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  • 301.
    Kilger, Christoph
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    What Viking merchants had in mind: Exploring Islamic weight standards and weighing practices within early medieval trading networks2021Ingår i: Merchants, Measures and Money: Understanding Technologies of Early Trade in a Comparative Perspective / [ed] Lorenz Ramstorf, Gojko Barjamovic & Nicola Ialongo, Göttingen: Wachholtz Verlag, 2021, s. 245-260Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Early Middle Ages, with the rise of the Muslim Caliphate trade and exchange expanded on a global scale. Both archaeological and numismatic sources testify to the development of a supra-regional bullion silver economy in Eurasia, which copied monetary standards and practices current in the commerce of the Islamic world. However, we still know little about the monetary habitus in long distance networks of the Early Viking Age (c. 800-950 AD). In this paper, various aspects of measurement, numeracy and units are presented and discussed. It is argued that Viking Age merchants had a profound knowledge of Islamic coinages and their monetary value. They could probably recognise Cufic script and were able to distinguish between dirhams of different emissions by recognising their design, the presence or absence of Cufic letters or signs. Based on observations from an Ethiopian gold merchants weighing gear it is argued that coins and seeds together were used as a means for calibration. Similar practices could also explain the spread and acceptance of weight standards such as the Islamic miṯqāl.

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  • 302.
    Kilger, Christoph
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Söderström, Ulrika
    Kalmar länsmuseum.
    Holmbäck, Martin
    Det medeltida Västergarn: Staden man sökte men aldrig fann2018Ingår i: Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429, Vol. 90, s. 28-41Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 303.
    Kilger, Christoph
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Söderström, Ulrika
    Holmbäck, Martin
    Staden man sökte, men aldrig fann: det medeltida Västergarn2018Ingår i: Gotländskt arkiv, ISSN 0434-2429, Vol. 90, s. 26-41Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 304.
    Kilger, Christoph
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Andreeff Högfeldt, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Krooks, Beatrice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Medeltida syllstensgrund, stolpbyggnad och brya: Arkeologisk undersökning 20212022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In April and May 2021, Uppsala University Campus Gotland performed an archaeological investigation at Västergarn, 25 kilometres southwest of Visby, as part of an advanced field course in archaeology. Two trenches were investigated, covering an area of 90 m2. The purpose was to reinvestigate post-holes, remains of a wooden floor and a water hole unearthed in 2013. Further to understand how these remains relate to a number of Late Viking Age artefacts discovered in the same area. As a result it could be established that the wooden floor belongs to a medieval house foundation with corner-hearth and a partly preserved stone-lined sill. The foundation is mainly dated by shards of Baltic ware to the period 1100/1125-1230. Find concentrations of iron tools adjacent to the hearth, iron armory plates and glass beads may indicate a small workshop. The Viking Age artefacts relate to a separate post-hole building probably dated to the 11th century. The date and the function of the water hole remain inconclusive. The large amount of animal bones deposited in the stone paved water hole, among them a high proportion of horse bones indicates a function as a well for grazing cattle in the area during the dry season. A coin-like copper pendant with pseudo-Islamic glyphs found adjacent to the water hole underlines Viking Age activity in the area. The results show that the house remains in the area investigated probably belong to the outer precinct of the harbour settlement in Västergarn. This particular area within the Västergarn rampart was settled presumably between AD 1000/1050-1200/1230. Findings such as cultural layers, strengthens indications of a complex and active settlement in the late Viking and early medieval period.

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  • 305.
    Kilger, Christoph
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Wallin, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Krooks, Beatrice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Randér, Gustav (Illustratör)
    Tidig medeltida bebyggelse, hamnområde och fiske i Västergarn: Arkeologisk undersökning 2022. Snauvalds 1:2 RAÄ L1976:7960 (tidigare RAÄ-nr Västergarn 50:1) & Hamngården 1:2, Västergarn socken, Gotlands kommun, Gotland2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In April and May 2022, Uppsala University, Campus Gotland conducted seminar excavations at Västergarn, 25 kilometers southwest of Visby. Five trenches and two trial trenches were investigated covering an area of 208 sqm. At Snauvalds 1:2 four early medieval house structures have been exposed out of which two had been excavated. According to 14C the the two houses investigated date between c. 1040-1180/1230s. House 11 c. 4.5x7 meters is a one-room cabin with an oven places in the south-west corner. The building shows evidence of various crafts, including blacksmithing, textiles and the production of beads. House 12, a post two room cabin, c. 5x8 meters also with a hearth was probably used as a residence. The open space between house 11 and 11 was interpreted as a yard with evidence of processing cat furs and other activities. The purpose of the investigation at Hamngården 1:2 was to locate the harbor area of medieval Västergarn west of Klintehamnvägen. A geomagnetic survey conducted on the property in 2022 indicated anomalies in the beach meadow. For this purpose, a search trench was opened in an east-west direction between Klintehamnvägen and Västergarnsån. Coin and pottery finds indicate activities between 16th and 18th centuries. The find material has probably a connection with Hamngården, the residence of the port bailiff mentioned in the hictorical sources.

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  • 306.
    Kilinc, Gulsah Merve
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Hacettepe Univ, Grad Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Bioinformat, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey..
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Koptekin, Dilek
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Hlth Informat, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey..
    Bergfeldt, Nora
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dönertas, Handan Melike
    European Bioinformat Inst, European Mol Biol Lab, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Cambridge CB10 1SD, England..
    Rodriguez-Varela, Ricardo
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Shergin, Dmitrij
    Irkutsk State Univ, Pedag Inst, Fac Hist & Methods, Lab Archaeol & Ethnog,Dept Humanitarian & Aesthet, Irkutsk 664011, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia..
    Ivanov, Grigorij
    Irkutsk Museum Reg Studies, Irkutsk 664003, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia..
    Kichigin, Dmitrii
    Irkutsk State Tech Univ, Irkutsk Natl Res Tech Univ, Lab Archaeol Paleoecol & Subsistence Strategies P, Irkutsk 664074, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia..
    Pestereva, Kjunnej
    MK Ammosov North Eastern Fed Univ, Fed State Autonomous Educ Inst Higher Educ, Fac Hist, Yakutsk 677000, Sakha Republic, Russia..
    Volkov, Denis
    Ctr Preservat Hist & Cultural Heritage Amur Reg, Blagoveshchensk 675000, Amur Oblast, Russia..
    Mandryka, Pavel
    Siberian Fed Univ, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Krasnoyarskiy K, Russia..
    Kharinskii, Artur
    Irkutsk State Tech Univ, Irkutsk Natl Res Tech Univ, Lab Archaeol Paleoecol & Subsistence Strategies P, Irkutsk 664074, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia..
    Tishkin, Alexey
    Altai State Univ, Dept Archaeol Ethnog & Museol, Barnaul, Altaiskiy Kray, Russia..
    Ineshin, Evgenij
    Irkutsk State Univ, Pedag Inst, Fac Hist & Methods, Lab Archaeol & Ethnog,Dept Humanitarian & Aesthet, Irkutsk 664011, Irkutsk Oblast, Russia..
    Kovychev, Evgeniy
    Transbaikal State Univ, Fac Hist, Chita 672039, Zabayka Sky Kra, Russia..
    Stepanov, Aleksandr
    MK Ammosov North Eastern Fed Univ, Fed State Autonomous Educ Inst Higher Educ, Museum Archaeol & Ethnog, Yakutsk 677000, Sakha Republic, Russia..
    Dalen, Love
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Günther, Torsten
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Kirdök, Emrah
    Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Mersin Univ, Dept Biotechnol, TR-33343 Mersin, Turkey..
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Somel, Mehmet
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey..
    Krzewinska, Maja
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Götherström, Anders
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Paleogenet, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia2021Ingår i: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 7, nr 2, artikel-id eabc4587Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present genome-wide data from 40 individuals dating to c.16,900 to 550 years ago in northeast Asia. We describe hitherto unknown gene flow and admixture events in the region, revealing a complex population history. While populations east of Lake Baikal remained relatively stable from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age, those from Yakutia and west of Lake Baikal witnessed major population transformations, from the Late Upper Paleolithic to the Neolithic, and during the Bronze Age, respectively. We further locate the Asian ancestors of Paleo-Inuits, using direct genetic evidence. Last, we report the most northeastern ancient occurrence of the plague-related bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Our findings indicate the highly connected and dynamic nature of northeast Asia populations throughout the Holocene.

