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  • 2401.
    Ånell, Anton
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ånell, Noah
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Adaptation - According to who?: Specific adaptive capacity, democracy, and selectorate theory in China & Brazil: A qualitative document analysis2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 2402.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Den sårbara supermakten: USA:s väg från John F Kennedy till Barack Obama2010Book (Other academic)
  • 2403.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English, The Swedish Institue for North American Studies.
    Det dunkelt tänkta: Konspirationsteorier om morden på John F. Kennedy och Olof Palme2006Book (Other academic)
  • 2404.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    Hillary Rodham Clinton: en politisk biografi2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2405.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    LO och löntagarfondsfrågan: en studie i facklig politik och strategi1978Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2406.
    Åsard, Erik
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of English.
    The Stigmatization of the Liberal Label in Modern American Politics2009In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 23-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Liberalism was the dominant political ideology in the United States from the early 1930s until the mid to late 1960s. During that period, Franklin Roosevelt's definition of "liberal" and "conservative" was widely accepted in America. Beginning in the late 1960s and continuing in the 1970s and 1980s, the liberal label became increasingly contested and maligned, and as a result many, if not most, liberal politicians stopped using it. Liberal politicians have not abandoned their liberal world-view, but nowadays they are much more inclined to refer to themselves as "progressives." This article describes the rise and fall of the liberal label in modern U.S. politics and explains why it became a pejorative, shunned by all the recent Democratic candidates for president, from Bill Clinton to Barack Obama.

  • 2407.
    Öberg, Jakob
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
    Faith-based organizations in multilateral humanitarian aid: A closer look at Country-Based Pooled Funds2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Religion has played a central part in human history and is still a foundation in many societies. Faith-based organizations are in some countries the largest providers of social services and were pioneers in the humanitarian aid sector. There is in academia a growing interest in faith-based organizations and a perception that they have an advantage over their secular counterparts. This study has identified those established theories and provided a comprehensive overview of the research field. It has been argued that faith-based organizations for one should be more cost-effective than their secular counterparts. The faith of their staff members is a significant part of their motivation. They, therefore, accept lower salaries or volunteer to a higher degree. It has also been argued that projects implemented by faith-based organizations could be more rooted in local communities due to a long history of cooperation and collaboration. The claims have been mostly theoretical or supported by qualitative studies. This study contributed to filling the quantitative research gap by analyzing key differences between projects implemented by faith-based and secular organizations that were financed by the United Nations Country-Based Pooled Funds. The data selection provided a scenario where the institutional pressure from strict processes, monitoring, and evaluation theoretically minimizes differences between implementers and therefore tested the study’s hypotheses in a least-likely scenario. The analysis found that there was no significant difference between how many beneficiaries the projects reached. Faith-based organizations did however implement projects that with 95 % certainty costed between 2.20 to 7.87 % less compared to their secular counterparts. Their projects with 95 % certainty also had a four percent higher direct-to-total project cost ratio. This provides support for the theoretical claims and contributed to building a foundation for future research in this emerging field. The study surprisingly also found a significant and large difference in project cost between national and international implementers. Projects implemented by national organizations with 95 % certainty cost between 27.98 and 31.50 % less than projects implemented by international organizations. They with 95 % certainty also had a six percent higher direct-to-total project cost ratio. It was not in the scope of this paper to determine what these results depended on but they give further fuel to the current localization debate in both academia and public administration.

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  • 2408.
    Öberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Taub, Samuel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Möller, Frida
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
    Challenges from within: Introducing the Uppsala Coup Events Dataset2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2409.
    Öberg, Nils
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Gränslös rättvisa eller rättvisa inom gränser?: om moraliska dilemman i välfärdsstaters invandrings- och invandrarpolitik1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2410.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Särintresse och allmänintresse: korporatismens ansikten1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2411.
    Öberg, PerOla
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Är ett organiserat civilt samhälle bra för demokratin?2013In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 93-105Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2412.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hallberg Adu, Kajsa
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The deceptive juncture: The temptation of attractive explanations and the reality of political life2009In: The evolution of path dependence / [ed] Lars Magnusson and Jan Ottosson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2009, p. 108-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter discusses path dependence theory in relation to analysis of political processes, suggesting that path dependence explanations are only sometimes helpful, but often overlook critical features of political life. We argue that a path dependence approach has to take into account rational actors in a broader way, and in so doing would make a great difference. Furthermore, we discuss the nature of chance, whether it is continuous or non-contiguous, exogenous or endogenous, common or rare, and propose that this part of the theory should be more elaborated. Accordingly, this has consequences for how we view one of the corner stones of path dependence: In our view, there are good reasons to be more careful about singling out critical junctures. We illustrate our position with three empirical cases often used in path dependence discussions. These three cases are examples of central components of the Swedish model; its comprehensive welfare state, the extensive integration of interest groups into public policy, and the very co-ordinated wage-bargaining system. We conclude with a discussion about methods that are suitable for understanding stability and change. However, before doing that, we review some of the recent path dependence studies and take a closer look at the ideas that have transitioned from economics.

