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  • 301.
    Price, Neil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knecht, Rick
    University of Aberdeen.
    Lindsay, Gavin
    University of Aberdeen.
    The sacred and the profane: souvenir and collecting behaviours on the WWII battlefields of Peleliu, Palau, Micronesia2015Ingår i: Heritage and memory of war: responses from small islands / [ed] Gilly Carr and Kerr Reeves, London: Routledge, 2015, s. 219-233Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 302.
    Price, Neil
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mortimer, Paul
    Independent scholar.
    An eye for Odin? Divine role-playing in the age of Sutton Hoo2014Ingår i: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 517-538Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 303.
    Raffield, Ben
    et al.
    Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
    Greenlow, Claire
    Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala Univ, Archaeol, S-75105 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Collard, Mark
    Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Simon Fraser Univ, Archaeol, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Univ Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB9 1FX, Scotland..
    Ingroup identification, identity fusion and the formation of Viking war bands2016Ingår i: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 35-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The lio, a retinue of warriors sworn to a leader, has long been considered one of the basic armed groups of the Viking Age. However, in recent years the study of lio has been eclipsed by the discussion of larger Viking armies. In this paper, we focus on the key question of how loyalty to the lio was achieved. We argue that two processes that have been intensively studied by psychologists and anthropologists - ingroup identification and identity fusion - would have been important in the formation and operation of lio. In support of this hypothesis, we outline archaeological, historical and literary evidence pertaining to material and psychological identities. The construction of such identities, we contend, would have facilitated the formation of cohesive fighting groups and contributed to their success while operating in the field.

  • 304.
    Raffield, Ben
    et al.
    Simon Fraser University.
    Greenlow, Claire
    Simon Fraser University.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Collard, Mark
    Simon Fraser University.
    Ingroup identification, identity fusion and the formation of Viking warbands2015Ingår i: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 35-50Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 305.
    Raffield, Ben
    et al.
    Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, 8888 Univ Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Archaeol, 8888 Univ Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada..
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Collard, Mark
    Simon Fraser Univ, Human Evolutionary Studies Program, 8888 Univ Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Archaeol, 8888 Univ Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada.;Univ Aberdeen, Dept Archaeol, St Marys Bldg,Elphinstone Rd, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, Scotland..
    Male-biased operational sex ratios and the Viking phenomenon: an evolutionary anthropological perspective on Late Iron Age Scandinavian raiding2017Ingår i: Evolution and human behavior, ISSN 1090-5138, E-ISSN 1879-0607, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 315-324Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we use a combination of evolutionary theory, ethnographic data, written sources, and archaeological evidence to develop a new explanation for the origins of Viking raiding. Our argument focuses on the operational sex ratio, which is the ratio of males to females in a society who are ready to mate at a given time. We propose that a combination of two practices-polygyny and concubinage-and the increase in social inequality that occurred in Scandinavia during the Late Iron Age resulted in a male-biased operational sex ratio. This would have created a pool of unmarried men motivated to engage in risky behaviours that had the potential to increase their wealth and status, and therefore their probability of entering the marriage market. With high-status men looking to instigate expeditions to acquire plunder and develop their reputations as war leaders, raiding represented a mutually beneficial means of achieving social advancement and success. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  • 306.
    Raffield, Benjamin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Archaeol, Burnaby, BC, Canada.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Collard, Mark
    Simon Fraser Univ, Dept Archaeol, Burnaby, BC, Canada.
    Religious belief and cooperation: a view from Viking-Age Scandinavia2019Ingår i: Religion, Brain & Behavior, ISSN 2153-599X, E-ISSN 2153-5981, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 2-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on two hypotheses at the heart of a debate concerning cooperation, socio-political complexity, and religious belief. One of these contends that moralizing high gods (MHGs) were central to the development of complex societies. The key mechanism here is supernatural monitoring, which is the perception that gods observe humans and punish those who commit transgressions. The other hypothesis - the broad supernatural punishment (BSP) hypothesis - contends that it was fear of supernatural monitoring and punishment by non-MHG deities that fostered the development of socio-political complexity, and that MHGs followed rather than preceded the appearance of complex societies. To test between these hypotheses, we examined evidence for pre-Christian beliefs in Viking-Age Scandinavia (c. 750-1050 CE). We sought answers to two questions: (1) did the Vikings perceive themselves subject to supernatural monitoring and punishment? And (2) were the Norse gods MHGs? The evidence indicates that the Vikings believed themselves to be monitored by supernatural entities in some contexts, and that they could be punished for certain transgressions. However, the Norse gods do not meet all the criteria for recognition as MHGs. Taken together, these findings support the idea that socio-political complexity was fostered by non-MHG deities and not by MHGs.

  • 307.
    Rebecka, Engström
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Den arkeologiska kommunikationen och den privilegierade arkeologen2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeology is a popular subject that is often depicted in popular media. Archaeology is also an academic field that contributes to national and individual identities. Therefor archaeologists conducting research need to be aware of the political and ethical implications their work may have.

    This essay presents and discuss previous research done about archaeologists and their communication efforts. Moreover, the essay also presents scientist communication goals and tries to discuss it in relation to Uppsala University’s and the department of Archaeology and Ancient History goals and guidelines. The discussion is based largely on a survey made by the author. Questions discussed are: who should write about archaeology? Would a better communication create a more “correct” use of history? Who has the right to write about archaeology? Is Uppsala University’s goals in line with how the scientist perceive and conduct their communication mission?

    The essay is based on previous research and a survey conducted by the author. The survey was sent to eight archaeology professors active at Campus Gotland, Uppsala university. Five responded to the survey. The method used in the essay is comparative literature analysis. The result of the survey is discussed in relation to Uppsala university and departments goals.

