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  • 1.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    Gävle Högskola.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    Gävle Högskola.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions. Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Erbil, Pilar
    Oncology Clinique, Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients2016In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries — Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey — are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant ( Sabr ) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

  • 2.
    Arnetz, Bengt B
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Ventimiglia, Matthew
    Beech, Pamela
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Lökk, Johan
    Arnetz, Judith E
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Spiritual values and practices in the workplace and employee stress and mental well-being2013In: Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, ISSN 1476-6086, E-ISSN 1942-258X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 271-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:

    To determine whether employees’ spiritual values and practicesin the workplace attenuate occupational stress and work-related exhaustion,and promote mental well-being.

    Methods:

    Participants (N = 649) completedvalidated measures of mental well-being, occupational stress, and workrelatedexhaustion, as well as two newly developed measures of individualspiritual values and practices in the workplace.

    Results:

    Factor analysis confirmedthat spirituality items belonged to two separate constructs. In logisticregression models, the Spiritual Values in the Workplace scale was positivelyassociated with mental well-being and low occupational stress. Thespiritual practices at work scale was positively associated with low workrelatedexhaustion.

    Conclusions:

    Employee spiritual values and practices, aswell as workplace acceptance of such practices, appear to promote mentalwell-being and attenuate stress.

  • 3. Avci, Artun
    et al.
    Cetrez, ÖnverUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.Kotaman, Asli
    Neo-Islamic Cultures Influence on Recent Turkish Media2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume looks at the relation between contemporary Turkish film and television discourses and religion, in relation to the traditions and rituals of Islam, the representation of Muslim women, and subsequent changes in narratives and characters. It employs differing approaches to the relationships between media and religion, concentrating on how religion has started to shape the politics of film in new cinema practices in Turkey. As such, the book represents a comprehensive resource on recent Turkish cinema and TV – a milestone at a time when numerous disciplines have shown an increasing interest in the emerging new Islamic popular culture. It will appeal to those who are interested in Turkey’s opinion about itself, scholars who work in film studies, media studies, religious studies, gender studies and the political sciences, as well as anyone with an interest in Middle Eastern studies and media.

  • 4.
    Axnér, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Constructing Meaning with Spiritual Meditation: How spiritual experiences can influence psychological well being2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A qualitative method was used to explore the construction of meaning in relation to spiritual meditation and spiritual experience. Meaning was considered a pathway between spiritual experience and psychological well being. 8 semi-structured interviews were conducted with people who meditate and report having had spiritual experiences during meditation. A cultural analysis was employed to understand spiritual meaning in secular, postmodern Sweden. Meaning was analyzed using a theory of global meaning where the meaning system is made up of three aspects; beliefs, goals and affect. Spiritual meditation and spiritual experiences were used by the participants to construct meaning in all three areas of global meaning. Beliefs about a spirit world and the eternal nature of a soul were confirmed and experienced in spiritual meditation which provided meaning to life and raised self-esteem. The spiritual meditation also helped the participants find and strive for important goals in life, often related to personal growth.   

  • 5.
    Beijer, Ulla
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Birath, Christina Scheffel
    Stockholm Ctr Dependency Disorders, Stockholm, Sweden.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions. Innlandet Hosp Trust, Publ Mental Hlth, Brumunddal, Norway.
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Karolinska Inst, Psychol, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Facets of Male Violence Against Women With Substance Abuse Problems: Women With a Residence and Homeless Women2018In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, ISSN 0886-2605, E-ISSN 1552-6518, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1391-1411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to investigate the type and extent to which women with substance abuse problems have been exposed to male violence during their lifetime, and to examine possible differences between women with a residence (WR) and homeless women (HW). The total sample included 79 women (WR, n = 35; HW, n = 44; M age = 47.8 years). Of the total sample, 72 women (91%) had experienced different kinds of male violence, 88% from former partners, and 26% from male friends or acquaintances. Of the 72 women, 71% further reported Countless occasions of violent events, and 36% had been forced to commit criminal acts. Abused women who had been forced to commit criminal acts were significantly more frequently found to be homeless, have reported parental alcohol and/or drug problems, have witnessed domestic violence in childhood, have been victims of sexual violence, have used illicit drugs as a dominant preparation, and have injected illicit drugs. Almost half of the abused women (46%) met criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), where HW showed an almost 4-time higher risk (RR 3.78) than WR. In conclusion there is a particular vulnerability in women with substance abuse to male violence, which has an important impact on their health status. Thus, from a public health perspective, it is suggested that for those women who have experienced male violence, treatment protocols need to include both assessing and addressing the impact of such experience in relation to substance abuse as well as concomitant health concerns.

  • 6.
    Belfrage, Lennart
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Clergy Existence Challenged: An Existential Psychological Exploration of Meaning-Making and Burnout Related to the Church of Sweden2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the prevalence of stress-related burnout among clergy in the Church of Sweden in the current postmodern context. The study focuses on the seriousness of the problem and the role of burnout’s existential dimension. It involves an existential psychological approach in relation to clergy health, connecting to the area of meaning-making and existential health in psychology of religion. A mixed-method design has been used. The study’s first phase has included survey questionnaires related to the work environment of the parish priest, and a self-appraisal burnout measure. Lay members of parish councils have received a shorter questionnaire emphasizing expectations of the clergy. The second phase has included a second burnout measure and semi-structured reflective interviews with parish priests. A method for interpreting lived experience has been used Results indicate a strong connection between vocational doubt and emotional exhaustion, including items with existential themes. A particularly important category of items related to the experience of meaning has been found to have a significant relationship with questions concerning vocational doubt. The laity’s understanding of clergy identity is clearly dominated by managerial categories. It appears that the understanding and role of the minister is insufficiently distinctive. Reactions among the clergy express concern about the level of stress and the absence of dialogue and response. A strong connection between vocational doubt and emotional exhaustion points to void and lethargy. Relations between emotional exhaustion and responses relating to meaninglessness, career choice, and isolation have proven statistically significant. Existential themes related to risk areas and job resources have emerged. Results point to the need for pre-emptive measures in the parish context involving both laity and priests. A Clergy Relational Model of Burnout and Existential Quest is offered for studying mixed samples of parish priests and laity.

