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  • 1.
    Abramian, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wedholm, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    BYOD och Cloud Computing: En vägledande studie för hur BYOD bör bedrivas säkert tillsammans med cloud computing2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a richer insight into how information security is affected by Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) in combination with cloud computing. This study has come to its conclusion by performing interviews and sending out questionaries that has later been analyzed using current theory. A specification has been established out of this and will serve as a guiding contribution for organisations.

  • 2.
    Aizezi, Zulifuyemu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Identifying Mobile Phone Usability Issues in Informal Swedish Language Learning:What users think about it?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the usability issues of the mobile phone in informal Swedish language learning. The concept of usability is defined by expanding the technical usability attributes of Jakob Nielsen with other recent attributes derived from considering the technical aspects of mobile learning (m-learning). Thus, the ultimate structure of the usability factors that are discussed in this study consists of: accessibility, easy-to-learn, technical design, efficiency and satisfaction. With the support of the relevant previous literature and interview, we research this topic by considering the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), informal language-learning and usability elements, in order to explore and identify the usability of mobile phone. The goal of this study is to contribute to detailed understanding of mobile phone usage, further identify the usability issues of mobile phones by obtaining both critical and commendatory feedbacks and reflections from the users. For final results, through qualitative research approach, we offered several findings regarding the mobile phone usability with specified reasons.

  • 3.
    Alnebo, Carl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Svensson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Beyond the hype: A study of non-user perspectives2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's rapid technological development in relation with social networks create efficient information flows in everyday life. It creates conditions for so-called "hypes" that are described as an exponentially growing trend of testing a new product. What factors lies behind a hype and how does it affect people that choose to refrain from new technology?

     

    The purpose of this paper is to study the so called non-users, with a case study that concerns the Pokémon GO game and its hype in the summer of 2016. This case study has the intention to highlight the positive and negative aspects of non-users and other thoughts about hype. The study also intends to investigate what the non-users can contribute in technological development and if it's possible to distinguish between users and non-users in today's society.

     

    The case study has been carried out on the basis of two group interviews; a group that abstained from playing and a group that played Pokémon GO during the hype. A number of issues are discussed and linked against a theoretical framework which also has been used in the analysis in this paper. Based on the results of the case study it appears that nostalgia was a major factor in the hype, many had prior knowledge of the concept and was triggered by it. Nostalgia was also a factor that lead people to refrain from the hype. The game did not meet up to everyone’s expectations regarding the functionality which existed earlier in Pokémon but not now.  It also emerged that the social environment affects both users and non-users in several ways. The investigation of the case study showed that non-users often had to wait for players due to different reasons. This could be while on walks with the player or that users could completely block roads. To be able completely separating non-users and users is complex as the real world is used as the platform of the game. Both previous studies and this paper demonstrates how important it can be to understand non-users. They have the opportunity to present an overall perspective of a product that users might condone. In summary, the future will become more complex in the area, especially with new technologies that make the real world a game field.

  • 4.
    Amid, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Landgren, Sara
    Ur slutanvändarnas perspektiv: Införandet av ett hälsoinformationssystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Amirian, Ariga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    E-handel: Jämförelse av användning & utveckling av e-handel mellan Iran och Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Armijo Gustafsson, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ali, Samer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Diabetessjuksköterskans syn på e-Hälsa och kroppsnära teknik: En studie i användbarhet och påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion. Större mängd tekniska lösningar tillkommer ständigt diabetessjuksköterskans arbetsplats. Deras arbetsroll har utvecklats genom tiden och får nu även en roll som teknisk förmedlare till patienten. Detta ställer högre krav på sjuksköterskan att ha tillräckligt med kunskap om diverse e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära tekniker med en utbildningsform som inte hänger med. Syfte. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur diabetessjuksköterskan påverkas av e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära teknik och hur de uppfattar användbarheten i systemen. Metod. En empirisk studie utfördes och sex diabetessjuksköterskor intervjuades på ett semistrukturerat sätt. Resultat. Resultatet visar att diabetessjuksköterskan arbetsuppgifter påverkas av e-hälsosystem och de tekniska lösningar som har tillkommit deras yrke. Användbarheten i majoriteten av systemen som används är bristfällig och utbildning i diverse system är begränsad. Konklusion. Diabetessjuksköterskan måste börja få vara mer delaktig i utvecklingen och implementationen av diverse tekniker som ska vara en del av arbetsuppgifterna. Samt måste tillräckligt med utbildning införas för att de tekniska lösningarna ska ha en god påverkan på sjuksköterskans arbetsroll och bättre användbarhet kan uppnås.

