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  • 451.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Recension av Svensson, Gudrun: Diskurspartiklar hos ungdomar i mångspråkiga miljöer i Malmö. Lund 2009.2009In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, Vol. 132, p. 146-150Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 452.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages. FUMS.
    Responser på samkonstruerade enheter i samtal (prel. version). (Responses on joint production in conversation)2001Report (Other scientific)
  • 453.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages. FUMS.
    Samtalets byggstenar - ett teoretiskt och empiriskt bidrag till beskrivningen av olika syntaktiska enheters relevans i samtal2003In: Folkmålsstudier, ISSN 0356-1771, Vol. 42, p. 41-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 454.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Småord som förändrar världen. Om några användningar av responsartiklar i svenska samtal2005In: Samtal och grammatik. Studier i svenskt samtalsspråk, p. 157-184Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 455.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Svansdubblerad negation i dialektinspelningar från nordöstra Götaland2012In: Folkmålsstudier, ISSN 0356-1771, Vol. 50, p. 33-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with a type of syntactic constructions where a right dislocated negation inte ‘not’ follows directly after a syntactic-pragmatic complete clause (or other syntactic unit) which in itself has a negative polarity. On the surface this type of utterance is double negated, but functionally it has (still) a negative polarity. The primary data consists of old dialect recordings (interviews) from northeastern Götaland in Sweden. Theoretically and methodologically, the study belongs to the field of interactional dialectology, which I regard as a subdiscipline of interactional linguistics.

    The prosodic analysis shows that an inte in a dislocated syntactic position normally is non-prominent and intonationally integrated in the segment that precedes it. The syntactic analysis shows that inte is almost exclusively attached to either negated main clauses or “elliptical” constructions, but not to subordinate clauses. The pragmatic, interactional analysis shows that inte-utterances often occur not only in a TCU- and turn-final position, but also in a final position in larger communicative projects/discourse units (stories etc.). Among the inte-utterance’s typical functions are to contrast, explain or clarify something previous said.

  • 456.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Syntax och prosodi vid turbytesplatser: Till beskrivningen av svenskans turtagning2007In: Interaktion och kontext: Nio studier av svenska samtal / [ed] Elisabet Engdahl & Anne-Marie Londen, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, 1, p. 139-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 457.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Syntax som social resurs: En studie av samkonstruktionssekvensers form och funktion i svenska samtal2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One prerequisite in order for conversation to take place is cooperation between the participants. In other words, each person must adjust his or her behavior according to the actions of the other participants. One method that the speakers use in interaction is the co-construction of syntactic units. A speaker can complete or add on to a unit begun by another person.

    The subject of this dissertation is conversational sequences containing co-constructed units. The methods employed are drawn from the field known as interactional linguistics, which can be viewed as a subdiscipline of conversation analysis (CA) with influences from linguistics. The focus of interactional linguistics is the investigation of how linguistic forms interact with various social norms and structures and with the actions carried out during interaction.

    As a starting point for the analysis, a distinction between different categories of co-constructions is made. The various categories have quite different prototypical functions when they occur in an interactive situation. However, there are also certain functional qualities that cross the boundaries between categories. A very prominent pattern in the material is that speakers do not continue another person’s utterance in order to interrupt them or manipulate their words. Instead, the producer of the syntactic continuation strengthens solidarity between herself and the other speaker by helping, showing sympathy, indicating understanding, or agreeing with that person. “Sponging off” another speaker’s syntactic unit constitutes an excellent resource for initiating and maintaining various cooperative projects.