    The essay shows that archaeologists need more time to be able to conduct their communication goals more efficient and at a higher volume than present. The essay also states that archaeologists often have other work-related priorities than communication with the adjacent society.

  • 308.
    Reide, Felix
    et al.
    Aarhus University.
    Andersen, Per
    Aarhus University.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Does environmental archaeology need an ethical promise?Ingår i: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 309.
    Riede, Felix
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ.
    Andersen, Per
    Aarhus Univ.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Does environmental archaeology need an ethical promise?2017Ingår i: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 48, nr 4, s. 466-481Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental catastrophes represent profound challenges faced by societies today. Numerous scholars in the climate sciences and the humanities have argued for a greater ethical engagement with these pressing issues. At the same time, several disciplines concerned with hazards are moving towards formalized ethical codes or promises that not only guide the dissemination of data but oblige scientists to relate to fundamentally political issues. This article couples a survey of the recent environmental ethics literature with two case studies of how past natural hazards have affected vulnerable societies in Europe's prehistory. We ask whether cases of past calamities and their societal effects should play a greater role in public debates and whether archaeologists working with past environmental hazards should be more outspoken in their ethical considerations. We offer no firm answers, but suggest that archaeologists engage with debates in human-environment relations at this interface between politics, public affairs and science.

  • 310.
    Runesson, Noah
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    New Novgorod?: On the Russian Church in Visby and Hidden Social Structures2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ryska samhället i medeltida Visby (ca. 1150-1400) är, fastän känt, nästan helt osynligt i historiska texter. Med tanke på hur viktig handeln med Ryssland var på Östersjön verkar denna osynlighet egenartad, och leder till funderingar kring vilken ställning ryssarna egentligen hade i Visby. Den aktuella studien ämnar belysa dessa ryssar utifrån ett diaspora-perspektiv, och i samband med detta försöka förstå deras plats i stadens samhällsstruktur. För att nå detta mål analyserades osteologiskt ca. 30 gravar från ryska kyrkan i Visby, som grävdes ut 1971 och för närvarande förvaras på Gotlands Museum. Grunddata från analysen vävdes sedan samman för att skapa en bild av den sociala strukturen – genom en multipel korrespondensanalys – som sedan jämfördes med en liknande analys av 20 individer från den samtida tysk-gotländska majoritetsbefolkningen (S:t Hans i Visby). Dessa analyser ledde slutligen till en bild av Visbys ryska samhälle och dess sociala ställning i staden. 

  • 311.
    Rössle, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Han, hon eller hen i Håga- Vad spelar det för roll?: En studie i genus, kön och vår syn på forntiden.2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study was made with the express purpose to shine a light on how we use the present to understand the past. My focus was directed at how the view on gender during the last couple of hundred years has influenced how we construct arbitrary gender norms for a Scandinavian bronze age society. To complete this study, I looked at the Swedish gravemound “Hågahögen”, on the outskirts of Uppsala, and compared it to three Danish mounds with similar properties. Hågahögen consists of the cremated remains of one, or possibly two, individuals who have been interpreted as male due to the presence of a sword in the grave. The Danish graves are all located on the Danish mainland, known as Jutland, and are called Egtved, Borum Eshøj and Trindhøj. Due to the extraordinarily well-preserved remains in these graves they proved to be an excellent counter to Hågahögen. Because of this the biological sex of these individuals are not in question, therefore I could use them to compare various arguments and how their sex was being portrayed.

    My sources consisted of various articles, archaeological textbooks, reports and popular science books. My results show that graves that contain males are generally valued higher than those that contain females. Power is more often attributed to the male remains while the females are often seen as objects to empower males. The women I studied were either seen as mothers, wives or sexual objects. The men were seen as chieftains, kings, ritual masters or they weren’t described in enough detail to conclude a role for them. The individual in Hågahögen was given masculinity because of the sword in the grave, but also due to the implied sway and power over those who built the grave after their death. That sort of power is rarely seen as a feminine trait, therefor it was impossible for the archaeologists of old to see the occupant of the grave as anything other than male.

  • 312.
    Sanchez-Quinto, Federico
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Malmström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution. Univ Johannesburg, Dept Anthropol & Dev Studies, Ctr Anthropol Res, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa.
    Fraser, Magdalena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Girdland-Flink, Linus
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Sch Nat Sci & Psychol, Res Ctr Evolutionary Anthropol & Paleoecol, Liverpool L3 3AF, Merseyside, England.
    Svensson, Emma
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Simões, Luciana G.
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    George, Robert
    Royal Prince Alfred Hosp, Dept Surg, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hollfelder, Nina
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Burenhult, Göran
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Noble, Gordon
    Univ Aberdeen, Sir Duncan Rice Lib, Museums & Special Collect, Aberdeen AB24 3AA, Scotland.
    Britton, Kate
    Univ Aberdeen, Sir Duncan Rice Lib, Museums & Special Collect, Aberdeen AB24 3AA, Scotland;Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Dept Human Evolut, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
    Talamo, Sahra
    Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Dept Human Evolut, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
    Curtis, Neil
    Univ Aberdeen, Sir Duncan Rice Lib, Museums & Special Collect, Aberdeen AB24 3AA, Scotland.
    Brzobohata, Hana
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Archaeol, Dept Prehist Archaeol, CZ-11801 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Sumberova, Radka
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Archaeol, Dept Prehist Archaeol, CZ-11801 Prague, Czech Republic.
    Gotherstrom, Anders
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stora, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution. Univ Johannesburg, Dept Anthropol & Dev Studies, Ctr Anthropol Res, ZA-2006 Auckland Pk, South Africa.
    Megalithic tombs in western and northern Neolithic Europe were linked to a kindred society2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 116, nr 19, s. 9469-9474Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Paleogenomic and archaeological studies show that Neolithic lifeways spread from the Fertile Crescent into Europe around 9000 BCE, reaching northwestern Europe by 4000 BCE. Starting around 4500 BCE, a new phenomenon of constructing megalithic monuments, particularly for funerary practices, emerged along the Atlantic facade. While it has been suggested that the emergence of megaliths was associated with the territories of farming communities, the origin and social structure of the groups that erected them has remained largely unknown. We generated genome sequence data from human remains, corresponding to 24 individuals from five megalithic burial sites, encompassing the widespread tradition of megalithic construction in northern and western Europe, and analyzed our results in relation to the existing European paleogenomic data. The various individuals buried in megaliths show genetic affinities with local farming groups within their different chronological contexts. Individuals buried in megaliths display (past) admixture with local hunter-gatherers, similar to that seen in other Neolithic individuals in Europe. In relation to the tomb populations, we find significantly more males than females buried in the megaliths of the British Isles. The genetic data show close kin relationships among the individuals buried within the megaliths, and for the Irish megaliths, we found a kin relation between individuals buried in different megaliths. We also see paternal continuity through time, including the same Y-chromosome haplotypes reoccurring. These observations suggest that the investigated funerary monuments were associated with patrilineal kindred groups. Our genomic investigation provides insight into the people associated with this long-standing megalith funerary tradition, including their social dynamics.

