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  • 1.
    Babusiaux, C.
    et al.
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France;Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    van Leeuwen, F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Barstow, M. A.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Phys & Astron, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Jordi, C.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Vallenari, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Bossini, D.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Bressan, A.
    SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Cantat-Gaudin, T.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy;Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    van Leeuwen, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Brown, A. G. A.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Prusti, T.
    ESA ESTEC, Directorate Sci, Sci Support Off, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    de Bruijne, J. H. J.
    ESA ESTEC, Directorate Sci, Sci Support Off, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Bailer-Jones, C. A. L.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Biermann, M.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Evans, D. W.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Eyer, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jansen, F.
    ESA ESTEC, Directorate Sci, Operat Dept, Miss Operat Div, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Klioner, S. A.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Lammers, U.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Lindegren, L.
    Lund Univ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Luri, X.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Mignard, F.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Panem, C.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Pourbaix, D.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium;FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Randich, S.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Sartoretti, P.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Siddiqui, H. I.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Soubiran, C.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Walton, N. A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Arenou, F.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Bastian, U.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Cropper, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Drimmel, R.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Katz, D.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Lattanzi, M. G.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Bakker, J.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Cacciari, C.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Castaneda, J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Chaoul, L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Cheek, N.
    ESA ESAC, Serco Gest Negocios, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    De Angeli, F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Fabricius, C.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Guerra, R.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Holl, B.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Masana, E.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Messineo, R.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Panuzzo, P.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Portell, J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Riello, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Seabroke, G. M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Tanga, P.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Thevenin, F.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Gracia-Abril, G.
    ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project Off, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Comoretto, G.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Garcia-Reinaldos, M.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Teyssier, D.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Altmann, M.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany;Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Andrae, R.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Audard, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Bellas-Velidis, I.
    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Benson, K.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Berthier, J.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Blomme, R.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Burgess, P.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Busso, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Carry, B.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France;Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Cellino, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Clementini, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Clotet, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Creevey, O.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Davidson, M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    De Ridder, J.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Delchambre, L.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Dell'Oro, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Ducourant, C.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Fernandez-Hernandez, J.
    ESA ESAC, ATG Europe, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Fremat, Y.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Galluccio, L.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Garcia-Torres, M.
    Univ Pablo Olavide, Area Lenguajes Sistemas Informat, Ctr Utrera,Km 1, Seville 41013, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Nunez, J.
    ESA ESAC, Serco Gest Negocios, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Univ Vigo, ETSE Telecomun, Campus Lagoas Marcosende, Vigo 36310, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Vidal, J. J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium;Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Guy, L. P.
    Large Synopt Survey Telescope, 950 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Halbwachs, J. -L
    Hambly, N. C.
    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Cambridge, Kavli Inst Cosmol, Madingley Rd, Cambride CB3 0HA, England.
    Hernandez, J.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Hestroffer, D.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Hutton, A.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Jasniewicz, G.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, Pl Eugene Bataillon,CC72, F-34095 Montpellier 05, France.
    Jean-Antoine-Piccolo, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Jordan, S.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Korn, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    Univ Catania, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Sez Astrofis, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lebzelter, T.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Loeffler, W.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Manteiga, M.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC Astron & Astrophys, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain;Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Marrese, P. M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Martin-Fleitas, J. M.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Moitinho, A.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Mora, A.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Muinonen, K.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland;Finnish Geospatial Res Inst FGI, Geodeetinrinne 2, Masala 02430, Finland.
    Osinde, J.
    ESA ESAC, Isdefe, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Pancino, E.
    ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Petit, J. -M
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Richards, P. J.
    Rutherford Appleton Lab, STFC, Harwell OX11 0QX, Didcot, England.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Robin, A. C.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, CNRS, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Sarro, L. M.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Siopis, C.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Smith, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Sozzetti, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Sueveges, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Torra, J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    van Reeven, W.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Abbas, U.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Abreu Aramburu, A.
    ESA ESAC, Elecnor Deimos Space, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland;Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Accart, S.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Aerts, C.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Altavilla, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Alvarez, M. A.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Alvarez, R.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanzstr 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anderson, R. I.
    European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Andrei, A. H.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France;ON MCTI BR, Rua Gal Jose Cristino 77, BR-20921400 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil;OV UFRJ BR, Ladeira Pedro Antonio 43, BR-20080090 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Anglada Varela, E.
    ESA ESAC, ATG Europe, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Antiche, E.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Antoja, T.
    ESA ESTEC, Directorate Sci, Sci Support Off, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands;Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Arcay, B.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Astraatmadja, T. L.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany;Carnegie Inst Sci, Dept Terr Magnetism, 5241 Broad Branch Rd,NW, Washington, DC 20015 USA.
