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  • 51.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avd. för vetenskapshistoria.
    Vernacular plant names and binary nomenclature in Sweden c. 19002005In: Species Plantarum 250 years, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas. Avd. för vetenskapshistoria.
    Växter, vetenskap och folkpoesi: Nomenklatur som medium2004In: Den mediala vetenskapen, 2004Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Beckman, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Yngve Sjöstedt2004In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract
  • 54. Benner, Mats
    et al.
    Widmalm, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Kunskap2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 55. Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Ruin, Hans
    Sundqvist, Bo
    Högskolans nya styrning hotar kreativitet och kritik2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56. Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Ruin, Hans
    Sundqvist, Bo
    Professionell normbildning behöver stärkas2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    A Suitable Country: The Relationship between Sweden's Interwar Population Policy and Family Planning in Postindependence India2010In: Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, ISSN 0170-6233, E-ISSN 1522-2365, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 297-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article delineates a strong continuity, particularly in terms of personnel, between interwar domestic population policies and Sweden’s postwar participation in international and transnational population-control programs. It argues that Swedish engagement in population control and family planning in the emerging Third World, and particularly in South Asia, was motivated by the conviction that poverty and underdevelopment must be attacked on several fronts simultaneously, with population control being one of the most important. In its first bilateral aid programs Sweden would prioritize the promotion of birth control primarily because it was still too controversial to be promoted multilaterally, not least for religious reasons; and because Swedish experts were regarded as especially liberal, rational, and secularized. Sterilization expertise played no decisive part in this continuity. When first establishing themselves in South Asia, Swedish experts would recommend the rhythm method and other contraceptive methods that depended on self-control.

  • 58.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Den gränslösa hälsan: Signe och Axel Höjer, folkhälsan och expertisen2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates the mutual life project of Signe (1896-1988) and Axel Höjer (1890-1974), a married couple who were key actors in the construction of the Swedish welfare state. It emphasises the ways in which they went about asserting a special public health expertise in different contexts. As starting points I take the malleability of the concept folkhälsa (people’s health or population health) and the centrality of expertise in the governance of modern societies. Theoretical concepts such as gender, policy transfer, biopower and governmentality are central to the analysis.

    The dissertation includes three parts. The first part investigates how the Höjers agreed to coordinate their work and how they, with reference to ideas picked up in France and England at the end of World War I, attempted to reform mother and child health care in Sweden. Their strategies where rhetorical but also practical, using Hagalund outside Stockholm as their experimental ground.

    The second part investigates, firstly, how Axel Höjer, as General-Director of the Medical Board of Sweden (1935-52) asserted a sociomedical expertise, integrating the emerging social sciences and universalist views on the organisation of the welfare state into the realm of medicine, in order to launch ideas of a thorough reorganisation and expansion of the Swedish health care system. His focus was on preventive medicine and health care, with the complete physical, mental and social health of the whole population as an explicit goal. Secondly, it explores how Signe Höjer at the same time tried to launch ideas on health and wellbeing as a social politician and a public committee member. She also tried to define family policy as a specific policy area. However, despite her training as a nurse and a social worker, she was largely confined to asserting a particularly ”female” expertise, which made her position rather ambiguous in terms of authority.

    The third part investigates how the Höjers, in the 1950s and 60s, worked with international health, Axel mainly for the WHO in India and Ghana, Signe as a policy entrepreneur, primarily in the fields of childcare and family planning. My findings partly confirm theories that see development aid as an extension of domestic social policy, but they challenge the view of aid as a simple one-way process. I demonstrate how the Höjers at least tried to adapt their projects abroad to meet local circumstances, and also show how they brought lessons from the third world to a domestic public. In the latter case they did not primarily act as experts of Swedish-style social policy, but as experts on the developing countries and on development aid.

  • 59.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Det politiska privatlivet: samarbete, konflikter och kompromisser i Signe och Axel Höjers äktenskap2011In: Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten / [ed] Annika Berg, Christina Florin, Per Wisselgren, Umeå: Boréa , 2011, p. 253-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Döda kroppar i vetenskapens tjänst: Om anatomiska dissektioner och utsatta människors rättigheter i 1920-talets Sverige2003Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for dead human bodies to serve as dissection objects is nearly as old as the discipline of anatomy itself. Throughout the years, different laws and regulations have been applied to secure the supply of dead bodies and keep anatomists and black ma

  • 61.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    En ful vana: Cigaretten och den nya kvinnan i 1930- och 40-talens Sverige2010In: In på bara huden: Medicinhistoriska studier tillägnade Karin Johannisson / [ed] Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell & Maja Bondestam, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, p. 87-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    From Copycats to Double Agents: Axel and Signe Höjer and the Transfer of Public Health Policies in 20th Century Sweden2007In: Transferring Public Health, Medical Knowledge and Science in the 19th and 20th Century: Conference Proceedings, 2007, p. 133-154Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Kristina Engwall, Magdalena Bengtsson Levin und Stefanie von Schnurbein (red.): Hälsa – makt, tolkning, styrning. Stockholm: Institutet för Framtidsstudier 2008 (= Framtidens samhälle; 13), 231 S. [recension]2009In: NORDEUROPAforum: Zeitschrift für Politik, Wirtschaft und Kultur, ISSN 1863639X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 163-164Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    'Men om Elin skulle jag velat skriva en hel bok': Om den ofullkomliga vänskapen mellan Elin Wägner, Axel Höjer och Signe Höjer2011In: Könsöverskridande vänskap: Om vänskapsrelationer mellan intellektuella kvinnor och män / [ed] Ingrid Holmquist, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2011, p. 235-267Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Power, Knowledge and Acknowledgement of Expertise: Signe and Axel Höjer's Strategies to Launch Public Health Ideas, 1919-19702010In: In Experts We Trust: Knowledge, Politics and Bureaucracy in Nordic Welfare States / [ed] Åsa Lundqvist & Klaus Petersen, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark , 2010, p. 181-221Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    [Recension av] Cecilia Riving, Icke som en annan människa: Psykisk sjukdom i mötet mellan psykiatrin och lokalsamhället under 1800-talets andra hälft (Hedemora/Möklinta: Gidlunds, 2008)2009In: Sydsvenska medicinhistoriska sällskapets årskrift, ISSN 2000-0715, p. 247-250Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Recension av Henrik Rosengren och Johan Östling, red., Med livet som insats: biografin som vetenskaplig genre2007In: Lychnos: Årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 340-341Article, book review (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Recension av Henrik Rosengren och Johan Östling, red., Med livet som insats: biografin som vetenskaplig genre (Lund, Sekel bokförlag, 2007).

  • 68.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    "Socialistisk" sjukvårdsreform skrämmer USA2009In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 23/12, p. Kultur & Nöje 7-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 69.
    Berg, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Åter från dödens väntrum: om nära döden-upplevelser på film2008In: Den mediala döden: idéhistoriska variationer, Lund: Ellerströms , 2008, p. 11-47Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Berg, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Florin, Christina
    Historiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Wisselgren, Per
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Par i vetenskap och politik2011In: Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten / [ed] Annika Berg, Christina Florin, Per Wisselgren, Umeå: Boréa , 2011, p. 13-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Berg, Annika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Florin, ChristinaHistoriska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.Wisselgren, PerSociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Par i vetenskap och politik: intellektuella äktenskap i moderniteten2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Berg, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Despotism och erotik: kvinnan och religion i Montesquieus Persiska brev2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how, in Montesquieu’s Persian Letters (1721), religion and religious structures are presented to influence women’s position in French society.

    In Persian Letters Montesquieu presents a dogmatic religious life, which proceed from a literal interpretation of the bible. Such a reading raises critical questions concerning the nature of women, and subsequently places man over woman. Persian Letters show how this male dominance gets institutionalized in marriage. The religious life depicted is also distinguished by a non-genuine religious conviction and by acts which take on a simulation form. The compliance with the religious order has little to do with religious conviction and more to do with fear of punishment and social stigma. Montesquieu also shows how Christianity can be said to battle against human nature and especially her sexual passion. Montesquieu calls the divine origin of the bible into question, and instead suggests it was written by human hand. Subsequently, by means of rational thinking, a humanist perspective and a utilitarian principle, he questions a world order founded on a dogmatic interpretation of the bible.

