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  • 51.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Growth and the public sector: A reply1999In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 359-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fölster and Henrekson [Fölster, S., Henrekson, M., 1999. Growth and the public sector: A critique of the critics. European Journal of Political Economy 15, 337–358] claim that, by addressing a number of econometric problems, they can establish that it is likely that economies with a large public sector grow more slowly than economies with a small public sector. But their regressions are fundamentally flawed. Re-estimating their growth equation using theoretically valid instruments, we find that the growth effect of the public sector is statistically insignificant, and much smaller than the point-estimates that they report. This is consistent with the agnostic conclusion, drawn by us and others, that cross-country growth regressions are unlikely to provide a reliable answer as to whether a large public sector is growth promoting or retarding.

  • 52. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Lindh, Thomas
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tillväxt och offentlig sektor1994In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 373-385Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den populära svenska debatten hävdas ofta att det finns ett starkt negativt samband mellan offentlig sektor och ekonomisk tillväxt. Den empiriska litteraturen ger emellertid inte något belägg for ett entydigt kausalt samband från stor offentlig sektor till låg tillväxt. Jonas Agell, Thomas Lindh och Henry Ohlsson går i denna artikel igenom den aktuella teoretiska och empiriska forskningen på området. Med några enkla jämförelser för OECD-länderna visar de att andra faktorer än offentlig sektor kan tänkas ha större betydelse för tillväxtskillnader mellan länder.

  • 53.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lommerud, Kjell Erik
    Minimum wages and the incentives for skill formation1995Report (Other scientific)
  • 54.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lundborg, Per
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment : Sweden in the 1990s1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports the results from a repeat survey among managers in Swedish manufacturing, designed to explore how a severe and prolonged macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. Our second survey was conducted in 1998, when the unemployment rate was much higher, and the inflation rate much lower, than when we conducted the first survey in 1991. We find no evidence that the increase in unemployment has softened the mechanisms generating wage rigidity. On the contrary, we conclude that – because of severe downward nominal wage rigidity – real wages have become more rigid during Sweden’s move to a low-inflation environment. We also report a range of new evidence on underbidding, efficiency wage mechanisms, job security legislation, workers’ wage norms, and to what extent the long-term unemployed are subject to statistical discrimination.

  • 55.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Lundborg, Per
    Survey evidence on wage rigidity and unemployment : Sweden in the 1990s1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports the results from a repeat survey among managers in Swedish manufacturing, designed to explore how a severe and prolonged macroeconomic shock affects wage rigidity and unemployment. Our second survey was conducted in 1998, when the unemp

  • 56.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Skogman Thoursie, Peter
    Growth effects of government expenditure and taxation in rich countries: A comment2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent article Stefan Fölster and Magnus Henrekson [2001] argue that “…the more the econometric problems that are addressed, the more robust the relationship between government size and economic growth appears”. But in failing to control for simultan

  • 57. Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Ohlsson, Henry
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Skogman Thoursie, Peter
    Growth effects of government expenditure and taxation in rich countries: A comment2006In: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 211-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fölster and Henrekson (European Economic Review 45 (2001), 1501–1520) argue that “...the more the econometric problems that are addressed, the more robust the relationship between government size and economic growth appears”. But in failing to control for simultaneity and in ignoring issues of sample-selection bias, the regressions reported by Fölster/Henrekson are flawed. Using theoretically valid instruments, we find that the estimated partial correlation between size of the public sector and economic growth is statistically insignificant and highly unstable across specifications. Moreover, since instruments are weak, all hypothesis tests are unreliable. We conclude that cross-country growth regressions are unlikely to come up with a reliable answer to the question of the growth effects of government spending and taxation.

