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Evaluating Blood Biomarker Profiles in Adults with New-onset Seizures using Machine Learning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Gothenburg/Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
2022 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Around 1% of the population worldwide suffer from epilepsy, a condition which is characterized by recurring seizures. The development of reliable biomarkers for both prediction and targeted treatment of seizures is critical, as they can pave the way towards personalized therapy in epilepsy. In addition, sensitive biomarkers can be utilized for the detection of epilepsy in its early stages and allow for early treatment intervention. Various types of biomarkers have been studied in relation to epilepsy, with blood markers emerging as major candidates. Blood biomarkers offer the benefit of being cost and time efficient, in addition to being less invasive to sample in contrast to cerebrospinal fluid markers. Importantly, they can enhance patient diagnosis and prognosis when supplemented with other diagnostic methods, such as EEG. In this pilot study, five blood biomarkers of brain injury are studied in epilepsy, post-stroke epilepsy and single seizure patients. The aim is to analyze whether S100B, NSE, GFAP, NfL and tau are promising indicators of epilepsy after a first seizure in adults. The results present S100B as the most promising biomarker, with potential to predict early epilepsy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
Seizure, Seizures, Epilepsy, Neurology, Biomarker, Biomarkers, Blood Biomarkers
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-463341OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-463341DiVA, id: diva2:1625594
Educational program
Master Programme in Applied Biotechnology
Presentation
2021-12-10, 14:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-01-11 Created: 2022-01-08 Last updated: 2022-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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