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  • 1.
    Hällzon, Patrick
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Languages of healing: Theories, practice and terminology within Eastern Turki medicine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries2022Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Medical practices in Eastern Turkestan consisted of a number of components that are not easily identifiable, constituting a highly pluralistic medical field defined by several overlapping traditions, of which Graeco-Islamic medicine played one part while the others, including Western medicine, also played important and/or complementary roles. It can be defined as a diverse but still coherent medical tradition closely related to that of adjacent societies, especially Turkic and Muslim, but also shaped by its own specific historical and cultural context. Although there is plenty of source material available in the form of locally produced medical manuscripts, this field, especially with regard to Turkic sources, remains under-researched. This thesis examines how illness and health was understood and managed in Eastern Turkestan in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In order to reach a wider understanding of the field, it uses an interdisciplinary approach based on philological and Turkological tradition, as well as other disciplines such as medical anthropology. To obtain a broad interpretation, the research has been conducted using a combination of local sources, such as medical manuscripts and oral literature, and Western documentation in the form of travelogues and missionary reports. A closer examination reveals that the Eastern Turki medical manuscripts researched in this thesis are of a heterogeneous character in terms of both scope and content. Some are explicitly devoted to medicine, while others are of a more mixed nature, containing elements of poetry and aspects we can also find in folklore and local history. Many of the primary sources consulted mention personages connected to Greek philosophy and history, alongside famous personages within Muslim lore. There are also frequent references to religious matters, leading to the conclusion that all of these components constituted important elements of Turki medical lore. Besides discussing the characteristics of the texts on a broad level, the thesis contains a large section dedicated to materia medica discussing commonly used products in medicines, their preparation and usage. The thesis also discusses the wide range of medical professionals present in the area and the various types of treatment they offered. The Eastern Turki material demonstrates that people in Eastern Turkestan resorted to different strategies in their health-enhancing endeavors. A multitude of approaches existed to prevent illness, uncover its cause, and treat it most effectively. While some therapies in Eastern Turkestan were largely based on humoral concepts, including dietary prescriptions, massage, bloodletting, venesection, diuresis and so forth, great emphasis was also placed on the efficacy of the Qur’an, the utilization of different prayers and amulets, soothsaying and pilgrimage to holy shrines.

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  • 2.
    Ims, Gunvald
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Språkvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Conflicted Selves: Ironic Representations of Westernization in Three Twentieth-century Turkish Novels2020Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    For over a century, a dichotomous East–West debate has influenced conceptions of Turkish literature, threatening to reduce single works to products of westernization. This study critically reviews this discourse by investigating how it is addressed through irony in three novels from a period of forty years of the late 20th century: Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’s Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü (The Time Regulation Institute, 1961), Adalet Ağaoğlu’s Ölmeye Yatmak (Lying Down To Die, 1973), and Orhan Pamuk’s Yeni Hayat (The New Life, 1994).

    This investigation examines how these novels participate in the discourse of westernization and the role of irony in them. The term “discourse” is used in its Foucauldian sense of “a limited number of statements that belong to a single system of formation,” while irony is understood according to Linda Hutcheon, as a discursive practice that signals “difference at the heart of similarity.”

    This study combines contextualization and close reading. The analysis of each novel is preceded by the presentation of, firstly, a theoretical framework concerning irony, discourse, and westernization and, secondly, background for interpreting irony, westernization, and literary periods in a Turkish context as well as overviews of the three authorships and prior reception.

    Guided by Hutcheon’s description of “the cutting edge of irony” and Wayne Booth’s caution about knowing “where to stop” the investigation illustrates how westernization is represented through irony in these novels. It shows how first-person narration plays a crucial role in subverting the discourse of westernization through the narratives of self-reflective individuals. The study concludes that these novels disrupt the discourse of westernization by undermining its dichotomous tenets; in doing so, they also reveal how the Turkish discourse of westernization, while undergoing significant transformations, is sustained at the cost of suppressing individual voices.

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  • 3.
    Johanson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Aspekt im Türkischen: Vorstudien zu einer Beschreibung des türkeitürkischen Aspektsystems1971Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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