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  • 1.
    Carlström, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Policy capturing in target selection1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Ekegren, Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Verbal reports about strategies in probabilistic inference learning tasks1983Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ericson, Gertrud
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Assessment of schoolchildren's performance in dance1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Ericsson, Kjerstin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Kan en figurteckning ritad vid 4 år predicera barnets fortsatta utveckling?: en uppföljning av vissa delar av 4-årskontrollen fram till 12 år1985Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Flykt, Anders
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    A threat imminence approach to human fear responding: direction of threath, aversive contexts, and electrodermal responses1999 (ed. Ny utg.)Book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Fridner, Ann
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Karriärvägar och karriärmönster bland disputerade läkare och medicinare2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Career paths in academic medicine

    Background: women physicians were underrepresented in senior academic positions at medical faculties in Sweden during the last century.

    Aim: the aim of this thesis is to map gender equality in the postdoctoral careers of physicians.

    Methods: a triangulation of methods was obtained by performing three studies based on quantitative and qualitative data, namely descriptive statistics regarding the academic positions of graduates from all medical departments in Sweden, as well as a life history questionnaire, and in-depth interviews with 38 selected respondents.

    Results: in three consecutive cohorts, there were no gender differences in the academic positions in relation to the number of female and male graduates. These results applied to all medical departments in Sweden, with the exception of female physicians, who had graduated from pre-clinical departments at the Karolinska Institute. These results were also found in the second study. Male physicians more often, and at a younger age, held positions as Senior Physicians at university hospitals. Women physicians had two careers, one as a scientist and the other as a physician, whilst some men dropped out from medical training and concentrated on a career in pre-clinical research. In the third study, it was found that, when collaboration with a former supervisor continued after graduation, males were viewed as equal partners, whereas females were viewed as dependent and in need of support. The in-depth interviews also indicated that female physicians tried to adapt to a traditional scientific organisation created by men, for men, which was reflected in the interviews with both the female and male respondents.

    Conclusions: in Sweden, there is no 'leaky pipeline' in academic medicine after graduation. Gender equality is reached, but women conform to existing male norms, and in the future, there is a risk that this competent group of women will become stressed and burnt out.

  • 7.
    Fürst, Harald
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Modes of construction and their change through validation and invalidation1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Heidenborg, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    How the basic human needs of patients are met: analysis, testing and application of Maslow's motivation theory for patient care1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Hygge, Staffan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Emotional and electrodermal reactions to the suffering of another: vicarious instigation and vicarious classical conditioning1976Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Johansson, Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Ergonomi och människa-teknikproblem: något om ett aktuellt forskningsområde inom psykologi1969Book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Juslin, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    An ecological model of realism of confidence in one's general knowledge1993Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Instruction and the development of moral judgment1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Larsson, Sam
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Det andra jaget vid manlig transvestism: Ett jagteoretiskt och kognitionspsykologiskt perspektiv : [a self-theoretical and cognitive psychology perspective]1997Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a comprehensive examination of cross dressing among men and providesdescriptive information, a review of the literature and some new research data. The theoreticalpart presents a multidimensional model for the analysis of transvestism. Various theoreticalapproaches are analyzed and a self theory based on a cognitive and transpersonal psychologyperspective is successfully elaborated. Transvestism is viewed as a multidetermined phenomena. One important argument in the model is that transvestism can be seen as an expression of a second self or a feminine self. The feminine self is conceptualized as a subsystem of the self.

    The empirical section of the thesis contains three different studies. The main part focuseson a qualitative in-depth analysis of a group of twelve transvestites from a cross dressing clubin Sweden, This group of transvestites is also compared with a small group of marginaltransvestites and male-to-female transsexuals. The empirical results give a detailed picture ofthe experiential world of the transvestite and the cognitive and affective changes associatedwith cross dressing. The results confirm previous findings that male transvestism can be seenas an expression of a second self or a feminine self and that cross dressing follows a dynamicpattern from an early "fetishistic stage" to a later "gender identity stage".

    The second part of the empirical study contains a comparison between treated and untreated male cross-dressers. This comparison was based on an interview study with 92 male members of a cross dressing club in Sweden. Multiple comparisons showed many similarities between the two groups. However, those in the treated group were more often unmarried or divorced, had experienced more difficulties functioning in the male gender role and also seemed to have a more intense identification with the feminine self.

    The third part of the empirical section reviews the findings from a study of 50 wives andlong-term partners of transvestites in Sweden. The results show both positive, neutral andnegative attitudes in various degrees towards cross dressing and both positive and negativefactors in marriage attributed to transvestism.

  • 14.
    Lenardt, Grazyna
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    "Invandrarkvinnor" i vägskäl:: Deras handlingar och val i våldspräglade relationer från ett genuspsykologiskt perspektiv2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Men’s violence against immigrant women in the Swedish context is a universal issue affecting human rights and gender equality.

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to gain further knowledge about immigrant women who seek help for being abused by their men and to provide deeper insight into what influence they have to change their situation.

    Methods: The study was based on quantitative and qualitative data, namely a questionnaire providing descriptive statistics regarding immigrant women who sought help for being abused in close relationships, as well as in-depth interviews with nine selected respondents who had been abused by their men.

    Results: According to the questionnaires, the women’s situation was characterised by isolation from both their families and from Swedish society. Nearly half of the women did not have a permanent residence permit. The effects of living in segregated areas where immigrants predominate and having language difficulties were apparent. Some women stated they were subjected to discrimination and racism. Tactics of control used by the abuser, such as racist statements and threats of forced return, can be seen as ways of oppression specific to their residence in a foreign country. The in-depth interviews also indicated that although the women lacked the scope to decide for themselves or to co-decide within the limits of their relationship, they continuously sought options to change the situation.

    Conclusions: Leaving a relationship characterised by violence seems to be a difficult psychological and social change process. Many of the problems created as a result of specific conditions in the country of immigration amplify the effects of the abuse and make it difficult for these women to change their situation. The women must manage the man’s aggressiveness and dominance on one hand, and on the other hand manage their own position in Sweden as subordinated “others”.

  • 15.
    Lindhagen, Karin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Semantic relations in Swedish children's early sentences1976Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Mind and meaning: towards a theory of the human mind considered as a system of meaning structures1983Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Lundström, Lars
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reading Difficulties and the Twofold Character of Language: How to Understand Dyslexia2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present longitudinal study, which comprised 125 children from Grade 2 (typal age: 8) to Grade 6 (typal age: 13), examines and interprets the results of several decoding and reading comprehension tests. A point of departure is the proposition that there may be a lack of concepts about central questions that help interpret the results of an expanding test practice in the educational system. To construct the central questions the typologies and hypothetical causes of reading problems ought to be constrained in relation to explanatory constructs combining reading acquisition and reading difficulties.

    First, the field of research on reading acquisition and reading difficulties was surveyed as a background to the presentation of the model, which is heavily indebted to and basically molded on the balance model but which also takes advantage of the proposition of combining the double-route and connectionist approaches.

    Second, the following themes were investigated empirically:

    – The predictive power of the tests: Generally, there seem to be almost as accurate predictions from Grade 2 as from Grade 3. A combined decoding-comprehension prediction was not shown to be more powerful as a product than as a linear combination.

    – The possibility of an image/symbol transition in early reading acquisition: A weak image/letter decoding correlation distinguished boys weak in reading comprehension from all others in Grade 3; a weak letter/word decoding correlation distinguished those weak from those strong in reading comprehension regardless of gender in Grades 2 and 3; and a weak image/word decoding correlation distinguished boys from girls in Grade 2.

    – Indications of stages in the development of reading: The conclusion is that orthographic decoding is more strongly related to reading comprehension than is phonologic decoding but there appears to be a parallel development of phonologic and orthographic decoding between Grades 3 and 6. This pattern seems to be the same for boys and girls and for those with low and high reading comprehension.

    – Comparing subtypes: The surface/phonologic dyslexia distinctions were tentatively related to the linguistic/perceptual dyslexia distinctions and the letter/word-decoding screening instrument. The compensatory concept is questioned.

    – Dimensions in reading acquisition and reading difficulties: A conclusive proposition of the study is that the hypothetical twofold metaphor/metonym character of language may be instrumental in analysing the complex interaction between the characteristic traits of the learning brain and the construction of meaning through script.

  • 18.
    Mortazavi, Modji
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Alexithymia: A Psychological Analysis Based on Clinical and Healthy Individuals2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals with an alexithymic personality trait have been described as having not only difficulties in expressing and differentiating emotions, but also as having characteristics similar to psychotic individuals. Further, the alexithymic trait is believed to cause the individual psychosomatic disorders. This thesis, however, argues that the alexithymic trait may not cause psychosomatic disorders. The alternative hypothesis, that alexithymia is a result of psychological or bodily distress, was examined through a comparative study in four parts involving psychosomatic (Ps, n = 47), psychoneurotic (Pn, n = 48), and healthy (H, n = 48) groups. The data-based on alexithymic tests (BIQ and SSPS), TAT, and MMPI-were analyzed regarding the degree of alexithymia, verbal expressions, and personality variables (i.e., self and object representations, and neurotic and psychotic characteristics). Part I showed that the Ps group did not differ from the Pn in total verbal expressions but did differ from the H group. The three groups, however, did not differ in emotional expressions when the proportion of emotional words to the total number of words was considered. The findings based on the alexithymic tests were contradictory. Part II, examining four aspects of operational thinking (OP-a further dimension of alexithymia), showed non-significant differences between the Ps and Pn groups. However, the Ps and H groups showed significant differences in two aspects of OP which were associated with these two groups' cognitive ability. Part III, examining self and object representations, showed that the Ps and Pn groups did not differ in these variables. The Ps group, like the Pn, could nuance and differentiate expressions concerning the self and others. Part IV revealed that the Ps and Pn groups did not differ in neurotic characteristics and in the quality of object relations. The Ps group revealed a psychotic profile positioned between the Pn (highest) and H (lowest) group profiles. Finally, the Ps group was able to differentiate bodily sensations from emotional experiences. It is concluded that the view of alexithymia as a specific trait of psychosomatic patients should be revised.

  • 19.
    Runeson, Sverker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    On visual perception of dynamic events1983 (ed. Ny utg.)Book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Sundell, Knut
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Day care and children's development: the relations among direct teaching, communicative speech, cognitive performance and social participation1988Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Vegelius, Jan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    On various G index generalizations and their applicability within the clinical domain1976Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Åberg, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    The human factor in game-vehicle accidents: a study of drivers' information acquisition1981Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Åkerström, Bengt
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Adults with Autism and Mental Retardation. A Life-Span Perspective2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A review of the literature with a life-span perspective on autism gave rise to the formulation of a general research problem: Can demographic factors, individual factors, and social factors (i.e., education, residential facilities, treatment and other services) explain some of the variance in autistic behaviour and social adaptation in adult life? Historic influences, such as the Acts on services for people with mental retardation, reflected in social factors were emphasised.

    In a retrospective design two groups of adults with autism (DSM-III-R criteria) and mental retardation were studied, the RFA group, sampled through Riksföreningen Autism (n = 48, mean age 35 years) and the County group, a treated population group (n =39, mean age 37 years).

    The results showed that the RFA group functioned on a higher intellectual level and had better adult social adaptation (measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales) than the County group. There were no differences in autistic behaviour (measured by the Childhood Autism Rating Scale) either in childhood or in adulthood. Concerning social factors, the Acts for mentally retarded had had major practical consequences. From the common situation with confinement in large institutions, better opportunities for education, more normal residence (group homes), and for occupation (day-centres) had emerged. Regarding treatment, the most persistent trend was the high use of psychoactive medication. After merging the two groups, analyses showed that the major predictive factors of adult autistic behaviour and social adaptation were intellectual level, speech ability and, with regard to social adaptation, epilepsy. The main conclusion is that intellectual level and speech ability are relatively more important than other factors for functioning of adults with autism and mental retardation. The results are discussed with reference to the adequacy of the measures used to capture effects of the social factors and the importance of also investigating samples with higher intellectual levels.

1 - 23 of 23
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