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  • 1.
    Aakhus, Mark
    et al.
    Rutgers University.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Lennmyr, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
    Digital Innovation as Design of Digital Practice: Doctors as Designers in Healthcare2018In: Proceedings of the 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 2018, p. 4594-4601Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical professionals are increasingly assuming the role of maker and creator. At the same time, digital innovations, as part of evolving information infrastructures, are becoming increasingly prevalent in healthcare. In this paper, we adopt a Schönian approach to understand how a medical professional, who is not an IS designer by trade, engages in the design of digital practice - turning what may appear as a failed digital innovation effort into a successful design of digital practice. Our inquiry suggests three pragmatic principles that call for further investigation: (a) professionals can make a significant contribution to design work by inventing means for fact-based, reflective engagement with the situation; (b) the reorganization of work practice involves organizational design, information system design, and communication design; and (c) developing design as digital practice entails the development of fact-based design practice and must engage practical theories.

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  • 2. Aakhus, Mark
    et al.
    Ågerfalk, Pär
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Lyytinen, Kalle
    Te’eni, Dov
    Symbolic Action Research in Information Systems: Introduction to the Special Issue2014In: Management Information Systems Quarterly, ISSN 0276-7783, E-ISSN 2162-9730, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 1187-1200Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue introduction explores the need to study information systems as symbolic action systems, defines broadly the research domain and related assumptions, notes the origins of this perspective, articulates its key lines of study, and discusses the state of the field in light of published research. The essay also positions the three papers of the special issue in the broader Information Systems (IS) discourse and notes their specific contribution in bridging so far unconnected streams of research and expanding research methods amenable to symbolic action research. This introductory essay furthermore observes some unique challenges in pulling together the special issue that invited the editors to combat against the tendency to approach communicative processes associated with information systems as primarily psychological processes. In closing we note several lines of inquiry that can strengthen future studies of symbolic action including better design theories, more flexible and open use of methods, and attentive use of rich traditions that inform symbolic action research in IS.

  • 3.
    Abdul Hussein, Mohamed
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Bogren, William
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence has led to the emergence of deepfake, digital media that has been manipulated to replace a person's likeness with another. This technology has seen significant improvements, becoming easier to use and producing results increasingly difficult to distinguish from reality. This development has raised ethical discussions surrounding its deceiving nature. Furthermore, deepfakes have had a considerable impact and application on social media, enabling their spread. Despite this, the public discourse on social media, along with its societal and personal values associated with deepfakes, remains underexplored. This study addresses this gap by examining social media discourse and perception surrounding the prominent ethical concerns of deepfakes, and situating these concerns within the broader landscape of AI ethics. Through a qualitative method resembling netnography, 320 posts from Reddit and Youtube were thematically analyzed through a passive observation, along with their respective comment section. The findings reveal various concerns, surrounding misinformation and consent to deeper fears about deepfakes' role in fostering distrust, as well as more abstract apprehensions regarding the technology's abuse and harmful applications. These concerns further revealed how generalized established AI ethical principles might be interpreted in the deepfake context, also showing how and why these principles might be violated by this technology. Particularly it revealed terms how principles such as dignity, transparency, privacy and non-maleficence might be diverged in deepfake applications.

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    Social Media's Take on Deepfakes: Ethical Concerns in the Public Discourse
  • 4. Abenius, Sara
    Green IT & Green Software - Time and Energy Savings Using Existing Tools2009In: Environmental Informatics and Industrial Environmental Protection: Concepts, Methods and Tools (Part 1) / [ed] Volker Wohlgemuth, Bernd Page, Kristina Voigt, Shaker Verlag, 2009, p. 57-66Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Green IT is steadily gaining ground among companies and organizations worldwide but the understanding of its actual significance is often indistinct. The purpose of this paper is to investigate Green Software and to summarize different points of view on Green IT and clarify some actions to be taken towards using computers more wisely. Special attention will be paid to Green Software and exploring what factors could make software being used and developed with the environmental impact in mind. A descriptive research method based on available literature has been used. Finally a test was set up to control if the amount of data sent over the Internet could be lowered during navigation by changing a server setting. The intention was to prove that Green Software can be simple use of tools we have at hand, just adding a small amount of knowledge. The result showed that there are savings to gain with no effect on overall performance. To conclude, a holistic approach towards Green IT and all it’s including parts is necessary, together with appropriate ways of measuring progress towards improvement.

  • 5.
    Abrahamsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Waern-Bugge, Fredrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Framgångsfaktorer vid en agil övergång2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 6.
    Abramian, Fredrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Wedholm, Joel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    BYOD och Cloud Computing: En vägledande studie för hur BYOD bör bedrivas säkert tillsammans med cloud computing2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to gain a richer insight into how information security is affected by Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) in combination with cloud computing. This study has come to its conclusion by performing interviews and sending out questionaries that has later been analyzed using current theory. A specification has been established out of this and will serve as a guiding contribution for organisations.

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    BYOD och Cloud Computing
  • 7.
    Ackerstierna, Linda
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Söder, Mikka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    The Future of Podcasts: A Case Study based on Usability Heuristics of a Podcast Service User Interface of an iOS Application2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the Usability of the podcast service User Interface (UI) of the iOS app Aftonbladet. The method used originates from a heuristic evaluation technique where semi- structured interviews were conducted with users of the podcast service to explore the usability and to find usability problems. The conducted interviews determined that there existed usability problems with the UI and thus, usability heuristics have been violated in the UI.

     

    Nielsen’s Ten Usability Heuristics for User Interface Design and Nielsen’s Severity Ratings for Usability Problems are applied to the interview answers for evaluating the usability of the podcast service UI.

