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  • 51.
    Korpi, Sture
    et al.
    The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, Stockholm.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Segraeus, Vera
    The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care, Stockholm.
    45. Use and abuse of tobacco, alcohol and narcotics: a Baltic dilemma2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 568-581Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 52.
    Kowalik, Piotr
    et al.
    Gdansk Technical University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Dahmani, Amine
    University of Connecticut, USA.
    Andersson, Alicja
    Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate, Stockholm.
    18. Soil Protection and Solid Waste Management2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 534-565Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Krampe, Florian
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Swain, Ashok
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Human Development and Minority Empowerment: Exploring Regional Perspectives on Peace in South Asia2016In: The Palgrave Handbook of Disciplinary and Regional Approaches to Peace / [ed] Oliver Richmond, Sandra Pagodda, Jasmin Ramovic, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 363-375Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    South Asia is the sub-Himalayan southern region of the Asian continent, comprising eight countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. South Asia has a population of about 1.6 billion, which is characterized by significant cultural divergences between and within the states. An estimated 2,000 ethnic groups, at least six ethnic-linguistic families and several major faiths make South Asia one of the most diverse regions on earth. The states and societies in this vast region face challenges on several fronts. The major challenge is to achieve the social and political stability that is needed to enable their progress towards increased human development. Several factors, however, make the prospects of progress daunting. The rise in the region’s population is a key challenge. A large part of the population in South Asia lives in abject poverty.

  • 54.
    Kurkiala, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
    Moksnes, Heidi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Hornborg, Alf
    Århem, Kaj
    Den obrutna cirkeln1995Book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Larkin, Alice
    et al.
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Kuriakose, Jaise
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Sharmina, Maria
    Univ Manchester, Tyndall Ctr Climate Change Res, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England;Univ Manchester, Sch Mech Aerosp & Civil Engn, Oxford Rd, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England.
    Anderson, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    What if negative emission technologies fail at scale?: Implications of the Paris Agreement for big emitting nations2018In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 690-714Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cumulative emissions approach is increasingly used to inform mitigation policy. However, there are different interpretations of what 2 degrees C' implies. Here it is argued that cost-optimization models, commonly used to inform policy, typically underplay the urgency of 2 degrees C mitigation. The alignment within many scenarios of optimistic assumptions on negative emissions technologies (NETs), with implausibly early peak emission dates and incremental short-term mitigation, delivers outcomes commensurate with 2 degrees C commitments. In contrast, considering equity and socio-technical barriers to change, suggests a more challenging short-term agenda. To understand these different interpretations, short-term CO2 trends of the largest CO2 emitters, are assessed in relation to a constrained CO2 budget, coupled with a what if' assumption that negative emissions technologies fail at scale. The outcomes raise profound questions around high-level framings of mitigation policy. The article concludes that applying even weak equity criteria, challenges the feasibility of maintaining a 50% chance of avoiding 2 degrees C without urgent mitigation efforts in the short-term. This highlights a need for greater engagement with: (1) the equity dimension of the Paris Agreement, (2) the sensitivity of constrained carbon budgets to short-term trends and (3) the climate risks for society posed by an almost ubiquitous inclusion of NETs within 2 degrees C scenarios.POLICY RELEVANCESince the Paris meeting, there is increased awareness that most policy solutions' commensurate with 2 degrees C include widespread deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs). Yet much less is understood about that option's feasibility, compared with near-term efforts to curb energy demand. Moreover, the many different ways in which key information is synthesized for policy makers, clouds the ability of policy makers to make informed decisions. This article presents an alternative approach to consider what the Paris Agreement implies, if NETs are unable to deliver more carbon sinks than sources. It illustrates the scale of the climate challenge for policy makers, particularly if the Agreement's aim to address equity' is accounted for. Here it is argued that much more attention needs to be paid to what CO2 reductions can be achieved in the short-term, rather than taking a risk that could render the Paris Agreement's policy goals unachievable.

  • 56. Larsen, Rasmus Klocker
    et al.
    Powell, Neil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Policy Coherence for Sustainable Agricultural Development: Uncovering Prospects and Pretence within the Swedish Policy for Global Development2013In: Development Policy Review, ISSN 0950-6764, E-ISSN 1467-7679, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 757-776Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the European Union, promotion of policy coherence' is intended to improve co-ordination across sectors and groups of professionals, who make competing claims for agricultural development in low-income countries. This article examines the prospects for stakeholders in Sweden to implement such a policy, drawing on experiences from the launch of a national multi-stakeholder platform with the participation of 99 organisations. Its findings demonstrate institutional fragmentation and struggles for legitimacy, with the internationally heralded Swedish Policy for Global Development operated largely as a tokenistic instrument, legitimised by the pretence of stakeholder engagement. It argues for improved institutional support to facilitate cross-sectoral dialogues to deconstruct social boundaries which are no longer relevant.