  • 313.
    Sandhagen, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ajvides flinta under luppen: Flintslagare och slagplatser för flinta på en gropkeramisk lokal på Gotland2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 314.
    Santic, Ivan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sankt Domnius katedralen i Split: En studie om katedralens utveckling från tidigmedeltid till högmedeltid2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen, Sankt Domnius katedralen i Split, är skriven i syftet att undersöka Sankt Domnius katedralen. Genom att undersöka katedralen och den samtida historiska kontexten i den kroatiska regionen Dalmatien, från den antika perioden fram till medeltiden på 1200-talet. Visar studien hur förändringsprocessen från de historiska kontexterna är synliga på katedralbyggnaden. Huvudfrågorna inom denna studie är: Hur har de tidigt kristna samhällets relation till det antika arvet och de antika lämningarna influerat Sankt Domnius katedralen mellan de tidiga och högmedeltida perioderna? Vilka historiska kontexter kan ha influerat de kristna samhällets relation till det antika arvet och antika lämningarna?

    För att besvara dessa frågor har denna studie gjort en detaljerad beskrivning av relevanta historiska event och människor från den dalmatiska regionen. Studien har även framfört tidigare relevanta studier som gjorts på Sankt Domnius kampanil och sfinxarna som hittats i närheten av området runt katedralen. Studien uppmärksammar även historien och dokumentationen av de tidigare restaureringsarbetena som untgörts på den ursprungliga mausoleum byggnaden som idag är Sankt Domnius katedralen. En fältstudie har även gjorts på katedralen som påvisa ett flertal inristade kors och inritade namn på katedralens ytterväggar.

    Studiens slutsats visar att det antika arvet och de antika lämningarna av kejsare Diocletianus palats var betraktat med hat och förbjöds av det tidigt kristna samhället från 300-talet till 400-talet. De tidiga kristna visade sitt hat för Diocletianus genom att förstöra antikt material som innehade en symbolisk mening. Det var en hämnd från det kristna samhället för den förföljelse som Diocletianus hade utfört på de kristna i början av 300-talet. De kristnas hämnd resulterade i förstörelsen av Diocletianus sarkofag och sfinxarna som representerade hans heder och status. Väggarna till hans mausoleum blev även inristade med kors. Från 400-talet fram till 600-talet blev Diocletianus palats övergivet pga. eskalerade militära hot i området. Detta resulterade i att palatset och Diocletianus mausoleum preserverades. När palatset återigen befolkades på 600-talet behandlades troligtviss inte de antika lämningarna länge med förakt av det kristna samhället. Anledningen till detta kan ha varit att människorna glömt bort den symboliska meningen i lämningarna och betraktade den endast som dekorativa material. Förutom detta så hade kroaterna som immigrerade till om rådet vid denna tid visat en dominerad position i regionen. Kroaterna bestod till stor del av hedningar fram till 800-talet och de kan därför ha saknat sympati för den kristna förföljelsen. Vid denna tid transformerades mausoleum byggnaden till en katedral, byggnaden valdes troligtviss pga. den centrala position som den befann sig i och den redan exklusiva inredningen och material som fanns inuti. Anledningen till att jag inte tror att valet att konvertera Diocletianus mausoleum till en katedral inte var en hämnds aktion är som jag nämnde tidigare, okunskapen av de antika lämningarnas sanna betydelse och den dominanta hedniska kroatiska influensen i regionen. Ett centralt motiv av Diocletianus som lämnades kvar orörd i den nya konverterade katedralen.

     

    Medeltiden fortsatte med perioder av storhet för det kroatiska folket, de formade Kungariket Kroatien och expanderade sina gränser. När en fejd med Kungariket Ungern om rättigheterna till tronen slutade med en förlust för kroaterna på 1100-talet, tvingades de att ingå i en politisk union med Ungern. Kroaterna förlorade sin självständighet och utvecklade en nationalromantisk längtan till deras forna dominerade position i denna del av Europa. De manifesterade sin längtan genom att bygga kampanilen vid Sankt Domnius katedralen. Kampanilen stod klar på 1200-talet och uppvisade medvetna val av symboliskt material som sammankopplade den kroatiska förhistorian till den antika förhistorian i regionen. Kampanilen blev ett monument som uppvisade den kroatiska identiteten.  

