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  • 251.
    Hilbert, Amina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Valsgärdes träartefakter: En komparativ analys av vedarter från båtgravar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Wood has been an integral part of the Scandinavians everyday life for thousands of years. There are still several substantial gaps in knowledge about their wood culture during the Late Iron Age since previous research has been focused on more common findings of inorganic materials like ceramics, metals and glass. Archaeologists rarely find wooden artifacts during excavations due to wood disintegrating a lot faster than metal in the ground. Valsgärde is one of Sweden’s most important Iron Age sites since several wooden remains were found there. They show parts of our distant past that we have yet to understand and gain knowledge about. The few preserved wooden artifacts from the Late Iron Age show a rich culture of wood carving. That is why this study focuses on those very few organic objects that are found. Wooden artifacts might potentially be used to determine the social status of the individuals in the graves. This is examined through a comparative analysis of the wooden remains from Valsgärde and other boat graves in Scandinavia. The analysis also reveals what type of wood the artifacts were made of, which makes it possible to determine if they could be from local trees or if they had to be imported. There seems to be a conscious choice of what kind of wood an object should be made of depending on the purpose at hand and social status. In some cases the choice of wood also seems to be based on the symbolic or mythological meaning of the artifact. This study uses previous microscopic wood analysis from the boat graves to give a more in-depth picture of the Scandinavian Late Iron Age wood culture as a whole.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    A Hilbert Valsgärdes träartefakter En komparativ analys av vedarter från båtgravar
  • 252.
    Holmberg, Per
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gräslund, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sundqvist, Olof
    Stockholms universitet.
    Williams, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    The Rök Runestone and the End of the World2020Inngår i: Futhark: International Journal of Runic Studies, ISSN 1892-0950, E-ISSN 2003-296X, Vol. 9-10, s. 7-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Rök runestone from central middle Sweden, dated to around 800 CE, is famous, among other things, for a supposed reference to the emperor Theodo­ric the Great. This study proposes instead that the inscription deals with an anxiety triggered by a son’s death and the fear of a new climate crisis similar to the catastrophic one after 536 CE. Combining perspectives and findings from semiotics, philology, archaeology, and history of religion, the study presents a completely new interpretation which follows a unified theme, showing how the monument can be understood in the socio-cultural and religious context of early Viking Age Scandinavia. The inscription consists, according to the pro­posed interpretation, of nine enigmatic questions. Five of the questions con­cern the sun, and four of them, it is argued, ask about issues related to the god Odin. A central finding is that there are relevant parallels to the inscription in early Scandinavian poetry, especially in the Eddic poem Vafþrúðnismál.

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  • 253.
    Holmgren, Felicia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Att transcendera det normativa: Om gränsöverskridande vikingatida genus med ett transgenderperspektiv, i Vivallens grav 9 och Birka grav Bj 5812018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to introduce perspectives from transgender studies into archaeology´s gender analysis, by re-examining two graves. The essay examines two graves, grave 9 from Vivallen, and grave Bj 581 from Birka, Sweden. These two graves are examples of graves with a difference in archaeological gender assessment, and sex as determined by osteology and DNA-analysis. The essay discusses the grave material, and the written sources, to examine how people in the Viking Age with non-normative gender-expressions can be understood using tools from queer-and transgender studies, with the aim to not make cis-normativity the default interpretation

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 254.
    Holmquist, Lena
    et al.
    Arkeologiska forskningslaboratoriet, Stockholms Universitet.
    Kalmring, SvenHedenstierna-Jonson, CharlotteUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    New aspects on Viking-age Urbanism, c. 750-1100 AD: Proceedings of the the international symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 20132016Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 255. Hope, Rosemary
    et al.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The application of acetate pels in lithic use-wear analysis1984Inngår i: Archaeometry, ISSN 0003-813X, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 13-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The possible use of plastic replicas in lithic use wear anaysis is explored. It can be shown that within the existing observational techniques involving metallographic light microscopes with magnifications up to 400 x that plastic replicas of flint surfaces replicate the surface at a very detailed level. It is detailed enough to permit analysis of microwear traces and can thus be used as substitutes for original tool surfaces when they for different reasons are not available and when the surface to be inspected is to curved to admit scanning with light microscope. It can also be shown that white, ligth reflecting flint surfaces is easier analyzed using a replica surface.

  • 256.
    Hultgren, Evelina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vem är vem?: Rättsantropologiska och Osteologiska Identifieringsmetoder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A human is entitled to two different identities: one biological and one personal. The methods used in creating a biological profile and identification are under constant development. Methods used in creating a biological profile of an individual are: sex, age, ethnicity and stature. A large variation of bone elements can be used to determine these parameters, some with better results than others. Traces of skeletal trauma and disease should, in those cases they are present, be included in the biological profile. That is because they might be a vital clue in a possible identification. Methods like DNA has been a vital element in identifications on a personal level, because it is possible to determine family relations with its help. DNA has been used in a variety of identifications for example missing soldiers. Identification and creating a biological profile is an important work that will be even more precise in the future.  

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 257.
    Huvila, Isto
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Dell’Unto, Nicolò
    Lund University.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnaeus University.
    Stenborg, Per
    University of Gothenburg.
    Archaeological information work and the digital turn2018Inngår i: Archaeology and Archaeological Information in the Digital Society / [ed] Isto Huvila, New York: Routledge, 2018, s. 143-158Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Embracing digitality is to a large degree a question of competence of critically understanding a branch of technologies, their use, usefulness and direct and indirect cultural repercussions. It is fair to claim that both quantitatively and qualitatively, there is more archaeological and archaeologically relevant information than before and new copious possibilities to use and reuse, analyse and reanalyse this information. A vital aspect in the process is to maintain a critical sensitivity to the limits of both large and narrow categories and an understanding of their consequences to archaeological information work and the conduct of archaeology. This is a task of all archaeological information workers from field archaeologists to geographic information system specialists, curators and information managers, and obviously, especially those who are engaged in educating and training future generations of professionals.

