uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
45678910 301 - 350 of 809
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Oldest first
  • Newest first
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 301.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Learning space for food: exploring three Home Economics classrooms2013In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 21, no 3, 449-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on children’s learning about food commonly focus on socialisation within a temporal perspective taking an interest in linear and developmental issues, where the home is assumed as the primary place for learning food skills that should be deepened through education in Home Economics. Home Economics concern topics that are related to our private domestic life but education takes place in the public setting of school which indicates that here is a tension built into the subject. This article explores how a classroom can be understood and explored beyond a temporal framework when studying children’s learning about food in Home Economics. Observations from three Swedish Home Economics classrooms are explored with a spatial perspective concerning material, network and power aspects. A spatial perspective makes the challenges of Home Economics visible which can aid in further development of professional methods for teaching about food.

  • 302.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    The role of food selection in Swedish Home Economics: the educational visions and cultural meaning2014In: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 0367-0244, Vol. 53, no 5, 484-502 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores foods talked about and chosen in the education of Swedish Home Economics as a relationship between structural processes and agency. Three data sets from observations and focus group interviews with teachers and students were analyzed for food classifications. These were related to a culinary triangle of contradictions, showing factors of identity, convenience and responsibility. Results show that foods talked about and chosen by teachers and students were reflections of dominant cultural values. Results also indicate that teachers had more agency than students, but that the choices they made were framed by educational visions and cultural values.

  • 303.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fake food: Swedish pupils meaning-making of home economicsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 304.
    Ikegami-Andersson, Masako
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Military technology and US-Japan security relations: A study of three cases of military R&D collaboration, 1983-19981998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the end of the Cold War, the same clear threats do not exist, and the reduction of military spending has become a world-wide trend in the 1990s. Military technology, which used to be perceived as a crucial national security concern, is now subject to severe financial constraints and more strict assessment. Under these new circumstances, the dynamics of weapon development and the implications of military technology have also changed. R&D costs soared and investment in development of advanced weapon systems became more risky, both technologically and financially. The rapid advancement of technology broadens the interfaces between military and civilian technology. Such changes are likely to enhance international collaboration in military R&D and what this study calls 'commercialization of military technology'. This study deals with military R&D processes in a broad context which result in certain weapon development projects as an outcome of such changes.

    This study examines how and why international collaboration in military technology has changed after the Cold War, addressing the following questions. (1) Is military R&D increasingly carried out on the basis of inter-state cooperation? If so, why and how is it taking place? (2) How do the increasing importance and utilization of dual-use technology influence the development of weapon systems? (3) How does this new trend in military R&D (i.e., internationalization and commercialization) affect the existing arms dynamics which have been based on the national security concept? (4) What kinds of impact do the post-Cold War change in threat perceptions have on weapon development? (5) How do features of each military R&D programme differ in the creation of the projects and the process of R&D collaboration, considered in the broader context of the process? The study examines these questions by analysing three cases of military R&D collaboration between the United States and Japan: collaboration in SDI research, the FS-X/F-2 fighter support co-development project, and technological research collaboration in theater missile defence (TMD). A comparative analysis of these US-Japan collaboration projects illustrates middle- and long-term changes in military R&D trends before and after the Cold War. In addition, the cases will show how military R&D collaboration was influenced by other factors such as US-Japan economic and political relations and technological trends.

  • 305.
    Ilieva, Iliana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The effects of European multicultural policies A case study on the cultural impact of Middle Eastern immigrants’ integration into European societies2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Johnson, Mikael
    Karlstad Universitet.
    A Preliminary Model for Assessing University Sustainability from the Student Perspective2013In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, no 9, 3690-3701 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses university sustainability from the perspective of the interested student. A set of questions for a university website analysis is proposed and preliminary results for Swedish universities are presented. The university website analysis intends to emulate a student looking for a university working with sustainable development. University ranking is compared with the results from the sustainability assessment. Results from the study are based on university website analysis of 18 Swedish universities out of a total of 30. Universities are grouped in high ranked, low ranked and benchmark universities. For the majority of the studied universities it was possible to extract the information needed for a sustainability assessment from the website, which indicates that further development of the method is of interest. The average level of performance in the assessment was found to be less than 50% of the maximum of the proposed scale. With Sweden generally being a leading nation in sustainable development the results are below of what could be expected. Ranking, based on the Swedish ranking system does not seem to predict university sustainability performance. The indication is that Gothenburg University, while having further improvement potential, could be considered a benchmark in the Swedish context.

  • 307.
    Jakob, Jana Mariella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Terror’s Motor: How Shame and Humiliation Turn the Spiral of Violence2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role of shame and humiliation as root causes of violence. The author focuses on violent far-right and Islamic extremism, but in order to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon, even gang violence and criminality are investigated. Through an ethnographic approach with thick description, the thesis attempts to capture insights, experiences and knowledge in the form of personal narratives of a variety of people – police officers, youths, researchers, psychologists, ex-cons and social workers. The investigation explores shame and humiliation as pivotal factors for violent behaviour. The concept of retributive justice, prevalent in many prisons around the world and in popular understandings of morality, is shown to be counter-productive. This has far-reaching implications for both the penal system and approaches to preventing radicalisation. As an alternative, the author argues for an approach of fostering human dignity as the most effective strategy for the prevention of violence and radicalisation. Inspired by Immanuel Kant’s essay ”Perpetual Peace”, this is called the perpetual dignity approach. 

  • 308.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peacebuilding in Divided Societies. A Theoretical Framework and Some Findings from Northern Ireland and Cyprus1998In: International Society for Third Sector Research Conference Working Paper SeriesConference proceedings (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 309.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Postmodern Insurgencies. Political Violence, Identity Formation and Peacemaking in Comparative Perspective2001In: Nation and Nationalism, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 310.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Liberation and Democratization: The South African and Palestinian National Movements2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 311.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Reconstruction of Palestinian Nationalism: Between Revolution and Statehood2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 312.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict: Application of a Process Model2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 313.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Severed States: Dilemmas of Democracy in a Divided World2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 314.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Compromising Palestine: A Guide to Final Status Negotiations2001In: Ethnic Conflict Research Digest, Vol. 4, no 1Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 315.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Civil Wars and Foreign Powers. Outside Intervention in Intrastate Conflict2001In: Peace and Conflict. Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 7, no 2Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 316.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    When Men Revolt and Why2000In: Ethnic Conflict Research Digest, Vol. 3, no 1Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 317.
    Jakobsson, Hatay. Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Konflikten på Cypern (The Cyprus Conflict)2002Book (Other scientific)
  • 318.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Making Interventions Work2001In: Peace and Conflict. Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 7, no 2, 193-195 p.Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 319. Jansson, André
    et al.
    Lagerkvist, Amanda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institue for North American Studies.
    The Future Gaze: City Panoramas as Politico-Emotive Geographies2009In: Journal of Visual Culture, ISSN 1470-4129, E-ISSN 1741-2994, Vol. 8, no 1, 25-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we show how the abstract city — media representations of city panoramas and the factual physical silhouette standing in for the city itself in the distance — is constituted as an emotive geography and how the production of such vistas is a political project, whose aim is to activate a future gaze . Through analysing two cities — Montreal in 1967 and contemporary Shanghai — we demonstrate how the mediatized production of urban panoramas sustains a sense of futurity through two (overlapping) forms: the conjunctional and the hyper-representational. We argue that together these panoramas invite an emotive future gaze which, through the combination of practical enactment, haptic movement in the city and political vision, constitutes an ideological force of modern urbanism. By introducing the conceptual framework of encapsulation/decapsulation, we propose a way of deepening the understanding of the symbolic and emotional negotiations involved in the production of spectacular city landscapes.

  • 320.
    Jansson, Ida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Åland och ramkonventionen om skydd för nationella minoriteter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Åland Islands enjoy one of the world’s most extensive systems of cultural and linguistic safeguards. It was, however, created almost one hundred years ago, which often makes its compliance with more recent human rights treaties complicated. This thesis examines how the Advisory Committee of the European Council has commented on the cultural and linguistic safeguards of the Åland Islands in its monitoring work regarding the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. These comments and the Ålandic developments are analysed in relation to Will Kymlicka’s theory on minority nationalism, which states that national minorities, like majority populations, can leave a xenophobic and exclusionary nationalism based on ethnicity and adapt an inclusive civic nationalism that is open and welcoming towards immigration. Kymlicka argues that this requires that the minority exercise some control over the volume of immigration and over the terms of integration, where particularly the latter form an integral part of Åland’s cultural and linguistic safeguards. Ålandic nationalism has been analysed using an analysis of ideas, and the results show that it has gone from having ethnic features to showing clear civic characteristics. The competences of the Åland Islands in the areas of immigration and integration and the monitoring of the Advisory Committee have also been examined, which shows that the Committee so far has brought forward proposals that would strengthen the Ålandic safeguards as well as proposals that would weaken them.