  • 315.
    Seki, Hamidu
    et al.
    Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mkwawa University College of Education, Iringa, Tanzania.
    Shirima, Deo
    Department of Ecosystems and Conservation, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Tourism, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Marchant, Rob
    Environment Department, York Institute for Tropical Ecosystems, University of York, York, UK.
    Munishi, Pantaleo
    Department of Ecosystems and Conservation, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Tourism, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.
    The impact of land use and land cover change on biodiversity within and adjacent Kibasira Swamp in Kilombero valley, Tanzania2018Ingår i: African Journal of Ecology, ISSN 0141-6707, E-ISSN 1365-2028, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 518-527Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Wetlands are crucial ecosystems with multiple values and functions to a range of different stakeholders. The future of wetlands depends both on the legacy of the past and how they are currently used. Using 48 vegetation survey plots (0.08 ha) combined with Landsat 5 and 7 TM imagery, we assessed the influence of long‐term (1990–2011) land use and land cover change on the biodiversity of the Kibasira Swamp. Information on perceptions of adjacent communities on historical changes and drivers for the changes were also collected. Results showed an increase in the area covered by open water by 1% and forest by 4% between 1990 and 1998 whilst Cyperus papyrus L and cultivated land area decreased by 8% and 3%, respectively on the same period. Between 1998 and 2011, there was a decrease in areas covered by water by 35% and forest by 9% whereas C. papyrus L increased by 40% and cultivated land increased by 8%. These changes have affected the biodiversity of the swamp and adjacent to it as numbers of mammals have declined. However, the Swamp still provides extensive habitat for plants and bird species despite the ongoing human pressure. Interventions may be necessary to maintain biodiversity in Kibasira Swamp to ensure sustainable ecosystem services.

  • 316.
    Senby Posse, Lovisa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det andra könet: En intersektionell tolkning av kvinnliga gravar i Birka från vikingatiden2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Birka is Sweden’s first urban settlement during the Viking period and its growth is mainly because of the settlement’s extensive trade. The area has many graves and the female graves in Birka are a good source for interpretation of the Viking woman and the variety of roles and work she had. Archaeologists are assessing graves and interpreters them from the material remains found, such as jewelry, weapons, and gifts. Researchers often have a predetermined interpretation on certain items that are considered feminine or masculine and the gender is determined from this. After the gender is decided it is commonly that the individuals are categorized into groups, and women tend be grouped together into one, regardless that the archaeological data and material shows that they have different attributes, and should be categorized as such. Men on the other hand have a variety of activities and jobs from which they can be determined by, whilst women’s work tends to be highlighted as chores, rather than work, as their doings usually are in the private sphere. To put women together as one simply because they are women is not only problematic regarding what the material shows, but it is also preventing the development in research of women. There will be a gap in the narrative due to the lack of female activities which occurred but are either ignored or reduced. During the last few decades, there has been an increase in research regarding women in all fields of research and a development of several theories on how to interpret various factors. One of them is intersectional theory, which will be used in this paper. A selection of female Viking graves from Birka are used with this theory to develop a greater picture of what women were doing, rather than just being women, and what needs to be considered to do so.

  • 317.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Location and attribute analysis of ceramics, lithics, and special finds recovered during 2015 surveys and excavations in Olgulului/Olarashi Group Ranch, Kenya: A supplement to the PhD thesis of Anna C. Shoemaker (2018) on the archaeology of Amboseli2018Dataset
    Abstract [en]

    This data was acquired during the production of a PhD thesis pertaining to the archaeology of Amboseli. The amount of information obtained during ceramic and lithic analysis was often in excess of the immediate aims of this research project. This level of detail was recorded to build a robust dataset that will allow different questions to be asked of the data in the future. To facilitate ongoing analysis, supplementary data relating to the attributes and location of the lithics, ceramics, and special finds encountered during surveys and excavations has been made available here.

  • 318.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Davies, Matthew I. J.
    UCL, Inst Global Prosper, London, England.
    Grinding-stone implements in the eastern African Pastoral Neolithic2019Ingår i: Azania, ISSN 0067-270X, E-ISSN 1945-5534, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 203-220Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Grinding-stone tools are a poorly utilised source of archaeological information in eastern Africa. Their presence is noted in multiple contexts, including both domestic and funerary, yet the inferences drawn from them are often limited. This short review paper presents existing information on grinding-stone tools (and stone bowls) from Pastoral Neolithic (PN) contexts in eastern Africa. Data on the diverse grinding-stone tool assemblages of the Pastoral Neolithic have been compiled with a focus on details of morphology and spatial, temporal and contextual distribution. Summarising what is known (and, perhaps more importantly, what is not known) about grinding-stones in the Pastoral Neolithic, this paper serves as a reminder that the function of grinding-stone tools was neither singular nor their significance simplistic.

  • 319.
    Sinclair, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Nordquist, GullögUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.Herschend, FrandsUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.Isendahl, ChristianUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    The Urban Mind: Cultural and Environmental Dynamics2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 320.
    Starå, Richard
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ett sanningens ögonblick bakom Gotlands storgårdar.2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 321.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Dämba 279, Fårö socken, Gotland: En osteologisk analys av två gravar2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 322.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gamle fiskbein, styr, strämming, tåsk med fleira2013Ingår i: Hushållningssällskapet Gotlands tidskrift, ISSN 2000-5784, nr 3, s. 21-23Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 323.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gamle fiskbein, styr, strämming, tåsk med fleira2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 324.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skeletten från S:t Olofssholm 1:19, Hellvi socken, Gotland.: Osteologisk Rapport. Uppsala universitet Campus Gotland. November 2014.2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 325.
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Slutrapport i Genomförandeprojektet Osteoporosis och osteoarthritis, då och nu2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 326.
    Sten, Sabine
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lovén, Christian
    Riksarkivet,Box 12541, SE-10229 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholms Univ, Inst Arkeologi Antikens kultur, Osteologiska Skningslab, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Liden, Kerstin
    Stockholms Univ, Inst Arkeologi Antikens kultur, Arkeologiska Skningslabo, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Vretemark, Maria
    Västergotlands Museum, SE-53232 Skara, Sweden..
    Hongslo Vala, Cecilie
    Univ Goteborgs, Enheten Geriatrik Inst Medicin, Sahlgrenska Akademin, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Ljunggren, Östen
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Endokrinologi och mineralmetabolism.
    Fjällstrom, Markus
    Uppsala Univ, Arkeol Forskningslab, SE-75185 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Shalabi, Adel
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Duvernoy, Olov
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Segelsjö, Monica
    Bild­ och funktionsmedicinskt centrum, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Malmström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Evolution och utvecklingsbiologi.
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Evolution och utvecklingsbiologi.
    Erik den heliges skelett2016Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 111, nr 1, s. 27-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Saint Erik was King of Sweden for a few years up to 1160, when he was killed. A skeleton attributed to him is kept in Uppsala Cathedral. It underwent scientific reappraisal in 2014. The analyses included computer tomography, Xray absorptiometry, isotope analysis and DNA sampling. Radiocarbon confirms the alleged age of the bones. They belong to a 35-40-year-old man in excellent physical shape. The many wounds that he received in connection with his death fit surprisingly well with the saint's legend, whose preserved version was written 130 years after the event.

  • 327.
    Stengard, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Svärdet i ån - offer till gudarna eller olyckshändelse2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 328.
    Stenhaug, Belinda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Artros – för alltid en folksjukdom?: En kartläggning av artros inom det medeltida gravfältet vid S:t Hans och S:t Pers kyrkoruiner i Visby2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Osteoarthritis is one of the most common general diseases in modern society Sweden. It is also one of the most common diseases traced within archaeological human remains. The aetiology of osteoarthritis has been widely debated within the field of medicine and paleopathology. The initial claim that the degenerative disease is caused by activity and ageing has been questioned and factors such as environment, diet and genetic markers has been brought up and to some extent studied. Even though osteoarthritis being one of the most common diseases recognized among archaeological human remains, it has during recent years often been neglected within the field and referred to mostly in different palaeopathological atlases. By studying human remains from the medieval churchyard of St: Hans in Visby, Gotland, the notion of osteoarthritis as a general disease in the past is discussed in the following study. The concept of a medieval “general public” is examined by looking at social strata through grave placement on the studied graveyard.

  • 329. Strutt, Kristian D.
    et al.
    Graham, Angus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    Aberystwyth University.
    Pennington, Benjamin Thomas
    University of Southampton.
    Löwenborg, Daniel J.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Emery, Virginia Leigh
    American University in Dubai.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    University of Southampton.
    Hunter, Morag Ann
    University of Cambridge.
    Masson-Berghoff, Aurélia
    British Museum.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Manipulating Mud: (re-)constructing cosmogonical landscapes in the Nile Valley, Thebes, Egypt2015Ingår i: Archaeologia Polonia, ISSN 0066-5924, Vol. 53, s. 514-517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 330.
    Sundström, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det hotade kollektivet: Neolitiseringsprocessen ur ett östmellansvenskt perspektiv2003Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation questions the established view on the social process in connection with Neolithisation. Therefore it has been necessary to discuss more general principles, on how to understand this process of change, when iterant hunter-gatherers became settled farmers. The dissertation begins with a theoretical discussion on the foundations for the interpretation and most important a discussion on differences between the interpretations presented and the treatment of the empirical material on which they are based.

    A necessary point of departure for understanding the implications an incorporation of domesticates in prehistoric society, i.e. emergence of Funnel Beaker Culture in Sweden, is a principal discussion, social mechanisms of hunters-gatherers on one hand and peoples reactions to changes threatening the social ideology, on the other. Four case studies are used to discuss people’s reaction to change. They clearly indicate that the reaction involved the lifting up of blurred and semiconscious structures to a conscious, ideological level. Inherent in this awareness process has been an active use of material culture, both in the production of symbols and in communication. The most important reason for stating that the Neolithisation must have meant a clear break with the earlier existence is the abandonment of itinerant way of life, both geographically and socially. This abandonment resulted in reactionary process involving material culture. Thus the material culture of the Funnel-Beaker period can be perceived as instruments of reproduction of a historically well-anchored egalitarian ideology. In the dispersed settlement system of autonomous individual farmsteads the collective aggregation sites are given a focal role of the discussion on social reproduction.

    The social mechanisms of the Early Neolithic society of Eastern Central Sweden are investigated on a local settlement level by an analysis of the production of locally available raw material. This study involve a petrological investigation showed a system of local management in relation to raw material extraction, production and consumption. This system is considered as one way of upholding the social ideology historically situated in the life style of hunters and gatherers.

  • 331.
    Svedjemo, Gustaf
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Landscape Dynamics: Spatial analyses of villages and farms on Gotland AD 200-17002014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the long-term dynamics and fluctuations of settlements on Gotland for the period from AD 200 up until early modern times. The settlement structure on Gotland is most often described as very stable and consisting of solitary farms, established in the Iron Age. A contrasting view is presented by analyses of a vast source material from different periods.