  • 2413.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Hermansson, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Berg, Per-Åke
    I väntan på solnedgången: Arbetslivsfondens tillkomst och verksamhet : en studie av makt och rationalitet inom förvaltningspolitiken : en bok från PISA-projektet1999Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The largest programme ever to deal with occupational safety in Sweden was implemented in 1990-1995. A temporary government agency, The Swedish Working Life Fund, was estab-lished for the administration of the programme.

  • 2414.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Making Capitalism Work: Fair Institutions and Trust2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    In the field of political science researchers have shown empirically that the perception of relevant political institutions as fair may produce political (vertical), as well as interpersonal (horizontal) trust. By making use of these overlapping but separate theoretical frameworks, we formulated three hypotheses that we tested on data from a survey conducted in Sweden in 2006. First, we investigated whether the extent to which an employee perceives formal institutions as fair and duly enforced lower the probability that he/she will behave opportunistically. Second, we tested whether an employee’s trust in the opposite party had equivalent effects. Third , we examined whether an employee’s perception of formal institutions as fair and duly enforced increased his/her trust in the opposite party. All three hypotheses were supported by the data. Our interpretation is that that there is indeed an effect on cooperative behavior and willingness to enter into flexible contracts from perceptions of fair and enforced institutions, but it is indirect. Trust, however, has direct effects and, consequently, mediates the effects of institutions as well.

     

     

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  • 2415.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Does power drive out trust?: Relations between labour market actors in Sweden2010In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 143-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although power and trust are crucial to human cooperation, and considerable attention has been paid to both these concepts in the social sciences, the relationship between them has been poorly investigated. In this article, based on data about a complete network of labour market actors in Sweden, it is investigated whether power ‘drive out trust’ or if power a requirement of trust. In contrast to previous research, it is concludes that there is a positive relationship between power and trust, although it levels out when power is at a very high level. Also in disagreement with previous findings, it is shown, that symmetry in power relations is not a guarantee of trust: two actors with symmetric low power do not trust each other, at least not in this specific institutional setting. Moreover, the theoretical argument is developed and refined by showing that shared beliefs and group membership also have independent impact on trust, as well as a perception that the other actor is pursuing the common good. Hence, the presumed negative impact of power on trust, is not only neutralised, but also transformed into a positive impact in the social context investigated here. However, more research is needed to show whether this finding is true only within certain institutional settings, and, if so, within which ones.

  • 2416.
    Öberg, PerOla
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Svensson, Torsten
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Power, Trust and Deliberation in Swedish Labour-Market Politics2002In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 451-490Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article focuses on labour market relations and particularly the following aspects:

    To what extent do main actors share key opinions? Which actors are considered influential? Who is trusted by whom, and how much? Does communication take the character of deliberation?

    Since relational data in industrial relations is rare, 71 actors in Sweden were asked about each other (770 elite positions, slightly more that 300 answered).

    Asserted changes as regards power in the Swedish industrial relations system seem over-estimated. The state still hold key positions. The peak-organisations and the Social Democratic Party are also influential, although less than the ministries. All these powerful actors are less trusted over class borders, while the Labour Court and the Conciliators’ Office are considered trustworthy, rational ‘deliberators’. It is hypothesised that they produce “the cement of society” that holds the system together.

