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  • 251.
    Hallberg, Robin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Johansson, Rasmus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Kartläggning av population vid statliga konsekvensutredningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det aktuella examensarbetet utgår ifrån en genomförd förstudie som kartlagt brister i konsekvensutredning rörande företags kostnadseffekter vid regelgivning. Syftet med arbetet är att ta fram en modell för förbättrad kartläggning av population, den identifierade förbättringsmöjlighet som i enlighet med förstudien ses ha störst genomslagskraft på konsekvensutredningars övergripande kvalitet. Arbetet omfattar även utvecklandet av en plan för implementering. Det teoretiska ramverket för studien grundar sig på Demings förbättringskunskap och ideologin runt offensiv kvalitetsutveckling samt tillhörande hörnstensmodell. Den metod som användes för att lösa problemställningen grundar sig på en modifierad modell av en Plan-Do-Study-Act cykel som benämns som Check-Plan-Do. Undersökningen som genomförts och tillhörande resultat har genererat en applicerbar modell för förbättrad kartläggning av population. Resultatet svarar således mot det syfte som kännetecknar rapporten och skapar förbättrade förutsättningar för kartläggning av population genom utvecklandet av en standardiserad process. 

  • 252.
    Hallgren, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå Univ, Umeå Sch Business & Econ, Umeå, Sweden..
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Coping with lack of authority: Extending research on project governance with a practice approach2017Inngår i: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 244-262Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify and explore alternative coping strategies that may compensate for the limitations of weak governance structure in a product development project.

    Design/methodology/approach - The findings are based on a single case study, including interviews and documents, of a product development project that consists of two interlinked projects in a large multinational company.

    Findings - Two distinct procedures are identified to cope and manage effectively when there are weak project governance structures. The first procedure is a horizontal process of operational consensus-seeking where conflicts between projects are negotiated and resolved through communication between independent actors such as two project managers who are at the same hierarchical level within the same organization. The second process is a vertical process of strategic escalation where issues that have failed to be resolved are shifted upwards to a new hierarchical level where a new round of operational consensus-seeking is attempted.

    Research limitations/implications - This paper complements the existing understanding of project governance with a project-as-practice perspective. Based on the findings the authors suggest that project governance needs to be nuanced in its understanding since a too-structured approach may in fact increase tensions in an organization.

    Practical implications - Practical insights include how organizations may work with its project governance structures in order to avoid tensions. The authors suggest that, in particular, politically sensitive situations may be avoided by weak rather than strong governance structures.

    Social implications - The authors find that weak governance structures may be efficient for the organization, but harmful to personnel, who become too focused on the task at hand.

    Originality/value - To the best of the authors' knowledge very little research has been attributed to project governance from a practice approach. Moreover, most attention has been given to strong structures, thereby not examining the positive implications of weak structures.

  • 253.
    Hamad, Thaer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Framtagning av en vändskiva för fordon2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was conducted in Taxi E4 AB and Tvätthall 24 AB in Uppsala in springterm 2016. The thesis describes the development of a car turntable. This can be usedto rotate the vehicles in a narrow place. Taxi E4 AB needs this product to be able todrive their cars inside the wash safely without damaging the cars.

    The company conducts business in a rented premise and therefore they can't modifyor change anything in there. Therefore the car turntable needs to be above theground in a way that it can be moved when needed.

    The aim of the thesis was to design a sustainable solution for the business and todevelop a manufacturing base with drawings and prepare a calculation for themanufacturing costs so that Taxi E4 later need to be able to manufacture the car turntable.

    Various ideas and concepts were developed. Subsequently the various conceptsevaluated using a decision-matrix method to select the best concept. After anevaluation, one concept has gone for further development. This concept was put intoCAD software, SolidWorks, and the assemlby drawings were produced. The proposalon the car turntable that was developed does not require any change in the venueand it can be put above the ground. A cost effective design proposal was developed,but not fully included here due to the fact that manufacturing abroad was considered cheaper.

  • 254.
    Hammam, Jasmine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Potentialen för en aggregatoraktör att förmedla energitjänster i det svenska elnätet: Möjligheter att tillvarata elöverskott från solcells- och energilagringssystem i flerbostadshus2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The transition towards a renewable electrical power system, characterized by an increased share of intermittent power sources, involves several technical, economical, structural and regulatory challenges in order to secure a reliable and stable power grid.

    Residential apartment buildings are increasingly being equipped with photovoltaic systems which are assumed to be supplemented with distributed energy storage solutions in the near future. To facilitate an efficient network utilization in the future an external broker, a so called aggregator, is currently being discussed in the industry as a possibility to enable the exchange of energy services between a collection of end consumers and electricity operators.

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prospects for an aggregator in the segment of residential apartment buildings in Sweden. A sociotechnical perspective has been applied in the study as the envisioned transition of the power grid involves a broad spectrum of interdisciplinary variables. The study is based on literature studies and interviews with stakeholder representatives.

    The results of the study shows that the prospects for aggregators depends on a still pending massmarket availability of technological prerequisits for managing the complex interaction between different parts of the electrical system. In addition, new regulatory structures will be essential in shaping the future conditions that would in general facilitate a successful transition and stable generation of arbitrage revenue. 

  • 255.
    Harbom, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Processutveckling av borstgradning2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the milling of Sandvik Coromant’s world leading Drill with replaceable inserts,the CoroDrill880©, burrs appear around the milled surfaces. The burrs are removedusing different methods, one of which is deburring with special brushing machines thatare integrated into milling cells. The machines of the type Sinjet, use a Siemensguidance system. The deburring results are not satisfying and manual deburring isrequired afterwards. The manual deburring may cause damage to important edges andmeasurements of the product and is also very time consuming for the machineoperators.As almost no engineering work has been done with the process, it has to be evaluatedand improved. The objective is to present a proposition of an improved process,where no manual deburring is required and also to present an instruction manual ofhow the implementation should be carried out.The evaluation of the deburring process revealed some flaws that lead to themachines bad performance. The greatest flaw was that many dimensions of theproducts use the same recipe, where few parameters are adapted to the differentdimensions, which gives an uneven performance. Another problem was the generallack of knowledge about the guidance system.Many experiments were carried out to find which adjustable parameters that had themost influence on the machines performance. The tests showed that the brushingangle against the part and the brushes in feed depth had the most effect. By designinga new program that was better adapted to the problematic areas of the part, as wellas making better use of the parameters that gave the best results, a significantimprovement was achieved.An instruction manual was made in order to explain the changes in the program andthe different parameters contribution to the performance of the machines. Theimplementation process was also thoroughly explained to make the work easier forthe ones doing it.

  • 256.
    Hassan, Abdiwahab
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Ismail, Abdul Rahman
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Effect of Leading Behavior and Style of Project Manager on the Retention of Skillful ICT Project Workers2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Talent turnover is a threat to different industries, and ICT industry is one industry sector that suffers the highest turnover rate of its skillful ICT project workers. Even though practitioners and researchers from strategic human resource management has taken the issue into great deal of concerns, yet the turnover rate in the industry is still high. Due to that, many ICT project failures was related to such high turnover rate that the industry inherited.

    This study attempted to address the question of how to better retain skillful ICT project workers, and explored how leading behavior (i.e. task-oriented behaviors, relation-oriented behavior and change-oriented) and leading style (i.e. autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire) of project managers affect turnover intention of project workers, while considering the two most significant tendencies to turnover intentions; motivation and job satisfaction.

    Explorative qualitative research method was used, and due to the nature of the study, inductive and deductive reasoning was adopted. Both primary and secondary data was collected. Primary data was collected from 10 skillful ICT project workers, through skype-based interview and web-based qualitative survey. Through this exploratory research, the study found that not only leadership of project managers plays major role in retention of skillful ICT project workers through right leading behavior and style at the right situation, but also certain leading behavior and styles can contribute to turnover intention of skillful ICT project workers.