    The source material consists of both physical remains, noted in the Swedish national Archaeological Sites Information System, FMIS and large scale historical maps, as well as other written sources. For the first studied period, the locations of some 2 000 houses are known, since they were constructed with sturdy stone walls and are thus preserved. The source material for the following periods is scarcer, but some hundred Viking Age sites are identified, mainly by the find places of silver hoards. By retrogressive analyses of historical maps, from the decades around the year 1700, and other written sources, later periods are analysed. All available data are gathered in geodatabases, which enables both generalised and detailed spatial and statistical analyses.

    The results of the analyses show a more varied picture, with great fluctuations in the number of farms; the existence of villages is also clearly indicated in a large part of the settlements. The villages are centred on kinship and the lack of strong royal power or landed gentry meant they were not fixed in cadastres, as fiscal units, as villages were on the Swedish mainland.

    Two peaks, followed by major dips, were identified in the number of settlements and thus in the population. The first peak occurred during the late Roman Iron Age/Migration period, which was followed by a reduction in the Vendel period of possibly up to 30-50%. After this, a recovery started in the Viking Age, which culminated during the heydays of Gotland in the High Middle Ages, with population numbers most probably not surpassed until late in history. This upward trend was broken by the diminishing trade of Gotland, the Medieval agrarian crisis, The Danish invasion and later events. All this resulted in a decline, probably as great as after the Migration period.

  • 332.
    Sørensen, Mikkel
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen, Njalsgade 80, DK-2300 KBH.S..
    Rankama, Tuija
    University of Helsinki, Institute of Cultural Research, Department of Archaeology, PO Box 59, FI-00014, Finland..
    Kankaanpää, Jarmo
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Melvold, Stine
    Valentin Eriksen, Berit
    Glørstad, Håkon
    The first eastern migrations of people and knowledge into Scandinavia: evidence from studies of Mesolithic technology, 9th-8th millennium BC2013Ingår i: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 19-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a team of Scandinavian researchers identifies and describes a Mesolithic technological concept, referred to as the conical core pressure blade' concept, and investigates how this concept spread intoFennoscandia and across Scandinavia. Using lithic technological, contextual archaeological and radiocarbon analyses, it is demonstrated that this blade concept arrived with post-Swiderian' hunter-gatherer groups from the Russian plain into northern Fennoscandia and the eastern Baltic during the 9th millennium bc. From there it was spread by migrating people and/or as transmitted knowledge through culture contacts into interior central Sweden, Norway and down along the Norwegian coast. However it was also spread intosouthern Scandinavia, where it was formerly identified as the Maglemosian technogroup 3 (or the Svaerdborg phase'). In this paper it is argued that theidentification and spread of the conical core pressure blade concept representsthe first migration of people, technology and ideas into Scandinavia from thesouth-eastern Baltic region and the Russian plain.

  • 333.
    ten Brink, Daniël
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    From Colonialism to Fairtrade: Power Struggles Between Indonesia and the Netherlands Through the Perspective of Coffee2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 40 poäng / 60 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Since coffee was first introduced to Indonesia by Dutch merchants in the late seventeenth century, power relationships have shifted as a result of coffee trade between Indonesia and the Netherlands. In this thesis I analyse changes and recurrent themes in the struggles around coffee, structured around three main narratives spanning over 300 years: colonialism, Indonesian independence, and Fairtrade. The time-frames are chosen on the basis of significant development in the socio-economic and socio-political environment in the Indonesian coffee industry. The first narrative depicts the link between the Max Havelaar novel and the Max Havelaar Foundation, which sets the scene for bridging past and present in the triangular drama between coffee, colonialism and the Dutch-Indonesian relationship. In the second narrative, I will look at the history of relationships between Indonesia and the Netherlands, from the perspective of coffee. The inclusion of the lens of a feature or commodity, like coffee, provides a new approach to the Dutch-Indonesian history. The third narrative entails a discussion on the coffee supply chain, its environmental impact, and the price volatility that characterises the global coffee market. Additionally, the rise of sustainability certifications in the coffee sector are discussed, in relation to its impact on the Indonesian coffee industry. Finally, the three narratives come together in a final discussion, in which I reflect on the history of power struggles that arose from coffee trade between Indonesia and the Netherlands. The chapter links past and present by revealing similarities in the contest for power during colonial times and modern times in the Indonesian coffee industry.

  • 334.
    Thomelius, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kommunikationens landskap: En studie av kommunikation i två gotländska socknar2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, two parishes on Gotland have been the focus for intense study regarding the organisation and formation of local communications networks. The parishes of Buttle and Fröjel have been studied to see if it is possible to say anything about local communication during the 6th century, a task that earlier research has shown to be difficult. The parishes represent two different types of landscapes, one costal and one inland. The paper has also asked questions about how the development and quality of the roads and communications networks have changed over time. It also discuss how the topographical- and cultural landscape has influenced the organisation of the communications network.

    The following questions are asked in this paper; 1. How was local communication (communications between the farmstead, its economic resources and its connections to the larger communications network) in the parishes organised? 2. What can be said about the communications networks development and quality through time? 3. How was the topographical- and cultural landscape organisation connected to the communications network?  

    The main methodology used in the paper is the retrogressive methodology used to recreate a possible 6th century communications network. This methodology utilises and studies the relationship between the earliest known communications network, registered in the 18th century maps, together with Iron Age sites registered, in the FMIS database, as well as topographical and geological maps to recreate a possible 6th century communications network.

    The analysis shows that it is hard to grasp the local communications during the 6th century. The local communications only emerge when the local roads merge with the regional ones. In many cases, the local roads were probably not much more than paths in the edges of the fields or only identified by the use of known landmarks. The investigation also shows that the regional (and local) roads were situated closer to the 6th century settlements than previously thought.

    It is also shown that the development of the road network has steadily lead to a more refined and rationalised network. The largest changes can be related to the 19th century laga skifte and to the later introduction of motor vehicles. Before the 19th century the situation is quite stable, only some minor changes during the 18th century can be seen until you reach the beginning of the middle ages. The major changes probably relate to changes in the landscape organisation in relation to the introduction of Christianity. However, it might also relate to the expansion of cultivated land and the resulting changes of settlement patterns.

    The investigation also shows that the topographical landscape on Gotland provides little hindrance for the organisation of the landscape. Instead, it feels very much like an artificial landscape where borders and organisation are created by humans, rather than by natural landscape formations. The borders in this case are created by the use of graves and their location in the landscape.

  • 335.
    Toonen, W. H. J.
    et al.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Fac Arts, Egyptol Unit, Leuven, Belgium.
    Graham, Angus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Masson-Berghoff, A.
    British Museum, Dept Greece & Rome, London, England.
    Peeters, J.
    Univ Utrecht, Dept Phys Geog, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Winkels, T. G.
    Univ Utrecht, Dept Phys Geog, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Pennington, B. T.
    Univ Southampton, Geog & Environm, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Hunter, M. A.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Earth Sci, Cambridge, England.
    Strutt, K. D.
    Univ Southampton, Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Barker, D. S.
    Univ Southampton, Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Emery, V. L.
    Carthage Coll, Kenosha, WI USA.
    Sollars, L.
    Univ Glasgow, Dept Archaeol, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.
    Sourouzian, H.
    German Inst Archaeol, Cairo, Egypt.
    Amenhotep III's Mansion of Millions of Years in Thebes (Luxor, Egypt): Submergence of high grounds by river floods and Nile sediments2019Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 25, s. 195-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    New Kingdom royal cult temples in Thebes (Luxor, Egypt) are all located on the lower desert edge. Kom el-Hettan (Amenhotep III: reign 1391-1353 BCE, 18th Dynasty) is an exception, as it is located in the present Nile floodplain. Its anomalous position has puzzled Egyptologists, as has the termination of its use, which traditionally has been attributed to natural hazards such as flooding or earthquakes. Geoarchaeological analyses of the subsurface shows that Amenhotep III's temple was initially founded on a wadi fan that stood several metres above the contemporary surrounding floodplain landscape. The temple was fronted by a minor branch of the Nile, which connected the temple to the wider region, but the temple itself was relatively safe from the annual flood of the Nile. This geoarchaeological study comprised a coring programme to determine the c. 4000-yr landscape history of the local area. Chronological control was provided by the analysis of ceramic fragments recovered from within the sediments. This study shows that the New Kingdom period was, at least locally, characterised by extremely high sedimentation rates that caused a rapid rise of the floodplain and gradual submergence of the pre-existing high temple grounds. This is, however, not a plausible reason for the destruction of the temple, as frequent inundation did not begin until the temple was already out of use and largely dismantled.

  • 336.
    Toonen, Willem H. J.
    et al.
    Aberystwyth Univ, Dept Geog & Earth Sci, Aberystwyth, Dyfed, Wales.
    Graham, Angus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Pennington, Benjamin T.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Geog & Environm, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Hunter, Morag A.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Earth Sci, Cambridge, England.
    Strutt, Kristian D.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Barker, Dominic S.
    Univ Southampton, Dept Archaeol, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Masson-Berghoff, Aurelia
    British Museum, Dept Greece & Rome, London, England.
    Emery, Virginia L.
    Carthage Coll, Kenosha, WI USA.
    Holocene fluvial history of the Nile's west bank at ancient Thebes, Luxor, Egypt, and its relation with cultural dynamics and basin-wide hydroclimatic variability2018Ingår i: Geoarchaeology, ISSN 0883-6353, E-ISSN 1520-6548, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 273-290Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Theban area around modern Luxor (Egypt), the River Nile divides the temple complexes of Karnak and Luxor from New Kingdom royal cult temples on the western desert edge. Few sites have been archaeologically identified in the western flood plain, despite its presumed pivotal role in the ancient ritual landscape as the territory that both physically divided and symbolically connected the areas inhabited by the living and the areas occupied by the dead. Using borehole data and electrical resistivity tomography, the current investigation of subsurface deposits reveals the location of an abandoned channel of the Nile. This river course was positioned in the western, distal part of the Nile flood plain. Over 2100 ceramic fragments recovered from boreholes date the abandonment of the relatively minor river channel to the (late) New Kingdom. This minor river branch could have played an important role in the cultural landscape, as it would have served to connect important localities in the ritual landscape. Changes in the fluvial landscape match with established periods of basin-wide hydroclimatic variability. This links cultural and landscape changes observed on a regional scale to hydroclimatic dynamics in the larger Nile catchment, in one of the focal areas of Ancient Egyptian cultural development.

  • 337.
    Tsoumari, Vasiliki
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Villages and valleys: connectivity and land use in Northern Messenia during Middle and Late Helladic periods.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of past archaeological survey data for examination of landscape dynamics became very popular during the last decades of the 20th century, when Geographical Information Systems analysis were introduced in archaeology. In the present thesis, past survey data from Northern Messenia’s Middle and Late Helladic periods are combined to the topography and the environment of the region. These data are examined under the GIS prism, which attempts to update our knowledge on this geographical area.

                The main scope of this thesis is to examine potential settlement patterns and land use, connectivity between sites and sites’ hierarchies. In the first query, the Kernel Density analysis has been used for estimating settlements’ patterns, and to consequently estimate preference of specific topographical features for land use, such as slope. Based on the patterns formed as a result of the analysis conducted in the first query, connectivity and hierarchy between sites is being tested with the use of cost connectivity and visibility tools.

