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  • 51.
    Boström, Sebastian
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kunskapsproduktion under Arkeologi E4 Uppland projektet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 52.
    Bransell, Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Krigare, härskare och djur: Relevansen av djursymbolik för sammanhållning inom krigargrupper i yngre järnålderns Skandinavien2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the relevance of animal symbolism for group cohesion within Vendel- and Viking Age warrior groups. Late Iron Age Scandinavia (c. 550-1050) saw increased political centralization where leading figures would legitimize and maintain their authority by forming and maintaining warrior groups. Animal symbolism is examined with regards to its role in stimulating processes of 'ingroup identification and identity fusion, which are likely to have been of vital importance in facilitating cohesion within ancient Scandinavian warrior groups. Literary, historical and archaeological sources are examined and compared in order to identify independently reoccuring phenomena, which collectively provide indications about the martial ideologies and practices of the Vendel- and Viking periods. Animals were used as identifying symbols for specific individuals, groups and organizations which could hade served to identify group members and hightlight the distinctiveness of ingroups in order to stimulate cooperation. Particular animals such as ravens were used by Scandinavian leaders in order to indicate martial competency and connections to the god Odin. Both of these functions would have increades the warrior bands' confidence in, and presumably loyalty towards their commanders. Animal symbolism was likely used by some warrior groups in the assumption of therianthropic identities. Conceptions of therianthropy could have stimulated identity fusion by cultivating specific personality traits, providing ideological motivations for violent actions, enhancing actual or perceived combat performance and by distinguishing therianthropic warriors from the rest of society. The relevant forms of animal symbolism would have coexisted to various degrees withing the same or similar ideological frameworks with Odin as a reoccuring and significant - but not necessarily essential - central figure.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 53.
    Bransell, Oskar
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Thresholds to the ancestors: An examination of south-west portals with regards to cult and symbolism2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the relevancy of south-west portals with regards to their potential usage in post-burial ritual activity with particular focus on the deposition of sacrificial offerings. South-west portals are a type of stone constructions found on the edges of mounds and stone settings in eastern central Sweden usually dating to the Viking Age (c. 750-1100 CE). As many as possible of all excavated south-west portals are accounted for. The find materials in south-west portals as well as their accessibility are assessed in accordance with the reasoning that long-term grave cult would result in repeated sacrificial depositions and that the portals would have had to have been accessible for such sacrifices to have been conducted. There is no clear evidence of south-west portals having been used for deliberate sacrificial depositions. Some portals would have been inaccessible and most non-funerary find assemblages were likely non-deliberate or at least nonindicative of repeated sacrifices. South-west portals were likely more relevant in funerary rites of passage or potentially odd instances of necromancy rather than in sacrifices connected to ancestor worship.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 54.
    Brink, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gekauft, geraubt, verdingt. Spurensuche zum Sklaventum2019Inngår i: Die Wikinger: Entdecker und Eroberer / [ed] Jörn Staecker and Matthias Toplak, Berlin: Propyläen Verlag , 2019, s. 161-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 55.
    Brink, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Laws and Assemblies2020Inngår i: The Pre-Christian Religions of the North: History and Structures, Volume 2: Social, Geographical, and Historical Contexts, and Communication between Worlds / [ed] Jens Peter Schjødt, John Lindow & Anders Andrén, Turnhout: Brepols, 2020, s. 445-477Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 56.
    Brink, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Slaves in Early Scandinavian Society: Matters of Discussion and Issues of Controvercy2021Inngår i: Viking-Age Slavery / [ed] Matthias Toplak, Hanne Østhus & Rudolf Simek, Wien: Verlag Fassbaender, 2021Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 57.
    Brink, Stefan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    What was a cooking-pit called in the Iron Age?2021Inngår i: Re-imagining Periphery: Archaeology and Text in Northern Europe from Iron Age to Viking and Early Medieval Periods / [ed] Charlotta Hillerdal, Kristin Ilves, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2021, s. 103-106Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 58.
    Brobäck Alnehill, Valdemar
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    De järnklädda stupade: En studie av rustningsplagg från Korsbetningen via arkeologiska, skriftliga och bildliga källor2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The armour that was found during the excavations of the mass graves after the battle of Visby in the year 1361, has given great knowledge about the 14th century defensive equipment. Bengt Thordeman's analyses and interpretations of the armour-material have influenced modern research on the subject. The predominant narrative is that the militia from Gotland was ill-equipped, and that the Danish army was far superior. However, the aim of this study is to create a more nuanced picture of how the soldiers in the mass graves were equipped, and to contribute to future research on the largely unstudied commoner-armour of the Nordic countries. The study compares armour-items from the mass graves at site of the so-called Korsbetningen, with other archaeological material, the descriptions of folkvapen in Swedish medieval legal documents, and contemporary artwork. This comparison is made to broaden the perspective and see similarities and differences between the Visby material and other sources.     The thesis results in a better understanding of what types of armour that was used during this battle, showing that the head-area was well protected, that the torso was slightly less prioritized to protect, and that the arms and legs were relatively unprotected.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 59.
    Brozén, Astrid
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det var en gång en grotta: Om hästarna från Stora Förvar2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Humanity has long lived alongside a variety of animals. We have eaten their flesh, utilized their bones for tools and trinkets and learned to care for and appreciate them. When animal remains are ignored or left out in archaeological research, a large part of our common history is left untold. This is especially true in the case of the cave Stora Förvar on Stora Karlsö outside the west coast of Gotland. The cave was first excavated in 1888–1893 by Lars Kolmodin and Hjalmar Stolpe. Their excavations left behind a little more than two metric tonnes of animal bones of various species which since then have not been thoroughly analysed. The equine remains have barely been touched at all. The purpose of this essay is therefore to create an overview of the horse population from inside the cave and determine in what manner they were used by the humans. In order to do so the author will utilise a microarchaeological approach along with ritual theory. Through an osteological analysis combined with literary studies the equine remains and their uses are discussed. Hopefully, this work will add another piece to the puzzle that is Stora Förvar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 60.
    Burgi, Matthias
    et al.
    Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Res Unit Landscape Dynam, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
    Bieling, Claudia
    Univ Hohenheim, Societal Transit & Agr 430b, Inst Social Sci Agr, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany..
    von Hackwitz, Kim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kizos, Thanasis
    Univ Aegean, Dept Geog, Univ Hill 81100, Mytilene, Greece..
    Lieskovsky, Juraj
    Slovak Acad Sci, Inst Landscape Ecol, Akad 2, Nitra 94910, Slovakia..
    Martin, Maria Garcia
    Univ Freiburg, Nat Conservat & Landscape Ecol, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany..
    McCarthy, Sarah
    Landscape Res Grp Ltd, POB 1482, Oxford OX4 9DN, England..
    Muller, Matthias
    Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Res Unit Landscape Dynam, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
    Palang, Hannes
    Tallinn Univ, Sch Humanities, Ctr Landscape & Culture, EE-10120 Tallinn, Estonia..
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Management, Rolighedsvej 23, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark..
    Printsmann, Anu
    Tallinn Univ, Sch Humanities, Ctr Landscape & Culture, EE-10120 Tallinn, Estonia..
    Processes and driving forces in changing cultural landscapes across Europe2017Inngår i: Landscape Ecology, ISSN 0921-2973, E-ISSN 1572-9761, Vol. 32, nr 11, s. 2097-2112Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Context

    Cultural landscapes evolve over time. However, the rate and direction of change might not be in line with societal needs and more information on the forces driving these changes are therefore needed.

    Objectives

    Filling the gap between single case studies and meta-analyses, we present a comparative study of landscape changes and their driving forces based in six regions across Europe conducted using a consistent method.