  • 7.
    Bapira, Fatin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Business - IT Alignment: En litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Belay, Aklilu Taye
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Contribution of Collaborative Tools and Technologies in Facilitating Tacit Healthcare Knowledge Sharing amongst Clinicians: In the Case of Akadamiska Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare is a knowledge-intensive field. A significant quantum of extremely vital and viable healthcare knowledge exists in a tacit form, yet due to various operational and technical reasons such healthcare knowledge is not entirely utilized and put into professional practice. The strong increase in expert work and knowledge-intensive fields make examining the topic timely and hypothetically interesting.The most significant contribution of this study is the increase in understanding, as well as, tacit healthcare knowledge sharing amongst physicians and clinicians with the type of collaborative tools and technologies they have at their disposal. Collaborative tools and technologies help employees of an organization work closely with their colleagues, partner organization and other volunteers as tacit healthcare knowledge sharing among clinicians such as sharing of best practices, tips and tricks, inter professional collaborative networking, clinical experiences and skills are known to have a significant impact on the quality of medical diagnosis and decisions.This paper posits that collaboration tools and technologies can provide new opportunities for tacit healthcare knowledge sharing amongst health-experts, and demonstrates this by presenting findings from a review of relevant literature and a survey conducted with Medical Doctors who have moderate to high interaction with collaborative tools and technologies in the healthcare industry. Semi-structure interviews were conducted with health-experts (Medical Doctors and clinicians) of Akademiska Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Final thematic analysis unveiled six themes as potential contributors of collaborative tools and technologies in facilitating tacit healthcare knowledge sharing among clinicians. The newly developed themes are described and interpreted briefly; extensive literature review has been carried out to relate the emerged themes with the literatures and part of interview participant responses are supported as well. Finally this research suggests further empirical studies shall be conducted to acknowledge this study.

  • 9. Bengtsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sjöström, Sofie
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Ozan, Håkan
    Sustainability impact of open innovation software2012In: Proceedings of the XXIII ISPIM Conference  Action for Innovation: Innovating from Experience, Barcelona, Spain, 17-20 June 2012., 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Bengtsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Information technology as a change actant in sustainability innovation: Insights from Uppsala2011In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 96-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the effects of a sustainability initiative in a Swedish municipality viewed through the lens of actor network theory. The focus is on the consequences of committing to the implementation of a reporting and analysis system for IT-supported sustainability. This commitment involves several actor networks, both internal and external to the municipality. The study shows that, to implement successfully a sustainability initiative, a thorough understanding of organizational routines and standards is required to enrol the affected stakeholders. Information systems can play a central role as tools for improving sustainability indicators and routines, thereby constituting important change actants.

  • 11.
    Bennich-Björkman, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    A comprehensive summary and categorization of physical quantity libraries2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In scientific applications, physical quantities and units of measurement are used regularly. If the inherent incompatibility between these different units is not handled properly it can lead to major, and sometimes catastrophic, problems. Although the risk of a miscalculation is high and the cost equally so, almost no programming languages has support for physical quantities. Instead developers often rely on external libraries to help them spot these mistakes or prevent them all together.

    There are several hundred of these types of libraries, spread across multiple sites and with no simple way to get an overview. No one has summarized what has and has not been achieved so far in the area leading to many developers trying to ‘reinvent the wheel’ instead of building on what has already been done. This shows a clear need for this type of research.

    Employing a systematic approach to look through and analyze all available physical quantity libraries, the search results were condensed into 82 libraries which are presented in this thesis. These are the most comprehensive and well-developed, open-source libraries, chosen from approximately 3700 search results across seven repository hosting sites. In this group, 30 different programming languages are represented. The goal is for the results of this thesis to contribute to a shared foundation on which to build future libraries as well as provide an easy way of spreading knowledge about which libraries exist in the area, thus making it easier for more people to use them.

  • 12.
    Bennich-Björkman, Oscar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    McKeever, Steve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Next 700 Unit of Measurement Checkers2018In: Proceedings of the 11th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Software Language Engineering, New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2018, , p. 12p. 121-132Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In scientific applications, physical quantities and units of measurement are used regularly. If the inherent incompatibility between these units is not handled properly it can lead to major, sometimes catastrophic, problems. Although the risk of a miscalculation is high and the cost equally so, almost none of the major programming languages has support for physical quantities. Instead, scientific code developers often make their own tools or rely on external libraries to help them spot or prevent these mistakes. We employed a systematic approach to examine and analyse all available physical quantity open-source libraries. Approximately 3700 search results across seven repository hosting sites were condensed into a list of 82 of the most comprehensive and well-developed libraries currently available. In this group, 30 different programming languages are represented. Out of these 82 libraries, 38 have been updated within the last two years. These 38 are summarised in this paper as they are deemed the most relevant. The conclusion we draw from these results is that there is clearly too much diversity, duplicated efforts, and a lack of code sharing and harmonisation which discourages use and adoption.

