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  • 301.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Johnson, Mikael
    Karlstads universitet.
    Kuttainen, Christer
    Norrbottens läns landsting.
    Paregis, Jörg
    Karlstads universitet.
    Sustaining Sweden’s competitive position: lean lifelong learning2015Inngår i: Measuring Business Excellence, ISSN 1368-3047, E-ISSN 1758-8057, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 92-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore what options the adult learner has for continued learning and what role universities are playing in providing net-based education. Current options for lifelong learning and improvement opportunities in the educational process are described based on an assessment inspired by principles of lean management.

    Design/methodology/approach – Sweden is chosen as an example. The current level of net-based university education and the demand for it is assessed using official Swedish data. Lean management principles are used as a starting point to define parameters for interest for the adult learner. These parameters are then converted into a five-level scale for assessing current performance with focus on university courses. The authors also study how Swedish County Councils manage their employee education and carry out a check of courses offered by massive open online course providers.

    Findings – Lean management principles in combination with customer focus seem to present relevant parameters for assessing distance education. Preliminary results indicate that lean lifelong learning has a considerable improvement potential. The main reasons for this potential seem to be more of a bureaucratic and political nature, whereas technology and resources appear to be less of an issue.

    Practical implications – The results have implications for both universities and organisations. The pressure on universities to become more customer-focussed, while at the same time, cost-effectiveness is likely to increase.

    Originality/value – Using the customer perspective for educational services and applying lean principles to education.

  • 302.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Johnson, Mikael
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Towards a Model for Measuring University Sustainability2013Inngår i: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Intellectual Capital 2013 / [ed] Edited by Lidia Garcia, Arturo Rodriguez-Castellanos and Jon Barrutia-Guenaga University of the Basque Country Bilbao, Spain, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2013, s. 213-221Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The multitude of challenges related to sustainable development require, not only a shift in mind-set but also high competence in most sectors of employment. But how could we know if a university education is going to provide necessary competence in sustainable development? A model being developed to measure university sustainability is the Assessment Instrument of Sustainability in Higher Education (AISHE). Using the logic of self-assessment and based on the Triple Bottom Line this model deals with operations, education, research, interaction with society and core values with a so called identity module. The model makes an operationalization of sustainable development and its structure should be usable for constructing a quick assessment system similar to those of many business excellence models. Finding out the level of university sustainability is clearly not very easy for presumptive students. Furthermore, we can assume that since being sustainable is politically correct there is a risk of “sustainability washing” of information provided. Current university ranking systems do not seem to correspond well with how universities are working with sustainable development. The research question is if the AISHE-model could be converted into a credible quick assessment tool by relying on information provided by the university web-site. For this to work the university needs to have a culture that promotes transparency. With the rapid development of information technology it could be expected that more and more countries will have the conditions for using web-sites for providing the necessary information. Swedish university web-sites are used for testing the model. Sweden has a high level of transparency and is therefore thought to form a suitable example. This paper deals with conceptual development of the assessment model. Further studies will be carried out to validate the model. Results indicate that a structured web-site analysis can be used to quantify information that is organised according to chosen parts of the AISHE-model. The first results indicate that Swedish universities still have a long way to go in becoming sustainable. 

  • 303.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Kinabo, Leandri
    Open University of Tanzania.
    Modelling and Measuring Excellence for Sustainability: Examples from building in Tanzania2018Inngår i: Conference proceedings of Le Cnam 21th Excellence in Services International Conference Paris (France) , 30 and 31 August 2018 / [ed] Jacques Marting, 2018, s. 395-412Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. In a resource-limited world it is logical that business excellence should focus on sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to exemplify areas of synergy between Quality and Sustainability.

    Methodology. The starting point has been in identified vital few stakeholders and their needs on the global level. These needs have then been exemplified in building processes in Dar es Salaam Tanzania using quality principles, practices and tools.

    Findings. By transforming the quality principle of customer focus into stakeholder needs focus and by redefining main stakeholders as Planet and People, conditions are created to operationalize sustainable development. Sustainability in the studied system has been defined as affordable building materials with a low carbon footprint. Cement drives both building costs and the carbon footprint. This means that cement productivity compared to price and to the carbon footprint can be used as indicators for sustainability excellence. Cement productivity in concrete is defined as compressive strength divided by cement percentage and expressed as Mega Pascal*tons. Based on a defined benchmark, cement productivity can be expressed relatively. The cement productivity in the studied system is only at 20%. Using well grounded vital few performance indicators in absolute and relative terms enables using principles, practices and tools from quality management to support sustainable development.

    Practical implications. Focus on needs satisfaction compared to only footprints could in the cement industry reduce the need for Carbon Capture and Storage

    Originality/value. The results present a radically different view of sustainability based on focus on critical stakeholder needs.

  • 304.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Luleå Tekniska Universitet.
    Kuttainen, Christer
    Garvare, Rickard
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Lean Higher Education And Lean Research2013Inngår i: 16th Toulon – Verona Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to review possibilities for how Lean principles could be applied for university education and research – Lean Higher Learning and Lean Research. The Lean movement originating from Toyota Production Systems has inspired many different types of businesses and organisations including service and public organisations. Until now the Lean concept has not yet become widely used in university education. Universities could be facing strong competition from novel ways of teaching and learning – if the web offers lectures from Nobel Prize winners for free, why pay money to the local university to listen to a mediocre lecturer? If research proposals can be assessed and validated via a web site linking to acknowledged scholars, why wait for slow research journals? Possibly, Lean principles such as just-in time could be applied for better learning and research quality. This paper studies how traditional university education and research are performing compared to Lean principles with focus on value flow analysis. 

  • 305.
    Isaksson, Raine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Taylor, Neil
    Intec Services Pty Ltd.
    Drivers for sustainability: Making better use of cement in Dar es Salaam2009Inngår i: International Conference - Quality and Service Sciences 2009, Verona Italy, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Stern Review asserts that “Policy to reduce emissions should be based on three essential elements: carbon pricing, technology policy, and removal of barriers to behavioural change”. The most demanding challenge could be the issue of behavioural change which requires the mobilization of drivers for change towards more sustainable performance. According to reports from the WBCSD, the building supply chain in many countries could account for as much as 40% of man made carbon emissions. Most building growth is taking place in Third World countries with concrete and especially concrete blocks as the most widely used building material. Cement is the most expensive component of these materials and also has the highest carbon footprint. This means that it is of both economic and environmental interest to see that cement is used in the best way in order to make best use of resources.

    Purpose: To diagnose the improvement potential of a typical building supply network. To identify governance, technology and behavioural barriers to change and to propose how drivers for sustainable change could be strengthened.

    Methodology: A process based system model has been used to identify the main elements in the building supply network used for making concrete blocks in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The blockmaking process has been studied in some detail, using process walks at five different blockmaking sites. Additionally interviews with block makers, cement manufacturers and control laboratories for brick measurement have also been used to collect data. The resulting material has been summarised in a single unit multiple case study. The collected material has then been subjected to an opportunity study that covers diagnosis, analysis, and to some extent, proposed actions for improvement. The diagnosis provides the theoretical improvement potential in terms of user value per price and user value per carbon footprint. The analysis of the causes for the improvement potential has been carried out using a checklist for resources with focus on Material, Machine, Method, Measurement, Manpower and Management factors. Proposed actions focus on ideas of how to reinforce drivers that will help to overcome the main identified barriers, which are mainly expressed as resource problems.

