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  • 1. Abarca-Gómez, L.
    et al.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Yngve, Agneta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Ezzati, M
    Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults.2017In: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 390, no 10113, p. 2627-2642Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults.

    METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends from 1975 to 2016 in 200 countries for mean BMI and for prevalence of BMI in the following categories for children and adolescents aged 5-19 years: more than 2 SD below the median of the WHO growth reference for children and adolescents (referred to as moderate and severe underweight hereafter), 2 SD to more than 1 SD below the median (mild underweight), 1 SD below the median to 1 SD above the median (healthy weight), more than 1 SD to 2 SD above the median (overweight but not obese), and more than 2 SD above the median (obesity).

    FINDINGS: Regional change in age-standardised mean BMI in girls from 1975 to 2016 ranged from virtually no change (-0·01 kg/m(2) per decade; 95% credible interval -0·42 to 0·39, posterior probability [PP] of the observed decrease being a true decrease=0·5098) in eastern Europe to an increase of 1·00 kg/m(2) per decade (0·69-1·35, PP>0·9999) in central Latin America and an increase of 0·95 kg/m(2) per decade (0·64-1·25, PP>0·9999) in Polynesia and Micronesia. The range for boys was from a non-significant increase of 0·09 kg/m(2) per decade (-0·33 to 0·49, PP=0·6926) in eastern Europe to an increase of 0·77 kg/m(2) per decade (0·50-1·06, PP>0·9999) in Polynesia and Micronesia. Trends in mean BMI have recently flattened in northwestern Europe and the high-income English-speaking and Asia-Pacific regions for both sexes, southwestern Europe for boys, and central and Andean Latin America for girls. By contrast, the rise in BMI has accelerated in east and south Asia for both sexes, and southeast Asia for boys. Global age-standardised prevalence of obesity increased from 0·7% (0·4-1·2) in 1975 to 5·6% (4·8-6·5) in 2016 in girls, and from 0·9% (0·5-1·3) in 1975 to 7·8% (6·7-9·1) in 2016 in boys; the prevalence of moderate and severe underweight decreased from 9·2% (6·0-12·9) in 1975 to 8·4% (6·8-10·1) in 2016 in girls and from 14·8% (10·4-19·5) in 1975 to 12·4% (10·3-14·5) in 2016 in boys. Prevalence of moderate and severe underweight was highest in India, at 22·7% (16·7-29·6) among girls and 30·7% (23·5-38·0) among boys. Prevalence of obesity was more than 30% in girls in Nauru, the Cook Islands, and Palau; and boys in the Cook Islands, Nauru, Palau, Niue, and American Samoa in 2016. Prevalence of obesity was about 20% or more in several countries in Polynesia and Micronesia, the Middle East and north Africa, the Caribbean, and the USA. In 2016, 75 (44-117) million girls and 117 (70-178) million boys worldwide were moderately or severely underweight. In the same year, 50 (24-89) million girls and 74 (39-125) million boys worldwide were obese.

    INTERPRETATION: The rising trends in children's and adolescents' BMI have plateaued in many high-income countries, albeit at high levels, but have accelerated in parts of Asia, with trends no longer correlated with those of adults.

  • 2.
    Andersén, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Self-efficacy, Vocational Rehabilitation and Transition to Work2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to examine the relationship between self-efficacy, individually tailored vocational rehabilitation and transition to work or studies.

    Study I was a cross-sectional study based on questionnaire- and registry data, investigating whether factors related to sick leave predict self-efficacy in women on long-term sick leave (n= 337) due to pain and/or mental illness. General self-efficacy was low. Anxiety and depression were the strongest predictors for low self-efficacy.

    Study II used longitudinal data from a randomised controlled trial, comprising partly the same women (n=401) as in Study I. Participants were allocated to either 1) assessment of multidisciplinary team and multimodal intervention (TEAM), 2) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), or 3) control group. Self-efficacy increased in the TEAM group in comparison with the control group.

    Study III had a descriptive qualitative design with individual interviews, studying participants’ (n=14) experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation project, and encounters with professionals working in it. The participants, who were on long-term sick leave due to mental illness or pain reported overall positive experiences with the project. The project was based on collaboration between authorities and motivational interviewing. The positive experiences were based on four categories: Opportunities for receiving various dimensions of support, Good overall treatment by the professionals, Satisfaction with the working methods of the project, and Opportunities for personal development.

    Study IV was a prospective cohort study investigating perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults (n= 249) aged 19-29 year with disabilities, and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies. The study used questionnaire- and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project. Higher levels of self-efficacy were associated with increased odds for ‘transition to work’. General self-efficacy was low, and young adults with lower self-efficacy reported worse self-rated health compared with those with higher self-efficacy.

    This thesis showed that multidisciplinary assessment with a multimodal intervention had positive effects on self-efficacy. Individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, based on cooperation and motivational interviewing, may be beneficial for individuals on long-term sick leave and the interactions between participants and the professionals may affect participants’ self-efficacy positively. Mental health needs to be considered when targeting self-efficacy in vocational rehabilitation. Furthermore, research is needed to a) clarify which components in the multidisciplinary team intervention can increase self-efficacy, b) study the effects of vocational rehabilitation based on an individual design, cooperation and motivational interviewing on self-efficacy, health and transition to work, and c) develop interventions that can increase self-efficacy and support transition to work/ studies in young adults with disabilities.

    List of papers
    1. Predictors of self-efficacy in women on long-term sick leave
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predictors of self-efficacy in women on long-term sick leave
    Show others...
    2015 (English)In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 320-326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Self-efficacy has been shown to be related to sick leave and to be a predictor of return to work after sickness absence. The aim of this study was to investigate whether factors related to sick leave predict self-efficacy in women on long-term sick leave because of pain and/or mental illness. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from 337 Swedish women with pain and/or mental illness. All included women took part in vocational rehabilitation. Data were collected through a sick leave register and a baseline questionnaire. General self-efficacy, sociodemographics, self-rated health, anxiety, depression, view of the future, and social support were measured and analyzed by univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses. The full multivariate linear regression model, which included mental health factors together with all measured factors, showed that anxiety and depression were the only predictive factors of lower self-efficacy (adjusted R-2 = 0.46, P < 0.001) and explained 46% of the variance in self-efficacy. The mean scores of general self-efficacy were low, especially in women born abroad, those with low motivation, those with uncertainties about returning to work, and women reporting distrust. Anxiety and depression are important factors to consider when targeting self-efficacy in vocational rehabilitation.

    Keywords
    anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, sick leave, vocational rehabilitation, women
    National Category
    Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268763 (URN)10.1097/MRR.0000000000000129 (DOI)000364627800006 ()26258448 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2015-12-15 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2018-01-19
    2. Strengthened General Self-Efficacy with Multidisciplinary Vocational Rehabilitation in Women on Long-Term Sick Leave: A Randomised Controlled Trial
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strengthened General Self-Efficacy with Multidisciplinary Vocational Rehabilitation in Women on Long-Term Sick Leave: A Randomised Controlled Trial
    Show others...
    2018 (English)In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate the effects of two vocational rehabilitation interventions on self-efficacy, for women on long-term sick leave ≥ 1 year due to chronic pain and/or mental illness. Methods This study uses data from a randomised controlled trial consisting of two phases and comprising 401 women on long-term sick leave. They were allocated to either (1) a multidisciplinary team assessment and multimodal intervention (TEAM), (2) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), or (3) control group. Data were collected through repeated measurements from self-reported questionnaires before intervention, 6 and 12 months later and registry data. Data from measurements of general self-efficacy, sociodemographics, anxiety and depression were analysed with linear regression analyses. Results During the intervention period, the women in the TEAM group’s self-efficacy mean increased from 2.29 to 2.74. The adjusted linear regression model, which included group allocation, sociodemographics, self-efficacy pre-treatment, anxiety and depression showed increased self-efficacy for those in the TEAM intervention at 12 months (B = 0.25, 95% CI 0.10–0.41). ACT intervention had no effect on self-efficacy at 12 months (B = 0.02, 95% CI − 0.16 to 0.19). The results in the adjusted model also showed that higher self-efficacy at pre-treatment was associated with a higher level of self-efficacy at 12 months (B = 0.68, 95% CI 0.54–0.81). Conclusion A multidisciplinary team assessment and multimodal intervention increased self-efficacy in women on sick leave for an extremely long time (mean 7.8 years) who had a low mean level of self-efficacy prior to inclusion. Thus, self-efficacy needs to be addressed in vocational rehabilitation.

    Keywords
    Chronic pain, Mental illness, Multidisciplinary rehabilitation, Self-efficacy, Sick leave, Vocational rehabilitation, Women
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339109 (URN)10.1007/s10926-017-9752-8 (DOI)29318421 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
    3. Positive experiences of a vocational rehabilitation intervention for individuals on long-term sick leave, the Dirigo project: a qualitative study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Positive experiences of a vocational rehabilitation intervention for individuals on long-term sick leave, the Dirigo project: a qualitative study
    Show others...
    2017 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, article id 790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual’s ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients’ experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it. The Dirigo project was based on collaboration between rehabilitation authorities, individually tailored interventions and a motivational interviewing approach. 

    Methods: A descriptive qualitative design was used with data collected through interviews. Fourteen individuals on long-term sick leave took part in individual semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analysed using content analysis.

    Results: The analysis showed overall positive experience of methods and encounters with professionals in a vocational rehabilitation project. The positive experiences were based on four key factors: 1. Opportunities for receiving various dimensions of support.  2. Good overall treatment by the professionals. 3. Satisfaction with the working methods of the project, and 4. Opportunities for personal development.

    Conclusions: The main result showed that the clients had an overall positive experience of a vocational rehabilitation project and encounters with professionals who used motivational interviewing as a communication method. The overall positive experience indicated that their interactions with the different professionals may have affected their self-efficacy in general and in relation to transition to work. The knowledge is essential for the professionals working in the area of vocational rehabilitation. However, vocational rehabilitation interventions also need a societal approach to be able to offer clients opportunities for job training and real jobs.

    Keywords
    Sick leave, vocational rehabilitation, motivational interviewing, cooperation, return-to-work, qualitative study
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Research subject
    Social Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328791 (URN)10.1186/s12889-017-4804-8 (DOI)000412684800001 ()29017504 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2017-08-31 Created: 2017-08-31 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
    4. The relationship between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies in young adults with disabilities
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies in young adults with disabilities
    Show others...
    2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 272-278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults with disabilities and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies.

    Methods: This prospective cohort study collected data through self-report questionnaires and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project with young adults, aged 19-29 years. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Swedish Public Employment Service and the participating municipalities identified potential participants to the study. A total of 531 participants were included in the study, of which 249 (47%) were available for analysis. Multinomial logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the associations between self-efficacy, demographic, health and employment status. The latter was coded as: “no transition to work or studies”, “transition to studies”, and “transition to work”.

    Results: A higher level of self-efficacy was associated with increased odds for “transition to work” (OR=2.37, p<0.05). This finding remained consistent when adjusting for possible confounders. The mean value of self-efficacy was low, and participants with lower self-efficacy reported worse self-rated health (p<0.001) compared with participants with higher self-efficacy.

    Conclusions: The results from this study suggest that self-efficacy should be addressed in vocational rehabilitation of young adults with disabilities in order to support their transition and integration into the labour market.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage Publications, 2018
    Keywords
    self-efficacy, young adults, disability, employment
    National Category
    Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
    Research subject
    Social Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328794 (URN)10.1177/1403494817717556 (DOI)000429934600015 ()29569532 (PubMedID)
    Funder
    European Social Fund (ESF)Swedish Social Insurance Agency
    Available from: 2017-08-31 Created: 2017-08-31 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved
  • 3.
    Andersén, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Christian, Ståhl
    National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Positive experiences of a vocational rehabilitation intervention for individuals on long-term sick leave, the Dirigo project: a qualitative study2017In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, article id 790Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual’s ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients’ experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it. The Dirigo project was based on collaboration between rehabilitation authorities, individually tailored interventions and a motivational interviewing approach. 

    Methods: A descriptive qualitative design was used with data collected through interviews. Fourteen individuals on long-term sick leave took part in individual semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analysed using content analysis.

    Results: The analysis showed overall positive experience of methods and encounters with professionals in a vocational rehabilitation project. The positive experiences were based on four key factors: 1. Opportunities for receiving various dimensions of support.  2. Good overall treatment by the professionals. 3. Satisfaction with the working methods of the project, and 4. Opportunities for personal development.

    Conclusions: The main result showed that the clients had an overall positive experience of a vocational rehabilitation project and encounters with professionals who used motivational interviewing as a communication method. The overall positive experience indicated that their interactions with the different professionals may have affected their self-efficacy in general and in relation to transition to work. The knowledge is essential for the professionals working in the area of vocational rehabilitation. However, vocational rehabilitation interventions also need a societal approach to be able to offer clients opportunities for job training and real jobs.

  • 4.
    Andersén, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Berglund, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Strengthened General Self-Efficacy with Multidisciplinary Vocational Rehabilitation in Women on Long-Term Sick Leave: A Randomised Controlled Trial2018In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To investigate the effects of two vocational rehabilitation interventions on self-efficacy, for women on long-term sick leave ≥ 1 year due to chronic pain and/or mental illness. Methods This study uses data from a randomised controlled trial consisting of two phases and comprising 401 women on long-term sick leave. They were allocated to either (1) a multidisciplinary team assessment and multimodal intervention (TEAM), (2) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), or (3) control group. Data were collected through repeated measurements from self-reported questionnaires before intervention, 6 and 12 months later and registry data. Data from measurements of general self-efficacy, sociodemographics, anxiety and depression were analysed with linear regression analyses. Results During the intervention period, the women in the TEAM group’s self-efficacy mean increased from 2.29 to 2.74. The adjusted linear regression model, which included group allocation, sociodemographics, self-efficacy pre-treatment, anxiety and depression showed increased self-efficacy for those in the TEAM intervention at 12 months (B = 0.25, 95% CI 0.10–0.41). ACT intervention had no effect on self-efficacy at 12 months (B = 0.02, 95% CI − 0.16 to 0.19). The results in the adjusted model also showed that higher self-efficacy at pre-treatment was associated with a higher level of self-efficacy at 12 months (B = 0.68, 95% CI 0.54–0.81). Conclusion A multidisciplinary team assessment and multimodal intervention increased self-efficacy in women on sick leave for an extremely long time (mean 7.8 years) who had a low mean level of self-efficacy prior to inclusion. Thus, self-efficacy needs to be addressed in vocational rehabilitation.

