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  • 301.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Ethical leadership in business: The significance of Information and Communication Technology2017In: Information and Management: Connect Things, Humans, Management / [ed] Murata, K. et al., Tokyo: Japan Society for Information and Management , 2017, p. 1-4Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In business it is necessary for leaders to have the ability to handle all kinds of different moral problems that may arise during their professional activities. Difficult ethical issues arise today, not least because of the possibilities and risks of ICT. Failure to address moral issues properly has significant impact on an organization’s life, affecting profits and public relations as well as internal processes of the organization and the well being of the leader and the employees. Competence in handling moral problems in a satisfying way is therefore very important for any leader. Education in ethics should equip leaders for difficult decisions, and ethical competence is therefore the most important goal of training programs. We need reliable and effective methods to stimulate and support leaders’ ethical competence. Proper ICT tools developed and used in accordance to philosophical theory and to empirical research on ethical decision-making, can contribute to the development of leaders’ ethical competence.

  • 302.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    How to handle issues of security and privacy2013In: ICT-ethics: Sweden and Japan, Linköping: LiU Tryck , 2013, p. 54-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Different ways to approach privacy and security are critically examined. The main question is how definitions may help us in our efforts to handle these issues in real life and allow us to create suitable and working system designs and policies. Given the controversial nature of privacy and security, and based on philosophical theory and psychological research, we have to focus on the ways, skills, methods and tools we adopt in order to create, revise and apply policies, guidelines, designs, rules and principles.

  • 303.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT and sustainability: skills and methods for dialogue and policy making2015In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview and to discuss the following issues: most often, discussions about Information and communication technology (ICT) sustainability focus on environmental issues; however, there are other aspects referring to ICT internal sustainability and to its role as a tool in managing general sustainability issues. The way to handle ICT sustainability issues is also significant.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses and investigates various aspects of ICT sustainability, and of methods to handle these issues and make decisions.

    Findings: Classical philosophy and psychological empirical research on decision-making demonstrate the way to take care of ICT sustainability issues. This way is philosophizing, which has to be trained and supported for people and organizations involved to acquire the necessary skills and to use suitable methods.

    Originality/value: The paper highlights other significant aspects of ICT sustainability rather than the environmental impact alone. It also proposes focus on the way ICT sustainability issues are handled rather than focus on normative or ideological aspects of it.

  • 304.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT as a horsefly2012In: Critique, Democracy and Philosophy in 21st Century Information Society: Towards Critical Theories of Social Media / [ed] Christian Fuchs, 2012, p. 38-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The way we solve problems and make decisions has been at the focus of philosophy. Since ancient times the issue has been how to think in the right way. Skills, abilities, methods and processes have been investigated. According to Platon philosophers do not have the right answers but they can find the right answers. They have the skills and they can use the right tools to discard false ideas (aporia). Philosophers think and act in a democratic way among themselves. But anybody who has the ability to philosophize, to think self-critically, systematically, scientifically, i.e. has the Aristotelian virtue of phronesis or the Kantian skill of autonomy, and acts according to this, belongs to a democracy together with other like people. Unfortunately, this is not the only definition of democracy. Although democracy itself is a process, the common sense definition is either result oriented or focused on formalistic aspects, or a combination of both. The first means that societies providing high living standards, security, tolerance, good environment and other goods are called democratic. The second definition is based on the existence of certain procedures, institutions, roles and processes, like elections. The presence of formal procedures is sufficient for a democracy definition. But if democracy is a process neither the result of it nor its formal surface characteristics should have the highest significance. Maintaining and running the democratic process is the important aspect as well as the conditions supporting it. By saying this we are back to the philosophical discussion. In essence democracy is dialog between people. That means that people search for solutions to their problems by thinking together with others. But that presupposes that each person has a dialog with himself and that each person starts with the position that own ideas and beliefs need to be better (aporia). This makes it possible to listen to others. Each participant in a democratic process, or a dialog, feels always the need of other participants because he is expecting them to help him and together with other able people find a better idea (phronesis, autonomy).ICT can contribute to this process by making information accessible and therefore facilitating citizens’ participation in political decision making. It can support openness and by that invite people to be more aware and active. Furthermore, it can support horizontal communication among citizens. Issues that are of interest to few people or to people that for some reason have difficulties to contact each other by traditional means may be neglected in the political process even though they are important. ICT can easily overcome such difficulties and provide a powerful tool to connect, inform and coordinate people’s actions. Most important, ICT can support self-critical and systematic thinking, which is the base for successful democratic dialog. ICT systems are currently used to create aporia and to stimulate autonomy during a process of problem solving and decision making. Advanced games simulate the complexity of reality in micro worlds, broadening the spectrum of opportunities and possibilities to support dialog.