    Fear as a central part of the religious life, the subjects complete subordination to the religious structures, the suppression of the human passions and simulating modes of actions are all central parts in what Montesquieu calls despotic structures. In Persian Letters he exposes parallels between religious despotism, political despotism and despotic family life.

    Montesquieu further links women’s situation directly with the political life. Within the family, Montesquieu tells us, citizens first developed a relationship to power, and power structures. These experiences later come to influence the individual’s behaviour in society, and constitute the foundation for the political life.

  • 73.
    Berg, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Land, du välsignade: Om skolans sångböcker och vad de säger om Sverige, svenskhet och omvärlden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen analyserar nationalistiska och sociocentriska uttryck i svenska skolsångböcker under 1900-talet. Med hjälp av kanonbegreppet, innefattande kringgärdande aktiviteter, analyseras sångböckernas innehåll som uttryck av olika typer av nationalism: politisk nationalism, kulturell nationalism och folkhemsnationalism. Även synen på andra kulturer fungerar i sångböckerna som ett sätt att upphöja den egna kulturen och nationen på.

  • 74.
    Berg, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Friskis&Svettis, det sista alternativet till sporten?: Motiv till motionsidrott och relationen till tävlingsidrott i Friskispressen 1981-20092015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Friskispressen, en medlemstidning för Friskis&Svettis medlemmar med ca 6 nummer per år, studeras under åren 1981-2009 med nedslag ungefär vart 5:e år för att utreda Friskis&Svettis relation till tävlingsidrotten och de samhällssyften som ligger till grund Friskis&Svettis motionsträning. Uppsatsen tar avstamp i tidigare svensk idrottshistorisk forskning, speciellt den om kritiska röster mot den svenska idrottsrörelsen av bland andra Johnny Wijk. Friskispressen visar sig tidigt ha tagit en kritisk inställning mot tävlingsidrotten så till den grad att Jympan, Friskis&Svettis främsta träningsform, framstår som speciellt utformad för attskilja sig från tävlingsidrotten och som en manifestation av idrottskritik. Senare under studieperioden avtar denna uttalade tävlingsidrottskritik och på 2000-talet förekommer flera av de centrala aspekter som Friskispressen kritiserade hos tävlingsidrotten i Friskis&Svettis samtidigt som jympan får en allt mindre central roll i Friskispressens rapportering.

  • 75.
    Berggren, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Så talade Zarathustra om kristendom: En komparativ studie mellan Så talade Zarathustra och Antikrist2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A comparative study focusing on Friedrich Nietzsche's view of Christianity. The study compares two of Nietzche's works: Thus Spoke Zarathustra and Antichrist in order to map out if Nietzsche was consistent in his criticism. 

  • 76.
    Berggren, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Den nya diagnosen: En diskursanalys av den tidiga rådgivningslitteraturen kring Aspergers syndrom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen utförs en diskursanalys av tidig rådgivningslitteratur som behandlar aspergers syndrom och som riktar sig till personer med aspergers syndrom och personer i dessas närmaste omgivning. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur författarna etablerar den nya diagnosen och hur de etablerar hur den bör fungera i sitt sociala sammanhang.

    Analysen visar att författarna beskriver att det finns flera tillgängliga definitioner av aspergers syndrom och att det råder stor oenighet även kring om det över huvud taget bör vara en diagnos. Diagnosen framstår som mycket flexibel i sin tillämning. Resultatet av undersökningen indikerar att införandet av aspergersdiagnosen påverkar diagnosproducenternas blick för vad som är avvikande beteende.

    Trots den oenighet författarna beskriver kring kategorin aspergers syndrom, beskriver de inte desto mindre denna som en mycket viktig kategori och dess införande som en stor framgång. Författarna tillämpar kategorin för att tolka och beskriva människor. De tillämpar den även på människor ifrån äldre tider och beskriver tidigare kategoriseringar som felaktiga. Denna känsla av framsteg blir intressant i ljus av att det finns planer på att upplösa diagnosen aspergers syndrom mindre än 20 år efter de här texterna skrivs.

    Författarna etablerar att kategorin aspergers syndrom bör användas för att skapa ett nytt förhållningssätt till personer med aspergers och för att skapa en ny självförståelse, både hos personerna själva och hos deras föräldrar. Analysen visar hur författarna etablerar att diagnosen i sig ska avhjälpa det tillstånd som diagnostiseras.

  • 77.
    Berghorn, Rickard
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    En värld av geometri och rörelse: Ontologi och multiversum i Emanuel Swedenborgs Principia, i jämförelse med Leibniz2011Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    1734 var Emanuel Swedenborg en hårt arbetande, rationalistisk vetenskapsman i tidens anda. Detta år utgav han ett av sina mest ambitiösa vetenskapliga och naturfilosofiska verk, Principia Rerum Naturalium. Han försökte här skapa en cosmologia generalis – enallomfattande kosmologisk beskrivning från elementarpartiklarnas uppkomst och konstruktionupp till stjärnornas och planeternas formande. Denna uppsats utreder den ontologiska grundenför Swedenborgs naturfilosofi och lyfter fram tidigare ofta förbisedda aspekter, som hansspekulationer om multiversum. Swedenborgs kosmologi visar sig vara starkt påverkad av ennaturfilosofisk tradition från Gottfried Leibniz.

  • 78.
    Bergström, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Banbryterskorna: Skapandet av den kvinnopolitiska arenan och kvinnan som politisk aktör kring sekelskiftet 1800-19002017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen ämnar undersöka hur kvinnor kring sekelskiftet 1800-1900 arbetade för att skapa en kvinnoseparatistisk arena samt höja sig själva som politiska aktörer i en manligt dominerad sfär. Uppsatsen ställer frågor om historikerns identitet och ifrågasätter bilden av den neutrala personen som en man. Undersökningen diskuterar framför allt hur tre kvinnliga historiker verkade för att skapa ett rum där de och andra kan agera utanför den manliga blicken och dess norm. Men den svarar även på frågor om hur kvinnorna bemöttes av sin manliga omgivning. Genom att utföra denna undersökning vill författaren bidra till en vidare förståelse av strategier kvinnor använde för att navigera sig genom en samtid som verkat begränsade för dem och hur de aktivt arbetade för att bidra till kvinnohistorien. 

  • 79.
    Bergström, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    En fråga om konsensus (A question of consensus)1999In: Hädelse: Fem unga forskares reflektionerArticle in journal (Other scientific)
  • 80.
    Bergström, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Idéer om mannen i historien (Ideas on Men in History)1998In: Lychnos: Årsbok för Idé- och lärdomshistoria 1998Article, book review (Other scientific)
  • 81.
    Bergström, Martin
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Publika karaktärer: Om etableringen av ett publikt medium i Sverige vid 1700-talets mitt2000In: Publika kulturer: Att tilltala allmänheten, 1700-1900. En inledning, 2000Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 82.
    Bergström, Stina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Got Milk?: En undersökning av mjölkpropagandan 1960–19792019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker föreningen Mjölkpropagandans agerande mellan perioden 1960–1970 så som de framstår i föreningens egna publikationer under samma tid. Under 1960-talet märkte man av en minskad konsumtion av mjölk i Sverige och denna uppsats undersöker hur det såg ut när Mjölkpropagandan konfronterade detta hot mot deras levebröd. Denna undersökning kollar på vilka diskussioner som fördes om varför konsumtionen minskat, vad som borde göras åt det, och vilka åtgärder som faktiskt implementerades. Efter en tid av diskussioner kommer man fram till att läsk, saft och öl har tagit över som måltidsdrycker och föreningen försökte motverka detta - genom förbättrad marknadsföring, informationsspridning om innehållet i dryckerna, samt olika marknadsföring av mjölkdrinkar och smaksatt mjölk som alternativ. Ytterligare ett problem var konsumenternas ökade medvetenhet om fetthalter i olika produkter, där många väljer att utesluta mjölk ur sin kost av denna anledning. Mjölkpropagandan tacklar detta genom en ny produkt, lättmjölken, som ska vinna över konsumenterna igen.

  • 83.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    A shared yearning for discoveries: Sven Hedin and the circulation of curiosity in the early twentieth century2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns how a sense of curiosity, a yearning for knowing the unknown, was circulated and cultivated through practices of exploration in the early twentieth century. My empirical focal point is the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin. He undertook four expeditions to Asia between 1893 and 1935, and became influential in international geography as well as a European celebrity. His books, articles and lectures, for example “My Life as an Explorer” (1925), were best sellers. There was a keen interest in scientific expeditions and explorers in the early 20th century and I ask how curiosity was a way to invite the audience to these endeavors. Emotions of curiosity were crucial for enrolling the public, teaching them to feel like discoverers. The paper thus traces the historical construction of a modern desire to see the world in an exploratory mode. I view emotions as collectively cultivated. Indeed, my methodological claim is that publications and popular presentations were among the arenas where feelings were circulated and emotional communities shaped. The paper draws on research about the cultural and historical construction of emotions. Albeit bodily phenomena, emotions like curiosity are produced, suppressed and cultivated socially. Research in STS has created far-reaching insights into how knowledge circulates. The paper brings together this research with discussions on emotions and explores the travel and circulation of curiosity as a scientific emotion.

  • 84.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    An Assembled Affinity of Science and Home: The Gendered Lifestyle of Svante Arrhenius and Early Twentieth Century Physical ChemistryIn: Isis (Chicago, Ill.), ISSN 0021-1753, E-ISSN 1545-6994Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Anne Kristin Børresen: Bergtatt. Johan H. L.Vogt. Professor, rådgiver og familiemann.Trondheim:Tapir akademisk forlag, 2011.368 s. ISBN 978-82-5192-828-1, hft.2012In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 278-279Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Astronauten som kom ut ur garderoben efter döden2012In: Feministiskt perspektiv, no 37Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 87.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Father, Son and the Scientific Spirit: Otto Pettersson, Hans Pettersson and the imitation of oceanographyIn: Science as Culture, ISSN 0950-5431, E-ISSN 1470-1189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Families have historically facilitated a migration of science across generations, but how has this repetition been achieved? The Swedish oceanographer Hans Pettersson (1888-1966) inherited oceanography, primarily through is father, Otto Pettersson (1848-1941). Academic power was transferred from father to son, and one of Otto’s major concerns was to find a successor from his family. By exercising control over the early institutions of oceanography, he created a regime where that goal was achieved. Nonetheless, the process of transferring knowledge was multifaceted and paradoxical. Resources were exchanged between father and son, and Hans did accept the academic kingdom, but their relationship was marked by severe tensions.

    The key analytical concept to capture these contradictions here is imitation – drawn from Gabriel Tarde’s sociology. Hans Pettersson did not so much overtake his father’s research as he imitated a posture – including attitudes, desires and embodiments – towards science. The right posture included dedication and asceticism in the laboratory setting as well as an ambition to produce new results. Pettersson imitated the desires of an academic entrepreneur. He learned how to design strategies, create his own institutional setting and a research field to dominate. In sum he imitated efforts to create renewal. Moreover, a key feature of the posture towards science was the willingness to struggle for academic survival, often through controversies. Imitating science thus meant repeating a historically specific culture.

  • 88.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Humanvetenskaperna och den sammansatta världen2013In: Till vilken nytta?: En bok om humanioras möjligheter / [ed] Thomas Karlsohn & Tomas Forser, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 89.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Kunskapskulturer: Överföringar mellan kulturforskning och vetenskapsstudier2013In: Kulturella perspektiv - Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article traces overlaps between cultural studies and science studies, suggesting the migration of knowledge and culture as a common theme. Both fields have addressed travelling cultures and shared the idea that transportation also always means transformation. Knowledge and culture are both local and global. The article also indicates how the two fields have understood power and non-elite groups differently. In closing, the article suggests that a future challenge for both fields is to understand the effects of migrating western technoscience to future generations.

  • 90.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Philip Ball Curiosity: How Science became interested in everything2013In: Lychnos, ISSN 0076-1648Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Review of Lykknes Annette, Opitz, Donald & Van Tiggelen Brigitte (eds) For Better or for Worse: Collaborative Couples in the Sciences2013In: Isis (Chicago, Ill.), ISSN 0021-1753, E-ISSN 1545-6994, Vol. 104, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Historicity of the Physics Class: Enactments, Mimes and Imitation2014In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 495-501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses Anna Danielsson’s article “In the physics class: university physics students’ enactments of class and gender in the context of laboratory work”. The situated co-construction of knowledge and identity forms the crucial vantage point and I argue that it is a point of intersection between the history of science and research in science education. The former can provide a valuable understanding of the historicity of learning science. I thus highlight the importance of knowledge as situated in time and space, for instance the importance of the historical division between “head and hand” clearly visible in the discourse of Danielsson’s informants. Moreover, the article discusses how identity is produced in specific knowledge contexts through repeated performances. The article closes by briefly suggesting analytical alternatives, in particular “belonging” and “imitation”. Both draw on post-structuralist ideas about the citational nature of identity. Belonging is created by citing and reinstating norms. Imitating knowledge, identity and norms is an issue that should be brought to the fore when we speak of education and training.

  • 93.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The scientific home in transit: Circulating a gendered family life in early twentieth-century physics and chemistry2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The argument of this paper is that laboratory-based physics and chemistry in the early twentieth century was deeply connected to the circulation of a particular form of gendered family life. The paper will present how domestic sites facilitated the intermingling of scientific and family life in the international community of scholars. The empirical example is the Swedish physical chemist Svante Arrhenius and his wife Maja Johansson. They married in 1905 and subsequently created a scientific household at the Nobel Institute for Physical Chemistry in Stockholm. Repeatedly, they visited similar scientific sites abroad and the paper aims to display how scholars transferred a culturally intelligible way of family life. Frequent travelling migrated a gendered lifestyle throughout the international community. Everywhere, husbands and wives were expected to perform distinct duties and repeatedly, scholars discussed the fate of their children.

    The paper argues that the circulation of a gendered way of life was not external to knowledge making, but foundational to laboratory practices. A legitimate and culturally intelligible lifestyle produced trust, support and kinship needed for collaboration. So far, this dimension of knowledge in transit has not been addressed in the history of science, albeit processes of migration have been a repeated topic of concern in the field. Finally, the paper also suggests some major shifts in science and family life as Sweden was modernized in the 20th century. These transformations will be indicated by a short description of the fate of the children to the Arrhenius couple. 

  • 94.
    Bergwik, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Vad ska vi göra med mormors glasögon?2013In: Feministiskt perspektiv, no 23Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95.
    Berner, Boel
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Themat Studies Technol & Social Change, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Björkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Modernizing the flow of blood: Biomedical technicians, working knowledge and the transformation of Swedish blood centre practices2017In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 485-510Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The early 1980s saw a paradigm change' in how donated blood was handled and used by blood centres, hospitals and pharmaceutical companies. In Sweden, a five-year state-financed R&D programme initiated a swift modernization process, an alleged revolution' of existing blood centre practices. In this article, we use interviews and archival material to analyse the role of female biomedical technicians in this rapid technical and organizational change. In focus is their working knowledge, or savoir-faire, of blood, instruments and techniques. We give a detailed analysis of technicians' embrained and embodied skills to create safety in blood and its representations, handle contingencies and invent new procedures and techniques. These transformations are analysed as sociomaterial entanglements, where the doing and undoing of gender, sociomaterial practices, hierarchies of authority and expertise, and emotions are intertwined.

  • 96.
    Bernström, Vendela
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Striden om Vindelälven: Hur synen på det svenska vattenkraftsystemet förändrades under 1960-talet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka hur uppfattningen av det svenska vattenkraftsystemet förändrades under 1960-talet, samt att tillämpa teorin Social Construction of Technology, SCOT, på vattenkraften genom att studera debatten om Vindelälven. Frågan om Vattenfall skulle tillåtas bygga ut Vindelälven var central i 1960-talets vattenkraftsdebatt. I uppsatsen undersöks hur de tre grupperna Vattenfall, Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen och lokalbefolkningen längs älven förhöll sig till frågan om Vindelälvens framtid och vilka argument de använde sig av i debatten om älven. Uppsatsen undersöker om Vattenfall, Naturskyddsföreningen och lokalbefolkningen kan förstås som tre relevanta grupper enligt SCOTs definition, samt huruvida det svenska vattenkraftsystemet nådde closure 1970. Det material som har studerats utgörs av tidnings- och tidskriftsartiklar från de tre grupperna, publicerade under perioden 1960—1970. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att Vattenfall och Naturskyddsföreningen uppfyller kriterierna för att betraktas som två relevanta grupper enligt SCOT. Vad gäller lokalbefolkningen är det mer komplicerat. Invånarna längs älven delar inte en gemensam uppfattning om utbyggnaden av Vindelälven och kan således inte betraktas som en relevant grupp, däremot finns det undergrupper som eventuellt uppfyller kriterierna. 1970 års beslut att bevara älven var avgörande för den fortsatta utbyggnaden av svenska älvar och kan ses som ett första steg på det svenska vattenkraftsystemets väg mot closure, vilket förmodligen nåddes 1993 i och med riksdagens beslut att klassa fyra älvar som nationalälvar.

  • 97.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Emergence of Genetic Counseling in Sweden: Examples from Eugenics and Medical Genetics2015In: Science in Context, ISSN 0269-8897, E-ISSN 1474-0664, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 489-513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Argument This paper examines the intertwined relations between eugenics and medical genetics from a Swedish perspective in the 1940s and 1950s. The Swedish case shows that a rudimentary form of genetic counseling emerged within eugenic practices in the applications of the Swedish Sterilization Act of 1941, here analyzed from the phenomenon of heredophobia (arftlighetsskrack). At the same time genetic counseling also existed outside eugenic practices, within the discipline of medical genetics. The paper argues that a demand for genetic counseling increased in the 1940s and 1950s in response to a sense of reproductive responsibility engendered by earlier eugenic discourse. The paper also questions the claim made by theoreticians of biopolitics that biological citizens have emerged only during the last decades, especially in neoliberal societies. From the Swedish case it is possible to argue that this had already happened earlier in relation to the proliferation of various aspects of eugenics to the public.

  • 98.
    Bjorkman, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    The Long Road to Stockholm: The Story of MRI. An Autobiography.2014In: British Journal for the History of Science, ISSN 0007-0874, E-ISSN 1474-001X, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 391-392Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Björk, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Folkhemshjärtat: Om en g(l)ömd kultursjukdom2010In: In på bara huden: Medicinhistoriska studier tillägnade Karin Johannisson / [ed] Gustafsson Chorell, Torbjörn, Bondestam, Maja, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2010, p. 195-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Björk, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
    Problemet utan namn?: Neuroser, stress och kön i Sverige från 1950 till 19802011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on Sweden between 1950 and 1980, this doctoral dissertation analyzes and problematizes the process in which a discourse about neurosis and nervous troubles gradually evolved into a discourse about stress. The thesis aims to show how the medical and general discussion about diffuse or vague symptoms transformed and rearticulated ideas and views on society and man, citizenship, gender roles, and medicine. It shows how the discourse on neuroses tended to locate sickness and deviance in the individual, whereas its subsequent transformation into a discourse on stress located the pathological in an external, societal sphere.

    A particularly prominent issue in the study concerns the role that gender, and in particular female gender, has played in these discourses, and how the place of the feminine can be understood in relation to stress and neuroses. The dissertation shows that female gender was not central to the discourse on neuroses and stress  during the studied period. On the contrary, gender was subordinated to ideas about man and citizenship within the greater context of society and culture.

    The dissertation takes its starting point in the Swedish 1950’s, often characterized as the era of ”The Strong Society” or ”The People’s Home”. During this period, the neurosis discourse was fixed and remained unchanged. In practice, neurosis was a diagnosis that provided such symptoms that were otherwise difficult to measure and assess with a theory of origin. Neuroses were believed to principally affect a certain category of individuals, who, due to their constitution or disposition, were held to be particularly susceptible to neurotic sufferings.

    During the 1960s the belief in The Strong Society and its notion of ideal citizenship began to crumble. It was against this background that the Swedish medical profession started discussing ”stress”. Stress, in contrast, could afflict anyone and everyone, according to “the father of stress” Hans Selye and Swedish stress researchers. Stress was assumed to be a potential cause of ”nervous troubles” and disease, but was never considered to be a disease in itself. The concept of the individual as a citizen now gave way for the notion of the individual as a primarily biological organism. Within the stress discourse in the 1960s, the primacy of the universal normal (male) man was a recurring focal point.

    In the 1970s, the stress researchers distanced themselves from Selyes’ concept of stress by focusing on individual factors. In the discussion about stress during the 1970s, the ”constitutionally weak” individual of the 1950s and the biological organism of the 1960s blended into a hybrid construction of a unique, biological individual.

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