  • 458.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Transkription av dialektinspelningar: Synpunkter och förslag2008In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, Vol. 131, p. 7-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel jämför jag en tidigare gjord transkription av en dialektinspelning med min egen tolkning av samma samtal. Den äldre transkriptionen ansluter sig till den dialektologiska traditionen; transkriptören har använt s.k. grov beteckning. Min transkription är däremot gjord utifrån de normer som har utvecklats inom samtalsanalysen [conversation analysis]. De båda traditionernas forskningsfokus skiljer sig kraftigt från varandra, vilket avspeglas i både vilka symboler som används och vilka aspekter av samtalet som återges med stor detaljrikedom. Utifrån de skillnader som finns mellan de båda transkriptionerna för jag allmänna resonemang kring transkription i allmänhet och transkription av dialektmaterial i synnerhet. Artikeln mynnar ut i ett konkret förslag till hur man skulle kunna transkribera dialektinspelningar. Eftersom dialektarkiven står i hela forskarsamhällets och allmänhetens tjänst, menar jag det vara önskvärt om så många som möjligt skulle få nytta av de transkriptioner som förvaras där. Därför finns det anledning att infoga vissa samtalsanalytiska (sociologiska) perspektiv i transkriptionsarbetet. Mitt förslag kan enkelt uttryckt beskrivas som en kompromiss mellan den traditionella dialektologins och CA-forskningens transkriptionskonventioner. En funktionell transkription kan med fördel innehålla såväl tecken ur landsmålsalfabetet som markeringar av pauser och överlappande tal.

  • 459.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Urspårat samtal: Analys av en märklig dialektinspelning2010In: Folkmålsstudier, ISSN 0356-1771, Vol. 48, p. 37-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 460.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Nilsson, Jenny
    Institutet för språk och folkminnen.
    Dialektologi möter interaktionsforskning: En introduktion till interaktionell dialektologi2011In: Interaktionell dialektologi / [ed] Gustav Bockgård & Jenny Nilsson, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2011, 1, p. 7-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 461.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Nilsson, JennyInstitutet för språk och folkminnen.
    Interaktionell dialektologi2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 462.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Norén, Niklas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Pivåkonstruktioner i svenska dialektintervjuer2011In: Interaktionell dialektologi / [ed] Gustav Bockgård, Jenny Nilsson, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2011, 1, p. 75-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 463.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Tunón, HåkanUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Gäller vanligt folkvett också för akademiker?: Rapport från ett seminarium om makt och etik2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 464.
    Boeck, Simon Skovgaard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    7.3 Ældre nydansk [udtale]2018In: Dansk Sproghistorie 2: ord for ord for ord / [ed] Ebba Hjorth mfl., København: Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab , 2018, 1, p. 179-195Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 465.
    Boeck, Simon Skovgaard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    8.4 Ældre nydansk [ordforråd]2018In: Dansk Sproghistorie 2: Ord for ord for ord / [ed] Ebba Hjorth mfl., København: Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab , 2018, p. 303-318Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 466.
    Boeck, Simon Skovgaard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages. Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    Fra aftenbakke til flagermus: ældre dansk har aldrig været nemmere2017In: Mål og Mæle, ISSN 0106-567X, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 19-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 467.
    Boeck, Simon Skovgaard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Word Formation, Syntax, and Style in Old Danish Medical Texts2017In: Beyond the Piraeus Lion: East Norse Studies from Venice / [ed] Jonathan Adams & Massimiliano Bampi, Copenhagen: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2017, p. 107-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 468.
    Bollaert, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Romanska lånord i riddarsagorna och deras användning fram till idag2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är för det första att ta reda på förekomsten i Norden, särskilt på Island, av romanska lånord i de översatta riddarsagorna och för det andra att belysa vad som betydelsemässigt har hänt med dessa ord, under de många åren de har varit kända på Island. Uppsatsen bygger på en lista över romanska lånord i Fischers Die Lehnwörter des Altwestnordischen (1909). Lånordens förekomst undersöks med hjälp av både historiska och samtida ordböcker, samt en enkät. Den semantiska förändringen som dessa ord eventuellt har genomgått undersöks med hjälp av ordböcker och Gustav Sterns teori om betydelseförändring.Isländska anses ofta vara ett rent germanskt språk som har varit fritt från främmande påverkan. Ändå har språket haft kontakter med olika främmande språk, och dessa har lämnat sina spår. Undersökningens resultat visar för det första att ungefär hälften av de romanska lånord som Fischer identifierade i riddarsagorna har behållits. Påfallande är att isländska har behållit fler av dessa lånord än de andra nordiska språken, särskilt norska. Detta kan förklaras med att dessa riddarsagor har varit, och är, mycket populära på Island, medan de till stor del glömdes bort i Skandinavien. Markant är även att färöiskan visar större likheter med isländskan än de andra nordiska språken.För det andra tydliggör resultatet att dessa lånord har en säker ställning i språket. De används mest av äldre och välutbildade personer, men skillnaderna är begränsade, och orden är väl spridda över de undersökta samhällsgrupperna.För det tredje visar undersökningen att dessa lånord i hög utsträckning kan ha förändrats i betydelse, vilket kan förklaras av att orden används i nya kontexter.

