kinds of priority. Moreover, Sergius provides a relatively lengthy discussion of the nature of space and whether it belongs to the category of quantity. This discussion is based on the Alexandrian commentators’ interpretations of Aristotle’s Physics rather than the Categories. In the commentary section of this edition, Sergius’ line of thought is clarified and compared to some Greek commentaries from the same tradition.

  • 255.
    Backman, Agnieszka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Handskriftens materialitet: Studier i den fornsvenska samlingshandskriften Fru Elins bok (Codex Holmiensis D 3)2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation contains a study of the multitext manuscript Codex Holmiensis D 3 based in Material Philology and its focus on the material conditions underlying manuscripts. The aim of the investigation is to describe D 3 in order to increase understanding of its material conditions including content and circumstance of copying, as well as its use and purpose.

    D 3 contains 14 text works in different genres, for example romances, chronicles, and edifying works. The paper manuscript in the format of a holster book has been dated through its watermarks to around 1487/1488. It was written for the noblewoman Elin Gustavsdotter (Sture).

    An older manuscript, Codex Holmiensis D 4a, has previously been identified as the exemplar of D 3. These manuscripts are very similar as regards language and content. However, it is shown here that D 4a could not have been the model for D 3 in the case of the romance Flores och Blanzeflor; nor can the manuscript as a whole be a copy of D 4a.

    There are few traces of use in D 3, but the first work, Herr Ivan Lejonriddaren, has several concluding texts before its final closing. These concluding texts suggest that parts of the work were being read while the rest was being copied. There are also dual quire signatures in this work, implying that the quires were in disarray, possibly because they were in use when the signatures were added.

    The purpose of D 3 was to educate and provide examples of good and bad behaviour for the nobility. Moreover, there is an owner-epilogue which also stresses courtly ideals and can be linked to the concept of exemplary behaviour. The contents can also be ordered thematically, with first a Carolingian connection, followed by one connected with Ireland and finally one focused on the Christian community. Codicological breaks divide the manuscript into two parts, which leads to the assumption of at least two common exemplars for D 3 and D 4a.

    An emphasis on the materiality of the manuscript reveals it to be not so much an unwieldy collection of unrelated text witnesses as a book created for a certain person and her time.

  • 256.
    Backman, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages.
    Meaning by metaphor: an exploration of metaphor with a metaphoric reading of two short stories by Stephen Crane1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 257.
    Bani-Shoraka, Helena
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology. iranska språk.
    A revitalization of the Azerbaijani language and identity?2003In: Orientalia Suecana, no 51-52, 17-24 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 258.
    Bani-Shoraka, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Cross-generational bilingual strategies among Azerbaijanis in Tehran2009In: International Journal of the Sociology of Language, ISSN 0165-2516, E-ISSN 1613-3668, no 198, 105-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Bani-Shoraka, Helena
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology. iranska språk.
    The Iranian Language Policy of the Twentieth Century: The case of Azerbaijani in Tehran2005In: The Role of the State in West Asia, Tauris, London , 2005, 141-150 p.Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 260.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Aramejskie słowa i wyrażenia w grece Nowego Testamentu [= Aramaic Words and Phrases in the Greek Version of the New Testament]2016In: Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae et Latine, ISSN 0302-7384, Vol. 26, no 2, 45-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Review of The El-Amarna Correspondence: A New Edition of the Cuneiform Letters from the Site of El-Amarna Based on Collations of All Extant Tablets by Anson F. Rainey2013In: Journal of the Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies, Vol. 8, 25-31 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Biblical Hebrew "Store Cities" and an Amarna Gloss2017In: Vetus Testamentum (Print), ISSN 0042-4935, E-ISSN 1568-5330, Vol. 67, no 4, 519-527 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The word מסכנות used in the phrase ערי מסכנות “store cities” is commonly considered a loanword from the Neo-Assyrian word maškattu, “account, deposit, storehouse.” The current loan hypothesis does not account for the difficulties of the Akkadian evidence and does not take into consideration a gloss in Amarna letter no. 306. This gloss shows that the Canaanite scribes of the Late Bronze Age were familiar with the Akkadian plural form maškanātu and used it with the meaning “granaries, storage areas.” This technical term was borrowed into a Canaanite dialect and was subsequently transmitted to Biblical Hebrew as מסכנות.

