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  • 51.
    Bennani Jerari, Dina-Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Demokratisk innovation: En fallstudie av medborgardialogen som kanal för politiskt inflytande2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study of citizen dialogues primarily focuses on which citizens are included in

    dialogues, and how those citizens are included in dialogues, despite the fact that the

    influence perspective is at least as important as the inclusion perspective for the right

    to political participation. This essay thus addresses the challenge of citizen dialogues

    regarding their impact on political decisions. This study examines how citizen

    dialogue as a democratic innovation operates within a local political context, this to

    answer how the dialogue functions as a channel of political influence. The overall aim

    is to determine whether democratic innovation can revitalize representative

    democracy. This is answered by a qualitative case study of one of the dialogues of

    Huddinge municipality. The study is conducted with semi-structured interviews as

    primary materials. Graham Smith's institutional democracy theory forms the analysis

    framework, which is made up of various institutional and democratic ideals.

    The study's findings show that citizen dialogues, as democratic innovation, work well

    in a local political context, since the innovation is considered effective and because the

    innovation has a structure and a clear function in the political system. The results also

    show that citizens have a good chance of influencing political processes through

    citizen dialogues. This is mainly due to the fact that the studied citizen dialogue took

    place at an early stage of the decision-making process, which enabled better conditions

    for political participation. The results also reveal that there are no mechanisms within

    the political system that ensure that the participation will have significance.

    Consequently, it is not possible to draw conclusions as to whether a citizen dialogue is

    generally a good channel for political influence or not.

    The conclusions from this study are that a citizen dialogue can be considered to

    revitalize representative democracy, provided that it both fits in the local political

    context and has good conditions for integrating citizens' participation in the

    subsequent political decisions.

  • 52.
    Berglund, Christofer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Borders and Belonging: Nation-Building in Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani Ethno-Regions, 2004–20122016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the fall of the Soviet Union, scholars researching ethnic politics have approached the South Caucasus as a testing ground for theories of separatism and conflict. But the 2003 Rose Revolution brought a new generation of politicians to power in Georgia. President Mikheil Saakashvili distanced himself from the ethnic nationalism of the past, which had poisoned relations between Georgians and their Armenian and Azerbaijani compatriots. The incoming authorities instead sought to foster an inclusive nationalism, wherein belonging hinged on speaking the state language and all Georgian-speakers, regardless of origin, were to be equals.

    This thesis investigates this nation-building project and its influence on the integration of Georgia's Armenian and Azerbaijani borderlands. I first examine the mode through which these peripheries were incorporated into post-Soviet Georgia. Since Armenians controlled "their own" domain to a greater extent than the Azerbaijanis, I infer that the former were absorbed along integralist and the latter along colonial lines. Moving to the time-period after the Rose Revolution, I next explore if Georgian officials and Georgian adolescents were tolerant towards Georgian-speaking minorities. With the help of elite interviews and a socio-linguistic experiment (n = 792), I reveal that officials and adolescents were open to integrated Armenians and Azerbaijanis alike. I then proceed to inspect the centre's nationalising agencies and their efforts to incentivise minorities to interact with Georgians, and to use the state language during these contacts. Last but not least, I turn to the reactions this nation-building project elicited in the borderlands. On the basis of interviews with local elites and a socio-linguistic experiment involving Armenian and Azerbaijani adolescents (n = 434; n = 483), I discovered sharp differences: Armenians reacted with defiance and Azerbaijanis with compliance.

    These findings augment our knowledge of ethno-linguistic stereotypes in the Caucasus. They also demonstrate that inclusive nation-building projects can inspire minorities to integrate – despite adverse circumstances – but hint at one condition conducive to this end. Armenians perceived the state language as a battering ram against "their own" domain, while Azerbaijanis saw it as a tool to escape their isolation. This within-country comparison suggests that similar nation-building projects can trigger different reactions in integralist and colonial borderlands.