  • 13.
    Bergdahl, Jacob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The AI Revolution: A study on the present and future application and value of AI in the context of ERP systems2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business leaders around the world are expressing equal amounts of excitement and urgency for implementing artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. Yet the upcoming AI revolution is clouded with uncertainties and misconceptions. In this thesis, the business value and application potential of AI were studied in a context of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems through a case study at a consultancy firm with small- to midsize clients. Three research questions were posed and answered: how can, or do, organizational processes covered by ERP systems benefit from AI, what AI features do customers typically request when ordering ERP systems, and is AI adopted with the purpose of reducing costs or increasing revenue?

    Using a framework for data analysis, multiple organizational processes covered by ERP systems were explored through interviews with ERP experts. The results indicated that small- and midsize companies were still primarily requesting and working to implement basic, incremental AI with the purpose of reducing costs through automations. Future leaders may instead need to implement AI that fundamentally reinvents their business processes, with the purpose of increasing revenue through augmentations. Overall, while some organizational processes have already been improved with AI solutions, many processes have yet to be AI-powered in the ERP solutions sold by the consultancy firm examined in this study. However, the consultants of the firm express great positivity for the untapped potential of AI, and many further AI solutions are being developed.

  • 14.
    Bergholtz, Maria
    et al.
    University of Stockholm.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Towards a Socio-Institutional Ontology for Conceptual Modelling of Information Systems2015In: Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2015 Workshops AHA, CMS, EMoV, MoBID, MORE-BI, MReBA, QMMQ, and SCME, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-22, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Jeusfeld, Manfred A., Karlapalem, Kamalakar, Springer International Publishing , 2015, p. 225-235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most work on ontologies for conceptual modelling is based on the assumption that conceptual models represent a pre-existing reality, which they should faithfully reflect. This paper suggests an ontology for conceptual modelling of institutional domains taking into account also the prescriptive role of conceptual models, thereby supporting the design of information systems. The paper draws on the current ontological discourse in information systems engineering; descriptive vs prescriptive conceptual modelling; socio-materiality in terms of clarifying the relationships be-tween physical and social domains; and ontological differences between (physical) properties and rights. The results of the paper can be used to support conceptual mod-elling in business analysis, in particular requirements elicitation of regulative aspects.

  • 15. Bergholz, Maria
    et al.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Johannesson, Paul
    Towards a Sociomaterial Ontology2013In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops (pp. 341–348). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com, At CAiSE 2013 International Workshops, Valencia, Spain,, Volume: 148 / [ed] X. Franch & P. Soffer, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bjellman, Evelina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Gunnarsson, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    “De är kompisar”: En studie om möjligheterna att utvinna affärsnytta utifrån den ökande mängd data Internet of Things genererar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Bjerking, Felix
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sverredal, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Simulering av indirekta val: en studie i att förbättra användbarhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Blomberg, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Standardization and organizational change: Standardized ERP systems: a business development and change limitation?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When adopting standardized ERP systems organizations also adopt standardized processes. These processes are integrated in the organization. The integration of standardized business processes redefines the business while standardization also leads to more indistinguishable business processes. Standardization is a prominent property of SAP ERP. When organizations implement SAP they also implement the SAP way of doing business. The research question is based on a consideration whether increased standardization, as part of SAP ERP, may limit the organization’s possibility to change.To examine the question the thesis use interviews with a business organization and SAP consultants as well as document studies. The results of the empirical work point to the fact that standardization is not limiting opportunity to change. Rather standardization is viewed as a necessary structure that is more of an organizational change enabler than a limiter. The enabling view of standardization is a consistent finding from the empirical study.