  • 469.
    Bollaert, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Runstenar längs vägen: En undersökning av samband mellan runstenarnas placering och utformning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Runstenarnas placering har diskuterats mycket, men har inte tidigare kopplats till deras skriftliga och ornamentala utformning. I min undersökning jämför jag runstenar som är placerade längs vägar med sådana som har en annan placering för att fastställa om det finns något samband mellan placering och utformning. Jag fokuserar på tre variabler: kristlighet, skriftlighet och status. Undersökningens material utgörs av run­stenarna som placerades längs tre vikingatida vägar: Attundalandsvägen, Eriksgatan i Upp­land och Eriksgatan i Östergötland. Dessa jämförs med runstenar som restes i samma region. Under­sökningens resultat har visat att ett samband mellan placering och utformning kan fastställas i olika grad för de olika variablerna, och för de olika vägarna. Eriksgatan i Östergötland skiljer sig mindre från sitt referensmaterial än de andra vägarna. För de övriga vägarna gäller att skillnaderna vad gäller kristlighet är mycket begränsade. Stenarna längs vägen visar inte någon mer avancerad skriftlighet, men har istället mycket påfallande ornamentik, vilket understryker att runstenar inte enbart har haft skriftlig betydelse. Längs vägarna finns det fler runmonument med högre status, framförallt den högre förekomsten av flerstens­monument är påfallande. Tidigare hypoteser att runstenar restes längs vägar för att synas bekräftas, men däremot ifrågasätts om deras placering vid vägar kan vara ett tecken på hög runkunnighet hos befolkningen. Till slut har undersökningen visat att runstenarna längs Eriksgatan i Uppland restes tidigare än de andra i området vilket antyder att runstensmodet tidigare kan ha spridit sig via vägen.

  • 470.
    Borgström, Eric
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Örebro, Sweden.
    Westman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Skrivbegreppet i Lgr11: En studie av grundskolans ämnesplan i svenska2017In: Språk och norm: Rapport från ASLA:s symposium, Uppsala universitet 21-22 april 2016 / [ed] Saga Bendegard, Ulla Melander Marttala , Maria Westman, Uppsala: ASLA: Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2017, p. 28-36Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 471.
    Borin, Lars
    et al.
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Tahmasebi, Nina
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Volodina, Elena
    Språkbanken, Department of Swedish, University of Gothenburg.
    Ekman, Stefan
    Swedish National Data Service, University of Gothenburg.
    Jordan, Caspar
    Swedish National Data Service, University of Gothenburg.
    Viklund, Jon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
    Megyesi, Beáta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Näsman, Jesper
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Palmér, Anne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Wirén, Mats
    Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University.
    Björkenstam, Kristina
    Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University.
    Grigonytė, Gintaré
    Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University.
    Gustafson Capková, Sofia
    Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University.
    Kosiński, Tomasz
    Department of Applied IT, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Swe-Clarin: Language Resources and Technology for Digital Humanities2016In: Extended Papers of the International Symposium on Digital Humanities, 2016, p. 29-51Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CLARIN is a European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC), which aims at (a) making extensive language-based materials available as primary research data to the humanities and social sciences (HSS); and (b) offering state-of-the-art language technology (LT) as an eresearch tool for this purpose, positioning CLARIN centrally in what is often referred to as the digital humanities (DH). The Swedish CLARIN node Swe-Clarin was established in 2015 with funding from the Swedish Research Council.

