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  • 3701.
    Agell, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Calmfors, L
    Jonsson, G
    Fiscal policy when monetary policy is tied to the mast1996In: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, ISSN 0014-2921, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 1413-1440Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the time inconsistency problem of both exchange rate and fiscal policy in a small open economy. The equilibrium under discretion is characterised by inflation and a deficit. Commitment of the exchange-rate instrument only, e.g. through

  • 3702.
    Agell, J., Englund, P., Södersten, J.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Incentives and redistribution in the welfare state -- the Swedish tax reform1998Book (Other scientific)
  • 3703.
    Agell, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Englund, P.
    Södersten, J.
    Svensk skattepolitik i teori och praktik1995Book (Other scientific)
  • 3704.
    Agell, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Englund, P
    Södersten, J
    Tax reform of the century - The Swedish experiment1996In: NATIONAL TAX JOURNAL, ISSN 0028-0283, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 643-664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What can changes in tax structure accomplish? The Swedish tax reform of 1991 is the most far-reaching reform in any industrialized country in the postwar period. It represents a thorough application of a strategy of rate cuts cum base broadening, and it h

  • 3705.
    Agell, J., Englund, P., Södersten, J.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Swedish tax reform: An introduction1995In: Swedish Economic Policy Review, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 219-228Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3706.
    Agell, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lommerud, KE
    Minimum wages and the incentives for skill formation1997In: JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ECONOMICS, ISSN 0047-2727, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 25-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that minimum wages may have beneficial effects on human capital allocation in a situation when the marginal product of skilled labor is shared between firm and worker according to bargaining strength. Firms prefer more productive workers to less p

  • 3707.
    AGELL, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    LUNDBORG, P
    FAIR WAGES IN THE OPEN-ECONOMY1995In: ECONOMICA, ISSN 0013-0427, Vol. 62, no 247, p. 335-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show how an extended theory of fair wages can be incorporated in the two-by-two Heckscher-Ohlin model. An important feature of the model is the existence of involuntary unemployment. Several results stand out. First, there is no longer a simple relatio

  • 3708.
    AGELL, J
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    LUNDBORG, P
    THEORIES OF PAY AND UNEMPLOYMENT - SURVEY EVIDENCE FROM SWEDISH MANUFACTURING FIRMS1995In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, ISSN 0347-0520, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 295-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An interview survey was designed to explore how personnel managers and senior wage negotiators respond to popular models of the labor market. As in Blinder and Choi (1990), our results indicate that relative wages and notions of fairness are important, an

  • 3709.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    En annorlunda guide till arbetsmarknadens institutioner2001In: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 2001, no 3, p. 175-186Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 3710.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the benefits from rigid labour markets : norms, market failures,and social insurance1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The common view that far-reaching labour market deregulation is the only remedy for high European unemployment is too simplistic. First, the evidence suggests that deeply rooted social customs are an important cause of wage rigidity, going beyond the legal constraints emphasized in the political debate. Second, in a second-best setting, a compressed wage structure may generate an efficiency gain. Finally, based on simple plots of the relation between labour market institutions and openness in OECD countries, I conclude that the globalization of economic activity may lead to increased demand for various labour market rigidities.

  • 3711.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the benefits from rigid labour markets : norms, market failures,and social insurance1998Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The common view that far-reaching labour market deregulation is the only remedy for high European unemployment is too simplistic. First, the evidence suggests that deeply rooted social customs are an important cause of wage rigidity, going beyond the lega

  • 3712.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the determinants of labour market institutions : rent-sharing vs. social insurance2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    What determines the structure of labour market institutions? This paper argues that common explanations based on rent sharing are incomplete; unions, job protection, and egalitarian pay structures may have as much to do with social insurance of otherwise uninsurable risks as with rent sharing and vested interests. In support of this more benign complementary hypothesis the paper presents a range of historical, theoretical, and cross-country regression evidence. The social insurance perspective changes substantially the assessment of often-proposed reforms of European labour market institutions. The benefits from eliminating labour market rigidities have to be set against the costs of reduced coverage of human capital related risk. The paper also argues that it is unclear whether the forces of globalisation, and the new economy, will really force countries to make their labour markets more flexible. While these phenomena may increase the efficiency costs of existing institutions, they may also make people more willing to pay a high premium to preserve institutions that provide insurance.