  • 305.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    ICT as ethical competence2017In: Research, Ethics and Societal Impact: Responsible research: How to deal with animals and ICT in science - An ethical approach / [ed] Abdul H. Mohammed, Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet , 2017, p. 12-12Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Technology gives us new possibilities for diagnosis and therapy, but also for the organization of care, such as patient records and distance care. However, this involves risks in the form of wrong diagnoses, injuries in care, intrusion into patient privacy, etc. It is important that medicine technology works as intended and that healthcare professionals, patients and the public trust and accept this technology. Otherwise, we cannot take advantage of what technology has to offer.

    It is also important that healthcare professionals and all users of medicine technology understand how it works and what effects it may have. They need the ability to handle problems that may arise during use, including non-technical ones. Ethics is therefore a very important aspect in medicine technology development and use. It is necessary to integrate ethical aspects in the design of technology, and to develop and apply methods and tools to support ethical decision making of healthcare professionals, patients and all involved stakeholders.

  • 306.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Independent agents and ethics2014In: ICT and society, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, p. 39-46Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of Information Technology, systems, robots, etc., that are capable of processing information and acting independently of their human operators, has been accelerated as well as the hopes, and the fears, of the impact of those artifacts on environment, market, society, on human life generally. Many ethical issues are raised because of these systems being today, or in the future, capable of independent decision making and acting. In the present paper it is discussed how ethical decision support pro-grams can be integrated into robots and other relatively independent decision making systems to secure that decisions are made according to the basic theories of philosophy and to the findings of psychological research.

  • 307.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Information and Communication Technology for ethical leadership in business2019In: Journal of Information and Management, ISSN 1882-2614, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 6-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethical leadership in business is very important. The way ethical issues are handled affect profits, work environment, customers and society. It is crucial for the survival and the well-being of any organization. Business leaders have to be supported in this, and to acquire the ability and the skills to handle ethical issues in a satisfying way for all stakeholders involved. They need ethical competence. Information and Communication Technology can contribute to the education and to the support of business leaders.  ICT tools can be developed according to philosophical theory and to psychological empirical research on ethical decision-making. Properly used in education programs, these tools can stimulate the acquisition of ethical competence.

  • 308.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Linguistic aspects in teaching and learning ethical skills2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Making ethical competence possible2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophizing as a usability method2013In: Ambiguous Technologies: Philosophical Issues, Practical Solutions, Human Nature / [ed] E. Buchanan, P. B. de Laat, H. T. Tavani and J. Klucarich, Lisbon: The International Society of Ethics and Information Technology , 2013, p. 194-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways of handling problems of IT systems usability and problems of ethics are similar to each other. Working with usability leads most often to the need of discussing problems of ethics, and today’s issues of ethics are mostly related to IT. The nature of IT and ethics seems to be very close to each other. Ready-made answers cannot be found and any solution proposed is easily contested. IT design and use have a strong connection to values. With classical and modern philosophy as a foundation, and based on psychological research on ethical decision making, it is suggested to focus on the way to take care of issues rather than on normative aspects or on the construction and application of usability standards and guidelines. It appears that the method used to handle problems in these areas is of crucial importance; and this is also common to both of them.

  • 311.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophy and philosophology2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Storebror vs lillebror2014In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1403-296, Vol. 124, no 77, p. A5-A5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 313.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Vi behöver etikstudier som uppfyller mål på flera nivåer2014In: Etikstudier – En del av den framtida ekonomutbildningen!, Stockholm: S.E.R.O. , 2014, p. 20-20Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen bekräftar det de flesta redan vet: att etik är viktigt i all ekonomisk verksamhet. Alla som är berörda måste ha hög etisk kompetens för att kunna lösa etiska problem och fatta beslut på rätt sätt, men också för att kunna stödja medarbetare och styra företaget och organisationen på rätt sätt för att uppnå önskade mål och viktiga värden.

  • 314.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Βιοηθική δεοντολογία, παιδιά και νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [el]

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν στις σχέσεις μεταξύ των ανθρώπων είναι σημαντικά. Σημαντικότερα είναι όμως τα προβλήματα σε σχέση με άτομα που βρίσκονται σε κάποια σχέση εξάρτησης, και ειδικότερα σε σχέση με παιδιά. Η ευθύνη σε αυτή την περίπτωση βαραίνει αποκλειστικά τους ενήλικες είτε αυτοί είναι νοσηλευτικό προσωπικό είτε γονείς είτε άλλοι εμπλεκόμενοι ενήλικες.

    Τα ηθικά προβλήματα που προκύπτουν σε αυτές τις περιπτώσεις απαιτούν άψογους χειρισμούς ειδάλλως ελλοχεύει ο κίνδυνος αποτυχίας της θεραπευτικής προσπάθειας, δημιουργία αντιπαραθέσεων και συγκρούσεων, πρόκληση συναισθηματικών τραυμάτων, κ.α.

    Ένας κλασσικός τρόπος αντιμετώπισης αυτών των κινδύνων είναι η διατύπωση ηθικών αρχών και κανόνων. Πράγματι, στον χώρο της βιοηθικής βρίσκουμε έναν μεγάλο αριθμό κωδίκων δεοντολογίας που καλύπτουν διαφορετικές δραστηριότητες και περιπτώσεις.

