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  • 51.
    Doudaki, Vaia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Discourses of Legitimation in the News: The Case of the Cypriot Bailout2018In: Cyprus and its Conflicts. Representations, Materialities and Cultures / [ed] Doudaki, Vaia and Carpentier, Nico, New York: Berghahn Books, 2018, p. 142-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Doudaki, Vaia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Mapping community media in Cyprus: Organization, objectives, communities2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Edman, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    En Kommunikations Illustration: Interaktionen mellan deltagare i ledarlösa samarbeten2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The objective of this study is to illustrate how participants in leaderless based projects communicate with each other. Several studies have focused on technology-supported projects, such as open source projects, with an established project manager and goal. There is a lack, to the best of our knowledge, in studies that deal with the communication pattern in a leaderless computer supported collaborative project.

    Method: We have chosen to use a quantitative method where we systematically group several messages according to their content. This method was used in a similar study to illustrate the communication between participants involved in an open source project. We have taken the same Kripendorff based method and adapted it to our study by adding more descriptive variables.

    Theoretical perspectives: Manuel Castell discusses the aspects of a new communication power that is rooted in the individual as part of a larger creative audience. The collaborative works we have studies are prime examples of how the creative audience works together and of mass self‐communication. In order to analyze the potential motivations behind the participant’s involvement in these collaborative works, we have adopted the ideas of Preece and Shneidermans frame theory. They have identified 4 major roles in most onlinebased co‐operations and refer to them as reader, contributor, collaborator and leader.

    Result: Our results show that the communication in computer supported collaborative works is characterized by positive and energetic communication. The participants are all involved by their own will; they contribute because they want to. We believe this to be the major factor influencing the flow and form of communication between the participants. The majority of posts are comments to other participants or contributing posts that add to the progression of the discourse. We also have reason to believe that the use of smileys and embedded pictures is related to the tools available to the participants; the quicker and easier it is to add a picture the more likely the participants will use these tools.

  • 54.
    Edström, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Kommun 2.0: En studie av Uppsala kommun och Tierps kommuns användande av sociala medier2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 55.
    Eid, Kristine
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Amorelli, Elisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Medierapportering av Israel- Palestina konflikten: En innehållsanalys av vad som rapporterats i Dagens Nyheter och The New York Times sommaren 2014.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt hur Israel- Palestina konflikten kartlagts i de två dagstidningarna Dagens Nyheter (Sverige) och The New York Times (USA). Frågan som besvarats är hur rapporteringen i artiklarna under två utvalda månader (juni-juli 2014) sett ut, utifrån teorier om krigs- och fredsjournalistik, mediernas roll som opinionsbildare, narrativitet och förenkling av konflikter. Materialet består av totalt 158 artiklar, 62 från Dagens Nyheter och 76 från The New York Times. Undersökningen har gjorts genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys som har lagt grunden för en jämförelse mellan de två tidningarna för att urskilja likheter och skillnader i rapporteringen.

    Resultaten av vår studie leder oss till slutsatsen att de två tidningarna rapporterar på ett liknande sätt. Israel nämns överlägset flest gånger i båda tidningar. De inkluderar oftare historiska aspekter än framtida, vilket gör att deras rapportering inte fullständigt håller måtten för att kallas fredsjournalistik. The New York Times publicerar mer frekvent omfattande och långa reportage, medan majoriteten av Dagens Nyheters artiklar är korta och koncisa. 

