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  • 501.
    von zur Mühlen, Bengt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Kahan, Thomas
    Hägg, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Millgård, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Treatment with irbesartan or atenolol improves endothelial function in essential hypertension2001Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0263-6352, E-ISSN 1473-5598, Vol. 19, nr 10, s. 1813-1818Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate if antihypertensive treatment could improve endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in hypertensive patients, and whether the angiotensin II subtype-1 (AT1)-receptor antagonist irbesartan and the beta1-receptor antagonist atenolol would differ in this respect. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients (28 men and six women) with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension (diastolic blood pressure 90-120 mmHg) were randomized to once daily 150-300 mg irbesartan or 50-100 mg atenolol in a double-blind fashion, preceded by a placebo run-in period. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was assessed by venous occlusion plethysmography during local intra-arterial infusions of methacholine and sodium nitroprusside, to evaluate endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilatation, respectively. Measurements of FBF were undertaken at the end of the run-in placebo period and repeated after 3 months of active antihypertensive treatment. RESULTS: Irbesartan and atenolol induced a similar decline in blood pressure (from 171/107 to 158/98 mmHg, P < 0.05), and improved endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (e.g. an increase in FBF response to 4 microg/min methacholine from 325 +/- 29% to 411 +/- 41%, P < 0.05), with no difference between the two study drugs. No significant changes in endothelium-independent vasodilatation were induced by irbesartan or by atenolol. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that 3 months of antihypertensive therapy with irbesartan or atenolol improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation.

  • 502.
    von zur Mühlen, Bengt
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Millgård, Jonas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Divergent effects of different beta-blocking agents onendothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the human forearm2000Ingår i: Blood Pressure, ISSN 0803-7051, E-ISSN 1651-1999, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 287-292Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the direct effect of three principally different beta-receptor blocking agents on endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in the human forearm. METHODS: In 27 young normotensive subjects forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured with venous occlusion plethysmography during local intra-arterial infusions of methacholine (MCh), evaluating EDV, and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), evaluating endothelium-independent vasodilatation (EIDV). The measurements of EDV and EIDV were undertaken at baseline conditions and repeated after 1 h of concomitant intra-arterial infusion of atenolol (n = 8, 1.2 mg/h), propranolol (n = 7, 1.2 mg/h), labetalol (n = 7, 16 mg/h) or saline (n = 5). RESULTS: The selective beta-blocker atenolol showed a tendency to improve the FBF response to MCh (from 28.8 +/- 9.2 to 32.6 +/- 8.7 ml/min/ml tissue, p < 0.05). The nonselective beta-blocker propranolol attenuated the FBF response to MCh significantly (from 30.5 +/- 6.7 to 22.8 +/- 4.5 ml/min/ml tissue, p < 0.01). In these groups baseline FBF and EIDV were unchanged. Labetalol, a combined non-selective beta-blocker and selective alpha-1-blocker, increased baseline FBF and increased the response to both MCh and SNP in parallel (p < 0.05 for MCh and p = 0.07 for SNP). Saline did not change baseline FBF, EDV or EIDV. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that local infusion of different beta-blocking agents in normotensive subjects affects endothelial vasodilatory function differently. This technique could be used to evaluate the direct effect of vasoactive drugs on EDV.

  • 503.
    Wagner-Golbs, Antje
    et al.
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Neuber, Sebastian
    Biocrates Life Sci AG, Eduard Bodem Gasse 8, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kamlage, Beate
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Christiansen, Nicole
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Bethan, Bianca
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Rennefahrt, Ulrike
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Schatz, Philipp
    Metan Hlth GmbH, Tegeler Weg 33, D-10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk epidemiologi.
    Effects of Long-Term Storage at -80 degrees C on the Human Plasma Metabolome2019Ingår i: Metabolites, ISSN 2218-1989, E-ISSN 2218-1989, Vol. 9, nr 5, artikel-id 99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High-quality biological samples are required for the favorable outcome of research studies, and valid data sets are crucial for successful biomarker identification. Prolonged storage of biospecimens may have an artificial effect on compound levels. In order to investigate the potential effects of long-term storage on the metabolome, human ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) plasma samples stored for up to 16 years were analyzed by gas and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based metabolomics. Only 2% of 231 tested plasma metabolites were altered in the first seven years of storage. However, upon longer storage periods of up to 16 years and more time differences of few years significantly affected up to 26% of the investigated metabolites when analyzed within subject age groups. Ontology classes that were most affected included complex lipids, fatty acids, energy metabolism molecules, and amino acids. In conclusion, the human plasma metabolome is adequately stable to long-term storage at -80 degrees C for up to seven years but significant changes occur upon longer storage. However, other biospecimens may display different sensitivities to long-term storage. Therefore, in retrospective studies on EDTA plasma samples, analysis is best performed within the first seven years of storage.

  • 504. Waikar, Sushrut S
    et al.
    Sabbisetti, Venkata
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Carlsson, Axel C
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Coresh, Josef
    Feldman, Harold I
    Foster, Meredith C
    Fufaa, Gudeta D
    Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Hsu, Chi-Yuan
    Kimmel, Paul L
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Liu, Yumin
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Liu, Kathleen D
    Mifflin, Theodore E
    Nelson, Robert G
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Vasan, Ramachandran S
    Xie, Dawei
    Zhang, Xiaoming
    Bonventre, Joseph V
    Relationship of proximal tubular injury to chronic kidney disease as assessed by urinary kidney injury molecule-1 in five cohort studies2016Ingår i: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 31, nr 9, s. 1460-1470Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The primary biomarkers used to define CKD are serum creatinine and albuminuria. These biomarkers have directed focus on the filtration and barrier functions of the kidney glomerulus even though albuminuria results from tubule dysfunction as well. Given that proximal tubules make up ∼90% of kidney cortical mass, we evaluated whether a sensitive and specific marker of proximal tubule injury, urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), is elevated in individuals with CKD or with risk factors for CKD.

    METHODS: We measured urinary KIM-1 in participants of five cohort studies from the USA and Sweden. Participants had a wide range of kidney function and were racially and ethnically diverse. Multivariable linear regression models were used to test the association of urinary KIM-1 with demographic, clinical and laboratory values.

    RESULTS: In pooled, multivariable-adjusted analyses, log-transformed, creatinine-normalized urinary KIM-1 levels were higher in those with lower eGFR {β = -0.03 per 10 mL/min/1.73 m(2) [95% confidence interval (CI) -0.05 to -0.02]} and greater albuminuria [β = 0.16 per unit of log albumin:creatinine ratio (95% CI 0.15-0.17)]. Urinary KIM-1 levels were higher in current smokers, lower in blacks than nonblacks and lower in users versus nonusers of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers.

    CONCLUSION: Proximal tubule injury appears to be an integral and measurable element of multiple stages of CKD.

  • 505.
    Wain, Louise V.
    et al.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Vaez, Ahmad
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.;Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Res Inst Primordial Prevent Noncommunicable Dis, Tehran, Iran..
    Jansen, Rick
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Neurosci Campus Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Joehanes, Roby
    Harvard Med Sch, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, MA USA.;Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA..
    van der Most, Peter J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Erzurumluoglu, A. Mesut
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    O'Reilly, Paul F.
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, London, England. Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England..
    Cabrera, Claudia P.
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Warren, Helen R.
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Rose, Lynda M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Verwoert, Germaine C.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hottenga, Jouke-Jan
    Vrije Univ, VU Univ Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Strawbridge, Rona J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden..
    Esko, Tonu
    Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, MA USA..
    Arking, Dan E.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Hwang, Shih-Jen
    NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, Div Intramural Res, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Guo, Xiuqing
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Dept Pediat, Torrance, CA USA..
    Kutalik, Zoltan
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Trompet, Stella
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Gerontol & Geriatr, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Shrine, Nick
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Teumer, Alexander
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Ried, Janina S.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Munich, Germany..
    Bis, Joshua C.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA USA..
    Smith, Albert V.
    Icelandic Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Amin, Najaf
    Erasmus MC, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Nolte, Ilja M.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Wareham, Nicholas J.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Hofer, Edith
    Med Univ Graz, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Dept Neurol, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Inst Med Informat Stat & Documentat, Graz, Austria..
    Joshi, Peter K.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Kristiansson, Kati
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Traglia, Michela
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Havulinna, Aki S.
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Goel, Anuj
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Div Cardiovasc Med, Radcliffe Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Nalls, Mike A.
    NIA, Neurogenet Lab, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Data Tecn Int, Glen Echo, MD USA..
    Sober, Siim
    Univ Tartu, Inst Biomed & Translat Med, Tartu, Estonia..
    Vuckovic, Dragana
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo Children Hosp, Med Genet, Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Luan, Jian'an
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Del Greco M, Fabiola
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Affiliated Inst, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy..
    Ayers, Kristin L.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Genet & Genom Sci, New York, NY USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY USA..
    Marrugat, Jaume
    IMIM, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Genet, Barcelona, Spain.;CIBERCV, Barcelona, Spain..
    Ruggiero, Daniela
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy..
    Lopez, Lorna M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Beaumont Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Royal Coll Surg Ireland, Educ & Res Ctr, Dublin, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, UCD Conway Inst, Ctr Proteome Res, Belfield, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Med, Conway Inst, Belfield, Ireland..
    Niiranen, Teemu
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Enroth, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Jackson, Anne U.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI USA.;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Nelson, Christopher P.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Leicester, NIHR Leicester Biomed Res Ctr, Leicester, Leics, England.;Glenfield Hosp, NIHR Leicester Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Huffman, Jennifer E.
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Zhang, Weihua
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England.;London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, Ealing Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England..
    Marten, Jonathan
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Gandin, Ilaria
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Harris, Sarah E.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, Med Genet Sect, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Zemunik, Tatijana
    London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, Dept Med Biol, Fac Med, Southall, Middx, England..
    Lu, Yingchang
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY USA..
    Evangelou, Evangelos
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Ioannina, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Sch Med, Ioannina, Greece..
    Shah, Nabi
    Univ Dundee, Med Res Inst, Ninewells Hosp, Dundee, Scotland.;Univ Dundee, Sch Med, Dundee, Scotland.;COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Pharm, Abbottabad, Pakistan..
    de Borst, Martin H.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Div Nephrol, Dept Internal Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Mangino, Massimo
    Natl Inst Hlth Res, Biomed Res Ctr, London, England..
    Prins, Bram P.
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Dept Human Genet, London, England..
    Campbell, Archie
    Univ Edinburgh, Med Genet Sect, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Med Genet Sect, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Generat Scotland, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Li-Gao, Ruifang
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Chauhan, Ganesh
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM U 1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France..
    Oldmeadow, Christopher
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Abecasis, Goncalo
    Ctr Stat Genet, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Abedi, Maryam
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Dept Genet & Mol Biol, Esfahan, Iran..
    Barbieri, Caterina M.
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Barnes, Michael R.
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Batini, Chiara
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Beilby, John
    Busselton Populat Med Res Inst, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;PathWest Lab Med Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Pathol & Lab Med, Nedlands, WA, Australia..
    Blake, Tineka
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Boehnke, Michael
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI USA.;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Bottinger, Erwin P.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY USA..
    Braund, Peter S.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Leicester, NIHR Leicester Biomed Res Ctr, Leicester, Leics, England.;Glenfield Hosp, NIHR Leicester Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Brown, Morris
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Brumat, Marco
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Campbell, Harry
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Chambers, John C.
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England.;London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, Ealing Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England..
    Cocca, Massimiliano
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Collins, Francis
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Connell, John
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Dundee, Scotland..
    Cordell, Heather J.
    Newcastle Univ, Inst Med Genet, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Damman, Jeffrey J.
    Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Pathol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Davies, Gail
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    de Geus, Eco J.
    Vrije Univ, VU Univ Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    de Mutsert, Renee
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Deelen, Joris
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Mol Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Demirkale, Yusuf
    NIH, Ctr Informat Technol, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Doney, Alex S. F.
    Univ Dundee, Med Res Inst, Ninewells Hosp, Dundee, Scotland.;Univ Dundee, Sch Med, Dundee, Scotland..
    Dorr, Marcus
    Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Internal Med, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Farrall, Martin
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Div Cardiovasc Med, Radcliffe Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Ferreira, Teresa
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Franberg, Mattias
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Numer Anal & Comp Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gao, He
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Gieger, Christian
    Forschungszentrum Gesundheit & Umwelt GmbH, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Giulianini, Franco
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Gow, Alan J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Heriot Watt Univ, Sch Social Sci, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Hamsten, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Intramural Res Program, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    Holliday, Elizabeth G.
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Hui, Jennie
    Busselton Populat Med Res Inst, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;PathWest Lab Med Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Pathol & Lab Med, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Nedlands, WA, Australia..
    Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
    Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England.;Univ Oulu, Ctr Life Course Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Bioctr Oulu, Oulu, Finland.;Oulu Univ Hosp, Unit Primary Care, Oulu, Finland..
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Johnson, Andrew D.
    Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA.;NHLBI, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Human Genom Branch, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Jousilahti, Pekka
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Jula, Antti
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kahonen, Mika
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Dept Clin Physiol, Fac Med & Life Sci, Tampere, Finland..
    Kathiresan, Sekar
    Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Broad Inst, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA..
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Inst Publ Hlth, Cambridge, England..
    Kolcic, Ivana
    Univ Split, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Split, Croatia..
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Langenberg, Claudia
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Larson, Marty
    Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA..
    Launer, Lenore J.
    NIA, Intramural Res Program, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Lehne, Benjamin
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Liewald, David C. M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Lin, Li
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Med Specialties, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Mach, Francois
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Med Specialties, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Mamasoula, Chrysovalanto
    Newcastle Univ, Inst Hlth & Soc, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Menni, Cristina
    Mifsud, Borbala
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England..
    Milaneschi, Yuri
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Morgan, Anna
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Morris, Andrew D.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Mol Genet & Populat Hlth Sci, Sch Med, Teviot Pl, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Morrison, Alanna C.
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Dept Epidemiol Human Genet & Environm Sci, Sch Publ Hlth, Houston, TX USA..
    Munson, Peter J.
    NIH, Ctr Informat Technol, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Nandakumar, Priyanka
    Johns Hopkins Univ, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Nguyen, Quang Tri
    Nutile, Teresa
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy..
    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Oostra, Ben A.
    Erasmus MC, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Org, Elin
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia..
    Padmanabhan, Sandosh
    Univ Edinburgh, Generat Scotland, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Glasgow, British Heart Fdn, Glasgow Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci,Coll Med Vet & Life Sci, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.;Univ Glasgow, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Fac Med, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Palotie, Aarno
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Pare, Guillaume
    McMaster Univ, Dept Pathol & Mol Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Pattie, Alison
    Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Poulter, Neil
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Affiliated Inst, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.;Dept Neurol, Gen Cent Hosp, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Dept Neurol, Lubeck, Germany..
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland..
    Ren, Meixia
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Fujian Med Univ, Fujian Prov Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Fuzhou, Fujian, Peoples R China..
    Rice, Kenneth
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Riese, Harriette
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ripatti, Samuli
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Robino, Antonietta
    Inst Maternal & Child Hlth IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy..
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Dept Pediat & Med, LABioMed, Torrance, CA USA..
    Rudan, Igor
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Saba, Yasaman
    Med Univ Graz, Ctr Mol Med, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria..
    Saint Pierre, Aude
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Affiliated Inst, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.;INSERM U1078, Etab Francais Sang, Brest, France..
    Sala, Cinzia F.
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Sarin, Antti-Pekka
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Schmidt, Reinhold
    Med Univ Graz, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Dept Neurol, Graz, Austria..
    Scott, Rodney
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia.;Univ Newcastle, Fac Hlth, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.;John Hunter Hosp, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Seelen, Marc A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Div Nephrol, Dept Internal Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Shields, Denis C.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Med, Conway Inst, Belfield, Ireland..
    Siscovick, David
    New York Acad Med, New York, NY USA..
    Sorice, Rossella
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy..
    Stanton, Alice
    Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Mol & Cellular Therapeut, Dublin 2, Ireland..
    Stott, David J.
    Univ Glasgow, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Fac Med, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Swertz, Morris
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Taylor, Kent D.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Los Angeles BioMed Res Inst, Torrance, CA USA.;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Div Genet Outcomes, Dept Pediat, Torrance, CA USA..
    Thom, Simon
    Imperial Coll London, Int Ctr Circulatory Hlth, London, England..
    Tzoulaki, Ioanna
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Tzourio, Christophe
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM U 1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bordeaux, France..
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Volker, Uwe
    Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, CHUV, Dept Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Wild, Sarah
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Willemsen, Gonneke
    Vrije Univ, VU Univ Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Wright, Alan F.
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Yao, Jie
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Dept Pediat, Torrance, CA USA..
    Theriault, Sebastien
    McMaster Univ, Dept Pathol & Mol Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Conen, David
    McMaster Univ, Populat Hlth Res Inst, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Attia, John
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia.;Univ Newcastle, Fac Hlth, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.;John Hunter Hosp, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Sever, Peter
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England..
    Debette, Stephanie
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM U 1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bordeaux, France..
    Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Zeggini, Eleftheria
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Dept Human Genet, London, England..
    Spector, Tim D.
    van der Harst, Pim
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Palmer, Colin N. A.
    Univ Dundee, Med Res Inst, Ninewells Hosp, Dundee, Scotland.;Univ Dundee, Sch Med, Dundee, Scotland..
    Vergnaud, Anne-Claire
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Mindich Child Hlth Dev Inst, New York, NY USA..
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Split, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Split, Croatia..
    Starr, John M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Alzheimer Scotland Dementia Res Ctr, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Girotto, Giorgia
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo Children Hosp, Med Genet, Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Hayward, Caroline
    Univ Edinburgh, Generat Scotland, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, MRC, Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Kooner, Jaspal S.
    London North West Healthcare NHS Trust, Ealing Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Hammersmith Hosp Campus, London, England..
    Lindgren, Cecila M.
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, MA USA.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Vitart, Veronique
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Samani, Nilesh J.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Leicester, NIHR Leicester Biomed Res Ctr, Leicester, Leics, England.;Glenfield Hosp, NIHR Leicester Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Leicester, Leics, England.;Univ Edinburgh, Western Gen Hosp, MRC Human Genet Unit, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Dasman Diabet Inst, Kuwait, Kuwait.;King Abdulaziz Univ, Diabet Res Grp, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.;Danube Univ Krems, Dept Neurosci & Prevent Med, Krems An Der Donau, Austria. Univ Manchester, Div Cardiovasc Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Knekt, Paul
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Deary, Ian J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Ciullo, Marina
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy..
    Elosua, Roberto
    IMIM, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Genet, Barcelona, Spain.;CIBERCV, Barcelona, Spain..
    Keavney, Bernard D.
    Cent Manchester Univ Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Affiliated Inst, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy..
    Scott, Robert A.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Gasparini, Paolo
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo Children Hosp, Med Genet, Trieste, Italy.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Laan, Maris
    Univ Tartu, Inst Biomed & Translat Med, Tartu, Estonia..
    Liu, YongMei
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Winston Salem, NC USA..
    Watkins, Hugh
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Div Cardiovasc Med, Radcliffe Dept Med, Oxford, England..
    Hartman, Catharina A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Toniolo, Daniela
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Perola, Markus
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.;Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland. Chron Dis Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Wilson, James F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Schmidt, Helena
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Ctr Mol Med, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria..
    Zhao, Jing Hua
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    van Duijn, Cornelia M.
    Erasmus MC, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Icelandic Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Epidemiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Hlth Serv, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Kaiser Permanent, Washington Hlth Res Inst, Seattle, WA USA..
    Peters, Annette
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Munich, Germany..
    Rettig, Rainer
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Physiol, Karlsburg, Germany..
    James, Alan
    Univ Western Australia, Sch Med & Pharmacol, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Pulm Physiol & Sleep, Nedlands, WA, Australia..
    Jukema, J. Wouter
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Strachan, David P.
    St Georges Univ London, Populat Hlth Res Inst, London, England..
    Palmas, Walter
    Columbia Univ, Dept Med, Med Ctr, New York, NY USA..
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia..
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Boomsma, Dorret I.
    Vrije Univ, VU Univ Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Bochud, Murielle
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Newton-Cheh, Christopher
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Broad Inst, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA..
    Munroe, Patricia B.
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Sch Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Chasman, Daniel I.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Chakravarti, Aravinda
    Johns Hopkins Univ, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Knight, Joanne
    Univ Lancaster, Data Sci Inst, Lancaster, England.;Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Med Sch, Lancaster, England..
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Levy, Daniel
    NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, Div Intramural Res, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Tobin, Martin D.
    Snieder, Harold
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Caulfield, Mark J.
    William Harvey Res Inst, Clin Pharmacol, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, NIHR Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, London, England..
    Ehret, Georg B.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD USA.;Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Med Specialties, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Alistair, T. Y.
    Betholdson, J. -P
    Xiao, Limin
    Novel Blood Pressure Locus and Gene Discovery Using Genome-Wide Association Study and Expression Data Sets From Blood and the Kidney2017Ingår i: Hypertension, ISSN 0194-911X, E-ISSN 1524-4563, Vol. 70, nr 3, s. E4-e19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Elevated blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has a substantial genetic contribution. Genetic variation influencing blood pressure has the potential to identify new pharmacological targets for the treatment of hypertension. To discover additional novel blood pressure loci, we used 1000 Genomes Project-based imputation in 150 134 European ancestry individuals and sought significant evidence for independent replication in a further 228 245 individuals. We report 6 new signals of association in or near HSPB7, TNXB, LRP12, LOC283335, SEPT9, and AKT2, and provide new replication evidence for a further 2 signals in EBF2 and NFKBIA. Combining large whole-blood gene expression resources totaling 12 607 individuals, we investigated all novel and previously reported signals and identified 48 genes with evidence for involvement in blood pressure regulation that are significant in multiple resources. Three novel kidney-specific signals were also detected. These robustly implicated genes may provide new leads for therapeutic innovation.

  • 506.
    Wallentin, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Zethelius, Bjorn
    Berglund, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Eggers, Kai M.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Lindahl, Bertil
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Wollert, Kai C.
    Siegbahn, Agneta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Koagulation och inflammationsvetenskap.
    GDF-15 for Prognostication of Cardiovascular and Cancer Morbidity and Mortality in Men2013Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, nr 12, s. e78797-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective was to evaluate the hypothesis that growth-differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is an independent marker of the long-term risk for both cardiovascular disease and cancer morbidity beyond clinical and biochemical risk factors. Plasma obtained at age 71 was available from 940 subjects in the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) cohort. Complete mortality and morbidity data were obtained from public registries. At baseline there were independent associations between GDF-15 and current smoking, diabetes mellitus, biomarkers of cardiac (high-sensitivity troponin-T, NT-proBNP) and renal dysfunction (cystatin-C) and inflammatory activity (C-reactive protein), and previous cardiovascular disease (CVD). During 10 years follow-up there occurred 265 and 131 deaths, 115 and 46 cardiovascular deaths, and 185 and 86 events with coronary heart disease mortality or morbidity in the respective total cohort (n=940) and non-CVD (n=561) cohort. After adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors, one SD increase in log GDF-15 were, in the respective total and non-CVD populations, associated with 48% (95%CI 26 to 73%, p<0.001) and 67% (95%CI 28 to 217%, p<0.001) incremental risk of cardiovascular mortality, 48% (95%CI 33 to 67%, p<0.001) and 61% (95%CI 38 to 89%, p<0.001) of total mortality and 36% (95%CI 19 to 56%, p<0.001) and 44% (95%CI 17 to 76%, p<0.001) of coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality. The corresponding incremental increase for cancer mortality in the respective total and non-cancer disease (n=882) population was 46% (95%CI 21 to 77%, p<0.001) and 38% (95%CI 12 to 70%, p<0.001) and for cancer morbidity and mortality in patients without previous cancer disease 30% (95%CI 12 to 51%, p<0.001). In conclusion, in elderly men, GDF-15 improves prognostication of both cardiovascular, cancer mortality and morbidity beyond established risk factors and biomarkers of cardiac, renal dysfunction and inflammation.

  • 507.
    Wang, Yunzhang
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Nobels Vag 12A, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Robert
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Nobels Vag 12A, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lampa, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Zhang, Qian
    Univ Queensland, Inst Mol Biosci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Hedman, Åsa K
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Almgren, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Catarina
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Nobels Vag 12A, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Astrid Lindgren Childrens Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    McRae, Allan F.
    Univ Queensland, Inst Mol Biosci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Marioni, Riccardo E.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Dept Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;Stanford Univ, Stanford Cardiovasc Inst, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Visscher, Peter M.
    Univ Queensland, Inst Mol Biosci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia;Univ Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
    Deary, Ian J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Morris, Tiffany
    UCL, Canc Inst, London, England.
    Beck, Stephan
    UCL, Canc Inst, London, England.
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Nobels Vag 12A, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hagg, Sara
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Nobels Vag 12A, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Epigenetic influences on aging: a longitudinal genome-wide methylation study in old Swedish twins2018Ingår i: Epigenetics, ISSN 1559-2294, E-ISSN 1559-2308, Vol. 13, nr 9, s. 975-987Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Age-related changes in DNA methylation were observed in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal evidence is still limited. Here, we aimed to characterize longitudinal age-related methylation patterns using 1011 blood samples collected from 385 Swedish twins (age at entry: mean 69 and standard deviation 9.7, 73 monozygotic and 96 dizygotic pairs) up to five times (mean 2.6) over 20 years (mean 8.7). We identified 1316 age-associated methylation sites (P<1.3x10(-7)) using a longitudinal epigenome-wide association study design. We measured how estimated cellular compositions changed with age and how much they confounded the age effect. We validated the results in two independent longitudinal cohorts, where 118 CpGs were replicated in Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS, 390 samples) (P<3.9x10(-5)), 594 in Lothian Birth Cohort (LBC, 3018 samples) (P<5.1x10(-5)) and 63 in both. Functional annotation of age-associated CpGs showed enrichment in CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) and other transcription factor binding sites. We further investigated genetic influences on methylation and found no interaction between age and genetic effects in the 1316 age-associated CpGs. Moreover, in the same CpGs, methylation differences within twin pairs increased with 6.4% over 10 years, where monozygotic twins had smaller intra-pair differences than dizygotic twins. In conclusion, we show that age-related methylation changes persist in a longitudinal perspective, and are fairly stable across cohorts. The changes are under genetic influence, although this effect is independent of age. Moreover, methylation variability increase over time, especially in age-associated CpGs, indicating the increase of environmental contributions on DNA methylation with age.

  • 508.
    Ward-Caviness, Cavin K.
    et al.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Xu, Tao
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Aspelund, Thor
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Ctr Publ Hlth, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Thorand, Barbara
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Montrone, Corinna
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Bioinformat & Syst Biol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Meisinger, Christa
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Dunger-Kaltenbach, Irmtraud
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Bioinformat & Syst Biol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Zierer, Astrid
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Yu, Zhonghao
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Helgadottir, Inga R.
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Launer, Lenore J.
    NIA, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Ganna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Eiriksdottir, Gudny
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Waldenberger, Melanie
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Prehn, Cornelia
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Expt Genet, Genome Anal Ctr, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Suhre, Karsten
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Bioinformat & Syst Biol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Illig, Thomas
    Hannover Med Sch, Hannover Unified Biobank, Hannover, Germany..
    Adamski, Jerzy
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Expt Genet, Genome Anal Ctr, Neuherberg, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Chair Expt Genet, Munich, Germany..
    Ruepp, Andreas
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Bioinformat & Syst Biol, Neuherberg, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Chair Expt Genet, Munich, Germany..
    Koenig, Wolfgang
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 2, Ulm, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Munich, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Emilsson, Valur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Wang-Sattler, Rui
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Peters, Annette
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany.;Harvard Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA USA..
    Improvement of myocardial infarction risk prediction via inflammation-associated metabolite biomarkers2017Ingår i: Heart, ISSN 1355-6037, E-ISSN 1468-201X, Vol. 103, nr 16, s. 1278-1285Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective The comprehensive assaying of low-molecular-weight compounds, for example, metabolomics, provides a unique tool to uncover novel biomarkers and understand pathways underlying myocardial infarction (MI). We used a targeted metabolomics approach to identify biomarkers for MI and evaluate their involvement in the pathogenesis of MI.