    In this paper, we describe the composition and activities of Swe-Clarin, aiming at meeting the requirements of all HSS and other researchers whose research involves using text and speech as primary research data, and spreading the awareness of what Swe-Clarin can offer these research communities. We focus on one of the central means for doing this: pilot projects conducted in collaboration between HSS researchers and Swe-Clarin, together formulating a research question, the addressing of which requires working with large language-based materials. Four such pilot projects are described in more detail, illustrating research on rhetorical history, second-language acquisition, literature, and political science. A common thread to these projects is an aspiration to meet the challenge of conducting research on the basis of very large amounts of textual data in a consistent way without losing sight of the individual cases making up the mass of data, i.e., to be able to move between Moretti’s “distant” and “close reading” modes.

    While the pilot projects clearly make substantial contributions to DH, they also reveal some needs for more development, and in particular a need for document-level access to the text materials. As a consequence of this, work has now been initiated in Swe-Clarin to meet this need, so that Swe-Clarin together with HSS scholars investigating intricate research questions can take on the methodological challenges of big-data language-based digital humanities.

  • 472.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Bräkbock och mosspytta: fantasieggande fågelnamn1996In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 91, no 5/6, p. 25-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Bräkbock and mosspytta - bird-names that trigger our fantasy

  • 473.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Den nordiska mosaiken: Språk- och kulturmöten i gammal tid och i våra dagar1997Collection (editor) (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    33 föreläsningar framförda under Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 15–16 mars 1997

  • 474.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    En sorts språkligt fenomen2000In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 475.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Gäster vid fågelbordet2007In: Människan och faunan, Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 2007, p. 113-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om folkliga namn på våra vanligaste stannfåglar.

  • 476.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ordets makt och tankens frihet: Om språket som maktfaktor1999Collection (editor) (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    38 föredrag framförda under Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 20–21 mars 1999

  • 477.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Recension av Lars Steensland, War åvå dier ferid? Älvdalska namn på orter utanför Älvdalen med kulturhistoriska kommentarer.2007In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, p. 136-137Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 478.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Smålänning men finländare: Inbyggarbeteckningar i praktiken1998In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 479.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ta för dig lagom!2004In: Bästa språket: ett urval artiklar ur Språklådan i Upsala nya tidning / [ed] Eva Aniansson, Uppsala: Hallgren & Fallgren , 2004, p. 129-130Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Härledning av ordet lagom - gammal dativform av fsv. laghum 'enligt lagarna'

  • 480.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Uppländska själ och skäl2004In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 481.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Vadarfåglar i folklig belysning2007In: Människan och faunan, Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 2007, p. 400-401Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Om folkliga namn på vadarfåglar i Sverige.

  • 482.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Värmland i mitt hjärta2007In: Från drasut till brakknut: Studier tillägnade Gerd Eklund på 65-årsdagen den 23 oktober 2007 / [ed] Maj Reinhammar, Lennart Elmevik & Kristina Hagren, Uppsala: Sällskapet för svensk dialektologi , 2007, p. 25-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 483.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Våra gäster vid fågelbordet: några smakprov ur folkspråket1998In: Fauna och flora : populär tidskrift för biologi, ISSN 0014-8903, Vol. 93, no 4, p. 193-200Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 484.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Våran hund gillar erat hus2002In: Upsala Nya Tidning, ISSN 1104-0173Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 485.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Vårdkase till glädje: och varning2004In: Bästa språket: ett urval artiklar ur Språklådan i Upsala nya tidning / [ed] Eva Aniansson, Uppsala: Hallgren & Fallgren, 2004, p. 143-144Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 486.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Översättarprogrammet i Uppsala : vad har hänt sedan sist?2004In: Rapport från Konferens om översättarutbildningar i Sverige: Göteborg den 5-6 maj 2004, Göteborg: Översättarutbildningen vid Humanistiska fakulteten, Univ. , 2004, , p. 41-45p. 41-45Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 487.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Anders Sparrmans brev till Carl von Linné: en kulturhistorisk och språklig undersökning med naturvetenskapliga inslag2011Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anders Sparrman (1748–1820) is in many ways one of Carl Linnaeus’ most interesting and fascinating disciples. Unlike many of his colleagues in the circle around Linnaeus he managed to travel toChina, to the interior ofSouth Africaand around the world and return alive. While inSouth Africain 1772–76 he wrote nine letters telling Linnaeus of his botanical and zoological findings as well as of his own personal experiences. His language as well as the contents of his letters are youthful, spontaneous and filled with interesting details. His personal view of life can also be seen in the travelogues he published later. In these he is not only an academic researcher, but also a person who vibrantly paints in words the world around him.The purpose of this book is two-fold: to present a fair, honest and partly revised picture of Anders Sparrman, as well as to take a closer look at 18th century Swedish as reflected in Sparrman’s letters to Linnaeus. At this time, there was not yet any approved Swedish standard. However, there were some written and unwritten rules for the language. The official recommendations were to write the way you spoke, i.e. according to the official spoken language. Linnaeus’ spoken and written language was probably the main model for writing done by Linnaeus’ disciples. Since several varieties and dialects were spoken at the time, many local words, inflections and conjugations would also appear in their writings. This is especially apparent in Sparrman’s letters, where his spoken language, a variety of the Uppland dialect, is reflected in his spelling.The verdict of posterity has been harsh on Anders Sparrman. Yet, in his letters to Linnaeus, I find him to be a lively and impatient young man, a curious observer and a dedicated academic. Later on, when he had almost become entrapped in the labyrinths of academia, he became more of an estranged and disillusioned old man. Still, his beliefs in God’s remarkable creations in nature and his sympathy for the poor and deprived never left him. As an enthusiastic follower of Linnaeus, a loyal “vine-tender” and a colourful and spontaneous narrator, Sparrman has made a substantial contribution to our cultural history.

