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  • 1.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Biologins paradox: föränderliga kön och rigida normer2011In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, no 4, 26-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an enormous variation in sex and sexuality among animals. How has this diversity been explained by evolutionary theory? Evolutionary theory regarding sex differences has focused on males and their characteristics and despite theoretical development away from stereotypic notions of females and males, some gender bias remains, both in theory and empirical studies. Heteronormativity is abundant in evolutionary biology. Even though same-sex sexual behaviour has been described in more than one thousand species, the focus on reproduction, which is the basis for evolutionary theory, has long hindered the insight of how widespread it is. Biological arguments for what is natural are abounding in society, and this review of variation in biological sex challenges stereotypic notions of what femaleness and maleness mean. Finally, I discuss how we can aim for a non-normative evolutionary biology.

  • 2.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Challenging popular myths of sex, gender and biology2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Female sexual selection in light of the Darwin–Bateman paradigm2011In: Behavioral Ecology, ISSN 1045-2249, E-ISSN 1465-7279Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Flexible mate choice2010In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior / [ed] Janice Moore & Michael D. Breed, Elsevier , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gender and queer perspectives on Evolutionary Biology2010In: Never mind the gap!: Gendering Science in Transgressive Encounters / [ed] M. Blomqvist & E. Ensmyr, Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University. , 2010, 143-171 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Genusperspektiv på biologi2012Book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Nature queer, vers un point de vue non-normatif sur la diversité biologique.2013In: Le sexe biologique - Anthologie historique et critique Volume 1, Femelles et Mâles ? Histoire naturelle des (deux) sexes / [ed] Thierry Hoquet, Editions Hermann, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    On anisogamy and the evolution of 'sex-roles'2013In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 28, no 1, 1-2 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queer nature: towards a non-normative perspective on biological diversity2009In: Body Claims, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Queering animal sexual behavior in biology textbooks2013In: Confero: Essays on Education, Philosophy and Politics, ISSN 2001-4562, Vol. 1, no 2, 46-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Sexual selection revisited– towards a gender-neutral theory and practise: A Response to Vandermassen’s Sexual Selection, A Tale of Male Bias and Feminist Denial2007In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 14, no 4, 341-348 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent issue of this journal, Vandermassen suggested that feminists should include sexual selection theory and evolutionary psychology in a unifying theory of human nature. In response, this article aims to offer some insight into the development of sexual selection theory, to caution against Vandermassen’s unreserved assimilation and to promote the opposite ongoing integration – an inclusion of gender perspectives into evolutionary biology. In society today, opinions about maintaining traditional sex roles are often put forward on the basis of what is natural and how animals behave. However, the natural sciences have proved to be pervaded by gendered values and interests; Darwin’s theory of sexual selection has been criticized for being male biased, and partly due to the unwillingness of Darwin’s scientific contemporaries to accept female choice, research has been overwhelmingly focused on males. More recently, theory has become less gender biased and research has come to include a large variety of issues not present in the first version of the theory. However, there is a need to increase the awareness of gender bias in order to develop a gender-neutral evolutionary biology.

  • 12.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Toy story: En vetenskaplig kritik av forskningom apors leksakspreferenser2009In: Tidskrift för genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, no 1, 45-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biological sex differences have long been used as argumentsjustifying male dominance and sexist oppression. Animal studies ofsex differences are used to claim that human sex roles have a longevolutionary history. For example, in a study of toy preferences invervet monkeys, the authors conclude that sex-differentiatedobject preferences arose early in human evolution. In this paper Iscrutinize the study and reveal that both the hypotheses, theperformed preference tests and the conclusions drawn are flawed.In the study, the authors hypothesise that male vervets shouldprefer a ball and a car based on the human hunter-gathererhypothesis. Men are suggested to be selected for navigatingabilities useful for hunting and women for nurturing babies. Thishypothesis is then transferred to vervets which is a tree-livingspecies, subsisting of a mainly vegetarian diet, where skills such asnavigating in space ought to be necessary for survival - in bothmales and females. Furthermore, the presentation of toys isconducted in groups, individual interactions with a toy is taken as apreference for the sex of that individual. Therefore it is impossibleto derive individual preferences from these tests. Vervets arematrilinear with females sometimes being dominant to males. Froman animal behaviour framework, I would interpret the preferencesas an interaction between individuals. Perhaps low-rankedindividuals approach new objects first, as they may be dangerous.The results are interpreted and presented with graphs and picturesin order to tell the convincing story about sex differences in toypreference that the authors wanted to find, but there is no support tfor these conclusions.Hence, from the evidence presented in this study, we cannotconclude that human sex-differentiated toy preferences date morethan 23 million years back in time.