    More specifically, the study found that low relation with low task concern leading behavior, and high task with low relation concern behavior results in project workers demotivation and job dissatisfaction, and ultimately lead to their turnover intention. Furthermore, autocratic leadership style is found to contribute to demotivation and job dissatisfaction of high competent and high committed project workers, where ineffective application of laissez-faire, and democratic leadership style also results in demotivation and work dissatisfaction of project workers, and ultimately lead to turnover intentions. On the contrary, some skillful project workers perceived mix leading styles, such as delegative, participative and supportive fit in their needs, and expressed their desire to stay with the organization if they work under project manager with such blending leading style.

    Keywords: Leadership, retention, turnover project manager, project workers, , project management, ICT industry, Indonesia, motivation, job satisfaction

  • 257.
    Hassan, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Hur kommer införandet av GDPR, givet den framtida elmarknadshubben påverka energibolagen?: En fallstudie på energibolaget Sala-Heby Energi AB2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The storage of data has grown exponentially the last couple of years and the discussion about the personal integrity is a controversial topic at the moment. The data contains personal information and a large proportion of the data is to a greater extent available to the public. Because of these high risks of lacking personal information, EU has decided to establish a new directive that is called the general data protection regulation (GDPR).

    The Energy Market Inspectorate (Ei) is a Swedish state administrative authority that has developed a proposal for a new market model for the energy industry. The model is based on a electricity market hub which will gather all the data. This new model will also raise the competetion in the energy market. The hub is scheduled to be implemented in 2021 and until then, energy companies in Sweden need to analyze what internal changes that needs to be done to have the right prerequisites.

    Many organizations have major problems with change processes and the main reason is that the companies do not spend enough time and commitment on factors such as norms and values amoung employees.

    This is a case study where I have studied what qualifications and obstacles the energy company Sala-Heby Energi possess in order to meet the new challenges regarding GDPR and the new market model. I have through interviews and internal analyzes concluded that there are number of qualifications needed to meet the new data protection regulation and the new market model for the energy industry. I also concluded that a lot more responsibility will be required in the organisation when it comes to processing ofpersonal data. Furthermore, Sala-Heby Energy underwent a change process that was very similar to a model called the 8-step model of change by Kotter (1996). Finally, this study shows that there is no clear analysis of Ei on how the new data protection regulation will affect the electricity market hub.

  • 258. Havenvid I, Malena
    et al.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    BIM as a project resource in a large-scale healthcare construction project – implications for project management2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 259. Havenvid Ingemansson, Malena
    Bygballe, Lena
    Harty, Chris
    Tracing the connectivity of innovation in construction across time and space2019Inngår i: The connectivity of innovation in the construction industry / [ed] Havenvid, Linné, Bygballe, Harty, Oxon, New York: Routledge, 2019, 1, s. 284-297Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 260. Havenvid Ingemansson, Malena
    et al.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Harty, Chris
    In pursuit of a new understanding of innovation in the construction industry: the significance of connectivity2019Inngår i: The Connectivity of Innovation in the construction industry / [ed] Havenvid, Linné, Bygballe, Harty, Oxon, New York: Routledge, 2019, 1, s. 1-10Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 261. Havenvid Ingemansson, Malena
    et al.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Bygballe, Lena
    The Connectivity of Innovation in the Construction Industy2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 262.
    Havenvid, Malena
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Ind Econ & Technol Management, Trondheim, Norway..
    Holmen, Elsebeth
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Ind Econ & Technol Management, Trondheim, Norway..
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Pedersen, Ann-Charlott
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Ind Econ & Technol Management, Trondheim, Norway..
    Creating relationship continuity across projects in the construction industry: Deliberate, emergent and deliberately emergent strategies2017Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 207-229Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship continuity across projects among actors in the construction industry, and to discuss why and how such continuity takes place. Design/methodology/approach The authors draw on the results from four in-depth case studies illustrating different strategies for pursuing relationship continuity. The results are analysed and discussed in light of the oft-mentioned strategies suggested by Mintzberg (1987): emergent, deliberate and deliberately emergent strategies. Furthermore, the ARA-model is used to discuss why the relationship continuity strategies are pursued, and which factors might enable and constrain the relationship continuity. Findings The main findings are twofold. First, the authors found that the strategy applied for pursuing relationship continuity may, in one-time period, contain one type of strategy or a mix of strategy types. Second, the type of strategy may evolve over time, from one type of strategy being more pronounced in one period, to other strategies being more pronounced in later periods. The strategies applied by construction firms and their counterparts can thus contain elements of emergent, deliberate and deliberately emergent strategies, in varying degrees over time. It is also shown that the strategies of the involved actors co-evolve as a result of interaction. Also, the main reasons for pursuing continuity appear to lie in the re-use and development of important resources and activities across projects to create efficiency and the possibility to develop mutual orientation, commitment and trust over time, and thus reduce uncertainty. Research limitations/implications Further empirical studies are needed to support the findings. For managers, the main implication is that relationship continuity can arise as part of an emerging interaction pattern between firms or as part of a planned strategy, but that elements of both might be needed to sustain it. Originality/value The authors combine Mintzberg’s strategy concepts with the ARA-model to bring new light to the widely debated issue of discontinuity and fragmentation in the construction industry.

  • 263.
    Havenvid, Malena Ingemansson
    et al.
    NTNU, Dept Ind Econ & Technol Management, Trondheim, Norway..
    Hulthén, Kajsa
    Chalmers, Dept Technol Management & Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sundquist, Viktoria
    Chalmers, Dept Technol Management & Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Renewal in construction projects: tracing effects of client requirements2016Inngår i: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 34, nr 11, s. 790-807Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies identify clients as important drivers of innovation in the construction industry. How clients contribute to innovation is however less investigated. In two case studies of health care construction projects, we investigate how client requirements create renewal in the form of intra- as well as inter-project effects. Using an inter-organizational framework of actors, resources and activities (the ARA model), it is possible to identify a variation of effects. The paper concludes that both client requirements and their associated renewal effects are results of interaction in time as well as space. Renewal effects crossing individual projects are dependent on relationships among two or more actors that continue to interact in subsequent projects. In addition, these effects relate to several dimensions of interaction and include how actors relate in new ways, how resources are combined and how activities are organized. Thus, by adopting an interactive perspective, it is possible to reveal how construction clients can contribute to renewal such as innovation and learning, directly and indirectly, within and across projects. Finally, we suggest that managers need to consider the role of long-term business relationships in achieving increased renewal in construction.

  • 264.
    Havenvid, Malena Ingemansson
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Håkansson, Håkan
    BI Norwegian Business Sch, Dept Innovat & Econ Org, Oslo, Norway.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Economic deals in the construction industry: Implications for socio-material interaction and monetary processes2016Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 364-389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between social-material interaction and the monetary aspects of business relationships in the construction industry. The authors term the formal financial agreements necessary for such activities "deals", and this paper seeks to open a research avenue to further investigate the multifaceted interaction processes among business actors. The construction industry is a suitable empirical setting for this purpose; its project-based character and societal position of linking business with the construction of essential community infrastructure imply that different types of money-handling activities need to be managed continuously with both short-term and long-term effects taken into account. Design/methodology/approach - To investigate the deals, i.e., the interface between socio-material interaction and the money-handling processes in the construction industry, as well as studying the potential interrelatedness of deals, the authors performed a case study involving three interrelated housing projects in Uppsala, Sweden. Findings - The study shows that deals do not only have an intricate relationship to the social-material interaction processes among construction actors, but they also become interrelated in specific ways to form "deal structures" as actors engage in different business relationships over time. This means, for instance, that a single deal can enable several other deals, and involved actors have different abilities in performing deals. Hence, most deals are part of a "broader" interaction pattern of social and material resources spanning the organizational borders of individual companies. Originality/value - Within the industrial marketing and purchasing, the socio-material interaction among actors has been well studied, but less attention has been paid to the monetary dimension and its relationship to the socio-material interaction processes. In particular, this study provides an understanding of monetary agreements in the construction industry.

