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Alfven Ion Cyclotron Waves in Sheath Regions Driven by Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections
Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, Helsinki, Finland.
Univ Helsinki, Dept Phys, Helsinki, Finland.
Czech Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Prague, Czech Republic.
Univ Michigan, Dept Climate & Space Sci & Engn, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA;Aalto Univ, Sch Elect Engn, Espoo, Finland.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 124, no 6, p. 3893-3909Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on a statistical analysis of the occurrence and properties of Alfven ion cyclotron (AIC) waves in sheath regions driven by interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs). We have developed an automated algorithm to identify AIC wave events from magnetic field data and apply it to investigate 91 ICME sheath regions recorded by the Wind spacecraft. Our analysis focuses on waves generated by the ion cyclotron instability. AIC waves are observed to be frequent structures in ICME-driven sheaths, and their occurrence is the highest in the vicinity of the shock. Together with previous studies, our results imply that the shock compression has a crucial role in generating wave activity in ICME sheaths. AIC waves tend to have their frequency below the ion cyclotron frequency, and, in general, occur in plasma that is stable with respect to the ion cyclotron instability and has lower ion beta(parallel to) than mirror modes. The results suggest that the ion beta anisotropy beta(perpendicular to)/beta(parallel to) > 1 appearing in ICME sheaths is regulated by both ion cyclotron and mirror instabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 124, no 6, p. 3893-3909
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392049DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026579ISI: 000477723100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392049DiVA, id: diva2:1349396
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EU, Horizon 2020, 724391Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-09 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Dimmock, Andrew P.

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