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  • 301.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ulrika Jerre: Conflicting Logics? Implementing Capacity and EU Adaptation in a Postcommunist Context. Lund Political Studies 136. Lund 2005: Department of Political Science.2007In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 108, no 4, 411-417 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna recension sönderfaller i tre delar. I en första del sammanfattar jag i resonerande form avhandlingens huvudinnehåll och slutsatser. Den andra delen innehåller ett antal kommentarer, frågor och invändningar. I den tredje, avslutande, sektionen sammanfattar jag de positiva och negativa intrycken.

  • 302.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Universiteten, kreativiteten och politikens aningslöshet2007In: Den fria akademin: Om kunskap och investeringar i högskolor och universitet / [ed] Nils Karlson, Stockholm: Ratio , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför ställer vi upp på alla motstridiga krav?2001Other (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Varför ställer vi upp på alla motstridiga krav?: Recension av Billy Ehn: Universitetet som arbetsplats2001In: Nyheter och debattArticle, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 305.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why Universities Need Leaders - the Swedish Case1999In: What Kind of University:International Perspectives on Knowledge, Participation and Governance, Open University Press: London , 1999Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 306.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Why Universities Need Leaders: The Swedish Case.1999In: What Kind of University?: International perspectives on knowledge, participation and governance / [ed] John Brennan ..., Philadelphia, Pa.: Open University Press. , 1999Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 307.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Är de baltiska staterna redo för ett EU-medlemsskap?2001In: Östutvidgning, majoritetsbeslut och flexibel integration / [ed] Ulf Bernitz, Sverker Gustavsson & Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Är individualisering nyckeln till skolands framgång?2004In: Kunskap och integration. Om makt och skola i mångfaldens Sverige., SOU , 2004Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 309.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Överlever den akademiska friheten?: en intervjustudie av svenska forskares villkor i universitetens brytningstid2004Report (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li & Rothstein, Bo
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A creative University: Is it possible?1991In: Studies of Higher Education and ResearchOther (Other scientific)
  • 311.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Blomqvist, PaulaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Mellan folkhem och Europa. Svensk politik i brytningstid2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gerasymchuk, Sergey
    National Institute for Strategic and Security Studies, Ukraine .
    Sites of Creative State-Building: Think-tanks in the Post-Soviet Space 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rider, Sharon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy.
    Waluszewski, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Widmalm, Sten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Dags för Lemne att lämna2015In: Upsala Nya Tidning, Vol. march 13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 314.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Johansson, K. M.
    Explaining moderation in nationalism: Divergent trajectories of national conservative parties in Estonia and Latvia2012In: Comparative European Politics, ISSN 1472-4790, E-ISSN 1740-388X, Vol. 10, no 5, 585-607 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The puzzle to be explained in this article is how and why parties experience variation in the degree of moderation in nationalism. The article submits that an important indicator for such variation can be found in the extent to which a party is transnationally embedded, but the central claim of this article is that while external influences may well temper party nationalism they are filtered through predominantly internal factors, notably the cleavage structure and the political culture. The explanatory power of this argument is tested through a comparative case study of relative moderation in nationalism of two Baltic post-communist national conservative parties, Pro Patria Union in Estonia and For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK in Latvia, with particular attention to party preferences and positions on national questions, as well as of engagement in transnational party cooperation. Both started out as national conservative parties, but whereas the former party has turned into a more mainstream conservative party of European stance and a moderate nationalist party the latter has remained radical nationalist and basically held on to (ethno-) nationalism. The article examines the sources of this variation.

  • 315.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kostic, RolandUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, The Hugo Valentin Centre.Likic-Brboric, BrankaLinköpings universitet.
    Citizens at Heart?: Perspectives on integration of refugees in the EU after the Yugoslav wars of succession2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Successful But Different:: Deliberate Identity and the Consenus-Driven Transition to Capitalism in Estonia and Slovenia2012In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 43, no 1, 47-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Praised by international organizations, Estonia and Slovenia have long been considered among the most successful post-communist states. Estonia quickly transformed itself into one of the most liberal economies in the world, whereas Slovenia opted for a social justice-oriented market economy. Still, the roots of their success coincide in that consensus played a crucial role. We argue that the public sphere was never as repressed in Estonia and Slovenia during the communist period as it was elsewhere. Distinct national identities continued to be formed and re-formed by intellectuals during the decades of communist rule, who assumed roles as political leaders when the transition started. Consensus based on these national identities legitimized reform policies for the entire decade of the 1990s.

  • 317.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Successful But Different: Deliberative Identity and the Consensus-Driven Transition to Capitalism in Estonia and Slovenia2012In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 43, no 1, 47-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Praised by international organizations, Estonia and Slovenia have long been considered among the most successful post-communist states. Estonia quickly transformed itself into one of the most liberal economies in the world, whereas Slovenia opted for a social justice-oriented market economy. Still, the roots of their success coincide in that consensus played a crucial role. We argue that the public sphere was never as repressed in Estonia and Slovenia during the communist period as it was elsewhere. Distinct national identities continued to be formed and re-formed by intellectuals during the decades of communist rule, who assumed roles as political leaders when the transition started. Consensus based on these national identities legitimized reform policies for the entire decade of the 1990s.

  • 318.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lundh, Christer
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Ohlsson, Rolf
    Pedersen, Peder
    Arbete? Var god dröj!: Invandrare i välfärdssamhället.2002Book (Other scientific)
  • 319.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Persson, AndersAndersson, GunnarJohansson, Eva
    Skolkulturer - vägen till framgång?2004Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 320.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rothstein, Bo
    A Creative University- Is it Possible?1991Report (Other scientific)
  • 321.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Rothstein, Bo
    Kreativitetens villkor i det svenska universitetssystemet1994In: Tvärsnitt, ISSN 0348-7997, no 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 322.
    Benthe, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Friendly Neighbor to the East?: A Study on Russian Media’s Attempt at Influencing the Swedish NATO-Debate.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Berg, Anders
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Staten som kapitalist: Marknadsanpassningen av de affärsdrivande verken 1976-19941999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980's a transformation of the Swedish public sector took place. A term that has frequently been used to describe this chain of events is market orientation. This dissertation deals with the market orientation of a particular group of public authorities, the public enterprises. This book contains a study of the Swedish Parliament's policy during the period 1976-1994 as regards four public enterprises; The Post Office Administration, The Swedish Telecommunications Administration, The Swedish State Railways and The State Power Board.

    The thesis shows that over time the market orientation of the public enterprises has gradually become more apparent and has increasingly covered more aspects of their activities. During the 1980's market orientation was carried out within the framework of the public enterprises as such. Then, at the start of the 1990's, the public enterprise form of three of the studied enterprises was abolished in favour of the company form.

    The study also shows that the vast majority of the political parties have moved towards a more positive position vis-á-vis market orientation. It is the non-socialist parties that started the policy of market orientation but, interestingly enough, it is during the subsequent Social Democratic government that the policy of market orientation becomes particularly pronounced.

    The concluding section of the book is devoted to a discussion on how the decisions made to increase the market orientation of public enterprises can be explained. This discussion concludes with a section devoted to the actions of the Social Democratic Party. In conclusion, the Social Democrats may have applied what in this thesis is called a functional-capitalistic strategy.

  • 324.
    Berg, Annika
    et al.
    Nordic Centre for Gender in Military Operations (NCGM).
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Dissecting Gender Imbalance: A Horizontal Perspective on When Risk Matters for the Assignment of Women to UN Peacekeeping Missions2016In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite efforts to improve the gender balance in UN peacekeeping missions, the overall proportion of female military peacekeepers is still low. This article focuses on the methodological challenges involved in examining gender balance in international missions. By bringing a horizontal analysis to bear on the proportion of women in UN peacekeeping missions, the study shows how different factors influence that proportion among contingent troops and military observers, respectively. Earlier research has pointed to the fact that the proportion of women is lower in high-risk missions because of the influence of military masculinities in assignments. The authors argue that when examining such a relationship, the different nature of the two groups - contingent troops and military observers, and how prone they are to combat and risk - must be considered and is best approached through a horizontally disaggregated line of analysis. The horizontal study outlined in this article confirms that such a relationship exists as regards contingent troops, but not among military observers. Its findings primarily show the relevance of a horizontally disaggregated analysis when examining factors that influence gender balance in international missions. Secondly, it suggests that other factors than the influence of military masculinities and the prevalence of mission risk also affect the proportion of women among military observers and similar groups in international missions. The authors conclude by stressing the need for future research to identify the factors that underpin assignment to different military functions, not least when it comes to servicewomen.  

  • 325.
    Bergesen, Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Peace in Space for Our Time?: United States Strategical Considerations in Outer Space Policy2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The politics of outer space has in recent years been given attention from political elites and scientist due to increasing usage and reliance on space based assets, and due to increasing numbers of actors trying to utilize the benefits of space. Concerns have been raised if the increasing military usage of space will lead to a future weaponization of space, making some political leaders and scholars claiming the inevitability of space weaponization.  In this thesis I investigate why the United States of America this far has chosen not to weaponize space based on the strategical setting of outer space politics. The research question guiding this thesis reads: What strategic considerations explain the US decision not to weaponize outer space? In order to evaluate the strategic setting and US strategical considerations I apply Game Theory and Non-Formal Rational Choice Theory to highlight what is causing the greatest space faring nation not to weaponize space. I empirically base this study on official space policy documents and one report written by an official commission to asses US national security space management.  Based on the strategic setting of outer space politics and US strategical considerations it is found that the US has not commenced a process leading to the weaponization of space since such development would not increase its national security, but rather in several ways decrease it. I conclude that a process of space weaponization is not likely to be initiated by the US in the current strategical setting.

  • 326. Berggren, Erik
    et al.
    Likic-Brboric, BrankaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.Toksöz, GülayTrimikliniotis, Nicos
    Irregular Migration, Informal Economy and Community: A Challenge for Europe2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 327.
    Berggren, Klara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Den hållbara (tids)resan: En tidsöverskridande studie om hållbar biståndsallokering2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 328.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    At the Crossroads: Georgia Between Dominant-Power Politics, Feckless Pluralism and Democracy2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the last decade of Georgian politics through theories of semi-authoritarianism and democratization. I first dissect Saakashvili’s system of "dominant-power politics", which enabled state-building reforms, yet also atrophied political competition. I then analyze the "nested two-level game" between incumbents and opposition in the run-up to the 2012 parliamentary elections. After recounting the outcome of election day, I examine the Darwinian cohabitation that next pushed Georgia in the direction of "feckless pluralism". With presidential elections and a new constitution looming, protagonists must cease using state institutions for partisan purposes in order to set Georgia on a democratic trajectory. 

  • 329.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Borders and Belonging: Nation-Building in Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani Ethno-Regions, 2004–20122016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the fall of the Soviet Union, scholars researching ethnic politics have approached the South Caucasus as a testing ground for theories of separatism and conflict. But the 2003 Rose Revolution brought a new generation of politicians to power in Georgia. President Mikheil Saakashvili distanced himself from the ethnic nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. The incoming authorities instead sought to foster an inclusive nationalism, wherein belonging hinged on speaking the state language and all Georgian-speakers, regardless of origin, were to be equals.

    This thesis investigates this nation-building project and its influence on the integration of Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani borderlands. I first examine the mode through which these peripheries were incorporated into post-Soviet Georgia. Since Armenians controlled "their own" domain to a greater extent than the Azerbaijanis, I infer that the former were absorbed along integralist and the latter along colonial lines. Moving to the time-period after the Rose Revolution, I next explore if Georgian officials and Georgian adolescents were tolerant towards Georgian-speaking minorities. With the help of elite interviews and a socio-linguistic experiment (n = 792), I reveal that officials and adolescents were open to integrated Armenians and Azerbaijanis alike. I then proceed to inspect the centre's nationalising agencies and their efforts to incentivise minorities to interact with Georgians, and to use the state language during these contacts. Last but not least, I turn to the reactions this nation-building project elicited in the borderlands. On the basis of interviews with local elites and a socio-linguistic experiment involving Armenian and Azerbaijani adolescents (n = 434; n = 483), I discovered sharp differences: Armenians reacted with defiance and Azerbaijanis with compliance.

    These findings augment our knowledge of ethno-linguistic stereotypes in the Caucasus. They also demonstrate that inclusive nation-building projects can inspire minorities to integrate – despite adverse circumstances – but hint at one condition conducive to this end. Armenians perceived the state language as a battering ram against "their own" domain, while Azerbaijanis saw it as a tool to escape their isolation. This within-country comparison suggests that similar nation-building projects can trigger different reactions in integralist and colonial borderlands.

  • 330.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Demokratisering och dess gränser: etnopolitik, exit och voice i Georgiens kortslutna transition2010In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 24, no 1, 7-34 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to highlight and problematise the boundaries of democratisation, with Georgia's troubled transition as empirical point of reference. The argument proceeds from the established idea that democratisation requires a demos, the presence of which provides the state undergoing transition with horizontal legitimacy. However, there are no good ways to decide where or how to draw the boundaries of democratisation in ethnopolitically contested states. Transitions occurring under such circumstances tend to be short-circuited. No nation wishes to be subjugated to the will of another nation within a state owned by another nation. Whether conflicts over the boundaries of democratisation are resolved to the satisfaction of the majority or minority depends to a significant degree - but by no means exclusively - on the vertical legitimacy of the host state. Depending on whether the relationship between the majority population and the state institutions is characterised by distrust or trust, the host state will be either weak or strong, and hence have low or high ability to contain resentful minorities. The article argues that between 1991 and 2003, Georgia was characterised by low vertical legitimacy, whereas since 2004, the state has acquired higher vertical legitimacy.

  • 331.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    'Forward to David the Builder!' Armenians and Azerbaijanis under Georgia's Civic Nationalism2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the Rose Revolution, President Saakashvili sought to transcend the ethnic nationalism that had poisoned relations between Georgians and the country's Armenian and Azerbaijani minorities. A civic nation was to be forged by encouraging minorities to learn the state language. But for the Armenians and Azerbaijanis to see incentives in doing so, it is necessary that all Georgian-speakers be treated as equals - regardless of residual ethnic features. After examining official policies and rhetoric as well as attitudes among adolescent Georgians, this article concludes that previous scholars have underestimated the civic-ness of nationalism in Saakashvili's Georgia.

  • 332.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    “Forward to David the Builder!”: Georgia's (re)turn to language-centered nationalism2016In: Nationalities Papers, ISSN 0090-5992, E-ISSN 1465-3923, Vol. 44, no 4, 522-542 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the Rose Revolution, President Saakashvili tried to move away from the exclusionary nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. His government instead sought to foster an inclusionary nationalism, wherein belonging was contingent upon speaking the state language and all Georgian speakers, irrespective of origin, were to be equals. This article examines this nation-building project from a top-down and bottom-up lens. I first argue that state officials took rigorous steps to signal that Georgian-speaking minorities were part of the national fabric, but failed to abolish religious and historical barriers to their inclusion. I next utilize a large-scale, matched-guise experiment (n = 792) to explore if adolescent Georgians ostracize Georgian-speaking minorities or embrace them as their peers. I find that the upcoming generation of Georgians harbor attitudes in line with Saakashvili's language-centered nationalism, and that current Georgian nationalism therefore is more inclusionary than previous research, or Georgia's tumultuous past, would lead us to believe.

  • 333.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    'Forward to David the Builder!' Armenians and Azerbaijanis under Georgia's Civic Nationalism2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgia2013In: The Handbook of Political Change In Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause & Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, 3, 775-821 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 335.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgia between Dominant-Power Politics, Feckless Pluralism, and Democracy2014In: Demokratizatsiya, ISSN 1074-6846, E-ISSN 1940-4603, Vol. 22, no 3, 445-470 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article charts the last decade of Georgian politics (2003-2013) through theories of semi-authoritarianism and democratization. It first dissects Saakashvili’s system of dominant-power politics, which enabled state-building reforms, yet atrophied political competition. It then analyzes the nested two-level game between incumbents and opposition in the run-up to the 2012 parliamentary elections. After detailing the verdict of Election Day, the article turns to the tense cohabitation that next pushed Georgia in the direction of feckless pluralism. The last section examines if the new ruling party is taking Georgia in the direction of democratic reforms or authoritarian closure.

  • 336.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgia's Local Elections: Revitalizing the Rose Revolution?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgien: demokratisering i skuggan av Sovjetunionen?2010In: Prometokrati: mellan diktatur och demokrati / [ed] Sten Widmalm & Sven Oskarsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 127-169 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Georgiens parlamentsval: demokratiskt genombrott eller semi-auktoritär regimcykel?2013In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 27, no 2, 115-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses the democratisation process in Georgia, whose citizens on 1 October 2012 succeeded in changing their government through the ballot box. Did this event mark a democratic breakthrough or the beginning of another semi-authoritarian regime cycle? I tackle this question by navigating across the last decade of Georgian politics through the lens of theories on democratisation and semi-authoritarianism. I first expose the system of «dominant-power politics» that allowed Saakashvili to implement much needed state-building reforms, yet also atrophied political competition. I thereafter analyse the tug-of-war between the ruling party and the opposition during the run-up to last year’s elections. After recounting the culmination of this struggle, I examine Georgia’s trajectory in the aftermath of Election Day. Rather than transitioning to democracy, Georgia has developed towards «feckless pluralism». This is to be expected since Prime Minister Ivanishvili and President Saakashvili have been forced into an uneasy cohabitation under a divided-executive constitution. However, if a genuine opening is to ensue, then the protagonists must «accept the existence of diversity in unity and, to that end, to institutionalize some crucial aspect of democratic procedure» (Rustow 1970: 355).

  • 339.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lost in Transition: State- and Nation-Building as Challenges to Democratisation in Georgia2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Reframing Democratization: Ethnopolitics, Exit and Voice in Georgia's Troubled Transition2010In: Perspectives on State-Building and Democracy / [ed] Thomas Denk, Saarbrücken: VDM , 2010, 77-111 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has assumed that state-building is a prerequisite for democratization. This book challenges this assumption. An alternative approach is presented. State-building and democratization is regarded as two processes that may be integrated with each other. When integrated, the two processes are expected to be connected on different society level. The chapters address one or other of the following questions: How is state-building and democratization expected to be connected? How has the international community approached weakened and failing states? How do fundamental dimensions of state-building affect the probability for democracy in new states? How are conflicts over boundaries a part of state-building that affects the conditions for democratization? How does the capital city play role in state-building and democratization? How does inclusion and exclusion work? These questions are explored through comparative analysis and examination of recent cases of state-building and democracy. It is essential reading for researchers that have an interest in state-building, democratization, and formation of demos.

  • 341.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tax Policy Formation and the Transnationalization of the Public Policy Arena. A Case Study of Georgia2012Report (Other academic)
  • 342.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Forging of a Demos in Georgia's Armenian Borderland?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Weber's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: Saakashvili and the Nationalization of Georgia’s Armenian and Azerbaijani Borderlands2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After the 2003 Rose Revolution, the Georgian government strove to integrate its disaffected Armenian and Azeri minorities, settled in southern Georgia across the border from their kin states. This article examines these untold efforts. It argues that the centre's nation-building entrepreneurs – known as the Mississippdaleulni – laboured to spur minorities in the ethnic enclaves first to interact with the heartland, and then to adapt to its language. Officials invested in infrastructure and extended the state's clout into the borderlands so as to foster inter-ethnic contacts. In tandem, the authorities promoted the Georgian language in the civil service, demoted the Russian tongue, and acculturated pupils to the state language. This nationalisation drive drew upon the same set of tools that Eugen Weber recorded French authorities as using in the opposite corner of Europe centuries ago.

  • 344.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet.
    Feckless Pluralism2017In: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior / [ed] Fathali Moghaddam, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2017, 295-296 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Feckless pluralism refers to political systems that fall short of democratic standards, but contain contested elections and alternation of power between different political groups. It is a form of government that is neither democratic nor autocratic. Hybrid regimes of this sort caught the attention of political scientists in the wake of the third wave of democratisation, as a number of countries in Eurasia, Africa and Latin America seemingly got stuck along the road towards democracy. Some political regimes in the grey zone between democracy and autocracy are referred to as dominant power politics systems. This entry introduces Thomas Carothers’ concept of feckless pluralism and its relation to the wider notion of hybrid regimes. 

  • 345.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Blauvelt, Timothy
    Ilia State University.
    Redefining the Nation: From Ethnic Fragmentation to Civic Integration?2016In: 25 Years of Independent Georgia: Achievements and Unfinished Projects / [ed] Ghia Nodia, Tbilisi: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung & Ilia State University Press , 2016, 11-55 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Engvall, Johan
    Utrikespolitiska Institutet.
    How Georgia Stamped Out Corruption on Campus2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 347.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus University.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2009In: Combating Money Laundering: Transnational Perspectives / [ed] A Sabitha, Hyderabad: Icfai University Press, 2009, 190-217 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Berglund, Christofer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Jonsson, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Larson, Christian Nils
    AML/CFT.
    Götz, Elias
    Aarhus universitet, Institut for Statskundskab.
    Combating Money Laundering in Eurasia: Lessons from Kyrgyzstan and Georgia2008In: China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, ISSN 1653-4212, Vol. 6, no 3, 21-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-money laundering (AML) policies are instrumental both in combating organized crime and political corruption and in promoting financial transparency and economic growth. This article provides an overview of AML efforts in Eurasia, with a particular focus on Central Asia and the South Caucasus. De facto achievements in the fight against money laundering often lag behind legal frameworks and AML regulations are sometimes misused as political tools. Within their respective regions, Kyrgyzstan and Georgia stand out as the most successful countries. Kyrgyzstan has adopted AML regulations but has not taken many steps towards enforcing them. Individual banks, however, may implement AML regulations more quickly than national regulators to gain a competitive advantage. Following the Rose Revolution, Georgia adopted and began to actively enforce AML regulations. Tbilisi’s AML progress is linked to political will stemming from a unique set of domestic and foreign policy considerations.

  • 349.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Den svenska barnomsorgsmodellen: Kontinuitet och förändring under 1990-talet2001In: Välfärdstjänster i omvandling :: antologi från Kommittén Välfärdsbokslut (Statens offentliga utredningar, 2001:52), 2001, 239-287 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 350.
    Bergqvist, Christina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Gender and the Social Democratic Welfare Regime2002Report (Other scientific)
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