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  • 1.
    Aspers, Patrik
    et al.
    Seminar for Sociology, University of St. Gallen, SfS-HSG Müller-Friedberg-Strasse 6/8, 9000, St. Gallen, Switzerland.
    Bengtsson, Petter
    Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Market Fashioning2020Inngår i: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 417-438Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How do markets come about? This article offers a first systematic analysis of threedifferent ideal types of market fashioning: mutual adjustment, organization, and fields.Although aspects of these are identifiable in most empirical markets, these three idealtypes provide analytic tools for students of real markets and marketplaces. After goingthrough this comprehensive literature, it is argued that mutual adjustment, which refersto non-planned processes, is affinity with markets in which products are differentiated,for example, producer markets. Organization refers to process driven by attempts todecide for others and shows affinity with markets for standardized and homogenousproducts, for example, stock exchanges. Organization also accounts for the making ofmarketplaces. The broader notion of fields does not refer to any specific process, butaccounts for the context of market fashioning and its respective power struggles.

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  • 2.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Between Openness and Closure: Helmuth Plessner and the Boundaries of Social Life2018Inngår i: Journal of Classical Sociology, ISSN 1468-795X, E-ISSN 1741-2897, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 36-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the basic notions of the widely neglected Philosophical Anthropology of Helmuth Plessner. Instead of defining man as a privileged holder of consciousness, Plessner claims that all living organisms can be defined by their specific relation to their physical boundaries. In contrast to other living organisms such as plants and animals, however, the 'eccentric' nature of man allows for a comparatively high degree of freedom from the physical environment, which enables him to transcend, objectify, and deconstruct the boundaries of the same. The article concludes by outlining Plessner's original contribution to contemporary debates in social theory, in particular constructivism and post-humanist studies.

  • 3.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Book Review: The Politics of Land edited by Tim Bartley2019Inngår i: LSE Review of BooksArtikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In The Politics of Land, editor Tim Bartley brings together contributors to highlight the significance of the neglected issue of land to political sociology. This is a highly informative volume that explores a range of issues related to the land-politics nexus beyond the top-down understanding of its role in capitalist accumulation with much potential for future sociological research, writes Alexander Dobeson.

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  • 4.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Christophers, B. The New Enclosure: The Appropriation of Public Land in Neoliberal Britain Verso 2018 362 pp £20 (hardback)2019Inngår i: British Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0007-1315, E-ISSN 1468-4446, Vol. 70, nr 3, s. 1095-1097Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Das Fischerdorf im liberalen Kapitalismus: sozialräumliche Öffnungs und Schließungsprozesse in der nordatlantischen Peripherie2019Inngår i: Das Dorf: Soziale Prozesse und räumliche Arrangements / [ed] Annett Steinführer, Lutz Laschewski, Tanja Mölders, Rosemarie Siebert, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2019, s. 187-202Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [de]

    Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Folgen marktbasierter Ressourcenpolitik auf die sozialräumlichen Öffnungs- und Schließungsprozesse nordatlantischer Fischerdörfer. Ausgehend von einer Rekonzeptualisierung des Dorfes als relationalen Raum zeigt das empirische Material zum einen, wie neue Märkte für Fanquoten und Frischfisch lokal begrenzte Produktionsnetzwerke entflechten und Kleinbootfischer in „freie“ Marktakteure und Investoren verwandeln. Zum anderen wird deutlich, dass das Fischerdorf durch die veränderte Rolle der Kleinbootfischerei als profitmaximierende Unternehmen zunehmend in ein neues Netzwerk global agierender Akteure von Ökonomen, Biologen, neuen Märkten und Investmentbanken verflochten wird, welches den Ökonomisierungsdruck auf lokale Produktionsnetzwerke verstärkt und materielle Schließungsprozesse sowie eine starke Polarisierung zwischen Gewinner- und Verliererdörfern befördert. Der Beitrag schließt mit einem Ausblick auf die Veränderung ländlicher Räume im Zeitalter des liberalen Kapitalismus.

  • 6.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Economising the rural: how new markets and property rights transform rural economies2018Inngår i: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523, Vol. 58, nr 4, s. 886-908Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How do new markets and property rights transform rural economies? Based on an ethnographic case study of the Icelandic fisheries, this article shows how the organisation of markets for fishing rights and fresh fish has transformed the rural periphery into a globally entangled site of investments, valuation and exchange. The empirical material shows, on one hand, how the economisation of the traditional small‐boat fisheries has disentangled locally bound fishers into independent market actors and investors; and on the other hand, how daily economic coping re‐entangles fishers into a new web of money‐mediated relations and debt that pushes them to economise their operations for the purpose of increasing profit‐making in order to stay afloat. While economisation has led to a general valorisation of small boats and the construction of a 'quality'‐oriented market niche, fishing communities of the rural periphery maintain their struggle to survive in a new and volatile culture of liberal rural capitalism.

  • 7.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hooked on Markets: Revaluing Coastal Fisheries in Liberal Rural Capitalism2016Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural resource–based economies are typically embedded in rural networks of production. In recent years, however, the privatisation of access rights and the organisation of markets have substantially transformed some of these rural economies.

    By using the case of the Icelandic coastal fisheries, this ethnographic study shows, on one hand, how property rights–based management regimes and markets have reconfigured rural economies by disentangling fishers from their community ties, leading to increasing investment and technological development in the industry. On the other hand, the case shows how daily economic ‘coping’ has re-entangled fishers in a web of money-mediated relations that have economised economic expectations from cost-awareness to increasing profit-making in the industry.

    This economisation of the fisheries’ economy, however, not only reconfigures forms of coordination and network ties, but also changes the social practices that lie at the heart of economic value itself: fishing and processing. Hence, the study shows how artisanal and labour-intensive industries cope with the ‘primacy of the economy’ not only by rationalising their operations towards economic efficiency, but also by recontextualising traditional forms of knowledge and technology for the collective construction of a new 'quality'-oriented market-niche.

    The consequences of this coping, however, are twofold: while on one hand this development has led to the valorisation of line-caught fish, coastal fisheries have become objects of financial speculation, leading to a paradoxical cycle of investment and technological problem-solving that is pushing the temporal and spatial boundaries of coastal fisheries in local networks of production. As a consequence, the meaning of ‘small boats’ as social backbone and symbol of rural independence is being contested.

    This study is not only of interest to scholars dealing with processes of economisation and marketisation of rural networks of production and natural resources, but also for those interested more generally in the role of markets, technology and changing economic practices of evaluation and valuation in contemporary capitalism.

     

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  • 8.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    University of Bamberg.
    Kreative Unsicherheit: Eine Studie über die konstitutive Bedeutung von Grenzziehungen und Grenzüberschreitungen auf ästhetischen Märkten am Beispiel der Werbebranche2012Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [de]

    Wodurch zeichnen sich ästhetische Märkte im Gegensatz zu anderen Märkten aus und wie wird Wissen auf ästhetischen Märkten zur erfolgreichen Bearbeitung von Marktunsicherheit in der Kreativökonomie generiert? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen wird in Abgrenzung zum neoklassischen Mainstream der Wirtschaftswissenschaftern unter Rekurs auf Niklas Luhmanns und Harrison C. Whites Soziologie der Märkte die gesellschaftliche Bezugsproblematik ästhetischer Märkte im Spannungsfeld der kulturellen Codes des Ästhetischen und Ökonomischen im Rahmen des Konzeptes Kreativer Unsicherheit (KU) theoretisch präzisiert. Um das Konzept KU der qualitativ orientierten Feldanalyse zugänglich zu machen, wird dieses in kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit den intentionalistisch konzipierten Beobachtertheorien Luhmanns und Whites im Rahmen einer hermeneutisch orientierten Praxeologie des Marktes reformuliert. So kann der Autor am Beispiel des Produktionsmarktes für Werbung zeigen, mit welchen Problemen Marktteilnehmer bei der Bearbeitung KU konfrontiert werden. Das theoretische Konzept der Polykontexturalität macht deutlich, wie die relationale Ordnung des Marktes die Erschaffung distinkter Marktidentitäten durch Grenzmarkierungen zwischen den Codes des Ästhetischen und Ökonomischen durch jeweils spezifisches Kontextwissen der Marktteilnehmer ermöglicht, die Grundproblematik KU jedoch bewusste sowie unbewusste Grenzüberschreitungen auf strategischer Ebene zur Erhaltung der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit provoziert.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 9.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Scopic valuations: how digital tracking technologies shape economic value2016Inngår i: Economy and Society, ISSN 0308-5147, E-ISSN 1469-5766, Vol. 45, nr 3-4, s. 454-478Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How do market actors in the contemporary economy make decisions when they are uncertain of the value of what is being traded? To answer this question, this paper analyses the changing temporal and spatial orientation of economic valuations in increasingly digitalized economies, in which markets can no longer be understood as locally bound and closed sites of valuation and exchange. Drawing on ethnographic material from the fishing industry, the paper shows how digital tracking technologies link and synchronize auction markets with real-time information on fishing activities. Hence, 'scopic media' such as chart plotters and computer screens are not only deployed by skippers to monitor one another, but are also used as valuation devices that recontextualize local knowledge for the purpose of coping with economic uncertainty. As a consequence of this panoptic valuation regime, fishermen control their virtual identities by disciplining harvesting practices according to their buyers' expectations.

  • 10.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The wrong fish: maneuvering the boundaries of market-based resource management2018Inngår i: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 110-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can economic actors stay afloat in a highly volatile market environment? By drawing on ethnographic material from the Icelandic fishing industry, this article demonstrates how fishers maneuver the boundaries of market-based resource management that tend to ignore the ever-changing environment of the sea. The empirical material shows how fishers skillfully manipulate their socio-technical environment in order to adjust the market for so-called Individual Transferable Quotas (ITQs) with the movement of fish stocks. Accordingly, three coping practices are deployed: (i) tinkering with accounts, (ii) socio-technical conversion, and (iii) redefining boundaries. While these practices allow fishers to stay afloat, they are likewise undermined by the ever-changing environment of the sea, consequently fueling a money-induced cycle of socio-technical problem-solving and breakdowns.

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  • 11.
    Kohl, Sebastian
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne, Germany.
    Dobeson, Alexander
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Brandl, Barbara
    Varieties of Agrarian Capitalism: Towards a Comparative Analysis of Rural Economies2017Inngår i: Economic Sociology : the European Electronic Newsletter, ISSN 1871-3351, E-ISSN 1871-3351, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 19-31Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
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