  • 263.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Verb in the Amarna Letters from Canaan2016Book (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Bardel, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Falk, Ylva
    Stockholms universitet.
    Lindqvist, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages, Romance Languages.
    Multilingualism in Sweden2013In: Current Multilingualism: A new linguistic dispensation / [ed] Singleton, D., Fishman, J., Aronin, L. & Ó Laoire, M., Boston/Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2013, 247-269 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Barianou Franzon, Aristea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    « Nous » et « Vous ». Une analyse des discours parlementaires des Le Pen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 266. Barianou Franzon, Aristea
    « Nous » et « Vous »: une analyse des discoursparlementaires des Le Pen.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 267. Barilli, Nicola
    et al.
    Tchehoff, Igor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    Parole per viaggiare. Russo2012In: Parole per viaggiare. Russo, Bologna: Zanichelli , 2012, , 216 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [it]

    Uno strumento di facile consultazione per chiunque intraprenda un viaggio ricreativo, culturale o lavorativo.

    Una guida linguistica per affrontare qualsiasi situazione, dalla preparazione del viaggio alla ricerca di una sistemazione, dalla serata al ristorante all'acquisto di biglietti, dallo shopping alla vita quotidiana.

    Un'ampia raccolta di parole e frasi organizzata per consentire la massima fruibilità, con box di approfondimento e tavole illustrate.

    • 216 pagine • oltre 3500 parole e 1500 frasi • 7 sezioni • 40 box di informazione e approfondimento culturale, di curiosità e particolarità locali • 10 tavole illustrate • dizionario bilingue finale con oltre 2500 parole

  • 268.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology, Asian and African Languages and Cultures, Iranian languages.
    A sociolinguistic survey among the Jadgal in Iranian Balochistan2008In: The Baloch and Others: Linguistic, Historical and Socio-Political Perspectives in Pluralism in Balochistan / [ed] Carina Jahani, Agnes Korn & Paul Titus, Wiesbaden: Reichert , 2008, 23-43 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results of a sociolinguistic research project among the Jadgal with special focus on language use, language attitudes, bilingual proficiency and multilingualism.

  • 269.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Discourse Features in Balochi of Sistan: (Oral Narratives)2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a first study of discourse features in Balochi narratives of Sistan. Discourse analysis investigates what are the properties that make for well-formed texts in a language. There are many approaches to discourse analysis and most approaches focus on a particular aspect of text formation. The approach to text linguistics or discourse analysis taken in this work is based on Dooley and Levinsohn’s Analyzing Discourse: A manual of basic concepts (2001). Their methodology has been refined over years of practical use and, among diverse methodologies, they follow a functional and cognitive approach. In this dissertation, Roberts’ (2009) application of Dooley and Levinsohn’s methodology to Persian is followed in the study of our Sistani Balochi text corpus.

    In chapters 2-7 this approach is applied to Balochi narrative text. Chapter two introduces the reader to the discourse-pragmatic structuring of sentences in BS and chapter three shows how different syntactic devices can distinguish foreground and background information in BS oral texts. In chapter four we study the deixis of time and place and how the concept of proximal and distal deixis applies across a range of deictic elements. Chapter five examines some basic connectives and how they link propositions in the discourse context, and in chapter six reported speech is studied. Chapter seven illustrates how different participants are introduced into a discourse and how their activation status is signalled throughout the discourse.

    Appendix 1 contains details of the Balochi text-corpus used, and Appendix 2 contains interlinearized versions of ten of the main texts used in the study. A CD with nine audio files and one video file of the ten texts from Appendix 2, plus one extra video file, is also included.