  • 53.
    Bergquist, B
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitets- och miljöledning.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitets- och miljöledning.
    Svensson, M
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitets- och miljöledning.
    TQM –Terrific Quality Marvel or Tragic Quality Malpractice.2005In: The TQM Magazine, ISSN 0954-478X, Vol. 17, no 4, 309-321 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Beznosiuk, Maksym
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Understanding Russia's Engagement in the Ukraine Crisis2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 55.
    Björklund, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Lönngren, Ann-SofiePirholt, MattiasUllén, MagnusWennerström Wohrne, Maria
    "någonstädes mellan sol och söder, mellan nord och natt": Interdisciplinära studier tillägnade professor Torsten Pettersson2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Björkman, T
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Fredriksson, Maria
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitetsteknik och statistik.
    Garvare, R
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitetsteknik och statistik.
    Johansson, J
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Klefsjö, B
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitetsteknik och statistik.
    Lindgren, A
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Lindell, M
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Olsson, M
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Svensson, M
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Avd f kvalitetsteknik och statistik.
    Utvärdering av KY. Statens offentliga utredningar, SOU 1999:119. Regeringskansliet, Utbildningsdepartementet1999Other (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Smithers, Richard J.
    Hedblom, Marcus
    Hedenås, Henrik
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Pedersen, Eja
    Sandström, Per
    Svensson, Johan
    Shades of grey challenge practical application of the Cultural Ecosystem Services concept2017In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 23, 55-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Smithers, Richard J.
    Kuchler, Magdalena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
    Agrawal, Ganesh K.
    Gutiérrez, José M.
    Hassanali, Ahmed
    Huq, Saleemul
    Koller, Silvia H.
    Marjit, Sugata
    Mshinda, Hassan M.
    Masjuki, Hj Hassan
    Solomons, Noel W.
    Van Staden, Johannes
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Steps to overcome the North-South divide in research relevant to climate-change policy and practice2017In: Nature Climate Change, ISSN 1758-678X, E-ISSN 1758-6798, Vol. 7, 21-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A global North-South divide in research, and its negative consequences, has been highlighted in various scientific disciplines. Northern domination of science relevant to climate change policy and practice, and limited research led by Southern researchers in Southern countries, may hinder further development and implementation of global climate change agreements and nationally appropriate actions. Despite efforts to address the North-South divide, progress has been slow. In this Perspective, we illustrate the extent of the divide, review underlying issues and analyse their consequences for climate change policy development and implementation. We propose a set of practical steps in both Northern and Southern countries that a wide range of actors should take at global, regional and national scales to span the North-South divide, with examples of some actions already being implemented.

  • 59.
    Blondel, Ylva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Eriksson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Forsberg, Erika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Gleditsch, Nils Petter
    Grusell, Helena
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Nilsson, Desiree
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Strand, Håvard
    Svensson, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Söderberg, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 20012002Report (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Blondel, Ylva Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Does the media promote terrorism?: Media coverage of a hijacking and changes in France’s political security agenda2004Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 61.
    Blondel, Ylva Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Power of Symbolic Power: An Application of O'Neill's Game of Honour to Asymmetric Internal Conflict2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Powerful states can lose wars to militarily weaker opponents. This can only be understood by moving away from an over-simplified traditional definition of power and by incorporating the symbolic dimensions of power. The present study focuses on honour, which is one facet of symbolic power that is particularly relevant for understanding conflict because it is often associated with publicly participating in violence. Barry O’Neill’s Game of Honour model, originally developed for inter-state relations, provides a structured framework to analyse the strategic use of symbols in internal asymmetric conflicts. The main claim in this dissertation is that because there is only one recognised state apparatus competition is always for the same audience. I argue that this makes it difficult to assume that the state can adequately foresee the audience’s expectations, and that outcomes of a challenge can best be understood as the relative honour of the primary actors. Two cases were selected from the recent conflict in Algeria to empirically apply the model. The first is a public demonstration that occurred in Algiers in 1991 and involves a domestic news media audience, while the second is a plane hijacking that involves a Western news media audience. Six other cases are also considered with the aim of highlighting salient issues relevant to incorporating other dimensions of symbolic power connected, but not equal, to honour. The application of the model to the cases clearly reflects that symbolic challenges can be perceived as serious threats to actors who are militarily far superior. This suggests that key events can alter the relative power balance in asymmetric conflicts and, therefore, it is not possible to assume that symbolic power is merely a reflection of underlying material capabilities as a traditional definition of power implies.

  • 62.
    Blondel, Ylva Isabelle
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Violent Conflict and Roles of the Media2003Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 63.
    Blondel, Ylva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jato, Andrés
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ångman, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19981999Report (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Blondel, Ylva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jakobsson Hatay, Ann-Sofi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Jato, Andrés
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ohlson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sollenberg, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Wallensteen, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Ångman, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    States in Armed Conflict 19992000Report (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages, Scandinavian Onomastics.
    Tunón, HåkanUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Swedish Biodiversity Centre.
    Gäller vanligt folkvett också för akademiker?: Rapport från ett seminarium om makt och etik2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Diskursanalys2015In: Handbok i kvalitativa metoder / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2, 176-190 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Boström Andersson, Rut
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Den nordiska mosaiken: Språk- och kulturmöten i gammal tid och i våra dagar1997Collection (editor) (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    33 föreläsningar framförda under Humanistdagarna vid Uppsala universitet 15–16 mars 1997

  • 68.
    Bradby, Hannah
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hamed, Sarah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Mahmud, Amina Jama
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Spatialisation & racialization - understanding the interplay of migration and integration in constructing Swedish suburbs2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has, until recently, enjoyed exceptional status as a welfare state which has extended health and welfare benefits to large number of immigrants, in particular refugees and asylum seekers, without a breakdown in social cohesion. In 2009, civil unrest occurred across a range of city suburbs with a high proportion of people of immigrant background, and has been interpreted as an expression of discontent from young people unable to enjoy the full benefits of a well ordered society (Schierup and Alund 2011) in terms of access to housing and labour markets (Andersson, Magnusson Turner, and Holmqvist 2010).  The rioting occurred in outlying suburbs know as ‘förorter’ where the housing is characterised by the mass building project of the 1960s and 1970s which have come to be seen as problematic areas where crime and a lack of social cohesion are concentrated. Since official data are not collected around ethnicity or religion, the higher proportion of people of immigrant background in problematised suburbs has had the effect of racialising city zones. We interrogate this process by looking at news and website reporting and political commentary about unrest which has included arson of private (cars) and communal property (libraries and nursery schools) and stoning of public vehicles (busses and ambulances) occurring in two areas of a large Swedish city. The racialising effects of constructing spatial divisions between zones of the city are examined in how problematic outlying suburbs are described.

  • 69.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    CPA - New Sudan, Old Sudan or Two Sudan?: A review of the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement2007In: Journal of African Policy Studies, Vol. 13, no 1, 16-41 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On 9 January 2005 the Sudan’s People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan (GoS) signed a peace agreement called the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended a conflict that had been going on since 1983 and resulted in at least 54 000 battle-related deaths. In total it is estimated that two million people have died during the war as a result of violence, famine and disease. This was the final outcome of the so called Machakos peace process which began in July 2002. Overall the implementation is lacking in momentum. Some encouraging signs could be seen: a ceasefire that has held with just one exception; the return of hundreds of thousands of refugees and Internally Displaced Person’s (IDP’s) to the South; and an extensive redeployment of troops. However, other parts of the agreement have not been implemented: there is still no consensus on the contentious region of Abyei; several stipulated commissions have not yet been launched and others are not working properly. The overall impression of the implementation process is negative and the foremost reason for this is the GoS’s lack of will and SPLM’s lack of capacity to properly implement the CPA.

  • 70.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Darfur: dimensioner och dilemman i en komplex situation2009Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utgångspunkten för rapporten är en fältstudie genomförd av författaren i Sudan under november och december 2007 uppdelad på tre veckor i den sudanesiska huvudstaden Khartoum och en vecka i Juba, södra Sudan. Författaren försökte också resa in i Darfur men tyvärr gavs inte de erfor­derliga tillstånden. Trots misslyckandet att komma till Darfur så intervjua­des en stor mångfald av darfurier och människor som arbetar med Darfur-frågan. Under tiden i Sudan intervjuades ett urval av politiker, akademiker, traditionella ledare, rebelledare från varierande fraktioner, studerande, företrädare för frivilligorganisationer, människor som arbetar för olika FN-organ, människor som arbetar för mänskliga rättigheter etc. Detta urval innefattar avsiktligt både partiska och opartiska källor för att uppnå en så bred syn som möjligt. En intention med denna rapport är att använda detta unika material i så stor utsträckning som möjligt, men det är också kom­pletterat med andrahandskällor. Syftet med denna analys är att fördjupa kunskapen om den aktuella krisen i Darfur genom att närma sig på bred front. Studien börjar med en bakgrund till krisen i Sudan och uppmanar till en mångsidig syn på landet. Efter det kort information om några väsent­liga aspekter av krisen i Darfur följd av avsnitt om fredsbevarande styrkor, förhandlingar och den internationella respons konflikten har gett upphov till. Slutligen dras några slutsatser och vägar för framtida forskning före­slås. Man hävdar att den aktuella situationen i Darfur är ett resultat av fyra parallella och sammanlänkade typer av konflikter: kollektiva konflikter, konflikter mellan olika regionala eliter, konflikter mellan periferi och cen­trum samt ett proxy-krig mellan Sudan och Tchad. Det hävdas också att ett mångsidigt närmande till Sudan behövs för att finna en varaktig lösning i Darfur och andra områden i Sudan. Vidare betonar rapporten de oerhört stora problem som både förhandlingarna och den fredsbevarande verk­samheten står inför för närvarande. Slutligen framförs en uppmaning till starkare engagemang från, och samordning av, det internationella samfun­det för att lösa konflikterna i Darfur.

  • 71.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Darfur: Dimensions and Dilemmas of a Complex Situation2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The point of departure for this report is a field study conducted by the author in Sudan during the fall of 2007. The purpose of this analysis is to deepen knowledge about the current crisis in Darfur through a broad approach. The study includes a short background to the crisis in Darfur and examines some of the major actors, the situation on the ground, the peacekeeping process, the negotiations and the international response. It is argued that the current situation in Darfur is a result of three parallel and interlinked types of conflicts: communal conflicts, conflicts between different regional elites, and periphery-centre conflicts. It is also argued that a comprehensive approach to Sudan is needed to find a lasting solution in Darfur and other areas of Sudan. Moreover, the report stresses the vast problems that both the negotiations and the peacekeeping operation face at the moment. Finally, a call is made for a stronger commitment from, and co-ordination by, the international community to solve the conflicts in Darfur.

  • 72.
    Brosché, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Sharing Power - Enabling Peace?: Evaluating Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement 20052009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to examine what lessons can be learned from Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) 2005, with particular relevance to power-sharing. The author went to on a field-trip to Khartoum, Juba and Nairobi in July 2009 to complement his previous knowledge the Sudan conflict.

     

    The report draws ten lessons learned, and these are divided into the three aspects of process, provisions and implementation. In terms of the process, the report suggests that negotiators should strive to involve both regional actors and actors from the international community, focus on the functioning of the agreement, and seek to enhance the capacity-building of the parties. In relation to the key provision, power-sharing, the report calls for mediators to be wary of including exit options in power-sharing deals. The effects of exclusion and inclusion of various actors should be scrutinized and it is important that the message of the agreement is conveyed to various constituencies. Also, it is important to bring peace dividends for the people to increase the legitimacy of the agreement. Regarding the implementation phase, three key lessons are learned. First, for a successful implementation it is essential to keep the momentum of the signing. Secondly, the signing of an agreement is the start, not the end, of building a durable peace. Finally, the research findings demonstrate the importance of maintaining the moment ripe for implementation after the agreement is signed. One way of facilitating this is by keeping the same parties involved during the implementation process as during the negotiations. 

  • 73.
    Brosché, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Crisis of governance in South Sudan: electoral politics and violence in the world's newest nation2016In: Journal of Modern African Studies, ISSN 0022-278X, E-ISSN 1469-7777, Vol. 54, no 1, 67-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since mid-December 2013, thousands of people have been killed in armed conflict in South Sudan. The fighting is entrenched in a power struggle between the main political contenders ahead of elections which were scheduled for 2015. This article examines the violence in South Sudan since the North-South war ended with a focus on the consequences of the introduction of electoral politics. Our research contributes to the literature on state-building and peace-building in war-torn societies, by exploring how the extreme levels of violence are linked to three groups of factors. First, the stakes involved in being part of the government are extremely high, since it is the only way to secure political and economic influence. Second, the actors involved in political life are dominated by individuals who held positions within the rebel groups, which increases the risk of political differences turning violent. Third, the institutions important for a legitimate electoral process, and which work to prevent violence, are weak or non-existent.

  • 74.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Analyzing Reconciliation: A Structured Method for Measuring National Reconciliation Initiatives2008In: Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology, ISSN 1078-1919, Vol. 14, no 3, 291-313 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reconciliation efforts have become an almost routine element of postconflict peacebuilding. From a scientific point of view, we need tools to enable systematic studies of reconciliation. In this article a structured method for studying national reconciliation initiatives is suggested, focusing on public statements and behaviors of those in power. The aim is to contribute to the development of systematic research in the field, by designing a structured method to measure if, when and what kind of reconciliation initiatives promote durable peace and if and when they instead might be an obstacle to peacebuilding. Two widely used sources in peace and conflict research were used for coding: the Regional Survey of the World (RSW) and the Africa Research Bulletin (ARB). The analytical framework, built on Galtung’s well-known conflict triangle and applied to Rwanda and Mozambique, proves to be useful for structuring the analysis of reconciliation at this level. In addition, three hypotheses on reconciliation are generated which would benefit from further research.

  • 75.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Reconciliation - Theory and Practice for Development Cooperation. A Report for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.2003Report (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Reconciliation and Development2009In: Building a Future on Peace and Justice: studies on transitional justice, peace and development : the Nuremberg Declaration on Peace and Justice, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer , 2009, 203-216 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reconciliation has become an important part of postconflict peacebuilding rhetoric and practice in recent years. As nearly all conflicts today are intrastate, former enemies, perpetrators and victims, must continue living side by side after the war. Yet, attitudes and behaviors do not change at the moment of a declaration of peace. Since coexistence is necessary, the need for reconciliation is profound.

    The aim of this chapter is to give a shared point of departure for discussion on the critical issues of reconciliation and development after war. Reconciliation is defined and seen from a pragmatic and societal perspective; it does not mean avoiding accountability for the sake of truth, neither does it entail collective amnesia to avoid the risks of truth telling, nor interpersonal forgiveness. Reconciliation means finding a way to balance issues such as truth and justice so that the slow changing of behaviors, attitudes and emotions between former enemies can take place. It is the pragmatic work of building relationships and confidence that will hold for the pressures on peace.

    In order to structure the analysis, reconciliation is suggested to be examined from three societal levels: top-level, middle-range, and grassroots. An overview is provided of some key concerns regarding reconciliation in relation to justice, security, and politics respectively, and their respective policy implications discussed. Regarding justice, recent research on truth commissions provides a basis for new development challenges. In close connection emerges the issue of security. Security risks have not been included in the theoretical literature on truth telling and reconciliation. However, recent research indicates that if security is not provided, the process of reconciliation may risk to backlash in increased violence or in suppression of truth. Political initiatives for reconciliation through for example legislation are crucial. However, the post-conflict state is often quite weak thus tensions may easily arise between reconciliation needs, development ambitions, and politics. Finally, truth telling being one of the major components in reconciliation processes around the world today, the concerns of truth telling with regard to trauma, reparation, and culture are briefly highlighted.

    The chapter concludes that there is no magic formula for reconciliation; each reconciliation process needs to be designed according to the specific context. We urgently need empirical research to learn of general trends regarding the promises and pitfalls for processes of reconciliation.

  • 77.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The Trauma of Truth Telling: Effects of Witnessing in the Rwandan Gacaca Courts on Psychological Health2010In: Journal of Conflict Resolution, ISSN 0022-0027, E-ISSN 1552-8766, Vol. 54, no 3, 408-437 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Truth telling has come to play a pivotal role in postconflict reconciliation processes around the world. A common claim is that truth telling is healing and will lead to reconciliation. The present study applies recent psychological research to this issue by examining whether witnessing in the gacaca, the Rwandan village tribunals for truth and reconciliation after the 1994 genocide, was beneficial for psychological health. The results from the multistage, stratified cluster random survey of 1,200 Rwandans demonstrate that gacaca witnesses suffer from higher levels of depression and PTSD than do nonwitnesses, also when controlling for important predictors of psychological ill health. Furthermore, longer exposure to truth telling has not lowered the levels of psychological ill health, nor has the prevalence of depression and PTSD decreased over time. This study strongly challenges the claim that truth telling is healing and presents a novel understanding of the complexity of truth-telling processes in postconflict peace building.

  • 78.
    Brounéus, Karen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Truth Telling as Talking Cure?: Insecurity and Retraumatization in the Rwandan Gacaca Courts2008In: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 39, no 1, 55-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents unique material from in-depth interviews with 16 women in Rwanda who have testified in the gacaca, the village tribunals initiated to enhance reconciliation after the 1994 genocide. The aim of the interviews was to learn more of how testifying in such a public event as the gacaca affects psychological health. Do the women find the experience healing or retraumatizing? Are there other effects involved? There has been an assumption that testifying in truth and reconciliation commissions is a healing experience for survivors, and healing has been a central concept in the general reconciliation literature and in political rhetoric around truth commissions. However, the findings of this study are alarming. Traumatization, ill-health, isolation, and insecurity dominate the lives of these testifying women. They are threatened and harassed before, during, and after giving testimony in the gacaca. The article provides a picture of the reconciliation process that we seldom see.

  • 79.
    Brunn, Ulrika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Överviktskirurgi Sleeve Gastrectomy: Patienters kostvanor sex månader postoperativt2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Obesity is a global problem that affects more and more people and countries. Both societies and individuals are looking for solutions to tackle the issue that obesity is. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for obesity and Sleeve Gastrectomy is a technique within bariatric surgery that, according to experts can have a distinct advantage over other techniques. Today, more studies need to be performed on Sleeve Gastrectomy and its impact on patients' diets before the method can be accepted in everyday clinical practice in Sweden.

    Objective

    The study’s aim is to identify overweight patients’ eating habits six months after the bariatric surgery technique Sleeve Gastrectomy.

    Method and Material

    217 overweight patients, who underwent Sleeve Gastrectomy, responded to a questionnaire about their eating patterns, food choices and sensory changes six months after surgery. The responses were processed and resulted in descriptive statistics.

    Results

    The results show that a patient who has undergone Sleeve Gastrectomy on average eats five out of six recommended meals per day up to six months postoperatively. The meal that most patients eat daily is breakfast, closely followed by dinner and lunch. No significant differences were seen between meal patterns, age, or weight loss. The dietary advice that most of the patients follow is the advice concerning protein, dairy products and fiber, and the advice with the lowest adherence are the ones concerning intake of water, fruits and vegetables. This bariatric surgery technique does not affect patients' ability to feel hunger, satiety or cravings six months postoperatively, but taste changes and impaired tolerance to red meat, sweets, bread and pasta can be perceived. The recommended serving amounts were experienced by about half of the patients as difficult.

    Conclusions

    Sleeve Gastrectomy alters patients' ability to eat. Meal patterns and food choices change due to the fact that sensory changes and reduced food tolerance may occur. A Swedish survey of how these patients eat six months postoperatively is now available.

  • 80.
    Cameron, Camilla
    et al.
    Clinical Nutrition and Dieietics Karolinska University Hospital Stockholm.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Faxén Irving, Gerd
    Clinical Nutrition Karolinska Institute Stockholm.
    Dietary phosphorous intake among haemodialysis patients in relation to dosage of phosphate binders and hyperphosphatemia2012In: International Congress on Renal Nutrition and Metabolism (ICRNM) Honolulu, Hawaii 26-30 juni 2012, 2012, pos3-13- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Cardona Shokotko, Vanessa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Building Happy and Resilient Communities in the North of the European Union: A case study on Transition Movement in Sweden and its relationship with the EU2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the world becomes drowned in multiple global problems and citizens do not see any real progressive solutions from their governments, they take the initiative in their own hands and start changing the world on their own. The Transition Town movement was born this way. It is a social movement which aims at building resilient local communities in response to climate change, peak oil and an unfair ecologically destructive economic system which is probably soon to break down. As a potentially strong actor of future social change, it is worth studying emerging local movements in Europe, and hopefully identifying new potentials for success of these grass-root innovations.The study, thus, aims to investigate the relation between the participants of the Transition Movement Sweden and the supranational/intergovernmental entity EU, which plays one of the key roles in economic, environmental and social aspects of Swedish citizens. By conducting interviews with participants of the movement in several Swedish cities, the nature of this relationship is being explored. Using the theory of Multi-Institutional Politics Approach the case study explains the connection between the movement and the EU.

  • 82.
    Casini, Gabriele
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    The impact of conflict transformation on the work of grassroots peacebuilding organizations in Colombia and Israel/Palestine2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the theory of conflict transformation and on its influence on the work of grassroots peacebuilding organizations in Colombia and in Israel/Palestine. Since there is no uniform and universally accepted definition of what conflict transformation is, the first step in this analysis will involve the construction of a clear framework for this approach. Once completed this task, it will be possible to use the resulting theoretical framework as a tool to analyze the work of six grassroots organizations operating in two of the most protracted, rooted and complicated conflicts of our times. The practical implementation of conflict transformation has still not been investigated in depth and the need for a clarification of this concept started to arise only recently. This research represents an effort in both these directions and hopefully will constitute a suitable starting point for future studies on the subject. 

  • 83.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology.
    “I feel Swedish, but my parents are from there…”: Crossing of identity borders among Assyrian youth in a multicultural context2015In: Borders and the Changing Boundaries of Knowledge / [ed] Inga Brandell, Marie Carlson, Önver Cetrez, Sweden: The Swedish Research Institiute in Istanbul , 2015, Vol 22, 161-173 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article approaches the topic of identity boundaries through the experiences of Assyrian youth in Sweden. Using object relation theories in psychology it analyses empirical interview material demonstrating the criss-crossing boundaries that run through the individual psychological development among these young people. A characteristic is to feel the necessity of switching and negotiating between or among several cultural identity positions. However, our psychological models are developed in the context of a more mono-cultural environment, thus not paying attention to the multicultural complexity found among immigrant youth. This context is frequently characterized by experiences of perceived discrimination in society, such as objectification, which has psychological consequences for the youths’ self image.

  • 84.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology.
    Brandell, IngaCarlson, Marie
    Borders and the Changing Boundaries of Knowledge2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume uses case studies, based on both historical and contemporary sources, to highlight processes of knowledge production within the social sciences and humanities. Our focus is on Middle Eastern societies and peoples - Circassian, Assyrian, Turkish, Arab, Kurdish… – living around or having moved north from the Mediterranean. One central subject is the influence of migration and travel on the relationship between the geographic and linguistic borders established by nation-builders, and those constructed by scholars, travellers and commentators. A second is the transfer and translation of textual elements of knowledge – e.g., cultural repertoires or historical narratives – from one linguistic social setting to another. Together with an introductory discussion of the book’s three border-knowledge themes, the studies present new theoretical and methodological conceptualisations of the intriguing and manifold relationship between physical, social borders, and the boundaries of knowledge.

  • 85.
    Claire, Travers
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    NO ONE CARES WE’RE BLEEDING: THE PLACE OF MENSTRUAL MANAGEMENT IN HUMANITARAIN RESPONSE2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Menstrual management is a pervasive issue for women globally, and it becomes critical in times of crisis. During these times of crisis and disaster, humanitarian response seeks to provide relief of suffering by meeting essential needs, in a comprehensive and predictable manner. Yet the provision of menstrual management remains largely ad hoc. Through a comprehensive literature review of documents pertaining to menstrual management in emergencies, this paper offers a qualitative analysis of modern humanitarian strategic approaches, to explore the place of menstrual management in emergencies. The core findings are that menstrual management is not fodder for strategy in humanitarian aid, and therefore lacks a ‘home’ in any of the humanitarian approaches to response. It is not fully integrated into either technical strategic implementation, typified by the cluster approach, nor through cultural implementation approaches, typified by gender mainstreaming. This paper also offers some explanations of why such an omnipresent need has, as yet, remained un-championed. This discussion is based on a theoretical framework offered by feminist theory. Supplemented by an understanding of organisations as gendered structures (Acker, 1990), this thesis posits that these cavities in modern humanitarian response are due to the inherent inability and reluctance of the humanitarian system to concern itself with a bodily, female issue such as menstrual management.

  • 86.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    America in Eurasia: One Year After2002In: Current History, Vol. 101, no 657, 330-336 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Azerbaijan 2002: Between the Storms2003In: Transitions Online Yearly ReportArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 88.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Brutality Breeds Brutality2004In: The Baltimore Sun, no 9 SeptemberArticle in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 89.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Nagorno-Karabach: Kvasistat eller Armeniens Maktcentrum?2003In: Nordisk Östforum, Vol. 17, no 2Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 90.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Putin's Politik har bäddat för terrorism2004In: Dagens Nyheter, no 7 SeptemberArticle in journal (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 91.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies. Programmet för Sidenvägstudier.
    The Narcotics Threat in Greater Central Asia: From Crime-Terror Nexus to State Infiltration2006In: The China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly, Vol. 4, no 1, 37-67 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 92.
    Cornell, Svante
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Euroasian Studies.
    The War Against Terrorism and the Conflict in Chechnya: A Case for Distinction2003In: Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Vol. 27, no 2, 167-184 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 93.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Armenia's Political Insecurity and Caucasian Stability2000In: Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, no 10Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 94.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Autonomy: A Catalyst of conflict in the Caucasus?2000In: Paper for the 5th annual convention of the Association for the Study of Nationalities, 2000, 51- p.Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 95.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Autonomy and Conflict: Ethnoterritoriality and Separatism in the South Caucasus - Cases in Georgia2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing minority populations with autonomy is gaining appreciation as a method of solving,managing, and even pre-empting ethnic conflict. However, in spite of the enthusiasm for autonomy solutions among academics and practitioners alike, there is reason to argue that the provision of autonomy for a minority may under certain circumstances increase rather than decrease the likelihood of conflict. In certain political conditions, autonomy strengthens the separate identity of a minority; it thereby increases its incentives to collective action against the state; and most of all its capacity to seek separation from the central state, through the state-like institutions that autonomy entails. The objective of this dissertation is to investigate whether territorial autonomy was a contributing factor to the violent ethnic conflicts that have erupted in the South Caucasus since the late 1980s. It presents a theoretical argument to explain which qualities of autonomy solutions increase the likelihood of conflict; and then seeks to outline possible rival explanations derived from the theoretical literature. The dissertation then examines the explanatory value of autonomy as compared to nine other possible causal factors in a study of nine minorities in the South Caucasus. Finding that autonomy has the highest explanatory value of any of the factors under study, it then moves on to study in depth the five minorities existing on the territory of the republic of Georgia. Three of them, Abkhazia, Ajaria, and South Ossetia, were autonomous, whereas two (the Armenians and Azeris in Southern Georgia) had no autonomous status. The dissertation shows how the institution of autonomy, by promoting an ethnic elite in control of state-like institutions, and by enhancing factors such as leadership, economic viability, and external support, played a crucial together with these factors in the escalation to conflict in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, whereas the absence of autonomy mitigated conflict in Javaheti’s Armenian and Kvemo Kartli’s Azeri populations.

  • 96.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of East European Studies.
    Chechnia, Russia and the Islamic Factor: a Source of Instability in The Northern Caucasus2000In: Central Asia and the Caucasus, no 4Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 97.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Cloaking the Chechen War as jihad: The Risk of Militant Contagion2000In: Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, no 15Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 98.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Conflicting Identities in the Caucasus1997In: Peace Review--A Transnational Quarterly, ISSN 1040-2659, Vol. 9, no 4, 453-460 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 99.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Conflicts in the North Caucasus1998In: Central Asian Survey, ISSN 0263-4937, Vol. 17, no 3, 409-442 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Cornell, Svante E.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Democracy and Pluralism in Muslim Areas of the Former Soviet Union2001Chapter in book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Title of Chapter: Ethnic Relations and Democratization in the Northwestern Caucasus

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