    Methods and results Using three independent, prospective cohorts (KORA S4, KORA S2 and AGES-REFINE), totalling 2257 participants without a history of MI at baseline, we identified metabolites associated with incident MI (266 cases). We also investigated the association between the metabolites and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP) to understand the relation between these metabolites and systemic inflammation. Out of 140 metabolites, 16 were nominally associated (p<0.05) with incident MI in KORA S4. Three metabolites, arginine and two lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC 17: 0 and LPC 18:2), were selected as biomarkers via a backward stepwise selection procedure in the KORA S4 and were significant (p<0.0003) in a meta-analysis comprising all three studies including KORA S2 and AGES-REFINE. Furthermore, these three metabolites increased the predictive value of the Framingham risk score, increasing the area under the receiver operating characteristic score in KORA S4 (from 0.70 to 0.78, p=0.001) and AGES-REFINE study (from 0.70 to 0.76, p=0.02), but was not observed in KORA S2. The metabolite biomarkers attenuated the association between hsCRP and MI, indicating a potential link to systemic inflammatory processes.

    Conclusions We identified three metabolite biomarkers, which in combination increase the predictive value of the Framingham risk score. The attenuation of the hsCRP-MI association by these three metabolites indicates a potential link to systemic inflammation.

  • 509.
    Warensjö, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Factor analysis of fatty acids in serum lipids as a measure of dietary fat quality in relation to the metabolic syndrome in men2006Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0002-9165, E-ISSN 1938-3207, Vol. 84, nr 2, s. 442-448Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A specific fatty acid (FA) composition in plasma lipid esters is related to the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and may influence the development of the MetS.

    Objective: The objective was to define and study FA factors as measures of dietary fat quality and endogenous FA metabolism in relation to MetS.

    Design: Principal factor analysis was performed to define specific FA factors in men participating in a population-based cohort study the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men. The factors were generated at ages 50 (n = 2009) and 70 (n = 576) y, and relations between FA factors and MetS (National Cholesterol Education Program) were studied in cross-sectional and prospective (20 y) analyses.

    Results: The factor analysis generated 3 major FA factors: a low-linoleic acid (LA) factor, a dietary saturated FA factor, and an n-3 polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) factor. All factors differed between those subjects with MetS (n = 281 of 2009) and those without MetS at age 50 y; only the low-LA factor differed at age 70 y, which suggests an association between MetS and fat quality. The low-LA factor (odds ratio: 1.51;95% CI: 1.28,1.79;P < 0.0001) and the n-3 PUFA factor (0.76; 0.64, 0.90; P < 0.001) predicted MetS development over 20 y, independent of smoking habits, physical activity, and BMI.

    Conclusions: The generated FA factors, which presumably represent dietary fat quality and endogenous FA metabolism, may be important in the development of MetS. This finding supports current dietary recommendations to increase PUFA intakes and restrict saturated FA intakes.

  • 510.
    Warensjö Lemming, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Byberg, Liisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Stattin, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Ahmad, Shafqat
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Harvard Med Sch, Prevent Med Div, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Boston, MA USA; Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA USA.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk epidemiologi.
    Elmsfahl, Solve
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Div Geriatr Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Larsson, Susanna C.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi. Karolinska Inst, Div Nutr Epidemiol, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wolk, Alicja
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi. Karolinska Inst, Div Nutr Epidemiol, Inst Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Dietary Pattern Specific Protein Biomarkers for Cardiovascular Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study in 2 Independent Cohorts2019Ingår i: Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, ISSN 2047-9980, E-ISSN 2047-9980, Vol. 8, nr 11, artikel-id e011860Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mechanisms related to the influence of diet on the development of cardiovascular disease are not entirely understood, and protein biomarkers may help to understand these pathways. Studies of biomarkers identified with multiplex proteomic methods and dietary patterns are largely lacking.

    Methods and Results: Dietary patterns were generated through principal component analysis in 2 population‐based Swedish cohorts, the EpiHealth (EpiHealth study; n=20 817 men and women) and the SMCC (Swedish Mammography Cohort Clinical [n=4650 women]). A set of 184 protein cardiovascular disease biomarkers were measured with 2 high‐throughput, multiplex immunoassays. Discovery and replication multivariable linear regression analyses were used to investigate the associations between the principal component analysis–generated dietary patterns and the cardiovascular disease–associated protein biomarkers, first in the EpiHealth (n=2240) and then in the Swedish Mammography Cohort Clinical. Four main dietary patterns were identified in the EpiHealth, and 3 patterns were identified in the Swedish Mammography Cohort Clinical. The healthy and the Western/traditional patterns were found in both cohorts. In the EpiHealth, 57 protein biomarkers were associated with 3 of the dietary patterns, and 41 of these associations were replicated in the Swedish Mammography Cohort Clinical, with effect estimates ranging from 0.057 to 0.083 (P‐value range, 5.0×10−2–1.4×10−9) for each SD increase in the relative protein concentration. Independent associations were established between dietary patterns and the 21 protein biomarkers. Two proteins, myeloperoxidase and resistin, were associated with both the healthy and the light meal pattern but in opposite directions.

    Conclusions: We have discovered and replicated independent associations between dietary patterns and 21 biomarkers linked to cardiovascular disease, which have a role in the pathways related to inflammation, endothelial and immune function, cell adhesion, and metabolism

  • 511.
    Warren, Helen R.
    et al.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England..
    Evangelou, Evangelos
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Univ Ioannina, Sch Med, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Ioannina, Greece.;Univ Ioannina, Sch Med, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Ioannina, Greece..
    Cabrera, Claudia P.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England..
    Gao, He
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England..
    Ren, Meixia
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England.;Fujian Med Univ, Fujian Prov Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Fuzhou, Peoples R China..
    Mifsud, Borbala
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England..
    Ntalla, Ioanna
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England..
    Surendran, Praveen
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cardiovasc Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Liu, Chunyu
    NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.;NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Cook, James P.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Kraja, Aldi T.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Washington Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Genome Sci & Syst Biol, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Drenos, Fotios
    Univ Bristol, Sch Social & Community Med, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit, Bristol, Avon, England.;UCL, Inst Cardiovasc Sci, Ctr Cardiovasc Genet, London, England..
    Loh, Marie
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;ASTAR, Translat Lab Genet Med, Singapore, Singapore..
    Verweij, Niek
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA..
    Marten, Jonathan
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Karaman, Ibrahim
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Lepe, Marcelo P. Segura
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Bayer Pharma, Berlin, Germany..
    O'Reilly, Paul F.
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, London, England..
    Knight, Joanne
    Univ Lancaster, Data Sci Inst, Lancaster, England..
    Snieder, Harold
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Kato, Norihiro
    Natl Ctr Global Hlth & Med, Res Inst, Dept Gene Diagnost & Therapeut, Tokyo, Japan..
    He, Jiang
    Tulane Univ, Sch Publ Hlth & Trop Med, Dept Epidemiol, New Orleans, LA USA..
    Tai, E. Shyong
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore.;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore.;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Med, Singapore, Singapore..
    Said, M. Abdullah
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Porteous, David
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Alver, Maris
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England..
    Poulter, Neil
    Farrall, Martin
    Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Div Cardiovasc Med, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Oxford, England..
    Gansevoort, Ron T.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Nephrol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Padmanabhan, Sandosh
    Univ Glasgow, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Generat Scotland, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Glasgow, Coll Med Vet & Life Sci, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, British Heart Fdn Glasgow Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Magi, Reedik
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England..
    Stanton, Alice
    Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Mol & Cellular Therapeut, Dublin, Ireland..
    Connell, John
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Dundee, Scotland..
    Bakker, Stephan J. L.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England..
    Shields, Denis C.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Conway Inst, Sch Med, Dublin, Ireland..
    Thom, Simon
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Int Ctr Circulatory Hlth, London, England..
    Brown, Morris
    Sever, Peter
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England..
    Esko, Tonu
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England.;Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England.;Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, England..
    Hayward, Caroline
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Generat Scotland, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    van der Harst, Pim
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Saleheen, Danish
    Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Dept Biostat & Epidemiol, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.;Ctr Noncommun Dis, Karachi, Pakistan.;Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England..
    Chowdhury, Rajiv
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cardiovasc Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Chambers, John C.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Ealing Hosp Natl Hlth Serv NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Lee Kong Chian Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England..
    Chasman, Daniel I.
    Chakravarti, Aravinda
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Newton-Cheh, Christopher
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, England..
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Big Data Inst, Li Ka Shing Ctr Hlth Informat & Discovery, Oxford, England..
    Levy, Daniel
    NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Kooner, Jaspal S.
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England.;Imperial Coll London, Cardiovasc Sci, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Hammersmith Campus, London, England..
    Keavney, Bernard
    Univ Manchester, Fac Biol Med & Hlth, Div Cardiovasc Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England.;Cent Manchester NHS Fdn Trust, Manchester Acad Hlth Sci Ctr, Div Med, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Tomaszewski, Maciej
    Univ Manchester, Fac Biol Med & Hlth, Div Cardiovasc Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England.;Cent Manchester NHS Fdn Trust, Manchester Acad Hlth Sci Ctr, Div Med, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Samani, Nilesh J.
    Howson, Joanna M. M.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cardiovasc Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Tobin, Martin D.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Munroe, Patricia B.
    Ehret, Georg B.
    Wain, Louise V.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Barnes, Michael R.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England..
    Tzoulaki, Joanna
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Univ Ioannina, Sch Med, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Ioannina, Greece.;Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England..
    Caulfield, Mark J.
    Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Natl Inst Hlth Res, London, England..
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England..
    Vaez, Ahmad
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.;Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Res Inst Primordial Prevent Noncommun Dis, Esfahan, Iran..
    Jansen, Rick
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Neurosci Campus Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Joehanes, Roby
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, MA USA..
    van der Most, Peter J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Erzurumluoglu, A. Mesut
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    O'Reilly, Paul
    Kings Coll London, Inst Psychiat Psychol & Neurosci, London, England..
    Rose, Lynda M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Verwoert, Germaine C.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hottenga, Jouke-Jan
    Vrije Univ, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Strawbridge, Rona J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Sjukhuset, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden..
    Arking, Dan E.
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Hwang, Shih-Jen
    NHLBI, Populat Sci Branch, US NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Framingham Heart Dis Epidemiol Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Guo, Xiuqing
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, LABioMed, Dept Pediat, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Kutalik, Zoltan
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Trompet, Stella
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Gerontol & Geriatr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Shrine, Nick
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Teumer, Alexander
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Ried, Janina S.
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Bis, Joshua C.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA USA..
    Smith, Albert V.
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Amin, Najaf
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Nolte, Ilja M.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Wareham, Nicholas J.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge Biomed Campus, Cambridge, England..
    Hofer, Edith
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Inst Med Informat Stat & Documentat, Graz, Austria..
    Joshi, Peter K.
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Kristiansson, Kati
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Traglia, Michela
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Havulinna, Aki S.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Goel, Anuj
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Oxford, England..
    Nalls, Mike A.
    NIA, Neurogenet Lab, US NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Kelly Serv, Rockville, MD USA..
    Sober, Siim
    Univ Tartu, Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Human Mol Genet Res Grp, Tartu, Estonia..
    Vuckovic, Dragana
    Sidra Med & Res Ctr, Expt Genet Div, Doha, Qatar.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Luan, Jian'an
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge Biomed Campus, Cambridge, England..
    Del Greco M, Fabiola
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany..
    Ayers, Kristin L.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Genet & Genom Sci, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Marrugat, Jaume
    IMIM, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Genet, Barcelona, Spain..
    Ruggiero, Daniela
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy..
    Lopez, Lorna M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Beaumont Hosp, Educ & Res Ctr, Royal Coll Surg Ireland, Dept Psychiat, Dublin, Ireland.;UCD, Ctr Proteome Res, UCD Conway Inst, Dublin, Ireland..
    Niiranen, Teemu
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Enroth, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Jackson, Anne U.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Nelson, Christopher P.
    Univ Leicester, Glenfield Hosp, BHF Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Leicester, Leics, England.;Glenfield Hosp, NIHR Leicester Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Huffman, Jennifer E.
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Zhang, Weihua
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Dept Cardiol, Southall, Middx, England..
    Gandin, Ilaria
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Harris, Sarah E.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Zemonik, Tatijana
    Univ Split, Fac Med, Dept Biol, Split, Croatia..
    Lu, Yingchang
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Shah, Nabi
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Med Res Inst, Dundee, Scotland.;COMSATS Inst Informat Technol, Dept Pharm, Abbottabad, Pakistan..
    de Borst, Martin H.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Mangino, Massimo
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England.;Natl Inst Hlth Res, Biomed Res Ctr, London, England..
    Prins, Bram P.
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Dept Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Campbell, Archie
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Generat Scotland, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Li-Gao, Ruifang
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Chauhan, Ganesh
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM, U1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France..
    Oldmeadow, Christopher
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Abecasis, Goncalo
    SPH II, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI USA..
    Abedi, Maryam
    Isfahan Univ Med Sci, Dept Genet & Mol Biol, Esfahan, Iran..
    Barbieri, Caterina M.
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Batini, Chiara
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Blake, Tineka
    Univ Leicester, Dept Hlth Sci, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Boehnke, Michael
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Bottinger, Erwin P.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Braund, Peter S.
    Univ Leicester, Glenfield Hosp, BHF Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Leicester, Leics, England.;Glenfield Hosp, NIHR Leicester Cardiovasc Biomed Res Unit, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Brumat, Marco
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Campbell, Harry
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Cocca, Massimiliano
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Collins, Francis
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, US NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Cordell, Heather J.
    Newcastle Univ, Inst Med Genet, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Damman, Jeffrey J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.;Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Pathol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Davies, Gail
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    de Geus, Eco J.
    Vrije Univ, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    de Mutsert, Renee
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Deelen, Joris
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Mol Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Demirkale, Yusuf
    US NIH, Ctr Informat Technol, Bethesda, MD USA..
    Doney, Alex S. F.
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Med Res Inst, Dundee, Scotland..
    Dorr, Marcus
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Internal Med B, Greifswald, Germany..
    Ferreira, Teresa
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Franberg, Mattias
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Sjukhuset, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Numer Anal & Comp Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Gieger, Christian
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Deutsch Forsch Zentrum Gesundheit & Umwelt, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Giulianini, Franco
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Gow, Alan J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Heriot Watt Univ, Sch Life Sci, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Hamsten, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Cardiovasc Med Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Sjukhuset, Ctr Mol Med, Solna, Sweden..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Intramural Res Program, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    Holliday, Elizabeth G.
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
    Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England.;Univ Oulu, Ctr Life Course Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Bioctr Oulu, Oulu, Finland.;Oulu Univ Hosp, Unit Primary Care, Oulu, Finland..
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Johnson, Andrew D.
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;NHLBI, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Human Genom Branch, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Jousilahti, Pekka
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Jula, Antti
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kahonen, Mika
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland..
    Kathiresan, Sekar
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA..
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England..
    Kolcic, Ivana
    Univ Split, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth, Split, Croatia..
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Langenberg, Claudia
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge Biomed Campus, Cambridge, England..
    Larson, Marty
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Launer, Lenore J.
    NIA, Intramural Res Program, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Lehne, Benjamin
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Liewald, David C. M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Lin, Li
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Med, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Mach, Francois
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Med, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland..
    Mamasoula, Chrysovalanto
    Newcastle Univ, Inst Hlth & Soc, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England..
    Menni, Cristina
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England..
    Milaneschi, Yuri
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Morgan, Anna
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Morris, Andrew D.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Med, Sch Mol Genet & Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Morrison, Alanna C.
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol Human Genet & Environm Sci, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Munson, Peter J.
    US NIH, Ctr Informat Technol, Bethesda, MD USA..
    Nandakumar, Priyanka
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Nguyen, Quang Tri
    Nutile, Teresa
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy..
    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Oostra, Ben A.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Org, Elin
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia. Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Imperial Clin Trials Unit, London, England..
    Palotie, Aarno
    Univ Helsinki, FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Pare, Guillaume
    McMaster Univ, Dept Pathol & Mol Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Pattie, Alison
    Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany.;Gen Cent Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Dept Neurol, Lubeck, Germany..
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland..
    Rice, Kenneth
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Riese, Harriette
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Ripatti, Samuli
    Univ Helsinki, FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Robino, Antonietta
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy..
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, LABioMed, Dept Pediat, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA.;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, LABioMed, Dept Med, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Rudan, Igor
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Saba, Yasaman
    Med Univ Graz, Ctr Mol Med, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria..
    Saint Pierre, Aude
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany.;Etab Francais Sang, INSERM, U1078, Brest, France..
    Sala, Cinzia F.
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Sarin, Antti-Pekka
    Univ Helsinki, FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Schmidt, Reinhold
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria..
    Scott, Rodney
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia.;Univ Newcastle, Fac Hlth, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.;John Hunter Hosp, Sch Biomed Sci & Pharm, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Seelen, Marc A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Siscovick, David
    New York Acad Med, New York, NY USA..
    Sorice, Rossella
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Stott, David J.
    Univ Glasgow, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Swertz, Morris
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Taylor, Kent D.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Los Angeles BioMed Res Inst, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA.;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Div Genet Outcomes, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Tzoulaki, Ioanna
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Tzourio, Christophe
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM, U1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth, Bordeaux, France..
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Volker, Uwe
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Gen, Greifswald, Germany..
    Vollenweider, Peter
    CHU Vaudois, Univ Lausanne Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Wild, Sarah
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Willemsen, Gonneke
    Vrije Univ, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Wright, Alan F.
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Yao, Jie
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, LABioMed, Dept Pediat, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Theriault, Sebastien
    McMaster Univ, Dept Pathol & Mol Med, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    Conen, David
    McMaster Univ, Populat Hlth Res Inst, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
    John, Attia
    Hunter Med Res Inst, New Lambton, NSW, Australia.;Univ Newcastle, Fac Hlth, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.;John Hunter Hosp, Sch Biomed Sci & Pharm, New Lambton, NSW, Australia..
    Debette, Stephanie
    Bordeaux Populat Hlth Ctr, INSERM, U1219, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ, Bordeaux, France.;Bordeaux Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bordeaux, France..
    Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Zeggini, Eleftheria
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Dept Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Spector, Tim D.
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London, England..
    Palmer, Colin N. A.
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Med Res Inst, Dundee, Scotland..
    Vergnaud, Anne-Claire
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Mindich Child Hlth Dev Inst, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Split, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth, Split, Croatia..
    Starr, John M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Alzheimer Scotland Dementia Res Ctr, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Girotto, Giorgia
    Sidra Med & Res Ctr, Expt Genet Div, Doha, Qatar.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Lindgren, Cecila M.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Cambridge, England..
    Vitart, Veronique
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Diabet Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland.;South Ostrobothnia Cent Hosp, Seinajoki, Finland.;Hosp Univ La Paz, Red RECAVA Grp RD06 0014 0015, Madrid, Spain.;Danube Univ Krems, Ctr Vasc Prevent, Krems, Austria..
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Knekt, Paul
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Deary, Ian J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Dept Psychol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Ciullo, Marina
    CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys Buzzati Traverso, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Elosua, Roberto
    IMIM, Cardiovasc Epidemiol & Genet, Barcelona, Spain..
    Keavney, Bernard D.
    Univ Manchester, Fac Biol Med & Hlth, Div Cardiovasc Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Lubeck, Germany..
    Scott, Robert A.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge Biomed Campus, Cambridge, England..
    Gasparini, Paolo
    Sidra Med & Res Ctr, Expt Genet Div, Doha, Qatar.;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy..
    Laan, Maris
    Univ Tartu, Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Human Mol Genet Res Grp, Tartu, Estonia.;Univ Tartu, Inst Biomed & Translat Med, Tartu, Estonia..
    Liu, YongMei
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Winston Salem, NC USA..
    Watkins, Hugh
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Oxford, England..
    Hartman, Catharina A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf THL, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Toniolo, Daniela
    Ist Sci San Raffaele, Div Genet & Cell Biol, Milan, Italy..
    Perola, Markus
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Helsinki, FIMM, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia..
    Wilson, James F.
    Univ Edinburgh, MRC Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Schmidt, Helena
    Med Univ Graz, Ctr Mol Med, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Graz, Austria..
    Zhao, Jing Hua
    Univ Cambridge, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Sch Clin Med, Inst Metab Sci, Cambridge Biomed Campus, Cambridge, England..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    van Duijn, Cornelia M.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Epidemiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Hlth Serv, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Grp Hlth, Grp Hlth Res Inst, Seattle, WA USA..
    Peters, Annette
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Rettig, Rainer
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Physiol, Karlsburg, Germany..
    James, Alan
    Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Pulm Physiol & Sleep, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Med & Pharmacol, Crawley, WA, Australia..
    Jukema, J. Wouter
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Strachan, David P.
    St Georges Univ London, Populat Hlth Res Inst, London, England..
    Palmas, Walter
    Columbia Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med, New York, NY USA..
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stanford Univ, Dept Med, Sch Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Boomsma, Dorret I.
    Vrije Univ, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, EMGO Inst, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Bochud, Murielle
    Univ Lausanne Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Genome-wide association analysis identifies novel blood pressure loci and offers biological insights into cardiovascular risk2017Ingår i: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 403-415Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Elevated blood pressure is the leading heritable risk factor for cardiovascular disease worldwide. We report genetic association of blood pressure (systolic, diastolic, pulse pressure) among UK Biobank participants of European ancestry with independent replication in other cohorts, and robust validation of 107 independent loci. We also identify new independent variants at 11 previously reported blood pressure loci. In combination with results from a range of in silico functional analyses and wet bench experiments, our findings highlight new biological pathways for blood pressure regulation enriched for genes expressed in vascular tissues and identify potential therapeutic targets for hypertension. Results from genetic risk score models raise the possibility of a precision medicine approach through early lifestyle intervention to offset the impact of blood pressure-raising genetic variants on future cardiovascular disease risk.

  • 512.
    Wiberg, Bernice
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Kilander, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Byberg, Liisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Cognitive Function Prior to Stroke is a Risk Factor for Post-Stroke Mortality but Not DependencyArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 513.
    Wiberg, Bernice
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Kilander, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Byberg, Liisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    The relationship between executive dysfunction and post-stroke mortality: a population-based cohort study2012Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. e000458-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    To study the associations of pre-stroke cognitive performance with mortality after first-ever stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

    DESIGN:

    A prospective cohort study.

    SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

    In participants having first-ever stroke or TIA during up to 14 years of post-test follow-up (n=155), we investigated the associations of pre-stroke variables and cognitive test results with post-stroke survival. The study is based on those participants of the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men who performed cognitive function tests at approximately age 70 (n=919).

    PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES:

    Mortality after first-ever stroke or TIA related to pre-stroke executive performance.

    RESULTS:

    Eighty-four (54%) of the first-ever stroke/TIA patients died under a median follow-up of 2.5 years after the event. In Cox proportional hazard analyses adjusting for age, education, social group and traditional stroke risk factors, poor performance in Trail Making Test (TMT)-A was related to mortality (HR 1.88 per SD, 95% CI 1.31 to 2.71, p=0.001). The risk of mortality was approximately threefold higher in the highest tertile compared with the lowest tertile (HR TMT-A= 2.90 per SD, 95% CI 1.24 to 6.77, p=0.014). A similar pattern was seen for TMT-B, but Mini-Mental State Examination results were not related to risk of post-stroke mortality.

    CONCLUSION:

    Executive performance measured by TMT-A and -B before stroke was independently associated with long-term risk of mortality, after first-ever stroke or TIA in a population-based study of older men.

  • 514.
    Wiberg, Bernice
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Lind, Monica
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Serum levels of monobenzylphthalate (MBzP) is related to carotid atherosclerosis in the elderly2014Ingår i: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 133, s. 348-352Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and objective: Background exposure to environmental contaminants has recently emerged as a new risk factor for cardiovascular disease in general and to atheroclerosis in particular. This cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate if serum concentrations of the phthalate metabolite monobenzylphthalate (MBzP) are related to atheroclerosis in the carotid arteries. Methods: In the population-based Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study (1003 subjects all aged 70) the prevalence of overt plaques and echogenicity (gray-scale median, GSM) of carotid artery plaques were recorded by ultrasound in both of the carotid arteries. The intima-media thickness (IMT) and echogenicity (IM-GSM) of the intima-media complex were also measured. The phthalate metabolite MBzP was analyzed in serum by a liquid chromatograph/tandem mass spectrometer. Results: The circulating level of the phthalate MBzP was related to intima-media thickness (IMT) when adjusting for gender, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, serum triglycerides, blood glucose and smoking (p=0.034). High levels of MBzP were also strongly associated with an echogenic IM-GSM and plaque GSM (p=0.0001 for both outcomes after adjustment) but not to plaque prevalence (p=0.42). Conclusion: The phthalate metabolite MBzP was strongly related to the echogenicity of intima-media and plaques and also to IMT, independently of traditional CV risk factors. This suggests a role for the phthalate MBzP in the development of atherosclerosis.

  • 515.
    Wiberg, Bernice
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Terént, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Vessby, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Zethelius, Björn
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Metabolic risk factors for stroke and transient ischemic attacks in middle-aged men: a community-based study with long-term follow-up2006Ingår i: Stroke, ISSN 0039-2499, E-ISSN 1524-4628, Vol. 37, nr 12, s. 2898-2903Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of lipometabolic and glucometabolic disturbances on stroke incidence remains to be characterized in detail. We investigated relations of a comprehensive panel of baseline lipometabolic and glucometabolic variables to incident fatal and nonfatal stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), and stroke subtypes. METHODS: A community-based prospective study of 2313 middle-aged men invited to a health survey at age 50. RESULTS: During a follow-up of up to 32 years, 421 developed stroke or TIA. In Cox proportional hazards analyses adjusting for treatment with cardiovascular drugs at baseline, 1-standard deviation increases in body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, serum proinsulin, and lipoprotein(a) were associated with 11 to 35% increased risk for subsequent stroke/TIA. Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and smoking were also associated with a higher risk for stroke/TIA. Essentially the same variables were related to brain infarction/TIA. Higher proportions of palmitic (16:0), palmitoleic (16:1), and oleic acid (18:1) in cholesterol esters were associated with an increased risk, whereas a higher proportion of linoleic acid (18:2 n-6) was protective against stroke/TIA. Further adjusting all models also for hypertension, diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, serum cholesterol, atrial fibrillation, cardiovascular disease, smoking, and physical activity, essentially the same pattern was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Indices of an unhealthy dietary fat intake and a high serum lipoprotein (a) level predicted fatal and nonfatal stroke/TIA independently of established risk factors in a community-based sample of middle-aged men followed for 32 years.