  • 7.
    Birath, Christina Scheffel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Beijer, Ulla
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Women with Substance Abuse Problems Exposed to Men's Violence - A Public Mental Health Challenge2013In: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, ISSN 2155-6105, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore self-rated physical and psychological health in two groups of women with substance misuse problems, subjected to male violence.

    Methods: An examination of the health situation for women with substance dependence being exposed to male violence during life. The study took place in a Swedish context exploring data from 35 women with housing (WwH) and 44 homeless women (HW), regarding posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, psychological and physical problems. Mann-Whitney U-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used to calculate differences between groups and correlations.

    Results: The proportion of women being exposed to male violence during life for the studied group was 91% (72 of 79 women; WwH 29; HW 43). It was found that the WwH had physical health problems but compared to the HW, significantly less frequent. Regarding psychological health problems, both groups were suffering from self-reported problems, most notably in variables measuring stress susceptibility and embitterment, where both WwH and HW had scores markedly above norm mean scores. The HW had overall a poorer mental health profile as compared to the WwH. The WwH still maintained a foundation in the society compared to the HW regarding housing (100/0%), and custody over their children (91/0%).

    Conclusion: The study indicated that women with substance dependence and those who are victims of male violence have major problems with both their psychological and physical health. Particularly vulnerable are the HW. Past experiences of violence that have not been processed can further aggravate the women’s health. Thus, we suggest initiating the process of asking women if they have experienced violence in order to then be able to provide appropriate treatment interventions. For the WwH, this process may lead to a prevention of serious consequences for both their housing situation and for their health.

  • 8. Birath, Christina Scheffel
    et al.
    Demarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Klinteberg, Britt Af
    Moods and expectancies of female alcohol drinking - an exploratory study2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 472-481Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gaining access to information concerning mood states and expectations of change preceding a typical drinking occasion is important for understanding the trigger factors for drinking, and for alcohol abuse treatment planning. The objective of the present study was twofold: (i) to explore self-reported states of mood and expectancies preceding a typical drinking occasion vs. relations with parents and drinking outcome; and (ii) to investigate if vulnerability factors in terms of personality and health are related to severity of alcohol problems. The population consisted of 50 women attending a Swedish alcohol clinic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. A mixed-methods design was used encompassing qualitative interview-data and quantitative data from questionnaires and medical journals. Nine out of ten patients had a diagnosis of alcohol dependence, and four out of five had parents with dependency problems. As compared to a female norm group, the patients displayed significantly higher anxiety-related traits and irritability. Moods were described by patients as mostly negative and expectancies of change were evenly distributed between reducing, enhancing or flight from feeling. An expectancy of flight when drinking was also related to a positive relation to mother. The findings pointed to the need for differentiating between coping with and expectancies of drinking. Further, a hierarchical cluster analysis resulted in two groups, indicating one group characterized by higher risk values on personality scales and more severe consequences of drinking. The contribution of a treatment design informed through a gender and culture perspective to treatment outcome was discussed.

  • 9. Birath, Christina Scheffel
    et al.
    Demarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Stenbacka, Marlene
    af Klinteberg, Britt
    Women with alcohol problems: The possible significance of personality clustering for treatment planning2011In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 207-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and Aims. Establishing subgroups in clinical practice is important for treatment planning. The aim of the study was to cluster the study group subjects according to personality traits and psychological health variables and to establish possible differences in treatment outcome in terms of: (i) drinking outcomes (gram and number of drinking days); (ii) perceived physiological health; and (iii) use of treatment resources (length of time in treatment and number of visits) among 134 treatment-seeking women with alcohol problems in a clinical context, between the two clusters obtained. Design and Methods. Data were collected from 134 consecutive women at a Swedish clinic specialised in treating women with alcohol problems. A hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on the basis of self-rated personality scale scores and psychological health variables. Results. Two clusters were identified: one in which the women displayed personality and psychological health scores indicating problems (Cluster 1); and another where the women showed personality and psychological health scores within the norm range (Cluster 2). Alcohol consumption rates at the start of treatment were the same in both clusters. The consumption rates were also the same at the end of treatment for the cluster, showing a significant decrease in alcohol consumption in each. The Cluster 1 women, however, had a significantly higher number of visits at the clinic, and rated the consequences of their alcohol drinking as being significantly worse than Cluster 2 women. Discussion and Conclusions. The importance of individual differences according to personality traits for treatment planning is discussed in terms of the need for variation in treatment time and methods.

  • 10.
    Björkander, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    "I detta sibiriska Babel": – Coping och religiös föreställningsvärld hos svenska soldater i kriget mot Ryssland 1707-17212014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study diaries and letters from Swedish soldiers during the Great Nordic War, more specifically those written during the campaign 1707-1721 against Russia, in search of religious coping and religious parables. The theoretic framework is evolved around Kenneth Pargament’s theory about religious coping, and Ana-Maria Rizzuto’s theory about object relations. The method used can be described as hermeneutic.

    The questions at hand were:

    - How did Swedish soldiers during the war against Russia relate to God, and express image of God and religious concepts?

    - Did the soldiers express themselves in terms of spiritual coping and in that case to what extent?

