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  • 51.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Review of The Raging Torrent: Historical Inscriptions from Assyria and Babylonia Relating to Ancient Israel by Mordechai Cogan2018In: Review of Biblical Literature, ISSN 1099-0321, E-ISSN 1099-0321, no 1, p. 1-5Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Biblical Hebrew "Store Cities" and an Amarna Gloss2017In: Vetus Testamentum (Print), ISSN 0042-4935, E-ISSN 1568-5330, Vol. 67, no 4, p. 519-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The word מסכנות used in the phrase ערי מסכנות “store cities” is commonly considered a loanword from the Neo-Assyrian word maškattu, “account, deposit, storehouse.” The current loan hypothesis does not account for the difficulties of the Akkadian evidence and does not take into consideration a gloss in Amarna letter no. 306. This gloss shows that the Canaanite scribes of the Late Bronze Age were familiar with the Akkadian plural form maškanātu and used it with the meaning “granaries, storage areas.” This technical term was borrowed into a Canaanite dialect and was subsequently transmitted to Biblical Hebrew as מסכנות.

  • 53.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Present-Future in Amorite: A Rejoinder2017In: Ancient Near Eastern Studies, ISSN 1378-4641, Vol. 54, p. 81-89Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Baranowski, Krzysztof J.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Verb in the Amarna Letters from Canaan2016Book (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Discourse Features in Balochi of Sistan: (Oral Narratives)2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a first study of discourse features in Balochi narratives of Sistan. Discourse analysis investigates what are the properties that make for well-formed texts in a language. There are many approaches to discourse analysis and most approaches focus on a particular aspect of text formation. The approach to text linguistics or discourse analysis taken in this work is based on Dooley and Levinsohn’s Analyzing Discourse: A manual of basic concepts (2001). Their methodology has been refined over years of practical use and, among diverse methodologies, they follow a functional and cognitive approach. In this dissertation, Roberts’ (2009) application of Dooley and Levinsohn’s methodology to Persian is followed in the study of our Sistani Balochi text corpus.

    In chapters 2-7 this approach is applied to Balochi narrative text. Chapter two introduces the reader to the discourse-pragmatic structuring of sentences in BS and chapter three shows how different syntactic devices can distinguish foreground and background information in BS oral texts. In chapter four we study the deixis of time and place and how the concept of proximal and distal deixis applies across a range of deictic elements. Chapter five examines some basic connectives and how they link propositions in the discourse context, and in chapter six reported speech is studied. Chapter seven illustrates how different participants are introduced into a discourse and how their activation status is signalled throughout the discourse.

    Appendix 1 contains details of the Balochi text-corpus used, and Appendix 2 contains interlinearized versions of ten of the main texts used in the study. A CD with nine audio files and one video file of the ten texts from Appendix 2, plus one extra video file, is also included.

  • 56.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Rudābe tajalli-ye hamāsi-ye Anāhitā (Rudabe Manifestation of Anahita)روابه تجلی حماسی آناهیتا2014In: Studia Iranica Upsaliensia, ISSN 1100-326X, ISSN 1100-326X, Vol. 26, p. 5-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [fa]

    رودابه تجلی حماسی آناهیتا

     

    داستان زال و رودابه طولانی‌ترین داستان دلکش و عاشقانه شاهنامه است. این دو که پر کش و قوس‌ترین ماجرای عاشقانه در حماسه‌ی ملی ایران را برای آفرینش جهان پهلوان شاهنامه به سرانجام می‌رسانند بطور منطقی می‌بایستی دارای پیش نمونه‌هایی در اساطیر کهن ایران باشند. زال یا  زال زر، که بتحقیق می‌توان او را پدر حماسه نامید، آنچنانکه از نامش پیداست ارتباط تنگاتنگی با ایزد کهن ایرانی یعنی زروان که   تجلی پیری و قوت مردانگی و درخشندگی و کمال است، دارد. در این جستار کوتاه برآنیم که با بررسی این منظومه و دلنشین ترین یشت اوستا، یعنی آبان یشت که در ستایش ایزدبانوی آب ها اردویسور آناهیتا سروده شده، و بنا بر شواهدی که ارائه خواهد شد، نشان دهیم که این ایزدبانو می تواند پیشینه ی اساطیری رودابه و همتای حماسی زال باشد.  

  • 57.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    The Role of Natural Phenomena in the Rise and Fall of Urban Areas in the Sistan Basin on the Iranian Plateau (Southern Delta)2010In: The Urban Mind: Cultural and Environmental Dynamics / [ed] Paul J.J Sinclair, Gullög Nordquist, Frands Herschend & Christian Isendahl, Uppsala: Uppsala University , 2010, p. 221-241Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In ancient times, and even today, water resources, especially rivers, were the main reasons for the existence of human settlements and the formation of the idea of urbanity in the people's minds. This phenomenon can be seen in all places where ancient civilizations were established, e.g. in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Transoxiana and Sind due to the rivers Nile, Tigries and Euphrates, Amu Darya and Syr Darya and Sind, respectively. The Helmand civilization, therefore, was not an exception. Furthermore, after passing a long distance through a desert, the Helmand River reaches the Sistan basin which is a closed inland delta surronded by terribly dry deserts from every side. This special situation makes the Sistan basin and interesting area for attracting human settlements.

    The abundance of water in the southern delta of the Helmand River, the oldest one of the two deltas, created a suitable environmental situation for the people during the fourth millennium BC to settle and establish the only large urban centre, i.e. Shahr-i Sokhta, in the eastern part of the Iranian plateau in Sistan. Natural phenomena such as climate change at the end of the third millennium BC, long droughts, change of the river bed because of tectonic phenomena at the level of the continental platform and violent dust storms caused people to abandon the area after a thousand year of flourishing. Some settlements were established in different parts of the southern delta in intervals after the collapse of Shahr-i Sokhta up to the 18th century. However, considering the small amount of water this delta received, an urban settlement like Shahr-i Sokhta was never established again. Even in the southern delta, where the inhabitants of Shahr-i Sokhta might have moved, no such large prehistoric urban settlement was found, perhaps due to constant floods, droughts and the famous Wind of One Hundred and Twenty Days which buried buman settlements and blocked the irrigation canals.

  • 58.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Two pastoral Balochi love songs2004In: Orientalia Suecana, ISSN 0078-6578, E-ISSN 2001-7324, Vol. 53, p. 49-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents two love songs in Afghan Balochi recorded in March 2001 and July 2003 respectively (in Iranian Sistan). The singer is a Baloch man from Afghani Sistan. The poems are typical love songs from a pastoral nomadic society describing the beauty of the beloved in terms of his natural environment. Dialect: Afghan Rakhshani.

  • 59.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Levinsohn, Stephen H.
    The Third Person Singular Pronominal Clitic in Balochi of Sistan: A Progress Report2014In: Stuadia Iranica, ISSN 0221-5004, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 203-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper begins by discussing the distribution of the two allomorphs of the third person singular pronominal clitic in Balochi of Sistan. It finds the conditioning to be mostly, but not exclusively phonological. When  is attached to the final verb of an independent clause, the referent is the subject/agent but, when  occurs, it is the undergoer (with a few exceptions due to dialectal variation). It follows that, when the subject is stated but  is also present,  still refers to the subject and gives it thematic prominence. The second part of the paper argues that the presence of the pronominal clitic with the past form of the verb ‘say’ (gušt=ī) communicates 'referent continuity' (Givón 1990); in particular, the ongoing involvement in the expected role of any active third person participant who is not identified by a noun or independent pronoun in the current clause.

  • 60.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Shirazi, Rouhollah
    The Competition between the Hormoz and Kish Islands on the Southern Coasts of Iran (the Persian Gulf and Makran Sea) during the First Half of the Eight Century (AH) based on the Newly-Found Shahugat Inscription in Makran2015In: Specialized Quarterly of Persian Gulf Studies, ISSN 2383-0220, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 50-53Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper introduces the Shahugat inscription which was recently discovered near Tabaktal village in Chahan district near Nikshahr in Sistan and Baluchestan Province. This inscription refers to some events which occurred in the early eighth century on the southern coasts of Iran and can be matched with certain icidents which have been recorded in historical sources. The conflicts among the rulers of the southern rregions and islands of Iran, such as Shiraz, Hormoz, Kish, and Qeshm, in order to gain control of the roads and commercial benefits not only in the Persian Gulf and Makran Sea regions but also on the coasts of India were one of the reasons for some people seeking shelter in the highlands of Makran and engraving this inscription.

  • 61.
    Barjasteh Delforooz, Behrooz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    ُShirazi, Rouhollah
    The Political Events in South Iran During the First Half of the 8th Century (A.H.) Based on the New Found Inscriptions in Shāhugat: Makrān2015In: Historical Sciences Studies, ISSN 2251-9254, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 119-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of inscriptions as the primary sources refer to historical events is undeniable. Introducing the Shāhugat inscriptions were found near Tābaktal village of Chāhān district around Nikshahr is the purpose of present paper. They refer to the events that occurred in south Iran around the end of the 7th and the beginning of the 8th centuries AH., a colorful and turbulent period of its history, some of which can be easily adapted to the historical sources. The invasion of Chagatai Mongols to Shiraz and Hormuz, the conflicts between the rulers of districts and southern islands such as Shiraz, Hormuz, kish and Qeshm to hold the roads and commercial interests are among the reasons that made some of the people to refuge the highlands of Makrān and subsequently led to these inscriptions.

  • 62.
    Basirat, Ali
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Principal Word Vectors2018Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Word embedding is a technique for associating the words of a language with real-valued vectors, enabling us to use algebraic methods to reason about their semantic and grammatical properties. This thesis introduces a word embedding method called principal word embedding, which makes use of principal component analysis (PCA) to train a set of word embeddings for words of a language. The principal word embedding method involves performing a PCA on a data matrix whose elements are the frequency of seeing words in different contexts. We address two challenges that arise in the application of PCA to create word embeddings. The first challenge is related to the size of the data matrix on which PCA is performed and affects the efficiency of the word embedding method. The data matrix is usually a large matrix that requires a very large amount of memory and CPU time to be processed. The second challenge is related to the distribution of word frequencies in the data matrix and affects the quality of the word embeddings. We provide an extensive study of the distribution of the elements of the data matrix and show that it is unsuitable for PCA in its unmodified form.

    We overcome the two challenges in principal word embedding by using a generalized PCA method. The problem with the size of the data matrix is mitigated by a randomized singular value decomposition (SVD) procedure, which improves the performance of PCA on the data matrix. The data distribution is reshaped by an adaptive transformation function, which makes it more suitable for PCA. These techniques, together with a weighting mechanism that generalizes many different weighting and transformation approaches used in literature, enable the principal word embedding to train high quality word embeddings in an efficient way.

    We also provide a study on how principal word embedding is connected to other word embedding methods. We compare it to a number of word embedding methods and study how the two challenges in principal word embedding are addressed in those methods. We show that the other word embedding methods are closely related to principal word embedding and, in many instances, they can be seen as special cases of it.

    The principal word embeddings are evaluated in both intrinsic and extrinsic ways. The intrinsic evaluations are directed towards the study of the distribution of word vectors. The extrinsic evaluations measure the contribution of principal word embeddings to some standard NLP tasks. The experimental results confirm that the newly proposed features of principal word embedding (i.e., the randomized SVD algorithm, the adaptive transformation function, and the weighting mechanism) are beneficial to the method and lead to significant improvements in the results. A comparison between principal word embedding and other popular word embedding methods shows that, in many instances, the proposed method is able to generate word embeddings that are better than or as good as other word embeddings while being faster than several popular word embedding methods.

  • 63.
    Basirat, Ali
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Nivre, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Greedy Universal Dependency Parsing with Right Singular Word Vectors2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A set of continuous feature vectors formed by right singular vectors of a transformed co-occurrence matrix are used with the Stanford neural dependency parser to train parsing models for a limited number of languages in the corpus of universal dependencies. We show that the feature vector can help the parser to remain greedy and be as accurate as (or even more accurate than) some other greedy and non-greedy parsers.

  • 64.
    Basirat, Ali
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Tang, Marc
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Lexical and Morpho-syntactic Features in Word Embeddings: A Case Study of Nouns in Swedish2018In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence: Volume 2, Setubal: SciTePress, 2018, p. 663-674Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Basirat, Ali
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Tang, Marc
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Linguistic information in word embeddings2019In: Lecture notes in artificial intelligence / [ed] Randy Goebel, Yuzuru Tanaka, and Wolfgang Wahlster, Dordrecht: Springer, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 66. Beckman, Jill
    et al.
    Helgason, Petur
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    McMurray, Bob
    Ringen, Catherine
    Rate effects on Swedish VOT: Evidence for phonological overspecification2011In: Journal of Phonetics, ISSN 0095-4470, E-ISSN 1095-8576, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 39-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has found asymmetric effects of speaking rate on VOT cross-linguistically: as rate slows, long-lag VOTs and negative VOTs increase, but short-lag VOTs remain essentially unchanged. If we assume, as have many phonologists, that the two-way contrast in voicing languages (e.g. French) is [voice] vs. [circle divide] and in aspirating languages (e.g. English) is [spread glottis] vs. [circle divide], then it appears that at slower rates, a phonological contrast is heightened by selective increase in the phonetic cue for the specified feature. Thus, slowing down causes longer aspiration in aspirating languages and longer prevoicing in voicing languages but no change in short-lag stops. We report the results of an experiment on Central Standard Swedish stops designed to investigate the effect of speaking rate on VOT. CS Swedish uses both prevoiced and aspirated stops in utterance-initial position, hence the phonological feature(s) involved in this contrast is not clear. We found that both prevoicing and aspiration increase in slow speech in Swedish. This suggests that both [voice] and [spread glottis] are the specified features of phonological contrast in CS Swedish, and in turn raises questions about whether phonological specification more generally is economical. Moreover, the fact that speaking rate affects VOT even in situations like CS Swedish in which the phonological contrast is over-specified suggests that such modification is largely due to production dynamics, not speakers' sensitivity to listeners' needs.

  • 67.
    Bentz, Christian
    et al.
    DFG Center for Advanced Study, University of Tübingen..
    Berdicevskis, Aleksandrs
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology. Universitetet i Tromsø (UiT) The Arctic University of Norway Department of Language and Culture.
    Learning pressures reduce morphological complexity:: Linking corpus, computational and experimental evidence2016In: Proceedings of the Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Linguistic Complexity, 2016, p. 222-232Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The morphological complexity of languages differs widely and changes over time. Pathways of change are often driven by the interplay of multiple competing factors, and are hard to disentangle. We here focus on a paradigmatic scenario of language change: the reduction of morphological complexity from Latin towards the Romance languages. To establish a causal explanation for this phenomenon, we employ three lines of evidence: 1) analyses of parallel corpora to measure the complexity of words in actual language production, 2) applications of NLP tools to further tease apart the contribution of inflectional morphology to word complexity, and 3) experimental data from artificial language learning, which illustrate the learning pressures at play when morphology simplifies. These three lines of evidence converge to show that pressures associated with imperfect language learning are good candidates to causally explain the reduction in morphological complexity in the Latin-to-Romance scenario. More generally, we argue that combining corpus, computational and experimental evidence is the way forward in historical linguistics and linguistic typology.

  • 68.
    Berdicevskis, Aleksandrs
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    M. Baerman, D. Brown, G. G. Corbett (eds.).Understanding and measuring morphological complexity2017In: Voprosy âzykoznaniâ, ISSN 0373-658X, no 5, p. 123-135Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Berdicevskis, Aleksandrs
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology. UiT Norges Arktiske Univ, N-9037 Tromso, Norway..
    Review: Understanding and measuring morphological complexity2017In: Voprosy âzykoznaniâ, ISSN 0373-658X, no 5, p. 123-135Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Berdicevskis, Aleksandrs
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Bentz, Christian
    Proceedings of the first shared task on measuring language complexity2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Berggren, Maria
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Det vetenskapliga latinet i Emanuel Swedenborgs medicinska verk2005In: Sjuttonhundratal, ISSN 1652-4772, p. 13-29Article in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 72.
    Berggren, Maria
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Exhibeatis Deo hostiam vivam: Biskopsvisitation och systrapredikan i Vadstena kloster2006In: Dicit Scriptura: Studier i C-samlingen tillägnade Monica Hedlund, 2006, p. 134-148Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 73.
    Berggren, Maria
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Johannes Columbus as an official poet2003In: Erudition and Eloquence: The Use of Latin in the Countries of the Baltic Sea (1500-1800), 2003, p. 98-111Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 74.
    Bergman, Jan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Isaksson, BoFaculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.Tengström, SvenUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.Wikström, OweUppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Nathan Söderblom-sällskapets årsbok 19981998Collection (editor) (Other scientific)
  • 75. Bhatt, Ram Prasad
    et al.
    Wessler, Heinz Werner
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Zoller, Claus Peter
    Fairy lore in the high mountains of South Asia and the hymn of the Garhwali fairy 'daughter of the hills'2015In: Acta Orientalia, ISSN 0001-6438, E-ISSN 1600-0439, Vol. 75, p. 79-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is divided in two parts. The first part gives an overview on fairy-related traditions in the high mountains of South Asia. It concentrates on Nuristan and Dardistan2 as well as on Garhwal (there especially on Bangan3) and highlights similarities and differences between these two areas. Moreover, it looks at more distant parallels and at relationships between fairy cults and Hindu Tantrism. The second part presents a recently recorded hymn to the fairy 'Daughter of the hills' and discusses its functions and background.

  • 76.
    Birchall, Joshua
    et al.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands; Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, Para, Brazil.
    Dunn, Michael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology. Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Greenhill, Simon
    Australian Natl Univ, ARC Ctr Excellence Dynam Language, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Max Planck Inst Sci Human Hist, Jena, Germany.
    A combined comparative and phylogenetic analysis of the Chapacuran language family2016In: International Journal of American Linguistics, ISSN 0020-7071, E-ISSN 1545-7001, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 255-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Chapacuran language family, with three extant members and nine historically attested lects, has yet to be classified following modern standards in historical linguistics. This paper presents an internal classification of these languages by combining both the traditional comparative method (CM) and Bayesian phylogenetic inference (BPI). We identify multiple systematic sound correspondences and 285 cognate sets of basic vocabulary using the available documentation. These allow us to reconstruct a large portion of the Proto-Chapacuran phonemic inventory and identify tentative major subgroupings. The cognate sets form the input for the BPI analysis, which uses a stochastic Continuous-Time Markov Chain to model the change of these cognate sets over time. We test various models of lexical substitution and evolutionary clocks, and use ethnohistorical information and data collection dates to calibrate the resulting trees. The CM and BPI analyses produce largely congruent results, suggesting a division of the family into three different clades.

  • 77.
    Björk, Ingrid
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Visual Information and Interaction. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Computerized Image Analysis and Human-Computer Interaction.
    Robots, ethics and language2015In: Computers & Society: The Newsletter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society Special Issue on 20 Years of ETHICOMP / [ed] Mark Coeckelbergh, Bernd Stahl, and Catherine Flick; Vaibhav Garg and Dee Weikle, ACM Digital Library, 2015, p. 268-273Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the classical philosophical definition of ethics and the psychological research on problem solving and decision making, the issue of ethics becomes concrete and opens up the way for the creation of IT systems that can support handling of moral problems. Also in a sense that is similar to the way humans handle their moral problems. The processes of communicating information and receiving instructions are linguistic by nature. Moreover, autonomous and heteronomous ethical thinking is expressed by way of language use. Indeed, the way we think ethically is not only linguistically mediated but linguistically construed – whether we think for example in terms of conviction and certainty (meaning heteronomy) or in terms of questioning and inquiry (meaning autonomy). A thorough analysis of the language that is used in these processes is therefore of vital importance for the development of the above mentioned tools and methods. Given that we have a clear definition based on philosophical theories and on research on human decision-making and linguistics, we can create and apply systems that can handle ethical issues. Such systems will help us to design robots and to prescribe their actions, to communicate and cooperate with them, to control the moral aspects of robots’ actions in real life applications, and to create embedded systems that allow continuous learning and adaptation.

  • 78.
    Björklund, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    "709-tillslaget" i kinesiska medier: En jämförande analys av rapporteringen om människorättsaktivisten Zhou Shifeng i Folkets Dagblad och South China Morning Post2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a case study of the People's Dailys and South China Morning Posts portrayal of the human rights lawyer Zhou Shifeng from his arrest until after his trial in Tianjin. This study analyses how media have used news frames when they have reported about Zhou Shifeng. The study also compares how often different news frames have been used by the media, as well as how this portrays Zhou Shifeng to the public.

    This study finds a strong difference between the People's Dailys and South China Morning Posts portrayal of Zhou Shifeng. The results showed that in the People's Daily the attribution of the responsibility frame and the moral frame were the most common. The less common frames were the human interest frame and the economic consequence frame. The consequence frame was not identified in the People's Daily. However in South China Morning Post the attribution of responsibility frame, the human interest frame and the consequence frame were the most common. The less common frame was the moral frame. The economic consequence frame was not identified in South China Morning Post. In conclusion the portrayal of Zhou Shifeng in the People's Daily was generally negative. Due to the attribution of frames he was portrayed more as a problem to society than as a person. In South China Morning Post however the portrayal was mainly positive but neutral in certain aspects. In this case he was portrayed more as a member of a group than as a central figure in this trial.

  • 79.
    Boellke, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Haag-tribunalens skiljedomsförfarande i Sydkinesiska havet: En diskursanalys av Folkets Dagblad i juli 2016 angående Haag-tribunalens skiljedomsförfarande mellan Folkrepubliken Kina och Filippinerna2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The dispute regarding the South China sea is long standing. The Republic of China claims a

    majority of the area in question and has drawn up the “nine dash line” to display, what

    regarding to them is historically and rightfully theirs. 2013 the Philippines accused the

    Republic of China to have encroached on their maritime territory and brought the case to the

    international court in Hague. In 2016 the result of the arbitration was decided and it stated that

    China had in fact encroached on the Philippines’ territory. This thesis aims to analyze the

    rhetoric in the state-run newspaper People’s Daily. The time span of the analysis lies in the

    same month as the outcome of the arbitration was settled, July in 2016.

    The result of this study shows that a harsh rhetoric is used in the newspaper to advocate for the

    South China sea belonging to the Republic of China (according to the “nine dash line”) as well

    as condemning other parties in the dispute, mainly the Philippines and the USA.

  • 80.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    A Note on Cic. Tusc. 2,92005In: Eranos, ISSN 0013-9947, Vol. 103, p. 14-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Critical and Interpretative Notes on Boethius, arithm. II, 302006In: Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History XIII / [ed] Carl Deroux, Bruxelles: Éditions Latomus , 2006, p. 479-493Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Eine kritisch-exegetische Bemerkung zu Hier. in Ezech. 1, 4 ll. 1197 - 12012012In: Wiener Studien: Zeitschrift fyr klassische Philologie und Patristik, ISSN 0084-005X, E-ISSN 1813-3924, Vol. 125, p. 141-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Hor. Carm. 1.28.23-5: adnotatiuncula critica2008In: Mnemosyne (Lugduni Batavorum. Print), ISSN 0026-7074, E-ISSN 1568-525X, Vol. 61, p. 138-139Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Non omnino rudis, sed pro suo genere vitae versatissimus. En 1700-talsdissertation om Ciceros umgänge med matematiken2014In: Latinet i tiden: En festskrift till Hans Aili / [ed] Elin Andersson, Erika Kihlman, Maria Plaza, Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2014, p. 29-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Notes on (Ps.?) Balbus gromaticus pp. 107.10-108.8 ed. Lachmann2013In: Cambridge Classical Journal, ISSN 1750-2705, E-ISSN 2047-993X, Vol. 59, p. 1-28Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    On the Geometrical Term Radius in Ancient Latin2013In: Philologus (Berlin), ISSN 0031-7985, E-ISSN 2196-7008, Vol. 157, no 1, p. 141-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to major Latin dictionaries, the word radius is attested as a terminus technicus for the geometrical concept 'radius' in Cicero's Timaeus 17. In this study, however, it is argued that there is good reason to believe that Cicero did not use the word in this sense, but in a metaphorical expression, in which radius mainly carries the well-attested sense of 'rod (for drawing diagrams, etc.)': paribus radiis attingi literally = 'to be touched by equal rods', that is to say, 'to be equidistant'. The first and only convincing attestation of radius in the sense of 'radius (of a circle, sphere, etc.)' in ancient Latin literature is found in Calcidius' Commentary on the Timaeus 59. It is suggested that Calcidius was influenced by Cicero's translation and consequently adopted the word radius; however, its technical sense of 'radius' was coined, deliberately or not, by Calcidius himself. As there are no other convincing attestations of this sense of the word in ancient Latin, not even in geometrical texts, it is suggested that the word radius never became a commonly accepted terminus technicus for radius in antiquity.

  • 87.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Some Notes on the Fragmentary Latin Translation of Euclid's Elements Preserved in the Codex Palimpsestus Veronensis Bibliothecae Capitularis XL (38)2012In: Latin vulgaire - Latin tardif IX: Actes du IXe colloque international sur le latin vulgaire et tardif, Lyon, 2-6 septembre 2009 / [ed] Biville, F., Lhommé, M.-K., Vallat, D., Lyon, 2012, p. 881-892Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Three notes on the Euclides Latinus preserved in the Verona manuscript: BIBLIOTECA CAPITOLARE XL (38)2013In: Classical Quarterly, ISSN 0009-8388, E-ISSN 1471-6844, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 455-459Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Bohlin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Zu Claud. Mam. anim. 1,25 p. 90,5–92013In: Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, ISSN 0035-449X, Vol. 156, p. 414-416Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Book review: (In)vulnerable domains in multilingualism2005In: Studies in Second Language Acquisition, ISSN 0272-2631, E-ISSN 1470-1545, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 443-486Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Developmental sequences and (in)vulnerable domains in German interlanguage syntax.2006In: Language acquisition and development: Proceedings of GALA 2005 / [ed] Adriana Belletti, Elisa Bennati, Cristiano Chesi, Elisa DiDomenico & Ida Ferrari (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Press , 2006, p. 65-78Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Information-structural constraints on word order in advanced L2 Swedish2012In: Estudos Linguísticos, ISSN 1647-0346, Vol. 6/7, p. 91-112Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    MAIN: Swedish version (Svenska)2012In: ZAS Papers in Linguistics, ISSN 1435-9588, Vol. 56Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    MAIN (Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives) utformades för att bedöma berättarförmågan hos barn som lär sig ett eller flera språk från födseln eller från tidig ålder. MAIN är avsett för barn från 3 till 9 år och utvärderar både förståelse och produktion av berättelser. Designen tillåter bedömning av flera språk hos samma barn, samt olika typer av eliciteringssätt: modellsaga (model story), återberättande (retelling) och berättande (telling).

    MAIN innehåller fyra parallella berättelser, var och en med en noggrant designad bildserie bestående av sex bilder. Berättelserna är kontrollerade gällande kognitiv och språklig komplexitet, parallellitet på makrostrukturell och mikrostrukturell nivå, samt kulturell lämplighet och robusthet.

    Instrumentet har utvecklats utifrån omfattande pilotstudier med mer än 500 enspråkiga och flerspråkiga barn mellan 4 och 9 år, med 15 olika språk och språkkombinationer.

    Även om MAIN ännu inte har normerats kan dess standardiserade procedurer användas i bedömnings-, interventions- och forskningssyfte.

     

     

    Detta dokument innehåller:

    • Riktlinjer för bedömning

    • Protokoll och bedömningsmall för Katten (Cat), Hunden (Dog), Fågelungarna (Baby Birds), Getungarna (Baby Goats)

    • Bakgrundsfrågor

    • Berättelsetexter (story scripts)

  • 94.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Nonnative acquisition of Verb Second: On the empirical underpinnings of universal L2 claims2005In: The function of function words and functional categories. / [ed] Marcel den Dikken & Christina Tortora (eds.), Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2005, p. 41-77Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acquiring Germanic verb second is typically described as difficult for second-language

    learners. Even speakers of a V2-language (Swedish) learning another V2-language (German)

    are said not to transfer V2 but to start with a non-V2 grammar, following a universal

    developmental path of verb placement. The present study contests this claim, documenting

    early targetlike V2 production for 6 Swedish ab-initio (and 23 intermediate) learners of

    German, at a time when their interlanguage syntax elsewhere is nontargetlike (head-initial

    VPs). Learners whose only nonnative language is German never violate V2, indicating

    transfer of V2-L1 syntax. Informants with previous knowledge of English are less targetlike

    in their L3-German productions, indicating interference from non-V2 English. V2 per se is

    thus not universally difficult for nonnative learners.

  • 95.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Nonnative acquisition of Verb Second: On the empirical underpinnings of universal L2 claims2005In: The function of function words and functional categories, Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins , 2005, p. 41-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Null subjects in Swabian2013In: Studia Linguistica, ISSN 0039-3193, E-ISSN 1467-9582, Vol. 67, no 3, p. 257-289Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have investigated referential null subjects in present-day non-standard varieties of German. This paper explores the distribution of 4,000 null and overt referential subjects in finite clauses in a new corpus of spoken Swabian, a North Alemannic dialect spoken in Southwest Germany. The paper describes Swabian subject use as it emerges from the corpus data with regard to morphological form, syntactic distribution, reference and informational status. Swabian, unlike Standard German, allows and in some cases prefers clause-internal referential subjects to be null, whilst in other contexts, referential null subjects are ruled out. There is a robust second person null-subject property, with 61% of 2nd singular subject pronouns being dropped clause-internally, i.e. from a position following the finite verb in main clauses or following a complementiser in embedded clauses. 1st singular and 3rd singular neuter subjects are dropped clause-internally as well, but at much lower frequencies and only in very specific phonological and lexical constellations, not previously noted in the literature. The empirical findings are compared with an earlier unquantified study of Swabian (Haag-Merz 1996) and discussed in light of other work on present-day Germanic vernaculars and previous accounts of partial null subject languages.

  • 97.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    On the “vulnerability” of syntactic domains in Swedish and German2007In: Language Acquisition, ISSN 1048-9223, E-ISSN 1532-7817, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 31-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thispaper investigates the L2 acquisition of clausal syntax in post-puberty learnersof German and Swedish regarding V2, VP headedness and verb particleconstructions. The learner data are tested against L2 theories according towhich lower structural projections (VP) are acquired before higher functionalprojections (IP, CP), VP syntax is unproblematic (invulnerable), but where grammatical operations related to thetopmost level of syntactic structure (CP) are acquired late (e.g. Platzack’s(2001) vulnerable C-domain). It willbe shown that such theories do not hold water: native speakers of Swedishlearning German and native speakers of German learning Swedish both master V2from early on. At the same time, these learners exhibit a nontargetlike syntaxat lower structural levels: residual VO in the case of the Swedish-L1 learnersof German, and persistent nontarget transitive verb particle constructions inthe German-L1 learners of Swedish. I argue that these findings are bestexplained by assuming full transfer of L1 syntax (e.g. Schwartz & Sprouse 1996).

  • 98.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Placing verbs and particles in non-native German and Swedish2006In: Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax, ISSN 1100-097X, , p. 51Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Reflections on dummy 'do' in child language and syntactic theory2013In: Dummy auxiliaries in first and second language acquisition / [ed] Blom, Elma, van de Craats, Ineke & Verhagen, Josie, Boston / Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2013, p. 171-208Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Bohnacker, Ute
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
    Tell me a story in English or Swedish: Narrative production and comprehension in bilingual preschoolers and first graders2016In: Applied Psycholinguistics, ISSN 0142-7164, E-ISSN 1469-1817, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 19-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines macrostructural aspects of narrative skills in 52 bilingual Swedish- and English-speaking children age 5-7. Elicited fictional story production and comprehension tasks were administered in parallel fashion in both Swedish and English (Multilingual Assessment Instrument for Narratives, MAIN, Gagarina et al., 2012). Scores on MAIN were compared across languages; moreover, story structure components in the narratives and answers to probe questions were qualitatively analyzed. Age effects (5-year-olds vs. 6-7-year-olds) for macrostructure production and narrative comprehension were evident, but no effect for language (Swedish/English). The results suggest that story structure is invariant across a bilingual child’s two languages at a given age, with similar awareness of the intentions and goal-directed behavior of the story protagonists, irrespective of language.

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