  • 321.
    Jansson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology. Kulturantropologi.
    Tríadas putumayenses: relaciones patrón-cliente en la economía de la cocaína2006In: Revista Colombiana de Antropología, Vol. 42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resumen

    Este texto analiza las relaciones de producción de coca en el bajo Putumayo (Colombia) como relaciones de patrón-cliente. El artículo sostiene que el intercambio de muestras tangibles de buena voluntad entre los intermediarios, por muestras intangibles de buena voluntad de los productores de materia prima, enmascara la subordinación del productor de materia prima en relaciones verticales de dominación y explotación. Mientras el productor de materia prima está en el nivel más bajo en esas relaciones, el intermediario representa sólo un corredor en una estructura triádica cuya cabeza está representada por el productor de cocaína. El análisis demuestra, sin embargo, que la forma particular de subordinación de los productores de materia prima, en cuanto a su sometimiento a la explotación, la violencia y la proyección de fuerza por grupos armados, descansa en gran medida en la capacidad que tenga el intermediario de negociar con el productor de cocaína.

    Abstract

    This paper analyzes social relations of cocaine production in southern Putumayo through the lens of patron-client relations. I argue that the exchange of intangible for tangible signs of goodwill between primary producers and middlemen masks vertical relations of dominance and submission. While the primary producer is situated at the lowest level in these relations, the middleman is a mere broker in a triadic structure whose head is represented by the cocaine producer. Nevertheless, as I demonstrate in the article, primary producers' particular form of submission regarding their subjection to the exploitation, violence, and power exercised by armed groups, is conditioned by the capacity of the intermediary to negotiate with the cocaine producer.

  • 322.
    Jarblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Låt kalla kriget förbli historia2008In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 323.
    Jarblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Att förhandla med banditer2008In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 324.
    Jarblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    En kris som väcker nytt hopp2008In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 325.
    Jarblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Världspolitiken utan Islam2008In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 326.
    Jarblad, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Är vår rädsla för Ryssland rationell?2009In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 327.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Etnisk konflikt och Sveriges omvärld (Ethnic conflict and Sweden's vicinity)1996Report (Other scientific)
  • 328.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Att förhindra etnisk konflikt. En litteraturöversikt med relevans för Sverige (The prevention of ethnic conflict. A literary review1997Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 329.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ethnic mobilization and conflict management - the case of New Zealand1999Report (Other scientific)
  • 330.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Att förhindra etnisk konflikt (The prevention of ethnic conflict)1997Report (Other scientific)
  • 331.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Etniska relationer och politiska strukturer (Ethnic relations and political structures)2000In: Att förebygga och hantera etniska konflikter-Fyra forskningsbidrag, ISSN 91 7097 065-3, 15-20 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 332.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Staters sönderfall och etniska minoriteter. Strategier mot etniskt våld1995In: Säkerhet i en ny tid, Dokumentation av ÖCBs forskardagar 1995 om risk, sårbarhet och säkerhet i samhällsutvecklingenReport (Other scientific)
  • 333.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Changing the Game: Consociational Theory and Ethnic Quotas in Cyprus and New Zealand2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the question of what makes ethnic quota systems in parliament work to manage ethnopolitical violence. By a reconstruction of Arend Lijphart’s theory on consociationalism, two causal mechanisms are identified. The first mechanism levels the power balance of contending groups by permanent inclusion in parliament. The second mechanism reduces the number of conflict issues to be agreed on jointly, by decentralization of decision-making to the respective ethnic groups. According to the logic of consociationalism, ethnic quotas in parliament are expected to prevent violence by levelling the power balance in parliament.