  • 265.
    Havenvid, Malena Ingemansson
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Dept Ind Econ & Technol Management, Trondheim, Norway.
    Håkansson, Håkan
    BI Norwegian Business Sch, Innovat & Econ Org, Oslo, Norway.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Managing renewal in fragmented business networks2016Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 81-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The authors argue that the construction industry is characterised by a fragmented business context with three main features: the project-based character, the strong focus on price in all parts of the supply chain along with the great importance of suppliers. This fragmentation has been identified as problematic for the industry's ability to innovate and engage in renewal. The purpose of this paper is to investigate this further by focusing on how construction companies manage renewal in a fragmented business context.

    Design/methodology/approach - The authors use an in-depth case study of a housing project in Sweden to discuss how firms manage renewal in a fragmented type of business environment. The authors identify the challenge of achieving renewal in an individual construction company as an issue of handling intra- and inter-organisational issues in both intra- and inter-project environments.

    Findings - The case study indicates that renewal can be partly handled and managed through long-term business relationships and partly through opening up to new business relationships. Moreover, innovations and learning developed in other projects can be used in the focal project, and due to a repetitive task it is possible for the construction company to use a core network of individuals and organisations to enhance overall renewal among actors.

    Research limitations/implications - The study needs to be supported by further empirical observations. The paper encourages IMP scholars to further investigate projects from an industrial network approach.

    Practical implications - The study shows that the internal resources of firms can be used systematically to create continuity in a multi-project organisation, and that relationships can be used to bridge learning and innovation among actors across projects.

    Originality/value - The paper addresses why firms in fragmented (project-based) businesses might struggle with achieving renewal in a novel way by outlining and investigating four organisational challenges they must handle.

  • 266. Havenvid, Malena
    et al.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The role of partnering for relationship development in the construction industry2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 267.
    Helleblad Nymo, Carl-Oscar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Behind the wheel: A closer look at influential relationships among internal factors driving a technological paradigm shift2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Global sustainability awareness and governmental regulations are pushing the automotive industry into finding alternatives to carbon dioxide emitting products. Solutions utilizing electricity in the vehicle powertrain is overtaking market share from internal combustion engines (ICE). This tendency has spread into the heavy-duty truck segment which poses questions regarding the future of the ICE. An alternative, electric motors, powered with batteries, fuel cells of even ICE’s, is thought to become a core part of future mobility. To mitigate discontinuities during a shift from ICE to electric motors, a study of possible factors affecting such transition has been performed. The result indicates 14 main factors which are thought to have a definite role in a major technology paradigm shift. These factors are: Supplier relations, Material management, Material availability, Available space, Scalability, Product flexibility, Risk management, External resource utilization, Internal relations, Demand estimation, Management endorsement, Appropriate methodology, Employee engagement, and Competence renewal. A structure using ISM methodology is established highlighting the factors’ influencing relation to each other. Anchored in the theory regarding paradigmatic shifts within industry, a tendency of technological, managerial, and institutional influence on organizational change can be discerned where the institutional level poses as the fundamental dimension of derived quality. The factors are identified from a Scania specific case but are broad enough to apply to similar situations facing challenges of a technological paradigm shift.

  • 268.
    Hellström, Isabell
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Investigation of success factors in the use of partnering within the construction industry.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Improvements within a company is key. Within the construction industry there has been challenges regarding lack of cooperation, limited trust and ineffective communication. In order to prevent this from occurring a method named partnering is sometimes used.   The purpose of this study has been to investigate how partnering is used within the construction industry and how some success factors assist partnering and what effect they have on the accomplishment in the project.   This inductive study has been designed as a case-study at a construction site in Sweden, where qualitative research have been taken place. This by conducting interviews and studying the company’s documentation. This study attempts to show to what degree success factors are used within the project and how they might be connected to the success of partnering. Whether the employees are aware or not. One construction site in Sweden has been chosen for being investigated to a limited extent due to the time and size of this thesis.  My research findings seems to align with previous research. These investigated success factors are often hard to accomplish and some are not that outspoken, which hinders the concept to spread. It is easy to loose fundamental things when there is a  lot of job to be done and you are caught up in something else rather than thinking of important things like how to communicate, what are you responsibilities and how are we sharing resources with each other. Within this project, they seem to be on different levels and they have different ways of working, which could influence partnering as a method. They can optimize their way of handling situations and widening their perspective and in that way understand each other even better. This by creating strategies and give situations a structure for how to manage it. Partnering might in favour of that get ahead on greater level.

  • 269.
    Hembäck, Theo
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Al Mizori, Omar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Ställtidsreduktion på S:t Eriks i Vara: SMED-analys på maskin T22018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Förbättringsarbete gällande omställningstider, d.v.s. den tid det tar att ställa om enmaskin från att producera en produktvariant till en annan, är en central del iproduktionsoptimering, då kortare omställningar medför en mer flexibel produktionoch minskade lagerkostnader. S:t Eriks AB i Vara vill undersöka möjligheten attreducera omställningstiden på en av deras maskiner som tillverkar markstensplattor itvå olika storlekar; 35x35cm och 50x50cm. Det är omställningen mellan dessa tvåstorlekar som är aktuell för arbetet och S:t Eriks efterfrågade en halvering avställtiden.Arbetet grundar sig i SMED (Single-Minute Exchange of Die), en metod somutvecklades av Shigeo Shingo under hans tid på Toyota som är speciellt framtagenför ställtidsreducering och en viktig del i Lean-production. Förarbetet bestod i studierav existerande litteratur och studier vilket lade grunden för förståelsen kring vilkentyp av data som behövdes samlas in. Datainsamlingen bestod i empiriska studier somdokumenterades genom anteckningar, fotografering och filmupptagning. Dessakompletterades med samtal med diverse anställda på S:t Eriks.Resultaten består i dokumentation gällande de ingående maskinkomponenterna iomställningen, de moment som ingår i en omställning och huruvida dessa hör tillinre respektive yttre ställ. Därtill lades förslag på ett par konverteringar av inre tillyttre ställ samt vilka omställningsmoment som kan utföras parallellt. Dessa förslagsammanställdes i ett arbetsschema som visar på att en halvering av ställtiden ärmöjlig. Vidare lades förbättringsförslag gällande säkerhet, ergonomi ochstandardisering av omställningen fram i form av kompletterande verktygsstationer,standardisering av fästelement, standardisering av komponentplacering ochinförandet av en travers och ett rullband. Potentialen för alla förbättringsförslagvisualiserades i ett spaghettidiagram som visar hur rörelsemönstret kan se ut efterimplementering av förbättringsförslagen och kontrasteras mot ett spaghettidiagramsom visar hur rörelsemönstret såg ut under den observerade omställningen.

  • 270.
    Henningsson, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Coaching in Higher Education: A generic training model to prevent stress2018Inngår i: the 21st QMOD Conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS, Cardiff, Wales, UK 2018 / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park, Dr. Prof. Lund University Jens J. Dahlgaard, Dr. Prof. Linköping University, Lund, 2018, s. 164-175Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background - In today’s fragmented world, university students often experience increasing pressure, which in turn lead to projected responsibility and increasing demands on university lecturers. For both students and lecturers this can cause stress. A basic prerequisite for success in the work with education is commitment, and visible and distinct “leadership”. The leaders, in this case are e.g., teachers and supervisors. Their most important role in the student’s development process is to motivate, coach and help developing individuals. Hence, it is significant to have functioning tools in order to lower the experienced stress level and to prevent illness, and at the same time encourage the individuals to take responsibility for their own developing process. 