  • 258.
    Häggberg, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Alternativ till 1850-årsgränsen i Sveriges kulturmiljölag: Jämförande analys med Norges bevarande- och undersökningsmöjligheter av fasta lämningar från det nyligen förflutna2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen problematiserar 1850-årsgränsen i den svenska kulturmiljölagen (1988:950) och dess konsekvens för bevarande av fasta lämningar daterade efter årtalet som inte får lagskydd. Texten analyserar möjligheten för arkeologiska undersökningar av kontexten kring de fasta lämningarna från nyare tid. Det teoretiska perspektivet betonar värdet kring dessa lämningar. Metoden i uppsatsen är en komparativ analys mellan denna situation i Sverige och Norge. Eftersom det senare landet har ett kapitel i motsvarande kulturminneslag som har möjligheten att skydda lämningar oavsett tidsperiod. Resultatet visar på att 1850-årsgränsen generellt har en påverkan på fasta lämningar nyligen förfluten tid, men bevarandet och möjligheten till arkeologiska undersökningar påverkas även av övriga föreskrifter i lagen och andra faktorer.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 259.
    Hägneryd, Rasmus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Staden med flera tungor: En jämförande studie över Visbys influenser 1200-16002021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to see how three different places in Europe have made their mark on some of Visby’s profane buildings and how it compares to the archaeological material. The three places of interest will be Germany, Denmark and Sweden and the historical period will be around 1200–1600. This will be made possible through comparing buildings with respective country that had a role in the city’s history. The buildings and the archaeological material will also be compared to see if they tell the same history. The location of cities the buildings and material will also be analysed to see how they are connected. To help with this the theory of this thesis is based on Bourdieus thoughts on habitus and how it can affect the mind of people.

    The thesis will only focus on profane buildings and not on others like churches or Visby’s town wall. The period will be through the 13th century to the end of the 17th. Germany, Denmark and Sweden are the three mainly countries that this thesis will focus on. Other places like England may be referred to if they have a very strong connection to the material.

    The results of the thesis showed that Germany had made the biggest mark on the cities profane buildings and archaeological material and they both showed the same history. Via the location of the material it was clear that the place that showed most of the influences was on Strandgatan and Visby’s main square and the space between these two places.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 260.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Att misstänka det vanliga är inte tillräckligt... Om landningsplatser inom arkeologin2011Inngår i: Marinarkeologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-9632, Vol. 3, s. 4-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 261.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Do Ships Shape the Shore?: An Analysis of the Credibility of Ship Archaeological Evidence for Landing Site Morphology in the Baltic Sea2012Inngår i: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 94-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the development of different kinds of watercrafts during prehistory an interdependent line of development for landing sites and harbours is often suggested and used to argue that it is almost impossible to archaeologically locate small and early landing sites. Although the constructional properties of prehistoric watercrafts suggest that landing structures were not compellingly necessary, there is nevertheless archaeological evidence of landing facilities already from Stone Age as well as landing facilities for smaller boats to consider. This article will discuss to what extent ship archaeological evidence could be seen in a corresponding development to landing sites in its respective periods.

  • 262.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Identifying Water-bound Strategies in the Archaeological Record: The Multi-Period Case of Garn, an Inland Lacustrine Site in SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In archaeological research designs that focus on sites in coastal and shore-bound areas, a short geographical distance is often equated with a high degree of functional correlation between settlement and water without any further investigations of this (pre-)supposed relationship. This is both a theoretical and a methodological problem: instead of testing a hypothesis against the empirical material as the result of actions carried out by prehistoric people, a vaguely characterized empirical pattern is argued to reflect the inherent interrelationship to water. This article presents a process of generating and applying appropriate methodological approaches in the study of water-bound strategies. It explores a site with an initially unknown character and date, but with the remains of a still monumental artificial earthen wall standing close to what was hypothesized to be a former shore zone at Garn, in east central Sweden, and delves into how water-bound strategies might be expressed and investigated in archaeology.

  • 263.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Is there an Archaeological Potential for a Sociology of Landing Sites?2011Inngår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 2, s. 1-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Repeatedly, archaeological research on landing sites draws upon the equivalence between a naturally suitable coast and a landing site/harbour. This kind of research emanates from an archaeologically and socially ill-defined landing site concept and has created a basis for arbitrary discussions on the nature of maritime activities of past societies. There is no comprehensive and integrated understanding of the existing variability, character and patterns of landing site behaviour and relations. This article addresses the question of what characterises landing sites for watercrafts in an archaeological and social perspective. If such characteristics can be defined, what are the possibilities of seeing any of these traits in an archaeological material? Defining a landing site as a contact zone where movements and meetings on land and by watercraft take place and are facilitated by the locality as such, a generally applicable model for the archaeological study of landing sites is suggested and checked against three different archaeological case studies from the Baltic Sea region.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 264.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Review: The Viking Age in Åland. Insights into Identity and Remnants of Culture2015Inngår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 15, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 265.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Searching for sunken legends in dark waters: Estonian lakes in archaeology2010Inngår i: SKYLLIS, ISSN 1436-3372, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 149-153Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 266.
    Ilves, Kristin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Seaward Landward: Investigations on the archaeological source value of the landing site category in the Baltic Sea region2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a tendency in archaeology dealing with watercraft landing sites in a wider context to assume a direct relationship between sites in coastal and shore-bound areas and the practise of landing, without any deeper practical or theoretical exploration of the reality of any such relationship. This problem has its origins in the poor archaeological and conceptual definitions of watercraft landing sites obstructing any real understanding of the role of these sites in the maritime cultural landscape. Landing sites are taken for granted and they are undervalued as an archaeological source of explanation; notwithstanding, the concept of the landing site is readily used in archaeology in order to underpin archaeological interpretations on the maritime activities of past societies.

    In order to break away from the simplified understandings of past water-bound strategies based on the undefined concept of the landing site, this dissertation suggests a definition of watercraft landing sites in a wider social sense as water-bound contact zones; places of social interaction that can be archaeologically identified and investigated. This perspective integrates the understanding of the intentional character of human activity related to watercraft landing with the remaining archaeological traces. Archaeological definitions of landing sites that can be tested against the archaeological data are provided, and thereby, the dissertation contributes with the possibility to archaeologically evaluate and approach the social function of watercraft landing sites. This dissertation demonstrates that there can be an archaeology of landing sites.

    Delarbeid
    1. Discovering harbours? Reflection on the state and development of landing sites studies in the Baltic Sea region.
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Discovering harbours? Reflection on the state and development of landing sites studies in the Baltic Sea region.
    2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Maritime Archaeology, ISSN 1557-2285, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 149-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    For the study and understanding of the structure and use of the ancient landscape and the maritime aspects of society, landing sites are one of the most sought after and discussed antiquities in the cultural landscape. Methodologically, in locating the places for landing, looking at their context, such as the prehistoric landscape, has been given a high priority throughout the history of research and landing sites are presumed to have existed in the vicinity of several material and non-material indicators of maritime presence. However, as the category of landing sites and their nature have not been properly defined, such indiscriminate designation based purely on circumstantial evidence poses serious problems. This paper evaluates research into landing sites in the Baltic Sea region, scrutinising terminological and methodological approaches used and suggests a way forward.