    Research limitations: Block-making has been used to exemplify the main building supply network in Dar es Salaam. The justification for this choice is that approximately 60% of cement sales in Dar es Salaam go into block-making. In a typical Western context only 15% of the entire carbon footprint over the lifetime of a building comes from building materials with the rest coming mainly from heating and cooling. The situation in an African city like Dar es Salaam is very different with relatively few buildings having cooling and none having heating. Consequently  the role of the building materials, and especially cement use, becomes more important both in terms of initial cost and for the resulting carbon footprint.  

  • 306.
    Jansson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Studie av materialinnovationer med ett brett applikationsspektra: Tillämpat på Disruptive Materials2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis attempts to answerthe question if a startup with amaterial innovation needs a specialbusiness development model. Mainstreambusiness development literature is notwell adapted to the rigor of testing anew material and bringing it tomarket. This was studied using threedifferent methods. First of thetheories that are considered canonicalfor high tech business development wasexamined. The next step was to go into the role of a business developer inone of the hottest high tech materialinnovation startups this decade,Disruptive Materials. The goal withbeing in a line role at the companywas to find potential customers and tohelp out with different small thingsaround the office. The third step wasto interview five different high techcompanies that had made, or is making,the journey from start up toestablished. The result of our studieswas that the business developmentliterature of today is not gearedtowards bringing material innovationsto market. As a bonus DisruptiveMaterials got at least three newcustomers and a whole lot of knowledgeabout their other potential customers.

  • 307.
    Jansson, Victor
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    A Prioritization Model for Investments: A Case Study at Volvo Group Trucks Operations2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Volvo’s plant in Umeå has a constant need for development, where to start new activities like projects and investments are important tools, where the competition on the market is increasing. The need for investments are major compared to the resources available, both in terms of human resources and economic resources. The plant needs to prioritize trying to choose what kind of investments are the best for the plant’s future. The problem is that there is a lack of reliable priority model for investments that consider several different parameters. To solve this issue the goal is to create a useful model that can work as a tool to prioritize projects and investments in an appropriate and reliable way. The study began with a literature review to make the researcher approach the subject and gather the knowledge needed for this study. After this, qualitative semi-structured interviews were made with different managers at the plant, to acquire their expertise and knowledge regarding the selection of criteria and their preferences of how the model should work. The next step was to analyze the old model used at the plant, its strengths, and weaknesses. At the same time, constant discussions were held with the supervisor and his manager but as well with the university, mainly through seminars. When the researcher felt he was ready he started to create the new model. There were 30 criteria included in the model, mainly collected through interviews. The large number of criteria collected were sorted into Volvo’s catchwords SQDCEP (Safety, Quality, Delivery, Cost, Environmental, People). These were decided to function as the main criteria in the model, and all the 30 criteria were called sub-criteria. The model itself originates from a process called the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). It is an established and wellknown methodology to make prioritizations. Its main idea is to compare every single project against each other which makes the method very thoughtful, solid and probably better than other ones. The conclusion is that the model is complete and should work perfectly to be used for Volvo and other companies in the complex manufacturing industry. Furthermore, the criteria chosen for the model should also be applicable for other similar companies to Volvo, as the criteria are not unique.

  • 308.
    Jesper, Stenberg
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    En segmentering av elanvändare: Drivkrafter för efterfrågeflexibilitet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The electric power grid is experiencing peak loads during day time in week days. High loads result in high costs and negative environmental impacts. One way to balance the electricity use is demand response, which means shifting load from peak hours to off peak hours. Electricity distributors can implement time-of-use electricity tariffs as an incentive for the end-users to be more flexible in their electricity use. In this study an attempt is made to segment electricity users in households based on their behavior and motivation to shift their electricity use to off peak hours. Behavioral and psychographic variables based on the theory of planned behavior were used to construct a survey. The survey was sent out to almost 3000 households where some of the respondents had a time-of-use tariff and some did not. The survey data was then analyzed using mainly cluster analysis. The results show that there are distinct groups of people experiencing different motivations and barriers to shifting their load. Economy, environmental impact and comfort were among the strongest factors. The study also shows that only for a few factors, motivation and intention to shift load were related to an actual behavioral change.

    Key words: demand response, theory of planned behavior, market segmentation, cluster analysis, user behavior

  • 309.
    Johannes, Blomfeldt
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Optimering av UA-Värde: Förbättring av en containerkonstruktion2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Envirotainer builds containers that are specialized in transporting of temperature

    sensitive products these containers are customized for airplanes. The containers are

    then leased to other companies, most often to pharmaceutical companies.

    Envirotainer are based in Lagga, Knivsta. It is also here where the production of the

    containers is held. The container RAP T2 was designed in the early 80ies. The RAP

    T2 contains a fleet of about 1220 containers spread all over the world. This container

    model needs an update in order to optimize its performance. One of the

    improvements is achieved by optimizing the UA-value that is too high. A lower

    UA-value gives the performance of the container more endurance and more stability.

    Initial testing that was made in the beginning of the project showed that the floor in

    the container was the biggest stand alone module benefiter of the high UA-value.

    With that knowledge it was decided that my work should be about the possibility to

    improve the construction with a new insulation material that would optimize the

    UA-value.

    The work started off with an investigation of insulation materials. The most

    interesting insulation materials were weighted against each other. The result showed

    that Divinycell was the best insulation material for the design.

    Then different concepts were made, concept A were the whole floor was redesigned

    and concept B were an extra insulation module was designed to fit the existing floor.

    The concepts were weighted against each other in order to choose the final concept.

    Concept A was the best alternative and was chosen. The concept was then designed

    in PTC Creo.

    A prototype was built for UA-value testing. The prototype was then tested and

    measured against the original container in order to see how much the UA-value was

    lowered with the new design. And the result of the test showed an improvement of

    almost 37 %. The UA-value went from 25,40 W/K with the original container design

    to 16,05 W/K with the prototype design. This shows that an update of the floor

    design is in order to make the container performance better and more stabile.

  • 310.
    Johannesson, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Organizational Alignment: Perceptions, Processes and Strategy2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study and following thesis is to investigate how employees in a R&D department perceive the product development process. Review of present process documentation aims at identifying potential discrepancies between the process as it is designed and the way it´s used. The company is operating in a regulatory environment and have recently merged with another company. The company is aligning different processes and work teams. The result indicates that the organization will benefit from working with processes with an inclusive approach, i.e. involve employees working in the process. The process studied is a global process i.e. the process is used at multiple sites. This presents challenges for local adaptations. By actively involving employees a common understanding of the challenges can be achieved which will increase engagement and commitment. The organization will also benefit by looking at the organization from a process perspective. Aligning process goals with departmental goals can be achieved by developing processand department strategies based on overall organizational objectives and the organizational context. The underlying principles for the study are the foundations of TQM. Relevant tools, such as the improvement wheel (PDCA) and GAP-analysis, that can be used for business improvements are presented.

  • 311.
    Johansson, Agnes
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Kartläggning och visualisering av riggkonstruktionsprocessen: Fallstudie från Scania2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping a process enables a greater understanding of the work, and is standard to evaluate and improve a process. This thesis is conducted at Test Bed Mechanical Design at Scania in Södertälje. Test Bed Construction is a complex process, characterized by a large amount of creative work, technical challenges and coordination between different people and different organizational functions.