    Purpose – This paper aims to present a tentative model for coaching students in order to give them insights in their own developing process.

     

    Methodology/Approach: This paper is based on a combination of literature study and an investigation, in order to create a pilot study of a generic coaching model used in new surroundings. The model is then tested.

     

    Findings - The study indicates that there are different uses for coaching models. These models can help develop behaviour, developing the individual, the process or an organization. There are also strong links between the studied coaching models and how organizational development may be pursued. For example, the importance of interaction between the coach, leader (in this case the lecturer), as well as the student mentioned in the study, and can be translated into relationship. Further on, coaching for development of the individual and/or the process at the same time embraces respect for people and is adapted to the situation. A coaching model is usually phased. It is about a trust-based learning process that takes place between the coach and the recipient of coaching. This can be done through open, relevant framing of questions which should be based on the situation and the objectives. This conference paper suggests a generic training model based on the literature and an investigation.

     

    Practical Implications - The major implication of the study is to emphasise that the students have the responsibility for their own development, but with the help of university lecturers and a coaching tool the appreciated stress and pressure can be processed.

     

    Value of the paper – The study makes a contribution to the area of Quality Management in Higher Education and the toolbox for Teachers’ Leadership.

     

    Keywords: Leadership in teaching, Coaching, Individual Learning, Quality in Higher Education, Toolbox for Lecturers.

     

    Article classification: Research paper.

  • 271.
    Hermansson, David
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Effektiviseringsåtgärder i tryckluftsystemet hos Vattenfall Värme Uppsala2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this work an assessment of the compressed air system in the facilities of Vattenfall Heat Uppsala has been conducted. The facilities constitutes, among others, a combined heat and power plant, and two waste incineration plants. The compressed air is supplied primarily by seven rotary screw compressors and yearly electric energy consumption in these has been determined. Furthermore, the usage of compressed air has been mapped in order to find processes with energy savings potential. Several suggestions how to reduce the usage of compressed air have been presented, resulting in decreased need of electric energy and reduced CO2-emissions.

    The results show that total need of electric energy in the compressors, during a standard production year, amounts to 5.83 GWh. The proposed process changes, if all of them are implemented, will save around 1 GWh/year. The reduced energy usage results in a financial gain of roughly 600 kSEK/year and about 400 tonnes of CO2-emissions can be avoided.

  • 272.
    Hilmersson, Alvin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Minskad användning av verksamhetsel i sjukhusmiljöer: Mänskliga och tekniska faktorer på Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aimed to find how to affect and reduce the tenant electricity use in Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SU) through behavioural and technical factors. It also aimed to, in detail, chart and categorize the equipment that constitutes the tenant electricity and how large their contribution is to the total electricity usage. The research was delimitated to two separate departments within SU. To meet the goal of the thesis, a literature study on relevant fields of behavioural change science was carried out together with qualitative interviews with hospital staff. In addition to this, electricity use in both office and medical equipment was measured. The resulting analysis showed that lighting is by far the category of equipment that uses most electricity, about 50 % of the examined departments total use. The second largest category was office equipment, such as computers and computer monitors, followed by medical equipment. The analysis concluded that through use of feedback, nudging and transformational leadership it should be possible to change the staffs behavioural pattern. Although, it is probably more efficient to use technical solutions such as automated lighting and energy saving modes on computers to reduce electricity use. In addition to the analysis, or as a result thereof, this thesis resulted in a list of recommendations for the hospital, both for implementing a behavioural change programme and technical solutions aimed at reducing electricity use.

  • 273.
    Hjelmquist, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Stafström, Ola
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Social Software Roadmap: Implementering av sociala verktyg internt i organisationer2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today more and more companies are looking out to adopt a new generation intranet, a social intranet where all employees can engage to express themselves and share information. There are large expectations on these new services, which have the opportunity to create high business value if used actively and qualitatively. However, there is a large challenge in knowing how to best implement these services in an organization in order to achieve this. This paper has investigated how an implementation should be made by defining obstacles for the implementation and adoption, discussing how they could be overcome, investigating what incentives could be used to foster usage and finding common success factors for an implementation.

    By a qualitative research method, consisting of five case studies and two focus area interviews we found a number of steps that must be followed for an implementation to be successful. First the conditions of the organization must be investigated in order to see whether or not social tools are suitable. If deciding to implement social tools the project must then at an early stage be defined in the organization, when it comes to desired achievements, responsibilities, governance, financing and transfer pricing. Thereafter the suitable platform and tools should be chosen by defining the organization’s user groups, studying their needs and translating them into features, deciding whether to replace or complete the existing intranet and choosing a platform based on recognition and application handiness. The next step is to prepare the tools for launch by creating structures, integrating with existing systems and forming guidelines for usage. The launch should then be made by combining a bottom-up with a top-down approach. It should include choosing a pilot for focused efforts and general marketing. Managers and leaders should be instructed separately before instructing each user group. To help the launch suitable ambassadors should be used. The sixth step is to stimulate activity by the use of stars and medals and by emphasizing good material and achievements. Finally, the last step is to follow up the implementation by measuring the outcome and interviewing employees.

  • 274.
    Holgersson, Emil
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förbättringsarbete för beställning och hantering av grafitmaterial: Vid CVD-beläggningen, Sandvik Coromant Gimo2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sandvik Coromant is a worldwide supplier of tools, tooling solutions and know-how

    to the metalworking industry. Sandvik Coromant in Gimo is manufacturing various

    models of carbide inserts for metal cutting. The majority of the inserts are coated to

    create a unique combination of toughness and wear resistance, even in complex

    shapes.

     

    The inserts are transported through the coating process in a charge, the charge

    almost completely consists of graphite materials of various design e.g. load carriers.

    The graphite material will eventually wear out and must be replaced with new

    graphite. Sandvik puts through several charges per day which makes the consumption

    of graphite great. The graphite material is relatively expensive and Sandvik therefore

    spends large amounts of money each year on new graphite.

     

    Unclear structure in the operation of the order and management of new graphite

    materials have led to e.g. unnecessary inventories, at times material shortages and

    uneven loading of the coating ovens. The aim of the thesis has been to investigate and

    analyze current way of working regarding ordering and handling of graphite materials

    and to come up with a concrete proposal for improvement of the working methods.

     

    The project was divided into two phases, a situation analysis and a design phase.

    Phase one was to make an overall situation analysis to create a clear picture of how

    the work is done today (May 2016) and find out areas for improvement. Current

    situation analysis was based on interviews and practice with operators, technicians

    and the production manager for the concerned department.

    Phase two was the design of an improvement proposal for a new way to work. It was

    initiated by a literature study to find ideas, possible concepts and a firmer relevant

    foundation of knowledge. In order to define the project, a decision about the projects

    boundaries was made with the department manager, production manager and the

    supervisor. The design was then created through a workshop / meeting with

    operators in the department. The workshop was coordinated to go through the

    problem and get perspectives and views on how a new way of working could be

    created.

     

    The result was a proposal for a new way of working for ordering graphite material. It

    is based on having a system that uses kanban card to visualizes when the order are to

    be made and initiates the order process. The proposed approach organizes the

    inventory better, thereby reducing inventory levels for new pin carriers by 40%. It

    also means a possible reduction of the inventory of graphite storage at the supplier,

    the storage at the supplier could be reduced by 43%.

