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  • 301.
    Håkanson, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. LUVA.
    Gyllenhammar, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences. LUVA.
    Argos rekordfångst kan vara den sista2002In: Uppsala Nya Tidning, no 2002-12-31Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 302.
    Högdal, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
    Energieffektivisering i flerbostadshus: En analys av ägarformens påverkan på arbetsprocessoch resultat2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the residential and commercial sector is a major user of energy, why the Swedish government has set a specific goal to half the energy usage in buildings by 2050, compared to 1995. The Swedish Energy Agency has therefore started the campaign “Halvera Mera” to encourage demonstration projects that will show how to renovate in an energy efficient way, and in doing so prove that it is possible to reduce a building’s energy usage by half and still make a profit. These projects are intended to serve as good examples and give inspiration to residential owners to perform energy efficient renovations. To make sure that these projects serve their purpose, it is important to know what will inspire and what will impede a residential owner to invest in energy efficiency improvements. This study is focused on determining which aspects influence the residential owners in their decision-making and whether the property ownership form has any impact on the energy efficiency work.

    By performing a survey within the project “Halvera Mera”, completed with a number of interviews, the aspects that influence residential owners’ decisions could be identified. The financial resources for, and the motive for investing in, energy efficiency improvements differ between the different forms of ownership. Conclusions could therefore be drawn that the form of the ownership has some impact on the working process and outcome. However, the decision making is also influenced by other aspects, such as local housing market and the property owners’ ambition with their business.

  • 303.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Comparative Field Research in War-Torn Societies2011In: Understanding Peace Research: Methods and Challenges / [ed] Kristine Höglund and Magnus Öberg, London: Routledge , 2011, 114-129 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 304.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Elections and Violence in Sri Lanka: Understanding Variation across Three Parliamentary Elections2009In: The Democratization Project: Opportunities and Challenges, London: Anthem Press , 2009, 135-152 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 305.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Konfliktanalys2012In: Om krig och fred: En introduktion till freds- och konfliktstudier / [ed] Karin Aggestam & Kristine Höglund, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 47-63 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Managing Violent Crisis: Swedish Peacekeeping and the 2004 Ethnic Violence in Kosovo2007In: International Peacekeeping, Vol. 14, no 3, 403-417 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 307.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Obstacles to Monitoring: Perceptions of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission and the Dual Role of Norway2011In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 18, no 2, 210-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the ways in which linking a civilian monitoring mission with a mediator influences the work of that mission. It analyses how the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) – deployed in order to oversee the results of the 2002 ceasefire agreement (CFA) – was influenced by Norway's dual role as a monitor and mediator. Did the dual role conflict with or strengthen the SLMM's work? This question is explored from the point of view of the monitors who served in the SLMM, based on new and unique empirical material from a survey and in-depth interviews with SLMM personnel. It highlights the confusion of roles between the monitors and the facilitators, which impeded the fulfilment of the monitors' task. The article also suggests avenues for future research relating to the development of third-party media strategies as well as considerations about the organizational arrangements both within and between third parties.

  • 308.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peace Negotiations in the Shadow of Violence2008Book (Refereed)
  • 309.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Priset för demokrati får inte bli våldsamma val2011In: Tvärsnitt: Humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3-4, 32-35 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 310.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sverige och krishantering: Erfarenheter från marsupploppen i Kosovo 20042007In: Internationalla studier, no 1Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 311.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Tactics in Negotiations between States and Extremists: The Role of Cease-Fires and Counterterrorist Measures2011In: Engaging Extremists: Trade-Offs, Timing and Diplomacy / [ed] I. William Zartman and Guy Olivier Faure, Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press , 2011, 221-244 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 312.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violence - Catalys or Obstacle to Conflict Resolution? Seven Propositions Concerning the Effect of Violence on Peace Negotiations2001In: Uppsala Peace Research Paper, no 3, 21 p.Report (Other scientific)
  • 313.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violence and the Peace Process in Sri Lanka2005In: Civil Wars, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violence in the Midst of Peace Negotiations: Cases from Guatemala, Northern Ireland, South Africa and Sri Lanka2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do peace talks fall apart as a result of violence? The present study addresses the question of why and how violence sometimes changes the dynamics of peace negotiation processes. Incidents of violence may produce friction between and within parties. As a result, violence can make parties reluctant to continue peace negotiations if it increases the risk and fears of reaching a peace agreement with the enemy. Twelve high-profile incidents of violence, including political assassinations, massacres, and bomb explosions, are analysed with the aim of probing the causal patterns that emerge in the aftermath of violence. Cases are selected from four intra-state negotiation processes: Guatemala, Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Sri Lanka. The patterns of actions and responses, indicate that violence often symbolises a breach of faith between the parties. This is a main reason why violence is sometimes followed by a crisis. In addition, low intra-party cohesion regarding the peace negotiations, constrains the efforts of the decision makers to pursue peace. The study underlines the relationship between the parties, within each party, and the interaction between the two levels of analysis. The research further suggests that the destructive effect of violence can be counteracted by mutual certainty about where the negotiation process is heading, by confidence-building measures by the parties themselves, and through actions by third party mediators and monitors. Peace negotiations are also driven forward by the fears the parties have about continued armed conflict, a fear that commonly is exacerbated by the continued existence of violence.

