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  • 201.
    Ahlén, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Managing migration in modern welfare states: Essays on the development, causes, and effects of policies regulating family immigration2022Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Being the main channel of migration into advanced industrial democracies, family migration has been the subject of increasing contestation in political debate. While previous studies have noted that many OECD countries have introduced more restrictive policies on family immigration during the last few decades, we still know little about how cross-country policy configurations in this area have evolved and varied over time, or about how policies affect inflows and why they differ between countries. This dissertation addresses these research gaps by presenting a set of integrated analyses of variations and changes in family-immigration policies across periods and countries.

    Essay I presents a typology for analysing policy configurations and changes therein. It finds that admission policies on average became more restrictive over time, although there were some notable exceptions. Uncovering patterns of congruence and deviation in a more detailed way than previous research has done, this paper qualifies previous expectations about convergence, a ‘race to the bottom’, and a ‘civic turn’ in family-immigration policies. Essay II develops and tests different theories of what causes policy changes. It finds that the restrictive effects of certain risk factors on family-immigration policies, such as growing immigration and worsening economic distress, have been conditioned by the type of welfare regime. Essay III investigates whether and how much family-immigration policies have influenced patterns of family immigration in European states. While restrictive admission policies have led to falling overall levels of family immigration, the analysis reveals stratifying implications, whereby the effect have been greater where the sponsor is a non-EU citizen than where he/she is an EU citizen.

    With its three-stage approach, this thesis contributes to the study of comparative migration policies. It presents new findings on the interplay between welfare states and migration policies, on the methods with which states regulate international migration, and on the differential impact of different policies on the size and composition of migrant inflows. It also adds insights on increasingly conditional forms of migration management in modern welfare states.

    List of papers
    1. Development Trends in Family-Immigration Policies in Europe: Convergence, a ‘Race to the Bottom’, or a ‘Civic Turn’?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development Trends in Family-Immigration Policies in Europe: Convergence, a ‘Race to the Bottom’, or a ‘Civic Turn’?
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies of family-migration policy have pointed to growing policy restrictiveness in European countries, seen as related to broader trends in policies on migration and the integration of immigrants (such as convergence, a ‘race to the bottom’, or a ‘civic turn’). Still, no comprehensive cross-country comparison has so far been done that accounts for the varying policy configurations and differing levels of conditionality integral to family-immigration policies. This paper presents a typology for analysing policy configurations and changes therein, based on a two-dimensional conceptualization that distinguishes between eligibility criteria (EC) and qualifying conditions (QC). Analysing different policy changes, variations, and configurations, the paper maps how admission policies developed across 20 European countries between 1990 and 2010. The results show that admission policies on average became more restrictive over time, although there were some notable exceptions. The trend was towards reduced variation in both EC and QC. However, my analysis reveals substantial differences in the policy configurations of different countries; some policy changes go against the common trend. Uncovering patterns of congruence and deviation in a more detailed way than previous research has done, this paper challenges expectations about convergence, a ‘race to the bottom’, and a ‘civic turn’ in family-immigration policies and suggests that these expectations need to be qualified.

    Keywords
    Family-immigration policies, Eligibility criteria, Qualifying conditions, Policy configurations, Convergence, ‘Race to the bottom’, ‘Civic turn’
    National Category
    Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-479589 (URN)
    Available from: 2022-07-01 Created: 2022-07-01 Last updated: 2022-07-01
    2. A Progressive Dilemma?: Investigating cross-country variations in family-immigration policies through the lens of welfare-state regimes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Progressive Dilemma?: Investigating cross-country variations in family-immigration policies through the lens of welfare-state regimes
    2023 (English)In: Political Research Exchange, E-ISSN 2474-736X, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 2249976Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of a ‘progressive dilemma’, according to which there is an intrinsic tension between comprehensive welfare states and large-scale immigration, has figured prominently in scholarly as well as political debates over the last decade. As one of the main categories of entry in most affluent democracies, family immigration stands out as a particularly interesting test case in this context. Building on this notion of a progressive dilemma, as well as on other theorizing on the welfare-migration nexus, this study examines whether the restrictive effects of certain risk factors on family-immigration policies, such as growing immigration and rising unemployment, have been conditioned by the type of welfare regime. The empirical analysis herein finds that increasing immigration and higher unemployment have triggered policy restrictions in Basic Security welfare states, but that the influence of these factors on policy changes is less clear in State Corporatist and Universal welfare states. Contrary to what the idea of the progressive dilemma would lead us to expect, Basic Security welfare states with weaker universal and redistributive features have been more likely to sharpen restrictions on the admission of family migrants when under pressure from increasing immigration and rising unemployment.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2023
    Keywords
    Family-immigration policies, Welfare-state regimes, Progressive dilemma, Unemployment, Immigration
    National Category
    Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-479621 (URN)10.1080/2474736x.2023.2249976 (DOI)001055219500001 ()
    Available from: 2022-07-01 Created: 2022-07-01 Last updated: 2024-02-23Bibliographically approved
    3. A Stratified Right to Family (Re)Unification: Evidence on the Differential Effects of Admission Policies on Rates of Family Immigration in European states, 2008–2019
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Stratified Right to Family (Re)Unification: Evidence on the Differential Effects of Admission Policies on Rates of Family Immigration in European states, 2008–2019
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether and how much family-immigration policies have influenced patterns of family immigration in European states. Family immigration has been the largest category of entry in many Western countries in recent decades, and it has been the subject of increasing contestation in political debates. While research on family-migration policies has advanced in recent years, no comprehensive cross-country comparisons have been done of the impact of different policies on the size and composition of family-immigrant inflows. This study addresses this gap, by analysing the connection between admission policies and rates of family immigration in 31 European states during the 2008–2019 period. Combining data from Eurostat and the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX), this study uses a time-series regression analysis to assess the effects of admission policies on different types of family-related immigration. While restrictive admission policies have led to falling overall levels of family immigration, the analysis here reveals stratifying implications, whereby the effect have been greater where the sponsor is a non-EU citizen than where he/she is an EU citizen. An interaction analysis, moreover, shows that restrictive admission policies have a greater impact on family-immigration rates in countries with comparatively large immigrant populations. By providing evidence on the differential and conditional impacts of admission policies on family-related immigration, this study contributes new insights on the effects of restrictive immigration policies.

    Keywords
    Family migration, Admission policies, Stratification, European countries, Time-series cross-country analysis
    National Category
    Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-479622 (URN)
    Available from: 2022-07-01 Created: 2022-07-01 Last updated: 2022-07-01
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  • 202.
    Ahlén, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Effects of Admission Policies on Rates of Family Migration in European States, 2008-20192024In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 2-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether and how much family migration policies have influenced patterns of family migration in European states. Family migration has been the largest category of entry in many Western countries in recent decades, and it has been the subject of increasing contestation in political debates. While research on family migration policies has advanced in recent years, no comprehensive cross-country comparisons have been done of the impact of different policies on the size and composition of family migrant inflows. This study addresses this gap by analysing the connection between admission policies and rates of family migration in 31 European states during the 2008 to 2019 period. Combining data from Eurostat and the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX), this study uses a time-series regression analysis to assess the effects of admission policies on different types of family related immigration. While restrictive admission policies have led to falling overall levels of family migration, the analysis here reveals stratifying implications, whereby the effect has been greater where the sponsor is a non-EU citizen than where he/she is an EU citizen. By providing evidence on the differential impacts of admission policies on family related immigration, this study contributes new insights on the effects of restrictive migration policies.

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  • 203.
    Ahlén, Anton
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Boräng, Frida
    University of Gothenburg.
    Immigration Control in Disguise?: Civic Integration Policies and Immigrant Admission2018In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a rapid diffusion of civic integration policies (CIPs) in Europe since the 21st century. The spread of CIPs has, however, been uneven across Europe, with some countries adopting civic integration strategies with tougher integration requirements, whereas others keeping more of a multicultural approach. The implementation of CIPs has mainly been motivated based on concerns about immigrant integration. As discussed in this article, however, an implied function of this policy framework is that immigrants who do not meet the conditions will face difficulties acquiring residence. This article develops and conducts a preliminary test of the argument that CIPs affect migration flows. The assumption is that CIPs provide states with tools to control and limit the inflow of immigration by a certain category of entry. The analysis lends support to the idea that there are connections between the extensions of CIPs and reductions in family immigration and labour immigration among European countries, which indicates that push for internal inclusion seems to come along with barriers of exclusion.

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  • 204.
    Ahlén, Anton
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Migrants' Access to Social Protection in Sweden2020In: Migration and Social Protection in Europe and Beyond (Volume 1): Comparing Access to Welfare Entitlements / [ed] Jean-Michel Lafleur, Daniela Vintila, Springer, 2020, p. 421-435Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the Swedish welfare state has undergone an intensified market orientation and a number of cutbacks since 1990, it has maintained many of its universal characteristics. It still provides all residents with a rather extensive system of benefits from the cradle to the grave. This chapter contributes to a systematic and detailed analysis of eligibility criteria and conditions for accessing social benefits in five core policy areas of the Swedish social security system. As universalism continues to be a cornerstone of the Swedish welfare state, nationality or the immigration status of a person does not condition his/her entitlement to social security benefits. More recently, however, a political debate has emerged regarding immigration and the welfare system, both in terms of the benefit system being a magnet that attracts migrants and concerning the capacity of the system to cope with large-scale immigration. By discussing the main features of the Swedish welfare regime and key patterns and policy developments in the field of migration, the chapter seeks to account for recent developments, trends and directions in the access to social protection for residents, non-national residents and non-resident nationals.

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  • 205.
    Ahmed, Amina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Elfversson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Martha Karua is taking centre stage in Kenya’s elections: what it means for women in politics2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 206. Ahmed, Amina
    et al.
    Elfversson, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Höglund, Kristine
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    The struggle for gender-equal representation: The 2022 election in Kenya2022Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 207.
    Aitomäki, Astrid
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Is help really helping?: A case study on the Gender-Equality in Afghanistan during the years of increased Humanitarian Aid2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The need to save the women of Afghanistan has for years been the focus of multiple

    international organisations, and through humanitarian aid the world has attempted to achieve

    this goal. This paper aims to gain an understanding of what it actually has been like to live, as

    a woman, in Afghanistan during the years of increased humanitarian aid, after the fall of the

    Taliban regime in 2001. To achieve this, the paper is based on the feminist institutionalist

    theory combined with previous research. This paper will focus on gaining an understanding

    of the informal institutions surrounding gender, and also look at empirical data to assess the

    practical implementation of gender-equality on the ground. To understand if or how the

    gender-equality has changed in Afghanistan this paper uses both quantitative and qualitative

    data. The conclusion will show that, even though there is a difficulty in obtaining data from

    Afghanistan, there has been a positive development for gender-equality on the ground and

    that there, however, has been little to no change towards gender-equality within gender norms

    and informal rules.

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  • 208.
    Ajpe, Karina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vedung, Evert
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    Information som styrinstrument: bränsle- och miljödeklaration för nya personbilar1997Report (Other academic)
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  • 209.
    Akill Ali, Refka
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Islamiska staten: En studie av Islamiska staten i förhållande till begreppet stat2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka huruvida Islamiska staten kännetecknar en stat. Detta kommer att undersökas utifrån berättelser från källor som har befunnit sig nära Islamiska statens territorium. Det finns idag olika uppfattningar kring vilka Islamiska staten är och vad de vill – om de endast är en beväpnad politisk rörelse eller en rörelse som har lyckats bygga upp ett territorium med statsliknande organ. De berättelser som kommer att ligga i fokus i denna studie har tagits från tidningen Dabiq som är en av Islamiska statens tidningar, befintliga intervjuer från människor som har befunnit sig inom Islamiska statens territorium men även rapporter från internationella organisationer. Som hjälpmedel har studien valt att utgå från Barry Buzans teori om statsbildning. Denna teori behandlar tre kriterier av vad som utgör en stat; statens idé, statens institutionella uttryck samt statens fysiska bas. Denna teori kommer att fungera som ett verktyg för att granska och sammanställa den empiri som har valts. Studien kommer att utgå från en kvalitativ textanalys där de berättelserna som har valts om Islamiska staten prövas mot begreppet stat såsom det definieras av Barry Buzan. Resultatet visar på att Islamiska staten inte utgör en stat utifrån de berättelser som analyserats.  

  • 210.
    Aksal, Nure
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Etnisk mångfald och social tillit – kan vi ha båda samtidigt?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mainly due to the recent years of large inflow of immigrants to Europe, and not least Sweden, the debate of ethnic diversity has become more intense, and thus so has the debate of social cohesion and social capital. Social trust is part of our social capital, and has also been of interest for several researchers over the years. The development of the literature on trust first had focus on the economic and democratic benefits of trust, but has now taken a turn towards focusing more on the negative effects of ethnic diversity in societies. My research show that ethnic diversity in Uppsala does not directly affect the levels social trust in Uppsala. There are other factors, both in the society at large and personal factors that explain the relation between having another ethnic background than Swedish and trust.

  • 211.
    Al Nashéa, Aram
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Reaction of the U.S. President To the Rise of China: A discourse analysis into the president of the United States’ reaction to China emerging as a competing hegemon.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The U.S. has enjoyed global hegemonic power for over 70 years and even more so

    after the fall of the Soviet Union. However, some political scientists argue that it is

    descending and the evidence lies in the increasing power of China. An imbalance of

    power in the international structure has the ability to result in different outcomes. The

    realist theory suggests that a conflict between the U.S. and China is unavoidable, the

    liberal theory suggests that the economic dependency between the two makes conflict

    less possible, while the constructivist theory suggests that the outcome depends on the

    reaction of the leaders and social change. This study asks what the reaction of the

    President of the U.S. is to the rise of China to find out the result of this hegemonic

    power imbalance. By using discourse analysis, this study has analyzed the remarks of

    President Trump from the period of January 2017 to November 2017 in search of his

    reaction to the rise of China. The results of this study show that President Trump

    divides the world in two parts making the U.S. the protagonist and the rest of the

    world, including China, the antagonist in his discourse as his reaction. Due to this

    reaction, Trump takes nationalistic and protectionist measures against China.

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  • 212.
    Albertsson, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ett förändrat arbete med sexualbrott?: Kan det ökade antalet fällande domar sedan samtyckeslagens införande förklaras av nya arbetssätt och synsätt hos polisen?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish sexual consent legislation was introduced in July 1, 2018. The government bill that the sexual consent law was based on declared that sexual relations should be voluntary and that sexual offences are an expression of disrespect of a person’s sexual integrity. The bill stated that a law based on consent in a more distinct way could meet this need. The purpose of this study is to investigate if the increased number of rape convictions, since the introduction of the law, can be explained by a change in the work with and attitude towards sexual offences by the police. To achieve this, in-depth interviews with policemen have been conducted. The study shows that some parts of the work with and attitude towards sexual offences can be directly connected to the sexual consent legislation. Other parts are indirectly connected, and some parts cannot be connected at all. Overall, it can be said that the changes that are described in this study can in some respects be connected to the sexual consent law. The result therefore suggests that the increased number of rape convictions since the sexual consent law could be explained by a change in the work with and attitude towards sexual offences by the police. 

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  • 213.
    Albertsson, Matilda
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Villkorad representation?: En inblick i den diskriminering ledamöter med utländsk bakgrund utsätts för i sitt riksdagsarbete2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Are all parliamentarians treated equally in their parliamentary work? And do all parliamentarians have equal opportunities to carry out their duties? This study seeks to understand if parliamentarians with a foreign background have equal opportunities to carry out their parliamentary duties and whether this differs between men and women. To achieve this, in-depth interviews with Swedish parliamentarians with a foreign background, have been conducted. The study shows that there are cases of both direct and indirect discrimination against people with a foreign background in the Swedish parliament. Most of the respondents also face direct discrimination and racism on social media that is linked to the legislators' background and/or gender. Male and female respondents do not seem to experience different levels of discrimination. However, the discrimination they experience seems to be different. The study also investigates the strategies used to respond to discrimination. The strategies and time the legislators spend on responding to the discrimination require a great deal of commitment outside their regular work tasks. The respondents thus seem to have to work more and harder in their parliamentary work, a commitment that takes both time and energy.

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  • 214.
    Albin, Cecilia
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Young, Ariel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Setting the Table for Success - or Failure?: Agenda Management in the WTO2012In: International Negotiation, ISSN 1382-340X, E-ISSN 1571-8069, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 37-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How does the agenda management process influence the effectiveness of multilateral trade talks in the World Trade Organization (WTO)? How can the all-important agenda be shaped so as to enhance the prospects of an agreement being reached? How the agenda is managed directly affects the negotiation process which follows and the eventual outcome. Yet researchers have paid little attention to the particular dynamics and challenges of agenda management in large-scale multilateral negotiations, and actual practice points to several weaknesses. This article proposes that the complexity of the agenda in multilateral talks needs to be managed and reduced in procedurally just ways if a successful outcome (agreement) is to result. It develops an analytical framework of agenda management in multilateral negotiations and conducts a structured focused comparison to explain the differences in outcomes of two rounds of WTO negotiations: the failure of the 2003 Cancún Ministerial Conference and the success of the 2004 Geneva negotiations in reaching an agreement. The findings support the proposition that a successful outcome depends in part on reducing agenda complexity and that this needs to be achieved in procedurally acceptable (if not just) ways.

  • 215.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Ctr Nat Hazards & Disaster Sci CNDS, Box 514, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Government Accountability and Natural Disasters: The Impact of Natural Hazard Events on Political Trust and Satisfaction with Governments in Europe2017In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 381-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do natural disasters generally affect individuals' political trust and satisfaction with the government? To answer this question, 10 cases of minor and major disasters in Europe are examined using a quasi-experimental quantitative design that is based on ordinary least squares regression models. The results indicate that alterations in satisfaction with the government are possible, but only occur in very specific instances, and that effects are small. Changes in political trust are even more unlikely. While it was expected that disasters and their management have at least some effect on how individuals perceive their government's performance because they hold incumbents accountable for their actions, generally speaking this effect hardly occurs in relation to natural disasters. Political attitudes among individuals appear largely unaffected and cases of disasters when incumbents benefit from or are blamed for the perceived management of disasters appear to be uncommon.

  • 216.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Ctr Nat Disaster Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Natural hazard events and social capital: the social impact of natural disasters2018In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 336-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates if and to what extent natural disasters affect social capital. Twelve differentevents in Europe are examined in a quantitative analysis, using data derived from the EuropeanSocial Survey and the EM-DAT International Disaster Database. The study uses social trustas an indicator of social capital and offers evidence that a change in social trust is a possible occurrenceduring or after a disaster, but that it is not an inevitable consequence of it. The results revealthat social trust decreases after a disaster with a death toll of at least nine. Changes in socialcapital, therefore, are found to be more probable as the severity of the event increases. National,rather than regional, disasters lead more frequently to significant shifts in social trust. This evaluationof 12 separate cases pinpoints several disasters that have had an effect on social trust, but itdoes not identify any general patterns, underlining the significance of contextual dependency.

  • 217.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Perceptions of Successful and Failed Disaster Management in the Media: A Comparative Analysis of News Media Coverage following Natural DisastersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 218.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Social and Political Impact of Natural Disasters: Investigating Attitudes and Media Coverage in the Wake of Disasters2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are social and political phenomena. Social structures create vulnerability to natural hazards and governments are often seen as responsible for the effects of disasters. Do social trust, political trust, and government satisfaction therefore generally change following natural disasters? How can media coverage explain change in political attitudes? Prior research suggests that these variables are prone to change, but previous studies often focus on single cases, whereas this dissertation adopts a broader approach, examining multiple disasters. It investigates the social and political impact of natural disasters by examining their effect on social and political attitudes and by exploring media coverage as a mechanism underlying political consequences.

    The results reveal that natural disasters may have a comparatively frequent, although small and temporary, effect on social trust. Substantial effects are less likely. Social trust was found to decrease significantly when disasters cause nine or more fatalities (Paper I). Political attitudes were expected to be prone to change after natural disasters, but Paper II illustrates that political trust and government satisfaction among citizens are generally hardly affected by these events. Finally, media framing and the political claims of actors explained the variation in political consequences after disasters of similar severity. Paper III also illustrates the importance of the political context of natural disasters, as their occurrence can be strategically exploited by actors to further criticism towards the government in politically tense situations.

    This dissertation contributes to existing disaster research by investigating more cases than disaster studies typically do. It also uses a systematic case selection process, and a quantitative approach with a, for disaster research, unique research design. Hence, it offers methodological nuance to existing studies. A broader analysis, factoring in the variation of disaster severity and the increased number of cases offers new answers and tests assumptions about underlying patterns. The main contribution of this thesis is that it examines how common political and social effects of disasters are. Furthermore, this dissertation contributes to existing disasters research by emphasizing contextual and explanatory factors, e.g., properties of disasters and the political context that affects the media coverage of natural disasters.

    List of papers
    1. Natural hazard events and social capital: the social impact of natural disasters
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Natural hazard events and social capital: the social impact of natural disasters
    2018 (English)In: Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management, ISSN 0361-3666, E-ISSN 1467-7717, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 336-360Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates if and to what extent natural disasters affect social capital. Twelve differentevents in Europe are examined in a quantitative analysis, using data derived from the EuropeanSocial Survey and the EM-DAT International Disaster Database. The study uses social trustas an indicator of social capital and offers evidence that a change in social trust is a possible occurrenceduring or after a disaster, but that it is not an inevitable consequence of it. The results revealthat social trust decreases after a disaster with a death toll of at least nine. Changes in socialcapital, therefore, are found to be more probable as the severity of the event increases. National,rather than regional, disasters lead more frequently to significant shifts in social trust. This evaluationof 12 separate cases pinpoints several disasters that have had an effect on social trust, but itdoes not identify any general patterns, underlining the significance of contextual dependency.

    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320615 (URN)10.1111/disa.12246 (DOI)000426851400007 ()28857267 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2017-04-23 Created: 2017-04-23 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
    2. Government Accountability and Natural Disasters: The Impact of Natural Hazard Events on Political Trust and Satisfaction with Governments in Europe
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Government Accountability and Natural Disasters: The Impact of Natural Hazard Events on Political Trust and Satisfaction with Governments in Europe
    2017 (English)In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 381-410Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Do natural disasters generally affect individuals' political trust and satisfaction with the government? To answer this question, 10 cases of minor and major disasters in Europe are examined using a quasi-experimental quantitative design that is based on ordinary least squares regression models. The results indicate that alterations in satisfaction with the government are possible, but only occur in very specific instances, and that effects are small. Changes in political trust are even more unlikely. While it was expected that disasters and their management have at least some effect on how individuals perceive their government's performance because they hold incumbents accountable for their actions, generally speaking this effect hardly occurs in relation to natural disasters. Political attitudes among individuals appear largely unaffected and cases of disasters when incumbents benefit from or are blamed for the perceived management of disasters appear to be uncommon.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Wiley & Sons, 2017
    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320616 (URN)10.1002/rhc3.12122 (DOI)000417860900006 ()
    Available from: 2017-04-23 Created: 2017-04-23 Last updated: 2024-04-26
    3. Perceptions of Successful and Failed Disaster Management in the Media: A Comparative Analysis of News Media Coverage following Natural Disasters
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of Successful and Failed Disaster Management in the Media: A Comparative Analysis of News Media Coverage following Natural Disasters
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320618 (URN)
    Available from: 2017-04-23 Created: 2017-04-23 Last updated: 2017-04-23
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  • 219.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Persson, Thomas
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Patterns of Parliamentary Opposition: Empirical Evidence from the Deliberations in the German Bundestag’s Committee on European Union Affairs2021In: Parliamentary Affairs, ISSN 0031-2290, E-ISSN 1460-2482, Vol. 74, no 1, p. 230-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines patterns of oppositional behaviour in the German Bundestag’s Committee on European Union Affairs (EAC) for two separate legislative periods (2005–2009 and 2009–2013). The study makes two contributions to previous research. It, first, shed some much-needed empirical light on political opposition in the Bundestag by examining how much and what kind of opposition exists in the German EAC. Secondly, the article examines the differences in oppositional behaviour of the Members of Parliament between the two legislative periods following an institutional reform in 2009 that afforded the Bundestag with increased opportunity structures in Europen Union affairs.

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  • 220.
    Albrecht, Frederike
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership, Swedish Defence University.
    Parker, Charles F.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Healing the Ozone Layer: The Montreal Protocol and the Lessons and Limits of a Global Governance Success Story2019In: Great Policy Successes / [ed] Paul 't Hart & Mallory Compton, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, p. 304-322Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Montreal Protocol—the regime designed to protect the stratospheric ozone layer—has widely been hailed as the gold standard of global environmental governance and is one of few examples of international institutional cooperative arrangements successfully solving complex transnational problems. Although the stratospheric ozone layer still bears the impacts of ozone depleting substances (ODSs), the problem of ozone depletion is well on its way to being solved due to the protocol. This chapter examines how the protocol was designed and implemented in a way that has allowed it to successfully overcome a number of thorny challenges that most international environmental regimes must face: how to attract sufficient participation, how to promote compliance and manage non-compliance, how to strengthen commitments over time, how to neutralize or co-opt potential ‘veto players’, how to make the costs of implementation affordable, how to leverage public opinion in support of the regime’s goals, and, ultimately, how to promote the behavioural and policy changes needed to solve the problems and achieve the goals the regime was designed to solve. The chapter concludes that while some of the reasons for the Montreal Protocol’s success, such as fairly affordable, available substitutes for ODSs, are not easy to replicate, there are many other elements of this story that can be utilized when thinking about how to design solutions to other transnational environmental problems.

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  • 221.
    Al-Dahlaki, Tiba
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Voting of foreign-born citizens in Sweden: A case study of naturalized Swedish citizens and the motives behind their non-voting in the general election events in Sweden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The voting turnouts in Sweden has been increasing through the years, as there are more people that are willing to vote for a candidate or a political party during the general election events. However, despite the increase of voter turnouts during elections, there is a decrease in the voting of one group in the Swedish society and are the foreign-born citizens, i.e. immigrants. It has been observed that immigrants, with naturalized Swedish citizenship and born in another country than Sweden, vote less in the general election events in Sweden than others, e.g. home-born citizens. The low voting of immigrants has been an issue for a while, and it was noticed that the numbers of immigrants that vote is becoming less with each general election event. Therefore, this thesis investigated the reasons behind the non-voting of immigrants in Sweden, by interviewing six Iraqi-born immigrants with naturalized Swedish citizenship that did not vote for at least two general events, and examined the reasons and motives behind their non-voting. 

  • 222.
    Aldenberg, Agnes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Flooding and Climate Justice: An Examination of Vulnerability, Adaptation, and Equity in a Swedish Municipality2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the integration of climate justice within flood adaptation strategies in Gävle, a Swedish municipality challenged by climatic changes. The study critically examines the municipality's response to the environmental challenges posed by increased flooding, particularly its strategies to address the needs and vulnerabilities of disadvantaged groups. Utilizing a case study approach, the study assesses whether the local government's flood response efforts embed a climate-just approach, focusing on the equity of participatory processes and resource distribution. The findings highlight disparities in the consideration and inclusion of socio-economically vulnerable groups in climate adaptation planning and execution. The thesis contributes to the broader discourse on climate justice by illustrating the complexities and challenges of implementing equitable climate adaptation strategies in Gävle as a municipality in northern Europe.

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  • 223.
    Aldenberg, Agnes
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Tillit i skuggan av pandemin: En kvantitativstudi e om sambandet mellan smittskyddsåtgär-der och politisk tillit2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the relationship between different infection control strategies during the first year of covid-19 and trust in government. The scope is limited to EU member states. The relationship is analysed with OLS-regression with a host of restriction data and trust controls. The variables are motivated by a theoretical framework constructed from previous theories and research on trust during previous crises where diverse effects on trust are discussed. The relation-ship is also analysed with scatterplots and diagram to illustrate the change in trust in the different EU member states. The results indicate that there is a negative relationship between trust and infection control measures. However, there is noth-ing in this study that provides support for the hypothesis that different strategies affect trust in different ways. Nevertheless this should be further examined in fu-ture studies.

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  • 224.
    Alderblad, Sebastian
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The implicit ideas behind ‘Valkompassen’: An ideal type analysis of the democratic presuppositions in Voting Advice Applications2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With Voting Advice Applications changing how people engage in democracy it has become more important to understand the work behind them. Much research has been given to the algorithm and methodology, but less has focused on the ideas that presupposes the development process. The aim of this thesis is to examine and further our understanding of how VAA’s as part of the media repertoire affects contemporary democracy. Scholars have denoted that VAA’s neutrally transmitting information may not be as neutral as one might think. Indeed, democratic presuppositions of the developers may play a role in shaping the intent of what VAA’s intends to do. In order to explore those presuppositions this thesis has interviewed developers of Swedish ‘Valkompassen’ and their answers have been examined by employing an ideal type analysis of democratic ideals. The results indicate that the democratic presuppositions of the developers seem to be more akin to an electoral democratic ideal.

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  • 225.
    Aler, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    'All Women Are Like That': Men Going Their Own Way: Understanding the Interplay Between Online Platforms and Counterpublic Dynamics2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the role of online platforms in relation to anti-progressive counterpublic dynamics. Counterpublicsare understood as alternative discursive arenas that form in response to exclusion from the wider public sphere. The relevance of counterpublics derives both from their ability to influence mainstream political discourse and from how anti-progressive counterpublics have been found to contribute to real-life violence. As the internet becomes an increasingly important venue for political discussion and contestation, the public sphere is extended online. This study explores how platforms can be seen as enabling (or constraining) the dual function of online counterpublics, i.e. as both inward and outward-oriented in relation to opposing publics, by examining the anti-feminist online community known as “Men Going Their Own Way” (MGTOW). The role of platforms is understood in terms of platform affordances, and netnographic methods were used to study these in relation to two online platforms. The results show that the two platforms presented different opportunities for the MGTOW counterpublic to some extent, suggesting that this counterpublic is able to utilise platforms for different purposes. Twitter was found to be particularly suitable for the outward-oriented function, i.e. for interacting with and opposing other publics, while mgtow.com was shown to be fertile ground for the inward-oriented function, and in that sense enabled contact between members in a way that contributed to the development of anti-progressive counterdiscourse.

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  • 226.
    Aler, Emma
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Contested identity, contested struggle: A critical discourse analysis on victim-agent narratives regarding commercial sex in Thailand2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how efforts regarding the commercial sex industry in Thailand can be positioned in relation to an agent-victim framework. In the context of the expanding sex industry in Thailand, it becomes relevant to look at how efforts regarding it risks reproducing notions of ‘the prostitute’ as the victimised Other, and thus reinforcing neo-colonialism. However, the response in the form of an agent narrative has also been criticised for not taking into account intersecting forms of oppression. Here, a model coming from an emerging literature on the ‘third way feminist approach’ is used to illustrate how these instead can be combined. Using critical discourse analysis, this study draws on postcolonial feminist theory to scrutinise the ways in which non-governmental organisations imagine women as either agents or victims, or rather a combination of the two. The starting point has been that this binary definition might not be sufficient, neither for theoretically addressing the issue, nor for describing discourse. Two ideal types based on the agent-victim framework has been used to study to what extent the discursive practice of the organisations NightLight and Asia Pacific Network of Sex Workers can be placed neatly into one of these ideal types, or whether a third perspective is indeed needed to account for their perception of the women they work with. The analysis has been conducted using different forms of information gathered from the official websites of the organisations, in order to understand they ways in which the organisations themselves choose to communicate their work. The results show that the discursive practices of these organisations to some extent can be accounted for using this framework, yet that in order to fully understand them, one should consider the third way which combines the strengths of both.

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  • 227.
    Alexandersson, Alice
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Kvinnors strid: En djupdykning i kvinnliga värnpliktigas erfarenheter av könsskillnader och dess effekt på militär karriärvilja2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 228.
    Alfredéen, Emelie
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Reproduction of colonial structures within a Western climate change adaptation project: A critical discourse analysis of the GEF-funded project “ACCC”2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a wide range of literature within the field of postcolonialism that emphasises thenegative aspects of the development discourse used within aid organisations. Postcolonialcriticism has further grown to be a part of the literature on globalisation. As climate changeconstitutes a highly emphasised global problem today, the efforts to diminish the negativeimpacts of it have increased. Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) aid has thus come to play acentral role within international climate negotiations, aiming to decrease the consequences ofthese impacts. As the financial mechanism of the UNFCCC, The Global EnvironmentFacility (GEF) is responsible for funding CCA initiatives. However, the GEF has beentargeted with criticism due to inherent power imbalances. This paper examines the use ofdiscourses within the problem construction in the GEF-funded project “ACCC” from apostcolonial perspective, in order to identify colonial heritage within the project as well as toprovide an understanding of the discursive effects. Such an understanding of discursivemechanisms are crucial for the decolonisation of future aid initiatives. The study finds thatthe problematization is built on Western norms and that the use of discourses within theproblem representation normalizes Western dominance and reproduces power hierarchies.

  • 229.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Arbetsdomstolen, EU och den tilltagande rättsrötan2010In: Tiden, ISSN 0040-6759, no 4, p. 20-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 230.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Demokratins problem på 2000-talet2003In: Alf Ross, Varför demokrati?,, Santerus förlag, Stockholm , 2003, p. 235-255Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 231.
    Algotsson, karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fackliga stridsåtgärder: grundläggande rättigheter eller handelshinder?2008In: Statsvetare ifrågasätter: Uppsalamiljön vid tiden för professorsskiftet den 31 mars 2008, 2008, p. 16-Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 232.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    From Majoritarian Democracy to Vertical Separation of Powers: Sweden and the European Union2001In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 51-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The key problem in constitutional politics in the established democracies may be said to pertain to finding the right balance between majoritarian democracy, constitutionalism and effective decision making. From that perspective this essay examines the Swedish polity before and after the accession to the European Union in 1995. From 1917 onwards majoritarian democracy and parliamentarism were the praxis of the Swedish polity. But this mode of goverment was not written into the 1809 Instrument of Government, which was characterised by the separation of powers between the king and the parliament. It was first in the new Instrument of Government, adopted in 1973–74, that the praxis of majoritarian democracy and parliamentarism was codified. But in the 1990s a new form of dualism was introduced into the Swedish polity as a result of the country’s accession to the European Union. On the one hand, there is an Instrument of Government characterised by the principle of majoritarian democratic rule. On the other, accession to the EU involves a vertical separation of powers on a major scale. Two conflicting fundamental elements, majoritarian democracy and vertical separation of powers, are currently incorporated in the Swedish polity.

  • 233.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter2003In: Svensk Författningspolitik, SNS förlag, Stockholm , 2003, p. 28-48Chapter in book (Other scientific)
  • 234.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Grundläggande rättigheter eller handelshinder?: Den svenska debatten om EU, föreningsfriheten och rätten till fackliga stridsåtgärder2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 235.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lagrådet, rättsstaten och demokratin1999In: Politik och juridik: Grundlagen inför 2000-talet : fakulteternas symposium för rektor Stig Strömholm, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 1999, p. 37-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 236.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Lagrådets politiska betydelse2009In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 2, p. 165-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sveriges författning efter EU-anslutningen2000Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en systematisk genomgång av de idéer och politiska krafter som format vår nuvarande grundlag. Författaren analyserar den författningspolitiska debatten och granskar det rättsläge som uppstått efter vårt lands anslutning till EU. Den stora frågan är hur Sverige har lyckats tillgodose kraven på konstitutionalism, demokrati och effektivitet.

  • 238.
    Algotsson, Karl-Göran
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Äganderätt och demokrati: Svensk grundlagsdebatt under 1990-talet2001Book (Other academic)
  • 239.
    Ali Akbar, Avin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Förverkligandet av Barnkonventionen: En jämförande analys av två kommuners mål och medel för implementeringen av barnets rätt till delaktighet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of the Convention on the Rights of the Child gaining legal status in Sweden this thesis examines the implementation of the convention on a municipal level, specifically the implementation of Article 12 and children’s right to participate in all matters affecting them. With this purpose objectives and means are examined and compared between two municipalities: the municipality of Uppsala and the municipality of Örebro. By creating a frame of analysis based on previous research and theory on children’s participation, a text analysis has been conducted on key municipal policy documents and a case study has been conducted of municipal channels for participation. In conclusion the implementation of Article 12 differs between the municipalities where the responsibility to realize children’s right to participate is a shared responsibility in Örebro municipality in comparison to Uppsala municipality where the responsibility lies with some departments. In Örebro municipality children’s participation is often defined as a right while it in Uppsala municipality often is defined as an instrument to reach other goals. The case study emphasizes the importance of critically examining who actually participates in initiatives for children’s participation, who has power over the agenda and with what effects. For the realization of children’s right to participate initiatives must be inclusive, important and with clear intentions and effects.

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    Förverkligandet av barnkonventionen
  • 240.
    Alin, Tova
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The magic bullet against semi-automatic weapons: A quantitative study about the effect of gender mainstreaming in peace processes 2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women and men experience conflict and peace processes differently. The thesis builds on the idea of feminist policy and gender mainstreaming that suggests women should be substantially included within and around all policy decisions including peace processes, not only to provide gender equality but also because inclusion leads to more long-lasting and qualitative solutions. The purpose of this thesis is to examine if gender mainstreaming in the form of engendered language in peace agreements affects post-conflict sexual violence. To achieve this, a systematic large-N study with OLS regression analysis was conducted. The hypothesis was that engendered language in peace agreements would lead to a smaller prevalence of post-conflict conflict-related sexual violence and hence the correlation between the two would be negative. The findings rather show that there is a positive correlation between the two on a 95 percent significance level, generating questions regarding both measurements of the prevalence of post-conflict conflict-related sexual violence and about the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming in peace agreements. Hence, the general conclusion of the thesis is that gender mainstreaming in peace agreements as a ‘magic bullet’ is not the complete answer in the struggle towards gender equality in post-conflict situations.

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  • 241.
    Allar, Piirsoo
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hur ska vi få äpplet att falla långt ifrån trädet?: En experimentell studie av hur elever väljer gymnasieprogram2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Social snedrekytering är ett stort samhällsproblem, och en av orsakerna till klassbildningen i samhället idag. För två decennier har universitet och högskolor i Sverige aktivt arbetat med att bredda rekryteringen av elever från icke-akademisk bakgrund, men detta utan framgång. Denna studie försöker ta ett första steg i att hitta effektiva metoder som univeristeten kan använda sig av. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av nudging-teorin som går ut på att "knuffa" elever mot rätt riktingt genom att exponera dem för högskolealternativet, något som elever med akadeiska bakgrund får naturligt hemifrån. Det är en experimentell studie där eleverna har delats in två gruppern där den ena gruppen för behandling, och den andra gruppen används som kontrollgrupp. Studien utgår från hypotesen att en ökad närvaro av universitetet i utsatta områden kommer påverka målgruppen positivt. Resultaten ger stöd åt denna hypotes. Trots att den misslyckade randomiseringen gjorde det svårt för hypotesen förblev sambandet positivt. Alltså elever som hade fått behandlingen var mer benägna att ange högskoleförberedande program som sitt först val på gymnasiet än kontrollgruppen. 

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  • 242.
    Allerborg, Joachim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Sveriges kommuner & hemlösheten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 243.
    Alm, Clara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Internationell adoption i ett färgblint land: En postkolonial diskursanalys av svenska Adoptionscentrums medlemstidningar2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med grund i ny kritik mot, och den aktuella samhällsdebatten kring, internationell adoption ämnar uppsatsen undersöka den svenska inställningen till ämnet. Genom en kritisk diskursanalys och utifrån postkolonial teoribildning studeras representationen av internationell adoption och den roll transrasiala adopterade ges i Adoptionscentrums tidskrifter, under perioden 1975-2020. Resultatet visar i huvudsak skapandet av en okritisk biståndsdiskurs kring internationell adoption grundad i koloniala maktstrukturer, som reproducerar dikotomin av Globala Nord mot Globala Syd och vidare en marginalisering av ursprungsländerna. Genom “barnets bästa” legitimeras i stort deras verksamhet. Transrasiala adopterades skillnad från icke-adopterade förnekas i tidiga texter, genom vilket rasism och xenofobi som de transrasiala adopterade möter osynliggörs. Senare texter tar tydligare ställningstagande, om än till stor del passivt, mot rasism och betonar adopterades skillnader allt mer adopterade ses som skribenter. Även det positiva i att tillhöra två kulturer betonas.  

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  • 244.
    Alm, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    A song of ice and gunfire: An analysis of Norway, the United States and Russia´s threat perceptions in the Arctic2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyses if the threat perceptions of Norway, Russia and the US can explain the decision to suspend the Arctic Council in 2022. The essay is a qualitative content analysis and uses securitization theory, which explains how issues are elevated to security problems necessitating action. The hypothesis of this essay is twofold. Hypothesis A is that there has been an overall increase in securitizing language concerning issues in the Arctic and hypothesis B is that Arctic actors have shifted more attention towards military security concerns. I also hypothesize that an increased securitization both in general terms and through an increased focus on military security preceded the 2022 decision compared to 2014. In the analysis of the materials which consist of Arctic strategies and security strategies I find that both hypotheses are supported and that an increased securitization preceded 2022 compared to 2014. However I draw the conclusion that this does not explain the decision to seize cooperation in the Arctic Council, due to the continuous support for the organization across all analyzed states

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  • 245.
    Alm, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The US invasion of Afghanistan:: A justified war?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 246.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Avslutning: Framtidsstudier på agendan2012In: Att utforska framtiden: Valda perspektiv / [ed] Susanne Alm, Joakim Palme och Erik Westholm, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2012, p. 235-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Institutet för Framtidsstudier.
    Palme, JoakimUppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Fjorton perspektiv på framtiden: Samhälls- och humanvetenskapliga framtidsstudier2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Westholm, Erik
    Statens lantbruksuniversitet.
    Att utforska framtiden: Valda perspektiv2012Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visst går det att forska om framtiden! Boken ger en god bild av det mångafacetterade framtidsforskningen. Med egna förhållningssätt i varje kapitel vill författarna stimulera läsaren till eftertanke och debatt, inte bara om framtiden utan också om vår egen tid. Framtiden är en helt central del av vår tillvaro och föremål för ständig reflektion där människor fattar beslut. Självklart bör vi söka kunskap om framtiden också på vetenskaplig grund. Men samtidigt måste vi gardera oss: som forskningsobjekt är framtiden mycket speciell, eftersom den ännu inte existerar och det mycket få saker som vi kan veta med någon större säkerhet.Framtidsstudier kan förekomma inom de flesta vetenskapliga discipliner men är också ett eget, om än löst sammanhållet, vetenskapligt fält rikt på diskussioner om perspektiv, teorier och metoder.

  • 249.
    Almberg, Josefin
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Vem bär ansvaret?: En diskursanalytisk policystudie av jämställdhetspolitiken på den svenska arbetsmarknaden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study builds on the gender equality in the Swedish labor market and critical

    voices in research stating that the gender policies implemented are "missing the

    target." The purpose of this essay is to examine and compare how the Swedish

    political parties, the Moderates and the Social Democrats, problematize the unequal

    labor market. It also aims to examine what these problematisations says about

    women's and men's responsibilities in the promotion of gender equality. To achieve

    my chosen purposes, I have used the inductive method of analysis "What's the

    problem represented to be?" I have also used a feministic approach of institutions as

    an analytical tool. The study results show that the parties represents the problem of

    inequality as a problem of "women". Thus, it is women who are assigned

    responsibility for gender equality in the labor market. The study results also show that

    the gender equality policies implemented are based on a male-centered perspective.

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  • 250.
    Almgren, Ellen
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Att fostra demokrater: Om skolan i demokratin och demokratin i skolan2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A central task for the Swedish school is to foster democratic citizens. The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate some aspects of the fostering of democrats in Swedish schools, focusing on the political knowledge of young people. For more than a decade the Swedish educational policy has considered a democratic school environment to be a fundamental right for the students. Furthermore, the school democracy is assumed to have a positive effect on the students' development of democratic competence. This assumption of a causal relationship between school democracy and political knowledge, inspired by integrative theories of democracy, is tested in this study. Another important goal for the Swedish educational policy is the equivalence of education for all students. This can be interpreted in more or less ambitious terms regarding the equality of the students' education. School segregation, however, poses a threat to any form of equivalent education. The effects of school segregation on the students' political knowledge is therefore also tested in this thesis.

    Using multi-level analysis on a sample of over 6000 Swedish students between 14 and 15 years of age, this study shows that a deliberative open classroom-climate has a positive effect on the students' political knowledge while the direct student influence, surprisingly, has a negative effect. Both ethnic and socioeconomic segregation have negative effects on the students political knowledge. Even more troubling, though, is the fact that the different dimensions of school democracy are related to the segregational factors. The favourable open classroom-climate is more frequent in schools where the students' parents have higher education. The counter-productive direct student influence is, on the other hand, more frequent in schools with a high number of immigrants and in schools where the students' parents have lower education. It is therefore argued that even though student influence is construed as a fundamental right, the Swedish government needs to appreciate the conflict between the goals of the educational policy: Student influence and the fostering of democrats. This conflict is especially serious since student influence in fact has a negative effect not only on the fostering of democrats but also on the equality of citizenship education.

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