  • 488.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Anders Sparrmans "språkvilla": 1700-talets talspråk och skriftspråk i praktiken2010In: Studier i svensk språkhistoria: 10, Språkhistoria - hur och för vem? / [ed] Erik Magnusson & Lena Rogström, Göteborg: Meijerbergs institut för svensk etymologisk forskning, Göteborgs universitet , 2010, p. 77-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 489.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Bergsmannen och bonden Erik Larssons almanacka 1799 från Söderbärke i Dala-Bergslagen2005In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv / [ed] Maj Reinhammar, Uppsala: Kungl. Gustav Adolfs Akademien , 2005, p. 7-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of a transcription and analysis of a collection of more or less brief hand-written annotations in a printed almanac from 1799, a picture emerges in this article of the everyday life of a farmer and miner in the Dala-Bergslagen region of Sweden at the end of the 18th century.

    The annotations, which are mainly written on interleaved sheets, provide information about farms and villages, arable farming and livestock rearing, mining and smelting, the weather and its effects, the villagers' duties in the form of labour service, provision of post-horses and attendance at parish meetings, and living conditions generally. The particulars recorded have been analysed from both a linguistic and a cultural point of view, and supplemented with information from sources such as parish registers, catechetical examination records, court records, and published genealogies and parish descriptions. The result is a considerably more detailed overall picture.

    The article contributes to our understanding of what life could be like in a maning and farming village in the late 18th century, as well as shedding further ligtht on modes of expression and living conditions during that period.

  • 490.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Folkliga fågelnamn: artnamn för beckasinfåglar i nordiska språk1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Scandinavian languages there are many popular bird names, most of which have been recorded at the dialect archives in the Nordic countries. The thesis concentrates on the bird names for snipes, i.e. the common snipe, the great snipe, the jacksnipe and the woodcook, in all approx. 330 different names. Some of these are recognized in all Scandinavia, while others are only sparsely confirmed in single dialects.An especially large amount of names refers to the common snipe, mainly due to its typical vibration sound. While the sound mostly resembles a cer­tain unobtrusive whinny from a horse or bleat from a goat or a sheep, many of the popular names contain words associating to these animals. Names describing a par­ticular creaking sound mostly refer to the woodcock. Fairly common are names describing a protru­ding beak, which is a characteristic feature of all snipes.In order to present a complete semantic and etymological picture, all words forming part of the names have been identified and sorted by category, i.e. words indicating a common implicit meaning. The categories have in turn been divided into two main groups: words describing different sounds, and words describing vi­sual impressions. In ad­dition, names describing popular beliefs and those transferred from other bird spe­cies are presented.Factors that influence origin, formation, existence and development of bird na­mes have especially been taken in consideration. With the etymological discussion forming the necessary background, ethnological as well as cultural influences have been added in order to complete the picture of the naming process. One important factor in this process is man’s need of identification and classification of phenomena in his environment. Another main ingredient is the presence vs. lack of affect in the process. In the popular naming process a striking sound along with a particular ap­pearence have caused many affected names, while scientific names mostly refer to visual, non-affected impressions.Due to man’s present lack of everyday connection with nature many of the popu­lar bird names presented are no longer in use. However, some of the na­mes are pro­ven to be fairly young, which shows that the process of popular classification and naming is still a functioning part of our language and culture.