  • 516.
    Wild, Philipp S.
    et al.
    Prevent Cardiol & Prevent Med, Dept Med 2, Beijing, Peoples R China.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Univ Med Ctr, Ctr Thrombosis & Hemostasis, Mainz, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res Partner Site Rhine, Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Univ Med Ctr, Ctr Cardiol, Langen beckstr 1, D-55131 Mainz, Germany.;Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Univ Med Ctr, Ctr Thrombosis & Hemostasis, Langen beckstr 1, D-55131 Mainz, Germany..
    Felix, Janine F.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Room Na 2906,POB 2040, NL-3000 CA Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Schillert, Arne
    Univ Lubeck, Univ Med Ctr Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Biometry & Stat, Lubeck, Germany.;DZHK Partner Site Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, Hamburg, Germany..
    Teumer, Alexander
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany..
    Chen, Ming-Huei
    Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Leening, Maarten J. G.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Cardiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Voelker, Uwe
    DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany..
    Grossmann, Vera
    Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Univ Med Ctr, Ctr Thrombosis & Hemostasis, Mainz, Germany..
    Brody, Jennifer A.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Irvin, Marguerite R.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Shah, Sanjiv J.
    Northwestern Univ, Feinberg Sch Med, Chicago, IL 60611 USA..
    Pramana, Setia
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lieb, Wolfgang
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Inst Epidemiol & Popgen Biobank, Kiel, Germany..
    Schmidt, Reinhold
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria..
    Stanton, Alice V.
    Beaumont Hosp, Blood Pressure Unit, Dublin, Ireland.;Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Dept Mol & Cellular Therapeut, Dublin, Ireland..
    Malzahn, Doerthe
    Georg August Univ, Univ Med Ctr, Dept Genet Epidemiol, Gottingen, Germany..
    Smith, Albert Vernon
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Minelli, Cosetta
    Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst NHLI, Populat Hlth & Occupat Dis, London, England..
    Ruggiero, Daniela
    Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, CNR, Naples, Italy..
    Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka
    Dept Clin Chem, Fimlab Labs, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    Tiller, Daniel
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Med Epidemiol, Biostat & Informat, Halle, Germany..
    Smith, J. Gustav
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiol, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Lund, Sweden.;Broad Inst, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA..
    Monnereau, Claire
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Pediat, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Di Tullio, Marco R.
    Columbia Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med, New York, NY USA..
    Musani, Solomon K.
    Univ Mississippi, Med Ctr, Jackson Heart Study, Jackson, MS 39216 USA..
    Morrison, Alanna C.
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Dept Epidemiol, Human Genet & Environm Sci, Houston, TX USA..
    Pers, Tune H.
    Broad Inst MIT & Harvard, Med & Populat Genet Program, Cambridge, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Ctr Basic & Translat Obes Res, Boston, MA USA.;Univ Copenhagen, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Morley, Michael
    Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Penn Cardiovasc Inst, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.;Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Kleber, Marcus E.
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany..
    Aragam, Jayashri
    Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA.;Vet Adm Hosp, West Roxbury, Boston, MA USA..
    Benjamin, Emelia J.
    Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Med & Publ Hlth, Sect Cardiol, Prevent Med & Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    Bis, Joshua C.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bisping, Egbert
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Cariol, Graz, Austria..
    Broeckel, Ulrich
    Med Coll Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226 USA..
    Cheng, Susan
    Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Cardiovasc Div, Boston, MA USA..
    Deckers, Jaap W.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Cardiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Del Greco, Fabiola
    Univ Lubeck, European Acad Bolzano Bozen, Ctr Biomed, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, Lubeck, Germany..
    Edelmann, Frank
    Charite Univ Med Berlin, Dept Cardiol, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Germany..
    Fornage, Myriam
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr, Houston, TX USA..
    Franke, Lude
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Friedrich, Nele
    DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Clin Chem, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Lab Med, Greifswald, Germany..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    Natl Inst Aging, NIH, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Bethesda, MD USA..
    Hofer, Edith
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Inst Med Informat, Stat & Documentat, Graz, Austria..
    Hofman, Albert
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Huang, Jie
    Boston VA Res Inst, Boston, MA USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Aging, Boston, MA USA..
    Hughes, Alun D.
    UCL, Inst Cardiovasc Sci, London, England..
    Kahonen, Mika
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland..
    Kruppa, Jochen
    Univ Lubeck, Univ Med Ctr Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Biometry & Stat, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Vet Med, Fdn Inst Vet Med & Genet, Hannover, Germany..
    Lackner, Karl J.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik. Univ Med Ctr Mainz, Inst Clin Chem & Lab Med, Mainz, Germany.
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Univ Med Ctr Mainz, Dept Med 2, Mainz, Germany..
    Laskowski, Rafael
    Univ Med Ctr Mainz, Dept Med 2, Mainz, Germany..
    Launer, Lenore J.
    Natl Inst Aging, NIH, Neuroepidemiol Sect, Bethesda, MD USA..
    Leosdottir, Margret
    Lund Univ, Dept Cardiol, Lund, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Malmo, Sweden..
    Lin, Honghuang
    Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Sect Computat Biomed, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;MIT, Broad Inst, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Loley, Christina
    Univ Lubeck, Univ Med Ctr Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Biometry & Stat, Lubeck, Germany..
    MacRae, Calum A.
    MIT, Broad Inst, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Mascalzoni, Deborah
    Univ Lubeck, European Acad Bolzano Bozen, Ctr Biomed, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, Lubeck, Germany..
    Mayet, Jamil
    Hammersmith Hosp, Int Ctr Circulatory Hlth, London, England.;NHLI, Imperial Coll London, London, England..
    Medenwald, Daniel
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Med Epidemiol, Biostat & Informat, Halle, Germany..
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England..
    Mueller, Christian
    Univ Heart Ctr Hamburg, Dept Gen & Intervent Cardiol, Hamburg, Germany..
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Dept Med 1, Munich, Germany.;DZHK Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany.;Inst Genet Epidemiol, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen German Res Ctr Environm, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Nappo, Stefania
    Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, CNR, Naples, Italy..
    Nilsson, Peter M.
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Malmo, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Malmo, Sweden..
    Nuding, Sebastian
    Univ Clin Halle Saale, Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Dept Med 3, Halle, Germany..
    Nutile, Teresa
    Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, CNR, Naples, Italy..
    Peters, Annette
    DZHK Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany.;Inst Epidemiol II, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen German Res Ctr Environm, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Pfeufer, Arne
    Inst Human Genet, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Pietzner, Diana
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Med Epidemiol, Biostat & Informat, Halle, Germany..
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    Univ Lubeck, European Acad Bolzano Bozen, Ctr Biomed, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, Lubeck, Germany.;Gen Cent Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bolzano, Italy.;Univ Lubeck, Dept Neurol, Lubeck, Germany..
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland..
    Rice, Kenneth M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rivadeneira, Fernando
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Internal Med, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Los Angeles Biomed Res Inst, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA USA.;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Torrance, CA USA..
    Ruohonen, Saku T.
    Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland..
    Sacco, Ralph L.
    Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Miami, FL USA.;Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, McKnight Brain Inst Miller, Miami, FL USA.;Univ Miami, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Miami, FL USA.;Univ Miami, Dept Human Gen, Miami, FL USA..
    Samdarshi, Tandaw E.
    Univ Mississippi, Med Ctr, Div Cardiol, Jackson, MS 39216 USA..
    Schmidt, Helena
    Med Univ Graz, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria..
    Sharp, Andrew S. P.
    Royal Devon & Exeter Hosp & Univ Exeter, Dept Cardiol, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Shields, Denis C.
    Univ Coll Dublin, UCD Conway Inst Biomol & Biomed Res, Dublin, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Med & Med Sci, Dublin, Ireland..
    Sorice, Rossella
    Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, CNR, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy..
    Sotoodehnia, Nona
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Div Cardiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Stricker, Bruno H.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Internal Med, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Inspectorate Hlth Care, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Surendran, Praveen
    Royal Coll Surgeons Ireland, Dept Mol & Cellular Therapeut, Dublin, Ireland.;Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Med & Med Sci, Dublin, Ireland..
    Thom, Simon
    Hammersmith Hosp, Int Ctr Circulatory Hlth, London, England.;NHLI, Imperial Coll London, London, England..
    Toeglhofer, Anna M.
    Med Univ Graz, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria..
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Internal Med, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Wachter, Rolf
    Georg August Univ, Univ Med Ctr Gottingen, Dept Cardiol & Pneumol, Gottingen, Germany..
    Voelzke, Henry
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany..
    Ziegler, Andreas
    Univ Lubeck, Univ Med Ctr Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Biometry & Stat, Lubeck, Germany.;DZHK Partner Site Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, Hamburg, Germany.;Univ KwaZulu Natal, Sch Math, Stat & Comp Sci, Durban, South Africa.;Univ Lubeck, Zentrum Klin Studien, Lubeck, Germany..
    Muenzel, Thomas
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res Partner Site Rhine, Mainz, Germany.;Univ Med Ctr Mainz, Dept Med 2, Mainz, Germany..
    Maerz, Winfried
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany.;Synlab Acad, Synlab Serv GmbH, Mannheim, Germany.;Med Univ Graz, Clin Inst Med & Chem Lab Diagnost, Graz, Austria..
    Cappola, Thomas P.
    Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Penn Cardiovasc Inst, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.;Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA..
    Hirschhorn, Joel N.
    Broad Inst MIT & Harvard, Med & Populat Genet Program, Cambridge, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Ctr Basic & Translat Obes Res, Boston, MA USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Dept Genet, Boston, MA USA..
    Mitchell, Gary F.
    Cardiovasc Engn Inc, Norwood, MA USA..
    Smith, Nicholas L.
    Univ Washington, Dept Epidemiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Grp Hlth Res Inst, Grp Hlth Cooperat, Seattle, WA USA.;Seattle Epidemiol Res & Informat Ctr, Dept Vet Affairs Off Res & Dev, Seattle, WA USA..
    Fox, Ervin R.
    Univ Mississippi, Med Ctr, Div Cardiol, Jackson, MS 39216 USA..
    Dueker, Nicole D.
    Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, John P Hussman Inst Human Gen, Miami, FL USA..
    Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Pediat, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Melander, Olle
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Malmo, Sweden.;Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Malmo, Sweden..
    Russ, Martin
    Univ Clin Halle Saale, Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Dept Med 3, Halle, Germany.;Helios Amperklin Dachau, Dachau, Germany..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Dept Clin Chem, Fimlab Labs, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland..
    Ciullo, Marina
    Inst Genet & Biophys A Buzzati Traverso, CNR, Naples, Italy.;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy..
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    Univ Lubeck, European Acad Bolzano Bozen, Ctr Biomed, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, Lubeck, Germany..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Pieske, Burkert
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Cariol, Graz, Austria.;Charite Univ Med Berlin, Dept Cardiol, Campus Virchow Klinikum, Berlin, Germany.;German Heart Inst Berlin DHZB, Dept Internal Med Cardiol, Berlin, Germany..
    Barron, Anthony J.
    Hammersmith Hosp, Int Ctr Circulatory Hlth, London, England.;NHLI, Imperial Coll London, London, England..
    Zweiker, Robert
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Cariol, Graz, Austria..
    Schunkert, Heribert
    DZHK Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Deutsches Herzzentrum, Munich, Germany..
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Liu, Kiang
    Northwestern Univ, Feinberg Sch Med, Chicago, IL 60611 USA..
    Arnett, Donna K.
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA..
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Grp Hlth Res Inst, Grp Hlth Cooperat, Seattle, WA USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Epidemiol & Hlth Serv, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Blankenberg, Stefan
    DZHK Partner Site Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, Hamburg, Germany.;Univ Heart Ctr Hamburg, Dept Gen & Intervent Cardiol, Hamburg, Germany..
    Larson, Martin G.
    Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Biostat Dept, Boston, MA 02215 USA.;Boston Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Boston, MA USA..
    Felix, Stephan B.
    DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Internal Med B, Ferdinand Sauerbruch Str, D-17475 Greifswald, Germany..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Dept Epidemiol, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Zeller, Tanja
    DZHK Partner Site Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, Hamburg, Germany.;Univ Heart Ctr Hamburg, Dept Gen & Intervent Cardiol, Hamburg, Germany..
    Vasan, Ramachandran S.
    Natl Heart Lung & Blood Inst, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Med & Publ Hlth, Sect Cardiol, Prevent Med & Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Med & Framingham Heart Study, Dept Med, Sect Prevent Med & Epidemiol & Cardiol, 801 Massachusetts Ave,Suite 470, Boston, MA 02118 USA..
    Doerr, Marcus
    DZHK Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Internal Med B, Ferdinand Sauerbruch Str, D-17475 Greifswald, Germany..
    Large-scale genome-wide analysis identifies genetic variants associated with cardiac structure and function2017Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0021-9738, E-ISSN 1558-8238, Vol. 127, nr 5, s. 1798-1812Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND. Understanding the genetic architecture of cardiac structure and function may help to prevent and treat heart disease. This investigation sought to identify common genetic variations associated with inter-individual variability in cardiac structure and function. METHODS. A GWAS meta-analysis of echocardiographic traits was performed, including 46,533 individuals from 30 studies (EchoGen consortium). The analysis included 16 traits of left ventricular (LV) structure, and systolic and diastolic function. RESULTS. The discovery analysis included 21 cohorts for structural and systolic function traits (n = 32,212) and 17 cohorts for diastolic function traits (n = 21,852). Replication was performed in 5 cohorts (n = 14,321) and 6 cohorts (n = 16,308), respectively. Besides 5 previously reported loci, the combined meta-analysis identified 10 additional genome-wide significant SNPs: rs12541595 near MTSS1 and rs10774625 in ATXN2 for LV end-diastolic internal dimension; rs806322 near KCNRG, rs4765663 in CACNA1C, rs6702619 near PALMD, rs7127129 in TMEM16A, rs11207426 near FGGY, rs17608766 in GOSR2, and rs17696696 in CFDP1 for aortic root diameter; and rs12440869 in IQCH for Doppler transmitral A-wave peak velocity. Findings were in part validated in other cohorts and in GWAS of related disease traits. The genetic loci showed associations with putative signaling pathways, and with gene expression in whole blood, monocytes, and myocardial tissue. CONCLUSION. The additional genetic loci identified in this large meta-analysis of cardiac structure and function provide insights into the underlying genetic architecture of cardiac structure and warrant follow-up in future functional studies.

  • 517. Willeit, P.
    et al.
    Thompson, S. G.
    Agewall, S.
    Bergstrom, G.
    Bickel, H.
    Catapano, A. L.
    Chien, K. L.
    de Groot, E.
    Empana, J. P.
    Etgen, T.
    Franco, O. H.
    Iglseder, B.
    Johnsen, S. H.
    Kavousi, M.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Liu, J.
    Mathiesen, E. B.
    Norata, G. D.
    Olsen, M. H.
    Papagianni, A.
    Poppert, H.
    Price, J. F.
    Sacco, R. L.
    Yanez, D. N.
    Zhao, D.
    Schminke, U.
    Buelbuel, A.
    Polak, J. F.
    Sitzer, M.
    Hofman, A.
    Grigore, L.
    Doerr, M.
    Su, T. C.
    Ducimetiere, P.
    Xie, W.
    Ronkainen, K.
    Kiechl, S.
    Rundek, T.
    Robertson, C.
    Fagerberg, B.
    Bokemark, L.
    Steinmetz, H.
    Ikram, M. A.
    Voelzke, H.
    Lin, H. J.
    Plichart, M.
    Tuomainen, T. P.
    Desvarieux, M.
    McLachlan, S.
    Schmidt, C.
    Kauhanen, J.
    Willeit, J.
    Lorenz, M. W.
    Sander, D.
    Inflammatory markers and extent and progression of early atherosclerosis: Pooled analysis of individual participant data from 20 prospective studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration2014Ingår i: International Journal of Stroke, ISSN 1747-4930, E-ISSN 1747-4949, Vol. 9, s. 27-27Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 518.
    Willeit, Peter
    et al.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.;Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Kaptoge, Stephen
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Welsh, Paul
    Univ Glasgow, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Butterworth, Adam S.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Chowdhury, Rajiv
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Spackman, Sarah A.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Pennells, Lisa
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Gao, Pei
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.;Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Burgess, Stephen
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Freitag, Daniel F.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Sweeting, Michael
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Wood, Angela M.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Cook, Nancy R.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Judd, Suzanne
    Univ Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35487 USA..
    Trompet, Stella
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Nambi, Vijay
    Michael E DeBakey Baylor Coll Med, Houston, TX 77030 USA.;Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vasc Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Olsen, Michael Hecht
    Odense Univ Hosp, Odense, Denmark..
    Everett, Brendan M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Kee, Frank
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast, Antrim, North Ireland..
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Levy, Daniel
    NIH, Bldg 10, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland..
    Laukkanen, Jari A.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland..
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Ninomiya, Toshiharu
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka, Japan..
    Casas, Juan-Pablo
    UCL, Farr Inst Hlth Informat, London, England..
    Daniels, Lori B.
    Univ Calif San Diego, San Diego, CA 92103 USA..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Kistorp, Caroline N.
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Herlev Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Rosenberg, Jens
    Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Mueller, Thomas
    Konventhosp Barmherzige Bruder, Linz, Austria..
    Rubattu, Speranza
    Univ Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.;Ist Ricovero & Cura Carattere Sci Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy..
    Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.
    Harokopio Univ Athens, Athens, Greece..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    de Lemos, James A.
    Univ Texas Southwestern Med Sch, Dallas, TX 75390 USA..
    Luchner, Andreas
    Univ Klinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.;Klinikum St Marien, Amberg, Germany..
    Kizer, Jorge R.
    Albert Einstein Coll Med, Bronx, NY 10467 USA..
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Salonen, Jukka T.
    Metab Analyt Serv, Helsinki, Finland..
    Wannamethee, S. Goya
    UCL, London, England..
    de Boer, Rudolf A.
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Nordestgaard, Borge G.
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Andersson, Jonas
    Umea Univ, Umea, Sweden..
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Melander, Olle
    Malmo Univ Hosp, Malmo, Sweden..
    Ballantyne, Christie M.
    Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vasc Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA.;Baylor Coll Med, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    DeFilippi, Christopher
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Cushman, Mary
    Univ Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405 USA..
    Rosamond, Wayne D.
    Univ N Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA..
    Thompson, Simon G.
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Icelandic Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Sattar, Naveed
    Univ Glasgow, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Danesh, John
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Di Angelantonio, Emanuele
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England..
    Natriuretic peptides and integrated risk assessment for cardiovascular disease: an individual-participant-data meta-analysis2016Ingår i: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, ISSN 2213-8587, E-ISSN 2213-8595, Vol. 4, nr 10, s. 840-849Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Guidelines for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases focus on prediction of coronary heart disease and stroke. We assessed whether or not measurement of N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration could enable a more integrated approach than at present by predicting heart failure and enhancing coronary heart disease and stroke risk assessment. Methods In this individual-participant-data meta-analysis, we generated and harmonised individual-participant data from relevant prospective studies via both de-novo NT-proBNP concentration measurement of stored samples and collection of data from studies identified through a systematic search of the literature (PubMed, Scientific Citation Index Expanded, and Embase) for articles published up to Sept 4, 2014, using search terms related to natriuretic peptide family members and the primary outcomes, with no language restrictions. We calculated risk ratios and measures of risk discrimination and reclassification across predicted 10 year risk categories (ie, <5%, 5% to <7.5%, and >= 7.5%), adding assessment of NT-proBNP concentration to that of conventional risk factors (ie, age, sex, smoking status, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes, and total and HDL cholesterol concentrations). Primary outcomes were the combination of coronary heart disease and stroke, and the combination of coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure. Findings We recorded 5500 coronary heart disease, 4002 stroke, and 2212 heart failure outcomes among 95617 participants without a history of cardiovascular disease in 40 prospective studies. Risk ratios (for a comparison of the top third vs bottom third of NT-proBNP concentrations, adjusted for conventional risk factors) were 1.76 (95% CI 1.56-1.98) for the combination of coronary heart disease and stroke and 2.00 (1.77-2.26) for the combination of coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure. Addition of information about NT-proBNP concentration to a model containing conventional risk factors was associated with a C-index increase of 0.012 (0.010-0.014) and a net reclassification improvement of 0.027 (0.019-0.036) for the combination of coronary heart disease and stroke and a C-index increase of 0.019 (0.016-0.022) and a net reclassification improvement of 0.028 (0.019-0.038) for the combination of coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure. Interpretation In people without baseline cardiovascular disease, NT-proBNP concentration assessment strongly predicted first-onset heart failure and augmented coronary heart disease and stroke prediction, suggesting that NT-proBNP concentration assessment could be used to integrate heart failure into cardiovascular disease primary prevention. Copyright (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd

  • 519.
    Willeit, Peter
    et al.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England.;Med Univ Innsbruck, Dept Neurol, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Thompson, Simon G.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge CB2 1TN, England..
    Agewall, Stefan
    Univ Oslo, Inst Clin Sci, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Ulleval Hosp, Dept Cardiol, N-0316 Oslo, Norway..
    Bergstrom, Goran
    Univ Gothenburg, Wallenberg Lab Cardiovasc Res, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Bickel, Horst
    Tech Univ Munich, Univ Hosp, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Catapano, Alberico L.
    Univ Milan, Dept Pharmacol Sci, Milan, Italy.;IRCSS Multimed Sesto S Giovanni, Milan, Italy..
    Chien, Kuo-Liong
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Coll Publ Hlth, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Taipei 10764, Taiwan.;Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Internal Med, Taipei 10764, Taiwan..
    de Groot, Eric
    Acad Med Ctr, Cardiol & Thorac Surg & Imagelabonline & Cardiova, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Empana, Jean-Philippe
    Univ Paris 05, INSERM, U970, Paris, France..
    Etgen, Thorleif
    Klinikum Traunstein, Kliniken Sudostbayern, Dept Neurol, Traunstein, Germany..
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Iglseder, Bernhard
    Paracelsus Med Univ, Dept Geriatr Med, Salzburg, Austria.;Gemeinnutzige Salzburger Landeskliniken Betriebsg, Christian Doppler Klin, Salzburg, Austria..
    Johnsen, Stein H.
    Univ Hosp Northern Norway, Dept Neurol & Neurophysiol, Tromso, Norway.;Univ Tromso, Dept Clin Med, Tromso, Norway..
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Liu, Jing
    Beijing Inst Heart Lung & Blood Vessel Dis, Dept Epidemiol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    Univ Hosp Northern Norway, Dept Neurol & Neurophysiol, Tromso, Norway.;Univ Tromso, Dept Clin Med, Tromso, Norway..
    Norata, Giuseppe D.
    Univ Milan, Dept Pharmacol Sci, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy.;Bassini Hosp, SISA Ctr Study Atherosclerosis, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy..
    Olsen, Michael H.
    Odense Univ Hosp, Ctr Individualized Med Arterial Dis, Dept Endocrinol, Odense, Denmark..
    Papagianni, Aikaterini
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Hippokrat Gen Hosp, Dept Nephrol, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Poppert, Holger
    Tech Univ Munich, Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Price, Jackie F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Sacco, Ralph L.
    Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Coral Gables, FL 33124 USA..
    Yanez, David N.
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Zhao, Dong
    Beijing Inst Heart Lung & Blood Vessel Dis, Dept Epidemiol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Schminke, Ulf
    Greifswald Univ Clin, Dept Neurol, Greifswald, Germany..
    Buelbuel, Alpaslan
    Univ Hosp Frankfurt, Dept Neurol, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Polak, Joseph F.
    Tufts Univ, Sch Med, Tufts Med Ctr, Boston, MA 02111 USA..
    Sitzer, Matthias
    Univ Hosp Frankfurt, Dept Neurol, Frankfurt, Germany.;Klinikum Herford, Dept Neurol, Herford, Germany..
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Grigore, Liliana
    Univ Milan, Dept Pharmacol Sci, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy.;Bassini Hosp, SISA Ctr Study Atherosclerosis, Cinisello Balsamo, Italy..
    Doerr, Marcus
    Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Internal Med B, Greifswald, Germany.;German Ctr Cardiovasc Res DZHK, Halle, Germany..
    Su, Ta-Chen
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Internal Med, Taipei 10764, Taiwan..
    Ducimetiere, Pierre
    Univ Paris 11, Le Kremlin Bicetre, France..
    Xie, Wuxiang
    Beijing Inst Heart Lung & Blood Vessel Dis, Dept Epidemiol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Ronkainen, Kimmo
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Dept Neurol, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Rundek, Tatjana
    Univ Miami, Miller Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Coral Gables, FL 33124 USA..
    Robertson, Christine
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Fagerberg, Bjorn
    Univ Gothenburg, Wallenberg Lab Cardiovasc Res, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Bokemark, Lena
    Univ Gothenburg, Wallenberg Lab Cardiovasc Res, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Steinmetz, Helmuth
    Univ Hosp Frankfurt, Dept Neurol, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Voelzke, Henry
    Inst Community Med, SHIP Clin Epidemiol Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Lin, Hung-Ju
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Internal Med, Taipei 10764, Taiwan.;Natl Taiwan Univ Hosp, Hlth Management Ctr, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Plichart, Matthieu
    Univ Paris 05, INSERM, U970, Paris, France.;Broca Hosp, Gerontol Dept, Paris, France..
    Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Desvarieux, Moise
    Columbia Univ, Mailman Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, New York, NY USA.;Ecole Hautes Etudes Sante Publ, Paris, France.;INSERM, U738, Paris, France..
    McLachlan, Stela
    Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Schmidt, Caroline
    Univ Gothenburg, Wallenberg Lab Cardiovasc Res, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Willeit, Johann
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Dept Neurol, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria..
    Lorenz, Matthias W.
    Univ Hosp Frankfurt, Dept Neurol, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Sander, Dirk
    Benedictus Krankenhaus Tutzing & Feldafing, Dept Neurol, Tutzing, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Inflammatory markers and extent and progression of early atherosclerosis: Meta-analysis of individual-participant-data from 20 prospective studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration2016Ingår i: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 194-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundLarge-scale epidemiological evidence on the role of inflammation in early atherosclerosis, assessed by carotid ultrasound, is lacking. We aimed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of inflammatory markers with common-carotid-artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) in the general population. MethodsInformation on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, leucocyte count and CCA-IMT was available in 20 prospective cohort studies of the PROG-IMT collaboration involving 49,097 participants free of pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Estimates of associations were calculated within each study and then combined using random-effects meta-analyses. ResultsMean baseline CCA-IMT amounted to 0.74mm (SD=0.18) and mean CCA-IMT progression over a mean of 3.9 years to 0.011mm/year (SD=0.039). Cross-sectional analyses showed positive linear associations between inflammatory markers and baseline CCA-IMT. After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, mean differences in baseline CCA-IMT per one-SD higher inflammatory marker were: 0.0082mm for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p<0.001); 0.0072mm for fibrinogen (p<0.001); and 0.0025mm for leucocyte count (p=0.033). Inflammatory load', defined as the number of elevated inflammatory markers (i.e. in upper two quintiles), showed a positive linear association with baseline CCA-IMT (p<0.001). Longitudinal associations of baseline inflammatory markers and changes therein with CCA-IMT progression were null or at most weak. Participants with the highest inflammatory load' had a greater CCA-IMT progression (p=0.015). ConclusionInflammation was independently associated with CCA-IMT cross-sectionally. The lack of clear associations with CCA-IMT progression may be explained by imprecision in its assessment within a limited time period. Our findings for inflammatory load' suggest important combined effects of the three inflammatory markers on early atherosclerosis.

  • 520. Willer, Cristen J.
    et al.
    Schmidt, Ellen M.
    Sengupta, Sebanti
    Peloso, Gina M.
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Kanoni, Stavroula
    Ganna, Andrea
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Chen, Jin
    Buchkovich, Martin L.
    Mora, Samia
    Beckmann, Jacques S.
    Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L.
    Chang, Hsing-Yi
    Demirkan, Ayse
    Den Hertog, Heleen M.
    Do, Ron
    Donnelly, Louise A.
    Ehret, Georg B.
    Esko, Tonu
    Feitosa, Mary F.
    Ferreira, Teresa
    Fischer, Krista
    Fontanillas, Pierre
    Fraser, Ross M.
    Freitag, Daniel F.
    Gurdasani, Deepti
    Heikkila, Kauko
    Hyppoenen, Elina
    Isaacs, Aaron
    Jackson, Anne U.
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Johnson, Toby
    Kaakinen, Marika
    Kettunen, Johannes
    Kleber, Marcus E.
    Li, Xiaohui
    Luan, Jian'an
    Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka
    Magnusson, Patrik K. E.
    Mangino, Massimo
    Mihailov, Evelin
    Montasser, May E.
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Nolte, Ilja M.
    O'Connell, Jeffrey R.
    Palmer, Cameron D.
    Perola, Markus
    Petersen, Ann-Kristin
    Sanna, Serena
    Saxena, Richa
    Service, Susan K.
    Shah, Sonia
    Shungin, Dmitry
    Sidore, Carlo
    Song, Ci
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Strawbridge, Rona J.
    Surakka, Ida
    Tanaka, Toshiko
    Teslovich, Tanya M.
    Thorleifsson, Gudmar
    Van den Herik, Evita G.
    Voight, Benjamin F.
    Volcik, Kelly A.
    Waite, Lindsay L.
    Wong, Andrew
    Wu, Ying
    Zhang, Weihua
    Absher, Devin
    Asiki, Gershim
    Barroso, Ines
    Been, Latonya F.
    Bolton, Jennifer L.
    Bonnycastle, Lori L.
    Brambilla, Paolo
    Burnett, Mary S.
    Cesana, Giancarlo
    Dimitriou, Maria
    Doney, Alex S. F.
    Doering, Angela
    Elliott, Paul
    Epstein, Stephen E.
    Eyjolfsson, Gudmundur Ingi
    Gigante, Bruna
    Goodarzi, Mark O.
    Grallert, Harald
    Gravito, Martha L.
    Groves, Christopher J.
    Hallmans, Goran
    Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa
    Hayward, Caroline
    Hernandez, Dena
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    Holm, Hilma
    Hung, Yi-Jen
    Illig, Thomas
    Jones, Michelle R.
    Kaleebu, Pontiano
    Kastelein, John J. P.
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Kim, Eric
    Klopp, Norman
    Komulainen, Pirjo
    Kumari, Meena
    Langenberg, Claudia
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Lin, Shih-Yi
    Lindstrom, Jaana
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Mach, Francois
    McArdle, Wendy L.
    Meisinger, Christa
    Mitchell, Braxton D.
    Mueller, Gabrielle
    Nagaraja, Ramaiah
    Narisu, Narisu
    Nieminen, Tuomo V. M.
    Nsubuga, Rebecca N.
    Olafsson, Isleifur
    Ong, Ken K.
    Palotie, Aarno
    Papamarkou, Theodore
    Pomilla, Cristina
    Pouta, Anneli
    Rader, Daniel J.
    Reilly, Muredach P.
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Rivadeneira, Fernando
    Rudan, Igor
    Ruokonen, Aimo
    Samani, Nilesh
    Scharnagl, Hubert
    Seeley, Janet
    Silander, Kaisa
    Stancakova, Alena
    Stirrups, Kathleen
    Swift, Amy J.
    Tiret, Laurence
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    van Pelt, L. Joost
    Vedantam, Sailaja
    Wainwright, Nicholas
    Wijmenga, Cisca
    Wild, Sarah H.
    Willemsen, Gonneke
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    Wilson, James F.
    Young, Elizabeth H.
    Zhao, Jing Hua
    Adair, Linda S.
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Assimes, Themistocles L.
    Bandinelli, Stefania
    Bennett, Franklyn
    Bochud, Murielle
    Boehm, Bernhard O.
    Boomsma, Dorret I.
    Borecki, Ingrid B.
    Bornstein, Stefan R.
    Bovet, Pascal
    Burnier, Michel
    Campbell, Harry
    Chakravarti, Aravinda
    Chambers, John C.
    Chen, Yii-Der Ida
    Collins, Francis S.
    Cooper, Richard S.
    Danesh, John
    Dedoussis, George
    de Faire, Ulf
    Feranil, Alan B.
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Ferrucci, Luigi
    Freimer, Nelson B.
    Gieger, Christian
    Groop, Leif C.
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik.
    Hamsten, Anders
    Harris, Tamara B.
    Hingorani, Aroon
    Hirschhorn, Joel N.
    Hofman, Albert
    Hovingh, G. Kees
    Hsiung, Chao Agnes
    Humphries, Steve E.
    Hunt, Steven C.
    Hveem, Kristian
    Iribarren, Carlos
    Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
    Jula, Antti
    Kahonen, Mika
    Kaprio, Jaakko
    Kesaniemi, Antero
    Kivimaki, Mika
    Kooner, Jaspal S.
    Koudstaal, Peter J.
    Krauss, Ronald M.
    Kuh, Diana
    Kuusisto, Johanna
    Kyvik, Kirsten O.
    Laakso, Markku
    Lakka, Timo A.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Martin, Nicholas G.
    Maerz, Winfried
    McCarthy, Mark I.
    McKenzie, Colin A.
    Meneton, Pierre
    Metspalu, Andres
    Moilanen, Leena
    Morris, Andrew D.
    Munroe, Patricia B.
    Njolstad, Inger
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Power, Chris
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    Price, Jackie F.
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Quertermous, Thomas
    Rauramaa, Rainer
    Saleheen, Danish
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Sanghera, Dharambir K.
    Saramies, Jouko
    Schwarz, Peter E. H.
    Sheu, Wayne H-H
    Shuldiner, Alan R.
    Siegbahn, Agneta
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Koagulation och inflammationsvetenskap.
    Spector, Tim D.
    Stefansson, Kari
    Strachan, David P.
    Tayo, Bamidele O.
    Tremoli, Elena
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Uusitupa, Matti
    van Duijn, Cornelia M.
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Wareham, Nicholas J.
    Whitfield, John B.
    Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H. R.
    Ordovas, Jose M.
    Boerwinkle, Eric
    Palmer, Colin N. A.
    Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur
    Chasman, Daniel I.
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Franks, Paul W.
    Ripatti, Samuli
    Cupples, L. Adrienne
    Sandhu, Manjinder S.
    Rich, Stephen S.
    Boehnke, Michael
    Deloukas, Panos
    Kathiresan, Sekar
    Mohlke, Karen L.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Abecasis, Goncalo R.
    Discovery and refinement of loci associated with lipid levels2013Ingår i: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 45, nr 11, s. 1274-1283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol are heritable, modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease. To identify new loci and refine known loci influencing these lipids, we examined 188,577 individuals using genome-wide and custom genotyping arrays. We identify and annotate 157 loci associated with lipid levels at P < 5 x 10(-8), including 62 loci not previously associated with lipid levels in humans. Using dense genotyping in individuals of European, East Asian, South Asian and African ancestry, we narrow association signals in 12 loci. We find that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index. Our results demonstrate the value of using genetic data from individuals of diverse ancestry and provide insights into the biological mechanisms regulating blood lipids to guide future genetic, biological and therapeutic research.

  • 521.
    Winkler, Thomas W.
    et al.
    Univ Regensburg, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Dept Genet Epidemiol, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany..
    Justice, Anne E.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Chapel Hill, NC USA..
    Graff, Mariaelisa
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Chapel Hill, NC USA..
    Barata, Llilda
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Feitosa, Mary F.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Chu, Su
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Czajkowski, Jacek
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Esko, Tonu
    MIT, Broad Inst, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Genet, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Ctr Basic & Translat Obes Res, Boston, MA USA.;Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Fall, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Kilpelainen, Tuomas O.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Lu, Yingchang
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Prevent Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Magi, Reedik
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Mihailov, Evelin
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia..
    Pers, Tune H.
    Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Genet, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Ctr Basic & Translat Obes Res, Boston, MA USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Broad Inst MIT & Harvard, Med & Populat Genet Program, Cambridge, MA USA..
    Rueeger, Sina
    Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Hosp Lausanne CHUV, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Teumer, Alexander
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany..
    Ehret, Georg B.
    Univ Hosp Geneva, Dept Specialties Internal Med, Geneva, Switzerland.;Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Ferreira, Teresa
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Heard-Costa, Nancy L.
    Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Boston, MA 02215 USA.;NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA..
    Karjalainen, Juha
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lagou, Vasiliki
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Churchill Hosp, Oxford Ctr Diabet Endocrinol & Metab, Oxford, England..
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Neinast, Michael D.
    Univ Texas SW Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Internal Med, Dallas, TX 75390 USA..
    Prokopenko, Inga
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Churchill Hosp, Oxford Ctr Diabet Endocrinol & Metab, Oxford, England.;Hammersmith Hosp, London, England.;Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Genom Common Dis, London, England..
    Simino, Jeannette
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Div Biostat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Teslovich, Tanya M.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Jansen, Rick
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Westra, Harm-Jan
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Div Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Div Rheumatol, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Partners Ctr Personalized Genet Med, Boston, MA USA..
    White, Charles C.
    Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Absher, Devin
    HudsonAlpha Inst Biotechnol, Huntsville, AL USA..
    Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Steno Diabet Ctr A S, Gentofte, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Herlev & Gentofte Hosp, COPSAC, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Ahmad, Shafqat
    Skane Univ Hosp Malmo, Dept Clin Sci, Genet & Mol Epidemiol Unit, Malmo, Sweden..
    Albrecht, Eva
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Alves, Alexessander Couto
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC Hlth Protect Agcy HPA Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Bragg-Gresham, Jennifer L.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    de Craen, Anton J. M.
    Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Gerontol & Geriatr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Bis, Joshua C.
    Univ Washington, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Bonnefond, Amelie
    CNRS, UMR 8199, Lille, France.;European Genom Inst Diabet, Lille, France.;Univ Lille 2, Lille, France..
    Boucher, Gabrielle
    Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada..
    Cadby, Gemma
    Univ Western Australia, Ctr Genet Origins Hlth & Dis, Crawley, WA, Australia..
    Cheng, Yu-Ching
    VA Maryland Hlth Care Syst, Baltimore, MD USA.;Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Chiang, Charleston W. K.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA USA..
    Delgado, Graciela
    Heidelberg Univ, Mannheim Med Fac, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany..
    Demirkan, Ayse
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Dueker, Nicole
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Eklund, Niina
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland.;Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Publ Hlth Genom Unit, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland, Helsinki, Finland..
    Eiriksdottir, Gudny
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Eriksson, Joel
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Ctr Bone & Arthrit Res, Inst Med,Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Feenstra, Bjarke
    Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Fischer, Krista
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia..
    Frau, Francesca
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy.;Filarete Fdn, Genom & Bioinformat Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Galesloot, Tessel E.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Radboud Inst Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Evidence, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Geller, Frank
    Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Goel, Anuj
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovac Med, Oxford, England..
    Gorski, Mathias
    Univ Regensburg, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Dept Genet Epidemiol, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.;Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany..
    Grammer, Tanja B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Mannheim Med Fac, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany..
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Haitjema, Saskia
    UMCU, Expt Cardiol & Lab Clin Chem, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Hottenga, Jouke-Jan
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Huffman, Jennifer E.
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Jackson, Anne U.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Jacobs, Kevin B.
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;NCI, Core Genotyping Facil, SAIC Frederick Inc, Frederick, MD 21701 USA..
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Kaakinen, Marika
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC Hlth Protect Agcy HPA Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Univ Oulu, Inst Hlth Sci, Oulu, Finland..
    Kleber, Marcus E.
    Heidelberg Univ, Mannheim Med Fac, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany..
    Lahti, Jari
    Folkhalsan Res Ctr, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Inst Behav Sci, Helsinki, Finland..
    Leach, Irene Mateo
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Lehne, Benjamin
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England..
    Liu, Youfang
    Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill, Thurston Arthrit Res Ctr, Chaper Hill, NC USA..
    Lo, Ken Sin
    Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada..
    Lorentzon, Mattias
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Ctr Bone & Arthrit Res, Inst Med,Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Luan, Jian'an
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Madden, Pamela A. F.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, St Louis, MO USA..
    Mangino, Massimo
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    McKnight, Barbara
    Univ Washington, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Fred Hutchinson Canc Res Ctr, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Program Biostat & Biomath, Seattle, WA 98104 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Medina-Gomez, Carolina
    NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Monda, Keri L.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Chapel Hill, NC USA.;Amgen Inc, Ctr Observat Res, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 USA..
    Montasser, May E.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr,Program Personalized, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Mueller, Gabriele
    Univ Dresden, Med Fac Carl Gustav Carus, Ctr Evidence Based Healthcare, Dresden, Germany..
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;Univ Munich, Univ Hosp Grosshadern, Dept Med 1, D-81377 Munich, Germany.;Univ Munich, Inst Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Chair Genet Epidemiol, D-81377 Munich, Germany.;Munich Heart Alliance, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany..
    Nolte, Ilja M.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Panoutsopoulou, Kalliope
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Pascoe, Laura
    Newcastle Univ, Inst Cell & Mol Biosci, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Paternoster, Lavinia
    Univ Bristol, Sch Social & Community Med, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit, Bristol, Avon, England..
    Rayner, Nigel W.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Churchill Hosp, Oxford Ctr Diabet Endocrinol & Metab, Oxford, England.;Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Renstrom, Frida
    Skane Univ Hosp Malmo, Dept Clin Sci, Genet & Mol Epidemiol Unit, Malmo, Sweden..
    Rizzi, Federica
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy.;Filarete Fdn, Genom & Bioinformat Unit, Milan, Italy..
    Rose, Lynda M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Ryan, Kathy A.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr,Program Personalized, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Salo, Perttu
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland.;Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Publ Hlth Genom Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Sanna, Serena
    CNR, Ist Ric Genet & Biomed, Monserrato, Italy..
    Scharnagl, Hubert
    Med Univ Graz, Inst Clin Med, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Chem Lab Diagnost, Graz, Austria..
    Shi, Jianxin
    NCI, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Smith, Albert Vernon
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Southam, Lorraine
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Stancakova, Alena
    Univ Eastern Finland, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Strawbridge, Rona J.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Atherosclerosis Res Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Ctr Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sung, Yun Ju
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Div Biostat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Tachmazidou, Ioanna
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Tanaka, Toshiko
    NIA, Translat Gerontol Branch, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA..
    Thorleifsson, Gudmar
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Trompet, Stella
    Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Gerontol & Geriatr, Leiden, Netherlands.;Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Pervjakova, Natalia
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia.;Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Publ Hlth Genom Unit, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Tartu, Inst Cell & Mol Biol, Dept Biotechnol, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia.;Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Tyrer, Jonathan P.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Oncol, Cambridge, England..
    Vandenput, Liesbeth
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Ctr Bone & Arthrit Res, Inst Med,Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    van der Laan, Sander W.
    UMCU, Expt Cardiol & Lab Clin Chem, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    van der Velde, Nathalie
    Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Univ Amsterdam, Acad Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med, Geriatr Med Sect, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    van Setten, Jessica
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Dept Med Genet, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Endocrinol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Verweij, Niek
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Vlachopoulou, Efthymia
    Univ Helsinki, Transplantat Lab, Haartman Inst, Helsinki, Finland..
    Waite, Lindsay L.
    HudsonAlpha Inst Biotechnol, Huntsville, AL USA..
    Wang, Sophie R.
    Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Genet, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Program Genom, Boston, MA USA..
    Wang, Zhaoming
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;NCI, Core Genotyping Facil, SAIC Frederick Inc, Frederick, MD 21701 USA..
    Wild, Sarah H.
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Willenborg, Christina
    Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Inst Integrat & Expt Genom, Lubeck, Germany..
    Wilson, James F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Wong, Andrew
    MRC Unit Lifelong Hlth & Ageing UCL, London, England..
    Yang, Jian
    Univ Queensland, Queensland Brain Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Yengo, Loic
    CNRS, UMR 8199, Lille, France.;European Genom Inst Diabet, Lille, France.;Univ Lille 2, Lille, France..
    Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr,Program Personalized, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Yu, Lei
    Rush Univ, Med Ctr, Rush Alzheimers Dis Ctr, Chicago, IL 60612 USA..
    Zhang, Weihua
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England..
    Zhao, Jing Hua
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Andersson, Ehm A.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bakker, Stephan J. L.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Baldassarre, Damiano
    IRCCS, Ctr Cardiol Monzino, Milan, Italy.;Univ Milan, Dipartimento Sci Farmacol & Biomol, Milan, Italy..
    Banasik, Karina
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Barcella, Matteo
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Barlassina, Cristina
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy..
    Bellis, Claire
    Texas Biomed Res Inst, Dept Genet, San Antonio, TX USA.;Queensland Univ Technol, Inst Hlth & Biomed Innovat, Genom Res Ctr, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia..
    Benaglio, Paola
    Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Pediat, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.;Univ Lausanne, Dept Med Genet, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Blangero, John
    Texas Biomed Res Inst, Dept Genet, San Antonio, TX USA..
    Blueher, Matthias
    Univ Leipzig, IFB Adipos Dis, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Leipzig, Dept Med, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Bonnet, Fabrice
    Univ Rennes 1, Rennes, France..
    Bonnycastle, Lori L.
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Boyd, Heather A.
    Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bruinenberg, Marcel
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, LifeLines Cohort Study, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Buchman, Aron S.
    Rush Univ, Med Ctr, Rush Alzheimers Dis Ctr, Chicago, IL 60612 USA..
    Campbell, Harry
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Chen, Yii-Der Ida
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Med Ctr, Los Angeles BioMed Res Inst Harbor, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Chines, Peter S.
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Claudi-Boehm, Simone
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 1, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Cole, John
    VA Maryland Hlth Care Syst, Baltimore, MD USA.;Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Collins, Francis S.
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    de Geus, Eco J. C.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    de Groot, Lisette C. P. G. M.
    Wageningen Univ, Dept Human Nutr, NL-6700 AP Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Dimitriou, Maria
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Harokopio Univ, Dept Dietet Nutr, Athens, Greece..
    Duan, Jubao
    NorthShore Univ HealthSyst, Evanston, IL USA.;Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Enroth, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Eury, Elodie
    CNRS, UMR 8199, Lille, France.;European Genom Inst Diabet, Lille, France.;Univ Lille 2, Lille, France..
    Farmaki, Aliki-Eleni
    Harokopio Univ, Sch Hlth Sci & Educ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Athens, Greece..
    Forouhi, Nita G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Friedrich, Nele
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Clin Chem & Lab Med, Greifswald, Germany..
    Gejman, Pablo V.
    NorthShore Univ HealthSyst, Evanston, IL USA.;Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Gigante, Bruna
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Div Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Glorioso, Nicola
    AOU Univ Sassari, Hypertens & Related Dis Ctr, Sassari, Italy..
    Go, Alan S.
    Kaiser Permanente, Div Res, Oakland, CA USA..
    Gottesman, Omri
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Graessler, Juergen
    Univ Dresden, Dept Med Pathobiochem 3, Dresden, Germany..
    Grallert, Harald
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Ctr Diabet Res DZD, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Grarup, Niels
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Gu, Yu-Mei
    Univ Leuven, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Leuven, Belgium..
    Broer, Linda
    Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Ham, Annelies C.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hansen, Torben
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Fac Hlth Sci, Odense, Denmark..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Lab Epidemiol & Populat Sci, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;NIA, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Hartman, Catharina A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Psychiat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Hassinen, Maija
    Kuopio Res Inst Exercise Med, Kuopio, Finland..
    Hastie, Nicholas
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Hattersley, Andrew T.
    Univ Exeter, Inst Biomed & Clin Sci, Exeter, Devon, England..
    Heath, Andrew C.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, St Louis, MO USA..
    Henders, Anjali K.
    QIMR Bergofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Hernandez, Dena
    NIA, Neurogenet Lab, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Hillege, Hans
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Holmen, Oddgeir
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway..
    Hovingh, Kees G.
    Univ Amsterdam, Acad Med Ctr, Dept Vasc Med, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Hui, Jennie
    Pathwest Lab Med Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Pathol & Lab Med, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Populat Hlth, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Husemoen, Lise L.
    Glostrup Cty Hosp, Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Hutri-Kahonen, Nina
    Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland.;Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland..
    Hysi, Pirro G.
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Illig, Thomas
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;Hannover Med Sch, Hannover Unified Biobank, Hannover, Germany.;Hannover Med Sch, Inst Human Genet, Hannover, NH, Germany..
    De Jager, Philip L.
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Neurol, Program Translat NeuroPsychiat Genom, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Jalilzadeh, Shapour
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovac Med, Oxford, England..
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Glostrup Cty Hosp, Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Aalborg Univ, Fac Med, Aalborg, Denmark..
    Jukema, J. Wouter
    Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Leiden, Netherlands.;Interuniv Cardiol Inst Netherlands, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Juonala, Markus
    Turku Univ Hosp, Div Med, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland.;Murdoch Childrens Res Inst, Parkville, Vic, Australia.;Univ Turku, Dept Med, Turku, Finland..
    Kanoni, Stavroula
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England..
    Karaleftheri, Maria
    Echinos Med Ctr, Echinos, Greece..
    Khaw, Kay Tee
    Addenbrookes Hosp, Clin Gerontol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Kinnunen, Leena
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kittner, Steven J.
    VA Maryland Hlth Care Syst, Baltimore, MD USA.;Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Koenig, Wolfgang
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med Cardiol 2, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Kolcic, Ivana
    Univ Split, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth, Split, Croatia..
    Kovacs, Peter
    Univ Leipzig, IFB Adipos Dis, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Krarup, Nikolaj T.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Kratzer, Wolfgang
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 1, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Krueger, Janine
    Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Med A, Greifswald, Germany..
    Kuh, Diana
    MRC Unit Lifelong Hlth & Ageing UCL, London, England..
    Kumari, Meena
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Kyriakou, Theodosios
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovac Med, Oxford, England..
    Langenberg, Claudia
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England.;UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Lanzani, Chiara
    Univ Vita Salute San Raffaele, Chair Nephrol, Segrate, Milan, Italy.;IRCCS San Raffaele Sci Inst, Genom Renal Dis & Hypertens Unit, Segrate, Milan, Italy..
    Lotay, Vaneet
    Univ Calgary, Dept Biol Sci, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada..
    Launer, Lenore J.
    NIA, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Leander, Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Div Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindstrom, Jaana
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Diabet Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland..
    Linneberg, Allan
    Glostrup Cty Hosp, Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Rigshosp, Dept Clin Expt Res, Glostrup, Denmark..
    Liu, Yan-Ping
    Univ Leuven, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Leuven, Belgium..
    Lobbens, Stephane
    CNRS, UMR 8199, Lille, France.;European Genom Inst Diabet, Lille, France..
    Luben, Robert
    Strangeways Res Lab Worts Causeway, Cambridge, England..
    Lyssenko, Valeriya
    Steno Diabet Ctr A S, Gentofte, Denmark.;Lund Univ, Ctr Diabet, Malmo, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Diabet & Endocrinol Unit, Malmo, Sweden..
    Mannisto, Satu
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland..
    Magnusson, Patrik K.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    McArdle, Wendy L.
    Univ Bristol, Sch Social & Community Med, Bristol, Avon, England..
    Menni, Cristina
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Merger, Sigrun
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 1, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Milani, Lili
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia..
    Montgomery, Grant W.
    QIMR Bergofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool L69 3BX, Merseyside, England..
    Narisu, Narisu
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Nelis, Mari
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia..
    Ong, Ken K.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England.;MRC Unit Lifelong Hlth & Ageing UCL, London, England.;Univ Cambridge, Dept Paediat, Cambridge, England..
    Palotie, Aarno
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland, Helsinki, Finland.;Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Psychiat & Neurodev Genet Unit, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Metaanal Glucose & Insulin Related Traits Consort, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Perusse, Louis
    Univ Laval, Dept Kinesiol, Quebec City, PQ, Canada.;Univ Laval, Inst Nutr & Funct Foods, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Pichler, Irene
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Med Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, D-23538 Lubeck, Germany..
    Pilia, Maria G.
    CNR, Ist Ric Genet & Biomed, Monserrato, Italy..
    Pouta, Anneli
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Children Young People & Families, Helsinki, Finland.;Oulu Univ Hosp, Med Res Ctr, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Oulu, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Oulu, Finland..
    Rheinberger, Myriam
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany..
    Ribel-Madsen, Rasmus
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Richards, Marcus
    MRC Unit Lifelong Hlth & Ageing UCL, London, England..
    Rice, Kenneth M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Rice, Treva K.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Div Biostat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Rivolta, Carlo
    Univ Lausanne, Dept Med Genet, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland..
    Sanders, Alan R.
    NorthShore Univ HealthSyst, Evanston, IL USA.;Univ Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 USA..
    Sarzynski, Mark A.
    Pennington Biomed Res Ctr, Human Genom Lab, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 USA..
    Scholtens, Salome
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Scott, Robert A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Scott, William R.
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England..
    Sebert, Sylvain
    Univ Oulu, Inst Hlth Sci, Oulu, Finland..
    Sengupta, Sebanti
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Sennblad, Bengt
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Atherosclerosis Res Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Ctr Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Sci Life Lab, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Seufferlein, Thomas
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 1, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Silveira, Angela
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Atherosclerosis Res Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Ctr Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Slagboom, P. Eline
    Leiden Univ Med Ctr, Dept Mol Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Smit, Jan H.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Sparso, Thomas H.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Stirrups, Kathleen
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England..
    Stolk, Ronald P.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Stringham, Heather M.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Swertz, Morris A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Swift, Amy J.
    NHGRI, Med Genom & Metab Genet Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Syvänen, Ann-Christine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär medicin.
    Tan, Sian-Tsung
    Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England.;Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England..
    Thorand, Barbara
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Ctr Diabet Res DZD, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Toenjes, Anke
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Med, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Tremblay, Angelo
    Univ Laval, Dept Kinesiol, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Tsafantakis, Emmanouil
    Anogia Med Ctr, Anogia, Greece..
    van der Most, Peter J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Voelker, Uwe
    Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Vohl, Marie-Claude
    Univ Laval, Inst Nutr & Funct Foods, Quebec City, PQ, Canada.;Univ Laval, Sch Nutr, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Vonk, Judith M.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Waldenberger, Melanie
    Munich Heart Alliance, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Walker, Ryan W.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Prevent Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Wennauer, Roman
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Chem, D-89069 Ulm, Germany..
    Widen, Elisabeth
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland, Helsinki, Finland..
    Willemsen, Gonneke
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    Univ Tromso, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Clin Med, Tromso, Norway.;Univ Tromso, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Community Med, Tromso, Norway..
    Wright, Alan F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Zillikens, M. Carola
    NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    van Dijk, Suzanne C.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    van Schoor, Natasja M.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Asselbergs, Folkert W.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Dept Cardiol, Div Heart & Lungs, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Netherlands Heart Inst, Interuniv Cardiol Inst Netherlands, Durrer Ctr Cardiogenet Res, Utrecht, Netherlands.;UCL, Inst Cardiovasc Sci, London, England..
    de Bakker, Paul I. W.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Dept Med Genet, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr, Dept Epidemiol, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Beckmann, Jacques S.
    Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Beilby, John
    Pathwest Lab Med Western Australia, Nedlands, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Pathol & Lab Med, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Bennett, David A.
    Rush Univ, Med Ctr, Rush Alzheimers Dis Ctr, Chicago, IL 60612 USA..
    Bergman, Richard N.
    Cedars Sinai Med Ctr, Diabet & Obes Res Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA..
    Bergmann, Sven
    Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, Dept Med Genet, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Boeger, Carsten A.
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany..
    Boehm, Bernhard O.
    Univ Ulm, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med 1, D-89069 Ulm, Germany.;Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, London, England.;Lee Kong Chian Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore.;Nanyang Technol Univ, Singapore 639798, Singapore..
    Boerwinkle, Eric
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Ctr Human Genet, Houston, TX 77030 USA.;Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Inst Mol Med, Houston, TX 77030 USA..
    Boomsma, Dorret I.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Biol Psychol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Bornstein, Stefan R.
    Univ Dresden, Med Fac Carl Gustav Carus, Dept Med 3, Dresden, Germany..
    Bottinger, Erwin P.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Med, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    Bouchard, Claude
    Pennington Biomed Res Ctr, Human Genom Lab, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 USA..
    Chambers, John C.
    Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.;Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England..
    Chanock, Stephen J.
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.;Fred Hutchinson Canc Res Ctr, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Program Biostat & Biomath, Seattle, WA 98104 USA..
    Chasman, Daniel I.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Cucca, Francesco
    CNR, Ist Ric Genet & Biomed, Monserrato, Italy.;Univ Sassari, I-07100 Sassari, Italy..
    Cusi, Daniele
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy.;Natl Inst Res, Inst Biomed Technol, Segrate, Italy..
    Dedoussis, George
    Harokopio Univ, Sch Hlth Sci & Educ, Dept Nutr & Dietet, Athens, Greece..
    Erdmann, Jeanette
    Hamburg Kiel Lubeck, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Lubeck, Germany.;Univ Lubeck, Inst Integrat & Expt Genom, Lubeck, Germany..
    Eriksson, Johan G.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland.;Folkhalsan Res Ctr, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Dept Gen Practice & Primary Hlth Care, Helsinki, Finland..
    Evans, Denis A.
    Rush Univ, Med Ctr, Rush Inst Healthy Aging, Chicago, IL 60612 USA.;Rush Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med, Chicago, IL 60612 USA..
    de Faire, Ulf
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Div Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Farrall, Martin
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovac Med, Oxford, England.;Durrer Ctr Cardiogenet Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Ferrucci, Luigi
    NIA, Translat Gerontol Branch, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA..
    Ford, Ian
    Univ Glasgow, Robertson Ctr Biostat, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Franke, Lude
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands.;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Franks, Paul W.
    Skane Univ Hosp Malmo, Dept Clin Sci, Genet & Mol Epidemiol Unit, Malmo, Sweden.;Umea Univ Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Umea, Sweden.;Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Froguel, Philippe
    CNRS, UMR 8199, Lille, France.;European Genom Inst Diabet, Lille, France.;Univ Lille 2, Lille, France..
    Gansevoort, Ron T.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Med, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Gieger, Christian
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Gronberg, Henrik
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik och genomik.
    Hall, Per
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hamsten, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Solna, Atherosclerosis Res Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp, Ctr Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    van der Harst, Pim
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands.;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands.;Netherlands Heart Inst, Interuniv Cardiol Inst Netherlands, Durrer Ctr Cardiogenet Res, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Hayward, Caroline
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Heliovaara, Markku
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Hengstenberg, Christian
    Munich Heart Alliance, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Deutsch Herzzentrum Munchen, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Med Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, D-23538 Lubeck, Germany..
    Hingorani, Aroon
    UCL, Inst Cardiovasc Sci, London, England..
    Hofman, Albert
    NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Hu, Frank
    Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Div Network Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Huikuri, Heikki V.
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Med Res Ctr Oulu, Oulu, Finland.;Univ Oulu, Oulu, Finland..
    Hveem, Kristian
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway..
    James, Alan L.
    Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Pulm Physiol & Sleep Med, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Jordan, Joanne M.
    Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill, Thurston Arthrit Res Ctr, Chaper Hill, NC USA..
    Jula, Antti
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kaehoenen, Mika
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Clin Physiol, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland..
    Kajantie, Eero
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Diabet Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland.;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Childrens Hosp, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kathiresan, Sekar
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Div Cardiol, Boston, MA 02114 USA.;Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Human Genet Res, Boston, MA 02114 USA..
    Kiemeney, Lambertus A. L. M.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Radboud Inst Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Evidence, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands.;Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Radboud Inst Hlth Sci, Dept Urol, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Kivimaki, Mika
    UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London, England..
    Knekt, Paul B.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland..
    Koistinen, Heikki A.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.;Helsinki Univ Cent Hosp, Dept Med, Helsinki, Finland.;Abdominal Ctr Endocrinol, Helsinki, Finland.;Minerva Fdn, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kooner, Jaspal S.
    Ealing Hosp NHS Trust, Southall, Middx, England.;Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England.;Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England..
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Hlth, Helsinki, Finland..
    Kuusisto, Johanna
    Univ Eastern Finland, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Maerz, Winfried
    Heidelberg Univ, Mannheim Med Fac, Dept Med 5, Mannheim, Germany.;Med Univ Graz, Inst Clin Med, Graz, Austria.;Med Univ Graz, Chem Lab Diagnost, Graz, Austria..
    Martin, Nicholas G.
    QIMR Bergofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Laakso, Markku
    Univ Eastern Finland, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Lakka, Timo A.
    Kuopio Res Inst Exercise Med, Kuopio, Finland.;Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Biomed, Dept Physiol, Kuopio, Finland..
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Univ Tampere, Sch Med, Dept Clin Chem, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Dept Clin Chem, Fimlab Labs, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland.;Univ Tampere, Sch Med, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland..
    Lettre, Guillaume
    Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Med, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada..
    Levinson, Douglas F.
    Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Lokki, Marja-Liisa
    Univ Helsinki, Transplantat Lab, Haartman Inst, Helsinki, Finland..
    Mantyselka, Pekka
    Univ Eastern Finland, Sch Med, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Primary Hlth Care Unit, Kuopio, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, Primary Hlth Care Unit, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Melbye, Mads
    Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia..
    Mitchell, Braxton D.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.;Baltimore Vet Adm Med Ctr, Geriatr Res & Educ Clin Ctr, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Moll, Frans L.
    Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Dept Surg, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Murray, Jeffrey C.
    Univ Iowa, Dept Pediat, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA..
    Musk, Arthur W.
    Sir Charles Gairdner Hosp, Dept Resp Med, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia..
    Nieminen, Markku S.
    Helsinki Univ Cent Hosp, HUCH Heart & Lung Ctr, Div Cardiol, Helsinki, Finland..
    Njolstad, Inger
    Univ Tromso, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Clin Med, Tromso, Norway.;Univ Tromso, Fac Hlth Sci, Dept Community Med, Tromso, Norway..
    Ohlsson, Claes
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Ctr Bone & Arthrit Res, Inst Med,Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr, Interdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Oostra, Ben A.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Palmer, Lyle J.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Publ Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.;Univ Adelaide, Robinson Res Inst, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Pankow, James S.
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol & Community Hlth, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Pasterkamp, Gerard
    UMCU, Expt Cardiol & Lab Clin Chem, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pedersen, Oluf
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Penninx, Brenda W.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, EMGO Inst Hlth & Care Res, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Perola, Markus
    Univ Tartu, Estonian Genome Ctr, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia.;Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Chron Dis Prevent, Helsinki, Finland.;Univ Helsinki, Inst Mol Med Finland, Helsinki, Finland..
    Peters, Annette
    Munich Heart Alliance, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 2, Neuherberg, Germany..
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.;Univ Split, Fac Med, Dept Publ Hlth, Split, Croatia..
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    European Acad Bozen Bolzano EURAC, Ctr Biomed, Bolzano, Italy.;Med Univ Lubeck, Affiliated Inst, D-23538 Lubeck, Germany.;Gen Cent Hosp, Dept Neurol, Bolzano, Italy..
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Univ Washington, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Epidemiol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Univ Washington, Dept Hlth Serv, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.;Grp Hlth Cooperat, Grp Hlth Res Inst, Seatte, WA USA..
    Qi, Lu
    Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Div Network Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Quertermous, Thomas
    Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland..
    Rankinen, Tuomo
    Pennington Biomed Res Ctr, Human Genom Lab, Baton Rouge, LA 70808 USA..
    Rauramaa, Rainer
    Kuopio Res Inst Exercise Med, Kuopio, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Rioux, John D.
    Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Med, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada..
    Rivadeneira, Fernando
    NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Med Ctr, Los Angeles BioMed Res Inst Harbor, Torrance, CA 90509 USA..
    Rudan, Igor
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    den Ruijter, Hester M.
    UMCU, Expt Cardiol & Lab Clin Chem, Utrecht, Netherlands..
    Saltevo, Juha
    Cent Finland Cent Hosp, Dept Med, Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Sattar, Naveed
    Univ Glasgow, BHF Glasgow Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland..
    Schunkert, Heribert
    Munich Heart Alliance, DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany.;Tech Univ Munich, Deutsch Herzzentrum Munchen, D-80290 Munich, Germany..
    Schwarz, Peter E. H.
    Univ Dresden, Med Fac Carl Gustav Carus, Dept Med 3, Dresden, Germany..
    Shuldiner, Alan R.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr,Program Personalized, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.;Vetrans Adm Med Ctr, Geriatr Res & Educ Clin Ctr, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Sinisalo, Juha
    Helsinki Univ Cent Hosp, HUCH Heart & Lung Ctr, Div Cardiol, Helsinki, Finland..
    Snieder, Harold
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
    Univ Copenhagen, Fac Hlth & Med Sci, Novo Nordisk Fdn Ctr Basic Metab Res, Sect Metab Genet, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Bristol, Sch Social & Community Med, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit, Bristol, Avon, England.;Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Inst Prevent Med, Frederiksberg, Denmark..
    Spector, Tim D.
    Kings Coll London, Dept Twin Res & Genet Epidemiol, London WC2R 2LS, England..
    Staessen, Jan A.
    Univ Leuven, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Leuven, Belgium.;Maastricht Univ, R&D VitaK Grp, Maastricht, Netherlands..
    Stefania, Bandinelli
    ASF, Geriatr Unit, Florence, Italy..
    Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Stumvoll, Michael
    Univ Leipzig, IFB Adipos Dis, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Leipzig, Dept Med, D-04109 Leipzig, Germany..
    Tardif, Jean-Claude
    Montreal Heart Inst, Montreal, PQ H1T 1C8, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Dept Med, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada..
    Tremoli, Elena
    IRCCS, Ctr Cardiol Monzino, Milan, Italy.;Univ Milan, Dipartimento Sci Farmacol & Biomol, Milan, Italy..
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Diabet Prevent Unit, Helsinki, Finland.;Danube Univ Krems, Ctr Vasc Prevent, Krems, Austria.;Hosp Univ La Paz IdiPAZ, Inst Invest Sanitaria, Madrid, Spain.;King Abdulaziz Univ, Diabet Res Grp, Jeddah 21413, Saudi Arabia..
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands..
    Uusitupa, Matti
    Univ Eastern Finland, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Espoo, Finland.;Kuopio Univ Hosp, Res Unit, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland..
    Verbeek, Andre L. M.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Radboud Inst Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Evidence, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Vermeulen, Sita H.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Radboud Inst Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Evidence, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands.;Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Med Ctr, Dept Human Genet, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Viikari, Jorma S.
    Univ Turku, Dept Med, Turku, Finland..
    Vitart, Veronique
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, MRC Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Voelzke, Henry
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Univ Hosp Lausanne CHUV, Dept Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Waeber, Gerard
    Univ Hosp Lausanne CHUV, Dept Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Walker, Mark
    Broad Inst Harvard & MIT, Program Med & Populat Genet, Cambridge, MA USA.;Newcastle Univ, Inst Cellular Med, Newcastle, NSW, Australia..
    Wallaschofski, Henri
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Clin Chem & Lab Med, Greifswald, Germany.;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Greifswald, Germany..
    Wareham, Nicholas J.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Watkins, Hugh
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Radcliffe Dept Med, Div Cardiovac Med, Oxford, England..
    Zeggini, Eleftheria
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England..
    Chakravarti, Aravinda
    Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Med, McKusick Nathans Inst Genet Med, Ctr Complex Dis Genom, Baltimore, MD USA..
    Clegg, Deborah J.
    Univ Texas SW Med Ctr Dallas, Dept Internal Med, Dallas, TX 75390 USA..
    Cupples, L. Adrienne
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Boston Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02215 USA..
    Gordon-Larsen, Penny
    Univ N Carolina, Gillings Sch Global Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Chapel Hill, NC USA.;Univ N Carolina, Carolina Populat Ctr, Chapel Hill, NC USA..
    Jaquish, Cashell E.
    NHLBI, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Rao, D. C.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Washington Univ, Sch Med, Div Biostat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.;Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Abecasis, Goncalo R.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Assimes, Themistocles L.
    Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Barroso, Ines
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Addenbrookes Hosp, Inst Metab Sci, NIHR Cambridge Biomed Res Ctr, Cambridge, England.;Univ Cambridge, Addenbrookes Hosp, Inst Metab Sci, Metab Res Labs, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, England..
    Berndt, Sonja I.
    NCI, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Boehnke, Michael
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA..
    Deloukas, Panos
    Wellcome Trust Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Cambridge, England.;Queen Mary Univ London, Barts & London Sch Med & Dent, William Harvey Res Inst, London, England.;King Abdulaziz Univ, PACER HD, Jeddah 21413, Saudi Arabia..
    Fox, Caroline S.
    NHLBI, Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Groop, Leif C.
    Lund Univ, Ctr Diabet, Malmo, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Diabet & Endocrinol Unit, Malmo, Sweden.;Univ Helsinki, FIMM, Helsinki, Finland..
    Hunter, David J.
    MIT, Broad Inst, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Div Network Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Kaplan, Robert C.
    Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Epidemiol & Popualt Hlth, Bronx, NY 10467 USA..
    McCarthy, Mark I.
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Churchill Hosp, Oxford Ctr Diabet Endocrinol & Metab, Oxford, England.;Oxford NIHR Biomed Res Ctr, Oxford, England..
    Mohlke, Karen L.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Genet, Chapel Hill, NC USA..
    O'Connell, Jeffrey R.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr,Program Personalized, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA..
    Schlessinger, David
    NIA, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Strachan, David P.
    St Georges Univ London, Populat Hlth Res Inst, London, England..
    Stefansson, Kari
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland..
    van Duijn, Cornelia M.
    Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Genet Epidemiol Unit, Rotterdam, Netherlands.;NCHA, NGI, Leiden, Netherlands.;Ctr Med Syst Biol, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Hirschhorn, Joel N.
    MIT, Broad Inst, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Endocrinol, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Div Genet, Boston, MA USA.;Boston Childrens Hosp, Ctr Basic & Translat Obes Res, Boston, MA USA.;Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    MIT, Broad Inst, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.;Harvard Univ, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England..
    Heid, Iris M.
    Univ Regensburg, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Dept Genet Epidemiol, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany..
    North, Kari E.
    Univ N Carolina, Carolina Ctr Genome Sci, Chapel Hill, NC USA.;Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Chapel Hill, NC USA..
    Borecki, Ingrid B.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA..
    Kutalik, Zoltan
    Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Hosp Lausanne CHUV, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.;Univ Lausanne, Dept Med Genet, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Metab Sci, MRC Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Prevent Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Genet Obes & Related Metab Traits Program, New York, NY 10029 USA.;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Mindich Child Hlth & Dev Inst, New York, NY 10029 USA..
    The Influence of Age and Sex on Genetic Associations with Adult Body Size and Shape: A Large-Scale Genome-Wide Interaction Study2015Ingår i: PLoS Genetics, ISSN 1553-7390, E-ISSN 1553-7404, Vol. 11, nr 10, artikel-id e1005378Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 100 genetic variants contributing to BMI, a measure of body size, or waist-to-hip ratio (adjusted for BMI, WHRadjBMI), a measure of body shape. Body size and shape change as people grow older and these changes differ substantially between men and women. To systematically screen for age-and/or sex-specific effects of genetic variants on BMI and WHRadjBMI, we performed meta-analyses of 114 studies (up to 320,485 individuals of European descent) with genome-wide chip and/or Metabochip data by the Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits (GIANT) Consortium. Each study tested the association of up to similar to 2.8M SNPs with BMI and WHRadjBMI in four strata (men <= 50y, men > 50y, women <= 50y, women > 50y) and summary statistics were combined in stratum-specific meta-analyses. We then screened for variants that showed age-specific effects (G x AGE), sex-specific effects (G x SEX) or age-specific effects that differed between men and women (G x AGE x SEX). For BMI, we identified 15 loci (11 previously established for main effects, four novel) that showed significant (FDR< 5%) age-specific effects, of which 11 had larger effects in younger (< 50y) than in older adults (>= 50y). No sex-dependent effects were identified for BMI. For WHRadjBMI, we identified 44 loci (27 previously established for main effects, 17 novel) with sex-specific effects, of which 28 showed larger effects in women than in men, five showed larger effects in men than in women, and 11 showed opposite effects between sexes. No age-dependent effects were identified for WHRadjBMI. This is the first genome-wide interaction meta-analysis to report convincing evidence of age-dependent genetic effects on BMI. In addition, we confirm the sex-specificity of genetic effects on WHRadjBMI. These results may providefurther insights into the biology that underlies weight change with age or the sexually dimorphism of body shape.

  • 522. Witasp, Anna
    et al.
    Carrero, Juan Jesús
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Ahlström, Håkan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för radiologi.
    Kullberg, Joel
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för radiologi, onkologi och strålningsvetenskap, Enheten för radiologi.
    Adamsson, Viola
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Anestesiologi och intensivvård.
    Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Stenvinkel, Peter
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Inflammatory biomarker pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in relation to obesity, body fat depots, and weight loss2014Ingår i: Obesity, ISSN 1930-7381, E-ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 22, nr 5, s. 1373-1379Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The relation between inflammatory markers, adiposity and disease is under extensive study. Here we tested the hypothesis that the immunomodulatory protein pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is associated with adiposity in the general population.

    DESIGN AND METHODS: Serum PTX3 concentrations, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and fat depots, as quantified by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging, were assessed in three community-based cohorts: ULSAM, n = 790, mean age 78 years; PIVUS, n = 1003, mean age 70 years, women 50%; and the NORDIET-trial, n = 86, mean age 53 years, women 63%. Participants were re-examined after 5 years (PIVUS, n = 804) or following a 6-week randomized controlled dietary intervention (NORDIET).

    RESULTS: PTX3 levels were inversely associated with BMI and WC as well as with total and visceral fat (P < 0.05 for all; adjusted for age, inflammatory biomarkers and cardiovascular risk factors). The association between PTX3 and BMI appeared even stronger in nonobese individuals. A decrease in BMI over 5 years as well as weight loss following the NORDIET intervention were associated with increased serum PTX3 concentrations (P < 0.001).

    CONCLUSIONS: These consistent data support an inverse association between circulating PTX3 and anthropometrical measures, calling for further mechanistic studies of the link between PTX3 and fat.

  • 523.
    Wohlin, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Sundstrom, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Andren, Bertil
    Rönn, Monika
    Larsson, Anders
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    An echolucent carotid artery intima-media is a new and independent predictor of mortalityManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 524.
    Wohlin, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Andrén, Bertil
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    An echolucent carotid artery intima-media complex is a new and independent predictor of mortality in an elderly male cohort2009Ingår i: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, E-ISSN 1879-1484, Vol. 205, nr 2, s. 486-491Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The echogenicity of atherosclerotic plaques is a measure of their lipid content and predicts cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that the echogenicity of the non-plaque-affected arterial wall may be prognostically important as well, and more easily used as not all subjects carry plaques. We investigated the prognostic value of intima-media (IM) echogenicity (measured as the grey scale median [GSM]) for mortality compared with intima-media thickness (IMT) in a population-based sample of elderly men. METHODS: A cohort from a community-based sample of 491 men was investigated with carotid artery ultrasound at age 75. IMT and GSM for IM and plaques were measured in the far wall of the common carotid artery being apparently free of plaque. Cox proportional hazard analysis models were used to investigate linear and non-linear relations of IM-GSM to mortality, adjusted for IMT, body mass index, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive treatment, CRP, diabetes, current smoking, pack years of smoking, and previous cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: Seventy-seven subjects died during a median follow-up time of 5.1 years. Participants were divided in tertiles by IM-GSM. In unadjusted analysis, IM-GSM predicted mortality in a U-shaped manner. In Cox proportional hazard analyses, an echolucent IM-GSM was a predictor of all-cause mortality (HR: 3.23; CI: 1.60-6.54; p<0.05) and CVD mortality (n=30, HR: 8.29; CI: 2.03-33.92; p<0.05) independently of IMT and established risk factors. These associations were still significant following adjustment for plaque occurrence and plaque echogenicity. CONCLUSION: An echolucent intima-media complex is a predictor of all-cause and CVD mortality in elderly men independently of plaque occurrence, plaque GSM, IMT and established risk factors, suggesting the echogenicity of the apparently plaque-free intima-media complex provides novel prognostic information regarding mortality after age 75.

  • 525.
    Wohlin, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Lannfelt, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Axelsson, Tomas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Syvänen, Ann-Christine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Andrén, Bertil
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Basu, Samar
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 genotype is independently associated with increased intima-media thickness in a recessive pattern2007Ingår i: Lipids, ISSN 0024-4201, E-ISSN 1558-9307, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 451-456Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Polymorphisms in the apolipoprotein E (Apo E) gene have been associated with lipid levels, carotid intima media thickness (CCA-IMT), inflammation and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Earlier findings suggested an association of the Apo E alleles with increased CCA-IMT following a recessive pattern. Whether associations might be independent of C-reactive protein (CRP), lipid levels and other CVD risk factors is not known. We investigated the relationships between Apo E (epsilon2, epsilon3 and epsilon4 alleles) and CCA-IMT, measured by B-mode ultrasound, in dominant and recessive models in a community-based sample of 437 men 75 years of age. In men homozygous for the epsilon4 allele CCA-IMT was significantly increased by 0.13 mm to 0.86 +/- 0.16 mm compared to 0.73 +/- 0.19 mm in non- epsilon4-carriers (P = 0.0012) and 0.73 +/- 0.21 mm in epsilon4 heterozygous (P = 0.0044) in unadjusted recessive models. The association between Apo E epsilon4 genotype and CCA-IMT was independent of Apo E epsilon2 and Apo E epsilon3 alleles, CRP, lipid variables (TG, LDL, HDL) and other CVD risk factors (smoking, hypertension, body mass index, diabetes) (P = 0.018). No relations between Apo E genotype and CCA-IMT were observed in dominant models. No significant associations between the Apo E epsilon2 and epsilon3 alleles and CCA-IMT were found. In this study, men homozygous with the ApoE epsilon4 allele had thicker CCA-IMT, independently of Apo E epsilon2 and epsilon3 alleles, CRP, lipid variables (TG, LDL, HDL) and other CVD risk factors (smoking, hypertension, body mass index, diabetes), suggesting CCA-IMT to be modified by the ApoE epsilon4 genotype in a recessive pattern.

  • 526.
    Wohlin, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Andren, Bertil
    Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Zethelius, Björn
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Lind, Lars
    Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Impaired insulin sensitivity is an independent predictor of common carotid intima-media thickness in a population sample of elderly men.2003Ingår i: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, Vol. 170, nr 1, s. 181-5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Most previous studies of associations between insulin sensitivity and common carotid artery (CCA) atherosclerosis have been conducted in small samples, have not used direct measurement of insulin sensitivity, and have yielded inconclusive results. We investigated associations of CCA intima-media thickness (IMT) and diameter (CCA-D) measured by B-mode ultrasound and insulin sensitivity measured by the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp test together with risk factors of the insulin resistance syndrome in a community-based sample of 493 elderly men. The clamp glucose disposal rate was an independent predictor of CCA-IMT in multivariate models adjusting for blood pressure, smoking, serum cholesterol, and body mass index (1% decrease in CCA-IMT for a 1 unit increase in glucose disposal rate, P=0.009). Glucose disposal rate was significantly related to CCA-D in univariate (r=-0.11, P=0.02) but not in multivariate models. In conclusion, this study is the first to establish impaired insulin sensitivity, measured by the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp test, as an independent predictor of CCA-IMT in a population-based sample of elderly men.

  • 527. Wood, Andrew R
    et al.
    Esko, Tonu
    Yang, Jian
    Vedantam, Sailaja
    Pers, Tune H
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Chu, Audrey Y
    Estrada, Karol
    Luan, Jian'an
    Kutalik, Zoltán
    Amin, Najaf
    Buchkovich, Martin L
    Croteau-Chonka, Damien C
    Day, Felix R
    Duan, Yanan
    Fall, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Fehrmann, Rudolf
    Ferreira, Teresa
    Jackson, Anne U
    Karjalainen, Juha
    Lo, Ken Sin
    Locke, Adam E
    Mägi, Reedik
    Mihailov, Evelin
    Porcu, Eleonora
    Randall, Joshua C
    Scherag, André
    Vinkhuyzen, Anna A E
    Westra, Harm-Jan
    Winkler, Thomas W
    Workalemahu, Tsegaselassie
    Zhao, Jing Hua
    Absher, Devin
    Albrecht, Eva
    Anderson, Denise
    Baron, Jeffrey
    Beekman, Marian
    Demirkan, Ayse
    Ehret, Georg B
    Feenstra, Bjarke
    Feitosa, Mary F
    Fischer, Krista
    Fraser, Ross M
    Goel, Anuj
    Gong, Jian
    Justice, Anne E
    Kanoni, Stavroula
    Kleber, Marcus E
    Kristiansson, Kati
    Lim, Unhee
    Lotay, Vaneet
    Lui, Julian C
    Mangino, Massimo
    Leach, Irene Mateo
    Medina-Gomez, Carolina
    Nalls, Michael A
    Nyholt, Dale R
    Palmer, Cameron D
    Pasko, Dorota
    Pechlivanis, Sonali
    Prokopenko, Inga
    Ried, Janina S
    Ripke, Stephan
    Shungin, Dmitry
    Stancáková, Alena
    Strawbridge, Rona J
    Sung, Yun Ju
    Tanaka, Toshiko
    Teumer, Alexander
    Trompet, Stella
    van der Laan, Sander W
    van Setten, Jessica
    Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V
    Wang, Zhaoming
    Yengo, Loïc
    Zhang, Weihua
    Afzal, Uzma
    Arnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Arscott, Gillian M
    Bandinelli, Stefania
    Barrett, Amy
    Bellis, Claire
    Bennett, Amanda J
    Berne, Christian
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk diabetologi och metabolism.
    Blüher, Matthias
    Bolton, Jennifer L
    Böttcher, Yvonne
    Boyd, Heather A
    Bruinenberg, Marcel
    Buckley, Brendan M
    Buyske, Steven
    Caspersen, Ida H
    Chines, Peter S
    Clarke, Robert
    Claudi-Boehm, Simone
    Cooper, Matthew
    Daw, E Warwick
    De Jong, Pim A
    Deelen, Joris
    Delgado, Graciela
    Denny, Josh C
    Dhonukshe-Rutten, Rosalie
    Dimitriou, Maria
    Doney, Alex S F
    Dörr, Marcus
    Eklund, Niina
    Eury, Elodie
    Folkersen, Lasse
    Garcia, Melissa E
    Geller, Frank
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Go, Alan S
    Grallert, Harald
    Grammer, Tanja B
    Gräßler, Jürgen
    Grönberg, Henrik
    de Groot, Lisette C P G M
    Groves, Christopher J
    Haessler, Jeffrey
    Hall, Per
    Haller, Toomas
    Hallmans, Goran
    Hannemann, Anke
    Hartman, Catharina A
    Hassinen, Maija
    Hayward, Caroline
    Heard-Costa, Nancy L
    Helmer, Quinta
    Hemani, Gibran
    Henders, Anjali K
    Hillege, Hans L
    Hlatky, Mark A
    Hoffmann, Wolfgang
    Hoffmann, Per
    Holmen, Oddgeir
    Houwing-Duistermaat, Jeanine J
    Illig, Thomas
    Isaacs, Aaron
    James, Alan L
    Jeff, Janina
    Johansen, Berit
    Johansson, Åsa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Jolley, Jennifer
    Juliusdottir, Thorhildur
    Junttila, Juhani
    Kho, Abel N
    Kinnunen, Leena
    Klopp, Norman
    Kocher, Thomas
    Kratzer, Wolfgang
    Lichtner, Peter
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Lindström, Jaana
    Lobbens, Stéphane
    Lorentzon, Mattias
    Lu, Yingchang
    Lyssenko, Valeriya
    Magnusson, Patrik K E
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Maillard, Marc
    McArdle, Wendy L
    McKenzie, Colin A
    McLachlan, Stela
    McLaren, Paul J
    Menni, Cristina
    Merger, Sigrun
    Milani, Lili
    Moayyeri, Alireza
    Monda, Keri L
    Morken, Mario A
    Müller, Gabriele
    Müller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Musk, Arthur W
    Narisu, Narisu
    Nauck, Matthias
    Nolte, Ilja M
    Nöthen, Markus M
    Oozageer, Laticia
    Pilz, Stefan
    Rayner, Nigel W
    Renstrom, Frida
    Robertson, Neil R
    Rose, Lynda M
    Roussel, Ronan
    Sanna, Serena
    Scharnagl, Hubert
    Scholtens, Salome
    Schumacher, Fredrick R
    Schunkert, Heribert
    Scott, Robert A
    Sehmi, Joban
    Seufferlein, Thomas
    Shi, Jianxin
    Silventoinen, Karri
    Smit, Johannes H
    Smith, Albert Vernon
    Smolonska, Joanna
    Stanton, Alice V
    Stirrups, Kathleen
    Stott, David J
    Stringham, Heather M
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Swertz, Morris A
    Syvänen, Ann-Christine
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Tayo, Bamidele O
    Thorleifsson, Gudmar
    Tyrer, Jonathan P
    van Dijk, Suzanne
    van Schoor, Natasja M
    van der Velde, Nathalie
    van Heemst, Diana
    van Oort, Floor V A
    Vermeulen, Sita H
    Verweij, Niek
    Vonk, Judith M
    Waite, Lindsay L
    Waldenberger, Melanie
    Wennauer, Roman
    Wilkens, Lynne R
    Willenborg, Christina
    Wilsgaard, Tom
    Wojczynski, Mary K
    Wong, Andrew
    Wright, Alan F
    Zhang, Qunyuan
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Bakker, Stephan J L
    Beilby, John
    Bergman, Richard N
    Bergmann, Sven
    Biffar, Reiner
    Blangero, John
    Boomsma, Dorret I
    Bornstein, Stefan R
    Bovet, Pascal
    Brambilla, Paolo
    Brown, Morris J
    Campbell, Harry
    Caulfield, Mark J
    Chakravarti, Aravinda
    Collins, Rory
    Collins, Francis S
    Crawford, Dana C
    Cupples, L Adrienne
    Danesh, John
    de Faire, Ulf
    den Ruijter, Hester M
    Erbel, Raimund
    Erdmann, Jeanette
    Eriksson, Johan G
    Farrall, Martin
    Ferrannini, Ele
    Ferrières, Jean
    Ford, Ian
    Forouhi, Nita G
    Forrester, Terrence
    Gansevoort, Ron T
    Gejman, Pablo V
    Gieger, Christian
    Golay, Alain
    Gottesman, Omri
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Gyllensten, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Genomik. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Haas, David W
    Hall, Alistair S
    Harris, Tamara B
    Hattersley, Andrew T
    Heath, Andrew C
    Hengstenberg, Christian
    Hicks, Andrew A
    Hindorff, Lucia A
    Hingorani, Aroon D
    Hofman, Albert
    Hovingh, G Kees
    Humphries, Steve E
    Hunt, Steven C
    Hypponen, Elina
    Jacobs, Kevin B
    Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
    Jousilahti, Pekka
    Jula, Antti M
    Kaprio, Jaakko
    Kastelein, John J P
    Kayser, Manfred
    Kee, Frank
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka M
    Kiemeney, Lambertus A
    Kooner, Jaspal S
    Kooperberg, Charles
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Kovacs, Peter
    Kraja, Aldi T
    Kumari, Meena
    Kuusisto, Johanna
    Lakka, Timo A
    Langenberg, Claudia
    Le Marchand, Loic
    Lehtimäki, Terho
    Lupoli, Sara
    Madden, Pamela A F
    Männistö, Satu
    Manunta, Paolo
    Marette, André
    Matise, Tara C
    McKnight, Barbara
    Meitinger, Thomas
    Moll, Frans L
    Montgomery, Grant W
    Morris, Andrew D
    Morris, Andrew P
    Murray, Jeffrey C
    Nelis, Mari
    Ohlsson, Claes
    Oldehinkel, Albertine J
    Ong, Ken K
    Ouwehand, Willem H
    Pasterkamp, Gerard
    Peters, Annette
    Pramstaller, Peter P
    Price, Jackie F
    Qi, Lu
    Raitakari, Olli T
    Rankinen, Tuomo
    Rao, D C
    Rice, Treva K
    Ritchie, Marylyn
    Rudan, Igor
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Samani, Nilesh J
    Saramies, Jouko
    Sarzynski, Mark A
    Schwarz, Peter E H
    Sebert, Sylvain
    Sever, Peter
    Shuldiner, Alan R
    Sinisalo, Juha
    Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur
    Stolk, Ronald P
    Tardif, Jean-Claude
    Tönjes, Anke
    Tremblay, Angelo
    Tremoli, Elena
    Virtamo, Jarmo
    Vohl, Marie-Claude
    Amouyel, Philippe
    Asselbergs, Folkert W
    Assimes, Themistocles L
    Bochud, Murielle
    Boehm, Bernhard O
    Boerwinkle, Eric
    Bottinger, Erwin P
    Bouchard, Claude
    Cauchi, Stéphane
    Chambers, John C
    Chanock, Stephen J
    Cooper, Richard S
    de Bakker, Paul I W
    Dedoussis, George
    Ferrucci, Luigi
    Franks, Paul W
    Froguel, Philippe
    Groop, Leif C
    Haiman, Christopher A
    Hamsten, Anders
    Hayes, M Geoffrey
    Hui, Jennie
    Hunter, David J
    Hveem, Kristian
    Jukema, J Wouter
    Kaplan, Robert C
    Kivimaki, Mika
    Kuh, Diana
    Laakso, Markku
    Liu, Yongmei
    Martin, Nicholas G
    März, Winfried
    Melbye, Mads
    Moebus, Susanne
    Munroe, Patricia B
    Njølstad, Inger
    Oostra, Ben A
    Palmer, Colin N A
    Pedersen, Nancy L
    Perola, Markus
    Pérusse, Louis
    Peters, Ulrike
    Powell, Joseph E
    Power, Chris
    Quertermous, Thomas
    Rauramaa, Rainer
    Reinmaa, Eva
    Ridker, Paul M
    Rivadeneira, Fernando
    Rotter, Jerome I
    Saaristo, Timo E
    Saleheen, Danish
    Schlessinger, David
    Slagboom, P Eline
    Snieder, Harold
    Spector, Tim D
    Strauch, Konstantin
    Stumvoll, Michael
    Tuomilehto, Jaakko
    Uusitupa, Matti
    van der Harst, Pim
    Völzke, Henry
    Walker, Mark
    Wareham, Nicholas J
    Watkins, Hugh
    Wichmann, H-Erich
    Wilson, James F
    Zanen, Pieter
    Deloukas, Panos
    Heid, Iris M
    Lindgren, Cecilia M
    Mohlke, Karen L
    Speliotes, Elizabeth K
    Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur
    Barroso, Inês
    Fox, Caroline S
    North, Kari E
    Strachan, David P
    Beckmann, Jacques S
    Berndt, Sonja I
    Boehnke, Michael
    Borecki, Ingrid B
    McCarthy, Mark I
    Metspalu, Andres
    Stefansson, Kari
    Uitterlinden, André G
    van Duijn, Cornelia M
    Franke, Lude
    Willer, Cristen J
    Price, Alkes L
    Lettre, Guillaume
    Loos, Ruth J F
    Weedon, Michael N
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    O'Connell, Jeffrey R
    Abecasis, Goncalo R
    Chasman, Daniel I
    Goddard, Michael E
    Visscher, Peter M
    Hirschhorn, Joel N
    Frayling, Timothy M
    Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height2014Ingår i: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 46, nr 11, s. 1173-1186Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using genome-wide data from 253,288 individuals, we identified 697 variants at genome-wide significance that together explained one-fifth of the heritability for adult height. By testing different numbers of variants in independent studies, we show that the most strongly associated ∼2,000, ∼3,700 and ∼9,500 SNPs explained ∼21%, ∼24% and ∼29% of phenotypic variance. Furthermore, all common variants together captured 60% of heritability. The 697 variants clustered in 423 loci were enriched for genes, pathways and tissue types known to be involved in growth and together implicated genes and pathways not highlighted in earlier efforts, such as signaling by fibroblast growth factors, WNT/β-catenin and chondroitin sulfate-related genes. We identified several genes and pathways not previously connected with human skeletal growth, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid. Our results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number (thousands) of causal variants.