    Η συνήθης αντίληψη είναι ότι η ύπαρξη τέτοιων κωδίκων είναι αρκετή για τη σωστή εφαρμογή τους. Δεν είναι όμως έτσι απλά. Οι κανόνες δεν εφαρμόζονται αυτόματα. Πρέπει να ερμηνευθούν και να προσαρμοστούν στη συγκεκριμένη πραγματικότητα. Αυτό σημαίνει ότι τα υπεύθυνα άτομα ή οι ομάδες ατόμων πρέπει να διαθέτουν τις απαραίτητες  δεξιότητες για να μπορούν να εφαρμόσουν τους κανόνες με επιτυχία.  Δηλαδή, ο τρόπος σκέψης και δράσης τους απαιτεί εμπειρία ή προηγούμενη  εξάσκηση καθώς και διαρκή υποστήριξη και εξέλιξη.

    Για να αντιμετωπισθεί αυτό το πρόβλημα, και με βάση την ηθική φιλοσοφία και την έρευνα στη λήψη ηθικών αποφάσεων, έχουν αναπτυχθεί ειδικές εκπαιδευτικοί μέθοδοι και εργαλεία με στόχο την υποστήριξη της ηθικής δεξιότητας στην εφαρμογή των κανόνων δεοντολογίας. Είναι πρακτικά εφαρμόσιμοι και έχουν ήδη δοκιμαστεί σε πολλά και διαφορετικά ιδρύματα για την εκπαίδευση και ανάπτυξη ηθικών δεξιοτήτων υπεύθυνων ατόμων και ομάδων προσωπικού.

  • 315.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Can machines make ethical decisions?2013In: Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, p. 693-699Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 316.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    IT security and sustainability2013In: ICT for Sustainability: Sustainability, Social Accountability and Computing / [ed] Diane Whitehouse, Zurich: ETH , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Systems security is of paramount importance. However, security levels and parameters are defined in a social context and are closely related to values, beliefs and interests. Security of systems is mainly related to people and society. Therefore, the focus of research in this area has to be on developing and testing practically applicable methods and tools to assure the security or IT systems critical to societal and environmental sustainability. Here present our theoretical and methodological work on how to construct tools for the achievement of the above goals as well as the results of testing our tools empirically.

  • 317.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Judging the complexity of privacy, openness and loyalty issues2015In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 416-419Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Privacy protection and whistle-blowing are controversial issues. Privacy has to be protected but it hinders access to correct information. Whistle-blowing is necessary for correct decision-making, neutralizing wrong beliefs and preventing crime but it may destabilize groups, institutions and societies, and cause conicts. The question investigated here was whether people judging the controversial issues of privacy and whistle-blowing take a moralistic or a philosophical approach. The hypothesis was that homogeneous responses point to a philosophical approach whereas responses correlated with cultural background point to a moralistic approach. Participants' responses to a questionnaire on Manning and Snowden cases did not produce an unambiguous picture, and this result did not lead to a decisive answer to our hypothesis question.

  • 318.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Methods for IT security and privacy2013In: ICT, society and human beings / [ed] P. Kommers and C. Gauzente, Prague: IADIS Press, 2013, p. 155-158Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The similar nature of IT security, privacy and ethics, and the difficulty to find ready-made answers, put the focus on theway one handles the problems in these areas. Philosophy has analyzed this issue in depth and it has given us thephilosophical method as the means to find satisfying solutions. Psychology has shown in empirical research what skillsare necessary for this purpose. Since the issues of IT security, privacy and ethics are very important for us today, we needto create and use tools and methods to take care of them.

  • 319.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophical method and the conflict liberty-security2014In: Proceedings ETHICOMP 2014Li: berty and security in an age of ICTs, Paris: UPMC - Sorbonne Universités , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ICT both supports and controls our lives, but today it is necessary and unavoidable for our way of living. In the present paper different ways to approach security are critically examined. The main question is how we may able to handle these issues in real life and how to create suitable and working system designs and policies. We need to consider the controversial nature of security, and base our efforts on classical philosophical theory and psychological research. By that we can develop suitable skills, methods and tools to be adopted in a democratic and deliberative process in order to create, revise and apply policies, guidelines, designs, rules and principles.

  • 320.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Philosophy as the Road to Good ICT2018In: This Changes Everything – ICT and Climate Change: What Can We Do? / [ed] David Kreps, Charles Ess, Louise Leenen, Kai Kimppa, Springer, 2018, p. 293-298Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Handling satisfactorily ICT ethics issues in the design as well as in the use of systems, demands continuous adjustment to relevant values. In privacy, robotics and sustainability, this can be achieved through the development of personal thinking skills and the establishment and running of suitable group processes. In ethical decision making it is important to make a distinction between thinking as a process, and value-content as the result of this process. By focusing on the process, i.e. philosophizing, the philosophical method of deliberative thinking, we can construct and apply tools to support ethical decision making during the development and the use of ICT systems.