  • 13.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Ahnesjö, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Problemet med "könsroller" kvarstår2013In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 1, 136-137 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Ahnesjö, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    The "Sex Role" Concept: An Overview and Evaluation2013In: Evolutionary biology, ISSN 0071-3260, E-ISSN 1934-2845, Vol. 40, no 4, 461-470 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "Sex roles" are intuitively associated to stereotypic female and male sexual strategies and in biology, the term "sex role" often relates to mating competition, mate choice or parental care. "Sex role reversals" imply that the usual typological pattern for a population or species is deviates from a norm, and the meaning of "sex role reversal" thus varies depending upon whatever is the usual pattern of sex-typical behavior in a given taxon. We identify several problems with the current use of the "sex role" concept. (1) It is typological and reflects stereotypic expectations of the sexes. (2) The term "sex role" parses continuous variation into only two categories, often obscuring overlap, between the sexes in behavior and morphology, and variability in relation to ecological circumstances. (3) Common generalizations such as "sex role as seen in nature" mask variation upon which selection may act. (4) The general meaning of "sex roles" in society (i.e. "socially and culturally defined prescriptions and beliefs about the behavior and emotions of men and women") is contrary to biological "sex role" concepts, so that confusing the two obscure science communication in society. We end by questioning the validity of the "sex role" concept in evolutionary biology and recommend replacing the term "sex role" with operational descriptions.

  • 15.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Ahnesjö, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
    Vad kan vi lära av biologisk forskning om “könsroller”?2012In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 6, no 4, 51-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Barron, Andrew B.
    Herberstein, Marie E.
    Genital Evolution: Why Are Females Still Understudied?2014In: PLoS biology, ISSN 1544-9173, E-ISSN 1545-7885, Vol. 12, no 5, e1001851- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diversity, variability, and apparent rapid evolution of animal genitalia are a vivid focus of research in evolutionary biology, and studies exploring genitalia have dramatically increased over the past decade. These studies, however, exhibit a strong male bias, which has worsened since 2000, despite the fact that this bias has been explicitly pointed out in the past. Early critics argued that previous investigators too often considered only males and their genitalia, while overlooking female genitalia or physiology. Our analysis of the literature shows that overall this male bias has worsened with time. The degree of bias is not consistent between subdisciplines: studies of the lock-and-key hypothesis have been the most male focused, while studies of cryptic female choice usually consider both sexes. The degree of bias also differed across taxonomic groups, but did not associate with the ease of study of male and female genital characteristics. We argue that the persisting male bias in this field cannot solely be explained by anatomical sex differences influencing accessibility. Rather the bias reflects enduring assumptions about the dominant role of males in sex, and invariant female genitalia. New research highlights how rapidly female genital traits can evolve, and how complex coevolutionary dynamics between males and females can shape genital structures. We argue that understanding genital evolution is hampered by an outdated single-sex bias.

  • 17.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gowaty, Patricia A.
    A reaction norm perspective on sex and mate choice2013In: Integrative and Comparative Biology, ISSN 1540-7063, E-ISSN 1557-7023, Vol. 53, no S1, E2-E2 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, 621 Charles E Young Dr S, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Ethnol Hist Relig & Gender Studies, Univ Vagen 10 E, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Gowaty, Patricia Adair
    Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, 621 Charles E Young Dr S, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA.;Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, DPO, Box 0948,AA 34002-9998, Washington, DC USA.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Inst Environm & Sustainabil, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA..
    A conceptual review of mate choice: stochastic demography, within-sex phenotypic plasticity, and individual flexibility2016In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 6, no 14, 4607-4642 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mate choice hypotheses usually focus on trait variation of chosen individuals. Recently, mate choice studies have increasingly attended to the environmental circumstances affecting variation in choosers' behavior and choosers' traits. We reviewed the literature on phenotypic plasticity in mate choice with the goal of exploring whether phenotypic plasticity can be interpreted as individual flexibility in the context of the switch point theorem, SPT (Gowaty and Hubbell ). We found >3000 studies; 198 were empirical studies of within-sex phenotypic plasticity, and sixteen showed no evidence of mate choice plasticity. Most studies reported changes from choosy to indiscriminate behavior of subjects. Investigators attributed changes to one or more causes including operational sex ratio, adult sex ratio, potential reproductive rate, predation risk, disease risk, chooser's mating experience, chooser's age, chooser's condition, or chooser's resources. The studies together indicate that choosiness of potential mates is environmentally and socially labile, that is, induced - not fixed - in the choosy sex with results consistent with choosers' intrinsic characteristics or their ecological circumstances mattering more to mate choice than the traits of potential mates. We show that plasticity-associated variables factor into the simpler SPT variables. We propose that it is time to complete the move from questions about within-sex plasticity in the choosy sex to between- and within-individual flexibility in reproductive decision-making of both sexes simultaneously. Currently, unanswered empirical questions are about the force of alternative constraints and opportunities as inducers of individual flexibility in reproductive decision-making, and the ecological, social, and developmental sources of similarities and differences between individuals. To make progress, we need studies (1) of simultaneous and symmetric attention to individual mate preferences and subsequent behavior in both sexes, (2) controlled for within-individual variation in choice behavior as demography changes, and which (3) report effects on fitness from movement of individual's switch points.

  • 19.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hayward, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Toxic sexes—Perverting pollution and queering hormone disruption2013In: O-zone: A Journal of Object Oriented Studies, ISSN ISSN 2326-8344, Vol. 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ah-King, Malin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Nylin, Sören
    Zoologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Sex in an Evolutionary Perspective: Just Another Reaction Norm2010In: Evolutionary biology, ISSN 0071-3260, E-ISSN 1934-2845, Vol. 37, no 4, 234-246 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is common to refer to all sorts of clear-cut differences between the sexes as something that is biologically almost inevitable. Although this does not reflect the status of evolutionary theory on sex determination and sexual dimorphism, it is probably a common view among evolutionary biologists as well, because of the impact of sexual selection theory. To get away from thinking about biological sex and traits associated with a particular sex as something static, it should be recognized that in an evolutionary perspective sex can be viewed as a reaction norm, with sex attributes being phenotypically plastic. Sex determination itself is fundamentally plastic, even when it is termed “genetic”. The phenotypic expression of traits that are statistically associated with a particular sex always has a plastic component. This plasticity allows for much more variation in the expression of traits according to sex and more overlap between the sexes than is typically acknowledged. Here we review the variation and frequency of evolutionary changes in sex, sex determination and sex roles and conclude that sex in an evolutionary time-frame is extremely variable. We draw on recent findings in sex determination mechanisms, empirical findings of morphology and behaviour as well as genetic and developmental models to explore the concept of sex as a reaction norm. From this point of view, sexual differences are not expected to generally fall into neat, discrete, pre-determined classes. It is important to acknowledge this variability in order to increase objectivity in evolutionary research.

  • 21. Alenius Wallin, Linn
    et al.
    Goedecke, Klara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    With a little help from my friends: Gender and intimacy in two friendship research projects2016In: LIR.journal, E-ISSN 2001-2489, no 7, 55-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Friendship is an undertheorized but increasingly important relationship in late modernity. In this article, the authors present findings from two ongoing research projects about friendship, gender and age in contemporary Sweden. They argue that discourses about gender and friendship are very relevant for how friendship is conceptualized both among men and women, but that the well-known ideas about men’s inability and women’s capacity to be close friends ought to be problematized further, from feminist perspectives. Furthermore, they discuss friendships practices, problematizing the frequent equation of friendship and “deep”, intimate dialogues. Intimate dialogues are important but may overshadow other friendship practices, like various kinds of support, but the authors show that support is negotiated in relation to ideas of ideal friendship, permeated by reciprocity and equality. The authors call for further feminist research about friendship, arguing that a feminist perspective can destabilize gendered dichotomies and make it possible to problematize power relations, vulnerabilities and exclusions in friendships.

  • 22.
    Alexandersson, Tatjana
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Mötet med en myndighet: En diskursanalys av hur biståndshandläggare bedömer vård till funktionshindrade barn och ungdomar i Uppsala Kommun.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Allvin, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Om skeva vampyrer, Riktiga Pojkar och dåliga (monster)flickor: En skev/queerteoretisk studie av Bill och Sookie i Charlaine Harris Dead Until Dark2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay takes a closer look at femininity/masculinity, sexuality and queer time and place in Charlaine Harris’ novel Dead Until Dark (2001). The essay’s theoretical framework consists of queer theory and skev theory. Skev is a Swedish word that translates loosely into strange or twisted. Skev theory has queer roots but is used to search for and question forms of normativity other than sexuality. This essay examines Bill and Sookie, the two main characters in Dead Until Dark, with the main aim of analyzing the different ways in which they are portrayed that makes them challenge (and sometimes confirm) norms concerning femininity/masculinity, sexuality and the use of  time and place. The analysis talks about Proper Girls and Proper Boys and how Sookie and Bill may or may not be able and/or willing to be Proper. Monsters and how being a monster impacts Bill’s and Sookie’s Properness is also central to the analysis. In short the essay shows that Bill and Sookie exist in a state of (in)betweenness and that this makes their characters subversive in that they are both skeva. 