    Methods

    A LULC analysis based on historical and contemporary maps from the nineteenth and twentieth century was combined with oral history interviews to learn more about perceived landscape changes, and remembered driving forces. Land cover and landscape changes were analysed regarding change, conversions and processes. For all case study areas, narratives on mapped land cover change, perceived landscape changes and driving forces were compiled.

    Results

    Despite a very high diversity in extent, direction and rates of change, a few dominant processes and widespread factors driving the changes could be identified in the six case study areas, i.e. access and infrastructure, political shifts, labor market, technological innovations, and for the more recent period climate change.

    Conclusions

    Grasping peoples’ perception supplements the analyses of mapped land use and land cover changes and allows to address perceived landscape changes. The list of driving forces determined to be most relevant shows clear limits in predictability: Whereas changes triggered by infrastructural developments might be comparatively easy to model, political developments cannot be foreseen but might, nevertheless, leave major marks in the landscape.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 61.
    Bäckvall, Jonna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Dödskult under yngre bronsåldern: Hantering av mänskliga ben i östra Mellansverige2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, the human bones that were found outside the classical graves/grave context during the late Bronze Age were severely overlooked in research. It was first during the 1990’s that research took place and archaeologist like Anders Kaliff och Joanna Brück started studying this severely overlooked phenomena. This paper aims at analyzing and discussing why human bones were used outside the classical graves/grave context. As well as what the human bones were used for and how the human bones were treated. In this study the grave concept will be discussed to understand the late Bronze Age human’s definition of grave and burial rites more fully. The distinction between what is sacred and what is profane in the handling and using of the human bones in non-classical graves/grave contexts will also be overseen. The study in this paper is focused on the East part of central Sweden and will be analyzed and supplemented by both national and international archaeological sites of similar character. The primal sites for the study are Broby in Börje parish, Apalle in Övergran parish, Ryssgärdet in Tensta parish and Ringeby in Kvillinge parish. The study is set in the late Bronze Age in Sweden (1100–500 BC). This paper is meant as an analytical research where former research and archaeologist interpretations will be compared and work as a discussion with the writer’s own interpretations of the late Bronze Age human’s use of human bones. With the writer’s own interpretation and with the help of former research, the human bones found in non-classical graves/grave contexts have been assessed with both sacred and profane contexts. The result shows that the distinction between the sacred and the profane are better left outside the context of handling and using human bones.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 62.
    Bönnemark, Margit
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Spridningen av tamkatten i Sydskandinavien: Ett bidrag till undersökningen av romaniseringen av Sydskandinavien under äldre järnålder2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A number of phenomena, such as new ways of farming, new crops and new domestic animals, derived from the Roman Empire during the Roman Iron Age. In this study, an attempt is made at describing the dispersion of the domestic cat to and in Southern Scandinavia. Domestication of animals in general and of the cat in particular is described, along with the Romanization of Europe. A description is made of a number of archaeological investigations carried out in Denmark and Southern Sweden where remains of the domestic cat have been found. Questions of representativity and criticism of sources are discussed.                               

    The results of this study imply that the domestic cat first appeared in Jutland in the second century AD, then spread east to the rest of Denmark, to the larger Baltic Islands and mainland Sweden at approximately the same time as Roman artefacts and some domestic birds. The intentions of the Romans and the Scandinavians are discussed and the conclusion is drawn that the Romans probably dispersed cats along with other gifts for diplomatic rather than commercial purposes and that the Scandinavians initially regarded cats as prestige objects rather than rodent killers during the Roman Iron Age. Later, cats where distributed over Scandinavia and took on other tasks. They were sometimes buried with humans and may have taken on a certain status and mythological meaning.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 63.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Dell'Unto, Nicolo
    Lund University.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Larsson, Carolina
    Lund University.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Petersson, Bodil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV).
    Stenborg, Per
    University of Gothenburg.
    A Neo-Documentalist Lens for Exploring the Premises of Disciplinary Knowledge Making2016Inngår i: Proceedings from the Document Academy, ISSN 2473-215X, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-23, artikkel-id 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate how documentation analysis with a neo-documentalist lens can help us explore variations (and stabilities) in conceptions and materialities of documents, as intertwined with disciplinary and sub-disciplinary practices of informing and knowing. Drawing on documentation theory, and with previous research on archaeological documentation as a background, by means of autoethnographic vignettes we explore contemporary conceptions of documentation in five areas in or related to archaeology (Intra-site 3D documentation, Development-led archaeology, Aggregating documentation for use outside the organization, Mediating documentation – or documentation mediation, and Documenting and displaying archaeology in a changing environment). Digitization, and how digitization has spurred renegotiations of what counts as documentation, functions as a common denominator discussed in all of the vignettes. The analysis highlights simultaneously ongoing renegotiations of documentation serving each area’s unique epistemic purposes, and pushing document materialities in different directions. This operationalization of documentation analysis creates an understanding for intra-disciplinary variations in documentation but is importantly also a practical tool to uncover documentation-related premises of disciplinary knowledge-making. This tool can be applied for example in processes of information policy development (regulating what purposes documentation should serve, and what it should be like), information systems design (e.g. for creation and communication of documentation), and infrastructure development (e.g. for preservation and accessibility of documentation).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 64.
    Börjesson, Lisa
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Sköld, Olle
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Friberg, Zanna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Löwenborg, Daniel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Pálsson, Gísli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Huvila, Isto
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM.
    Re-purposing Excavation Database Content as Paradata: An Explorative Analysis of Paradata Identification Challenges and Opportunities2022Inngår i: KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 1-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although data reusers request information about how research data was created and curated, this information is often non-existent or only briefly covered in data descriptions. The need for such contextual information is particularly critical in fields like archaeology, where old legacy data created during different time periods and through varying methodological framings and fieldwork documentation practices retains its value as an important information source. This article explores the presence of contextual information in archaeological data with a specific focus on data provenance and processing information, i.e., paradata. The purpose of the article is to identify and explicate types of paradata in field observation documentation. The method used is an explorative close reading of field data from an archaeological excavation enriched with geographical metadata. The analysis covers technical and epistemological challenges and opportunities in paradata identification, and discusses the possibility of using identified paradata in data descriptions and for data reliability assessments. Results show that it is possible to identify both knowledge organisation paradata (KOP) relating to data structuring and knowledge-making paradata (KMP) relating to fieldwork methods and interpretative processes. However, while the data contains many traces of the research process, there is an uneven and, in some categories, low level of structure and systematicity that complicates automated metadata and paradata identification and extraction. The results show a need to broaden the understanding of how structure and systematicity are used and how they impact research data in archaeology and in comparable field sciences. The insights into how a dataset’s KOP and KMP can be read is also a methodological contribution to data literacy research and practice development. On a repository level, the results underline the need to include paradata about dataset creation, purpose, terminology, dataset internal and external relations, and eventual data colloquialisms that require explanation to reusers.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 65.
    Carlson, Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Audhumbla and Heidrun beyond gods and mead: Species selection for production of leather in Late Iron Age Scandinavia2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Leather has been one of the most common crafting materials in human history. With its incredible versatility it has been used for clothes, shelter, books, armour, containers, decoration, and everything in between. The boat graves from Valsgärde presents a for the time period large amount of preserved leather, allowing us to have a peek into how it was used during the late Scandinavian Iron Age. This essay focuses on which animals have been used in the making of these objects and what the choice of raw material and visible crafting skills might tell us. A total of 54 samples from the Valsgärde boat graves were analysed using the ZooMS method. Additionally, tanning methods and other related processes are discussed. The main conclusions are that while the choice of material has an important impact on the final result, it seems like the skills of the craftsperson was the most important factor affecting quality and exclusivity for an item.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Audhumbla and Heidrun beyond gods and mead: Species selection for production of leather in Late Iron Age Scandinavia
  • 66.
    Carlson, Stella
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Leather in Late Iron Age Scandinavia: From elk-traps to cheese-glue2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Leather is a material that throughout history has been very important for humankind. Up until recently is has often however, together with other organic materials, not been given the attention it might deserve. This essay investigates how leather from the Late Iron Age in Scandinavia can be studied, if specialisation within leather related crafts can be identified and what this can tell us about how crafting skills were spread in a society. First a broader analysis is made of related crafts in the Late Iron Age, which is then put into relation to three chosen Vendel Age graves from the Valsgärde burial ground. Both leather production through hunting and tanning, and item production techniques like for example sewing and scabbard making are reviewed. Problems with preservation are discussed and possible alternative ways to study the subject are explored. The essay concludes that leather crafting included many techniques spread in society, practiced by common people. Still, several explicit specialisations also existed, which created high-quality leather products. Finally, suggestions for future research are made.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 67.
    Carlsson, Chatrin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Bävern på Vindförberg: Gropkeramisk kultur på inlandet ur ett osteologiskt perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den gropkeramiska kulturen är förknippad med kustlandskap och ett osteologiskt material bestående av fisk och säl, men kulturen fanns också vid inlandets insjöar där fisk och bävern istället är framträdande i det osteologiska materialet. Vindförbergs udde är en av flera gropkeramiska inlandslokaler belägen i Dalarna, det som utmärker Vindförberg från andra omkringliggande lokaler är lokalens höga och branta placering i landskapet. Syftet med uppsatsen är att tolka vad för slags lokal Vindförbergs udde varit, varför bävern är framträdande i gropkeramiska inlandslokaler, och hur inlandslokaler skiljer sig från eller liknar kustlokaler. För att svara på frågorna har en osteologisk analys av stenåldersmaterial från Vindförberg gjorts, och en komparativ metod har tillämpats där det osteologiska materialet jämförs med två kustlokaler i Hälsingland, Gästrikland och en inlandslokal i Dalarna. Diskussionen har fokuserat på Vindförberg som lokal och bävern som ett betydande djur, utifrån de frågeställningarna har likheter och skillnader mellan samtida inlands- och kustlokaler presenterats. Resultatet tyder på att Vindförbergs udde kan ha nyttjats året om, där både slakt, konsumtion och verktygstillverkning försiggått. Bävern är framträdande i materialet från Vindförberg och andra inlandslokaler, i samband med bäverns och sälens vattenlevande levnadssätt kan en tolkning av att bävern varit substitut för sälen göras. Likheter mellan gropkeramiska inlands- och kustlokaler kan ses i lokalernas placering i landskapet och kontakter med andra grupper. En tydlig skillnad är det osteologiska materialet där faunan skiljer sig åt.

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  • 68.
    Carlsson, Mikael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Trepanering: En komparativ studie mellan Sverige och Ryssland2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis studies a sample of trepanned individuals/cranium from Sweden and Russia with the intention of uncovering similarities-  and or differences between the conducted trepanations  and their context.  Neolithic trepanned  cranium  found at the end of the 1800(s) and/or start of the 1900(s), generate frequent questions among scientist and scholars alike to this day. The motive for these interventions is unfortunately still unclear. However, the current prevailing belief within scholarly circles is that these procedures are intentional acts and/or even diverging ritualistic in their manner is gaining more sympathizers each day.

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  • 69. Choyke, Alice M.
    et al.
    Vretemark, Maria
    Sten, Sabine
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Levels of social identity expressed in the refuse and worked bone from Middle Bronze Age Százhalombatta-Földvár, Vatya culture, Hungury2004Inngår i: Behaviour Behind Bones: the zooarchaeology of ritual religion, status and identity / [ed] Sharyn Jones O´Day, Win Van Neer, Anton Ervynck, Durham: Oxbow Books, 2004, s. 177-189Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 70.
    Conolly, James
    et al.
    Trent Univ, Peterborough, ON, Canada.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
    Vulnerability, risk, resilience: an introduction2018Inngår i: World archaeology, ISSN 0043-8243, E-ISSN 1470-1375, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 547-553Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 71.
    Courtney Mustaphi, Colin J.
    et al.
    Univ Basel, Dept Environm Sci, Geoecol, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.;Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Ctr Water Infrastruct & Sustainable Energy WISE F, POB 9124, Arusha, Tanzania..
    Kinyanjui, Rahab
    Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Shoemaker, Anna
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Nelson Mandela African Inst Sci & Technol, Ctr Water Infrastruct & Sustainable Energy WISE F, POB 9124, Arusha, Tanzania.;Queens Univ, Dept Biol, Paleoecol Assessment & Res Lab PEARL, Kingston, ON, Canada..
    Mumbi, Cassian
    Tanzania Wildlife Res Inst TAWIRI, Njiro Rd, Arusha, Tanzania..
    Muiruri, Veronica
    Natl Museums Kenya, Palynol & Palaeobot Sect, Dept Earth Sci, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Marchant, Laura
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Geog & Environm, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England..
    Rucina, Stephen M.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Marchant, Rob
    Univ York, York Inst Trop Ecosyst, Dept Geog & Environm, York YO10 5NG, N Yorkshire, England..
    A 3000-year record of vegetation changes and fire at a high-elevation wetland on Kilimanjaro, Tanzania2021Inngår i: Quaternary Research, ISSN 0033-5894, E-ISSN 1096-0287, Vol. 99, s. 34-62, artikkel-id PII S0033589420000769Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Kilimanjaro is experiencing the consequences of climate change and multiple land-use pressures. Few paleoenvironmental and archeological records exist to examine historical patterns of late Holocene ecosystem changes on Kilimanjaro. Here we present pollen, phytolith, and charcoal (>125 mu m) data from a palustrine sediment core that provide a 3000-year radiocarbon-dated record collected from a wetland near the headwaters of the Maua watershed in the alpine and ericaceous vegetation zones. From 3000 to 800 cal yr BP, the pollen, phytolith, and charcoal records show subtle variability in ericaceous and montane forest assemblages with apparent multicentennial secular variability and a long-term pattern of increasing Poaceae and charcoal. From 800 to 600 cal yr BP, montane forest taxa varied rapidly, Cyperaceae abundances increased, and charcoal remained distinctly low. From 600 yr cal BP to the present, woody taxa decreased, and ericaceous taxa and Poaceae dominated, with a conspicuously increased charcoal influx. Uphill wetland ecosystems are crucial for ecological and socioeconomic resilience on and surrounding the mountain. The results were synthesized with the existing paleoenvironmental and archaeological data to explore the high spatiotemporal complexity of Kilimanjaro and to understand historical human-environment interactions. These paleoenvironmental records create a long-term context for current climate, biodiversity, and land-use changes on and around Kilimanjaro.

  • 72.
    Croix, Sarah
    et al.
    Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society.
    Neiß (Neiss), Michael
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sindbæk, Søren Michael
    Aarhus University, School of Culture and Society.
    The réseau opératoire of Urbanization: Craft Collaborations and Organization in an Early Medieval Workshop in Ribe, Denmark2019Inngår i: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 345-364Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes that the organization of crafts may be a key catalyst in the emergence of urban communities. This is argued through a reassessment of finds from a non-ferrous metal workshop from the eighth century excavated in Ribe, Denmark. We analyse 3D laser scans in order to classify previously unidentified mould fragments, which show that the workshop produced a range of metal parts for composite products like wooden chests, belts and horse harnesses. Such production required an operational network, or réseau opératoire, to combine the necessary skills and expertise of several artisanal specializations. The need for collaboration between specialized craftspeople would have been a decisive incentive for the formation of permanent communities of an urban character. These observations point to a neglected bottom-up driver for the development of early urbanization.

  • 73.
    Dagsköld, Joakim
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vad hände människorna i Kanaljorden?: En arkeo-osteologisk jämförelse mellan mesolitiska och neolitiska fallstudier.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Conflict in Archaeology is a subject which have risen in interest during the last decades. This essay will focus mainly on the conflict which can be seen on individuals found at Kanaljorden in Motala. The site was excavated between 1999 and 2013 and showed ten individuals buried on a stonebed nearby Motala stream. The individuals were seen with a large amount of trauma directed towards the skull and differentiated depending on sex. The way the individuals were buried and the large amount of trauma was unique for Scandinavia and the world. There have been many theories of why the people buried in Kanaljorden was selected and what purpose it had for the people that buried them there. There have been speculations from war trophies to ritual killings. This essay is therefore focused on making comparisons and analogies with other cases of burials and conflicts from Scandinavia and the world to get clues why the people of Kanaljorden was selected for burial. It could be concluded that skull trauma of the buried individuals was common in Mesolithic and Neolithic Scandinavia and world. The difference in injuries depending on sex indicate a structured society were women and men had different roles during war and conflict. Further was it concluded that the individuals found at Kanaljorden could probably have been deposited because of their importance for the tribe, or forefathers’ worship.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 74.
    Dahlberg, Samuel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Leprosy: life(expectancy)2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kandidatuppsats (C-uppsats) kommer att undersöka sjukdomen lepra utifrån ett socialt perspektiv med syftet att undersöka om livslängden hos infekterade människor (i Europa) påverkades på något sätt utifrån det samtida samhällets regerande normer och perspektiv. Rådande Covid-19 pandemin har omöjliggjort egna osteologiska undersökningar, vilket är varför denna studie kommer grundas i andra arkeologers redan publicerade rapporter. Källmaterial för den sociala biten grundar sig i relevanta textuella skrifter, vilket inkluderar både modernt och historiskt material samt religiösa teman för bredaste (och bästa) ämnesomfamning. Tidsmässigt (etablerat efter det osteologiska materialet) fokuserar denna uppsats på ’Antiken’ (ca. 400 f.Kr. till ca. 400 e.Kr.) samt efterkommande medeltid efter skandinavisk räkning (ca. 900 e.Kr. fram till ca. 1500 e.Kr.). 

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  • 75.
    Damlien, Hege
    et al.
    Universitetet i Stavanger, Arkeologisk Museum.
    Kjällquist, Mathilda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Arkeologerna, Statens historiska museer.
    Knutsson, Kjel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    The pioneer settlement of Scandinavia and its aftermath: New evidence from western and central Scandinavia2018Inngår i: Technology of early settlement of Northern Europe: Transmission of knowledge and culture / [ed] Knutsson, K., Knutsson, H., Apel, J., Glörstad, H., Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2018, s. 99-137Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is a critical analysis of the present archaeological evidence for the pioneer settlement in Scandinavia. Based on a database of lithic blade technology from 62 sites dated to the Early Mesolithic, the authors evaluate the evidence for an East European origin of the Middle Mesolithic culture. Using lithic technology as a proxy for cultural traditions it is argued that the evidence speaks for an east European origin of the Middle Mesolithic lithic tradition. 

  • 76.
    David, Éva
    et al.
    CNRS Laboratoire Préhistoire et Technologie, Nanterre, France.
    Kjällquist, Mathilda
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Arkeologerna, Statens historiska museer.
    Transmission of crafting traditions in the Mesolithic: A study of worked material from Norje Sunnansund, Sweden2018Inngår i: Technology of early settlement in Northern Europe: Transmission of knowledge and culture / [ed] Kjel Knutsson, Helena Knutsson, Jan Apel, Håkon Glørstad, Sheffield: Equinox Publishing, 2018, s. 231-276Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The newly discovered site of Norje Sunnansund, located in south-eastern Sweden, presents great potential for analysing the origin of technological change in postglacial Europe based on transmission patterns through the technological analysis of Mesolithic material production and how manufacturing techniques and implements were distributed chronologically and geographically. Vertical transmission is displayed in the way that most of the cultural equipment—specifically, hunting weapons—was traditionally produced. In the framework of this research, horizontal transmission is indicated by the unexpected geographical distribution of particular artefact types—slotted gear and pendants—that were technically shaped and adorned in a specific style. The study concerns the material from Norje Sunnansund, compared to other contemporary archaeological assemblages in the region. While on the one hand, Early Holocene sites in Europe contain lithic and bone assemblages that are suitable for characterizing the material cultures of prehistoric human groups, on the other hand, some of these industrial products are also adorned, so that a technological study can reveal the techniques used not only in the manufacture of bone and lithic items but also in art. The site of Norje Sunnansund is geographically situated in a border zone between the region with a Maglemosian tradition stricto sensu, located in Denmark, and the region with a north-eastern tradition, around the eastern side of the Baltic Sea (the Kunda-Butovo-Oka-Volga or Post-Swiderian related technocomplex). An overview of similarities and differences in the material from Norje Sunnansund in comparison with its neighbourhood, where aspects of the two Mesolithic traditions seem to interact, thus yields an interesting methodological framework for deciphering sociocultural transmission through postglacial records in the region of southern Scandinavia. The study shows that material from the site was manufactured according to the north-eastern tradition but also displays a newly characterized Norje Sunnansund style, relating to the shape of certain weapons and the art they bear in the form of specific engraved motifs (tiny zigzag lines and scores). The distribution of specific items exhibiting the Norje Sunnansund style on contemporary Maglemosian sites, where no such examples are otherwise recorded, suggests a relationship between Maglemosian (Phase 2) and north-eastern groups. This coincides with the introduction of new knapping techniques in southern Scandinavia from c. 7500 cal BC onward, suggesting that direct contact might have occurred between specific social groups, probably craftsmen/hunter-gatherers with distinct cultural traditions.

  • 77.
    Dawson, Ian
    et al.
    Winchester School of Arts.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jones, Andrew Meirion
    Stockholm University.
    Minkin, Louisa
    Central St martins, University of the Arts, London.
    Reilly, Paul
    Southampton University.
    Diffracting Digital Images in the Making2021Inngår i: Visual Resources, ISSN 0197-3762, E-ISSN 1477-2809, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 31-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a diffractive dialogue between ethnographic accounts of imagery, digital or computational imaging, and art and archaeology practices. It develops the notion of images in the making in the context of the digital domain, to discuss what an image is and can be today. It focusses on two digital imaging techniques developed within archaeology and cultural heritage – Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and Structure from Motion photogrammetry (SfM) – exploring how these techniques play out in heritage and art world contexts and practices. The paper highlights digital images as unstable compositions, and explores how digital images in the making enable us to reconsider the shifting temporal character of the image, and discuss the way in which the digital image forces us to disrupt the representational assumptions bound up in the relationship between the virtual and the actual. The authors argue that the diffractive moments in these encounters between archaeology and art practice disclose the potential of digital imaging to recursively question the complex ontological composition of images and the ability of images to act and affect.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 78.
    Dögg Eddudottir, Sigrun
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Erlendsson, Egill
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Gisladottir, Gudrun
    Univ Iceland, Inst Life & Environm Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland.;Univ Iceland, Inst Earth Sci, Sturlugata 7, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland..
    Landscape change in the Icelandic highland: A long-term record of the impacts of land use, climate and volcanism2020Inngår i: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 240, artikkel-id 106363Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Agriculture has been practiced in Iceland since settlement (landnam; AD 877). This has caused changes in vegetation communities, soil erosion, desertification and loss of carbon stocks. Little data exist regarding vegetation and ecosystems in the Icelandic highland before landnam and therefore the impact of land use over time is poorly understood. The objectives of the study are to examine the timing, nature and causes of land degradation in the highland of Northwest Iceland. Specifically, to determine the resilience of the pre-landnam highland environment to disturbances (i.e. climate cooling and volcanism) and whether land use pressure was of sufficient magnitude to facilitate ecosystem change. A sediment core was taken from the highland lake Galtabol. A chronology for the core was constructed using known tephra layers and radiocarbon dated plant macrofossils. Pollen analysis (vegetation), coprophilous fungal spores (proxy for grazing), and sediment properties (proxies for erosion) were used to provide a high-resolution, integrated vegetation and paleoenvironmental reconstruction. The pre-landnam environment showed resilience to climate cooling and repeated tephra fall. Soon after landnam the vegetation community changed and instability increased, indicated by changes in sediment properties. The pollen and spore record suggest introduction of grazing herbivores into the area after landnam. Following landnam, indicators of soil erosion appear in the sediment properties. Intensification of soil erosion occurred during the 17th century. The Galtabol record clearly demonstrates what can happen in landscapes without adequate management of natural resources and underestimation of landscape sensitivity. Introduction of land use resulted in changes in vegetation communities, loss of resilience and onset of increased soil erosion. Paleoenvironmental reconstructions may inform future decisions on management of the highland by providing baselines for natural variability in the pre-landmim environment.

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  • 79.
    Dögg Eddudottir, Sigrun
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad universitet.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Geographica Antikva.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Afrikansk och jämförande arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Johansson, Annie
    Länsstyrelsen, Värmland.
    The history of settlement and agrarian land use in a boreal forest in Värmland, Sweden, new evidence from pollen analysis2021Inngår i: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 30, nr 6, s. 759-771Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Shielings are the historically known form of transhumance in Scandinavia, where livestock were moved from the farmstead to sites in the outlands for summer grazing. Pollen analysis has provided a valuable insight into the history of shielings. This paper presents a vegetation reconstruction and archaeological survey from the shieling Kårebolssätern in northern Värmland, western Sweden, a renovated shieling that is still operating today. The first evidence of human activities in the area near Kårebolssätern are Hordeum- and Cannabis-type pollen grains occurring from ca. 100 BC. Further signs of human impact are charcoal and sporadic occurrences of apophyte pollen from ca. AD 250 and pollen indicating opening of the canopy ca. AD 570, probably a result of modification of the forest for grazing. A decrease in land use is seen between AD 1000 and 1250, possibly in response to a shift in emphasis towards large scale commodity production in the outlands. Emphasis on bloomery iron production and pitfall hunting may have caused a shift from agrarian shieling activity. The clearest changes in the pollen assemblage indicating grazing and cultivation occur from the mid-thirteenth century, coinciding with wetter climate at the beginning of the Little Ice Age. The earliest occurrences of anthropochores in the record predate those of other shieling sites in Sweden. The pollen analysis reveals evidence of land use that predates the results of the archaeological survey. The study highlights how pollen analysis can reveal vegetation changes where early archaeological remains are obscure.

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  • 80.
    E. Mårtensson, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Klimatförändring och kustarkeologi.: Höjda havsnivåer längs den svenska kusten.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of climate change can be seen across the globe in the form of drought, heavy rain, and a rise in temperature. To exemplify the effects of climate change, three areas, rich in archaeological sites, along the Swedish coast have been chosen to represent different conditions where different approaches are needed. The sites in combinations with material regarding climate change may show the fate of archaeological sites in coastal areas. While the effects of climate change on archaeology may not appear great, at closer look we can already see complications. A rise in global temperature is followed by the melting of, among other things, the polar ice which leads to a rise in sea levels. The rise of sea levels is one of the greatest threats to costal archaeological sites. The costal erosion following this will also have devastating effects on any archaeological sites in the costal environments. Is it possible to save many of these sites and objects through immense rescue efforts or do we have to accept that we cannot save it all? To prevent the loss of archaeological sites in costal environments we need to act sooner rather than later. A change in legal handling of the affected sites in combination with untested methods may be what is needed to get the preventative work started. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 81.
    Edenmo, Roger
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Prestigeekonomi under yngre stenåldern: Gåvoutbyten och regionala identiteter i den svenska båtyxekulturen2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis identifies and discusses some fundamental changes that took place during the middle neolithic period in Sweden, with the introduction of the Boat Axe Culture. The possibility of intrepreting the Corded Ware Cultures by way of networks, identified through the regional designes of battle axes, are proposed. With the aid of a reconsideration of the typology of the Swedish boat axes, ethnographic examples of gift-exchanges, and a theoretical reappraisal of the implications of archaeological praxis for prehistorc life-worlds, new possibillities for interpreting the changing role of such prestige items as the boat-axes are presented. A new chronological scheme is also presented for the Swedish boat axes, with a tripartite division of the latter middle neolithic into MN BI-III. The value of the boat axe is further considered to be explicable only in terms of a prestige item, dependent on a system of exchange for its continual valuation. Central to this discussion is the relationship between value and exchange. Several regions within the Swedish Boat Axe Culture are identified, and the boat axes in two of these regions in the southern part of the Mälar valley are thoroughly examined. It is shown that during the cours of the Boat Axe period, the emphasis gradually changed from a regional to an intra-regional focus concerning the development of types and special designes of the boat axes. Identified similarities and dissimilarities of contemporary boat axes within and between regions are explained as a result of a parallel change in gift exchanges, from a regional focus to an intra-regional focus. An hierarchical ordering of the latter middle neolithic soceity is also identified, where only a portion of the boat-axes were selected as burial gifts. This development is chartered onto the broader neolithic development in Sweden, with special focus on the role of prestige items such as battle axes. A fundamental change is identified as taking place during the Boat Axe period, when the full implications of a prestige economy were implemented and the major strategies for power settled on the inter-regional level.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 82.
    Ekberg Toscano, Frida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala Universitet .
    Living among gods – The Capacocha children: A hermeneutic analysis of the Chakana philosophy2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study the Capacocha, which is an Inca ritual where children were offered to their gods in the sacred places called Huacas (places of origin) and offered artefacts together with the children links to the Inca's sacred symbol, the Chakana, which in turn it is the life philosophy of the Inca culture. This thesis uses this philosophy to understand the phenomenon and the elements that define Huacas and the Capacocha ritual. Furthermore, a hermeneutic approach with phenomenology and phenomenology of landscape theory is applied to understand the symbolism and meaning from the Inca's cultural perspective. For this thesis, three specific case studies are analysed: the children from Llullaillaco, Chuscha and Cerro El Plomo, all situated at high altitudes (5200 - 6739 m) in the Andes. These selected places by the Incas were Huacas. The analysis is built on a comprehensive study of the cultural value and the symbolic meaning of the Capacocha ritual in relation to the Huacas and the Incas' perspective (Chakana) since previous studies concerning the Capacocha ritual, and Huacas did not consider the Chakana philosophy in their interpretations. The aim is to narrow the gap in understanding the Inca worldview to contribute with academic knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon that defines Huacas and the Capacocha ritual from the Incas' perspective. The study shows that the Incas had a holistic perspective where everything is entangled through time and space, and this demonstrates that the children were not just offered to the Inca gods. Instead, the children lived among the gods because they became gods through the Capacocha ritual, a transformation process.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Living among gods – The Capacocha children. A hermeneutic analysis of the Chakana philosophy. Ekberg Toscano Frida
  • 83.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    A Cattle Country2015Inngår i: Seminar, Vol. September, nr 673Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 84.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Geovetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för geovetenskaper, Uppsala centrum för hållbar utveckling, CSD Uppsala, Cemus.
    Lane, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Radimilahy, Chantal
    Rakotoarisoa, J.-A.
    Sinclair, Paul
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Virah-Samwy, Malika
    Plant Conservation Unit, Botany Department, University of Cape Town.
    Migrations and interactions between Madagascar and the eastern Africa, 500 BC – 1000 AD:: the archeological perspective2016Inngår i: Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean World / [ed] Campbell, G., Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2016, s. 191-230Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 85.
    Ekholm, Niklas
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    En ovärdig död?: En studie om de kistlösa gravarna vid gruvgravfältet i Sala2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay, is to investigate a grave phenomenon with earthen graves, located at the graveyard north of the preindustrial mining village in Sala, Sweden. It was during an excavation by Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis of the graveyard, which has been dated to been in use during the 16th and beginning of the 17th century, that the earthen graves were discovered. The earthen graves stood out in the report since most of the graves excavated turned out to be coffin graves. Coffin graves is also seen to be the norm during this period of time.

    I have delimited my research to analyse the four theories that are mentioned in the excavation report from SAU, regarding the earthen graves. I will also present a theory of my own. The main source material of this essay will be the earthen graves, and I will work on the basis that a grave can reflect the individual's position in society. As a result, I found that the“prisoner of war” theory gives the best answers to the questions that arise with the earthengraves.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 86.
    Ekholm, Therese
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A cross-check of radiocarbon dates from Stone Age sites in Northern Sweden2015Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, nr 4, s. 227-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares the results from radiocarbon measurements performed on charcoal and burnt bone from the same contexts in order to assess the reliability of the two materials for dating. The study deals with seven Mesolithic sites in Norrland and Dalecarlia, an area where datable organic material is difficult to find. The bone samples have been chosen for the study and the charcoal samples are mainly from previous work. The study shows that both materials are suitable for dating as long as they are sampled correctly and with knowledge of the errors that can occur.

  • 87.
    Ekholm, Therese
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Animals and Humans: Human-animal interaction in northern Sweden during the late glacial and postglacial time2024Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When the last remnant of the Weichsel glacier melted in northern Sweden, around 7000 BC, pioneer settlers entered virgin land, following their prey, which in turn followed the vegetation dispersion. Some of the settlers derived from the east and the northeast and spread from the Russian taiga, through Finland and into northern Sweden, the study area for this thesis. Some of the settlers derived from southwest Europe and spread through Denmark, into south Sweden and northwards. These two main flows of people moved in small groups over large areas, close to the ice margin and shared a lithic technology, but with some differences. These differences can be traced in the debris at archaeological sites, along with calcined animal bones. This thesis focuses on the calcined bones and the seemingly most important prey for the southern and eastern settlers respectively, and the changes that occurred during the time frame of 9000-4000 BC. This has been done by identifying Mesolithic sites with calcined bones, selecting bone samples from the assemblages, determining species and radiocarbon dating the samples. The species in focus are reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), elk (Alces alces), beaver (Castor fiber) and seal (Phoca sp.), mainly ringed seal (Phoca hispida), which are the largest and most common species found at the sites. To support the results, previously radiocarbon-dated calcined-bone samples and charcoal samples, found in connection with species-determined bones, are included. This study shows that the people moving in from the Russian taiga in the east hunted terrestrial mammals (reindeers and elks) in the beginning. They continued doing so, even when they reached the coast of the Baltic Sea, where the ringed seal lived at the time. Not until several thousands of years later were the first seal bones left at Mesolithic sites in northernmost Norrland. The people moving in from the south, on the other hand, hunted both terrestrial mammals and seal. Using an additional set of dates from an expanded area in Sweden, together with southern Norway, it is shown that around the 8.2 k BP cold event (6200 BC), the inland settlers changed their prey from a high-ranked prey to a low-ranked prey owing to population growth and climate change. 

    Delarbeid
    1. A cross-check of radiocarbon dates from Stone Age sites in Northern Sweden
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A cross-check of radiocarbon dates from Stone Age sites in Northern Sweden
    2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 110, nr 4, s. 227-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares the results from radiocarbon measurements performed on charcoal and burnt bone from the same contexts in order to assess the reliability of the two materials for dating. The study deals with seven Mesolithic sites in Norrland and Dalecarlia, an area where datable organic material is difficult to find. The bone samples have been chosen for the study and the charcoal samples are mainly from previous work. The study shows that both materials are suitable for dating as long as they are sampled correctly and with knowledge of the errors that can occur.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-423668 (URN)000389737400001 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-10-29 Laget: 2020-10-29 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Mesolithic Settlements in Northernmost Sweden: Economy, Technology, Chronology
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mesolithic Settlements in Northernmost Sweden: Economy, Technology, Chronology
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. 33, s. 5-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the chronology of early Stone Age sites in Norrbotten (the northernmost part of Sweden) is studied, with the purpose of understanding human and faunal migration into Norrbot­ten and adaptation to the new environment during the Mesolithic after the latest glaciation. The results from radiocarbon dates acquired of burnt bones from both old and new data from selected sites in Norrbotten, and a reanalysis of the lithic material for the purpose of identifying the tech­nological traditions, form a foundation for further studies about faunal history and economy on archaeological sites in northern Sweden. The results also connect the introduction of flora and fauna into the newly ice-free area in Sweden with the movement of animals and people in Finland. Especially the late introduction of hunting seals in northern Sweden strengthens the argument for connections to Finland rather than to southern Sweden.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    University of Helsinki, 2016
    Emneord
    Mesolithic, fauna, radiocarbon dates, stone technology
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-520037 (URN)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenberg Foundation
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-11 Laget: 2024-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Hunter-gatherer adaptions during the Early Holocene in Northern Sweden
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Hunter-gatherer adaptions during the Early Holocene in Northern Sweden
    2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 83-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the study of the ecology of early Holocene, 9000-4000 cal BC, specifically human and faunal dispersal into the Norrland and Dalarna areas of northern Sweden. It has been hypothesised that this region of Sweden was settled by hunter-gatherer groups of Butovo/Veretye ancestry moving in from the eastern taiga zone and at the same time groups from the West Scandinavian coast were moving north following the melting Weichselian ice sheet. Due to the speed of the melting ice these two groups must have encountered each other in the central part of northern Sweden. This article discusses the environment of these two separate groups and the possible consequences of their encounter, informed by results from the zooarchaeological analysis of burnt, radiocarbon dated bones from sites spanning much of Norrland and Dalarna. A compilation of previously dated sites are presented, and also new C-14 dates from excavated sites. The northern population preferred to hunt forest game and held on to it for a long time even if sea mammals were available. The southern population, on the other hand, hunted sea mammals and forest game through the whole period.

    Emneord
    ecology, environment, fauna, hunter-gatherers, mesolithic, northern Sweden, radiocarbon dates
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-432639 (URN)10.1177/0959683620961482 (DOI)000603604300008 ()
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Berit Wallenberg FoundationÅke Wiberg FoundationGunvor och Josef Anérs stiftelse
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-01-22 Laget: 2021-01-22 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-29bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. The Fauna History of Mesolithic Sites in Northern and Central Interior Scandinavia: Dispersal of humans and their prey into the uninhabited environment after the last glaciation
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Fauna History of Mesolithic Sites in Northern and Central Interior Scandinavia: Dispersal of humans and their prey into the uninhabited environment after the last glaciation
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Human resource use can be studied through analysing faunal assemblage from occupation sites. With 639 radiocarbon dates of both calcined animal bones and charcoal from Mesolithic Northern and Central Interior Scandinavian archaeological sites, new insights in the fauna history and the adaption of the Mesolithic peoples to the new environment have been uncovered. When the radiocarbon dates from southern Norway and northern and central Sweden were compiled, a pattern was seen in the record. It showed one peak at 6400 BC with calcined bone samples and one peak at 6000 BC with charcoal samples. This is around one of the most distinct cold events during Holocene, the so-called 8.2 k BP cold event. The summed radiocarbon peaks indicate a continuing human population growth during this period with decreased temperature. The climate change affected the big game and the big game was replaced by smaller prey in human subsistence.

    Emneord
    Mesolithic, fauna, radiocarbon dates, climate change
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Arkeologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-521968 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-02-23 Laget: 2024-01-30 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-02
    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 88.
    Ekholm, Therese
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Hunter-gatherer adaptions during the Early Holocene in Northern Sweden2021Inngår i: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 83-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the study of the ecology of early Holocene, 9000-4000 cal BC, specifically human and faunal dispersal into the Norrland and Dalarna areas of northern Sweden. It has been hypothesised that this region of Sweden was settled by hunter-gatherer groups of Butovo/Veretye ancestry moving in from the eastern taiga zone and at the same time groups from the West Scandinavian coast were moving north following the melting Weichselian ice sheet. Due to the speed of the melting ice these two groups must have encountered each other in the central part of northern Sweden. This article discusses the environment of these two separate groups and the possible consequences of their encounter, informed by results from the zooarchaeological analysis of burnt, radiocarbon dated bones from sites spanning much of Norrland and Dalarna. A compilation of previously dated sites are presented, and also new C-14 dates from excavated sites. The northern population preferred to hunt forest game and held on to it for a long time even if sea mammals were available. The southern population, on the other hand, hunted sea mammals and forest game through the whole period.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 89.
    Ekholm, Therese
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Mesolithic Settlements in Northernmost Sweden: Economy, Technology, Chronology2016Inngår i: Fennoscandia Archaeologica, ISSN 0781-7126, Vol. 33, s. 5-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the chronology of early Stone Age sites in Norrbotten (the northernmost part of Sweden) is studied, with the purpose of understanding human and faunal migration into Norrbot­ten and adaptation to the new environment during the Mesolithic after the latest glaciation. The results from radiocarbon dates acquired of burnt bones from both old and new data from selected sites in Norrbotten, and a reanalysis of the lithic material for the purpose of identifying the tech­nological traditions, form a foundation for further studies about faunal history and economy on archaeological sites in northern Sweden. The results also connect the introduction of flora and fauna into the newly ice-free area in Sweden with the movement of animals and people in Finland. Especially the late introduction of hunting seals in northern Sweden strengthens the argument for connections to Finland rather than to southern Sweden.

  • 90.
    Ekholm, Therese
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Fossum, Guro
    Persson, Per
    The Fauna History of Mesolithic Sites in Northern and Central Interior Scandinavia: Dispersal of humans and their prey into the uninhabited environment after the last glaciationManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Human resource use can be studied through analysing faunal assemblage from occupation sites. With 639 radiocarbon dates of both calcined animal bones and charcoal from Mesolithic Northern and Central Interior Scandinavian archaeological sites, new insights in the fauna history and the adaption of the Mesolithic peoples to the new environment have been uncovered. When the radiocarbon dates from southern Norway and northern and central Sweden were compiled, a pattern was seen in the record. It showed one peak at 6400 BC with calcined bone samples and one peak at 6000 BC with charcoal samples. This is around one of the most distinct cold events during Holocene, the so-called 8.2 k BP cold event. The summed radiocarbon peaks indicate a continuing human population growth during this period with decreased temperature. The climate change affected the big game and the big game was replaced by smaller prey in human subsistence.

  • 91.
    Ekström, Linn
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Skånska grav- och boplatsområden i Uppåkras skugga2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In relation to last year’s introduction of Digital Archaeological Process this study is supposed to investigate the opportunities of using quantitative methods on the archaeological material. The subject of the investigation is to problematize and process the concept of ”central places”. The investigation is based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods executed on seven different grave- and settlement areas during the Iron Age in Skåne. The archeological material is gathered through archaeological reports and later processed in tables. The concept of central places is often based on luxury finds and places with much archaeological material. Quantitative methods on archaeological material are a possibility by many reasons. For example by getting an overview of each grave- and settlement area which is an opportunity for more interpretations. DAP is an opportunity to restore the archaeological material during excavations for future research. The introduction of DAP is a step in the right direction for future archaeology.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 92.
    Ekström, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Djuren i kvarteret Gruvan 3, Jönköping: En studie av ett djurbensmaterial med datering från 1000-1600 v.t.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen utgår ifrån en analys av 20 kilo animalosteologiskt material från kvarteret Gruvan 3 i Jönköping, vilket har daterats till medel- och stormaktstid (1000–1600 e.Kr.). Syftet har varit att undersöka förändringar i djurhållning och eventuella aktiviteter (kopplade till djurbenshantering), som ägt rum på platsen. Under analysarbetet har art och benelement bedömts. Osteologiska metoder för ålder, kön och mankhöjd har tillämpats i den mån detta varit möjligt på slaktdjuren i materialet, det vill säga nötkreatur (Bos taurus), får/get (Ovis aries/Capra hircus) och svin (Sus domesticus).

    Studien har visat att det förekommer vissa skillnader i artfördelning mellan slaktdjuren under periodens olika faser. Nöt har dock varit mest frekvent förekommande följt av får/get och gris. Resultatet av den osteologiska analysen har uppvisat stora likheter med andra tidigare undersökta medeltida stadsmaterial, när det gäller ålder, kön och mankhöjd hos djuren. Materialet från senare halvan av den undersökta tidsperioden har innehållit en större mängd bearbetade benfragment, vilka tolkats vara hantverksspill.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 93.
    Eldebrink, Moa
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Högt flygande gravfynd: Nytt perspektiv på falkenering och rovfåglar i gravar under yngre järnåldern2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Falkenering har varit en del av den svenska kulturen sedan 500-talet v.t. då de första spåren av rovfågel framträder i gravar från främst Mälardalsområdet och har sedan 2021 klassificeratssom ett av UNESCO:s immateriella kulturarv. Jakt med rovfågel under yngre järnåldern i Skandinavien är ett relativt outforskat ämne som främst har fokuserat på att bekräfta att rovfågel fanns närvarande, spåra praktikens ursprung eller bekräfta en individs status. En definition av falkenering och kriterier för en falkeneringsgrav har tagits fram innan en kvalitativ komparativ analys har utförts på 39 gravar innehållande rovfågelben. Även en djupare analys av gravarna i Rickeby, Sunnerby och Vårberg har genomförts. Analyserna visade att inte alla gravar innehållande rovfågel är högstatusgravar och att rovfåglarnas närvaro troligtvis är mer komplext än enbart falkenering. Jakt med rovfågel kan delas in i nöjesfalkenering och yrkesfalkenering och möjligtvis syns spår av detta bland de undersökta gravarna. Studien visar att tidigare antaganden om att rovfåglar indikerar falkenering, att de enbart hittas i högstatusgravar och att falkenering enbart är en sport för eliten inte är tillräckliga. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 94.
    Elliott, Rachel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Håga in context – An analysis of the Håga complex in the Bronze Age landscape of the Mälar Valley region2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Bronze Age in Middle Sweden is characterized by several key sites and monuments which have been interpreted by previous research to play an overarching role in the elite ruling system in the Mälar Valley region. King Björn’s mound (a.k.a. the Håga mound) and the hillfort Predikstolen represent one of these complexes and has been referred to as a central hub for trading between the south and east as well as a central meeting point for alliance networks throughout the Mälar Valley region. The ritual importance of the site has been particularly relevant to discussions around the mound and accompanying cult house, Hågakyrkan, since the excavation of the mound in 1902-3 by Oscar Almgren. The investigation of the mound’s central cairn dated the monument to the Bronze Age Period IV, and resulted in the discovery of one of the most spectacular burials in Sweden, including gold and bronze artefacts indicative of connections with south Scandinavia, particularly Denmark, and a ritual role typified by Kristian Kristiansen’s institutional divisions of elites based on artefact assemblages. To understand how Håga and other Bronze Age sites have attained the label of ‘ritual’ places in the landscape, a discussion is included on previous research which has defined the parameters of sacred versus profane activity utilizing theories on identity as demonstrated through material expression explored by Kristian Kristiansen (1987, 2011) and Susanne Thedéen (2004). This thesis also utilizes the ritual practice theory defined by Catherine Bell (2009) to identify the repetitive traditions which define cultic practice during the Bronze Age in Middle Sweden in order to understand the unique phenomenon of Håga as compared to other sites in the Mälar Valley region: two sites with established cultic complexes (Broby and Skeke), and two sites characterized by industrial bronze production (Apalle and Hallunda). These sites were additionally chosen based on their position along a north-south inlet system which directly connected Lake Mälaren from the eastern Baltic sea to south Scandinavia and north-western Europe. A comparative analysis of the relevant features and finds of each site as well as a brief overview of the evidence of conflict in southern Scandinavia and Europe are used to contextualize the role Håga served leading up to and following construction of the Håga mound. The delimitations and potential uses of the results are included in the discussion

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 95.
    Engvall, Adam
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Broddars syfte och användning: En empirisk studie av broddar på Gotland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to question and analyze problems surrounding the current research within the field of spikes.The latest breakout was in the early 50's,since then there haven't been any major research projects and no interpretation have been made.Not only does this  essay bring a contribution to the research of spikes but also question what has earlier been established through interpretations.The focus of this essay is on the spikes found on the island of Gotland in the Baltic sea,these are currently stored at the Museum of Gotland.What was the main area of use that these spikes had and in which context are they found? Although only 27 finds will be analyzed during this essay ,the goal is to get a greater understanding of the usage of these finds and how this will contribute to the archaelogical sites.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 96.
    Enmark, Joel
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ekot i praktgravenen: en studie av ekkistegravarna från bronsåldern2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the study of Nordic Bronze Age oakcoffin-burialmounds from dif-ferent Bronze Age periods. By presenting and analyzing casestudies such as: Håga, Borum Eshøj, Lusehøj and Skelhøj. With all cases representing different subperiods within Montelius periodization of the nordic bronze age: Skelhøj period II, Borum Eshøj III, Håga IV and Lusehøj V, thus presenting a good overview of the period as a whole. Analysis will be based on questions relating to discussions and interpretations that researchers have published regarding oakcoffin burialmounds. The is to aim contribute a deeper overall understanding of how researchers have dealt with the oakcoffin burialtradition during the Nordic Bronze Age. The results of my analysis indicate some common themes among researchers. Themes such as emphasis on: contact-networks, status, burial practice and conservation is often included in the study on oakoffin burialmounds. The main difference between cases is the opportunities that indi-vidual burials give researchers.

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    fulltext
  • 97.
    Eriksson, Albin
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Två rum och kök: En jämförande studie om medeltida bokultur på Gotlands landsbygd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Medieval dwelling houses of a similar type have been documented on Gotland in archaeological investigations. They all have common planning, a rectangular house foundation divided into two rooms and a square-shaped fireplace which is located in one of the corners. In this study the aim is to find out when this type of building was first introduced on Gotland as well as why it was adopted. Another aim is to compare the gotlandic houses with similar buildings from other places in Scandinavia? The method used to answer these questions consists of a comparison between visually similar houses from Gotland and the mainland based on orientation, dimensions, construction and dating.

    The comparison shows that the majority of the foundations investigated frequently are oriented west east, that the average dimensions are approximately 8 × 6 m and that the houses approximately can be dated between the 12th and 13th century. 

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    fulltext
  • 98.
    Eriksson, Alice
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    ARKEOLOGINS POSITION I MASSMEDIA: En studie av arkeologins marknadsföring och kommunikation via massmedia i Västra Götaland2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [fi]

    This essay examines the communication and interaction between archaeologists and journalists – with the aim to investigate if and how the chain of information affects the frequency of archaeological news. Results are conducted by interviews with both professional archaeologists and journalists with different functions within different local media channels in Västra Götaland County, Sweden.An important complement to the interviews with journalists and archaeologists is also a survey with a selection of media consumers to get an idea of the interest in archaeological news. During this research project both journalists and archaeologists have explained the importance of communication, and how the lack of efficient communication can lead to less archaeological news – a process with possibilities for improvements according to the interviewees of this study.

  • 99.
    Eriksson, Jan Erik
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Hallar och kulthus i södra Skandinavien under äldre järnålder: När Oden och härskaren blev grannar2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Eriksson, J.E. 2021. Hallar och kulthus i södra Skandinavien under äldre järnålder: När Oden och härskaren blev grannar.Eriksson, J.E. 2021. Halls and cult houses in southern Scandinavia during early iron age: When Odin and the ruler became neighbours.

    The intention of this paper is to investigate why halls and cult houses were built close together and at the same time in southern Scandinavia during the Roman Iron Age and the Migration Period and how this can be linked to the development of administrative and military power. The thesis has been divided into three parts, namely a review of archaeological and historical research, a description of three archaeological sites and analysis. This means that the theoretical starting point of the thesis is to compare research with recent years reported archaeological results. The paper focuses on the time from the Roman Iron Age to the end of the migration period, from the year 0 to 550 AD and the geographically area being studied to southern Scandinavia. The result of the study shows that leaders inspired by the Roman Empire built and took control over the halls and cult houses around the year 250 AD to legitimize and manifest their power, acquire wealth and loyalty from subjects. Archeological remains show that the Norse god Odin was worshiped in the cult house and the stability of this cult can be traced to the end of the Viking Age.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 100.
    Eriksson, Ove
    et al.
    Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Arnell, Matilda
    Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Historical Ecology of Scandinavian Infield Systems2021Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 2, artikkel-id 817Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Infield systems originated during the early Iron Age and existed until the 19th century, although passing many transitions and changes. The core features of infield systems were enclosed infields with hay-meadows and crop fields, and unenclosed outland mainly used for livestock grazing. We examine the transitions and changes of domesticated landscapes with infield systems using the framework of human niche construction, focusing on reciprocal causation affecting change in both culture and environment. A first major transition occurred during the early Middle Ages, as a combined effect of a growing elite society and an increased availability of iron promoted expansion of villages with partly communal infields. A second major transition occurred during the 18th and 19th centuries, due to a then recognized inefficiency of agricultural production, leading to land reforms. In outlands, there was a continuous expansion of management throughout the whole period. Even though external factors had significant impacts as well, human niche construction affected a range of cultural and environmental features regarding the management and structure of domesticated landscapes with infield systems. Thus, niche construction theory is a useful framework for understanding the historical ecology of infield systems.

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