    Emneord
    Coastal archaeology, Landing sites, Harbours, Baltic Sea region, Iron Age, Critical historiography
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143240 (URN)10.1007/s11457-009-9050-5 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-01-20 Laget: 2011-01-20 Sist oppdatert: 2011-01-20
    2. Do Ships Shape the Shore?: An Analysis of the Credibility of Ship Archaeological Evidence for Landing Site Morphology in the Baltic Sea
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do Ships Shape the Shore?: An Analysis of the Credibility of Ship Archaeological Evidence for Landing Site Morphology in the Baltic Sea
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, ISSN 1057-2414, E-ISSN 1095-9270, Vol. 41, nr 1, s. 94-105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the development of different kinds of watercrafts during prehistory an interdependent line of development for landing sites and harbours is often suggested and used to argue that it is almost impossible to archaeologically locate small and early landing sites. Although the constructional properties of prehistoric watercrafts suggest that landing structures were not compellingly necessary, there is nevertheless archaeological evidence of landing facilities already from Stone Age as well as landing facilities for smaller boats to consider. This article will discuss to what extent ship archaeological evidence could be seen in a corresponding development to landing sites in its respective periods.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
    Emneord
    ship archaeology, maritime archaeology, teleology, landing sites, harbours, Baltic Sea region
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169674 (URN)10.1111/j.1095-9270.2011.00337.x (DOI)000300675400008 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-03-05 Laget: 2012-03-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Is there an Archaeological Potential for a Sociology of Landing Sites?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Is there an Archaeological Potential for a Sociology of Landing Sites?
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Archaeology and Ancient History (JAAH), E-ISSN 2001-1199, nr 2, s. 1-31Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Repeatedly, archaeological research on landing sites draws upon the equivalence between a naturally suitable coast and a landing site/harbour. This kind of research emanates from an archaeologically and socially ill-defined landing site concept and has created a basis for arbitrary discussions on the nature of maritime activities of past societies. There is no comprehensive and integrated understanding of the existing variability, character and patterns of landing site behaviour and relations. This article addresses the question of what characterises landing sites for watercrafts in an archaeological and social perspective. If such characteristics can be defined, what are the possibilities of seeing any of these traits in an archaeological material? Defining a landing site as a contact zone where movements and meetings on land and by watercraft take place and are facilitated by the locality as such, a generally applicable model for the archaeological study of landing sites is suggested and checked against three different archaeological case studies from the Baltic Sea region.

    Emneord
    Archaeology, Baltic Sea region, Fribrødre Å, Harbour, Krogen Island, Landing site, Model of interaction, Maritime archaeology, Maritime cultural landscape, Sociology of landing sites, Tornimäe
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159978 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-10-13 Laget: 2011-10-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Some Critical and Methodological Aspects of Shoreline Determination: Examples from the Baltic Sea Region
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Some Critical and Methodological Aspects of Shoreline Determination: Examples from the Baltic Sea Region
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of archaeological method and theory, ISSN 1072-5369, E-ISSN 1573-7764, Vol. 18, s. 147-165Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Coastal shorelines worldwide are generally unstable and changing. The study of the precise relation between any archaeological site and the shoreline at the time when the site was used is therefore complicated, but still often not met with appropriate methodological approaches. In this article, we test models based on phosphate analysis and discuss how they can be used to detect ancient shorelines. We propose, that a model of increased and oscillating phosphate values at the former water level is considered reliable and useful in areas with advancing shoreline.

    Emneord
    Coastal archaeology, Shore displacement, Baltic Sea region, Phosphate analysis
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143239 (URN)10.1007/s10816-010-9084-x (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-01-20 Laget: 2011-01-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11
    5. Identifying Water-bound Strategies in the Archaeological Record: The Multi-Period Case of Garn, an Inland Lacustrine Site in Sweden
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Identifying Water-bound Strategies in the Archaeological Record: The Multi-Period Case of Garn, an Inland Lacustrine Site in Sweden
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In archaeological research designs that focus on sites in coastal and shore-bound areas, a short geographical distance is often equated with a high degree of functional correlation between settlement and water without any further investigations of this (pre-)supposed relationship. This is both a theoretical and a methodological problem: instead of testing a hypothesis against the empirical material as the result of actions carried out by prehistoric people, a vaguely characterized empirical pattern is argued to reflect the inherent interrelationship to water. This article presents a process of generating and applying appropriate methodological approaches in the study of water-bound strategies. It explores a site with an initially unknown character and date, but with the remains of a still monumental artificial earthen wall standing close to what was hypothesized to be a former shore zone at Garn, in east central Sweden, and delves into how water-bound strategies might be expressed and investigated in archaeology.

    Emneord
    maritime archaeology, site visibility, methodology, coastal site, landing site, east central Sweden, Garn
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-172398 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-04-10 Laget: 2012-04-10 Sist oppdatert: 2012-04-10
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 267.
    Ilves, Kristin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Heamägi, Christin
    Sjunkna fakta och legender upp till ytan2007Inngår i: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014 X, nr 3, s. 4-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 268.
    Ilves, Kristin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Larsson, Annika
    "Sentida militär anläggning" var en tidigmedeltida hamn2011Inngår i: Populär Arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 3, s. 16-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 269.
    Jacobsson, Måns
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Högen som försvann.: Tolkning av fynden från Drottninghögen i V. Vemmerlöv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 270.
    Jagemo, Vitalis
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vintern kommer: en litteraturstudie i hur klimatets förändringar påverkat människor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The earth has always had a shifting climate with some periods having a colder climate then what is considered normal. This essay aims to investigate how the research of cold periods have changed. The purpose with this study is to investigate the most common beliefs researches has for the events of the climate catastrophe 536 and what factors lead to a possible population reduction. I will investigate three different reasons for this: Volcanic eruptions, plague, and climate. Another cold period the “little ice age”, 1300-1850, is used as an example and a theoretic comparison to the catastrophe of year 536 because the “little ice age” is a well-documented cold period of the later historical era. These two periods are interesting because they are booth cold periods. The first cold period lasted for a couple decades while the second cold period lasted for five hundred years. The bad climate situation depends of several different factors especially the fall in summer temperatures because the sun was hidden in a dust veil. The dust veil had been created after the big eruptions. The result of this study is that in general, the research has gone from more simple research to a more complex when knowledge of the complexity of the situation has evolved. The newer research has better access to natural science sources. The most common believes is that the volcanic eruptions or the Justinian plague were the biggest reason for a possible population reduction.            