    Bach, N.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Balaguer-Nunez, L.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Balm, P.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Barache, C.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Barata, C.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Barbato, D.
    Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Barblan, F.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Barklem, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Barrado, D.
    ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Barros, M.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Bartholome Munoz, S.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Bassilana, J. -L
    Becciani, U.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Berihuete, A.
    Univ Cadiz, Dept Estadist, Calle Republica Arabe Saharawi S-N, Puerto Real 11510, Spain;Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany;Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Bertones, S.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Bern Univ, Astron Inst, Sidlerstr 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX Srl, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 2 61, I-10128 Turin, Italy.
    Bienayme, O.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astron Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Blanco-Cuaresma, S.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA;Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Boch, T.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astron Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Boeche, C.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Bombrun, A.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Borrachero, R.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Bouquillon, S.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Bourda, G.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Breddels, M. A.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Brouillet, N.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Bruesemeister, T.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Brugaletta, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Burlacu, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Busonero, D.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Buzzi, R.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    Cancelliere, R.
    Univ Turin, Dept Comp Sci, Corso Svizzera 185, I-10149 Turin, Italy.
    Cannizzaro, G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON, Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Carballo, R.
    Univ Cantabria, Dept Matemat Aplicada & Ciencias Comp, ETS Ingenieros Caminos Canales & Puertos, Avda Castros S-N, E-39005 Santander, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Carrasco, J. M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Casamiquela, L.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Castellani, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Charlot, P.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Univ Antofagasta, Unidad Astron, Ave Angamos 601, Antofagasta 1270300, Chile.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Cocozza, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Costigan, G.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Cowell, S.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Crifo, F.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Crosta, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Crowley, C.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Cuypers, J.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Dafonte, C.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Damerdji, Y.
    CRAAG, Route Observ Bp 63, Algiers 16340, Algeria;Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Dapergolas, A.
    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    David, P.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    David, M.
    Univ Antwerp, Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    de laverny, P.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    De Luise, F.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    De March, R.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    de Martino, D.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    de Souza, R.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    de Torres, A.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Debosscher, J.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    del Pozo, E.
    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Delbo, M.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Delgado, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Delgado, H. E.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Diakite, S.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, CNRS, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Diener, C.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Distefano, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Drazinos, P.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Duran, J.
    ESA ESAC, Isdefe, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Edvardsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Enke, H.
    AIP, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Eriksson, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Esquej, P.
    ESA ESAC, RHEA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Bontemps, G. Eynard
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fabre, C.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, ATOS, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Falcao, A. J.
    UNINOVA CTS, Campus FCT UNL, P-2829516 Caparica, Portugal.
    Casas, M. Farras
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Federici, L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Fedorets, G.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Fernique, P.
    Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, Observ Astron Strasbourg, UMR 7550, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Filippi, F.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Findeisen, K.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Fonti, A.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Fraile, E.
    ESA ESAC, RHEA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fraser, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Phys, OBrien Ctr Sci North, Dublin 4, Ireland.
    Frezouls, B.
    Univ Antwerp, Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    Gai, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Galleti, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Garabato, D.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Garcia-Sedano, F.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Via Piero Gobetti 93-2, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Garralda, N.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Gavel, Alvin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Gavras, P.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece;Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece;Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Gerssen, J.
    AIP, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Girona, S.
    Ctr Nacl Super Comp, Barcelona Supercomputing Ctr, C Jordi Girona 29,Ed Nexus 2, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Giuffrida, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Glass, F.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Gomes, M.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Granvik, M.
    Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Comp Sci Elect & Space Engn, Box 848, S-98128 Kiruna, Sweden;Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Gueguen, A.
    Max Planck Inst Extraterrestrial Phys, High Energy Grp, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany;Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Guerrier, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Guiraud, J.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Gutierrez-Sanchez, R.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Haigron, R.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece;Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Hauser, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany;Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Haywood, M.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Heiter, Ulrike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Helmi, A.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Heu, J.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Hilger, T.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Univ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Hofmann, W.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Holland, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Hypki, A.
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Astron Observ Inst, Fac Phys, Sloneczna 36, PL-60286 Poznan, Poland;Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Icardi, V.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Janssen, K.
    AIP, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Jevardat de Fombelle, G.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jonker, P. G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON, Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Juhasz, A. L.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary;Eotvos Lorand Univ, Egyet Ter 1-3, H-1053 Budapest, Hungary.
    Julbe, F.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Karampelas, A.
    Amer Community Sch Athens, 129 Aghias Paraskevis Ave & Kazantzaki St, Athens 15234, Greece;Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Kewley, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Klar, J.
    AIP, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Kochoska, A.
    Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math & Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia;Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, 800 Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA.
    Kohley, R.
    ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Kolenberg, K.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium;Univ Antwerp, Phys Dept, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium;Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
    Kontizas, M.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Kontizas, E.
    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Koposov, S. E.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, McWilliams Ctr Cosmol, Dept Phys, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA;Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON, Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Koubsky, P.
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, Ondrejov 25165, Czech Republic.
    Lambert, S.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lasne, Y.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Lavigne, J. -B
    Le Fustec, Y.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Telespazio, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Le Poncin-Lafitte, C.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    Univ Rennes 1, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France;Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Leccia, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Leclerc, N.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Lenhardt, H.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Leroux, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Liao, S.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Licata, E.
    EURIX Srl, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 2 61, I-10128 Turin, Italy.
    Lindstrom, H. E. P.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark;DXC Technol, Retortvej 8, DK-2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observ, 6740 Cortona Dr Suite, Goleta, CA 93117 USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Lopez, M.
    ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Managau, S.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Mann, R. G.
    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Mantelet, G.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Marchal, O.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Marconi, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Marinoni, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Marschalko, G.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary;Univ Szeged, Baja Observ, Szegedi Ut II 70, H-6500 Baja, Hungary.
    Marshall, D. J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, Lab AIM, IRFU Serv Astrophys, CEA DSM CNRS, Bat 709,CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
    Martino, M.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Marton, G.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Mary, N.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Massari, D.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Matijevic, G.
    AIP, Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam, Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Mazeh, T.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Univ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Messina, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Michalik, D.
    Lund Univ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Lund Observ, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Millar, N. R.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Molina, D.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Molnar, L.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mor, R.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Morbidelli, R.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Morris, D.
    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Mulone, A. F.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Muraveva, T.
    Musella, I.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Nelemans, G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Nicastro, L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Noval, L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    O'Mullane, W.
    Large Synopt Survey Telescope, 950 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA;ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Ordenovic, C.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Leicester, Dept Phys & Astron, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
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    Univ Warsaw Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland;Charles Univ Prague, Inst Theoret Phys, Fac Math & Phys, Prague, Czech Republic.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pineau, F. -X
    Plachy, E.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Poujoulet, E.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, AKKA, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France;ESA ESTEC, HE Space Operat BV, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Prsa, A.
    Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, 800 Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy.
    Racero, E.
    ESA ESAC, Serco Gest Negocios, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Ragaini, S.
    Rambaux, N.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    ESA ESAC, Vitrociset Belgium, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Space Telescope Sci Inst, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA.
    Regibo, S.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
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    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, CNRS, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Riclet, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Ripepi, V.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Rivard, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Rixon, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Roegiers, T.
    ESA ESAC, QUASAR Sci Resources, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Roelens, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Romero-Gomez, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Royer, F.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Ruiz-Dern, L.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Sadowski, G.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sagrista Selles, T.
    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sahlmann, J.
    Fork Res, Rua Cruzado Osberno,Lt 1,9 Esq, Lisbon, Portugal;ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Salgado, J.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Salguero, E.
    ESA ESAC, ATG Europe, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Santana-Ros, T.
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Astron Observ Inst, Fac Phys, Sloneczna 36, PL-60286 Poznan, Poland.
    Sarasso, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Savietto, H.
    Nord Optic Telescope, Rambla Jose Ana Fernandez Perez 7, Brena Baja 38711, Spain.
    Schultheis, M.
    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Sciacca, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Segol, M.
    Spanish Virtual Observ, Santander, Spain.
    Segovia, J. C.
    ESA ESAC, Serco Gest Negocios, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Segransan, D.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Shih, I-C
    Siltala, L.
    INAF, Fdn Galileo Galilei, Rambla Jose Ana Fernandez Perez 7, Brena Baja 38712, Santa Cruz Tene, Spain;Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Silva, A. F.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Smart, R. L.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Smith, K. W.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Solano, E.
    ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;ESA ESAC, INSA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Soria Nieto, S.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Souchay, J.
    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France;Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Steele, I. A.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Steidelmueller, H.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Stephenson, C. A.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Arquitectura Computadores & Automat, Fac Informat, C Prof Jose Garcia Santesmases S-N, E-28040 Madrid, Spain.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
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    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
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    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
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    Univ Bristol, HH Wills Phys Lab, Tyndall Ave, Bristol BS8, Avon, England;IEEC, Gran Capita 2-4,08034, Bristol BS8 1TL, Avon, England.
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    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
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    Univ Vigo, Appl Phys Dept, Vigo 36310, Spain.
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    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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    Rutherford Appleton Lab, STFC, Harwell OX11 0QX, Didcot, England.