  • 3713.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the Determinants of Labour Market Institutions: Rent-sharing vs. Social Insurance2000Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    What determines the structure of labour market institutions? This paper argues that common explanations based on rent sharing are incomplete; unions, job protection, and egalitarian pay structures may have as much to do with social insurance of otherwise

  • 3714.
    Agell, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    The effects of capital taxation: an equilibrium asset market approach1986 (ed. Ny utg.)Book (Other academic)
  • 3715. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Bennmarker, Helge
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Wage incentives and wage rigidity: A representative view from within2007In: Labour Economics, ISSN 0927-5371, E-ISSN 1879-1034, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 347-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recent literature has used surveys of those who set wages to learn about the nature of wage incentives and the sources of wage rigidity. Methodologically, we overcome many of the objections that have been raised against this work. Substantively, we find that: (i) the reasons for real wage rigidity differ significantly between large and small firms, and between the high- and low-end of the labor market; (ii) efficiency wage mechanisms reinforce rigidities due to worker bargaining power; (iii) money illusion is a widespread phenomenon across all segments of the labor market; (iv) unions reinforce nominal wage rigidities due to external pay comparisons; (v) there appears to be gender differences in pay bargaining and work morale.

  • 3716.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Did financial deregulation cause the Swedish consumption boom?1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 3717.
    agell, jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Does financial deregulation cause the Swedish consumption boom?"1996In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 579-601Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3718.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berg, Lennart
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Tax reform, consumption and asset structure1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 3719.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Englund, Peter
    Södersten, Jan
    Tax Reform of the Century - the Swedish Experiment1999In: Tax Policy in the Real World, Cambridge University press , 1999Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 3720.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Englund, Peter
    Södersten, Jan
    Tax reform of the century: the Swedish experiment1996Report (Other scientific)
  • 3721.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth and the public sector: a critical review essay1995Report (Other academic)
  • 3722.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth and the public sector: A critical review essay1997In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 33-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We review the theoretical and empirical evidence on the relation between growth and the public sector against the background of the current debate on the issue. The evidence is found to admit no conclusion on whether the relation is positive, negative or non-existent. A simple cross-country regression in an OECD sample illustrates how the relation is easily tilted from negative to positive by introducing control variables for initial GDP and the dependent population.

  • 3723. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth and the public sector: a reply1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fölster and Henrekson (1998) claim that they, by addressing a number of econometric problems, can establish that it is likely that economies with a large public sector grow more slowly than economies with a small public sector. But their regressions are fundamentally flawed. Re-estimating their growth equation using theoretically valid instruments, we find that the growth effect of the public sector is statistically insignificant, and much smaller than the point-estimates reported by Fölster and Henrekson. This is consistent with the agnostic conclusion, drawn by us and many others, that cross-country growth regressions are unlikely to give a reliable answer to whether a large public sector is growth promoting or retarding.

  • 3724.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth and the public sector: A reply1999In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 359-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fölster and Henrekson [Fölster, S., Henrekson, M., 1999. Growth and the public sector: A critique of the critics. European Journal of Political Economy 15, 337–358] claim that, by addressing a number of econometric problems, they can establish that it is likely that economies with a large public sector grow more slowly than economies with a small public sector. But their regressions are fundamentally flawed. Re-estimating their growth equation using theoretically valid instruments, we find that the growth effect of the public sector is statistically insignificant, and much smaller than the point-estimates that they report. This is consistent with the agnostic conclusion, drawn by us and others, that cross-country growth regressions are unlikely to provide a reliable answer as to whether a large public sector is growth promoting or retarding.

  • 3725. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tillväxt och offentlig sektor1994In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 373-385Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den populära svenska debatten hävdas ofta att det finns ett starkt negativt samband mellan offentlig sektor och ekonomisk tillväxt. Den empiriska litteraturen ger emellertid inte något belägg for ett entydigt kausalt samband från stor offentlig sektor till låg tillväxt. Jonas Agell, Thomas Lindh och Henry Ohlsson går i denna artikel igenom den aktuella teoretiska och empiriska forskningen på området. Med några enkla jämförelser för OECD-länderna visar de att andra faktorer än offentlig sektor kan tänkas ha större betydelse för tillväxtskillnader mellan länder.

  • 3726.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lommerud, Kjell Erik
    Minimum wages and the incentives for skill formation1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 3727.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lundborg, Per
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment : Sweden in the 1990s1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports the results from a repeat survey among managers in Swedish manufacturing, designed to explore how a severe and prolonged macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. Our second survey was conducted in 1998, when the unemployment rate was much higher, and the inflation rate much lower, than when we conducted the first survey in 1991. We find no evidence that the increase in unemployment has softened the mechanisms generating wage rigidity. On the contrary, we conclude that – because of severe downward nominal wage rigidity – real wages have become more rigid during Sweden’s move to a low-inflation environment. We also report a range of new evidence on underbidding, efficiency wage mechanisms, job security legislation, workers’ wage norms, and to what extent the long-term unemployed are subject to statistical discrimination.