  • 57. Ledesma, J. L. J.
    et al.
    Grabs, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Futter, M. N.
    Bishop, Kevin H.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Laudon, H.
    Koehler, S. J.
    Riparian zone control on base cation concentration in boreal streams2013In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 3849-3868Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Riparian zones (RZ) are a major factor controlling water chemistry in forest streams. Base cations' (BC) concentrations, fluxes, and cycling in the RZ merit attention because a changing climate and increased forest harvesting could have negative consequences, including re-acidification, for boreal surface waters. We present a two-year study of BC and silica (Si) flow-weighted concentrations from 13 RZ and 14 streams in different landscape elements of a boreal catchment in northern Sweden. The spatial variation in BC and Si dynamics in both RZ and streams was explained by differences in landscape element type, with highest concentrations in silty sediments and lowest concentrations in peat-dominated wetland areas. Temporal stability in BC and Si concentrations in riparian soil water, remarkably stable Mg/Ca ratios, and homogeneous mineralogy suggest that patterns found in the RZ are a result of a distinct mineralogical upslope signal in groundwater. Stream water Mg/Ca ratios indicate that the signal is subsequently maintained in the streams. Flow-weighted concentrations of Ca, Mg, and Na in headwater streams were represented by the corresponding concentrations in the RZ, which were estimated using the Riparian Flow-Concentration Integration Model (RIM) approach. Stream and RZ flow-weighted concentrations differed for K and Si, suggesting a stronger biogeochemical influence on these elements, including K recirculation by vegetation and retention of Si within the RZ. Potential increases in groundwater levels linked to forest harvesting or changes in precipitation regimes would tend to reduce BC concentrations from RZ to streams, potentially leading to episodic acidification.

  • 58.
    Levanoni, Oded
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Bishop, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala. Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Mckie, Brendan G.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hartman, Goran
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Ecol, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Eklof, Karin
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Ecke, Frauke
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.;Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Impact of Beaver Pond Colonization History on Methylmercury Concentrations in Surface Water2015In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 49, no 21, p. 12679-12687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elevated concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg) in freshwater ecosystems are of major environmental concern in large parts of the northern hemisphere. Beaver ponds have been identified as a potentially important source of MeHg. The role of beavers might be especially pronounced in large parts of Europe, where beaver populations have expanded rapidly following near-extirpation. This study evaluates the role of the age and colonization history (encompassing patterns of use and reuse) of ponds constructed by the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber in regulating MeHg concentrations in Swedish streams. In 12 beaver systems located in three regions, we quantified MeHg concentrations together with other relevant parameters on five occasions per year in 2012-2013. Five were pioneer systems, inundated for the first time since beaver extirpation, and seven were recolonized, with dams reconstructed by newly recolonizing beavers. MeHg concentrations in pioneer but not in recolonized beaver systems were up to 3.5 fold higher downstream than upstream of the ponds, and varied between seasons and years. Our results show that pioneer inundation by beavers can increase MeHg concentrations in streams, but that this effect is negligible when dams are reconstructed on previously used ponds. We therefore expect that the recovery and expansion of beavers in the boreal system will only have a transitional effect on MeHg in the environment.

  • 59.
    Lindroos, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Introducing Education for Sustainable Development-Challenges for Students and Teachers2015In: Sustainable Development, Knowledge Society And Smart Future Manufacturing Technologies, 2015, p. 33-39Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Networking and internationalisation among institutions of higher education can improve the opportunities and critical mass for partnerships in projects, and so provide a platform to widen the educational offer and develop new areas such as sustainable development. Dedicated university networks also offer their partners activities such as common seminars and courses, competence development and institutional change. In addition, networks can function as platforms for individual contacts at all levels, including students and teachers. One example from our region is the Baltic University Programme network which supports universities in their work to integrate sustainability in education, research, and management, and where researchers, teachers, and students cooperate at a macro-regional level. The BUP is a strategic partner of the Council of Baltic Sea States, and a Flagship project under the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region to support enhanced university cooperation in the region. Current challenges for higher education include lifelong learning, diversified student groups, partnerships and internationalisation. Regarding sustainable development the challenges for education and research point at certain critical points, such as multidisciplinarity, systems thinking and the involvement of uncertainty and risk. Institutions of higher education are also important actors and role models in their societies. Much has been achieved, but still the work for sustainable development seems like a patchwork, and at all levels much remains to be done.

  • 60.
    Mattsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Mineralogy Petrology and Tectonics.
    Burchardt, Steffi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Mineralogy Petrology and Tectonics.
    Almqvist, Bjarne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
    Ronchin, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Mineralogy Petrology and Tectonics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Palma, J. Octavio
    Y-tec, Conicet.
    Galland, Olivier
    The Njord Centre, University of Oslo.
    Growth stages of cryptodomes: Examples from Iceland and Argentina2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Migula, Pawel
    et al.
    University of Silesia, Katowice.
    Kihlström, Jan Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Environmental toxicology.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    14. How Pollutants Affect Life: Toxicology and Human Health2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 418-443Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Miyakoshi, Maiko
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Higher Education and Development in Egypt: Exploratory case study of the perception of E-JUST students and graduates2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study is to understand the connection between higher education as a joint development project between Egypt and Japan and ESD based on students’ opinions. The research subject of the study, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST) employs educational methods centered on “Japanese style education” in Engineering education, and the Project-based learning (PBL), which is one of the methods, is focused in the study. In order to gauge how the Japanese style education or PBL have influence on students at E-JUST and how they are related to ESD, interviews with E-JUST students and graduates were undertaken. The result showed that students’ experience at E-JUST can help them attain ESD-related competencies or enhance the competencies they already have.

  • 63. Moen, Jon
    et al.
    Rist, Lucy
    Bishop, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Chapin, F. S. , I I I
    Ellison, David
    Kuuluvainen, Timo
    Petersson, Hans
    Puettmann, Klaus J.
    Rayner, Jeremy
    Warkentin, Ian G.
    Bradshaw, Corey J. A.
    Eye on the Taiga: Removing Global Policy Impediments to Safeguard the Boreal Forest2014In: Conservation Letters, ISSN 1755-263X, E-ISSN 1755-263X, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 408-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The absence of boreal forests from global policy agendas on sustainable development and climate change mitigation represents a massive missed opportunity for environmental protection. The boreal zone contains some of the world's largest pools of terrestrial carbon that, if not safeguarded from a conversion to a net source of greenhouse gases, could seriously exacerbate global climate change. At the same time, boreal countries have a strong tradition of forest management-expertise that could be effectively leveraged toward global and national carbon mitigation targets and sustainable development. Current obstacles against such contributions include weak incentives for carbon sequestration and a reluctance to embrace change by forest managers and policy makers. We discuss possible solutions to overcome these obstacles, including the improvement of ineffective incentives, the development of alternative forest management strategies, and the need to maintain ecosystem resilience through the pursuit of policy and management options.

  • 64.
    Nilson, Lennart
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, Per Olof
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Darozhka, Siarhei
    Belarusian National Technical University, Minsk, Belarus.
    Zaliauskiene, Audrone
    Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Cleaner Production: Technologies and Tools for Resource Efficient Production2007 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 65.
    Nilsson, Kristina L
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, and Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    18. Spatial Planning and Management2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 205-227Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 66.
    Olsson, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Capacity Development within ENGOs: A case study of Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Friends of the Earth Sweden and Keep Sweden Tidy Foundation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the capacities, challenges and differences of three Swedish environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs). It uses a case study method to examine the ENGOs Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Friends of the Earth Sweden and Keep Sweden Tidy Foundation. The study will explore what capacities and challenges the organizations have to sustain and develop, using capacity development as an analytical framework. Qualitative methods are used for gathering data.

    The findings of this study indicates that all three of the organizations have several capacities that is suggested by the theory capacity development, such as monitoring and evaluating the organization, developed communication to donors and supporters, accountability, clear aim and goals, etc. These three ENGOs is well established in the society of Sweden and have been active for a minimum of three decades. However, there are always capacities and strategies that can develop and be more effective, as well as addressing organizational challenges. The challenges founded in this study that all three organizations have in common, is the issues of being dependent on external funding and donations, and the communication between branches of the organizations as well as among members of the staff. Increased communication could better unify the organization and less dependence of external funding and donations could make the organizations more stable as well as sustainable. 

  • 67.
    Ossa, Mauricio
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies. CESA.
    Sustainable Development in Colombia: The Case of the Peace Agreement Between the Colombian Government and the FARC Guerilla2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the relation between two highly relevant documents for the Colombian society: Firstly, The peace agreement between the Colombian Government and the FARC guerrilla. Secondly, the agreement of the authorities of the country to follow and pursuit the new Sustainable Development Goals – Agenda 2030 from United Nations. For this research, an extensive existing literature review was done. Throughout the empirics, the analysis looked at the relation between these two documents to show the level of compatibility for the Sustainable Development agenda in Colombia. This compatibility is important to determine as both documents have a vital importance for the Colombian Society. The first, Peace Agreement, as it is the text that aims to propose the political agenda after more than 50 years of conflict between the authorities and the FARC guerrilla. Secondly, the SDGs – Agenda 2030 is a political agreement that countries in the world will follow to contribute to the sustainability of the planet. Thus, after having the chance to review and analyze both documents, there exist clear synergies between both documents, with the exceptions of certain topics. It can be concluded that there is much room for being optimistic in the case of Colombia, but to keep in mind that the agreements are just that: the entrance to a route that now the whole country needs to take, the path of sustainability. 