  • 275.
    Hollmark, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lefevre Skjöldebrand, Anna
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lindblad, Ragnar
    Technology Ready to be Launched, but is there a Payer?: Challenges for Implementing eHealth in Sweden2015Inngår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 211, s. 57-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of a sustainable, high-quality, affordable health care is today a high priority for many actors in the society. This is to ensure that we will continue to afford to care for the growing portion of elderly in our population. One solution is to enable the individual's power over her own health or illness, and participation in her own care. There are evidently opportunities with the rapid development of eHealth and wearable sensors. Tracking and measuring vital data can help to keep people out of the hospital. Loads of data is generated to help us understand disease, to provide us with early diagnostics and warnings. It is providing us with possibilities to collect and capture the true health status of individuals. Successful technologies demonstrate savings, acceptance among users and improved access to healthcare. But there are also challenges. Implementing new technologies in health care is difficult. Researchers from around the world are reporting on similar problems, such as reimbursement, interoperability, usability and regulatory issues. This paper will discuss a few of these implementation challenges as well as a few of the efforts in meeting them. To conclude, eHealth solutions can contribute to patient empowerment and a sustainable health care. Our assumption is however, that as long as we do not face the implementation challenges and invest in overcoming the pressing obstacles, society will not be able, or willing, to pay for the solutions.

  • 276.
    Hollmark, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Ulrika, Persson-Fischier
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The Totemic Healthcare Organization2016Inngår i: / [ed] David Sköld, Thomas Lennerfors, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 277.
    Holm, Adam
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Virtanen, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    DevOps-Kultur: En explorativ fallstudie på Arbetsförmedlingens IT-avdelning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology has taken a larger focus in today’s society and become a more centralized part of IT-organizations and other businesses. The traditional management models for manufacturing and production has become harder to apply in the software lifecycle. This is since the software no longer is produced and launched with no follow-up. Today’s IT- organization needs to continuously handle, operate and maintain their software. In recent years a new philosophy has emerged within the IT community, DevOps. DevOps aims to erase the silos built-in to the business to become a more efficient and optimized organization regarding their software delivery.

    This exploratory case study has been conducted at the Swedish Governmental Employment Services IT-department. It aims to expand the existing knowledge base regarding DevOps and the aspects of the organizational culture the philosophy claims. This study aims to investigate how organizations work while trying to introduce a DevOps culture. The potential difficulties an organization could face in relation the organizational culture described for DevOps, seen as a management model, will also be a focus of this study. In-depth interviews and observations have been conducted with the employees at the named IT-department in order to analyze and create an overview of the current culture in the department. The study has shown new angles regarding financial and resource management, dependencies between teams and the importance of an existing leadership. New perspectives have also been provided towards organizational change.

    Key Words: DevOps, Organizational Culture, Organizational Change, Leadership, Dependencies, IT-organizations, Communication, Information, Team, Silos, Self-Leadership

  • 278.
    Holm, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Lager, Robert
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Automation av materialhantering vid en kallsåg2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to evaluate and propose a solution for how the material handling of steel rods produced by a metal cutting machine could be automated. The intention of the automation was to meet an increasing demand and to ensure that the quality requirements set are met. These quality requirements are defined by a removal of the small steel edge which occurs on the rod after the cutting process, as well as making sure that the rods meet the specified length tolerances.

    Initially, a data collection and status analysis of the process was carried out, where problem areas were identified and a requirements specification was formulated. Based on these findings, several solution proposals were generated. The proposed solutions were evaluated and used as a basis on which further development of automation solutions were conducted. During this development, a software simulation environment was used to simulate and evaluate the resulting concepts. Included with these concepts were drawings of necessary constructed equipment, simulation models and cost estimates.

    The work resulted in two concepts based on the use of industrial robotics. The concept that was considered most suitable for the task is based on an implementation of an ABB IRB 1600 industrial robot with a magnetic gripping tool, a stand-alone station for removing remaining steel edges from the rod, and a measuring arrangement to make sure that the tolerance requirements are met.

  • 279.
    Holmen, Elsebeth
    et al.
    NTNU.
    Ingemansson Havenvid, Malena
    NTNU.
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Pedersen, Ann-Charlott
    NTNU.
    The organizational dimension of construction innovation: How conctruction firms manage long-term business relationships2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 280.
    Holt, Robin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Copenhagen Business School.
    Skoglund, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. The University of Exeter.
    Plågsam fascination för kategorier2018Inngår i: Uppsala Nya TidningArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den politiska debatten om ett tredje kön har återupptagits. Frågan lyftes redan under Pride 2015 av Centerpartiets ungdomsförbund. Efter en motion (2017/18:750) av Alexandra Völker och Azadeh Rojhan Gustafsson har nu en majoritet av den svenska riksdagen beslutat att tillsätta en utredning gällande ett tredje biologiskt-juridiskt kön. Kanhända har uppmärksamheten kring icke-binär estetik, Gudsbejakelse i hen-form, samt medial debatt om könssegregerade toaletter, bidragit till denna utveckling.

    Vi anser dock att debattens fokus på en biologisk-juridisk kategori för icke-binära negligerar möjligheten till en mer allmän frigörelse från normerande könskategorier. Debatten kretsar begränsat kring vad vi tillsammans ska få lov att konstruera socialt. Är det en separation av två kön eller gränsdragningar mellan tre olika könstillhörigheter?

    Elisabeth Sandlund förklarar exempelvis under en debatt i SVT:s Aktuellt (2018-01-18) att det är alldeles för komplicerat att erbjuda människan mer än två kategorier. Hon säger att ”det inte är så enkelt att urskilja den gruppen” som inte identifierar sig som man eller kvinna. Hon tycker snarare att vi ska ”hjälpa ungdomar att landa i den könsidentitet” som de har fått tillskriven vid födseln. Sandlunds hypotes är att erbjudandet om en tredje könskategori skulle skapa förvirring och ökad depression i gemen. Slutsatsen av hennes konservatism är att fantasin ska hämmas, tankar styras och valvånda minimeras. Det diffusa är för henne och många andra störande.

    Antagligen kommer den politiska debatten och de mediala bråken även att begränsas till denna ytliga problematik – ska människan erbjudas två eller tre kategorier i framtiden? Vilket är farligast och skapar mest depression? Det är en fråga som osar rädsla för osäkerhet och fascination för idogt kategoriseringsarbete och motbjudande strukturering.

    Vi förstår mycket väl att de människor som varken kan eller vill bli biologiskt-juridiskt kategoriserade som kvinna eller man verkligen ser fram emot en legitim kategori att tillhöra. Det kommer förhoppningsvis att resultera i förlösande sociala effekter och förenkla en efterlängtad frigörelse för många. Vi vill däremot lyfta en bredare problematik. Den som handlar om människans underliga vilja till att kategorisera över huvud taget. En vilja och förmåga till kategorisering som har förfinats och utvecklats, på olika sätt, vid olika tidpunkt, och på olika platser. Gärna med hjälp av alfabetet, som dock är begränsat. Denna vilja att placera in i fack har varit särskilt stark gällande kön och en styrning av egenskaper. Just nu verkar kategoriseringsarbetet åtminstone frodas, och det under antagandet att en social ”identitet” är något som individen i ett upplyst samhälle verkligen måste fastställa. Annars blir den osäker och mår dåligt.

    Kulturkritikern Slavoj Zizek har däremot vänt på detta med osäkerhet i samband med den accelererande debatten om könssegregerade toaletter. Med hjälp av politiskt inkorrekt humor säger han att han själv, utan samma identitetsproblematik som icke-binära, har tvivlat på sin tillhörighet till manskategorin. ”Do I really have the right to enter GENTLEMEN? Am I really a man? ” [Har jag verkligen rätt att gå in på herrarnas? Är jag verkligen en man?]. Med denna retorik belyser ?i?ek problemet att icke-binära inte är ensamma om att störas av den rådande könskategoriseringen. Om vi tror på Zizek så kan en existentiell oro alstras hos vem som helst som ställs inför inrutade könskategorier. Vill jag verkligen uppfylla de beteenden och de förväntningar som följer med en viss kategori som jag ständigt tillskriver mig själv? Att pressa fram sin valda kategoritillhörighet genom röstläge och rollspel är inte alltid så lätt. Det krävs ett visst egenarbete för att uppfylla kategorier, vilka de än är. I motsats till Sandlund så tycker Zizek alltså att det är positivt att alla ställs inför tvivel om sin egen könstillhörighet. Där människans kamp med kategorierna tydligt uppenbaras i irritation över vissa toalettskyltar, vilket har belysts tidigare i UNT (2016-02-17, 2016-02-22). Att tillåta sig själv att vara osäker och inte behöva kategorisera in det diffusa kan vara frigörande.

    Zizeks resonemang leder därför till en mer grundläggande fråga än den som handlar om icke-binäras identitetsproblematik: vad är det för slags handling som utförs när man själv tillskriver sig en viss könstillhörighet under livets gång? När behöver vi inte endast tre sociala gränsdragningar, utan när blir gränsdragningar oväsentliga? Och till den komiskt nog mest provokativa frågan – den som fungerar som ett lackmuspapper på hela den här debatten – när blir alla lika fria att fundera på sin användning av färgglatt nagellack? Den frågan biter verkligen på viljan att dominera genom att kategorisera.

    Alternativet till två och tre kategorier har även föreslagits – en kategori. Det är en post-human kategori där människa-maskin-natur sammanslås till en enhet och alla erbjuds en protes för graviditet. Det är först då som könskategorier blir irrelevanta, heter det. Vår position ligger dock inte heller i en sådan polariserad debatt, utan vi vill lite lätt knuffa debatten om frigörelse framåt. Bort från en negativ syn på valvånda och depressioner, mot en möjlighet för alla att engagera sig i en produktiv kritik av sitt dagliga kategoriseringsarbete. Det är en kritisk inställning som bejakar människans förmåga att tänka mer, och inte mindre.

  • 281.
    Hultemar, Stefan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Jalmelid, Niklas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Arbetssätt för ständiga förbättringar: Studie inom Region Gotland2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on a number of problem areas in working with continuous improvements in Regionstyrelseförvaltningens kansli (RSF-kansli), Region Gotland.The purpose of the study is to propose working methods for RSF-kansli to work with continuous improvements. The study is based on three main issues; how can RSF-kansli work with continuous improvements; how can the employees get more time to work with continuous improvements; and how can they exchange work related experiences?Several improvement tools are available in the Region Gotland organization, but are not used by RSF-kansli. The theory of the study consists basically of theories related to continuous improvements. As part of the analysis other municipalities working with successful improvement are studied. Recommended working methods for RSF-kansli are influenced by identified key factors in other municipalities' work.

    The key finding in the study is that no systematic methods for continuous improvements are used by RSF-kansli. Employees work mainly with deviation management rather than proactive improvements. Another key finding is weak leadership when working with improvements, where no common goals are established in the working group. Existing improvement initiatives are personally initiated by employees.A management system for continuous improvement is proposed to the RSF-kansli to eliminate the shortcomings identified in the work with continuous improvement. The PDSA-cycle is included in the proposed management system to give the employees opportunities to work systematically with continuous improvements. An implementation plan has been established to support RSF-kansli in the event of the introducing the management system.Conclusions emerged from the study are that the organization needs leadership and management commitment to be successful in working with continuous improvements.The employees have to work with continuous improvements together and focus on the documentation of the developed improvements to be able to exchange work related experiences. RSF-kansli also have to make the work with continuous improvements more systematic to be successful.

  • 282.
    Hultén, Kajsa
    et al.
    Chalmers.
    Ingemansson Havenvid, Malena
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Sundqvist, Viktoria
    Chalmers.
    New ways of organizing construction due to user demands2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 283.
    Hvalgren, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Distribuerad energiproduktion som sociotekniskt system2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine and explain growth rate of distributed energy production in Sweden from a sociotechnical perspective. In Germany, growth rate of such systems has been very high for a long period of time where Sweden has seen lower growth rates. The two countries have access to same technology through free trade agreements so differences must be explained with sociotechnical factors. Previous studies has shown that profitability is the most important incentive for an end user’s decision to invest in own energy production, hence the growth rate of such technology in a country, where this report focus on finding, assessing and ranking sociotechnical factors that affects profitability. Technologies examined are small scale solar and wind power plants according to the definition of a microproducer. Customers were all assumed to have the investment as an optional supply of own energy and not their primary, hence no risk for black outs or freezing. Cultural, economic and political differences between Sweden and Germany greatly impact profitability of distributed energy production which could explain the difference in growth rate. Where good profitability can be achieved in Germany, no realistic scenario in Sweden showed profitability. Most notably, the German government provides long term beneficial feed-in tariffs, low interest loans and investment support in addition to a pronounced plan to change the counties energy system. For someone that decides to invest in distributed energy production despite poor profitability, the areas of investment cost per KWp, plant utilization and current price of electricity are the three most important to consider to increase profitability.

  • 284.
    Hällgren, Markus
    et al.
    Umeå Universitet.
    Lindahl, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    How do you do? On situating old project sites through practice-based studies: On situating old project sites through practice-based studies2012Inngår i: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 335-344Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this editorial is to reflect on the growing interest of situated project research. Design/methodology/approach – The editorial is conceptual and relies on published work and the articles included in the special issue.Findings – With this special issue it is found that practice-based studies, also called Projects-as-Practice studies, interested in the everyday activities of project practitioners, are multi-faceted and rich. What may also be seen is that practice-based studies are not yet a coherent area. However, it is more important that practice-based studies allow researchers to understand the organization less as an entity and more as a socially-accomplished task.Research limitations/implications – Several implications for research are offered, including the need for studies that emphasize the small details of organizing, and that practice-based studies are not restricted to a certain methodology but depend on what a particular paper tries to accomplish. Practical implications – With an ever-growing stream of research focusing on projects the guest editors argue that it is about time to look into the details of organizing. This could be accomplished through a number of ways but in this special issue it is proposed that approaching traditional areas with a conscious naivety when asking the questions may do it. For the practitioner, the special issue offers important insights into how things are done in practice, which may be used as a mirror or reflection upon their own practice.Originality/value – This editorial and special issue offer insights for any academic interested in understanding projects differently.Keywords Project management, Research work, Organizations, Situation analysis, Projects as practice, Practice based studies, Situatedness, ContextualisationPaper type Conceptual paper

  • 285. Håkansson, Håkan
    et al.
    Ingemansson, Malena
    Linné, Åse
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Projects in Networks: How the Boundary Affects Renewal in Construction2013Inngår i: Projects in Networks: How the Boundary Affects Renewal in Construction, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 286.
    Högberg, Simon
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    GENERATION Y: Attrahera, behålla och leda i byggbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Within the next ten years, the largest generation

    change ever will take place in the Swedish construction

    sector. The purpose of my study is to examine the

    major differences between "Generation Y" and previous

    generations. This is done in order to find out how the

    NCC will attract the employees of the next generation,

    manage them at work and finally be able to keep the

    employees that has been trained internally over a

    longer period of time.

    Previous research has been based on theories of

    Generation Y in general. It investigates the distinctive

    characteristics and qualities of the generation, and

    also how their upbringing may have shaped them into

    what they are. Three respondent groups were

    interviewed: Engineer students of "Generation Y",

    officials at NCC belonging to "Generation Y" and

    managers at NCC.

    The results of the study show that "Generation Y"

    differs from previous

    generations, and how they differ. The results also

    show how the NCC should work to attract, manage and

    keep "Generation Y" as employees.

    How the generation should be managed in order to

    develop into the good employees of the future, and

    how companies should adapt for the generation to

    thrive at work is also a central result of the study.

    The conclusions that can be drawn after the

    completion of the study, is that "Generation Y" are

    attracted to companies with good training

    opportunities and many career paths. This generation

    requires a leadership that is individually and

    situationally adapted and, in order to retain the

    employees there must be good opportunities to

    influence and develop.

  • 287.
    Höglund, Philip
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Kvalitetsledningssystem enligt ISO 9001: Produktionsprocessen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a thesis work done at the Department of Engineering Sciences, Uppsala University, and includes 15 ECTS points. The work has been performed at Företag A, a company specializing in electronics whose major product has become a sophisticated tool used by authorities across northern Europe.

     

    Företag A has initiated a quality management system according to the criteria set by ISO 9001. Following demands from customers, Company A has now decided to also start working towards a certification according to SS-EN ISO 9001:2008, this work is the foundation for the thesis work.

     

    The thesis work has been limited to the production process and the aim has been to enable this process to be certified according to ISO 9001:2008. The work has been performed by analyzing the existing quality management system and the requirements for each process included, whereby the gap between the current and the target state has been mapped. Suggestions have then been made on how this gap can be filled, some of these suggestions have also been carried out during the thesis work.

     

    The conclusions drawn are that quality management does not have to be complicated, but quickly becomes so when the complexity of the processes increases. Therefore, the system's overall records should be kept clear in order to create an accessible system, while methods to generate commitment and support from staff and give them the tools to influence the content becomes a vital part.

  • 288.
    Högström, Emil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Falkenberg, Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Efterfrågeflexibilitet hos kunder: De nya funktionskraven på elmätare och deras inverkan på efterfrågeflexibilitet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The electricity system will go through massive changes in the coming years. Smartgrids are becoming more popular. The phasing out of fossil fuels in electricity production in favour of renewable power sources will entail challenges. To handle these challenges, the Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate (Ei) has identified demand side flexibility as a partial solution. Ei has presented new functionality demands on electricity meters, which aim at working for an increase of demand side flexibility. The aim of this report is to investigate how smart meters and the new functionality demands contribute in making customers become more active, along with how customers can be motivated to change their behaviour. The findings from this report show that the new demands do not directly lead to more demand side flexibility. Instead they enable other actors to develop services that could lead to customers contributing with demand side flexibility. In the energy sector, it is assumed that customers need to see an economic benefit in order to contribute with flexibility. This report finds that this is not entirely the case. Customers can be motivated by other things, such as protecting the environment. Important factors for customers are that they experience the same comfort as before, along with simplicity. Therefore, automatic steering is the preferable option which might entail the need for economic subsidies since investing in automatic systems will be economically notable. Once a considerable amount of customers are contributing with flexibility, social pressure might motivate remaining customers to do the same.

  • 289.
    Högström, Robert
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förbättring och effektivisering av materialhantering och materialflöden2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Atlas Copco Craelius är en del av Atlas Copcos division Geotechnical Drilling and Exploration inom affärsområdet anläggnings- och gruvteknik. Atlas Copco Craelius som är beläget i Märsta utanför Stockholm utvecklar, tillverkar och marknadsför utrustning för undersöksborrning, grundläggning och markförstärkning.

    Detta examensarbete syftar till att identifiera möjliga förbättringsområden i materialhanteringen och effektivisering av materialflöden. Fokus för examensarbetet har riktats mot vilken strategi och principer som används för lagerhållningen och utformning av lagerlayouten. Examensarbetet är också en del av Atlas Copco Craelius kontinuerliga verksamhet om att ständigt utveckla och förbättra verksamheten och arbetsmetoder.

    I examensarbetet har en organisationsjämförelse gjorts mot både Scania och Öhlins för att nyansera infallsvinklarna och bidra med ett annat perspektiv på verksamheten.

    Slutligen har denna rapport författats innehållande förbättrings- och utvecklingsområden med förslag på hur materialhanteringen kan förbättras samt materialflöden effektiviseras, med reducerade ledtider och transporter samt förbättrad arbetsmiljö som positiva effekter.

  • 290.
    Höök, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Odevik, Albin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Utveckling av snabbfäste och verktyg för byte av sågklinga2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based upon the work done at Westinghouse electric company (WEC)in

    Västerås during the spring semester of 2015 and describes the development of a quick

    coupler with associated blade changing tool. These are meant to be used together

    with a sawing tool that the company uses for the dismantling of nuclear reactors,

    which is performed under water.

    The aim of the thesis was to develop a complete manufacturing documentation with

    drawings and related CAD models which Westinghouse later can use to manufacture

    the tool and the quick coupler. It was also included in the assignment to, if necessary,

    modify parts of the saw tool to adapt these to the intended blade changing tool.

    A number of visits to the company's workshop was made during the time to study the

    saw that the thesis is based upon. The purpose of these visits was to get a better idea

    of the dimensions, construction and the field of use of the saw. On three of those

    occasions various engineers and consultants accompanied us to discuss possible

    problems with different ideas.

    This was interspersed with information in the form of literature studies on quick

    couplers to create a clearer picture of the nature of the task.

    When enough information had been gathered a functional analysis was made to divide

    the main problem into sub

    this phase the idea and concept generating process took place.

    The methods used for this was mainly brain writing and brainstorming. When enough

    ideas and concepts had been generated the most promising ideas was selected by

    using an evaluation matrix, in which the various suggestions were weighted against the

    parameters that our supervisor thought mattered the most.

    The next step was to create a computer model of the best concept and finding

    suitable components in worm gear, electric motor, planetary gears, screws, etc.

    During the modeling phase further developed of the concept was made until the tool

    and quick coupler received its final shape whereupon the manufacturing

    documentation was created.

  • 291.
    Ibraheem, Ahmad
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Project and functional managers: Coopetition paradox and leadership impact2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The coopetition (simultaneous focusing on cooperation and competition) between organizations and within organizations has received increasing attention from academia and practice. However, there is no guide on how coopetition can be encouraged. I discuss in how far leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional, laissez-faire, and Autocratic) can be utilized to enable coopetition between the project manager and functional manager and between the project managers as well within a matrix organization. Analyzing 16 semistructured interviews from a company located at Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, I explain that both transformational and transactional together (mixed style) can enhance the coopetition between the managers. Finally, I conclude implications as well as thoroughfares for future research.

  • 292.
    Immonen, Matilda
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    A Study about the use of Resources to Strengthen the Network Position: A Comparative Case analysis within the Defense industry2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative research has been performed at Saab Dynamics with the purpose to analyze how resources are used in Saab to improve their processes and increase their market share. The theory used is founded in IMP theory with the implication that companies must move their focus from only considering internal resources into using their network. To analyze the different types resources in the network the 4R model has been used and adopted to two different cases at Saab Dynamics. The first case is about Saabs procurement of one of its suppliers, ACAB, and the second case is about a Country Xs procurement of the man-portable air-defense system RBS 70 NG. To gather data about the cases interviews has been performed with employees at Saab as well as other stakeholders. The result from these interviews were then analyzed based on the 4Rs, answering the questions:

    • What Products are involved in the product development? 
    • Which Production Facilities are involved in the product development?
    • Which Business Units are involved in the product development?
    • What Business relationships are involved in the product development?