  • 528.
    Wu, Jason H. Y.
    et al.
    Univ New South Wales, George Inst Global Hlth, Fac Med, Sydney, NSW 2050, Australia..
    Marklund, Matti
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Imamura, Fumiaki
    Univ Cambridge, MRC, Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Tintle, Nathan
    Dordt Coll, Dept Math & Stat, Sioux Ctr, IA USA..
    Korat, Andres V. Ardisson
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    de Goede, Janette
    Wageningen Univ, Div Human Nutr, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Zhou, Xia
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol & Community Hlth, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Yang, Wei-Sin
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Coll Publ Hlth, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Otto, Marcia C. de Oliveira
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol Human Genet & Environm Sci, Houston, TX USA..
    Kroger, Janine
    German Inst Human Nutr, Potsdam, Germany..
    Qureshi, Waqas
    Wake Forest Univ, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA..
    Virtanen, Jyrki K.
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Bassett, Julie K.
    Canc Council Victoria, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Frazier-Wood, Alexis C.
    ARS, USDA, Childrens Nutr Res Ctr, Houston, TX USA..
    Lankinen, Maria
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Murphy, Rachel A.
    Univ British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Rajaobelina, Kalina
    Univ Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Populat Hlth Res Ctr, UMR 1219, Bordeaux, France..
    Del Gobbo, Liana C.
    Stanford Univ, Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Sch Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Forouhi, Nita G.
    Univ Cambridge, MRC, Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Luben, Robert
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Sch Clin Med, Cambridge, England..
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Sch Clin Med, Cambridge, England.;Dordt Coll, Dept Math & Stat, Sioux Ctr, IA USA..
    Wareham, Nick
    Univ Cambridge, MRC, Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England..
    Kalsbeek, Anya
    Dordt Coll, Dept Math & Stat, Sioux Ctr, IA USA.;Dordt Coll, Dept Biol, Sioux Ctr, IA USA..
    Veenstra, Jenna
    Dordt Coll, Dept Math & Stat, Sioux Ctr, IA USA.;Dordt Coll, Dept Biol, Sioux Ctr, IA USA..
    Luo, Juhua
    Indiana Univ, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, Bloomington, IN USA..
    Hu, Frank B.
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    Lin, Hung-Ju
    Natl Taiwan Univ Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Siscovick, David S.
    New York Acad Med, New York, NY USA..
    Boeing, Heiner
    German Inst Human Nutr, Potsdam, Germany..
    Chen, Tzu-An
    ARS, USDA, Childrens Nutr Res Ctr, Houston, TX USA..
    Steffen, Brian
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Lab Med & Pathol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Steffen, Lyn M.
    Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol & Community Hlth, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Hodge, Allison
    Canc Council Victoria, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Eriksdottir, Gudny
    Iceland Heart Inst, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Smith, Albert V.
    Iceland Heart Inst, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Gudnason, Vilmunder
    Iceland Heart Inst, Kopavogur, Iceland..
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA..
    Brouwer, Ingeborg A.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Hlth Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Berr, Claudine
    Montpellier Univ, INSERM, U1061, Neuropsychiat Epidemiol & Clin Res, Montpellier, France.;Montpellier Univ, Montpellier Univ Hosp, Montpellier, France..
    Helmer, Catherine
    Univ Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Populat Hlth Res Ctr, UMR 1219, Bordeaux, France..
    Samieri, Cecilia
    Univ Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Populat Hlth Res Ctr, UMR 1219, Bordeaux, France..
    Laakso, Markku
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Clin Med, Kuopio, Finland..
    Tsai, Michael Y.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Lab Med & Pathol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Giles, Graham G.
    Canc Council Victoria, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Nurmi, Tarja
    Univ Eastern Finland, Inst Publ Hlth & Clin Nutr, Kuopio, Finland..
    Wagenknecht, Lynne
    Wake Forest Univ, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA..
    Schulze, Matthias B.
    German Inst Human Nutr, Potsdam, Germany..
    Lemaitre, Rozenn N.
    Univ Washington, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Dept Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Chien, Kuo-Liong
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Med, Coll Publ Hlth, Taipei, Taiwan.;Natl Taiwan Univ Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Soedamah-Muthu, Sabita S.
    Wageningen Univ, Div Human Nutr, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Wageningen Univ, Div Human Nutr, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Sun, Qi
    Harvard TH Chan Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr & Epidemiol, Boston, MA USA..
    Harris, William S.
    Univ South Dakota, Sanford Sch Med, Dept Internal Med, Sioux Falls, SD USA.;OmegaQuant Analyt, Sioux Falls, SD USA..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Arnlov, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Family Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Micha, Renata
    Tufts Univ, Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy, Boston, MA 02111 USA..
    Mozaffarian, Dariush
    Tufts Univ, Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy, Boston, MA 02111 USA..
    Omega-6 fatty acid biomarkers and incident type 2 diabetes: pooled analysis of individual-level data for 39 740 adults from 20 prospective cohort studies2017Ingår i: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, ISSN 2213-8587, E-ISSN 2213-8595, Vol. 5, nr 12, s. 965-974Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The metabolic effects of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) remain contentious, and little evidence is available regarding their potential role in primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the associations of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid biomarkers with incident type 2 diabetes. Methods We did a pooled analysis of new, harmonised, individual-level analyses for the biomarkers linoleic acid and its metabolite arachidonic acid and incident type 2 diabetes. We analysed data from 20 prospective cohort studies from ten countries (Iceland, the Netherlands, the USA, Taiwan, the UK, Germany, Finland, Australia, Sweden, and France), with biomarkers sampled between 1970 and 2010. Participants included in the analyses were aged 18 years or older and had data available for linoleic acid and arachidonic acid biomarkers at baseline. We excluded participants with type 2 diabetes at baseline. The main outcome was the association between omega-6 PUFA biomarkers and incident type 2 diabetes. We assessed the relative risk of type 2 diabetes prospectively for each cohort and lipid compartment separately using a prespecified analytic plan for exposures, covariates, effect modifiers, and analysis, and the findings were then pooled using inverse-variance weighted meta-analysis. Findings Participants were 39 740 adults, aged (range of cohort means) 49-76 years with a BMI (range of cohort means) of 23.3-28.4 kg/m(2), who did not have type 2 diabetes at baseline. During a follow-up of 366 073 person-years, we identified 4347 cases of incident type 2 diabetes. In multivariable-adjusted pooled analyses, higher proportions of linoleic acid biomarkers as percentages of total fatty acid were associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes overall (risk ratio [RR] per interquintile range 0.65, 95% CI 0.60-0.72, p<0.0001; I-2=53.9%, p(heterogeneity) = 0.002). The associations between linoleic acid biomarkers and type 2 diabetes were generally similar in different lipid compartments, including phospholipids, plasma, cholesterol esters, and adipose tissue. Levels of arachidonic acid biomarker were not significantly associated with type 2 diabetes risk overall (RR per interquintile range 0.96, 95% CI 0.88-1.05; p=0.38; I-2 = 63.0%, p(heterogeneity) < 0.0001). The associations between linoleic acid and arachidonic acid biomarkers and the risk of type 2 diabetes were not significantly modified by any prespecified potential sources of heterogeneity (ie, age, BMI, sex, race, aspirin use, omega-3 PUFA levels, or variants of the FADS gene; all p(heterogeneity) >= 0-13). Interpretation Findings suggest that linoleic acid has long-term benefits for the prevention of type 2 diabetes and that arachidonic acid is not harmful.

  • 529. Wuopio, Jonas
    et al.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Länne, Toste
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Ruge, Toralph
    Carlsson, Axel C
    Larsson, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk kemi.
    Nyström, Fredrik H
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    The association between circulating endostatin and a disturbed circadian blood pressure pattern in patients with type 2 diabetes.2018Ingår i: Blood Pressure, ISSN 0803-7051, E-ISSN 1651-1999, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 215-221Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Endostatin, cleaved from collagen XVIII in the extracellular matrix, is a promising circulating biomarker for cardiovascular damage. It possesses anti-angiogenic and anti-fibrotic functions and has even been suggested to be involved in blood pressure regulation. Less is known if endostatin levels relate to circadian blood pressure patterns. In the present paper we studied the association between circulating levels of endostatin and nocturnal dipping in blood pressure.

    METHODS: We used the CARDIPP-study, a cohort of middle aged, type 2 diabetics (n = 593, 32% women), with data on both 24-hour and office blood pressure, serum-endostatin, cardiovascular risk factors, and incident major cardiovascular events. Nocturnal dipping was defined as a >10% difference between day- and night-time blood pressures.

    RESULTS: Two-hundred four participants (34%) were classified as non-dippers. The mean endostatin levels were significantly higher in non-dippers compared to dippers (mean ± standard deviation: 62.6 ± 1.8 µg/l vs. 58.7 ± 1.6 µg/l, respectively, p = .007). Higher serum levels of endostatin were associated with a diminished decline in nocturnal blood pressure adjusted for age, sex, HbA1c, mean systolic day blood pressure, hypertension treatment, glomerular filtration rate, and prevalent cardiovascular disease (regression coefficient per SD increase of endostatin -0.01, 95% CI, -0.02-(-0.001), p = .03). Structural equation modelling analyses suggest that endostatin mediates 7% of the association between non-dipping and major cardiovascular events.

    CONCLUSION: We found an independent association between higher circulating levels of endostatin and a reduced difference between day- and night-time systolic blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes. Yet endostatin mediated only a small portion of the association between non-dipping and cardiovascular events arguing against a clinical utility of our findings.

  • 530.
    Wuttke, Matthias
    et al.
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Med 4, Renal Div, Freiburg, Germany.
    Li, Yong
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany.
    Li, Man
    Univ Utah, Dept Med, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA.
    Sieber, Karsten B.
    GlaxoSmithKline, Target Sci Genet, Collegeville, PA USA.
    Feitosa, Mary F.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    Gorski, Mathias
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany;Univ Regensburg, Dept Genet Epidemiol, Regensburg, Germany.
    Tin, Adrienne
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA;Welch Ctr Prevent Epidemiol & Clin Res, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Wang, Lihua
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    Chu, Audrey Y.
    Merck & Co Inc, Genet, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Hoppmann, Anselm
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany.
    Kirsten, Holger
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Informat Stat & Epidemiol, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Giri, Ayush
    Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr,Div Quantitat Sci, Dept Obstet & Gynecol,Vanderbilt Genet Inst, Inst Med & Publ Hlth,Vanderbilt Epidemiol Ctr, Nashville, TN 37232 USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Tennessee Valley Healthcare Syst 626, Biomed Lab Res & Dev, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA.
    Chai, Jin-Fang
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Sveinbjornsson, Gardar
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Tayo, Bamidele O.
    Loyola Univ Chicago, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Maywood, IL USA.
    Nutile, Teresa
    Adriano Buzzati Traverso CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys, Naples, Italy.
    Fuchsberger, Christian
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Marten, Jonathan
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Cocca, Massimiliano
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy.
    Ghasemi, Sahar
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Xu, Yizhe
    Univ Utah, Dept Med, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA.
    Horn, Katrin
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Informat Stat & Epidemiol, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Noce, Damia
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Van der Most, Peter J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Sedaghat, Sanaz
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Yu, Zhi
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA;Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Biostat, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Akiyama, Masato
    RIKEN, Ctr Integrat Med Sci IMS, Lab Stat Anal, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan;Kyushu Univ, Grad Sch Med Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Afaq, Saima
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England;Khyber Med Univ, Inst Publ Hlth & Social Sci, Peshawar, Pakistan.
    Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.
    Steno Diabet Ctr Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.
    Almgren, Peter
    Lund Univ, Dept Clincial Sci Malmo, Diabetes & Cardiovasc Disease Genet Epidemi, Malmo, Sweden.
    Amin, Najaf
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Arnlov, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Family Med & Primary Care, Stockholm, Sweden;Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bakker, Stephan J. L.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Div Nephrol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Bansal, Nisha
    Univ Washington, Div Nephrol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA;Univ Washington, Kidney Res Inst, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Baptista, Daniela
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Bergmann, Sven
    Univ Lausanne, Dept Computat Biol, Lausanne, Switzerland;Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland;Univ Cape Town, Dept Integrat Biomed Sci, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Biggs, Mary L.
    Univ Washington, Dept Med, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit, Seattle, WA USA;Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Biino, Ginevra
    Natl Res Council Italy, Inst Mol Genet, Pavia, Italy.
    Boehnke, Michael
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
    Boerwinkle, Eric
    Univ Texas Hlth Sci Ctr Houston, Human Genet Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA.
    Boissel, Mathilde
    Univ Lille, Inst Pasteur Lille, CNRS, UMR 8199,EGID, Lille, France.
    Bottinger, Erwin P.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA;Hasso Plattner Inst, Digital Hlth Ctr, Potsdam, Germany;Univ Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.
    Boutin, Thibaud S.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Div Clin Epidemiol & Aging Res, Heidelberg, Germany;Heidelberg Univ, Network Aging Res, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Brumat, Marco
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy.
    Burkhardt, Ralph
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Inst Lab Med Clin Chem & Mol Diagnost, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Hosp Regensburg, Inst Clin Chem & Lab Med, Regensburg, Germany.
    Butterworth, Adam S.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, MRC BHF Cardiovasc Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England;Univ Cambridge, Natl Inst Hlth Res Blood & Transplant Res Unit Do, Cambridge, England.
    Campana, Eric
    Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy.
    Campbell, Archie
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Campbell, Harry
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Canouil, Mickael
    Univ Lille, Inst Pasteur Lille, CNRS, UMR 8199,EGID, Lille, France.
    Carroll, Robert J.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Biomed Informat, Nashville, TN USA.
    Catamo, Eulalia
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy.
    Chambers, John C.
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England;Nanyang Technol Univ, Lee Kong Chian Sch Med, Singapore, Singapore;Ealing Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Middlesex, England;Imperial Coll London, Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England.
    Chee, Miao-Ling
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Chee, Miao-Li
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Chen, Xu
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cheng, Ching-Yu
    Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore;Duke NUS Med Sch, Ophthalmol & Visual Sci Acad Clin Program Eye ACP, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Ophthalmol, Singapore, Singapore.
    Cheng, Yurong
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany.
    Christensen, Kaare
    Southern Denmark Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol Biostat & Biodemog, Odense, Denmark.
    Cifkova, Renata
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Ctr Cardiovasc Prevent, Prague, Czech Republic;Thomayer Hosp, Prague, Czech Republic;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Dept Med 2, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Ciullo, Marina
    Adriano Buzzati Traverso CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys, Naples, Italy;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    Concas, Maria Pina
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy.
    Cook, James P.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
    Coresh, Josef
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
    Corre, Tanguy
    Univ Lausanne, Dept Computat Biol, Lausanne, Switzerland;Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland;Lausanne Univ Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Sala, Cinzia Felicita
    San Raffaele Res Inst, Milan, Italy.
    Cusi, Daniele
    Natl Res Council Italy, Inst Biomed Technol, Milan, Italy;Bio4Dreams Business Nursery Life Sci, Milan, Italy.
    Danesh, John
    Univ Cambridge, Sch Clin Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England.
    Daw, E. Warwick
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    De Borst, Martin H.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Div Nephrol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    De Grandi, Alessandro
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    De Mutsert, Renee
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    De Vries, Aiko P. J.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med, Sect Nephrol, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Degenhardt, Frauke
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Inst Clin Mol Biol, Kiel, Germany.
    Delgado, Graciela
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Med, Nephrol,Hypertensiol,Rheumatol,Endocrinol,Diabet, Mannheim, Germany.
    Demirkan, Ayse
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Di Angelantonio, Emanuele
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England;NHS Blood & Transplant, Cambridge, England.
    Dittrich, Katalin
    Univ Leipzig, Hosp Children & Adolescents, Dept Women & Child Hlth, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Ctr Pediat Res, Leipzig, Germany.
    Divers, Jasmin
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Publ Hlth Sci Biostat, Winston Salem, NC USA.
    Dorajoo, Rajkumar
    Agcy Sci Technol & Res, Genome Inst Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Eckardt, Kai-Uwe
    Charite, Intens Care Med, Berlin, Germany;Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg FAU, Dept Nephrol & Hypertens, Erlangen, Germany.
    Ehret, Georg
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Cardiol, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Imperial Coll, NIHR Biomed Res Ctr, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Dementia Res Inst, London, England;Hlth Data Res UK London, London, England.
    Endlich, Karlhans
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany;Univ Med Greifswald, Dept Anat & Cell Biol, Greifswald, Germany.
    Evans, Michele K.
    NIA, Lab Epidemiol & Populat Sci, Intramural Res Program, US NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA.
    Felix, Janine F.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Pediat, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Foo, Valencia Hui Xian
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Bern, ISPM, Bern, Switzerland.
    Franke, Andre
    Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Inst Clin Mol Biol, Kiel, Germany.
    Freedman, Barry I.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Internal Med, Sect Nephrol, Winston Salem, NC USA.
    Freitag-Wolf, Sandra
    Univ Kiel, Univ Hosp Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Informat & Stat, Kiel, Germany.
    Friedlander, Yechiel
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Sch Publ Hlth & Community Med, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Froguel, Philippe
    Univ Lille, Inst Pasteur Lille, CNRS, UMR 8199,EGID, Lille, France;Imperial Coll London, Dept Genom Common Dis, London, England.
    Gansevoort, Ron T.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Internal Med, Div Nephrol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Gao, He
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.
    Gasparini, Paolo
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy.
    Gaziano, J. Michael
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, VA Cooperat Studies Program, Massachusetts Vet Epidemiol Res & Informat Ctr, Boston, MA USA.
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Gieger, Christian
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;German Ctr Diabet Res DZD, Neuherberg, Germany.
    Girotto, Giorgia
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy;Univ Trieste, Dept Med Surg & Hlth Sci, Trieste, Italy.
    Giulianini, Franco
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
    Gogele, Martin
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Gordon, Scott D.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Gudbjartsson, Daniel F.
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland;Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Haller, Toomas
    Univ Tartu, Inst Genom, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.
    Hamet, Pavel
    CHUM, Montreal Univ Hosp, Res Ctr, Montreal, PQ, Canada;Medpharmgene, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
    Harris, Tamara B.
    NIA, Lab Epidemiol & Populat Sci, Intramural Res Program, US NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.
    Hartman, Catharina A.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, nterdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Hayward, Caroline
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Hellwege, Jacklyn N.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Vanderbilt Genet Inst, Nashville, TN USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med, Div Epidemiol,Vanderbilt Genet Inst, Nashville, TN 37232 USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Tennessee Valley Healthcare Syst 626, Dept Vet Affairs, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA.
    Heng, Chew-Kiat
    Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Paediat, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Khoo Teck Puat Natl Univ, Childrens Med Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Hicks, Andrew A.
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Hofer, Edith
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria;Med Univ Graz, Inst Med Informat Stat & Documentat, Graz, Austria.
    Huang, Wei
    Chinese Natl Human Genome Ctr, Shanghai MOST Key Lab Hlth & Dis Genom, Dept Genet, Shanghai, Peoples R China;Shanghai Ind Technol Inst, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Hutri-Kahonen, Nina
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland.
    Hwang, Shih-Jen
    NHLBIs Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA USA;NHLBI, Ctr Populat Studies, Framingham, MA USA.
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Indridason, Olafur S.
    Natl Univ Hosp Iceland, Landspitali, Internal Med Serv, Div Nephrol, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Stanford Univ, Dept Med, Sch Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;Stanford Univ, Stanford Cardiovasc Inst, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;Stanford Univ, Stanford Diabet Res Ctr, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Ising, Marcus
    Max Planck Inst Psychiat, Munich, Germany.
    Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Ctr Cardiovasc Prevent, Prague, Czech Republic;Thomayer Hosp, Prague, Czech Republic;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Pediat, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Jakobsdottir, Johanna
    Univ Iceland, Ctr Publ Hlth Sci, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Ophthalmol, Mannheim, Germany;Capital Med Univ, Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Key Lab Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Beijing Inst Ophthalmol, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Joshi, Peter K.
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Josyula, Navya Shilpa
    Biomed & Translat Informat Inst, Geisinger Res, Rockville, MD USA.
    Jung, Bettina
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany.
    Kahonen, Mika
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland;Tampere Univ, Fac Med & Hlth Technol, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere, Finland.
    Kamatani, Yoichiro
    RIKEN, Ctr Integrat Med Sci IMS, Lab Stat Anal, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan;Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Med, Kyoto McGill Int Collaborat Sch Genom Med, Kyoto, Japan.
    Kammerer, Candace M.
    Univ Pittsburgh, Grad Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Human Genet, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA.
    Kanai, Masahiro
    RIKEN, Ctr Integrat Med Sci IMS, Lab Stat Anal, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan;Harvard Med Sch, Dept Biomed Informat, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
    Kastarinen, Mika
    Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland.
    Kerr, Shona M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Khor, Chiea-Chuen
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore;Agcy Sci Technol & Res, Genome Inst Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Kiess, Wieland
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Hosp Children & Adolescents, Dept Women & Child Hlth, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Ctr Pediat Res, Leipzig, Germany.
    Kleber, Marcus E.
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Med, Nephrol,Hypertensiol,Rheumatol,Endocrinol,Diabet, Mannheim, Germany.
    Koenig, Wolfgang
    Tech Univ Munich, Deutsches Herzzentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany;Univ Ulm, Inst Epidemiol & Biostat, Ulm, Germany.
    Kooner, Jaspal S.
    Ealing Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Middlesex, England;Imperial Coll London, Imperial Coll Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, London, England.
    Korner, Antje
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Hosp Children & Adolescents, Dept Women & Child Hlth, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Ctr Pediat Res, Leipzig, Germany.
    Kovacs, Peter
    Univ Leipzig, Integrated Res & Treatment Ctr Adipos Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Kraja, Aldi T.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    Krajcoviechova, Alena
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Ctr Cardiovasc Prevent, Prague, Czech Republic;Thomayer Hosp, Prague, Czech Republic;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med 1, Dept Med 2, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Kramer, Holly
    Loyola Univ Chicago, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Maywood, IL USA;Loyola Univ, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Chicago, IL 60611 USA.
    Kramer, Bernhard K.
    Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Dept Med, Nephrol,Hypertensiol,Rheumatol,Endocrinol,Diabet, Mannheim, Germany.
    Kronenberg, Florian
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Dept Med Genet Mol & Clin Pharmacol, Div Genet Epidemiol, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kubo, Michiaki
    RIKEN, Ctr Integrat Med Sci IMS, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
    Kuhnel, Brigitte
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany.
    Kuokkanen, Mikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Publ Hlth Solut, Helsinki, Finland;Univ Helsinki, Diabet & Obes Res Program, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kuusisto, Johanna
    Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland;Univ Eastern Finland, Internal Med, Inst Clin Med, Kuopio, Finland.
    La Bianca, Martina
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy.
    Laakso, Markku
    Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Kuopio, Finland;Univ Eastern Finland, Internal Med, Inst Clin Med, Kuopio, Finland.
    Lange, Leslie A.
    Univ Colorado Denver, Sch Med, Div Biomed Informat & Personalized Med, Anschutz Med Campus, Aurora, CO USA.
    Langefeld, Carl D.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Publ Hlth Sci Biostat, Winston Salem, NC USA.
    Lee, Jeannette Jen-Mai
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Lehne, Benjamin
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.
    Lieb, Wolfgang
    Univ Kiel, Inst Epidemiol & Biobank Popgen, Kiel, Germany.
    Lim, Su-Chi
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Khoo Teck Puat Hosp, Diabet Ctr, Singapore, Singapore.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk epidemiologi.
    Lindgren, Cecilia M.
    Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford, England;Broad Inst MIT & Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142 USA.
    Liu, Jun
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Liu, Jianjun
    Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Agcy Sci Technol & Res, Genome Inst Singapore, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Med, Singapore, Singapore.
    Loeffler, Markus
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Informat Stat & Epidemiol, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Loos, Ruth J. F.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Mindich Child Hlth & Dev Inst, New York, NY 10029 USA.
    Lucae, Susanne
    Max Planck Inst Psychiat, Munich, Germany.
    Lukas, Mary Ann
    GlaxoSmithKline, Target Sci Genet, Albuquerque, NM USA.
    Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.
    Magi, Reedik
    Univ Tartu, Inst Genom, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.
    Magnusson, Patrik K. E.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England;Univ Oxford, Oxford Ctr Diabet Endocrinol & Metab, Oxford, England.
    Martin, Nicholas G.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Martins, Jade
    Max Planck Inst Psychiat, Dept Translat Res Psychiat, Munich, Germany.
    Marz, Winfried
    Synlab Holding Deutschland GmbH, Synlab Acad, Mannheim, Germany;Med Univ Graz, Clin Inst Med & Chem Lab Diagnost, Graz, Austria;Heidelberg Univ, Med Fac Mannheim, Med Clin 5, Mannheim, Germany.
    Mascalzoni, Deborah
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Matsuda, Koichi
    Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Frontier Sci, Lab Clin Genome Sequencing, Tokyo, Japan.
    Meisinger, Christa
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Independent Res Grp Clin Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, UNIKA T Augsburg, Chair Epidemiol, Augsburg, Germany.
    Meitinger, Thomas
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany;Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Human Genet, Neuherberg, Germany;Tech Univ Munich, Inst Human Genet, Munich, Germany.
    Melander, Olle
    Lund Univ, Dept Clincial Sci Malmo, Hypertens & Cardiovasc Dis, Malmo, Sweden.
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Inst Genom, Estonian Genome Ctr, Tartu, Estonia.
    Mikaelsdottir, Evgenia K.
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Milaneschi, Yuri
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Miliku, Kozeta
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Pediat, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Mishra, Pashupati P.
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.
    Program, V. A. Million Veteran
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany.
    Mohlke, Karen L.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Genet, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
    Mononen, Nina
    Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland.
    Montgomery, Grant W.
    Univ Queensland, Inst Mol Biosci, St Lucia, Qld, Australia.
    Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Clin Epidemiol, Leiden, Netherlands;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Mychaleckyj, Josyf C.
    Univ Virginia, Ctr Publ Hlth Genom, Charlottesville, VA USA.
    Nadkarni, Girish N.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA;Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Dept Med, Div Nephrol, New York, NY 10029 USA.
    Nalls, Mike A.
    NIA, Lab Neurogenet, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA;Data Tecn Int, Glen Echo, MD USA.
    Nauck, Matthias
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany;Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Clin Chem & Lab Med, Greifswald, Germany.
    Nikus, Kjell
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Heart Ctr, Dept Cardiol, Tampere, Finland;Tampere Univ, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Dept Cardiol, Tampere, Finland.
    Ning, Boting
    Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02118 USA.
    Nolte, Ilja M.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Noordam, Raymond
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med, Sect Gerontol & Geriatr, Leiden, Netherlands.
    O'Connell, Jeffrey
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.
    O'Donoghue, Michelle L.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Cardiovasc, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA;TIMI Study Grp, Boston, MA USA.
    Olafsson, Isleifur
    Landspitali Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Biochem, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Oldehinkel, Albertine J.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, nterdisciplinary Ctr Psychopathol & Emot Regulat, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Orho-Melander, Marju
    Lund Univ, Dept Clincial Sci Malmo, Diabetes & Cardiovasc Disease Genet Epidemi, Malmo, Sweden.
    Ouwehand, Willem H.
    Univ Cambridge, Sch Clin Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Cambridge, England.
    Padmanabhan, Sandosh
    Univ Glasgow, Inst Cardiovasc & Med Sci, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.
    Palmer, Nicholette D.
    Wake Forest Sch Med, Biochem, Winston Salem, NC USA.
    Palsson, Runolfur
    Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland;Natl Univ Hosp Iceland, Landspitali, Internal Med Serv, Div Nephrol, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Perls, Thomas
    Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Geriatr Sect,Boston Med Ctr, Boston, MA 02118 USA.
    Perola, Markus
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pirastu, Mario
    UOS Sassari, Natl Res Council Italy, Inst Genet & Biomed Res, Sassari, Italy.
    Pirastu, Nicola
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Pistis, Giorgio
    Univ Hosp Lausanne, Dept Psychiat, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Podgornaia, Anna I.
    Merck & Co Inc, Genet, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Polasek, Ozren
    Univ Split, Fac Med, Split, Croatia;Gen Info Ltd, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Ponte, Belen
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Serv Nephrol, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Porteous, David J.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Ctr Genom & Expt Med, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland;Univ Edinburgh, Ctr Cognit Ageing & Cognit Epidemiol, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Poulain, Tanja
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Pramstaller, Peter P.
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    Preuss, Michael H.
    Icahn Sch Med Mt Sinai, Charles Bronfman Inst Personalized Med, New York, NY 10029 USA.
    Prins, Bram P.
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Publ Hlth & Primary Care, MRC BHF Cardiovasc Epidemiol Unit, Cambridge, England.
    Province, Michael A.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    Rabelink, Ton J.
    Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med, Sect Nephrol, Leiden, Netherlands;Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Einthoven Lab Expt Vasc Res, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Raffield, Laura M.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Genet, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, Turku, Finland;Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland.
    Reilly, Dermot F.
    Merck & Co Inc, Genet, Kenilworth, NJ USA.
    Rettig, Rainer
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Physiol, Karlsburg, Germany.
    Rheinberger, Myriam
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany.
    Rice, Kenneth M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Biostat, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Ridker, Paul M.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
    Rivadeneira, Fernando
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Rizzi, Federica
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy;ePhood SRL, ePhood Sci Unit, Milan, Italy.
    Roberts, David J.
    BRC Oxford Haematol Theme, NHS Blood & Transplant, Oxford, England;Nuffield Div Clin Lab Sci, Oxford, England;Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Robino, Antonietta
    IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Inst Maternal & Child Hlth, Trieste, Italy.
    Rossing, Peter
    Steno Diabet Ctr Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.
    Rudan, Igor
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Rueedi, Rico
    Univ Lausanne, Dept Computat Biol, Lausanne, Switzerland;Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Ruggiero, Daniela
    Adriano Buzzati Traverso CNR, Inst Genet & Biophys, Naples, Italy;IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    Ryan, Kathleen A.
    Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Nutr, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.
    Saba, Yasaman
    Med Univ Graz, Gottfried Schatz Res Ctr Cell Signaling Metab & A, Mol Biol & Biochem, Graz, Austria.
    Sabanayagam, Charumathi
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Salomaa, Veikko
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Salvi, Erika
    Univ Milan, Dept Hlth Sci, Milan, Italy;Fdn IRCCS Ist Neurol Carlo Besta, Neuroalgol Unit, Milan, Italy.
    Saum, Kai-Uwe
    German Canc Res Ctr, Div Clin Epidemiol & Aging Res, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Schmidt, Helena
    Med Univ Graz, Inst Mol Biol & Biochem, Ctr Mol Med, Graz, Austria.
    Schmidt, Reinhold
    Med Univ Graz, Dept Neurol, Clin Div Neurogeriatr, Graz, Austria.
    Schottker, Ben
    Schulz, Christina-Alexandra
    Lund Univ, Dept Clincial Sci Malmo, Diabetes & Cardiovasc Disease Genet Epidemi, Malmo, Sweden.
    Schupf, Nicole
    Columbia Univ, Dept Neurol, Coll Physicians & Surg, New York, NY USA;Columbia Univ, Gertrude H Sergievsky Ctr, Med Ctr, New York, NY 10027 USA;Columbia Univ, Med Ctr, Taub Inst Res Alzheimers Dis & Aging Brain, New York, NY USA.
    Shaffer, Christian M.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Biomed Informat, Nashville, TN USA.
    Shi, Yuan
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Smith, Albert V.
    Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Smith, Blair H.
    Univ Dundee, Ninewells Hosp & Med Sch, Div Populat Hlth & Genom, Dundee, Scotland.
    Soranzo, Nicole
    Wellcome Sanger Inst, Human Genet, Hinxton, England.
    Spracklen, Cassandra N.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Genet, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA.
    Strauch, Konstantin
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Fac Med, IBE, Chair Genet Epidemiol, Munich, Germany.
    Stringham, Heather M.
    Univ Michigan, Dept Biostat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Univ Michigan, Ctr Stat Genet, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
    Stumvoll, Michael
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Endocrinol & Nephrol, Leipzig, Germany.
    Svensson, Per O.
    Karolinska Inst, Sodersjukhuset, Dept Clin Sci & Educ, Stockholm, Sweden;Soder Sjukhuset, Dept Cardiol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Szymczak, Silke
    Univ Kiel, Univ Hosp Schleswig Holstein, Inst Med Informat & Stat, Kiel, Germany.
    Tai, E-Shyong
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Med, Singapore, Singapore;Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Tajuddin, Salman M.
    NIA, Lab Epidemiol & Populat Sci, Intramural Res Program, US NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA.
    Tan, Nicholas Y. Q.
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Taylor, Kent D.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Los Angeles Biomed Res Inst, Dept Pediat, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA.
    Teren, Andrej
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany;Heart Ctr Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Tham, Yih-Chung
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Thiery, Joachim
    Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, Inst Lab Med Clin Chem & Mol Diagnost, Leipzig, Germany.
    Thio, Chris H. L.
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Thomsen, Hauke
    German Canc Res Ctr, Div Mol Genet Epidemiol, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Thorleifsson, Gudmar
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Toniolo, Daniela
    San Raffaele Res Inst, Milan, Italy.
    Tonjes, Anke
    Univ Leipzig, Dept Endocrinol & Nephrol, Leipzig, Germany.
    Tremblay, Johanne
    CHUM, Montreal Univ Hosp, Res Ctr, Montreal, PQ, Canada;CRCHUM, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
    Tzoulaki, Ioanna
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England;Univ Ioannina, Med Sch, Dept Hyg & Epidemiol, Ioannina, Greece.
    Uitterlinden, Andre G.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Internal Med, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Vaccargiu, Simona
    UOS Sassari, Natl Res Council Italy, Inst Genet & Biomed Res, Sassari, Italy.
    Van Dam, Rob M.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Med, Singapore, Singapore.
    Van der Harst, Pim
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands;Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Genet, Groningen, Netherlands;Netherlands Heart Inst, Durrer Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Van Duijn, Cornelia M.
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Edward, Digna R. Velez
    Vanderbilt Univ, Tennessee Valley Healthcare Syst 626, Dept Vet Affairs, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Inst Med & Publ Hlth, Nashville, TN 37232 USA.
    Verweij, Niek
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Cardiol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Vogelezang, Suzanne
    Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Epidemiol, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Generat R Study Grp, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Univ Med Ctr Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, Dept Pediat, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Volker, Uwe
    DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany;Univ Med Greifswald, Interfac Inst Genet & Funct Genom, Greifswald, Germany.
    Vollenweider, Peter
    Lausanne Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Waeber, Gerard
    Lausanne Univ Hosp, Dept Med, Internal Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Waldenberger, Melanie
    German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Res Unit Mol Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol, Neuherberg, Germany;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Munich Heart Alliance, Munich, Germany.
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Wang, Ya Xing
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Key Lab Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Beijing Inst Ophthalmol, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Chaolong
    Agcy Sci Technol & Res, Genome Inst Singapore, Singapore, Singapore;Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Tongji Med Coll, Sch Publ Hlth, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China.
    Waterworth, Dawn M.
    GlaxoSmithKline, Target Sci Genet, Collegeville, PA USA.
    Bin Wei, Wen
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Tongren Eye Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    White, Harvey
    Auckland City Hosp, Green Lane Cardiovasc Serv, Auckland, New Zealand;Univ Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Whitfield, John B.
    QIMR Berghofer Med Res Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Wild, Sarah H.
    Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Populat Hlth Sci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Wilson, James F.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland;Univ Edinburgh, Usher Inst Populat Hlth Sci & Informat, Ctr Global Hlth Res, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Wojczynski, Mary K.
    Washington Univ, Sch Med, Dept Genet, Div Stat Genom, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.
    Wong, Charlene
    Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Ophthalmol, Singapore, Singapore.
    Wong, Tien-Yin
    Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore;Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Ophthalmol, Singapore, Singapore.
    Xu, Liang
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing Tongren Hosp, Beijing Key Lab Ophthalmol & Visual Sci, Beijing Inst Ophthalmol, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Yang, Qiong
    Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02118 USA.
    Yasuda, Masayuki
    Singapore Natl Eye Ctr, Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore;Tohoku Univ, Grad Sch Med, Dept Ophthalmol, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.
    Yerges-Armstrong, Laura M.
    GlaxoSmithKline, Target Sci Genet, Collegeville, PA USA.
    Zhang, Weihua
    Ealing Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Middlesex, England;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.
    Zonderman, Alan B.
    NIA, Lab Epidemiol & Populat Sci, Intramural Res Program, US NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA.
    Rotter, Jerome I.
    Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Los Angeles Biomed Res Inst, Dept Pediat, Inst Translat Genom & Populat Sci, Torrance, CA 90509 USA;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Dept Pediat, Torrance, CA 90509 USA;Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Dept Med, Torrance, CA 90509 USA.
    Bochud, Murielle
    Lausanne Univ Hosp, Inst Social & Prevent Med, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Psaty, Bruce M.
    Univ Washington, Dept Hlth Serv, Dept Epidemiol, Cardiovasc Hlth Res Unit,Dept Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA;Kaiser Permanente Washington Hlth Res Inst, Seattle, WA USA.
    Vitart, Veronique
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Genet & Mol Med, Med Res Council, Human Genet Unit, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Wilson, James G.
    Univ Mississippi, Med Ctr, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Jackson, MS 39216 USA.
    Dehghan, Abbas
    Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Fac Med, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, London, England.
    Parsa, Afshin
    NIDDK, Div Kidney Urol & Hematol Dis, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA;Univ Maryland, Sch Med, Dept Med, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA.
    Chasman, Daniel I.
    Brigham & Womens Hosp, Div Prevent Med, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115 USA;Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA 02115 USA.
    Ho, Kevin
    Geisinger, KHRI, Danville, PA USA;Geisinger, Dept Nephrol, Danville, PA USA.
    Morris, Andrew P.
    Univ Liverpool, Dept Biostat, Liverpool, Merseyside, England;Univ Oxford, Wellcome Trust Ctr Human Genet, Oxford, England.
    Devuyst, Olivier
    Univ Zurich, Inst Physiol, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Akilesh, Shreeram
    Univ Washington, Kidney Res Inst, Seattle, WA 98195 USA;Univ Washington, Med Ctr, Anat Pathol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
    Pendergrass, Sarah A.
    Geisinger Res, Biomed & Translat Informat Inst, Danville, PA USA.
    Sim, Xueling
    Natl Univ Singapore, Saw Swee Hock Sch Publ Hlth, Singapore, Singapore;Natl Univ Hlth Syst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Boger, Carsten A.
    Univ Hosp Regensburg, Dept Nephrol, Regensburg, Germany;Kliniken Sudostbayern, Dept Nephrol & Rheumatol, Regensburg, Germany.
    Okada, Yukinori
    RIKEN, Ctr Integrat Med Sci IMS, Lab Stat Anal, Osaka, Japan;Osaka Univ, Grad Sch Med, Dept Stat Genet, Osaka, Japan.
    Edwards, Todd L.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Tennessee Valley Healthcare Syst 626, Dept Vet Affairs, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Med, Vanderbilt Genet Inst,Div Epidemiol, Nashville, TN USA.
    Snieder, Harold
    Univ Groningen, Univ Med Ctr Groningen, Dept Epidemiol, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Stefansson, Kari
    Amgen Inc, deCODE Genet, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Hung, Adriana M.
    Vanderbilt Univ, Tennessee Valley Healthcare Syst 626, Dept Vet Affairs, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA;Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Nashville, TN USA.
    Heid, Iris M.
    Univ Regensburg, Dept Genet Epidemiol, Regensburg, Germany.
    Scholz, Markus
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Med Informat Stat & Epidemiol, Leipzig, Germany;Univ Leipzig, LIFE Res Ctr Civilizat Dis, Leipzig, Germany.
    Teumer, Alexander
    Univ Med Greifswald, Inst Community Med, Greifswald, Germany;DZHK German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Partner Site Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Kottgen, Anna
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Med, Dept Biometry Epidemiol & Med Bioinformat, Inst Genet Epidemiol, Freiburg, Germany;Univ Freiburg, Med Ctr, Freiburg, Germany;Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.
    Pattaro, Cristian
    Univ Lubeck, Inst Biomed, Eurac Res, Bolzano, Italy.
    A catalog of genetic loci associated with kidney function from analyses of a million individuals2019Ingår i: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, E-ISSN 1546-1718, Vol. 51, nr 6, s. 957-972Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is responsible for a public health burden with multi-systemic complications. Through transancestry meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and independent replication (n = 1,046,070), we identified 264 associated loci (166 new). Of these,147 were likely to be relevant for kidney function on the basis of associations with the alternative kidney function marker blood urea nitrogen (n = 416,178). Pathway and enrichment analyses, including mouse models with renal phenotypes, support the kidney as the main target organ. A genetic risk score for lower eGFR was associated with clinically diagnosed CKD in 452,264 independent individuals. Colocalization analyses of associations with eGFR among 783,978 European-ancestry individuals and gene expression across 46 human tissues, including tubulo-interstitial and glomerular kidney compartments, identified 17 genes differentially expressed in kidney. Fine-mapping highlighted missense driver variants in 11 genes and kidney-specific regulatory variants. These results provide a comprehensive priority list of molecular targets for translational research.

  • 531.
    Xu, H.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi. Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Social Studies, Falun, Sweden..
    Sandhagen, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Lindholm, B.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Carrero, J. J.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lipophilic index, kidney function, and kidney function decline2016Ingår i: NMCD. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, ISSN 0939-4753, E-ISSN 1590-3729, Vol. 26, nr 12, s. 1096-1103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: Unhealthy dietary fats are associated with faster kidney function decline. The cell membrane composition of phospholipid fatty acids (FAs) is a determinant of membrane fluidity and rheological properties. These properties, which have been linked to kidney damage, are thought to be reflected by the lipophilic index (LI). We prospectively investigated the associations of LI with kidney function and its decline. Methods and results: Observational study from the Prospective Investigation of Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors including 975 men and women with plasma phospholipid FAs composition and cystatin-C estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Of these, 780 attended reexamination after 5 years, and eGFR changes were assessed. Participants with a 5-year eGFR reduction >= 30% were considered chronic kidney disease (CKD) progressors (n = 198). LI was calculated as the sum of the products of the FA proportions with the respective FAs melting points. Blood rheology/viscosity measurements were performed in a random subsample of 559 subjects at baseline. Increased LI showed a statistically significant but overall weak association with blood, plasma viscosity (both Spearman rho = 0.16, p < 0.01), and erythrocyte deformability (rho = -0.09, p < 0.05). In cross-sectional analyses, LI associated with lower eGFR (regression coefficient 3.00 ml/min/1.73 m(2) 1-standard deviation (SD) increment in LI, 95% CI: -4.31, -1.69, p < 0.001). In longitudinal analyses, LI associated with a faster eGFR decline (-2.13 [95% CI -3.58, -0.69] ml/min/1.73 m(2), p < 0.01) and with 32% increased odds of CKD progression (adjusted OR 1.32 [95%, CI 1.05-1.65]). Conclusions: A high LI was associated with lower kidney function, kidney function decline, and CKD progression.

  • 532.
    Xu, Hong
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sjögren, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Ärnlov, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Banerjee, Tanushree
    Univ Calif, Div Gen Internal Med, Dept Med, Davis, CA USA..
    Cederholm, Tommy
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Lindholm, Bengt
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Carrero, Juan Jesus
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Mediation Analysis of Pro-Inflammatory Diets and Kidney Function in Two Community-Based Cohorts of Elderly2015Ingår i: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 30Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 533. Xu, Hong
    et al.
    Sjögren, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Banerjee, Tanushree
    Cederholm, Tommy
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Lindholm, Bengt
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Carrero, Juan Jesus
    A Proinflammatory Diet Is Associated with Systemic Inflammation and Reduced Kidney Function in Elderly Adults2015Ingår i: Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 0022-3166, E-ISSN 1541-6100, Vol. 145, nr 4, s. 729-735Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diet can affect kidney health through its effects on inflammation. Objective: We tested whether the Adapted Dietary Inflammatory Index (ADII) is associated with kidney function and whether effects of diet on chronic low-grade inflammation explain this association. Methods: This was an observational analysis in 1942 elderly community-dwelling participants aged 70-71 y from 2 independent cohorts: the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (n = 1097 men) and the Prospective Investigation of Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (n = 845 men and women). The ADII was calculated from 7-d food records, combining putatively proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects of nutrients, vitamins, and trace elements. The ADII was validated against serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was assessed from serum cystatin C (cys) and creatinine (crea). Associations between the ADII and eGFR were investigated, and CRP was considered to be a mediator. Results: In adjusted analysis, a 1-SD higher ADII was associated with higher CRP (beta: 6%, 95% Cl: 1%, 10%; P= 0.01) and lower eGFR [Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)(cys): -2.1%, 95% Cl: -3.2%, -1.1%; CKD-EPi(cys+crea): -1.8%; 95% Cl: -2.7%, -0.9%; both P < 0.001]. CRP was also inversely associated with eGFR. Mediation analyses showed that of the total effect of the ADII on kidney function, 15% and 17% (for CKD-EPIcys+crea and CKD-EPIcys equations, respectively) were explained/mediated by serum CRP. Findings were similar when each cohort was analyzed separately. Conclusions: A proinflammatory diet was associated with systemic inflammation as well as with reduced kidney function in a combined analysis of 2 community-based cohorts of elderly individuals. Our results also suggest systemic inflammation to be one potential pathway through which this dietary pattern is linked to kidney function.

  • 534.
    Xu, Hong
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Sandhagen, Bo
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk fysiologi.
    Risérus, Ulf
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Lindholm, Bengt
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Carrero, Juan Jesus
    Karolinska Inst, Div Renal Med, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Div Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lipophilic Index, Kidney Function, And Kidney Function Decline2016Ingår i: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 31, s. 177-177Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 535.
    Xu, Shengyuan
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Medicin.
    Zhao, Linshu
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Medicinsk genetik.
    Lindahl, Bertil
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR). Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Venge, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Biokemisk struktur och funktion.
    Plasma Prolylcarboxypeptidase (Angiotensinase C) Is Increased in Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus and Related to Cardiovascular Dysfunction2012Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry, ISSN 0009-9147, E-ISSN 1530-8561, Vol. 58, nr 7, s. 1110-1115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Prolylcarboxypeptidase (PRCP) (angiotensinase C) has 3 major targets, angiotensin II, prekallikrein, and alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone(1-13). The truncation of the latter leads to loss in appetite regulation and obesity in experimental animals. The objectives of this study were to purify PRCP from a native source, establish a sensitive immunoassay for PRCP, and relate plasma PRCP concentrations to signs and symptoms of obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular dysfunction.

    METHODS: Purification of PRCP from human neutrophils and establishment of a sensitive ELISA was carried out with the use of samples from study participants. Three cohorts were studied: healthy individuals (n = 40); a chest pain cohort (Fast Assessment of Thoracic Pain by Neural Networks) (n = 165); and a community-based cohort [Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS)] (n = 1004).

    RESULTS: PRCP was purified to homogeneity. Mean (SD) plasma concentrations in healthy individuals were 12.9 (3.2), mu g/L and were increased in patients with chest pain and in patients with obesity and/or diabetes mellitus (P < 0.0001). In the PIVUS cohort the concentrations were related to several measures of arterial plaque formation, thickness of arterial intima media and posterior wall of the heart (P = 0.04-0.000005); the Framingham score (r = 0.14, P < 0.0001); and concentrations of C-reactive protein (r = 0.16, P < 0.0001) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (r = -0.13, P < 0.0001).

    CONCLUSIONS: Plasma concentrations of PRCP may be used to reflect metabolic conditions in individuals with obesity and diabetes mellitus. The associations of PRCP concentrations with signs of cardiovascular dysfunction and cardiovascular abnormalities suggest a pivotal role of the enzyme in disease. (c) 2012 American Association for Clinical Chemistry

  • 536.
    Yang, Wen-Yi
    et al.
    Univ Leuven, Studies Coordinating Ctr, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Kapucijnenvoer 35, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Melgarejo, Jesus D.
    Univ Zulia, Lab Neurociencias, Maracaibo, Venezuela;Univ Zulia, Inst Cardiovasc, Maracaibo, Venezuela.
    Thijs, Lutgarde
    Univ Leuven, Studies Coordinating Ctr, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Kapucijnenvoer 35, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
    Zhang, Zhen-Yu
    Univ Leuven, Studies Coordinating Ctr, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Kapucijnenvoer 35, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai Gen Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Boggia, Jose
    Univ Republica, Ctr Nefrol, Hosp Clin, Montevideo, Uruguay;Univ Republica, Dept Fisiopatol, Hosp Clin, Montevideo, Uruguay.
    Wei, Fang-Fei
    Univ Leuven, Studies Coordinating Ctr, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Kapucijnenvoer 35, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
    Hansen, Tine W.
    Steno Diabet Ctr Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark;Capital Reg Denmark, Ctr Hlth, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Asayama, Kei
    Tohoku Inst Management Blood Pressure, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan;Teikyo Univ, Sch Med, Dept Hyg & Publ Hlth, Tokyo, Japan.
    Ohkubo, Takayoshi
    Tohoku Inst Management Blood Pressure, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan;Teikyo Univ, Sch Med, Dept Hyg & Publ Hlth, Tokyo, Japan.
    Jeppesen, Jorgen
    Univ Copenhagen, Glostrup Hosp, Dept Med, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Dolan, Eamon
    Cambridge Univ Hosp, Addenbrooks Hosp, Cambridge, England.
    Stolarz-Skrzypek, Katarzyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Dept Cardiol Intervent Electrocardiol & Hypertens, Krakow, Poland.
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Russian Acad Sci, Inst Internal & Prevent Med, Novosibirsk, Russia;Russian Acad Sci, Inst Cytol & Genet, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk, Russia.
    Casiglia, Edoardo
    Univ Padua, Dept Med, Padua, Italy.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik.
    Filipovsky, Jan
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Med, Plzen, Czech Republic.
    Maestre, Gladys E.
    Univ Zulia, Lab Neurociencias, Maracaibo, Venezuela;Univ Zulia, Inst Cardiovasc, Maracaibo, Venezuela;Univ Texas Rio Grande Valley, Sch Med, Dept Biomed Sci, Div Neurosci, Brownsville, TX USA;Univ Texas Rio Grande Valley, Sch Med, Dept Human Genet, Brownsville, TX USA.
    Li, Yan
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, Shanghai Inst Hypertens,Ctr Epidemiol Studies & C, Shanghai, Peoples R China;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, Ctr Vasc Evaluat,Shanghai Inst Hypertens, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Ji-Guang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, Shanghai Inst Hypertens,Ctr Epidemiol Studies & C, Shanghai, Peoples R China;Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Ruijin Hosp, Ctr Vasc Evaluat,Shanghai Inst Hypertens, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Imai, Yutaka
    Tohoku Inst Management Blood Pressure, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.
    Kawecka-Jaszcz, Kalina
    Jagiellonian Univ, Coll Med, Dept Cardiol Intervent Electrocardiol & Hypertens, Krakow, Poland.
    Sandoya, Edgardo
    Asociac Espanola Primera Salud, Montevideo, Uruguay.
    Narkiewicz, Krzysztof
    Med Univ Gdansk, Dept Hypertens & Diabetol, Hypertens Unit, Gdansk, Poland.
    O'Brien, Eoin
    Univ Coll Dublin, Conway Inst Biomol & Biomed Res, Dublin, Ireland.
    Verhamme, Peter
    Univ Leuven, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Ctr Mol & Vasc Biol, Leuven, Belgium.
    Staessen, Jan A.
    Univ Leuven, Studies Coordinating Ctr, Res Unit Hypertens & Cardiovasc Epidemiol, KU Leuven Dept Cardiovasc Sci, Kapucijnenvoer 35, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium;Maastricht Univ, Cardiovasc Res Inst Maastricht CARIM, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Mujaj, B.
    Cauwenberghs, N.
    Kuznetsova, T.
    Thijs, L.
    Staessen, J. A.
    Wei, F. -F
    Yang, W. -Y
    Yu, C. -G
    Zhang, Z. -Y
    Li, Y.
    Sheng, C. -S
    Huang, Q. -F
    Wang, J. -G
    Filipovsky, J.
    Seidlerova, J.
    Ticha, M.
    Hansen, T. W.
    Ibsen, H.
    Jeppesen, J.
    Rasmussen, S.
    Torp-Pedersen, C.
    Dolan, E.
    O'Brien, E.
    Casiglia, E.
    Pizzioli, A.
    Tikhonoff, V.
    Asayama, K.
    Hashimoto, J.
    Hoshi, H.
    Imai, Y.
    Inoue, R.
    Kikuya, M.
    Metoki, H.
    Obara, T.
    Ohkubo, T.
    Satoh, H.
    Totsune, K.
    Gilis-Malinowska, N.
    Narkiewicz, K.
    Adamkiewicz-Piejko, A.
    Cwynar, M.
    Gasowski, J.
    Grodzicki, T.
    Kawecka-Jaszcz, K.
    Lubaszewski, W.
    Olszanecka, A.
    Stolarz-Skrzypek, K.
    Wizner, B.
    Wojciechowska, W.
    Zyczkowska, J.
    Malyutina, S.
    Nikitin, Y.
    Pello, E.
    Simonova, G.
    Voevoda, M.
    Andren, B.
    Berglund, L.
    Bjorklund-Bodegard, K.
    Lind, L.
    Zethelius, B.
    Bianchi, M.
    Boggia, J.
    Moreira, V.
    Sandoya, E.
    Schettini, C.
    Schwedt, E.
    Senra, H.
    Maestre, G.
    Melgarejo, J. D.
    Association of Office and Ambulatory Blood Pressure With Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes2019Ingår i: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), ISSN 0098-7484, E-ISSN 1538-3598, Vol. 322, nr 5, s. 409-420Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ImportanceBlood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for overall mortality and cardiovascular (CV)-specific fatal and nonfatal outcomes. It is uncertain which BP index is most strongly associated with these outcomes. ObjectiveTo evaluate the association of BP indexes with death and a composite CV event. Design, Setting, and ParticipantsLongitudinal population-based cohort study of 11135 adults from Europe, Asia, and South America with baseline observations collected from May 1988 to May 2010 (last follow-ups, August 2006-October 2016). ExposuresBlood pressure measured by an observer or an automated office machine; measured for 24 hours, during the day or the night; and the dipping ratio (nighttime divided by daytime readings). Main Outcomes and MeasuresMultivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) expressed the risk of death or a CV event associated with BP increments of 20/10 mm Hg. Cardiovascular events included CV mortality combined with nonfatal coronary events, heart failure, and stroke. Improvement in model performance was assessed by the change in the area under the curve (AUC). ResultsAmong 11135 participants (median age, 54.7 years, 49.3% women), 2836 participants died (18.5 per 1000 person-years) and 2049 (13.4 per 1000 person-years) experienced a CV event over a median of 13.8 years of follow-up. Both end points were significantly associated with all single systolic BP indexes (P<.001). For nighttime systolic BP level, the HR for total mortality was 1.23 (95% CI, 1.17-1.28) and for CV events, 1.36 (95% CI, 1.30-1.43). For the 24-hour systolic BP level, the HR for total mortality was 1.22 (95% CI, 1.16-1.28) and for CV events, 1.45 (95% CI, 1.37-1.54). With adjustment for any of the other systolic BP indexes, the associations of nighttime and 24-hour systolic BP with the primary outcomes remained statistically significant (HRs ranging from 1.17 [95% CI, 1.10-1.25] to 1.87 [95% CI, 1.62-2.16]). Base models that included single systolic BP indexes yielded an AUC of 0.83 for mortality and 0.84 for the CV outcomes. Adding 24-hour or nighttime systolic BP to base models that included other BP indexes resulted in incremental improvements in the AUC of 0.0013 to 0.0027 for mortality and 0.0031 to 0.0075 for the composite CV outcome. Adding any systolic BP index to models already including nighttime or 24-hour systolic BP did not significantly improve model performance. These findings were consistent for diastolic BP. Conclusions and RelevanceIn this population-based cohort study, higher 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure measurements were significantly associated with greater risks of death and a composite CV outcome, even after adjusting for other office-based or ambulatory blood pressure measurements. Thus, 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure may be considered optimal measurements for estimating CV risk, although statistically, model improvement compared with other blood pressure indexes was small.

  • 537.
    Yi-Ting, Lin
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Fall, Tove
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Med, Div Cardiovasc Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Arnlov, Johan
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol, Div Family Med & Primary Care, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Klinisk epidemiologi.
    Engström, Gunnar
    Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Cardiovasc Epidemiol, Lund, Sweden.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiologi.
    Use of Proteomics to Investigate Blood Pressure Progress in the Elderly2018Ingår i: Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0263-6352, E-ISSN 1473-5598, Vol. 36, s. E115-E115Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 538.
    Zhou, Ang
    et al.
    Univ South Australia, Australian Ctr Precis Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Taylor, Amy E.
    Univ Bristol, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit IEU, Bristol, Avon, England;Univ Bristol, UKCTAS, Bristol, Avon, England;Univ Bristol, Sch Expt Psychol, Bristol, Avon, England.
    Karhunen, Ville
    Univ Oulu, Ctr Life Course Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland;Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Zhan, Yiqiang
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rovio, Suvi P.
    Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland.
    Lahti, Jari
    Helsinki Collegium Adv Studies, Helsinki, Finland;Univ Helsinki, Dept Psychol & Logoped, Fac Med, Helsinki, Finland.
    Sjögren, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism.
    Byberg, Liisa
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Lyall, Donald M.
    Univ Glasgow, Inst Hlth & Wellbeing, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.
    Auvinen, Juha
    Univ Oulu, Ctr Life Course Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland;Oulu Univ Hosp, Unit Primary Hlth Care, Oulu, Finland.
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Fimlab Labs, Dept Clin Chem, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Finnish Cardiovasc Res Ctr Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Kahonen, Mika
    Univ Tampere, Dept Clin Physiol, Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Tampere, Finland.
    Hutri-Kahonen, Nina
    Univ Tampere, Fac Med & Life Sci, Tampere, Finland;Univ Tampere, Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland.
    Perala, Mia Maria
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Dept Publ Hlth Solut, Helsinki, Finland.
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Ortopedi.
    Mahajan, Anubha
    Wellcome Ctr Human Genet, Nuffield Dept Med, Oxford OX3 7BN, England.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Power, Chris
    UCL Great Ormond St Inst Child Hlth, Populat Policy & Practice, London WC1N 1EH, England.
    Eriksson, Johan G.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Gen Practice & Primary Hlth Care, Helsinki, Finland;Helsinki Univ Hosp, Helsinki, Finland;Folkhalsan Res Ctr, Helsinki, Finland.
    Raitakari, Olli T.
    Univ Turku, Res Ctr Appl & Prevent Cardiovasc Med, Turku, Finland;Turku Univ Hosp, Dept Clin Physiol & Nucl Med, Turku, Finland.
    Hagg, Sara
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Veijola, Juha
    Univ Oulu, Dept Psychiat, Res Unit Clin Neurosci, Oulu, Finland;Univ Hosp Oulu, Dept Psychiat, Oulu, Finland.
    Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta
    Univ Oulu, Ctr Life Course Hlth Res, Oulu, Finland;Oulu Univ Hosp, Unit Primary Hlth Care, Oulu, Finland;Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England;Univ Oulu, Bioctr Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Munafo, Marcus R.
    Univ Bristol, MRC Integrat Epidemiol Unit IEU, Bristol, Avon, England;Univ Bristol, UKCTAS, Bristol, Avon, England;Univ Bristol, Sch Expt Psychol, Bristol, Avon, England.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär epidemiologi. Stanford Univ, Div Cardiovasc Med, Dept Med, Sch Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;Stanford Univ, Stanford Cardiovasc Inst, Stanford, CA 94305 USA.
    Llewellyn, David J.
    Univ Exeter, Med Sch, Exeter, Devon, England.
    Hypponen, Elina
    Univ South Australia, Australian Ctr Precis Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia;UCL Great Ormond St Inst Child Hlth, Populat Policy & Practice, London WC1N 1EH, England;South Australian Hlth & Med Res Inst, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Habitual coffee consumption and cognitive function: a Mendelian randomization meta-analysis in up to 415,530 participants2018Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, artikel-id 7526Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Coffee's long-term effect on cognitive function remains unclear with studies suggesting both benefits and adverse effects. We used Mendelian randomization to investigate the causal relationship between habitual coffee consumption and cognitive function in mid-to later life. This included up to 415,530 participants and 300,760 coffee drinkers from 10 meta-analysed European ancestry cohorts. In each cohort, composite cognitive scores that capture global cognition and memory were computed using available tests. A genetic score derived using CYP1A1/2 (rs2472297) and AHR (rs6968865) was chosen as a proxy for habitual coffee consumption. Null associations were observed when examining the associations of the genetic score with global and memory cognition (beta = -0.0007, 95% C.I. -0.009 to 0.008, P = 0.87; beta = -0.001, 95% C.I. -0.005 to 0.002, P = 0.51, respectively), with high consistency between studies (P-heterogeneity > 0.4 for both). Domain specific analyses using available cognitive measures in the UK Biobank also did not support effects by habitual coffee intake for reaction time, pairs matching, reasoning or prospective memory (P >= 0.05 for all). Despite the power to detect very small effects, our meta-analysis provided no evidence for causal long-term effects of habitual coffee consumption on global cognition or memory.

  • 539.
    Zhou, Bin
    et al.
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Bentham, James
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England;Univ Kent, Canterbury, Kent, England.
    Di Cesare, Mariachiara
    Middlesex Univ, London, England.
    Bixby, Honor
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Danaei, Goodarz
    Harvard TH Chan, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Cleveland Clin, Cleveland, OH USA.
    Taddei, Cristina
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Djalalinia, Shirin
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Khatibzadeh, Shahab
    Brandeis Univ, Waltham, MA USA.
    Lugero, Charles
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda.
    Peykari, Niloofar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran;Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Tehran, Iran.
    Zhang, Wan Zhu
    Uganda Heart Inst, Kampala, Uganda.
    Bennett, James
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Bilano, Ver
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Stevens, Gretchen A.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Cowan, Melanie J.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Riley, Leanne M.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Chen, Zhengming
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Hambleton, Ian R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Jackson, Rod T.
    Univ Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Kengne, Andre Pascal
    South African Med Res Council, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
    Khang, Young-Ho
    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Liu, Jing
    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China;Capital Med Univ, Beijing Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Malekzadeh, Reza
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Shiraz, Iran.
    Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany;Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany;German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany;German Ctr Cardiovascular Res, Gottingen, Germany.
    Soric, Maroje
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia;Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Starc, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia;Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Uppsala kliniska forskningscentrum (UCR).
    Woodward, Mark
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England;Univ Oxford, Oxford, England;Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia;Univ New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia.
    Ezzati, Majid
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Abarca-Gomez, Leandra
    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica.
    Abdeen, Ziad A.
    Al Quds Univ, Al bireh, Palestine.
    Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel.
    Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
    Adams, Robert J.
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Aekplakorn, Wichai
    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.
    Afsana, Kaosar
    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
    Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
    Agyemang, Charles
    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Ahmad, Noor Ani
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Ahmadvand, Alireza
    Non Communicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.
    Ahrens, Wolfgang
    BIPS, Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol, Bremen, Germany.
    Ajlouni, Kamel
    Natl Ctr Diabet & Endocrinol, Amman, Jordan.
    Akhtaeva, Nazgul
    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
    Al-Raddadi, Rajaa
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Ali, Mohamed M.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Ali, Osman
    Univ Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    Alkerwi, Ala'a
    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg.
    Aly, Eman
    World Hlth Org Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Nasr City, Egypt.
    Amarapurkar, Deepak N.
    Bombay Hosp & Med Res Ctr, Bombay, Maharashtra, India;Med Res Ctr, Bombay, Maharashtra, India.
    Amouyel, Philippe
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
    Amuzu, Antoinette
    London Sch Hyg Trop Med, London, England.
    Andersen, Lars Bo
    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Bergen, Norway.
    Anderssen, Sigmund A.
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    Angquist, Lars H.
    Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark;Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Anjana, Ranjit Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Ansong, Daniel
    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Araujo, Joana
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Ariansen, Inger
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway.
    Aris, Tahir
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Arlappa, Nimmathota
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Arveiler, Dominique
    Strasbourg Univ & Hosp, Strasbourg, France.
    Aryal, Krishna K.
    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    Aspelund, Thor
    Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Assah, Felix K.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.
    Assuncao, Maria Cecilia F.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Avdicova, Maria
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia.
    Azevedo, Ana
    Univ Porto, Med Sch, Porto, Portugal.
    Azizi, Fereidoun
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Babu, Bontha V.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India.
    Bahijri, Suhad
    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
    Balakrishna, Nagalla
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Bamoshmoosh, Mohamed
    Univ Sci & Technol, Taizi, Yemen.
    Banach, Maciej
    Bandosz, Piotr
    Banegas, Jose R.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Barbagallo, Carlo M.
    Univ Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
    Barcelo, Alberto
    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA.
    Barkat, Amina
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
    Barros, Aluisio J. D.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Barros, Mauro V.
    Univ Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.
    Bata, Iqbal
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Batieha, Anwar M.
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
    Batyrbek, Assembekov
    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
    Baur, Louise A.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Beaglehole, Robert
    Univ Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Ben Romdhane, Habiba
    Univ Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Benet, Mikhail
    CAFAM Univ Fdn, Bogota, Colombia.
    Benson, Lowell S.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
    Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Bernotiene, Gailute
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Bettiol, Heloisa
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor
    BJ Med Coll, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India.
    Bharadwaj, Sumit
    Chirayu Med Coll, Bhopal, India.
    Bhargava, Santosh K.
    SL Jain Hosp, Delhi, India.
    Bi, Yufang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Bikbov, Mukharram
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia.
    Bista, Bihungum
    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    Bjerregaard, Peter
    Univ Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland;Univ Southern, Odense, Denmark.
    Bjertness, Espen
    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bjertness, Marius B.
    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bjorkelund, Cecilia
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Blokstra, Anneke
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
    Bo, Simona
    Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Bobak, Martin
    UCL, London, England.
    Boeing, Heiner
    German Inst Human Nutr, Berlin, Germany.
    Boggia, Jose G.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay.
    Boissonnet, Carlos P.
    CEMIC, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Bongard, Vanina
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France.
    Borchini, Rossana
    Univ Hosp Varese, Varese, Italy.
    Bovet, Pascal
    Minist Hlth, Victoria, Seychelles;Univ Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Braeckman, Lutgart
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Brajkovich, Imperia
    Univ Cent Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela.
    Branca, Francesco
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Breckenkamp, Juergen
    Bielefeld Univ, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Brenner, Hermann
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Brewster, Lizzy M.
    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Bruno, Graziella
    Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B.
    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands.
    Bugge, Anna
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Burns, Con
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland.
    Bursztyn, Michael
    Hadassah Hebrew Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Cabrera de Leon, Antonio
    Univ La Laguna, San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.
    Cacciottolo, Joseph
    Univ Malta, Msida, Malta.
    Cai, Hui
    Vanderbilt Univ, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA.
    Cameron, Christine
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Can, Gunay
    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Candido, Ana Paula C.
    Univ Fed Juiz De Fora, Juiz De Fora, Brazil.
    Capuano, Vincenzo
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy.
    Cardoso, Viviane C.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Carlsson, Axel C.
    Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden.
    Carvalho, Maria J.
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Casanueva, Felipe F.
    Univ Santiago Compostela, Santiago, Spain.
    Casas, Juan-Pablo
    UCL, London, England.
    Caserta, Carmelo A.
    Chamukuttan, Snehalatha
    Chan, Angelique W.
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Chan, Queenie
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
    Natl Inst Med Stat, New Delhi, India.
    Chaturvedi, Nishi
    UCL, London, England.
    Chen, Chien-Jen
    Acad Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Chen, Fangfang
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China. Duke Univ, Durham, NC USA.
    Chen, Huashuai
    Chen, Shuohua
    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China.
    Cheng, Ching-Yu
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Cherkaoui Dekkaki, Imane
    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
    Chetrit, Angela
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Chiolero, Arnaud
    Univ Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Chiou, Shu-Ti
    Minist Hlth & Welf, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Chirita-Emandi, Adela
    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania.
    Chirlaque, Maria-Dolores
    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain.
    Cho, Belong
    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul, South Korea.
    Cho, Yumi
    Korea Centers Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea.
    Christofaro, Diego G.
    Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Chudek, Jerzy
    Med Univ Silesia, Katowice, Poland.
    Cifkova, Renata
    Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Cinteza, Eliza
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Bucharest, Romania.
    Claessens, Frank
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Clays, Els
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Concin, Hans
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Vienna, Austria.
    Cooper, Cyrus
    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Cooper, Rachel
    UCL, London, England.
    Coppinger, Tara C.
    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland.
    Costanzo, Simona
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    Cottel, Dominique
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France.
    Cowell, Chris
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Craig, Cora L.
    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    Crujeiras, Ana B.
    CIBEROBN, Madrid, Spain.
    Cruz, Juan J.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    D'Arrigo, Graziella
    Natl Council Res, Rome, Italy.
    d'Orsi, Eleonora
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
    Dallongeville, Jean
    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France.
    Damasceno, Albertino
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Maputo, Mozambique.
    Dankner, Rachel
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Dantoft, Thomas M.
    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Dauchet, Luc
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
    Davletov, Kairat
    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
    De Backer, Guy
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    De Bacquer, Dirk
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    de Gaetano, Giovanni
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    de Oliveira, Paula Duarte
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    De Smedt, Delphine
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Deepa, Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Dehghan, Abbas
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Delisle, Helene
    Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
    Deschamps, Valerie
    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France.
    Dhana, Klodian
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
    Univ Do Vale Do Rio Dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil.
    Diaz, Alejandro
    Natl Council Sci & Tech Res, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Dickerson, Ty T.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
    Do, Ha T. P.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Dobson, Annette J.
    Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Donfrancesco, Chiara
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy.
    Donoso, Silvana P.
    Univ Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador.
    Doering, Angela
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany.
    Dorobantu, Maria
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Bucharest, Romania.
    Doua, Kouamelan
    Minist Sante & Lutte Contre Sida, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire.
    Drygas, Wojciech
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland.
    Dulskiene, Virginija
    Dzakula, Aleksandar
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania;Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Dzerve, Vilnis
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta
    Eggertsen, Robert
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    El Ati, Jalila
    Natl Inst Nutr & Food Technol, Tunis, Tunisia. Inst Hosp Del Mar dInvest Med, Barcelona, Spain.
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Elosua, Roberto
    Erasmus, Rajiv T.
    Univ Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Erem, Cihangir
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey.
    Eriksen, Louise
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Johan G.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
    Evans, Alun
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast, Antrim, North Ireland.
    Faeh, David
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Fall, Caroline H.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
    Centro Salud Villanueva Norte, Villanueva de la Serena, Spain.
    Ferguson, Trevor S.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.
    Fernandes, Romulo A.
    Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
    Hosp Don Benito Villanueva Serena, Badajoz, Spain.
    Ferrante, Daniel
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Ferrari, Marika
    Council Agr Res & Econ, Arezzo, Italy.
    Ferreccio, Catterina
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France.
    Finn, Joseph D.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Fischer, Krista
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Foger, Bernhard
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Vienna, Austria.
    Foo, Leng Huat
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia.
    Forslund, Ann-Sofie
    Umea Univ, Umea, Sweden.
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden.
    Fouad, Heba M.
    World Hlth Org Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Nasr City, Egypt.
    Francis, Damian K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Franco, Maria do Carmo
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Frontera, Guillermo
    Hosp Univ Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
    Fuchs, Flavio D.
    Hosp Clin Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Fuchs, Sandra C.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Fujita, Yuki
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan.
    Furusawa, Takuro
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan.
    Gaciong, Zbigniew
    Med Univ Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Galvano, Fabio
    Univ Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Garcia-de-la-Hera, Manoli
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Gareta, Dickman
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa.
    Garnett, Sarah P.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Gasull, Magda
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Gates, Louise
    Australian Bur Stat, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Wageningen Univ, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Ghasemian, Anoosheh
    Non Communicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.
    Ghimire, Anup
    B P Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal.
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy.
    Gianfagna, Francesco
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy;Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    Gill, Tiffany K.
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Giovannelli, Jonathan
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
    Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Goncalves, Helen
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Rivas, Juan P.
    Andes Clin Cardio Metab Studies, Merida, Venezuela.
    Bonet Gorbea, Mariano
    Natl Inst Hyg Epidemiol & Microbiol, Havana, Cuba.
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Univ Lille 2, Lille, France.
    Graff-Iversen, Sidsel
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway.
    Grafnetter, Dusan
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Grajda, Aneta
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.
    Alexander Technol Educ Inst, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Gregor, Ronald D.
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Grodzicki, Tomasz
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland.
    Grontved, Anders
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Grosso, Giuseppe
    Azienda Ospedaliera Univ Policlinico Vittorio Ema, Catania, Italy.
    Gruden, Gabriella
    Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Grujic, Vera
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Gu, Dongfeng
    Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Guan, Ong Peng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Gudmundsson, Elias F.
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Guerrero, Ramiro
    Univ Icesi, Cali, Colombia.
    Guessous, Idris
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Guimaraes, Andre L.
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil. Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Gulliford, Martin C.
    Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Gunter, Marc
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Gupta, Prakash C.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India.
    Gupta, Rajeev
    Eternal Heart Care Ctr & Res Inst, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
    Gureje, Oye
    Univ Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Gurzkowska, Beata
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Gutierrez, Laura
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Gutzwiller, Felix
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Halkjaer, Jytte
    Danish Canc Soc Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hardy, Rebecca
    UCL, London, England.
    Kumar, Rachakulla Hari
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Hata, Jun
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Hayes, Alison J.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    He, Jiang
    Tulane Univ, New Orleans, LA USA.
    He, Yuna
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth
    Univ Amsterdam, Acad Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Henriques, Ana
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
    Herrala, Sauli
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Heshmat, Ramin
    Chron Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Ho, Sai Yin
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Ho, Suzanne C.
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Hobbs, Michael
    Univ Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Dinc, Gonul Horasan
    Celal Bayar Univ, Manisa, Turkey.
    Horimoto, Andrea R. V. R.
    Heart Inst, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Hormiga, Claudia M.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
    Horta, Bernardo L.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Houti, Leila
    Howitt, Christina
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Independent Publ Hlth Specialist, Yangon, Myanmar.
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Htike, Maung Maung Than
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Hu, Yonghua
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Maria Huerta, Jose
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Huisman, Martijn
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Husseini, Abdullatif S.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Palestine.
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Hwalla, Nahla
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Iacoviello, Licia
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy;Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    Iannone, Anna G.
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy.
    Ibrahim, Mohsen M.
    Cairo Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
    Wong, Norazizah Ibrahim
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Irazola, Vilma E.
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Islam, Muhammad
    Aga Khan Univ, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Ismail, Aziz al-Safi
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia.
    Ivkovic, Vanja
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Iwasaki, Masanori
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan.
    Jacobs, Jeremy M.
    Hadassah Univ Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Jaddou, Hashem
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
    Jafar, Tazeen
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Jamrozik, Konrad
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Janszky, Imre
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Jasienska, Grazyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland.
    Jelakovic, Ana
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Jelakovic, Bojan
    Univ Zagreb, Coll Med, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Jennings, Garry
    Heart Fdn, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Jeong, Seung-lyeal
    Natl Hlth Insurance Serv, Jeonju, South Korea.
    Jiang, Chao Qiang
    Guangzhou 12th Hosp, Guangzhou, Peoples R China.
    Joffres, Michel
    Simon Fraser Univ, Burnaby, BC, Canada.
    Johansson, Mattias
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Jokelainen, Jari J.
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark.
    Joshi, Pradeep
    World Hlth Org Country Off, Delhi, India.
    Jozwiak, Jacek
    Czestochowa Tech Univ, Czestochowa, Poland.
    Juolevi, Anne
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Jurak, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Juresa, Vesna
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Univ Crete, Iraklion, Greece.
    Kajantie, Eero O.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi
    Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.
    Karki, Khem B.
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Katz, Joanne
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
    Kaur, Prabhdeep
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Kazakbaeva, Gyulli
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia.
    Keil, Ulrich
    Univ Munster, Munster, Germany.
    Boker, Lital Keinan
    Israel Ctr Dis Control, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Kelishadi, Roya
    Res Inst Primordial Prevent Non communicable Dis, Esfahan, Iran.
    Kemper, Han C. G.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Kengne, Andre P.
    South African Med Res Council, Durban, South Africa.
    Kerimkulova, Alina
    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Res Inst Child Nutr, Bonn, Germany.
    Key, Timothy
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
    Khalili, Davood
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Khateeb, Mohammad
    Natl Ctr Diabet & Endocrinol, Amman, Jordan.
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
    Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Ursula
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Killewo, Japhet
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Kim, Jeongseon
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang, South Korea.
    Kim, Yeon-Yong
    Natl Hlth Insurance Serv, Jeonju, South Korea.
    Klumbiene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Knoflach, Michael
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kolle, Elin
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    Kolsteren, Patrick
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Korrovits, Paul
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia.
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kouda, Katsuyasu
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan.
    Kowlessur, Sudhir
    Minist Hlth & Qual Life, Port Louis, Mauritius.
    Koziel, Slawomir
    Polish Acad Sci, Anthropol Unit, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Kriemler, Susi
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Kristensen, Peter Lund
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Kromhout, Daan
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Kruger, Herculina S.
    North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Kubinova, Ruzena
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Kuciene, Renata
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Kuh, Diana
    UCL, London, England.
    Kujala, Urho M.
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
    Kulaga, Zbigniew
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Kumar, R. Krishna
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Kochi, Kerala, India. Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland.
    Kurjata, Pawel
    Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
    All India Inst Med Sci, New Delhi, India.
    Kuulasmaa, Kari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Laatikainen, Tiina
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lachat, Carl
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Lam, Tai Hing
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Landrove, Orlando
    Minist Salud Publ, Havana, Cuba.
    Lanska, Vera
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Lappas, Georg
    Sahlgrens Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larijani, Bagher
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Laugsand, Lars E.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
    Le, Tuyen D.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Leclercq, Catherine
    Food & Agr Org United Nat, Rome, Italy.
    Lee, Jeannette
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Lee, Jeonghee
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang, South Korea.
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland.
    Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Levitt, Naomi S.
    Univ Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Li, Yanping
    Harvard TH Chan, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.
    Lilly, Christa L.
    West Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV USA.
    Lim, Wei-Yen
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
    Oswaldo Cruz Fdn Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Lin, Hsien-Ho
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Lin, Xu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Kardiovaskulär epidemiologi.
    Linneberg, Allan
    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Litwin, Mieczyslaw
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Lorbeer, Roberto
    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Eugenio Lozano, Jose
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain.
    Luksiene, Dalia
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Lundqvist, Annamari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lunet, Nuno
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicinsk epidemiologi.
    Ma, Jun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Machado-Coelho, George L. L.
    Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil.
    Machi, Suka
    Jikei Univ, Sch Med, Tokyo, Japan.
    Maggi, Stefania
    CNR, Rome, Italy.
    Magliano, Dianna J.
    Baker Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Magriplis, Emmanuella
    Agr Univ Athens, Athens, Greece.
    Majer, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Makdisse, Marcia
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Malhotra, Rahul
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, India.
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Inst Internal & Prevent Med, Moscow, Russia.
    Manios, Yannis
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece.
    Mann, Jim I.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Manzato, Enzo
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy.
    Margozzini, Paula
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Marques-Vidal, Pedro
    Lausanne Univ Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Marques, Larissa Pruner
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
    Marrugat, Jaume
    CIBERCV, Madrid, Spain.
    Martorell, Reynaldo
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA USA.
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway.
    Matijasevich, Alicia
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Matsha, Tandi E.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.
    Posso, Anselmo J. Mc Donald
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama.
    McFarlane, Shelly R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    Brown Univ, Providence, RI USA.
    McLachlan, Stela
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    McLean, Rachael M.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    McLean, Scott B.
    Stat Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    McNulty, Breige A.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
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    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
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    INSERM, Paris, France.
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    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany.
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    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
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    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India.
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    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, India.
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    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
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    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China.
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    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
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    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
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    Lusofona Univ, Lisbon, Portugal.
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    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
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    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
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    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
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    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
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    Univ Firenze, Florence, Italy.
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    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
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    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
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    Hypertens Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
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    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
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    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
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    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
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    Univ Pecs, Pecs, Hungary.
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    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
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    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda.
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    Univ Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa.
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    Seoul Natl Univ, Childrens Hosp, Seoul, South Korea.
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    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria;Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
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    Univ Med Sci, Havana, Cuba.
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    Univ Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
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    RCSI Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
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    La Trobe Univ, Bundoora, Vic, Australia.
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    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland.
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    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
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    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
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    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Ahwaz, Khuzestan, Iran.
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    Gorgas Mem Inst Publ Hlth, Panama City, Panama.
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    WHO, Country Off, Lilongwe, Malawi.
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    Dept Publ Hlth, Pyinmana, Myanmar.
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    Univ Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
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    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany.
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    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
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    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
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    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
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    Bushehr Univ Med Sci, Bushehr, Iran.
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    Ulm Univ, Ulm, Germany.
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    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
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    Kobe Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.
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    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia.
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    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
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    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
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    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
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