  • 68.
    Osterwalder, S.
    et al.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Basel, Switzerland..
    Fritsche, J.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Basel, Switzerland..
    Alewell, C.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Basel, Switzerland..
    Schmutz, M.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Basel, Switzerland..
    Nilsson, M. B.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Ecol & Management, S-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Jocher, G.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Forest Ecol & Management, S-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Sommar, J.
    Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Environm Geochem, Guiyang, Peoples R China..
    Rinne, J.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Geosci & Geog, Helsinki, Finland.;Finnish Meteorol Inst, FIN-00101 Helsinki, Finland..
    Bishop, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, Uppsala, Sweden..
    A dual-inlet, single detector relaxed eddy accumulation system for long-term measurement of mercury flux2016In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, ISSN 1867-1381, E-ISSN 1867-8548, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 509-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The fate of anthropogenic emissions of mercury (Hg) to the atmosphere is influenced by the exchange of elemental Hg with the earth surface. This exchange holds the key to a better understanding of Hg cycling from local to global scales, which has been difficult to quantify. To advance research about land-atmosphere Hg interactions, we developed a dual-inlet, single detector relaxed eddy accumulation (REA) system. REA is an established technique for measuring turbulent fluxes of trace gases and aerosol particles in the atmospheric surface layer. Accurate determination of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) fluxes has proven difficult due to technical challenges presented by extremely small concentration differences (typically < 0.5 ngm(-3)) between updrafts and downdrafts. We present an advanced REA design that uses two inlets and two pairs of gold cartridges for continuous monitoring of GEM fluxes. This setup reduces the major uncertainty created by the sequential sampling in many previous designs. Additionally, the instrument is equipped with a GEM reference gas generator that monitors drift and recovery rates. These innovations facilitate continuous, autonomous measurement of GEM flux. To demonstrate the system performance, we present results from field campaigns in two contrasting environments: an urban setting with a heterogeneous fetch and a boreal peatland during snowmelt. The observed average emission rates were 15 and 3 n gm(-2) h(-1), respectively. We believe that this dual-inlet, single detector approach is a significant improvement of the REA system for ultra-trace gases and can help to advance our understanding of long-term land-atmosphere GEM exchange.

  • 69.
    Palang, Hannes
    et al.
    Tartu University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Haber, Zbigniew
    Poznan University of Agriculture.
    Elias, Pavol
    Slovak University of Agriculture.
    Elvisto, Tiina
    Tallinn Pedagogical University.
    Emanuelsson, Urban
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silesia.
    7. Society and Landscape: Space Intrusion and Habitat Destruction2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 184-221Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Pedersen, Karin Hilmer
    et al.
    Aarhus University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    22. Policy and Policy Instruments2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 259-273Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Powell, Neil
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala. Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4558, Australia..
    Larsen, Rasmus Klocker
    SEI, S-11523 Stockholm, Sweden..
    de Bruin, Annemarieke
    Univ York, Stockholm Environm Inst, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England..
    Powell, Stina
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Elrick-Barr, Carmen
    Univ Sunshine Coast, Sustainabil Res Ctr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4558, Australia..
    Water Security in Times of Climate Change and Intractability: Reconciling Conflict by Transforming Security Concerns into Equity Concerns2017In: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 9, no 12, article id 934Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper considers how to achieve equitable water governance and the flow-on effects it has in terms of supporting sustainable development, drawing on case studies from the international climate change adaptation and governance project (CADWAGO). Water governance, like many other global issues, is becoming increasingly intractable (wicked) with climate change and is, by the international community, being linked to instances of threats to human security, the war in the Sudanese Darfur and more recently the acts of terrorism perpetuated by ISIS. In this paper, we ask the question: how can situations characterized by water controversy (exacerbated by the uncertainties posed by climate change) be reconciled? The main argument is based on a critique of the way the water security discourse appropriates expert (normal) claims about human-biophysical relationships. When water challenges become increasingly securitized by the climate change discourse it becomes permissible to enact processes that legitimately transgress normative positions through post-normal actions. In contrast, the water equity discourse offers an alternative reading of wicked and post-normal water governance situations. We contend that by infusing norm critical considerations into the process of securitization, new sub-national constellations of agents will be empowered to enact changes; thereby bypassing vicious cycles of power brokering that characterize contemporary processes intended to address controversies.