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 271.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gravar i Fångstmarken: En osteologisk analys av 10 gravar från Vindförbergs udde i norra Dalarna2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay include the osteological analysis of ten cremation burials from the burial ground of Vindförberg in Ore parish, Dalarna. The burial ground on Vindförberg was used between the years 100 and 550 AD. during the Iron age. Vindförberg is a hunting burial ground which is one of two burial practices that existed during this age in Dalarna. The hunting ground graves are located far from settlements and their origin is under debate. Theories about these graves say that they are either settlers from the south or hunting-gatherer groups from the north and west. The questions this essay is if it is possible to see the structure of the community the people behind the burial ground at Vindförberg had. This will be achieved with the help of age and sex determinations to study the relationship between the different graves at Vindförberg. In excess of previous question, it was also of interest to compare the result from Vindförberg with four other contemporary burial grounds to inquire similarities and differences. Of the 43 graves on the burial ground, ten were analyzed in this essay. A total weight and volume of nine kilograms and twelve liters was analyzed. Human, dog, bear, elk, beaver, and fish were the identified species from Vindförberg. Because of the very fragmented material, the determinations of age and sex proved difficult to estimate. This led to the discussion being more about the ancient people’s conception of the world and rituals as well to social structure.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 272.
    Johansson, Linus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Förändring av graven: Gravhögars konstruktion under yngre järnåldern i Västergötland2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en kvalitativ empirisk jämförande studie av gravhögar och gravtradition under yngre järnåldern i Västergötland. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur gravhögarnas struktur förändrades och utvecklades för att observera övergången av gravtraditionen till kristendomen. Frågan som uppsatsen bygger på att besvara är att observera hur gravhögarna förändrades och mottagligheten för kristendomen. Material som undersöks i denna uppsats är utgrävda gravhögar i Västergötland mellan 500- och 1100-talen. Resultaten visar att gravhögarna blev mindre i storlek under vikingatiden. Under vikingatiden gjorde den sociala eliten inga utmärkande gravar och ingen hierarkisk skillnad kan observeras från gravarnas exteriör. Den invändiga konstruktionen blev mindre varierad. Man får intrycket att byggandet av gravhögar börjar stagnera och pressas ut under vikingatiden i Västergötland. I mitten av 900-talet slutade man bygga gravhögar och övergav de hedniska gravfälten. De började begrava sina döda på en annan plats i ett kristet gravskick.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 273.
    Johansson, Nils
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Eldens arkitektur: En studie av de medeltida varmluftsugnarna och deras betydelse2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This thesis examines and discusses a sample of the medieval hypocausts (stone-heating ovens) in the Baltic area. The medieval construction is thoroughly explained as well as the antique hypocaust in order to establish a base for the following discussion. The medieval hypocaust has been almost forgotten for a long period of time. The last time someone dealt with this category of finds were in the 1960’s by Swedish archaeologist Iwar Andersson and in the 1970’s by Danish archaeologist Johannes Hertz. Not one archaeologist, since the early 20th century, has tried to interpret these constructions in their social contexts. The focus has always been on the construction and the technique in itself, which doesn’t lead the research any further than to a functional interpretation.

     

    The author applies a comparative method to the literary material that is used for the thesis and discusses the origins of the medieval technique, which types there are, what contexts they appear in, what buildings and activities they can be related to, if they represent status or necessity or both and who could afford to construct them in relation to the resources that was demanded and finally why the technique was abandoned.

     

    Keywords: Medieval hypocaust, stone-heating oven, medieval, ancient technology, the Baltic area.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Eldens arkitektur, en studie av de medeltida varmluftsugnarna och deras betydelse
  • 274.
    Johansson, Zara
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Medeltida kapell i Luleå: Analys av medeltida kapell i Luleåområdet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is based on previous discussions regarding early church buildnings in the Luleå area. The study is limited to two possible premises. The first location is the site of the current stone church in Gammelstad. The reason for the choise of the stone church is that some archaeological researchers consider it probable that the first church buildning may have been on that site before the stone church was built. The other site is located in Heden outside Boden and is described in older sources as a place for an old church building.

    To answer the essay´s questions I used Kulturhistoriskt lexikon för nordisk medeltid and Mats Anglert´s divisions of chapel to test that information agaionst the information available about the described chapel, previous research and premises and made a theoretical reasoning about it.

    In this essay I argue for the possibility that there are two chapels which is mentioned in the old sources. The chapel in Svenald´s will is probably a colonization chapel that was built on the site where Nederluleå church stands today, while the chapel mentioned in the other sources can be considered a capelle non curate, a chapel outside a parich community and without a priest, that was built in Heden. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 275.
    Johnsson, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sy ända in i graven: Jämförelse mellan tre vikingatida gravfälts textilrelaterade fynd2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will treat the Gotlandic textile production during the Viking period (790 AD­–1150 AD) by studying the three grave fields, Barshalder in Grötlingbo parish, Broe in Halla parish and Ire in Hellvi parish. The focus of the study are the textile related objects, spindle whorls, weaving tablets, needles and needle cases found at the grave fields. The study will mainly examine the spindle whorls since differences in the weight and diameter can tell us about what type of yarn or thread that was produced and in extent the textiles that were produced. The results will be catalogued, and a correspondence analysis will be done in hope it will show patterns in the material. The study will also look at if there are differences between the three grave fields and in extent on the island.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 276.
    Jonsson, Daniel Freyr
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Nord Volcanol Ctr, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland.;Environm Agcy Iceland, Sudurlandsbraut 24, IS-108 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Gudmundsdottir, Esther Ruth
    Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Nord Volcanol Ctr, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Larsen, Gudrun
    Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Nord Volcanol Ctr, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Oladottir, Bergrun Arna
    Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Nord Volcanol Ctr, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland.;Iceland Meteorol Off, Bustadavegur 7-9, IS-108 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Erlendsson, Egill
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Dögg Eddudottir, Sigrun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sigmarsson, Olgeir
    Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Nord Volcanol Ctr, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland.;Univ Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, Lab Magmas & Volcans, Campus Univ Cezeaux, F-63178 Aubiere, France..
    The multi-component Hekla Ö Tephra, Iceland: a complex widespread mid-Holocene tephra layer2020Inngår i: Journal of Quaternary Science, ISSN 0267-8179, E-ISSN 1099-1417, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 410-421Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Large Plinian eruptions from Hekla volcano, Iceland, produce compositionally zoned tephra used as key markers in tephrochronology. However, spatial variations in chemical composition of a tephra layer may complicate its identification. An example is the 5950-6180 bp cal a bp Hekla o tephra layer, which shows compositional spread from rhyolite, dacite and andesite to basalt. In soil sections north of Hekla, the SiO2 content of the tephra glass reaches 76 wt% in the lowest unit of the Hekla o deposit and decreases to 62-63 wt% in the uppermost unit. Intermingled within the whole deposit are basalt tephra grains having 46-47 wt% SiO2. The composition of the basalt glass includes primitive basalt and a more evolved basalt (MgO >6 and <6 wt%, respectively). Together with literature data, the Hekla o tephra and the so-called T-Tephra/Hekla-T are most likely from contemporaneous eruptions of different vents on the Hekla volcanic system, forming a single important marker tephra (Hekla oT) deposited over 80% of Iceland. Identification is complicated by its spatial compositional heterogeneity, such as systematic decrease in SiO2 content from the east to the west of Hekla volcano. Consequently, an individual tephra layer from a large explosive eruption can have different composition at different locations.