    The conclusions were that the soldiers used religious coping as a method of survival. They used all methods as stated by Pargament, except the method that involves cooperation with God, unless you count being God’s humble servant as a way of cooperation.Several diaries features songs and poems and many expresses prayers and faith in God. The soldiers express themselves with parables to the Old Testament, for ex-ample to the Babylonian captivity. The language of the diaries changes after the defeat of Poltava 1709, to a richer one full of religious parables.

    Keywords: Spiritual coping, soldiers, Great Nordic War, Charles the XII, Kenneth Pargament.

  • 11.
    Bratt, Elin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    ”Med hjälp av mindfulness kan du leva totalt, vara total”: Religionspsykologiska perspektiv på coping och psykisk hälsa inom mindfulness2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of mindfulness in healthcare is increasing in Sweden. A so-called secular form of mindfulness is also increasing within mediated contemporary psychology and is used in many areas such as schools, workplaces and when giving birth. The method originates from Buddhism and is much more complex than the form of mindfulness marketed in Sweden today. The religious heritage of mindfulness is interesting to study in such a secular society as Sweden, where the material for this study is found. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate whether mindfulness still is a form of religious coping or if it has become completely secularized, and thus free of its religious origin. This is done in a qualitative manner by examining three experiences of mindfulness described in the following books and blogs: How I overcame my trauma and PTSD (2013) by Philippe Izmailov, Mindfulness – En väg att hantera smärta (2008) by Vidyamala Burch and the blog article Därför tränar jag mindfulness (2013-05-20) by Jonas Ask.

    The research questions in this study are: What importance does mindfulness have for the individuals mental health based on religious and psychological coping theory? and Can mindfulness be interpreted as a form of coping which includes religiousness? The methods used are narrative analysis and hermeneutic interpretation and the theory is religious and psychological coping theory. The results show that mindfulness has an immense importance in providing psychological health for these individuals. All three have changed their significance and improved relationships, breath and stress reactions amongst others. The results also highlight that religious coping is dependent on definition of terms such as religion and sacred. This suggests that the question whether mindfulness can be considered to be coping that includes religiousness is a matter of interpretation. More studies on the religious and existential dimensions of mindfulness are therefore needed as well as definitions of religion and sacred adapted to a religious understanding that does not entirely rely on traditional terms and a western understanding. 

  • 12.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Assyrian Identification as a Body of Power Politics: A Practice-Oriented Analysis2012In: The Assyrian Heritage: Continuity in rituals, symbols, and language / [ed] Cetrez, Ö., Donabed, S., Makko, A., Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through a cultural psychological point of view ethnic identity is linked to culture, as culture provides the context in which identity is embedded and negotiated. Approaching identification from a practice-oriented approach, two questions are raised. First, how does Assyrian identification as practice distinguish itself from other identifications, and second, what does Assyrian identification accomplishes in doing so? By analyzing Assyrian identification through the characteristics of practice and by adding from the research review with causes of differentiation, a model for Assyrian identification as it has been represented in scholarly work is presented. It is argued that power relations are always inherent in Assyrian identification, and that power is exercised by directing and structuring the identity practices. It is concluded that this has produced Assyrian agents who have competency in interpreting the varieties of identity ideologies as the result of political and economical power interests that have been imposed both internally and externally.

  • 13.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Assyriska-syriska flyktingar i Turkiet: en särskilt utsatt grupp2016In: Medelhavsinstitutens betydelse för svensk humaniora / [ed] K. Almqvist & L. Belfrage,, Stockholm: Axel och Margaret Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Att möta oss själva i bilden av den andre2011In: Inspiration till religionspsykologin: kultur, hälsa och mening / [ed] DeMarinis, V., Wikström, O., Cetrez, Ö., Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2011, p. 10-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Meaning-Making Activity through Media use: a Description of Value Studies in Turkey2017In: Neo-Islamic Culture’s Influence on Recent Turkish Media / [ed] Asli Kotaman, Artun Avcı, Onver Cetrez, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017, p. 27-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The volume looks at the relation between contemporary Turkish film and television discourses and religion, in relation to the traditions and rituals of Islam, the representation of Muslim women, and subsequent changes in narratives and characters. It employs differing approaches to the relationships between media and religion, concentrating on how religion has started to shape the politics of film in new cinema practices in Turkey. As such, the book represents a comprehensive resource on recent Turkish cinema and TV – a milestone at a time when numerous disciplines have shown an increasing interest in the emerging new Islamic popular culture. It will appeal to those who are interested in Turkey’s opinion about itself, scholars who work in film studies, media studies, religious studies, gender studies and the political sciences, as well as anyone with an interest in Middle Eastern studies and media.

  • 16.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Meaning-Making Variations in Acculturation and Ritualization: A multi-generational study of Suroyo migrants in Sweden2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation focuses on how acculturation affects meaning-making among three generations of Suroye in the city of Södertälje, Sweden. Special focus is on youth. An inter-disciplinary and a mixed-model approach is used, with the purpose to contribute to research knowledge on meta, theoretical, methodological, and empirical levels. There are two different patterns of meaning-making along generation and gender, one with a stronger emphasis on rituals and symbols of religion and kinship, and the other with a stronger emphasis on issues of identification. Religious practices decrease among the adults and youth, while kinship affiliation is very strong among all three generations. Swedish affiliation, though from a low level, increases among the adults and youth. Religious rituals and symbols play a central role in Suroyo culture with a meaning-making function. However, in early youth the participation in religious rituals decreases, mainly due to other interests and to the political schism among the Suroye. Instead they search for an individual form of religiosity. The issue of identification is among the youth a disputed process, linked to issues of power, through domination, injustice, and discrimination. They use several designations to identify themselves; i.e., Aramean, Assyrian, Suroyo, Syrian, and Swedish, either separately or combined. Within the process of acculturation, the youth strategically use different identification patterns with the purpose to differentiate themselves from others and to negotiate their identity.