  • 2417.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Allt frid och fröjd?: Liberalismen och den mångkulturella utmaningen2001In: Politologen, ISSN 0345-9462, no 1, p. 46-49Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 2418.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Climate refugees: Normative problems and institutional solutions2010In: Democracy and governance for civil society / [ed] Yoshihisa Hagiwara, Tokyo: Fukosha Publishing , 2010, p. 123-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2419.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Efter floden: Klimatmigration och den rika världens skyldigheter2011In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 1, p. 140-147Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2420.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Egalitarianism and Responsibility for Beliefs2002In: Presented at the Fourth Annual Graduate Conference in Political Theory, University of Warwick, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2421.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ekonomisk globalisering och global rättvisa2010In: Myt eller verklighet?: Om samband mellan demokrati och ekonomisk tillväxt / [ed] Sven Oskarsson och Sten Widmalm, Stockholm: Norstedts , 2010, p. 91-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2422. Ödalen, Jörgen
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016In: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB , 2016, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2423.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Integration eller assimilation?: Invandrarpolitikens etik och den svenska integrationspolitiken2000Other (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a normative study of immigrant policy. The main question asked is how liberal democracies should respond in terms of immigrant policy to the fact that they now constitute multicultural societies. Divergent answers to this question are provided by two different schools of thought in the liberal tradition of political philosophy - liberal nationalism and liberal multiculturalism. The arguments presented by some prominent proponents of these two political philosophies are investigated and a favourable stance is taken towards liberal multiculturalism and its policy of immigrant integration as opposed to a liberal nationalist policy of immigrant assimilation. A question of great importance for liberal multiculturalists is whether the social stability and unity provided by national identity can be replaced in the multicultural society by new forms of postnational identities and communities. Some thoughts regarding this issue are presented and it is concluded that the development of such postnational identities and communities is likely since they already exist in some multinational states. The next object of investigation is the current Swedish immigrant policy expressed in a 1997 government bill. It is concluded that the current Swedish immigrant policy accords well with the policy of immigrant integration favoured by liberal multiculturalists.

  • 2424. Ödalen, Jörgen
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, no 2, p. 26-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande. Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater. I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

  • 2425.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Underwater Self-determination: Sea-level Rise and Deterritorialized Small Island States2014In: Ethics, Policy & Environment, ISSN 2155-0085, E-ISSN 2155-0093, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 225-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate change is likely to become a major cause of future migration. Small Island States are particularly vulnerable since territorial destruction caused by sea level rise poses a threat to their entire existence. This raises important issues concerning state sovereignty and selfdetermination. Is it possible for a people to remain self-determining even if it lacks a stable population residing on a specific territory? It has been suggested that migrants from disappearing Small Island States could continue to exercise sovereign control over their abandoned territory. Such an arrangement would allow them to retain a measure of selfdetermination. The question posed in this paper is whether this ‘deterritorialised state proposal’ is conceptually plausible and normatively acceptable. I argue that the proposal is conceptually plausible if we adopt a gradual understanding of ‘self-determination’, but that its normative acceptability is weak even if it is supplemented with compensatory measures.

  • 2426.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Institutionen för Samhällsvetenskap, Växjö universitet.
    Kommunalt självstyre, demokrati och individuell autonomi2008In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, no 2, p. 35-52Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2427.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    Kommunstruktur, självstyrelse och rätten till självbestämmande2007In: Federalism på svenska, Stockholm: Ratio , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2428.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier, Linköpings universitet.
    Självstyret och individens frihet2009In: Liberal debatt, ISSN 0024-1814, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2429.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Wartiainen, Felicia
    UNDP.
    Deficient International Leadership as a Feasibility Constraint: The Case of Multilateral Negotiations on Climate-induced Human Mobility2021In: Principles of Justice and Real-World Climate Politics / [ed] Sarah Kenehan; Corey Katz, London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2021Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2430.
    Öhman, Carl
    et al.
    Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom,.
    Aggarwal, Nikita
    Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    What if Facebook goes down?: Ethical and legal considerations for the demise of big tech2020In: Internet Policy Review, E-ISSN 2197-6775, Vol. 9, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Society is becoming increasingly dependent on data-rich, “Big Tech” platforms and social networks, such as Facebook and Google. But what happens to our data when these companies close or fail? Despite the high stakes involved, this topic has received only limited attention to date. In this article, we use the hypothetical failure of Facebook as a case study to analyse legal and ethical risks related to the closure of data-rich, Big Tech platforms. Focusing on the EU, we argue that existing governance frameworks are inadequate for addressing these risks and make preliminary recommendations with a view to setting an agenda for future research and policymaking on the demise of Big Tech platforms and data-rich companies more broadly. 

  • 2431.
    Öhman, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Heart and Soul of the Party: Candidate Selection in Ghana and Africa2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of this book is to shed light on the power dynamics within African political parties through studying how different parties select their candidates for parliamentary elections. Having control over who should represent the party in elections is often considered an important factor in the distribution of power. This is however the first time that this research endeavour has been attempted in an African context. The study’s main focus is on the level of centralisation in the selection process and the vulnerability of incumbent Members of Parliament to challenges from others interested in standing for the party. In addition, attention is given to potential electoral effects of different selection systems and to local expectations on aspirants and MPs.

    The analysis takes place on three levels. A comparative study brings together information from 31 parties in 17 African countries. Thereafter, the selection process in Ghana’s main parties during the latest elections is analysed. Finally, Ghanaian constituency level case studies provide detailed information about the processes.

    All three studies indicate that the selection process is often significantly more decentralised than general theories about African parties would have us assume. In addition, incumbent MPs regularly lose out to challengers from within the party, often due to local discontent. It is argued that the clientelistic ties that play an important part in many African political parties go far in explaining these findings. Although such ties may generally strengthen the power of the centre, they often create possibilities for local party activists to reject patrons who do not fulfil their expectations.

  • 2432.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    et al.
    Linköping Univ, Ctr Municipal Studies CKS, SE-58183 Linköping, Sweden.;Res Inst Ind Econ IFN, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Practice makes voters?: Effects of student mock elections on turnout2020In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 377-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Student mock elections are conducted in schools around the world in an effort to increase political interest and efficacy among students. There is, however, a lack of research on whether mock elections in schools enhance voter turnout in real elections. In this article, we examine whether the propensity to vote in Swedish elections is higher among young people who have previously experienced a student mock election. The analysis is based on unique administrative population-wide data on turnout in the Swedish 2010 parliamentary election and the 2009 European Parliament election. Our results show that having experienced a mock election as a student does not increase the likelihood of voting in subsequent real elections. This result holds when we study both short- and long-term effects, and when we divide our sample into different parts depending on their socio-economic status and study each part separately.

  • 2433.
    Ösgård, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
    How Privatization Hobbled Sweden's Response To Coronavirus2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden’s longtime refusal to impose a general lockdown has seen it portrayed as an alternative “model” for coping with the pandemic. Yet death rates in its care homes have been appalling — and as a scandal that broke last month highlighted, much of the blame lies with the breakup and privatization of the country’s once-mighty public services.

  • 2434.
    Öskog, Sara
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Nyttan med Åternyttan?: En Studie om samarbete mellan offentlig och ideell sektor inom återbruk2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2435.
    Österdahl, Inger
    Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Det franska undantaget1996Other (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 2436.
    Österman, Marcus
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala Center for Labor Studies.
    Varieties of education and inequality: how the institutions of education and political economy condition inequality2018In: Socio-Economic Review, ISSN 1475-1461, E-ISSN 1475-147X, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 113-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the relationship between equality of educational opportunity and equality of income in different institutional contexts. By combining insights from the literature on Varieties of Capitalism and education sociology, the study investigates how the educational system and the political economy jointly affect the social stratification of educational choices and condition income differentials between graduates of vocational and general education programmes. The empirical analysis contributes to the literature by contrasting the two conceptions of equality and applying a richer institutional approach than previous studies within the fields of education sociology and Varieties of Capitalism.

     

    The results reveal that tracking hinders equality of educational opportunity but is also related to higher incomes for vocational education graduates in certain contexts. Wage bargaining coordination reinforces the more equal opportunities of weakly tracked contexts and improves the relative income of vocational graduates in these contexts.

  • 2437.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Brännlund, Anton
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Unemployment, workplace socialization, and electoral participation: evidence from Sweden2024In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 85-98Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How unemployment affects electoral participation is a archetypal question in political sociology and of particular relevance in economic crises; in the 1930s as well as during a pandemic. A frequent argument in the literature is that unemployment leads to political withdrawal as the unemployed have to focus on their economy and other personal matters. Some scholars, on the other hand, reason that unemployment triggers political mobilization through feelings of grievance and a strive to protest against leading politicians. However, existing empirical evidence is mixed and often suffers from limitations in data and research design. To make progress on this difficult empirical question, the present study leverages Swedish register data on turnout, spanning nine elections between 1970 and 2018. This extensive panel dataset enables us to more adequately address the causal status of the relationship by relying on the with-in individual variation in turnout. Our results report significant but modest negative effects of both unemployment in general and of losing a relatively well-paid job (job loss). The effects are driven by the young. We also find that the negative effect is less pronounced for those who have previously worked at a workplace where most colleagues participate, supporting a socialization mechanism.

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    Osterman&Brannlund_epub
  • 2438.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Lindgren, Karl-Oskar
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Units outside the University, The Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy (IFAU). Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Does high unemployment mobilize the unemployed? Evidence using Swedish register data2021In: Socio-Economic Review, ISSN 1475-1461, E-ISSN 1475-147X, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 341-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contributes to recent scholarship on the effects of economic hardship on political participation, and particularly on the issue of how individual and contextual effects interact. More specifically, we study whether the effect of individual unemployment on turnout depends on the level of aggregate unemployment. In contrast to most existing researchers on this topic, we argue that contextual unemployment may reinforce the negative effects of individual unemployment. We also contend that previous studies have not adequately considered how the composition of the unemployed population differs across times of high and low unemployment. Our empirical approach uses state-of-the-art Swedish register panel data, which gives us good opportunities to control for the selection of the unemployed population over the business cycle. We find that once this problem of dynamic selection is taken into account, the negative effect of individual unemployment on electoral turnout is actually stronger in high unemployment contexts.

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    fulltext
  • 2439.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Palme, Joakim
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Ruhs, Martin
    European University Institute.
    Free Movement versus European Welfare States?: Variations of the Fiscal Effects of EU Migrants across Welfare State Regimes2023In: Politics & Society, ISSN 0032-3292, E-ISSN 1552-7514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong claims have been made about the incompatibility between large-scale migration and advanced welfare states. The free movement of workers within the European Union (EU) offers an interesting case for the study of the fiscal effects of unrestricted labor migration in different types of welfare states This article therefore investigates the alleged tension between advanced welfare states and liberal migration policies by analyzing how the fiscal effects of EU migrants vary across European welfare state regimes. In contrast to arguments commonly made in public debates, we argue and explain why theoretical reasoning should lead us to expect limited differences in fiscal effects of EU migrants in different welfare states. The empirical analysis, covering twenty-nine countries during 2004–15, shows that the net fiscal impact of EU migrants in the different welfare state regimes of West European countries is positive, and we find no major differences in the fiscal impacts of EU migrants across Western regimes. These results from the EU case cast doubts on the claim that advanced welfare states are incompatible with large-scale immigration because of adverse fiscal effects, and on the idea that broad institutional characteristics of welfare states have substantial consequences for the fiscal impact of migration.

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    ÖstermanPalmeRuhs_FreeMovement
  • 2440.
    Österman, Marcus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies (UCLS).
    Robinson, Darrel
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    Educating Democrats or Autocrats?: The regime-conditional effect of education on support for democracy2023In: Political Studies, ISSN 0032-3217, E-ISSN 1467-9248, Vol. 71, no 4, p. 1298-1320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Political science has long viewed education as an instrumental factor in developing support for democracy and beneficial for democratization. However, governments, both democratic and authoritarian, have substantial control over the curriculum and develop education institutions with the specific aim to instill in students the norms and values that underpin the regime. With this in mind, this study asks, does the effect of education vary by the political regime in which education was undertaken? We use a quasi-experimental approach exploiting European compulsory schooling reforms, implemented under both democratic and authoritarian regimes, to answer this question. We find that education has no effect on principle and functional support for democracy, but that education’s effect on satisfaction with democracy is conditional on regime type. For those educated under a democratic regime, education led to greater satisfaction with democracy, whereas those educated under an authoritarian regime became less satisfied with democracy.

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    fulltext
  • 2441.
    Östevik, Elise
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
    The Just War Tradition and the War on Terror: A Discourse Analysis of the American response to September 11, 20012017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to assess the applicability of the Just War Tradition to a declaration of war on terrorism. The specific content that the paper will be analysing is the U.S. decision to declare war on terror in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. I will be focusing on three conditions used to justify preemptive attacks, which are essential to the Just War Tradition. (i.e. the scope of the self, the existence of evidence, and military intervention as a last resort). The method used, will be discourse analysis, focusing on how the United States justified their decision to go to war on terror. This study suggests that the U.S. justification was built upon their knowledge and use of the principles of the JWT. The findings shows that the conditions of a justified preemptive attack can be applied to the U.S. justification to declare war on terror. However, when the three conditions are applied, some important questions and implications arise. The main interpretation of the findings is that problems arise when the scope of the self is defined too widely. This, in combination with further implications, indicates that there is a need for a more structured framework in which terrorism can be analysed.

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    fulltext
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