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  • 301.
    Isaksson, Madeleine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    De flesta, men inte alla: En granskning av hur normer kring kön och sexuell läggning förmedlas i ett urval av läroböcker för Religionskunskap 1.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyse textbooks used in the course Religious Education 1 in Swedish upper secondary schools. The textbooks were analysed by using qualitative content analysis. By using queer theory and the theory about “homo religiosus”, the study examined which norms concerning sex, gender, sexuality and relationships the textbooks convey.

                The study shows that the textbooks convey norms about sex and gender by portraying the men’s perspective when educating about the different religions. The women perspective is being discussed in a specific part of the chapters and is therefore being portrayed as different. The analysis about norms concerning sexuality and relationships shows a similar pattern where the heterosexual twosomeness perspective is being portrayed as the general perspective, while the homosexual, bisexual and polygamist perspectives are being portrayed as abnormal.

                When the results were compared to the curriculum it showed that although the textbooks follow the regulations in what the teaching about religion should include, the textbooks could be breaking the core values of the Swedish school. By portraying some groups as abnormal the textbooks does not promote understanding towards people and that may also be perceived as degrading.

  • 302.
    Jackson, Peter
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Notes on Indo-European Ritual Phraseology with Special Regard to Vedic1995In: Orientalia Suecana, Vol. 43-44, p. 133-139Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 303.
    Jahnke, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Va' vad det vi sa... : Representationer av sharia i Europaparlamentet och dess möjliga konsekvenser för EU:s mångfaldstänkande, enhetspolitik och muslimsk identitet i Europa2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Muslims and islam are unquestionably a part of European social life. In recent times, however, different events, such as the enlargement of the EU and the fact that muslims to a higher extent demand their rights, have brought a number of questions to the fore concerning muslims and islam in Europe. Moreover, we can see an increasing level of islamophobia in contemporary Europe, but also that the EU has launched several programs to increase both the diversity and the unity throughout the Union and to combat islamophobia. However, most of these programs focus on islam as religion and muslims in general, and such a narrow viewpoint runs the risk of missing important issues.

    In this new context it would be interesting to widen the scope and ask what place not only the muslim community and islam, but also sharia (an important element in islam), may have in future Europe – especially when it comes to muslim identity?

    My main objects are to see how the concept of sharia is constructed in the debates in the European Parliament, how that discourse relates to a social practice – the increasing islamophobic ideas in Europe – and what effect this may have on muslim identity in a European context.

    The results shows that the Parliament constructs sharia as, for example, something archaic, threatening, inhuman and misogynistic. In that sense, the discourse fits in with the predominant order of discourse regarding islam and muslims (in Europe) – and strengthen it. Though my results are neither absolute nor uniform, they show, persuasively enough, that sharia (as it is seen by the Parliament) is not consistent with and can not be included in or accepted by “European norms and values”. However, this must be said with one reservation: sharia is not always excluded as a whole. Still, it is not difficult to maintain that it is sharia as such that activates the (negative and) excluding connotations. Thus, an “approved” European muslim identity, as it seems, can not have too close connections with sharia, if (any) at all. Moreover, there is a risk that muslims themselves take on a restricting practice concerning their identity. In all, this will to a large extent circumscribe the possible muslim identities in Europe.

    To form a substantial and really pluralistic diversity in Europe, the EU, and others, must liberate itself from the logic of these discourses. But this is not an easy thing to do. One way that might be profitable, is to challenge the prevailing discourse with new narratives – narratives and voices that for the most part must come from the muslims themselves. Despite the fact that these voices do exist, as has been shown, the question is how and under what circumstances they can be seen – or rather heard. Unfortunately the answer is not to be found in this thesis; the need of further research is obvious.

  • 304.
    Jahnke, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Va' vad det vi sa...: Representationer av sharia i Europaparlamentet och dess möjliga konsekvenser för EU:s mångfaldstänkande, enhetspolitik och muslimsk identitet i Europa2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Muslims and islam are unquestionably a part of European social life. In recent times, however, different events, such as the enlargement of the EU and the fact that muslims to a higher extent demand their rights, have brought a number of questions to the fore concerning muslims and islam in Europe. Moreover, we can see an increasing level of islamophobia in contemporary Europe, but also that the EU has launched several programs to increase both the diversity and the unity throughout the Union and to combat islamophobia. However, most of these programs focus on islam as religion and muslims in general, and such a narrow viewpoint runs the risk of missing important issues.

    In this new context it would be interesting to widen the scope and ask what place not only the muslim community and islam, but also sharia (an important element in islam), may have in future Europe – especially when it comes to muslim identity?

    My main objects are to see how the concept of sharia is constructed in the debates in the European Parliament, how that discourse relates to a social practice – the increasing islamophobic ideas in Europe – and what effect this may have on muslim identity in a European context.

    The results shows that the Parliament constructs sharia as, for example, something archaic, threatening, inhuman and misogynistic. In that sense, the discourse fits in with the predominant order of discourse regarding islam and muslims (in Europe) – and strengthen it. Though my results are neither absolute nor uniform, they show, persuasively enough, that sharia (as it is seen by the Parliament) is not consistent with and can not be included in or accepted by “European norms and values”. However, this must be said with one reservation: sharia is not always excluded as a whole. Still, it is not difficult to maintain that it is sharia as such that activates the (negative and) excluding connotations. Thus, an “approved” European muslim identity, as it seems, can not have too close connections with sharia, if (any) at all. Moreover, there is a risk that muslims themselves take on a restricting practice concerning their identity. In all, this will to a large extent circumscribe the possible muslim identities in Europe.

