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  • 751.
    Wigström, Felix
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Barn och vapen: En litteraturstudie av unga i vikingatida vapengravar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Vapengravar associeras vanligtvis med att de innehåller vuxna män, möjligen en krigare. Detta gör barn i vapengravar till ett undantag från denna norm och något problematiskt i denna gravkontext, ett hinder för arkeologer att handskas med då gravarna ifrågasätter tidigare normer och tolkningar av vapengravar. Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera och jämföra tre vikingatida vapengravar innehållande anmärkningsvärt unga individer, barn enligt modernt synsätt. Uppsatsen tar hänsyn till motiven för en grav, hur man tolkar vapengravar och den sociala konstruktionen av barndomen. Med detta i åtanke jämförs tolkningar av tre olika vapengravar med särskilt unga individer med varandra genom en litteraturstudie baserad på arkeologiska vetenskapliga texter. De tre huvudsakliga texterna är ”En ryttargrav på Ihrefältet” av Stenberger (1942), ”A Princely Child in Birka” av Gräslund (1998), samt ”A Viking Burial at Balnakeil, Sutherland” av Batey och Paterson (2012). Tolkningar av forskare jämförs med varandra för att synliggöra mönster, avvikelser och det obemärkta inom denna mycket sällsynta kategori av gravar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 752.
    Wihlborg, Julia
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Valkyriornas identitetskris: Hårbyfigurinen och (om)tolkandet av genusambivalenta föremål2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In the year of 2012 a unique three dimensional figurine was found in Hårby, Denmark depicting what seems to be a woman holding a sword and a shield. Immediately it was defined as a Valkyrie, a female servant of the Viking god Odin. However, this is most likely a simplified interpretation since most female figurines from the Viking age is interpreted in this way. This thesis questions this interpretation, creating an identity crisis for the Valkyries due to their interpretation no longer being obvious and simple. Instead this thesis recognizes the gender ambiguous features of the Hårbyfigurine and tries to determine what it can tell about the perception of gender during the Viking Age. The purpose of this thesis is thus to present how gender theory, queer theory and a comparative method can be used to interpret a gender ambiguous object from the Viking Age. This is done based on the Hårbyfigurine and its different attributes and concludes that the arguments against that female figurines from the Viking Age depicts Valkyries are more numerous than the arguments that support this identification. Alternative interpretations for the figurine is therefore suggested. The thesis also shows that the interpretations gender theory, queer theory and comparative method can produce differs in its complexity and in how they handle the gender ambiguous qualities of the Hårbyfigurine. The conclusion drawn from this is that gender ambiguous objects cannot be interpreted in one single way but must be tackled with a variety of theories and methods to be able to tell something about the worldview of the people who lived in the Viking Age. The term gender ambiguous is also re-evaluated throughout the thesis and turns out to be an interpretation applied to objects based on a modern way of defining gender and sex and is not a trait of the object itself. This means that gender is not defined in the same way today as it was in the Viking Age. Gender is thus strongly connected to the ruling culture and not stable, but ever changing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Valkyriornas_identitetskris
  • 753.
    Winbäck, Ulrika
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det digitala språnget: Om arkeologins digitalisering2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Det digitala språnget
  • 754.
    Winter, Jan-Robert
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Falken från öst eller korpen från väst?: En analys av bronserade nycklar med fågelmotiv från Kyrksundet i sydvästra Finland2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contains an analysis of the bronzed keys with bird motifs that were discovered during archaeological investigations between the years 1991 and 1997 at Kyrksundet, in the archipelago of southwestern Finland. Bronzed keys with bird motifs have never been found in Finland before, but similar keys have been found both in Birka and on Gotland, Sweden.

    The aim with this paper is firstly to analyse and compare the keys from Kyrksundet, Birka and Gotland, and their find contexts. Secondly, together with the results from the analysis, the following questions will be discussed; What is the meaning behind the bird motif, why can these keys be found at Kyrksundet, and who were the people that had these keys in their possession during the Viking Age. The symbolic aspect of the keys is a strong theme in this discussion, because the underlaying theory in this paper is that the keys most likely had both a worldly and a cosmological meaning.

    Earlier archaeological investigations mainly have associated these keys with the Nordic peoples and their eastern connections during the Viking Age. Reason behind this association is that the birds on the motif have been interpreted as falcons and the falcon has a relatively strong connection to the Rurik dynasty that ruled in Novgorod and Kiev. Whether the bird is a falcon or not, is however a question that will be discussed in this paper. The analysis performed in this paper, shows that the bird motif on the keys shares more similarities with a raven motif that was used on the British Isles than with the falcon motif that was used in Novgorod and Kiev. This paper will therefore include a suggestion for another perspective, where the keys might be connected to the Nordic peoples and their western connections.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 755.
    Wong, Wing Kwan
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ethnic Minorities’ Heritage and Archaeological Resources Management: Roma people in Sweden since 19992020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    At the end of 1999, the Swedish government adopted two European Union conventions to protect ethnic minorities, and Roma people were recognized as a national ethnic minority of Sweden. Approaching the 20th year mark after the recognition, this research aims to develop an in-depth and inclusive database for Roma people’s heritage and archaeological resources management. Analyzation of the collected data is based on the number, nature, and responsible organizations for the events. As a result, 48 events were recorded in the database under such a framework. A significant increase in events happened in the second decade (2010 to 2019) of the research period. 14 out of 21 counties in Sweden have participated in the topic and three excavations have been done in the past 20 years. Former Roma people’s settlements have been discovered in the western and eastern counties of middle Sweden. Therefore, it can be suggested that counties such as Södermanland and Västmanland have the geographic advantage to further discover new traces that have yet to be recorded. This thesis analyses the Bohuslän Museum’s exhibition Möt Resandefolket! as a case study due to its uniqueness as the only permanent exhibition about Roma people in the country. It includes a spatial analysis under Moser’s framework (2010) and experience analysis using the thick descriptive approach suggested by Geertz (1973). The interview with the museum’s archaeologist Kristina Lindholm connects the perspective from the exhibition curators and heritage mediators, while 3D modelling is also developed and used as a tool to understand the spatial context and the effectiveness of idea communication in the exhibition. As a result, the case study identifies two challenges in communicating Roma people’s heritage and culture: the limited resources in the material culture and the alienness raised in the exhibition. The causes and possible confrontations of these matters are discussed, followed by suggestions on how to improve the excavation agenda, digital preservation for intangible heritage, and new representation and presentation methods. There is also potential in turning alienness into a positive motivation which enables the exhibition to further fulfil its curiosity- and self-education attainment purpose. This thesis suggests that these ways of interpretation are effective means to illustrate and emphasize the uniqueness of a culture and to further appreciate the values in the ethnic minorities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 756.
    Wulff Krabbenhöft, Rikke
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Symbols in Clay: A Study of Early Bronze IV Potter's Marks from the Amman-Zarqa Region in Transjordan2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The present work examines the taxonomy and function of potters’ marks applied to pottery in the Amman-Zarqa region during the last phase of the Early Bronze Age, the so-called EB IV ca. 2350/2300–2000 BC. The study is anchored in a small data set gathered from 12 archaeological sites, in which 24 different mark types have been identified. These mark types - together with their associated vessel classes, circumstances of deposition, and geographical distribution - comprise the background against which previous suggestions regarding potters’ marks are evaluated. Evidence from ethno-archaeological sources concerning traditional potters’ rationales for marking vessels today is also included as part of the interpretive framework. The mode and scale of production is discussed on the basis of the ceramic evidence, the size and character of settlements located within the region, and the socio-economic setting of the EB IV period in general.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 757.
    Wärmländer, Sebastian K. T. S.
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Jahrehorn, Max
    Oxider AB, POB 980, S-39129 Kalmar, Sweden..
    Hennius, Andreas
    Upplandsmuseet, Drottninggatan 7, S-75310 Uppsala, Sweden..
    A 6th-8th c. wire-drawing iron plate with silver residue from a Vendel Period workshop in Old Uppsala, Sweden2023Inngår i: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, ISSN 2352-409X, E-ISSN 2352-4103, Vol. 51, artikkel-id 104193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal wire is in modern society manufactured by drawing metal rods through dies with conical holes of decreasing diameters, until the desired thickness is obtained. The history and origin of this technique remains unclear, although it was likely developed from earlier wire-making techniques such as strip-drawing and rolldrawing. Proper wire-drawing was an established technology in Europe during the High Middle Ages, and numerous draw-plates have been found at Scandinavian Viking Age trading centers. Here, we report the technical examination of an iron draw-plate found in Uppsala in central Sweden. The draw-plate was excavated in a Vendel Period fine metals workshop, located immediately next to the royal hall in Old Uppsala, the central building of the royal estate in the 6th -8th c. X-ray and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the draw-plate revealed silver particles in the plate's holes, indicating drawing of silver wire. The plate is dated to the 6th - 8th c., which makes it one of the oldest confirmed tools for wire-drawing so far encountered. The presence of this tool in the workshop indicates that some high-quality jewelry in this region was locally produced. Thus, the finding of this draw-plate increases our understanding of Vendel Period jewelry production, and of the social organization of this craft.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 758.
    YANG, XIPENG
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Haze in Beijing (2008-2018) Control Measures, Thinking and Living in Haze2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the formation of haze by taking the case of severer haze in Beijing in the winter of 2015, which was caused by the collective effect of human activities, topography and meteorological. Among these causes, anthropogenic emissions contributed most, such as coal-fired emissions and vehicle emissions. The haze not only brings direct harm to health, but also slowly changes the way people live in the haze. Beijing has issued the Clean Air Action Plan to mitigate haze. Additionally, a series of stringent control measures were adopted during Beijing Olympics and APEC summit. These measures, such as vehicle emissions reduction and coal-free programme effectively reduced the PM concentration but failed to reduce GHG emissions. Hence, the causes for the lack of sustainability of air pollution control measures are included in thesis.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 759.
    Ytterman, Caroline
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Grundämnes-distribuering och bendensitet: En XRF-undersökning av vikingatida och medeltida lårben från fyra arkeologiska lokaler2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on developing non-destructive methods to investigate the relationship between elemental distribution and bone porosity in archaeological bone. The skeletal material, which was analyzed, came from the archaeological sites of Skara (county of Västergötland), Varnhem (county of Västergötland), Sigtuna (county of Uppland) and Kopparsvik (county of Gotland). The essay is based on the results of a previous project, Osteoporosis och osteoarthritis, då och nu (Sten 2012). That project aimed at establishing whether medieval people, buried on the above mentioned archaeological sites, were suffersing from osteoporosis and/or osteoarthritis. This knowledge might help the medical research of today to solve the problem of possibly preventing those bone diseases. The method used was DXA-scanning, which was developed for examine osteoporosis in bone from living people. The result showed that the skeletons from the Skara site had an increased bone mineral density (BMD) compared to the skeletons from the other three sites.

    This essay investigates why these skeletal remains have a higher BMD and how this affects the results of methods like DXA. In this bachelor project various X-ray instruments were used to analyze the BMD of the skeletal remains. The X-ray pictures were then modified to exhibit high and low density areas in the bone. The elemental distribution of the surface area of the neck of the femur was examined with a μXRF-spectrometer. As a complement to the μXRF-spectrometer a SEM (scanning electron microscope) was used to analyze the elemental distribution of a cross section of the femur neck. Soil samples were collected from Skara and Varnhem and analyzed by using μXRF-spectrometry to find out if there was a correlation between the elemental content of the bone and surrounding soil. The skeletal remains from Skara exhibited increased values of iron and manganese combined with higher bone density. The soil from Skara showed a high level of particularly iron. This could be the reason for the increased BMD of the individuals from Skara when using the DXA-analysis. It is likely that, in each archaeological site, iron and manganese ions have diffused from both ground water and soil into the bones and thus increased the BMD. This is especially notified of the skeletal remains of Skara.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 760.
    Zachrisson, Inger
    Statens Historiska Museum.
    Frändén, Märit ()
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nordiska språk.
    Ojala, Carl-Gösta ()
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Öhman, May-Britt ()
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Centrum för mångvetenskaplig forskning om rasism (CFR). Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusvetenskap. Luleå tekniska universitet, ETS, historia .
    Samer i syd i gången tid - till Uppland och Oslotrakten i söder: Ny forskning från Norge och Sverige2012Inngår i: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi: rapport från ett seminarium arrangerat av Föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala / [ed] Håkan Tunón, Märit Frändén, Carl-Gösta Ojala, May-Britt Öhman, Uppsala: Centrum för biologisk mångfald, CBM , 2012, 1, s. 8-12Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    "Samernas långa historia i norra Skandinavien har aldrig ifrågasatts. Att den ifrågasätts i mellersta Skandinavien beror delvis på tolkningssvårigheter, mycket på grund av den starka påverkan från nordisk kultur som präglat området, i ökande grad från tiden efter Kr.f. Samisk kultur här kallas ofta ”fångstkultur”, vilket innebär ett slags osynliggörande. Mot nordisk-bofast ställs utifrån detta perspektiv samisk-nomadisk. Genom arkeologiska undersökningar på 1980-talet vid ett samiskt gravfält från 1000–1100-tal på Vivallen i Härjedalen kunde en boplats med typiskt samiska härdar, daterade till ca 800- och 1200-tal, jämte en avfallshög från1000-talet, lokaliseras. Utifrån detta lade det svensknorska ”Sörsamiska projektet” fram en tvåkultursyn samiskt–nordiskt för Mellanskandinavien, till Hedmark och Dalarna i söder. Den har av vissa kritiserats som alltför ”svart-vit”. Den har dock under senare år framhållits av en rad arkeologer för södra Norge, om än medett något modernare synsätt. Jag skall här bara ta upp några arbeten, som specifikt berör sydsamisk järnålder och tidig medeltid, ur den rika floran av arbeten om samisk arkeologi från norsk sida."  Inger Zachrisson, fil. dr och docent i nordisk arkeologi, f.d. förste antikvarie vid Statens historiska museum, Stockholm. Hon har sedan 1970 arbetat med samisk arkeologi och historia från järnåldern och framåt och relationerna mellan samisk och nordisk kultur i äldre tid. Hon initierade och genomförde det Sörsamiska projektet, ett svensknorskt arkeologisk-osteologiskt forskningsprojekt, med bland annat utgrävningar av samiskafornlämningar i Härjedalen. Det resulterade bl.a.i den tvärvetenskapliga publikationen Möten i gränsland (Zachrisson et al., 1997).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 761.
    Åhlin, Ida
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    A trip down grainy lane: Retracing socio-economic structures in Gamla Uppsala2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 762.
    Ögren, Anders
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen, Centrum för företagandets historia.
    Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Ljungkvist, John
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Raffield, Ben
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Price, Neil
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    New institutional economics in Viking studies: Visualising immaterial culture2022Inngår i: Archaeological Dialogues, ISSN 1380-2038, E-ISSN 1478-2294, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 172-187Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we argue that closer engagement with the field of new institutional economics (NIE) has the potential to provide researchers with a new theoretical toolbox that can be used to study economic and social practices that are not readily traceable in material culture. NIE assumes that individual actions are based on bounded rationality and that the existence of rules (institutions) and their enforcement – the institutional framework – influences agents’ actions by providing different incentives and probabilities for different choices. Within this theoretical framework, we identify a number of concepts, such as collective identity and mobile jurisdictions, that seem to fit what we know of Viking age economic systems. In applying these models to the available archaeological and textual data, we outline the ways in which further research could provide a new understanding of economic interaction within a rapidly evolving context of diaspora and change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 763.
    Öhrström, Britt-Marie
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Gudinna, kvinna eller prästinna: vad visar de kvinnliga hällristningarna i Bohuslän2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Tanum, is situated in the north part of Bohuslän in Sweden and is the most famouse area of Rock Art of the world. It´s now a World Heritige since 1994. More than 100 000 images are carved on the rocks near by the sea. Archaeologists believe that carved feet and cupmarks can date from mesoliticom and neoliticum. During bronze age the sealevel was 15-20 meters higher. Carvings of humans can date from the beginning of bronze age around 1800, period I, but during late bronze age 1000-300 bc, period III-V, motives of humans became more common. Of all the 4154 carvings of human figures, only a few of them, aboute 45 figures, can be identifide as woman.  This study will try to answere why there are so few carvings of woman, what the carvings of female figures shows on the rocks and in what context are the they carved? Is the female figures an image of a godess, a woman or a priestess? Can the carvings tell us something aboute the womans life during the the bronze age?

    Key words: axes, menstruation, birthing, boats, Bohuslän, bronze age, cairns, carvings, fertilitycult, rock art, sealevel, weddings, godess, women, priestess, neoliticum, mesoliticum.                             

    Nyckelord: yxor, förlossning, menstruation, båtar, Bohuslän, bronsålder, rösen, ristningar, fruktbarhetskult, stenkonst, havsnivån, bröllop, gudinna, kvinna, prästinna, neolitikum, mesolitikum.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 764.
    Örum, Yngve
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Varför ville man bo i Lund under bronsåldern?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my investigation is to shed light on why people chose to settle in a specific location during the Bronze Age, in this instance Lund municipality. I have restricted my investigation to eight settlements as these are the ones that have written sources. Many Bronze Age settlements are situated by the sea, although not the 8 I have highlighted in my investigation. The settlements in Lund municipality were therefore not dependent on the sea for their livelihood or transport routes. The selected source material includes written sources in the form of archaeological reports, course books and dissertations. 

          My investigation reveals significant similarities in the factors determining the choice of settlement. The theories to be tested were the key factors I have set out as probable reasons for settling here. The settlers came to be dependent on having access to water and fertile soil as well as shelter from the wind. Almost without exception, the settlements were close to one another, at most 1.5 kilometres from the nearest neighbour. These clusters suggest cooperation in providing daily food supplies and also indicate a peaceful coexistence. It also seems that areas for socialising have been important. Another common factor is that people chose a settlement that had been previously occupied. The reasons for this may have been twofold: the very favourable conditions and the presence of ancestral graves that people felt the need to visit.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Varför ville man bo i Lund under bronsåldern?
  • 765.
    Östrand, Anne
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Publik arkeologi från ett publikt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 766.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Sacrifice: Theories and Rituals in Nepal2022Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A sacrifice is the most active and effective way devotees may engage with divinities in a way that maximizes their chances of having their wishes fulfilled. All sacrifice involves engagements with divinities, though these engagements represent asymmetrical relationships where gods are, by definition, superior and humans are inferior: humans stand to gain more from the gods than they give them. The hierarchical relations between humans and gods expressed in sacrifices also reveal social structures and asymmetries in power relations among humans, with certain individuals acting on behalf of their gods as messengers or intermediaries. Empirically, this study analyses sacrifices in Nepal. Sacrifice is a fundamental part of many religions, which is why it is studied in many disciplines, including anthropology, history and archaeology. Thus, this study puts emphasis on key theories of sacrifice in the history of science and examine how they may be applied to the empirical cases from Nepal, and how such a dialogue could enable new ways of analysing sacrifice cross-culturally, without losing the cultural uniqueness of the particular rituals. 

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  • 767.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    The Magic of Death: Corpsepower and Indo-Europeanisation in Late Bronze Age Sweden2022Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
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  • 768.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Vinter og vår i vannets verden: Arkeologi om økologi og jordbrukskosmologi2021Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Den nordiske vinteren har dominert og definert alle jordbrukssamfunn i det kalde nord fra tidenes morgen. Kontinuiteten fra innhøstingen gjennom vinter og vår til årets nye vekstsesong var den viktigste kilden til liv. Vannets verden var ritualisert hvor de store ofringene fant sted i forhold til årstidssyklusene. Den hjemlige kulten rundt høytidene hadde som mål å aktivere og intensivere immanente makter i naturen, som kunne overvinne vinterens kalde jerngrep. I vannets kilder og jordens fruktbare grunn lå krefter og forfedre som spiste snøen og vinteren nedenfra lenge før vårsolen smeltet snø og frost. Fossefall og spesielle kilder frøs aldri til is selv på de kaldeste vinterdagene. Disse underjordiske kildene med livgivende strømmer og motstridende natur, som beviste at de var sterkere enn den mektigste og forødende kulden, var kjernen i kult og kosmologi. I denne verden av vann var ofringer av mennesker og dyr ekstreme ritualer hvor bønder forsøkte å aktivere og kontrollere enda mektigere makter.

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  • 769.
    Østigård, Terje
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Water and Religion2021Inngår i: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Anthropology / [ed] Mark Aldenderfer, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many different and distinct types of religious waters: holy, sacred, neutral, and even evil. The ways various divinities invest waters with specific qualities and capacities depend upon a wide range of ecological, theological, and eschatological factors; some are shaped by the environment while others are purely ontological and concerned with otherworldly realms, and often there is an intimate relation between the mundane and the divine. Rivers, rain, lakes, springs, and waterfalls are some specific forms of religious water, which also relate to seasonality and changing hydrological cycles. All these variations create different dependencies not only to ecological factors but more importantly to divine actors. Religious water may heal and bless individuals and be a communal source for fertility and plentiful harvests, but may also work as a penalty, wreaking havoc on society as floods or the absence of the life-giving rains in agricultural communities. Given the great variation of religious waters throughout history where even the same water may attain different qualities and divine embodiments, divine waters define structuring practices and principles in ecology and cosmology.

  • 770.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Det store ritualet: Kremasjon, konstruksjon og konsumpsjon2022Inngår i: Bronsålderns Håga: Fornlämningar, fynd och förbindelser / [ed] Karin Ojala, Terje Østigård, Uppsala: Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet , 2022, s. 13-36Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 771.
    Østigård, Terje
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia.
    Kaliff, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker2020Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [no]

    Døden og gravmaterial har definert arkeologifaget som disiplin siden tidenes morgen, men selv i den antikvariske samtiden ble etnologi og folklore i liten grad brukt som kilde til kunnskap om forhistorien og oldnordiske gravskikker. De fleste gravstudier har derfor ikke analysert dødens essens: sjelens substans. Gjennom en religionsvitenskapelig forståelse av etnologi og folklore presenteres en ny arkeologisk analyse av Nordens forhistoriske gravmaterial og døden som fenomen. En studie av sjelens substans må bokstavelig talt trenge inn i hjernen, beinmargen, blodet og skjelettet, som er menneskets åndelige essens, og inn i kvinnens livmor hvor sjelen skapes og fødes. Sjelene til forfedrene kroppsligjorde seg som alver, vetter og andre åndelige vesener. Den sjelelige essens i fysisk substans var også kosmologisk kraft, som kunne brukes og misbrukes, og derfor er dette også en berettelse om sykdom og trolldom. Medisinsk kannibalisme og bruk av de døde og døden var et effektivt beskyttelsesmiddel og den sterkeste medisin i tradisjonell legekunst. I den forhistoriske medisinhistorien var sykdom direkte og personlige angrep av ulike forfedre, som levde misfornøyde i en hinsidig tilværelse i ny kroppslig form. Sjelene kunne ta utallige former som ulike vetter, noen gode og andre onde, men en ting var sikkert: De ville komme tilbake til de levende, og de var farlige for de gjenlevende. Slekten definerte de døde og de døde definerte slekten. Dødsbryllup forente derfor ikke bare de levende og døde, men også fremtidige familier og slekter av forfedre, og sentralt i denne kosmologien var de store årtidsfestivaler, som kulminerte med den tradisjonelle julefeiringen.

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  • 772.
    Neiß, Michael ()
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Arkeologi.
    Op Besöök bi Waterloo: En Vertellen mit Inspiratschoon vun en oll Frugensporträt ut Ludwigslust2023Kunstnerisk output (Ogranskad)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Michael Neiß (2023) – Op Besöök bi Waterloo
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