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  • 3501.
    Worsham, Rebecca
    et al.
    Smith Coll, Dept Class Languages & Literatures, 10 Elm St, Northampton, MA 01063 USA.
    Lindblom, Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Zikidi, Claire
    Fteris 12, Kryoneri 14568, Attica, Greece.
    Preliminary report of the Malthi Archaeological Project, 2015-20162018Ingår i: Opuscula: Annual of the Swedish Institutes at Athens and Rome, ISSN 2000-0898, Vol. 11, s. 7-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article offers preliminary results and tentative interpretations of new work at the previously excavated settlement of Malthi in Messenia, south-west Pelopponese. The work included an intensive survey of the site architecture, as well as test excavations of spaces within and outside of the fortification wall. We propose updated observations on the chronology and phasing of the site based on pottery dates from the new excavation and comment on the preserved architecture as it compares to other settlements of the period. The settlement appears to have been first inhabited in the second half of the Middle Helladic period. Little, if any, architecture from this phase can be securely identified today. At the beginning of the Late Helladic period a fortification was erected, and the entire layout of the site was transformed. The construction likely took place as a single project, as argued by the original excavator, and so indicates a significant investment of labor and capital. Such an undertaking speaks not only to local access to wealth at this time, but also compares well with changes in other Early Mycenaean communities. For yet unknown reasons, the settlement was abandoned no later than in Late Helladic IIIA1.*

  • 3502.
    Wulff Krabbenhöft, Rikke
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Symbols in Clay: A Study of Early Bronze IV Potter's Marks from the Amman-Zarqa Region in Transjordan2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The present work examines the taxonomy and function of potters’ marks applied to pottery in the Amman-Zarqa region during the last phase of the Early Bronze Age, the so-called EB IV ca. 2350/2300–2000 BC. The study is anchored in a small data set gathered from 12 archaeological sites, in which 24 different mark types have been identified. These mark types - together with their associated vessel classes, circumstances of deposition, and geographical distribution - comprise the background against which previous suggestions regarding potters’ marks are evaluated. Evidence from ethno-archaeological sources concerning traditional potters’ rationales for marking vessels today is also included as part of the interpretive framework. The mode and scale of production is discussed on the basis of the ceramic evidence, the size and character of settlements located within the region, and the socio-economic setting of the EB IV period in general.

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  • 3503.
    Wuopio, Amanda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Dödens uppluckrade identiteter: Gravar på gränsen mellan hedniskt och kristet2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Christianisation of Sweden is not much about religion. Instead, there is much to be gained by looking at it as a colonial situation with changing social identities and power structures. This is evident by the prevalence of hybridisations in the archaeological material.

    Some of the material categories that show the clearest example of changes are the burials from the 9th century up until about AD 1200. This is exemplified by two different Iron Age burial sites in Stockholm county, Uppland, Sweden: RAÄ 59, Valsta, in Norrsunda parish and RAÄ 40, Lilla Ullevi, in Bro parish; They both show hybridisation by involving older elements with newer ones during a time period when the church was not quite established in the region yet.

    The Christianisation of Sweden is a colonial situation, but the research tradition has often also used a colonial lens from the 19th and early 20th century in its approach to the period. This means that the same questions, interpretations and conclusions, often based on written sources, have been continuously reused for a long time, which has had consequences for the archaeology in Sweden.

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  • 3504.
    Wynne-Jones, Stephanie
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Uppsala universitet, Kollegiet för samhällsforskning (SCAS). Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York YO1 7ED, N Yorkshire, England..
    Fleisher, Jeffrey
    Rice Univ, Dept Anthropol, Houston, TX 77251 USA..
    Fifty years in the archaeology of the eastern African coast: a methodological history2015Ingår i: Azania, ISSN 0067-270X, E-ISSN 1945-5534, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 519-541Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the archaeology of the coast of eastern Africa is closely associated with the earliest days of the British Institute in Eastern Africa and in many ways quickly became synonymous with the Institute's journal - Azania. This is not surprising given that Neville Chittick, the first Director of the Institute and initial editor of Azania, was most actively engaged with research on the eastern African Swahili coast. Since those early years, many researchers have described the changing paradigms of coastal archaeology, often through the lens of wider political and theoretical changes and framed with reference to periods of colonialism, independence and post-colonialism. In this paper, we seek instead to document and describe the methodological and analytical changes that have occurred in the archaeology of eastern Africa over the decades that Azania has been published. We focus on three broad methodological areas and chart their emergence, use and transformation over time: urban archaeology, ceramics and typology and survey and reconnaissance. We then offer a discussion of the diversity of current methodologies and the introduction of scientific techniques and how they have served to shape the type of questions that can be asked and answered. Finally, we call for a continued commitment to local dissemination for coastal researchers: a job for which Azania retains its important role.

  • 3505.
    Wälivaara, Karolina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Jakten och jägaren: En osteologisk analys av säl- och människoben från en begravningsplats på Gotska Sandön2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats diskuteras jakten och nyttjandet av säl på Gotska Sandön, med utgångspunkt i en osteologisk analys av säl- och människoben från en begravningsplats på öns norra kust. Diskussionen inkluderar dessutom jämförelser med arkeologiska lokaler och etnografiska beskrivningar från öar som Gotland, Stora Karlsö, Fårö och Runö. Människobenen kommer från en individ och har daterats till 1400-talet e.Kr. Resultatet av den osteologiska analysen, jämfört med etnografiska källor, indikerar att individen kan ha varit en säljägare. Sälbenen talar om att gråsäl har jagats, och att jakten har inkluderat gamla sälar och sälhanar. Dessa sälar har jagats för sitt skinn och späck snarare än för sitt kött. Sälbenens förekomst på begravningsplatsen kan bero på en förkristen tradition, att de har misstagits för människoben eller att de har varit avfall från den närliggande medeltida boplatsen på Säludden.