  • 3728.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lundborg, Per
    Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment : Sweden in the 1990s1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports the results from a repeat survey among managers in Swedish manufacturing, designed to explore how a severe and prolonged macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. Our second survey was conducted in 1998, when the unemp

  • 3729.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Skogman Thoursie, Peter
    Growth effects of government expenditure and taxation in rich countries: A comment2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent article Stefan Fölster and Magnus Henrekson [2001] argue that “…the more the econometric problems that are addressed, the more robust the relationship between government size and economic growth appears”. But in failing to control for simultan

  • 3730. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Skogman Thoursie, Peter
    Growth effects of government expenditure and taxation in rich countries: A comment2006In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 211-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fölster and Henrekson (European Economic Review 45 (2001), 1501–1520) argue that “...the more the econometric problems that are addressed, the more robust the relationship between government size and economic growth appears”. But in failing to control for simultaneity and in ignoring issues of sample-selection bias, the regressions reported by Fölster/Henrekson are flawed. Using theoretically valid instruments, we find that the estimated partial correlation between size of the public sector and economic growth is statistically insignificant and highly unstable across specifications. Moreover, since instruments are weak, all hypothesis tests are unreliable. We conclude that cross-country growth regressions are unlikely to come up with a reliable answer to the question of the growth effects of government spending and taxation.

  • 3731.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    On the Analytics of the Dynamic Laffer Curve2000Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze government budget balance within a simple model of endogenous growth. For the AK model, simple analytical conditions for a tax cut to be self-financing can be derived. The critical variable is not the tax rate per se, but the "tr

  • 3732.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the analytics of the dynamic Laffer curve2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze government budget balance within a simple model of endogenous growth. For the AK model, simple analytical conditions for a tax cut to be self-financing can be derived. The critical variable is not the tax rate per se, but the ”transfer-adjusted tax rate”. We discuss some conceptual issues in dynamic revenue analysis, and we explain why previous studies have arrived at seemingly contradictory results. Finally, we perform an empirical study of the transfer-adjusted tax rates of the OECD countries to see which country has the highest potential for fiscal improvements; it turns out that only a few countries have any potential for such ”dynamic scoring”.

  • 3733.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Tax Arbitrage and Labor Supply2000In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, Vol. 78, no 1-2, p. 3-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3734.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax arbitrage and labor supply1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the basic labor supply model. We show that tax arbitrage has dramatic implications for positive, normative and econometric analysis of how taxes affect work incentives.

  • 3735.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Tax arbitrage and labor supply1997Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the basic labor supply model. We show that tax arbitrage has dramatic implications for positive, normative and econometric analysis of how taxes affect work incent

  • 3736.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sacklén, Hans
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Labor supply prediction when tax avoidance matters1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the empirical study of labor supply. We discuss the implications for tax policy analysis, and we show that a failure to account for avoidance responses may lead to huge errors when predicting how tax reform affects labor supply tax revenue, and the welfare cost of taxation. In conclusion we argue that our model may explain a number of otherwise hard to understand dimensions of tax payer response.

  • 3737.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Sacklén, Hans
    Labor supply prediction when tax avoidance matters1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Labor Supply Prediction when Tax Avoidance Matters Jonas Agell, Mats Persson and Hans Sacklén, 1999/16, September 1999 We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the empirical study of labor supply. We di

  • 3738.
    Agenäs, Lars-Börge
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology.
    Studies on the synthesis and mass spectra of aromatic organoselenium compounds, particularly indole derivatives1969Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 3739.
    Ager, Emma
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    Solli, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
    The PhonicStick: A Swedish Study: How do children age 5 and 6 handle the PhonicStick and will the use of it affect their phonological awareness?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Phonological awareness is the ability to recognise, identify and manipulate components in words. Phonological awareness is an important part of the early literacy learning, although researchers disagree on how the connection arises. In the United Kingdom, synthetic phonics is a recommended way to teach literacy and the Jolly Phonics is a common approach within this method. In Sweden, mostly synthetic but also analytic methods are used for literacy teaching. The PhonicStick is developed as a communication device for impaired people and is based on the Jolly Phonics. In this study, the PhonicStick was being tested on children aged 5 and 6 years in mainstream pre-school classes to evaluate the use of it and its use for improvement of phonological awareness. The participating children were randomly divided into a test and a control group. All children were pre- and post-tested to analyse the possible improvement of parts of the phonological awareness. The test group went through three PhonicStick sessions, including different games and tests. The results from the pre- and post-tests of phonological awareness showed no significant differences between the test and control group. However, four out of five PhonicStick tests showed a significant improvement between session 1 and session 3. This shows that the children in the study were able to handle the PhonicStick after only three sessions, including remembering phonics the without visual information and producing words including two or three phonics.