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  • 307.
    Kirdök, Emrah
    et al.
    Mersin Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Biotechnol, TR-33100 Mersin, Turkiye..
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Damlien, Hege
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762,St Olavs Plass, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway..
    Manninen, Mikael A.
    Univ Helsinki, Fac Biol & Environm Sci, Ecosyst & Environm Res Programme, PAES, POB 65,Viikinkaari 1, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Helsinki Inst Sustainabil Sci, POB 65,Viikinkaari 1, Helsinki, Finland..
    Nordqvist, Bengt
    Fdn War Booty Site Finnestorp, Klarinettvagen 75, S-43475 Kungsbacka, Sweden..
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Jakobsson, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för organismbiologi, Människans evolution.
    Lindberg, A. Michael
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Chem & Biomed Sci, Hus Vita, S-44018 Kalmar, Sweden..
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Persson, Per
    Univ Oslo, Museum Cultural Hist, POB 6762,St Olavs Plass, NO-0130 Oslo, Norway..
    Andersson, Björn
    Dept Cell & Mol Biol CMB, Karolinska Insitutet, POB 285, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Aravena, Andrés
    Istanbul Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Mol Biol & Genet, TR-34134 Istanbul, Turkiye..
    Götherström, Anders
    Ctr Palaeogenet, Svante Arrhenius Vag 20C, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Metagenomic analysis of Mesolithic chewed pitch reveals poor oral health among stone age individuals2024Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 22125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Prehistoric chewed pitch has proven to be a useful source of ancient DNA, both from humans and their microbiomes. Here we present the metagenomic analysis of three pieces of chewed pitch from Huseby Klev, Sweden, that were dated to 9,890-9,540 before present. The metagenomic profile exposes a Mesolithic oral microbiome that includes opportunistic oral pathogens. We compared the data with healthy and dysbiotic microbiome datasets and we identified increased abundance of periodontitis-associated microbes. In addition, trained machine learning models predicted dysbiosis with 70-80% probability. Moreover, we identified DNA sequences from eukaryotic species such as red fox, hazelnut, red deer and apple. Our results indicate a case of poor oral health during the Scandinavian Mesolithic, and show that pitch pieces have the potential to provide information on material use, diet and oral health.

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  • 308.
    Kitzler Åhfeldt, Laila
    et al.
    Riksantikvarieämbetet.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, CharlotteUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.Widerström, PerGotlands Museum.Raffield, BenjaminUppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Relations and Runes: The Baltic Islands and Their Interactions During the Late Iron Age and Early Middle Ages2020Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 309.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Appendix till avhandling "Den medeltida stadens dynamik - urbanitet, sociala praktiker och materiell kultur i Uppsala 1100-1550"2021Dataset
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    Fyndlista
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    errata
  • 310.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Stiftelsen Upplandsmuseet.
    Den medeltida stadens dynamik: – urbanitet, sociala praktiker och materiell kultur i Uppsala 1100–15502021Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen utforskar arkeologiska källor till sociala praktiker och materiell kultur i det medeltida Uppsala. Ett stort antal föremål som insamlats vid tio av stadens större undersökningar mellan 1975 och 2000 har bearbetats i avhandlingen. Fyndmaterialet ger nya ingångar till förändringar i det urbana rummet och till invånarnas skiftande sociala identiteter. Den materiellakulturen ligger även till grund för en vidare diskussion om centralabegrepp och problem inom historisk arkeologi och stadsarkeologi.

    Genom ett föreslaget föremålsintegrerat och handlingsteoretiskt perspektivpå urbanisering, urbanism och urbanitet kan via den metod som presenterasi avhandlingen både nya och äldre undersökningsmaterial aktiveras. Därigenom kan också ett mer dynamiskt stadsarkeologiskt narrativ skapas om de medeltida städerna som särskilda rum, mötesplatser och livsmiljöer.

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    UUThesis_J-Kjellberg-2021
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  • 311.
    Kjellberg, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Medieval urbanization. Essays 1972-20152018Ingår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 113, nr 2, s. 111-113Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 312.
    Kjällquist, Mathilda
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Natl Hist Museums, Arkeologerna, Odlarev 5, S-22660 Lund, Sweden.
    Price, T. Douglas
    Univ Wisconsin, Lab Archaeol Chem, 1180 Observ Dr, Madison, WI 53706 USA.
    Mesolithic mobility and social contact networks in south Scandinavia around 7000 BCE: Lithic raw materials and isotopic proveniencing of human remains from Norje Sunnansund, Sweden2019Ingår i: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, ISSN 0278-4165, E-ISSN 1090-2686, Vol. 53, s. 186-201Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research provides new perspectives on large-scale Early Holocene human interaction within Eurasia, based on ancient DNA or lithic technology. But the extent of regional human mobility is not well known. In this study, we combined two different approaches to investigate regional mobility and social networks in southern Scandinavia. We analyzed strontium isotopes in human teeth and regional lithic raw material use and technology from a Mesolithic site, Norje Sunnansund in southern Sweden (7000 BCE). The lithic raw material composition at the site, and previous archaeological studies, indicated that the inhabitants mainly had utilized an area stretching 30 km southward. The isotopic analysis indicated that at least half of the analyzed individuals had a non-local origin, based on the local isotope signature, but that possibly only a few individuals originated outside the area defined by lithic acquisition. Those few isotopic values and the presence of lithic material as non-local flint and East Swedish microblade-cores in quartz, suggested that people also traveled far, but probably more sporadically. The combined analyzes revealed the complexity of late Boreal hunter-gatherers in South Scandinavia - although some groups appear to have had a limited geographical mobility, contact networks seem to have stretched over long distances.

  • 313.
    Knutsson, Helena
    et al.
    Stoneslab.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Molin, Fredrik
    Statens historiska museum.
    Zetterlund, Peter
    Statens historiska museum.
    From flint to quartz: Organization of lithic technology in relation to raw material availability during the pioneer process of Scandinavia2016Ingår i: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, E-ISSN 1873-4553, Vol. 424, s. 32-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Formal technologies and intensified reduction are often seen as responces to increased mobility and low abundance of lithic raw material of good flakeability and controllability. In this paper we discuss an alternative explanation to this hypothesis using the change in tool raw material experienced by flint using pioneers as they had to go from a formal blade technology to a simple flake technology as they settled in Scandinavia. The region is dominated by quartz and we used use-wear data as a means to evaluate the role of this type of raw material compared to the use profile of flint assemblages in the home territories of the pioneers. Although the technology changed through simplification and loss of formal production rules due to the low workability of quartz, we conclude that changes in the foraging range into areas of bad quality tool raw materials, does not need formalization of the technology. The quartz in our sample was used for a wide variety of activities in every aspect comparable to the range of uses identified in the contemporaneous blade assemblages based on flint. Instead of formalization of the lithic technology to cope with bad quality raw materials, it was diversified and simplified but without interfering with the organisational dimensions and design criteria of the bone technology.