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  • 3506.
    Wärmländer, Sebastian K. T. S.
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jahrehorn, Max
    Oxider AB, POB 980, S-39129 Kalmar, Sweden..
    Hennius, Andreas
    Upplandsmuseet, Drottninggatan 7, S-75310 Uppsala, Sweden..
    A 6th-8th c. wire-drawing iron plate with silver residue from a Vendel Period workshop in Old Uppsala, Sweden2023Ingår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 51, artikel-id 104193Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal wire is in modern society manufactured by drawing metal rods through dies with conical holes of decreasing diameters, until the desired thickness is obtained. The history and origin of this technique remains unclear, although it was likely developed from earlier wire-making techniques such as strip-drawing and rolldrawing. Proper wire-drawing was an established technology in Europe during the High Middle Ages, and numerous draw-plates have been found at Scandinavian Viking Age trading centers. Here, we report the technical examination of an iron draw-plate found in Uppsala in central Sweden. The draw-plate was excavated in a Vendel Period fine metals workshop, located immediately next to the royal hall in Old Uppsala, the central building of the royal estate in the 6th -8th c. X-ray and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the draw-plate revealed silver particles in the plate's holes, indicating drawing of silver wire. The plate is dated to the 6th - 8th c., which makes it one of the oldest confirmed tools for wire-drawing so far encountered. The presence of this tool in the workshop indicates that some high-quality jewelry in this region was locally produced. Thus, the finding of this draw-plate increases our understanding of Vendel Period jewelry production, and of the social organization of this craft.

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  • 3507.
    Würth, Pierre
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Skugga över hem och utmark, en sista solnedgång eller en förnyad värld?: En relationell studie över symbolik, förändringar och skiften under klimatfenomenet åren 536-537 e.v.t och den följande krisperioden.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 3508.
    YANG, XIPENG
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Haze in Beijing (2008-2018) Control Measures, Thinking and Living in Haze2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the formation of haze by taking the case of severer haze in Beijing in the winter of 2015, which was caused by the collective effect of human activities, topography and meteorological. Among these causes, anthropogenic emissions contributed most, such as coal-fired emissions and vehicle emissions. The haze not only brings direct harm to health, but also slowly changes the way people live in the haze. Beijing has issued the Clean Air Action Plan to mitigate haze. Additionally, a series of stringent control measures were adopted during Beijing Olympics and APEC summit. These measures, such as vehicle emissions reduction and coal-free programme effectively reduced the PM concentration but failed to reduce GHG emissions. Hence, the causes for the lack of sustainability of air pollution control measures are included in thesis.

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  • 3509.
    Yang, Yennifer(ShiHan)
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    Amuletter i antikens Rom: En forskningsstudie om bullae2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In the ancient world, magic and magical practice was in fact hugely common between people and within the society, different types of magical material has been proved to be importent instrument during those mysterious events. But how we see those ancient materials and how we read them is still one of the key questions that we cannot answer with our modern understanding. Yet, it is not totally impossible to try to solve this type of question. This study will be concerned with ancient amulets from the Roman world, and the time period will draw on the imperial period in ancient Rome. The amulet can be categorized into different types, depending on what subject and motives they are focusing on, for example, amulet to protect mothers during the childbirth is one of the common type of protecting amulet for women, because mortality rate for both mother and the child was extremely high during the ancient period; there’s even amulets that protect people from evil spirits, such as the evil eye, which will be explained in one of the chapter. In this case, this study will be focusing on one type named “bullae”, which is speculated to be used only by roman children. It will be interpret with ancient literature and modern researches, so we may be able to investigate a part of how and why ancient people were using magical materials in their common life, also what it could tell us about the society of ancient Rome, and at last, in which ways do we know that this type of thing can be recognize as “amulet” instead of other types of jewellery.

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    Amuletter i antikensk Rom
  • 3510.
    Yang, Yunyun
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Shifting Memories: Burial Practices and Cultural Interaction in Bronze Age China: A study of the Xiaohe-Gumugou cemeteries in the Tarim Basin2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie fokuserar på gravskick på gravfälten Xiaohe och Gumugou i nordvästra Kina, för att förstå hur människor konstruerade social identitet och överförde kulturella föreställningar mellan generationer. Xiaohe-Gumugou-gravfälten, som de viktigaste platserna i Xiaohe-kulturhorisonten, är centrala för förståelsen av bildandet av bronsålderns kulturgrupper och de kulturella växelverkningarna mellan väst och öst i Tarimbäckenet. Tidigare forskning saknar fördjupade undersökningar av gravfältens materiella kultur samt den historiska kontexten med de omgivande arkeologiska kulturerna under tidsperioden från bronsålder till järnålder. Genom detaljerade jämförelser av konstruktionen av kistor och monument samt de dödas klädsel och gravgåvor, ger denna studie en översikt över utvecklingen av sociala strukturer, från Gumugou-gruppens heterogena situation till Xiaohe-gruppens homogena och mogna tillstånd. Genom att relatera till resultaten från biologiska och osteologiska analyser och tillämpa geografiska analyser på materialet, tyder den här studien på att de tidiga bosättarna i Tarimbäckenet, Xiaohe-Gumugou-folket, har utvecklat egna sociala identiteter. Trots att Xiaohe-Gumugou-folket kan ha migrerat från södra Sibirien eller Centralasien visar det arkeologiska materialet indikationer på egna typiska egenskaper. När nykomlingar anslöt till samhället accepterades de lokala begravningssederna och tillämpades i ett nytt kulturellt sammanhang.

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    Appendix 4.1_Data of coffins in the Xiaohe cemetery
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    Appendix 4.2_Data of the dead in the Xiaohe cemetery
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    Appendix 4.3_Data of the locations of burial goods in the Xiaohe cemetery
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    Appendix 4.4_Data of the amount of burial goods in the Xiaohe cemetery
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    Appendix 4.5_Data of coffins in the Gumugou cemetery
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    Appendix 4.6_Data of the dead in the Gumugou cemetery
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    Appendix 4.7_Data of burial goods in the Gumugou cemetery
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    Appendix 4.8_Data of the sun-radiating-spokes burial pattern in the Gumugou cemetery
  • 3511.
    Youssef, Saleh
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Historical ecology of the Greater Burgan oilfield: economy, technology, politics, and workers2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the current state of crude oil extraction and production in the Greater Burgan oilfield, Kuwait's largest and oldest oilfield. This thesis is based on interviews with oilfield workers, analyses of official documents from the Kuwaiti government and the Kuwait Oil Company (KOC), and my own experience as an oilfield worker in Kuwait. through this, I trace the changing social and environmental relationships in the Burgan oilfield. Through Actor-Network-Theory and Assemblage Theory, I explore the different actors and the power dynamics negotiated between actants in the oil industry. Specifically, I am interested in how economic and social relationships are assembled in oil economies, how oil dependency impacts society, and how we can prepare for a future without oil. Burgan reservoirs have shifted from natural production to artificial lift, indicating that Burgan has reached its oil production peak. This plateau in oil production has incited KOC to further invest in technology, to compensate for the anticipation in oil production shortfalls. Furthermore, I examine how 'cultures' are created around oil in the oilfields. This leads me to ask how labour security, safety, and dependencies are negotiated in relation to global processes. I conclude that the declining profitability of the oil market is compensated for by lower salaries, the deterioration of working conditions and worker rights. Finally, I explore the long-term health and environmental effects, and how their mitigation is negotiated in the oilfields. The study highlights the practice of gas flaring as leading to carbon emissions in extraction of oil and shows that the official data on flaring is underrepresented. In addition, a lack of awareness and mitigation around Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) is highlighted and discussed. Finally, the argument is made that the traditional oil industry in Kuwait is disassembling, KOC now invests in oil markets else-where to compensate for losses. As shown here, oilfield workers are the first point of contact in this complex situation, so they should be considered in the transition process.

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  • 3512.
    Ytterman, Caroline
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Grundämnes-distribuering och bendensitet: En XRF-undersökning av vikingatida och medeltida lårben från fyra arkeologiska lokaler2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on developing non-destructive methods to investigate the relationship between elemental distribution and bone porosity in archaeological bone. The skeletal material, which was analyzed, came from the archaeological sites of Skara (county of Västergötland), Varnhem (county of Västergötland), Sigtuna (county of Uppland) and Kopparsvik (county of Gotland). The essay is based on the results of a previous project, Osteoporosis och osteoarthritis, då och nu (Sten 2012). That project aimed at establishing whether medieval people, buried on the above mentioned archaeological sites, were suffersing from osteoporosis and/or osteoarthritis. This knowledge might help the medical research of today to solve the problem of possibly preventing those bone diseases. The method used was DXA-scanning, which was developed for examine osteoporosis in bone from living people. The result showed that the skeletons from the Skara site had an increased bone mineral density (BMD) compared to the skeletons from the other three sites.

    This essay investigates why these skeletal remains have a higher BMD and how this affects the results of methods like DXA. In this bachelor project various X-ray instruments were used to analyze the BMD of the skeletal remains. The X-ray pictures were then modified to exhibit high and low density areas in the bone. The elemental distribution of the surface area of the neck of the femur was examined with a μXRF-spectrometer. As a complement to the μXRF-spectrometer a SEM (scanning electron microscope) was used to analyze the elemental distribution of a cross section of the femur neck. Soil samples were collected from Skara and Varnhem and analyzed by using μXRF-spectrometry to find out if there was a correlation between the elemental content of the bone and surrounding soil. The skeletal remains from Skara exhibited increased values of iron and manganese combined with higher bone density. The soil from Skara showed a high level of particularly iron. This could be the reason for the increased BMD of the individuals from Skara when using the DXA-analysis. It is likely that, in each archaeological site, iron and manganese ions have diffused from both ground water and soil into the bones and thus increased the BMD. This is especially notified of the skeletal remains of Skara.

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  • 3513.
    Yurdagül, Sedef
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Den Andra.: En komperativ studie över vikingatida dubbelgravar.2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analysis the Viking age double graves on Birka. It has long been known that slaves have been a part of many societies. They have existed, yet not seen. They have been forgotten and overlooked for centuries, by the people of the past but also of today. The wish for this paper is to make these people a little more visible in the thoughts of scholars and the public alike. People are remembered by the things they leave behind. What do you do if you do not own something worthy to be remembered by? What do you look for? This is a comparative study where graves that have been labelled as double graves and those that has not, but share characteristics, will be analysed. The purpose of this study is to try and show, a different perspective, a different approach to analyse double graves that has not necessarily been interpreted as such. 

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  • 3514.
    Zacharopoulos, Themistoklis
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Orð Víkinganna. The level and scale of literacy in the Viking World: The cases of Birka and Sigtuna.2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study the level and scale of literacy as it expanded in Viking towns during the 8th-12th century. In order to get an understanding of this spread, I have worked with two case-studies of Viking towns, as they were founded and prospered during and by the end of the Viking Age in Sweden; the town of Birka located in Björkö Island in Lake Mälaren, and the town of Sigtuna located in the province of Uppland, in central Sweden. Through the study of selected archaeological material, this paper aims to bring together scattered information and shed light on what we know about the level and spread of literacy in Viking society. The purpose of this endeavour, is to question not only the notion of an illiterate pagan society that the Viking Age Scandinavians are considered to have been, but also question both the methodology in which the scholarly archaeological community studies literacy, as well as the way literacy itself is defined in the study of the ancient world. The paper includes a bibliographic and a material-studying approach, as well as a section where digital archaeological research methods are used with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software in order to illustrate the level and scale of literary expansion in Viking Age Sweden.

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    Orð Víkinganna: The level and scale of literacy in the Viking World. The cases of Birka and Sigtuna
  • 3515.
    Zachrisson, Inger
    Statens Historiska Museum.
    Frändén, Märit (Redaktör)
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta (Redaktör)
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Öhman, May-Britt (Redaktör)
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism (CFR). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, ETS, historia .
    Samer i syd i gången tid - till Uppland och Oslotrakten i söder: Ny forskning från Norge och Sverige2012Ingår i: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi: rapport från ett seminarium arrangerat av Föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala / [ed] Håkan Tunón, Märit Frändén, Carl-Gösta Ojala, May-Britt Öhman, Uppsala: Centrum för biologisk mångfald, CBM , 2012, 1, s. 8-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Samernas långa historia i norra Skandinavien har aldrig ifrågasatts. Att den ifrågasätts i mellersta Skandinavien beror delvis på tolkningssvårigheter, mycket på grund av den starka påverkan från nordisk kultur som präglat området, i ökande grad från tiden efter Kr.f. Samisk kultur här kallas ofta ”fångstkultur”, vilket innebär ett slags osynliggörande. Mot nordisk-bofast ställs utifrån detta perspektiv samisk-nomadisk. Genom arkeologiska undersökningar på 1980-talet vid ett samiskt gravfält från 1000–1100-tal på Vivallen i Härjedalen kunde en boplats med typiskt samiska härdar, daterade till ca 800- och 1200-tal, jämte en avfallshög från1000-talet, lokaliseras. Utifrån detta lade det svensknorska ”Sörsamiska projektet” fram en tvåkultursyn samiskt–nordiskt för Mellanskandinavien, till Hedmark och Dalarna i söder. Den har av vissa kritiserats som alltför ”svart-vit”. Den har dock under senare år framhållits av en rad arkeologer för södra Norge, om än medett något modernare synsätt. Jag skall här bara ta upp några arbeten, som specifikt berör sydsamisk järnålder och tidig medeltid, ur den rika floran av arbeten om samisk arkeologi från norsk sida."  Inger Zachrisson, fil. dr och docent i nordisk arkeologi, f.d. förste antikvarie vid Statens historiska museum, Stockholm. Hon har sedan 1970 arbetat med samisk arkeologi och historia från järnåldern och framåt och relationerna mellan samisk och nordisk kultur i äldre tid. Hon initierade och genomförde det Sörsamiska projektet, ett svensknorskt arkeologisk-osteologiskt forskningsprojekt, med bland annat utgrävningar av samiskafornlämningar i Härjedalen. Det resulterade bl.a.i den tvärvetenskapliga publikationen Möten i gränsland (Zachrisson et al., 1997).

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  • 3516.
    Zachrisson, Inger
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Statens historiska museum.
    Hedlund, Cecilia (Redaktör)
    Uppsam - föreningen/nätverket för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala.
    Larsson, Gunilla (Redaktör)
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap. Uppsam - föreningen/nätverket för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala.
    Samiskt och nordiskt: Dalvedhs performance, vikingatida kvinnor, arkeologioch förhistoria i Norge och Sverige… En rapport2017Ingår i: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från Uppsams vårsymposium, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] Öhman, May-Britt; Hedlund, Cecilia; Larsson, Gunilla, Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala , 2017, s. 63-68Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samiskt och nordiskt… är en rapport över vad jag arbetat med sedan UppSam:s förra symposium 2011, först medverkan i två norska projekt om sydsamisk och nordisk identitet, idag och igår. Så tar jag upp kampen för att förbättra inslagen om samerna och deras kontakter med ”nordmännen” i Historiska museets i Stockholm utställning Vikingar. Några artiklar har utkommit, som en om vikingatida samiska och nordiska kvinnor. Slutligen berättar jag om det enskilda arkiv ”Inger Zachrisson, samisk arkeologi” som nu finns hos ATA, Antikvarisk-topografiska arkivet, i Stockholm.

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  • 3517.
    Zetterström, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Betydelsen av kommensala gnagare för framtida forskning: En fallstudie av det tidigmedeltida Västergarn på Gotland2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen ämnar belysa kommensala gnagare inom arkeologin och förmedla potentialen för vidare forskning. Den medeltida bebyggelsen i Västergarn, Gotland agerar fallstudie där benen från små gnagare analyserats och diskuterats utifrån mikro- och makroarkeologins teoretiska vinklar. För den osteologiska analysen undersöktes benen med mikroskop för att se till ålder, spår av sjukdom och minsta individantal. I en rumslig analys sattes benen i jämförelse med de husgrunder som påträffats på platsen.

    Resultatet visade att materialet som fanns tillhandahållet endast innehöll de större benelementen, mest troligt till följd av den alltför stormaskiga sållen som användes vid utgrävningen. Benen som analyserades härrörde från mestadels mycket unga individer som befann sig i eller i anslutning till husgrunderna. Ett ben hade även en sjuklig förändring. Materialet visar på stor potential för framtida tvärvetenskaplig forskning där eventuella handelsrutter, sjukdomsrisker och matkonsumtion kan belysas.

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    Zetterström, I. 2023. Betydelsen av kommensala gnagare för framtida forskning
  • 3518.
    Ågetoft, B-O
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Territorialitet och utbytesrelationer i mesolitikums jägar - samlar samhällen: Med fokus på Norrland1996Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats
  • 3519.
    Åhlin, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A trip down grainy lane: Retracing socio-economic structures in Gamla Uppsala2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3520.
    Åhlin, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Boplatser från järnålderns Gamla Uppsala - en makrofossilanalys2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3521.
    Åhslund Glass, Eleanor
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. African Bats NPC.
    As Blind as a Bat: Myths, Misunderstandings and Perceptions of Bats Through the Anthropocene2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The bat and human relationship has been one of ambiguity through the Anthropocene. Bats have been both persecuted and revered in different cultures and negative perceptions of bats remain widespread, causing concern for the support of bat conservation. Through this thesis I attempt to reach a better understanding of the interrelations between bats and humans, and the factors influencing perceptions of bats. This work lies in the interdisciplinary realm of animal studies, creating a junction between the natural and social sciences through studying and sharing the multispecies story of humans and bats. Through interviews and ethnographic study of bat researchers in Pretoria and an area of Limpopo Province, South Africa, attention is focused on the bat-human relationships from a South African context. A theme central to this work is human emotion, as I believe it is the greatest factor influencing how humans feel and act toward other beings. I examine how emotions towards certain stimuli, in this case bats, are formed through humans’ experiences and knowledge, looking at the different epistemic modes of knowing as other key concepts in this work while bringing attention to the emotional knowledge surrounding bats. Through a better understanding of the bat I believe the prevalent biophobia can transition into biophilia. Therefore, through this study I am to catch a glimpse into the meaningful lives of bats, striving to learn how to better know and understand them. Through this knowing I believe we can learn to love the bat for the unique animal it is, working towards securing the future of species and it’s environment in the midst of the current mass extinction, and hence secure the future of humankind as we move through the Anthropocene.

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  • 3522.
    Åkerman-Engström, Linus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    A palette of cultural traces: A sample study of Predynastic animal depictions on palettes and D-ware pottery2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    There are no written sources are available from the Predynastic period, but an array of art decorated artefacts has been found. This essay will take a closer look at one type of these artefact; the animal shaped stone palette to see what art of this artefact can tell us about the culture that made them.     

    I will do so by looking at the animal depictions found on the palettes, to allow comparison I will include D-wear, a decorated Predynastic pottery type. I have put together two data sets for the respective artefact that forms the base for this study. My theoretical perspective is that the art depictions of artefact as traces of the culture that made them.

    The palettes show a variety of patterns that can be seen as such traces in which type of animals are most common, how the animals can be connected by habitat and which animal depiction gets decorated features. My look at the D-ware data set is only brief but shows that animals are quite rare on the pottery and includes only three different kinds of animals. These still correlates with the animal palettes by both artefacts having birds as the most common. The bovids has an almost equal occurrence on the palettes and D-ware in my data sets. Other than this the animal depictions differ notably between the two artefacts.

    As the traces of culture does not provide any details, this study has given new questions that can be studied further in greater depth.

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  • 3523.
    Åkerström, Albin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    En metodutveckling för att undersöka myntens vikt och relationen mellan det myntade och omyntade silvret i de gotländska silverskatterna från vikingatid2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the possibility of calculating the total weight of coins in poorly documented Viking Age silver hoards found on Gotland. A method for calculating the total weight of the silver coins in the hoards, and thus the weight relationship between minted and un-minted silver, would facilitate further and deeper studies using the hoards from Gotland. The method will be based on the average coin weights obtained from numismatic sources. Two calculations, one of Arabic coins and another with mixed coin, is attempted.

    Apart from the calculations of the Viking Age coins, earlier studies of the relation between silver coins and silver object will be discussed in the earlier research. The different Viking Age coins in the calculation and the development of the Viking age minting will also be discussed in earlier research.

    The result of the study demonstrate that an estimated total weight could be calculated for the Arabic silver coins. Unfortunately the mixed coin hoards could not achieve a calculation that could estimate an equivalent total weight of the silver coins

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  • 3524.
    Åstrand, Astrid
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Pergamons cistoforer2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3525.
    Åström, Marcus
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Käkarna från S:t Hans: En jämförelse mellan överkäkar från medeltida S:t Hans i Visby och nulevande befolkning.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 3526.
    Çimen, Görkem
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv.
    The excavations of the P-building and the R-bath at Labraunda: Archaeology in the 1950s based on Inge Dahlén's three excavation diaries2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The area which today covers the Doric House, the Roman East Bath and the Byzantine East Church at the Karian sanctuary of Zeus at Labraunda in south-western Turkey, was by Swedish archaeologists called the P-building and the R-bath during the early 1950s. The excavations of this area in 1951 and 1953 were documented in three excavation diaries by archaeologist Inge Dahlén, written in Swedish. These diaries have, however, never been published. This thesis therefore focused to analyse Dahlén’s three excavation diaries in terms of three aspects. The first aspect was to understand the archaeological work and documentation methods at Labraunda during the 1951 and 1953 excavations and consequently, determine how the archaeology functioned in practice at the site in the early 1950s. The second aspect was to present in what ways Dahlén’s diaries could contribute to the current and future excavations at the East Bath at Labraunda. The last aspect was to study Dahlén’s own archaeological interpretations which occured in the diaries. In order to present all the three aspects, the analysis and discussion on the diaries were organised into four headings: archaeological work, archaeological finds, stratigraphy and documentation methods. Studying the diaries based on these headings showed that certain improvements occurred in the diaries from 1951 to 1953. Dahlén’s excavation diaries reveal a large amount of archaeological data regarding the progress of the excavations and the numerous discoveries from the excavated areas. They need, therefore, to be taken into consideration for a better understanding of both the early and the new excavations that are being conducted at the same area. 

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  • 3527.
    Öbrink, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Två uppländska centralorter? En undersökning av Västra Rickeby i Gottröra sn och Tuna i Hjälsta sn1994Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats
  • 3528.
    Ödlund, Charina
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Ångermanlands kristnande1994Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen)Studentuppsats
  • 3529.
    Ögren, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Centrum för företagandets historia.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Raffield, Ben
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    New institutional economics in Viking studies: Visualising immaterial culture2022Ingår i: Archaeological Dialogues, ISSN 1380-2038, E-ISSN 1478-2294, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 172-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we argue that closer engagement with the field of new institutional economics (NIE) has the potential to provide researchers with a new theoretical toolbox that can be used to study economic and social practices that are not readily traceable in material culture. NIE assumes that individual actions are based on bounded rationality and that the existence of rules (institutions) and their enforcement – the institutional framework – influences agents’ actions by providing different incentives and probabilities for different choices. Within this theoretical framework, we identify a number of concepts, such as collective identity and mobile jurisdictions, that seem to fit what we know of Viking age economic systems. In applying these models to the available archaeological and textual data, we outline the ways in which further research could provide a new understanding of economic interaction within a rapidly evolving context of diaspora and change.

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  • 3530.
    Öhman, Annelie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    De Avrättade: En studie om avrättade på Gotland2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A study has been made about two individuals who were found buried in caskets on an medieval execution site on Gotland. The author has researched what we know about executions on Gotland and if we can learn something new about executions on Gotland when comparing an osteological material with literary sources. The study also aims to figure out who the two individuals in the caskets could have been.

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  • 3531.
    Öhnfeldt, Rebecca
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Ordinary and Extraordinary: Heritage plants and their farmers2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores how Swedish farmers, who have chosen to farm with heritage plant varieties, motivate their choices and how they as a result of their choices view themselves as farmers. This is investigated against present and future challenges regarding food security and the loss of agricultural biodiversity and biocultural heritage, which, in order to be faced, will require a wider range of plants in cultivation. To find out why farmers make certain choices is vital if we are to make necessary structural changes within the agricultural sector. The farmers’ motives are broad and they are, based on the concept of hybridity, presented and analysed through the categories memory, identity and reciprocity. These motives are also closely linked to how they view themselves as farmers. The findings are further interpreted through the concept of biocultural refugia, which is a means of studying how certain places can harbour different species while simultaneously being an area for sustainable food production. In this thesis biocultural refugia represents how the respondents are part of creating and maintaining diversity within plant cultivation and its surrounding practices. This diversity will be required in order for agriculture to handle current challenges in a sustainable way.

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    Ordinary and Extraordinary. Heritage plants and their farmers
  • 3532.
    Öhrström, Britt-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gudinna, kvinna eller prästinna: vad visar de kvinnliga hällristningarna i Bohuslän2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Tanum, is situated in the north part of Bohuslän in Sweden and is the most famouse area of Rock Art of the world. It´s now a World Heritige since 1994. More than 100 000 images are carved on the rocks near by the sea. Archaeologists believe that carved feet and cupmarks can date from mesoliticom and neoliticum. During bronze age the sealevel was 15-20 meters higher. Carvings of humans can date from the beginning of bronze age around 1800, period I, but during late bronze age 1000-300 bc, period III-V, motives of humans became more common. Of all the 4154 carvings of human figures, only a few of them, aboute 45 figures, can be identifide as woman.  This study will try to answere why there are so few carvings of woman, what the carvings of female figures shows on the rocks and in what context are the they carved? Is the female figures an image of a godess, a woman or a priestess? Can the carvings tell us something aboute the womans life during the the bronze age?

    Key words: axes, menstruation, birthing, boats, Bohuslän, bronze age, cairns, carvings, fertilitycult, rock art, sealevel, weddings, godess, women, priestess, neoliticum, mesoliticum.                             

    Nyckelord: yxor, förlossning, menstruation, båtar, Bohuslän, bronsålder, rösen, ristningar, fruktbarhetskult, stenkonst, havsnivån, bröllop, gudinna, kvinna, prästinna, neolitikum, mesolitikum.

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  • 3533.
    Öjhage, Petra
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Röken som följde metallen: En analys av kritpipor för förståelsen om de ekonomiska och socialaaspekterna av handelsförbindelser i 1600- och 1700-talet Sverige2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 30 poäng / 45 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis, the smoke that followed the metal. Is an analysis of tobacco clay pipes toget an understanding of the economic and social aspects of trade relations in the 17th and 18hcentury Sweden through an archaeological material often found in urban archeologicalexcavations.The purpose of the paper is to investigate trade contacts and changes in the trade patterns thathave existed in Stockholm and then mainly in Slussen during the 1600s and 18th centuriesand how the contact with mining towns such as Falun is linked in a larger network. Part of thepaper's purpose is to investigate what more tobacco clay pipes can tell than the dating’s theygive. The thesis examines the changes with the trade of metals during the 1600s and 1700sand how this change can be seen in the examined material as well as the production of pipesmainly in Stockholm but also in Falun. As well as how decorations and the style of pipesshow different groupings in society.

  • 3534.
    Örum, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Varför ville man bo i Lund under bronsåldern?2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my investigation is to shed light on why people chose to settle in a specific location during the Bronze Age, in this instance Lund municipality. I have restricted my investigation to eight settlements as these are the ones that have written sources. Many Bronze Age settlements are situated by the sea, although not the 8 I have highlighted in my investigation. The settlements in Lund municipality were therefore not dependent on the sea for their livelihood or transport routes. The selected source material includes written sources in the form of archaeological reports, course books and dissertations. 

          My investigation reveals significant similarities in the factors determining the choice of settlement. The theories to be tested were the key factors I have set out as probable reasons for settling here. The settlers came to be dependent on having access to water and fertile soil as well as shelter from the wind. Almost without exception, the settlements were close to one another, at most 1.5 kilometres from the nearest neighbour. These clusters suggest cooperation in providing daily food supplies and also indicate a peaceful coexistence. It also seems that areas for socialising have been important. Another common factor is that people chose a settlement that had been previously occupied. The reasons for this may have been twofold: the very favourable conditions and the presence of ancestral graves that people felt the need to visit.

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    Varför ville man bo i Lund under bronsåldern?
  • 3535.
    Östlund, Elfrida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Kroppskultur på liv och död: En osteoarkeologisk studie av kroppskultur i ett gotländskt cistercienskloster2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis aims at portraying the living and dead body in Roma monastery at the island of Gotland through archaeological and osteological analyses. The osteo-archaeological material from Roma analysed consists of two individuals from coffin burials in the chapter-house and possibly four individuals from a chamber in the cloister. The main question in this thesis is to investigate the relationship between these individuals and the understanding of the religious body in the Cistercian order, especially in respect to the Rule of Sankt Benedict. Manual and spiritual work have been two important factors in Cistercian houses, and this could be seen in the osteo-archaeological material. Through osteological analysis degenerative changes in the spine and knees of the individuals were detected. These changes indicate that the individuals were active workers during a period of their life, and thereby lived according to the Rule. By means of an isotopeanalysis and a study of the dental status it is argued that the buried individuals were omnivores. The two burials from the chapter house are interpreted as abbot burials. It is also argued that all the interments studied in terms of burial practice display a high degree of liturgical expertise within the congregation of Roma monastery. The living had a will and a need to provide physical and spiritual care for their dead in line with the Rule of Sankt Benedict.

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    Kroppskultur på liv och död
  • 3536.
    Östlund, Elfrida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Lika inför Gud, eller?: En osteologisk analys av nio individer från medeltida S:t Hans kyrkoruin i Visby2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis deals with the correlation between social status and health at the medieval church ruin S:t Hans in Visby. Osteological analysis has been performed on nine adult individuals from the site of S:t Hans. The material was obtained at Gotlands Museum and has diary number 7498/89. The main question was if it is possible to indicate some kind of correlation between social status, in other words the placing of the graves, and the pathological differences in the material. Age, sex, stature and pathological differences has been documented during the osteological analysis to get an understanding of the individuals health status. To understand social status at the site spatial analysis was performed. A grave was explained as ”high status” or ”low status” depending on where at the grave site these were situated. Graves in the church is considered to be of high status while the ones at the older church yard is considered to be of lower status because of its distance from the church. A hypothesis was that individuals in the high status graves would show less pathological differences than the ones in the low status graves. The results obtained from the study tells two different, but interesting, stories. Yes, social status and health status does correlate in some cases, while in other cases they don’t.

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    Equal Before God, Were They? An osteological analysis of nine individuals from the medieval church ruin S:t Hans in Visby
  • 3537.
    Östrand, Anne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Publik arkeologi från ett publikt perspektiv2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3538.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Holy water: the works of water in defining and understanding holiness2017Ingår i: WIREs Water, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, nr 3, artikel-id UNSP e1205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Holy water has a central role in shaping the understanding and beliefs of holiness in general, but how does holy water work, and what defines holy water? By analyzing holy water in three different religious traditions-Christianity in Northern Europe, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism-the aim is to discuss the metaphysical essence of water in human understanding and ideas of holiness embodied in water. On the one hand, holy water represents purity and has to be protected from defilement, but on the other hand, many holy rivers are severely polluted. This seeming paradox will be analyzed by focusing on actual beliefs and uses of holy water in ritual and religious practices. Holy water transmits purity and holiness, but it also transfers, transports, and transforms impurities. In the process of obtaining spiritual purity, devotees may pollute the holy because holy water is believed to have a divine agency. By comparing ritual practices and beliefs in three distinct religious traditions in Europe, Africa, and Asia, it is possible to enhance the understanding of the ways holiness and holy water are perceived to work in cultural-specific religious worldviews based on essential capacities of water cross-culturally. This directs the attention to the structuring mechanisms at work because water is conceptualized and used as holy in remarkably similar ways in many religions.

  • 3539.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 3540.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    [Review of:] Transformation by Fire: The Archaeology of Cremation in Cultural Context2015Ingår i: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 53-55Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3541.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sacrifice: Theories and Rituals in Nepal2022Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A sacrifice is the most active and effective way devotees may engage with divinities in a way that maximizes their chances of having their wishes fulfilled. All sacrifice involves engagements with divinities, though these engagements represent asymmetrical relationships where gods are, by definition, superior and humans are inferior: humans stand to gain more from the gods than they give them. The hierarchical relations between humans and gods expressed in sacrifices also reveal social structures and asymmetries in power relations among humans, with certain individuals acting on behalf of their gods as messengers or intermediaries. Empirically, this study analyses sacrifices in Nepal. Sacrifice is a fundamental part of many religions, which is why it is studied in many disciplines, including anthropology, history and archaeology. Thus, this study puts emphasis on key theories of sacrifice in the history of science and examine how they may be applied to the empirical cases from Nepal, and how such a dialogue could enable new ways of analysing sacrifice cross-culturally, without losing the cultural uniqueness of the particular rituals. 

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  • 3542.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Magic of Death: Corpsepower and Indo-Europeanisation in Late Bronze Age Sweden2022Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 3543.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The Medicine of Belief: Health from the Viking Age and Onwards2020Ingår i: Culturally Modified, nr 9Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 3544.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vinter og vår i vannets verden: Arkeologi om økologi og jordbrukskosmologi2021Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Den nordiske vinteren har dominert og definert alle jordbrukssamfunn i det kalde nord fra tidenes morgen. Kontinuiteten fra innhøstingen gjennom vinter og vår til årets nye vekstsesong var den viktigste kilden til liv. Vannets verden var ritualisert hvor de store ofringene fant sted i forhold til årstidssyklusene. Den hjemlige kulten rundt høytidene hadde som mål å aktivere og intensivere immanente makter i naturen, som kunne overvinne vinterens kalde jerngrep. I vannets kilder og jordens fruktbare grunn lå krefter og forfedre som spiste snøen og vinteren nedenfra lenge før vårsolen smeltet snø og frost. Fossefall og spesielle kilder frøs aldri til is selv på de kaldeste vinterdagene. Disse underjordiske kildene med livgivende strømmer og motstridende natur, som beviste at de var sterkere enn den mektigste og forødende kulden, var kjernen i kult og kosmologi. I denne verden av vann var ofringer av mennesker og dyr ekstreme ritualer hvor bønder forsøkte å aktivere og kontrollere enda mektigere makter.

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  • 3545.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Water and Religion2021Ingår i: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Anthropology / [ed] Mark Aldenderfer, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many different and distinct types of religious waters: holy, sacred, neutral, and even evil. The ways various divinities invest waters with specific qualities and capacities depend upon a wide range of ecological, theological, and eschatological factors; some are shaped by the environment while others are purely ontological and concerned with otherworldly realms, and often there is an intimate relation between the mundane and the divine. Rivers, rain, lakes, springs, and waterfalls are some specific forms of religious water, which also relate to seasonality and changing hydrological cycles. All these variations create different dependencies not only to ecological factors but more importantly to divine actors. Religious water may heal and bless individuals and be a communal source for fertility and plentiful harvests, but may also work as a penalty, wreaking havoc on society as floods or the absence of the life-giving rains in agricultural communities. Given the great variation of religious waters throughout history where even the same water may attain different qualities and divine embodiments, divine waters define structuring practices and principles in ecology and cosmology.

  • 3546.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia. Nord Africa Inst, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs2018Ingår i: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, nr 362, s. 549-551Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3547.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det store ritualet: Kremasjon, konstruksjon og konsumpsjon2022Ingår i: Bronsålderns Håga: Fornlämningar, fynd och förbindelser / [ed] Karin Ojala, Terje Østigård, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet , 2022, s. 13-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3548.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Helhesten, kirkegrimer og dødsdans: Dyrestil og drager, følgesvenner til dødsrikene og dødens beskyttere2024Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Dødsreisen til den andre siden var ufravikelig og skjebnebestemt. I etno­logiske og historiske kilder var ikke Døden fravær av liv, men følgesvennen som fraktet de døde til et nytt liv blant forfedrene. Helhesten kom og hentet de døende og døde, men Helhesten var ikke kun følgesvennen og transportmiddelet på den siste reisen. Helhesten skulle også begraves med den avdøde, helst levende og gjerne stående, og selv på kirkegårder opp til moderne tid er det historier om hester og andre dyr begravd levende. Helhesten ble gravplassens beskytter og kirkegrim. Enhver ny kirke eller kirkegård hadde en kirkegrim som vokter. Følgesvennen og beskytteren i døden ble avbildet i dyrestil på kirkeporter og runesteiner, men også farlige og uskadeliggjorte dyr, som ormer og drager drept av helter og kjemper i storslagne og kosmiske kamper. De gode vant over det onde og vernet de levende. Døden kom også dansende og dødsdansen tok mennesker med seg til dødsrikene. Spelemannen og Nøkken spilte så intensiv musikk at de levende danset seg til døde og bak alle disse forestillingene ser vi skyggene av Odin. En grunnleggende myte opp gjennom historien er Åsgårdsreien eller Odins jakt. De døde var ikke bare i dødsrikene, men forfedrene og de døde red tilbake til slektningene på sine dødshester.

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  • 3549.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker2020Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [no]

    Døden og gravmaterial har definert arkeologifaget som disiplin siden tidenes morgen, men selv i den antikvariske samtiden ble etnologi og folklore i liten grad brukt som kilde til kunnskap om forhistorien og oldnordiske gravskikker. De fleste gravstudier har derfor ikke analysert dødens essens: sjelens substans. Gjennom en religionsvitenskapelig forståelse av etnologi og folklore presenteres en ny arkeologisk analyse av Nordens forhistoriske gravmaterial og døden som fenomen. En studie av sjelens substans må bokstavelig talt trenge inn i hjernen, beinmargen, blodet og skjelettet, som er menneskets åndelige essens, og inn i kvinnens livmor hvor sjelen skapes og fødes. Sjelene til forfedrene kroppsligjorde seg som alver, vetter og andre åndelige vesener. Den sjelelige essens i fysisk substans var også kosmologisk kraft, som kunne brukes og misbrukes, og derfor er dette også en berettelse om sykdom og trolldom. Medisinsk kannibalisme og bruk av de døde og døden var et effektivt beskyttelsesmiddel og den sterkeste medisin i tradisjonell legekunst. I den forhistoriske medisinhistorien var sykdom direkte og personlige angrep av ulike forfedre, som levde misfornøyde i en hinsidig tilværelse i ny kroppslig form. Sjelene kunne ta utallige former som ulike vetter, noen gode og andre onde, men en ting var sikkert: De ville komme tilbake til de levende, og de var farlige for de gjenlevende. Slekten definerte de døde og de døde definerte slekten. Dødsbryllup forente derfor ikke bare de levende og døde, men også fremtidige familier og slekter av forfedre, og sentralt i denne kosmologien var de store årtidsfestivaler, som kulminerte med den tradisjonelle julefeiringen.

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  • 3550.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Orten Lie, Ragnar
    Smihellere i Nesset og Rauma.2020Ingår i: Romsdal Sogelag Årsskrift 2020 (84 årgang) / [ed] Austigård, B., Selnes, R.I & Skarstein, D., Molde: Romsdal Sogelag Årsskrift , 2020, 84, s. 166-179Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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