  • 270.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology, Asian and African Languages and Cultures, Iranian languages.
    On the translatability of Persian ghazals into Balochi and vice versa2006In: Indo-Iranian Linguistics and the Typology of linguistic situations.: Prof. Alexander L. Gruenberg (1930-1995) Memorial Volume / [ed] Mikhail N. Bogolyubov, Saint Petersburg: Nauka , 2006, 1, 247-263 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is usually difficult to translate poems from one language into another keeping both the original form and meaning. However, between languages which are very close to each other structurally and genetically, especially when one of these languages is under the influence of the other one, there is often a higher degree of translatability than between unrelated languages. Also, when the speakers of the two languages share a common cultural framework of reference because of shared literary traditions including common poetic techniques, the form and meaning of the poems can be preserved to a considerable degree when they are translated. Geographically, spreading from Asia Minor in the north-west to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent in the north-east and south-east, respectively, Persian literature has had a strong influence on the local and national literatures of these areas. The great Iranian classical poets developed philosophical, mystical, moral and love themes which also influenced poets for generations. In addition, allusions and poetic imagery which they used spread along with their relatively concrete vocabulary to poetry in the the above mentioned areas in general, and to Balochi poetry in particular. In this brief survey, the translatability of Persian and Balochi ghazals from one language to the other has been examined according to form, poetic imagery and lexicon.

  • 271.
    Barkelind, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "Ok /pappa": Vuxnas språk i personliga meddelanden på Facebook2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningens syfte är att beskriva och förstå hur medelålders personer kommunicerar på Facebook. Jag undersöker hur de anpassar sig till mediet, vilka mål har de med sin kommunikation och hur deras språk ser ut. Mitt material är konversationer på Facebook från tre informanter under tre veckor, samt från tre yngre jämförelseinformanter. Jag använder en induktiv metod för att analysera materialet. Huvudinformanterna använder mer formella hälsningar än de yngre, och riktar ibland meddelanden till fler än en person, vilket inte ungdomar gör. Personer i båda åldersgupperna skriver snabbt och använder sig av kreativ interpunktion, smilisar och uttalsnära stavning, men de yngre gör det i högre grad. I båda grupperna är det vanligast att skriva till vänner, och ungdomarna gör det oftast genom chatt medan de äldre håller sig mest till meddelanden. Variationen inom grupperna är stor både språklig och användningsmässigt.

  • 272.
    Barnes, Michael P.
    University College London.
    Runes and Editors: The Changing Face of Corpus Editions2010In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 1, 7-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Barnes, Michael P.
    Department of Scandinavian Studies, University College London.
    The Manx Runes and the Supposed Jæren Connection2013In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 3, 59-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that there is a connection between the Scandinavian runic inscriptions of the Isle of Man and a group from the district of Jæren in southwestern Norway. The Manx inscriptions are dated on art-historical grounds to c. 930–1020, the Jæren group to around the year 1000 — partly because they seem to span the period of the conversion of Norway to Christianity, partly on the basis of their rune forms and language. There are problems with these datings, not least for those who have considered Manx runic tradition influenced by that of Jæren. There is also a mismatch between the 930–1020 period assigned to the Manx inscriptions on art-historical grounds and the testimony of their rune forms and language, which suggests that many of them at least may come closer in time to the Jæren group. This article examines previous contributions to the debate and analyses the data from both Man and Jæren. It has two main aims: to inject clarity into the discussion and to distinguish fact from assertion and uncertain hypothesis.

  • 274.
    Barnes, Michael P.
    University College London.
    Two Recent Runic Finds from Orkney2015In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, E-ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 6, 143-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides accounts of OR 22 Quoys and OR 23 Naversdale, two runic inscriptions recently found in Orkney. There is discussion of the find circum­stances, followed by a description of the object bearing the runes (the former a folded lead plaque, the latter an irregular stone fragment), a trans­runi­fication, transliteration, and commentary on the reading. Thereafter comes an inter­pretation of the text. In the case of OR 23 this is straightforward enough since the text consists of a sequence from the Pater Noster, the first instance of a Latin-language runic inscription from Orkney. OR 22 provides more of a chal­lenge, and various suggestions are offered.