  • 277.
    Jordahl, Jane
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fåglarna som följeslagare till människorna: Osteologiska material av fågel från båtgravarna i Valsgärde2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the osteological material from birds which are found in the boat graves from Valsgärde in Sweden. Based on my own work with boat grave number 13, I have studied the avian bone material to find out what kind of bird species there are in the grave. Birds have a significant meaning in many religions from all around the world and are symbolic for different kinds of beliefs. Although many written sources from the past indicate the cultural importance of birds, there is still little zooarchaeological research done in the subject of bird findings in graves. The boat graves from Valsgärde is from the Vendel period about 550–800 AD. My interest with the species analysis is that it furthermore will lead to discussions about interpretation of the graves. I want to examine questions like what birds of certain species can tell about the individual that the grave belongs to. For example, findings of predatory birds often refer to wealth, due to fact that it’s difficult to raise them in captivity. This is an interesting fact that should be consider when a grave is examined, because it reveals many more questions. Also, I want to examine how birds at that time were used in everyday life, and if there were any other practices concerning birds like for example hunting.

  • 278.
    Jordahl, Jane
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fåglarna som följeslagare till människorna.: Osteologiska material av fågel från båtgravarna i Valsgärde.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the osteological material from birds which are found in the boat graves from Valsgärde in Sweden. Based on my own work with boat grave number 13, I have studied the avian bone material to find out what kind of bird species there are in the grave. Birds have a significant meaning in many religions from all around the world and are symbolic for different kinds of beliefs. Although many written sources from the past indicate the cultural importance of birds, there is still little zooarchaeological research done in the subject of bird findings in graves. The boat graves from Valsgärde is from the Vendel period about 550–800 AD. My interest with the species analysis is that it furthermore will lead to discussions about interpretation of the graves. I want to examine questions like what birds of certain species can tell about the individual that the grave belongs to. For example, findings of predatory birds often refer to wealth, due to fact that it’s difficult to raise them in captivity. This is an interesting fact that should be consider when a grave is examined, because it reveals many more questions. Also, I want to examine how birds at that time were used in everyday life, and if there were any other practices concerning birds like for example hunting.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 279.
    Jörgensen, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Celtic2022Inngår i: The Indo-European Language Family: A Phylogenetic Perspective / [ed] Thomas Olander, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, s. 135-151Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides an overview of the main distinguishing features of the Celtic branch of Indo-European. It furthermore discussses the internal relationship between the branches of Celtic, specifically the position of Brittonic. The main arguments in favour of Gallo-Brittonic and Insular Celtic are evaluated.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 280.
    Kajsa, Rosén-Wiksten
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    I de obesuttnas spår: En arkeologisk analys av de obesuttna i Vena & Målilla socken2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The unpropertied, also known as subaltern people, were a social class that lived during the 18th, 19th, and 20th century in Sweden. They were a social class that hade very few rights and had torely on the closest farmer and his lands to get by. But also, other jobs, for example as a farm maiden or as a shoemaker. In archaeology, remains after the unpropertied are still visible in the cultural landscape they once created. Despite this, the interest and effort in keeping the memory of the unpropertied alive is very little. This is what this essay aims to discuss. This essay will, through a case-study, show how remains after the unpropertied are still visible in the cultural landscape. The casestudy will examine how and where the unpropertied is found in the landscape. The limitation will be at the border between Vena and Målilla parish. It also aims to examine the status of the remains and if the area where the remains are located have been preserved with the intention to focus on the history it holds. The essay also includes multiple historical maps and church archives with the purpose to put a relative date on the objects that has been examined. Later, the author will discuss why the history of the unpropertied is important to preserve and enlighten to the public. This will be discussed with the case-study and other archeological reports from excavations as a foundation, but also other articles regarding the subject in matter.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 281.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Anchorite Cells and Dwelling Complexes on al-Lisan Peninsula: Preliminary results based on the field documentation by TheSwedish Dead Sea Expedition 2009/20112017Inngår i: Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan (ADAJ), Vol. 56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 282.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Arthur Nordén (1891 - 1965)2020Inngår i: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020, s. 233-240Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 283.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Oscar Montelius (1843 - 1921)2020Inngår i: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020, s. 61-68Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 284.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Torma Zsófia és a civilizáció bölcsője: Erdély úttörő régésznője és felfedezései2019Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 285.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Artursson, MagnusStatens Historiska Museum.Larsson, FredrikStatens Historiska Museum.
    Rasbobygden i ett långtidsperspektiv 1100 BC till 1100 AD - kontinuitet och förändring2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 286.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mattes, Julia
    Universität Bochum, Germany.
    Tempel och kulthus i det forna Skandinavien: Myter och arkeologiska fakta2017Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 287.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Munkhammar, LarsUppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Wulfila 311–2011: International Symposium2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Wulfila 311–2011
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 288.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Oestigaard, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The Great Indo-European Horse Sacrifice: 4000 Years of Cosmological Continuity from Sintashta and the Steppe to Scandinavian Skeid2020Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The great Indo-European horse sacrifice is one of the most enduring and widespread traditions in world history. This study presents a historic overview of Indo-European studies and shows the cosmological continuity of the horse-sacrificial tradition based on specific cultural innovations and ecological adaptations over time. It also sheds new light on cultural history through in-depth analysis of horse sacrifice in culture and cosmology. From Sintashta in Russia and the steppes to the legendary ashwamedha ritual in India and horse sacrifices in Roman, Greek and Irish traditions, the analysis finds that horse sacrifice appears to have been most successful in Scandinavia, with classic sites and funerals such as Sagaholm, Kivik and Håga in the Bronze Age and Old Uppsala, Rakne and Oseberg in the Iron Age. The horse-sacrifice tradition shows that these cosmological rituals were closely related to the region’s ecology, the weather and the availability of water that was required for a successful harvest. In the cold north, the sun was important for cultivation, but it was the relation between water and winter that defined the seasons and called for horse rituals, as recent skeid traditions show. Understanding horse sacrifice as an institution therefore provides new insights into prehistoric religion from the Bronze Age to recent folklore in rural Scandinavia.