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    Sorbonne Univ, LNE, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,SYRTE,CNRS, 61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, Univ PSL, Observ Paris,IMCCE, 77 Av Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    Univ Cote Azur, Observ Cote Azur, CNRS, Lab Lagrange, Bd Observ,CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Clotet, F. Torra
    Aarhus Univ, Stellar Astrophys Ctr, Dept Phys & Astron, 120 Ny Munkegade,Bldg 1520, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark.
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    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    Univ Bonn, Argelander Inst Astron, Hugel 71, D-53121 Bonn, Germany.
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    ESA ESAC, Aurora Technol, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Uzzi, S.
    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, Thales Serv, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Valentini, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Valette, V.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    van Elteren, A.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Van Hemelryck, E.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
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    ALTEC SpA, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Vecchiato, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Veljanoski, J.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Viala, Y.
    Univ PSL, GEPI, Observ Paris, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Vicente, D.
    Ctr Nacl Super Comp, Barcelona Supercomputing Ctr, C Jordi Girona 29,Ed Nexus 2, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
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    ESA ESAC, QUASAR Sci Resources, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    von Essen, C.
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Astron & Astrophys, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia.
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    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Votruba, V.
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, Ondrejov 25165, Czech Republic.
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    Univ Edinburgh, Royal Observ, Inst Astron, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Walmsley, G.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Weiler, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, Marti I Franques 1, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
    Wertz, O.
    Sorbonne Univ, UPMC Univ, Paris 6 & CNRS, UMR 7095,Inst Astrophys Paris, 98 Bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Wevers, T.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Wyrzykowski, L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Warsaw Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland.
    Yoldas, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Zerjal, M.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Dept Geosci, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel;Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math & Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.
    Ziaeepour, H.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, CNRS, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Zorec, J.
    Zschocke, S.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Zucker, S.
    Zurbach, C.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, Pl Eugene Bataillon,CC72, F-34095 Montpellier 05, France.
    Zwitter, T.
    Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math & Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.
    Observational Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams2018In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 616, article id A10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context. Gaia Data Release 2 provides high-precision astrometry and three-band photometry for about 1.3 billion sources over the full sky. The precision, accuracy, and homogeneity of both astrometry and photometry are unprecedented. Aims. We highlight the power of the Gaia DR2 in studying many fine structures of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (HRD). Gaia allows us to present many different HRDs, depending in particular on stellar population selections. We do not aim here for completeness in terms of types of stars or stellar evolutionary aspects. Instead, we have chosen several illustrative examples. Methods. We describe some of the selections that can be made in Gaia DR2 to highlight the main structures of the Gaia HRDs. We select both field and cluster (open and globular) stars, compare the observations with previous classifications and with stellar evolutionary tracks, and we present variations of the Gaia HRD with age, metallicity, and kinematics. Late stages of stellar evolution such as hot subdwarfs, post-AGB stars, planetary nebulae, and white dwarfs are also analysed, as well as low-mass brown dwarf objects. Results. The Gaia HRDs are unprecedented in both precision and coverage of the various Milky Way stellar populations and stellar evolutionary phases. Many fine structures of the HRDs are presented. The clear split of the white dwarf sequence into hydrogen and helium white dwarfs is presented for the first time in an HRD. The relation between kinematics and the HRD is nicely illustrated. Two different populations in a classical kinematic selection of the halo are unambiguously identified in the HRD. Membership and mean parameters for a selected list of open clusters are provided. They allow drawing very detailed cluster sequences, highlighting fine structures, and providing extremely precise empirical isochrones that will lead to more insight in stellar physics. Conclusions. Gaia DR2 demonstrates the potential of combining precise astrometry and photometry for large samples for studies in stellar evolution and stellar population and opens an entire new area for HRD-based studies.

  • 2.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
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    European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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    European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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    Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France;Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Miss Operat Div, Operat Dept, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
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    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
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    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
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    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
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    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium;FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
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    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
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    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Cropper, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Katz, D.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Bakker, J.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Castaneda, J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Chaoul, L.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Cheek, N.
    Serco Gest Negocios ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    De Angeli, F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Fabricius, C.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Guerra, R.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Holl, B.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Masana, E.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Messineo, R.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Mowlavi, N.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Nienartowicz, K.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
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    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
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    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    ESAC, Gaia DPAC Project Off, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
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    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Altmann, M.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France;Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
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    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
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    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
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    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
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    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
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    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
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    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France;Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
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    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Clotet, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Creevey, O.
    Univ Paris XI, CNRS, UMR 8617, Inst Astrophys Spatiale, Batiment 121, F-91405 Orsay, France;Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Davidson, M.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    De Ridder, J.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Delchambre, L.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Dell'Oro, A.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Ducourant, C.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Fernandez-Hernandez, J.
    ATG Europe ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fouesneau, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Fremat, Y.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Galluccio, L.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Garcia-Torres, M.
    Univ Pablo Olavide, Area Lenguajes Sistemas Informat, Ctra Utrera,Km 1, Seville 41013, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Nunez, J.
    Univ Vigo, ETSE Telecomun, Campus Lagoas Marcosende, Vigo 36310, Galicia, Spain;Serco Gest Negocios ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Gonzalez-Vidal, J. J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Gosset, E.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium;FRS FNRS, Rue Egmont 5, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium.
    Guy, L. P.
    Large Synopt Survey Telescope, 950 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Halbwachs, J. -L
    Hambly, N. C.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Harrison, D. L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Cambridge, Kavli Inst Cosmol, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Hernandez, J.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Hestroffer, D.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Hodgkin, S. T.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Hutton, A.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Jasniewicz, G.
    Univ Montpellier, Lab Univ & Particules Montpellier, Pl Eugene Bataillon,CC72, F-34095 Montpellier 5, France.
    Jean-Antoine-Piccolo, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Jordan, S.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Korn, Andreas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Krone-Martins, A.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Lanzafame, A. C.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy;Univ Catania, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Sez Astrofis, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lebzelter, T.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanz Str 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Loeffler, W.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Manteiga, M.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC Astron & Astrophys, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain;Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Marrese, P. M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Martin-Fleitas, J. M.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Moitinho, A.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Mora, A.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Muinonen, K.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland;Finnish Geospatial Res Inst FGI, Geodeetinrinne 2, Masala 02430, Finland.
    Osinde, J.
    Isdefe ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Pancino, E.
    ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy;INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Pauwels, T.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Petit, J. -M
    Recio-Blanco, A.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Richards, P. J.
    Rutherford Appleton Lab, STFC, Harwell OX11 0QX, Didcot, England.
    Rimoldini, L.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Robin, A. C.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Sarro, L. M.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Siopis, C.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Smith, M.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Sozzetti, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Sueveges, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Torra, J.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    van Reeven, W.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Abbas, U.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Aramburu, A. Abreu
    Elecnor Deimos Space ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N,Urbanizac Villafranca Ca, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Accart, S.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Aerts, C.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Altavilla, G.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Alvarez, M. A.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Alvarez, R.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Alves, J.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Astrophys, Turkenschanz Str 17, A-1180 Vienna, Austria.
    Anderson, R. I.
    European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Andrei, A. H.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France;OV UFRJ, Ladeira Pedro Antonio 43, BR-20080090 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil;ON MCT, Rua Gal Jose Cristino 77, BR-20921400 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Anglada Varela, E.
    ATG Europe ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Antiche, E.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Antoja, T.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain;European Space Res & Technol Ctr ESA ESTEC, Sci Support Off, Directorate Sci, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Arcay, B.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Astraatmadja, T. L.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany;Carnegie Inst Sci, Dept Terr Magnetism, 5241 Broad Branch Rd,NW, Washington, DC 20015 USA.
    Bach, N.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Baker, S. G.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Balaguer-Nunez, L.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Balm, P.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Barache, C.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Barata, C.
    Barbato, D.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Barblan, F.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Barklem, Paul
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Barrado, D.
    ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N,Villanueva Canada, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Barros, M.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Barstow, M. A.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Bartholome Munoz, S.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bassilana, J. -L
    Becciani, U.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bellazzini, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Berihuete, A.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France;Univ Cadiz, Dept Estadist, Calle Republ Arabe Saharawi S-N, Cadiz 11510, Spain;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Bertone, S.
    Bern Univ, Astron Inst, Sidlerstr 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland;Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Bianchi, L.
    EURIX Srl, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 2 61, I-10128 Turin, Italy.
    Bienayme, O.
    Univ Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Blanco-Cuaresma, S.
    Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA;Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Boch, T.
    Univ Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Boeche, C.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Bombrun, A.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Borrachero, R.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Bossini, D.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Bouquillon, S.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Bourda, G.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Bragaglia, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Bramante, L.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Breddels, M. A.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Bressan, A.
    Scuola Int Super Studi Avanzati, SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy.
    Brouillet, N.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Bruesemeister, T.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Brugaletta, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Bucciarelli, B.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Burlacu, A.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Busonero, D.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Butkevich, A. G.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Buzzi, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Caffau, E.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Cancelliere, R.
    Univ Turin, Dept Comp Sci, Corso Svizzera 185, I-10149 Turin, Italy.
    Cannizzaro, G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Cantat-Gaudin, T.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy;Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Carballo, R.
    Univ Cantabria, Dept Matemat Aplicada & Ciencias Computac, ETS Ingenieros Caminos Canales & Puertos, Avda Castros S-N, E-39005 Santander, Spain.
    Carlucci, T.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Carrasco, J. M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Casamiquela, L.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Castellani, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.
    Castro-Ginard, A.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Charlot, P.
    Univ Bordeaux, CNRS, Lab Astrophys Bordeaux, B18N,Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire, F-33615 Pessac, France.
    Chemin, L.
    Univ Antofagasta, Unidad Astron, Ave Angamos 601, Antofagasta 1270300, Chile.
    Chiavassa, A.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Cocozza, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Costigan, G.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Cowell, S.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Crifo, F.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Crosta, M.
    Crowley, C.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Cuypers, J.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Dafonte, C.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Damerdji, Y.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium;CRAAG, Route Observ,Bp 63, Bouzareah 16340, Algeria.
    Dapergolas, A.
    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    David, P.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    David, M.
    Univ Antwerp, Onderzoeksgroep Toegepaste Wiskunde, Middelheimlaan 1, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
    de Laverny, P.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    De Luise, F.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    De March, R.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    de Martino, D.
    de Souza, R.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    de Torres, A.
    ESA ESAC, HE Space Operat BV, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Debosscher, J.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    del Pozo, E.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Delbo, M.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Delgado, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Delgado, H. E.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Di Matteo, P.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Diakite, S.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Diener, C.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Distefano, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Dolding, C.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Drazinos, P.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Duran, J.
    Isdefe ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Edvardsson, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Enke, H.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Stern Warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Eriksson, Kjell
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Esquej, P.
    ESA ESAC, RHEA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Eynard Bontemps, G.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fabre, C.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, ATOS, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Fabrizio, M.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Faigler, S.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Falcao, A. J.
    CTS, UNINOVA, Campus FCT UNL,Monte Caparica, P-2829516 Caparica, Portugal.
    Farras Casas, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Federici, L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Fedorets, G.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Fernique, P.
    Univ Strasbourg, Observ Astron Strasbourg, 11 Rue Univ, F-67000 Strasbourg, France.
    Figueras, F.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Filippi, F.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Findeisen, K.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Fonti, A.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Fraile, E.
    ESA ESAC, RHEA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Fraser, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Phys, OBrien Ctr Sci North, Dublin 4, Ireland.
    Frezouls, B.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Gai, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Galleti, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Garabato, D.
    Univ A Coruna, CITIC, Dept Comp Sci, Campus Elvina S-N, La Coruna 15071, Spain.
    Garcia-Sedano, F.
    UNED, Dept Inteligencia Artificial, C Juan Rosal 16, Madrid 28040, Spain.
    Garofalo, A.
    Univ Bologna, Dipartimento Fis & Astron, Via Piero Gobetti 93-2, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Garralda, N.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Gavel, Alvin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics.
    Gavras, P.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece;Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France;Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Gerssen, J.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Stern Warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Geyer, R.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Giacobbe, P.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Gilmore, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Girona, S.
    Ctr Nacl Super Comput, Barcelona Supercomputing Ctr, C Jordi Girona 29,Ed Nexus II, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Giuffrida, G.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Glass, F.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Gomes, M.
    Univ Lisbon, CENTRA, FCUL, Campo Grande,Edif C8, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
    Granvik, M.
    Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland;Lulea Univ Technol, Dept Comp Sci Elect & Space Engn, Box 848, S-98128 Kiruna, Sweden.
    Gueguen, A.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France;Max Planck Inst Extraterrestrial Phys, High Energy Grp, Giessenbachstr, D-85741 Garching, Germany.
    Guerrier, A.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Guiraud, J.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Gutierrez-Sanchez, R.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Haigron, R.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Hatzidimitriou, D.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece;Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Hauser, M.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany;Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Haywood, M.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Heiter, Ulrike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Helmi, A.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Heu, J.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Hilger, T.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Hobbs, D.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Hofmann, W.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Holland, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Huckle, H. E.
    Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England.
    Hypki, A.
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Astron Observ Inst, Fac Phys, Sloneczna 36, PL-60286 Poznan, Poland;Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Icardi, V.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Janssen, K.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Stern Warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Jevardat de Fombelle, G.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Jonker, P. G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Juhasz, A. L.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary;Eotvos Lorand Univ, Egyet Ter 1-3, H-1053 Budapest, Hungary.
    Julbe, F.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Karampelas, A.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece;Amer Community Schools Athens, 129 Aghias Paraskevis Ave & Kazantzaki St, Athens 15234, Greece.
    Kewley, A.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Klar, J.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Stern Warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Kochoska, A.
    Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, 800 E Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA;Univ Ljubljana, Fac Math & Phys, Jadranska Ulica 19, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.
    Kohley, R.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Kolenberg, K.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium;Univ Antwerp, Phys Dept, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium;Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.
    Kontizas, M.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Kontizas, E.
    Natl Observ Athens I Metaxa & Vas Pavlou Palaia P, Athens 15236, Greece.
    Koposov, S. E.
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, McWilliams Ctr Cosmol, Dept Phys, 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA;Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Kordopatis, G.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Z.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;SRON Netherlands Inst Space Res, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584CA Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Koubsky, P.
    Acad Sci Czech Republ, Astron Inst, Fricova 298, Ondrejov 25165, Czech Republic.
    Lambert, S.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Lanza, A. F.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Lasne, Y.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Lavigne, J. -B
    Le Fustec, Y.
    CNES, Telespazio, Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Le Poncin-Lafitte, C.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Lebreton, Y.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France;Univ Rennes 1, Inst Phys Rennes, F-35042 Rennes, France.
    Leccia, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Leclerc, N.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Lecoeur-Taibi, I.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Lenhardt, H.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Leroux, F.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Liao, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China;Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
    Licata, E.
    EURIX Srl, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 2 61, I-10128 Turin, Italy.
    Lindstrom, H. E. P.
    Univ Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark;DXC Technol, Retortvej 8, DK-2500 Valby, Denmark.
    Lister, T. A.
    Las Cumbres Observ, 6740 Cortona Dr Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117 USA.
    Livanou, E.
    Univ Athens, Dept Astrophys Astron & Mech, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15783, Greece.
    Lobel, A.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    Lopez, M.
    ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N,Villanueva Canada, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Managau, S.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Mann, R. G.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Mantelet, G.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Marchal, O.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Marchant, J. M.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Marconi, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Marinoni, S.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy;ASI, Space Sci Data Ctr, Via Politecn SNC, I-00133 Rome, Italy.
    Marschalko, G.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary;Univ Szeged, Baja Observ, Szegedi Ut 3-70, H-6500 Baja, Hungary.
    Marshall, D. J.
    Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS, Lab AIM, IRFU Serv Astrophys CEA DSM, Bat 709,CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
    Martino, M.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Marton, G.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Mary, N.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Massari, D.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.
    Matijevic, G.
    Leibniz Inst Astrophys Potsdam AIP, Stern Warte 16, D-14482 Potsdam, Germany.
    Mazeh, T.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    McMillan, P. J.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Messina, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Michalik, D.
    Lund Univ, Lund Observ, Dept Astron & Theoret Phys, Box 43, S-22100 Lund, Sweden.
    Millar, N. R.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Molina, D.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Molinaro, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Molnar, L.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Montegriffo, P.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Mor, R.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Morbidelli, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Morel, T.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Morris, D.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Mulone, A. F.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Muraveva, T.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Musella, I.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Nelemans, G.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Dept Astrophys, IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands;Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Nicastro, L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Noval, L.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    O'Mullane, W.
    Large Synopt Survey Telescope, 950 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85719 USA;European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Ordenovic, C.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Ordonez-Blanco, D.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Osborne, P.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Pagani, C.
    Univ Leicester, Dept Phys & Astron, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England;Univ Leicester, Leicester Inst Space & Earth Observat, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England.
    Pagano, I.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Pailler, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Palacin, H.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Palaversa, L.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England;Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Panahi, A.
    Tel Aviv Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, IL-6997801 Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Pawlak, M.
    Univ Warsaw Observ, Al Ujazdowskie 4, PL-00478 Warsaw, Poland;Charles Univ Prague, Inst Theoret Phys, Fac Math & Phys, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Piersimoni, A. M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Pineau, F. -X
    Plachy, E.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Plum, G.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Poggio, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy;Univ Torino, Dipartimento Fis, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin, Italy.
    Poujoulet, E.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, AKKA, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-314019 Toulouse, France.
    Prsa, A.
    Villanova Univ, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, 800 E Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085 USA.
    Pulone, L.
    INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Rome, Italy.
    Racero, E.
    Serco Gest Negocios ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Ragaini, S.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis & Sci Spazio Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93-3, I-40129 Bologna, Italy.
    Rambaux, N.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Ramos-Lerate, M.
    ESA ESAC, Vitrociset Belgium, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Regibo, S.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Inst Sterrenkunde, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium.
    Reyle, C.
    Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, Inst UTINAM UMR6213, OSU THETA Franche Comte Bourgogne, F-25000 Besancon, France.
    Riclet, F.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Ripepi, V.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Naples, Italy.
    Riva, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Rivard, A.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Rixon, G.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Roegiers, T.
    ESA ESTEC, HE Space Operat BV, Keplerlaan 1, NL-2201AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands.
    Roelens, M.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Romero-Gomez, M.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Rowell, N.
    Univ Edinburgh, Inst Astron, Royal Observ, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland.
    Royer, F.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Ruiz-Dern, L.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Sadowski, G.
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Inst Astron & Astrophys, CP 226,Blvd Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
    Sagrista Selles, T.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Sahlmann, J.
    European Space Astron Ctr ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain;Space Telescope Sci Inst, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA.
    Salgado, J.
    ESA ESAC, QUASAR Sci Resources, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Salguero, E.
    ATG Europe ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Sanna, N.
    INAF Osservatorio Astrofis Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy.
    Santana-Ros, T.
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Astron Observ Inst, Fac Phys, Sloneczna 36, PL-60286 Poznan, Poland.
    Sarasso, M.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Savietto, H.
    Fork Res, Rua Cruzado Osberno,Lt 1,9 Esq, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Schultheis, M.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Sciacca, E.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Catania, Via S Sofia 78, I-95123 Catania, Italy.
    Segol, M.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, APAVE SUDEUROPE SAS, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Segovia, J. C.
    Serco Gest Negocios ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Segransan, D.
    Univ Geneva, Dept Astron, Chemin Maillettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland.
    Shih, I-C
    Siltala, L.
    Nord Optic Telescope, Rambla Jose Ana Fernandez Perez 7, Brena Baja 38711, Spain;Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, POB 64, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
    Silva, A. F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Astrophysics. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
    Smart, R. L.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Smith, K. W.
    Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Solano, E.
    Spanish Virtual Observ, Santander, Spain;ESA ESAC, Dept Astrofis, Ctr Astrobiol, CSIC INTA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N,Villanueva Canada, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Solitro, F.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Sordo, R.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padua, Italy.
    Soria Nieto, S.
    Univ Barcelona, Inst Ciencies Cosmos, IEEC UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
    Souchay, J.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Spagna, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Spoto, F.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France;Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Stampa, U.
    Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Steele, I. A.
    Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, Merseyside, England.
    Steidelmueller, H.
    Tech Univ Dresden, Lohrmann Observ, Mommsenstr 13, D-01062 Dresden, Germany.
    Stephenson, C. A.
    ESA ESAC, Telespazio Vega UK Ltd, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Stoev, H.
    INAF, Fdn Galileo Galilei, Rambla Jose Ana Fernandez Perez 7, Santa Cruz de Tenerife 38712, Spain.
    Suess, F. F.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Surdej, J.
    Univ Liege, Inst Astrophys & Geophys, 19c,Allee 6 Aout, B-4000 Liege, Belgium.
    Szabados, L.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Szegedi-Elek, E.
    Hungarian Acad Sci, Konkoly Observ, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Konkoly Thege Miklos Ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest, Hungary.
    Tapiador, D.
    Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Arquitectura Computadores & Automat, Fac Informat, C Prof Jose Garcia Santesmases S-N, E-28040 Madrid, Spain;ESA ESAC, INSA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Taris, F.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, SYRTE, Observ Paris, LNE,61 Ave Observ, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Tauran, G.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Taylor, M. B.
    Univ Bristol, H H Wills Phys Lab, Tyndall Ave, Bristol BS8 1TL, Avon, England.
    Teixeira, R.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226,Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Terrett, D.
    Rutherford Appleton Lab, STFC, Harwell OX11 0QX, Didcot, England.
    Teyssandier, P.
    Thuillot, W.
    Univ Lille, Sorbonne Univ, IMCCE, Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 77 Ave Denfert Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, France.
    Titarenko, A.
    Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur, Lab Lagrange,Bd Observ, CS 34229, F-06304 Nice 4, France.
    Torra Clotet, F.
    IEEC, Gran Capita 2-4, Barcelona 08034, Spain.
    Turon, C.
    Univ PSL, CNRS, GEPI, Observ Paris, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France.
    Ulla, A.
    Univ Vigo, Appl Phys Dept, Vigo 36310, Spain.
    Utrilla, E.
    Aurora Technol ESA ESAC, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain.
    Uzzi, S.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Vaillant, M.
    Thales Serv CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    Valentini, G.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astron Abruzzo, Via Mentore Maggini, I-64100 Teramo, Italy.
    Valette, V.
    CNES Ctr Spatial Toulouse, 18 Ave Edouard Belin, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France.
    van Elteren, A.
    Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden, Netherlands.
    Van Hemelryck, E.
    Royal Observ Belgium, Ringlaan 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium.
    van Leeuwen, M.
    Univ Cambridge, Inst Astron, Madingley Rd, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England.
    Vaschetto, M.
    ALTEC, Corso Marche 79, I-10146 Turin, Italy.
    Vecchiato, A.
    INAF, Osservatorio Astrofis Torino, Via Osservatorio 20, I-10025 Pino Torinese, Italy.
    Veljanoski, J.
    Univ Groningen, Kapteyn Astron Inst, Landleven 12, NL-9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands.