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  • 1.
    Ambros, Pontus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
    Granvik, Madeleine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
    Trends in Agricultural Land in EU Countries of the Baltic Sea Region from the Perspective of Resilience and Food Security2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 14, article id 5851Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agricultural land is crucial for the production of food and is, thereby, directly connected to food security. Agriculture is threatened by a multitude of hazards, such as climate change, peak oil, peak soil and peak phosphorus. These hazards call for a more resilient food system that can deliver food security for the global population in the future. In this paper, we analyse the Baltic Sea region's ten European Union (EU) member states, investigating which trends are to be found in statistics between 2005 to 2016 on the development of agricultural land. In our paper, we analyse these trends of agricultural land by looking at three categories of data: (1) utilised agricultural area, (2) number of farms and (3) agricultural labour input. The results showed a trend that agricultural land is increasingly dominated by large farms, whilst over 1 million predominantly small farms have disappeared, and agricultural-labour input has dropped by more than 26%. These trends point towards a mechanisation of production, where larger and less labour-intensive farms take over production. This could partly be due to the EU common agricultural policy, which tends to favour large farms over small. Further, we argue for the importance of farm-size diversity, and about the dangers to food security that a system that is dominated by large farms possesses. Lastly, we conclude that the concept of resilience needs to be better included in policy development and food-system planning, and that more research needs to be done, analysing how existing agricultural policies impact the parameters studied in this paper.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 2. Askjær, Thomas Gravgaard
    et al.
    Zhang, Qiong
    Schenk, Frederik
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS). Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 10691, Sweden; Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, 10691, Sweden.
    Lu, Zhengyao
    Brierley, Chris M.
    Hopcroft, Peter O.
    Jungclaus, Johann
    Shi, Xiaoxu
    Lohmann, Gerrit
    Sun, Weiyi
    Liu, Jian
    Braconnot, Pascale
    Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.
    Wu, Zhipeng
    Yin, Qiuzhen
    Kang, Yibo
    Yang, Haijun
    Multi-centennial Holocene climate variability in proxy records and transient model simulations2022In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 296, article id 107801Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Variability on centennial to multi-centennial timescales is mentioned as a feature in reconstructions of the Holocene climate. As more long transient model simulations with complex climate models become available and efforts have been made to compile large proxy databases, there is now a unique oppor-tunity to study multi-centennial variability with greater detail and a large amount of data than earlier. This paper presents a spectral analysis of transient Holocene simulations from 9 models and 120 proxy records to find the common signals related to oscillation periods and geographic dependencies and discuss the implications for the potential driving mechanisms. Multi-centennial variability is significant in most proxy records, with the dominant oscillation periods around 120-130 years and an average of 240 years. Spectra of model-based global mean temperature (GMT) agree well with proxy evidence with significant multi-centennial variability in all simulations with the dominant oscillation periods around 120-150 years. It indicates a comparatively good agreement between model and proxy data. A lack of latitudinal dependencies in terms of oscillation period is found in both the model and proxy data. However, all model simulations have the highest spectral density distributed over the Northern hemi-sphere high latitudes, which could indicate a particular variability sensitivity or potential driving mechanisms in this region. Five models also have differentiated forcings simulations with various combinations of forcing agents. Significant multi-centennial variability with oscillation periods between 100 and 200 years is found in all forcing scenarios, including those with only orbital forcing. The different forcings induce some variability in the system. Yet, none appear to be the predominant driver based on the spectral analysis. Solar irradiance has long been hypothesized to be a primary driver of multi -centennial variability. However, all the simulations without this forcing have shown significant multi -centennial variability. The results then indicate that internal mechanisms operate on multi-centennial timescales, and the North Atlantic-Arctic is a region of interest for this aspect.

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  • 3.
    Balasubramanya, Abhijith Nag
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Shaafiu, Fathimath Zainy
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Empowering Smallholder Farmers to Achieve Food Sovereignty Through Soil-Less Agriculture2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the question of how soil-less agriculture through hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics can empower smallholder farmers to achieve food sovereignty as portrayed in documentaries. It addresses the power imbalance between large corporations and smallholder farmers in the traditional agriculture industry. Documentary research approach is used to understand the various applications and research aspects of soil-less agriculture from around the world. Real-life examples from different countries where these methods have been successfully implemented in the agriculture industry, ranging from large industrial settings to smallholder farmers in disadvantaged communities, are analyzed. Further, content analysis is done on these documents by constructing a matrix that combines the process of empowerment and the six pillars of food sovereignty to analyze the different forms of empowerment. The study also investigates how the use of soil-less agriculture can build capabilities through enhanced “well-being freedom” and “agency freedom” and empower smallholder farmers to achieve food sovereignty.

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    fulltext
  • 4.
    Bignert, Anders
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bäcklin, Britt-Marie
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Helander, Björn
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roos, Anna
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
    9. Contaminants and Health of Aquatic Wildlife2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 73-85Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 2-9
  • 5.
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    et al.
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Angelstam, Per
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Elbakidze, Marine
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Axelsson, Robert
    School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Skorupski, Maciej
    Poznan University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Forestry.
    Wegiel, Andrzej
    Poznan University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Forestry.
    The Polish Promotional Forest Complex: objectives, implementation and outcomes towards sustainable forest management?2012In: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 23, p. 28-39Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Boklund, Ingrid
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Ekosystemtjänster & grönstrukturplanering: Att synliggöra ekosystemtjänsternas nytta och värde i den kommunala planeringen med hjälp av ArcGIS-verktyget Matrixgreen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services are the direct and indirect contributions of ecosystems to human well-being. Clean air, clean water, pollination and biodiversity are all examples of ecosystem services that humans depend on and whose value needs to be integrated into decision-making processes in all different levels of society. Local authorities have an important role in this as they at local level through spatial planning have the possibility to steer development towards more sustainable solutions.

    The aim of this thesis is to make ecosystem services in Knivsta municipality visible through the green structure plan and to analyze the ecological connectivity between the ecological structures using the ArcGIS-tool Matrixgreen. A literature study laid the foundation for further work and was followed by a workshop where important ecosystem services to the municipality of Knivsta were identified. Ecological profiles were created where 11 of the 18 prioritized ecosystem services were associated with specific biotopes which in turn could be linked to a biological species or species groups, called target species, with the specific biotope as possible habitat. The habitat preferences of the target species (size requirements and distribution patterns) worked as a framework for how to analyze the connectivity for each biotope. This was followed by gathering of maps and the making of ecological networks in Matrixgreen. The networks were analyzed with respect to position of the patches in the network (Betweenness Centrality analysis) and the overall connectivity in the municipality (Component analysis).