    The aim of the thesis was to identify the Test Bed Construction Process and to develop a visual model of the workflow that also served as support for the engineers in their daily work. During the mapping process, comparisons were made with previous research in lean product development to identify process improvement.

    A literature review on process mapping and process visualisation resulted in a method for process mapping. The study showed that research on process visualisation is neither structured nor well defined. Nevertheless, there are attempts to create a framework to facilitate the selection of modelling technology. The framework used in this thesis categorizes modelling techniques according to the purpose of the model and the models change tolerance. The literature review also led to the identification of a number of success factors for lean product development.

    A qualitative case study on UTTD mapped the Test Bed Construction Process as well as the engineer's experiences of their work process. The study resulted in a flow chart of the Test Bed Construction Process and a number of areas where the process could be improved. The process improvements essentially related procedures for documentation and coordination.

  • 312.
    Johansson, Christopher
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Underlag för framtagning av målningslina: Hantering och layout2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Seabased Industry AB develops system for extracting electrical energy from ocean waves with a Wave Energy Converter (WEC). The components is bought from subcontractors and then assembled into wave energy converters, buoys and marine substations by Seabased. In the future Seabased will produce more of the components themselves to reduce costs and to have better control over tolerances. The production line will also include the painting of the WECs and substations, which is performed in a painting line.

    The purpose of this thesis work is to study what is required to build a painting line, regarding the types of stations, transporting types and the space needed. This will result in layouts for the painting line.

    To receive the necessary information about production theory and corrosion and surface treatment, literature concerning this area has been studied. In addition a study visit has been done to see how a painting line may look like. This has been the basis for the solutions of the layouts.

    Since the design of the WEC, the production rate and the requirements of the painting system may change there are many parameters to consider. This led to several proposals of the layouts, to meet the requirements which may change.

    Considered the suggestions of solutions that have been presented in this report, Seabased can continue working towards developing a more optimal solution of the layout for the painting line that meets the requirements at issue.

  • 313.
    Johansson, Emil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Taxén, Christian
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Digital produktutveckling: Stage gate, S:t Eriks2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis revolves around product development in a medium-sized Swedish company. The company in question is called S:t Erik and manufactures a wide range of products made out of concrete and operates in several locations in Sweden. The study has been carried out during 20 weeks with a starting point in January, year 2015. The goal of the study is to deliver a directly implementable development process that support the company's vision and aim towards a more reliable and resource-saving product development process. The study has been conducted through interviews with people directly involved in the product development process. In addition to the interviews, an observational study carried out in the company's production unit in Uppsala and a benchmarking at S:t Eriks plant in Staffanstorp. Which though co-examination with theory revolving the Stage gate process formed the basis for the developed proposals for improvement. To achieve a more accurate product development S:t Erik is recommended to work with its product development on a project basis with clear guidance in the form of a dedicated project manager in combination with a standardized development procedure. Through a proposed model including the work guidelines and though structured development phases S:t Eriks is presented with the opportunity to drastically decrease the risk involved with the company’s product development. The result also includes a proposal to carry out the proposed working model through the online feature in Word, in response to discovered problems revolving communication, access to information and transfer of knowledge. To ensure that S:t Erik is able to interpret and meet the expressed customer need, and at the same time simplify the internal communication they are recommended to incorporate a 3D printer in the early stages of the product development. For additional ways to meet customer needs a concept collection folder available for quick and easy collection of ideas and suggestions online or alternatively on the company intranet is suggested. Finally a procedure for how the working model could be used in practise is presented in an effort to archive a successful implementation at S:t Eriks.

  • 314.
    Johansson, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Reduktion av kassationer av plåtar med planhetsfel: vid SSAB i Oxelösund2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is performed at Sweden's leading steel company,

    SSAB. It is performed at SSAB in Oxelösund at their mills. The aim is

    to identify the types of plates that are discarded the most because

    of failed flatness, finding the possible factores why they have not

    been rescued and make suggestions for improvement.

    The studies have been perfomed with qualitative and quantitative

    methods to get the best possible understanding of the problem. With

    help of data collection, brainstorming, interviews and observations,

    the study has been possible to implement, results have been reported

    and improvement proposals have been developed.

    Improvement suggestions have been given for the SX70E – 20mm plate. A

    flow chart have been developed to show how this sorts of plates must

    be controlled if the flatness is not approved. The detemined

    processes must be changed to processes that, shown by both statistics

    and tests, improves the flatness of this types of plates.

  • 315.
    Johansson, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    A Structure for Impact: Using benchmarking to revise the organization structure of an INGO2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates what the possible benefits and challenges are with different organization structures from the perspective of an international non-governmental organization (INGO). Based on learnings from other organizations it is examined what a revised structure could look like for Organization X in order to maximize their use of internal resources. The aim of the study is to achieve a structure more aligned with the strategic priorities of Organization X. As well as contribute to the field of organization theory from an INGO perspective. To achieve this benchmarking against other organizations is used to collect learnings in relation to organizational design. The learnings are analyzed in relation to organization theory and common challenges for INGOs. The result and analysis show that benchmarking can be used to gather valuable learnings regarding organizational design for INGOs in general and Organization X in particular. Two options for structural revisions for Organization X are presented. It is suggested that the second option should be implemented, at least as a first step, due to the current strategic priorities of the organization and the larger risks associated with option one. If implemented, the revisions proposed in this thesis should enable increased flexibility and the freeing up of resources, resulting in increased capability for fundraising and increased impact.

  • 316.
    Johansson, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Rörsch, Jonatan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Social Networks: Creating Organizational Benefits out of an Online Conversation2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Scania is increasing its production by improving its efficiency. The company is striving

    to achieve its new productivity goals without making large investments. In large

    organizations such as Scania there are many competent and skilled employees.

    However, since many of their offices are located worldwide communication is not

    always efficient and optimal. The purpose of this thesis is to show the potential

    benefits when implementing and operating online social networks within global

    organizations including Scania.

    Through empirical studies of global organizations which have utilized online social

    networks for a relatively long period this study intends to collect information which

    can help generate knowledge about the implementation and operation of online social

    networks.

    Our research revealed that important aspects of the implementation of an

    organization's online social network are knowledge management, dissemination, social

    ties and links between micro-and macro-networks. Thereby we concluded that online

    social networks lead to the creation of benefits for the individual as well as for the

    organization.

    Based on the theoretical framework and empirical evidence gathered in this study, we

    have concluded that an implemented model of an online social network fosters such

    benefits as improved communication channels and increased efficiency in the

    workplace.

     

  • 317.
    Johansson, Petter
    et al.
    KTH.
    Fors, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Olovsson, Malin
    KTH.
    A wider perspective on research utilisation at technical universities in Sweden2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing discussion concerning how academic research is being utilised in industry and society and how this can be measured and encouraged by using performance based resource allocation. The professor privilege in Sweden causes many utilisation activities to occur informally and directly with partners outside of academia, with the consequence that university management may lack full insight into the utilisation processes and the processes become difficult to measure. To contribute to this lack of knowledge, this study has been undertaken to describe how current utilisation-activities at a technical university in Sweden look like from the researchers’ perspective. Attitudes and possibilities to utilise research in society and industry have been studied through interviews with researchers in 16 divisions active in the field of energy.