  • 5.
    Andersén, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Pingel, Ronnie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
    The relationship between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies in young adults with disabilities2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 272-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate perceived self-efficacy in unemployed young adults with disabilities and the association between self-efficacy and transition to work or studies.

    Methods: This prospective cohort study collected data through self-report questionnaires and registry data from a vocational rehabilitation project with young adults, aged 19-29 years. The Swedish Social Insurance Agency, the Swedish Public Employment Service and the participating municipalities identified potential participants to the study. A total of 531 participants were included in the study, of which 249 (47%) were available for analysis. Multinomial logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the associations between self-efficacy, demographic, health and employment status. The latter was coded as: “no transition to work or studies”, “transition to studies”, and “transition to work”.

    Results: A higher level of self-efficacy was associated with increased odds for “transition to work” (OR=2.37, p<0.05). This finding remained consistent when adjusting for possible confounders. The mean value of self-efficacy was low, and participants with lower self-efficacy reported worse self-rated health (p<0.001) compared with participants with higher self-efficacy.

    Conclusions: The results from this study suggest that self-efficacy should be addressed in vocational rehabilitation of young adults with disabilities in order to support their transition and integration into the labour market.

  • 6. Bellavia, Andrea
    et al.
    Wallentin, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Orsini, Nicola
    James, Stefan K
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    Cannon, Christopher P
    Himmelmann, Anders
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Renlund, Henrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Time-based measures of treatment effect: reassessment of ticagrelor and clopidogrel from the PLATO trial2017In: Open heart, E-ISSN 2053-3624, Vol. 4, no 2, article id e000557Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Treatment effects to binary endpoints using time-to-event data in randomised controlled trials are typically summarised by reporting HRs derived with Cox proportional hazard models. Alternative and complementary methods include summarising the between-treatment differences on the metric time scale, quantifying the effect as delay of the event (DoE). The aim of this study was to reassess data from the PLATO study expressing the effects as the time by which the main outcomes are delayed or hastened due to treatment.

    METHODS: PLATO was a randomised controlled double-blind multicentre study (n=18,624), conducted between 2006 and 2008, which demonstrated superiority of the antiplatelet treatment ticagrelor over clopidogrel in reducing risk of several cardiovascular events. In the present study, four of the main PLATO outcomes were reassessed by calculating the time by which an event may be delayed due to the treatment.

    RESULTS: The effects of ticagrelor, as compared with clopidogrel, consisted of a substantial delay of the evaluated outcomes, ranging from 83 to 98 days over 400-day follow-up. The Delay of Events Curves showed that the effects progressively increased over time, and the significant findings were concordant with those presented in the original PLATO study.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed evidence of a beneficial effect of ticagrelor over clopidogrel, and provided the magnitude of such effects in terms of delayed event time. Investigating time-to-event data with a percentile approach allows presenting treatment effects from randomised controlled studies as absolute measures of the time by which an event may be delayed due to the treatment.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PLATO (www.clinicaltrials.gov; NCT00391872); Results.

  • 7.
    Berglund, Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Housing Type and Neighbourhood Safety Behaviour Predicts Self-rated Health, Psychological Well-being and Frequency of Recent Unhealthy Days: A Comparative Cross-sectional Study of the General Population in Sweden2017In: Planning practice + research, ISSN 0269-7459, E-ISSN 1360-0583, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 444-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at analysing associations among housing type, neighbourhood safety behaviour, self-rated health (SRH), psychological well-being and unhealthy days in the general population. From 2004 to 2013, 90,845 Swedes completed a questionnaire about their health, number of days with poor health, psychological well-being, housing type, and whether they refrained from going out based on perception of neighbourhood safety. People not living in private housing and those who did not go out for safety reasons reported lower SRH and psychological well-being and higher frequency of recent unhealthy days and days without work capacity due to poor health.

  • 8.
    Brooke, Hannah Louise
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, POB 210, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Talback, Mats
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, POB 210, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hornblad, Jesper
    Natl Board Hlth & Welf, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Lars Age
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Ludvigsson, Jonas Filip
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.;Orebro Univ Hosp, Dept Paediat, Orebro, Sweden.;Univ Nottingham, Sch Med, Div Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Nottingham, England.;Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg, Dept Med, New York, NY USA..
    Druid, Henrik
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Pathol & Oncol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Feychting, Maria
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, POB 210, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ljung, Rickard
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, Unit Epidemiol, POB 210, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    The Swedish cause of death register2017In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 32, no 9, p. 765-773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a long tradition of recording cause of death data. The Swedish cause of death register is a high quality virtually complete register of all deaths in Sweden since 1952. Although originally created for official statistics, it is a highly important data source for medical research since it can be linked to many other national registers, which contain data on social and health factors in the Swedish population. For the appropriate use of this register, it is fundamental to understand its origins and composition. In this paper we describe the origins and composition of the Swedish cause of death register, set out the key strengths and weaknesses of the register, and present the main causes of death across age groups and over time in Sweden. This paper provides a guide and reference to individuals and organisations interested in data from the Swedish cause of death register.

  • 9.
    Erdsiek, F.
    et al.
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Özcebe, H.
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Ankara, Turkey.
    Üner, S.
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Ankara, Turkey.
    Caman, Ö. Karadag
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Ankara, Turkey.
    Brand, H.
    Maastricht Univ, FHML, CAPHRI, Dept Int Hlth, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Czabanowska, K.
    Maastricht Univ, FHML, CAPHRI, Dept Int Hlth, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Gershuni, O.
    Maastricht Univ, FHML, CAPHRI, Dept Int Hlth, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Daryani, Achraf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Aksakal, T.
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Brzoska, P.
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Rational drug use and migration: awareness and attitudes towards antibiotic use among adults in Turkey and Turkish migrants in Sweden, the Netherlands and Germany2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, no Supplement: 1, p. 44-45Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Grandahl, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research.
    Larsson, Margareta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research.
    Dalianis, Tina
    Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stenhammar, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Obstetrics and Reproductive Health Research.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Nevéus, Tryggve
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Research group (Dept. of women´s and children´s health), Paediatric Inflammation Research.
    Catch-up HPV vaccination status of adolescents in relation to socioeconomic factors, individual beliefs and sexual behaviour2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 11, article id e0187193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2012, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was introduced free of charge in the Swedish national school-based vaccination programme for 10-12-year-old girls, and as catch-up vaccination for young women. In Sweden, there is an ongoing discussion about including boys in the national vaccination programme. Few studies are undertaken about adolescents' knowledge, beliefs and HPV vaccination status in relation to socioeconomic status and sexual experience. Thus, the aim was to examine HPV catch-up vaccination status in adolescents in relation to 1) socioeconomic factors, 2) beliefs and knowledge about HPV prevention, and 3) sexual behaviour. The Health Belief Model was used as a theoretical framework. Upper secondary school students (n = 832) aged 16, randomly chosen from a larger sample, were invited to participate in conjunction with the general health interview with the school nurse. A total of 751/832 (90.3%), girls (n = 391, 52%) and boys (n = 360, 48%) completed the questionnaire. HPV vaccination was associated with ethnicity and the mothers' education level; i.e. girls with a non-European background and girls with a less educated mother were less likely to have received the vaccine (p<0.01 and p = 0.04 respectively). Vaccinated girls perceived HPV infection as more severe (p = 0.01), had more insight into women's susceptibility to the infection (p = 0.02), perceived more benefits of the vaccine as protection against cervical cancer (p<0.01) and had a higher intention to engage in HPV-preventive behaviour (p = 0.01). Furthermore, boys and girls were almost equally sexually experienced, although fewer girls had used condom during first intercourse with their latest partner (p = 0.03). Finally, HPV vaccinated girls were less likely to have unprotected sex (p<0.01). In summary, catch-up HPV vaccination among young girls was associated with a European background and high maternal education level, as well as more favourable beliefs towards HPV prevention and less sexual risk-taking. Further preventive measures should therefore be directed at the migrant population.