  • 275.
    Barnes, Michael P.
    Department of Scandinavian Studies, University College London.
    What Is Runology, and Where Does It Stand Today?2013In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 4, 7-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this contribution is to offer a critical appraisal of runology as currently practised. The article begins by asking what runology is, and possible ways of defining the subject are discussed. Theory and methodology are then considered. While there is much to be learnt from analysis of the methods runologists employ, the search for runological theories turns out to be an unrewarding exercise. Theories from other disciplines have on occasion informed and guided runological procedures, however, and this is exemplified through an examination of the role graphemics has played in recent discussion of rune forms and how they may best be transliterated into the roman alphabet. The article concludes with brief consideration of problems that have arisen in the reading and interpretation of runic inscriptions, and a plea is entered for a critical and dispassionate approach to runological endeavour.

  • 276.
    Bauer, Alessia
    Institut für Nordische Philologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München.
    Die späten Runica Manuscripta aus Island: Was versteht man unter málrúnir?2010In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 1, 197-223 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Beck, Wolfgang
    Friedrich Schiller University Jena.
    Die Runeninschrift auf der Gürtelschnalle von Pforzen als Zeugnis der germanischen Heldensage?2016In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, E-ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 7, 29-45 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pair Aigil and Aïlrun of the runic inscription on the Pforzen silver buckle (A.D. 570–600) is usually compared to the heroic couple Egill and Ǫlrún of Vǫlundar­kviða and Þiðreks saga, although there is no etymological reason for this. The collocation seems to be justified by the well-known phenomenon that he­ro­ic names often do not correspond exactly to their equivalents in a differ­ent lan­guage. The identification of aigil with Egill and a͡ïlrun with Ǫlrún has led to conclusions that go far beyond the basic evidence of the find and (the literal inter­pretation of) its inscription; its text is considered to be one of the oldest testimonies of Germanic heroic poetry taking its way from Conti­nental Ale­mannia to the Scandinavian North (or the other way round?). Attempts have been made to link the Pforzen inscription with the pictorial programme of the rune-inscribed Auzon (Franks) whalebone casket as well as with the Old English epic Beowulf. Prior to acceptance of the Pforzen inscription as a testi­mony of Germanic heroic legend, further investigation is necessary. It must be considered how the inscription fits into the system, the development, the trans­mission and the mediality of Germanic heroic legend.

  • 278.
    Beck, Wolfgang
    et al.
    Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    Schuhmann, Roland
    Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig.
    Die ältesten Runeninschriften im Kontext (sprach)wissenschaftlicher Editionen2015In: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, Vol. 5, 7-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comprehensive editions of the oldest runic inscriptions are few and largely outdated;even the more recent ones do not meet modern critical standards. Other runic publications that treat this material tend to concentrate on selected data only. An up-to-date scholarly edition of the oldest runic inscriptions is thus currently lacking. The question is: what criteria must a new edition fulfil? Of course, information has to be provided concerning the rune-bearing object, such as (1) a description of the artifact, including the present place of keeping, (2) the find circumstances and (3) an archaeological dating. The description of the inscription itself has to be thorough, and must include (1) a plausible reading of the runes with remarks on runic forms and the textual composition, and (2) a transliteration, which constitutes the basis for a transcription. The transcription is the starting point for the internal, viz. linguistic interpretation that has to contain etymological as well as syntactic information (where necessary). In the etymological component, all important proposals have to be reconsidered. The linguistic interpretation must be the starting point for any broader analyses, which of necessity will require an interdisciplinary approach. The paper shows how such an edition can be laid out by means of one selected example.

  • 279.
    Beckman, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Tensions in Deleuzian Desire2010In: Angelaki, ISSN 0969-725X, E-ISSN 1469-2899, Vol. 15, no 1, 93-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Beckman, Frida
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Blake, Charlie
    Visions of Cruelty: gender, sexuality,and inscription in thetransformation of self2010In: Angelaki, ISSN 0969-725X, E-ISSN 1469-2899, Vol. 15, no 1, 149-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Behm, Daniel J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Hermathenæ, sive, de eloquentia sapientiæ conjugenda, disputatio I. Continens operis introductionem, ac speciatim, grammatices, logicesque rationem Danielis J. Behm. RespondenteElia Benedicti Hwaal / Ostrogotho ... Horis matutinis, diei 23. Octob. in auditorio veteri anno 1644.1644Dissertation (older thesis) (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Behm, Daniel J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy.
    Hermathenæ, sive, de eloquentia sapientiæ conjugenda, disputatio II. Continens physicorum syntheticam rationem Danielis J. Behm. Respondente Laurentio Olavi Laurelio. Horis matutinis, diei 18. Decemb. in auditorio veteri anno 1644.1644Dissertation (older thesis) (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Beier, Phil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Einn, uppkomst och utveckling: Den obestämda artikeln i Íslendinga sögur2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen undersöks uppkomsten och utvecklingen av den obestämda artikeln einn i fornisländsk litteratur från 1200- till 1400-talet. Undersökningen sker utifrån analysen av den tidigare forskningen samt Bernd Heines (1997) och Paul J. Hoppers & Elizabeth Traugotts grammatikaliseringsmodell (2003) av einn:s funktioner (från räkneord till obestämd artikel). Modellen kontextualiseras i mina undersökningsresultat av fyra isländska släktsagor, Íslendinga sögur.

        Undersökningens resultat visar tydligt att det inte finns någon obligatorisk användning av obestämd artikel i Íslendinga sögur under den nämnda tidsperioden. Det som kan påpekas är dock att ordet einn bär på en viss potential att utvecklas till obestämd artikel. Denna potential räcker ändå inte för att en egen inhemsk isländsk obestämd artikel ska kunna uppstå. Det blir tydligt när man betraktar de få fall jag utrett. I dessa fall framträder nämligen en viss grad av främmande påverkan vad gäller einn:s användningsområden.

  • 284.
    Beier, Phil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Prepositionsbruk i vikingatida runinskrifter: En beskrivning av prepositionernas bestånd, former och rektion2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har två mål. Det första målet är att ge en omfattande överblick över samtliga tillgängliga vikingatida runinskrifters prepositionsbestånd och -former, vilket innefattar en presentation av de prepositioner som använts i dessa inskrifter samt en förklaring till ortografiska skillnader i prepositionernas representation. Denna överblick avslutas med en förklaring av prepositioners olika skrivningsformer som kan förklaras med utvecklingar inom ljudsystemet samt felskrivningar.

    Det andra målet är att genomföra en undersökning av prepositionsfrasens rektioner som baseras på Lena Petersons (1991) behandling. Syftet med denna undersökning är, utegående från korpusen Samnordisk runtextdatabas 2014, att spåra och förklara semantiska avvikelser i samtliga tillgängliga vikingatida runinskrifter. Resultatet av rektionsundersökningen visar i enlighet med Petersons resultat att den grammatik som används i vikingatida runinskrifter är stabil och att de avvikelser som rör semantiken är så pass få att de mycket väl kan baseras på fakultativa beslut från runristarnas sida och inte nödvändigtvis på förändringar i grammatiken. Ett fåtal avvikelser kan dock ha grammatiska förklaringar. Det finns en viss tendens till att egennamn står i nominativ efter prepositioner och att ackusativ används istället för dativ, vilket kan tolkas som ett väldigt tidigt tecken för senare kasus-sammanfall. Med tanke på hur sällan dessa avvikelser förekommer, är det dock tveksamt om man kan dra några generella slutsatser utifrån dem.

    Av detta resulterar enligt min mening att de fakultativa reglerna har sitt ursprung å ena sidan hos runristaren, som i de flesta fallen har anledning för att använda den använda formen, och å andra sidan hos dagens läsare, som saknar förståelse för vissa drag i det dåtida språkbruket.

  • 285. Beijer, Agne
    Les troupes françaises à Stockholm, 1699-1792: listes de répertoire1989Book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "Det var ju ett absolut måste att skaffa sig en dator": Digitala mediers plats och roll i ålderspensionärers vardag2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a study of elderly people’s participation in the digital society. The aim is to identify and describe why and for which purposes pensioners use computers and mobile phones. Furthermore, the interactional analysis used in the study aims to complement previous results from quantitative surveys by paying attention to elderly persons’ self-image, attitudes and perceptions of the digitalized society. Questions discussed are what paths elders to take to use IT, what elderly people do with digital technology, and how they perceive their place and role in the digital society.

    The data analyzed consist of recorded interviews with 22 pensioners, aged 66–87. The participants are men and women from different social and professional backgrounds. What they have in common is that they all use computers and mobile phones in their daily life. The participants’ age is central to the investigation and time is an important theme in the report. A now and a then is constructed and made relevant in the stories that the participants tell. The stories contain elements that highlight the development of society and of change that has affected individuals.

    Possible reasons for not using digital media are physical problems, such as bad motor skills, impaired sight or hearing, lack of knowledge of English and not having been introduced to the media while they were still working. Even though these problems are common among the participants, they all seem to find ways to manage digital technologies.

    The investigation sheds light on how digital media is involved in the pensioners’ every day activities. All participants use computers and mobile phones to interact with friends and family and to participate in social activities on and outside the Internet. They all claim that they write more often than they did before they had access to computers, and that the types of text they write vary more. They also claim that they read the news more often and that they take a more active role in public debates. Using digital media is, therefore, considered a way to extend the so-called third age.

  • 287.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "haloo babe... tack såå mkt för ditt mess!": Om ungdomars skrivande inom olika kommunikativa verksamhetstyper2008In: Svensklärarföreningens årsskrift, ISSN 0349-0246Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 288.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Minskade skillnader i unga kvinnors och unga mäns kommunikation via datorbaserade medier2007In: Språk och kön i nutida och historiskt perspektiv: Studier presenterade vid Den sjätte nordiska konferensen om språk och kön, Uppsala 6-7 oktober 2006, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2007, 301-310 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Av tradition har datorteknik förknippats med en manlig domän. Att denna tradition är på väg att förändras tyder till exempel Statistiska centralbyråns mätningar från 2005. Inga större skillnader mellan kvinnors och mäns tillgång till och användning av datorbaserade medier har där kunnat skönjas. Den åldersgrupp där skillnaderna mellan könen är minst är ungdomar 16–24 år. Unga kvinnor använder således, så väl som unga män, de datorbaserade medierna.

    Liksom datortekniken har förknippats med en manlig sfär har kommunikation via datorbaserade medier i tidigare forskning främst visat sig tilltala unga kvinnor. Resultaten av mitt avhandlingsarbete som dels baseras på en enkät, genomförd bland 300 svenska ungdomar, dels på djupstudier av tre pojkar och tre flickor, visar att såväl pojkar som flickor dagligen använder datorbaserade medier i kommunikativt syfte. För ungdomar tycks kommunikation i form av gästboksinlägg på nätmötesplatser eller chatt inte ha särskilt mycket med teknikintresse att göra. Att hålla kontakten via Lunarstorm eller MSN är istället en kompletterande umgängesform där kommunikation främst sker mellan vänner som även umgås i verkliga livet.

    I mitt anförande vid konferensen kommer jag att ge en beskrivning av pojkars och flickors datormedierade kommunikation. Frågor som kommer att behandlas är hur pojkar och flickor använder tekniken, varför de använder den samt vilka de kommunicerar med.

  • 289.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "Nån som visslar på dig i fickan": Ungdomars användning av mobiltelefoner med utgångspunkt i begreppet kommunikativa verksamhetstyper2008In: Svenskans beskrivning 29: Förhandlingar vid Tjugonionde sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning / [ed] Marianne Nordman m.fl., 2008, 50-57 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages. FUMS.
    Ringa ett telefonsamtal eller logga in på chatten: Ungdomars kommunikation i tal och skrift via nya och traditionella medier2006Report (Other scientific)
  • 291.
    Bellander, Theres
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ungdomars dagliga interaktion: En språkvetenskaplig studie av sex gymnasieungdomars bruk av tal, skrift och interaktionsmedier2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores young people's interaction with different individuals through a variety of media. Three girls and three boys aged 16–18, from an urban school, a rural school and a suburban school, were each observed for a week, at school, at home and during leisure activities. The data analysed consist of field notes, video and audio recordings, and texts written by the participants.

    The aim of the study is to investigate how young people’s use of language varies in relation to different contexts. Questions are asked about what activities they participate in, what media they use and how they use them, and how they express themselves orally and in writing in different contexts and through different media. The study is based in sociolinguistic theory and activity type theory. Data were collected using ethnographical methods, and analytical tools were drawn from a broadly defined field of discourse analysis.

    The investigation sheds light on the relationship between what young people are doing socially in any given situation and how they interact. Variation in linguistic styles is made visible by a study of the same individuals involved in different communicative activities. Young people are shown to be a heterogeneous group who engage in different sets of activities. The study questions prevailing definitions and categorisations of adolescents’ linguistic styles and use of electronic media. The outcome is a complex description of everyday interaction, which is found to be shaped by the frames for communicative activities, the technical characteristics of the media employed, and individual factors. In conversational turns, Internet chat messages and text messages, young people select resources from their individual linguistic repertoires in order to achieve specific goals or construct particular roles through their interaction.

  • 292.
    Bellander, Therese
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Intensiv ordväxling kräver känsla2009In: Språktidningen, no 6, 14-18 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 293.
    Bendegard, Saga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Begriplig EU-svenska?: Klarspråksarbetets förutsättningar inom den interinstitutionella översättningsprocessen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of the inter-institutional translation process through which the Swedish versions of EU legislative acts are created, focusing on the conditions for plain language work within this process. These Swedish translations have long been considered incomprehensible. Complicated originals and strong demands for close correspondence to the source text have been considered the main reason. This study aims to examine the translation process, to see how institutional factors shape the scope for plain language work. The theoretical and methodological bases of the study are the sociology of translation, focusing on translation as a social activity, and ethnography, focusing on the participants’ perspective. The data analysed consist of field notes, interviews, video recordings of participants translating, and revised translations.

    A key factor for plain language is shown to be the demands for close correspondence to previous texts – not only the source text but also previous Swedish translations. Close correspondence is necessary due to special demands on legal translation but is also supported by other institutional factors, such as translators’ insecurity regarding legal language, short deadlines and the needs of internal readers. The use of CAT tools such as TWB further reinforces this dependence on previous texts.

    Other institutional factors that stand out are the relative isolation of the translation units, with limited feedback from outside the unit, and the position of the translated documents within the EU legal system. The results indicate that the difficulties for a Swedish reader are often not due to linguistic or textual formulation of the documents, but to the gap this EU position creates, between the reader’s (Swedish) and the text’s (EU) frame of reference respectively.

    Support for plain language is strong at the units, but the concept appears to have been partially given a local meaning, showing that the traditional understanding of plain language may not be fully applicable in this setting. This shows the necessity to identify the aspects most central to comprehensibility, for different types of texts and in different settings – a necessity not only for plain language work within the EU, but in national settings as well.