  • 491.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Mycket att tänka på när man skapar artnamn2010In: Biodiverse, no 3, p. 24-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Behandlar skrivna och oskrivna regler för hur folkliga artnamn traditionellt har skapats och vad man även idag bör ta hänsyn till då man skapar nya artnamn, t.ex. för Nationalnyckeln.

  • 492.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Om folkliga namngivningsprinciper2007In: Människan och faunan / [ed] Håkan Tunón et al, Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 2007, p. 114-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 493.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ordet skjura f. 'skata' i ny belysning2003In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, Vol. 126, p. 41-61Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Alongside the species name skata (Dan. skade) 'magpie' (Pica pica) there is a word skjura f. (Icel. skjór). It is documented in the Icelandic sagas and has numerous variant pronunciations in Scandinavian dialects. In southern Sweden, we find sköra (schoura) and skära, in the west skera (skära), and in central Sweden skjura (East Swedish dialect skjårå). Forms occurring further north include skör(a) in western Dalarna and Jämtland, and skir in northern Dalarna, with the variants sker, skyr in the norternmost provinces. In different dialects the word is also found in the names of bird species such as the jay, Siberian jay, oystercatcher and nightjar, and in the names of bats.

    The origin of this word has long puzzled philologists. Otto von Friesen, in 1901, came closest to the truth when he suggested that it was cognate with Got. skewjan 'wander'. [...]

    The deeper semantic meaning of the word has until now remained unclear. A closer study of the passage in the Gothic Bible where Goth. skewjan 'walk, mander' appears, and of its counterparts in the Icelandic sagas and in Norwegian and Swedish dialects, clarifies the semantic content of this word as being ' to move to and fro, with dramatic or unpredictable movements'. I view of this, the word skjura 'magpie' can be ascribed the sense of 'one which moves hither and thither (to and fro) in the air or on the ground, in an irregular or seemingly random manner'.

  • 494.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "Särdeles jag är så till segandes i svårt Målbrott": Om Anders Sparrmans språk2012In: Anders Sparrman: Linnean, världsresenär, fattigläkare / [ed] Gunnar Broberg, David Dunér & Roland Moberg, Uppsala: Svenska Linnésällskapet , 2012, p. 157-170Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anders Sparrman (1748–1820) was born in Uppland, 20 kilometer north of Uppsala. He was one of Linnaeus’ youngest disciples and many authors have described his scientific and academic achievements. Some of these authors have negatively contributed to Sparrman’s posthumous reputation, mainly based on remarks regarding his failings as keeper of the collection of natural-history specimens at the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences. Unfortunately, Sparrman’s reputation as a writer has been coloured by this negative view, leading to statements that his language was “rather irregular and written in a whimsical way”, that his diction was careless and negligent, and that he paid no attention to learn foreign languages while he resided abroad.

    This paper concentrates on Sparrman’s written Swedish as reflected in his letters to Linnaeus (1771–1776) as well as in his travelogues (1783, 1802 and 1818). During the 18th century there were not yet any approved Swedish standard, but some written and unwritten rules were at hand. The official recommendations were to write the way you spoke, i.e. according to the official spoken language. Many of Linnaeus’ disciples came from remote areas in Sweden and their respective native language – as well as Linnaeus’ own dialect of Smaland in the south of Sweden – was heard in daily conversation. In addition, spoken language was influenced by fashionable French and academic Latin. Thus, Sparrman’s written language reflects some foreign and local words, as well as inflections and conjugations from spoken language. However, quotations from Sparrman’s letters and from his travelogues clearly shows that he was well aware of his language failures, and that he made great effort in “translating” his hand-written travel-notes into proper Swedish. In one of his letters to Linneaus he also excuses himself of his “language-mix” that he resided far away from Sweden and was exposed to many different languages and dialects.