    Common to the four selected biotopes (wetland, grassland, coniferous and deciduous forest) is that they indirectly provide us with the prioritized supporting ecosystem services habitats and biodiversity. The prioritized ecosystem services water treatment, flow regulation and flood control were linked to the biotope wetlands and materials (ornamental) and pollination were linked to the biotope grasslands. The biotopes coniferous and deciduous forest could be linked to the prioritized ecosystem services food (domestic and wild animals, wild plants), raw materials (fiber), bio-energy and climate control. The network analyses show good connectivity for wetland areas and coniferous forest in the municipality. The total connectivity for grasslands and deciduous forest is limited. The analyzes also show that for each biotope a couple of areas are especially important for the overall connectivity. These areas have a high Betweenness Centrality value.

    The ecological profiles upon which the analyzes are based are theoretical profiles, no site visits or surveys have been done to investigate how reality matches theory. The constructed and analyzed networks in this thesis are therefore to be seen mainly as a guide to where in the municipality the selected ecosystem services are available. The networks do not constitute adequate habitats for the selected target species and no conclusions can be drawn as to where in the municipality a specific species exists or not. Biodiversity is an ecosystem service itself but also represents an insurance for the ecosystem that becomes more resilient, i.e. more stable and resilient to external shocks. Resilient ecosystems are essential for the ecosystem services that have been studied. Lack of connectivity in the landscape could lead to increased fragmentation and eventually risk biodiversity depletion.

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  • 7.
    Brawn, Jeffrey D.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,.
    3. Maintaining and Restoring Avian Habitat in Agricultural Landscapes2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 39-41Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 2-3
  • 8.
    Catalán, Núria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Herrero Ortega, S.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Gröntoft, H.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Hilmarsson, T. G.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Bertilsson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
    Wu, Pianpian
    Levanoni, Oded
    Bishop, K.
    Garcia Bravo, Andrea
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.
    Effects of beaver impoundments on dissolved organic matter quality and biodegradability in boreal riverine systems2017In: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 793, no 1, p. 135-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beaver impoundments modify the structure of river reaches and lead to changes in ecosystem function and biogeochemical processes. Here, we assessed the changes in dissolved organic matter (DOM) quality and the biodegradation patterns in a set of beaver systems across Sweden. As the effect of beaver impoundments might be transient and local, we compared DOM quality and biodegradability of both pond and upstream sections of differentially aged beaver systems. Newly established dams shifted the sources and DOM biodegradability patterns. In particular, humic-like DOM, most likely leached from surrounding soils, characterized upstream sections of new beaver impoundments. In contrast, autochthonous and processed compounds, with both higher biodegradation rates and a broader spectrum of reactivities, differentiated DOM in ponds. DOM in recently established ponds seemed to be more humic and less processed compared to older ponds, but system idiosyncrasies determined by catchment particularities influenced this ageing effect.

  • 9.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History. Uppsala University, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS).
    Sivaramakrishnan, K.
    Ecological Nationalisms: Claiming Nature for Making History2005In: Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods and Identities in South Asia, New Delhi: Permanent Black , 2005, p. 1-40Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Cederlöf, Gunnel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
    Sivaramakrishnan, K.Yale University.
    Ecological Nationalisms: Nature, Livlihoods, and Identities in South Asia2006Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Cidh, Malin
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Slamförädling genom kompostering: Påverkan på halten läkemedelsrester, oönskade organiska föreningar och näringsinnehåll2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The human body is only capable to take care of a fraction of the pharmaceutical compounds a person eats and the rest is excreted, mainly by urine. When the sewage water reaches the wastewater treatment plant it is treated mechanically, chemically and biologically but the wastewater treatment plants are not designed to take care of pharmaceutical residues or organic compounds  from detergents, paint, etc. Based on the chemical and physical properties of the compound it will either leave the plant with the discharge water or end up in the sewage sludge. The sludge is stabilized through anaerobic digestion, dewatered and may then be used as agricultural fertilizer.

    This study examines if composting of sewage sludge together with other organic matter can improve the sludge by resulting in less odor, high nutrient content and reduced incidence of pharmaceutical residues and undesired organic compounds.

    Three different kinds of organic matter were tested; horse manure, deep litter manure from cattle and garden compost. Also, three different methods for oxygenation were used and evaluated. In the first method drainage tubes buried in the compost was attached to a fan. The second method also included the drainage tubes but instead of using a fan the air  flowed through the tubes by natural ventilation. In the third method the compost was mixed by an excavator.

    From regular measurement of the temperature in the composts it was decided which method that generated the highest microbial activity. Before, half-way through and after composting, analyses were performed regarding nutrients and metals to see how the composition of the matter changed during the process of composting and to decide whether the products could be considered as good fertilizers.

    In the compost with the highest microbial activity analyses of pharmaceutical residues and undesired organic compounds were performed as well  and compared with a reference consisting only sewage sludge that had not been treated in any way to increase oxygenation.

    Interviews  with farmers and project staff showed that the mixed product was not odor-free but it did not smell as bad and strong as pure sludge that had been stored for an equal amount of time.

    Analyses of nutrients and metals showed that the mixed products are good fertilizers and their content of metals are below the limit for metals in fertilizers. Horse manure and deep litter manure from cattle gave the best results.

    Mixing of the compost with an excavator generated highest temperatures  and was the method preferred by the farmers since it was easier to handle the compost when it did not have tubes in it and also the choice of location is free when the operation doesn't depend on access to electricity.

    Analyses of undesired organic compounds showed that the degradation of phtalates, LAS, organophosphates, triclosan and alkyphenol/alkylphenoletoxylate were bigger in the compost consisting a mix of sludge and deep litter manure from cattle and which was oxygenated by mixing of the matter compared with the reference compost. To verify the result the examination has to be repeated multiple times.

    Further investigations must be performed on the degradation of pharmaceutical residues. The degradation was bigger in the mixed compost for a majority  of the analyzed substances but in several cases the result was the opposite and in some cases the total amount of the substance increased during composting. The latter is due to the fact that only the primary form of the substances were analyzed and not their metabolites. If a large part of the substance was in the form of a metabolite before composting and transformed back to the primary form during composting it may have looked like there was an increase in the total amount of that substance. For the same reason it is impossible to decide whether a decrease is due to decomposition of the substance or if it is due to formation of metabolites.