     

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  • 289.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption2017Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Death matters and the matters of death are initially, and to a large extent, the decaying flesh of the corpse. Cremation as a ritual practice is the fastest and most optimal way of dissolving the corpse’s flesh, either by annihilation or purification, or a combination. Still, cremation was not the final rite, and the archaeological record testifies that the dead represented a means to other ends – the flesh, and not the least the bones – have been incorporated in a wide range of other ritual contexts. While human sacrifices and cannibalism as ritual phenomena are much discussed in anthropology, archaeology has an advantage, since the actual bone material leaves traces of ritual practices that are unseen and unheard of in the contemporary world. As such, this book fleshes out a broader and more coherent understanding of prehistoric religions and funeral practices in Scandinavia by focusing on cremation, corpses and cannibalism.

  • 290.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Østigård, Terje
    Kremation och kosmologi: en komparativ arkeologisk introduktion2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Cremation and Cosmology – A Comparative Archaeological Introduction aims to synthesise in an easily accessible style the current state of cremation research and some of the recent interpretations providing new understandings of the past. Since cremation is a highly complicated technological and cosmological process and ritual, part 1 emphasises what has shaped and restricted most of the Western perceptions of cremation. The Christian hell and its torturing fires, Hindu cremations along holy rivers in Nepal and India, and the ancient Vedic traditions have all to various degrees constructed images of what a cremation is, including our understanding of cremation in the past. This comparative part is stressed not only because it is important knowledge in itself, but also because it is a good point of departure for approaching the past and exploring new interpretations of funerals in general and cremations in particular, which have no ethnographic parallels. With mainly examples from Scandinavian Bronze- and Iron Age, in part 2 a wide range of cremation contexts are analysed from different perspectives highlighting new approaches to the materiality of death. A central theme throughout the book is that cremation is not one, but many funeral practices. By stressing this unique character of cremation compared to other burial practices, cremation as a ritual opens up a wide range of opportunities within the sphere of death, which can be studied archaeologically. As such, this book is intended to be an introductory and coarse book for archaeological students studying death and cremation, but hopefully it may also have interest and relevance beyond the archaeological circles.

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  • 291.
    Kaliff, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Werewolves, Warriors and Winter Sacrifices: Unmasking Kivik and Indo-European Cosmology in Bronze Age Scandinavia2022 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is the first to consider Sweden's enigmatic Kivik grave with its famous rock art slabs in an agricultural and Indo-European context. Building on the work of archaeologist V. Gordon Childe and anthropologist James G. Frazer, this analysis presents an in-depth cultural and cosmological worldview of the Scandinavian Bronze Age. Pastoralism and warrior bands were essential parts of ecology and cosmology; novices were initiated into these brotherhoods as werewolves. By putting on masks or cloaks, they became ancestors and played a key role in a series of winter sacrifices linked to the agricultural cycle. The werewolf myth contains remnants of all lifecycle rituals – from birth to initiation as warriors, marriage, death and becoming an ancestor. Ethnographically, the cultural and cosmological instituion manifested in Kivik can be identified through parts of Europe up to modern times.