    The study includes an investigation of the ethnic quota systems of the world. Two cases which challenge Lijphart’s theory in two different ways, are selected for in-depth analysis. Contrary to the predictions of consociational theory, Cyprus as a typical consociational case has failed in conflict management, whereas New Zealand as the prime example of non-consociational cases has succeeded in promoting peace.

    The essence of consociational theory is reconstructed in a two-player game which is applied to the cases of ethnic relations in Cyprus and New Zealand. The conclusion is that ethnic quotas can contribute to changes in the actor’s ranking order of preferences by upgrading the value of cooperation. Only under the condition that the actors appreciate the mutual benefits of such cooperation, can ethnic quotas contribute to viable peace.

  • 334.
    Jarstad, Anna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ethnic quotas as a conflict prevention strategy in multiethnic democracies1996In: Paper presented in Bergen at Det 10. nordiske migrasjonsforskerseminar (The 10th. Nordic Seminar for Researchers on on Migration and Ethnic Relations), 1996Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 335.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Dilemmas of war-to-democracy transitions: Theories and concepts2008In: From war to democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, 17-36 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Power sharing: Former enemies in joint government2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, 105-133 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sisk, Timothy
    Introduction2008In: From War to Democracy: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , 2008, 1, 1-13 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Desirée
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Political Pacts- No Promise of Peace?: no promise of peace2006In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, and for the 40th Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society, Columbus, Ohio, 10–12 November 2006., 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Do political power-sharing arrangements lead to durable peace? Power sharing has become a preferred choice for policy makers to facilitate peacebuilding. However, the scientific support of the effectiveness of power sharing in this regard remains weak. In some cases, such as South Africa, power sharing is indeed associated with democracy and peace. On the other hand, the genocide in Rwanda, following a settlement containing provisions for power sharing, suggests that such changes of power balance can at worst be followed by violent conflict. Also statistical analyses indicate mixed results. Barbara Walter (2002) find that negotiated settlements, which include provisions of power sharing in the central government, may serve to reduce the risk of recurring conflict. In contrast, Matthew Hoddie and Caroline Hartzell (2005) do not find political power sharing in peace agreements to significantly affect the duration of peace.

    These mixed results suggest a need for a deeper analysis of the logic and consequences of power sharing. Drawing on insights from consociational theory we propose that settlements that include provisions for political power sharing should lead to peace if the parties agree on a political pact and if such promises are implemented. Firstly, such pacts guarantee a share of political power, which can enable the parties in overcoming the uncertainties involved in a peace process. Secondly, implementation of political power sharing allows for protracted negotiations in which the parties settle their main incompatibilities in iterative rounds of cooperation and compromises.

    We identify two main limitations in the literature on this topic. The first concerns the definitions used to examine the effect of political power-sharing on durable peace. One possible explanation to the mixed results is that different definitions of political power-sharing are employed. In line with consociational theory, political pacts that guarantee seats in the central government is a central component of political power-sharing (Lijphart 1977; Walter 2002). In other studies, political power-sharing is defined broadly and also includes cases of proportional electoral systems (e.g. Hartzell and Hoddie 2003; Mukherjee 2006). However, when using such a wide definition it is not possible to single out the effect of political pacts on durable peace. Second, previous research only to some extent investigates the implementation of political power sharing. In one of the few studies that do analyze implementation of political pacts, the absence of war is included as an integral part of the definition of implementation (Walter 2002). For this reason, we do not know if the implementation itself has effects on the duration of peace.

    To address these limitations, we introduce the IMPACT dataset (Implementation of Pacts). This new dataset not only contains information on whether the agreements entail provisions concerning political, military and territorial pacts, but also unique data on whether and when these pacts have been implemented. This dataset builds on information from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) and includes all 83 peace agreements signed by the government and one or more rebel groups in internal armed conflicts during the period 1989–2004 (UCDP 2006). We include more peace agreements stipulating political pacts than previous research by studying the entire post-Cold War period, examining full-scale civil wars as well as low intensity armed conflicts, and by focusing not only on the agreements signed by all or the main warring parties.

    The results of this study challenges conventional wisdom and puts into question the effectiveness of political power sharing as a tool for conflict resolution. The findings indicate that even when using a definition that captures the very essence of power sharing by focusing on guaranteed positions in central government, no significant influence on durable peace is found. Perhaps even more surprising, political pacts that are implemented are not shown to enhance the prospects for lasting peace.