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  • 12.
    de Vahl, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Agr Univ, Dept Landscape Architecture Planning & Management, POM, SE-23422 Lomma, Sweden..
    Mattalia, Giulia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Univ Ca Foscari Venezia, Dept Environm Sci Informat & Stat, I-30123 Venice, Italy..
    Svanberg, Ingvar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies.
    "Cow Healers Use It for Both Horses and Cattle": The Rise and Fall of the Ethnoveterinary Use of Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) Koch (fam. Apiaceae) in Sweden2023In: PLANTS, E-ISSN 2223-7747, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Masterwort, Peucedanum ostruthium (L.) Koch, is an Apiaceae species originally native to the mountain areas of central and southern Europe. Written sources show that it was used in northern Europe. This study explores the cultivation history of masterwort and its past use in Sweden. Although only few details are known about the history of this taxon, it represents a cultural relict plant of an intentionally introduced species known in Sweden as early as the Middle Ages. In Sweden, the masterwort was mainly used as an ethnoveterinary herbal remedy from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. However, medicinal manuals, pharmacopoeias and some ethnographical records indicate that it was once also used in remedies for humans. Today, this species remains as a living biocultural heritage in rural areas, especially on the surviving shielings, which were once used as mountain pastures in Dalecarlia, and at former crofts that were inhabited by cattle owners in the forest areas of southern Sweden.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 13. Eriksson, Mattias
    et al.
    Persson Osowski, Christine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    Björkman, Jesper
    Hansson, Emma
    Malefors, Christopher
    Eriksson, Emelie
    Ghosh, Ranjan
    The tree structure: A general framework for food waste quantification in food services2018In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 130, p. 140-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food waste in the food services industry has been identified as an important unsustainability hotspot, but standardised methods for food waste quantification are lacking. Existing studies on waste quantity assessments have several limitations, such as short and infrequent quantifications times, large methodological variations ranging from physical measurements to visual observations, and lack of comparability across catering unit types. Since lack of comparable waste figures can lead to error-prone analysis, a general framework is needed for waste quantification in food services. This paper presents one such framework that allows data comparisons when overlapping observations are included. The framework was tested in six case studies in professional (public and private) catering units in Sweden. Data were collected from different schools, elderly care homes and hotels and fitted into the framework. The results from these case studies indicate that the framework enables catering units to focus waste quantification on their individual problem areas. It also provides the possibility to extend waste quantification over time without any loss of generalisability. A graphical representation of the framework fits the traditional tree structure and was found to act as a suitable foundation for food waste quantification in food services by structuring collected data. In order to fully utilise the potential of the tree structure, it should be supplemented with precise definitions to create a catering food waste quantification standard.

  • 14. Evans, N. P.
    et al.
    Bellingham, M.
    Sharpe, R. M.
    Cotinot, C.
    Rhind, S. M.
    Kyle, C.
    Erhard, H.
    Hombach-Klonisch, S.
    Lind, Monica
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
    Fowler, P. A.
    Does grazing on biosolids-treated pasture pose a pathophysiological risk associated with increased exposure to endocrine disrupting compounds?2014In: Journal of Animal Science, ISSN 0021-8812, E-ISSN 1525-3163, Vol. 92, no 8, p. 3185-3198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biosolids (processed human sewage sludge), which contain low individual concentrations of an array of contaminants including heavy metals and organic pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), and polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans known to cause physiological disturbances, are increasingly being used as an agricultural fertilizer. This could pose a health threat to both humans and domestic and wild animal species. This review summarizes results of a unique model, used to determine the effects of exposure to mixtures of environmentally relevant concentrations of pollutants, in sheep grazed on biosolids-treated pastures. Pasture treatment results in nonsignificant increases in environmental chemical (EC) concentrations in soil. Whereas EC concentrations were increased in some tissues of both ewes and their fetuses, concentrations were low and variable and deemed to pose little risk to consumer health. Investigation of the effects of gestational EC exposure on fetal development has highlighted a number of issues. The results indicate that gestational EC exposure can adversely affect gonadal development (males and females) and that these effects can impact testicular morphology, ovarian follicle numbers and health, and the transcriptome and proteome in adult animals. In addition, EC exposure can be associated with altered expression of GnRH, GnRH receptors, galanin receptors, and kisspeptin mRNA within the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, gonadotroph populations within the pituitary gland, and regional aberrations in thyroid morphology. In most cases, these anatomical and functional differences do not result in altered peripheral hormone concentrations or reproductive function (e.g., lambing rate), indicating physiological compensation under the conditions tested. Physiological compensation is also suggested from studies that indicate that EC effects may be greater when exposure occurs either before or during gestation compared with EC exposure throughout life. With regard to human and animal health, this body of work questions the concept of safe individual concentration of EC when EC exposure typically occurs as complex mixtures. It suggests that developmental EC exposure may affect many different physiological systems, with some sex-specific differences in EC sensitivity, and that EC effects may be masked under favorable physiological conditions.

  • 15.
    Evans, Sverker
    The Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, Göteborg, Sweden.
    10. Shipping and Oil Production2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 86-93Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 2-10
  • 16.
    Fayet, Catherine M. J.
    et al.
    International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), European Regional Office, Belgium; Department of Environmental Geography, Institute of Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, The Netherlands..
    Leen, Felix J. B.
    Department of Environmental Geography, Institute of Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, The Netherlands. .
    Quintero Uribe, Laura C.
    German Center for Integrative Biodiversity research (iDiv), and Institute of Biology Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.
    Rigo, Roberta
    CNRS UMR 6554 LETG, Université de Rennes 2, Place du recteur Henri le Moal, 35000 Rennes, France.
    Houet, Thomas
    CNRS UMR 6554 LETG, Université de Rennes 2, Place du recteur Henri le Moal, 35000 Rennes, France..
    Lindholm, Karl-Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Kluiving, Sjoerd J.
    Department of Arts and Culture, History, Ancient Studies and CLUE +, Faculty of Humanities, Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    TERRANOVA White Paper 2. An Explorative opinion paper: ‘WHY DO WE NEED STAKEHOLDERS’ ENGAGEMENT IN KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION: TERRANOVA’S VISION ON LANDSCAPE TRANSFORMATION’2021Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This is the second out of three white papers from the TERRANOVA project, The European Landscape Learning Initiative an Innovative Training Network consortium of the European Union’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions. Between 2019 and 2023, fifteen Early Stage Researchers (ESRs - ie. PhD students) are trained within this project to envision ‘nature-based' landscape developments for Europe, relying on an integrated and multidisciplinary approach. TERRANOVA seeks to outline the necessity to promote good communication skills in research to transfer efficiently ‘landscape knowledge’ to policymakers and the public. This white paper presents TERRANOVA’s vision on landscape transformation and stakeholders’ engagement in knowledge production. First, we reflect on the relevance of engaging with stakeholders in research. Second, we present the outcomes of a workshop conducted with practitioners in nature conservation and reflect on the challenges they reported to integrate interdisciplinarity in their practice. We conclude that the inclusion of stakeholders and practitioners at every stage is key to ensure that research outcomes have a societal impact. Strengthening this approach will ensure that TERRANOVA ESRs’ research outputs are understandable and useful for land managers and decision-makers.