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  • 292.
    Kariuki, Rebecca W.
    et al.
    Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Life Sci & Bioengn, Arusha, Tanzania.;Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, England.;Ludwig Maximilian Univ Munich, Rachel Carson Ctr Environm & Soc, Munich, Germany..
    Capitani, Claudia
    Joint Res Ctr, Ispra, Italy..
    Munishi, Linus K.
    Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Life Sci & Bioengn, Arusha, Tanzania..
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Terra Archaeol, Profess Archaeol Consulting Serv, Victoria, BC, Canada..
    Mustaphi, Colin Courtney J.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Geoecol, Basel, Switzerland..
    William, Njonga
    Tarime Dist Council, Dept Land & Nat Resources, Mara, Tanzania..
    Lane, Paul J.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Cambridge, England.;Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Sci, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Marchant, Rob
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, England..
    Serengeti's futures: Exploring land use and land cover change scenarios to craft pathways for meeting conservation and development goals2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Conservation Science, E-ISSN 2673-611X, Vol. 3, artikkel-id 920143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid land use transformations and increased climatic uncertainties challenge potential sustainable development pathways for communities and wildlife in regions with strong economic reliance on natural resources. In response to the complex causes and consequences of land use change, participatory scenario development approaches have emerged as key tools for analyzing drivers of change to help chart the future of socio-ecological systems. We assess stakeholder perspectives of land use and land cover change (LULCC) and integrate co-produced scenarios of future land cover change with spatial modeling to evaluate how future LULCC in the wider Serengeti ecosystem might align or diverge with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals and the African Union's Agenda 2063. Across the wider Serengeti ecosystem, population growth, infrastructural development, agricultural economy, and political will in support of climate change management strategies were perceived to be the key drivers of future LULCC. Under eight scenarios, declines in forest area as a proportion of total land area ranged from 0.1% to 4% in 2030 and from 0.1% to 6% in 2063, with the preservation of forest cover linked to the level of protection provided. Futures with well-demarcated protected areas, sound land use plans, and stable governance were highly desired. In contrast, futures with severe climate change impacts and encroached and degazetted protected areas were considered undesirable. Insights gained from our study are important for guiding pathways toward achieving sustainability goals while recognizing societies' relationship with nature. The results highlight the usefulness of multi-stakeholder engagement, perspective sharing, and consensus building toward shared socio-ecological goals.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 293.
    Kariuki, Rebecca W.
    et al.
    Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Life Sci & Bioengn, Arusha, Tanzania; Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Munishi, Linus K.
    Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Life Sci & Bioengn, Arusha, Tanzania.
    Courtney-Mustaphi, Colin J.
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Capitani, Claudia
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lane, Paul J.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Cambridge, Dept Archaeol, Cambridge, England; Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Geog Archaeol & Environm Sci, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Marchant, Rob
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Environm & Geog, York, N Yorkshire, England.
    Integrating stakeholders' perspectives and spatial modelling to develop scenarios of future land use and land cover change in northern Tanzania2021Inngår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 16, nr 2, artikkel-id e0245516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid rates of land use and land cover change (LULCC) in eastern Africa and limited instances of genuinely equal partnerships involving scientists, communities and decision makers challenge the development of robust pathways toward future environmental and socioeconomic sustainability. We use a participatory modelling tool, Kesho, to assess the biophysical, socioeconomic, cultural and governance factors that influenced past (1959-1999) and present (2000-2018) LULCC in northern Tanzania and to simulate four scenarios of land cover change to the year 2030. Simulations of the scenarios used spatial modelling to integrate stakeholders' perceptions of future environmental change with social and environmental data on recent trends in LULCC. From stakeholders' perspectives, between 1959 and 2018, LULCC was influenced by climate variability, availability of natural resources, agriculture expansion, urbanization, tourism growth and legislation governing land access and natural resource management. Among other socio-environmental-political LULCC drivers, the stakeholders envisioned that from 2018 to 2030 LULCC will largely be influenced by land health, natural and economic capital, and political will in implementing land use plans and policies. The projected scenarios suggest that by 2030 agricultural land will have expanded by 8-20% under different scenarios and herbaceous vegetation and forest land cover will be reduced by 2.5-5% and 10-19% respectively. Stakeholder discussions further identified desirable futures in 2030 as those with improved infrastructure, restored degraded landscapes, effective wildlife conservation, and better farming techniques. The undesirable futures in 2030 were those characterized by land degradation, poverty, and cultural loss. Insights from our work identify the implications of future LULCC scenarios on wildlife and cultural conservation and in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets by 2030. The Kesho approach capitalizes on knowledge exchanges among diverse stakeholders, and in the process promotes social learning, provides a sense of ownership of outputs generated, democratizes scientific understanding, and improves the quality and relevance of the outputs.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 294.
    Karlberg, Dennis
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jönköpings Bronsåldershögar: En landskapsanalys av monumentala bronsåldershögar i södra Vätterbygden2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I Jönköping finns idag tre synliga bronsåldersgravar fortfarande stående. I början av1900-talet var detta numret 10. Vissa fynd från bronsåldern i området som Sagaholmshögenhar fått mycket uppmärksamhet av forskare, men få landskapsanalyser har utförts över dettaområdet. På andra håll har landskapsanalyser av gravhögar ofta utförts över betydligt störreområden, och dessa har fått tolkningar som bland annat territoriemarkörer baserat påmonumentens visuella aspekt. Uppsatsen analyserar bronsålderslandskapet i Jönköping utifrånsiktlinjer med hjälp av GIS, och med syftet att undersöka relationen mellan de monumentalagravarna och andra synliga aspekter av landskapet för att försöka nå varför dessa uppfördesdär de står. Resultaten av analysen visar att synlighet troligen inte var en särskilt betydandefaktor för uppförandet av gravarna, men att ett samband i intervisibiliteten mellan dessa kananas, samt belyser uppsatsen några källkritiska problem med tillgängliga strandlinjemodelleroch digital fornminnesdata.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 295.
    Karlsson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Privat och kollektivt: Lås- och nyckelanvändning under sen järnålder i Mälardalen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to give a broader and more nuanced picture of the use of locks and keys during the Iron Age, in particular the late Iron Age, in the Lake Mälaren region. This has been done by comparing two buildings: the hall on Helgö and the living quarters in the garrison on Birka. Here we can see two very different areas where locks and keys were important parts of the daily life. The study also includes a typology of padlocks based on the findings from the same places as the building study and their surroundings.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 296.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    An Archaeogenetic Study of Five Ancient Siberian Individuals: Revisiting of the culture-chronology of Sakha Republic with results of mitochondrial genetic data and new radiocarbon dates.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is dedicated to an archaeogenetic study of five prehistoric individuals. The sample material comes from central Yakutia, also called Sakha Republic, in the north-eastern part of Russia. The main focus of this study has been the analysis of five mitochondrial genomes, retrieved from osteological material (human bones and teeth), having an estimated age of 6845 BP to 2490 BP. The dates fall within Neolithic, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. A brief presentation for each individual’s archaeological profile and interpretation of the burial will be provided. While a series of interpretive tests with the mitochondrial DNA material were performed and the results are presented. The neolitization of the north-eastern Eurasia will also be discussed. The correlation between the Neolithic Age, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age populations will be proposed, as well as their connections to modern populations.

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    fulltext
  • 297.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mended by masticates: A study of archaeogenetic proxies of migration, settlement and health in North Eurasian Mesolithic2024Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A joint archaeogenetic perspective integrates diverse lines of evidence from archaeology and paleogenetics to advance our understanding of human prehistory. In this thesis I contribute to the corpus of archaeogenetic data by producing and analysing ancient genomic data from osseous and masticated material. 

    Masticated birch bark pitch (also called resin) is presented as a novel source for ancient DNA that contains an abundance of data from different species. The masticated lumps analysed in this work, which come from a Mesolithic site in western Scandinavia, encapsulated human genetic information (individual genomes and oral microbiomes) and environmental aDNA from species (plants and animals) consumed or used as raw material at the site. Ancient DNA from this archaeological material transpires as a direct link between a practised archaeological culture and the genotype of the practitioners, in this case a particular lithic technology (the eastern pressure blade concept) and Scandinavian hunter-gatherers (SHG). The paleopathological information obtained from the microbiomes from this masticated material suggests poor oral health in the Early Mesolithic population of Scandinavia.

    I use the genomic information obtained from various sources to examine hunter-gatherer populations in two opposite parts of northern Eurasia, the northeast Asia and the Scandinavian Peninsula. While the Mesolithic period in Europe has been subjected to intensive study, the paleogenetic history of northern Asia has remained only partially explored. I provide an overview of population dynamics in areas of northeast Asia and around Lake Baikal (Sakha republic, Cis-Baikal and Transbaikal) starting from the end of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Additionally, the most northeastern occurrence of an early form of plague bacteria gets recorded, which is correlated with the population decline in the area during the Late Neolithic / Early Bronze Age periods. While this part of the world was occupied by humans through the LGM, the Scandinavian Peninsula was uninhabitable until the Holocene glacial retreat. By analysing new genomes from bones, teeth and masticated lumps, I also present a detailed study of demographic formation and change within the Mesolithic population in Scandinavia. Some of the demographic events presented in this thesis can be linked to changes in climate throughout the Holocene. 

    I conclude that information obtained from both osseous and masticated material depicts a vivid picture of human life in distant areas of prehistoric northern Eurasia and provides new insights into paleodemography, mobility, settlement and health in the post-glacial world.