  • 72.
    Roozenbeek, Jon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    A New Stalemate: The Influence of South Sudan's Independence on The Nile Basin's Water Politics2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    : This study assesses how South Sudan’s 2011 vote for independence has influenced the Nile Basin’s debate over water rights. Although it initially seemed that South Sudan was aligning itself with the upstream riparian states such as Ethiopia and Uganda, effectively leaving Egypt and Sudan as the only opponents to a Cooperative Framework Agreement and redefining so-called ‘historic water rights’, the escalation of the South Sudanese internal conflict between President Salva Kiir and ex-Vice-President Riek Machar changed this situation entirely. The conflict has reached a new stalemate, with Egypt giving military support to Salva Kiir in his fight against Machar, thus befriending South Sudan and strengthening its position in the Nile Basin, and Ethiopia hesitating to offer support and effectively losing South Sudan as a newly found ally. Currently, a Cooperative Framework Agreement is farther away from being signed than it was before South Sudan’s conflict escalated: South Sudan is no longer in any position to sign or implement agreements and policies regarding water issues, which allowed Egypt to reassert its dominant position in the debate. This study foresees three different possible future scenarios: one of perpetuated violent conflict, one of political conflict and one of increased interstate political cooperation.

  • 73.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    12. Living in the Baltic Waterscape2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 155-161Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    16. Energy Production in the Rural Landscape2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 186-195Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 75.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    4. The Baltic Waterscape: Lakes, Wetlands, Rivers and the Sea2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 58-70Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 76.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    5. Mountains and Tundra: Landscapes of Beauty and Wilderness2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 71-76Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 77.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Att öppna det etiska rummet - om Anne-Marie Thunbergs bidrag till den forskningsetiska debatten2015In: Anne-Marie Thunberg: Samhälls- och kulturdebatt under 1900-talets andra hälft / [ed] Sjöström, Lennart, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag , 2015, p. 231-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Building and Re-building Sustainable Communities: Reports from the Superbs project2003Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  How do people want to live? Dorota Wlodarczyk and Malgorzata Dymnicka

    2.  Garden city urban patterns Dorota Wlodarczyk

    3.  Building a sustainable neighbourhood – Kronsberg Madeleine Granvik, Dorota Wlodarczyk and Lars Rydén

    4.  Urban planning and land-use in post-socialist Estonia Jussi Jauhiainen

    5.  Development of an old wooden house residential district Jussi Jauhiainen

    6.  Development of a former military district Jussi Jauhiainen

    7.  Development of an industrial district Jussi Jauhiainen

    8.  Protecting the past of historical Veliky Novgorod  Igor Alexandrov, Ludmila Petrova, Vladimir Druzhinin and Tatyana Kaucia

    9.  Urban planning in post-soviet Novgorod Igor Bezlakovsky, Vladimir Kuzmichev and Tatyana Ivchenko

    10. Decision support techniques in urban planning Saulius Lukosius and Linas Kliucininkas

  • 79.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Is Local Energy Supply a Main Road to Sustainability?2015In: Sustainable Development, Knowledge Society And Smart Future Manufacturing Technologies, 2015, p. 19-31Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of local energy production as a strategy to improve energy safety, control costs and mitigate climate change is reviewed. Local energy is in practice equivalent to renewable energy. There are a large number of different sources of local energy production. Some of them, including solar electricity, energy efficient building and biogas production, are in rapid technical development. The use of local energy is estimated to be around 50 % in Sweden. A number of cases, mostly from Sweden and Europe, where local energy has been a strong and important policy are described. Networks of municipalities which work for local energy autonomy are found all over the world and some of them are reviewed. Typically a strong policy for local energy production creates substantial numbers of job opportunities and thus contributes to the local economy, provides social and environmental benefits, improves energy security, and reduces emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • 80.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Public Participation and Democracy: Reports from the Superbs project2003Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  Implementing Local Agenda 21 in the Baltic Sea region  Björn Grönholm

    2.  Livani – the inhabitants as a resource for development  Visvaldis Gercans and Arnolds Ubelis

    3.  Efforts to create a sustainable economic development in Livani Visvaldis Gercans and Arnolds Ubelis

    4.  Public awareness and participation as elements in strategies for development Arnolds Ubelis

    5.  Urban planning and democracy in post-soviet Latvia  Mara Urtane

    6.  Promoting public participation in urban planning  Mara Urtane

    7.  Democratic development in Veliky Novgorod  Serguei Bessonov, Boris Shvedchikov and Denis Repkin

  • 81.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Technological Development and Lifestyle Changes2015In: Sustainable Development, Knowledge Society And Smart Future Manufacturing Technologies, 2015, p. 113-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate on technology and life style most often raises the question if one or the other is necessary/sufficient for sustainable development. In this paper I intend to demonstrate that interactions between them is more complex, arguing that technological development leads to life style changes, and vice versa that life style changes fosters new ways to use technology. Five different areas are described to illustrate this. Population growth has decreased in developed countries because of economic growth, improved health care, better education, and family planning tools all of which may be seen as part of technological development; it has led to a completely new family life with fewer children and decreasing population growth. In developed urban areas we see a reduced car use among a younger generation as public transport is improving; ICT offers new possibilities to meet without moving, also reducing travelling. Sharing music and films on the Internet is part of the life of younger generation; also many other forms of sharing resources rather than owning them can be pointed out. Finally working life is dramatically influenced by new technologies as increased automation is expected to lead to reduced working hours, while the private time may be influenced by raising interest for urban agriculture. Most life style changes discussed seem to be beneficial for sustainability.

  • 82.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    The Baltic Sea Region and the relevance of regional approaches2002In: The Baltic Sea Region: Cultures, Politics, Societies / [ed] Witold Maciejewski, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2002, 1, p. 7-29Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 83.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Urban Environmental Management: Reports from the Superbs project2003Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  Municipal environmental audit  Mikko Jokinen and Matti Lankiniemi

    2.  Local sustainability indicators  Linas Kliucininkas

    3.  Waste management and nutrient flows in the city of Turku  Toni Tikkanen

    4.  Air pollution and damages to cultural heritage in cities  Wanda Wilczynska-Michalik

    5.  Health concerns in environmental management  Juozas Kamenckas

    6.  Living in the 21st century  Silvia Schubert

  • 84.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Elias, Pavol
    Slovak University of Agriculture.
    Höggren, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Kautsky, Lena
    Stockholm University.
    Svensson, Sören
    Lund University.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silesia, Katowice.
    8. Changing the Living World: Shrinking Biodiversity2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 222-255Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 85.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Fladvad, Bengt
    Stockholm and Uppsala Counties Air Management Association.
    Hjalmarsson, Anna-Karin
    Swedish Institute for protection of air and water, Stockholm.
    16. Environmental Engineering and the Technology of Clean Air2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 478-503Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 86.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Granvik, MadeleineSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Basic Patterns of Sustainability: Reports from the Superbs project2002Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    1.  A strong municipality   Madeleine Granvik

    2.  Cultures of municipal administration  Madeleine Granvik and Inger Christoferson

    3.  Urban growth and long term planning  Madeleine Granvik and Mia Forsberg

    4.  The city as a sustainable living system   Per G. Berg

    5.  Demonstrating sustainability in human habitats   Per G. Berg

    6.  Developing sustainability in Hågaby village  Per G. Berg

    7.  Studying sustainability in municipal transformation  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    8.  Strategies for managing economic decline  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    9.  Managing housing policy during an economic decline  Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    10. Culture in municipal transformation   Gunnar Persson and Anders Bro

    11. Migration in the municipality of Enköping  Wendelin Müller-Wille

  • 87.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Karlsson, IngridUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Rural Development and Land Use2012Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 88.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Leal Filho, Walter
    Technical University of Hamburg Harburg.
    Skubala, Piotr
    University of Silesia, Katowice.
    Kronlid, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    21. Behaviour and the Environment: Ethics, Education, and Lifestyle2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 630-661Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 89.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Lundin, Lars-Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    2. How the Environment Works: Turnover of Matter and Energy2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 46-67Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 90.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silecia.
    Andersson, Alicja
    Swedish Chemicals Inspectorate, Stockholm.
    Backlund, Peter
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Holmbom, Bjarne
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Leppäkoski, Erkki
    Åbo Akademi University.
    13. Industrial Society and Chemical Pollution2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 384-417Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 91.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Migula, PawelUniversity of Silesia, Katowice.Andersson, MagnusUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region2003Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    CONTENTS

    Part A Understanding the Environment

    Chapter 1. Discovering the Environmental Dilemma

    Chapter 2. How the Environment Works - Turnover of Matter and Energy

    Chapter 3. Ecology and Ecosystems

    Chapter 4. The Baltic Sea Basin - Nature, History, and Economy

    Chapter 5. The Baltic Sea

    Chapter 6. Life in the Baltic Sea

    Part B Environmental Impacts

    Chapter 7. Society and Landscape - Space Intrusion and Habitat Destruction

    Chapter 8. Changing the Living World - Shrinking Biodiversity

    Chapter 9. A New Regime for Nutrient Turnover - Eutrophication

    Chapter 10. Impacts on the Global Atmosphere - Climate Change and Ozone Depletion

    Chapter 11. Air Pollution - Acid Rain and Radioactive Fallout

    Chapter 12. Metal Flows and Environmental Impact

    Chapter 13. Industrial Society and Chemical Pollution

    Chapter 14. How Pollutants Affect Life - Toxicology and Human Health

    Chapter 15. The Damaged Environment - Distribution, Interaction, and Longevity of Environmental Impact

    Part C Society and Environment

    Chapter 16. Environmental Engineering and the Technology of Clean Air

    Chapter 17. Resource Management and the Technology of Clean Water

    Chapter 18. Soil Protection and Solid Waste Management

    Chapter 19. The Cost of Pollution - Environmental Economics

    Chapter 20. Legal Protection of the Environment

    Chapter 21. Behaviour and the Environment - Ethics, Education, and Lifestyle

    Chapter 22. Making and Implementing Environmental Policy

    Chapter 23. International Co-operation for the Environment

    Part D Managing the Environment

    Chapter 24. Environmental Management

    Chapter 25. The Prospect of Sustainable Development

  • 92.
    Saunders, Fred
    et al.
    Södertörn Högskola.
    Gallardo Fernández, Gloria L.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Truong Van, Tuyen
    Hue University of Agriculture and Forestry, Viet Nam.
    Raemaekers, Serge
    Serge Raemaekers Department of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
    Marciniak, Boguslaw
    Freelance Researcher, Poland.
    Díaz Plá, Rodrigo
    Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Chile.
    Transformation of small-scale fisheries — critical transdisciplinary challenges and possibilities2016In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 20, p. 26-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One way to confront the global marginalisation of small-scale fisheries (SSF) is to support a sustainable transformation of these coastal communities. In 2014/15, a network of researchers and SSF communities from four countries cooperated in a transdisciplinary research approach to examine governance shifts, fish stock collapses, power structures, future visions and transformation strategies. We combined a political ecology approach with transformation theory to: (i) consider how local context is affected by structural changes and (ii) identify place-based transformational strategies for each case. The global emergence of large-scale fisheries and associated free markets appeared as key factors negatively affecting SSF and coastal sustainability. Through envisioning exercises and context dependent analysis, SSF communities articulated possible and actual strategies towards sustainability that will require ongoing support.

  • 93. Schelker, J.
    et al.
    Grabs, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Bishop, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
    Laudon, H.
    Drivers of increased organic carbon concentrations in stream water following forest disturbance: Separating effects of changes in flow pathways and soil warming2013In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES, ISSN 2169-8953, Vol. 118, no 4, p. 1814-1827Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest disturbance such as clear-cutting has been identified as an important factor for increasing dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations in boreal streams. We used a long-term data set of soil temperature, soil moisture, shallow groundwater (GW) levels, and stream DOC concentrations from three boreal first-order streams to investigate mechanisms causing these increases. Clear-cutting was found to alter soil conditions with warmer and wetter soils during summer. The application of a riparian flow concentration integration model (RIM) explained a major part of variation in stream [DOC] arising from changing flow pathways in riparian soils during the pretreatment period (r(2)=0.4-0.7), but less well after the harvest. Model residuals were sensitive to changes in soil temperature. The linear regression models for the temperature dependence of [DOC] in soils were not different in the disturbed and undisturbed catchments, whereas a nonlinear response to soil moisture was found. Overall these results suggest that the increased DOC mobilization after forest disturbance is caused by (i) increased GW levels leading to increased water fluxes in shallow flow path in riparian soils and (ii) increased soil temperature increasing the DOC availability in soils during summer. These relationships indicate that the mechanisms of DOC mobilization after forest disturbance are not different to those of undisturbed catchments, but that catchment soils respond to the higher hydro-climatic variation observed after clear-cutting. This highlights the sensitivity of boreal streams to changes in the energy and water balance, which may be altered as a result of both land management and climate change.

  • 94.
    Schrage, Jesse
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Lenglet, Frans
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, SWEDESD - The Swedish International Centre of Education for Sustainable Development.
    Towards a Theory-based framework for assessing the mainstreaming of education for sustainable development: A case study of teacher education institutions in Botswana2016In: Southern African Journal of Environmental Education, ISSN 2411-5959, Vol. 32, no 2016, p. 87-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the development of a theory-based framework for exploring the ways in which different teacher education institutions in Botswana have worked towards the infusion of education for sustainable development (ESD) in the curriculum and the practice of pre-service teacher education.The framework combines theory of change, a theory of education for sustainable human development and a theory of transformative learning.The objective of this paper is to understand how this theoretical framework can help the analysis and understanding of critical features of ESD pedagogy and projects.The research results obtained in the framework’s application highlight key elements enabling the successful implementation of ESD in two specific teacher education institutions, namely: the educators’ capacity to foster transformational pedagogies in the classroom, their capacity to strategically plan and implement their change projects, and the wider institutional and administrative context. 

  • 95.
    Selinus, Olle
    et al.
    Swedish Geological Survey, Uppsala.
    Hylander, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silesia, Katowice.
    Backlund, Peter
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Holmbom, Bjarne
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Leppäkoski, Erkki
    Åbo Akademi University.
    12. Metal Flows and Environmental Impact2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 356-383Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96.
    Shephard, Kerry
    et al.
    University of Otago.
    Brown, Kim
    University of Otago.
    Connelly, Sean
    University of Otago.
    Hall, Madeline
    University of Otago.
    Harraway, John
    University of Otago.
    Martin, Jonny
    University of Otago.
    Mirosa, Miranda
    University of Otago.
    Payne-Harker, Hannah
    University of Otago.
    Payne-Harker, Nyssa
    University of Otago.
    Rock, Jenny
    University of Otago.
    Simmons, Elizabeth
    University of Otago.
    Stoddard, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Empowering Students in Higher-Education to Teach and Learn2017In: New Zealand journal of educational studies, ISSN 0028-8276, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 41-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored opportunities, advantages and barriers to enabling students to establish student-led learning events at a New Zealand university. We used an action-research approach to explore if students felt empowered to use the infrastructure of this university to realise something that they themselves set out to achieve. We discovered that, in achieving a series of open discussions about sustainability, students adopted a democratic, distributed form of decision-making, not unlike a typical academic model, with leaders taking temporary roles that included passing on responsibility to those who followed. Students were proud of the events they created and identified the discussion format as something different from their experience as undergraduate students in our institution. This article, co-authored by staff and students, considers whether higher education processes that do empower students do so adequately and the extent to which students are prepared by higher education to take on powerful roles after they graduate.

  • 97. Sponseller, Ryan A.
    et al.
    Temnerud, Johan
    Bishop, Kevin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
    Laudon, Hjalmar
    Patterns and drivers of riverine nitrogen (N) across alpine, subarctic, and boreal Sweden2014In: Biogeochemistry, ISSN 0168-2563, E-ISSN 1573-515X, Vol. 120, no 1-3, p. 105-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Concentrations of nitrogen (N) in surface waters reflect the export of different organic and inorganic forms from terrestrial environments and the modification of these resources within aquatic habitats. We evaluated the relative influence of terrestrial ecosystem state factors, anthropogenic gradients, and aquatic habitat variables on patterns of N concentration in streams and rivers across Sweden. We analyzed data from 115 national monitoring stations distributed along a 1,300 km latitudinal gradient, draining catchments that differed by more than 10 A degrees C in mean annual temperature (MAT), and more than five orders of magnitude in area. Regional trends in total organic nitrogen (TON) and carbon:nitrogen (C:N) were closely linked to broad-scale gradients in state factors (e.g., MAT), reflecting the importance of long-term ecosystem development on terrestrial organic matter accrual and export. In contrast, trends in nitrate (NO3 (-)), the dominant form of inorganic N, were largely unrelated to state factors, but instead were closely connected to gradients related to anthropogenic inputs (e.g., agricultural cover). Despite large differences in drainage size and cover by lakes and wetlands among sites, these descriptors of the aquatic environment had little influence on spatial patterns of N chemistry. The temporal variability in N concentrations also differed between forms: inorganic N was strongly seasonal, with peaks during dormant periods that underscore biotic control over terrestrial losses of limiting resources. Organic N showed comparatively weaker seasonality, but summertime increases suggest temperature-driven patterns of soil TON production and export-temporal signals which were modified by variables that govern water residence time within catchments. Unique combinations of regional predictors reflect basic differences in the cycling of organic versus inorganic N and highlight variation in the sensitivity of these different N forms to environmental changes that directly alter inputs of resources, or indirectly modify terrestrial ecosystems through shifts in species composition, rates of forest productivity, soil development, and hydrologic routing.

  • 98.
    Stoddard, Isak
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Rieser, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Andersson, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Friman, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, Centre for Environment and Development Studies.
    Igniting a Learning Revolution: Student-Run Higher Education for Sustainable Development2012In: Solutions Journal, ISSN 2154-0896, E-ISSN 2154-0926, Vol. 3, no 5, p. 34-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Sundström, Tage
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Andersson, Magnus
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    1. Discovering the Environmental Dilemma2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 22-45Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    25. The Prospect of Sustainable Development2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 764-800Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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