     

  • 314.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Analysé tracéoligique des outillages de quartz: les enseigments du site néolithique moyen-tardif de Bjursaelet, Suéde sptentrionale.1989Ingår i: L'anthropologie, ISSN 0003-5521, Vol. 93, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 315.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bridging the abyss of time: Material culture, cultural reproduction and the sacred time of origin2005Ingår i: Poineer settlements and colonization processes in the Barents region / [ed] Helena Knutsson, Vuollerim: Vuollerim 6000 år , 2005, s. 181-219Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this contribution to the workshop proceedings it is proposed that the cultural change in the Scandinavian north in the Early Holocene, may be understood as a crisis resulting in an activated relationship to the past. The remains of settlements from the pioneering period around 9000 cal BC found scattered in the barren hills of northern coastal Norway, may in my opinion thus in the early Stone Age have been seen as the sacred times of origins. The argument relates to how culture, reproduced through socialization mainly as embodied habits, in times of dissonance between the lived experience of day-to-day action and its cultural “structure”, surface and thus is made discursive. Relics from the period of “sacred origins” are reused to formulate a new culture bearing narrative. In the argument the profession of archaeology is used as a metaphor for this view of an objectified past. The paper thus is a commentary on the concept of Modernity, here comprehended not only as a unique, recent event in Western Europe but as in as cycles of societal crises resulting in stronger emphasis on “historical reflexion” and objectification.

  • 316.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Funktionsanalys av flintspån från stridsyxegravar i Vikletice i,Tjeckiska republiken.1995Ingår i: Slutvandrat?: aspekter på övergången från rörlig till bofast tillvaro, Uppsala: Societas archaeologica Upsaliensis , 1995, s. 221-225Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 317.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Introduction.: Flint alternatives session.2008Ingår i: Mesolithic Horizons: Proceedings of the 7th international conference on The Mesolithic in Europe. (MESO 2005) in Belfast 28/8-2/9 2005. / [ed] Woodman Peter, Oxford: Oxbow books , 2008, s. 811-813Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A short presentation and comment on a series of paper presented at the session Flint Alternatives at the MESO 2005 Conference in Belfast. It is concluded that we should now move away from the idea of separate flint alternatives, and start thinking of this topic in terms of raw material alternatives, of which flint just one.

  • 318.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jordbrukets framväxt2014Ingår i: En samtidig världshistoria / [ed] Sjöberg, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1:1, s. 90-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Övergången från insamling och jakt till en omfatande kontroll av jordens växter och djur utgjorde ett avgörande steg i människans ekonomiska och sociala villkor. Domesticerade växter och djur och de jordbruksekonomier som därmed byggdes upp medförde radikala förändringar av mänskliga samhällen. 

    Domestieringen av växter och djur (neolitiseringen) tog sin början nära nog samtidigt på så skilda håll i världen som Levanten, det vill säga nuvarande Palestina, Syrien, Libanon, Jordanien och sydöstra delarna av Turkiet, för närmare 12000  år sedan, i Kina för mer än 1 000 år sedan och i Sydamerika för 9000 år sedan  och spreds sedan från dessa pmråden övervhela jorden. 

  • 319.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Pressure and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the Eight Conference of the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 14-18 september 2010. / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander, 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper a Chaine Operatoire analysis of previously only preliminary discussed blade assemblages from Central Sweden is presented. The material derive mainly from a collection of stray finds in Dalecarlia and Hä'rjedalen, Central Sweden and consists of blade cores, blades and debitage in local raw materials such as tuff, metamorphous tuff, jasper, quartzite and porphyry. Three, possibly four different core treatment practices are defined and preliminary comparative analysis shows that the material has strong resemblances to Middle mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway, western Sweden and with Preboreal finds from northern Finland. It is hypothesised that a major part of the blade assemblage resepresents adaption to local raw materials as the first flint using pioneers settled this area as the Weichselian ice retreated during the Preboreal and early Boreal 

  • 320.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutssson, Helena
    Guinard, Michel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Holmgren, Lars
    Klamke, Detlef
    Proffs och amatörer i Torsåker2010Ingår i: Populär arkeologi, ISSN 0281-014X, Vol. 28, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln presenteras pågående grävningar på mellan- och senmesolitiska fyndlokaler i Torsåker i Gästrikland. Här tas även upp det inter nordiska vetenskapliga nätverk Nordic BladeTechnology Network till vilket forskarguppen är ansluten.

  • 321.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Linde, Christer
    Post-depositional alterations of wear marks on quartz tools: Preliminary observations on an experiment with aeolian abrasion1990Ingår i: Les silex de sa genése à ´outil: Actes du V Colloque international sur Silex, 1990, s. 607-618Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 322.
    Knutsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    Pressured and punched blades in non-flint materials.: Chaine Opératoire analysis of Middle Mesolithic Blade Assemblages from Central Sweden2012Ingår i: Proceedings from the 8th Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Santander, Spain 12-14 september 2011 / [ed] Pablo Arias, Santander: Oxbow books , 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper present a chaine operatoire analysis of a non-flint bladecore and blade assemblage from Central Sweden. It is concluded that both pressure blades and punched blades have been produced and that the asemblage most probably represent the pioneer settlement during the Middle Mesolithic in the area. 

  • 323.
    Knutsson, Kjell
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Knutsson, Helena
    The postglacial colonization of humans, fauna and plants in northern Sweden2012Ingår i: Arkeologi i Norr, ISSN 0284-558x, Vol. 13, s. 004618 461003-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a re-evaluation of the pioneer settlement of Scandinavia following the melting of the Weichselian ice sheet during the late Glacial/Preboreal. The preliminary results of the swedish part of an inter-Nordic research project are presented focussiong on analyses of previously only preliminary discussed assemblages from central Sweden. A preliminary comparative analysis showws that the material has resemblances to Middle Mesolithic blade assemblages from southern Norway and western Sweden and thus represents the first pioneers settling this area during the Preboreal and early Boreal.  

  • 324.
    Koehler, Richard
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Västergarn Boat Rivets in Context: Case Study : The Missing Boatyard2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gotland har ett rikt materiellt kulturarv från stenåldern till medeltiden tack vare öns strategiska läge i mitten av Östersjön. Särskild är detta tydlig för vikingatiden då gotlänningarna hade handelskontakter österut. Sedan mitten av 1100-talet dominerades den gotländska ekonomin av kontakterna med tyska handelsförbund vilket också får nedslag i de materiella källorna. Denna uppsats behandlar Gotlands maritima infrastruktur och dess utveckling mellan ca. 1100 och 1400 utifrån en fallstudie av båtnitar från den medeltida bosättningen Västergarn. Syftet är att studera framväxten av Västergarn som ett maritimt samhälle vid Gotlands västkust och hur Västergarn utvecklades som en hamn. Hade Västergarn möjlighet att bestämma

    2

    över sin egen ekonomi, dvs att kontrollera de externa kontakterna och interna handeln mot övriga Gotland? Vilken roll spelade skeppstrafiken och användningen av skepp för Västergarn ́s ekonomi? Går det att dra slutsatser utifrån det omfattande nitmaterial om platsens maritima organisation och infrastruktur? Vilka försörjningskedjor med omlandet kan ha existerat som möjliggjorde en sådan verksamhet? Vilka professionella färdigheter och kunskaper fanns på plats? I avhandlingens analytiska del etableras och diskuteras ett klassifikationssystem för Västergarn ́s nitmaterial och jämförs med annan litteratur om båtbyggningsteknik från övriga Skandinavien, i

    synnerhet Östersjöområdet. Resultat av studien tyder på existensen av ett båtvarv huvudsakligen för reparation av klinkbyggda skepp. Vidaregående slutsatser om hur sjöfarten särskild efter att klinkbyggda skepp ersattes av koggar påverkade Västergarns ekonomi och vidare

    existens som hamn går däremot inte att dra.

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  • 325. Kolen, Jan
    et al.
    Crumley, Carole
    Burgers, Gert Jan
    von Hackwitz, Kim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Howard, Peter
    Karro, Krista
    de Kleijn, Maurice
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    van Manen, Niels
    Palang, Hannes
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Printsmann, Anu
    Renes, Hans
    Scholten, Henk
    Sinclair, Paul
    Veldi, Martti
    Verhagen, Philip
    HERCULES: Studying long-term changes in Europe’s landscapes2015Ingår i: Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, ISSN 0169-7447, s. 209-220Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the outlines of a new EU-fundedresearch program for the long-term history, present-daymanagement and further development of the Europeanlandscapes, including their natural and cultural heritage:HERCULES. One of the subprojects of this program(Work Package 2) links archaeological, historical andhistorical ecological data to the analysis of geo-informationin order to develop models of long-term landscape changein three carefully chosen study regions in the Netherlands,Sweden and Estonia. This is framed theoretically byintegrating insights from landscape biography, historicalecology and complex systems theory. The linking andanalysis of data will be done using a Spatial DataInfrastructure and by means of dynamic modelling.

  • 326.
    Koptekin, Dilek
    et al.
    Middle East Tech Univ, Grad Sch Informat, Dept Hlth Informat, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.;Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Yuncu, Eren
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Rodriguez-Varela, Ricardo
    Ctr Palaeogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Altinisxik, N. Ezgi
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Human G Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Psonis, Nikolaos
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol IMBB, Ancient DNA Lab, N Plastira 100, GR-70013 Iraklion, Vassilika Vouto, Greece.
    Kashuba, Natalija
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Yorulmaz, Sevgi
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    George, Robert
    Univ Notre Dame, Sch Med, Sydney, Australia.
    Kazanci, Duygu Deniz
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.;Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Human G Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Kaptan, Damla
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Gurun, Kanat
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Vural, Kivilcim Basxak
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Gemici, Hasan Can
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Settlement Archaeol, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Vassou, Despoina
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol IMBB, Ancient DNA Lab, N Plastira 100, GR-70013 Iraklion, Vassilika Vouto, Greece.
    Daskalaki, Evangelia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karamurat, Cansu
    Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Settlement Archaeol, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Lagerholm, Vendela K.
    Ctr Palaeogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Erdal, Omur Dilek
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Husbio L Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Kirdoek, Emrah
    Mersin Univ, Dept Biotechnol, TR-33343 Mersin, Turkey.
    Marangoni, Aurelio
    Ctr Palaeogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Schachner, Andreas
    Deutsch Archaeol Inst, TR-34437 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Ustundag, Handan
    Anadolu Univ, Dept Archaeol, TR-26470 Eskisxehir, Turkey.
    Shengelia, Ramaz
    Tbilisi State Med Univ, Dept Hist Med & Bioeth, Tbilisi 0162, Georgia.
    Bitadze, Liana
    Tbilisi State Univ, Inst Hist & Ethnol, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Elashvili, Mikheil
    Ilia State Univ, Cultural Heritage & Environm Res Ctr, Sch Nat Sci & Med, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Stravopodi, Eleni
    Minist Culture & Sports, Ephorate Palaeoanthropol & Speleol, Athens 11636, Greece.
    Ozbasxaran, Mihriban
    Istanbul Univ, Dept Prehist, TR-34134 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Duru, Ganesx
    Mimar Sinan Fine Arts Univ, TR-34134 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Nafplioti, Argyro
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol IMBB, Ancient DNA Lab, N Plastira 100, GR-70013 Iraklion, Vassilika Vouto, Greece.
    Rose, C. Brian
    Univ Penn, Dept Class Studies, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Gencer, Tugba
    Istanbul Univ, Cerrahpasa Fac Med, Dept Hist Med & Eth, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Darbyshire, Gareth
    Penn Museum, Philadelphia, PA USA.
    Gavashelishvili, Alexander
    Ilia State Univ, Inst Ecol, Ctr Biodivers Studies, Cholokashvili Str 5, Tbilisi 0162, Georgia.
    Pitskhelauri, Konstantine
    Ilia State Univ, Cholokashvili Str 5, Tbilisi, Georgia.
    Cevik, Ozlem
    Trakya Univ, Dept Archaeol, Edirne, Turkey.
    Vurusxkan, Osman
    Trakya Univ, Dept Archaeol, Edirne, Turkey.;Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina
    Minist Culture & Sports, Ephorate Palaeoanthropol & Speleol, Athens 11636, Greece.
    Bayakkarakaya, Ali Metin
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.;Hacettepe Univ, Human Behav Ecol & Archaeometry Lab, IDEA Lab, Ankara, Turkey.
    Oguzhanoglu, Umay
    Pamukkale Univ, Dept Archaeol, Denizli, Turkey.
    Gunel, Sevinc
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Archaeol, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Tabakaki, Eugenia
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol IMBB, Ancient DNA Lab, N Plastira 100, GR-70013 Iraklion, Vassilika Vouto, Greece.
    Aliev, Akper
    Azerbaijan DNA Project, Family Tree DNA, Houston, TX USA.
    Ibrahimov, Anar
    Khazar Univ, Baku, Azerbaijan.
    Shadlinski, Vaqif
    Azerbaijan Med Univ, Baku, Azerbaijan.
    Sampson, Adamantios
    Univ Aegean, Dept Mediterranean Studies, Dimokratias st, Rhodes 85100, Greece.
    Kilinc, Gulsah Merve
    Hacettepe Univ, Grad Sch Hlth Sci, Dept Bioinformat, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey.
    Atakuman, Cigdem
    Middle East Tech Univ, Inst Social Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Stamatakis, Alexandros
    Heidelberg Inst Theoret Studies, Computat Mol Evolut Grp, D-69118 Heidelberg, Germany.;Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Theoret Informat, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.
    Poulakakis, Nikos
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Mol Biol & Biotechnol IMBB, Ancient DNA Lab, N Plastira 100, GR-70013 Iraklion, Vassilika Vouto, Greece.;Univ Crete, Sch Sci & Engn, Nat Hist Museum Crete, Knossos Ave, Iraklion 71409, Greece.;Univ Crete, Sch Sci & Engn, Dept Biol, Vassilika Vouton 70013, Greece.
    Erdal, Yilmaz Selim
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Human G Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.;Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Husbio L Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Pavlidis, Pavlos
    Fdn Res & Technol Hellas FORTH, Inst Comp Sci, Iraklion 70013, Greece.
    Stora, Jan
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Osteoarchaeol Res Lab, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ozer, Fasun
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Anthropol, Human G Lab, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Goetherstroem, Anders
    Ctr Palaeogenet, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Somel, Mehmet
    Middle East Tech Univ, Grad Sch Informat, Dept Hlth Informat, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.;Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Biol Sci, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
    Spatial and temporal heterogeneity in human mobility patterns in Holocene Southwest Asia and the East Mediterranean2023Ingår i: Current Biology, ISSN 0960-9822, E-ISSN 1879-0445, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 41-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a spatiotemporal picture of human genetic diversity in Anatolia, Iran, Levant, South Caucasus, and the Aegean, a broad region that experienced the earliest Neolithic transition and the emergence of com-plex hierarchical societies. Combining 35 new ancient shotgun genomes with 382 ancient and 23 present-day published genomes, we found that genetic diversity within each region steadily increased through the Holo-cene. We further observed that the inferred sources of gene flow shifted in time. In the first half of the Holo-cene, Southwest Asian and the East Mediterranean populations homogenized among themselves. Starting with the Bronze Age, however, regional populations diverged from each other, most likely driven by gene flow from external sources, which we term "the expanding mobility model."Interestingly, this increase in in-ter-regional divergence can be captured by outgroup-f3-based genetic distances, but not by the commonly used FST statistic, due to the sensitivity of FST, but not outgroup-f3, to within-population diversity. Finally, we report a temporal trend of increasing male bias in admixture events through the Holocene.

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  • 327.
    Koren, Gerbrand
    et al.
    Univ Utrecht, Copernicus Inst Sustainable Dev, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Ferrara, Vincenza
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Timmins, Madeleine
    Univ Exeter, Dept Geog, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Morrison, Monica Ainhorn
    Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, Climate & Global Dynam Lab, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA..
    Global Environmental Change Perspectives on Integrated, Coordinated, Open, and Networked (ICON) Science2022Ingår i: Earth and Space Science, E-ISSN 2333-5084, Vol. 9, nr 5, artikel-id e2022EA002231Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is composed of two independent commentaries about the state of Integrated, Coordinated, Open, Networked (ICON) principles (Goldman et al., 2021, ) in Global Environmental Change and discussion on the opportunities and challenges of adopting them. Each commentary focuses on a different topic: (Section 2) Field, experimental, remote sensing, and real-time data research and application; (Section 3) Earth system modeling. In Section 2 we stress the inherently integrated nature of global environmental change, which necessitates an integrated approach for the planning, execution and analysis of measurement campaigns, while highlighting opportunities for wider adoption of the other ICON principles. In Section 3 the highly integrated and networked nature of Earth system model development is discussed, with suggestions for how to increase openness and coordination to enhance model application by end-user and stakeholder communities.

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  • 328.
    Kusserow, Max
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mer än bara mynt: En nätverksanalys av bysantinska silvermynt från 900- och 1000-tal2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the mid-10th century there was an increase of Byzantine coins to the Baltic area alongside the shift from the eastern Islamic dirhems to a western focus on German coins. This thesis sets out to study networks around the Baltic area from a perspective of Byzantine miliaresion minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II, John I Tzimisces and Basil II. The material consists of coin finds in foremostly hoards but also some grave finds from Gotland, mainland Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Belarus, Estonia and Finland. This essay will combine the use of two different methods, first a network analysis in Pajek and then a spatial analysis in GIS. With these two methods I want to investigate what the Byzantine coins can tell us about the transition period between the import of Islamic coins and German coins. Together with the Byzantine coins I will use other materials from Gotland such as shorttwig and longbranch runes, a type of metal vessel found in graves and a type of clay vessel with a special mark on the bottom. They will highlight different aspects of the Viking age networks, with a focus on Gotland.

    The result showes that the import of Byzantine silver coins into the Baltic in the 10th century consists of two phases. The first phase consists of miliaresia minted by Constantine VII and Romanus II, Nicephorus II and John I Tzimisces which were probably imported through Poland. On their way through Poland they mixed with early southern German coins from Bayern and Schwaben on their way to Denmark and Gotland. With the second phase the eastern coin import temporarily gets an upswing. The coins minted by Basil II are more commonly found on Gotland and in Estonia which lead me to conclude that these could have been imported by Gotlandic individuals on their travels east.

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  • 329.
    Källgren, Saga
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Rituellt stål – symbolik och vidare implikationer för den skandinaviska järnåldern2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The theory of using bonecoal to create steel during the scandinavian iron- and viking-age also came with theories of ancestor worship - through use of ancestor´s bones, fertility - by liking iron-work to childbirth, and the ritual role of iron-smiths - in making that happen. This text endeavors to compare these theories with others and conclude that ancestor worship was a possible motive for grave-robbing or chosing particular animal bones to create steel, but no conclusive evidence for it has been found, nor, indeed for ancestor worship itself. The childbirth metaphor for iron-work have no regard for the gender dynamics of the two situations, which were presumably very different, nor have it regard for the technicalities of childbirth, which, before modern medicine, can be assumed happened on the woman´s knees and utilized the power of gravity for help. The transformation and liminal role of smiths and smithing is on the other hand, almost universally agreed upon.

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  • 330.
    Landström, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Med Uppsala I centrum: Uppsalaområdet under bronsålder och äldre järnålder in i vendeltid. En arkeologisk förhistoria baserad på områdets miljöförutsättningar och en GIS-utvecklad kartvärld med Mälardalen, Östersjöbäckenet och Europa som bakgrund2012Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The study describes and explains the geographical, economic and power political development in the Uppsalaarea in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age into the Vendel Period. The Uppsalaarea is defined as a rectangular area of 2500 km2 stretching from Vendel in the north to Skokloster in the south, with its central point 10 km north of Uppsala Cathedral.

    The flat terrain in a landscape risen from the sea over the past 6000 years means that the shore displacement and the subsequent landscape development have been important for migration, subsistence, settlement and population development. In the 1990s, 14C datings were used more consistently. This made it possible to clarify the sea levels in the area during the Bronze and Iron Ages. The great differences between north and south and some differences between east and west gradually changed the interactions in the landscape. Based on the reported lowest levels for different parts of theUppsala area, detailed maps were created using GIS technology for 1800, 1400, 1000 and 600 BC, for AD 0 and AD 600. In some analyses, these have been overlaid with layers from the digital soil map or with a rectified soil survey map.

    The area contains tens of thousands of known constructions from the Bronze and Iron Ages catalogued in the Ancient Remains register of the National Heritage Board. Divided into types and sometimes dated, they provide a picture of the area use in different time periods when digitally plotted in their geographical time sequences. The finds of theMälardalenValleyare quite well catalogued and available concerning gold, bronze and weapons and to a certain extent ceramics. Together with increased knowledge of the prehistorical climate, pollen analyses and the external economic and political development, a set of conditions was discerned for theUppsalaarea.

    The key to the area’s development was its strategic position at the edge of the expanding mainland north ofLakeMälaren. The vicinity to earlier cultures, the River Dalälven andÅlandIslandtogether with the possibility of contacts with southern cultures through e.g. the Norrköping area were significant. It was also important that theBaltic Searegion’s population density was highest at the lower deltas of the German/Polish rivers. For thousands of years, that region functioned as a central link towards the Continent and its cultures.

    The development of the boat in the centuries around AD 0 expanded the contacts, mainly through recurrent long-distance travel for catching herring or seal. This is supported by place names and finds with origin from the Mälardalen Valey along the Swedish Baltic Sea coast. However, as indicated by denarii, solidi and other forms of gold, the organized trade and the elite trade were limited. Although agriculture provided a basis for subsistence and cultivation markedly increased during the period under study, agriculture had no dominant position in the area. In spite of what is often stated, fishing, hunting and gathering together played an equal role.

    In theUppsalaarea, the ties to the European “bronze machine” had a serious impact on the area’s involvement in the south-Scandinavian Bronze Age culture, although ties to epineolithic cultures also existed. While the Bronze Age cultures collapsed around the Mediterranean, the northern parts of theMälardalenValleyfelt uneasy. In Periods III-IV this led to collaboration and the markings of territories. Cairns, hill forts and large stone settings as well as the great cult house in Håga were constructed. Nevertheless tensions remained. The Håga mound was probably constructed in an attempt to retain the old order, but towards the end of the Bronze Age, the collaboration withered and there were indications of border zones to power political structures. These disappear during the severe climatological periods in the Pre-Roman Iron Age, when the societal systems deteriorated. They are again visible around AD 0, in the areas between the medieval folk lands, although somewhat more to the north-east regarding Fjädrundaland/Tiundaland.

    The limited resources in theMälardalenValleycaused Helgö to develop into a collaborative project, or at least a protected isle for specialized handicraft and trade for luxury goods. This was theMälardalenValley’s chance to tie in to the international trading networks in the Baltic, which most likely had been directed from Himlingøje and subsequently from the Norwegian Vestlandet.

    Helgö’s decline coincided with the domination of power in the MälardalenValleyby Tiundaland’s predecessor c. AD 600. Reasons for this domination are unknown. The MälardalenValleywas germanized.  After the Roman Period, Fjäd-rundaland’s predecessor/ Västmanland  was no longer an autonomous power. In connection with the climate crisis of the 6th century that lasted through the century, extensive fighting occurred between the precursors to Attundaland and Tiundaland. The fighting ceased around 600 AD, and it seems likely that a federation was formed. Gamla Uppsala became the ideological cement and the royal election site at Mora on the border between Tiundaland and Attundaland became – perhaps together with the three royal mounds – the formal insignia for the federation. The federation formed a power political impasse which, together with the economic situation may be the cause of the slow changes that can be seen in theMälardalenValley in the Vendel Period. The unification of the Valley probably took place in the late Vendel Period/Viking Age. Regardless of this development, Gamla Uppsala became a mythological triumph with reverberations into our time.    

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  • 331.
    Landström, Lars E.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    DÄRFÖR UPPSALA: Utdrag, iakttagelser och resultat från studien MED UPPSALA I CENTRUM.Uppsalaområdet under bronsålder och äldre järnålder in i vendeltid. En arkeologisk förhistoria baserad på områdets miljöförutsättningar och en GIS-utvecklad kartvärld med Mälardalen, Östersjöbäckenet och Europa som bakgrund.2012Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    The study describes and explains the geographical, economic and political development in theUppsalaarea from the Bronze age to the Vendel Period.

    The landscape development was central. In the 1990s 14C datings made it possibly to create maps of this using GIS. The area contains forty thousand known constructions. When plotted they provide a picture of the area use. Together with information regarding the climate, pollen analyses and the external economic and political development, conditions was discerned.

    The key to the development was the position at the edge of the expanding mainland. The vicinity to earlier cultures, the River Dalälven and Åland together with possible contacts with southern cultures were significant.  In Periods III-IV led unrest to collaboration and the markings of territories. Cairns, hill forts, large stone settings and the great cult house in Håga were constructed. The Håga mound was probably an attempt to retain the old order. Towards the end of the Bronze Age, the collaboration withered and there are indications of border zones.   The boat-development around AD 0 expanded the contacts, mainly through long-distance travel for catching herring or seal. Although agriculture provided a basis for subsistence in the area and increased, it was not dominating. Fishing, hunting and gathering together played an equal role. The organized long-distance trade was limited. Helgö was a collaborative project to tie into international trading networks.

    After the Roman Period, Fjädrundaland’s predecessor was no longer an autonomous power. In the 6th century fighting occurred between the precursors to Attundaland and Tiundaland/Fjädrundaland. It ceased AD 600, and it seems likely that a federation was formed. Gamla Uppsala and the royal election site at Mora became the insignia. The federation formed a political impasse which with the economic situation may be the cause of the slow changes during the Vendel Period. 

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  • 332.
    Lane, Paul J.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    New Directions For Historical Archaeology In Eastern Africa?2016Ingår i: Journal of African History, ISSN 0021-8537, E-ISSN 1469-5138, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 173-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have seen growth in the number of historical archaeology studies in Eastern Africa. Combining critical analysis of material remains alongside the available documentary and oral sources, these offer new insights into the precolonial and colonial pasts of the region. However, the field is less well established than in either West or Southern Africa and the full potential of the subdiscipline has yet to be realised. This contribution reviews the main analytical and theoretical trends, drawing on a selection of examples. Several other research themes that might warrant investigation are also identified, and the general lack of engagement with material culture and the archaeology of the last few hundred years on the part of historians, is lamented.

  • 333.
    Lane, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi.
    Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Precolonial Sub-Saharan African Farming and Herding Communities2017Ingår i: Oxford Encyclopedia of African HistoryArtikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Agricultural practices on the African continent are exceptionally diverse and have deep histories spanning at least eight millennia. Over time, farmers and herders have independently domesticated different food crops and a more limited range of animals, and have effectively modified numerous ecological niches to better suit their needs. They have also adopted “exotic” species from other parts of the globe, nurturing these to produce new cross-breeds and varieties better adapted to African conditions. Evidence for the origins of these different approaches to food production and their subsequent entanglement is attested by diverse sources. These include archaeological remains, bio- and geo-archaeological signatures, genetic data, historical linguistics, and processes of landscape domestication.

  • 334.
    Larshagen, Rasmus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Miljö och landskap: En undersökning av landskap och miljö i relation till placeringen avboplatser i Ystadområdet2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker relationen mellan landskap, miljö och placeringen av boplatser från neolitikum och bronsålder i Ystadområdet. Uppsatsen åstadkommer detta genom maximal entropi modellering av boplatsernas placering i relation till flera variabler i landskapet och miljön. Uppsatsens teoretiska ramverk utgår från en antagen koppling mellan variabler i miljön och placeringen av boplatser. Resultatet av modelleringen översätts till tabeller som visar vilka variabler i miljön och landskapet som är viktiga i relation till placeringen av boplatser under dessa perioder, och till kartor som visar vilka delar av Ystadområdet som har rätt kombination av dessa variabler. Dessa används sedan för att besvara frågeställningarna. Resultaten av studien visar en stark koppling mellan kvartärsjordarten kärrtorv och närvaron av boplatser. Variablerna som föredrogs vid placeringen av boplatser visar också en viss variation mellan tidsperioderna. Utöver detta bedömdes modellen av historisk miljö från Ystadprojektet vara användbar.

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  • 335.
    Larsson, Annika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Klädd Krigare: Skifte i skandinaviskt dräktskick kring år 1000.2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using textiles as clues, it is shown that, like in the rest of Scandinavia, there is a legible societal shift in favour of a new Christian organization as early as around year 1000 even in the central parts of what is now Sweden, including the, according to Adam of Bremen, “pagan” Mälar valley. During a period of at least a hundred and fifty years, the Mälar valley with Birka in the centre had enjoyed eastern trade, which is reflected in the rich finds of oriental textile fragments in the Birka graves. From archaeological material, images, texts, coins and runic inscriptions it is possible to assess the importance of codes expressed in the dress. Interpretations of the original Rigsthula texts suggest that it belong in an early Christian context, and is reflecting dress practices found in, among other sources, the Bayeux tapestery and early Scandinavian coins. The textiles from Birka differ markedly from the textiles from Sigtuna, this since they are traces from two completely different societies. Birka textiles show contacts with a steppe nomadic culture, while the Sigtuna textiles and runic inscriptions are witnesses of contacts with advanced Christian workshop cultures like Byzantium.

  • 336.
    Larsson, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ship and Society: Maritime Ideology in Late Iron Age Sweden2007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the relation between ship and society against a background of ideological and technological changes in Late Iron Age Sweden. It discusses the factors behind the development of ‘a maritime society’, why ships and seafaring came to play an important role that was also reflected in the use of the ship as a symbol and a metaphor in a military context, as well as in religion, administration, jurisdiction and social life. The author argues that this society is disappearing when it is first encountered in the Early Middle Ages, because of a fundamental ideological change.

    There is a myth about the appearance of the ‘Viking ship’ and the Iron Age seafarer. The ships are supposed to be big and wide. An analysis of the archaeological material presented here shows that this picture is not correct. Instead the ships of the Svear were quite small and built in a way that made them very light. This was a result of shipbuilding methods introduced in the Late Iron Age, and it had consequences for the trade communication network as well as for naval operations. Because of the light ships, it was possible to land on any shallow shore and navigate the shallow rivers in the East.

    The ship became a key symbol used by the authorities to structure the society for administrative and military purposes, using a terminology based on the Late Iron Age warship.

    In the Middle Ages, ideology, shipbuilding and seafaring changed. New key symbols were introduced, and they were used by an increasing royal power to consolidate what would become a united Sweden, inspired by feudal Europe.

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  • 337.
    Larsson, Petter I.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Continuous Presence: A Historical Ecology of Ängesviken, Jämtland2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen består av en fallstudie av en arkeolgosik lokal vid namn Ängesviken i östra Jämtland. Platsen ligger i ett område som vid första anblick ter sig perifeiellt placerat i utmarkerna till medeltida byar och tidigmoderna fäbodar. Tidigare har en vikingatida byggnad sam en intilligande grav undersökts arkeologiskt. Arkeologiska undersökningar har visat att människor tycks ha använt platsen under en 3000-års period, men hur platsen använts eller påverkats av denna användning har arkeologin inte kunnat påvisa. För att undersöka mänskliga aktiviteter vid Ängesviken under de senaste 3000 åren, samt hur dessa aktiviteter påverkat landskapet, undersöks platsen från ett tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv. Arkeologi kombineras med paleoekologi och rumslig analys. Det konceptuella ramverket för undersökningen bygger på historisk ekologi där kulturell nische konstruktion kombineras med "landscape patchiness". "Landscape patchiness" har sitt ursprung ur ekologin och lägger fokus på lakala vegetationsstrukturer. De äldsta praktikerna på platsen är ännu inte fullt ut klargjorda men platsens läge i landskapet ter sig som en trolig orsak till de första aktiviteterna. Pollenanalysen visar att området används för djurhållning under järnåldern, en aktivitet som kom att förändra landskapets struktur och platsens ekologi. Järnålderns kulturella nische ter sig multifunktionell där djurhållning har kombinerats med andra nyttjanden av utmarksresurser. Pollenanalysen visar att platsen verkar överges under medeltid för att sedan åter brukas för djurhållning under tidigmodern och modern tid. Undersökningen visar på vikten av tvärvetenskapliga undersökningar av otydliga och tidigare svårtolkade arkeologiska lokaler och sammanhang inom det Skandinaviska inlandet.

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  • 338.
    Larsson, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skeletten i gränden: En undersökning av skelettmaterial från Erik XIII:s gränd i Visby2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1953, two individuals were excavated in Erik XIII’s alley, Visby, Gotland. After the excavation, the individuals did not undergo an osteological examination and were preserved for several years by the Gotland Museum. These two individuals were selected for this thesis to undergo an osteological analysis. The purpose of the essay was to identify and investigate the two individuals from Erik XIII's alley and illuminate the Viking age of Visby. A spatial analysis of Erik XIII's alley and the surrounding environment was carried out, to emphasize Visby’s Viking-age. Erik XIII's alley is in the northern part of Visby's inner city and is within walking distance of the two largest Viking-era burial grounds in Visby, Kopparsvik and Gustavsvik. Individual 1, who was judged to be a man, was approximately 182cm tall and was between 33-45 years old when he died. Individual 2 was judged to be a probable man and was between 17-25 at the time of his death and had an approximate length of 173cm. The individuals have only two common pathologies, which are osteophytes and tartar. Individual 2 had significantly fewer pathologies than individual 1, which may be a side effect of the age difference between them. In individual 1, enthesopathies were also identified, which were roughly consistent throughout the body, ligamente flava, pitting and osteoarthritis. Individual 2 showed changes from two different deficiency diseases, cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia. The discussion is divided into three parts that emphasize the individuals, the comparison with other Viking-era individuals on Gotland and the spatial context. The individuals' pathologies are discussed, and possible interpretations of the individuals are presented. When the individuals from Erik XIII's alley are compared to other Viking-age individuals who have undergone osteological examinations, the result mainly varies. In the spatial context, possible interpretations of the graves are presented, which consist of an additional burial ground with different interpretations, as a burial ground for the king's company, or simple farm burials. 

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  • 339.
    Larsson, Åsa Maria
    et al.
    Riksantikvarieämbetet.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Digital Future of the Past: Research Potential with Increasingly FAIR Archaeological Data2020Ingår i: Re-imagining Periphery: Archaeology and Text in Northern Europe from Iron Age to Viking and Early Medieval Periods / [ed] Hillerdal, C. and Ilves, K., Oxford: Oxbow Books , 2020, s. 61-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of technical tools for digital documentation of excavations has equipped archaeologists with increasingly powerful ways to generate high-quality data. With the use of digital documentation, GIS, photogrammetry and a wide range of scientific analyses, each excavation can produce large quantities of interrelated data. These new practices provide great opportunities for knowledge production, but also huge challenges. Aggregating the vast quantities of data produced by contract archaeology is still a monumental and time-consuming task due to diverse terminologies, use of proprietary software and poor digital archival practices. With the ongoing development of national and international infrastructures that can make

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  • 340.
    Levin, Maureece J.
    et al.
    Stanford Univ, Stanford Archaeol Ctr, 488 Escondido Mall,Bldg 500, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Seikel, Katherine
    Australian Natl Univ, Dept Archaeol & Nat Hist, Coll Asia & Pacific, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
    Miles, Aimee
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A Partial Chronological Sequence of Human Habitation for Pingelap Atoll (Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia)2019Ingår i: Radiocarbon, ISSN 0033-8222, E-ISSN 1945-5755, Vol. 61, nr 3, s. 765-776Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pingelap Atoll, 1.8 km(2) in area and nearly 70 km from the nearest island, presents a clear example of anthropogenic niche-building in physically isolated circumstances with limited resources. This paper presents the first radiocarbon (C-14) dates (n=8) from an archaeological project examining settlement and subsistence practices on the atoll, specifically how Pingelapese people have constructed the environment to meet their needs over centuries of occupation. These dates confirm that human occupation of Pingelap occurred by 1700-1550 cal BP (2 sigma) at the latest, only a few centuries after the earliest securely-dated settlement of high islands in the region (Kosrae and Pohnpei), and with strikingly similar timing to another atoll in the region, Mwoakilloa. Evidence of early settlement includes shell tools, ornaments, extensive marine faunal remains, and charred botanical domesticates. These preliminary data build a framework for the settlement history and environment building of Pingelap.

  • 341.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Saddle querns and Gendered Dynamics of the Early Neolithic in Mid Central Sweden2004Ingår i: Coast to coast - arrival: results and reflections : proceedings of the final Coast to Coast Conference, 1-5 October 2002 in Falköping, Sweden, Uppsala: Coast to Coast Project, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History , 2004, s. 199-231Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 342.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gatti, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gender and Archaeology in Sweden: Paper presented at the AGE working party session ‘Gender and Archaeology in Europe’, 15th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists. 15-20 September 2009, Riva del Garda/Trento, Italy2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 343.
    Lidström Holmberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Graefe, Jan
    University of Munster, Germany.
    Hamon, Caroline
    ArscAn Protohistoire Europénne, Paris, France.
    Tsoraki, Cristina
    University of Sheffield, England.
    Watts, Susan
    University of Exeter, England.
    Dietary Practices and the Symbolism of a Tool: Quern Deposits in the Neolithic Societies of Europe2009Ingår i: Du matériel au spirituel : Réalités archéologiques et historiques des « dépôts » de la Préhistoire à nos jours. From material to spiritual: archaeological, historical and ethnographic realities of 'hoards' from prehistory to the present.: Proceedings of the XXIX Rencontres Internationales d’Archéologie et d’Histoire, Antibes-Juan-les-Pins, 16-18 october 2008. ADPCA, Valbonne. / [ed] S. Bonnardin, C. Hamon, M. Lauwers & B. Quilliec, Valbonne, 2009, s. 87-96Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 344.
    Lillieholm Graff, Felicia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fallstudie av tafonomiska processers påverkan på osteologiska kvarlevor; exemplet Västergarn2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur arkeologiskt djurbensmaterial från Västergarn, Gotland har påverkats av tafonomiska processer på Västergarn. Syftet med uppsatsen är att framföra vikten av tafonomi inom arkeologi och osteologi, vinklat mot om de tafonomiska processerna skulle kunna påverka den osteologiska analysen och isåfall hur? En stor del ben frystes även för att få bukt på den aktiva mögelprocessen, hur har det påverkat benen? Kan samband ses mellan en viss fragmenteringsgrad, vissa frakturtyper och specifika tafonomiska processer från Västergarn? Detta diskuteras i samband med jordbeskrivningarna av de kontext som benen hittats i och undersöker vilken potentiell process som kan ha skapat förändringen på benet. Slutligen framför uppsatsen vikten av tafonomisk kunskap, då samtliga ben som undersöktes påvisar flera tafonomiska processer som kan påverka den osteologiska analysen. Vissa av processerna som identifierades var: rotavtryck, rotinvasion, erosion och frostsprängningar. 

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  • 345.
    Lind, Victoria
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En studie om gropkeramikernas förhållningssätt kring kollaps och resiliens, med den adaptiva modellen som analysmetod2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gropkeramiker är en intressant kultur som utmärker sig under mellanneolitisk tid på grund av de mesolitiska jakttendenserna. Denna text undersöker gropkeramikernas förhållningssätt kring motgångar och resiliens, genom att registrera potentiella motgångar inom kulturen. Detta kommer att genomföras genom att sammanställa källor från tidigare forskning kring kulturen samt utgå från den adaptiva modellen där kollaps och resiliens definieras. De sammanställda källorna inkluderar gropkeramikernas kontaktnät, ritualer, diet, osteologiska analyser, DNA - analyser och handel. Uppsatsen har avgränsat det geografiska området där de primära källorna inkluderar lokalerna: Ajvide, Västerbjers och Jettböle. 

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  • 346.
    Lindberg, Adrian
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skeppsformade Gravar: En religiös symbolik eller endast monument?2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this bachelor essay is to study the relation between stone ship settings in Sweden and the symbols occurring on rock carvings, picture stones and metalworks. Are the stone ship settings meant to make the final journey for the dead over to the other side? And serve as a link between our world and the land of the dead? By comparing the theories and interpretations of different scientists and archaeologists I will analyze the different findings and forms of the stone ship settings. The mythology tells tales of the importance of the ship, that it drags the sun from left to right during the day and during the night it goes down under water at the horizon, usually accompanied by animals like horses, fish and snakes. This could be why the direction of the stone ship settings are generally southwest towards northeast, because the sun seems to be at its highest point towards south. A general discussion will be performed during this essay, and to view other archaeologist’s interpretations and research to find answers to what stone-ship settings stands for. 

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  • 347.
    Lindblad, Tova
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fogdarpsfyndet: En landskapsanalys av ett depåfynd från den yngre bronsåldern2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Fogdarp hoard from Scania in Sweden is an unusual deposit from the Late Bronze Age. Unlike similar hoards this was not found in a wetland, but was buried in the ground with a rock placed on top of it. Deposits in dry land have sometimes been considered to be a hiding place for a smith’s metalwork. But since the Fogdarp hoard contains ritual bronze objects, it has been called a ritual deposit. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Fogdarp hoard by using a landscape analysis. By doing so the study will contribute to the understanding of the hoards context, and why this hoard was buried and not deposited in a wetland. The landscape analysis shows that the hoard is buried closed to the water and in a ritual landscape on the edge of a valley.

    The discussion will also analyze the objects in this particular hoard: their symbolic value will be elaborated in the analysis. As a comparison, this paper includes other deposits from the Late Bronze Age. My interpretation of the objects in the Fogdarp hoard is that they are a part of the sun cult of the Nordic Bronze Age, where sun-goddess and the divine twins play an important role.

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  • 348.
    Lindbom, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vapnen i wreccornas tid, 150-500 e.Kr.: om de romerska auxiliarpilspetsarna och den västliga traditionens framväxt2006Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Lindbom, Peter. 2006. Weapons in the time of the Wreccas, 150-500 AD., Roman auxiliary arrow points and the development of the Western tradition, AUN 36, Uppsala, 290 pp., 70 figs., 19 maps, 37 tables. ISSN 0285-1347, ISBN 91-506-1869-5

    Archaeologists agree that the different Germanic peoples were influenced by the Roman Empire and its well organised and effective army. A common assumption is that the German Barbarians were inferior and merely copied the superior Roman customs and material culture. In this thesis I argue that the Germanic peoples created a hybrid culture, where specific Roman concepts and innovations were borrowed and manipulated in order to fit into the context, of a new Germanic Warrior Society which gradually developed during the first half millennium AD.

    Using Post Colonial theory I show that these socio-cultural developments took an ambivalent form and were often manifested in sudden changes in material culture and as grave goods deposited according to local customs. Power struggles between old and new elite groups often resulted in armed conflict, with an opposition between the superior or dominant colonials and the subaltern indigenous peoples, a relation that is similar to imperialistic dominance by a colonial power elite.

  • 349.
    Lindgren, Sakarias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Glimmande artefakter och vendeltida social struktur: En studie av järnålderslandskapet i Vallstena socken på östra Gotland2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The exclusive bronze and gold objects found in the Iron Age ship and rider burials of Vendel, Valsgärde and Sutton Hoo are well known. Less known, however, is the grave field of Vallstenarum on Gotland, where some similar finds have been made. Vallstenarum is located in a highly interesting landscape with former bays and lagoons, Bronze Age monuments, hill forts and a long continuity of human activity. While many of the impressive Bronze Age graves and monuments are widely visible in the landscape, Iron Age burials are more descrete. Therefore, this paper aims to shed light on the people in the Iron Age Vallstena community, their social organisation and their communication with the rest of the world. This will be achieved by analysing grave objects in relation to status and hierarchy, but also in relation to the surrounding landscape and in chronology with nearby archaeological sites. By comparing where similar finds have been made, the paper also discusses the location of Vendel Period central areas and Iron Age trade and communication. The results show a highly symbolic landscape, where the domestic area was separated from the grave fields. The find material also implies that the Vallstena area was involved in a vast communication network during the Vendel Period and possibly functioned as a trade hub through its strategic location next to the Gothem river. The grave activity in the central area of the parish seems to peak during the Vendel period, and the peripheral areas of the parish starts to get more intensively populated in the Viking Age.

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  • 350.
    Lindgren, Åsa
    et al.
    Norrbottens museum.
    Nordin, Jonas Monié
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Tornedalens bergsbruk under 1600-talet: Rapport över specialinventering och kartering hösten 2017: Leppäskoski hytta/Pahtavaara gruvområde, Jukkasjärvi 1, 1931, Svappavaara hyttby, Jukkasjärvi 256, Svappavaara gruvby, Jukkasjärvi 2636, Masugnsbys bruksområde, Jukkasjärvi 44, Kalix kopparbruk, Nederkalix 362020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Tornedalens bergsbruk under 1600-talet
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