    In conclusion, Sparrman was neither negligent of his written language in his letters nor careless of his written language in his publications. On the contrary, he tried hard to write his letters in a proper way, and corrected his written language in publications as well as could be expected in the 18th century.

  • 495.
    Boström, Rut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Vardag och vetenskap i 1700-talets svenska brevspråk: Anders Sparrmans brev till Carl von Linné2008In: Svenskans beskrivning 29: Förhandlingar vid Tjugonionde sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning, Vasa den 4 och 5 maj 2007 / [ed] Marianne Nordman, Vasa: Svensk-Österbottniska samfundet r.f. , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I åtta hittills opublicerade brev till Carl von Linné skriver upplänningen Anders Sparrman under åren 1772-1775 om sitt liv som lärare och botaniker i Sydafrika. Hans brevspråk ligger nära talspråket och uppvisar en blandning av dåtida svenskt språk med inslag av regional/dialektal svenska, tyska, franska och latin. De latinska inslagen är vetenskapligt präglade och följer i stort de mönster som Linné själv använde. De dialektala inslagen bär särskilt drag av Sparrmans uppländska vardagsspråk.

  • 496.
    Bosäter Kindwall, Emelie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Skiljetecken: -och hur elever i årskurs 9 och gymnasieskolans svenska B behärskar att använda sig av dessa2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 497.
    Brandtler, Johan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Håkansson, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Negation, Contrast, and the Swedish Prefield2012In: Discourse and Grammar: A Festschrift in Honor of Valéria Molnár / [ed] Johan Brandtler, David Håkansson, Stefan Huber & Eva Klingvall, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2012, p. 75-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 498.
    Brandtler, Johan
    et al.
    Ghent University.
    Håkansson, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Negative V3-declaratives in Finland Swedish2015In: Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift, ISSN 0800-3076, E-ISSN 2387-6719, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 157-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 499.
    Brandtler, Johan
    et al.
    Ghent University.
    Håkansson, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Not on the edge: The syntax and pragmatics of clause-initial negation in Swedish2014In: Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, ISSN 1383-4924, E-ISSN 1572-8552, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 97-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibility of topicalizing sentential negation is severely restricted in the Germanic V2-languages. In this paper, we show that negative preposing was more frequent and less restricted in earlier stages of Swedish: approx. 8 % of all occurrences of negation are clause initial in Old Swedish, compared to less than 0.5 % in present day Swedish. We propose that this change in frequency can be traced to the syntactic status of the negative element. More specifically, we argue that Old Swedish eigh 'not' may function as a syntactic head and cliticize to the finite verb in [C-0]. This possibility is not open to the XP inte 'not' in Modern Swedish. In Modern Swedish, we argue that the restrictions on negative preposing instead are related to more general pragmatic restrictions on the information expressed in [Spec,CP]: according to our hypothesis, negative preposing is licensed by contrast.

  • 500.
    Brandtler, Johan
    et al.
    Ghent University.
    Håkansson, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    V2 eller V3?: Om preverbal placering av adverbial i svenskan2017In: Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift, ISSN 0800-3076, E-ISSN 2387-6719, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 11-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En rad adverbial kan i svenska placeras före det finita verbet i huvudsatser, vilket rent linjärt ger upphov till en ledföljd där det finita verbet förskjuts till tredje position i satsen (t.ex. hon bara skojade ; han nästan grät av glädje). Utgångspunkten för de resonemang som förs i denna artikel är att endast adverbial som har status som syntaktiska huvuden och inte som maximala projektioner kan förbindas med finita verb. Men även om syntaktisk status är avgörande för möjligheten till preverbal placering, kan den knappast vara orsaken eftersom adjungering inte är någon obligatorisk syntaktisk operation. Mot denna bakgrund lanseras hypotesen att preverbal placering av adverbial är strikt begränsad av det adverbiella uttryckets semantik:endast adverbial som uttrycker en motsättning mellan vad som hävdas och vad som presupponeras kan förbindas med det finita verbet.

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