uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 26 of 26
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Andersson, Helen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    TV:s nyhetsprogram som interaktion2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last third of the 20th century, Swedish public and social life underwent an informalization process. The television news programmes today display the results of this development (and other trends) involving more dramaturgic variation, interactive elements, informalization and "cosiness".

    This thesis deals with interaction in television news from a viewer's point of view. The general purpose of the work has been to investigate the newsanchor's interaction with the viewers, the colleagues and the studio guests. The aim has been to describe the characteristic features of this interaction by using analytical tools from interactional sociolinguistics, particulary those concerning contextualization cues.

    The material consists of 11.5 hours of videotaped studio talk from three different news programmes (Aktuellt, Nyheterna and Tvärsnytt) during 1997–1998. The material– transcribed in extenso–is limited to the verbal and non-verbal activity of the newsreaders in four interactional situations: the newsreaders' monological quasi-interaction with the viewers, handovers, interviews with colleagues and with guests.

    The pervasive idea of the thesis is that news programmes can been seen as dramas in which the participants play certain roles. By using a number of devices, the participants enact these roles before the eyes of the viewers. The interaction can therefore be seen as an act performed for the benefit of the viewers. The theorethical basis for the dissortation is Goffman's ideas about participation structure (animator, author, principal, authorized and unauthorized listener), self-presentation, and framing. Of great importance is also Gumperz' notion of contextualization.

    The investigation shows that the newsreader uses a variety of contextualization cues and lets verbal and non-verbal means interplay to make contact with the viewers, e.g. you-pronouns, smiles, greetings and reminders. The interaction on the screen also displays an hierarchical order–the newsanchor steers the others' contributions. He/she also assigns to colleagues and guests different interactional roles. The reporter may alternately play the role of eyewitness, expert, analyst/speculator and commentator. The guest is called in to act either as expert, confrontation target, analyst/commentator, or representative.

  • 2.
    Bendegard, Saga
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Begriplig EU-svenska?: Klarspråksarbetets förutsättningar inom den interinstitutionella översättningsprocessen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a study of the inter-institutional translation process through which the Swedish versions of EU legislative acts are created, focusing on the conditions for plain language work within this process. These Swedish translations have long been considered incomprehensible. Complicated originals and strong demands for close correspondence to the source text have been considered the main reason. This study aims to examine the translation process, to see how institutional factors shape the scope for plain language work. The theoretical and methodological bases of the study are the sociology of translation, focusing on translation as a social activity, and ethnography, focusing on the participants’ perspective. The data analysed consist of field notes, interviews, video recordings of participants translating, and revised translations.

    A key factor for plain language is shown to be the demands for close correspondence to previous texts – not only the source text but also previous Swedish translations. Close correspondence is necessary due to special demands on legal translation but is also supported by other institutional factors, such as translators’ insecurity regarding legal language, short deadlines and the needs of internal readers. The use of CAT tools such as TWB further reinforces this dependence on previous texts.

    Other institutional factors that stand out are the relative isolation of the translation units, with limited feedback from outside the unit, and the position of the translated documents within the EU legal system. The results indicate that the difficulties for a Swedish reader are often not due to linguistic or textual formulation of the documents, but to the gap this EU position creates, between the reader’s (Swedish) and the text’s (EU) frame of reference respectively.

    Support for plain language is strong at the units, but the concept appears to have been partially given a local meaning, showing that the traditional understanding of plain language may not be fully applicable in this setting. This shows the necessity to identify the aspects most central to comprehensibility, for different types of texts and in different settings – a necessity not only for plain language work within the EU, but in national settings as well.

  • 3.
    Bihl, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Möten i dialektalt gränsland: Dialektala övergångar genom Närke : dialectal transitions across Närke2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The province of Närke comprises, together with Södermanland, a transition area characterised by a mixture of linguistic features from the Götaland dialects (götamål) and Central Swedish dialects (uppsvenska).

    One purpose of the study is to test and develop the dialectal transition theory established by J. K. Chambers and P. Trudgill. Another one is to determine the distribution patterns for a number of dialectal transitions in the above-mentioned contact area and to discover linguistic and non-linguistic reasons for them. The third purpose is to describe an aspect of the Närke dialect (närkemålet).

    The dissertation takes up six transitions covering four linguistic features: dropping of final t in endings, weakening of unstressed i and a and syncope of suffix vowels.

    From the survey it can be seen that all transitions take place gradually, although there are some exceptions. This means that the transitions are to be seen as dialectal continua. Occasionally the change of a transition, at least in part, is more or less abrupt. In one or two cases there are isogloss conditions.

    The fact that syncope of suffix vowels and dropped t are mutually exclusive favours retention of final t, as does the hiatus contraction. The vowel balance has some explanatory value for the weakening of unstressed i and a. However, the linguistic explanations should be supplemented with non-linguistic ones.

    The distribution patterns are compared with various topographical, demographic and ethnogeographical factors. The study shows that population density is of fundamental importance for dialectal distribution. This is reflected in the fact that, in one respect, central Närke is a fairly closely connected dialect-geographical unit. But since the area is a part of several transitional zones it can from another perspective be seen as the opposite.

  • 4.
    Bijvoet, Ellen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Sverigefinnar tycker och talar: Om språkattityder och stilistisk känslighet hos två generationer sverigefinnar : on language attitudes and stylistic perception among two generations of Sweden Finns1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis aims to characterize two subtle aspects of bilingualism among the Sweden Finns, the largest ethnic minority in Sweden. It includes two main parts: 1. the study of language attitudes among Sweden Finns and two control groups-one Swedish and one Finnish-towards different varieties of Swedish and Finnish, using a modified matched-guise test; 2. the characterization of the Sweden Finns' and the control groups' perception of stylistic nuances of lexical items in both Swedish and Finnish (with emphasis on Swedish). In part 2, the subjects were asked to describe the connotative and stylistic meaning of 14 pairs of synonymous words in Swedish (e.g. mamma-morsa 'mother-the old lady') and in Finnish, using Osgood's semantic differential.