  • 17.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Strategiska identifikationsmönster bland assyriska ungdomar i Sverige2007In: Dragomanen: årsskrift, ISSN 1402-358X, Vol. 10-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of acculturation on meaning-making among three generations of Assyrians in the city of Södertälje, Sweden, is the focus of this dissertation. An inter-disciplinary and a mixed-model approach was used. The results have shown that religious practices decrease among the adults and youth, while kinship affiliation is very strong among all three generations. Swedish affiliation, though from a low level, increases among the adults and youth. Religious rituals and symbols play a central role in Assyrian culture with a meaning-making function. However, in early youth the participation in religious rituals decreases, mainly due to other interests and to the political schism among the Assyrians. Instead they search for an individual form of religiosity. The issue of identification is among the youth a disputed process. They use several designations to identify themselves; either separately or combined. Within the process of acculturation, the youth strategically use different identification patterns with the purpose to differentiate themselves from others and to negotiate their identity.

  • 18.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    The Next Generation Assyrians in Sweden: Religiosity as a functioning system of meaning within the process of acculturation2011In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 473-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For ethnic groups in which religion is an important dimension of culture, attention needs to be paid to religiosity as a system of meaning when studying their process of acculturation. By making use of a sequential mixed model approach, where questionnaires are followed up by semi structured interviews, three generations of the Assyrian population in a Swedish city have been studied on their acculturation process in relation to religious values and practices. The quantitative material shows that religious values and practices decline from the grandparents to the younger generations, with a statistical significance of change. There is also statistical significance in gender differences in religious values and practices among the younger generations. Belief in a personal God is still very dominant among all the three generations of Assyrians. The interviews with the youth group show that religion has been a positive part of childhood. In adulthood, however, other systems of meaning also become central at the same time as religious institutions and representatives are being criticized.

  • 19.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    The Psychological Heritage of Sayfo: An Intergenerational Transmission of Fear and Distrust2017In: Seyfo 1915: The Year of the Sword in the Ottoman Empire / [ed] D. Gaunt, N. Atto & S. Barthoma, Oxford: Berghahn Publishing House , 2017, 26Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chapter deals with the passing on of stories of genocide among Christian Iraqis. The results are compared to previous research, with similar cases of trauma and passing on of stories among Holocaust and Armenian genocide survivors. This chapter demonstrates how a trauma such as the Sayfo, the genocide on Assyrians, has on-going effects on Assyrian-Iraqi individuals who have faced war and subsequently emigrated. The interviews were inspired by a life story method, focusing on whether the informants had heard stories about the Sayfo from their parents or grandparents and whether this has had any relevance in how they interpret their situation today. The results show that the inability to use metaphors to describe the Sayfo leads to the lack of meaningful images of stories told. Most common themes in relation to stories about the Sayfo are differentiation, feelings of fear and distrust, lack of safety, existential questions.

  • 20.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    “Vad är blott ett namn? skulle inte den blomma som vi känner som ros dofta ack så ljuvligt med ett annat namn.”: en pjäs mellan familjerna Konservatism och Modernism i Guds Teater2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Aksöz, Etval
    Karlsson, Niklas
    Yakup, Rima
    En kulturanalys av assyriska ungdomars spel och rökvanor i Sverige: en kvalitativ utredning i städerna Göteborg, Södertälje och Norrköping2005Report (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Balkir, Nazli
    Department of Psychology, Işık University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Resilience and Mental Health Risks among Syrian Refugees in Europe: A Cultural Perspective2017In: ACTA PSYCHOPATHOLOGICA, ISSN 2469-6676, Vol. 5, no 5, p. 1-4, article id 65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dated from 2011, the civil war in Syria has forced more than half of the Syrians to leave their home. This crisis is defined as the world's largest humanitarian tragedy since the World War II. Ransom and kidnap, rape, sexual slavery, brutal executions, disappearances, forced displacement have become regular part of the daily news from the region. As for today, the total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria has reached 12.2 million, approximately 7.6 million of whom are internally displaced; the largest number of internally displaced persons in any country in the world [1]. Refugees from Syria are now the largest refugee population in the world with more than four million Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries and the larger region, such as Europe. The continuation of multi-sided armed conflict has lead to new cross-border movements of refugees each year, increasing the number of Syrians seeking protection in Europe [2-4].

    In response to the humanitarian needs, many EU countries have received applications from asylum seekers and refugees. The report of UNHCR in 2014 claims 562.680 asylum applications records in 38 European countries, which reflects an increase of 24% in comparison to the same period of 2013 [5,6]. The number of people applying for asylum in the European Union was more than doubled in 2015, reaching a record 1.26 million, according to the EU statistics agency. Syrians accounted for almost a third, with 362,775 people seeking shelter in Europe, followed by Afghans and Iraqis. Since 2016, rapid growth rate of the refugee population has been decelerating slightly [7,8].

    Eurostat [9] reports that the highest number of positive asylum decisions was recorded in Germany, followed by Sweden, France and Italy, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands under the UN's humanitarian resettlement program. Those aforementioned states accounted for 81 % of the total number of acceptances issued in the EU-28 [9,10].

    In conjunction with their educational needs and possibility to work and settlement in the countries of migration, the health situation of the refugees is a large field of concern. A United Nations and Government of Syria joint assessment mission has specified mental health and psychosocial support as one of the most major concerns resulting from the current crisis [11]. In light of this unique set of challenges, there is an ongoing need for information on the mental health issues and culturally appropriate interventions not only for reducing symptoms of psychological distress but also for enhancing qualities of psychological and social wellbeing of this marginalized population. Hence, the specific objectives of the current paper are to: 1) provide basic information on the common mental health problems caused by the crisis; 2) discuss cultural issues in the conceptualizations of mental health problems, resilience enhancing practices and possible expectations about the appropriate healing strategies in order to promote mental health status and psychiatric care of Syrian refugees in Europe.

  • 23.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    A Psychosocial, Spiritual, and Physical Health Study among Assyrian-Syrian Refugees in Istanbul: Cultivating Resilience in the Midst of Hardship2017In: Middle East Journal of Refugee Studies, ISSN 2149-4398, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 227-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at describing the general health situation among Assyrian-Syrian refugees (n = 171, 70.2% males, mean age 31.08) in Istanbul, during two separate time periods. Measures included The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), The Brief R-COPE, The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), The Primary Care Post Traumatic Disorder Scale (PC-PTSD), together with a number of additional health items. The results showed that among the 52.4% of those who were found to have experienced some kind of trauma, 23.4% met the criteria for PTSD. Ratings of one’s own physical health (p < .001), one’s own psychological health (p < .05), and PHQ were statistically significant with PTSD. Females rated their own physical health (p < .01) and own psychological health (p < .01) worse than men. A paired-samples t-Test showed a significant increase from Time 1 to Time 2 for Positive R-COPE (p < .08), a decrease for Negative R-COPE (p < .05), and an increase for the GSE (p < .05). A paired-samples t-Test showed a significant gender difference for the PHQ (p < .01) and GSE (p < .01). A mediation model, using a Sobel Test, showed that positive religious coping strategies reduced symptoms in male participants by improving their evaluations toward their own psychological well-being (p < .001).

  • 24.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Drömmen om Sverige: Kulturell kontinuitet och förändring bland irakiska flyktingar i Sverige2014In: Dragomanen, Stockholm: Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul , 2014, 16, p. 107-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Utvärdering av Örebro preventionsprogram: Fas 1: ett assyriskt/syrianskt kulturellt perspektiv i Södertälje2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with the implementation of Örebro prevention program among the Assyrians in Södertälje. The program focuses on the use and abuse of alcohol and targets the interventions of parents. The purpose of the first part of the evaluation of this program has been to gain a general understanding of how the program has functioned within a minority context and based on this information to contribute with possible changes in the program for implementation among other minority populations. For this study a qualitative method with focus group interviews has been used. Data from four different groups has been collected: key persons, parents, youth, and pupils. The main conclusions that can be drawn from this study is that Örebro prevention program is useful within cultural minority groups, presupposing that the proposed changes within the program are implemented. The changes being recommended are: change/increase of content and implementation of practical applications. See the whole report at: http://www.ab.lst.se/upload/dokument/publikationer/S/rapporter/2008/OPP_tryck12%20maj_webb.pdf

  • 26.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Donabed, SargonRoger Wiliams University, Bristol, Rhode Island, US.Makko, AryoHistoriska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    The Assyrian Heritage: Threads of Continuity and Influence2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Assyrian Heritage: Threads of Continuity and Influence is a collection of essays discussing Assyrian culture and identity from language, ritual, symbol, and identity perspectives from the ancient world to the modern day. The theoretical interpretations and methodological approaches covered in the book aim to narrate the past, presence and future of the cultural and linguistic heritage of the Assyrian people.

  • 27.
    Cetrez, Önver
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Makko, Aryo
    Önder, Söner
    Yalcin, Zeki
    Garis Guttman, Maryam
    Nordgren, Kenneth
    Horgby, Björn
    Fotbollens konstruktiva och destruktiva sidor: två sidor av samma mynt2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Chemin, Eduardo
    et al.
    Cag University, Adana, Turkey.
    Cetrez, ÖnverUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.Korkut, UmutGlasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.Chatty, DawnUniversity of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Past and Present Amongst Refugees in the Eastern Mediterranean: Conceptual and Methodological Challenges in the Study of Forced Migration2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 29.
    DeMarinis, V.
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-90187 Umea, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, IMPACT Res Programme, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Cetrez, Andreas Önver
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions. Swedish Res Inst, Istanbul, Turkey..
    A psychosocial-, somatic- and existential health study among Assyrian-Syrian refugees in Istanbul- understanding resilience in the midst of hardship2016In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 85, p. 61-62Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Att förstå candomblé: exempel på en utmaning för den kliniska religionspsykologin2011In: Inspiration till religionspsykologi: kultur, hälsa och mening / [ed] Valerie DeMarinis, Owe Wikström, Önver Cetrez, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2011, 1, p. 17-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Designing a multi-sector evaluation framework and model for assessing psychosocial and mental health service program components for refugees in protracted contexts.2010Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Forced migration and meaning-making2013In: Emotions and religious dynamics / [ed] Douglas J. Davies and Nathaniel A. Warne, London: Ashgate, 2013, p. 109-120Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Inledning: Religionspsykologi2011In: Inspiration till religionspsykologin: kultur, hälsa och mening / [ed] Valerie DeMarinis, Owe Wikstöm, Önver Cetrez, Natur och kultur, 2011, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Long entry: Religious Syncretism and Psychological Adaptation2011In: Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion: Vol. 1 / [ed] David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan, New York: Springer , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Migration and Religion2010In: Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion: Vol. 2 / [ed] David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan, New York: Springer , 2010, p. 568-570Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Philosophy's role for guiding theory and practice in clinical contexts grounded in a cultural psychiatry focus: A case study illustration from southern Norway2011In: World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review, ISSN 1932-6270, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 75-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. The purpose of this article, influenced by research in northern European contexts, is twofold. First, it is to make the case for, and provide a working model of, the importance of having a foundational philosophy of mental health care for consistency in clinical decision-making relating to theory and practice in cultural psychiatry; and second, to illustrate this model in action through a brief case study from a clinical context in southern Norway. In Part I, a brief presentation of one of the overarching challenges for cultural psychiatry is noted, that being the disconnection between theory and clinical contingencies and practices. Use is made of the Mezzich and Caracci volume: Cultural formulation: A reader for psychiatric diagnosis (2008) to illustrate some of the underlying concerns, and consequent confusions, raised by the ways in which an approach to culture and cultural information was included or excluded from the DSM-IV. The findings of this critical review have implications not only for understanding the place of culture in current and coming nosologies as well as the utility and potential limitations of DSM-IV as a clinical and research tool in multicultural settings. More than this, it provides a thorough and very valuable base for understanding the sociopolitical process, a dimension of culture in itself, of constructing the DSM-IV. What one is left with is certainly not seeing culture as a common core of analysis and a fundamental element of not only all psychiatric distress but also psychiatric resilience. Due to the very tangible reality of different, though not necessarily totally exclusive, operative mental health paradigms that result in different consequences for approaching both diagnostic and treatment processes, the paper’s attention is then focused on the importance of articulating a clear and foundational philosophy of mental health care with reference to how culture and cultural information are to inform theory and practice. A working model of interacting levels for a clinical mental health context is provided. If the role of culture is considered essential for the foundational level of the operative philosophy of mental health then this needs to consistently inform the levels of theory and practice for diagnosis and treatment. In Part II, the importance and consequences of the integration and interaction among the model’s three levels for cultural psychiatry, are illustrated through a brief case study example from an outpatient psychiatry context for children and adolescents: The Department of Child and Adolescent Mental Health [Avdeling for barn og ungdoms psykiske helse, (ABUP)] is part of the local public hospital, Southern Hospital [Sørlandet Sykehus HF] in southern Norway. This clinical context, with a culture-focused perspective, has a population of primarily though not exclusively ethnic Norwegians. The centrality of culture, cultural information, and cultural expression for mental health programmes in Norway is briefly outlined as a background for understanding the centrality of culture in the particular clinical context. Drawing from interview data with the department director and treatment team members, as well as documentation, the characteristics of the philosophy of mental health based on the centrality of understanding culture and the need to gain access to the patient’s and family’s cultural interpretations of illness and health are explored. At the theoretical level a necessary competency in pathogenic knowledge needs to be completed by knowledge and methods from the social science and other disciplines, and the all important patient/family knowledge in order to most accurately engage in the diagnostic and treatment processes. Cultural knowledge is understood from a meaning-making perspective that views existential meaning as central for understanding cultural constructions of health and illness. The individual patient expressions of meaning-making in general and existential meaning in particular can be very varied. However, building a safe therapeutic space for understanding these expressions of meaning is central to the culturally-based process for all patients. This clinical context can not be viewed as representative of Norwegian mental health contexts. However, it serves as a living illustration, in cultural context, of the importance of the philosophy of care in relation to understanding and implementing a multi-dimensional, culture-informed mental health programme.

  • 37.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Ritualiseringsbehov når livet nærmer seg slutten i det andre hjemlandet: eldre innvandrerpasienter under palliativ behandling2007In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for palliativ medisin, ISSN 0800-7489 , Vol. 1, no 24, p. 23-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Original research using the cultural formulation concept for analysis of ritual need and ritual planning in crosscultural healthcare contexts.

  • 38.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Samspelet mellan filosofi, teori och klinisk praktik i kulturellt medveten psykiatri2011In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 6, p. 512-525Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Understanding and identifying strategic incentives for employment and integration for new immigrants to Sweden: a focus group pilot study in Uppsala2010In: Immigrant Integration and Incentives – a pilot study of Integration through Incentives / [ed] Brekke, JP; Dahlstedt, I.; DeMarinis, V.; Gustafsson, LL, Stockholm: European Integration Fund Report , 2010, , p. 16-29p. 16-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The directive for the Uppsala focus group pilot study was to concentrate on a study population of well-educated, Arabic-speaking, newly-arrived immigrants to Sweden. The primary objective was to gain information from this population related to economic self-support and self-responsibility in two central areas: views of incentive-based strategies; and, identification of both positive forces, momentum or drive, as well as negative forces, countercraft or hindrance.

    The study’s results provide information in the two areas named above that both supports and raises challenging questions for the current orientation to labour-market focused incentives and incentive planning. 

    The report is divided into the following main sections: Orientation to the study, Research process, Findings of the study, Discussion, and Lessons learned.

  • 40.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Barsky, A.J.
    Antin, J.H.
    Chang, G.
    Health psychology and distress after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation2009In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 57-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study of 23 adult haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients is to compare the presence of post-transplantation depression disorders by gender and to compare the outcomes among those with and without depressive disorders using a health psychology focus. This cross-sectional pilot study of mid-term survivors took place in hospital outpatient clinic. Main outcome measures are depression disorders, health status (Short Form-12) and health anxiety. Female survivors had a higher rate of depression disorders, but those with treated depressive disorders were similar to those without depression on health-related quality of life and health anxiety. Neither patient age nor time since HSCT was associated with depressive disorders. A health psychology approach may enhance management of HSCT survivorship.

  • 41.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Caplan, Jason
    Chang, Grace
    Brief Intervention for Risk-Drinking Women: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Content and Process2013In: American Journal on Addictions, ISSN 1055-0496, E-ISSN 1521-0391, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 67-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Objectives Although brief interventions (BIs) are among the most highly promoted treatments for alcohol problems, their effective components are unknown. This may be particularly important when considering women since some reviews have suggested that BIs are more efficacious among men. The purpose of this pilot study is to utilize a mixed methods and gender analysis approach to generate hypotheses about the effective components of BIs given to women with medical problems exacerbated by problem drinking. Methods Random sample of 20 BIs given to women with diabetes, hypertension, infertility, or osteoporosis. Quantitative and qualitative analytic methods were undertaken in a stepwise progression, followed by a gender analysis using the Worldview Assessment Framework. Results Main findings include that a worldview encompassing drinking as an entitlement may be a moderator limiting the effectiveness of a BI, that understanding the impact of alcohol on infertility problems as distinct from prenatal alcohol use may be a mediator for BI effectiveness, and that providing information about sensible drinking limits in the context of a specific medical problem was feasible. Conclusions and Significance Content and process areas are important to consider when offering BI for risk-drinking women with medical problems and may help to improve treatment efficacy in this group. 

  • 42.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Scheffel-Birath, Christina
    Hansagi, Helen
    Cultural Analysis as a Perspective for Gender-Informed Alcohol Treatment Research in a Swedish Context2009In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, ISSN 0735-0414, E-ISSN 1464-3502, Vol. 44, no 6, p. 615-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: An exploratory study to investigate the role of culture in women's drinking at a clinic for women with alcohol problems in a Swedish treatment context. METHODS: A content analysis of the case journal material of 20 consecutive female patients at the EWA clinic (Early treatment of Women with Alcohol addiction) in Stockholm, Sweden, was conducted using an original instrument informed by the field of cultural psychiatry and emerging from recurrent themes in the case journals. RESULTS: The patients perceived themselves as having a sub-group status. A trajectory of ritualized actions around drinking, especially private drinking rituals, was identified. Existential components of patients' struggles with addiction in a highly secularized cultural context were identified. Multiple, contradictory explanatory frameworks for understanding drinking problems were creating cognitive dissonance. CONCLUSION: Using cultural analysis as a perspective for gaining gendered information may allow for identifying new patterns within specific cultural and subgroup contexts. It may contribute new information to the following treatment research areas: gender-appropriate measurement issues; service integration; gender-appropriate services for women; and, drinking rituals and patterns.

  • 43.
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Wikström, OweUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.Cetrez, ÖnverUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Inspiration till religionspsykologin: kultur, hälsa och mening2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Religionspsykologi är ett ämne där olika tolkningar av kultur, hälsa och mening möts. I antologin Inspiration till religionspsykologin, med bidrag av en rad svenska och utländska forskare, beskrivs religionspsykologins utmaningar i dag utifrån teman som palliativ medicin, ritualer inför döden, migration och anpassning samt mystik och alternativa medvetandetillstånd.

    I boken visas med teoretiska exempel och utifrån tillämpad forskning, både från Sverige och med internationell bakgrund, vilken spännvidd ämnet har i dag. Specifika forskningsområden presenteras i en rad kortare fallstudier. De övergripande teman som behandlas är: Mening, hälsa och existentiell ro, Religion som destruktiv kultur, Religiositet – psykisk hälsa och ohälsa samt Nyttan av att vara utom sig – mystik och extas.

    Boken avslutas med en reflektion över religionspsykologins utmaningar och möjligheter. Owe Wikström, en av ämnets stora inspirationskällor i Sverige, för en dialog med såväl sitt eget arbete som de olika bidragen i boken.

    Inspiration till religionspsykologin är främst avsedd som en introduktion för studerande i religionsvetenskap. Boken vänder sig även till den stora läsekrets som är intresserad av de många ämnen som religionspsykologin täcker.

  • 44.
    Dudas, Victor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Religiosity and the Development of Ego-Identity: A sequential mixed-methods study of the enculturation and acculturation process of Assyrians/Syrians in Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current sequential mixed-methods study is to bring further knowledge to the field of psychology of religion concerning the role of religion for Assyrians/Syrians in Sweden. Guiding the current study are theories concerning enculturation, acculturation, ego-identity, ritualization and communitas. The central research question is: What role does religiosity have for Assyrians/Syrians in Sweden, concerning the development of ego-identity and the practice of ritualization, within a process of enculturation and acculturation? The quantitative phase of the sequential mixed-methods study uses a sample of 244 participants that were part of a previously conducted study. Descriptive statistics, comparing means, correlations, t-tests, and ANOVA are applied to analyze the data retrieved from the questionnaires. The qualitative phase uses a sample of 12 informants collected by a purposive and snowball sampling technique. The methods of data collection are semi-structured interviews and focus group interviews. The data collected are analyzed by qualitative content analysis. The results of the quantitative phase show that there is no statistically significant relationship between religiosity and self-perception of ethnicity or self- perception of being a part of the Swedish society. The results, however, show several significant correlations and differences between males and females as well as between generations. Among others, the results show a medium, positive correlation between self-perception of being Assyrian/Syrian and degrees of using the language Suryoyo with friends and family, where a greater degree of self-perception as Assyrian/Syrian is associated with a greater frequency in using the language Suryoyo with friends and family. The results show that there is a negative, medium correlation between perceived discrimination and the perception of being a part of the Swedish society as well as the perceptions concerning the degree that Swedes perceive the participants as being a part of the Swedish society where greater degrees of perceived discrimination are associated with lesser degrees of perception of being a part of the Swedish society. The results show that there is a statistically significant difference between the age groups concerning Mass attendance as well as the degree of self-perception of being religious/spiritual. The results show a statistically significant difference between males and females concerning Mass attendance, frequency of fasting, and self-perception as religious/spiritual; where females have a higher mean score than males on all measures. The results of the data analysis in the qualitative phase indicate that religiosity helps the individual to create and maintain a feeling of being a unique and separate individual either by providing a context for the individual’s identity or by being an object from which the informant differentiates. Religiosity provides the individual with the means of learning his or her first culture. The analysis identifies language to be an important component of ego-identity, enculturation, and acculturation. Discrimination, whether within the group Assyrian/Syrian or from outside the group, is seen as an involuntarily differentiation where the informant experiences attempts by others to differentiate him- or herself from the Swedish population. Indications of ritual components and certain life stages are highlighted among the informants. The implications of the study are discussed.  

  • 45.
    Duggal, Manisha
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Hur hantera sin cancer?: En religionspsykologisk studie av copingprocesser i två skönlitterära verk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how cancer patients cope with their illness. Through a qualitative study of two books of autobiography, written by authors who suffered with cancer, I have analyzed how they cope with their disease based on three aspects: significance, stressors and coping strategies. These concepts are taken from Kenneth Pargament who researches the area psychology of religion. Further, the study intends to highlight how social aspects are included in the coping, as well as how general, religious and existential coping differ. The two main research questions thus follow as: 1) How do cancer patients’ coping appear? 2) How are social aspects included in the coping? The material for the study consists of two books of autobiography where cancer is involved. By content analysis of the material, central themes such as specific people and events in the authors’ lives have been emphasized, followed by a hermeneutic interpretation of these themes. Firstly, the recorded results show that the coping method of each patient varies and is much dependent on the personal experience of respective person. However, a common ground is found to be the importance of significance in the coping; experiences, places, relations and belongings that the patients apprehend as vital. In turn, the significance guides each person and allows him/her to form an orienting system. Secondly, the study shows that the social aspects are a very important facet in the coping process as it helps the cancer patient to actually manage the disease tolerably. Supposedly, Pargament’s theorization on coping is formed within the discourse of psychology of religion. However, this study is unique in the sense that it uses the same framework but accentuates existential outlooks instead of religious stances, and by such demonstrates cancer patients’ coping.

  • 46.
    Ekedahl, MarieAnne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Copingteoretiska svar2016In: Varför finns religion? / [ed] David Thurfjell, Stockholm: Molin & Sorgenfrei Akademiska , 2016, p. 176-200Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Ekedahl, MarieAnne
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Kultur och stresshantering: copingteoretiska perspektiv2011In: Inspiration till religionspsykologin: kultur, hälsa och mening / [ed] Valerie DeMarinis, Owe Wikström & Önver Cetrez, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2011, p. 87-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Ekedahl, MarieAnne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Karolinska Institutet, sektionen för omvårdnad.
    Att vårda och orka i det svåraste: Perspektiv på komplex stresshantering i vårdarbete2012Book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Elgblom, Simon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    McDonaldsization som en katalysator för radikaliseringsprocessen hos Saracenen: – en religionspsykologisk didaktisk analys av Saracenen i Jag är pilgrimen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To use fiction as educational material in school is proven to be effective and a good strategy to help students to understand and discuss other perspectives in difficult questions (Löfstedt, 2011).

    The aim with this essay is to evaluate Saracenens radicalization and the religious influence in Jag är pilgrimen written by Terry Hayes (2016). This was done through James Wallers (2007) theory of radicalization where three aspects of impact where analyzed (Waller, 2007).

    With a qualitative content analysis on chosen part of Hayes book (2016) three questions were answered.

    -          How can Saracenens radicalization be described thru James Wallers (2007) radicalization process and what role dose religion play in this process?

    -          Can we call Saracenens planning against USA as terrorism or religious terrorism?

    -          How can chose parts of Hayes book (2016) be used in education for Religion 2 in Swedish gymnasium to meet following core content in syllabus:

    • Religions and outlooks on life of importance for people's identity, affiliation, community and view of gender equality (Skolverket, 2017)?

    The conclusion from the analysis is that Saracenens radicalization is comparable with Wallers theory and that it is also possible to call Saracenens planning religious terrorism (Jones, 2008). As for the third question, the conclusion is that the material meets the core content well and can be used as a ground for discussion in classroom about radicalization and how religion affects individual’s life.

  • 50. Fritz, Marie Vafors
    et al.
    Chin, Dorothy
    DeMarinis, Valerie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, The Social Sciences of Religion, Psychology of Religions.
    Stressors, anxiety, acculturation and adjustment among international and North American students2008In: International Journal of Intercultural Relations, ISSN 0147-1767, E-ISSN 1873-7552, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 244-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The acculturation process generally contributes greatly to stress and anxiety levels among international students. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to see whether international students experience more anxiety, irritability, and stress from being apart from family and friends, pressure from school, difficulties with language, work and finances than students with permanent US residency, and (2) to investigate the same stressors in groups within the international student population. Surveys were distributed to 246 students aged 17-51 at an ethnically diverse community college in Southern California, US. Analysis of variance was conducted to investigate group differences between students: permanent US residents vs. international students, and, permanent US residents vs. European and Asian students, respectively. No significant differences were found between international students and students with permanent US residency. However, when the international student population was sub-grouped by above cultural regions a different pattern emerged. Difficulties of not being able to work and of socially related problems were perceived as more severe for the European and the Asian groups, while finance problems were hard for all three groups. The variable of language difficulties was harder for Asian students, while that of stress of being apart from family was harder for students from Europe. Findings are not only congruent with prior research results on international students but also demonstrate that international students with culturally diverse needs should not be considered as one homogenous group. It is suggested that educational systems need to properly adapt in order to accommodate international students' unique cultural needs.

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