  • 3740.
    AGERBERG, A
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    JANSSON, H
    Uppsala University.
    ALLOZYMIC COMPARISONS BETWEEN 3 SUBSPECIES OF THE FRESH-WATER CRAYFISH PACIFASTACUS-LENIUSCULUS (DANA), AND BETWEEN POPULATIONS INTRODUCED TO SWEDEN1995In: HEREDITAS, ISSN 0018-0661, Vol. 122, no 1, p. 33-39Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    A putative number of 27 loci were screened in six Swedish and five American samples of the freshwater crayfish Parifastacus leniusculus. The Swedish samples constituted three groups of populations originally derived from three different introductions from

  • 3741.
    Agerberg, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology.
    Genetic and phenotypic variation in the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana)1993Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 3742.
    Agerberg, Camilla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of ALM.
    Arkivförteckning: Hans Ljunggrens samling2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3743.
    Agerberg, Elin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ericsson, Carin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att leva med döden i farstun: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors berättelser på internet om att leva med obotlig cancer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine how women living with incurable cancer described the palliative phase based on their own stories on the Internet. Method: The study was performed with qualitative descriptive approach and included six blogs written by women diagnosed with incurable cancer. The Google search was used to collect data and the keywords were “incurable cancer” and "blog”. To answer the aim of the study a qualitative content analysis, according to Graneheim and Lundman (2004), was performed. Results: The women experienced physical and social changes as well as psychological pressure and they used various strategies to manage their lives. The women felt that both daily life and relationships changed due to the disease and it turned out that relatives had an important supporting role to play. A strategy of great importance was communication and some of the women highlighted the importance of getting to talk about their illness and death. It was revealed that the women experienced writing meaningful for themselves and also for others. Conslusions: The study provides a greater understanding to the experience of living with incurable cancer. It also gives an opportunity to understand the coping strategies that patients use to manage their lives. A personal story on the Internet is a relatively new source of greater knowledge, as seen from the patient's perspective. The Internet is a growing forum that in healthcare should be seen as a resource for gathering information.

  • 3744.
    Agerberg, Gösta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology.
    Solving the Vehicle Routing Problem: using Search-based Methods and PDDL2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this project the optimization of transport planning has been studied. The approach was that smaller transport companies do not have the capability to fully optimize their transports. Their transport optimization is performed at a company level, meaning that the end result might be optimal for their company, but that potential for further optimization exists.

    The idea was to build a collaboration of transport companies, and then to optimize the transports globally within the collaboration. The intent was for the collaboration to perform the same driving assignments but at a lower cost, by using fewer vehicles and drivers, or travel shorter distance, or both combined. This should be achieved by planning the assignments in a smarter way, for example using a company's empty return journey to perform an assignment for another company.

    Due to the complexity of these types of problems, called Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP), shown to be NP-complete, search methods are often used. In this project the method of choice was a PDDL-based planner called LPG-td. It uses enforced hill-climbing together with a best-first search to find feasible solutions. The method was tested for scaling, performance versus another method and against time, as well as together with a real-life based problem.

    The results showed that LPG-td might not be a suitable candidate to solve the problem considered in this project. The solutions found for the collaboration were worse than for the sum of individual solutions, and used more computational time. Since the solution for the collaboration at most should be equal to the sum of individual solutions, in theory, this meant that the planner failed.

  • 3745.
    Agerberg, Per A.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Hagberg, Hans
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Elvin, Anders
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    Lindgren, PG
    Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology.
    A safe method for biopsy of the spleen with a 1.2 mm biopty-cut needle.1995In: European Radiology, Vol. 5, p. 195-Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 3746.
    Agerberg, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    Re-Processing of the DACIA-PLAN Reflection Seismic Dataset2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reflection seismology is a geophysical exploration method that is used to estimate the physical properties of the earth. It is by far the most used and well-known geophysical technique and it has dominated the industry of oil and gas exploration since the beginning. Moreover, it is an important scientific tool for mapping and studying the subsurface structures. The predominance of the seismic reflection method over other geophysical techniques is a combined effect of high resolution, high accuracy and great penetration. Compared to other geophysical means, where the final result many times can look a little bit obscure, the resulting seismic section will be a direct image of the subsurface.

    Seismic sections can be produced to reveal geological features on scales of metres to that of the whole lithosphere. The last 20 years the sophistication of the technique has improved considerably, much as a result of massive investments in its development made by the hydrocarbon industry, but also as a result of more accurate electronic and powerful computing technology.

    The quality of the final seismic image is much dependent on the processing phase following the acquisition. For such a well tested method as reflection seismology a kind of step-by-step procedure has emerged over the years. Still, the geophysicists roll in the processing is critical since it is up to him or her to test and find the parameters that optimize the result in every single step.

    The processed data comes from a large scale seismic survey (DACIA-PLAN) made in the south east of Romania. The purpose of the project was to map the geological structure under the eastern part of the Carpathians and the basins developed in the Vrancea zone, one of the most seismological active areas in Europe (Landers et al., 2003). As a result of extensive geophysical and geological projects this area is now quite well mapped. However, the exact cause of what triggers the earthquakes is still not fully understood and will probably generate further investigations of the area.

    The data outputted from the DACIA-PLAN survey has been used in a number of scientific reports. In Panea et al., (2005) the data was processed to form two independent stacked sections. One containing data from the whole profile stacked to a depth of 20 s. The other section was processed from a subset of the DACIA-PLAN data, focusing on the upper 10 s of the Focsani Basin. Reason for doing two independent processing sequences was the decreasing quality of data obtained within and beneath the trust belt.

    For this thesis processing was committed to a depth of 20 s for the whole seismic line, but both a full and partial stack are presented in chapter 6. Also a discussion and comparison with the result presented by Panea et al. (2005) follows in this chapter.

    The main purpose with this thesis was to be familiar with the theory of reflection seismology and get to work with some of the typical steps, that are used in most processing sequences, and apply them on a real dataset. By reprocessing the DACIA-PLAN data the ambition was to improve the final seismic image, but also there was a hope to reveal some new information, particularly in the harsh area around the thrust belt.

  • 3747.
    Agerberg, Sebastian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Carlsson, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Kartläggning av avrinningsområdet runt Falu gruva2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1992 stängdes den sista gruvan Falun. Då lämnades 1000 år av gruvtradition vilken har satt starka spår i landskapet. Området ansågs så unikt att 2001 utsågs det till ett kulturvärldsarv av FN. En stor del av arvet var de omfattande vattensystemen, konstruerade för att leda om vatten till gruvan. Det är dessa som har blivit målet för det här arbetet. Diken och dammar från 1600- och 1700-talet finns kvar men saknar idag syfte mer än att påminna om en tid då Falun var en av världens mest betydelsefulla industristäder. Problem med dessa vattensystem har idag upptäckts. Det här arbetet har belyst ett antal problem som borde vara av intresse för dagens förvaltare av kulturarvet. Bland problemen lyser dammen Krondiket som det mest aktuella. På grund av osäkerhet på dammens hållfastighet har den stängts för fordonstrafik. Ett närbesläktat problem är områdets största sjö, Stora Vällan, som har två utlopp var av ett är reglerat och tappar vatten till krondiket och det andra utlopp tappar vatten till Norsbobäcken. Stora Vällan är en grund sjö som anses ha liten översvämningsmarginal. Detta skulle kunna resultera i att ovan nämnda krondiket får mer vatten än vad dammen skulle klara vilket skulle kunna ge katastrofala följder. Även Stora Vällans andra utlopp har sina problem. I och med att utloppet är oreglerat kan det vi högvatten komma så mycket vatten att bäcken nedströms översvämmas och eroderar bort delar av ett lerområde nerströms. På det lerområde finns det ett antal hus som ligger inom ett tänkbart skredområde.

  • 3748. Agerholm, Troels
    et al.
    Mazorchuk, Volodymyr
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Mathematics, Algebra, Geometry and Logic.
    On selfadjoint functors satisfying polynomial relations2011In: Journal of Algebra, ISSN 0021-8693, E-ISSN 1090-266X, Vol. 330, no 1, p. 448-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study selfadjoint functors acting on categories of finite dimensional modules over finite dimensional algebras with an emphasis on functors satisfying some polynomial relations. Selfadjoint functors satisfying several easy relations, in particular, idempotents and square roots of a sum of identity functors. are classified. We also describe various natural constructions for new actions using external direct sums, external tensor products. Serre subcategories, quotients and centralizer subalgebras.

  • 3749.
    Agerkvist, Louise
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Arbetslagstiftningen under senare hälften av 1800-talet. Tre reformer: 1881 års barnarbetsförordning, 1889 års skyddslag och 1901 års arbetarförsäkring1996Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 3750.
    Agerkvist, Louise
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Pharmacia 1983-1995 - en studie i företagsförvärv1996Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
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