  • 11.
    Paulsson Do, Ulrica
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Edlund, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Stenhammar, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Psychosocial vulnerability underlying four common unhealthy behaviours in 15–16-year-old Swedish adolescents: a cross-sectional study2017In: BMC Psychology, E-ISSN 2050-7283, Vol. 5, article id 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Factors that influence unhealthy behaviours in adolescents may have different impacts in different sociocultural settings. There is lack of research on the association between psychosocial vulnerability and unhealthy behaviours in adolescents, particularly outside the United States. The aim was to investigate both direct and indirect relationships between psychosocial conditions (subjective well-being, social relationships and self-esteem) and four health-related behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, meal frequency and physical activity) in Swedish adolescents aged 15-16 years. Socio-demographic variables (socio-economic status, gender and age) were also investigated.

    METHODS: To study these associations, a hypothesised model was tested using structural equation modelling. In the hypothesised model, interrelated psychosocial conditions (low well-being, poor social relationships and low self-esteem) and socio-demographic factors (low self-perceived socio-economic status, being female and higher age) together represented a vulnerability underlying smoking, alcohol consumption, irregular meal frequency and low level of physical activity. In this cross-sectional study, self-report questionnaires were used to collect data from 492 adolescents.

    RESULTS: Hypothesised pathways between psychosocial conditions, socio-demographic factors and the four unhealthy behaviours were confirmed. Low well-being was strongly associated with unhealthy behaviours, and poor social relationships showed a strong indirect association with the unhealthy behaviours. Low self-esteem, low self-perceived socio-economic status and female gender were also vulnerability factors for the unhealthy behaviours.

    CONCLUSIONS: Vulnerability for four common unhealthy behaviours was found in Swedish adolescents. This study presents the interrelationships of psychosocial and socio-demographic factors and how they were related with unhealthy behaviours. The results bring new insight into how psychosocial factors are related to unhealthy behaviours in adolescents living in northern Europe.

  • 12.
    Paulsson Do, Ulrica
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Stenhammar, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Edlund, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Health communication with parents and teachers and unhealthy behaviours in 15- to 16-year-old Swedes2017In: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, E-ISSN 2164-2850, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 229-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Unhealthy behaviours during adolescence constitute a major risk for numerous diseases in adulthood.

    Aim: To explore the associations between multiple unhealthy behaviours in adolescents and health behaviour information communicated by their parents and teachers, how much the adolescents cared about this information and whether adolescents went to schools with an annual health-themed week or not.

    Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a self-reported questionnaire was delivered to pupils aged 15 and 16 (n = 492). The results were analysed using Poisson regression.

    Results: The number of unhealthy behaviours was lower in adolescents whose parents encouraged them to adopt healthy behaviours. Adolescents at schools with an annual health-themed week reported more unhealthy behaviours than other adolescents. In addition, attendance at such schools did not compensate for a lack of health behaviour information communicated by parents. Caring about health behaviour information communicated by parents was associated with fewer unhealthy behaviours. In contrast, the opposite was found when adolescents cared about health information communicated by teachers.

    Conclusion: It is important for parents to encourage their adolescent children to adopt healthy behaviours because this is particularly effective at lowering the number of unhealthy behaviours in adolescents. It also appears to be important for parents and teachers to develop credibility among adolescents regarding information communicated about health issues. The results also indicate the importance of involving parents in the school health work to influence them to encourage their adolescent children to adopt healthy behaviours.

  • 13.
    Ståhl, Christian
    et al.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Natl Ctr Work & Rehabil, S-58381 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Andersén, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Anderzén, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Larsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Karolinska Inst, Sect Social Work, Dept Neurobiol, Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Process evaluation of an interorganizational cooperation initiative in vocational rehabilitation: the Dirigo project2017In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, article id 431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study analyzes the process of establishing and developing a cooperative vocational rehabilitation project with special focus on organizational and professional aspects. In the project, officials from the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and the Swedish Public Employment Service worked cooperatively with participants on long-term sick leave, youths with disability benefits, and people receiving social allowances. The officials used Motivational Interviewing (MI) as a method when meeting participants, and were able to offer flexible and tailored case management. The goal was to improve work ability and promote self-sufficiency.

    Methods: The process evaluation was carried out through continuous data collection throughout the project (2012-2014), resulting in a total of 28 individual interviews and 17 focus groups with officials and managers. The material was categorized through an inductive content analysis, and analyzed using social capital as a theoretical frame.

    Results: The evaluation points to how issues related to design, organization and management contributed to the project not reaching its goals, e.g. problems with recruitment of participants, the funding structure, and staffing problems on the managerial level. Still, officials reported positive effects of close cooperation, which was perceived as facilitating the case management by fostering a mutual understanding and access to resources and rehabilitation measures from more than one authority.

    Conclusions: Cooperative work combined with the use of MI and flexible case management seem to promote an increased trust between officials from different authorities and participants, which in the study is conceptualized as bonding and bridging social capital (between officials) and linking social capital (between officials and participants). The organizational problems combined with the relatively large differences in approaches between the project and regular practice obstructed implementation, where the authorities involved did not appear to be ready for implementing methodologies that require organizational restructuring.

  • 14.
    Uner,, S
    et al.
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Ankara, Turkey.
    Caman,, OK
    Hacettepe Univ, Inst Publ Hlth, Ankara, Turkey.
    Brzoska,, P
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Erdsiek, F
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Brand,, H
    Maastricht Univ, Dept Int Hlth, FHML, CAPHRI, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Czabanowska, K
    Maastricht Univ, Dept Int Hlth, FHML, CAPHRI, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Gershuni, O
    Maastricht Univ, Dept Int Hlth, FHML, CAPHRI, Maastricht, Netherlands.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Daryani, Achraf
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Aksakal, T
    Tech Univ Chemnitz, Fac Behav & Social Sci, Chemnitz, Germany.
    Use of antibiotics among adults in Turkey and Turkish migrants in Germany, Netherlands and Sweden2017In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, p. 184-184Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Wangmar, Johanna
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jervaeus, Anna
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fritzell, Kaisa
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Hultcrantz, Rolf
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wengström, Yvonne
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Health literacy levels and views about being invited to a colorectal cancer screening program2018In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 57, no 6, p. 743-749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Sweden has not yet implemented a national screening program for colorectal cancer, but a nationwide study is ongoing; the Screening of Swedish Colons (SCREESCO). Previous research shows that the use of health care services, together with several health-related outcomes, is associated with an individual's level of health literacy. However, the relation between health literacy and participation in colorectal cancer screening has produced varying results reported within the few studies addressing this issue and therefore, further research is warranted.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim was to explore health literacy and views about being invited to screening, among participants and non-participants in a national colorectal cancer screening program. They were randomly sampled to fecal immunochemical test or colonoscopy and a mixed methods approach was applied, using questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews.