    To form a substantial and really pluralistic diversity in Europe, the EU, and others, must liberate itself from the logic of these discourses. But this is not an easy thing to do. One way that might be profitable, is to challenge the prevailing discourse with new narratives – narratives and voices that for the most part must come from the muslims themselves. Despite the fact that these voices do exist, as has been shown, the question is how and under what circumstances they can be seen – or rather heard. Unfortunately the answer is not to be found in this thesis; the need of further research is obvious.

  • 305.
    Jakobsen, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Religionsämnets utveckling inom den svenska skolan: En studie av läroplanerna i religion 1919-20112013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Janzon, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    "Den andra omvändelsen": Från svensk mission till afrikanska samfund på Örebromissionens arbetsfält i Centralafrika 1914-19622008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Örebro Mission was founded by John Ongman in 1891. Missionary work in Central Africa began through Ongman’s local church in 1914, at first within other mission societies, but was later continued by the Örebro Mission. From 1921 the Örebro Mission developed its own work in Middle Congo and Oubangui-Chari within French Equatorial Africa.

    The aim of this thesis is to study how the process of change took place, starting with pioneering work undertaken by Swedish missionaries and resulting in the founding of independent Baptist churches. The analysis is based on the classic three-self policy, aiming at self-governing, self-supporting and self-extending indigenous churches. Using the principal-agent perspective in history writing, the role and significance of a number of key persons are focused. The interaction between the internal process and the cultural, political and ecumenical contexts is taken into consideration.

    The thesis shows that the three-self formula was used from the beginning as a theoretical goal, but also that its realization was seen in a very long time perspective. Several steps were gradually taken in that direction, but the study shows that contextual factors became as important incitements for the change as the missionaries’ own theologically based motives. It rather took “a second conversion” from a colonial mental framework to speed up the process in its final phase towards the creation of African denominations and the integration into them in 1962 of the Swedish mission structure and work.

  • 307.
    Johannes, Ståhlnacke
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Frågan är - flera sanningar, en lögn?: en kartläggning av hur religion framställs i läromedel grundade på ett massmedialt flöde under 2000-talets första decennium2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how different religious traditions are portrayed in teaching materials based on news reports. The main question concerns the way in which religious practices and holidays are described and in which contexts religion is presented. The method includes a both quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The study concludes that certain religious practices are presented in a way that describes the practitioners as more faithful and homogenous than others. This was especially prominent among Muslims and to a certain extent Hindus. The results also show that in the learning content, Islam revolves much more around wars and conflicts. This is not the case regarding Christianity, which is more often presented in everyday contexts and together with positive topics. Altogether, this leads to the conclusion that different images of the religions emerge with the unavoidable consequence that some traditions are presented as more peaceful than others.

  • 308.
    Johansson, Britt-Inger
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History.
    Gudstjänstrum2018In: Kristen gudstjänst: En introduktion / [ed] Stina Fallberg Sundmark, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2018, p. 219-240Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 309.
    Johansson Kiviaho, Tilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Sufism ur ett genusperspektiv: En innehållsanalys av Muhuiddin Ibn ’Arabis och Abu-Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazalis texter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many negative preconceptions about Islam and especially how Islam affects men and women. Women are often described to be subjugated by Islam. Sufism is Islamic mysticism and has been described as one way to give women the same opportunities as men. This thesis examines and compares how men and women are portrayed in texts written by two prominent Sufi mystics, Muhuiddin Ibn ’Arabi and Abu-Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali. To achieve this, I have analyzed one text of each author with a qualitative content analysis. Then I have compared the results to see if there are any differences or similarities in their way of describing men and women. The theory that has been used is Yvonne Hirdman’s gender theory. The aim of the thesis is to come to a greater understanding of whether Ibn ‘Arabi and al-Ghazali increase or decrease differences between men and women in their writings. Hirdmans gender theory says that by increasing differences between men and women it negatively affects gender equality. The aim is also to examine if they support the subjugation of women. The analysis shows that al-Ghazalis writings contribute to increase differences between men and women and he also supports the subjugation of women in his text. The majority of Ibn ‘Arabis writings does not describe men and women in a way that increases differences between men and women or subjugates women. 

  • 310.
    Jonsäll, Hans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Kaosets symfonier: En religionshistorisk analys av innehållet i Black Metalbandet Watains textkorpus2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this essay my aim is to uncover the content in the discography of the Swedish Black Metal act Watain in respect to lyrically expressed religious themes revolving around the tendencies within occulture and the Black Metal scene. To investigate the matter I have combined quantitative and qualitative analysis methods from the fields of corpus linguistics as well as content analysis, which provided me with an array of key words and their respective concordances (Key Word In Context, KWIC) in the texts.

    Through the analysis three overlapping main themes became apparent: satanism, gnosticism and finally apocalypticism. I described each of the themes in detail based on my linguistic findings in the corpus so as to yield a deeper understanding of the religious symbols communicated in the material and their interrelationship. The result was that neither one of these could be explained in isolation as they are all part of a larger system of philosophy, namely the esoteric movement chaos-gnosticism tied to the Swedish order Temple of the Black Light, but also products of occulture.

    The discussion proved that, although satanism may seem to be the thematical centerpoint in Watain’s lyrics, it is not, as this is a far too simple conclusion in relation to the complexity of the results. Instead, the content requires to be understood in terms of the dark Left-Hand Path spirituality as well as the occultural melting pot of paranormal and occult ideas. 

  • 311.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Människor och makter i vikingarnas värld2001In: Fornvännen, Vol. 96Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 312. Kaliff, Anders
    Religioner i norr. Svensk arekologisk årsskrift 19982001In: Fornvännen, Vol. 96Article, book review (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 313.
    Karatzios, Dimitrios
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Gud akhbar: En didaktiskt analys av islams framställning i läroböcker för gymnasiets religionskunskap 12017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Critical studies of upper secondary text books in religion is a popular essay topic for soon to be teachers in Swedish universities. In particular the study of the portrayal of Islam in said textbooks, using Edward Saids well discussed oriental studies as a foundation. Thus, there are a lot of earlier essays and works showing similar results: that Islam and muslims tend to be ”othered” by being portrayed as a homogenous tradition and a homogenous group of people. This study also uses Saids oriental studies as at theoretical standpoint, but also the concept of religious literacy. By using qualitative content analysis this study has come up with similar results as many other essays. The main difference is the way the study shows how muslims are being ”othered”. By focusing on the textbooks usage of the word ”Allah” - the arabic word for ”God” - and how muslims are portrayed, the results show that muslims tend to be portrayed not only as a homogenous group, but as one with a specific God, different from the Judeo-Christian one. The results also show that certain phenomena that the different religions have in common tend to be left out when describing one or the other. All these tendencies combined might give the students a religious literacy constituted of facts and representations of islam characterized by the discourse Edward Said called orientalism. 

  • 314.
    Karlson-Weimann, Carl
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    The Baphomet: A discourse analysis of the symbol in three contexts2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines how the Baphomet symbol is understood in three different contexts.

    Firstly, the understanding of the Baphomet is analysed in the book Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie, written by the French 19th century occultist Éliphas Lévi. Secondly, I analyse the symbol in The Satanic Bible by Anton Szandor LaVey, the person responsible for having introduced Satanism to modernity. Thirdly, the Baphomet as understood in contemporary metal music culture is analysed.

    Ultimately, I find the Baphomet to be viewed as a symbol associated with Satan, but

    in very different ways. The reason to why these differences exist I find to be partially explained by the initial mystery surrounding the Baphomet. The understanding of the Baphomet depends also on the role of Satan in each context. Due to Satan representing different things in the three different contexts, so does the Baphomet.

  • 315.
    Karlsson, Pia
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institue for North American Studies.
    "Islam tar plats. Moskéns funktion"1999In: Blå-gul islam? Muslimer i Sverige, Nya Doxa, Nora , 1999, p. 195-212Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 316.
    Karlsson, Pia
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institue for North American Studies.
    "Moskéer"1997In: Religionsfrihet i Sverige. Om möjligheten att leva som troende, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 1997, p. 97-126Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 317.
    Karlsson, Pia & Svanberg, Ingvar (ed.)
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Religionsfrihet i Sverige: Om möjligheten att leva som troende1998Book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Trots en lagstadgad religionsfrihet möter religiösa minoriteter ibland svårigheter och bristande förståelse när de vill utöva sin tro i Sverige. Det är en erfarenhet som delas av många troende, oavsett trostillhörighet. Svårigheten att få utöva religiös t

  • 318.
    Karlsson, Pia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Moskéer i Sverige : en religionsetnologisk studie av intolerans och administrativ vanmakt1995Book (Other scientific)
  • 319.
    Kelhoffer, James A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Old and New Testament Exegesis, New Testament Exegesis.
    2 Clement: Introduction, Text, and Commentary2015In: Expository times, ISSN 0014-5246, E-ISSN 1745-5308, Vol. 126, no 11, p. 540-542Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Kelhoffer, James Anthony
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology.
    Art: Late Antiquity2000In: Reader’s Guide to Judaism / [ed] Michael Terry, Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn , 2000, p. 43-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Kelhoffer, James Anthony
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The Maccabees at Prayer: Pro- and Anti-Hasmonean Tendencies in the Prayers of First and Second Maccabees2011In: Early Christianity, ISSN 1868-7032, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 198-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the depictions of prayer in First and Second Maccabees in light of these works’ conflicting opinions about the importance of Judas the Maccabean in the Jews’ eventual liberation from Seleucid rule. The contrasting opinions have a decisive influence on these texts’ correspondingly divergent presentations of Judas and other Jews at prayer. The pro-Hasmonean propaganda of First Maccabees is consistent with accounts in which Judas leads initiatives to pray and appears as the anointed conqueror in answer to the prayers of the Jewish people. In Second Maccabees, however, alternate depictions of prayer have the effect of lessening Judas’ stature; these depictions highlight the (deuteronomistic) repentance of the Jewish people, the requests for miraculous intervention, and the meritorious suffering of the (so-called) Maccabean martyrs.