     

    The heuristics that are interpreted as being of critical importance are:

     

    • Heuristic 3. User Control and Freedom 
    • Heuristic 4. Consistency and Standards 
    • Heuristic 5. Error Prevention 
    • Heuristic 6. Recognition rather than Recall 
    • Heuristic 7. Flexibility and Efficiency of Use 
    • Heuristic 8. Aesthetic and Minimalist Design 
    • Heuristic 10. Help and Documentation   

    Three out of the ten heuristics were not of critical importance: 

     

    • Heuristic 1. Visibility of System Status 
    • Heuristic 2. Match Between System and Real World 
    • Heuristic 9. Help Users Recognize, Recover and Diagnose from Errors 
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  • 8.
    Adam, Paul
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Billing, Björn
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Vad utmärker användbarhet för expertanvändare i ett gränssnitt mot big data?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Vad utmärker användbarhet för expertanvändare i ett gränssnitt mot big data?
  • 9.
    Adewunmi, Oluwafemi
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Game Design.
    Gouda, Sahashransu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Game Design.
    Song, Zhechao
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Game Design.
    Gamification for Community Involvement2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the feasibility of enhancing community engagement through gamification, using a prototype third-person 3D adventure game called Harmoni. The research targets international students in Gotland, Sweden, aiming to reduce cultural barriers and promote community involvement. By integrating game elements such as altruistic missions, language learning, and historical exploration, the prototype seeks to motivate real-life participation in community activities. Data collected from pre- and post-surveys and follow-up interviews with a small sample size (n=10) suggest that gamification can positively impact community involvement. Despite the limitations of sample size, the findings indicate that thoughtfully designed gamified experiences can foster a sense of belonging and encourage active participation in community life. The study underscores the potential of gamification in educational and social contexts, offering insights for future applications and improvements in game-based community engagement strategies.

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    Gamification for Community Involvement
  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Lundholm, Paula
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Detaljhandelns förberedelser inför GDPR: En fallstudie om vilka förändringar företagen behöver utföra samt deras arbete kring GDPR2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det rådande EU-direktivet som behandlar dataskydd från år 1995 är idag inte lika aktuellt som när det infördes. Det är därför i hög tid att en uppdatering kommer. I maj 2018 införs den nya dataskyddsförordningen, GDPR, som är EU:s senaste förordning. Den kommer ersätta Sveriges personuppgiftslag, PuL, som idag styr över hur personuppgifter behandlas. GDPR kommer innebära strängare lagar kring informationshantering och fler rättigheter till privatpersoner. Ett exempel är att privatpersoner kommer kunna be om att få alla data kopplad till personen raderade. Många företag erbjuder medlemskap till privatpersoner och lagrar därför kunduppgifter digitalt, vilket betyder att de påverkas av GDPR i stor grad då de måste omforma sina IT-system för att leva upp till de nya kraven.

    Denna studie handlar om fyra företag och förändringarna de står inför samt hur de arbetar med de nya kraven som GDPR innebär för dem. En kravmodell skapas med en sammanställning av de nya kraven och resultatet visar sedan vilka företag som börjat arbeta med de kraven. Resultatet visar även hur långt de kommit i sitt arbete med dataskyddsförordningen och kan förhoppningsvis vägleda andra företag i hur de bör arbeta med dataskyddsförordningen samt vilka förändringar de bör genomföra för att leva upp till de nya kraven.

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  • 11.
    Agerberg, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Selenius, Sofia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Det “transformativa” i transformativa teknologier: En studie om investeringar inom området transformativ teknologi och dess transformativa egenskaper2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformative capabilities of technologies have great potential contributing to change that benefits society, the environment and human well-being. The world faces many grand challenges today, such as climate change and extensive digital change. Investors affect which technologies shaping our societies and organizations that are mission-driven, rather than entirely profit-driven, can affect the paradigm shifts that are to come. Despite an increased interest in the field of “transformative technologies”, there is a lack of consensus on basic characteristics and what the term entails. The lack of defining characteristics results in a risk of the term being diluted, which further has negative effects linked to decision-makers’ lack of approaches to evaluate transformative abilities in technologies. Decision-makers can be helped by a more defined concept, and through applicable methods, decision-makers can be helped to achieve their goals. Existing methods for evaluation of so-called “responsible investments” such as ESG and Impact investing are not focused on transformative capabilities of technologies. Furthermore, some limitations make them less applicable in cases where transformative technologies are relevant. The study contributes to an increased understanding of the concept and provides methods for evaluation by analyzing transformative capacities in Industrifonden's portfolio companies in the field of transformative technology. The empirical basis consists of 12 portfolio companies. The study highlights three dimensions of characteristics for transformative technologies, value changes, mimicry and diffusion, and contributes to an understanding of their meaning. Furthermore, the study shows recurring patterns in terms of transformative characteristics. In addition to the contribution linked to an increased understanding in the area, the study provides suggestions on how these technologies can be evaluated and how evaluation methods can be applied to investment strategies.

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  • 12.
    Ahlqvist, Gustaf
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Tesfai, Nftalem
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    AI och hälsovård: en studie om Acceptansen för AI inom hälsovården2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental health issues have become increasingly common and are now identified as a global problem. Figures for young Swedes aged 16-29 suffering from mental health problems show alarming increases over the past 15 years. Concurrently with the rise in mental health issues, studies highlighting the importance of AI in the healthcare sector are being conducted. These studies cover both advantages and limitations, with a recurring theme being a lack of acceptance from users. The purpose of this study is to examine the acceptance among young adults, both men and women, in Sweden, within the age range of 16-29 years. Acceptance is investigated through a quantitative survey based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The survey included a total of 73 respondents. However, we would like to point out that this number may limit the validity and generalizability of the findings.

    For both chatbots and avatars, five hypotheses have been defined, with all related to chatbots being accepted while four out of five related to avatars are accepted. The results of the study's hypotheses show clear relationships, with positive correlations and significant values at the one percent level (p < 0.01). There are clear connections between perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness, perceived usefulness and attitude toward use, as well as between attitude toward use and intended use. These results, based on collected data from the survey, reveal an overall low acceptance among young Swedes regarding AI-integrated health advice and indicate a certain level of concern and hesitation regarding the use of AI in mental healthcare

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  • 13.
    Ahlström, Terese
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Laxman, Prachi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Roller och ansvar inom förändringsarbete: En kvalitativ studie om digital transformation i svenska kommuner2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare is facing challenges in further developing business processes and services in order to meet society's demands for accessibility and efficiency. As a result, Swedish municipalities are undergoing a digital transformation journey that is changing both internal working methods and the delivery of services to citizens. Previous studies show that digitalization projects are complex to implement and anchor within the organization. Hence, this study is based on a theoretical framework focusing on the change leader's ability to enable sensemaking. The theoretical framework is used to study and analyze the role of the change leader and the success factors that prevail in Swedish municipalities' digital transformation projects. The study has a qualitative research strategy, and the empirical data has been collected through eight semi-structured interviews with employees from three Swedish municipalities. This study shows that both internal and external factors form the basis for the municipalities' transformation journey. The results also show that both managers and employees are affected and need to be aware of the digital transformation. Important success factors are to create a common foundation and collaboration between business units, employees, and leaders. However, the role of the change leader is not set in stone, instead it is changed and shared between the employees who become involved in the change process. The study results in a conceptual model that can function as an analysis tool that helps municipalities to understand, identify and prioritize change management in relation to the digital transformation.

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    MKIT_fulltext
  • 14.
    Aizezi, Zulifuyemu
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Identifying Mobile Phone Usability Issues in Informal Swedish Language Learning:What users think about it?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the usability issues of the mobile phone in informal Swedish language learning. The concept of usability is defined by expanding the technical usability attributes of Jakob Nielsen with other recent attributes derived from considering the technical aspects of mobile learning (m-learning). Thus, the ultimate structure of the usability factors that are discussed in this study consists of: accessibility, easy-to-learn, technical design, efficiency and satisfaction. With the support of the relevant previous literature and interview, we research this topic by considering the mobile-assisted language learning (MALL), informal language-learning and usability elements, in order to explore and identify the usability of mobile phone. The goal of this study is to contribute to detailed understanding of mobile phone usage, further identify the usability issues of mobile phones by obtaining both critical and commendatory feedbacks and reflections from the users. For final results, through qualitative research approach, we offered several findings regarding the mobile phone usability with specified reasons.

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    Identifying mobile phone usability issues in informal Swedish language learning: What users think about it?
  • 15.
    Akarcay, Pinar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Ak, Gökhan
    Nişantaşı University, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Rethinking Cyber Warfare: Timeless, Normless and Unconstrained2018In: IKSAD Journal, ISSN 2630-6166, Vol. 4, no 9, p. 195-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Improvements in cybernetics have made likely far reaching shifts in all areas of life. Thus, the scientific-technological developments after 1950s gave rise to “the information revolution” from which national security has quite been affected as well. The rapid growth in the fields of computing created a new realm of fantasy called cyberspace. As a phenomenon, cyberspace has the potential for enormous avails and advantages as well as unpredictable risks. There are three major dimensions all associated with cyberspace: technologies, policies and disputes. In order to analyze the real damage that a hypothetical cyber-war or individual act of cyber warfare could do to the citizens of any nation coming under attack, it is fundamental to begin with some reflections which will help us reach a full understanding of the phenomenon, and its related practical implications as well as impacts. Since cyberspace comprises many complicating matters, it is a further difficulty of developing new combative techniques, tools and norms in an area that is inherently secretive. Cyber-attackers do not announce who they are and the victims may not want to admit having been vulnerable. By this view, this research will specifically examine timeless, normless and unconstrained cyber warfare by rethinking its history, content, associated emerging policies and focus on the question of national security in light of the cyberspace phenomenon.

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  • 16.
    Al Abassi, Baraa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Aladellie, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Business Studies.
    Opportunities and challenges with the GDPR implementation: A study of how the GDPR has affected business processes in Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The General Data Protection Regulation is a relatively new law that is applied to all companies within the member states of the European Union. The law is established to protect individual’s personal rights and privacy from being misused. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate how businesses based in Sweden have complied with their internal and external processes in alignment with the GDPR. The gap that was found was that limited research has been made regarding how businesses have complied in alignment with the law after the implementation. To investigate this problem area, semi-instructed interviews were conducted with five large companies in Sweden. The results that were found was that the General Data Protection Regulation has contributed to different challenges for businesses as well as opportunities. Nevertheless, a major finding from the empirical presentation together with previous research was that the businesses need to standardise their processes to align with the standards of the General Data Protection Regulation.

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    Master's Thesis - Opportunities and challenges with the GDPR implementation
  • 17.
    Al Khamisi, Sandra
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Deshayes, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Användning av generativ AI för dokumentation av QR inom agila metoder2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agile methodologies are one of the most common approaches for companies to develop new software products. Within these methodologies, a significant focus is placed on rapid deliveryand minimal documentation. However, this focus can lead to documentation, especially that concerning quality requirements (QR), being overlooked in favor of speed. This can result in a decrease in the overall quality of the final software product. To address these issues, the suitability of Generative AI (GenAI) is examined to analyze its potential in solving these problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether GenAI is suitable foraddressing issues related to QR documentation within agile methodologies. The study conducted a case study on a company currently using GenAI. The data collection method used for this investigation was semi-structured interviews. The Task-Technology Fit (TTF) model was used to evaluate the suitability of GenAI for QR documentation. The results show that "Ease of Use" and "Production timeliness" are GenAI"s greatest strengths. However,other aspects such as "Quality" and "System reliability" showed weaker results. Future research should focus on exploring the broader use of GenAI within agile methodologies and developing comprehensive training programs for the effective use of GenAI.

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  • 18.
    Albertsson, Eric
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Archer, William
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Är bloatwares prestandapåverkan på telefoner märkbar av användare och kan det öka deras benägenhet att köpa en ny mobil?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bloatware är förinstallerade applikationer som i många fall kan vara svåra att avinstallera. Målet med denna studie är att undersöka om bloatware påverkar användarens upplevda prestanda av sin mobiltelefon, samt hur en upplevd försämring av mobilens prestanda påverkar en individs benägenhet att investera i en ny mobiltelefon. Tidigare forskning ger inte en universal definition av prestanda, varpå denna studie sammanställer ett ramverk för prestanda av mobiltelefoner som batteritid, responstid och lagringsutrymme. Begränsat lagringsutrymme, långsam responstid och förkortad batteritid påverkar alla telefonens prestanda negativt. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en enkätundersökning om användares upplevelser med sina mobiltelefoner och resultaten fördjupades med hjälp av versions- och lagringsdata för bloatwareapplikationer och androidtelefoner från en sekundär källa. Studien konkluderar att bloatware påverkar den upplevda prestandan genom batteritid, responstid och lagringsutrymme, samt att detta, framförallt sett till responstid, leder till en ökad benägenhet att investera i en ny mobiltelefon. Bloatware har möjligheten att påverka användares upplevelser och investeringsvilja med sina mobiltelefoner samtidigt som det inte går att fastställa att bloatware är den enda bidragande faktorn till den upplevda prestandaförsämringen.  

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  • 19.
    Aldenheim, Linnea
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Andersson, Mimmi
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Användbarhet - En jämförelse mellan teori och praktik2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability is a concept that many tend to perceive in a misleading way when it comes to devel- opment and evaluating of systems. But what does the concept of usability really mean? This study has examined whether the practical perception of usability corresponds to the image presented in theory. Through Hertzum’s (2010) article on six perspectives of usability, we have accounted for the perspectives contributing to creating an understanding for the meaning of ’usability’. Interviews with usability specialists have constituted our empirical basis, which has been analysed in the light of these perspectives. The result shows a multifaceted view and a number of aspects that affect the work with usability. With this result, we contribute with a practical view of a theorized concept for improved future usability work.

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    Användbarhet
  • 20.
    Algoz, Sara
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Mussa, Amin
    Hur hjälper AI den svenska vården?: Sjuksköterskors uppfattning av AI inom vården2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Artificiell intelligens sprider sig allt mer och mer inom olika arbetsområden. I denna studie har en kvalitativ fallstudie gjorts som behandlar hur sjuksköterskors uppfattning av framtida användandet av AI inom vården kan se ut. Genom att intervjua tre sjuksköterskor, en e-hälsostrateg och en projektledare inom området analyseras även detta empiriska material med hjälp av TAM för att slutligen ta reda på hur sjuksköterskors attityder kring att använda AI i framtiden ser ut. Resultatet av studien visar att sjuksköterskors uppfattning och acceptans av AI inom vården är delad i två områden där ena är icke-beslutsfattande AI och andra, beslutsfattande AI. Resultatet visar alltså hur sjuksköterskors attityd är positiv när det kommer till icke-beslutsfattande AI och mer negativ vid beslutsfattande AI. Detta då sjuksköterskorna anser att den mänskliga kontakten försvinner vid beslutsfattande AI. Det vill säga vid användning av AI-baserade system som behåller patientkontakt och kan besluta om vilken slags vård patienten behöver. Istället menar respondenterna att maskin och människa går bäst hand i hand.

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  • 21.
    Allard, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Cagenius, Eric
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Virtual teams, the new norm?: A study on the effects of becoming a virtual team.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has ensued a wave of work teams making the shift from the office to working entirely virtually. At the centre of this shift are the people. The people are at the heart of any team, and thus this thesis sets out to create a greater understanding of how the leaders and members of three project teams have fared with the shift from working collocated toovirtually. Three interviews consisting of one leader and two team members were conducted per team, totalling nine interviews. The empirical findings were analyzed through the lens of a theoretical framework with a focus on uncovering why, how, and what implications the effects of virtuality have on various team processes. The results show that most challenges pertain to the increased autonomy of team members created by using ICT, and that the role of leadership has been heavily affected with a clear preference for task-focused leadership with relationshipand trust-building not being deemed critical. Multiple team processes have all been affected to a greater or lesser extent, with team members finding themselves having to deal with new requirements being imposed on them as part of the shared leadership that is taking form.

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  • 22.
    Almer, Jasmine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Deskilling as an effect of AI: A group of students’ attitudes towards AI and their worries about deskilling2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate some students of the tech- and psychology industry’s attitudes towards a potential AI use within their workfields and the differences between the two groups. Furthermore, the author investigates to what extent their attitudes change when they learn about and discuss the phenomenon of deskilling as an effect of AI, and what their opinions and worries are connected to deskilling. A qualitative case study is conducted in order to achieve these aims. Eight interviews are conducted with Uppsala University students, both of Information systems and of Psychology. The empirical material and its analysis is inspired by the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) theory and previous research to understand the students’ attitudes toward AI within their work fields, and discuss deskilling as an effect of it. The intended contribution of this study is to increase the understanding and provide richer knowledge of attitudes and opinions regarding AI systems within two working fields, through two groups of students. The findings indicate that there are differences in attitudes both based on two types of AI: AI as support and AI as replacement, and between the two target groups. The findings indicate that the attitudes toward AI as a support system among these students were considered positive partly because of the efficiency it would imply using AI technology as a supportive tool and the areas of improvement it would entail in respective work fields. The attitudes toward AI as a replacement among these students were rather negative because of the lack of responsibility and accountability, reduced patient contact, and the deterioration of innovation. The attitudes between the two target groups differed regarding mainly ethical aspects. The study also indicated a shift in these student’ attitudes towards AI after dicussing deskilling; their attitudes became more negative. Finally, the findings are discussed with ethics and morals within the two professions, and ends with suggested future research connected to the topic.

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    bilaga
  • 23.
    Almgren, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Höjenberg, Klara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Nulägesanalys av informationssäkerheten gällande molntjänster vid svenska universitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler verksamheter väljer att flytta delar av eller hela sin lagring till en molntjänst, en tjänst som tillhandahålls av en extern leverantör över Internet. Det medför en mängd fördelar som bl.a. minskade kostnader och ökad flexibilitet för användarna, men det finns också risker kopplat till att använda molntjänster. I uppsatsen presenteras en rikstäckande nulägesanalys över informationssäkerhetsläget kring användandet av molnlagringstjänster vid Sveriges 14 universitet. Arbetet genomförs som en fallstudie och granskning av universitetens styrdokument samt intervjuer med personal vid några utvalda universitet ligger till grund för analysen.

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    fulltext
  • 24.
    Almqvist, Eliot
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Sandgren, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Hög tid för riskidentifiering: när bank- och försäkringsbolag migrerar sina lokala applikationer till molnet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Banking and insurance companies in the Swedish market are moving away from their traditional local applications and have started the big migration to the cloud. Many difficulties need to be considered and the purpose of this study was therefore to contribute with knowledge about which risks can be identified to the execution of moving local applications to a cloud environment. Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted on respondents in different organizational roles, at different companies, with insight and knowledge of the risks of migration from different perspectives. The material was then analyzed abductively. The study confirms risks identified by previous research and identifies two new risks. Among a total of nine identified risks, risks related to information security, lost access to data, competence, the financial, and legal and regulatory compliance were the most prominent. The study concludes with suggestions for future research.

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    fulltext
  • 25.
    Alnebo, Carl
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Svensson, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Beyond the hype: A study of non-user perspectives2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's rapid technological development in relation with social networks create efficient information flows in everyday life. It creates conditions for so-called "hypes" that are described as an exponentially growing trend of testing a new product. What factors lies behind a hype and how does it affect people that choose to refrain from new technology?

     

    The purpose of this paper is to study the so called non-users, with a case study that concerns the Pokémon GO game and its hype in the summer of 2016. This case study has the intention to highlight the positive and negative aspects of non-users and other thoughts about hype. The study also intends to investigate what the non-users can contribute in technological development and if it's possible to distinguish between users and non-users in today's society.

     

    The case study has been carried out on the basis of two group interviews; a group that abstained from playing and a group that played Pokémon GO during the hype. A number of issues are discussed and linked against a theoretical framework which also has been used in the analysis in this paper. Based on the results of the case study it appears that nostalgia was a major factor in the hype, many had prior knowledge of the concept and was triggered by it. Nostalgia was also a factor that lead people to refrain from the hype. The game did not meet up to everyone’s expectations regarding the functionality which existed earlier in Pokémon but not now.  It also emerged that the social environment affects both users and non-users in several ways. The investigation of the case study showed that non-users often had to wait for players due to different reasons. This could be while on walks with the player or that users could completely block roads. To be able completely separating non-users and users is complex as the real world is used as the platform of the game. Both previous studies and this paper demonstrates how important it can be to understand non-users. They have the opportunity to present an overall perspective of a product that users might condone. In summary, the future will become more complex in the area, especially with new technologies that make the real world a game field.

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  • 26.
    Amid, Shirin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Landgren, Sara
    Ur slutanvändarnas perspektiv: Införandet av ett hälsoinformationssystem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Andersson, Aron
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Blomberg, Christoffer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Faktorer som påverkar uppfattningar av en lärplattforms användbarhet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 28.
    Andersson, Ebba
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Graw, Hanna
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Dark Patterns i klädindustrin: En intervju- och observationsstudie av unga användares uppfattning2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital clothes shopping is a growing industry which has become an increasingly significant part of life for more and more people, including many young people. This however leaves many young users vulnerable to dark patterns which are significantly employed by clothing companies to manipulate users into buying more than they might have originally planned to. Studies of dark patterns are, however, still relatively limited, especially qualitative studies focusing on digital clothes shopping and young users. The purpose of this study is thus investigating how young users between the ages of 20-25 years old are affected by dark patterns and which dark patterns they are the most heavily affected by. A qualitative survey with semistructured interviews and observations inspired by moderated user testing was conducted. In total, eleven dark patterns were investigated, of which four were investigated through observations and interviews and the other seven through interviews only. The results indicate that dark patterns have a negative effect on young users and that certain dark patterns, such as sneak into basket, are more negatively perceived and others, such as social proof, are considered more acceptable. The participants are also more aware of certain dark patterns, such as nagging, while others, such as trick question, are described as more deceptive and harder to detect. To counteract these negative effects, there is a need for further studies and updated legislation to protect users online. 

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  • 29.
    Andersson, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Morals, ethics, and trust: correctional officers' view of AI implementation: A study of the effects of ethical and moral values on trust and artificial implementation within the Swedish Prison and Probation service2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of AI  within the judicial field has  seen an increase in recent years,  and  the implementation of AI brings with it a new set of ethical and moral dilemmas that affect the field as well as the individuals working there. This study explores the moral and ethical values of correctional officers  within  the  Swedish  Prison  and  Probation service and  how their values, together  with trust  in  AI,  affect  their  perception  of a future  AI implementation.  This study conceptualizes AI as an emerging technology that has the potential to alter what it means to be a correctional officer and to transform the structure of a prison as a workplace. To answer these questions,  a mixed approach case study was performed at the  Swedish  Prison and  Probation service.   

    The study found that the correctional  officers’ imaginings of AI varied, ranging from simple translation systems to complex androids.  The correctional officers saw  AI  as an emerging technology with the potential to reduce the hierarchical structures of the workplace and disrupt the meaning of the correctional officer, reducing the role of the correctional officer to a prison guard. Lastly, the study concluded that the values of the correctional officers could  either act as enabling or preventive against  specific AI implementations depending on the need for allowing intrinsic human values to manifest in the work activities, both in general trust and trust in specific AI applications.   

    The author further discusses  the lens of judicial AI for exploring  the  Swedish  Prison and Probation service and examines the utilization of trust for  understanding  AI implementation. Further research in both AI and trust as a theoretical framework is called for.  

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    Master Thesis
  • 30.
    Andersson, Hampus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Sandström, Johan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Effektmått vid jämförelse avanvändbarhetsutvärderingsmetoder: En systematisk litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability is a key concept within the area of Human-Computer Interaction. A system that exhibits usability, or usable characteristics, could potentially be well-liked and utilized extensively by its intended user base. To determine the usability of a system, said system is often evaluated by the means of usability evaluation methods (UEMs). UEMs consist of a wide variety of methods - some of which include actual end-users of the system, some instead relying on the expertise of Human-Computer Interaction professionals - with the common goal of measuring usability. Despite this common goal, the measurements used - so-called metrics or criteria - vary, which can also be said when comparing the effectiveness of evaluation methods. The aim of this thesis is to examine the effectivity measures that are utilized when comparing UEMs in academic literature ranging from 2015 until today (early-mid 2021). This is accomplished by the means of a systematic literature review in line with Okoli’s (2015) recommendations for such an undertaking. The findings suggest that the effectivity measures used to compare UEMs relate to four main aspects, namely: usability problems, user performance, evaluation participants, and evaluation execution. Effectivity measures relating to usability problems appear to be used to the greatest extent - irrespective of what UEMs are compared -, whereas user performance and evaluation participants seem to be considered mainly when the comparison is centered on different types of user-based evaluation methods. Comparison of evaluation execution - such as time taken to complete the evaluation, as well as cost thereof - saw the least amount of use, which is a bit surprising due to the fact that temporal and monetary aspects of a UEM should be important to consider when choosing an appropriate evaluation method.

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  • 31.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Emmerik, Anton
    Att inleda ett arbete med CRO inom webbutvecklingsföretag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 32.
    Andersson, Joakim
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Andersson, Patrik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Datorsäkerhet med fokus på malware ur en students perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Malware, eller skadlig kod, utgör en del av vår vardag utan att de flesta egentligen

    vet om det. Majoriteten av alla studenter i Sverige använder sig idag utav datorer

    och detta gör även att många av dessa studenter riskerar att exponeras för skadlig

    kod. Vi har med hjälp av en kvantitativ undersökning tagit reda på hur mycket

    studenterna på Uppsala universitet kan om skadlig kod genom en

    enkätundersökning.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Johan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Kjerrman, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Patient Empowerment and User Experience in eHealth Services: A Design-Oriented Study of eHealth Services in Uppsala County Council2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In November 2012 Uppsala County Council (UCC) introduced an eHealth service, ‘My Health Record’, that gives all inhabitants over age 18 in Uppsala County access to their health records online. However, this service has not been evaluated before this study. We conducted an interview study, based on User Experience (UX) and Patient empowerment, with users of ‘My Health Record’ to get their opinions, and to see if and how the service can be improved. Our findings shows that the users are positive to the service and the aspects that can be improved mostly concern information and communication. Based on these results, we propose design principles as well as concrete design proposals which can be useful for re-designing the service as well as inspiration for similar projects. Additionally, an interesting finding is that the interviewees had very few opinions and complains on the actual interface, which could mean that the content (the health record) is so interesting that the interface becomes almost “invisible”. A conclusion we make is that UX and Patient empowerment is a good fit for each other, and that UX has advantages over traditional usability in services like this. 

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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Andersson, Ludvig
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Felin, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    AI inom vårdrådgivning: En attitydanalys på 1177 Vårdguidens sjuksköterskor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial intelligence is a technology that is becoming increasingly common in a number of fields, not least in order to streamline. In Sweden criticism has been directed at the healthcare industry and the long queues that overburden it. The study aims to investigate AI's potential in the healthcare industry in general and 1177 Vårdguiden in particular. Through an attitude analysis based on four interviews with 1177 Vårdguiden nurses, the survey concludes that AI has some potential in terms of administrative matters. When it comes to care-related cases, the attitude towards AI is more negative and its potential is not believed to be sufficient in order to replace the human factor.

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    fulltext
  • 35.
    Andersson, Markus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Vilmusenaho, Viktor
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Vem använder lösenordshanterare?: En undersökning av demografiska variablers påverkan på användning av lösenordshanterare2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Password managers have been available for a long time, and there has been a lot of research showing that these tools are not commonly used. Their functionality helps the usertobothgenerateandsaveuniqueandstrongpasswordsforeachindividualauthentication online. We conduct a quantitative investigation where we create a survey based on related research and a modified version of the Technology Acceptance Model. The dataforourquantitativeanalysisweregatheredbypublishingasurveyontheplattform Reddit.com. Thisdatawerethereafteranalysedusingstatisticalmethods,whereanumber of statistically significant differences were found. We found that gender, geographic location,amountofuniquepasswordsandcomputerprofiencyallhadsignificanteffects on either the actual system use or on the attitude towards the system. These results are evaluated by relating them to the presented theories and related research.

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    fulltext
  • 36.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Hur studenter ser på videostreaming2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Hellgren, David
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Användbarhetsproblem i open source-projekt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Usability is more prominent now than ever as the competitiveness of software market grows.Mesmerizing functions is not enough if the user doesn’t understand the interface. Open sourcesoftware, software with open source code developed for free modification and redistribution, isgenerally not up to par when it comes to usability. This paper describes which usability factorsis characterizing for usability problems in open source projects and how they relate to theoverall usability. This case study includes the analysis of interviews with main developers anda usability evaluation, based on ten key factors of usability in open source, of two open sourceprojects. It also includes which previous general issues considering usability in open sourcethat’s still an issue. The result of the study shows that usability issues in open source projectsis characterized by usability knowledge, usability testing and the capability of a software toenable the user to learn how to use it. These factors are related to the usability of the projectbased on the developer’ way of working with usability, previous experiences with handlingusability and the amount of user feedback for the project. The previous general usability issuesis still a part of the open source community except for the developers’ ability to communicatewith the end users.

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    fulltext
  • 38.
    Andersson, Stefan
    Uppsala University, University Library.
    När Digitala vetenskapliga arkivet blev DiVA2012In: I lag med böcker: Festskrift till Ulf Göranson / [ed] Krister Östlund, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012, p. 15-29Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    DiVA, Digitala vetenskapliga arkivet, är ett publiceringssystem för forskningspublikationer och studentuppsatser och ett digitalt arkiv för långsiktigt bevarande av publikationer. Uppsatsen beskriver utvecklingen av systemet vid Enheten för digital publicering på Uppsala universitetsbibliotek under de första åren i början av 2000-talet.

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  • 39.
    Andrei, Arratia-Falcon
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Prioritering av icke-funktionella krav i praktiken: Ur ett agilt perspektiv2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Requirements management is an important part of the software development process. The success of a project may depend on how this is handled. Even though several research studies indicates that more attention should be paid on non-functional requirements, the primary focus in practical projects still regards identifying functional requirements. Especially the prioritization of the non-functional requirements has been proven to be of great importance for the success of a project.

    This report investigates basics in agile requirements management involving opinions from experts from a software development company. This is done with help of existing literature and interviews with key actors involved in prioritization at the company. I investigate prioritization of non-functional requirements and possibilities for agile project development. The results contribute to developing an overall understanding of the agile way of working.

    The methodology of this report follows a qualitative approach. It is based on secondary data from literature and documents, but also on data collected via interviews.

    The results are acknowledging earlier findings from the literature and illustrate with examples actual prioritization of non-functional requirements, and how and why prioritization is a complex activity at a company. However, according to one of the most important findings of this study, the strict use of prioritization techniques is not the most urgent necessity for the success of a project.

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  • 40.
    Annersten, Hedvig
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Hagner, Annika
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    En analys av storbankers informationssäkerhetsarbete2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författare: Annika Hagner, Hedvig AnnerstenSyfte: Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka och analysera hur bankverksamheter har struktureratsinainformationssäkerhetsarbete. Datainsamlingen har skett genom intervjuer hos tvåstorbanker och det har resulterat i kvalitativ data som belyser riskbedömning, hur arbetet efteren säkerhetspolicy sker samt hur de strukturerat informationssäkerhetsarbetet gällande rutinersom storbankerna arbetar utefter samt hur organisationsstrukturen ser ut. Utifrån ett ramverkav paradigmen kommer det ske en analys som syftar till att ta reda på vilket sätt storbankernaarbetar med informationssäkerheten på.Metod: Metoden som användes var två semistrukturerade intervjuer med två storbanker ochforskningsstrategin som användes hade inslag av en fallstudie.Resultat: Studien resulterar i att storbankerna präglar sina verksamheter utifrån ettfunktionalistiskt paradigm interpretivistiska inslag.

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    fulltext
  • 41.
    Antman, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Svensson, Adam
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Extreme Programming för två utvecklare: Problem vid implementering2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många utvecklingsprojekt inom IT misslyckas med att leverera det som efterfrågas. För att lösa detta problem har ett antal utvecklingsmetoder skapats. En av dessa metoder är Extreme Programming. Extreme Programming består av tre delar: värderingar, principer samt praktiker. Syftet med denna studie är att studera vilka problem som kan uppstå när Extreme Programming tillämpas av ett arbetslag om två utvecklare. För att undersöka vilka problem som uppstår vid implementering av Extreme Programming för ett arbetslag om två utvecklare utvecklades en webbsida. Resultatet från denna studie visar att Extreme Programming går att implementera för ett arbetslag om två utvecklare, men med två problem. Det första problemet som uppstår är att utvecklarna som ingår i arbetslaget måste erhålla kompetens inom flera verksamhetsfält jämfört med situationen för ett större arbetslag. Det andra problemet är att få perspektiv existerar på hur problem ska lösas jämfört med hur det ser ut för ett större arbetslag.

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    XP42D
  • 42.
    Apelthun, Henrietta
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Health data sharing and privacy among older people using smartwatches2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smartwatches can collect health data, location data and other sensitive information about users, and privacy concerns arise. This thesis aimed to investigate how older people (50-80 years old) in Sweden behave when it comes to privacy and health data. The data were analyzed according to the privacy paradox, which describes the discrepancy between how people behave and how they intend to behave in relation to risk and trust. The research approach was qualitative, and twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted. The interviews were coded and thematized following the chosen theory. Among the twelve participants in the study, a majority did not see, understand, or behave consciously towards the risks of sharing health data. Instead, trust was related to both the disclosure behavior and the intentional behavior among several of the participants in this study. This study indicates that for some of the participants, there are also other factors that determine their behavior, and the privacy paradox alone is not complete. Four of the findings when it comes to participants' behavior towards their health data and privacy were: trust-based decisions, lack of knowledge, low value of personal data, and value benefits more than privacy. Among several of the participants in this study, when trust towards an actor increase, the participant’s risk awareness decreases. It can be discussed whether the participants in the study value the opportunities more than the risks, and this impacts their behavior. Most of the participants think that sharing location data infringes more on their privacy than sharing health data, and self-education might be a reason the behavior and the level of privacy differ among the participants. 

  • 43.
    Apelthun, Henrietta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Anni, Töyrä
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Hälsodata & smartklockor: En användarundersökning om medvetenhet och attityd2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital technology and the increasing digitalization that is constantly evolving worldwide means that structures in our society and our way of living are changing, when large amounts of data are being collected. Sweden is among the leading countries in the world when it comes to the use of new technology and every other swede has at least one connected device. Smartwatches have risen in popularity in recent years and provide many opportunities for the collection of health data, which for the users may lead to privacy problems. The purpose of this thesis is to research the attitudes of students (20-30 years old) using smartwatches based on the theory of the privacy paradox. The theory of the privacy paradox explores the relationship between the user’s behavioral intention based on the risks and their actual behavior based on trust. To fulfill the purpose the researchers conducted five qualitative interviews. The authors then analyzed the answers about how students relate to risk, trust, privacy and their awareness of sharing health data. It turned out that the students were optimistic about data sharing but the view of privacy differed. Risk was something that they said was taken into account but when the students actual decisions were made, such as downloading an application, the outcome was based on trust.

  • 44.
    Appelquist, Niklas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Karlsson, Emelia
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Kan en bättre prediktion uppnås genom en kategorispecifik modell?: Teknologiprojekt på Kickstarter och maskininlärning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding is used to collect money via internet for potential projects through a large number of backers which contribute with small pledges. Kickstarter is one of the largest crowdfunding platforms today. Despite the big interest in crowdfunding a lot of launched campaigns fail to reach their goal and projects of the category technology shows the largest rate of failure on Kickstarter. Therefore, it is important to be able to predict which campaigns are likely to succeed or fail. This thesis aims to explore the possibility of reaching a higher accuracy when predicting the success of launched projects with machine learning with a smaller amount of category-specific data. The data consists om 192 548 launched projects on Kickstarter and has been collected through Kaggle.com. Two models of the type Random Forest has been developed where one model has been trained with general data over all projects and one model has been trained with category specific data over technology projects. The results show that the technology model show a higher accuracy rate with 68,37 % compared to the reference model with 68,00 %.

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  • 45.
    Aqeel, Muhammad
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Internet of Things: Systematic literature review of security and future research2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of billions of devices, people and services to

    Interconnect and exchange information and useful data. The IoT applications are highly affirming to increase the level of comfort, efficiency and automations for the user. The high level of security and privacy, authentication and recovery from the attacks is required to implement IoT automated world. In this thesis I am presenting an overview of IoT layer architecture and attacks regarding security from the layer’s perspective. In addition, this thesis will provide an overview to solve the security and privacy threats. Furthermore, this paper discusses the current state of research on IoT security requirements and future research directions with respect to IoT security and privacy, a detailed review of the security challenges and sources of threat in the IoT applications is presented. Finally, this thesis presents the security issues, various emerging and existing technologies focused on achieving a high degree of trust in the IoT applications.

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  • 46.
    Arabaci, Okan
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control.
    Blockchain consensus mechanisms: the case of natural disasters2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Blockchain is described as a trustworthy distributed service for parties that do not fully trust each other. It enables business transactions to be handled without a third party or central governance. For this distributed and concurrent communication to work, a consensus mechanism needs to be implemented into the blockchain protocol. This mechanism will dictate how and when new blocks can be added and in some cases, by whom.

    The medical industry suffers from many informational inefficiencies. Data is scattered across many different databases and the lack of coordination often results in mishandling of the data. This is especially clear when a natural disaster hits and time is of the essence.

    The purpose of this thesis is to assess how much a blockchain solution and its consensus mechanism can resist unusual behavior before they behave erratically. This involves analyzing design parameters and translating parameters from a disaster into a simulation to run tests. Overall, this thesis will explore if blockchain is a compatible solution to the difficulties in natural disaster response. This was obtained by conducting a qualitative study and developing a prototype and simulating disaster parameters in the prototype blockchain network. A set of test cases was created.

    The results show that the resilience differs significantly depending on consensus mechanism. Key parameters include consensus finality, scalability, byzantine tolerance, performance and blockchain type. Blockchain is well suited to handle typical challenges in natural disaster response: it results in faster allocation of medical care and more accurate information collection, as well as in a system which allows seamlessly for the integration of external organizations in the blockchain network. 

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  • 47.
    Aretakis, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Svedenman, Isak
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media.
    Effekter för sjukvårdspersonal efter införandet av Min journal via nätet i Uppsala län: En interpretativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att fler e-hälsotjänster växer fram har man genom att göra journaler på nätet tillgängliga för patienter velat öka patientdelaktigheten i vården. E-hälsotjänsten Min journal via nätetplaneras att införas med tillgång för alla patienter i Sverige och Uppsala län har varit pilotlän - här blev det tillgängligt i november 2012. Innan införandet fanns både negativa och positiva förväntningar hos personal som arbetar i landstingets tjänst.

    Denna studie har syftat till att ta reda på vilka upplevda effekter på arbetsrutiner samt arbetsbelastning Min journal via nätet givit för sjukvårdspersonalen.

    Vi intervjuade fem sjuksköterskor och fem läkare under hösten 2015. Resultatet antyder på en förändring i hur sjuksköterskor och läkare dokumenterar, men ingen tydlig påverkan i patientkontakten eller arbetsbelastning har framkommit.

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  • 48.
    Armijo Gustafsson, Robert
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Ali, Samer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Diabetessjuksköterskans syn på e-Hälsa och kroppsnära teknik: En studie i användbarhet och påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion. Större mängd tekniska lösningar tillkommer ständigt diabetessjuksköterskans arbetsplats. Deras arbetsroll har utvecklats genom tiden och får nu även en roll som teknisk förmedlare till patienten. Detta ställer högre krav på sjuksköterskan att ha tillräckligt med kunskap om diverse e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära tekniker med en utbildningsform som inte hänger med. Syfte. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur diabetessjuksköterskan påverkas av e-hälsosystem och kroppsnära teknik och hur de uppfattar användbarheten i systemen. Metod. En empirisk studie utfördes och sex diabetessjuksköterskor intervjuades på ett semistrukturerat sätt. Resultat. Resultatet visar att diabetessjuksköterskan arbetsuppgifter påverkas av e-hälsosystem och de tekniska lösningar som har tillkommit deras yrke. Användbarheten i majoriteten av systemen som används är bristfällig och utbildning i diverse system är begränsad. Konklusion. Diabetessjuksköterskan måste börja få vara mer delaktig i utvecklingen och implementationen av diverse tekniker som ska vara en del av arbetsuppgifterna. Samt måste tillräckligt med utbildning införas för att de tekniska lösningarna ska ha en god påverkan på sjuksköterskans arbetsroll och bättre användbarhet kan uppnås.

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  • 49.
    Arntsen, Hilde
    et al.
    University of Bergen.
    Ekström, Ylva
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Media and Communication Studies.
    Finding One’s Feet in Modernity: Young Women and the Global Media in Dar es Salaam and Harare2014In: Culture & The Contemporary African: A Festschrift for Mai Palmberg / [ed] Taiwo Oloruntoba-Oju; Kirsten Holst Petersen, Recito Publishing House in cooperation with Nordiska Afrikainstitutet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Arwén, David
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    Rydman, Melker
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Informatics and Media, Information Systems.
    AI inom kreativa processer: Möjligheter och utmaningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Artificiell intelligens blir allt mer vanligt inom fler och fler områden. Ett område där tekniken är relativt ny är inom kreativa processer och kreativa områden. Detta arbete är en kvalitativ studie av explorativ karaktär, som undersöker hur AI kan användas inom dessa kreativa processer samt vilka möjligheter och utmaningar som uppkommer av det.

    Tre intervjuer har genomförts med personer som har god och aktuell kunskap inom ämnet. Det insamlade materialet har sedan analyserats med den kreativa processen som ramverk. Resultatet visar att AI i vissa steg av processen kan användas, dels för att underlätta men också för att effektivisera densamma. I andra steg har utvecklingen av AI inte kommit tillräckligt långt för att bidra med något värde eller erbjuda någonting som utvecklar eller gör processen lättare. Vidare har resultatet visat att inställningen till användandet kan bli en avgörande faktor för fortsatt utveckling och användning, men även att möjligheterna är fler än utmaningarna.

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