    Delarbeid
    1. Ancient DNA from mastics solidifies connection between material culture and genetics of mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Scandinavia
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Ancient DNA from mastics solidifies connection between material culture and genetics of mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Scandinavia
    Vise andre…
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Communications Biology, E-ISSN 2399-3642, Vol. 2, artikkel-id 185Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Human demography research in grounded on the information derived from ancient DNA and archaeology. For example, the study on the early postglacial dual-route colonisation of the Scandinavian Peninsula is largely based on associating genomic data with the early dispersal of lithic technology from the East European Plain. However, a clear connection between material culture and genetics has been lacking. Here, we demonstrate that direct connection by analysing human DNA from chewed birch bark pitch mastics. These samples were discovered at Huseby Klev in western Sweden, a Mesolithic site with eastern lithic technology. We generated genome-wide data for three individuals, and show their affinity to the Scandinavian hunter-gatherers. Our samples date to 9880-9540 calBP, expanding the temporal range and distribution of the early Scandinavian genetic group. We propose that DNA from ancient mastics can be used to study environment and ecology of prehistoric populations.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387279 (URN)10.1038/s42003-019-0399-1 (DOI)000468006400001 ()31123709 (PubMedID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-06-24 Laget: 2019-06-24 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-03bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia
    Vise andre…
    2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikkel-id eabc4587Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We present genome-wide data from 40 individuals dating to c.16,900 to 550 years ago in northeast Asia. We describe hitherto unknown gene flow and admixture events in the region, revealing a complex population history. While populations east of Lake Baikal remained relatively stable from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age, those from Yakutia and west of Lake Baikal witnessed major population transformations, from the Late Upper Paleolithic to the Neolithic, and during the Bronze Age, respectively. We further locate the Asian ancestors of Paleo-Inuits, using direct genetic evidence. Last, we report the most northeastern ancient occurrence of the plague-related bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Our findings indicate the highly connected and dynamic nature of northeast Asia populations throughout the Holocene.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE, 2021
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-435740 (URN)10.1126/sciadv.abc4587 (DOI)000606331400011 ()33523963 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, uppstore2018029Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, SNIC-2018-8-43
    Merknad

    De två första författarna delar förstaförfattarskapet.

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-03-01 Laget: 2021-03-01 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-03bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Metagenomic analysis of Mesolithic chewed pitch reveals poor oral health among stone age individuals
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Metagenomic analysis of Mesolithic chewed pitch reveals poor oral health among stone age individuals
    Vise andre…
    2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikkel-id 22125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Prehistoric chewed pitch has proven to be a useful source of ancient DNA, both from humans and their microbiomes. Here we present the metagenomic analysis of three pieces of chewed pitch from Huseby Klev, Sweden, that were dated to 9,890-9,540 before present. The metagenomic profile exposes a Mesolithic oral microbiome that includes opportunistic oral pathogens. We compared the data with healthy and dysbiotic microbiome datasets and we identified increased abundance of periodontitis-associated microbes. In addition, trained machine learning models predicted dysbiosis with 70-80% probability. Moreover, we identified DNA sequences from eukaryotic species such as red fox, hazelnut, red deer and apple. Our results indicate a case of poor oral health during the Scandinavian Mesolithic, and show that pitch pieces have the potential to provide information on material use, diet and oral health.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Springer Nature, 2024
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-522281 (URN)10.1038/s41598-023-48762-6 (DOI)001144707500001 ()38238372 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Riksbankens JubileumsfondSwedish Research Council, 2019-00849The Research Council of Norway, 231305UPPMAX, snic-2018/150-9
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-02-02 Laget: 2024-02-02 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-03bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Transformation of the Scandinavian hunter-fisher-gatherer population throughout the Mesolithic
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Transformation of the Scandinavian hunter-fisher-gatherer population throughout the Mesolithic
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Emneord
    aDNA, The Mesolithic, Population genomics, masticates / pitch / resin, Scandinavian hunter-gatherers
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi; Biologi med inriktning mot människans evolution och genetik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-524365 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-03 Laget: 2024-03-03 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-03
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    UUThesis_Kashuba,N-2024
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 298.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bernhardsson, Carolina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Boethius, Adam
    Department of Archaeology and Ancient history, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Günther, Torsten
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Götherström, Anders
    Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordqvist, Bengt
    Foundation War-Booty Site Finnestorp, Klarinettvägen 75, 434 75, Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Malmström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Manninen, Mikael
    PAES, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, P.O. Box 65, Helsinki, Finland.
    Mattila, Tiina Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Persson, Per
    Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo, St. Olavs Plass, P.O. Box 6762, NO-0130, Oslo, Norway.
    Storå, Jan
    Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Transformation of the Scandinavian hunter-fisher-gatherer population throughout the MesolithicManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 299.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Kirdok, Emrah
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Damlien, Hege
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Manninen, Mikael A.
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Nordqvist, Bengt
    Fdn War Booty Site Finnestorp, Klarinettvagen 75, SE-43475 Kungsbacka, Sweden.
    Persson, Per
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway.
    Gotherstrom, Anders
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ancient DNA from mastics solidifies connection between material culture and genetics of mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Scandinavia2019Inngår i: Communications Biology, E-ISSN 2399-3642, Vol. 2, artikkel-id 185Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Human demography research in grounded on the information derived from ancient DNA and archaeology. For example, the study on the early postglacial dual-route colonisation of the Scandinavian Peninsula is largely based on associating genomic data with the early dispersal of lithic technology from the East European Plain. However, a clear connection between material culture and genetics has been lacking. Here, we demonstrate that direct connection by analysing human DNA from chewed birch bark pitch mastics. These samples were discovered at Huseby Klev in western Sweden, a Mesolithic site with eastern lithic technology. We generated genome-wide data for three individuals, and show their affinity to the Scandinavian hunter-gatherers. Our samples date to 9880-9540 calBP, expanding the temporal range and distribution of the early Scandinavian genetic group. We propose that DNA from ancient mastics can be used to study environment and ecology of prehistoric populations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 300.
    Kilger, Christoph
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    What Viking merchants had in mind: Exploring Islamic weight standards and weighing practices within early medieval trading networks2021Inngår i: Merchants, Measures and Money: Understanding Technologies of Early Trade in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Lorenz Ramstorf, Gojko Barjamovic & Nicola Ialongo, Göttingen: Wachholtz Verlag, 2021, s. 245-260Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Early Middle Ages, with the rise of the Muslim Caliphate trade and exchange expanded on a global scale. Both archaeological and numismatic sources testify to the development of a supra-regional bullion silver economy in Eurasia, which copied monetary standards and practices current in the commerce of the Islamic world. However, we still know little about the monetary habitus in long distance networks of the Early Viking Age (c. 800-950 AD). In this paper, various aspects of measurement, numeracy and units are presented and discussed. It is argued that Viking Age merchants had a profound knowledge of Islamic coinages and their monetary value. They could probably recognise Cufic script and were able to distinguish between dirhams of different emissions by recognising their design, the presence or absence of Cufic letters or signs. Based on observations from an Ethiopian gold merchants weighing gear it is argued that coins and seeds together were used as a means for calibration. Similar practices could also explain the spread and acceptance of weight standards such as the Islamic miṯqāl.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Book in fulltext CC-BY-NC-ND
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