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  • 1.
    Ibrayeva, Anar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Dynamic Modeling of a Generator With Anisotropic Nonlinear Permanent Magnets in Finite Element Method Software2023In: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, ISSN 0018-9464, E-ISSN 1941-0069, Vol. 59, no 9, article id 7401308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, a method of dynamic modeling of nonlinear permanent magnets (PMs) with recoil lines in 2-D finite element analysis (FEA) software was presented. COMSOL Multiphysics 6.0 FEA software was used in this study. The method is implemented through the variable utilities. The simulation results of a spoke-type synchronous generator for a wind turbine with anisotropic aluminum-nickel-cobalt (Alnico) 5, 8B, and 9 grades were used to exemplify the model and compared. The proposed methodology can be used for the simulation of nonlinear PMs with recoil lines and includes reversible and irreversible losses of magnetization of nonlinear PMs. The effect of the magnetic field from the stator winding on nonlinear PMs during normal operation and short circuits was studied. The modeling results were compared to the model without any demagnetization and a previous study with recoil lines and averaged minimum magnetic flux points. The no-load (NL) voltages were compared before and after a demagnetization. The dynamic model showed considerable demagnetization of Alnico magnets during normal operational and three-phase short circuits. Alnico 5 and 9 showed higher sensitivity to short-circuit currents and the short-circuit currents caused remagnetization of the upper part of the magnet in the opposite direction. The anisotropy of the PM implemented in the model improved the magnetic field simulation inside the magnet and partially protected the magnet from demagnetization by inclined fields. At last, the method was experimentally verified by tests on an iron core.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Ibrayeva, Anar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Lind, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Silva, Marcelo D.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Ghorai, Sagar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Physics.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Measurement and Modelling of Hysteresis Curves for Nonlinear Permanent Magnets at Different Inclination Angles2023In: 2023 IEEE International Magnetic Conference (INTERMAG), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the measurement results of the BH/MH curves of the Alnico 8 (LNGT40) with recoil loops and a mathematical model for the calculation of the average magnetic flux density in a cubic permanent magnet. The measurements were performed with a Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The magnet samples have a cubic shape with 3 mm sides. BH curves in preferred (easy) and transverse directions and recoil loops were measured and compared to Alnico 9 (LNGT72) as well as to the data from the supplier. The load line of the cubic magnet in 0 A/m applied magnetic field was found. A mathematical model was developed which can approximate the MH a curve for an applied field with an arbitrarily chosen angle between the field and easy axis, given MH a curves for 0o and 90o. Also, a simplified general model of a cubic permanent magnet in the air and calculation results of stored energy and hysteresis losses were presented.

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    INTERMAG2023
  • 3.
    Ibrayeva, Anar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Lopez, Fausto
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Modelling of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator with Non-linear Magnets2021In: 2021 22nd IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT), IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2021, p. 209-214Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper simulation results of a spoke-type synchronous generator for a wind turbine with three different grades of Alnico magnets were presented. COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4 finite element analysis (FEA) based software was used. The proposed model was used for simulation of a synchronous generator with non-linear Alnico magnets with recoil-lines with some approximations and can be used for modelling electrical machines with other non-linear permanent magnets. The geometry of the machines was kept fixed for all scenarios. The model takes into account the irreversible loss of magnetization of non-linear permanent magnets due to the magnetic field from the stator winding during normal operation and short circuit. Modelling results show that Alnico 5 (ArKomax800) magnets have the lowest output power, but they are the least sensitive to change of the load. The generator with Alnico 8 permanent magnets have the highest output power, is good at handling the nominal load but the most sensitive to short circuits. Alnico 9 magnets could be an option if the risk for short circuits is accounted for.

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    fulltext
  • 4.
    Kontos, Sofia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Physics.
    Ibrayeva, Anar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Leijon, Jennifer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Mörée, Gustav
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Frost, Anna E.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Schönström, Linus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
    Gunnarsson, Klas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Physics.
    Svedlindh, Peter
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Physics.
    Leijon, Mats
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity. Division of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    An Overview of MnAl Permanent Magnets with a Study on Their Potential in Electrical Machines2020In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 13, no 21, article id 5549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, hard magnetic materials for future use in electrical machines are discussed. Commercialized permanent magnets used today are presented and new magnets are reviewed shortly. Specifically, the magnetic MnAl compound is investigated as a potential material for future generator designs. Experimental results of synthesized MnAl, carbon-doped MnAl and calculated values for MnAl are compared regarding their energy products. The results show that the experimental energy products are far from the theoretically calculated values with ideal conditions due to microstructure-related reasons. The performance of MnAl in a future permanent magnet (PM) generator is investigated with COMSOL, assuming ideal conditions. Simplifications, such as using an ideal hysteresis loop based on measured and calculated saturation magnetization values were done for the COMSOL simulation. The results are compared to those for a ferrite magnet and an NdFeB magnet. For an ideal MnAl hysteresis loop, it would be possible to replace ferrite with MnAl, with a reduced weight compared to ferrite. In conclusion, future work for simulations with assumptions and results closer to reality is suggested.

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    fulltext
  • 5.
    Silva, Marcelo D.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Lind, Emil
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Ibrayeva, Anar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Ghorai, Sagar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Solid State Physics.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Model for Angular Dependency of the Intrinsic Coercivity of Ferrite Permanent Magnets2023In: 2023 IEEE International Magnetic Conference, INTERMAG, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In internal permanent magnet synchronous machines (IPMSM), the use of ferrite permanent magnets is being studied as an alternative to rare-earth elements-based permanent magnets, such as NdFeB. However, demagnetization measurements of ferrite magnets are rarely published and such information is crucial for an efficient electrical machine design with ferrite magnets. In this paper, we present measurements of partial demagnetization on ferrite permanent magnets subject to inclined external magnetic fields. From the measurements done, mathematical models are developed for Y30 and Y40 samples that defines a relationship between the intrinsic coercivity and the inclination of the external demagnetizing field. Furthermore, from the primary results, the angular dependency of hysteresis losses and relative permeability are also explored, as well as their impact on the design of IPMSM.

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    fulltext
  • 6.
    Westerberg, Anar
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Boggavarapu, Sai Ram
    Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad, Karnataka 580011, India.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electricity.
    Anisotropic Model of Nonlinear Permanent Magnets in Finite Element Method SoftwareManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
1 - 6 of 6
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