  • 19.
    Bragner, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wasing, Malin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Programspråk specificerade av nyttjare: en pilotstudie om tidsåtgång vid uppmärkning av dokument2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IT projects often fail because they are late and more expensive than planned, and in many cases it is the time factor that is limiting for projects. There exist many different programming languages and the need to share structures between them. Applications within the same system often uses different terminology and the need for conversions occurs. Standardized languages such as XML exist but when organizations choose to create their own syntax for formatting publications instead a resistance can be distinguished. The paper can be used as basis for further research in the area of programming languages. This research focuses on comparing if the choice of syntax affects expenditure of time when marking document. The selected research strategy is experiment. A pilot study has been done and based on the results of the study a hypothesis testing (t-test) was made. The analysis of the results indicated that the use of optional syntax implied that less time was spent at marking document than the use of XML. The conclusion from this was that this area should be further explored and that the study should be done on a larger scale.

  • 20.
    Brostedt, Nathan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Pettersson, Oscar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Bristfälliga utvecklingsprojekt av informationssystem i den kommunalasektorn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay starts with defining and categorizing of information systems with flaws or failure. Flaws and failures identified from previous studies are then presented. A few informationsystems with flaws in a municipality are then examined to find what in them that flaws. To avoid future flaws and failure a model has been developed. Some significant flaws that has emerged include poor involvement of users and the lack of project management in the municipality.

  • 21.
    Bulbeck, Emilia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Path to Persuasion: An investigation into how al-Shabab constructs their brand in their digital magazine Gaidi Mtaani2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Branding strategies are becoming increasingly important for terrorist organisations who need to take a more purposeful approach at imbuing aspirational associations to their organisations in order secure recruits and funds in an increasingly competitive environment. The creation and implication of these individual brands are further amplified through the sophisticated harnessing of ICT and digital media, where the harnessing of novel tactics and digital trends feed into the increasing use of branding. It is a strategy being employed by numerous terrorist groups, and a burgeoning research field is rapidly evolving to represent this development. This study seeks to explore how al-Shabab constructs their brand in their digital magazine Gaidi Mtaani, using Aristotle's rhetorical triad of ethos, pathos and logos. This study has the hopes of contributing to comparison studies between Dabiq and Inspire and wider terrorist branding, terrorism, ICT and communication studies. Understanding the differences between how some of the most notorious terrorist organizations distinguish themselves will help counter the rhetoric and brand associations projected through their publications. In order to answer this research question, this study will consist of a two-part theoretical framework situated in the concept of branding and rhetoric theory. Rhetoric theory will help this study understand how al-Shabab communicate and constructs their brand. It will allow for the analysis of any persuasive communications that express al-Shabab’s brand associations and help analyse al-Shabab's divisive use of language in order to ultimately promote their brand and ideas. The empirical data will be analysed through the use of qualitative content analysis.

  • 22.
    Cantar, Andreia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Åström, Eri
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Interface update from older adult users’ perspective2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is it unavoidable fact that the interface of a program will change when the program is updated. It is a well-known problem that such changes lead to usability issues, even if the new interface in itself is usable. In increasingly digitalized society where using computers and the Internet is no longer a matter of interest, but a necessity to manage everyday life, it is important that older generation is included in the rapid development. Older adults generally suffer from physical, motor and cognitive decline that can create barrier to using computers. Changing interface can be particularly problematic for this age group, and a smooth transition from the old interface to the new one is needed. Fifteen older and five younger computer users were recruited, to study how a drastically modified computer interface influences older adults as computer users. Internet Explorer 10 for Windows 8 was used as testing software for the case study where the participants were asked to conduct a series of tasks to observe the effects of first time experience with the new interface. The attitudes and the emotions towards the new interface, as well as the difficulties encountered during the first time use were studied in the thesis. The result showed the clear difference between the younger and older participants. Older participants generally had a more positive attitude towards the new browser, even though they encountered more difficulties during the test. The younger participants managed to complete the tasks with less assistance, but were skeptical towards the new interface. Despite the differences in the emotional reactions, both groups were reluctant to update to the new interface, which was shown to be particularly problematic for older participants. The result of the study indicates that an interface that undergoes major restructuring is most likely to be problematic for senior computer users. Thus, there is a need for a bridging strategy between the old and the new interface. 

  • 23.
    Cedernaes, Christopher
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Eriksson, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Open Innovation Software: A study of feature-related problems in idea management systems2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the transition from closed to open innovation in recent years, the next trend for companies has been to bring in new ideas from external stakeholders using innovation tools, known as Open Innovation Software (OIS). The most common type of OIS, called idea management systems, allows participants to submit, evaluate, and engage in discussions around ideas. However, implementing software to support innovation is not a sure success and potential problems may arise.

    The purpose of this thesis is to research problems within features in current idea management systems, and to provide guidelines that suggest ways that may eliminate or reduce the impact of the particular problems.

    Interviews were conducted with representatives from five different idea management systems. The respondents demonstrated their systems, which made it possible to gather features and to learn about problems that exist in these systems.

    Five problems within features were found; these were related to engagement, duplicates, idea evaluation, complexity, and bias. Numerous recommendations regarding how the impact of these problems may be reduced have been identified.

    The findings of this thesis show that Problems with engagement is best dealt with using features that delivers better feedback in order to give more motivation to the participants. As for managing duplicates, it is recommended to implement a feature that suggests similar ideas during the idea submission phase. It was found that allowing users to have an unlimited amount of votes should be avoided. To prevent bias, managers should be careful of having features that displays idea ratings before users have casted their vote, features that allow users to edit their casted vote unless an idea has been edited,  and  for instance features that show ideas in order of popularity. 

  • 24. Dahl, Michael
    et al.
    Lundmark, Torbjörn
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Monstad, Therese
    Aligning IT to Business Goals: Holistic IT-Governance and Strategy Implementation2010In: Proceedings of the 33rd IRIS Seminar / [ed] Hanne Westh Nicolajsen, John Persson, Lise Heeager, Gitte Tjørnehøj, Karlheinz Kautz, Peter Axel Nielsen, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Demirörs, Aydin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Project Management: Möjligheter och fallgropar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Dimadi, Ioanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Social media sentiment analysis for firm's revenue prediction2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of the Internet and its social media platforms have affected people’s daily life. More and more people use it as a tool in order to communicate, exchange opin-ions and share information with others. However, those platforms have not only been used for socializing but also for expressing people’s product preferences. This wide spread of social networking sites has enabled companies to take advantage of them as an important way of approaching their target audience. This thesis focuses on study-ing the influence of social media platforms on the revenue of a single organization like Nike that uses them actively. Facebook and Twitter, two widely-used social me-dia platforms, were investigated with tweets and comments produced by consumer’s online discussions in brand’s hosted pages being gathered. This unstructured social media data were collected from 26 Nike official pages, 13 fan pages from each plat-form and their sentiment was analyzed. The classification of those comments had been done by using the Valence Aware Dictionary and Sentiment Reasoner (VADER), a lexicon-based approach that is implemented for social media analysis. After gathering the five-year Nike’s revenue, the degree to which these could be affected by the clas-sified data was examined by using multiple stepwise linear regression analysis. The findings showed that the fraction of positive/total for both Facebook and Twitter ex-plained 84.6% of the revenue’s variance. Fitting this data on the multiple regression model, Nike’s revenue could be forecast with a root mean square error around 287 billion.

  • 27.
    Djurberg, Siri
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Miocic, Antonia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Molntjänster för svenska sjukvårdsorganisationer: En guide för behandling av patientdata 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Molntjänster har redan tagit över flera branscher och sjukvården står näst på tur. Molntjänsters effektiviseringar lockar sjukvården som är en hård pressad bransch både inom kompetens och tid. Samtidigt ansvarar sjukvården över patientdata vilket leder till att de har strikta lagar och regelverk att följa som innebär stora utmaningar. Det kan vara svårt att få en holistisk bild av vad molntjänster kan erbjuda sjukvårdsorganisationen och därför har vårdens syn på molntjänster undersökts och vilka faktorer som präglat deras hantering av patientdata i molnet. En kvalitativ studie har genomförts och där respondenter som är IT-ansvariga både på sjukvårdsorganisationer och molnleverantörer har intervjuats. Sammanfattningsvis dras slutsatsen att i IT-ansvariga på sjukvårdsorganisationer ser molntjänster som en möjlighet och en väg som de måste tas. För att kunna möta patienters behov är de överens om att sjukvården kommer behöva möta deras patienter på en digital plattform och att det krävs tydliga gemensamma riktlinjer för hur man som sjukhusorganisation bör agera vid beslutstagande av molntjänster från en molnleverantör. Det är av intresse att en myndighet upprättas för att ta fram dessa lagar och riktlinjer i syfte att vara rådgivare och inte granskande. Slutligen presenteras sex stycken punkter, som enligt respondenterna, präglar hantering av patientdata i molntjänster som är riktade till de beslutsfattande och IT-ansvariga som är involverade i de beslut som ska fattas kring användandet av molntjänster inom sjukvårdsorganisationer.

  • 28.
    Dong, Wenfei
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Exploring and Theorizing Velocity Flux in Agile Development2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We mainly study development velocity in agile teams in this dissertation. The concept of development velocity relates to the classical problem of time estimation in software development and software development planning. Building on previous literature as well as a case study, we explore and theorize the factors that cause ‘velocity flux’, i.e. fluctuations in development velocity through studying the relationship between development velocity and the rate of incoming customer feature requests. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of what causes velocity flux in agile development, and discusses the implications of the findings for research and practical implications for agile planning. As a result, we propose nine factors that cause velocity flux, and provide some strategies to overcome them in order to make a more effective sprint planning in agile teams. 

  • 29.
    Elgh, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Common problems for IT-startups: En kvalitativ kartläggning av betydelsen att anpassa affärsmodellen, exekvera snabbt och effektivt samt prioritera kundintresse för ett IT-startupföretag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Engelhart, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sandström, Martin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Native-, Hybrid- eller HTML5-applikationer: En studie kring valet av utformningstyp vid framtagandet av en mobilapplikation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Englund, Andreas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Stensfelt, Johannes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Att kommunicera över nationella gränser: En fallstudie om hur Scrum-lag kan överkomma utmaningar med den interna kommunikationen inom globalt distribuerad agil utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Englundh, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Granlund, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Automatisering av mjukvarutest inom agil systemutveckling: Flerfallsstudie av moderna testares utmaningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    System development in recent years has moved towards more flexible approaches to conduct the development, an Agile approach in today's IT company is not at all unusual. In line with the change of development approach also a procedure of testing has gained increased focus: Test automation. The process of test automation in agile system development has gained an increasingly significant role and some authors even claim that test automation is the basis for agile development to be conducted. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the challenges a tester in the Agile methods encounters during the automation process. This is done using interviews of five testers at five different companies and they all have one thing in common, they're working agile.

  • 33.
    Enström, Ludvig
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Dahlbom, Olof
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Databassynkronisering mellan mobila plattformar: - Hur synkroniseras mobila databaser på bästa sätt?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dennauppsatsundersökerhursynkroniseringmellantrevaldaplattformarsdatabaser(iOS,Android,MySQL)kanutföraspåbästasätt.Utifrånvårprimärdatasomärvetenskapligaartiklarskrivnaiämnet,samttidigareforskningochvårsekundärdatasomärvårtexperimentCrossSync,samtenintervjumedFredrikÅlundpåMimer,harvimedettkvalitativtsynsättsettpådeolikabeståndsdelarnasomkrävsförattkunnautförasynkroniseringmellandessaplattformar.Vårtresultatvisarpåattenlångsamsynkroniseringsmodellmåsteanvändas,därheladatabasenidenenaenhetenjämförsmedheladatabasenpåservernvidvarjesynkronisering.Detvisarocksåpåattsynkroniseringenmåsteanpassaseftermobilernasbegränsaderesurser.

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Holmqvist, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Kravhantering i praktiken: Fallstudie av arbetet med kravhantering vid framtagning av nytt biljettsystem2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Requirement management is an important part in the system development process. Gathering, analyzing and prioritizing system requirements clarifies how a future system should work. Requirements may be used in different parts of the system development process. For example it may be used when a system offer or prototype is to be evaluated. It may also be used when a system is tested to make sure it manages to fulfill functional requirements. The purpose of this paper is to investigate what requirement management looks like in reality compared to a choice of theoretical methods. This is made through a case study where the focus has been on gathering, analyzing and prioritizing requirements. The case study also investigates how these requirements are used later in the system development process. The result of our case study shows that techniques from our chosen theory are partly used in reality. It was clear that the techniques were mixed rather than used separately and that they are not used exactly as the theory suggests. In our case study the requirements were used to evaluate system offers, prototypes and to test the system before it was delivered. 

  • 35.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    A Goal-Oriented Dynamical Computation of Preference of Strategy2011In: First International Workshop on the Theory and Applications of Formal Argumentation (TAFA-11) 22nd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (in press), 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Aceto, Giacomo
    Faculty of Engineering, University of Bologna, Italy.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Towards a dynamic metalogic implementation of legal argumentation2011In: The proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 3-10, 2011., 2011, p. 91-95Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human argumentation in general and legal dispute in particular can be seen as highly dynamic and non-monotonic to its nature. To us this suggests that logical analysis of legal argumentation needs to be conducted in a dynamical and flexible setting in which the interaction is influenced by the parties' previous arguments. To express such approximations of legal reasoning as computational formalizations of argument, applications require dealing with knowledge representations, non-monotonic logics and a game-model able to capture the interaction as a debate between two or more disputing parties. In this paper we present some intuitions regarding the features of a full implementation and accompanying software for defeasible adversarial legal argumentation.

  • 37.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Bengtsson, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Edenius, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Cedernaes, Christopher
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Eriksson, Kristoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Featuring Sustainability - social sustainability impact of Open Innovation Software2012In: The proceedings of the 5th ISPIM Innovation Symposium: Stimulation nnovation: Challenges for Management, Science & Technology, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Edenius, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Anchoring Tablets in Organizational Practices - a Practice Based Approach to the Digitalization of Board Work2014In: The Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Auckland, New Zealand, December 14-17, 2014., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Edenius, Mats
    Governing is in the Details: The Longitudinal Impact of IT-related PolicyManagement for Public Boards2017In: Information Technology Governance in Public OrganizationsTheory and Practice / [ed] Lazar Rusu and Gianluigi Viscusi, Springer, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Edenius, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    On Sustaining Sustainability—The Case of Implementing Decision s Based on Policies for a Sustainable Future viaTablets in a Board of a Swedish Housing Corporation2015In: Information, Models, and Sustainability: Policy Informatics in the Age of Big Data and Open Government / [ed] Jing Zhang,Luis F Luna, Theresa Pardo, Djoko Sigit Sayogo, Springer, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Information Science. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hamfelt, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Information Science.
    Fischer Nilsson, Jorgen
    Argumentation as a metacognitive skill of passing acceptance: a case study from a scientific dispute2005In: Metacognition in computation : papers from the 2005 AAAI symposium. Technical Report SS-05-04 / [ed] Mike Anderson and Tim Oates, Cochairs, Menlo Park, California: AAAI Press, 2005, p. 74-79Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Automated decision-making is a significant concern for theAI community and especially for multi-agent systems. Although it has long been known among scholars of rhetoric that human decision-making can be systematically influenced by skillful argumentation, there seems to be a lack of formalizations which handle the impact rhetoric has on the concealment of logical fallacies to the human mind. In this paper, we highlight the need of metacognition for the successful formal representation and interpretation of human argumentation and thus successful automated decision-making. The relevance of such investigations is illustrated with a real-world example taken from the discourse of neuroscience.

  • 42.
    Eriksson Lundström, Jenny
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wiberg, MikaelUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.Hrastinski, StefanUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.Edenius, MatsUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.Ågerfalk, Pär J.Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Managing Open Innovation Technologies2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Jonsson, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Migration av distribuerad relationsdatabas för lagring i webbläsare2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing amount of companies and organizations are starting to implement the use of cloud computing in their business. This trend results in that software, which was previously sold and distributed to the customers whom then had to install the software on their own computers, now is being replaced with Software as a Service (SaaS). SaaS makes software available through the customers’ browsers, which results in that the service providers only have to administer a single application. The process to migrate a distributed application to a service delivered as a SaaS lacks sufficient investigation; this paper will provide some guidelines for conducting such a pro- cess. During the work on this paper, a prototype of a service delivered as a SaaS has been devel- oped with the intention to test, among other things, how a distributed relational database can be converted to a key/value pair storage. A conversion of this kind enables data to be stored locally in the customers’ browsers, which relieves some pressure on the server as well as enables the application to be used in offline-mode. The paper results in three guidelines which should be considered when planning to migrate software to a service delivered as a SaaS with a local data- base; Think before you act, Don’t expose your soul and Size matters. These guidelines describe how a migration process should be planned, when an application is not deemed appropriate to migrate and when a conversion of the database is not appropriate.

  • 44.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: E-recept,2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning: Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för e-recept inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentliggemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av dessa digitala resurser utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Ladok2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för Ladok inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentliggemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av dessa digitala resurser utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.

  • 46.
    Eriksson, Owen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    Linköpings universitet.
    Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Informationsförsörjning för ekonomiskt bistånd2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för (informationsförsörjning inom) ekonomiskt bistånd inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentlig- gemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar.Ekonomiskt bistånd ges av kommunernas socialtjänster till människor som inte klarar av sin försörjning på egen hand. Ekonomiskt bistånd är den ”sista utposten” av det offentligas resurser för att stödja människor utan egna ekonomiska resurser. För handläggning av ansökningar om ekonomiskt bistånd inom kommunerna krävs att kontroller görs av information som registerhålles av olika statliga myndigheter om de sökandes andra ekonomiska förmåner och omständigheter. Digital samverkan har utvecklats mellan å ena sidan kommunerna och å andra sidan statliga myndigheter och a-kassorna. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av digitala resurser för ekonomiskt bistånd utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.Det har funnits och finns fortfarande stora svårigheter att få till stånd en effektiv digital informationsförsörjning inom ekonomiskt bistånd. Den rättsliga regleringen är omfattande, komplex och delvis motstridig. Det har varit svårt att få till stånd en fungerande utvecklingssamverkan mellan kommunkollektivet och olika myndigheter. På kommunsidan används olika proprietära programvaror (socialtjänstssystem) och leverantörerna till dessa har visat svagt intresse för att öppna upp sina system för digital samverkan.

  • 47.
    Eriksson, Owen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Henderson-Sellers, Brian
    Gonzalez-Perez, Cesar
    Ågerfalk, Pär J
    Ptolemaic Metamodelling?: The Need for a Paradigm Shift2013In: Progressions and Innovations in Model-Driven Software Engineering / [ed] Díaz, V. G., Lovelle, J. M. C., García-Bustelo, B. C. P., Martínez, O. S., IGI Global , 2013, no 018-4710000Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Eriksson, Owen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Informationssystem.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Informationssystem.
    Rethinking the Meaning of Identifiers in Information Infrastructures2010In: Journal of the AIS, ISSN 1536-9323, E-ISSN 1536-9323, Vol. 11, no 8, p. 433-454Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Identifiers — such as personal identification numbers, student numbers, and license numbers — are used for identifying individual objects and constitute an important part of the information infrastructures of organizations and society. The design, choice, assignment, withdrawal, and replacement of identifiers are significant economic and political issues with more profound consequences than are perhaps commonly perceived. Use of identifiers can result in significant costs because they may include descriptive information, because an inappropriate identifier may be chosen for the object in question, or because there may be a lack of institutional control of the identifier. The objective of this paper is to elaborate on these problems by explaining the identifier construct from a technical, institutional, ontological, and information infrastructural perspective. Based on this understanding, we provide guidelines for how identifiers should be designed, chosen, replaced, and controlled. Accordingly, we address the practical need for improved design principles relating to the increasingly important infrastructural character of computerized information systems that stems from the importance of appropriate identifiers for information infrastructures and society as a whole. In order to understand the role, function, and meaning of identifiers, it is important to acknowledge that the identifier is fundamentally a linguistic construct used when referring to socially constructed institutional objects. Institutional objects are symbolic entities that represent institutional and brute facts, which are the results of human actions.

  • 49.
    Eriksson, Patrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Brink, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ineffektiv systemdokumentation: En fallstudie hos Bankgirocentralen BGC AB2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dokumentation har en central roll i systemutveckling och främst i den fas som majoriteten av ett IT-systems livstid spenderas i, förvaltningsfasen. Systemdokumentation är omfattande men ett av de viktigaste dokumenten är användningsfall. Det är ett kraftfullt verktyg för medarbetare att förstå systemet och är en möjlighet att förmedla systemets funktioner vidare. Dokumentation lider ofta av problemen att de inte uppdateras eller håller den kvalitet som behövs för att medarbetarna ska vilja använda dem i sitt arbete. Studien har inspirerats från teorin där effektiv dokumentation nämns och applicerat detta på användningsfall för att identifiera ineffektiv dokumentation och vilka konsekvenser ineffektiv dokumentation kan ha för medarbetare och IT-system. Med en fallstudie hos Bankgirots system Bg Avtal har studien genomfört dokumentanalys och intervjuer. Genom datainsamlingen har studien först kunnat konstatera att de användningsfall som används för Bg Avtal är ineffektiva och sedan kunnat identifiera konsekvenser av detta. Studien har identifierat att det för medarbetare och system kan uppstå inkonsekvens, personberoende, godtyckliga lösningar och svårigheter med verksamhetsspråket. Dessa konsekvenser anses även kunna uppstå om annan systemdokumentation är ineffektiv.

  • 50.
    Ernerot, Hampus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Torstensson, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Harmoni mellan verksamhet och IT: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The research field argues for the importance of aligning business and IT, since organizations that has conducted a high degree of alignment in general perform better than other organizations. This is not easy to achieve, aligning business and IT is still one of the top challenges for organizations. This study aims to examine previous research to identify and describe scientifically validated ways of achieving and keeping business and IT aligned. To do this a systematic literature review is conducted. The result from the systematic literature review is processed to identify similarities between the different ways of achieving and keeping business and IT aligned. The study contributes with a theoretical ground for future research and for interested students and practitioners who want to gain insights in the field.

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