  • 56.
    Ekström, Signe
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Matarasso, Rebecca
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det professionellt privata: En jämförande studie om privatpersoners strategiska användande av Instagram utan vinstdrivande motiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the intention to fill a gap in the research field, this thesis porposes to illuminate privatepersons’ use of Instagram simply as private actors without any profitable interest. The users with a solely personal interest may in some cases attract thousands of followers in the scale ofcelebrity fan base. This thesis aims to map out what motivates and drives a thought-through, strategic use of Instagram, to discover if there is a strategic use of Instagram among the objects of study and also to share the objects of study’s reflections about their Instagram use. Through a selection based on the number of followers of a non-profitable Instagram profile, age and an involvement in the culture and/or media business, ten people were selectedto constitute the objects of study. Through a comparision of five users with many followers (more than 1000) and five with few (less than 500), a comparative study was made to discover differences and similarities in their use and attitudes to Instagram. With an abductive approach and a rich theoretical framework, focusing on theories concering self-presentationand personal branding, in-dept interviews were made to create a deep understanding of the subject of research. The intervew answers were processed through a content analysis that concluded astrategic use among all of the objects of study, motivated by personal satisfaction and hopes of being percieved in a certain way. The users with many followers all reflected on and experience negative psychologial concequenses from their Instagram use, but the reflections and effects were absent among the users with few followers. The study demonstrate user patterns amongst those observed that suggest that a greater commitment to Instagram is more likely to have an effect on mental health.

  • 57.
    Ekström, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    "We are like Chameleons": Changing Mediascapes, Cultural Identities and City Sisters in Dar es Salaam2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The consequences of expanding mediascapes and processes of cultural globalisation during the early 21st century is the focus of this thesis. The author has conducted extensive field studies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. She explores the construction of cultural and gendered identities at the intersection of notions of the local and the global, the rural and the urban, traditional and modern, female and male, and investigates the production of selves at the intersection of mediated and lived experience.

    The media often gets the blame for threatening authentic, indigenous cultures, and for influ-encing young people to give up ‘traditional’ ways of living and behaving. But as this study will emphasise, Tanzanian culture has always been charac-terised by multiculturalism and cultural processes of hybridity.

    This study analyses how media and popular culture produce cultural identities and gendered selves. The main characters are a group of young women from different places in Tanzania, with various backgrounds, who have in common that they for two years were secondary school students at a girls’ school in Dar es Salaam. Like for young people in most parts of the contem-porary world, particularly in urban areas, media and popular culture play a central role in these girls’ everyday lives, in a variety of ways, both positive and negative. The process of ‘becoming a woman’ turns out to be surrounded by conflicting ideas, expectations and ideals. Participation in the commercial youth culture, growing literally just outside the doors of the young women’s boarding school, may be as distant as the dream of a life in a remote country. But the imaginations and fantasies it gives rise to feed into their experiences and subjectivities as young women in early 21st century Tanzania.

  • 58.
    Ekström, Ylva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Helgesson Sekei, Linda
    Development Pioneer Consultants, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Citizen Engagement through SMS?: Audiences ‘Talking Back’ to a Reality TV Edutainment Initiative in Tanzania2014In: Reclaiming the Public Sphere: Communication, Power and Social Change. / [ed] Askanius, Tina and Stubbe Østergaard, Liv, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Elmsäter Aronson, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Örwén, Stina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Tobak på 2000-talet: Marknadsföring och uppfattning av Philip Morris2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Tobacco in the 21st century – the marketing and perception of Philip Morris

    Author: Tobias Aronson & Stina Örwén

    Tutor: Anne-Marie Morhed

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis was to study Philip Morris marketing, the perception of the brand and the reason why smokers buy certain cigarettes. How they market their brands in the 21st century. The key questions we are aiming to resolve in this essay is how Philip Morris market their own brand and their products, what aspects do consumers think about when they purchase cigarettes, and if the consumers experience the influence from the tobacco companies marketing.

    Method/Material: The material being used in this study was a survey that consisted of 113 people who purchased cigarettes at different grocery stores in Uppsala and an online-survey that only people whom smokes filled out. This survey consisted of 113 respondents.

    Main results: The main results that are demonstrated in our study is that the majority of people started smoking because it was social. The taste, routine and brand were the three most important aspects when purchasing cigarettes. Out of the 113 respondents from the survey, 73 of them smoked Camel, Lucky Strike or Marlboro which in conclusion proves that the brand plays an important role when purchasing cigarettes. We have also come to the conclusion that it is the smokers themselves that are the main source for marketing of cigarettes. The most interesting conclusion is the gap between smokers who think the brand plays an important role in the choice of cigarettes and their own attitude towards the tobacco companies. Our study demonstrates that the respondents believes that the brand is important in the choice of cigarettes but they do not experience any influence from the tobacco companies. Another result is the on about the paradox of Philip Morris will to grow as a company and the engaging in anti-smoking campaigns is a way of marketing and branding their own brand. Number of pages: 61 Course: Media and Communication studies C University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Information Science, Uppsala University Period: Fall 2013

    Keywords: Philip Morris, Tobacco, branding, corporate social performance, viral communication.

  • 60.
    Enefalk, Tobias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sverigedemokraten kommer!: En kvantitativ studie av hur Sverigedemokraterna gestaltades i lokalpressen under månaden för riksdagsvalet 20102010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: The Sweden Democrat is coming! – A quantitative study of the framing of the Sweden Democrats in the local press during the month of the parliamentary election in 2010 (Sverigedemokraten kommer! – En kvantitativ studie av hur Sverigedemokraterna gestaltades i lokalpressen under månaden för riksdagsvalet 2010)

    Number of pages: 41 (42 including enclosures)

    Author: Tobias Enefalk

    Tutor: Amelie Hössjer

    Course: Media and Communication Studies C

    Period: Autumn 2010

    University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala University

    Purpose/Aim: This essay seeks to study how the Swedish political party the Sweden Democrats was framed in Swedish local press during the month of the parliamentary election in 2010. The study is based upon eight local newspapers located in the municipalities where the voting result for the Sweden Democrats increased the most and the least.

    Material/Method: The material consists of 263 articles from eight different local newspapers gathered from the month of September 2010 (the month of the election). Using a quantitative content analysis and a cluster analysis inspired by Matthes & Kohring, a comparison of the framing is made between the different newspapers. The results of this comparison are then analyzed and discussed by applying theories of political communication, media logic and framing.

    Main results: The results show that some similarities and some differences occur regarding the framing of the Sweden Democrats between the different newspapers. A neutral frame of the party’s policies and the result of the election was common in all of the newspaper. This frame was, however, somewhat more salient in the newspapers where the party increased the most. While the group of newspapers where the party increased the least tended to criticize the Sweden Democrats to a higher extent, the moral evaluations in the other group of newspapers differed and also tended to criticize other parties to a higher extent. Regarding the treatment of the party in terms of bias no major differences could be distinguished.

    Keywords: Framing, The Sweden Democrats, media logic, political communication, local press, quantitative content analysis.

  • 61.
    Engström, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    DEBATTEN OM GOOGLE BOOKS: En kritisk diskursanalys av dagspress och bloggar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractTitle: The Debate on Google Books: a critical discourse analysis of newspapers and blogs.(Debatten om Google Books. En kritisk diskursanalys av dagspress och bloggar.)Number of pages: 44 (47)Author: Karin EngströmTutor: Martin FredrikssonCourse: Media and Communication Studies CPeriod: Autumn 2009University: Institution of Informatics and Media, Uppsala UniversityAim: The aim of this study is to survey the debate on Google Books in Swedish newspapers andblogs and to see if the arguments and opinions differ depending on media type and writer.Furthermore, the aim of this study is to put the debate in a bigger perspective, with the copyrightlaw, and the future of copyright law, in focus.Material/Method: 15 articles on Google Books from the two biggest Swedish newspapers, Dagensnyheter and Svenska dagbladet, and blogs discussing the articles were studied. The theoretical andmethodological scope of the study is critical discourse analysis inspired by Norman Fairclough'sthree-dimensional model.Main Results: The results of this study suggest that most authors and IT workers, as well as libraryrepresentatives, were overwhelmingly positive to Google Books, while publishers and somejournalists expressed a more skeptical point of view. The newspapers studied publishedcontributions from all sides – authors, journalists, representatives from publishing houses andlibraries, as well as workers in the IT sector. The arguments of the publishers' representatives wereallowed slightly more space in newspapers, while the blogs analyzed featured debate contributionsfrom authors and journalists. In addition to publishing representatives, also influental in the debatewere those who fall under the category of "academic discourse", such as the Royal Library'sresearch director Pelle Snickars. The arguments of the various media did not differ significantly,but as the majority of blogs were written by professional authors, there was a greater tendencytowards positive views of Google Books. The debate on Google Books in Sweden has also largelybeen about copyright, and many of the debaters are also arguing for a change in copyright thatbetter fits with today's IT society.Keywords: Google Books, Copyright, Newspapers, Blogs, Discourse

  • 62.
    Engström, Oskar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Eriksson, Edwin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Bakom varje framgångsrik man står en kvinna: En analys av roller i det amerikanska presidentvalet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 63.
    Ensgård, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Hallberg Nilsson, Lisa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Online kontra Offline: En jämförande kvalitativ studie om hur ungdomars mående och sociala relationer påverkas av uppkoppling kontra frånkoppling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Abstract

     

    Title: Online versus Offline - A comparative qualitative study on how young individual’s health and social relationships are influenced by connection versus disconnection

     

    Authors: Malin Ensgård, Lisa Hallberg Nilsson

     

    Aim: The aim of this study is to compare how young individuals communicate depending on how connected they are to social media. More specifically how it affects their mental health and social relationships, and how their usage of social media platforms should be adjusted.

     

    Method/Material: In order to collect empirical material, we use focus group interviews and self-observations as methods.

     

    Main Results: The study has shown a general desire for those who are not disconnected to take more distance from social media. It also shows a critical approach to social media and an awareness that the choice of being connected or disconnected is important.

     

    Number of pages: 46

     

    Course: Media and Communication studies C

     

    Department: Department of Informatics

     

    University: Uppsala University


     

    Period: HT – 2018

     

    Tutor: Kerstin Engström

     

    Keywords: Social media, connection, disconnection, online, offline

     

  • 64.
    Ericson, Marina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Digitala medier och sociala relationer: En kvalitativ studie om hur digitala plattformar och kommunikationsverktyg påverkar unga vuxnas sociala liv.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65.
    Eriksson, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Byström, Emelie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    I samhällets tjänst: en fallstudie om socialt ansvarstagande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: In service of the society: A case study about social responsibility

    Authors: Emelie Byström and Joakim Eriksson

    Tutor: Josef Pallas

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the roles and arguments of social responsibility regarding a cooperation with Samhall and how companies argue about external communication with reference to the collaboration. Today, many companies are getting involved in social responsibility and some communicate about their initiatives whilst others do not. Why is that so?

    Method/material: Qualitative interviews (primary data) with companies in partnership with Samhall and a thorough examination of communicated material via the web regarding the collaboration with Samhall (secondary data).

    Theoretical framework: Arguments about social responsibility are being examined with reference to the concepts of legitimacy, status and reputation. Communicative aspects are analysed with Morsing and Schultz (2006) three theories of strategic CSR- communication and in the case of non or a limited communicated material Olaussons (2009) theories about reasons not to communicate CSR are applied.  

    Main results: The result shows that legitimacy, status and reputation can be interpreted as an argument for social responsibility, albeit to different extents, where especially legitimacy is made visible as an argument. This illustrates that social responsibility is starting to become somewhat of a norm that organizations should reflect about and to some extent relate to. 

    The examined companies are all exercising the information strategy, which is a one-way communication model, based on informing about the initiative without dialogue with its stakeholders. The result also indicates that companies are using the stakeholder response strategy, that is when the purpose is to get the stakeholders to talk about and spread information about the initiatives. External communication about a collaboration with Samhall was scarce from all companies, reasons for this was that they wanted others to talk about their initiatives, that the companies wanted to be seen as humble, avoid being critiqued and lastly that CSR revolves around a complex question that is hard to communicate.    