                The outcome of this analysis shows that the inhabitants of the past were significantly interacting with the landscape, since they preferred to nest around the protective slopes of the Soulima and the Kyparissian valleys. The area around their settlements reveals that these inhabitants opted to cultivate in flat or marginal land, while visibility from the sites seems to be an important factor for monitoring the region. However, it has been proved that a good number of collaborating sites were required to supervise the entire territory, which disproves any hierarchical ranking between them. On the other hand, connectivity depicts potential movement over Northern Messenia’s terrain and indicates that a few sites in the heart of the study area were to be considered as panoptic meeting grounds of the eastern and the western side. In conclusion, the overall analysis reveals a potential spatial bond between sites rather than a relationship based on rivalry.

     

  • 338. Tunón, Håkan
    et al.
    Frändén, MäritUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Hugo Valentin-centrum.Ojala, Carl-GöstaUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.Öhman, May-BrittUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap.
    Uppsala mitt i Sápmi: Rapport från ett symposium arrangerat av Föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Upplandsmuseet 4-5 maj 20112012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 339.
    Törnros, Linnéa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En nyansering av amulettringarnas sociala funktion under vendeltid och vikingatid2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 19th century archaeologists have found different types om amulet rings on various dig sites around Scandinavia with the biggest concentration in the Mälardal area. It is an object connect to old Viking age and Vendel period societies found from time to time during archaeological excavations. The problem with the amulet rings is, that the scientists don’t know how to fully interpret these artefacts. The common belief is that amulet rings are object connected to religious practice and the pagan cult.

    The purpose of this essay is to give the amulet rings a larger meaning and try to put new light on them, to widen the understanding of the object and to point out that more than religion can be interpreted around the artefacts and the context they are preserved in. This will put the rings in a more social sphere and widen the meaning and use of the object and the understanding of the Viking people.

    This essay is written with an intention to give a broader image surrounding the social role of the amulet rings in Viking age societies. This will be done through a descriptive and investigative mapping of the micro contexts of the amulet rings. The archaeological sites that will be used to do so are Lilla Ullevi and Kalvshälla in Uppland with a contextual approach as a theoretical perspective.

    In this essay, it has been shown that the sites have used the amulet rings to find religious connections in the Viking age and Vendel period complexes by schematically interpreting the rings as religious objects instead of seeing the possibilities in the material. Even if religion seems to be present the distribution of the rings indicates a larger scale of social use and not only religious actions. The result is that the ring is more flexible and complex then previously thought and more in-depth research into amulet rings is needed to fully understand the object and to use them in bigger archaeological interpretations.

  • 340.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A fragment of the Life of Moses of Abydos in the British Library2011Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Vol. 179, s. 117-122Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Edition of a fragment of the Vita of Moses of Abydos, a 6th century Coptic monastic leader.

  • 341.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A hitherto unattested section of the Sahidic Old testament2010Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, Vol. 173, s. 63-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Edition of a parchment fragment in the collections of Corpus Christi College Cambridge, containing Genesis 10:9-19 in Sahidic Coptic.

  • 342.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A leaf of the Coptic Martyrdom of Ptolemy in Cambridge2010Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, s. 179-184Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 343.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A lexicographic note on an Egyptian crocodile spell2010Ingår i: Göttinger Miszellen, Vol. 226, s. 101-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 344.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A note on pronominal resumption in Earlier Egyptian relative clauses2009Ingår i: Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, ISSN 0307-5133, Vol. 95, s. 141-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 345.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A preliminary report of the edition project 'Martyrs and Archangels: Five Coptic Texts in the Pierpont Morgan Library'2016Ingår i: Coptic Society, Literature and Religion from Late Antiquity to Modern Times: Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Coptic Studies, Rome, September 17th-22th, 2012 and Plenary Reports fo the ninth International Congres of Coptic Studies, Cairo, September 15th-19th, 2008, vol. II / [ed] Buzi, Paola; Camplani, Alberto & Contardi, Federico, Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2016, s. 1147-1152Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 346.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A Sahidic leaf of the Gospel of John in Trinity College, Cambridge2011Ingår i: Göttinger Miszellen, Vol. 228, s. 93-100Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 347.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Aarteita ullakolla. Kolme kadonnutta koptilaista tekstiä2014Ingår i: Kirjuri, nr 1, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 348.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Adverbial sentence WH-questions in Earlier Egyptian2009Ingår i: Revue d'égyptologie, ISSN 0035-1849, E-ISSN 1783-1733, Vol. 60, s. 147-158Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 349.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Agreement domains and resumption in Earlier Egyptian2013Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, ISSN 0044-216X, Vol. 140, s. 78-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The rule conditioning the use of resumptive pronouns in Earlier Egyptian relative clauses is shown to apply also in cases deemed questionable by the scholar who originally formulated it. According to this rule, omission of resumptive pronouns follows from locality with the agreement-carrying expression. It is shown that the latter should be understood in an extended sense to refer to the prosodic unit containing the agreement morphology rather than the mere ‘carrier’ alone. It is suggested that it is more precisely locality with this wider ‘agreement domain’ that determines whether or not a resumptive pronoun appears in the relative clause

  • 350.
    Uljas, Sami
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    An unattested section of the New Testament in Fayyumic Coptic2015Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, ISSN 0084-5388, Vol. 194, s. 68-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Edition of parchment fragments used as bindings of a codex currently in the collections of Pierpont Morgan Library in New York and containing Mk 12:37-13:9, 14:50-52, 56-58, 60-62, and 65-67 in Fayyumic Coptic.

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