  • 294.
    Bendegard, Saga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Plain language in Swedish translations of EU legal texts2013In: TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 0168-2148, E-ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 33, no 1, 41-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that Swedish translations of EU legal texts do not meet the plain language standards drawn up for texts produced by Swedish authorities. The influence of poorly written source texts is often seen as the main cause, but we actually know little about the process by which these translations are produced – and therefore little about what the impediments really are for meeting these plain language standards. The results presented in this article indicate that several other factors also have a significant influence. The material consists of field observations and interviews, conducted at the Swedish translation units of the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union – and the results show that factors such as strong demands for correspondence between different Swedish texts, short deadlines and an indefinable readership are of importance. A key question is whether the translations should be considered to be texts in a Swedish target system at all, or if they remain in an EU source culture? In the end, a better understanding of this translation process, could help us both to understand how we can best proceed when trying to improve plain language in these EU-texts, and, by shedding new light on plain language processes in general, to improve plain language work within Sweden too.

  • 295.
    Bengtsson, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts.
    La défense organisée de la langue française: étude sur l'activité de quelques organismes qui depuis 1937 ont pris pour tâche de veiller à la correction et à la pureté de la langue française1968Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Beretta, Ilva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages.
    "The world's a garden": garden poetry of the English Renaissance1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Berg, Sofie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Vad och hur skriver ett vårdbiträde?: En studie av skriftanvändning inom äldreomsorgen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka hur skriftanvändningen ser ut inom äldreomsorgen år

    2017, med fokus på i vilka situationer, i vilka funktioner och hur skrift används.

    Undersökningen har bestått av två observationer med kompletterande intervjuer. En anställd

    inom hemtjänsten och en anställd på ett permanent äldreboende har följts under två separata

    dagar. Resultatet visade att skriftbruket huvudsakligen fyller dokumenterande och

    orienterande/planerande funktioner, vilket stämmer överens med tidigare forskning, men att

    man idag använder sig av tekniska hjälpmedel i en större utsträckning. Slutsatserna man kan

    dra från denna undersökning är att det är de huvudsakliga arbetsuppgifterna, omvårdnaden av

    brukare, samt organisationen av arbetet som styr hur och till vad man använder skrift.

    Samtidigt begränsas och kontrolleras skriftens utformning av regler och riktlinjer från högre

    instanser inom verksamheten.

  • 298.
    Bergendal, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    « Bien, alors, euh... il faut pas seulement des paroles... » – étude comparative des divergences entre le français écrit et le français parlé dans les débats du Parlement européen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 299.
    Bergenhök, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Referatskrivande på gymnasiet: -att följa instruktioner och bearbeta andras text till egna ord2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om referatskrivande i gymnasieskolan och syftet har varit att undersöka hur en grupp på 20 elever, som just börjat kursen Svenska 1 på ett yrkesförberedande program, klarar att skriva genren referat efter given instruktion. Eleverna har fått sina instruktioner kring hur ett referat ska skrivas av sin lärare och de har med hjälp av dem och skriftliga instruktioner i läroboken Svenska A, där källtexten Samarbeta för att överleva har hämtats, skrivit varsitt referat som sedan undersökts.

    Resultatet innefattar hur eleverna har gjort med de typiska drag som nämns i instruktionen: referatannonsering, referatmarkörer, bearbetning av text till egna ord o.s.v. Detta presenteras i huvudsak kvantitativt med hjälp av diagram som sedan kommenteras. Några av dragen har eleverna använt sig av utan problem, så som referatannonsering och referatmarkörer, men av de 20 eleverna har bara 1 med alla de moment som har krävts om man hårdrar det, annars 2 stycken. 9 av eleverna bearbetar sin text så att majoriteten av innehållet är egenformulerad text.

    Som slutsats ges råd om att eleverna behöver få hjälp och tid att träna sig i att skriva med egna ord och med att se vad de själva gör med texten och hur det bör se ut för att vara tillräckligt omskrivet för att vara refererande text.

     

  • 300.
    Berggren, Maria
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Classical Philology.
    Aquae fluentes, flores virentes, aves cantantes. Preaching to the Sisters of Vadstena Abbey1997In: Medieval Sermon Studies, Vol. 39, p. 45 p.Conference proceedings (editor) (Other scientific)
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