    The results show a large variety among the studied divisions in both capabilities and attitudes towards utilising research. Divisions that mainly collaborate with industrial partners instead of governmental organisations turns out to have more entrepreneurial activity in form of patenting and business start-ups compared to divisions that mostly collaborate with governmental organisations. This indicates that the usage of key performance indicators (KPIs), such as patents and business start-ups, would favor divisions with mostly industrial collaborations while unfavorably portraying divisions with mostly governmental collaborations. These KPIs are therefore unfit to use for resource allocation purposes for every type of research division. 

  • 318.
    Jonathan, Knutsson
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Koncept för virveltrumma för konsumenter2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 319.
    Jonsson, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Öron-, näs- och halssjukdomar.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Larsson, Lars-Eric
    Uppsala universitet.
    Forsberg, Petter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Severinsson, Kristoffer
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Targeting Academic Engagement in Open Innovation: Tools, Effects and Challenges for University Management2015Inngår i: Journal of the Knowledge Economy, ISSN 1868-7865, E-ISSN 1868-7873, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 522-550Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 320. Jonsson, Lars
    et al.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Larsson, Lars-Erik
    A broadened innovation support for mutual benefits: Academic engagement by universities as part of technology transfer2015Inngår i: International Journal of Technology Management & Sustainable Development, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 71-91Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 321.
    Jonsson, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Hedberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Raising environmental awarenessand behavior in and by projectmanagement: An organizational culture and change managementapproach2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    In an increasingly environmentally awareworld, companies are influenced bysustainability thinking and there ismuch talk about certifications,reporting requirements, andenvironmental work. Meanwhile, projectshave become a common way to conductbusinesses, however, without significantenvironmental consideration in theproject process. By using changemanagement in corporate culture andorganizational behavior, we examine howa process of implementation of newapproaches and methods may look like andhow the new work method affects itsusers.This thesis deals with the subject whereenvironmental and sustainabilitythinking is incorporated in projectmanagement. Our ambition is that theresults will lead to greaterunderstanding and awareness in companiesand eventually be developed and fullyutilized. The conclusions first presentthe changes needed to be done in theorganization and its culture and thensome concrete steps to take towards moreeco-friendly project management methodstogether with proposals for reporting.Because the subject is in thedevelopment phase, this is a preliminarystudy and an introduction to a moresustainable project management. Finallythe conclusions present suggestions forfurther studies to get deeperunderstanding in the field.

  • 322.
    Josefsson, Martin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Prototypframtagning av Mälterianläggning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes the development of a maltingplant prototype with the capacity of 1ton per cycle. The Prototype is specifically developed for the use of Korngårdens Humle AB that are investigating the possibility to start malting barley for use in beer. 

    The project began with an extensive pre-study, where information on the process was collected. Some of the questions answered were: how it is done? What happens to the grain during the process? What are the products on the market today? What work has been done previously? And finally, what are the requirements of the process?

    Based on the information and requirements found and the wishes from Korngårdens Humle AB a customer demand specification was established. This was used as a foundation for concept development and finally for the selection of the suitable concept. The plant would be qualified for the three sub-processes in malting, steeping, germination and kilning.

    The concept chosen is based on two containers, one for steeping and one for the germination and kilning process. Project boundaries were set for only mechanical solutions to be solved. Sizing and selection of motors, pumps, valves and software was not included.

    Development of the digital prototype was documented along with FEM-analysis for critical parts. Alongside with the development a costing estimate was done to ensure that the demands was held and that the prototype was able to compete with existing plants on the market.

  • 323.
    Josefsson, Sofie
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Expected Benefits in Business Development Projects: How to Formulate and Evaluate2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Working in projects is a common work-method of many companies today, andproject portfolios, a tool to manage all projects and ideas, are frequently used. Whenchoosing which project idea to start as a project the expected benefits have to bevalued, because they are what motivate a project to start. The expected benefits areeffects of the project result and should be well formulated and well prepared. It is theorderer’s responsibility to both formulate and evaluate them when project result hasbeen delivered. The problem with orderers is they often lack knowledge in projectmanagement and they believe the project manager should formulate the project idea,with its benefits. This misconception can be handled by providing relevant informationto anyone having an idea for a project. The information should be handled by theproject office´s because they are what orderers first turn to when having an idea. Theevaluation after project execution has to be demanded by the Project PortfolioManagement that manages the project portfolio, to make sure it is performed. Manyorderers claim they lack time to perform it and lack interest because they havealready gotten what they requested. However, an evaluation is of greater use than forthe single orderer, it will able the company to learn from both mistakes and successesmade in the project formulation. The Forum will also be able to know if theinvestment has paid off.

  • 324.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Analys RadioNy: En studie om utmaningar och möjlighetervid integration av nytt radiosystem2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been conducted at the Swedish Defense Materiel

    Administration (FMV) on the department of mobile command center

    with supervised by ÅF. FMV Mobile Command centers main task is to

    integrate communication systems into Swedish Armed Forces (FM)

    vehicle systems.

    FMV has conducted a new radio system that will be integrated in

    FM. In communications systems various interfaces as mounting

    interface and connections interface frequent occurs.

    A mounting interface is an interface were the radio is mounted

    into a mounting frame or matching, connection interface is the

    cables and contacts or interfaces similar. During the procurement

    of the new radio system no requirements were written in the

    specification that it should fit in the existing mounting

    interface called mounting frame 42/48. Nor did the connection

    interfaces stated requirements in detail. The problem formulation

    of this thesis reads; How is it possible for FMV to work with

    integration of the new communications system in FM vehicles to

    create the best conditions, inside the boundaries that is given

    for this thesis?

    To get an understanding how integration can be better in FMV,

    questions were formulated from FMV, which are underlying the

    further work. A good foundation for the analysis are made from the

    feasibility on how a specification is written in FM, which laws

    that would have an effect for public authority and which methods

    and manuals that is available to aid. Interviews are then

    conducted with staff from FMV and with co-workers on the concept

    plant in Enköping, a lot of the tryouts of the new communication

    systems are done. Four different mounting system concepts on how

    the integrations can be done are evaluated and analyzed to get to

    a standing point.

    The conclusion from the analyze of the mounting frame concepts is

    that an updated version of the existing mounting frame could be

    the best. With the addition that the new acquired mounting frame

    also should have the potential to mount older radio systems. A

    mounting frame adjusts for the new radio system at the same time

    as the older fits.

    In this conclusion recommendations are presented on what FMV could

    work on to achieve better conditions for the integrations of

    communications systems.

    Conclusions that the start of a project is the most important

    factor, for the whole project to be made. The importance of the

    knowledge of a change late in a project is much more expensive

    than early in a project and the project participants have easier

    to get a clear picture if it is a good startup of a project.

    To find a common connection interface for the radio systems was

    not seen as a solution. Instead it is proposed to work with

    standards where it is possible and detail specifications where it

    is needed.

    ISRN UTH-

  • 325.
    Kamil, Nuruddin
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Exploring the Perceived Success Factors of Agile Software Projects in Indonesian Startups2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A startup is a fledgling business designed to deliver a new product or service under conditions of extreme uncertainty. In the 21st century, startups have been growing significantly both in developed and developing countries. Since2014, startups are currently a new booming phenomenon in Indonesia. Nowadays, there are 1,716 registered startups that have been rapidly growing in Indonesia which also places the country in 4th place worldwide after theUnited States, India, and the United Kingdom. Startups in Indonesia were forecasted to grow significantly due to a strong macroeconomic outlook and favorable demographics. This research is a qualitative study to provide an academic literature for Indonesian startups, especially for agile software development. Regarding the high failure rate for startups, the purpose of this study is to explore the perceived success factors of Indonesian agile development startups. It also covers the adoption of implementing agile project management. This study was conducted through interviews from 20 participants within various IT-related startups in Indonesia. The implementation of agile methodologies has been broadly found in software development projects in Indonesian startups with Scrum as the common agile practice. Most of them have been using agile methods for less than a year. Contrarily, a minority of the participants refused to use agile methodologies and chose a traditional way, such as the waterfall method. It has been investigated that there are six perceived critical success factors that were found in implementing agile methodologies, as follows: project definition process, management commitment, project schedule, team environment, team capability, and delivery strategy. In addition, there is a positive correlation between those critical success factors with previous studies and startup characteristics.

  • 326.
    Karhunen, Mattias
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Andersson, Linn
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Materialhantering på byggarbetsplatsen: En fördjupning om inbärning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Logistikhanteringen inom byggbranschen har varit en oförändrad process under lång tid. Nu börjar däremot branschen vakna till liv och se att med effektiv leveranshantering både till och på arbetsplatsen leder till positiva effekter på både ekonomi och arbetsmiljö. Det är däremot okänt hur stora de ekonomiska effekterna är.

    Denna studie är skriven i samarbete med Skanska och syftar till att undersöka vilka ekonomiska och tidsbesparande fördelar som finns när tjänsten inbärning köps in. Studien behandlar också förbättringspotentialer och vad som är viktigt att tänka på vid beslut om tjänsten ska köpas in eller inte. Tjänsten inbärning syftar till att med hjälp av en tredje part frakta in material in i byggnaden. Tjänsten kan utföras under dag- och kvällstid. De största fördelarna med tjänsten är att yrkesarbetarna slipper bli avbrutna i sitt arbete för att lossa material och att transporten av material på arbetsplatsen kan ske till en lägre kostnad.

    Inom byggbranschen finns mycket kunskap och det är inte ovanligt att de som nu är projektchefer en gång varit yrkesarbetare. Mycket tid har därför lagts på intervjuer med personer som jobbar med projektledning i byggprojekt, där har uppsamling av kunskap om logistik och inbärning gjorts. För att öka förståelsen kring hur materialhantering går till och hur arbetsplatsens utformning påverkar tiden för att frakta material in i byggnaden har observationer på arbetsplatser och frekvensmätning vid inbärning av kök gjorts.

    Resultatet i rapporten visar att det finns en optimism inför att i framtiden använda tjänsten inbärning, men den har fortfarande barnsjukdomar som behöver lösas innan den fungerar fullt ut. Ett större kunskapsutbyte behöver ske och styrdokument behöver utformas. Resultatet visar också att stora delar av det som påverkar kostnaden för tjänsten inte går att kostnadsbestämma.

    Slutligen följer en rekommendation om vad som bör beaktas om tjänsten ska köpas in. Slutsatsen är att det finns åtta parametrar som påverkar om tjänsten är lönsam eller inte att köpa in. Några av dessa är typ av projekt, personal, arbetsmarknad och leveranser.

  • 327.
    Karlsson, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Utvärdering av fjädrande statorfötter: Nytt koncept i vattenkraftgeneratorer2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is an evaluation of a new design concept for statorfeets in Gallejaur hydro power plant. Founder of the work is Vattenfall AB Vattenkraft. During the 70- and 80´s nuclear power began to be phased in to the Swedish grid, which meant that hydropower became an important source of rules. The generators began running in so called intermittent operations instead of basic operations, which meant 300-600 start/stop per year instead of one-ten numbers start/stop per year. In order to deal with the thermal forces that arise at every start and stop suppliers began to mount so called sliding joints, which is to take advantage of these forces and maintain the stator shape. This, however, led to unforeseen consequences.

    The evaluation is a part of a major project, witch started in 2005 with regards to bring down the shutdown time on generators because of the sliding joints, witch are mounted on many older machines today. The sliding joints have tended to stick during operation resulting in serious consequences. Consequences such as cracks in the concrete foundations and stator core buckling causing long shutdown and providing a high level of production lost.

    VG Power who delivered the concept has developed a foot, which ensures that the stator retains its shape when it expands due to the thermal forces arising from the boot and stop of the generator. Analysis and validation of design and calculations made at VG Power shows that the concept is very well dimensioned and can handle the demands that Vattenfall has in the specification. Analysis and validation of operational data from five operational cases also shows that the concept works very well. The concept shows among other things that:

    • Movement of the new feet’s follows a clear pattern of movement when starting and stopping the unit.
    • The concept is well dimensioned, good margins for safety and stability are provided.
    • The concept is suited well for older units.
    • The design allows for a safer operation because of reduced maintenance that the concept requires.
    • High availability

    Further studies concerning the test of the concept strength is to start a fatigue rig to test whether the concept can handle the intense stress of the micro – movement that occurs during operation. It is important that Vattenfall is examining and doing an analysis on the micro – movement that occurs in the blocks where Vattenfall surveillance system Conwide not allow sufficiently high sampling rate. During a visit to Vattenfall Research And Development in Älvkarleby rust was discovered on the attachment, which requires further consideration of VG Power. It is and important parameter relevant to maintenance and durability.

  • 328.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Tillämpningar av ledarskap från höghöjdsexpeditioner: Användningsområde - krissituationer2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The institution of Engineering Sciences at Uppsala University in cooperation with Umeå University is working on a project where they will examine the decision-making in extreme situations. A part of this project is to investigate leadership in high altitudes expeditions.

    This report will discusses the type of leadership used in high altitudes expeditions. Then, to examine how well you can use it in companies and organizations, and the ability to prevent company’s disasters with this kind of leadership.

    This is done by studying different company’s stories, where they gone bankrupt or fallen into a deep crisis. This is done to find out if high altitude leadership, which is the type of leadership used in high altitudes expeditions, can prevent the end of companies or organizations got.

    The report contains the conclusions I have drawn from HAL (high altitude leadership) in the different stories. They include the parts of HAL that is interesting and the conclusion that it may be better to use it as a leadership tool than a type of leadership. 

  • 329.
    Karlsson, Sonny
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Olsson, Markus
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Kartläggning av eftermarknadsärenden: En analys av felanmälningar under garantitiden2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been conducted in collaboration with JM AB, Region

    Öst, based at their office in Uppsala. Below follows a summary of

    the study.

    Problem

    For the major contractors in Sweden, the costs after the costumers

    access are high. According to Boverket the costs can be as high as

    1.3 billion SEK annually. In addition of the costs of the work

    itself, the companies risks dissatisfied customers when the extra

    work often is considered as a disturbance.

    To investigate this matter, the purpose of this thesis is to answer

    the following questions:

    - What are the most common errors reported during the warranty

    period?

    - Can the errors be addressed at an earlier stage?

    - Is poor purchasing a contributing factor to the high costs during

    the warranty period?

    - Can a different ventilation system reduce the amount of errors?

    Method

    The purpose of the study is to identify the most common errors that

    occur during the warranty period, to summarize these and give

    concrete suggestions of measures to reduce the errors. The report is

    based on interviews, statistics of the errors from JM Region Öst

    during year 2015 and the analysis of the customers feedback during

    the warranty period of eight projects. In addition, the authors have

    chosen to compare two different ventilations systems to see if the

    change of system can reduce the number of error reports concerning

    ventilation.

    Conclusions

    The study shows an even distribution of errors from the different

    categories. The reports from JM Region Öst during year 2015 and the

    average from the selected projects have similar distribution. Of the

    total number of error reports from JM Region Öst during year 2015,

    20.1 percent belonged to the category Plumbing. The same category

    had, in the authors compilation of the eight projects, 20.2 percent

    of the reports. From this result it can be concluded that the

    percentage of problems reported from each category is about the

    same, no matter the size of the project.

    In the interviews, the most common errors and what causes these,

    were discussed. Because of the many errors to the category Plumbing,

    this was the main subject. During the interviews it was discovered

    that different actors blames the problems on each other. However,

    dirt in the pipe system in combination with a low water pressure was

    considered to be the biggest cause of problems to the category.

    The study also shows that a complicated list of responsibilities

    generates costs for the after-sales department. The reason is that

    the process of appointing a responsible actor becomes hard. The

    consequence of this is that staff from the after-sales department is

    forced to make visits to the projects only to be able to redirect

    the matter to the responsible subcontractor.

  • 330.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Lennerfors, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Laaksoharju, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Asai, Ryoko
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för visuell information och interaktion. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Bildanalys och människa-datorinteraktion.
    Björk, Ingrid
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Etikutbildning för ingenjörer: Övningar, verktyg, metoder2015Inngår i: 5:e utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges Ingenjörsutbildningar / [ed] Stefan Pålsson, Uppsala universitet, 2015, s. 30-31Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    En utbildning i etik som ska träna studenter att själva hantera etiska problem måste utgå ifrån klassisk filosofi och från etikpsykologisk forskning i problemlösning och beslutsfattande. Utbildningen ska koncentrera sig på praktiskt arbete och seminarier med egna verkliga etiska dilemman. Målet är utveckling av förmågan att lösa etiska problem, tolka och tillämpa viktiga principer och regler, och delta aktivt i dialog med andra intressenter. I workshopen kommer vi att visa metoder, verktyg och övningar som vi använder i våra etikkurser för ingenjörer och teknologer.

  • 331.
    Keyser, Hugo
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Separationsteknik i fluglarvskompostering: teknikutvärdering och prototypframtagning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete beskriver produktutveckling av en separeringsmaskin i ett inledande skede. Institutionen för Energi och Teknik vid SLU bedriver forskning inom fluglarvskompostering och behöver en utrustning för att separera larverna från behandlingsrester. Det finns ingen separationsutrustning direkt anpassad för detta ändamål därför behöver teknik utvärderas för att se vad som är lämpligt.

    Arbetet har utförts enligt TDB ”test-design-build” vilket innebär att det är praktisk produktutveckling i en verkstad där prototyper har tillverkats för att utvärdera olika separationstekniker. Testerna har lett till insikter som tagit arbetet vidare med en design som sedan blivit en mer raffinerad prototyp i pilotskala. Information har inhämtats löpande under projektet genom att konsultera olika professioner och genom sökningar i referensverk och bild- och videomaterial på internet. Egna studier på det material som skall separeras har bidragit med väsentlig kunskap för att lyckas med uppdraget.

    Varje prototyp innebar ett eget arbete i det stora projektet, med egna resultat och diskussioner. Resultaten från de initiala prototyperna är mer en funktionsbeskrivning medan den slutgiltiga prototypen har presenterats både beträffande funktion och med kvantitativ data. Resultaten visar på att separationen bör utföras med en kombinerad vibration- och vindsikt med kompletterande logistiklösningar för hantering av material in- och ur maskinen.

    Arbetet ger ett resultat i form av en prototyp tillika ett designförslag, som kan användas som en utgångspunkt i arbetet med att ta fram en optimerad produkt som kan separera FLK-materialet.

  • 332.
    Khadri, Ines Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The challenge of implementing Corporate Sustainability: The case of Swedish energy industry2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 333.
    Kleve, Wera
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Förutsättningar och hinder för att använda offentlig upphandling som styrmedel för en hållbar hantering av entreprenadberg2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Large volumes of excavated soil and rock are generated in building- and construction projects. These materials need to be transported longer and longer distances due to the densifications of cities. The transportation affects the environment in terms of noise and emissions, but also makes high demands on road infrastructure. To reduce the transport distances an increased responsibility for the excavated rock generated needs to be taken. Responsibility can be increased through an introduction of means of control. Previous studies describe public procurement as an effective tool to increase the responsibility taken by public authorities. Public procurement is regulated by law but the inclusive of environmental requirements is optional, which makes procurement as a tool flexible. The aim of this thesis is to examine public procurement as a tool to control and reduce the environmental impacts from handling, and specifically transporting excavated rock generated in municipal construction projects. The study consists of a case study conducted in Södertörns eight municipalities and a wider analysis that has been carried out in the regions of Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Skåne. The two studies showed that municipal officials generally do not believe that the handling of excavated rock is a municipal responsibility, it lies in the entrepreneurs self-interest to implement regional mass balances. Entrepreneurs instead, consider it to be a municipal problem that can be resolved only when the municipality begins to take responsibility for the excavated rock generated, by example through developing regional plans. As in previous studies, the result indicates that the supplier and purchaser consider the environmental requirements in the procurement process differently. The thesis identify four different factors, which limits the municipalities ability and willingness to take more responsibility in the procurement process regarding the matter excavated rock from construction. These factors are different political position, short term planning, centralization of the procurement units and lack of national and municipal regulations. The study presents that the knowledge in municipal procurement entities is low when it comes to the handling of excavated rock from municipal construction projects. The major knowledge gaps are probably due to the fact that excavated rock for a long time has been seen as an unwanted issue and interest in managing their materials has therefore been low. The knowledge gap must be decreased before the municipalities are able to develop an ethical maturity and take more responsibility in the management of excavated rock. Increased dialogue between different municipal sections and other stakeholders may increase the knowledge.

  • 334.
    Klövheden, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Ett peruanskt småföretags väg till hållbart företagande: Möjligheter, hinder och implementation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka vilka möjligheter och hinder som finns för ett småföretag i Peru att utveckla för mer hållbart företagande samt vilka metoder och strategier som finns tillgängliga för organisationen att implementera i sitt hållbarhetsarbete. Hållbar utveckling och ansvarsfullt företagande är teman som blir allt viktigare i en global informationsrik omvärld. Sociala missförhållanden, ekonomiska orättvisor och klimatförändringar är saker vi ständigt blir påminda om. Myndigheter spelar en allt större roll i hur de försäkrar att den inhemska marknaden utvecklar ett ansvarstagande inom de sociala, ekonomiska och miljömässiga områdena.

    Organisationen som studeras är en kycklingrestaurang i Lima, Peru. Området för hållbart företagande är viktigt för att ägarna ska kunna få insikt om verksamhetens olika delar samt hur deras verksamhet påverkar dess omgivning. Den teoretiska bakgrunden innehåller delar från Corporate Social Responsability (CSR), hållbar utveckling, värdekedjan, marknadsföring, lärande organisationer, organisationsutveckling samt offensiv kvalitetsutveckling. Arbetsmetoden är i form av en fallstudie och kvalitativ dataanalys, där insamling av data görs med personliga intervjuer, artiklar och dokument.

    Resultatet visar på att Peru ligger i fronten vad gäller hållbar utveckling inom regionen för Sydamerika. Den peruanska myndigheten har utvecklat flertalet program och metoder, med detaljerade implementeringsplaner, som företag kan använda sig av i sitt hållbarhetsarbete. Slutsatsen är att organisationen kan kombinera de metoder och strategier som framkommit i resultatet till en genomförandemodell som baseras på hållbart värde.

  • 335. Koliou, Elta
    et al.
    Bartusch, Cajsa
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Picciariello, Angela
    Eklund, Tobias
    Söder, Lennart
    Hakvoort, Rudi A.
    Quantifying distribution-system operators' economic incentives to promote residential demand response2015Inngår i: Utilities Policy, ISSN 0957-1787, E-ISSN 1878-4356, ISSN ISSN 0957-1787, Vol. 35, s. 28-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Demand response (DR) from end-users is widely investigated as a power-system flexibility resource in a European smart-grid environment. Limited knowledge exists on the added value such flexibility can bring to actors in the electricity value chain. This work investigates the economic effect of consumption flexibility under current regulatory remuneration on distribution-system operators with a Swedish case study. Results indicate DR leads to savings for the distribution-system operator, which might be used towards smart-grid investments. Peak demand is and will continue to be a main driver for grid costs and therefore should be a focal point in tariff design.

  • 336.
    Krumlinde, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Philipsson, William
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Mätning av TAK och hur en metod för rapportering av data implementeras: Väderstad Verken AB2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet har genomförts på Väderstad Verken AB i Östergötland.

    Tidsomfattningen har varit cirka två månader med närvaro både på företaget i Väderstad

    men också i Uppsala för den teoretiska delen. Väderstad verken är ett tillverkande

    företag med produktion av lantbruksmaskiner. På detaljtillverkningen mäts idag TAK

    (tillgänglighet, anläggningsutnyttjande, kvalitet) med blandad framgång. I denna rapport

    har vi avgränsat oss till att studera företagets lackeringsprocess med tillhörande

    moment, från upphängning av detaljer, förberedelser och lackering. Lackeringen är en

    process med många olika steg med både automatiska och manuella processer. Idag mäts

    bara de automatiska processerna och vår uppgift har därför varit att ta fram ett förslag

    på hur de ska kunna mäta även de manuella delarna av lackprocessen. På så vis kan man

    analysera alla delar inom lacken var för sig och få en korrekt uppfattning av hur hela

    lacken går. Problemformuleringen för denna rapport är således; Ta fram en metod för

    Väderstadverken att mäta utrustningsutnyttjandet, hur stor del av den planerade

    drifttiden som verkligen producerar, gemensamt för alla maskiner i produktionslinan.

    Arbetet började med att hela lacken undersöktes och vi satte oss in i hur de olika delarna

    fungerar och påverkar varandra. Syftet var att få en tillräcklig förståelse för hela

    processen för att sedan kunna komma med förslag och rekommendationer för en

    komplett TAK-mätning. Empiridelen föregick av ett arbete där det utformades en

    teoretisk grund som sedan empirin kunde jämföras emot. Intervjuer med

    produktionsledare, tekniker och operatörer gjordes vilket gav en uppfattning om

    inställningen till denna typ av mätning och kunskapen inom ämnet. Efter tillräckligt

    med information om nuläget och en teoretisk bakgrund kunde ett förslag utformas.

    Den senare delen av rapporten innehåller ett förslag på hur man skulle kunna införa ett

    mätsystem för TAK-mätning av de manuella delarna av lacken. Förslaget bygger på det

    system som redan används på övrig automation i lacken på andra ställen i fabriken.

    Stopporsaker ska rapporteras till ett system som tar hänsyn till en teoretisk cykeltid, den

    kortaste tid som det i teorin skulle kunna gå att utföra ett moment på, med veckans mål

    som en varierande teoretisk cykeltid. Vid inträffade händelser som fördröjer den

    teoretiska cykeltiden ska dessa rapporteras som stopp eller reducerad hastighet.

    Denna mätning kommer komplettera de befintliga mätningarna och ge möjlighet att

    tydligt upptäcka flaskhalsar och orsakerna till dess förekomst. Det blir också ett verktyg

    för operatörerna att kommunicera läget på deras arbetsplatser och i förlängningen också

    samma verktyg för produktionsledarna att rapportera uppåt. 

  • 337.
    Kullvén, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Industriföretagets ekonomi: Atlas Copco Industriteknik2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur styrs ett företag? Den här boken ger svar på frågan genom att följa ett industriföretag, Atlas Copco Industriteknik, för att få insikt i hur de planerar, genomför, redovisar och följer upp sin verksamhet. Här diskuteras aspekter som innovation, produktutveckling, finansiering, investering, marknadsföring, organisering, prissättning, produktion, produktkalkylering, utvärdering och redovisning. Hur gör Atlas Copco Industriteknik detta, och vilka andra metoder finns tillgängliga?

    Bokens perspektiv skiljer sig från andra läroböcker inom området, som vanligtvis börjar med att presentera allmänna modeller och sedan ger exempel på dessa. I den här boken kan läsaren i stället följa ett riktigt företag genom olika modeller och begrepp och därmed få en mer verklighetsbaserad förståelse för ämnet. 

  • 338.
    Kullvén, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Management of an Industrial Company: Atlas Copco Industrial Technique2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How is a company managed? In this book, this is explained by following an industrial company, Atlas Copco Industrial Technique, in order to understand how they plan, carry out, account for and follow up their business. The book presents activities such as innovation, product development, financing, investing, marketing, organizing, pricing, producing, costing, evaluating and accounting. How is this carried out by Atlas Copco Industrial Tecnique? Which are the possible alternatives?

    This perspective differs from other textbooks in the area, which usually start by describing the general models followed by presenting examples in relation to these. This book gives the reader the opportunity to follow a real company throughout different models and concepts, thus providing a more real-life understanding of the subject.

  • 339.
    Kumar, Rajat
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Shinde, Santosh
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Simulation as decision support tool: A case study with data analysis, VSM and simulation applied to an ETO system2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Digital transformation is rising rapidly, where absolutely any kind of data is readily available. With the rise in digital information and technologies, businesses are aiming at measuring their processes and thereby getting better control over their operations. Industries are striving to increase efficiency and productivity to survive in the high global competitive market by adopting a digital tool. Simulation has been one of the most common tools of Industry 4.0 that allows a virtual representation of the real system. The use of simulation has tremendously increased in manufacturing industries due to its advantages where changes can be made and checked virtually before implementing them to the physical system. Data acquisition has been an important aspect that remains unfocussed especially in Engineer to Order (ETO) and Make to Order (MTO) environments where the production processes are complex, nonstandardised and depend heavily on manual work leading to a prolonged barrier towards digitalisation. So, can data create new values for companies? Are firms realising the importance of data? As the economy is moving towards a more data-driven state, it is essential for companies to realise the importance of data and find efficient ways of data collection.

    The thesis is based on a case study at an electrical transformer manufacturing firm taking its first step towards digital technology to have better control over its manufacturing processes. However, this transformation is primarily hindered by the limited availability of data and poor data quality due to manual data acquisition methods. Analysis of organisational documents and Value Stream Mapping (VSM) have been used to analyse missing primary and secondary production data. The results of this study conclude that modelling of the system can give additional data gaps, and the simulation model can be served as a powerful decision support tool for the firm. This switch in approach from intuition-based decision making to more fact-based decision making can result in better planning and control over the production. This thesis will lay the foundation for studies related to data acquisition and simulation in an ETO environment as it is not widely discussed in the existing literature

  • 340.
    Kurkkio, Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Analys av underhållsarbeten: En studie om referenstider och förbättringsförslagför underhållsarbeten2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to identify and investigate reference times for regularmaintenance work activities at the department responsible for maintenance ofunderground loaders at company LKAB:s mine in Kiruna, Sweden. The study is athesis of 15 credits at Uppsala University and has been carried out over 10 weeksduring the spring 2016. The majority of the work has been carried out on site.

    For a long time the underground loaders department has been struggling withrecurring breakdowns. Which affect the production in the mine and is a burden forthe maintenance personal. To live up to the expectations of the customer and be ableto plan the work procedures with better precision the department now wants to geta better picture of how much the planning of the maintenance work affects thedepartment, both in time and costs. The goal with the study is to proposeimprovements of how to minimize the time for maintenance work.

    The study has looked at internal statistics from 2015 and used it to map out whichactivities that have the biggest influence on the department. The first selectionresulted in six procedures which are carried out on the two types of loaders from SANDVIK that the company uses. The chosen activities are bucket replacement, tiltcylinder replacement, lift cylinder replacement and front and rear axle replacement.Due to the limitation of time for the study one of these six activities were chosen fora deeper analysis. The choice, after discussion with the mentor Sandy Doull at LKAB,fell on front and rear axle replacement.

    The conclusion after the study is that there are big opportunities for improvementsfor the department responsible for the underground loaders at LKAB. Workingactively with follow ups and implementing the Lean tool 5S they can reduce waste,variation and to improve productivity for all the work procedures. Improvements thatcould lead to big economic profits by reducing downtime in production and improveworking conditions for maintenance personal during the work procedures.

  • 341.
    La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Akershus Univ Hosp, Sykehusveien 25, N-1478 Lorenskog, Norway.;BI Norwegian Business Sch, Nydalsveien 37, N-0484 Oslo, Norway..
    Moscatelli, Paolo
    Loccioni Grp, Via Fiume 16, I-60030 Ancona, Italy..
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Univ Politecn Marche, Ple Martelli 8, I-60121 Ancona, Italy..
    Snehota, Ivan
    USI, Via G Buffi 13, CH-6904 Lugano, Switzerland..
    Customer involvement in new product development in B2B: The role of sales2016Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 58, s. 45-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing new products, and customer involvement in the process, have been frequent topics in the management literature. Focusing on the benefits and risks of customer involvement, prior research mostly black boxed the process through which customers are involved. Little has been reported on the activities and timing related to customer involvement in new product development (NPD), and the literature provides limited guidance for how to orchestrate customers' involvement. Building on a longitudinal case study of the development of a new product over five years, we offer a comprehensive model of customer involvement in the NPD process, and elaborate on the role of sales in customer involvement. The contribution of this paper is threefold: first, we develop the concept of customer involvement as a pattern of interactions at the interface of the customer and supplier organizations. Second, we posit that NPD in a B2B context is an iterative process consisting of various parallel sub-processes. Third, we demonstrate that in a B2B context, sales function plays a central part in interfacing the supplier and customer organizations. Based on our findings we identify organizational capabilities critical for developing an effective customer-supplier interface.

  • 342. La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Moscatelli, Paolo
    Loccioni Group.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Snehota, Ivan
    Sales and innovation. Architecture of the organizational interface in new product development2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 343.
    La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    New venture acquiring a position in the network. The case of Dr Motor Company2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 344.
    La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Lugano University, Institute of Marketing and Communication Management.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    New venture acquiring position in an existing network. The case of DR Motor Company.2014Inngår i: The IMP Journal, Vol. 2, nr 8, s. 64-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 345. La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    Caruana, Albert
    Snehota, Ivan
    Developing New Business Relationships: An Outside-In Perspective2016Inngår i: Looking Forward, Looking Back: Drawing On The Past To Shape The Future Of Marketing / [ed] Campbell, C; Ma, JJ, 2016, s. 166-169Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 346.
    La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Rennes Sch Business, Dept Mkt, Rennes, France.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Polytech Univ Marche, Dept Management, Ancona, Italy.
    Sabatini, Andrea
    Polytech Univ Marche, Dept Management, Ancona, Italy;Uppsala Univ, Dept Engn Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Baraldi, Enrico
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik.
    The emergence of the customer relationship portfolio of a new venture: a networking process2019Inngår i: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 1066-1078Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose While several studies have focused on the initial phases of new ventures and their first customer and supplier relationships, we have a limited understanding of how the new venture's portfolio of customer relationships emerges. This paper aims to explore the emergence of the customer relationship portfolio of a new venture and to investigate the effects of early relationships on subsequent ones. Design/methodology/approach Methodologically, the authors rely on a longitudinal single case study of a new venture which develops, implements and sells customized cost-management software. The study is exploratory and based on 24 in-depth interviews. Findings The findings show that the development of a customer portfolio depends on the cumulative effect of heterogeneous elements and network connections. These include the initial link between the new venture and the first customer and a subsequent series of interconnections that develop with the emerging network capability of the new venture. Originality/value As one of the few studies that explore the emergence of new ventures' customer relationship portfolio, this study demonstrates the value of applying a relational/network approach for studying relationship portfolio dynamics.

  • 347. La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Universita' Politecnica delle Marche.
    Snehota, Ivan
    Università della Svizzera italiana, USI.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    The role of supplier relationships in the development of new business venturesInngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 348.
    La Rocca, Antonella
    et al.
    Rennes Sch Business, 2 Rue Robert DArbrissel, F-35065 Rennes, France;BI Norwegian Business Sch, Nydalsveien 37, N-0484 Oslo, Norway.
    Perna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Tekniska sektionen, Institutionen för teknikvetenskaper, Industriell teknik. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Centrum för teknik- och vetenskapstudier. Univ Politecn Marche, Ple Martelli 8, I-60121 Ancona, Italy;Uppsala Univ, Box 534, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Snehota, Ivan
    USI, Via G Buffi 13, CH-6904 Lugano, Switzerland.
    Ciabuschi, Francesco
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    The role of supplier relationships in the development of new business ventures2019Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 80, s. 149-159Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    New business ventures have rather limited resources, generally suffer from liabilities of smallness and newness and rely on external business relationships, typically with suppliers, for developing and acquiring necessary resources. Yet, to date, research on how new ventures develop initial relationships with suppliers and how these affect the nascent business has been limited. Taking the business network perspective and relating it to studies of supply chain and supplier involvement in product development, our study contributes to the rather limited body of knowledge on new ventures' supplier relationships. Empirically, we draw on a longitudinal, in-depth single-case study of the first two years of operation of a start-up. Our study shows that the development of the key initial supplier relationships starts from open-ended expectations of mutual future relational benefits and involves a stepwise 'inter-definition' of solutions in interaction between the parties. We observe that inter-dependences arise between the new venture and its key suppliers and these enable but also limit, the development paths of both partners. We argue that the key initial supplier relationships extend a new venture's resource and capability base and are an integral part of a new venture's business model.