  • 322.
    Khalid, Suliman
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The successor of the Prophet: A historical analysis of the early political differences between the Sunni and Shi’a Islamic school of thoughts.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The early split of Islam is regarded as one of the most profound and complex events in Islamic history, not only would it lay the foundation of two predominant branches of Islam, but it would also be one of the oldest arguments in Islamic history. Who is the rightful successor to the Prophet Muhammed? This essay aims to explore the deep root behind the initial schism of Islam and understand the arguments both schools use to legitimize their position. What do the Sunnis and Shi’as say about the event of Ghadir, the hadith of the two weighty things and the incident of Saqifa, and how do each school of Islam interpret these events? The source material consists of Hadiths and scholastic literatures from both Sunni Islam, Shi’a Islam, as well as literatures from Secular sources. By basing the analysis on Wilfred Madelung’s and Ali Asghar’s theory of disserting Orientalist understanding of a monolith perspective on Islamic history, the essay aims to understand and broaden the reality of the schism of Islam and to bring emphasis on the events that often goes ignored throughout history. Finally, the results prove that both Sunnis and Shi’as differ regarding the caliphate, and the assertions for these lay in their respective interpretations. The Shi’as maintain that Ali should’ve been the successor, while the Sunnis believe Abu Bakr was the caliph.   

  • 323.
    Kjellén, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Guds Banker: En jämförande studie av finansiella system och religiösa uttryck hos fyra islamiska banker2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of a Sharia compliant financial system has been a frequently discussed topic among scholars, bankers and media since the 1960th. It origins from the prohibition of interest, riba, which is stated in the Quran. Islamic banking is spread across the Muslim world and also exists in some western countries. This paper will try to create an image of what Islamic banking is in theory and in practice. This will be done by looking into the different methods of interest free banking, the Quran and the annual reports of four Islamic banks in different countries. The examined banks are Islamic Bank of Britain, Al Salam Bank-Bahrain, Al Rajhi bank (Saudi-Arabia) and Bank Islam (Malaysia). The study shows that there are few, if any, religious symbols in the annual reports. Instead, focus lies on progress, science and modernity. All of the banks have Sharia councils that ensure that the products are Sharia compliant. The banks are no longer using the profit and loss sharing systems as their primary products, which is indicated by the theoretical framework. Instead, they have developed different ways to efficiently provide Sharia compliant financial services according to their own conditions. An important lesson to learn is to avoid seeing the Islamic banks as religious charity organizations and start looking at them as profit maximizing companies that specialize in a sharia compliant financial product.

  • 324.
    Koleva, Zhivka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Hedniska barbarer och harmlösa vildingar: Representationer av inre Eurasiens inhemska religioner hos John Bell, Lorenz Lange, Anders Pihlström och Philip Johan Tabbert von Strahlenberg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to investigate the representations of inner Eurasia’s indigenous religions in the texts of west Europeans from the Age of Reason. Primary sources for the study are texts of John Bell, Lorenz Lange, Anders Pihlström and Philip Johan Tabbert von Strahlenberg. The inquiry attempts to map correlations between the authors’ positions, attitudes and their representations of the local religious traditions. Since the theoretical starting point for this study is discourse analysis from the perspective of historiography and sociology of knowledge, the investigated phenomenon is placed in a system of background factors, or dispositifs, which include aspects of epistemology and colonialism. The conclusion of this inquiry is that all authors constitute the indigenous religions in the discourse of heathendom but do so in a variety of ways employing different patterns of interpretation.

  • 325.
    Koleva, Zhivka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Magi, mystik och hälsoriter i teken: Mediarepresentationer av alevism i Bulgarien2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 326.
    Kristenson, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Pastor in the Shadow of Violence: Gustavo Gutiérrez as a Public Pastoral Theologian in Peru in the 1980s and 1990s2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is a study of the role of Gustavo Gutiérrez as a public pastor in the 1980s and 1990s in Peru. His collaboration with the Lima newspaper La República from the early 1980s gave him a figurative pulpit from which he addressed the Peruvian public on specific occasions. The fundamental question in the dissertation is: How did Gutiérrez respond as pastor to the Peruvian public and how did he express his pastoral concern?

    The study analyses materials that has not been object for previous studies, such as theological essays and articles in newspapers and periodicals. With inspiration from discourse analysis four discourses have been identified in Gutiérrez’ texts.  These discourses interact and through this interaction Gutiérrez formulates his pastoral message.

    For the socio-political analysis two political discourses are used, the radical and the liberal. The radical political discourse deals with justice for the poor and liberation from oppression as a condition for peace and harmony in society, which are in focus for the liberal political discourse. With the Catholic theological discourse Gutiérrez sets the socio-political analysis in relation to Catholic doctrine and through the pastoral theological discourse he gives reason for hope and inspiration to action. As an advocate for a theology of life, Gutiérrez urges those who read and listen to him to break the pattern of death and opt for this theology of life. In his role as pastor, Gutiérrez speaks words of comfort and encouragement but also words of admonition and warning to those in power who have the capacity to transform society.

  • 327.
    Kristin, Hallberg
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Islam, BBC och CNN: Palestinska inbördeskriget 2006-20072016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this paper is how CNN and BBC, two of the largest media companies in the world, presented Islam in the Palestinian civil war during the years 2006-2007. Articles that CNN and BBC published on the Palestinian civil war have been analyzed in order to answer this question. The purpose is to see if Islam is portrayed in an Islamophobic way by CNN and BBC and if it is possible to find discursive tracks from Clash of Civilizations-theory in the analyzed articles. The findings indicate that there are elements of Islamophobia and discursive tracks of Clash of Civilizations when it comes to presenting islam during the Palestinian civil war. Another conclusion is also that CNN and BBC presented islam in different ways during the civil war. 

  • 328.
    Kuusela, Tommy
    Institutet för språk och folkminnen.
    ”Þá mælti Míms hǫfuð”: Jätten Mimer som kunskapsförmedlare i fornnordisk tradition2017In: Scripta Islandica: Isländska Sällskapets Årsbok, ISSN 0582-3234, E-ISSN 2001-9416, Vol. 68, p. 331-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the enigmatic figure Mímir – and his various name forms – is to be considered a wise giant and an oracle that Óðinn consults for knowl­edge in critical times. Mímir shares this aspect with other wise giants such as Vaf­þrúðnir. This discussion is based upon the relationship between knowledge, death, the realm of the dead, and the mead of poetry. It is proposed that Óðinn him­self beheads Mímir with the sole purpose of animating his head, thereby securing his wisdom. The article compares Mímir’s head with other decapitated heads known from folklore, primarily from Irish sources. It is argued that Mímir subsists on the threshold between life and death and that this gives him the ability to see into the realm of the dead and draw on their knowledge.

  • 329.
    Lande, Aasulv
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Swedish Institute of Mission Research.
    Meiji Protestantism in History and Historiography1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study provides an analysis of two different but interrelated historical dimensions. The first dimension, the founding process of Japanese Protestantism, is analysed in its wider historical context on the basis of contemporary scholarship, particuhirly Japanese. A second dimension: the ongoing historiographical interpretation of the founding process, is analysed from the foundation period itse1f up to 1945, against its contemporary historical background. The analytical approach takes account of the forms of history writing as weil as its contents, in an overall comparative perspective applied to the Japanese and the Western material. In the çonclusion the interpretative trends which are identified through the analysis of the second, historiographical dimension, are related to trends in contemporary interpretationof the foundation period. The conclusion thus focus on the relationship between prewar and postwar interpretation of Japanese Protestant beginnings.

  • 330.
    Larsson, Ernils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Jinja Honchō and the Politics of Constitutional Reform in Japan2017In: Japan Review, ISSN 0915-0986, no 30, p. 227-252, article id 2017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since early January 2016 Jinja Honchō has participated in a campaign led by Nippon Kaigi to establish popular support for constitutional reform. In this essay, I seek to understand Jinja Honchō’s involvement in this campaign through a reading of the postwar Supreme Court cases related to the separation of religion from the state. I argue that amendment of Articles 20 and 89 was never considered a priority for most of this period, since the prevalent paradigm in the Supreme Court was that Shinto was something other than a religion; but following the break with this paradigm in the Ehime Tamagushiryō case in 1997, and the subsequent confirmation of the validity of this precedent through the ruling on the Sunagawa I case in 2010, those seeking a closer relationship between the Shinto establishment and the state have had to find new routes. The rise of Nippon Kaigi as one of Japan’s largest conservative lobby groups coincides with this development in the Supreme Court, and the organization’s focus on constitutional reform can therefore partly be understood in this light. Should Nippon Kaigi eventually produce a draft for their vision of a new constitution, it is likely that the idea of Shinto as something other than a religion will be reflected in this draft.

  • 331.
    Larsson, Ernils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Kejsarens fula sköld: Kamikaze, kristendom och hotet mot hemlandet i Hayashi Ichizōs efterlämnade skrifter2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the writings of Hayashi Ichizō, a Christian from southern Japan who on the 30th of May 1945 died while carrying out a kamikaze attack against Allied ships outside Okinawa. Hayashi’s writings, most notably his diary and some of the letters he sent to his mother, have been published posthumously by his sister in a volume called Hi nari tate nari. In this thesis, I conduct an in-depth analysis of these writings in an attempt to understand for what Hayashi died.

    In the two parts of the thesis, divided by two major themes in Hayashi’s writings – faith/family and nation/emperor, I discuss his thoughts around these issues. Using the idea of intertextuality as presented by Norman Fairclough, I have tried to see what lies behind Hayashi’s own words. Hayashi’s bounds to his mother were particularly strong, and through his Christian faith he found solace in the thought that he would one day reunite with her in Heaven.  At the same time, he was worried about whether dying in action in the name of the emperor would prevent this from happening, yet in the end he seems to have put his faith in providence. While Hayashi’s thoughts about the imperial system are ambivalent, a thorough reading of the material suggests that he remained critical of the cult surrounding the divine emperor. Though he does refer to himself as “the emperor’s ugly shield”, there seems to be more to his use of this term than state-promoted nationalism.

    Though it is difficult to say for what Hayashi died, we can reach a few conclusions about his fate. After he was conscripted in 1943, he chose to enter the Navy and he volunteered to be a pilot, yet it was never his choice to become a kamikaze pilot – death was given to him. While Hayashi never considered his death to be a suicide, contradicting his Christian belief, he was clearly worried about the prospect of his soul being enshrined in Yasukuni Shrine. To his death, his thoughts remained with his mother and with God, never with the emperor.

  • 332.
    Larsson, Ernils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Nationalismen på frammarsch i Japan2016In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 05, no 26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 333.
    Larsson, Hedvig
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Jews and Gentiles in Early Jewish Novels2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with Jewish novels from the late Persian, Hellenistic and early Roman periods. The five texts chosen for this study are the Books of Ruth, Judith, Esther, Daniel and Joseph & Aseneth. Focus is on how the Jewish narrators describe non-Jews and non-Jewish religion, and on the relations between Jews and non-Jews.

    The study analyses the five texts and shows how they are intertextually related to each other and to other texts from the same or earlier periods. It also shows how the texts are situated in specific historical, sociological and religious contexts. The image of “the other” was from the Jewish point of view to a great extent depending of where this “other” should be located in the world made up of ethnic groups seen as descendants of various eponym fathers. This was often crucial especially if there was a case of close relations or even acceptance and integration into the Jewish community.

    For the shaping of the image of this “other” the historical and sociological development was important. The emergence of the Hellenistic empires and the Hellenistic culture was welcomed by some groups, but not by all. In the novels the authors expressed a strong aversion toward many of the novelties they encountered. Still they were strongly affected by the Hellenistic culture, and all of the novels were written in or translated into the Greek language.

    With the help of typescenes the authors could convey messages about Jews and non-Jews. The images of the non-Jews are often, but not always, negative, and there is a frequent use of irony and parody so that many of the non-Jewish characters are ridiculed and laughed at.

  • 334.
    Larsson, Lars-Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Finno-Ugric Languages.
    "Må mina andar följa med mig!": Besök på chantiska begravnings-platser1998In: Svensk Religionshistorisk Årsskrift: Religioner i norr., p. 173-182Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Lassgård, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Religion, en identifierbar faktor i människans inre: En kritisk diskursanalys av religionsbegreppet i svenska läroböcker2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how the concept of religion is constructed as a category in Swedish textbooks from the 1970s until the 1990s. The method consisted of a qualitative approach and Fairclough´s three-dimensional model with the three levels: text, discursive practice and social practice. Six Swedish textbooks for secondary school have been examined with the analysis tool modality. The results from the study show how religion was constructed as a timeless phenomenon, which can be traced through the history of mankind. Throughout the whole study period, human beings were described as being able to reach an inner contact with a higher power through an external action such as prayer. In the study, human life issues were constructed as an eternal need and religion was explained to extinguish these needs.

  • 336.
    Latham Lechowick, Rick
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Sticks and Stones: External Influences on Êzîdî Religious and Cultural Transformation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews foreign influences on Êzîdîism from 19th Century travelogues to the 2014 Şengal Genocide.  The author introduces a broader definition for ‘Êzîdîism’ than previously used to show that the affects of external mistreatment are pervasive throughout the community.  Using examples of Êzîdî orthopraxy, the paper demonstrates the changes occurring within Êzîdîism due to foreign influence.  The author suggests that outsiders consider varying their literary and linguistic treatment of Êzîdîism.  In light of the Êzîdîs’ current situation, this paper concludes with the possibilities that religious and cultural re-definition might provide.

  • 337.
    Laurila, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Omdebatterade vägar i trafiken mellan traditionerna: - En religionshistorisk undersökning om forskningens tendenser kring den judisk-kristna separationen, 1991–2004.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The separation between Judaism and Christianity is a subject which a large number of scholars within the study of religion have invested time and effort in. The field can surely be described as massive, and to figure out what has been said and done, and why so, is perhaps not the simplest of tasks. Here, however, an attempt to do so has been made in order to try and debone parts of a very large fish and se what it actually consists of. In what terms have some of the prominent scholars within the field described the separation between the two religions which have been considered to, at one point, be the one and same? By using a textual discourse analysis method, the aim for this thesis is to map some of the currents which have been dominant in the field of said separation and to seek the explanations behind them.

  • 338. Lindblom, Johannes
    Från Askeby till Uppsala: minnen ur mitt liv  / Joh. Lindblom ; utgivna med inledning och kommentarer av Oloph Bexell2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Johannes Lindblom (1882-1974) var professor i exegetik och rector magnificus vid Lunds universitet. Boken är utgåva av hans levnadsminnen med en utförlig inledning och omfattande kommentarer. De skildrar hans liv fram till det att han av regeringen på ett i samtiden mycket uppmärksammat sätt  förbigåtts vid en professorsutnämning i Uppsala ("den Wetterska striden")  och strax därefter blivit den förste teologiprofessorn vid Åbo akademi. Boken ger en närgående skildring av det akademiska livet i Uppsala under 1900-talets tåv första decennier och kring författarens uppväxt i Östergötland under slutet av 1800-talet. I ett särskilt avsnitt beskrivs hans upplevelser som censor vid studentexamen.

  • 339.
    Lindell Thelin, Mette
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    "En man och en kvinna tillsammans"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to investigate in what manner sexuality is and has been portrayed and represented in course books used in religious studies in Swedish upper secondary school. In order to study the progression of how Swedish education has portrayed sexuality, course books from the 1970s, the 1990s and 2013 were studied. Moreover, to get a deeper understanding of the subject, the curricula from each time period were also investigated. The method used was first and foremost a qualitative content analysis, but a quantitative approach was also used in some occasions. To get the result of this investigation four questions were asked: “In what way is sexuality portrayed in the curricula?”, “Where in the course books is sexuality discussed?”, “Which questions regarding sexuality are discussed?” and also “What types of sexualities are represented?”. The result of this essay demonstrates the fact that how sexuality is portrayed in Swedish course books for religious studies has changed since the 1970s. By discussing the results with the help of Ambjörnsson’s queer-theoretical analysis, it has become clear that Swedish education has gone from a rather heteronormative approach on portraying sexuality to a more including one. The subject of sexuality is more nuanced in the latest course book, and the subject has been given more space in the books.  However, what has remained the same is the fact that only a few of the chapters discussing different religions also discuss sexuality. In the course books from previous time periods sexuality was almost exclusively discussed in chapters about Islam and Christianity, and even though sexuality is discussed in a different manner that is still the case.

  • 340.
    Ljung, Gustaf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Skilda frälsare i samma kläder: En studie om Mithras och Messias funktioner och likheter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has since long been noticed that savior figures from different religions have reminded of each other, and there are different theories trying to explain why. This study examines religions operating in the same culture, and in this case, judaism and zoroastrianism, and their influence on each other. In particular, focus is on zoroastrianism's image of the savior figure Mithra, and how this representation may have influenced the description of the Messiah in the Talmud. How are the two figures represented in the scriptures and what similarities can be identified?

    By a thorough content analysis the studie examines the Avesta of zoroastrianism and the Talmud from judaism. When Avesta is written is uncertain, but it was compiled and edited by Shapur II in fourth century, same time as the Jewish oral traditions were written down in the persian empire in the form of the Babylonian Talmud.

    The theories used are Dimensional Accrual and Dissociation theory (DAD), this theory seeks to explain what happens when multiple religions are operating in the same area for a long time. The cultural phenomenon that before was exclusive to one culture may be dissolved and it becomes difficult to tell where this phenomenon came from. The farther two or more cultures co-exist, the harder it will be to say what culture is which. Together with DAD is the cultural Churning theory(CCT), CCT argues that when newly arrived immigrant ethnicities take residence in an already established culture, it requires an adaptation primarily from immigrants, i.e the minority culture. CCT also says that that both the society and the individual need to adapt to the new culture.

    What I have found is that the savior figures in Avesta and the Talmud are largely similar, in several respects. What I also found through historical studies is that these two faiths worked side by side in close to 800 years, and during this time a cultural exchange most likely took place. 

  • 341.
    Loder-Neuhold, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Church and Mission studies, Science of Mission.
    Pushing Boundaries: New Zealand Protestants and Overseas Missions 1827-19392017In: Journal of Pacific History, ISSN 0022-3344, E-ISSN 1469-9605, Vol. 52, no 2, p. 259-260Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Lodhi, Abdulaziz Yusuf
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Asian and African Languages.
    Westerlund, David
    Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    African Islam in Tanzania1999In: Islam Outside The Arab World, Curzon, Richmond , 1999, p. 97-110Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 343.
    Lund, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Den kinesiska folkrepubliken och East Turkestan Islamic Movement: En studie utav den kinesiska statens framställning av en religiös minoritetsgrupp.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 9/11 terrorism has been much discussed both in international media and in an academic context. Countries like China have launched their own”war on terror”. The purpose of this essay will be to research how a nation like China can use terrorism and religion to motivate the marginalization of oppositional religious minorities. This will be done through a discourse analysis of YouTube videos produced in cooperation with the Chinese state that focuses on the East Turkestan Islamic Movement. The focus of the analysis will be on the discourses used by the Chinese state to define the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, religion and terrorism and how these discourses relate to William Cavanaugh´s theory of the myth of religious violence which states that a nation can use an envisaged link between religion and violence to legitimate its own existence, motivate its own use of violence and marginalize religious groups. The analysis show that the Chinese state marginalize the East Turkestan Islamic Movement and the conflict in Xinjiang by focusing on terrorism and religious violence as the main cause to the conflict in Xinjiang.

  • 344.
    Lundberg, Mattias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Musicology.
    Selander, Sven-ÅkeLunds universitet, Centrum för Teologi och Religionsvetenskap.
    Melos och Logos: Festskrift till Folke Bohlin2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Lundgren, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Från Jingi till Shinto: En studie om den religiösa förändring som Jingi-kulten genomgick från 600- till 1500-talet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the religious change that Jing-cult underwent 600-1500 A.D. It is a historical-critical essay based on literature studies, using Håkan Rydving’s theory of religious change. In chronological order, it will go through the religious change from ancient Japan to the late Muromachi-period when Shinto was created. It describes the early temple- cult, buddhism's mission to Japan and how the Jingikan was created. Further, it addresses the changes that occurred with the immigration from Korea and the consequences involved in the creation of the great temple-shrine complex in which Shinto and buddhism fused. Finally, it tells how the theological thinking of Japanese buddhism and the Jingi-cult changed and created Shinto. The essay has the main focus on the Kami-tradition, the shrine-tradition and the study of Shinto.

    The essay discusses the changes that occurred in the end and draw conclusions about why they occurred. The conclusion reached is that buddhism has had a great influence and changed the Jingi-cult most. In history there has come about akultration between buddhism and the Jingi-cult that eventually resulted in the creation of Shinto. 

  • 346.
    Lundkvist, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Swedish Institute of Mission Research.
    Tron och gärningarna: Svenska missionsförbundets bakgrund och utveckling till omkring 19702003Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska missionsförbundet är ett barn av 1700- och 1800-talens väckelserörelser. Det växte fram i ett samhälle som karakteriserades av förändring och uppbrott. Först efterhand skulle det finna sin nutida form. Vägen dit var inte utstakad och självklar. Väckelsens innehåll och utformning blev utgångspunkten för vad som skulle ske. Utvecklingen ägde rum i ett samspel mellan karismatiska ledare, med ibland skiljaktiga uppfattningar, och människomassor som anslöt sig dit där de fann mening med och innehåll i sina liv. Framställningen i det följande utgår från denna utveckling. Men denna utveckling påverkades starkt av väckelsens nedslag hos andra grupper och organisationer och av vad som skedde runt om i det övriga samhället.

    Vad var då väckelsen? Hur såg dess innehåll och former ut? Vilka händelser och utvecklingsdrag skulle påverka? Fick tron och dess innehåll konsekvenser för gärningarna, och i så fall hur, för den frikyrka som växte fram med stark kraft? Hur kommer Svenska missionsförbundet alltifrån sin tillkomst 1878 och dess ledare in i den bilden? Hur såg det ut på det lokala planet i dess samspel med vad som hände inom det ledande överskiktet? Vilka organisatoriska följder fick tron? Hur utvecklades Missionsförbundet sedan fram till sin nya konstitution 1964, som på ett sätt utgör en naturlig slutpunkt for en undersökning. Frågorna speglar en komplicerad men också fascinerande utveckling under de hundra åren mellan 1870 och 1970. Tron och gärningarna bör kopplas samman och kunna ge en möjlig tolkningsram för vad som skedde.

  • 347.
    Lundmark, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    De anormalas plats i skapelsen: Religiösa teman i romanen Ensamhetens brunn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine religious themes in the novel The Well of Loneliness by author Radclyffe Hall. The novel has been analysed using a hermeneutic method, with focus on the religious world picture of the novel and the faith of the lgbt characters. Conclusions regarding the religious world picture is a world where God is closely linked to nature. All humans, including lgbt people, are a natural part of his creation. The hatred towards lgbt people can be traced to humans, not God. The novel centers around the religious beliefs of lgbt people outside the realm of institutional religion. Their religious beliefs are often closely linked to their lgbt experiences, and characterized by belief in a god who does not condemn them. Their close relationship to nature can be interpreted as a part of their relationship to God.

  • 348.
    Lundström, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, Church and Mission studies.
    Gospel and Culture in the World Council of Churches and the Lausanne Movement with Particular Focus on the Period 1973-19962006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is an investigation of the discussion on gospel and culture in the World Council of Churches and the Lausanne movement with particular attention to the period 1973-1996. In order to understand the discussion, eight analytic questions were used: (1) Why did gospel and culture become an important issue? (2) How were the term “gospel” and (3) the term “culture” understood? What was the understanding of: (4) the interaction between gospel and culture, (5) historical gospel transposition processes, (6) cultural identity, (7) the role and approaches of missionaries, and (8) the perceived limits to syncretism?

    The study argues that the debate appeared as a result of decolonization and an assertion of cultural selfhood of churches in the South. Both the WCC and the Lausanne movement adjusted constructively to this new situation and developed new approaches to cultural pluralism. The “gospel” was gradually extended in both movements to include social and ecological aspects. The full equality of all cultures was emphasised, and there was an understanding that cultures are ambiguous, containing both good and destructive elements.

    There were also differences between the movements. Two examples are: (1) The WCC focused on evaluating historical transposition processes and issues of cultural identity, while the Lausanne movement developed strategies for “unreached peoples”; (2) The WCC stressed the approach “Christian presence” and “social activism”, while the Lausanne movement stressed church planting and cultural identification of missionaries.

  • 349.
    Lundvall, Rebecka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Lära om eller från islam?: – om möjligheterna att använda muslimska hemsidor i religionsundervisningen i den svenska skolan.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a Swedish classroom today there will be students with different ethnicities, world views and religious beliefs.  The students will be taught religion through a non-denominational education, where as a teacher you are meant to be objective, open-minded and fair in the representation of different traditions. This representation is colored by the outsider-perspective and the students then learn about religion from a party which is not involved in the religion being taught. This essay discusses how to balance the outsider-perspective in religious education in the Swedish school with insider-voices. More specific, the use of Muslim websites when teaching about Islam.

    The material this essay studies are three Muslim websites: al-islam.se, islaminfo.se and islamguiden.se. In order to make a didactic analysis of the websites, they are compared to a standard Swedish textbook. The method being used to do the analysis is a text analysis with a didactic point of view. The essay focuses on questions of the websites presentation of Islam, claim of truth and discussion on the negative image of Islam by the West.

    The essay shows that websites is a good alternative method in the process of balancing the outsider-perspective but requires conscious didactic choices and the need to teach the students about source criticism. The websites, because of their insider-voices, will need to be analyzed and explained to the students to keep the classroom environment non-denominational.

  • 350.
    Löfstrand, Louise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Helande och gudomlig eller djurisk och blodig?: En innehållsanalys av värderande adjektiv som används om nya religiösa rörelser och kristendom i läroböcker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to research how new religious movements are depicted, in textbooks used for upper secondary school in religious education, in contrast to how Christianity is depicted, and if there is a more negative depiction around new religious movements. The content analysis uses/investigates three chosen textbooks, all written for Swedish upper secondary education. The content analysis uses quantitatively research whereas the depiction of Christianity and new religious movements are investigated by counting as well as analyzing adjectives used to describe, furthermore what emotive value the adjectives carry. Through qualitative and quantitative analysis the syntheses of an adjective the study shows that more negatively charged adjectives are more common describing new religious movements in two of the textbooks and throughout all textbooks, Christianity is described positively.

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