    Once the resources were analyzed and compared to separately, the following question was answered:

    • How have resources been combined to expand and strengthen the network?

    The result from the research showed that Saab has a great focus on its suppliers and how they should structure the network for the best potential end-result. In the first case, the procurement resulted in factors such as shorter lead-times, smoother processes and better quality products. The second case showed that Business Relationship resources such as trust played a great part in the procurement. To grow a stronger Business Relationship, Saab used a supplier in Country X which in turn also ended up being a part of the creation of a new innovative component. 

    The end discussion is about the benefits that the procurement of ACAB and weather this could be used as a way for Saab to expand their network while also gaining more control over the Supply Chain. This is something that goes against modern-day literature which often argue that the opposite often is to prefer. In the end there is also a short ethical section with the aim to examine why people chose to work in an industry like Saab Dynamics. To gather the data a few interviews were made with the end result that the respondents believe that the industry is necessary for the protection of Sweden and that it “is a human right to feel safe”.

  • 293.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Business Adm Technol & Social Sci, Lulea, Sweden.
    Creating a sense of urgency for sustainable development: Testing two system models2019Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 227, s. 1173-1184Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of good coverage of sustainability and sustainable development both in scientific journals and other publications, humanity is on a steady unsustainable track consuming more than is produced. Understanding of change needs, does not seem to convert into sufficient change action. Sustainability issues are often complex, interdependent and hard to comprehend, indicating that sustainable development, in addition to change willingness, requires a holistic perspective. Seeing and understanding systems - systems thinking - is important. This implies that sense-making of systems and of sustainable development is important as a prerequisite for change. Possibilities of realising synergies between quality management and sustainable development are often discussed but do often not seem to be fully realised. This paper tests two system models from Quality Management in the context of sustainability in cement manufacturing and building material production. The indicative results suggest that the proposed system models are able to describe and identify improvement opportunities that could be used to create interest for change.

  • 294.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Defining Quality and Sustainability – Looking for Synergies2013Inngår i: 16th QMOD−ICQSS Proceedings Quality Management and Organizational Development Conference 4th—6th September 2013 Portorož, Slovenia / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park Jens J. Dahlgaard Boštjan Gomišček, 2013, s. 833-843Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Both quality and sustainability are frequently used and positively loaded words. On the overall level most people agree that we should both have quality and sustainability in the processes we are working with. Logically there should be synergies in improving quality and sustainability but there could also be conflicts. When assessing how well our processes are performing, it becomes more complicated to find a consensus since there are many and partly conflicting views and definitions on what quality and sustainability mean. What we cannot measure, we cannot improve and what we cannot define we cannot measure. 

    Purpose

    This paper reviews definitions for quality, sustainability and sustainable development with the purpose of highlighting synergies. Definitions and measurement principles combing quality and sustainability are proposed.

    Methodology/Approach

    Quality and sustainability are discussed and some working definitions are proposed. Garvin’s (1984) five approaches to define quality are applied on the working definitions for quality and sustainability. The approaches are reviewed and exemplified with some products to test the feasibility of the approach. The development of quality and sustainability is studied based on a chosen change process. The resulting categorisation of quality, sustainability, quality development, sustainability development and sustainability development are reviewed for identifying synergies. 

    Findings

    Findings indicate that there are more of synergies than differences and that it is possible to define an operational definition combining quality and sustainability that can be used for assessing and improving performance.

    Implications

    The results provide help for an operationalization of combined quality and sustainability performance.

    Originality/Value of paper

    The paper proposes a practical interpretation of how to work with quality and sustainability development.

  • 295.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Excellence for sustainability – maintaining the license to operate2019Inngår i: Total quality management and business excellence (Online), ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies increasingly work in a global context and need to be relevant in it. In addition to focus on customers, companies need to identify and attend to the needs of various stakeholders. The quality principle of customer focus has been used for identifying stakeholders, their needs and how to manage them. The Planetary Boundaries, the UN Sustainable Development Goals and The Natural Step have been used to identify performance targets for stakeholder needs. Results indicate that People and Planet could be defined as the main stakeholders and that these stakeholders could be further detailed in order to more easily link them with company business. Critical Planet stakeholders could be such as the Atmosphere and Biosphere. Based on the Pareto principle, People needs focus should be on alleviating poverty with a highest priority given to those living in extreme poverty. Absolute and relative indicators for sustainability performance with focus on core stakeholders have been proposed. The indication is that a paradigm shift from Profit to Planet and People focus is needed. The proposed strategy is to combine customer wants focus with a focus on defined critical stakeholder needs.

  • 296.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Making sense of opportunities in building material production2015Inngår i: The TQM Journal, ISSN 1754-2731, E-ISSN 1754-274X, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 781-797Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Breakthrough improvement requires management decisions, which indicates that making sense of existing opportunities is important. This is a particular challenge when the improvement is a possibility and not a problem. The purpose of this paper is to propose the practice of doing an Opportunity Study as the way to create a sense of management urgency for realising dormant possibilities.

    Design/methodology/approach – A process-based Opportunity Study is presented consisting of a Diagnosing-Analysing-Solving (DAS) approach. Benchmarks are defined and compared with the actual performance resulting in a quantifiable improvement potential (D). Main causes are analysed (A), which leads to proposed solutions (S). The Opportunity Study practice is applied to a cement milling process, a cement plant and a supply network for cement-based building products.

    Findings – Results indicate that applying DAS methodology highlights realisable opportunities in all of the studied cases. This seems to be a necessary, but not sufficient criterion to create a sense of urgency for facts based change.

    Research limitations/implications – The results indicate that there is need for further research for looking at the process of sense making and to what extent facts alone can drive change initiatives.

    Practical implications – Results indicate that by a simple review, focusing on what a system can do instead of which the problems are, valuable opportunities for improvement could be detected.

    Originality/value – The paper highlights the value of focusing on opportunities.

  • 297.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Process based system models for detecting opportunities and threats: the case of World Cement Production2016Inngår i: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 246-262Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Visualising change needs could be complex. One way of sense - making is to use process based system models. G lobal warming require s major changes in many fields and especially for cement manufacturing, which represents a growing portion of manmade carbon emissions . The industry has proposed measures for change , but it is diff icult to assess how good these are and more sense - making is needed to clarify the situation. Purpose The purpose is to visualise opportunities and threats for global cement manufacturing in the context of global warming, using a process based system mode l . Methodology Available data for cement manufacturing and for carbon emissions are combined both historically and as predictions based on chosen Key Performance Indicators. These indicators are related to a chosen process based system model. Findings The results indicate that the global cement industry doe s not have a viable plan for how to reduce carbon emissions sufficiently to comply with the objectives of maintaining global warming below 2°C . The application of the process based system model indica tes that it has the ability to visualise important opportunities and threats at the level of global processes. Practical implications The challenges of the world cement industry with reducing ca rbon emissions are highlighted. This information could be use ful as a driver for change. Originality/value Th e paper provides insights into process based improvement work related to cement industry carbon emissions.

  • 298.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Synergies of quality and sustainability - shared value in the building supply network2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The field of CSR has developed from charity into an integration of shared value into the business model. In developing countries there are enormous needs for better housing. This therefore could be an area where companies might be able to create shared value. It is however unclear how shared value would look like in the building supply network and to what extent this already exists.

    Purpose: The purpose is to detect future areas of research by identifying opportunities for shared value in the building material supply chain. Shared value is viewed as a possible example of synergy for quality and sustainability research and development.

    Methodology: A literature review is carried out searching for “shared value” and “Porter”. The findings are combined with stakeholder theory, the process view and customer focus. Additionally the sustainability reports of the