    HIGHLIGHTS: RECOMMENDATIONS

    • Establishing connections between TERRANOVA and stakeholders involved in landscape management is crucial to ensure the relevancy and usefulness of ESRs’ research.
    • TERRANOVA researchers and stakeholders met to discuss how research can be tailored to stakeholders’ needs during a workshop on Friday 26th February 2021.
    • TERRANOVA’s ESRs collected recommendations for their own research practices that reinforced their willingness to engage with stakeholders, connect with practitioners and rely on participatory methods for landscape management interventions.
    • Stakeholders identified the engagement of different local stakeholders, the coexistence of diverging visions about conservation goals, the unexpected outcomes of top-down policy incentives, and the difficulty of setting conservation goals priority as main challenges in conservation practices.
  • 17.
    Fehér, Alexander
    et al.
    Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovakia.
    Wander, Michelle
    University of Illinois.
    21. Assessment of Sustainable Land Use2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 243-255Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-21
  • 18.
    Flachskampf, Frank
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology.
    New Echocardiographic Reference Values: Why They Are Welcome2023In: JACC Cardiovascular Imaging, ISSN 1936-878X, E-ISSN 1876-7591, Vol. 16, no 12, p. 1532-1535Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Forsberg, Curt
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Savchuk, Oleg
    Stockholm University.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    9. A New Regime for Nutrient Turnover: Eutrophication2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 256-293Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    ES 09
  • 20.
    Frankelius, Per
    et al.
    Linköpings Univ, Foretagsekon, Linköping, Sweden..
    Sjaunja, Eva-Lotta Paivio
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniv, Agrarhist, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Isacson, Maths
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Så introducerades traktorn i det svenska lantbruket2018In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 138, no 2, p. 327-333Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 21.
    Glass, Jayne
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
    Price, Martin F
    Warren, Charles R
    Scott, Alister
    Lairds, Land and Sustainability: Scottish perspectives on upland management2013Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scotland is at the heart of modern, sustainable upland management. Large estates cover vast areas of the uplands, with a long, complex and emotive history of ownership and use.In recent decades, the Scottish uplands have increasingly been the arena for passionate debates over large-scale land management issues. Crucially, what kinds of ownership and management will best deliver sustainable futures for upland environments and communities?Although the globally unique dominance of private ownership remains a distinctive characteristic of Scotland’s uplands, increasing numbers of estates are now owned by environmental NGOs and local communities, especially since the Land Reform (Scotland) Act of 2003. A decade after the passage of this landmark Act, this book synthesises research carried out on a diverse range of upland estates by the Centre for Mountain Studies at Perth College, University of the Highlands and Islands. The findings from privately-owned estates as well as those owned by communities, charities and conservation groups will prove enlightening and relevant to upland managers, policy makers, and researchers across Britain and Europe.With the Scottish Government promoting a vision of environmental sustainability, and with the new diversity of ownerships and management now appearing, this timely and topical book investigates the implications of these different types of land ownership for sustainable upland management.

  • 22. Glass, Jayne
    et al.
    Scott, Alister
    Price, Martin
    The power of the process: co-producing a sustainability assessment toolkit for upland estate management in Scotland2013In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 254-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and assesses a participatory research process that employed the Delphi technique to co-produce a sustainability assessment toolkit for upland estate management in Scotland. Upland areas in Scotland have a distinct pattern of ownership, with much of the land divided into ‘estates that are owned predominantly by a range of private individuals and organisations, as well as public agencies and non-governmental and community organisations. Management objectives and land uses are wide-ranging and attract the interest of many different stakeholders. As a result, translating sustainability principles for generic, practical application in this context is a complex challenge that has not yet been addressed in an inclusive and participatory manner. In response, a reflective research approach engaged an anonymous, mixed group of academic and non-academic stakeholders over a four-stage, interactive Delphi process which lasted 18 months. The process produced a toolkit within which five principles for sustainable upland estate management and 12 corresponding ‘actions were translated into operational practice. The toolkit provided a sustainability framework for estate owners, managers and other stakeholders to assess progress towards delivering a series of practical actions on individual estates. The paper explores the implications of this toolkit for upland estate management in Scotland and reflects on the benefits and wider application of this type of research approach.

  • 23.
    Grech-Madin, Charlotte
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. UNESCO Category II Int Ctr Water Cooperat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Water and Warfare: The Evolution and Operation of the Water Taboo2021In: International Security, ISSN 0162-2889, E-ISSN 1531-4804, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 84-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For much of human history, water was a standard weapon of war. In the post-World War II period, however, nation-states in international conflict have made concerted efforts to restrain the weaponization of water. Distinct from realist and rationalist explanations, the historical record reveals that water has come to be governed by a set of intersubjective standards of behavior that denounce water's involvement in conflict as morally taboo. How did this water taboo develop, and how does it matter for nation-states? Focused process-tracing illuminates the taboo's development from the 1950s to the 2010s, and indicates that (1) a moral aversion to using water as a weapon exists; (2) this aversion developed through cumulative mechanisms of taboo evolution over the past seventy years; and (3) the taboo influences states at both an instrumental level of compliance, and, in recent decades, a more internalized level. These findings offer new avenues for research and policy to better understand and uphold this taboo into the future.

  • 24.
    Hagström, Charlotta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre.
    The effect of prescribed burning on Pulsatilla vernalis at Marma firing range in Sweden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in habitat has led to a decline in biodiversity and many species being currently threatened. One of them is the spring pasque flower Pulsatilla vernalis, which grows on well- drained soils and is sensitive to competition. The species has in the past benefited from disturbances such as grazing, mowing and forest fires. Now that these no longer occur as frequently, it has been suggested that prescribed burning as a nature conservation act benefits P. vernalis. In this study, we have investigated whether prescribed burning in 2018 benefited a population of P. vernalis at Marma firing range outside Älvkarleby in Sweden. Due to unplanned windy conditions on the day of the prescribed burning, not the whole planned area was burned. This created a natural experiment that allowed us to compare burned areas (field and pine forest) with unburnt areas (field and pine forest). The study also includes data before and after the action. The results showed that the burned areas had an increase in the number of P. vernalis tufts per hectare, as well as the number of flower stalks per tuft. Although limited due to being a case study without replicates, this study supports the suggestion that prescribed burning benefits P. vernalis, both in open areas as well as in forests.

    The full text will be freely available from 2026-06-01 14:37
  • 25.
    Hallstrom, E.
    et al.
    Res Inst Sweden RISE, Dept Food & Agr, POB 5401, SE-40229 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Davis, J.
    Res Inst Sweden RISE, Dept Food & Agr, POB 5401, SE-40229 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Hakansson, N.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, POB 210, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ahlgren, S.
    Res Inst Sweden RISE, Dept Food & Agr, POB 5401, SE-40229 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Åkesson, A.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences. Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, POB 210, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wolk, A.
    Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, POB 210, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sonesson, U.
    Res Inst Sweden RISE, Dept Food & Agr, POB 5401, SE-40229 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Dietary environmental impacts relative to planetary boundaries for six environmental indicators-A population-based study2022In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 373, article id 133949Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of Swedish diets was assessed for six indicators (greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions, cropland use, nitrogen application, phosphorus application, consumptive water use and extinction rate), using self-reported food intake within two population-based cohorts of men and women, 56-96 years of age. The dietary environmental impact was assessed in relation to per capita planetary boundaries, overall and by pop-ulation subgroups, addressing the relative importance of specific foods and food groups. The total average di-etary impact exceeded the planetary boundaries by 1.6 to 4-fold for five of the six environmental indicators; consumptive water use did not exceed the boundaries. Comparing the highest with lowest quintiles of the population impact showed >2.5-fold differences across all environmental indicators. Of the diet's total average environmental impact, animal-based, plant-based and discretionary foods accounted for 28-83%, 8-40% and 9-37%, respectively, across the six indicators. Animal-based foods dominated the impact on GHG emissions, cropland use and nitrogen and phosphorus application, while plant-based and discretionary foods contributed more to consumptive water use and extinction rate. Environmental impact was driven predominantly by con-sumption of red meat, dairy, fresh fruit and coffee. The findings show major challenges in affluent countries that have to be addressed to achieving sustainable food production systems and diets. They provide guidance on critical food groups, environmental indicators and population subgroups to prioritize in future efforts to reduce the environmental impact.

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  • 26. Jaderkvist, K.
    et al.
    Andersson, L. S.
    Johansson, A. M.
    Arnason, T.
    Mikko, S.
    Eriksson, S.
    Andersson, Leif
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology.
    Lindgren, G.
    The DMRT3 'Gait keeper' mutation affects performance of Nordic and Standardbred trotters2014In: Journal of Animal Science, ISSN 0021-8812, E-ISSN 1525-3163, Vol. 92, no 10, p. 4279-4286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a previous study it was shown that a nonsense mutation in the DMRT3 gene alters the pattern of locomotion in horses and that this mutation has a strong positive impact on trotting performance of Standardbreds. One aim of this study was to test if racing performance and trotting technique in the Nordic (Coldblood) trotters are also influenced by the DMRT3 genotype. Another aim was to further investigate the effect of the mutation on performance in Standardbreds, by using a within-family analysis and genotype-phenotype correlations in a larger horse material than in the previous study. We genotyped 427 Nordic trotters and 621 Standardbreds for the DMRT3 nonsense mutation and a SNP in strong linkage disequilibrium with it. In Nordic trotters, we show that horses homozygous for the DMRT3 mutation (A) had significantly higher EBV for trotting performance traits than heterozygous (CA) or homozygous wild-type (CC) horses (P = 0.001). Furthermore, AA homozygotes had a higher proportion of victories and top 3 placings than horses heterozygous or homozygous wild-type, when analyzing performance data for the period 3 to 6 yr of age (P = 0.06 and P = 0.05, respectively). Another finding in the Nordic trotters was that the DMRT3 mutation influenced trotting technique (P = 2.1 x 10(-8)). Standardbred horses homozygous AA had significantly higher EBV for all traits than horses with at least 1 wild-type allele (CA and CC; P = 1.6 x 10(-16)). In a within-family analysis of Standardbreds, we found significant differences in several traits (e. g., earnings, P = 0.002; number of entered races, P = 0.004; and fraction of offspring that entered races, P = 0.002) among paternal half-sibs with genotype AA or CA sired by a CA stallion. For most traits, we found significant differences at young ages. For Nordic trotters, most of the results were significant at 3 yr of age but not for the older ages, and for the Standardbreds most of the results for the ages 3 to 5 were significant. For Nordic trotters, the proportion of victories and placings were the only traits that were significant for other ages than 3 yr.

  • 27.
    Jasaitis, Jonas
    et al.
    Siauliai University, Siauliai, Lithuania.
    Karlsson, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    19. A Rural Country in Transition: Alternatives for Lithuania2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 228-233Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-19
  • 28.
    Johansson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Plant Ecology and Evolution. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre.
    The effects of host plant and ant abundance on the occurrence of the Large blue butterfly2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Management of rare and threatened species requires an understanding of processes limiting population establishment and growth. The Large blue butterfly Phengaris arion needs two other organisms, the Thyme plant Thymus serpyllum and the ant genus Myrmica, for the completion of its life cycle. The large blue butterfly is very rare in Sweden and also declining in Europe, and both the large blue and Myrmica are red-listed and in need of protection. Studies conducted in Great Britain have suggested that a lack of suitable habitat with the presence of the host plant thyme and Myrmica limits the distribution of the large blue. A good environment for the butterfly is thus a habitat where all three organisms can exist.

    To examine whether vegetation structure and abundance of Thymus serpyllum and Myrmica ants are good predictors of the presence of the large blue in Sweden, I investigated sites where the butterfly has been observed or reportedly gone extinct in the last five years. I studied one site in the region of Stockholm, five sites in the Uppsala region, and 10 sites on the island of Gotland. At each site, I recorded an abundance of thyme and its flowering status, the presence of shrubs, trees, and open vegetation, and any observations of the large blue. 

    Areas with the large blue tended to have a higher abundance of thyme plants and a higher percentage of thyme flowers in bloom during my visit than areas without the large blue. The difference in abundance of shrubs and trees between sites with and without the butterfly was small. Areas with the large blue also tended to have shrubs and trees compared to areas without the large blue.

    Because the study species are rare and endangered, the number of sites with current and past occurrence is limited, which complicates the statistical analysis of factors influencing its distribution. However, the results indicate the importance of a high abundance of the host plant for the occurrence of the large blue, but also that the host plant is much more common than the butterfly. Ants of the genus Myrmica were observed at only two of eight sites with observations of the large blue.  This suggests that the method used to detect Myrmica ants was not efficient, or that the large blue is not critically dependent on Myrmica ants in Sweden. To conclude, the remaining populations of the large blue should be monitored and measures to improve habitat quality should be considered at sites where it has gone extinct. We can try to reintroduce species in areas where the species has previously existed with strong populations of the thyme and the ant. Create a similar reintroduction as the success story of the large blue butterfly in Great Britain.

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  • 29.
    Karlsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Sepp, Kalev
    Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu.
    Introduction2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 11-20Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-intro
  • 30.
    Kilhström, Jan Erik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Environmental toxicology.
    Migula, Pawel
    University of Silesia, Katowice.
    Rydén, Lars
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    15. The Damaged Environment: Distribution, Interaction, and Longevity of Environmental Impact2003In: Environmental Science: Understanding, protecting and managing the environment in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula and Magnus Andersson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2003, 1, p. 444-475Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ES 15
  • 31.
    Krasnov, Eugene
    et al.
    Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia.
    Molchanova, Marja
    Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia.
    Zeinalov, Isa
    Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia.
    24. Russian Land Use: Environmental Legislation2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 277-279Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-24
  • 32.
    Kumari, Khushbu
    et al.
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Behera, Himadri Tanaya
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Nayak, Priyadarshini Pratikshya
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Sinha, Adrija
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Nandi, Aditya
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Ghosh, Aishee
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Saha, Utsa
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Suar, Mrutyunjay
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Panda, Pritam Kumar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
    Verma, Suresh K.
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Raina, Vishakha
    KIIT DU, Sch Biotechnol, Bhubaneswar 751024, India..
    Amelioration of lipopeptide biosurfactants for enhanced antibacterial and biocompatibility through molecular antioxidant property by methoxy and carboxyl moieties2023In: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 0753-3322, E-ISSN 1950-6007, Vol. 161, article id 114493Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biosurfactants having surface-active biomolecules have been the cynosure in environment research due to their vast application. However, the lack of information about their low-cost production and detailed mechanistic biocompatibility limits the applicability. The study explores techniques for the production and design of lowcost, biodegradable, and non-toxic biosurfactants from Brevibacterium casei strain LS14 and excavates the mechanistic details of their biomedical properties like antibacterial effects and biocompatibility. Taguchi's design of experiment was used to optimize for enhancing biosurfactant production by optimal factor combinations like Waste glycerol (1%v/v), peptone (1%w/v), NaCl 0.4% (w/v), and pH 6. Under optimal conditions, the purified biosurfactant reduced the surface tension to 35 mN/m from 72.8 mN/m (MSM) and a critical micelle concentration of 25 mg/ml was achieved. Spectroscopic analyses of the purified biosurfactant using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance suggested it as a lipopeptide biosurfactant. The evaluation of mechanistic antibacterial, antiradical, antiproliferative, and cellular effects indicated the efficient antibacterial activity (against Pseudomonas aeruginosa) of biosurfactants due to free radical scavenging activity and oxidative stress. Moreover, the cellular cytotoxicity was estimated by MTT and other cellular assays revealing the phenomenon as the dosedependent induction of apoptosis due to free radical scavenging with an LC50 of 55.6 +/- 2.3 mg/ml.

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  • 33. Laikre, Linda
    et al.
    Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar
    Ihse, Margareta
    Marissink, Mark
    Gustavsson, Ann-Marie Dock
    Ebenhard, Torbjörn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Swedish Biodiversity Centre. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Hagberg, Lovisa
    Stal, Par-Olof
    von Walter, Susanne
    Wramner, Per
    Wanted: Scientists in the CBD process2008In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 814-815Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Lehoux, Alizée P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. Univ Littoral Cote dOpale, Lille, France.
    Sanchez-Hachair, Arnaud
    Univ Littoral Cote dOpale, Lille, France.
    Lefebvre, Gaëtan
    Direction territoriale Nord-Picardie, Lille, France.
    Carlier, Guillaume
    Direction territoriale Nord-Picardie, Lille, France.
    Hébrard, Celine
    Direction territoriale Nord-Picardie, Lille, France.
    Lima, Ana T.
    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.
    Hofmann, Annette
    Univ Littoral Cote dOpale, Lille, France.
    Chromium (VI) Retrieval from Chromium Ore Processing Residues by Electrokinetic Treatment2017In: Water, Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, E-ISSN 1573-2932, Vol. 228, no 9, article id 378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electrokinetics (EK) was investigated as a possible technique for in-situ treatment of leachable chromium at a built site contaminated with chromium ore processing residues (COPR). A preliminary EK experiment was carried out at the laboratory scale on an undisturbed COPR core sample. Methods applied for material and pore water characterization before and after EK treatment addressed physical aspects by laser diffraction granulometry, pycnometry and pore water content, mineralogical aspects by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and chemical aspects by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectroscopy for elemental composition, spectrophotometry for Cr(VI) analysis, and potentiometry for pH determination. EK was run at 1 V/cm with no external constraints on current intensity. The EK experiment reached an extraction of 72% of the total leachable Cr(VI) after only 10 days of treatment and 84% after 20 days. Material texture, composition, and pH remained similar. These results indicate that EK presents a potential solution for extracting leachable Cr(VI) from COPR sites. The impounded COPR material appeared to be heterogeneous in composition at all scales, from field to lab sample, adding to the challenge of in-situ treatment.

  • 35.
    Levengood, Jeffrey M.
    et al.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    Martineau, Daniel
    University of Montreal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada.
    12. Eutrophication2012In: Ecology and Animal Health / [ed] Leif Norrgren and Jeffrey Levengood, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 101-103Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 2-12
  • 36.
    Magnusson, M.
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Ecke, F.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden.;Sweden Univ Agr Sci, Dept Aquat Sci & Assessment, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
    Khalil, H.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Olsson, G.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Evander, M.
    Umea Univ, Dept Clin Microbiol, SE-90185 Umea, Sweden..
    Niklasson, Bo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Cell Biology.
    Hornfeldt, B.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Spatial and temporal variation of hantavirus bank vole infection in managed forest landscapes2015In: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 6, no 9, article id 163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Zoonoses are major contributors to emerging infectious diseases globally. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a zoonosis caused by rodent-borne hantaviruses. In Europe, Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) carried and shed by the bank vole (Myodes glareolus), is the most common cause of HFRS. We explore the relationship of PUUV infection in bank voles, as measured by PUUV antibody detection, with habitat and landscape scale properties during two successive vole cycles in boreal Sweden. Our analysis revealed that PUUV infection in the population was not uniform between cycles and across different landscapes. The mean density index of PUUV antibody positive and negative bank voles were highest in old forest, second highest in cut-over forest (approx. 0-30 years old) and lowest on mires. Most importantly, old forest was the core habitat, where PUUV antibody positive bank voles were found through the low density phase and the transition between successive vole cycles. In spring, occurrence of antibody positive voles was negatively related to the proportion of cut-over forest in the surrounding landscape, suggesting that large scale human induced land-use change altered the occurrence of PUUV infection in voles which has not been shown before. Dependence of PUUV infection on habitat and landscape structure, and the variation in infection load within and between cycles are of importance for human risk assessment.

  • 37. Malefors, Christopher
    et al.
    Eriksson, Mattias
    SLU.
    Persson Osowski, Christine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
    From quantification to reduction: Identification of food waste reduction strategies in public food services2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Mincyte, Diana
    New York University.
    7. From Traditional to Modern Rural Society2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 91-102Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-7
  • 39.
    Mosiej, Józef
    Warsaw University of Life Sciences.
    23. Policy of Rural Development in Poland2012In: Rural Development and Land Use / [ed] Lars Rydén and Ingrid Karlsson, Uppsala: Baltic University Press , 2012, 1, p. 274-276Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    ehsa 3-23
  • 40.
    Notelid, Michel
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Ekblom, Anneli
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Livelyhood assessment data from Limpopo National Park, Mozambique: Anonymised data from Machamba, Chimangue and Bingo villages. : Supplementary data to Notelid, M. and Ekblom, A. 2021. Household Vulnerability and Transformability in Limpopo National Park. Sustainability 13(5): 2597; https://doi.org/10.3390/su130525972021Data set
    Abstract [en]

    Livelyhood assessment data from Limpopo National Park, Mozambique: Anonymised data in excel spreadsheet format from Machamba, Chimangue and Bingo villages. Aonymised and edited as supplmentary to the paper Notelid, M. and Ekblom, A. 2021. Household Vulnerability and Transformability in Limpopo National Park. Sustainability 13(5): 2597; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052597. See paper for details on methodology

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    data set
  • 41.
    Orlikowska, Ewa H.
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Sch Forest Management, Box 43, S-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden..
    Svensson, Johan
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, S-90183 Umea, Sweden..
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, S-90183 Umea, Sweden.;Swedish Forest Agcy, Box 284, S-90106 Umea, Sweden..
    Blicharska, Malgorzata
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development.
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Sch Forest Management, Box 43, S-73921 Skinnskatteberg, Sweden.;Swedish Univ Agr Sci SLU, Dept Ecol, Grimso Wildlife Res Stn, S-73091 Riddarhyttan, Sweden..
    Hit or miss?: Evaluating the effectiveness of Natura 2000 for conservation of forest bird habitat in Sweden2020In: Global Ecology and Conservation, ISSN 2351-9894, Vol. 22, article id e00939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Biodiversity conservation often requires a landscape perspective. When establishing the Natura 2000 (N2k) network, the effectiveness of the sites and the influence of the surrounding landscapes for species of interest was often disregarded. We analyzed the effectiveness of N2k sites in Sweden for three forest bird species of conservation interest in the European boreal landscapes: lesser spotted woodpecker (LSW), Siberian jay (SJ) and hazel grouse (HG). Our objectives were to: 1) quantify effective suitable habitat area in N2k sites with and without consideration of the adjoining landscapes; 2) examine effective habitat area within N2k sites along the north-south vegetation gradient 3) analyze functionality of N2k sites and assess how forests outside the sites affect habitat suitability inside N2k. GISbased habitat suitability index models were applied to calculate the amount of effective habitat within and outside N2k sites. N2k sites contributed with 10% (HG), 13% (SJ) and 51% (LSW) suitable habitat identified in Sweden. Functionality of forest environments as habitat was higher inside N2k sites for LSW within all vegetation zones, and for SJ in the Alpine and Middle Boreal zones; for HG habitat outside the sites was more functional in all zones accept Alpine and Middle Boreal. The majority of N2k sites were of quite small size (<500 ha) and the size influenced their functionality for LSW and HG, with larger N2k sites being more functional. For SJ, however, average functionality of N2k sites was not influenced by their size. The largest average habitat increase linked to considering the contribution of areas outside N2k sites for their functionality as habitat was for the N2k sites of smaller size (1-500 ha). Therefore, the presence and quality of forests outside of N2k sites are of a greater importance for smaller sites, and as such these should be carefully managed. To improve conservation efficiency of the N2k sites in Sweden, we call for incorporating them into the development and implementation of the regional Green Infrastructure plans. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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  • 42.
    Ottimofiore, Eduardo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Invisible history: An environmental history of Villa Ada and Monte Antenne: A tale of the land that is now a city park in Rome, Italy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Starting from a simple observation of apparent neglect, this thesis aims to explore the heritage of the land of Villa Ada, a city park in Rome Italy. To do so, this study relates historical narratives regarding this piece of land, from the earliest human presence to formation of the current park. The narratives help engage the reader with the past of this land, and to anchor it into the current landscape. An online survey was conducted to address how the park is perceived today and what meaning the visitors and neighbors associate to it. By connecting the past to the present, and then looking forward, this thesis can contribute in opening a discussion about Villa Ada’s fate and the strategies that can be implemented for its effective long-term management.

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  • 43.
    Paraskova, Julia V.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Sjöberg, Per J.R.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Rydin, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC.
    Organic phosphorus speciation in a small catchment: sinks and sourcesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 44. Reed, M. S.
    et al.
    Buenemann, M.
    Atlhopheng, J.
    Akhtar-Schuster, M.
    Bachmann, F.
    Bastin, G.
    Bigas, H.
    Chanda, R.
    Dougill, A. J.
    Essahli, W.
    Evely, A. C.
    Fleskens, L.
    Geeson, N.
    Glass, J. H.
    Hessel, R.
    Holden, J.
    Ioris, A. A. R.
    Kruger, B.
    Liniger, H. P.
    Mphinyane, W.
    Nainggolan, D.
    Perkins, J.
    Raymond, C. M.
    Ritsema, C. J.
    Schwilch, G.
    Sebego, R.
    Seely, M.
    Stringer, L. C.
    Thomas, R.
    Twomlow, S.
    Verzandvoort, S.
    Cross-scale monitoring and assessment of land degradation and sustainable land management: A methodological framework for knowledge management2011In: Land Degradation and Development, ISSN 1085-3278, E-ISSN 1099-145X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 261-271Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 45. Reed, Mark S.
    et al.
    Bonn, Aletta
    Slee, W
    Behhary-Borg, N
    Birch, J
    Brown, I
    Burt, T P
    Chapman, D
    Chapman, P J
    Clay, G D
    Cornell, S J
    Fraser, E D G
    Glass, Jayne
    Holden, J
    Hodgson, J A
    Hubacek, Klaus
    Irvine, B
    Jin, N
    Kirkby, M J
    Kunin, W E
    Moore, O
    Moseley, D
    Prell, Christina
    Price, Martin F
    Quinn, C H
    Redpath, Steve M
    Reid, C
    Stagl, S
    Stringer, Lindsay
    Termansen, M
    Thorp, Simon
    Towers, W
    Worrall, F
    The future of the uplands2009In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 26, no Supplement 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Upland areas provide UK society with many important functions, goods and services, but have experienced a number of disturbing trends and face an uncertain future. This paper outlines historic, current and future drivers of environmental, economic, socio-cultural and policy change in UK uplands, and assesses how these have affected or are likely to affect ways in which land is used and the provision of ecosystem services. Information is synthesised into scenarios summarising a range of possible futures anticipated for UK uplands to 2060 and beyond. Finally, innovations in science, technology, governance and policy are evaluated that could enable uplands to continue providing key ecosystem services under a range of scenarios. The paper concludes that many upland areas will need to be prepared for significant reductions in grazing and prescribed burning. Conversely, other areas could experience agricultural intensification, for example significant increases in grazing or an expansion of arable or bioenergy crops into upland valleys, due to anticipated increases in global demand for food and energy. These scenarios will take place in the context of climate change. Many may take place together and may interact with each other, with complex and unpredictable implications for the upland environment, economy and society. In this context, a number of advances are needed in science, technology and policy to maintain viable uplandcommunities and the future provision of ecosystem services. These may include funding for ecological and hydrological restoration via carbon offsetting or other means. It may also involve advances in ecosystem service modelling, mapping and valuation, which through stakeholder participation could facilitate more integrated rural planning. New forms of environmental governance need to be explored that can empower those interested in developing upland economies to maintain thriving upland communities, while managing the ecosystem services they provide as efficiently as possible.

  • 46.
    Ridbäck, Ulrika
    et al.
    Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet.
    Vike, Eva
    Dietze-Schirdewahn, Annegreth
    A battle of values: a case study of a blacklisted heritage tree represented by European silver fir Abies alba Mill. in a protected landscape in Norway2018In: Arboricultural Journal, The International Journal of Urban Forestry, ISSN 0307-1375, E-ISSN 2168-1074, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 92-105Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Rupakheti, Sanjib
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
    Evaluation of Rural Sanitation Alternatives in Nepal Using Decision Support System (DSS) Approach2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A society´s health depends on the access to proper and hygiene sanitation. Half of the population still do not have access to proper sanitation in Nepal; therefore government and non-government organizations are facilitating sanitation access to all the population. Decades ago, open defecation and pit latrines toilet were the only options as sanitation system to the people. But now, various types of toilets system known as dry toilets, septic tanks, centralized sewerage system and biogas integrated toilets are available. Therefore, existing toilet system in rural areas of Nepal needs to be evaluated with respect to environment and long term sustainability. Aim of this study is to find the appropriate toilet system for rural areas of Nepal. This study also discusses how that appropriate toilet system can be promoted based on current scenarios from government level to local level.

    Generic Multi-Attribute Analysis (GMAA) is used as a decision support tools to evaluate available various toilet alternatives. For which a rural area from Nepal is chosen as study area. GMAA helps in evaluating all the toilet system based on social, technological, environmental and economical aspects. Interpretation between the toilet systems can be made easily with the help of GMAA results. Field questionnaire survey was also carried out in the study area to know user´s understanding of toilet alternatives.

    Every toilet systems have pro and cons based on different social, technological, environmental and economical aspects. It was found that pit latrines toilet systems are mostly practiced in the rural areas of Nepal. User prefers pit latrines because of its social accepted character and technologically easy in using it. Biogas integrated toilet system came as optimal toilet system though not accessible to all household. It was found that urine and faeces separating toilets are environmentally and economically beneficial. The thesis concludes that appropriate toilet system which is sustainable must be promoted while increasing toilet coverage in Nepal. Urine and faeces separating toilet is found to be appropriate and need to be incorporated in the government goal of increasing toilet coverage. 

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  • 48.
    Rydén, Lars
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Karlsson, IngridUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala, The Baltic University Programme.
    Rural Development and Land Use2012Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 49.
    Shi, Feng
    et al.
    Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment Institute of Geology and Geophysics Innovation Academy for Earth Science Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China;CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment Beijing China.
    Goosse, Hugues
    Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research Earth and Life Institute Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain‐la‐Neuve Belgium.
    Li, Jianping
    Frontiers Science Center for Deep Ocean Multispheres and Earth System (FDOMES)/Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography/Academy of the Future Ocean Ocean University of China Qingdao China;Laboratory for Ocean Dynamics and Climate Pilot Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology Qingdao China.
    Yin, Qiuzhen
    Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research Earth and Life Institute Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain‐la‐Neuve Belgium.
    Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS). Department of History Stockholm University Stockholm Sweden;Bolin Centre for Climate Research Stockholm University Stockholm Sweden.
    Lian, Tao
    State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics Second Institute of Oceanography Ministry of Natural Resources Hangzhou China;Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai) Zhuhai China;School of Oceanography Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai China.
    Sun, Cheng
    College of Global Change and Earth System Science (GCESS) Beijing Normal University Beijing China.
    Wang, Lin
    Center for Monsoon System Research Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China.
    Wu, Zhiwei
    Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences/Institute of Atmospheric Sciences Fudan University Shanghai China;Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health Shanghai China.
    Li, Juan
    Earth System Modeling Center Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster Ministry of Education/Joint International Research Laboratory of Climate and Environment Change/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology Nanjing China.
    Zhao, Sen
    Department of Atmospheric Sciences University of Hawaii at Mānoa Honolulu HI USA.
    Xu, Chenxi
    Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment Institute of Geology and Geophysics Innovation Academy for Earth Science Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China;CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment Beijing China.
    Liu, Wei
    Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment Institute of Geology and Geophysics Innovation Academy for Earth Science Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China;Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research Earth and Life Institute Université Catholique de Louvain Louvain‐la‐Neuve Belgium.
    Liu, Ting
    State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics Second Institute of Oceanography Ministry of Natural Resources Hangzhou China;Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai) Zhuhai China.
    Nakatsuka, Takeshi
    Research Institute for Humanity and Nature Kyoto Japan;Graduate School of Environmental Studies Nagoya University Nagoya Japan.
    Guo, Zhengtang
    Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment Institute of Geology and Geophysics Innovation Academy for Earth Science Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China;CAS Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment Beijing China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing China.
    Interdecadal to Multidecadal Variability of East Asian Summer Monsoon Over the Past Half Millennium2022In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 127, no 20, article id e2022JD037260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) plays a crucial role for ecosystems and societies in East Asia past, present, and future. However, substantial uncertainties remain regarding EASM variability on interdecadal to multidecadal timescales because of the short length of instrumental data in East Asia. This study extended the EASM circulation index in the modern meteorological studies to the paleoclimate over the past half-millennium (1470–1998 CE) to reconcile the understanding of the EASM variability in paleoclimate and modern meteorological studies. The EASM index is reconstructed based on the common signal from the three main types of the proxy records (the tree rings, speleothems, and historical documentary data) related to EASM. The reconstructed EASM index captures the simultaneous changes of the “Meiyu precipitation” and the southwesterly anomalies in South China on interdecadal to multidecadal timescales, which is a dynamic pattern visible and well-documented in the modern meteorology. Analysis of the reconstructed EASM index suggests that the interdecadal to multidecadal EASM variability is closely associated with the Pacific-Japan teleconnection pattern, which acts as a bridge between the negative phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the anomalous anticyclonic circulation over the western North Pacific. It also indicates that the EASM variability over the recent 30 years (1992–2021 CE) falls within the range of natural variability over the past half-millennium.

  • 50.
    SIM, JUYEON
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
    Socioecological Transformation and the History of Indian Cotton, Gujarat, Western India2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Landscape management is often referred to as a holistic concept, which deals with large-scale processes and multidisciplinary manners in regards to natural resource use with ecological and livelihood considerations. Seen in this light, landscape transformation should be understood within the context of the human-nature relationship, viewing human activities and their institutions as an essential part of the system rather than as external agents. When it comes to the landscape planning and management related to cotton farming in Gujarat, there has been diversity of interest groups such as local communities, governments, corporations and non-governmental organisations. In the present study, I examine two case studies of cotton production pertaining to the Gujarat region in order to study the opportunities and challenges faced by local farmers in the process of developing agriculture. In the first case study on Cotton Improvement Program in the nineteenth century, I highlight the socioecological consequences of the colonial cotton project and how it relates to the social dynamics of networks and agricultural landscape management. The second case study examines current debates regarding the social, economic and environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) cotton on India’s social and natural landscape. This thesis emphasises that there are recursive motifs between the two case studies in terms of the local resistances, power relations and possible environmental effects, which can be explained through the state of ‘global core’ and ‘periphery’, and partly the framework of ecologically unequal exchange. The analysis of recurring patterns concludes that exploring the narratives of local experiences offers a number of significant details that show complex power dynamics manifested through constant struggles and resistances by ‘peripheral agent’.

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    JuyeonSim_master thesis
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