    RESULTS: The majority of individuals, whether they were participants or non-participants in the SCREESCO program, had an acceptable level of health literacy and no significant differences in health literacy levels between the groups were found. Participants expressed that it was important and appreciated to be able to choose information sources on an individual basis. Among non-participants, the importance of receiving invitations with a clear message that quickly draws one's attention was highlighted. However, both groups expressed a positive outlook towards the invitation. The mixed methods approach revealed that findings from interviews and focus group discussions corresponded to items in the health literacy scales.

    CONCLUSION: A majority of individuals displayed acceptable levels of health literacy, regardless of whether they chose to participate or not. Similarities between the groups were seen in the qualitative findings regarding views of the invitation. Currently, the SCREESCO invitation letter is distributed by regular mail, but in the future a more dynamic approach could be valuable to increase clarity in the message about importance of screening.

  • 16.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Experiences of the Health Examination for Asylum Seekers - Focus Groups with Refugees in Sweden2017In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Refugees experiences of health information in the civic orientation - Health literacy does matter2017In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Al Adhami, Maissa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Refugees experiences of health information in the civic orientation: Health literacy does matter2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Al Adhami, Maissa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Refugees experiences of health information inthe civic orientation: Health literacy does matter2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Dept Neurosci & Physiol Occupat Therapy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Comprehensive health literacy is associated with experiences of the health examination for asylum seekers - A Swedish cross-sectional study2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 136-136Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Health literacy and refugees’ experiences of the health examination for asylum seekers: a Swedish cross-sectional study2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Health literacy and refugees’ experiences of the health examination for asylum seekers: a Swedish cross-sectional study2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Poor health and refraining from seeking healthcare are associated with limited comprehensive health literacy among refugees: a Swedish cross-sectional study2018In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 409-419Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The objectives of the study were to explore the distributions of comprehensive health literacy (CHL), general health, psychological well-being and having refrained from seeking healthcare among refugees in Sweden. Further objectives were to examine associations between CHL and the above mentioned factors.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 513 refugees speaking Arabic, Dari and Somali. Participants in the civic orientation course in Sweden responded to a questionnaire. CHL was measured using the HLS-EU-Q16 questionnaire. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate potential associations.

    Results: The majority of the respondents had limited CHL, and about four of ten had reported poor health and/or having refrained from seeking healthcare. Limited CHL was associated with having reported poor health and having refrained from seeking healthcare. 

    Conclusions: A considerable proportion of the refugees in Sweden have limited CHL, and report less than good health and impaired well-being, or that they have refrained from seeking healthcare. Further, CHL is associated with the above mentioned factors. Efforts are needed to promote refugees' CHL, optimal health seeking behavior, and health.

  • 24.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the Health Examination for Asylum Seeker: Focus Group Discussions with Arabic and Somali Speaking Refugees in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the Health Examination for Asylum Seeker: Focus Group Discussions with Arabic and Somali Speaking Refugees in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the Health Examination for Asylum Seeker: Focus Group Discussions with Arabic and Somali Speaking Refugees in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the HealthExamination for Asylum Seeker: Focus Group Discussions with Arabic and Somali Speaking Refugees in Sweden2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Refugees' experiences of health information during civic orientation in Sweden: health literacy does matter2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 136-136Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, L.
    Univ Gothenburg, Inst Dept Neurosci & Physiol Occupat Therapy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the health examination for asylum seekers - focus group discussions with Arabic and Somali speaking refugees in Sweden2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 135-136Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Wångdahl, Josefin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Mårtensson, Lena
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Experiences of the Health Examination for Asylum Seekers: Focus Group Discussions with Arabic and Somali Speaking Refugees in SwedenIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Zhou, Bin
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    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
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    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England;Univ Kent, Canterbury, Kent, England.
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    Middlesex Univ, London, England.
    Bixby, Honor
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
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    Harvard TH Chan, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.
    Hajifathalian, Kaveh
    Cleveland Clin, Cleveland, OH USA.
    Taddei, Cristina
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
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    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Khatibzadeh, Shahab
    Brandeis Univ, Waltham, MA USA.
    Lugero, Charles
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda.
    Peykari, Niloofar
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran;Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Tehran, Iran.
    Zhang, Wan Zhu
    Uganda Heart Inst, Kampala, Uganda.
    Bennett, James
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Bilano, Ver
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Stevens, Gretchen A.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Cowan, Melanie J.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Riley, Leanne M.
    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Chen, Zhengming
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Hambleton, Ian R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Jackson, Rod T.
    Univ Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
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    South African Med Res Council, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
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    Seoul Natl Univ, Seoul, South Korea.
    Laxmaiah, Avula
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
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    Capital Med Univ, Beijing An Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China;Capital Med Univ, Beijing Zhen Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China.
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    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran;Shiraz Univ Med Sci, Shiraz, Iran.
    Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
    Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany;Robert Koch Inst, Berlin, Germany;German Ctr Cardiovasc Res, Munich, Germany;German Ctr Cardiovascular Res, Gottingen, Germany.
    Soric, Maroje
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia;Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Starc, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia;Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Sundström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
    Woodward, Mark
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England;Univ Oxford, Oxford, England;Univ New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia;Univ New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia.
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    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
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    Caja Costarricense Seguro Social, San Jose, Costa Rica.
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    Al Quds Univ, Al bireh, Palestine.
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    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Israel.
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    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
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    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
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    Mahidol Univ, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.
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    BRAC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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    Inst Nacl Ciencias Med & Nutr Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
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    Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
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    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
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    Non Communicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.
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    BIPS, Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol, Bremen, Germany.
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    Natl Ctr Diabet & Endocrinol, Amman, Jordan.
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    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
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    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
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    Univ Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
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    Luxembourg Inst Hlth, Strassen, Luxembourg.
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    World Hlth Org Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Nasr City, Egypt.
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    Bombay Hosp & Med Res Ctr, Bombay, Maharashtra, India;Med Res Ctr, Bombay, Maharashtra, India.
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    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
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    London Sch Hyg Trop Med, London, England.
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    Western Norway Univ Appl Sci, Bergen, Norway.
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    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
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    Frederiksberg Univ Hosp, Frederiksberg, Denmark;Bispebjerg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
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    Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosp, Kumasi, Ghana.
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    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Tunis, Tunisia.
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    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
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    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway.
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    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
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    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
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    Strasbourg Univ & Hosp, Strasbourg, France.
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    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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    Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
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    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.
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    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
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    Univ Porto, Med Sch, Porto, Portugal.
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    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
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    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India.
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    King Abdulaziz Univ, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
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    Univ Sci & Technol, Taizi, Yemen.
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    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
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    Univ Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
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    Pan Amer Hlth Org, Washington, DC USA.
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    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
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    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
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    Univ Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil.
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    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada.
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    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
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    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
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    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
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    CAFAM Univ Fdn, Bogota, Colombia.
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    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
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    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
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    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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    BJ Med Coll, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India.
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    Chirayu Med Coll, Bhopal, India.
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    SL Jain Hosp, Delhi, India.
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    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
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    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia.
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    Nepal Hlth Res Council, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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    Univ Greenland, Nuuk, Greenland;Univ Southern, Odense, Denmark.
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    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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    Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
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    Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
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    UCL, London, England.
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    German Inst Human Nutr, Berlin, Germany.
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    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay.
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    CEMIC, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
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    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France.
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    World Hlth Org, Geneva, Switzerland.
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    Bielefeld Univ, Bielefeld, Germany.
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    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany.
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    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands.
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    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
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    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland.
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    Hadassah Hebrew Univ, Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel.
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    Univ La Laguna, San Cristobal la Laguna, Spain.
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    Vanderbilt Univ, 221 Kirkland Hall, Nashville, TN 37235 USA.
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    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
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    Istanbul Univ, Istanbul, Turkey.
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    Univ Fed Juiz De Fora, Juiz De Fora, Brazil.
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    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy.
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    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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    Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden.
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    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
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    Univ Santiago Compostela, Santiago, Spain.
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    UCL, London, England.
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    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
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    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
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    Natl Inst Med Stat, New Delhi, India.
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    UCL, London, England.
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    Acad Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
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    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China. Duke Univ, Durham, NC USA.
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    Kailuan Gen Hosp, Tangshan, Peoples R China.
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    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
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    Univ Mohammed V Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
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    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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    Univ Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
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    Minist Hlth & Welf, Taipei, Taiwan.
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    Victor Babes Univ Med & Pharm Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania.
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    Murcia Reg Hlth Council, Murcia, Spain.
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    Seoul Natl Univ, Coll Med, Seoul, South Korea.
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    Korea Centers Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea.
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    Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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    Med Univ Silesia, Katowice, Poland.
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    Charles Univ Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
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    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Bucharest, Romania.
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    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
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    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
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    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Vienna, Austria.
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    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
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    UCL, London, England.
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    Cork Inst Technol, Cork, Ireland.
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    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
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    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France.
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    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
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    Canadian Fitness & Lifestyle Res Inst, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
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    CIBEROBN, Madrid, Spain.
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    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
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    Natl Council Res, Rome, Italy.
    d'Orsi, Eleonora
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
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    Inst Pasteur, Lille, France.
    Damasceno, Albertino
    Eduardo Mondlane Univ, Maputo, Mozambique.
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    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
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    Kazakh Natl Med Univ, Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.
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    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
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    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
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    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    de Oliveira, Paula Duarte
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
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    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Deepa, Mohan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
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    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
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    Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ, Canada.
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    French Publ Hlth Agcy, St Maurice, France.
    Dhana, Klodian
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy.
    Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
    Univ Do Vale Do Rio Dos Sinos, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil.
    Diaz, Alejandro
    Natl Council Sci & Tech Res, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Dickerson, Ty T.
    Univ Utah, Sch Med, Salt Lake City, UT USA.
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    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Dobson, Annette J.
    Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Donfrancesco, Chiara
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy.
    Donoso, Silvana P.
    Univ Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador.
    Doering, Angela
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Oberschleissheim, Germany.
    Dorobantu, Maria
    Carol Davila Univ Med & Pharm, Bucharest, Romania.
    Doua, Kouamelan
    Minist Sante & Lutte Contre Sida, Abidjan, Cote Ivoire.
    Drygas, Wojciech
    Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland.
    Dulskiene, Virginija
    Dzakula, Aleksandar
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania;Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Dzerve, Vilnis
    Univ Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk, Elzbieta
    Eggertsen, Robert
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekelund, Ulf
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    El Ati, Jalila
    Natl Inst Nutr & Food Technol, Tunis, Tunisia. Inst Hosp Del Mar dInvest Med, Barcelona, Spain.
    Elliott, Paul
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Elosua, Roberto
    Erasmus, Rajiv T.
    Univ Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Erem, Cihangir
    Karadeniz Tech Univ, Trabzon, Turkey.
    Eriksen, Louise
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Johan G.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
    Inst Mexicano Seguro Social, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.
    Evans, Alun
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast, Antrim, North Ireland.
    Faeh, David
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Fall, Caroline H.
    Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
    Farzadfar, Farshad
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
    Centro Salud Villanueva Norte, Villanueva de la Serena, Spain.
    Ferguson, Trevor S.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.
    Fernandes, Romulo A.
    Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
    Hosp Don Benito Villanueva Serena, Badajoz, Spain.
    Ferrante, Daniel
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Ferrari, Marika
    Council Agr Res & Econ, Arezzo, Italy.
    Ferreccio, Catterina
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Ferrieres, Jean
    Toulouse Univ, Sch Med, Toulouse, France.
    Finn, Joseph D.
    Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
    Fischer, Krista
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Foger, Bernhard
    Agcy Prevent & Social Med, Vienna, Austria.
    Foo, Leng Huat
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia.
    Forslund, Ann-Sofie
    Umea Univ, Umea, Sweden.
    Forsner, Maria
    Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden.
    Fouad, Heba M.
    World Hlth Org Reg Off Eastern Mediterranean, Nasr City, Egypt.
    Francis, Damian K.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Franco, Maria do Carmo
    Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Franco, Oscar H.
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Frontera, Guillermo
    Hosp Univ Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
    Fuchs, Flavio D.
    Hosp Clin Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Fuchs, Sandra C.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Fujita, Yuki
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan.
    Furusawa, Takuro
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan.
    Gaciong, Zbigniew
    Med Univ Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    Galvano, Fabio
    Univ Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Garcia-de-la-Hera, Manoli
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Gareta, Dickman
    Univ KwaZulu Natal, Durban, South Africa.
    Garnett, Sarah P.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Gasull, Magda
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Gates, Louise
    Australian Bur Stat, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
    Geleijnse, Johanna M.
    Wageningen Univ, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Ghasemian, Anoosheh
    Non Communicable Dis Res Ctr, Shiraz, Iran.
    Ghimire, Anup
    B P Koirala Inst Hlth Sci, Dharan, Nepal.
    Giampaoli, Simona
    Ist Super Sanita, Rome, Italy.
    Gianfagna, Francesco
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy;Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    Gill, Tiffany K.
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Giovannelli, Jonathan
    Lille Univ & Hosp, Lille, France.
    Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Goncalves, Helen
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Gonzalez-Gross, Marcela
    Univ Politecn Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Rivas, Juan P.
    Andes Clin Cardio Metab Studies, Merida, Venezuela.
    Bonet Gorbea, Mariano
    Natl Inst Hyg Epidemiol & Microbiol, Havana, Cuba.
    Gottrand, Frederic
    Univ Lille 2, Lille, France.
    Graff-Iversen, Sidsel
    Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Oslo, Norway.
    Grafnetter, Dusan
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Grajda, Aneta
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.
    Alexander Technol Educ Inst, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Gregor, Ronald D.
    Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Grodzicki, Tomasz
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland.
    Grontved, Anders
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Grosso, Giuseppe
    Azienda Ospedaliera Univ Policlinico Vittorio Ema, Catania, Italy.
    Gruden, Gabriella
    Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Grujic, Vera
    Univ Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia.
    Gu, Dongfeng
    Natl Ctr Cardiovasc Dis, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Guan, Ong Peng
    Singapore Eye Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore.
    Gudmundsson, Elias F.
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Gudnason, Vilmundur
    Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Guerrero, Ramiro
    Univ Icesi, Cali, Colombia.
    Guessous, Idris
    Geneva Univ Hosp, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Guimaraes, Andre L.
    Univ Estadual Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil. Kings Coll London, London, England.
    Gulliford, Martin C.
    Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
    Iceland Heart Assoc, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Gunter, Marc
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Gupta, Prakash C.
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India.
    Gupta, Rajeev
    Eternal Heart Care Ctr & Res Inst, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
    Gureje, Oye
    Univ Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Gurzkowska, Beata
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Gutierrez, Laura
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Gutzwiller, Felix
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Hadaegh, Farzad
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Halkjaer, Jytte
    Danish Canc Soc Res Ctr, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hardy, Rebecca
    UCL, London, England.
    Kumar, Rachakulla Hari
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Hata, Jun
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Hayes, Alison J.
    Univ Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    He, Jiang
    Tulane Univ, New Orleans, LA USA.
    He, Yuna
    Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth
    Univ Amsterdam, Acad Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Henriques, Ana
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
    Herrala, Sauli
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Heshmat, Ramin
    Chron Dis Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
    Imperial Coll London, London W2 1PG, England.
    Ho, Sai Yin
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Ho, Suzanne C.
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Hobbs, Michael
    Univ Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Hofman, Albert
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Dinc, Gonul Horasan
    Celal Bayar Univ, Manisa, Turkey.
    Horimoto, Andrea R. V. R.
    Heart Inst, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Hormiga, Claudia M.
    Fdn Oftalmol Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
    Horta, Bernardo L.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Houti, Leila
    Howitt, Christina
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Barbados.
    Htay, Thein Thein
    Independent Publ Hlth Specialist, Yangon, Myanmar.
    Htet, Aung Soe
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Htike, Maung Maung Than
    Minist Hlth, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Hu, Yonghua
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Maria Huerta, Jose
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Huisman, Martijn
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Husseini, Abdullatif S.
    Birzeit Univ, Birzeit, Palestine.
    Huybrechts, Inge
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Hwalla, Nahla
    Amer Univ Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Iacoviello, Licia
    IRCCS Ist Neurol Mediterraneo Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy;Univ Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    Iannone, Anna G.
    Cardiol Mercato S Severino, Mercato San Severino, Italy.
    Ibrahim, Mohsen M.
    Cairo Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
    Wong, Norazizah Ibrahim
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Ikeda, Nayu
    Ikram, M. Arfan
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Irazola, Vilma E.
    Inst Clin Effectiveness & Hlth Policy, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.
    Islam, Muhammad
    Aga Khan Univ, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Ismail, Aziz al-Safi
    Univ Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia.
    Ivkovic, Vanja
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Iwasaki, Masanori
    Niigata Univ, Niigata, Japan.
    Jacobs, Jeremy M.
    Hadassah Univ Med Ctr, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Jaddou, Hashem
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
    Jafar, Tazeen
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Jamrozik, Konrad
    Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Janszky, Imre
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Jasienska, Grazyna
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland.
    Jelakovic, Ana
    UHC Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Jelakovic, Bojan
    Univ Zagreb, Coll Med, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Jennings, Garry
    Heart Fdn, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Jeong, Seung-lyeal
    Natl Hlth Insurance Serv, Jeonju, South Korea.
    Jiang, Chao Qiang
    Guangzhou 12th Hosp, Guangzhou, Peoples R China.
    Joffres, Michel
    Simon Fraser Univ, Burnaby, BC, Canada.
    Johansson, Mattias
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Jokelainen, Jari J.
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Jonas, Jost B.
    Heidelberg Univ, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Jorgensen, Torben
    Res Ctr Prevent & Hlth, Glostrup, Denmark.
    Joshi, Pradeep
    World Hlth Org Country Off, Delhi, India.
    Jozwiak, Jacek
    Czestochowa Tech Univ, Czestochowa, Poland.
    Juolevi, Anne
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Jurak, Gregor
    Univ Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Juresa, Vesna
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Kaaks, Rudolf
    German Canc Res Ctr, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Univ Crete, Iraklion, Greece.
    Kajantie, Eero O.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
    Gertner Inst Epidemiol & Hlth Policy Res, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi
    Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia.
    Karki, Khem B.
    Kasaeian, Amir
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran. Minist Hlth & Med Educ, Qods, Iran.
    Katz, Joanne
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Baltimore, MD USA.
    Kauhanen, Jussi
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
    Kaur, Prabhdeep
    Natl Inst Epidemiol, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Kavousi, Maryam
    Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Kazakbaeva, Gyulli
    Ufa Eye Res Inst, Ufa, Russia.
    Keil, Ulrich
    Univ Munster, Munster, Germany.
    Boker, Lital Keinan
    Israel Ctr Dis Control, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
    Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka
    Oulu Univ Hosp, Oulu, Finland.
    Kelishadi, Roya
    Res Inst Primordial Prevent Non communicable Dis, Esfahan, Iran.
    Kemper, Han C. G.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Kengne, Andre P.
    South African Med Res Council, Durban, South Africa.
    Kerimkulova, Alina
    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
    Kersting, Mathilde
    Res Inst Child Nutr, Bonn, Germany.
    Key, Timothy
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Khader, Yousef Saleh
    Jordan Univ Sci & Technol, Irbid, Jordan.
    Khalili, Davood
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Khateeb, Mohammad
    Natl Ctr Diabet & Endocrinol, Amman, Jordan.
    Khaw, Kay-Tee
    Univ Cambridge, Cambridge, England.
    Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Ursula
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kiechl, Stefan
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Killewo, Japhet
    Muhimbili Univ Hlth & Allied Sci, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Kim, Jeongseon
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang, South Korea.
    Kim, Yeon-Yong
    Natl Hlth Insurance Serv, Jeonju, South Korea.
    Klumbiene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Knoflach, Michael
    Med Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Kolle, Elin
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Oslo, Norway.
    Kolsteren, Patrick
    Inst Trop Med, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Korrovits, Paul
    Tartu Univ Clin, Tartu, Estonia.
    Koskinen, Seppo
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kouda, Katsuyasu
    Kindai Univ, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan.
    Kowlessur, Sudhir
    Minist Hlth & Qual Life, Port Louis, Mauritius.
    Koziel, Slawomir
    Polish Acad Sci, Anthropol Unit, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Kriemler, Susi
    Univ Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Kristensen, Peter Lund
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Krokstad, Steinar
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Kromhout, Daan
    Univ Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Kruger, Herculina S.
    North West Univ, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Kubinova, Ruzena
    Natl Inst Publ Hlth, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Kuciene, Renata
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Kuh, Diana
    UCL, London, England.
    Kujala, Urho M.
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
    Kulaga, Zbigniew
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Kumar, R. Krishna
    Amrita Inst Med Sci, Kochi, Kerala, India. Cardinal Wyszynski Inst Cardiol, Warsaw, Poland.
    Kurjata, Pawel
    Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
    All India Inst Med Sci, New Delhi, India.
    Kuulasmaa, Kari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Kyobutungi, Catherine
    African Populat & Hlth Res Ctr, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Laatikainen, Tiina
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lachat, Carl
    Univ Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.
    Lam, Tai Hing
    Univ Hong Kong, Hong Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Landrove, Orlando
    Minist Salud Publ, Havana, Cuba.
    Lanska, Vera
    Inst Clin & Expt Med, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Lappas, Georg
    Sahlgrens Acad, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larijani, Bagher
    Endocrinol & Metab Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Laugsand, Lars E.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Trondheim, Norway.
    Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
    Le, Tuyen D.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
    Leclercq, Catherine
    Food & Agr Org United Nat, Rome, Italy.
    Lee, Jeannette
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Lee, Jeonghee
    Natl Canc Ctr, Goyang, South Korea.
    Lehtimaki, Terho
    Tampere Univ Hosp, Tampere, Finland.
    Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Levitt, Naomi S.
    Univ Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Li, Yanping
    Harvard TH Chan, Sch Publ Hlth, Boston, MA USA.
    Lilly, Christa L.
    West Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV USA.
    Lim, Wei-Yen
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
    Oswaldo Cruz Fdn Rene Rachou Res Inst, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Lin, Hsien-Ho
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Lin, Xu
    Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.
    Linneberg, Allan
    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Lissner, Lauren
    Univ Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Litwin, Mieczyslaw
    Childrens Mem Hlth Inst, Warsaw, Poland.
    Lorbeer, Roberto
    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Lotufo, Paulo A.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Eugenio Lozano, Jose
    Consejeria Sanidad Junta de Castilla & Leon, Valladolid, Spain.
    Luksiene, Dalia
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Lundqvist, Annamari
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lunet, Nuno
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Lytsy, Per
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
    Ma, Jun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Machado-Coelho, George L. L.
    Univ Fed Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil.
    Machi, Suka
    Jikei Univ, Sch Med, Tokyo, Japan.
    Maggi, Stefania
    CNR, Rome, Italy.
    Magliano, Dianna J.
    Baker Heart & Diabet Inst, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
    Magriplis, Emmanuella
    Agr Univ Athens, Athens, Greece.
    Majer, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Makdisse, Marcia
    Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Malhotra, Rahul
    Duke NUS Med Sch, Singapore, Singapore.
    Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, India.
    Malyutina, Sofia
    Inst Internal & Prevent Med, Moscow, Russia.
    Manios, Yannis
    Harokopio Univ, Kallithea, Greece.
    Mann, Jim I.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Manzato, Enzo
    Univ Padua, I-35100 Padua, Italy.
    Margozzini, Paula
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Marques-Vidal, Pedro
    Lausanne Univ Hosp, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Marques, Larissa Pruner
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
    Marrugat, Jaume
    CIBERCV, Madrid, Spain.
    Martorell, Reynaldo
    Emory Univ, Atlanta, GA USA.
    Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Tromso, Norway.
    Matijasevich, Alicia
    Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Matsha, Tandi E.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
    Univ Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon.
    Posso, Anselmo J. Mc Donald
    Gorgas Mem Inst Hlth Studies, Panama City, Panama.
    McFarlane, Shelly R.
    Univ West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica.
    McGarvey, Stephen T.
    Brown Univ, Providence, RI USA.
    McLachlan, Stela
    Univ Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.
    McLean, Rachael M.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    McLean, Scott B.
    Stat Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
    McNulty, Breige A.
    Univ Coll Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria.
    Medzioniene, Jurate
    Lithuanian Univ Hlth Sci, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Meirhaeghe, Aline
    INSERM, Paris, France.
    Meisinger, Christa
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany.
    Menezes, Ana Maria B.
    Univ Fed Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
    Menon, Geetha R.
    Indian Council Med Res, New Delhi, India.
    Meshram, Indrapal I.
    Natl Inst Nutr, Hyderabad, India.
    Metspalu, Andres
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Meyer, Haakon E.
    Univ Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Mi, Jie
    Capital Inst Pediat, Beijing, Peoples R China.
    Mikkel, Kairit
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Miller, Jody C.
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Minderico, Claudia S.
    Lusofona Univ, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Francisco, Juan
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Jaime Miranda, J.
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Mirrakhimov, Erkin
    Kyrgyz State Med Acad, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
    Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Modesti, Pietro A.
    Univ Firenze, Florence, Italy.
    Mohamed, Mostafa K.
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
    Mohammad, Kazem
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Mohammadifard, Noushin
    Hypertens Res Ctr, Tehran, Iran.
    Mohan, Viswanathan
    Madras Diabet Res Fdn, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Mohanna, Salim
    Univ Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
    Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Mollehave, Line T.
    Bispebjerg & Frederiksberg Hosp, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Moller, Niels C.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Molnar, Denes
    Univ Pecs, Pecs, Hungary.
    Momenan, Amirabbas
    Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Mondo, Charles K.
    Mulago Hosp, Kampala, Uganda.
    Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K.
    Univ Limpopo, Polokwane, South Africa.
    Moon, Jin Soo
    Seoul Natl Univ, Childrens Hosp, Seoul, South Korea.
    Moreira, Leila B.
    Univ Oran 1, Oran, Algeria;Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Morejon, Alain
    Univ Med Sci, Havana, Cuba.
    Moreno, Luis A.
    Univ Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Morgan, Karen
    RCSI Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Moschonis, George
    La Trobe Univ, Bundoora, Vic, Australia.
    Mossakowska, Malgorzata
    Int Inst Mol & Cell Biol, Warsaw, Poland.
    Mostafa, Aya
    Ain Shams Univ, Cairo, Egypt.
    Mota, Jorge
    Univ Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel
    Ahvaz Jundishapur Univ Med Sci, Ahwaz, Khuzestan, Iran.
    Motta, Jorge
    Gorgas Mem Inst Publ Hlth, Panama City, Panama.
    Msyamboza, Kelias P.
    WHO, Country Off, Lilongwe, Malawi.
    Mu, Thet Thet
    Dept Publ Hlth, Pyinmana, Myanmar.
    Muiesan, Maria L.
    Univ Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
    Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Munich, Germany.
    Murphy, Neil
    Int Agcy Res Canc, Lyon, France.
    Mursu, Jaakko
    Univ Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
    Musil, Vera
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Nabipour, Iraj
    Bushehr Univ Med Sci, Bushehr, Iran.
    Nagel, Gabriele
    Ulm Univ, Ulm, Germany.
    Naidu, Balkish M.
    Minist Hlth Malaysia, Putrajaya, Malaysia.
    Nakamura, Harunobu
    Kobe Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.
    Namesna, Jana
    Reg Author Publ Hlth, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia.
    Nang, Ei Ei K.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Nangia, Vinay B.
    Suraj Eye Inst, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
    Narake, Sameer
    Healis Sekhsaria Inst Publ Hlth, Navi Mumbai, India.
    Nauck, Matthias
    Univ Med Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Maria Navarrete-Munoz, Eva
    CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ, Madrid, Spain.
    Ndiaye, Ndeye Coumba
    INSERM, Paris, France.
    Neal, William A.
    West Virginia Univ, Morgantown, WV USA.
    Nenko, Ilona
    Jagiellonian Univ, Med Coll, Krakow, Poland.
    Neovius, Martin
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nervi, Flavio
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Nguyen, Chung T.
    Natl Inst Hyg & Epidemiol, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Nguyen, D. Nguyen
    Univ Pharm & Med Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
    Nguyen, Quang Ngoc
    Nguyen, Quang V.
    Natl Hosp Endocrinol, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E.
    Miami Vet Affairs Healthcare Syst, Miami, FL USA.
    Niiranen, Teemu J.
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki, Finland;Univ Turku Tyks, Turku, Finland.
    Ning, Guang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Med, Shanghai, Peoples R China.
    Ninomiya, Toshiharu
    Kyushu Univ, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Nishtar, Sania
    Heartfile, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Noale, Marianna
    CNR, Rome, Italy.
    Noboa, Oscar A.
    Univ Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay.
    Noorbala, Ahmad Ali
    Univ Tehran Med Sci, Tehran, Iran.
    Norat, Teresa
    Imperial Coll London, London, England.
    Noto, Davide
    Univ Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
    Al Nsour, Mohannad
    Eastern Mediterranean Publ Hlth Network, Amman, Jordan.
    O'Reilly, Dermot
    Queens Univ Belfast, Belfast, Antrim, North Ireland.
    Oda, Eiji
    Tachikawa Gen Hosp, Tachikawa, Tokyo, Japan.
    Oehlers, Glenn
    Acad Hosp Paramaribo, Paramaribo, Surinam.
    Oh, Kyungwon
    Korea Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Cheongju, South Korea.
    Ohara, Kumiko
    Kobe Univ, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.