  • 315.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violence in War-to-Democracy Transitions2008In: War-to-Democracy Transitions:: Dilemmas of Peacebuilding, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violencia y negociaciones de paz: Hacia una comprension de las crisis inducidas por la violencia en Guatemala, Irlanda del Norte, Sudafrica y Sri Lanka2005In: Papel Politico, ISSN 0122440-9, no 17/Julio, 11-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 317.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 318.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jarstad, Anna K.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Predicament of Elections in War-Torn Societies2009In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 16, no 3, 530-557 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why do elections held in the shadow of civil wars sometimes generate more violence in already war-torn societies, while in other circumstances they do not? This article develops a conceptual framework based on three clusters of factors to analyse the conflict-generating aspects of elections in war-torn societies: the key actors in the electoral processes; the institutions of elections; and the stakes of the elections. Two types of war-related elections are distinguished: elections held during an ongoing civil war, and elections held in the post-war period when peace is to be implemented. While different in many respects, the two contexts share critical characteristics through their association with the legacy of warfare. Several important implications emerge from the analysis. First, relating to militant and violent actors, incentive structures need to be altered by addressing both the opportunities and means of violence. Second, to prevent inducements for violent behaviour, institutional arrangements - including electoral commissions have to be crafted with consideration given to local conflict dynamics and the history of violent conflict. Finally, the stakes of elections in war-shattered societies can be reduced through, for instance, constitutional pact-making and the oversight of external actors in electoral processes.

  • 319.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Orjuela, Camilla
    Göteborg University.
    Winning the peace: Conflict prevention after a victor's peace in Sri Lanka2011In: Contemporary Social Science, ISSN 2158-2041, Vol. 6, no 1, 19-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can a relapse into violent conflict be prevented in Sri Lanka? This article examines how the caseof Sri Lanka effectively exposes the limitations of the international discourse and practice of conflictprevention. Conflict prevention in Sri Lanka has to take place within a global and domestic contextwhich is largely unaccounted for in the conflict-prevention literature and policy discourse. Changesin the international power balance over the last decade have decreased the room of manoeuvre foractors such as the United States and European Union while giving Asian powers such as China—with a different approach to conflict prevention—more influence over domestic policies in countrieslike Sri Lanka. Moreover, the conflict prevention discourse and ‘tools’ tend to assume a negotiatedpeace agreement where the conflict parties have an interest in preventing conflicts rather thanmerely suppressing them. The significant power asymmetry between the winning and the losingsides in the Sri Lankan conflict, coupled with the lack of power or interest of international actorsto influence Sri Lanka’s domestic affairs—have rendered ‘conflict prevention’ a tool for continueddomination and containment of conflicts. The article further highlights the risks that conflictpreventionmeasures may exacerbate conflict or undermine other conflict-prevention measures. Anumber of challenges for conflict prevention—in the areas of (1) demilitarisation/militarisation,(2) political power sharing, (3) justice and reconciliation, and (4) post-war reconstruction andeconomic development—are addressed.

  • 320.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Piyarathne, Anton
    Open University in Sri Lanka.
    Paying the Price for Patronage: Electoral Violence in Sri Lanka2009In: Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, ISSN 1466-2043, E-ISSN 1743-9094, Vol. 47, no 4, 287-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sundberg, Ralph
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Reconciliation through sports? The case of South Africa2008In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 29, no 4, 805-818 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Can sports - and if so how - serve as a vehicle for reconciliation and increased social cohesion in countries wrecked by civil conflict? This article analyses the case of South Africa and its experiences in the sports sector since the fall of apartheid, in an effort to explore the processes necessary to understand the potential sports may hold for peace building. By identifying initiatives in South Africa employed at the national, community and individual level of analysis, the article outlines the possible effects of sports on reconciliation in divided states. Through linking experiences from state policies, ngo activities and donor projects with social identity and reconciliation theory, the article outlines the possible positive and negative aspects of sports. Finally, important avenues for further research to uncover how to turn sports into effective political tools for post-conflict peace building are suggested.

  • 322.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Fallacies of the Peace Ownership Approach: Exploring Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka2011In: Liberal Peace in Question: Politics of State and Market Reform in Sri Lanka / [ed] Kristian Stokke, Jayadeva Uyangoda, New York: Anthem Press, 2011, 63-76 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 323.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Mediating between tigers and lions: Norwegian peace diplomacy in Sri Lanka's civil war2009In: Contemporary South Asia, ISSN 0958-4935, E-ISSN 1469-364X, Vol. 17, no 2, 175-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 324.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Mediating between Tigers and Lions: Norwegian Peace Diplomacy in Sri Lanka's Civil War2009In: War and Peace in Transition: Changing Roles of External Actors, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2009, 147-169 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 325.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Should I Stay or Should I Go?: Termination as a Tactic and Norwegian Mediation in Sri Lanka2011In: Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, ISSN 1750-4708, E-ISSN 1750-4716, Vol. 4, no 1, 12-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What explains a mediator’s choice of tactic when faced with a situation of crisis? This article focuses on mediation in internal armed conflicts and on one particular mediation tactic: the use of the exit option as a means to pressure the parties to enter into negotiations and make concessions to end the war. We examine the conditions under which the exit option—here referred to as the termination tactic—is likely to be used. Utilizing a cost–benefit approach, we develop a theoretical framework for understanding when mediators will employ the termination tactic. The framework is applied to four crises in the Sri Lankan peace process (2000–2006), during which Norway acted as a mediator. The analysis indicates that the termination tactic is employed when mediators (a) expect few rewards from involvement in the process, (b) deem other tactics as being ineffective, and (c) perceive that the parties have incentives for mediation.

  • 326.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    "Sticking one's neck out": Reducing mistrust in Sri Lanka's peace negotiations2006In: Negotiation journal, ISSN 0748-4526, E-ISSN 1571-9979, Vol. 22, no 4, 367-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lack of trust has been widely used as an explanation for the failure of peace negotiations. However, we know little about how mistrust can be reduced between belligerents involved in negotiating peace. Why are some confidence-building strategies more successful than others? For theory-building purposes, this article explores how a party can send conciliatory signals to the other party that increase trust by exposing itself to three different kinds of political risks. More specifically, it compares the variables that reduced mistrust - or failed to reduce mistrust - during two peace negotiations in Sri Lanka: in 1994-1995 and in 2002. Using a theoretical framework that combines social psychology and rational choice approaches, this article examines the communicative signaling process between the parties.

    In addition, by drawing out the implications from this argument, we offer some insight into why the peace process in Sri Lanka became politically stalemated in 2003. We also use our comparison of Sri Lanka's peace processes to develop general propositions about the dynamics that can reduce mistrust. The main proposition that remains to be tested empirically is whether obstacles to peace can be transformed into important catalysts for the reduction of mistrust.

  • 327.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies2010In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 36, no 2, 367-390 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces a novel way of conceptualising variations of peace in post-war societies. The most common way of defining peace in the academic literature on war termination is to differentiate between those cases where there is a continuation or resumption of large-scale violence and those cases where violence has been terminated and peace, defined by the absence of war, has been established. Yet, a closer look at a number of countries where a peace agreement has been signed and peace is considered to prevail reveals a much more diverse picture. Beyond the absence of war, there are striking differences in terms of the character of peace that has followed. This article revisits the classical debates on peace and the notion of the Conflict Triangle as a useful theoretical construction for the study of armed conflicts. We develop a classification captured in a Peace Triangle, where post-settlement societies are categorised on the basis of three key dimensions: issues, behaviour, and attitudes. On the basis of such a differentiation, we illustrate the great diversity of peace beyond the absence of war in a number of post-settlement societies. Finally, we discuss the relationship between the different elements of the Peace Triangle, and the challenges they pose for establishing a sustainable peace, as well as the implications of this study for policy makers concerned with peacebuilding efforts.

  • 328.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wennerström, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    When the Going Gets Tough… Monitoring Missions and a Changing Conflict Environment in Sri Lanka, 2002–20082015In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 26, no 5, 836-860 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes how the conflict environment in which a civilian monitoring mission is deployed influences the monitors' assessment of the operation. It draws on unique empirical material from the experience of the Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM), deployed to oversee a ceasefire agreement in Sri Lanka 2002–2008. With material from a survey and in-depth interviews, experiences of the monitors are analyzed and changes over time are traced in relation to the monitors' assessment of the mandate and organizational set-up of the mission. The study points to the difficulty of monitoring missions to address escalation during an ongoing peace process. Its function is dependent on the goodwill of the parties. In essence, monitoring missions have the potential to strengthen peace when there is momentum in favor of progress, but when relations between the parties turn sour and the conflict escalates a civilian monitoring mission basically loses its potential. During the final stages of the war, which saw a very large number of civilian casualties, the war-torn areas were closed to international observers. Moreover, international pressure for a short-term ceasefire to alleviate the humanitarian situation was dismissed by the Sri Lankan government, which also saw the backing of several important actors, not the least China.

  • 329.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Zartman, I William
    Violence by the State: Official Spoilers and Their Allies2006In: Violence and Reconstruction / [ed] Darby, John, Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006, 11-32 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Öberg, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Doing Empirical Peace Research2011In: Understanding Peace Research: Methods and Challenges / [ed] Kristine Höglund and Magnus Öberg, London and New York: Routledge , 2011, 3-13 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Öberg, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Improving Information Gathering and Evaluation2011In: Understanding Peace Research: Methods and Challenges / [ed] Kristine Höglund and Magnus Öberg, London: Routledge , 2011, 185-198 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 332.
    Höglund, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Öberg, Magnus
    Understanding Peace Research: Methods and Challenges2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 333.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Learning space for food: exploring three Home Economics classrooms2013In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 21, no 3, 449-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on children’s learning about food commonly focus on socialisation within a temporal perspective taking an interest in linear and developmental issues, where the home is assumed as the primary place for learning food skills that should be deepened through education in Home Economics. Home Economics concern topics that are related to our private domestic life but education takes place in the public setting of school which indicates that here is a tension built into the subject. This article explores how a classroom can be understood and explored beyond a temporal framework when studying children’s learning about food in Home Economics. Observations from three Swedish Home Economics classrooms are explored with a spatial perspective concerning material, network and power aspects. A spatial perspective makes the challenges of Home Economics visible which can aid in further development of professional methods for teaching about food.

  • 334.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Fake food: Swedish pupils meaning-making of home economicsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Höijer, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Hjälmeskog, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    The role of food selection in Swedish Home Economics: the educational visions and cultural meaning2014In: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 0367-0244, Vol. 53, no 5, 484-502 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores foods talked about and chosen in the education of Swedish Home Economics as a relationship between structural processes and agency. Three data sets from observations and focus group interviews with teachers and students were analyzed for food classifications. These were related to a culinary triangle of contradictions, showing factors of identity, convenience and responsibility. Results show that foods talked about and chosen by teachers and students were reflections of dominant cultural values. Results also indicate that teachers had more agency than students, but that the choices they made were framed by educational visions and cultural values.

  • 336.
    Ikegami-Andersson, Masako
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Military technology and US-Japan security relations: A study of three cases of military R&D collaboration, 1983-19981998Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the end of the Cold War, the same clear threats do not exist, and the reduction of military spending has become a world-wide trend in the 1990s. Military technology, which used to be perceived as a crucial national security concern, is now subject to severe financial constraints and more strict assessment. Under these new circumstances, the dynamics of weapon development and the implications of military technology have also changed. R&D costs soared and investment in development of advanced weapon systems became more risky, both technologically and financially. The rapid advancement of technology broadens the interfaces between military and civilian technology. Such changes are likely to enhance international collaboration in military R&D and what this study calls 'commercialization of military technology'. This study deals with military R&D processes in a broad context which result in certain weapon development projects as an outcome of such changes.

    This study examines how and why international collaboration in military technology has changed after the Cold War, addressing the following questions. (1) Is military R&D increasingly carried out on the basis of inter-state cooperation? If so, why and how is it taking place? (2) How do the increasing importance and utilization of dual-use technology influence the development of weapon systems? (3) How does this new trend in military R&D (i.e., internationalization and commercialization) affect the existing arms dynamics which have been based on the national security concept? (4) What kinds of impact do the post-Cold War change in threat perceptions have on weapon development? (5) How do features of each military R&D programme differ in the creation of the projects and the process of R&D collaboration, considered in the broader context of the process? The study examines these questions by analysing three cases of military R&D collaboration between the United States and Japan: collaboration in SDI research, the FS-X/F-2 fighter support co-development project, and technological research collaboration in theater missile defence (TMD). A comparative analysis of these US-Japan collaboration projects illustrates middle- and long-term changes in military R&D trends before and after the Cold War. In addition, the cases will show how military R&D collaboration was influenced by other factors such as US-Japan economic and political relations and technological trends.

  • 337.
    Ilieva, Iliana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The effects of European multicultural policies A case study on the cultural impact of Middle Eastern immigrants’ integration into European societies2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 338.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Johnson, Mikael
    Karlstad Universitet.
    A Preliminary Model for Assessing University Sustainability from the Student Perspective2013In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 5, no 9, 3690-3701 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses university sustainability from the perspective of the interested student. A set of questions for a university website analysis is proposed and preliminary results for Swedish universities are presented. The university website analysis intends to emulate a student looking for a university working with sustainable development. University ranking is compared with the results from the sustainability assessment. Results from the study are based on university website analysis of 18 Swedish universities out of a total of 30. Universities are grouped in high ranked, low ranked and benchmark universities. For the majority of the studied universities it was possible to extract the information needed for a sustainability assessment from the website, which indicates that further development of the method is of interest. The average level of performance in the assessment was found to be less than 50% of the maximum of the proposed scale. With Sweden generally being a leading nation in sustainable development the results are below of what could be expected. Ranking, based on the Swedish ranking system does not seem to predict university sustainability performance. The indication is that Gothenburg University, while having further improvement potential, could be considered a benchmark in the Swedish context.

  • 339.
    Jakob, Jana Mariella
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Terror’s Motor: How Shame and Humiliation Turn the Spiral of Violence2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role of shame and humiliation as root causes of violence. The author focuses on violent far-right and Islamist extremism, but in order to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon, even gang violence and criminality are investigated. Through an ethnographic approach with thick description, the thesis attempts to capture insights, experiences and knowledge in the form of personal narratives of a variety of people – police officers, youths, researchers, psychologists, ex-cons and social workers. The investigation explores shame and humiliation as pivotal factors for violent behaviour. The concept of retributive justice, prevalent in many prisons around the world and in popular understandings of morality, is shown to be counter-productive. This has far-reaching implications for both the penal system and approaches to preventing radicalisation. As an alternative, the author argues for an approach of fostering human dignity as the most effective strategy for the prevention of violence and radicalisation. Inspired by Immanuel Kant’s essay ”Perpetual Peace”, this is called the perpetual dignity approach. 

  • 340.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Peacebuilding in Divided Societies. A Theoretical Framework and Some Findings from Northern Ireland and Cyprus1998In: International Society for Third Sector Research Conference Working Paper SeriesConference proceedings (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 341.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Civil Wars and Foreign Powers. Outside Intervention in Intrastate Conflict2001In: Peace and Conflict. Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 7, no 2Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 342.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Compromising Palestine: A Guide to Final Status Negotiations2001In: Ethnic Conflict Research Digest, Vol. 4, no 1Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 343.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict: Application of a Process Model2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 344.
    Jakobsson, Hatay. Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Konflikten på Cypern (The Cyprus Conflict)2002Book (Other scientific)
  • 345.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Liberation and Democratization: The South African and Palestinian National Movements2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 346.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Making Interventions Work2001In: Peace and Conflict. Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. 7, no 2, 193-195 p.Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 347.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Postmodern Insurgencies. Political Violence, Identity Formation and Peacemaking in Comparative Perspective2001In: Nation and Nationalism, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 348.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Severed States: Dilemmas of Democracy in a Divided World2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 349.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Reconstruction of Palestinian Nationalism: Between Revolution and Statehood2001In: Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 7, no 4Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 350.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    When Men Revolt and Why2000In: Ethnic Conflict Research Digest, Vol. 3, no 1Article, book review (Other scientific)
45678910 301 - 350 of 846
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