  • 24.
    Almgren, Nina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Husligt arbete eller metallarbete?: Kvinnosakkunniga och Statens arbetsmarknadskommission i Sverige 1946-19472002In: Kvinnor tar plats: Arbetsmarknad och industriarbete på 1900-talet, Stockholm: Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek , 2002, 61-75 p.Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 25.
    Almgren, Nina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Industri- eller vårdarbete eller bådadera?: Kvinnoorganisationer och efterkrigsplanering 1943-19442000In: Arbetarhistoria: Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens arkiv och bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 95-96, no 3-4, 26-31 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
  • 26.
    Almgren, Nina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Norrbin, Camilla
    Kvinnors intressen och strategier i statlig politik2000In: Køn, religion og kvinder i bevægelse: Konferencerapport fra det VI. Nordiske kvindehistorikermøde Tisvildeleje 12. – 15. august 1999, 2000, 160-189 p.Conference paper (Other scientific)
  • 27.
    Almgren, Nina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Norrbin, Camilla
    Svenska kvinnors internationella arbete under 1900-talet – en alternativ offentlighet?2004In: Kulturella perspektiv: Svensk etnologisk tidskrift, ISSN 1102-7908, no 1, 45-52 p.Article in journal (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines a planned research project concerning Swedish women in international politics. We are guided by the notion that international organizations and embassies can be understood as an alternative public arena for Swedish feminists. Using MP Cecilia Nettelbrandt as an example, we wanted to show that troublesome politicians could be sent away from domestic politics and that Nettelbrandt in her turn used the international feminist cooperation and her commission as an ambassador as an alternative public arena.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Catrine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Autonomi och subversitet: Om den svenska biteorins utveckling som forskningsområde.2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Andersson, Catrine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Tvåsamhetsbegreppet uppmanar till nya frågor2011In: Ikaros, ISSN 0782-6052, Vol. 8, no 3, 30-31 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30. Andersson Cederholm, Erika
    et al.
    Björck, AmelieJennbert, KristinaLönngren, Ann-SofieUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Exploring the animal turn: Human-animal relations in science, society and culture2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Animals' omnipresence in human society makes them both close to and ye tremarkably distant from humans. Human and animal lives have always been entangled, but the way we see and practice the relationships between humans and animals - as close, intertwined, or clearly separate - varies from time to time and between cultures, societies, and even situations. By putting these complex relationships in focus, this anthology investigates the ways in which human society deals with its co-existence with animals. The volume was produced within the frame of the interdisciplinary "Animal Turn"-research group which during eight months in 2013-2014 was hosted by the Pufendorf Institute for Advanced Studies, Lund university, Sweden. Along with invited scholars and artists, members of this group contribute with different perspectives on the complexities and critical issues evoked when the human-animal relationship is in focus.

    The anthology covers a wide range of topics: From discussions on new disciplinary paths and theoretical perspectives, empirical case-studies, and artistic work, towards more explicitly critical approaches to issues of animal welfare. Phenomena such as vegan sexuality, anthropomorphism, wildlife crimes, and the death of honey-bees are being discussed. How we gain knowledge of other species and creatures is one important issue in focus. What does, for example, the notion of wonderment play in this production of knowledge? How were species classified in pre-Christian Europe? How is the relationship between domesticated and farmed animals and humans practiced and understood? How is it portrayed in literature, or in contemporary social media? Many animals are key actors in these discussions, such as dogs, cows, bees, horses, pigeons, the brown bear, just to mention a few, as well as some creatures more difficult to classify as either humans or animals. All of these play a part in the questions that is at the core of the investigations carried out in this volume: How to produce knowledge that creates possibilities for an ethically and environmentally sustainable future.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Martinson, I.
    Sorensen, S.
    Thörngren Engblom, Docent, P.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Wiesner, Karoline
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics.
    Kvinnor i fysik2004In: KOSMOSArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32. Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Öhman, May-Britt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Var dag en kamp för skogssamisk framtid: Ett (drygt) år med Henrik Andersson,renskötare i Gällivare skogssameby2017In: Uppsala mitt i Sápmi – Sábme – Saepmie II.: En supradisciplinär antologi härrörande från vårsymposium organiserat av Uppsam –Föreningen for samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala, Uppsala universitet, 28–29 april 2014 / [ed] May-Britt Öhman, Cecilia Hedlund, Gunilla Larsson, Uppsala: Uppsam - föreningen för samiskrelaterad forskning i Uppsala , 2017, 51-62 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every day struggles for Forest Sámi futures: A year with Henrik Andersson, reindeer herder in GällivareForest Sámi villageAt the UPPSAM spring symposium 2014 Henrik Andersson, reindeer herder in Gällivare Forest Sámi village(sameby), participated and presented along with film maker Petri Storlöpare the documentary “The LastGeneration?”. The film follows Henrik during a year 2012–2013, when he decided to live according to oldertradition. Henrik Andersson is besides working for the maintaining of Forest Sámi tradition and handicraftalso a frequent writer on Facebook and he is actively pursuing different issues of importance for the preservationof Sámi lands and waters for current reindeer herding and for future generations. May-Britt Öhmanhas with the approval of Henrik selected among his many Facebook updates over a year, starting fromJuly 7, 2014 until September 4, 2015. [facebook.com/henrik.andersson.982] The content in the updates isall from every day reflections, happy moments, to critique against the destructive exploitations of Sámi landsand waters. One recurrent theme is the struggle to safeguard reindeer grazing, calving and migration landsagainst wind power exploitations, at the moment pursued by the company Vasavind and also the state powercompany Vattenfall, on the lands of Gällivare forest Sámi village. The updates are most of the time written oncellphone and some smaller editing has been made for enhanced legibility. However, most of the text is thesame version as is available on Henrik’s open Facebook wall. The updates follows Facebook chronology,meaning that the latest are the first.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Chemistry for whom? Gender awareness in teaching and learning chemistry2017In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 12, no 2, 425-433 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Marie Stahl and Anita Hussenius have defined what discourses dominate national tests in chemistry for Grade 9 in Sweden by using feminist, critical didactic perspectives. This response seeks to expand the results in Stahl and Hussenius's article Chemistry inside an epistemological community box!-Discursive exclusions and inclusions in the Swedish national tests in chemistry, by using different facets of gender awareness. The first facet-Gender awareness in relations to the test designers' own conceptions- highlighted how the gender order where women are subordinated men becomes visible in the national tests as a consequence of the test designers internalized conceptions. The second facet-Gender awareness in relation to chemistry-discussed the hierarchy between discourses within chemistry. The third facet-Gender awareness in relation to students-problematized chemistry in relation to the students' identity formation. In summary, I suggest that the different discourses can open up new ways to interpret chemistry and perhaps dismantle the hegemonic chemistry discourse.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    "It's Funny that We Don't See the Similarities when that's what We're Aiming for"-Visualizing and Challenging Teachers' Stereotypes of Gender and Science2012In: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898, Vol. 42, no 2, 281-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study illuminates teachers' conceptions of gender and science and possibilities to challenge these conceptions. Since 2005, a group of teachers (K-6) in Sweden have met approximately once a month in two-hour seminars to discuss and develop their instruction in science and technology based on a gender perspective. The present data consist mainly of audio-recordings of the teacher seminars and video-recordings of science activities with students. Analysis of the empirical data has been carried out in several stages and was inspired by thematic analysis, the theoretical framework of which is based on Hirdman's and Beauvoir's theories of gender. The results show that the teachers' ideas about gender/equity and science exist on several levels, within which various conceptions are represented. On the one hand, "reasoning around similarity", where teachers consider that both girls and boys should have the same prerequisites for working with science. In contrast, stereotypical conceptions of girls and boys occur when the teachers evaluate their activities with students, and condescending attitudes toward girls are also observed. The girls' ways of working with science are not as highly valued as the boys', and this outlook on children can ultimately have consequences for girls' attitudes towards the subject. When teachers are allowed to read their own statements about the girls, they get "a glimpse of themselves", and their condescending ideas about girls are made visible. In this way, the teachers can begin their active work towards change, which may lead to new outlooks on and attitudes towards students.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Engström, Susanne
    KTH.
    Blomqvist, Martha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    University of Delaware.
    Hasse, Cathrine
    Aarhus universitet.
    In the borderland between academic disciplines and school science - feminist perspectives on science teacher education2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Engström, Susanne
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Blomqvist, Martha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    University of Delaware.
    Hasse, Cathrine
    DPU - Danmarks institut for Pædagogik og Uddannelse.
    In the borderland between academic disciplines and school science – feminist perspectives on science teacher education.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Engström, Susanne
    KTH.
    Blomqvist, Martha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    University of Delaware.
    Hasse, Cathrine
    Aarhus universitet.
    Science faculty as teacher educators – a feminist perspective.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hussénius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Engström, Susanne
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Blomqvist, Martha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    University of Delaware.
    Hasse, Cathrine
    DPU - Danmarks institut for Pædagogik og Uddannelse.
    Science faculty as teacher educators – a feminist perspective2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hussenius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och psykologi, Högskolan i Gävle.
    Gender Theory as a Tool for Analysing Science Teaching2009In: Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, ISSN 0742-051X, Vol. 25, no 2, 336-343 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines to what extent experienced teachers are aware of gender issues in the science classroom. It also explores how an introduction to gender theory might alter this awareness. Teachers wrote their reflections about a real classroom situation. They were then asked to analyse the same situation after having read texts that discussed gender theory concepts. The fourteen teachers' understanding about gender and society were challenged. Some teachers were able to analyse the case differently by applying gender theory, others discussed the case on a more general level, while one teacher showed signs of resistance regarding gender theory.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Måns Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gendering animals: Representation, identification and the demise of simplicity2006In: NIKK magasin, ISSN 1502-1521, no 3, 12-15 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Several of Darwins ideas about evolution have taken time permeate in to main stream biology. One of them was the idea about the sexually active female. During the last thirty years androcentrism and schematic thinking on sex has been challenged by gender perspectives and modern behavioral ecology but a lot remains to be done. There is much suggesting that in particular the study and transgression of the boundary between theories on gender and sexual selection might produce surprising counter knowledge.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Måns Sverker
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Animal Ecology.
    Genusperspektiv på beteendens evolutionära genetik2006In: Dialoger mellan kön och genus, 2006Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Psykologen Virginia Valian talar om traditionell kategorisering baserad på kön (gender schemas). Man har med experiment tydligt kunnat visa att sådana kategoriseringar påverkar vår perception radikalt. Studier visar till exempel att försöks¬personer som ställs inför uppgiften att uppskatta mäns och kvinnors längd regelmässigt underskattar kvinnors längd. Föga förvånande så bär vi med oss dessa könskategorier även när vi studerar djur och evolution.

    Den ornitologiskt kunnige som slår upp sparvhök i Bonniers Alla Europas fåglar i färg slås av att honan avbildas som likstor med hanen trots att honorna i verkligheten är mycket större. Tvärtemot vad fågelboken antyder så är det lättare att missta en sparvhökshona för hanen hos den större duvhöken, än för hanen av den egna arten. Det här är en typ av reproduktion av könsstereotyp och missvisande information som är vanlig i den ornitologiska litteraturen.

    Ornitologin i sin tur är intimt kopplad till och uppvisar strukturella likheter med den del av evolutionsbiologin som får allt större inflytande på vår förståelse av beteenden, beteendeekologin.

    Beteendeekologiska teorier och resultat kan innebära en revolution för tänkandet kring kön och könsbundna egenskaper. Att plocka isär och återuppbygga könsbegreppen har delvis varit nödvändigt, i synnerhet för de som studerar vad vi kallar ”sexuell selektion”. Därför har genusperspektiven stora möjligheter att kunna bidra med insikter viktiga för både teoribildningen och det praktiska vetenskapliga hantverket.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Måns Sverker
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Bartholdsson, Örjan
    Sthlm Univ.
    Swedish pulp and paper in Brazil: The case of Veracel2006In: Ecological Debt, The Peoples Of The South Are The Creditors. Cases from Ecuador, Mozambique, Brazil and India, World Council of Churches, Geneva & Troika Press, Quezon City , 2006, 81-124 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Of all the natural forest that is lost every year, 94 percent are located in the tropics. Fast-growing wood plantations and pulp production constitute a major threat to the remaining tropical rainforests and to the local populations who depend on these forests to secure their livelihood.

    The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that the global growth rate of tree plantations amounts to 45,000 km2 per year. Asia and South America accounts for 89 percent of the total growth. Brazil has by far the most tree plantations in South America and the majority of the plantations are situated in the south eastern states.

    On 28 September 2005, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva inaugurated Veracel’s newly-constructed paper mill in the southern cone of the Brazilian state of Bahia. The pulp mill’s annual production capacity is currently 900,000 metric tons of pulp. It is expected to produce the cheapest pulp in the world.

    The Nordic Investment Bank (NIB), the European Investment Bank (EIB), and the Brazilian Social and National Development Bank (BNDES) have contributed US$640 million of investments for the pulp mill. NIB contributed US$70 million and EIB US$80 million of this sum. The total cost of the under the current administration. Despite the political enthusiasm for the expansion of the pulp and paper industry in Brazil various movements and groups offer hard resistance against this expansion and environmental organizations from various states have formed a network, A Rede Alerta Contra O Deserte Verde (Alert Against the Green Desert Movement), in order to oppose the construction of pulp mills and the increase of eucalyptus plantations to supply the mills. Veracel owns 700 km2 of plantations. In addition, there are 230 km2 of plantations, which are owned by peasants and farmers contracted by Veracel. A part owner of Veracel is Aracruz, the Brazilian-Norwegian paper and pulp company. Aracruz owns 2,100 km2 and has additional agreements with peasants and farmers planting an area of 380 km2. The large economic consultant institution, Instituto Fundação Calmon, has stated that the potential of growth of the eucalyptus plantations in the region amounts to 15,000 km2. This would mean that, compared to their present size, the size of the plantations would increase several times. There have been some political attempts to legislate against the unrestricted expansion of the eucalyptus plantations. So far, however, the pulp and paper companies have succeeded in lobbying against such restrictions. The opposition against the industry states that the expansion of the pulp and paper corporations has to be limited since:

    • The expansion of eucalyptus plantations forces local people- peasants, indigenous groups and Afro-Brazilian subsistence farmers- from their land.

    • Pulp and paper corporations appropriate land that otherwise could have been used in the ongoing land reform.

    • The plantations increase the price of land, thus making it harder for the state to buy land for land reform.

    • The plantations have detrimental effects on agriculture in the vicinity and reduce water availability.

    • The plantations obstruct the regeneration of the Atlantic rainforest and have negative consequences for the sensitive flora and fauna of the region.

    • The paper and pulp industry generates few new jobs, despite the fact that huge state resources have been invested in this sector.

    • The construction and operation of pulp mills have detrimental effects on the environment.

    • The construction of the pulp mills attracts thousands of people to the region who do not have the right education to qualify for employment.

    The network of environmental and human rights organizations that organizes the resistance against the expansion of the pulp and paper industry in general and Veracel specifically asserts that the ecological conditions have changed since the last Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was made. Therefore, the network demanded that a new EIA ought to be carried out before Veracel started construction of a paper mill. Veracel, and the corporations which owns it, Stora Enso and Aracruz, rejected this demand, however. The network is also critical of the fact that the technique used in bleaching the pulp will not be TCF or totally chlorine free. Instead of the TCF-technique, the elemental chlorine free process, ECF, will be utilized. The advocates of Veracel stress the employment opportunities created. This is, however, a contested claim. Most of the land where eucalyptus is grown was previously utilized for extensive cattle-raising. According to one of the most outspoken critics of the paper pulp companies, the priest José Koopmans, the eucalyptus plantations do not lead to any net gain in jobs when compared to cattle-raising and small-scale agriculture. Koopmans and organizations that represent farmers and landless peasants argue that plots where fruits of different kinds are cultivated lead to a significant increase in available jobs. They say federal and state investments should, therefore, be redirected from the pulp sector to small-scale agriculture. Indeed, considering the large sums invested, few vacant jobs were created at Bahia Sul’s and Aracruz’ plants. At the latest plant Aracruz built, 173 direct jobs were created. Taking into consideration the investments made, this shows that every vacant job costs US$3.3 million. Veracel’s plant will generate approximately 500 direct jobs. Another major problem with Veracel concerns its partnership with joint-owner Aracruz Celulose, the world’s leading producer of bleached eucalyptus pulp. The corporation, founded in 1968, has a long and conflict-ridden history. Local people and the network of environmental and human rights organizations fear that Veracel successively will adopt Aracruz’ methods and its inadequate dialogue with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and unions. The human rights organization FASE or Federation for Social and Educational Assistance argues that Aracruz has acquired land through false promises, threats and the destruction of sources of subsistence of the local people. FASE claims that there were about 40 indigenous villages in the area where Aracruz was active. After Aracruz had established all of its eucalyptus plantations in the area only three villages remained. In the beginning of October 2005, around 300 Tupinkim and Guarani Indians occupied the administrative center of Aracruz. The Indians demanded that the corporation return 1,100 hectares to them, which they claimed were part of their traditional territory. The Indians withdrew after authorities promised that a new demarcation of indigenous territory will be conducted. The pulp mills have resulted in further deterioration in the living conditions of the local people. The large water consumption needed for the mills made Aracruz redirect the courses of rivers in the region, thus decreasing local people’s access to potable water and fishing opportunities. The resistance against Aracruz has hardened substantially over the last years. There have been attempts to legislate against further expansion of the plantations and in 2002 the state parliament of Espírito Santo appointed a commission to investigate Aracruz’ behavior. Currently, hundreds of labor lawsuits have been brought against Aracruz. So far, however, Aracruz has succeeded in continuously expanding its activities. One reason for its success is the company’s well-developed political network. Aracruz is among the companies in Brazil which makes the largest donations to politicians. Its donations and contacts have paid off. All three of Aracruz’ plants have been inaugurated by presidents of Brazil and the country’s highest political stratum have supported Aracruz.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Måns Sverker
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Animal Ecology.
    Eliasson, Miriam
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Hur görs djur?: Könsstereotyper och androcentrism i studier av andra arter än Homo sapiens.2006In: Kvinovetenskaplig Tidskrift, no 2-3, 65-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of evolutionary ecology in general and behavioural ecology in particular is often regarded as an androcentric science where sexual stereotypes pervade. In this article we review some of the evidence for this notion and suggest that behavioural ecology still is suffering from such gender bias. The criticism so far has mainly been centred on how these problems affect the understanding of humans. Here focus on how it can produce misconceptions of animals and animal behaviour. In particular we discuss why gender perspectives are relevant to theory production, experiment design and the choice of study species. We also suggest that sexual stereotypes and androcentrism are not a necessary part of behavioural ecology, and that the field has the potential of producing knowledge that could revolutionize some of the thinking around sex and gender.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Måns Sverker
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research. Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution. zooekologi.
    Ödeen, Anders
    Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution.
    Håstad, Olle
    Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution.
    A partly coverable badge signalling avian virus resistance2006In: Acta Zoologica, no 87, 71-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: We investigated whether the sexually selected forehead patch of the collared flycatcher Ficedula albicollis is an honest badge of status indicating quality expressed as immunological response. We used both manual measurements and digital measurements, the latter based on photographs. Badge-size data were collected during the mating period and during the nestling feeding period to capture trait plasticity. Concomitant with first sample collection, birds were inoculated with a novel antigen. Antibody response was strongly and positively correlated with badge expression during the mating period and with the increase in badge expression during the mating period as compared with outside this period. The results support the Hansen and Rohwer theory of coverable badges, are consistent with the immunocompetence handicap hypothesis and with the good genes model suggesting that, on a population level, the expression of secondary sexual traits should be an honest signal positively associated with traits that are beneficial for survival. The results also suggest that manual measurements of this type of secondary sexual trait are sufficiently exact.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Johansson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gender gap or program gap?: Students’ negotiations of study practice in a course in electromagnetism2016In: Physical Review Physics Education Research, ISSN 2469-9896, Vol. 12, no 2, 020112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study of achievement differences, as reflected by course grades, on a third-semester electromagnetism course at a Swedish research university was motivated by instructor concerns about gender inequalities. Quantitative analysis showed a gender gap in course grades between female and male students for the period of fall 2007 to spring 2013. Dynamics behind this gap were explored through interpretative discourse analysis on interviews of 21 students who had recently passed the course. A recurring pattern was identified in the interviews. Students described studying electromagnetism as either studying to pass or studying to learn. Their choice of practice was influenced by the significance recognized in the course, which primarily was discussed in relation to program affiliation. Students stressed that perceived differences, in their study context, were larger between students affiliated with different programs than between male and female students on the same program. This was supported by quantitative analysis of course grades in relation to study programs, where the grade difference between female and male students on the same program in most cases were not statistically significant. The gender gap in grades for the whole course was related to different achievements on different programs. Programs further from the discipline of physics had lower mean grades and also enrolled a larger fraction of female students. Society-wide gender differences in interest and study choice are reflected in the grades on this single course. These results displace the achievement gap from the level of individuals to that of programs, and the gender gap from a difference in achievement to a difference in study choice. We discuss the implications of this shift of perspective in relation to gender differences for both research and teaching.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Johansson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    “You’re viewed in a different way”– intersecting norms in science and technology education2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much concern is given to increasing participation of “minorities” in Science and Technology. Simultaneously, research shows how these areas can appear hostile to people outside the norm. However, formation of and inte- ractions with the norm is complex and occur in the intersection of various aspects, such as gender and program belonging.

    To explore the dynamics of unequal treatment in science and technology, we have analysed reports of negative experiences from students at a Swedish research university. 3123 students responded to web-based questionnaires about educational experiences in 2012 and 2014. Negative experiences were reported by 14% of the female respondents and 7% of the male re- spondents.

    Qualitative analysis of answers about negative experiences identified more than two thirds of the responses as regarding how students are perceived, valued and treated, primarily in relation to gender and programme belonging. Female students were positioned as less knowledgeable and therefore needing and receiving more, often unwanted, help than their peers. Responses related to the expected masculinity of science and technology were more than four times as common among female respondents. Students in “non- traditional” programmes were perceived as having lower status and mee- ting unfair treatment. These programs often recruit larger fractions of female students and, consistently, responses regarding program status was three times more common among female respondents.

    Our study illustrates how normative factors affect higher education experiences in science and technology, especially for female students, who may be subject to unequal treatment both as women and as students on non- traditional programmes.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Johansson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Salminen Karlsson, Minna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Negotiating a Practice of Learning2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on study choice and participation in higher education, particularly in science and engineering, stresses the importance of students' on-going identity work as learners (Holmegard, Ulriksen & Madsen, 2014; Henriksen, Dillon & Ryder, 2015), especially on the scale of field of study. Our project explore how such identity work takes place on course level.

    An interview study concerning course achievement was undertaken with 21 students on a third-semester physics course. An interpretative discourse analysis (Gee, 2011) of the interviews yielded a model for students' negotiations of their practice in the course. Three types of practice were described: Ignoring to study, Studying to pass, and Studying to learn. The choice between these was influenced by the significance recognized for the course. This recognition, in turn, was generally discussed in relation to identity, largely connected to programme affiliation.

    This negotiation process becomes especially relevant when differently profiled programmes allow students to recognize and expect different ways of doing disciplines. However, in the study context they often study the same courses. We will present examples of the consequences this can have, based on quantitative data from the fields of physics and economics. Our results emphasize the importance of designing and teaching courses in a way that enable all students to recognize them as significant, to encourage both learning and participation.

    References

    Gee, J.P. (2011). An introduction to discourse analysis: theory and method. (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge.

    Henriksen, E.K., Dillon, J., & Ryder, J. (Eds.). (2015). Understanding student participation and choice in science and technology education. Springer.

    Holmegaard, H.T., Ulriksen, L.M., & Madsen, L.M. (2014). The process of choosing what to study: A longitudinal study of upper secondary students' identity work when choosing higher education. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 58(1), 21-40.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Staffan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Johansson, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Physics Didactics.
    Elmgren, Maja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Physical Chemistry.
    Salminen Karlsson, Minna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Recognizing the significance of electromagnetism as identity work of engineering students2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in student achievement, as measured by course grades, were explored on a third-semester Electromagnetism course through a mixed-methods approach. Interpretative discourse analysis of interviews showed how students describe their studying in relation to practice, significance and identity. Students that only saw a formal significance of the course, as an eligibility requirement, related to a practice of Studying to pass. A practice of Studying to pass was related to the recognition of vocational and disciplinary significance of the course. Program affiliation, associated with different views regarding vocations and the discipline of physics, were described as central for the on-going identity work of these students as learners. The results indicated that program affiliation played a central role for student achievement on the course. This was corroborated by a quantitative analysis showing that male and female students on most programs performed equally. This study was initiated to inform pedagogical development with the outspoken goal to

    help all female students, but the situation was not that simple. Our results emphasize the importance designing and teaching courses in a way that enable all students to recognize them as significant, to encourage both learning and participation.

  • 49.
    Anderssson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hussenius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Chafing borderlands – pre-service teachers' meetings with different cultures in their education.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Anderssson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Gullberg, Annica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Hussenius, Anita
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Gender Research.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    University of Delaware.
    Critiquing science, thinking gender in science teacher education2014Conference paper (Refereed)
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