  • 58.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    On the Analytics of the Dynamic Laffer Curve2000Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze government budget balance within a simple model of endogenous growth. For the AK model, simple analytical conditions for a tax cut to be self-financing can be derived. The critical variable is not the tax rate per se, but the "tr

  • 59.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    On the analytics of the dynamic Laffer curve2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze government budget balance within a simple model of endogenous growth. For the AK model, simple analytical conditions for a tax cut to be self-financing can be derived. The critical variable is not the tax rate per se, but the ”transfer-adjusted tax rate”. We discuss some conceptual issues in dynamic revenue analysis, and we explain why previous studies have arrived at seemingly contradictory results. Finally, we perform an empirical study of the transfer-adjusted tax rates of the OECD countries to see which country has the highest potential for fiscal improvements; it turns out that only a few countries have any potential for such ”dynamic scoring”.

  • 60.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Tax Arbitrage and Labor Supply2000In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, Vol. 78, no 1-2, p. 3-24Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Tax arbitrage and labor supply1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the basic labor supply model. We show that tax arbitrage has dramatic implications for positive, normative and econometric analysis of how taxes affect work incentives.

  • 62.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Tax arbitrage and labor supply1997Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the basic labor supply model. We show that tax arbitrage has dramatic implications for positive, normative and econometric analysis of how taxes affect work incent

  • 63.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sacklén, Hans
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Labor supply prediction when tax avoidance matters1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the empirical study of labor supply. We discuss the implications for tax policy analysis, and we show that a failure to account for avoidance responses may lead to huge errors when predicting how tax reform affects labor supply tax revenue, and the welfare cost of taxation. In conclusion we argue that our model may explain a number of otherwise hard to understand dimensions of tax payer response.

  • 64.
    Agell, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Mats
    Sacklén, Hans
    Labor supply prediction when tax avoidance matters1999Report (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Labor Supply Prediction when Tax Avoidance Matters Jonas Agell, Mats Persson and Hans Sacklén, 1999/16, September 1999 We examine how tax avoidance in the form of trade in well-functioning asset markets affects the empirical study of labor supply. We di

  • 65.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Essays on Politics and Health Economics2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay I (with Mattias Öhman): Fluoridation of the drinking water is a public policy whose aim is to improve dental health. Although the evidence is clear that fluoride is good for dental health, concerns have been raised regarding potential negative effects on cognitive development. We study the effects of fluoride exposure through the drinking water in early life on cognitive and non-cognitive ability, education and labor market outcomes in a large-scale setting. We use a rich Swedish register dataset for the cohorts born 1985-1992, together with drinking water fluoride data. To estimate the effect we exploit intra-municipality variation of fluoride, stemming from an exogenous variation in the bedrock. First, we investigate and confirm the long-established positive relationship between fluoride and dental health. Second, we find precisely estimated zero effects on cognitive ability, non-cognitive ability and education. We do not find any evidence that fluoride levels below 1.5 mg/l have negative effects. Third, we find evidence that fluoride improves labor market outcome later in life, which indicates that good dental health is a positive factor on the labor market.

    List of papers
    1. The Effects of Fluoride In The Drinking Water
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effects of Fluoride In The Drinking Water
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Keywords
    Fluoride, Cognitive ability, Non-cognitive ability, Income, Education, Employment, Dental health
    National Category
    Economics
    Research subject
    Economics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296931 (URN)
    Note

    Konferensbidrag EEA-ESEM 2016

    Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-10-31
    2. The Effects of Earlier Elective Experience: Evidences From The U.S. House of Representatives
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effects of Earlier Elective Experience: Evidences From The U.S. House of Representatives
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Keywords
    Political leadership, American politics, Regression discontinuity
    National Category
    Economics
    Research subject
    Economics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296934 (URN)
    Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-20
    3. Voter turnout and the size of government
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voter turnout and the size of government
    2016 (English)In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 43, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses Swedish and Finnish municipal data to investigate the effect of changes in voter turnout on the tax rate, public spending and vote-shares. A reform in Sweden in 1970, which overall lowered the cost of voting, is applied as an instrument for voter turnout in local elections. The reform increased voter turnout in Sweden. The higher voter turnout resulted in higher municipal taxes and greater per capita local public spending. There are also indications that higher turnout decreased the vote share for right-wing parties. I use an individual survey data set to conclude that it was in particular low income earners that began to vote to a greater extent after the reform.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2016
    Keywords
    Voter turnout, Local public finance, Sweden, Finland
    National Category
    Economics
    Research subject
    Economics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296935 (URN)10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2016.01.003 (DOI)000379559800003 ()
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 421-2011-2096
    Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
    4. Public Finance and Right-Wing Populism
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public Finance and Right-Wing Populism
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Keywords
    Right-wing populism, Agency, Public goods, Welfare chauvinism
    National Category
    Economics
    Research subject
    Economics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-296937 (URN)
    Available from: 2016-06-20 Created: 2016-06-20 Last updated: 2016-06-20
  • 66.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    The Effects of Earlier Elective Experience: Evidences From The U.S. House of RepresentativesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Voter turnout and the size of government2016In: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 43, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses Swedish and Finnish municipal data to investigate the effect of changes in voter turnout on the tax rate, public spending and vote-shares. A reform in Sweden in 1970, which overall lowered the cost of voting, is applied as an instrument for voter turnout in local elections. The reform increased voter turnout in Sweden. The higher voter turnout resulted in higher municipal taxes and greater per capita local public spending. There are also indications that higher turnout decreased the vote share for right-wing parties. I use an individual survey data set to conclude that it was in particular low income earners that began to vote to a greater extent after the reform.

  • 68.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Voter Turnout and the Size of Government2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the causal link between voter turnout and policy outcomes related to the size of government. Tax rate and public expenditures are the focal policy outcomes in this study. To capture the causal mechanism, Swedish and Finnish municipal data are used and a constitutional change in Sweden in 1970 is applied as an instrument for voter turnout in local elections. In 1970, Sweden moved from having separate election days for dierent levels of government, among other things, to a system with a single election day for political elections, thus reducing the cost associated with voting. This constitutional reform increased voter turnout in local elections in Sweden. The overall conclusion of this paper is that higher voter turnout yields higher municipal taxes and larger local public expenditures. Second, there is some evidence that higher turnout decreases the vote share for right-wing parties.

  • 69.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies.
    Voter Turnout and the Size of Government2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the causal link between voter turnout and policy outcomes related to the size of government. Tax rate and public expenditures are the focal policy outcomes in this study. To capture the causal mechanism, Swedish and Finnish municipal data are used and a constitutional change in Sweden in 1970 is applied as an instrument for voter turnout in local elections. In 1970, Sweden moved from having separate election days for different levels of government, among other things, to a system with a single election day for political elections, thus reducing the cost associated with voting. This constitutional reform increased voter turnout in local elections in Sweden. The overall conclusion of this paper is that higher voter turnout yields higher municipal taxes and larger local public expenditures. Second, there is some evidence that higher turnout decreases the vote share for right-wing parties

  • 70.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Voter Turnout and the Size of Government" and "Public Finance and Right-Wing Populism2015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Voting System, Voter Turnout, Policy Outcome2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decades a number of countries in the developed world have experienced a drop in voter turnout. The public sector is in the end run by politicians who are elected by the people and for that reason it is interesting to study how a variation in turnout will affect public policy outcome. The purpose of this master’s thesis is to investigate the potential causal link that runs between voting system, turnout and policy by empirically testing the Meltzer & Richard’s theory from 1981. I use Swedish and Finnish municipal panel data and apply IV-regression. The constitutional change in 1970 when Sweden changed from having separate election days for the central and the local governments into having one joint election day, is used as instrument for turnout. I find that an increased turnout rate also leads to higher local tax rate indicating that turnout actually has an impact on policy outcome.