    The main issue is to what extent the Sweden Finns show similarity to the Swedes and/or the Finns regarding the items 1 and 2 described above. Although these aspects may seem unrelated, there is a connection between them: both language attitudes and stylistic perceptions provide relevant information on the extent to which the Sweden Finns are integrated into the Swedish speech community. Thus, similar attitudes between the Sweden Finnish minority and the Swedish majority reflect a higher degree of integration, which presumably results in a more similar language use.

    The results of the analysis indicate that the various Sweden Finnish test groups (divided according to sex and generation) have a different degree of integration in the Swedish speech community. Adult men prove to be the group with the lowest degree of integration (which is in line with previous studies in the field), while adolescents show a high degree of integration in the Swedish speech community, as evidenced by their high degree of similarity with the Swedish majority in both attitudes and stylistic perception. Interestingly, this group also shows clear integration in the Finnish community. These observations suggest that integration into a new society does not necessarily imply the loss of contact with the original speech community. A positive double identity is a possible and natural option for these young Sweden Finns.

  • 5.
    Brylla, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    "A boy named Sue": Om flick- och pojknamn2007In: Språk och kön i nutida och historiskt perspektiv: Studier presenterade vid Den sjätte nordiska konferensen om språk och kön, Uppsala 6-7 oktober 2006 / [ed] Britt-Louise Gunnarsson, Sonja Entzenberg & Maria Ohlsson, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2007, p. 191-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Carlsson, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Kulturmöten, textmönster och förhållningssätt: Första- och andraspråksskrivande i några svenska brevgenrer2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To form well written texts in a culture where the norms for writing are changing is difficult for both native and non-native writers. Moreover, deviations from the norm among non-native writers can be explained by inadequate command of formal and pragmatic knowledge of the new language or a disinclination in non-native writers to accept socio-cultural rules, different from their own.

    The present study deals with three genres of letters: application, request and apology. The main aim of the thesis is to describe and explain similarities and differences in communicative competence as this is evidenced in three Swedish letters written by 120 adult informants, 20 women and 20 men from three different cultures: Latin-American, Persian, and Swedish. The material consists of 360 letters. The influence of gender is also taken into account.

    The length of letters and the number of moves are described and discussed. However, the main analysis has been carried out on two different structural levels: examining the rhetorical pattern of the texts and describing the linguistic realization of the moves.

    The rhetorical pattern and length of text vary with both culture, gender and genre. The most conventional rhetorical pattern is used in the letter of application by the Swedish and Latin-American groups. The other letters vary more. The analysis of the opening and ending moves of the three letters singles out the Persians as more informal and personal.

    The speech acts of applying, requesting, and apologizing differ in directness and formality between cultures and gender. Often men are more direct and formal than women. Emotional instead of rational arguments are found in some non-native letters, especially in the letters of request and apology. Expressions of gratitude are abundant in native women’s letters.

    The study reveals some salient features related to both culture and gender. This indicates the necessity to heighten awareness of diverging communicative patterns in a multicultural society.

  • 7.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Ungdomars berättande: En studie i struktur och interaktion1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In any human culture the telling of stories for representing past events is likely to have a centralplace. The aim of this dissertation is to describe storytelling among Swedish adolescents from astructural, interactional and functional perspective, and to demonstrate how the meaning of thestory is interactionally constructed.

    The material consists of a corpus of 258 stories taken from 30 hours of tape recordings of conversations between adolescents, aged 10-15, of both sexes, mostly in naturally occurring situations. The majority of the recordings were made in the late 80's and early 90's, while others datefrom 1974-1984.

    The study tries to combine the theoretical and methodological ideas of conversational analysis(CA) and sociolinguistic discourse analysis. The method is basically qualitative and the analysesare carried out through detailed scrutiny of pieces of recordings and transcriptions. The aspects ofstorytelling that arc studied include the way the stories are introduced and accounted for in the ongoing conversation, how they are designed by the teller in order to propose and make the listeneraccept a certain version of what happened, and how the listener through his contributions duringthe telling can accept, modify, reject and negotiate the meaning proposed by the teller. Another aspect studied is how the stories serve as means for self- and other-presentations.

    The results show that, both as tellers and listeners, Swedish adolescents make use of many different strategies to structure the telling and evaluate the story. These include verb tense, word orderand different kinds of discourse markers as well as highly emotional and dramatizing features suchas reported speech, onomatopoetic expressions and laughter. A very important evaluative deviceis the discourse marker ba. Dramatization is also found in many of the listener's contributions tothe telling.

    It is also shown that there are substantial differences between boys and girls, both in the use of (some of) these dramatizing features and in the way they construct and present themselves and others in the stories. This seems to be due to the fact that storytelling serves different functions in groups of boys and girls. Finally, it is argued that there are some indications of an ongoing change in the narrative style of Swedish adolescents.

  • 8. Hakulinen, Auli
    et al.
    Keevallik, Leelo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.
    Lindström, Jan
    kuule, kule, hördu — projicerande praktiker i finska, estniska och svenska samtal2003In: Grammatik och Samtal: Studier till minne av Mats Eriksson / [ed] Bengt Nordberg, Institutionen för nordiska språk, Univ.: Uppsala , 2003, p. 199-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Horneman Hansen, Lise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Jysk -de-bõjning: En undersõgelse af svag præteritumbõjning : an investigation of weak preterite forms2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, an investigation of past tense conjugation of weak verbs in traditional Jutland dialects is undertaken. The past tense endings in focus are those which do not correspond with the -ede-ending or the -te-ending known from Standard Danish, but which correspond with the endings -de, -the, -(d)de known from Medieval Danish. In the thesis these are called the -de-endings or the -de-conjugation. In Standard Danish these endings are relics, as only seven verbs in Standard Danish have a -de-ending.