  • 339.
    Jarstad, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace by Pact: The Theory and Data of Peace Agreement Implementation2006In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Is the implementation of peace agreement a severe obstacle for peace? Conventional wisdom holds that the failure to implement peace agreement is an important explanation to the recurrence of war. Much scholarly work has been devoted to how the design of peace agreements can pave the way for peace, stability and democracy. In this regard, power sharing is seen as a viable solution to end civil war. However, the implementation of such power sharing pacts has only to a limited extent been the focus of systematic analysis. This paper presents new data, namely the IMPACT dataset, to remedy this empirical deficit within the literature on post-civil conflict settlements. The IMPACT dataset contains data on internal armed conflict settlement provisions in 83 peace agreements struck in the period of 1989-2004. It includes the most important components of a peace agreement, with regard to the contested incompatibilities, namely political, military and territorial pacts. Furthermore, it includes measurements of to what degree such pacts were implemented following the signing of a peace agreement. This paper will outline the definitions and data collection for the new dataset. It also begins to formulate the causal mechanisms involved in the relationship between implementation of peace agreements and peace. Some theoretical claims on the implementation of settlement provisions are tested.

  • 340.
    Jauhiainen, Jussi
    University of Helsinki.
    5. Development of an old wooden house residential district: Supilinn in central Tartu2003In: Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project / [ed] Lars Rydén, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, 44-50 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Supilinn is a declined wooden house residential district in central Tartu, where no renovation has occurred for decades, and many inhabitants lack water, sewage, flush toilets and hot water. Supilinn exemplifies many similar districts in the Baltic states, with considerable cultural values and a wide gap between actual and potential land values. The new master plan attempts to improve the economic performance of Supilinn and to foster gentrification, by increasing the population by one third in a decade, improving services, replacing currently rundown buildings, building new streets and expanding the use of the riverside area, without losing the very particular milieau.

  • 341.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    The Dangerous Other?: Towards a Contextual Approach to Men’s Risk-Taking with Motor Vehicles2014In: Masculinities and the Criminological Field: Control, Vulnerability and Risk-Taking / [ed] Ingrid Lander, Signe Ravn & Nina Jon, Ashgate, 2014, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.

  • 342.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Theorising, men, masculinities, place and space: local, national and transnational contexts and interrelations2014In: Masculinities and Place / [ed] Andrew Gorman-Murray and Peter Hopkins, Ashgate, 2014, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Masculinities and Place bring together an impressive range of high-profile and emerging researchers to consolidate and expand new domains of interest in the geographies of men and masculinities. It is structured around key and emerging themes within recently completed and on-going research about the intersections between men, masculinities and place. Building upon broader themes in social and cultural geographies, cultural economy and urban/rural studies, the collection is organised around the key themes of: theorising masculinities and place; intersectionality; home; family; domestic labour; work; and health and well-being.

  • 343.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Children on the move: Children's everyday mobility in Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research on children's mobility assumes that children's independent mobility is important for children's development, health and wellbeing. A decline in children's movement has occurred in the last thirty years (Björklid & Gummesson 2013, cf. Hillman, Adams & Whitelegg 1990, Van der Spek & Noyon, 1995; Tranter 1993).  The amount of cycling children has halved since the 1980s (Larsson 2012). This trend can be attributed to an increased institutionalization of childhood (James, Jenks and Prout 1998) and research has shown that children's decreased mobility largely depends on parents risk compensation (SKL 2013, Valentine 2004, Adams 1993, Thomsen 2005). Children's activities in general are governed by adults, and parents rather drive their children by car than let them walk or bike to school or leisure activities. Another consequence of the car hegemony is that children's areas for informal play in public space are disappearing, at least in the urban areas.

    Set against this background, the presentation will discuss the preliminary and tentative findings of an ongoing research project on children’s mobility and children’s places in the community. The research project is focused on how children perceive their physical environment, how they apprehend their everyday mobility and mobility-related factors such as freedom, independence, safety, security and risk.

    The material is comprised of ethnographic material with children aged 7-13 from five city districts (ranging from white middle-class to ethnically diverse working class areas) and one peri-urban locality in Uppsala county in Sweden. The children have participated in walks to school and in their residential area with me, carried out a photography mission, filled in a week long diary of their movement and been interviewed. I have also interviewed the children’s parents or custodians, and carried out observations of the physical environment in the children’s communities.

  • 344.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    An impossible equation?: Children's place in systems of mobilities, transportation policy and politics, and the quest for sustainable futures2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Kreutz, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Altpeter, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Lindberg, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Lindgren, Mathilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Padskocimaite, Ausra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    A New Start for EU Peacemaking?: Past Record and Future Potential2010Report (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap.
    Do Non Player Characters dream of electric sheep?: A thesis about Players, NPCs, Immersion and Believability2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a thesis that deals with the norms and rules of players playing online games together. It is also a thesis about believability, the current capabilities of non-player characters (NPCs) and the attitudes amongst game developers towards dynamic and systemic games AI.

    The primary theme of this thesis considers which means of communication and coordination in terms of norms and rules are present in groups of players and particularly in guilds and clans playing Massively Multi Online Games (MMOGs) and First Person Shooters (FPSs) respectively. The presence of norms in these types of groups has been overlooked in previous research even though guilds have been addressed to some extent. When rules have been discussed in games research, the actual use, meaning and interpretation behind these rules from a player perspective has been omitted. In this thesis rules and norms are interpreted from a guild and clan perspective as important means for coordination, used in order to keep the group together. The implicit rules are further seen as implicit rules made explicit through guild and clan forums where these groups of players express how to preserve the shared game experience. The absence of rituals, norms and rules has also been studied in temporary groups of one MMOG, with the explanation that existing relations with other players are maintained in these game sessions, but new relations are usually seen as too costly to invest in.

    The second theme is directed at believability and the state of current NPCs, how immersion is influenced by NPCs that do not act in believable ways. The second theme is also influenced by the first theme, whereby rules and norms are seen as valuable tools for creating believability in NPCs, directly targeting the social layer, a slightly overlooked area of research.

    The last section is directed at applying the results from the first section, how players play by the rules and norms of the group, and how this could foster believability in NPCs.

  • 347.
    Johansson, Petter
    et al.
    KTH.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Olovsson, Malin
    KTH.
    A wider perspective on research utilisation at technical universities in Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing discussion concerning how academic research is being utilised in industry and society and how this can be measured and encouraged by using performance based resource allocation. The professor privilege in Sweden causes many utilisation activities to occur informally and directly with partners outside of academia, with the consequence that university management may lack full insight into the utilisation processes and the processes become difficult to measure. To contribute to this lack of knowledge, this study has been undertaken to describe how current utilisation-activities at a technical university in Sweden look like from the researchers’ perspective. Attitudes and possibilities to utilise research in society and industry have been studied through interviews with researchers in 16 divisions active in the field of energy.

    The results show a large variety among the studied divisions in both capabilities and attitudes towards utilising research. Divisions that mainly collaborate with industrial partners instead of governmental organisations turns out to have more entrepreneurial activity in form of patenting and business start-ups compared to divisions that mostly collaborate with governmental organisations. This indicates that the usage of key performance indicators (KPIs), such as patents and business start-ups, would favor divisions with mostly industrial collaborations while unfavorably portraying divisions with mostly governmental collaborations. These KPIs are therefore unfit to use for resource allocation purposes for every type of research division. 

  • 348.
    Jonsson, Anna
    et al.
    Institute for Security and Development Policy.
    Blank, Stephen
    US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania.
    Leijonhielm, Jan
    Swedish Defence Research Institute.
    Sherr, James
    UK Defense Academy.
    Vendil Pallin, Carolina
    Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
    Russia after Putin: Implications for Russia's Politics and Neighbors2008Report (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Jonsson Cornell, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Russia and Europe2012In: Routledge handbook of Russian politics and society / [ed] Graeme Gill and James Young, London: Routledge, 2012, 444-453 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Jonsson, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Larsson, Lars-Eric
    Uppsala University.
    Forsberg, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Severinsson, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Targeting Academic Engagement in Open Innovation: Tools, Effects and Challenges for University Management2015In: Journal of the Knowledge Economy, ISSN 1868-7865, E-ISSN 1868-7873, Vol. 6, no 3, 522-550 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
45678910 301 - 350 of 809
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf