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  • 301.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgia's Local Elections: Revitalizing the Rose Revolution?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgien: demokratisering i skuggan av Sovjetunionen?2010In: Prometokrati: mellan diktatur och demokrati / [ed] Sten Widmalm & Sven Oskarsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, p. 127-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgiens parlamentsval: demokratiskt genombrott eller semi-auktoritär regimcykel?2013In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 115-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the democratisation process in Georgia, whose citizens on 1 October 2012 succeeded in changing their government through the ballot box. Did this event mark a democratic breakthrough or the beginning of another semi-authoritarian regime cycle? I tackle this question by navigating across the last decade of Georgian politics through the lens of theories on democratisation and semi-authoritarianism. I first expose the system of «dominant-power politics» that allowed Saakashvili to implement much needed state-building reforms, yet also atrophied political competition. I thereafter analyse the tug-of-war between the ruling party and the opposition during the run-up to last year’s elections. After recounting the culmination of this struggle, I examine Georgia’s trajectory in the aftermath of Election Day. Rather than transitioning to democracy, Georgia has developed towards «feckless pluralism». This is to be expected since Prime Minister Ivanishvili and President Saakashvili have been forced into an uneasy cohabitation under a divided-executive constitution. However, if a genuine opening is to ensue, then the protagonists must «accept the existence of diversity in unity and, to that end, to institutionalize some crucial aspect of democratic procedure» (Rustow 1970: 355).

  • 304.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lost in Transition: State- and Nation-Building as Challenges to Democratisation in Georgia2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Reframing Democratization: Ethnopolitics, Exit and Voice in Georgia's Troubled Transition2010In: Perspectives on State-Building and Democracy / [ed] Thomas Denk, Saarbrücken: VDM , 2010, p. 77-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has assumed that state-building is a prerequisite for democratization. This book challenges this assumption. An alternative approach is presented. State-building and democratization is regarded as two processes that may be integrated with each other. When integrated, the two processes are expected to be connected on different society level. The chapters address one or other of the following questions: How is state-building and democratization expected to be connected? How has the international community approached weakened and failing states? How do fundamental dimensions of state-building affect the probability for democracy in new states? How are conflicts over boundaries a part of state-building that affects the conditions for democratization? How does the capital city play role in state-building and democratization? How does inclusion and exclusion work? These questions are explored through comparative analysis and examination of recent cases of state-building and democracy. It is essential reading for researchers that have an interest in state-building, democratization, and formation of demos.

  • 306.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Forging of a Demos in Georgia's Armenian Borderland?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Weber's secret admirer in the Caucasus: Saakashvili and the nationalisation of Georgia's Armenian and Azeri borderlands2018In: Nations and Nationalism, ISSN 1354-5078, E-ISSN 1469-8129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2003 Rose Revolution, the Georgian government strove to integrate its disaffected Armenian and Azeri minorities, settled in southern Georgia across the border from their kin states. This article sheds novel light on this nationalisation drive. It argues that the centre’s nation-building entrepreneurs – the Mississippdaleulni – laboured to spur minorities in the ethnic enclaves first to interact with the heartland and then to adapt to its language. Officials invested in infrastructure and extended the state’s clout into the borderlands so as to foster inter-ethnic contacts. In tandem, the authorities promoted the Georgian language in the civil service, demoted the Russian tongue, and acculturated pupils to the state language. This nationalisation drive, I conclude, drew upon the same set of tools that Eugen Weber recorded French authorities as using in the opposite corner of Europe centuries ago. 

  • 308.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Weber's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: Saakashvili and the Nationalization of Georgia’s Armenian and Azerbaijani Borderlands2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2003 Rose Revolution, the Georgian government strove to integrate its disaffected Armenian and Azeri minorities, settled in southern Georgia across the border from their kin states. This article examines these untold efforts. It argues that the centre's nation-building entrepreneurs – known as the Mississippdaleulni – laboured to spur minorities in the ethnic enclaves first to interact with the heartland, and then to adapt to its language. Officials invested in infrastructure and extended the state's clout into the borderlands so as to foster inter-ethnic contacts. In tandem, the authorities promoted the Georgian language in the civil service, demoted the Russian tongue, and acculturated pupils to the state language. This nationalisation drive drew upon the same set of tools that Eugen Weber recorded French authorities as using in the opposite corner of Europe centuries ago.

  • 309.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet.
    Feckless Pluralism2017In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior / [ed] Fathali Moghaddam, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2017, p. 295-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feckless pluralism refers to political systems that fall short of democratic standards, but contain contested elections and alternation of power between different political groups. It is a form of government that is neither democratic nor autocratic. Hybrid regimes of this sort caught the attention of political scientists in the wake of the third wave of democratisation, as a number of countries in Eurasia, Africa and Latin America seemingly got stuck along the road towards democracy. Some political regimes in the grey zone between democracy and autocracy are referred to as dominant power politics systems. This entry introduces Thomas Carothers’ concept of feckless pluralism and its relation to the wider notion of hybrid regimes. 

  • 310.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Ilia State University.
    Redefining the Nation: From Ethnic Fragmentation to Civic Integration?2016In: 25 Years of Independent Georgia: Achievements and Unfinished Projects / [ed] Ghia Nodia, Tbilisi: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung & Ilia State University Press , 2016, p. 11-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Engvall, Johan
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    How Georgia Stamped Out Corruption on Campus2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 312.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus universitet, Institut for Statskundskab.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2008In: China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, ISSN 1653-4212, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 21-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-money laundering (AML) policies are instrumental both in combating organized crime and political corruption and in promoting financial transparency and economic growth. This article provides an overview of AML efforts in Eurasia, with a particular focus on Central Asia and the South Caucasus. De facto achievements in the fight against money laundering often lag behind legal frameworks and AML regulations are sometimes misused as political tools. Within their respective regions, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia stand out as the most successful countries. Kyrgyzstan has adopted AML regulations but has not taken many steps towards enforcing them. Individual banks, however, may implement AML regulations more quickly than national regulators to gain a competitive advantage. Following the Rose Revolution, Georgia adopted and began to actively enforce AML regulations. Tbilisi’s AML progress is linked to political will stemming from a unique set of domestic and foreign policy considerations.

  • 313.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus University.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2009In: Combating Money Laundering: Transnational Perspectives / [ed] A Sabitha, Hyderabad: Icfai University Press, 2009, p. 190-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 314. Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Linde, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    An Assessment of Support for Democracy in the New EU Member States2004In: Central Europe Beyond Double Enlargement, Lithuanian Political Science Association & Vilnius University, Vilnius , 2004, p. 268-Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 315.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Mäns makt och kvinnors intressen1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Nordic Countries2011In: Women in Executive Power: A global overview / [ed] Gretchen Bauer and Manon Tremblay, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge , 2011, 1, p. 157-170Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Analyzing Failure, Understanding Success: A Research Strategy for Explaining Gender Equality Policy Adoption2013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 280-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major challenges within feminist research is to understand the conditions under which gender equality policies are adopted. This article addresses the issue from a methodological point of view: it suggests that previous research on gender equality policy adoption has mostly focused on “successful” cases, and it presents a research strategy for systematically analysing opposition and “failed” attempts at gender equality policy adoption, that is, reform attempts that have not become laws or regulations. A closer analysis of failure is important for understanding success: we cannot be sure that the factors identified as conducive to gender equality reform are really missing in unsuccessful reform attempts unless we pay explicit attention to such attempts. The research strategy suggests three issues that should be addressed: (1) specify and select “unsuccessful” cases, (2) focus explicitly on resistance to the reform proposal, and (3) conduct a dynamic analysis of the strategies of proponents and opponents. We illustrate the research strategy by making use of a failed attempt at reform in the Swedish labour market: the individualization of the parental leave system.

  • 318.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Gendered Leeway: Male Privilege, Internal and External Mandates, and Gender Equality Policy Change2017In: Politics, Groups, and Identities, ISSN 2156-5503, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the question of why male politicians continue to be relatively unlikely to act in favor of gender-equality policy change, despite the advances in gender equality in recent decades. Drawing together literature on men and masculinities, feminist institutionalism and women’s substantive representation, we present a theoretical argument in which we distinguish between an internal and an external mandate to push for genderequality policy change. We argue that both these mandates apply to female politicians but not to their male colleagues. As a consequence, a gendered leeway exists: men have more leeway than women in political maneuvering. We illustrate this argument by analyzing high-ranked party representatives within the selflabelled feminist Swedish Social Democratic Party. This article contributes theoretically to the launching of a research agenda on the role of men in processes of gender-equality policy adoption.

  • 319.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Impact of Gender Quotas on Political Party Recruitment: The Limited Reform Potential of Reserved Seats2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Saxonberg, Steven
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Social Policy & Social Work, Brno, Slovakia.;Comenius Univ, Dept European Studies & Int Relat, Fac Social & Econ Sci, Bratislava, Slovakia..
    The State as a Norm-Builder?: The Take-up of Parental Leave in Norway and Sweden2017In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 51, no 7, p. 1470-1487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that although Norway and Sweden have rather similar family policies, the seemingly small differences that exist reflect different national ideals of care, and these differences encourage parents to employ different gendered moral rationalities. However, Sweden's ideal of equal-sharing/professional care', encourages fathers to take longer leaves than the Norwegian ideal of partial sharing plus choosing between professional or parental care'. Given their different national ideals of caring, different gendered moral rationalities emerge. While in Norway the dominant gendered moral rationality among our interviewees is man-doing-his-duty', in Sweden two different rationalities arise: the breastfeeding-plus-sharing' rationality and the male-opt-out'. This conclusion is based on 60 interviews with mothers and fathers in Oslo and Stockholm.

  • 321. Bergstrand, Mats
    et al.
    Björck, Anders
    Lewin, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    När verkligheten sparkar bakut2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mycket har skrivits om samhällsvetenskaplig teori och mycket om den faktiska utvecklingen, däremot föga om varför det uppstår en skillnad mellan avsikter och utfall. Den här boken behandlar just den frågan. Författarna menar att mycket av det som går fel i samhället inte beror på illvilja och egenintresse hos politikerna, utan mer på att på att man förbisett tänkbara bieffekter av olika beslut.

    Samhället demokratiserades för hundra år sedan men samtidigt undanröjdes, lika tanklöst som paradoxalt, möjligheterna till majoritetsstyre. Kommunerna skulle göras ekonomiskt bärkraftiga men man skapade ett demokratiskt underskott. Statsministerns makt lämnades utan motvikt. Politikerna står valhänta, när arbetskraftsinvandringen efterträtts av en flyktinginvandring. Makten har flyttat från riksdagen till medier och presskonferenser. Vi har kommit med i EU men utan entusiasm. Vi hyllar offentlighetsprincipen men sätter för säkerhets skull allt mindre på papper.

    Det är politikernas uppgift att förändra det som anses vara vrångt och orättfärdigt, men passionen för målen måste balanseras av en kylig analys av medlen. Annars sparkar verkligheten bakut.

  • 322.
    Berisha, Visar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    AI as a Threat to Democracy: Towards an Empirically Grounded Theory2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial intelligence has in recent years taken center stage in the technological development. Major corporations, operating in a variety of economic sectors, are investing heavily in AI in order to stay competitive in the years and decades to come. What differentiates this technology from traditional computing is that it can carry out tasks previously limited to humans. As such it contains the possibility to revolutionize every aspect of our society. Until now, social science has not given the proper attention that this emerging technological phenomena deserves, a phenomena which, according to some, is increasing in strength exponentially. This paper aims to problematize AI in the light of democratic elections, both as an analytical tool and as a tool for manipulation. It also looks at three recent empirical cases where AI technology was used extensively. The results show that there in fact are reasons to worry. AI as an instrument can be used to covertly affect the public debate, to depress voter turnout, to polarize the population, and to hinder understanding of political issues.  

  • 323.
    Berisha, Visar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Collective Identity and Economic Development: A Case Study of How People’s Perception of the Collective Identity Affects The Economic Development in Kosovo2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to show how identity can be of importance to issues relating to development. More specifically, it deals with how the Kosovar Albanians perception of their collective identity have affected Kosovo’s economic development. The study draws primarily from the theories of Identity Economics and Orientalism and presents a hypothesis which is then tested empirically through the analysis of the in-depth interviews and participant observation carried out in Kosovo. The results show that Kosovar Albanians have, to a degree, internalized the Orientalist discourse, which often portrayed them in racist terms as the ’other’, in their view of their collective identity and that this has had a negative effect on how they perceive their potential in the global economic system, which in turn has undermined the country’s economic development. Thus, identity seems to be of significance when it comes to issues relating to development.

  • 324.
    Bernerstedt, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Afrodescendenter i den andinska regionen: En studie om befolkningsandelar och rättigheter utifrån Mills Method of Difference2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Bernhardsson, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sponsoring Entrepreneurship: A qualitative study on the effectiveness of government financing programs in sponsoring SME entrepreneurship in Botswana2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The value of entrepreneurship in catalysing economic and social development in developing economies is well-documented. Government SME financing programs in Botswana have helped increase access to capital for entrepreneurs, but high default rates on loans have held down overall performance. By interviewing decision-makers at government agencies providing SME financing programs, a qualitative assessment of the mechanisms used to regulate the screening and monitoring of loan-takers is rendered from an agency theory perspective. It is found that there are methods of raising effectiveness in government financing programs by introducing mechanisms to mitigate the adverse effects of agency costs found in the relationship between lender and borrower. These results provide new areas of research in the study of SME financing programs and help decision-makers recognize some of the available policy options to contribute economic and social improvement.

  • 326. Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Gustavsson, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Europaperspektiv. Årsbok för Europaforskning inom ekonomi, juridik och statskunskap1998Book (Refereed)
  • 327. Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Gustavsson, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Europaperspektiv. Årsbok för Europaforskning inom ekonomi, juridik och statskunskap1999Book (Other academic)
  • 328. Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Gustavsson, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelsheim, Lars
    Europaperspektiv. Årsbok för Europaforskning inom ekonomi, juridik och statskunskap2000Book (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholm university, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Analysing the Prosperity Gap: The Economic, Legal, and Political Challenges Facing the EU2018In: Bridging the Prosperity Gap in the EU: the Social Challenge Ahead / [ed] Ulf Bernitz, Moa Mårtensson, Lars Oxelheim, Thomas Persson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Mårtensson, MoaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Oxelheim, LarsPersson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Bridging the Prosperity Gap in the EU: The Social Challenge Ahead2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bridging the Prosperity Gap in the EU addresses the great social challenge currently facing the European Union. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the authors invaluably pinpoint both overarching problems and possibilities associated with the social dimension of European integration. 

    Prominent researchers of economics, law and political science tackle this complex issue, providing new solutions within their respective fields of expertise. The chapters cover crucial policy challenges and analyse fundamental mechanisms that limit, or otherwise affect, the evolution of a European social dimension. These insights clarify the far-reaching measures that will be needed to gradually restore the balance between market integration and social protection across the European Union. 

    Illustrating the importance of cohesion, this book is vital for those interested in comparative European studies, from backgrounds in public and social policy, law and economics. 

  • 331. Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    EU har inte råd att blunda för klyftorna2017In: Svenska DagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 332.
    Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet .
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Lunds universitet.;Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Stolta söndagsförkunnelser räcker inte för att minska välfärdsgapet inom EU2017In: Hufvudstadsbladet, no 24/11, p. 26-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 333.
    Bernitz, Ulf
    et al.
    Juridiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Oxelheim, LarsInstitutet för Ekonomisk Forskning, Lunds universitet.Persson, ThomasUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Överlever EMU utan fiskal union?: Europaperspektiv 20112011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Berry, Tom
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    ”¡Sí se Puede!”: En kvalitativ studie av Ernesto Laclaus idémässiga influenser på Podemos politiska diskurs och organisation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen studerar vilka likheter som finns mellan det spanska partiet Podemos och Ernesto Laclaus teorier om populism. De specifika aspekter av Podemos jag prövar Laclaus teorier emot är partiets politiska diskurs och deras organisation. Bakgrunden till undersökningsämnet är att tidigare forskning visat att Podemos är influerade av Laclau idémässigt, både gällande deras diskurs och organisation. Uppsatsens materialinsamling har utgått från en dimensionsanalys. Denna analysteknik bygger på att idéer som representeras av Laclau har placerats i ena änden av en dimension. På den andra sidan av dimensionen återfinns det som jag definierat som motsatsen till hans idéer. Materialet som studerats är Podemos partiprogram, deras representanters uttalanden och längre reportage och böcker skrivna om partiet. Resultatet i min undersökning visar att det finns tydliga likheter mellan Laclaus idéer om populism och Podemos, men att de också skiljer sig åt. När det gäller Podemos politiska diskurs råder en hög grad av överensstämmelse med Laclaus teorier. Resultatet visar emellertid också att Podemos delvis avviker från Laclaus idéer om hur den politiska diskursen ska formeras. Den delen av min undersökning som är riktad mot partiets organisation visar en svagare grad av överrensstämmelse med Laclaus idéer, men innehåller också likheter med hans tankar.

  • 335.
    Bertrand, Gilles
    et al.
    European Commission.
    Michalski, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Pench, Lucio
    European Commission.
    Europe 2010: Cinq scénarios1999In: Futuribles, ISSN 0337-307X, no 246, p. 5-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    La Cellule de prospective de la Commission européenne, créée en 1989 et placée sous la responsabilité directe du président de la Commission, a élaboré cinq scénarios contrastés ayant pour objet de décrire autant de futurs possibles pour l'Europe (entendue au sens large) à l'horizon 2010. Les principaux artisans de ces scénarios nous les présentent ici brièvement non sans avoir, au préalable, rappelé les vertus et les limites d'un tel exercice. Son objet ne saurait être en effet de décrire (pré-dire) ce que sera l'Europe en 2010. Il vise davantage à illustrer, à l'aide de cinq images cohérentes, synthétiques et plausibles, le spectre des possibles, les facteurs et acteurs dont le rôle peut être déterminant. À chaque scénario correspond une image finale qui est ici brièvement résumée : - Le scénario 1 "Le triomphe des marchés", se caractérise, comme son nom l'indique, par le règne absolu du libéralisme économique et du libre-échange. L'Europe - quel qu'en soit le périmètre - ne se distingue guère du reste du monde ne formant plus qu'un unique marché planétaire. - Le scénario 2 "Les Cent Fleurs", est marqué au contraire par la paralysie croissante (et la corruption) des grandes institutions tant publiques que privées, le repli des Européens sur le microlocal et l'économie informelle, la multiplication des initiatives sans aucune logique d'ensemble. - Le scénario 3 "Responsabilités partagées", repose sur l'hypothèse d'une métamorphose du secteur public qui, dans une conjoncture économique favorable, orchestre une politique sociale et industrielle renouvelée. - Le scénario 4 "Les sociétés de création", se caractérise aussi par une transformation profonde de nos systèmes économiques et politiques sous le sceau, cette fois, de valeurs privilégiant la protection de l'environnement et le développement humain. Il incarne un nouvel humanisme sur fond de développement durable, ouvre la voie à "une renaissance immatérielle planétaire". - Le scénario 5 "Voisinages turbulents", décrit une Europe allégée en proie à un environnement géopolitique immédiat perturbé, à l'est comme au sud, par le développement de tensions et de conflits qui entraîne la création d'un Conseil européen de sécurité tout entier absorbé par des préoccupations de sécurité et de défense. Nous le voyons: les raisons de craindre et d'espérer sont nombreuses. L'invitation adressée aux Européens de prendre en main leur avenir ne peut guère être plus claire.

  • 336.
    Bertrand, Gilles
    et al.
    European Commission.
    Michalski, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Europe Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
    Pench, Lucio
    European Commission.
    European Futures: Five Possible Scenarios for 20102000Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is an innovative and highly original exercise in scenario building, the aim of which is to investigate the future of Europe. The scenarios investigated by the authors include ‘triumphant markets’, ‘turbulent neighbourhoods’, ‘the hundred flowers’, ‘shared responsibilities’ and ‘creative societies’. These are five coherent and thought-provoking images of Europe in 2010. Rather than present a definitive picture of the future of Europe, the authors highlight the range of possible futures, and the factors and actors that are likely to shape them. Written in a narrative style, the scenarios are grounded in a rigorous analysis of the main trends affecting Europe’s future, including demography, technology, globalisation and post-modernity.

  • 337.
    Bessonov, Serguei
    et al.
    Veliky Novgorod Peoples University.
    Shvedchikov, Boris
    Veliky Novgorod Peoples University.
    Repkin, Denis
    Veliky Novgorod Peoples University.
    7. Democratic development in Veliky Novgorod2003In: Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 45-52Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Two roads to promote the development of a democratic culture in Veliky Novgorod in post-Soviet Russia are described. The development of home owner partnerships in the city means privatisation of apartment houses which previously were state property. This required considerable support from city administration to establish both funding, loan and proper economic and administrative routines. Educational programmes were run to develop the competence needed among those to work in the new partnerships. Responsibility for the houses as well as surrounding territory resulted in considerably improved housing conditions. These included effective sharing of common property, better and cheaper maintenance and services, and a better social situation. Secondly the creation of a folk high school or "Peoples university" in Novgorod, in cooperation with the Swedish city of Örebro, is described. Also here the focus is on democratisation especially in practical life. The subjects studied include new communication technologies, foreign languages, and political education. The promotion of culture is important. The education also has a goal to promote employment, e.g. in public health, services or environmental work.

  • 338.
    Betts, Makieu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nyanser av antirasism: En studie av den offentligt förda debatten kring antirasistisk separatism2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Bilger, Alexander
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Solving or creating problems?: Problem representation in Swedish counterterrorism policy2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet .
    A basic income for all: crazy or essential?2017In: OUP blogArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 341.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basic Income2016In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford University Press , 2016, p. 1-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea that states should provide a means-tested guaranteed minimum income for citizens who are unable to meet their basic needs is widely shared and has been a central component in the evolution of social citizenship rights in existing welfare states. However, an increasing number of activists and scholars defend the more radical option of establishing a universal basic income, that is, an unconditional income paid to all members of society on an individual basis without any means test or work requirement. Indeed, some political philosophers have argued that basic income is one of the most important reforms in the development of a just and democratic society, comparable to other milestones in the history of citizenship rights, such as universal suffrage or even the abolishment of slavery. Basic income or similar ideas, such as a basic capital or a negative income tax, have been advanced in many versions since the 18th century in different parts of the world and under a great variety of names. However, while these were previously often isolated and disconnected initiatives, basic income has more recently become the object of an increasingly cumulative research effort to shed light on the many aspects of this idea. It has also inspired policy developments and given rise to experiments and pilot projects in several countries.

  • 342.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basic Income Reconsidered: Social Justice, Liberalism, and the Demands of Equality2012 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 343.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Basinkomst - ett instrument för rättvisa och hållbarhet?2013In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 17-27Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När förslaget om basinkomst fördes fram i europeisk debatt i mitten av 1980-talet framstod det för många som en obskyr och politiskt utsiktslös idé. Under senare år har emellertid tanken om en allmän och villkorsfri inkomstgaranti väckt allt större intresse i det vetenskapliga samtalet. Samtidigt har den stått i centrum för pilotprojekt i olika delar av världen. I denna artikel introducerar jag centrala teman i denna forskning och argumenterar för att diskussionen om basinkomst har utvecklats till en värdefull inspirationskälla i debatten om den generella välfärdens framtid.

  • 344.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Environmental co-governance, legitimacy, and the quest for compliance: When and why is stakeholder participation desirable?2016In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 306-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deliberative forms of stakeholder participation have been widely embraced as a key measure for addressing legitimacy deficits and non-compliance in environmental governance. However, the great significance of such collaborative structures for state-stakeholder interaction is much too often accepted uncritically as an established truth in the environmental policy discourse. Building on examples from the literature on fisheries co-governance, this article constructs a conceptual and normative framework for interpreting and assessing such views about co-governance, legitimacy and compliance. Analysing central claims in this discourse in relation to different concepts and standards of legitimacy helps us identify and distinguish many powerful reasons to welcome co-governance. However, the article defends the need to do so cautiously and reflectively. It is conceptually misleading to suggest that more intense forms of co-governance will generally improve the overall level of social legitimacy and, thereby, compliance rates among stakeholders. Furthermore, it is argued that the democratic value of co-governance is not fundamental. The democratic desirability of such arrangements should be primarily assessed on instrumental-pragmatic grounds, focusing on their capacity to serve the wider ideals of equal citizenship and public reason.

  • 345.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introduction: Basic Income, Sustainability and Post-Productivism2010In: Basic Income Studies, ISSN 1932-0183, E-ISSN 1932-0183, Vol. 4, no 2, p. Art 3-1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 346.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Just Distribution: Rawlsian Liberalism and the Politics of Basic Income2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Should liberal egalitarians endorse the idea of an unconditional basic income for all? This thesis defends a politics of unconditional universalism, offering a liberty-respecting and non-perfectionist basis for maximin-guided policies. The argument starts off from a Rawlsian justification of basic income in the context of institutional ideal theory. This view is based on the aim of maximising the prospects of the least advantaged in ways consistent with a robust protection of people’s effective freedom, the social bases of self-respect and access to meaningful activities at each stage of their lives.

    The thesis then moves on to specify such a position in response to objections based on ideas of fair cooperation and strong reciprocity. Linking John Rawls’ arguments on property-owning democracy to Philippe Van Parijs’ case for ‘gift-equalisation’, the study defends the view that a basic income is not inherently exploitative or beyond the scope of justice. To the extent that unconditional universalism is tied to the idea of sharing gift-like resources, it is just a matter of distributing wealth to which nobody has a justified prior claim, not an unfair redistribution of labour income.

    Introducing a problem of feasibility, however, the thesis also argues that unconditional wealth sharing may fail to meet liberal commitments and to counter structural exploitation unless constrained by other requirements of justice. The latter include a minimal autonomy constraint on maximin-objectives and the set of in kind transfers and social infrastructure needed to foster the activities and virtues on which the stability of this ideal relies. The thesis concludes with a study on the application of such standards to real-world conditions. It is argued that policy options combining a modest basic income with work-based social insurance and universal access to social services are more promising than strategies where a high basic income would replace core components of the welfare state.

  • 347.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Medborgarlön2013In: NE.se, Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Radical liberalism, Rawls and the welfare state: Justifying the politics of basic income2010In: Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, ISSN 1369-8230, E-ISSN 1743-8772, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 495-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to recent policy trends towards linking social rights more tightly to work requirements, this article argues that those sharing Rawlsian commitments have good reasons to prefer a radical-liberal policy agenda with a universal basic income at its core. Compared to its main rivals in present policy debates, the politics of basic income has greater potential to promote the economic life prospects of the least advantaged in a way that provides a robust protection for the bases of social recognition and non-subservience. The argument seeks to establish that these concerns should be ascribed priority in the most plausible balancing of Rawlsian objectives and that doing so generates a strong case for basic income. As recent arguments for basic income have suggested that Rawls' theory is insufficient to make the case for such a reform, this analysis also demonstrates that a powerful argument for basic income can be built on Rawlsian foundations alone.

  • 349.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Review of Daniel Raventós' Basic Income: The Material Conditions of Freedom2008In: Basic Income Studies, Vol. 3, no 2Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 350.
    Birnbaum, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Review of "Frank Lovett, A General Theory of Domination and Justice"2012In: Basic Income Studies, ISSN 1932-0183, E-ISSN 1932-0183, Vol. 7, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
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