    For the purpose of this investigation a database consisting of about 3,600 occurrences of about 400 different verbs has been set up. The material has been excerpted from 20 different sources of traditional Jutland dialects.

    The thesis consists of a description of the past tense forms in Medieval Danish, Standard Danish, and the Jutland dialects. After identification of the Jutland endings, there follows a description of the geographical distribution, and finally there is a perspective view of the neighbouring dialects and languages.

    The investigation shows that the connection with the Medieval Danish conjugation system is obvious; the -de-endings in Jutland dialects occur in the same verbs as in Medieval Danish, namely after verbs with stem ending in a voiced consonant or vowel. And the Jutland past tense forms correspond historically with the Medieval Danish forms too. The -de-endings occur both after native verbs and verbs borrowed from Low German. The Low German verbs with -de-conjugation show that the -de-conjugation must have been productive at the time of borrowing. Most of the Jutland past tense -de-forms can be explained as result of sound changes, but there are also some cases where the explanation must be analogy.

  • 10.
    Jansson, Gunilla
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Tvärkulturella skrivstrategier: Kohesion, koherens och argumentationsmönster i iranska skribenters texter på svenska : a study of cohesion, coherence and argumentative patterns in essays written in Swedish by Iranian students2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For an adult immigrant student, writing in a second language often means adapting to a new writing culture. The main research question dealt with in this dissertation is whether L1 rhetorical influence occurs in writing in Swedish as a second language (SSL).

    The material consists of 35 argumentative texts written by immigrant Iranians and two control groups consisting of 66 texts written by Swedes and 32 texts written by immigrant student writers of varying language background.

    The study tries to combine methods and concepts from both text linguistics and classical rhetoric. The text analyses include cohesion and coherence patterns, linear structure and argumentative strategies in the rhetorical parts of the text.

    The results show that the most salient differences between the Iranian group and the control groups concern the argumentative patterns, whereas the results from the analysis of the coherence patterns rather point to similarities between both groups of SSL writers. While the argumentation in the Iranians' texts most often follows the pattern "situation-problem" and begins with a general introduction to the problem, the texts in the control groups are dominated by the "problem-solution" pattern, and in many cases an introduction to the problem is lacking.

    It is argued that the argumentative patterns that distinguish the Iranians from the control groups might be explained by different writing traditions and values in the writers' cultural background. This assumption is supported in interviews with the writers and with a group of Iranian reference persons.

  • 11.
    Jarl Kerzar, Helena
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Gammalt och nytt i predikospråket: Språklig-stilistisk analys av predikan i Svenska kyrkans radio- och TV-sända högmässor 1938-1984 : linguistic- stylistic analysis of the Church of Sweden's Sunday service sermons on radio and television from 1938 to 19841999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The principal aim of this dissertation is to give a broad description of the linguistic and stylistic changes in the language of the Church of Sweden's Sunday service sermons on radio and television between 1938 and 1984.

    The material consists of 67 sermons beginning with the period 1938-40, ending with the period 1979-84, and including the periods 1950-52 and 1967-68. The material from 1979-84 consists of 13 sermons held by female ministers and 13 held by male ministers. Of the 67 sermons, 57 are recorded on tape and 10 are in manuscript form. The survey thus mostly includes spoken sermons.

    The main hypothesis is that the language of sermons has changed in a rather sweeping way over the 47 years covered in the survey, but that there are also persistent features given that the sermons are part of a nearly 2,000-year-old tradition.

    It was found that major changes took place in what was largely an obsolete language influenced by the Bible, as shown in the sermons from 1938-40, giving way over time to a language affected by connections to the living conditions of contemporary people and characterized by words associated with social and psychological domains. This suggests that the ministers to some extent tried to adapt their sermons to the recipients. The target group of the sermons from 1938-40 was people who already believed in God. In the post-war period, society became secularized, which led Radio Sweden to prescribe that ministers also address secular listeners and people looking for religious inspiration in their sermons.

    Changes that took place in the Swedish language in the post-war period are also found in the language of the sermons. One can note, however, a delayed effect. It seems that sacred language is more conservative than profane language.

    Rhetorical devices for motivating the listener, reinforcing the message and making it concrete, and structuring the sermon are still found to about the same extent in the most recent material as in the oldest material.

    Female ministers have adapted their language to the prevailing norms to a great extent but sometimes deviate in a way that is usually seen as being typical for the language of women.

  • 12.
    Landqvist, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Råd och ruelse: Moral och samtalsstrategier i Giftinformationscentralens telefonrådgivning2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In many different kinds of institutional discourse, the agenda concerns issues that have strong moral implications for the layperson. The present study deals with one such type of discourse, citizens’ calls to the Swedish Poison Information Centre (PIC). The PIC runs a hotline where citizens and medical professionals can get advice about how to treat a possible poisoning. The main aim of the thesis is to identify the types of face threats in these calls and to examine the consequences these have for the interaction. In connection with this, two other subjects are studied: 1) the formulation and giving of advice, and 2) the interactional consequences of the professional party’s distrust regarding the caller’s intentions behind contacting the institution.

    The material consists of a corpus of 377 authentic citizen calls to the PIC. The calls, transcribed in extenso, amount to more than 17 hours of audiotaped data.

    The analysis has been made using methods from Conversation Analysis (CA), combined with the theory of face and face-saving. However, the analysis mostly builds on findings in conversation analytic work regarding sensitive subjects, rather than on Brown & Levinson’s politeness theory.

    The study shows that the PIC calls mostly contain measures taken by both the pharmacist and the caller in order to save the face of the caller. Further, it is found that not all face threats are created by the other party in the conversation. There are two important types of face-threat that originate outside of the conversation and have not been made relevant in the conversation until the caller takes measures against them. Those threats concern the caller’s decision to contact the PIC and the caller’s responsibility regarding the incident. The pharmacist usually ignores the caller’s face-work regarding these conversation-external threats, but can instead become moralizing with regard to the caller’s future actions.

    It is also found that the distribution of directive types in calls depends on the presumed seriousness of the problematic substance.

  • 13.
    Lindström, Anna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Language as social action: Grammar, prosody, and interaction in Swedish conversation : grammatik, prosodi och interaktion i svenska samtal1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study contributes to a larger research programme that links grammar and prosody on the one hand with talk-in-interaction on the other. An underlying assumption of this study is that language is key to the organization of social action. Language is shaped by the fact that it is used by inter-actants to engage in a range of social activities whilst at the same time it also shapes these activities. Grammar and prosody are important resources for both the production and understanding of social action.

    The data consists of recordings of naturally occurring mundane Swedish conversation. Using conversation analysis (CA), the author describes and analyzes the interactants' orientations as displayed through their turns-at-talk. Three phenomena are introduced that can be identified by and are constituted through aspects of grammar or prosody. The first of these is the or-inquiry. This is a yes/no-question that ends with the Swedish conjunction eller 'or'. It is argued that this syntactic construction marks the action the turn otherwise engages in as problematic. Second, the sequential environment of deferred action requests, invitations, and proposals is examined. A deferred action is one that cannot be immediately satisfied. The study demonstrates that an affirmative response token is insufficient to agree with or accept a deferred action request, invitation, or proposal. An additional unit of talk is required where the recipient makes a commitment to satisfy the deferred action in the future. Third, the study focusses on a prosodic variant of the Swedish affirmative response token ja. The analysis suggests that ja projects non-alignment when it is produced with a stretch and rising pitch contour in the turn-initial position of a responsive action. This provides a resource for the interactional negotiation of alignment or agreement. The three phenomena that the study introduces may be of relevance for languages other than Swedish.

  • 14.
    Melin-Köpilä, Christina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Om normer och normkonflikter i finlandssvenskan: Språkliga studier med utgångspunkt i nutida elevtexter1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Finland is officially a bilingual country, with Finnish and Swedish as national languages. FinlandSwedes constitute about 6% of the population.

    This study treats Finland Swedish in relation to Swedish in Sweden, on the one hand, and, onthe other hand, to Finnish. The main question is whether Finland Swedish should be regarded asa variety on a par with regional varieties in Sweden, which presupposes a common written standard, or as a more independent standard language.

    A corpus of 289 school essays written by compulsory- and upper-secondary-school students inFinland has been compared with school essays written by Swedes in Sweden. The number of provincial features in the essays provide a quantitative measure of the regional and age-related variation among the students.

    The purpose of the study is to determine whether the two groups of students are developing inthe same direction, toward a common supra-regional standard language in which provincialismsare rare. My hypothesis has been that the Finland-Swedish essays will reflect a different standardlanguage than in Sweden, which would imply that several of the so-called provincialisms belongto an implicit Finland-Swedish written standard.

    The results indicate that the upper-secondary students, just as in Sweden, use fewer provincialfeatures than do compulsory school students. Students from bilingual municipalities use more Finlandisms than do their cohorts who reside in more Swedish-speaking environments. In generalthese Finlandisms are more closely related to Finnish than to dialects of Swedish, which meansthat the provincialisms of the Finland-Swedish students are in many cases different in nature fromthose of their Swedish counterparts in Sweden. A comparison between Finland-Swedish studentsand Swedish students in Sweden indicates that the students in Finland use more provincialisms, onthe one hand, and, on the other hand, continue to use them at the upper-secondary level as well,which is rare among Swedish students in Sweden.

    The conclusion is that in a certain sense Finland Swedish can be regarded as an independentstandard language developed out of the interplay with its own dialects and with Finnish. However,regionally varied influence from Sweden, combined with active language-preservation measuresin cooperation with Swedish language planning bodies in Sweden, ensures that Finlandisms, especially in professional expository prose, are normally few in number and can be regarded as negligible, even by Swedish readers in Sweden.

  • 15.
    Moberg, Ulla
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Språkbruk och interaktion i en svensk pingstförsamling: En kommunikationsetnografisk studie : a study in the ethnography of communication1998Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is based on the assumption that text and context form an integrated, indissoluble whole when meanings are created, renegotiated and interpreted in human interaction in different speech events. With the aid of a combination of ethnographic and conversation-analytical methods an investigation is made of the ways in which a number of members of a Pentecostal church in a medium-sized Swedish town interact with one another and with persons who have not made a personal avowal as Christians. Participant observations were carried out during the period 1989-94, and the taped material comprises 13 conversationlike interviews, three coffee-break conversations and a dinner conversation. All the recordings are of "natural" conversations, which is to say that it was not a question of experiments with controlled variables.

    The dissertation contains a description of how words, phrases and modes of expression are taken from the Bible, from the services and from other sources common to the Movement, to be used again and adapted to different situations. Persons who have long been members of a community characterised by an endeavour to attain one particular goal have acquired similar experience. In the interaction between them, there is much that can be taken for granted or simply hinted at. The communication is thereby economical-a single seemingly disconnected word can convey something which it would require a lengthy exposition to convey to an outsider.

    It also emerges that elderly Pentecostals who have devoted much of their lives to the church have acquired a pious, Biblically coloured mode of expression, that the middle-aged and young who are frequently in contact with non-Christians avoid such a mode of expression or set it within a jocular framework, and that the newly saved overuse it in order to exhibit their new group membership.

  • 16.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    The Social Organization of Institutional Norms: Interactional Management of Knowledge, Entitlement and Stance2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis explores talk in institutional settings, with a particular focus on how institutionality and institutional norms are constructed and reproduced in interaction. A central aim is to enhance our understanding of how institutional agendas are talked into being. In line with the ethno­methodological approach, norms are viewed as accomplished in everyday interaction, whereas institutionality represents dimensions of talk where participants demonstrably orient to particular contextual constraints. Five studies were conducted using Conversation Analysis (CA), focusing on how institutional constraints impact sequential trajectories and shape different opportunities for participants.