    Number of pages: 59

    Course: Media and Communication Studies C

    University: Division of Media and Communication, Department of information science,

    Uppsala University

    Period: Fall 2014

    Keywords: Legitimacy, status, reputation, social responsibility, communication

  • 66.
    Eser, Sezgi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Critical Policy Analysis and Legal Interpretivism On Freedom of Expression and Media Freedom in Contemporary Turkey2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    New media policy and regulations have become a democratization problem especially in most of the developing countries. By the time new ICT developments bring more new media channels on a wider spectrum, the states policies are struggling between the implementation of the democratic tools evenly and protecting their own authoritarian state. Turkey has been governed by an authoritarian state for ten years, coming along with the years, the media policies and the regulations have been threatening media freedom and freedom of expression intensively around the country. There emerged a regulation problem, which is a major outcome of treating new media tools the same as traditional media channels. Since the state owes its success mostly to its media propaganda, the stabilization of current state power has been managed by the restrictions over media freedom, which results in a great danger of violating human rights in the country. The media has been imposed by the main dominant political ideology, which is the combination of conservative values, patriarchal mentality and the authoritarian system. The media coming along with many features has protected the ultimate state power in Turkey. The media power in the country has become an intense ideology supporter, which has been accomplished by media regulator bodies, media monopoly owners, and press independency over political conservative attachments. The analysis presented in this thesis consists of many cases in relation to the media and state relationship; which has recently experienced an uprising in Turkey, revealing the struggle between the power structures due to those recent media developments over ideal, ethical, political and cultural polarization across the country.

  • 67.
    Filimonov, Kirill
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    (re)Articulating feminism: A discourse analysis of Sweden’s Feminist Initiative election campaign2016In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we study campaign material of the Swedish party Feminist Initiative (FI) during the 2014 parliamentary election campaign in Sweden. Approaching the topic from discourse-theoretical and intersectional perspectives, we ask how the inclusion of various social groups into the hegemonic project of feminist politics becomes possible, what was constructed as an antagonist to feminist politics, and in what ways it impeded FI to realise such politics. Our findings show that intersectionality allowed FI to include every group/ individual into its feminist political project as long as they experienced oppression. Even though racists and nationalists in general (the Sweden Democrats in particular) were singled out as antagonists, it was mainly norms and structures that were addressed in the online material as standing in the way for FI to fulfil both their identity and hegemonic project.

  • 68.
    Firer-Blaess, Sylvain
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Collective Identity of Anonymous: Web of Meanings in a Digitally Enabled Movement2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present dissertation explores the collective identity of the Anonymous movement. This movement is characterised by the heterogeneity of its activities, from meme-crafting to pranks to activist actions, with a wide range of goals and tactics. Such heterogeneity raises the question as to why such a diverse group of people makes the decision to act under the same name. To answer this question, the concept of collective identity is applied, which describes how participants collectively construct the definition of their group.

    This dissertation is based on a three-year ethnography. The main findings show that the collective identity of Anonymous rests on five sets of self-defining concepts related to: 1) Anonymous’ counterculture of offense and parrhesia, 2) its personification into two personae (the ‘trickster’ and the ‘hero’) that have differing goals, means, and relationships with the environment, 3) a horizontal organisation and a democratic decision-making process, 4) practices of anonymity and an ethics of self-effacement, and 5) its self-definition as a universal entity, inclusive, and unbounded. The collective identity construction process is marked by tensions due to the incompatibility of some of these concepts, but also due to differences between these collective identity definitions and actual practices. As a consequence, they have to be constantly reaffirmed through social actions and discourses.

    Not all individuals who reclaim themselves as Anonymous recognise the totality of these collective identity definitions, but they all accept a number of them that are sufficient to legitimate their own belonging to the movement, and most of the time to be recognised by others as such. The different groups constituting Anonymous are therefore symbolically linked through a web of collective identity definitions rather than an encompassing and unified collective identity. This ‘connective identity’ gives the movement a heterogeneous composition while at the same time permitting it to retain a sense of identity that explains the use of a collective name.

  • 69.
    Firer-Blaess, Sylvain
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies. University of Westminster Communication and Media Research Institute School of Media, Arts and Design.
    Wikipedia: An Info-Communist Manifesto2014In: Television and New Media, ISSN 1527-4764, E-ISSN 1552-8316, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 87-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The task of this article is to analyze the political economy of Wikipedia. We discuss the specifics of Wikipedia’s mode of production. The basic principles of what we call the info-communist mode of production will be presented. Our analysis is grounded in Marxist philosophy and Marxist political economy, and is connected to the current discourse about the renewal and reloading of the idea of communism that is undertaken by thinkers like Slavoj Žižek and Alain Badiou. We explore to which extent Wikipedia encompasses principles that go beyond the capitalist mode of production and represent the info-communist mode of production. We present the subjective dimension of the mode of production (cooperative labor), the objective dimension of the mode of production (common ownership of the means of production), and the subject–object dimension of the mode of production (the effects and products of the mode of production).

  • 70.
    Fornbrandt, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Petersson, Adam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Sanning eller konsekvensgestaltning?: Om mediebevakningen av bilbränderna i Västsverige valåret 20182019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 71.
    Forslund, Tobias
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Alkhouri, Tagrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Vem är svensk?: En undersökning av olika gruppers diskussioner i relation till filmen Sveriges bästa svensk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a multicultural society, questions like integration, national identity and swedishness become of immediate importance. The comedy-drama Sveriges bästa svensk was created as a contribution to affect the public debate on these issues and encourage people to think about what is swedish, and to break down prejudices that exist in the society. The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of discussions develop in relation to the film. The purpose is also to examine if these discussions can be related to the purpose and goals of the film project. To examine this, theories about communications strategies of organisations and theories of humor to affect way of thoughts have been used. Two focus group interviews took place, whereof one with swedish-born swedes and another with foreign-born swedes to be able to find similarities and differences in the discussions between the groups. The analysis shows that the purpose, to start a discussion, is accomplished within both groups albeit in different ways. The discussion within the group of swedish-borns is mainly about the problematization of swedishness and the discussions within the group of foreign-borns is mainly about adjustments and belonging. The groups mutually believe that integration should not be about assimilation. They also agreed that the genre of humor for this type of question was problematic because the film, according to them, lost its message. The questions regarding swedishness and integration proved to be current and this type of effort, using film, is an important part of the public debate. 

  • 72.
    Frank, Karoline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Privat eller offentlig?: En studie av kändisbloggens innehåll och läsarnas kommentarer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractTitle: Private or public? A study of the content in the celebrity blog and the readers'comments. (Privat eller offentlig? En studie av kändisbloggens innehåll och läsarnaskommentarer)Number of pages: 36 (37 including enclosure)Author: Karoline FrankTutor: Else NygrenCourse: Media and Communication studies CPeriod: Fall semester 2009University: Uppsala UniversityAim: The aim of this study is to examine the boundary between the private and the public asit is expressed in a number of blogs written by Swedish celebrities.Material/Method: Qualitative textual analysis of four blogs written by Swedishcelebrities.The total amount of analyzed blog posts were 120, since 30 posts from each of theblogs were selected. Also the comments on the blog posts, given by the blog readers wereexamined.Main results: The examined blogs written by celebrities contain both issues that can beconsidered as private and public. The celebrities write about their families, especially theirchildren but, also about their partners as well as they write about things such as movies orrestaurants that they recommend. They also express their emotions relatively often. Only twoof the celebrities wrote something that can be considered to associate with their professionbut, only in one blog post each. Also, two of the celebrities made a treatment against media.Keywords: celebrities, blogs, private, public, Thompson, Giddens, qualitative analysis,comments

  • 73.
    Fredriksson, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    European Social Theory and Public Relations2013In: Encyclopedia of Public Relations (2 ed.) / [ed] Robert L. Heath, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2013, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Fredriksson, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Olsson, Eva-Karin
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Pallas, Josef
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Creativity Caged in Translation: A Neo-Institutional Perspective on Crisis Communication2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After early attempts to create universal models guiding managers in times of crisis - more recent attempts have focused on situational factors and the relationships between organizations and stakeholders in times of crises. Albeit this shift, structural conditions are often overlooked in the main bulk of research on crisis communication and if they are integrated they are defined as context and as such often excluded in the analysis. This is our point of departure for bringing neo-institutional theory into crisis communication research recognizing the importance of cultural, political, technological, and institutional environments of organizations. By this we shift focus from agency to structure and the social preconditions for organizational activities. However this is not to say that institutions are static or deterministic in the way they influence organizations and their behavior. On the contrary, institutions are open for innovations and interpretations. In this paper we put forward the concept of translation to illustrate and explain how organizations actively relate to and handle institutional pressure, thereby escaping the legal and moral/normative boundaries of institutions. Hereby we aim to contribute to the growing debate within the crisis communication field on new theoretical venues in understanding crisis communication as a practice but also as societal phenomenon. In our conclusion we suggest that the appliance of neo-institutional frameworks will help us understand the conditions under which crisis communication is carried out and in doing so allow researchers and practitioners to have a realistic stance on the limitations and possibility on communication in crises. Further, the framework will increase our abilities to understand the development of crisis communication, its institutionalization and the conditions for these developments.

  • 75.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    A contribution to the critique of the political economy of Google2011In: Fast Capitalism, ISSN 1930-014X, E-ISSN 1930-014X, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    An alternative view of privacy on Facebook2011In: Information, ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 140-165Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Behind the news. Social media, riots, and revolutions2012In: Capital & ClassArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 78.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Class and exploitation on the Internet2013In: Digital labor. The Internet as playground and factory / [ed] Trebor Scholz, Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Cognitive capitalism or informational capitalism?: the role of class in the information economy2011In: Cognitive capitalism, education and digital labor / [ed] Michael Peters and Ergin Bulut, New York: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2011, p. 75-119Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Como podemos definir vigilância? 2011In: MATRIZes, ISSN 1982-2073, E-ISSN 1982-8160, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 109-136Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Critique of the political economy of web 2.0 surveillance2011In: Internet and surveillance.: The challenges of web 2.0 and social media. / [ed] Christian Fuchs, Kees Boersma, Anders Albrechtslund, Marisol Sandoval, New York: Routledge, 2011, p. 31-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Dallas Smythe today - the audience commodity, the digital labour debate, Marxist Political Economy and Critical Theory. Prolegomena to a digital labour theory of value.2012In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670XArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Foundations of Critical Media and Information Studies2011Book (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Google capitalism2012In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 42-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes Google’s political economy. In section 2, Google’s cycle of capital accumulation is explained and the role of surveillance in Google’s form of capital accumulation is explained. In section 3, the discussion if Google is “evil” is taken up. Based on Dallas Smythe’s concept of the audience commodity, the role of the notion of Internet prosumer commodification is stressed.

  • 85.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Implications of Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) Internet Surveillance for Society 2012Report (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Internet and Society: Social Theory in the Information Age2011Book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    La politica economica die social media 2012In: Sociologia della CommunicazioneArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Media, War and Information Technology2012In: Media and terrorism: global perspectives / [ed] Des Freedman, Daya Kishan Thussu, London: Sage Publications, 2012, p. 47-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    New media, web 2.0 and surveillance2011In: Sociology Compass, ISSN 1751-9020, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 134-147Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Preface2011In: İletişimi anlamak (Understanding communication) / [ed] Erdogan, İrfan, Pozitif , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The contemporary world wide web : social medium or new space of accumulation?2011In: The Political economies of the media: the transformation of the global media industries / [ed] Dwayne Winseck and Dal Yong Jin, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2011, p. 201-220Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The political economy of privacy on Facebook2012In: Television and New Media, ISSN 1527-4764, E-ISSN 1552-8316, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 139-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an analysis of the political economy of privacy and surveillance on Facebook. The concepts of socialist privacy and socialist internet privacy are advanced here. Capital accumulation on Facebook is based on the commodification of users and their data. One can in this context speak, based on Dallas Smythe, of the exploitation of the internet prosumer commodity. Aspects of a socialist internet privacy strategy are outlined and it is shown how they can be applied to social networking sites.

  • 93.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Political Economy of WikiLeaks: Power 2.0? Surveillance 2.0? Criticism 2.0? Alternative Media 2.0?2011In: Global Media Journal : Australian Edition, ISSN 1835-2340, E-ISSN 1835-2340, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The task of this paper is to analyse how WikiLeaks relates to capitalism. It deals specifically with the questions: Is WikiLeaks a counter-surveillance medium? Is it a form of alternative medium and alternative journalism? How does WikiLeaks relate to the liberal and socialist worldviews? The role of WikiLeaks as a watchdog organisation is analysed and the role of surveillance, counter-surveillance and transparency is discussed (section 2). The paper assesses how ideology and worldviews shape WikiLeaks self-understanding (section 3) and WikiLeaks is connected to journalism and alternative media theory (section 4). Finally, some conclusions about the role of WikiLeaks in contemporary capitalism are drawn (section 5).

  • 94.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Towards an alternative concept of privacy2011In: Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, ISSN 1477-996X, E-ISSN 1758-8871, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 220-237Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Towards Marxian Internet Studies2012In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 392-412Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Two New Critical Internet Studies-Books: Marcus Breen’s “Uprising” and Eran Fisher’s “Media and New Capitalism in the Digital Age”.2011In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 190-194Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Una contribución  la crítica de la economía política del capitalismo informacional transnacional2012In: Nómadas, ISSN 0121-7550, Vol. 36, p. 27-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the micro and macro economical changes related to the information and communication technologies (TIC). There are discussed key concepts to understand contemporary society, introducing the notion of informational / web transnational capitalism. Subsequently, the causes of contemporary social changes are outlined, as well as a discussion on some important aspects of capital accumulation done through products and TIC. We conclude with the concepts that describe the new relationship between capitalism and TIC.

  • 98.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Web 2.0, Prosumption, and Surveillance2011In: Surveillance & Society, ISSN 1477-7487, E-ISSN 1477-7487, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 288-309Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Web 2.0 surveillance and art 2012In: Net works: case studies in web art and design / [ed] Xtine Burrough, New York: Routledge, 2012, p. 121-127Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Fuchs, Christian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    With or without Marx? With or without capitalism?: A rejoinder to Adam Arvidsson and Eleanor Colleoni2012In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 633-645Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a rejoinder to an article by Adam Arvidsson and Eleanor Colleoni: Arvidsson, Adam and Eleanor Colleoni. 2012. Value in informational capitalism and on the Internet. The Information Society 28 (3): 135-150. Arvidsson and Colleoni's paper is a criticism of and reaction to one of my own articles: Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Labor in informational capitalism and on the Internet. The Information Society 26 (3): 179-196. My comments focus on 6 aspects of discussion: 1) Misunderstandings of Marx 2) Autonomous Marxism 3) Corporate social media and the law of value 4) Capital accumulation on social media 5) Finance capital and social media 6) Politics, alternatives, and social transformation The discourse constituted by the two articles and this rejoinder are situated in the context of the digital labour debate that can be considered to constitute an important part of the contemporary discourse of the political economy of the media and the Internet. It is recommended that you first read both previous articles before reading this rejoinder.

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