  • 72.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Larsson, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Baklava och baguette: En studie av handelsutvecklingen mellan Turkiet och EU2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we examine trade patterns between Turkey and 13 member states of the European Union and how these have developed over the time period of 1983 – 2006. To represent the industrial and agricultural goods included in the study we look at the United Nations Standard International Trade Classification (SITC). Following, we investigate internal differences in the EU by selecting four countries each to represent the Northern and Southern countries of the EU. Internal differences were studied in relation to the amount of trade occurring between Turkey and the Northern and Southern countries. The main result is that Turkey is not of great significance for the EU. For Turkey however, the EU is a highly significant trade partner. The observed patterns indicate that trade deepening between Turkey and EU13 has occurred gradually, implying that the Customs Union from 1996 cannot be said to have caused severe differences in the Turkish-EU13 trade relations. For this trade agreement however, no effects on the trade development was directly related to the implementation of the CU. Following, the EU can continue to act as an important partner for future Turkish trade relations. No severe differences are to be expected in the development for trade in goods as free trade already is widely spread within this area. Instead, the major difference of a Turkish entry into the EU will most likely occur when introducing free movement of capital, services and people.

  • 73.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Persson, Lovisa
    Institutet För Näringslivsforskning.
    Public Finance and Right-Wing PopulismManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Aggeborn, Linuz
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Öhman, Mattias
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Psychology in Healthcare.
    The Effects of Fluoride In The Drinking WaterManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Agnarsson, Josef
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Nordensten, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Oväntade effekter av arbetsmarknadsprogram: En studie på effekten av arbetsmarknadsprogram för unga på brottslighet mellan åren 1998-20142016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur påverkas brottsligheten av ungas deltagande i arbetsmarknadsprogram? Frågan om arbetsmarknadsprogrammens effekter är sedan deras införande aktuell. Teorier om brottslighet, sociala gemenskaper och aktivering av individer samt åtgärder för att minska arbetslöshet förutspår ett samband som är relevant för hur deltagande i arbetsmarknadsprogram bör påverka brottsligheten. Vi använder oss av paneldata på kommunal nivå i Sverige mellan åren 1998 och 2014. Våra resultat indikerar att deltagande i arbetsmarknadsprogram ökar vissa typer av brottslighet. Vi finner även att denna ökning av brott är större i storstäderna. Resultatet än konsistent med teorin att arbetsmarknadsprogram kan öka risken för brott genom sociala interaktioner.

  • 76.
    Aguz, Josef
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Gulin, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Magiska aktieportföljer på den svenska marknaden: en undersökning av the Magic Formula på Stockholmsbörsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker hur Joel Greenblatts investeringstrategi The Magic Formula presterat på Stockholmsbörsen mellan mars 1993 och mars 2013. Formeln presenteras i Greenblatts bok "The Little Book that Beats the Market" från 2006 och sorterar ut de aktier som har bäst kombinerad ranking av två nyckeltal; Direktavkastning och Avkastning på Kapital. Aktierna bildar en portfölj, vars utveckling jämförs med index. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att The Magic Formula slår index på Stockholmsbörsen och har en högre riskjusterad avkastning. Slutsatsen blir således att Greenblatts investeringstrategi är effektiv på Stockholmsbörsen.

  • 77.
    Ahlberg, Olle
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Job Polarization and Effects of Technological Progress on the Swedish Labor Market2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies on the U.S. and European labor markets have shown a pattern of job polarization with rises in employment shares in the highest- and lowest-wage occupations. The most popular explanation for this pattern is the idea of task biased technical change where technology can substitute routine middle-paid jobs. The purpose of this paper is to document the wage profile of net job creation in Sweden between 2004 and 2013 and to investigate whether the observed job creation is linked to this “routinization” hypothesis. The results show a clear pattern of job polarization over the full period with relative growth in the two tails of the wage distribution. The potential link between job tasks and the observed job polarization is associated with some statistical uncertainty but the estimated changes in employment of different tasks moves in the direction predicted by the TBTC-hypothesis.

  • 78.
    Ahlberg, Olle
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Wahlstedt, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Varför du bör jubla när byggmaskinerna rullar in : En studie på prisutvecklingen av befintliga bostadsrätter i nybyggnationsområden 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 79.
    Ahlgren, Björn
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Bernard, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Aktiemarknadens effektivitet: En studie av effektiviteten på den svenska aktiemarknaden i samband med kvartalsrapporter2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Effektiva marknadshypotesen (EMH) utvecklades av Eugene Fama under 1960- och 1970-talet. Grundtanken var att prisbildningen alltid reflekterar den information som finns tillgänglig för marknaden. Fama skiljde på tre former av effektivitet: svaga, semistarka och starka formen. I denna uppsats studerar vi den semistarka formen av effektivitet, vilken omfattar all offentligt tillgänglig information. Syftet är att undersöka effektiviteten i samband med att ny information tillfaller den svenska aktiemarknaden. I de fall aktiemarknaden är effektiv finns ingen möjlighet till onormal avkastning. Vår studie omfattar de 39 största företagen noterade på den svenska aktiemarknaden, vilket motsvarar 81,5 procent av det totala värdet. Vi kunde i vår undersökning dra slutsatsen att Stockholmsbörsen inte är fullständigt effektiv när ny information offentliggörs.

  • 80.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    1. Individual Demand for Local Public Schooling: Evidence from Swedish Survey Data. 2. Does School Competition Matter? Effects of a Large-Scale School Choice Reform on Student Performance.2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
  • 81.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Compulsory Schooling in a Decentralized Setting: Studies of the Swedish Case2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Essay 1 (with Eva Johansson) investigates the demand for local public schooling using survey data, a method previously never applied to Sweden. Estimating a demand specification corresponding to that in U.S. studies, more elastic demand than in the U.S. is found. In an alternative specification, a more inelastic demand is indicated, in line with earlier findings on demand for total local spending in Sweden. Support for the hypothesis that municipal employees tend to have higher preferences for local public school spending than other employees is found. The differences in elasticities are, however, not statistically significant.

    Essay 2 investigates school competition and its implications for student performance. Using a value added specification, increased local school competition is shown to have positive effects on average performance in mathematics, but no significant effects in English or Swedish test performance. Immigrant pupils and those in need of special education tend to gain more from increased school competition, while adverse effects on students from low education families are found in terms of English and Swedish performance. Quantile regressions indicate homogeneous effects on low and high performing students.

    Essay 3 (with Eva Mörk) investigates the extent to which grants, local tax base, preferences and structural characteristics affected local school resources in connection with the decentralization of compulsory schooling in Sweden, using municipal panel data covering 1989-1995. The main arguments against decentralization are not supported by our findings. First, school spending as well as teacher density is found to be more equally distributed across municipalities following decentralization. Second, local tax capacity is not found to influence local school resources more in the decentralized than in the centralized regime. Furthermore, targeted grants have a significant impact on resources while general grants have not.

    Essay 4 examines teacher mobility in Sweden. Particular attention is paid to the role of working conditions. Various school attributes are used to proxy for teachers’ working conditions, including the average student performance, school resources and student composition. The results indicate a link, in the expected direction, between school attributes and the probability that a teacher will leave her teaching position in favour of another school. Also, teachers with higher wages tend to have a lower propensity of leaving their school. In contrast to previous US findings, the estimated impact of wages are not sensitive to whether or not controls for school attributes are included.

  • 82.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does school competition matter?: Effects of a large-scale school choice reform on student performance2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of a general school choice reform on student performance is studied in a Swedish institutional setting. A rich set of individual level data allows estimation of a value added specification, mitigating problems with omission of relevant variables. Increased school competition is shown to have statistically significant positive effects on student performance in mathematics, but no significant effects in English and Swedish. Interacting school competition with student characteristics, the results indicate that immigrant students and those in need of special education tend to gain more from increased school competition than others, while adverse effects on students from low education families are found in terms of English and Swedish performance. However, quantile regressions indicate homogeneous effects on low and high performing students.

  • 83.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Does School Competition Matter? Effects of a Large-Scale School Choice Reform on Student Performance2003Report (Other scientific)
  • 84.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Demand for local public schooling: another brick in the wall2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we investigate the demand for local public school expenditures in Sweden. By using survey data, a method previously never applied to Swedish data, the paper provides an additional piece of evidence on individual demand for publicly provided local services. Estimating a linear demand specification, we find that the demand is inelastic with respect to income and tax, much in line with previous Swedish findings in a median voter framework. Estimation of a log-linear demand specification indicates more elastic demand. Testing the hypothesis that municipal employees tend to have a higher demand for public spending than others, we conclude that income, as well as taxprice, enters the demand function differently for the two groups of employees. We find no evidence of Tiebout sorting.

  • 85.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Johansson, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Individual Demand for Local Public Schooling: Evidence from Swedish Survey Data2001In: International Tax and Public Finance, ISSN 0927-5940, E-ISSN 1573-6970, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 331-352Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Effects of Decentralization on School Resources2005Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 87.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
    Effects of decentralization on school resources2008In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 276-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has undertaken major national reforms of its school sector, which, consequently, has been classified as one of the most decentralized ones in the OECD. This paper investigates whether local tax base, grants, and preferences affected local school resources differently as decentralization took place. We find that municipal tax base affects per pupil spending in the same way regardless of whether the school sector is centralized or decentralized, but has a smaller effect on teacher–pupil ratio after the reforms. The less-targeted grants are the fewer teachers per pupil do the municipalities employ. The results for local preferences are less clear-cut.

  • 88.
    Ahlin, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Mörk, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Effects Of Decentralization On School Resources: Sweden 1989-20022007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has undertaken major national reforms of its school sector which, con- sequently, has been classified as one of the most decentralized ones in the OECD. This paper investigates whether school resources became more un- equally distributed across municipalities in connection with the reforms and if local tax base, grants, and preferences affected local school resources differently as decentralization took place. Using municipal data the paper studies how per pupil spending and the teacher-pupil ratio has evolved over the period 1989– 2002, separating between three different waves of decentralization. As nothing much has happened with per pupil spending, the teacher-pupil ratio has become more evenly distributed across municipalities. Municipal tax base affects per pupil spending in the same way regardless of whether the school sector is cen- tralized or decentralized, but has a smaller effect on teacher-pupil ratio after the reforms. The less targeted grants are, the fewer teachers per pupil do the mu- nicipalities employ. The results for local preferences are less clear cut.

  • 89.
    Ahlmark, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Cooperation in rehabilitating between the Swedish Insurance Agency and the Employment Office: An analysis of the outcome of the Strengthened Rehabilitation Cooperation and FAROS, with emphasis on the differences between specific diagnoses and gender 2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines if the likelihood of full-time sickness differs between diagnoses and between gender after the individual on sick leave participated in collaboration between Försäkringskassan and Arbetsförmedlingen. Hence, the thesis studies if individuals with certain diagnoses are more or less likely full-time sick after participating in the collaboration, and if there are differences between men and women. In particular, individual data on participants of the Strengthened Rehabilitation Cooperation and FAROS is used. The analysis also evaluates and compares the two collaborations by the likelihood of full-time sickness in their respective participants. Logit regression models are used to calculate the probability of being full-time sick one year after the start of the specific collaboration. In order to provide sick individuals with suitable rehabilitation measures, research contributing with information on potential differences in response is essential. The results of this thesis indicate that participants in the Strengthened Rehabilitation Cooperation are generally more likely full-time sick one year after the start of the collaboration than individuals in FAROS. Individuals in the Strengthened Rehabilitation Cooperation with musculoskeletal diagnoses have lower probability of full-time sickness and individuals in FAROS with musculoskeletal diagnoses seems to have higher probability of full-time sickness, compared to individuals in the respective collaboration with psychiatric diagnoses. The results found indicate that the introduction of the Strengthened Rehabilitation Cooperation, on average, increased the probability of full-time sickness. Further, the thesis shows that women are, on average, more likely to be full-time sick one year after the start of the cooperation than men. This indicates a troublesome inequality between genders in the individual’s response to currently used rehabilitation measures.

  • 90.
    Ahlmark, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Inflytandet av ”irrelevanta” alternativ till resmål: En studie utifrån teorin om rationella val, antagandet om oberoendet av irrelevanta alternativoch prospektteorin.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien undersöker jag människors beslutsfattande gällande val av resmål och hur valen påverkas av att ett ”irrelevant” alternativ adderas. Respondenterna som deltagit i undersökningen ombeds ta ställning till hypotetiska resor till kända resmål. En kontrollgrupp fick två resmål att välja mellan medan undersökningsgruppen stod inför valet mellan tre resmål, där det ytterligare resmålets syfte var att påverka preferenserna mellan de andra två. Vidare undersöks om individens generella uppfattning och tidigare besök till resmålet i fråga påverkar valet. Jag jämför den traditionella synen av beslutsfattande enligt ekonomisk rationalitet med den alternativa synen som grundar sig i prospektteorin. Studien finner att individer i viss mån är beredda att frångå nyttomaximering till fördel för den alternativa modellen.

  • 91.
    Ahlroos Källhed, Ivar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Intolerans - effekten av ekonomisk frihet och fraktionalisering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen undersöks intolerans mot tre olika samhällsgrupper; andra etniska grupper, andra religiösa grupper och homosexuella. Uppsatsen undersöker om en högre ekonomisk frihet leder till en minskad intolerans och om denna korrelation påverkas av om den etniska fraktionaliseringen är hög i ett land. Inga statistiskt signifikanta resultat för dessa samband hittas vid regressionsanalysen. Statistiskt signifikanta resultat för att hög etnisk fraktionalisering leder till en minskad intolerans mot andra etniska grupper framkommer däremot. Begränsningar i datamaterialet innebär att enbart 43 länder undersöks. Inga kausala samband mellan ekonomisk frihet och någon form av intolerans kan fastslås.

  • 92.
    Ahlén, Robin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Political Fragmentation and Changes in the Spending Composition2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies whether political fragmentation influence changes in the government budget composition during election years. Using data for Swedish municipalities between 1998 and 2014, different measures of fragmentation are used to analyze these effects. The results support the existence of such political budget cycles, but give no compelling evidence that these cycles are mainly driven by either less nor more fragmented governments. Furthermore, this paper analyzes if these cycles are rather driven by whether the incumbents won the previous election with a large respectively low margin as a proxy for electoral outcome uncertainty. Neither in this case, the results give any clear indication that these cycles are mostly driven by such factors.

  • 93.
    Ahlén, Robin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Berglund, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Insynshandel: En sektoranalys på OMX Stockholm Small Cap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines if legal insider purchases earn abnormal returns on OMX Stockholm Small Cap during the period 2009-2011. A sector analysis is conducted on five sectors; Industrials, Consumer Services, Consumer Goods, Technology and Health Care. We also investigate whether outsiders can earn abnormal returns by mimicking insider trades. An event study is used and our main findings are that insiders on OMX Stockholm Small Cap gain significant abnormal returns. In the sector analysis we find that the majority of sectors also earn significant abnormal returns. The results indicate that an outsider can obtain abnormal returns by mimicking insider trades.

  • 94.
    Ahnfelt, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Kön och prioriteringar i kommunfullmäktige: En paneldatastudie över sambandet mellan andelen kvinnor i Sveriges kommunfullmäktige och kommunens kostnader för barnomsorg samt individ- och familjeomsorg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att kvinnor tenderar att prioritera omsorgsfrågor i högre grad än män gör. Det har även i en undersökning för perioden 1976–1997 bevisats ett samband mellan andelen kvinnor i Sveriges kommunfullmäktige och offentliga konsumtionsmönster. Nutida forskning har dock indikerat att könsskillnader bland Sveriges förtroendevalda avtagit sedan mitten på 1990-talet. Denna uppsats syftar till att vidare undersöka sambandet mellan andelen kvinnor i kommunfullmäktige och kommunernas offentliga konsumtionsmönster. Analysen baseras på data för perioden 1995–2013 och de beroende variabler som undersöks är barnomsorg samt individ- och familjeomsorg, som andel av summan av kommunens kostnader för all sin verksamhet med undantag för affärsverksamheten. Effekterna skattas med hjälp av paneldataregressioner med fixa effekter. Studien finner inga säkerställda samband mellan andelen kvinnor i kommunfullmäktige och kommunens kostnader för barnomsorg och individ- och familjeomsorg.

  • 95.
    Aho, André
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Revesz, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Är marknaden för kryptovalutor ett lotteri?: En studie om marknadens reaktion vid ny information2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare tid har kryptovalutor blivit ett allt vanligare samtalsämne vilket verkar sammanfalla med den till synes extrema prisutveckling som präglar många av dem. Hittills kretsar forskning inom området kring kryptovalutornas tekniska, säkerhetsmässiga och legala funktionssätt medan studier kring finansiella aspekter fortfarande är sällsynta. Som investerare bör man sträva mot att förstå hur marknaden fungerar och därför är den finansiella aspekten av intresse. Marknadens reaktion till följd av ny information undersöks med hjälp av en eventstudie, där den effektiva marknadshypotesen är i fokus. Resultaten tyder på att marknaden är att betrakta som ineffektiv, då en fördröjd effekt verkar följa den nya informationen. Det implicerar att marknaden inte absorberade informationen omedelbart och investerare hade således möjlighet att minimera kapitalförluster genom att utnyttja marknadens fördröjda reaktion.

  • 96.
    Ahrsjö, Ulrika
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Malmholt, Tove
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Food at All Costs?: Investigating attitudes towards genetically modified crops among small-scale farmers in western Kenya2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The international debate on genetically modified crops as a means of ending world hunger is characterised by the polemic between environmental organisations and the biotechnology industry. In African developing countries, the much-needed increase in agricultural productivity could potentially be reached through commercialisation of GMOs, but the findings of this study show that consumer acceptance among small-scale farmers in western Kenya is low. The farmers are not shown to have been influenced directly by NGO advocacy on a local level, but their attitudes are likely swayed by the negative climate of the national debate on GMOs in Kenya. The results also indicate that small-scale farmers do not support environmentalist attitudes, making NGO advocacy and European foreign aid policies potentially misguided in their attempts to promote organic farming principles. 

  • 97. Aksoy, Yunus
    et al.
    Basso, Henrique S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Coto-Martinez, Javier
    Lending Relationships and Monetary Policy2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Financial intermediation and bank spreads are important elements in the analysis of business cycle transmission and monetary policy. We present a simple framework that introduces lending relationships, a relevant feature of financial intermediation that has been so far neglected in the monetary economics literature, into a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with staggered prices and cost channels. Our main findings are: (i) banking spreads move countercyclically generating amplified output responses, (ii) spread movements are important for monetary policy making even when a standard Taylor rule is employed (iii) modifying the policy rule to include a banking spread adjustment improves stabilization of shocks and increases welfare when compared to rules that only respond to output gap and inflation, and finally (iv) the presence of strong lending relationships in the banking sector can lead to indeterminacy of equilibrium forcing the central bank to react to spread movements.

  • 98.
    Albrecht, James
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Sundström, Marianne
    Vroman, Susan
    Kvinnors och mäns löner - förvärvsavbrottens betydelse1997In: Kvinnors och mäns löner - varför så olika?, Fritzes, Stockholm , 1997, Vol. 1997:136Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 99. Albrecht, James W.
    et al.
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sundström, Marianne
    Vroman, Susan B.
    Career interruption and subsequent earnings : A reexamination using Swedish data1999In: Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 34, p. 294-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reexamines the link between career interruptions and subsequent wages. Using a rich new Swedish dataset, we are able to disaggregate time out of work into several components. Regressing log wages on aggregate total time out leads to the standar

  • 100. Albrecht, James W.
    et al.
    Edin, Per-Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Sundström, Marianne
    Vroman, Susan B.
    Career interruption and subsequent earnings: a reexamination using Swedish data1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reexamines the link between career interruptions and subsequent wages. Using a rich new Swedish dataset, we are able to disaggregate time out of work into several components. Regressing log wages on aggregate total time out leads to the standard result, i.e., a negative coefficient on time out. However, we find that different types of time out have different effects on wages and that these effects vary by gender. This casts doubt on the usual human capital depreciation interpretation that has been placed on the negative coefficient of total time out in the wage equation. We propose a simple signaling model as an alternative interpretation.

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