    The data consists of two corpora of video recordings: group tutorials at a Swedish university (UTs), and performance appraisal interviews in an organ­ization (PAIs). The thesis pays particular attention to the interactional management of knowledge, entitlement and stance, and analytic foci include how speakers manage epistemic claims and rights at a certain point in interaction, and how they accomplish social positioning. The UT studies examine the negotiation of rights to speak for others in a group (Study I), and how diver­ging understandings of the institutional activity-at-hand can be negotiated on the basis of students’ advice-seeking questions (Study II). In Study III, orientations to institutional and sociocultural norms are investigated in the PAIs, where managers and employees treat negative stances on stress as problematic. The relationship between theory and institutional practice in the use of question templates in PAIs is also examined, through an analysis of the delivery and receipt of a particular question in different interviews (Study IV). Focusing on different adaptations of a preset item, this analysis shows how the same question sets up for a variety of subsequent actions. Finally, deployment of the verb känna (‘feel’) in managing epistemic access and primacy is examined (Study V). It is argued that ‘feel’ allows for a reduction of accountability when making epistemic claims. The studies highlight the relationship between linguistic formats and social actions and illustrate how institutional agendas have consequences for participant conduct. Attention to the details of actions in institutional interaction can thus shed light on social and linguistic underpinnings of the enactment of institutional norms.

    List of papers
    1. Vadå vi? Tala för dig själv!: Om oenighet och identitet vid seminarier
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vadå vi? Tala för dig själv!: Om oenighet och identitet vid seminarier
    2008 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 18, p. 93-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the social actions pertaining to speaking for someone else and being spoken for are studied in an educational setting, namely a seminar meeting for undergraduates. The data on which this study is based consist of a total of five hours of video-recorded seminar meetings at a Swedish university.

    The first part of the study focuses on three sequences in which the above mentioned social actions are central for the participants. Through CA-techniques the actions are described and examined from the participants’ perspective. When speaking for more people than oneself, the speaker runs the risk of facing objections from the co-speaker(s) present. He/she/they may not accept being spoken for, and this may be put forward as a disagreement at which point the premises of the previous turn(s) may be renegotiated.

    In the second part of the study, these social actions are connected to ‘identity’. This is seen as something that is continually achieved in interaction, rather than something that is ‘reflected’ in discourse. Hence, speaking for more people than oneself can be seen as an action which ascribes cospeaker(s) an identity. The analysis shows that the disagreement sequences presented in the first part of the article function as a forum in which a specific student identity can be put on display. The disagreement is used as a resource for the students to position themselves and take on an identity as the good students.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Uppsala: Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för svensk språk- och stilforskning, 2008
    Keywords
    Swedish, Conversation Analysis (CA), participation, identity, university education
    National Category
    Languages and Literature
    Research subject
    Scandinavian Languages
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-88404 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-10-07 Created: 2009-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
    2. ”Om du har något annat ord för det?”: Hur deltagares skilda perspektiv kommer till uttryck i ett undervisningssammanhang
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Om du har något annat ord för det?”: Hur deltagares skilda perspektiv kommer till uttryck i ett undervisningssammanhang
    2010 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 20, p. 165-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how participants interactionally display and construct their different orientationstowards an ongoing activity. On an overarching level, they participate in the same activity,but on a local level it can be demonstrated that they exercise activities with different goals. I referto their diverse orientations as different perspectives on the ongoing activity. The analytic emphasisis placed on how participants’ perspectives are interactionally accomplished.

    The two sequences analyzed in this paper are extracted from video recordings of Swedish universitytutorials. Through close analysis of the interaction, it is demonstrated that the request forscientific terms is used as a resource for the teacher to direct the scope of the interaction. Moreover,this action demonstrates how the teacher’s perspective expresses a preferred focus on an abstract‘scientific’ level. The teacher’s perspective diverges from several students’ perspectives, which inturn demonstrates different orientations towards the ongoing activity.

    From an educational point of view the study provides us with a deeper understanding of howstudents and teachers may perceive and treat the same activity in the classroom in diverging ways.In a wider context, the study also gives us insights into how different individuals interactionallyconstruct their different understandings of the same context.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Uppsala: Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för svensk språk- och stilforskning, 2010
    Keywords
    Conversation Analysis (CA), academic discourse, university tutorial, perspective, participation, Swedish, Akademisk diskurs, Conversation Analysis (CA), undervisning, perspektiv, deltagande, Svenska
    National Category
    Languages and Literature
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144605 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-10-12 Created: 2011-02-01 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
    3. The Performance Appraisal Interview -  An Arena for the Reinforcement of Norms for Employeeship
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Performance Appraisal Interview -  An Arena for the Reinforcement of Norms for Employeeship
    Show others...
    2011 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the present paper, we report findings from a study of performance appraisal interviews between middle managers and employees. The study is based on analysis of video uptake of authentic performance appraisal interviews, and through detailed examination of participant conduct and orientation, we point to structural mechanisms and institutional norms which limit the possibilities for employees to raise topics connected to negative experiences of stress in performance appraisal talk. It is argued that norms concerning ideal employeeship are shaped by a partly hidden curriculum in the organization which in turn is talked into being in the performance appraisal interviews. The study concludes that empirical attention to the social interplay in performance appraisal interactions reveal how participant conduct aligns or disaligns with institutional and social underpinnings of workplace ideals.

    Keywords
    Performance appraisal interview, ideal worker, staff development, conversation analysis, hidden curriculum
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-159705 (URN)
    Projects
    JämVäxt – Jämställd Hållbar Tillväxt
    Available from: 2011-12-07 Created: 2011-10-07 Last updated: 2018-02-05
    4. From Paper to Practice: Asking and Responding to a Standardized Question Item in Performance Appraisal Interviews
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Paper to Practice: Asking and Responding to a Standardized Question Item in Performance Appraisal Interviews
    2014 (English)In: Pragmatics and Society, ISSN 1878-9714, E-ISSN 1878-9722, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 165-190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we examine how a standardized question is launched and received in a corpus of performance appraisal interviews, with a particular focus on how a particular question is translated from the interview template into actions in interaction. We examine different delivery formats of our target question and how reformulations versus verbatim ‘reading format’ deliveries impact subsequent employee answers and sequence development. Seemingly minor alterations make relevant more specific second parts, and as a result, different employees essentially receive different questions. The target question can also be recruited to initiate other interactional projects, such as assessment sequences, and managers recurrently orient to a role as animators rather than authors of the question, which reduces social complications of negative performance appraisal. Our empirical context allows us to discuss the relationship between theory and practice in an activity type where institutional agendas come into play when using templates.

    Keywords
    performance appraisal interview, standardization, conversation analysis, question design, assessment, template
    National Category
    Languages and Literature
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169504 (URN)10.1075/ps.5.2.01nyr (DOI)000342729900001 ()
    Available from: 2012-03-01 Created: 2012-03-01 Last updated: 2018-02-05
    5. It feels kinda important maybe: 'Feel' as an Interactional Resource for Managing Stance and Accountability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>It feels kinda important maybe: 'Feel' as an Interactional Resource for Managing Stance and Accountability
    (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
    Abstract [en]

    How ‘inner’ processes are invoked in talk-in-interaction has been a topic for conversation analysts ever since Sacks identified ‘private thought’ as a phenomenon. This paper provides an overview of the social actions organized by use of the Swedish verb “känna” – which translates as ‘feel’ – in data from university tutorials. In this exploratory study, “känna” is not treated as a linguistic item specific to Swedish, but rather as a language-transcendent social action, referred to as ‘feel’. Three main functions are distinguished:

    (1) The teacher animates the students in hypothetical but probable scenarios, in which he ascribes them different feelings. These episodes show clear pedagogical features. (2) ‘Feel’ operates as a hedging device when epistemic claims are made. Its subjective quality diminishes or eliminates potential risks of accountability. (3) ‘Feel’ is deployed in questions and formulations concerning the ongoing interaction. The teacher constructs questions eliciting progress reports with ‘feel’, whereas the students deploy ‘feel’ to formulate complaints, reflections and assessments. These formulations concern their ongoing project, which all the other participants have (varying) epistemic access to.

    In sum, ‘feel’ serves as an interactional device that allows the speaker to create an interactional space in which accountability and responsibility can be negotiated.

    Keywords
    Conversation Analysis, institutional talk, classroom interaction, university tutorial, stance-taking, accountability, formulations
    National Category
    Languages and Literature
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169503 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-03-01 Created: 2012-03-01 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved
  • 17.
    Nyström, Catharina
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Gymnasisters skrivande: En studie av genre, textstruktur och sammanhang2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Students in upper secondary school write in a number of different genres, and do this in school contexts as well as in their spare time. The study presented here is an overview of this activity and the genres concerned. The theoretical framework of the study is that of genre theory whereby genre is understood as a socially situated concept.

    The study is based on 2 000 texts gathered from students on different study programmes all over Sweden in the school year of 1996-97. The texts were written in different situations. The most important distinction made here is between test texts (i.e. texts from national tests) and self-chosen texts, which may come from schoolwriting or spare-time writing.

    The texts are categorized according to genre. This text inventory shows a repertoire of 33 different genres in the text material. A small number of genres, such as story, book-review and expository essay dominate the school writing. The test genres differ from this pattern in that they clearly imitate texts with a genuine communicative intent.

    The most frequent genres are studied further and each of them is demonstrated by an interpretative reading. This reading shows that the genres differ considerably with respect to genre character and stability of text structure. A quantitative study of text length and variation in vocabulary further shows that texts written by two categories of students, those on vocationally oriented programmes and those on programmes preparing for higher education, differ significantly.

    Reference cohesion is studied in a smaller sample of the texts. This lexico-semantic mechanism of cohesion proves to exhibit an interrelation with variation in vocabulary as well as with text type. One particular cohesive tie, inference, shows different patterns in texts written by the two categories of students mentioned above.

  • 18.
    Oestreicher, Amelie
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Bearbetning av nyhetstext. En studie av texthantering vid sex svenska dagstidningar.2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Prior to the printing of news texts in newspapers, an internal review is performed by various journalistic editors. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the editing of texts at different editorial offices. How is the work organised? What kinds of emendations are made? Is there a common "textual culture" that is reflected in common principles of editing - within or across different newspapers? And what is the interplay between the editorial work and the conditions of the writing environment at the various editorial offices: the number of editors, the volume of text written, the kind of editorial office (general or specialised), printed house rules for writing, opportunities for communication (meetings etc.)?

    The perspective of the investigation is text linguistic and pragmatic. The material (3608 emendations) has been analysed and classified in a data base on five different levels: information, text structure, word style, lexicogrammar, and typing, in comparison with emendations made by a group of teachers. A total of 157 co-workers connected with editorial offices participated: 36 reporters and 121 editors at the news and sports offices from 6 newspapers (1990-1991) with 510 news texts in 1347 versions.

    The results show that 72 % of all emendations serve to adapt the texts to a news text norm (information structure, text structure and word stylistic changes). Both in the organisation of information and the planning of texts, the editors' changes result in a strengthening of the journalistic text norm that can be discerned in the printed newspaper. In contrast to results stemming from editing performed by reviewers with more general linguistic ambitions (the teachers in the comparative material), what clearly dominate here are functional requirements placed on the texts. However, this also involves a local text norm, where different textual levels are prioritised differently at different editorial offices, even within the same newspaper. These differences can be tied to various social and institutional conditions controlling production (the kind of editorial office, the number of editors, etc.), as well as to communicative patterns within and between different editorial offices.

  • 19.
    Ohlsson, Maria
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Språkbruk, skämt och kön: Teoretiska modeller och sociolingvistiska tillämpningar2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with jokes and gender as social meaning. Here gender identity is regarded as one kind of social meaning. The gender identity of the individual is produced in interaction with other persons and is also conditioned by cultural codes. Of particular interest is how social identity is constituted by linguistic means. This is discussed using a model of indexicality, i.e. how linguistic features index one or more dimensions of the social context. Especially the indirect and constitutive relations between language and gender are discussed in terms of stances, acts and activities. In this context the speech act joking is seen as an example of a male gender constituent.

    A second theoretical angle consists of introducing some linguistic theories of humour and applying them to two empirical materials. The first material consists of audiovisual recordings of school pupils’ group discussions with no adult leader present. The pupils work with the same task, both in unisexual and mixed groups. The study focuses on describing how the speakers present suggestions of their own, and respond to the suggestions of others. The suggestions have lent themselves to being grouped into three categories: serious suggestions, playful suggestions, and joking suggestions.

    Identifying jokes in conversation can be difficult; thus four criteria for joke identification are applied: intention, structure, reaction and convention. Two types of structural criteria are used: semantic and rhetorical.

    The second material consists of a questionnaire administered to university students, which asks whom the informant apprehends as funny. A general tendency in the answers is that men only mention men, while women single out both women and men. Another tendency is that few women are found in the answers of the questions concerning the mass media, while women mention many funny women in the questions about their own everyday experiences.

    In this study it is argued that language use not only reflects our place in culture and society but also helps to constitute that place. Women and men encounter different cultural codes, and thus their performance of different speech acts also differs. This has an impact on the speakers’ social identity, one of which is gender identity.

  • 20.
    Park, Hyeon-Sook
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Korean-Swedish code-switching: Theoretical models and linguistic reality : teoretiska modeller och den språkliga verkligheten2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with Korean-Swedish code-switching, i.e. the alternate use of Korean and Swedish in one and the same utterance. Its purpose is to give a linguistic description of the way in which Koreans combine Swedish with Korean, and to test the universal validitv of the two most influential grammatical models in the literature of code-switching, that is, Poplack's two-constraint model and Myers-Scotton's matrix language-frame model (MLF model), on Korean-Swedish code-switching. The data consist of tape recordings of spontaneous adult, child and family conversations among Koreans in Sweden.

    Linguistic analysis reveals that multi-word sequences (i.e. prototypical code-switches) andsingle words (i.e. prototypical borrowings) from the other language show the same morphosyntactic characteristics: multi-word sequences are morphologically and/or syntactically integrated intothe language of the sentence as if they were single words, and single words contain the functionwords `or morphemes and the morpheme orders from the original language as if they weremulti-word sequences. Several important points are derived from this fact. Firstly, the cross-linguistic validity of the two models is called into question. Secondly, the view that there is a distinction between multi-word sequences and single words appears unconvincing. Thirdly, the distinction between code-switching and borrowing cannot be made on the basis of morphosyntactic integration. Finally, the distance between prototypical switches and prototypical borrowings is not as great as many researchers have assumed.

    Examination of a possible correlation between extralinguistic factors and the switching types inthe Korean-Swedish community investigated shows that the choice of the type of code-switching is also determined by factors such as the speaker's bilingual proficiency and age as well as conversation type. It is argued that by taking not only linguistic but extralinguistic factors into consideration, we might get a more comprehensive and accurate picture of the code-switching phenomenon.

  • 21.
    Rehnberg, Hanna Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Organisationer berättar: Narrativitet som resurs i strategisk kommunikation2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this thesis is the communicative practice of strategic storytelling. The aim of the study is to analyse how storytelling is used and handled by organizations to reach comprehensive organizational goals. Within the all-embracing cultural context of modern Western society, here discussed through the concept of the new economy, strategic storytelling is explored in four areas: organizational discourses of strategic storytelling, narrativity as a resource to create and express values connected to the organization, storytelling as a practice of recontextualization and storytelling as an interactive tool. The data consists mainly of strategic stories but also of interviews, observations and documents collected from four Swedish organizations: two companies, a municipality and a congregation of the Church of Sweden. Applying a narratological, social semiotic and dialogical perspective the study investigates how narrativity is used by organizations as a resource to create identification and relations with and among stakeholders.

    The analyses in the study indicate that meaning is created in different layers. The structural resources of stories are used in various combinations to make organizations appear in specific ways in different situations. Furthermore, the picture of the organization is shaped not only by the stories themselves but also by the very fact that the organization is using storytelling. The potential of recontextualization that is characteristic of narratives is shown to be essential in offering possibilities of identification and a sense of community through storytelling. Furthermore, the fact that a story is told by an individual is shown to play a crucial role in creating a personalized picture of the organization.

    In strategic storytelling the interpersonal function seems to dominate over the ideational. This is a major finding of the analysis. More specifically, ideation is used as a tool to create interpersonal relations. The study also indicates that strategic storytelling comes with different possibilities and complications depending on what kind of organization is using it. Moreover, it is proposed that narrative as a form of communication fits perfectly within the broader cultural context of the new economy, characterized by commercialization, informalization, individualization and management practices founded on the strategic use of values.

  • 22.
    Stroh-Wollin, Ulla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Som-satser med och utan som2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with different types of subordinate clauses in Scandinavian and English, e.g. relative clauses and subordinate wh-questions, that all share the characteristic of having a visible or invisible constituent in a pre-complementizer position (spec-CP). The pre-complementizer constituent, the subject or a non-subject, is sometimes followed by a complementizer (in Cº). In English for example, that is used in that-relatives: obligatorily after an invisible subject, otherwise optionally.

