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  • 1.
    Christoffersson, Rolf Uno Algot
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Med tre röster och tusende bilder. Om den samiska trumman.2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ceremonial drum, with its drumhead filled with pictures and tightened over an oval or oviformed wooden frame or bowl, was the most important tool of the noaidi, the Sami shaman. By outsiders however, were they missionaries during the 17th century or researchers during 20th, the Sami drum has often been demonised as ‘devilish’ or belitted as ‘primitive’, and labelled ‘troll-drum’. Repudiating these opinions, the purpose of this dissertation is twofold: to give a critical assessment of what written sources and earlier research say about the Sami drums, and to analyse the functions and meanings of the drum in traditional Sami society as musical instrument, work of art, record of religion, and tool of divination.

    The introduction and the first chapter present the historical context of religious confrontation during the 17th and 18th centuries, and the theoretical perspective of the investigation. The point of departure is to regard the drum not only as an object and a cultural artefact, but as a active participant in the communication between human beings and the world. In chapter 2, an overview of written information and scholarly discussions is given, from the earliest description of a Sami drum in a manuscript from the second half of the 12th century to the hypotheses about the drum pictures presented by researchers during the second half of the 20th century.

    The third chapter deals with the construction of the drum, presents the different drum categories as well as the drumstick and the pointer, and summarizes the scanty information on the older sources about the ritual initiation of the drum, while chapter 4 discusses the drum in an ethnomusicologial perspective. In contrast to much earlier research, it argues in favour of the idea that the drums functioned as musical instruments, not only as sound tools.

    The drum is analysed as an example of Sami iconography in chapter 5, which takes up themes like naturalism vs. abstraction, drum pictures and rock art, and drum pictures as art. Against the background of a discussion of the drum pictures, new interpretations of eight drums and five picture themes are suggested. Chapter 6 takes up the drums function as a tool of divination, accounts for tests on experimental drums, and discusses the origin and forms

    of Sami drum divination.

    Chapter 7, finally, gives a summary of the findings and concludes by relating them to the role of the drum as a symbol of infinite value for Sami identity.

  • 2.
    Hellman, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Att genom disciplinerad praktik närma sig upplysningen.: Tendaibuddhism och tusen dagar av ansträngning på berget Hiei.2014In: Vägar till insikt och utsikt.: Berg i religiösa traditioner., Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2014, p. 111-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Hellman, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Berg i religiösa föreställningsvärldar.: Ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv.2014In: Vägar till insikt och utsikt.: Berg i religiösa traditioner, Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2014, p. 15-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Hellman, Eva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Vad är religion?: En disciplinteoretisk metastudie2011Book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hellman, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Roos, LenaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Vägar till insikt och utsikt: Berg i religiösa traditioner2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Sundqvist, Olof
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Svalastog, Anna LydiaUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology, History of Religions.
    Myter och mytteorier: religionshistoriska diskussioner och teoretiska ansatser1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 7. Svalastog, Anna Lydia
    Feministisk myteteori: en kulturanalytisk utfordring1997In: Myter och mytteorier / [ed] Olof Sundqvist, Anna Lydia Svalastog, Uppsala: Faculty of theology, Uppsala University , 1997, 1, p. 21-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Svalastog, Anna Lydia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Biomedical ethics.
    Rituella övergrepp - vår kulturs hemliga hjärta?: Om rit, modernitet, kultur och kontextualitet2002In: Riter och ritteorier: Religionshistoriska diskussioner och teoretiska ansatser / [ed] Michael Stausberg, Olof Sundqvist, Anna Lydia Svalastog, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2002, 1, p. 41-83Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Wickström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Våra förfäder var hedningar: Nordisk forntid som myt i den svenska folkskolans pedagogiska texter fram till år 19192008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Narratives of Nordic pre-history are common in textbooks of the Swedish 'folk school'. This thesis discusses them from an ideological critical perspective and analyses them as textbook myths. This analytic concept of myth is constructed and used as a tool for studying ideological expressions in pedagogical texts. It is compatible with a historical materialist, social constructivist and Gramsci inspired perspective towards folk schooling and can handle questions of selection and re-organisation of ancient narrative material.

    The study shows how a paternalistic ethnic ideology which showed the pupils how their ancestors immigrated and set up society and order is replaced by nationalistic myths where the Swedes are projected on the totality of the past. Idealisation of farmers and expressions that neutralise poverty and legitimates subordination are used continuously throughout the study period. After 1868 a national folk concept is established. Textbook myths with a euhemeristic portrayal of civilisation are replaced by other scientific ways of handling pre-historic religions including elements from nature mythology and evolutionary theory. The myths handle religions both through Christian polemics and theological projections.

    The results of the analyses are interpreted in the light of the contemporary socio-economic changes where a feudal agrarian society's principles for classifications and hierarchies are challenged and broken by the principles of a class society with a nationalistic ideology. In the concluding chapters the myths are discussed and interpreted in relation to curriculum codes and in a Gramsci inspired perspective as expressions of a passive bourgeois revolution, where intellectuals of the middle class conquered the school and the textbook myths by making alliances with the farming class and trying to neutralise the poor and the working class.

    The thesis contributes to research in the use of history, representation in pedagogical texts and to research in nationalism.

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