  • 321.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Adams, Andrew A.
    Meiji University, Centre for Business Ethics.
    Murata, Kiyoshi
    Meiji University, School of Commerce.
    Snowden’s revelations and the attitudes of students at Swedish universities2017In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 247-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to map Swedish students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their effects in the political and socio-cultural environment of Sweden.

    Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was answered by 190 Swedish university students. The quantitative responses to the survey and qualitative considerations of free text answers were statistically analysed.

    Findings – Swedish students had a high level of knowledge about the Snowden revelations; they actively searched for information, gave a positive judgement of Snowden’s actions and were willing to follow his example in Sweden, although not in the USA. They trusted their country and most of its institutions and authorities except for secret service agencies and the internet and computer software companies.

    Practical implications – This study could be used as a design of education for university students, especially in information technology programmes.

    Social implications – The study can be used for developing and applying policies on privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing.

    Originality/value – This study is part of a bigger international study to map students’ attitudes towards Snowden’s revelations and their opinions about privacy, surveillance and whistle-blowing opening up for cross-cultural analyses.

  • 322.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Tools and methods for security: Stimulating the skill to philosophize2013In: European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference: 2013, IEEE Computer Society, 2013, p. 163-165Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding optimal solutions to security issues is verydifficult or impossible. Conflicting interests and values decidewhat has to be done. Every thinkable answer contains both risksand possibilities. I our effort to find solutions we have always tonegotiate and make compromises. A dialectic process is necessaryin security in order to identify significant interests and values,and to formulate principles and policies. Handling security issuesand working for secure IT systems demand continuousadjustment to relevant values as well as the necessary personalskills and suitable group processes. Focusing on the method andmaking sure that the right way of proceeding has been adopted isthe way to get satisfactory answers to the problems of IT security.The philosophical method of deliberative thinking seems to be thebasis of such methods.

  • 323.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Björk, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    How ethical robots process information, communicate and act2015In: 1st TRANSOR Workshop: Methodological Problems of Social Robotics, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots can be of great help to obtain optimal solutions to problems in situations where humans have difficulties to perceive and process information, or make decisions and implement actions because of the quantity, variation and complexity of information.

     

    However, if they do not act in accordance to our ethical values they will not be used or will cause harm. Classical philosophical theory and psychological research on problem solving and decision making gives us a concrete definition of ethics and opens up the way for the construction of robots that can support handling of moral problems. Linguistic research focusing on language use as realization of meaning during the communication between humans and robots gives us the tools for investigating how particular linguistic features such as words and grammar may be related to ethical thinking.

     

    In such research work we can focus on three different kinds of robots: The first one is already programmed to act in certain ways, and the focus is on designers using ethical tools to identify moral problems and formulate solutions. The second is an integrated system which is also pre-programmed but also contains an ethical tool to gather information, to present it to the operators and to communicate with them. The third is trained autonomous systems in which we will implement automatic judgment. Such research will help us to clarify theoretical issues, to formulate working methods, and to develop technical solutions that will support ethical decision making of automated IT systems.

  • 324.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Coghill, Ken
    Mohash University.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Supporting politicians’ skill to handle moral issues2014In: Proceedings of IPSA 23rd Congress on Political Science, 2014: Challenges of contemporay governance, Montreal: The International Political Science Association , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In politics it is necessary, for leaders as well as for political parties, to have the ability to handle all kinds of moral problems that may arise during any political activity. Failure to address moral issues properly has significant impact on a political organization’s influence on society, affecting election results, image, and public relations as well as internal processes. It may have a detrimental effect on the morality of citizens and society. Competence in handling moral problems in a satisfying way is therefore very important for any political leader and political organization. Education in ethics should equip politicians for difficult decisions, and ethical competence is therefore the most important goal of training programs. We need reliable and effective methods to stimulate and support political leaders’ ethical competence. In order to achieve ethical competence for political leaders we need to describe and assess psychological processes aimed at the handling of moral problems: How political leaders reason in front of moral problems, how they solve these problems, and how they make their decisions. Ethical skill in psychology, and in accordance to the classical philosophical position, is understood as the basis and the aim of ethical competence of leaders. Politicians’ ethical competence and confidence is defined as the use of a problem-solving and decision-making cognitive ability, independent of particular political, ideological or moral values. Based on that, we can construct valid assessment tools and training programs that support the acquisition and use of ethical competence and skills.

  • 325.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Kostrzewa, Agata
    Berg, Karin
    Assessing the ethical competence of organizations2017In: EBEN Annual Conference / [ed] Anna-Maija Lämsä, Jyväskylä, Finland: University of Jyväskylä , 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a fast changing world and with increasing demands on organizations and institutions for ethical actions and behavior there is a great need for satisfactory handling of moral issues. It is therefore very important for employees as well as for organizations to show a high level of ethical competence in handling moral problems. Ethical competence is defined as a problem-handling skill for the person, and as special processes for the organization. Based on this theoretical position a questionnaire was constructed and tested in two different organizationswith the aim to assess ethical competence on personal and organizational levels. The instrument had satisfactory reliability and validity, and the results showed that it assessed differences between organizations and between employees in accordance with our hypotheses.It is, however, necessary to further develop the questionnaire and test it in a bigger and more variable sample of organizations.

  • 326.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Computerized support of personal and group skills for sustainability2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a collaborative tool to facilitate and structure dialogue about concrete issues in sustainability, We have experienced that the tool is remarkably powerful in stimulating the inquiry in complex issues by constantly forcing the user to shift focus between the particular and the holistic. The design of the tool is theoretically founded in philosophy and knowledge about the psychological mechanisms, like cognitive biases, that are involved in decision making. It is based on the assumption that people are not making judgments in isolation, but rather in social settings. Problems that involve many people, a trait that questions of sustainability share with ethics, can only be solved by answering questions about how these are affecting the problem situation and how these are affected by any proposed solution. The main advantage with such a tool is that it supplies a shared platform in which an analysis can evolve organically, even in collaboration with competing parties. Policy makers can get help to understand how arguments have been applied in concrete situations and how people and values can be affected by different courses of action. The structure of the tool invites to a proactive, concrete, solution-oriented dialogue where premises are made explicit and thus possible to address.

  • 327.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Etik och medicinteknik2015In: Medicinteknikdagarna 2015 / [ed] Fredrik Nikolajeff, Uppsala: Svensk Förening för Medicinsk Teknik och Fysik (MTF), Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 94-94Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    De nya metoder för att diagnostisera och behandla sjukdomar och de nya möjligheter som den medicinska teknologin och då inte minst informationsteknologin erbjuder, ställer beslutsfattarna inom vården inför nya typer av etiska beslutssituationer. Förbättrade metoder för diagnosticering ger information som inte alltid har önskvärda konsekvenser, exempelvis abort av barn av oönskat kön. De nya möjligheterna att behandla sjukdomstillstånd som tidigare uppfattats som hopplösa innebär allvarliga och svåra val då liv kan komma att vägas mot samhällskostnad. Ny medicinteknik kan kräva snabbt beslutsfattande där eftertanke inte hinns med vilket ställer frågan om teknikleverantörens ansvar på sin spets. Den nya internetsjukvården, dvs. de nya möjligheter till medicinsk konsultation och information som skapats genom Internet ger upphov till nya relationer mellan vårdgivare och patient och aktualiserar därmed också frågor om ansvar och etik.

    Tekniken ger oss nya möjligheter för diagnos och terapi men även för organiseringen av vården, t ex patientjournaler och distansvård, men tekniken innebär också risker i form av feldiagnoser, skador i vården, intrång på patientintegritet, etc. Dialysolyckan i Linköping och konflikten om elektroniska patientjournaler är talande exempel. Det är viktigt att medicinteknik fungerar så som det är tänkt och att vårdpersonal, patienter och allmänhet litar på och accepterar tekniken. Annars kan vi inte dra nytta av det tekniken har att erbjuda.

    Det är också viktigt att vårdpersonal och alla användare av medicinteknik förstår hur den fungerar och vilka effekter den kan ha, och att de har kompetensen att hantera problem som kan uppstå vid användning, även icke tekniska sådana. Etiken är därför en mycket viktig aspekt i medicinteknikutvecklingen. Det är nödvändigt att integrera etiska bedömningar i utformningen av medicinsk teknik och förbereda vårdpersonal, patienter och alla berörda för en etisk användning.

    Om etiken är viktig för medicinsk teknik blir den intressanta frågan hur ska vi lyckas integrera etiken i forskning, utveckling, design, och användning av medicinteknik. Det vanligaste angreppsättet är att försöka anpassa tekniken till viktiga moraliska principer och regler. Om det fungerar är detta det snabbaste och enklaste sättet att bygga etisk medicinteknik. Det finns dock flera frågor med detta angreppsätt, t ex vilken princip som ska gälla och vilken tolkning som ska tillämpas i designen av medicinteknik. Det kan också upplevas som att etiken fungerar enbart begränsande i utvecklingsarbetet.

    Vi föreslår ett angreppsätt baserat på klassisk etikfilosofi. Vi skiftar fokus från det normativa innehållet till utvecklings- och användningsprocessen. Det viktiga blir att fokusera på hur vi skapar den kunskap vi behöver och hur ansvar kan fördelas när vi designar etisk medicinsk teknik. Detta öppnar upp för skapande av olika metoder och verktyg samt stöd för användares etiska kompetensutveckling.

  • 328.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Training and supporting education in sustainability by the use of an ICT tool2012In: New technologies, education for sustainable development and critical pedagogy / [ed] Vassilios Makrakis and Nelly Kostoulas-Makrakis, Rethymnon, Greece: ICTeESD, University of Crete , 2012, p. 225-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will present ColLab, a collaborative computerized tool to facilitate dialogue about concrete issues in sustainability. The tool is powerful in stimulating the inquiry in complex issues by constantly forcing the user to shift focus between the particular and the holistic. The design of the tool is theoretically founded in philosophy and knowledge about the psychological mechanisms, like cognitive biases, that are involved in decision making. It is based on the assumption that people are not making judgments in isolation, but rather in social settings. The main advantage with such a tool is that it supplies a shared platform in which an analysis can evolve organically, even in collaboration with competing parties. It is suitable for using in learning environments and for educational purposes as well as for formulation of sustainability policies.

  • 329.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Lennerfors, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Industrial Engineering & Management.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Björk, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder2015In: 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Stefan Pålsson, Uppsala universitet, 2015, p. 30-31Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En utbildning i etik som ska träna studenter att själva hantera etiska problem måste utgå ifrån klassisk filosofi och från etikpsykologisk forskning i problemlösning och beslutsfattande. Utbildningen ska koncentrera sig på praktiskt arbete och seminarier med egna verkliga etiska dilemman. Målet är utveckling av förmågan att lösa etiska problem, tolka och tillämpa viktiga principer och regler, och delta aktivt i dialog med andra intressenter. I workshopen kommer vi att visa metoder, verktyg och övningar som vi använder i våra etikkurser för ingenjörer och teknologer.

  • 330. Ke, Rongqin
    et al.
    Mignardi, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Hauling, Thomas
    Nilsson, Mats
    Fourth generation of next-generation sequencing technologies: Promise and consequences2016In: Human Mutation, ISSN 1059-7794, E-ISSN 1098-1004, Vol. 37, no 12, p. 1363-1367Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Ke, Rongqin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology.
    Mignardi, Marco
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology.
    Pacureanu, Alexandra
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Svedlund, Jessica
    Botling, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular and Morphological Pathology.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Molecular tools.
    In situ sequencing for RNA analysis in preserved tissue and cells2013In: Nature Methods, ISSN 1548-7091, E-ISSN 1548-7105, Vol. 10, no 9, p. 857-860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tissue gene expression profiling is performed on homogenates or on populations of isolated single cells to resolve molecular states of different cell types. In both approaches, histological context is lost. We have developed an in situ sequencing method for parallel targeted analysis of short RNA fragments in morphologically preserved cells and tissue. We demonstrate in situ sequencing of point mutations and multiplexed gene expression profiling in human breast cancer tissue sections.

  • 332.
    Kecheril Sadanandan, Sajith
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Baltekin, Özden
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational and Systems Biology.
    Magnusson, Klas E. G.
    Boucharin, Alexis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational and Systems Biology.
    Ranefall, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Jaldén, Joakim
    Elf, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational and Systems Biology.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Segmentation and track-analysis in time-lapse imaging of bacteria2016In: IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing, ISSN 1932-4553, E-ISSN 1941-0484, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 174-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we have developed tools to analyze prokaryotic cells growing in monolayers in a microfluidic device. Individual bacterial cells are identified using a novel curvature based approach and tracked over time for several generations. The resulting tracks are thereafter assessed and filtered based on track quality for subsequent analysis of bacterial growth rates. The proposed method performs comparable to the state-of-the-art methods for segmenting phase contrast and fluorescent images, and we show a 10-fold increase in analysis speed.

  • 333.
    Kecheril Sadanandan, Sajith
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Karlsson, Johan
    AstraZeneca, Innovative Medicines, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Spheroid segmentation using multiscale deep adversarial networks2017In: IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, IEEE, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we segment spheroids with different sizes, shapes, and illumination conditions from bright-field microscopy images. To segment the spheroids we create a novel multiscale deep adversarial network with different deep feature extraction layers at different scales. We show that linearly increasing the adversarial loss contribution results in a stable segmentation algorithm for our dataset. We qualitatively and quantitatively compare the performance of our deep adversarial network with two other networks without adversarial losses. We show that our deep adversarial network performs better than the other two networks at segmenting the spheroids from our 2D bright-field microscopy images.

  • 334.
    Kecheril Sadanandan, Sajith
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ranefall, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Le Guyader, Sylvie
    Center for Biosciences, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Novum, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Automated training of deep convolutional neural networks for cell segmentation2017In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, article id 7860Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNN) have recently emerged as superior for many image segmentation tasks. The DCNN performance is however heavily dependent on the availability of large amounts of problem-specific training samples. Here we show that DCNNs trained on ground truth created automatically using fluorescently labeled cells, perform similar to manual annotations.

  • 335.
    Kecheril Sadanandan, Sajith
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Ranefall, Petter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Feature augmented deep neural networks for segmentation of cells2016In: Computer Vision – ECCV 2016 Workshops: Part I, Springer, 2016, p. 231-243Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 336.
    Kecheril Sadanandan, Sajith
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Large-Scale Analysis of Live Cells2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 337. Khonsari, R H
    et al.
    Friess, M
    Nysjö, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Odri, G
    Malmberg, Filip
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Nyström, Ingela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Messo, Elias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
    Hirsch, Jan M
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.
    Cabanis, E A M
    Kunzelmann, K H
    Salagnac, J M
    Corre, P
    Ohazama, A
    Sharpe, P T
    Charlier, P
    Olszewski, R
    Shape and volume of craniofacial cavities in intentional skull deformations2013In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483, E-ISSN 1096-8644, Vol. 151, no 1, p. 110-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intentional cranial deformations (ICD) have been observed worldwide but are especially prevalent in preColombian cultures. The purpose of this study was to assess the consequences of ICD on three cranial cavities (intracranial cavity, orbits, and maxillary sinuses) and on cranial vault thickness, in order to screen for morphological changes due to the external constraints exerted by the deformation device. We acquired CT-scans for 39 deformed and 19 control skulls. We studied the thickness of the skull vault using qualitative and quantitative methods. We computed the volumes of the orbits, of the maxillary sinuses, and of the intracranial cavity using haptic-aided semi-automatic segmentation. We finally defined 3D distances and angles within orbits and maxillary sinuses based on 27 anatomical landmarks and measured these features on the 58 skulls. Our results show specific bone thickness patterns in some types of ICD, with localized thinning in regions subjected to increased pressure and thickening in other regions. Our findings confirm that volumes of the cranial cavities are not affected by ICDs but that the shapes of the orbits and of the maxillary sinuses are modified in circumferential deformations. We conclude that ICDs can modify the shape of the cranial cavities and the thickness of their walls but conserve their volumes. These results provide new insights into the morphological effects associated with ICDs and call for similar investigations in subjects with deformational plagiocephalies and craniosynostoses.

  • 338.
    Khonsari, Roman H.
    et al.
    Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Necker Enfants-Malades, Service de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et Plastique, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.
    Way, Benjamin
    The Craniofacial Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
    Nysjö, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Odri, Guillaume A.
    Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Lariboisière, Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique, Université Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.
    Olszewski, Raphaël
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saint-Luc University Hospital, Catholic University of Leuven, Brussels, Belgium.
    Evans, Robert D.
    The Craniofacial Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
    Dunaway, David J.
    The Craniofacial Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
    Nyström, Ingela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Britto, Jonathan A.
    The Craniofacial Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.
    Fronto-facial advancement and bipartition in Crouzon-Pfeiffer and Apert syndromes: Impact of fronto-facial surgery upon orbital and airway parameters in FGFR2 syndromes2016In: Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, ISSN 1010-5182, E-ISSN 1878-4119, Vol. 44, no 10, p. 1567-1575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A major concern in FGFR2 craniofaciosynostosis is oculo-orbital disproportion, such that orbital malformation provides poor accommodation and support for the orbital contents and peri-orbita, leading to insufficient eyelid closure, corneal exposure and eventually to functional visual impairment. Fronto-facial monobloc osteotomy followed by distraction osteogenesis aims to correct midfacial growth deficiencies in Crouzon–Pfeiffer syndrome patients. Fronto-facial bipartition osteotomy followed by distraction is a procedure of choice in Apert syndrome patients. These procedures modify the shape and volume of the orbit and tend to correct oculo-orbital disproportion. Little is known about the detailed 3D shape of the orbital phenotype in CPS and AS, and about how this is modified by fronto-facial surgery.

    Twenty-eight patients with CMS, 13 patients with AS and 40 control patients were included. CT scans were performed before and after fronto-facial surgery. Late post-operative scans were available for the Crouzon–Pfeiffer syndrome group. Orbital morphology was investigated using conventional three-dimensional cephalometry and shape analysis after mesh-based segmentation of the orbital contents.

    We characterized the 3D morphology of CPS and AS orbits and showed how orbital shape is modified by surgery. We showed that monobloc-distraction in CPS and bipartition-distraction in AS specifically address the morphological characteristics of the two syndromes.

  • 339.
    Khonsari, Roman
    et al.
    CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.
    Nysjö, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Way, Benjamin
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United-Kingdom.
    Karunakaran, Tharsika
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United-Kingdom.
    Nyström, Ingela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction.
    Odri, Guillaume
    University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
    Dunaway, David
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United-Kingdom.
    Evans, R.
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United-Kingdom.
    Olszewski, Raphael
    University of Leuven, Brussels, Belgium.
    Britto, Jonathan
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, United-Kingdom.
    Orbital morphology in Crouzon-Pfeiffer and Apert syndromes before and after surgical correction:study by 3D cephalometry, semi-automatic segmentation and 3D shape comparison2014In: Proc. Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery (CARS). Fukuoka, Japan, June 25-28, Springer, 2014, p. 192-193Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 340. Khorshidi, Mohammad Ali
    et al.
    Rajeswari, Prem Kumar Periyannan
    Wählby, Carolina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Jönsson, Håkan N.
    Andersson Svahn, Helene
    Automated analysis of dynamic behavior of single cells in picoliter droplets2014In: Lab on a Chip, ISSN 1473-0197, E-ISSN 1473-0189, Vol. 14, p. 931-937Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 341. Kim, Tae-Yun
    et al.
    Cho, Nam-Hoon
    Jeong, Goo-Bo
    Bengtsson, Ewert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Choi, Heung-Kook
    3D Texture Analysis in Renal Cell Carcinoma Tissue Image Grading2014In: Computational & Mathematical Methods in Medicine, ISSN 1748-670X, E-ISSN 1748-6718, Vol. 2014, p. 536217:1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most significant processes in cancer cell and tissue image analysis is the efficient extraction of features for grading purposes. This research applied two types of three-dimensional texture analysis methods to the extraction of feature values from renal cell carcinoma tissue images, and then evaluated the validity of the methods statistically through grade classification. First, we used a confocal laser scanning microscope to obtain image slices of four grades of renal cell carcinoma, which were then reconstructed into 3D volumes. Next, we extracted quantitative values using a 3D gray level cooccurrence matrix (GLCM) and a 3D wavelet based on two types of basis functions. To evaluate their validity, we predefined 6 different statistical classifiers and applied these to the extracted feature sets. In the grade classification results, 3D Haar wavelet texture features combined with principal component analysis showed the best discrimination results. Classification using 3D wavelet texture features was significantly better than 3D GLCM, suggesting that the former has potential for use in a computer-based grading system.

  • 342.
    Kiselman, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    A word from the editor2018In: Esperantologio / Esperanto Studies, ISSN 1404-4749, no 8, p. 8-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction in English to Issue 8 of the journal.

  • 343.
    Kiselman, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Enkonduko: [Introduction]2018In: Aliroj al esperanto: [Arriving to Esperanto] / [ed] Kiselman, Christer Oscar; Corsetti, Renato; Dasgupto, Probal, Dobrichovice: KAVA-PECH , 2018, p. 5-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book contains fourteen chapters on Esperanto as a language, on the ideas behind Esperanto, and on the culture carried by the language. The introduction presents the contents. 

  • 344.
    Kiselman, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Esperantologio / Esperanto Studies, Issue 8: Salutvorto de la redaktoro2018In: Esperantologio / Esperanto Studies, ISSN 1404-4749, no 8, p. 3-7Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction in Esperanto to Issue No. 8 of the journal.

  • 345.
    Kiselman, Christer
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Corsetti, RenatoDasgupta, Probal
    Aliroj al esperanto2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The book contains fourteen chapers on aspects of Esperanto: language, literature, culture, peace movement, history.

  • 346.
    Kiselman, Christer O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Curriculum Vitae, Mikael Passare2017In: Analysis Meets Geometry: The Mikael Passare Memorial Volume / [ed] Mats Andersson, Jan Boman, Christer Kiselman, Pavel Kurasov, Ragnar Sigurdsson, Chaml: Birkhäuser Verlag, 2017, p. 3-4Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Kiselman, Christer O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Discrete convolution operators, the Fourier transformation, and its tropical counterpart: the Fenchel transformation2017In: Proc. 3rd EAUMP Conference: Advances in Mathematics and its Applications, Kampala, Uganda: Makerere University , 2017, p. 7-28Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We study solvability of convolution equations for functions with discrete support in Rn, a special case being functions with support in the integer points. The more general case is of interest for special grids in Euclidean space, like the body-centered and face-centered tesselations of three-space.

    The theorem of existence of fundamental solutions by de Boor, Höllig and Riemenschneider is generalized to general discrete supports using elementary methods. We also study the asymptotic growth of sequences and arrays using the Fourer and Fenchel transformations.

    Discretization and tropicalization are two important procedures. I will pose a philosophical/mathematical problem in relation to them.

  • 348.
    Kiselman, Christer O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Domains of holomorphy for Fourier transforms of solutions to discrete convolution equations2017In: Science China Mathematics, ISSN 1674-7283, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 1005-1018Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study solutions to convolution equations for functions with discrete support in Rn, a special case being functions with support in the integer points. The Fourier transform of a solution can be extended to a holomorphic function in some domains in Cn, and we determine possible domains in terms of the properties of the convolution operator.

  • 349.
    Kiselman, Christer O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Esperantologio / Esperanto Studies2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This issue contains five original studies, of which two are in Esperanto, two in English, and one in German. There is one review in Esperanto.

  • 350.
    Kiselman, Christer O.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Estimates for solutions to discrete convolution equations2015In: Mathematika, ISSN 0025-5793, E-ISSN 2041-7942, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 295-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study solvability of convolution equations for functions with discrete support in Rn, a special case being functions with support in the integer points. The more general case is of interest for several grids in Euclidean space, like the body-centred and face-centred tesselations of 3-space, as well as for the non-periodic grids that appear in the study of quasicrystals. The theorem of existence of fundamental solutions by de Boor et al. is generalized to general discrete supports, using only elementary methods. We also study the asymptotic growth of sequences and arrays using the Fenchel transformation.

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