    Swedish uses the complementizer att ('that') in that-clauses but another complementizer, som, in various subclauses with a pre-complementizer constituent. For this reason, the different kinds of subclauses that are focused on in this study are captured by the term som-clauses. The problem in focus is the question of why a complementizer like som or that is obligatory in some som-clauses, optional in others, and in still others (such as pronoun-headed relatives) would be ungrammatical.

    The analysis of the som-clauses is carried out within a principle- and parameter-based framework. Initially, a split CP is proposed, offering a specific projection for the fronted constituent in som-clauses and for the complementizer som. That on the other hand is placed in a lower projection, an organisation supported by the combined use of som and at ('that') in relatives in colloquial Danish.

    The different positions of som and that indicate a functional diversity as well. This in turn has provided a clue to the further analysis, which is also founded on two basic assumptions: 1) a fronted invisible constituent has to be formally identified and 2) every clause has to be typed, for instance as a declarative or an interrogative. Som is primarily associated with the former function, whereas that is a (declarative) clause type complementizer.

    Contextual identification of a fronted invisible constituent and of clause type may in some cases permit omission of som and that. Evidently, there is no general demand for an explicit subordinator in subclauses. However, the obligatory use of som in Mainland Scandinavian after (visible) subjects in embedded wh-questions points to a need of a subordinate feature in some cases.

  • 23.
    Sundgren, Eva
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Återbesök i Eskilstuna: En undersökning av morfologisk variation och förändring i nutida talspråk2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Real-time replications of empirical studies of language use are scarce. This study of language change in real time replicates an investigation of the social variation of spoken Swedish in the medium-sized town of Eskilstuna, using data collected 29 years after the original study. It combines the merits of a panel and a trend study exploiting data from 13 re-recorded informants from the 1960’s and 72 new informants sampled in the same way as the original 83 ones. By this method individual, generational and community change have been traced.

    The empirical material consists of informal conversation-like interviews. Seven morphological and morphophonological variables have been analyzed with quantitative methods. These variables are sociolinguistically marked and, according to the prevailing linguistic opinion in Sweden, in the process of more or less rapid change from regional dialect towards spoken standard. The rate of change at the level of the community, however, has been low. The social class- and age-conditioned differences have decreased, even if they are still statistically significant in most variables, whereas the gender-conditioned differences have increased. It is also demonstrated that social mobility and integration in the local community have an impact on the linguistic behavior, but only in specific combinations with other social variables.

    By implicational scaling it is shown that the variation is ordered and regular and that it is possible to discern different varieties in Eskilstuna speech.

    Where there is any change at all in these variables between 1967 and 1996, this manifests itself both as individual and generational change. Idiolectal change is strongest before age 50, but there are also informants older than 50 who have changed, either in the direction of more standard or more local speech.

    The comparison between the methods demonstrates that a trend study is the most reliable way of investigating real-time change.

  • 24.
    Thelander, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Sven Hofs Swänska språkets rätta skrifsätt (1753): med ordstatistik och flera register i ny utgåva av Mats Thelander1985Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Godkänd i svenska?: Bedömning och analys av gymnasieelevers texter2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with the assessment of school texts by students in Swedish upper-secondary school or in the corresponding adult education and concentrates on what differs between the grades Pass and Fail. The 60 texts used in the survey come from the 1997 archives of the national test construction group.

    A questionnaire to teachers asks what criteria are most important when distinguishing between Pass and Fail. The five criteria pointed out are Holistic scoring, Relevant content, The connecting thought, Sentence structure and How the student has followed the instructions.

    The most salient result regarding grades is the difference between grades from the students’ own teachers and from the independent assessors. Ten texts have received a Fail from the student’s own teacher, but as many as 35 get an average Fail from three assessors. There is variation in assessment, but 18 Fail texts and 18 Pass texts get a unanimous grade.

    Quantitative analyses of the 60 texts show a definite correlation between grade and number of words. However, the Fail-groups among narrative, expository and argumentative texts contain both the shortest and the longest texts. School texts are longer now than thirty years ago, especially texts with low grades. Sentences and words have become shorter.

    Coherence is investigated by a method of reference cohesion. No clear difference between Pass and Fail texts can be found, but between types of essay topics. Also important is the organization of the text and its paragraphs, a factor which separates Fail and Pass texts. Various aspects of sentence structure show better results in the Pass texts.

    The thesis is concluded with a commentary on the demands of the last compulsory course in Swedish. The needed level is argued to be the ability to write for an unknown reader.

  • 26.
    Östlund-Stjärnegårdh, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
    Skönlitteratur i de nationella proven: Gymnasieelevers val av texter och skrivuppgifter2007In: Språk och kön i nutida och historiskt perspektiv: Studier presenterade vid Den sjätte nordiska konferensen om språk och kön, Uppsala 6-7 oktober 2006 / [ed] Britt-Louise Gunnarsson, Sonja Entzenberg, Maria Ohlsson, Inst. för nordiska språk, Uppsala universitet , 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fiction in the national tests in Swedish – a gender question?

    During the national tests in the school subject of Swedish the students at upper secondary level use a booklet with texts, both fiction and non-fiction, to read and write about. The project group constructing the tests try to make sure that there is an equal distribution between male and female authors.

    The aim of this article is to study how female and male students choose among essay topics concerning literature and among literary texts at their disposal.

    The most salient result is that female students much more often choose to write about literature, no matter what poems, short stories or novel chapters they are presented with. The proportion of male students increases if the main character in the text to work with is a boy or a man. However, the sex of the author seems to bear little importance for the students’ choice. Another result is that the students are influenced by the perspective in a poem they are asked to transform into a short story. If the poem is told in the first person, the student is likely to write her story in the first person. If the poem on the other hand is in the third person, most student also choose third person for their stories.

    Other studies have shown that male students read less than their female classmates all through the school system. The conclusion of this study is that gender issues must be discussed more during lessons in Swedish to make readers of all pupils and students according to the goals in the national curriculum.

1 - 26 of 26
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf